Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 911 journals)

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Showing 201 - 400 of 911 Journals sorted alphabetically
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Contabilidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.154, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American J. of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access   (SJR: 0.423, CiteScore: 1)
Cuadernos del CENDES     Open Access   (SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos.info     Open Access   (SJR: 0.38, CiteScore: 0)
Cubo. A Mathematical J.     Open Access  
Cuestiones Constitucionales     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuicuilco. Revista de Ciencias Antropológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dados - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 0)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DELTA : Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Dementia & Neuropsychologia     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Press J. of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos : Revista de Antropología Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 0)
Diálogo Andino - Revista de Historia, Geografía y Cultura Andina     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimensión Empresarial     Open Access  
Discusiones Filosóficas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
e-J. of Portuguese History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
e-Pública : Revista Eletrónica de Direito Público     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Sciences Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Economia Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Economia e Sociedade     Open Access  
Economía Mexicana. Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EconoQuantum     Open Access  
Educação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Educação & Realidade     Open Access  
Educação e Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
Educação em Revista     Open Access  
Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Educación Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.236, CiteScore: 0)
Educación Médica Superior     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.237, CiteScore: 0)
Educación y Educadores     Open Access  
Educar em Revista     Open Access  
EDUMECENTRO     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Encuentros     Open Access  
Ene : Revista de Enfermería     Open Access  
Enfermería Global     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.165, CiteScore: 0)
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 0)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Engenharia Agrícola     Open Access   (SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
Ensaio Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.254, CiteScore: 0)
Ensayos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensayos Revista de Economía     Open Access  
Entomologia y Vectores     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde     Open Access  
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Espacios en Blanco : Revista de educación     Open Access  
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.446, CiteScore: 1)
Estudios Constitucionales     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios de Cultura Maya     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.272, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios de Economía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios de historia moderna y contemporánea de México     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios Economicos     Open Access  
Estudios Filologicos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios internacionales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios Pedagogicos (Valdivia)     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.338, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Socioterritoriales : Revista de Geografía     Open Access  
Estudios y Perspectivas en Turismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudos Afro-Asiáticos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudos Avançados     Open Access   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 0)
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Estudos Econômicos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Estudos Históricos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURE (Santiago) - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales     Open Access   (SJR: 0.38, CiteScore: 1)
Ex aequo     Open Access  
FEM : Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica     Open Access  
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fisioterapia e Pesquisa     Open Access  
Fisioterapia em Movimento     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Floresta e Ambiente     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.3, CiteScore: 0)
Folios     Open Access  
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
Formación Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.213, CiteScore: 1)
Frónesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontera Norte     Open Access  
Gaceta Médica Boliviana     Open Access  
Gaceta Médica Espirituana     Open Access  
Galáxia (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Gayana (Concepcion)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.236, CiteScore: 0)
Gayana. Botanica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Genetics and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 2)
Geofísica internacional     Open Access   (SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Gerokomos     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 0)
Gestão & Produção     Open Access   (SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 0)
Gestión y Política Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hallazgos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hidrobiológica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Historia (Santiago)     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.162, CiteScore: 0)
História (São Paulo)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Hoehnea     Open Access  
Horizonte Sanitario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Horizontes Antropológicos     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Horticultura Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 0)
Humanidades Médicas     Open Access  
IDESIA : Revista de Agricultura en Zonas Áridas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
Iheringia. Série Zoologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
Íkala : Revista de Lenguaje y Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Image & Text     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Index de Enfermeria     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Indo-Pacific J. of Phenomenology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infectio     Open Access   (SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Información Tecnológica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 0)
Ingeniare : Revista Chilena de Ingenieria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 0)
Ingeniería Electrónica, Automática y Comunicaciones     Open Access  
Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental     Open Access  
Ingeniería Industrial     Open Access  
Ingeniería Mecánica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ingenieria Mecánica. Tecnologia y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ingeniería y Competitividad     Open Access  
Ingeniería y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Ingenieria y Universidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Ingeniería, Investigación y Tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovar     Open Access   (SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
Interações (Campo Grande)     Open Access  
Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 0)
Intersticios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intervención     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intervención Psicosocial     Open Access   (SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Brazilian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Morphology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Odontostomatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Law: Revista Colombiana de Derecho Internacional     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Investigación Administrativa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigación Bibliotecológica     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.274, CiteScore: 0)
Investigación Económica     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Investigación y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 0)
Investigaciones Geográficas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Investigaciones Marinas     Open Access  
Iteckne     Open Access  
Iuris Tantum Revista Boliviana de Derecho     Open Access  
Ius et Praxis     Open Access   (SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 0)
Izquierdas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
Iztapalapa : Revista de ciencias sociales y humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Oral Science     Open Access   (SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Applied Research and Technology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.255, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Coloproctology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.167, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Energy in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Seed Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.823, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Technology Management & Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Brazilian Chemical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of the Chilean Chemical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Mexican Chemical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.477, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JISTEM : J. of Information Systems and Technology Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial     Open Access   (SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 1)
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia     Open Access  
Jornal de Pneumologia     Open Access  
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro     Open Access   (SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Justicia Juris     Open Access  
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Kronos : Southern African Histories     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
La ventana. Revista de estudios de género     Open Access  
La zaranda de ideas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laboreal     Open Access  
Lankesteriana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
Latin American Applied Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Latin American J. of Aquatic Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.289, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
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Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.546
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0718-221X - ISSN (Online) 0717-3644
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • Efficacy of alternative copper-based preservatives in protecting decking
           from biodegradation

