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Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 737 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 737 Journals sorted alphabetically
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.207, CiteScore: 1)
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Agronómica     Open Access  
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Botanica Brasilica     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.325, CiteScore: 1)
Acta botánica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Neurológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.275, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Human Rights Law J.     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 1)
Afro-Asia     Open Access  
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Alfa : Revista de Linguística     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.134, CiteScore: 0)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access  
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.674, CiteScore: 1)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access   (SJR: 0.386, CiteScore: 1)
Antipoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Anuario de Historia Regional y de las Fronteras     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - J. of Cultural Heritage Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archivos de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Neurociencias     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.178, CiteScore: 0)
Argos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARQ     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Arquitectura y Urbanismo     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.248, CiteScore: 0)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.518, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.396, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia     Open Access  
ARS     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.449, CiteScore: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Avances en Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bakhtiniana : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access   (SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Biota Neotropica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 0)
Boletin Chileno de Parasitologia     Open Access  
Boletín de Filología     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.291, CiteScore: 1)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian Business Review     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.476, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.523, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.206, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian J. of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian J. of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.802, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.178, CiteScore: 3)
Brazilian J. of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.532, CiteScore: 3)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Caderno de Estudos     Open Access  
Cadernos CEDES     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Cadernos de Tradução     Open Access  
Cadernos Metrópole     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access   (SJR: 0.356, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caldasia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.195, CiteScore: 0)
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Chilean J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.377, CiteScore: 1)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 1)
Ciência & Educação (Bauru)     Open Access  
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 0)
Ciência da Informação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.383, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e investigación agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencia y Enfermeria - Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacion     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.414, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Cirugia Plastica Ibero-Latinoamericana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
CLEI Electronic J.     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)
Clinics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access   (SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 0)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunicación y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 0)
Contaduría y Administración     Open Access   (SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Correo Científico Médico     Open Access  
Corrosão e Protecção de Materiais     Open Access  
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 1)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American J. of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos.info     Open Access   (SJR: 0.38, CiteScore: 0)
Cubo. A Mathematical J.     Open Access  
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dados - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 0)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DELTA : Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Dementia & Neuropsychologia     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Press J. of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 0)
Diálogo Andino - Revista de Historia, Geografía y Cultura Andina     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimensión Empresarial     Open Access  
Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
e-J. of Portuguese History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Economia Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Economia e Sociedade     Open Access  
EconoQuantum     Open Access  
Educação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Educação e Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
Educação em Revista     Open Access  
Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Educación Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.236, CiteScore: 0)
Educación Médica Superior     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.237, CiteScore: 0)
Educación y Educadores     Open Access  
Educar em Revista     Open Access  
EDUMECENTRO     Open Access  
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Encuentros     Open Access  
Ene : Revista de Enfermería     Open Access  
Enfermería Global     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.165, CiteScore: 0)
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 0)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Engenharia Agrícola     Open Access   (SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
Ensaio Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.254, CiteScore: 0)
Entomologia y Vectores     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde     Open Access  

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Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 0718-686X
Published by SciELO Homepage  [737 journals]
  • El desarrollo sostenible y Ia COP25

    •  
  • Distribución potencial de Sanionia spp. en dos momentos del Holoceno en
           península Fildes isla Rey Jorge Antártica