    • Abstract: : The above-ground performance of decking treated with two alternative copper-based preservative formulations is being evaluated at a test site near Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Southern pine sapwood lumber specimens (38 mm by 140 mm by 910 mm) were pressure treated with 0,93 %, 1,40 % or 2,34 % (oxide basis) actives concentrations of a boron-copper formulation (BC) composed of 7,2 % copper hydroxide and 92,8 % sodium tetraborate decahydrate. Similar specimens were pressure-treated with 0,66 % or 1,32 % actives concentrations of a copper-zinc formulation (CZDP) composed of 18 % copper (CuO basis), 12 % zinc (ZnO basis), 14 % dimethylcocoamine and 56 % propanoic acid. In both cases untreated specimens and specimens treated with a 1% concentration of chromated copper arsenate Type C (CCA-C) were included for comparison. The specimens were installed on racks approximately 760 mm above the ground and periodically evaluated for extent of fungal decay and surface microbial growth. After 18 years in test specimens treated with the lowest solution concentration of BC (0,93 %) suffered substantial degradation and all but three replicates have failed. Obvious decay has not yet been detected in specimens treated to the highest BC concentration (2,34 %), but decay is suspected in one of these specimens. Decking specimens treated with CZDP exhibited no evidence of decay until year 17 when a fruiting body was observed on one specimen treated with a 0,66 % solution concentration. There has been no evidence of decay in specimens treated with 1,32 % CZDP or in either set of specimens treated with 1 % CCA-C. Both BC and CZDP-treated specimens were at least as effective as 1 % CCA-C in minimizing noticeable surface microbial growth. These decking studies confirm that relatively low copper concentrations can provide substantial protection for decking exposed in a moderate climate, and that the CZDP formulation is potentially more effective than the BC formulation. However, caution is warranted in extrapolating these findings to more severe climates and to construction designs that are more likely to trap moisture.
       
  • Evaluation of the calorific values of wastes from some tropical wood
           species

    • Abstract: : The paper aims to analyze and classified some exotic wood species from tropical Africa, on regard to calorific features, in order to view the ability of their biomass to be a solid, natural and renewable fuel. The calorific values of wood wastes of eight tropical species were determined using an oxygen bomb calorimeter. The tested specimens were conditioned at a moisture content of 10%, 20%, and 50%. The influence of moisture content on calorific value and density, heat release rate and calorific efficiency were also analyzed. The biggest high calorific value and low calorific value were obtained by Guaiac and Rose species (21200-20700 kJ/kg). Acajou had the lowest values of high calorific value and low calorific value (18929 and 18456 kJ/kg, respectively). For higher wood density (Guaiac) the higher calorific density was obtained. The moisture content of specimens had negatively influenced the calorific efficiency and rate of energy release. The ash content was below 4% with highest values for Guaiac (3,6%) and the lowest for Acajou (0,5%). The results showed that the analyzed tropical wood species had a forest calorific capacity with 23-47% higher than of European beech, thus can be considered a good potential as renewable energy resources.
       