    • Abstract: Resumen: Se genera el primer modelo de distribución potencial para los musgos Sanionia spp. en península Fildes, Shetland del Sur, Antártica, utilizando el algoritmo de máxima entropía (Maxent) para dos momentos del Holoceno. El modelo de distribución potencial de Sanionia spp. calibrado para el momento temporal presente (MDP S. Presente) se ejecuta para períodos de tiempo pasados 11 ka (MDP S. 11 ka) y 6 ka (MDP S. 6 ka). Conociendo que el nicho ecológico es un set de condiciones bióticas y abióticas en el cual la especie es capaz de mantenerse estable en tamaño poblacional, se utilizaron para la calibración del MDP S. Presente variables abióticas como la topografía y temperatura. Las variables topográficas son elevación, pendiente y exposición, construidas en base a un modelo de elevación digital del área libre de hielo de península Fildes. Para los MDP S. 11 ka y MDP S. 6 ka, se construyen las variables con los datos del modelo de elevación digital actual modificado según la reconstrucción de posición de la capa de hielo, el nivel del mar y valores de anomalías de temperatura obtenidos del testigo de hielo de la isla James Ross. El modelo de distribución potencial define que la probabilidad de presencia en península Fildes para el momento actual es de 29,5%, para el momento 6 ka la probabilidad de presencia es de 58,9% y para el momento 11 ka la probabilidad es de 69,9%. La probabilidad de presencia de Sanionia spp. en península Fildes ocurre con temperaturas entre los -2,4°C y los -3,0°C, alturas bajo los 130 m, pendientes bajo el 52% y exposiciones sur - este, sur- oeste y noroeste. : The first potential distribution model for mosses, Sanionia spp., in Fildes peninsula, South Shetland, Antarctica was generated using the maximum entropy algorithm (Maxent) for two Holocene moments. The potential distribution model of Sanionia spp. calibrated for the present time (DPM S. Present) was executed for past periods, 11 ka (DPM S. 11 ka) and 6 ka (DPM S. 6 ka). Knowing that the ecological niche is a set of biotic and abiotic conditions where the species is able to remain stable in population size, abiotic variables, such as topography and temperature were used for the calibration of the DPM S. Present. The topographic variables are elevation, slope and exposure, constructed based on a digital elevation model of the ice-free area of the Fildes peninsula. For the DPM S. 11 ka and DPM S. 6 ka the variables are constructed with the data of the current digital elevation model modified according to the reconstruction of ice sheet position, sea level and temperature anomaly values obtained from the ice core on James Ross island. The model established that the probability of presence in the Fildes peninsula for the current moment is 29.5%, for the moment 6 k the probability of presence is 58.9% and for the moment 11 ka the probability is 69.9%. The probability of presence of Sanionia spp. in Fildes peninsula occurs with temperatures between -2.4°C and -3.0°C, heights below 130 m, slopes below 52% and in south - east, south - west and northwest aspect.
       
  • Abundance and spatial distribution of Polygordius (Polychaeta:
           Polygordiidae) neustonic exolarvae in estuaries from southern Chile

    • Abstract: Resumen: Se integraron datos hidrográficos y abundancia del meroplancton para determinar la posible influencia de la salinidad sobre la dinámica espacial de la abundancia de exolarvas del poliqueto Polygordius sp. en estuarios del sur de Chile. Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron: i) determinar la abundancia y la distribución espacial de exolarvas neustónicas del poliqueto Polygordius en una zona estuarial con diferentes gradientes de salinidad localizada entre el canal Guafo, sur de isla de Chiloé (44° S) hasta isla Navarino (55° S), Chile; ii) relacionar este patrón distribucional con las características oceanográficas de la zona de estudio para determinar la respuesta adaptativa de las larvas ante gradientes halinos y termales, y, iii) comparar la abundancia larval de Polygordius en relación a otros taxa meroplanctónicos recolectados durante los cruceros CIMAR 16, 18 y 20. El análisis del neuston de la zona de fiordos y canales del sur de Chile posee diferentes regímenes de aportes de agua dulce (CIMAR 16 - octubre/noviembre de 2010 y 52° a 55° de latitud; CIMAR - 18 junio/julio, 2012 y 44° a 47° de latitud; CIMAR - 20 octubre/noviembre de 2014 y 47° a 50° de latitud), demostrando una relación entre la salinidad superficial y la abundancia de exolarvae. Las exolarvas de Polygordius (longitud promedio=2,9 ± 0,8 mm) fueron el estadio meroneustónico más abundante dentro de la comunidad (54,04% de la abundancia total; 66.228 individuos; N=26 estaciones) y estuvieron representadas en 81% de las estaciones de CIMAR 16 (salinidad promedio=30,7 psu) y dominaron en abundancia sobre larvas de otros poliquetos (10 tipos); en CIMAR 16, 60% de las exolarvas se recolectaron alrededor de la isla Dawson, estrecho de Magallanes. En CIMAR 18 (salinidad promedio=24,28 psu), las exolarvas solo fueron recolectadas a lo largo del canal Moraleda (N=5/31 estaciones). En CIMAR 20 (N=39 estaciones), no fueron recolectadas exolarvas (salinidad promedio=23,26 psu). Las exolarvas de Polygordius poseen estrechos requerimientos de temperatura y salinidad durante su vida pelágica, y la agregación de larvas podría ser provocada por umbrales submarinos y efecto isla en la zona de estudio. : Integration of meroplankton abundance and hydrographic data was employed to relate the Polygordius exolarvae spatial dynamics with different salinity gradients in order to define the factors that regulate the abundance and spatial distribution along the large estuarine system from southern Chile. The present study aims: i) record the abundance and spatial distribution of Polygordius neustonic exolarvae along of the estuaries with different gradients of salinity located between Guafo Channel, southern Chiloé Island (44° S) to Navarino Island (55° S), Chile; ii) connect this distributional pattern to oceanographic parameters to determine if members of this genus have adapted to euryhaline or stenohaline conditions, and iii) establish a comparison between the abundance of Polygordius and others meroplanktonic taxa collected during CIMAR Cruises 16, 18 and 20 Fjords. Neustonic samples were collected during three oceanographic cruises along southern Chilean fjord/channel systems (~ 1,700 km) with different freshwater supply regimes (CIMAR 16: October/November, 2010, 52° to 55° S; CIMAR 18: June/July, 2012, 44° to 47° S; CIMAR 20: October, 2014, 47° to 50° S), providing evidence to relate the influence of surface salinity on the Polygordius exolarvae spatial distribution of abundance. Polygordius exolarvae (average length=2.9 ± 0.8 mm), the most abundant meroplanktonic taxa within the neustonic community (54.04% of total abundance; 66,228 individuals; NTotal=26 stations), was represented at 81% of stations sampled in CIMAR 16 (mean salinity=30.7 psu), showing higher abundance (1,518 ind. x 5 min of horizontal drag) than for other polychaete larvae (10 types) and other meroneustonic taxa; 60% of the abundance of exolarvae during CIMAR 16 was collected around Dawson Island, Magellan Strait. In CIMAR 18 cruise (mean salinity=24.28 psu), abundance of exolarvae was low (3 ind. x 5 min of horizontal drag) and were collected only at 5 stations along the Moraleda Channel (NTotal=31 stations); no exolarvae were collected duringTCotaIlMAR 20 (Ntotal=39 stations) (mean salinity= 23.26 psu). Polygordius exolarvae have narrow haline/thermal requirements during their pelagic life, where sills and island mass effect could produce a restricted and aggregated spatial distribution in some areas of the study zone.
       
  • Dieta primaveral del tucúquere magallánico Bubo magellanicus (Gmelin,
           1788) en la Patagonia chilena sur