  • Alternative model to determine the characteristic strength value of wood
           in the compression parallel to the grain

    • Abstract: : Wood strength values are calculated based on the characteristic value, which corresponds to the 5 % percentile of a given probability distribution model. For a few number of samples (12 samples), the Brazilian standard establishes an estimator of the characteristic compressive strength parallel to grain of the wood, which may provide a different result when compared with the characteristic value coming from a suitable probability distribution model. Considering the strength results in the parallel compression to the grain of 45 wood species of the hardwood group, Normal, LogNormal, Weibull and Exponential probability distribution models were used for each specie with the purpose of determining the one with the highest adhesion. Calculated the characteristic values by the best probability model distribution, an analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed in the estimation of the characteristic value of compressive strength, making it possible to identify the most significant terms of the models as well as the quality of the adjustment obtained on such models. The proposed regression model (R2 adj= 96,56 %) proved to be equivalent to the empirical model of the Brazilian standard. The model proposed here only depends on the mean and the lowest value obtained from the compressive strength in the parallel direction to the grain.
       
  • Estimation of moisture in wood chips by Near Infrared Spectroscopy

    • Abstract: : In order to assess the moisture content of wood chips on an industrial scale, readily applicable techniques are required. Thus, near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used to estimate moisture in wood chips by means of partial least squares regressions. NIR spectra were obtained in spectrometer with an integrating sphere and optical fiber probe, on the longitudinal and transverse surface of Eucalyptus wood chips. The specimens had their masses and NIR spectra measured in 10 steps during drying from saturated to anhydrous condition. Principal Component Analysis was performed to explore the effect of moisture of wood chip on NIR signatures. The values of moisture content of chips were associated with the respective NIR spectra by Partial Least Squares Regression (PLS-R) and Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) to estimate the moisture content of wood chips and its moisture classes, respectively. Model developed from spectra recorded on the longitudinal face by the integrating sphere method presented statistics slightly better (R²cv = 0,96; RMSEcv = 7,15 %) than model based on optical fiber probe (R²cv = 0,90; RMSEcv = 11,86 %). This study suggests that for calibration of robust predictive model for estimating moisture content in chips the spectra should be recorded on the longitudinal surface of wood using the integrating sphere acquisition method.
       
  • Dimensional stability and colour responses of Pinus elliottii wood
           subjected to furfurylation treatments

    • Abstract: : Organic substances have been used for different wood treatments, especially impregnation procedures, aiming at improve certain wood properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate dimensional stability and colourimetric features for a mature pine wood (Pinus elliottii) impregnated by vacuum-pressure process with variable concentrations (10 wt%, 25 wt% and 50 wt%) of furfuryl alcohol and using ethyl alcohol as catalyst. The wood samples were characterized for:linear shrinkages, linear swellings, shrinkage anisotropy, swelling anisotropy, as well as colorimetric parameters (following the CIELab method). The impregnation with furfuryl alcohol increased the dimensional stability of the studied pine wood and the treatment with a concentration of 50 wt% stood out based on these results. Regarding the colourpatterns, there were changes in the final colorimetric appearances of the treated wood samples, which acquired darker and reddish colours when compared to the pristine group. The treatment with 50 wt% of furfuryl alcohol also was responsible for the highest colour change and, because of that, may be indicated for solid wood products with high added value.
       