    • Abstract: Resumen: Se integraron datos hidrográficos y abundancia del meroplancton para determinar la posible influencia de la salinidad sobre la dinámica espacial de la abundancia de exolarvas del poliqueto Polygordius sp. en estuarios del sur de Chile. Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron: i) determinar la abundancia y la distribución espacial de exolarvas neustónicas del poliqueto Polygordius en una zona estuarial con diferentes gradientes de salinidad localizada entre el canal Guafo, sur de isla de Chiloé (44° S) hasta isla Navarino (55° S), Chile; ii) relacionar este patrón distribucional con las características oceanográficas de la zona de estudio para determinar la respuesta adaptativa de las larvas ante gradientes halinos y termales, y, iii) comparar la abundancia larval de Polygordius en relación a otros taxa meroplanctónicos recolectados durante los cruceros CIMAR 16, 18 y 20. El análisis del neuston de la zona de fiordos y canales del sur de Chile posee diferentes regímenes de aportes de agua dulce (CIMAR 16 - octubre/noviembre de 2010 y 52° a 55° de latitud; CIMAR - 18 junio/julio, 2012 y 44° a 47° de latitud; CIMAR - 20 octubre/noviembre de 2014 y 47° a 50° de latitud), demostrando una relación entre la salinidad superficial y la abundancia de exolarvae. Las exolarvas de Polygordius (longitud promedio=2,9 ± 0,8 mm) fueron el estadio meroneustónico más abundante dentro de la comunidad (54,04% de la abundancia total; 66.228 individuos; N=26 estaciones) y estuvieron representadas en 81% de las estaciones de CIMAR 16 (salinidad promedio=30,7 psu) y dominaron en abundancia sobre larvas de otros poliquetos (10 tipos); en CIMAR 16, 60% de las exolarvas se recolectaron alrededor de la isla Dawson, estrecho de Magallanes. En CIMAR 18 (salinidad promedio=24,28 psu), las exolarvas solo fueron recolectadas a lo largo del canal Moraleda (N=5/31 estaciones). En CIMAR 20 (N=39 estaciones), no fueron recolectadas exolarvas (salinidad promedio=23,26 psu). Las exolarvas de Polygordius poseen estrechos requerimientos de temperatura y salinidad durante su vida pelágica, y la agregación de larvas podría ser provocada por umbrales submarinos y efecto isla en la zona de estudio. : Integration of meroplankton abundance and hydrographic data was employed to relate the Polygordius exolarvae spatial dynamics with different salinity gradients in order to define the factors that regulate the abundance and spatial distribution along the large estuarine system from southern Chile. The present study aims: i) record the abundance and spatial distribution of Polygordius neustonic exolarvae along of the estuaries with different gradients of salinity located between Guafo Channel, southern Chiloé Island (44° S) to Navarino Island (55° S), Chile; ii) connect this distributional pattern to oceanographic parameters to determine if members of this genus have adapted to euryhaline or stenohaline conditions, and iii) establish a comparison between the abundance of Polygordius and others meroplanktonic taxa collected during CIMAR Cruises 16, 18 and 20 Fjords. Neustonic samples were collected during three oceanographic cruises along southern Chilean fjord/channel systems (~ 1,700 km) with different freshwater supply regimes (CIMAR 16: October/November, 2010, 52° to 55° S; CIMAR 18: June/July, 2012, 44° to 47° S; CIMAR 20: October, 2014, 47° to 50° S), providing evidence to relate the influence of surface salinity on the Polygordius exolarvae spatial distribution of abundance. Polygordius exolarvae (average length=2.9 ± 0.8 mm), the most abundant meroplanktonic taxa within the neustonic community (54.04% of total abundance; 66,228 individuals; NTotal=26 stations), was represented at 81% of stations sampled in CIMAR 16 (mean salinity=30.7 psu), showing higher abundance (1,518 ind. x 5 min of horizontal drag) than for other polychaete larvae (10 types) and other meroneustonic taxa; 60% of the abundance of exolarvae during CIMAR 16 was collected around Dawson Island, Magellan Strait. In CIMAR 18 cruise (mean salinity=24.28 psu), abundance of exolarvae was low (3 ind. x 5 min of horizontal drag) and were collected only at 5 stations along the Moraleda Channel (NTotal=31 stations); no exolarvae were collected duringTCotaIlMAR 20 (Ntotal=39 stations) (mean salinity= 23.26 psu). Polygordius exolarvae have narrow haline/thermal requirements during their pelagic life, where sills and island mass effect could produce a restricted and aggregated spatial distribution in some areas of the study zone.
       
 
 
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