  • Lightweight tubular fiberboard: Effect of hole diameters and number on
           panel properties

    • Abstract: : Special tubular fiberboard with a density of 550 kg/m3 was manufactured using the round rods for creation of the holes. Physicomechanical properties of tubular fiberboard (6, 8, 10, 12 (mm)) with various hole diameters and number of hole (0, 1, 2 and 3 in a constant cross section) were evaluated. The surface layers density, especially on top of the holes, considerably elevated with increasing the hole diameter. This did create higher bending properties as well as higher internal bond and surface soundness. The structure of webs between the holes, when the holes’ number increases, were predominant factor influencing the panel properties. Weak and loose web structure were obtained by increasing the holes’ number from 1 to 3 within a constant cross section (50 mm × 16 mm) that was due to the less transferred fiber during pressing in the webs’ sections. A corresponding comparison of panel properties with those in American and European standards presents that the minimum requirements according to most of the standards were obtained.
       
  • Changes in colour and mechanical properties of wood polypropylene
           composites on natural weathering

    • Abstract: : This comparative study focused on understanding the effect of coupling agent and particle size on weathering behaviour of wood polypropylene composite. Two coupling agents, namely maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene and m-TMI (m-Isopropenyl-α,α' dimethylbenzyl isocyanate) grafted polypropylene were used in preparation of the composites. The composites were exposed to outdoor conditions for one year and changes in surface colour and mechanical properties were measured after 2, 4, 8 and 12 months of natural weathering. During the initial four months of weathering considerable colour change was observed with increase in lightness. Mechanical properties were unaffected largely for the initial four months and thereafter started declining. Overall, tensile strength decreased by about 15 % and flexural strength decreased by about 8 % after one year of weathering. The flexural modulus also decreased by about 10 %. Wood particle size was found to affect the aesthetic and strength of the composites after natural weathering. Coupling agents had a positive impact on mechanical properties however their influence on weathering degradation was not noticeable.
       
  • Liquid water absorption in coated Norway spruce: Impact of heartwood,
           sapwood, density and weather exposure

    • Abstract: : Water is one of the most significant factors for the durability of wood. A common solution is to use a coating to protect and maintain low water content. However, little knowledge exists how the underlying wood substrate affects the water sorption of coated wood. Therefore, the liquid water absorption of coated and uncoated Norway spruce heartwood and sapwood with a variety of densities was measured by letting the panels float freely in the water. The effect of one year weathering of the coatings was also included. Coated heartwood and sapwood had no difference in water absorption in opposite to uncoated spruce. The influence of heartwood and sapwood seemed to have limited impact when a coating hindered the presence of free water. Wood density had a positive effect on the absorption of coated wood, i.e. low absorption for low-density samples, in opposite to uncoated samples. Low-density characteristic also contributed to a lower increase of water absorption after weather degradation, for samples with water-borne coatings. Natural weathering enhanced the effect of wood characteristics on coated samples, likely by an increase of coating permeability.
       
  • Simulator of thermodynamic properties in the conversion of forest biomass
           of pine sawdust

    • Abstract: Resumen: Los simuladores de procesos químicos representan una herramienta competitiva y funcional que apoya eficazmente el estudio de procesos tan complejos como la conversión termoquímica de la biomasa, específicamente en el modelado y simulación de los mismos. Se diseñan y validan los módulos de programación de un simulador para sistemas en equilibrio líquido-vapor con propiedades termodinámicas en exceso, aplicado en procesos de conversión de biomasa forestal como es el caso del aserrín de pino (Pinus Arizonica). El diseño involucra el cálculo de la constante de equilibrio por el método fi-gamma con nuevas herramientas de cómputo para la predicción de las propiedades de las fases en equilibrio, y el cálculo del coeficiente de actividad partiendo de los modelos matemáticos de composición local NRTL, UNIQUAC y UNIFAC. Se seleccionó el método de Newton-Raphson para resolver subrutinas de cálculo. En la validación se incorporaron doce (12) nuevos componentes a la librería y sub-módulos de las propiedades de las fases líquido y vapor. La estimación de los puntos de burbuja y rocío para todos los métodos arrojó errores promedios inferiores al 3%, y la composición de la fase de vapor y las propiedades de las fases en equilibrio no superó el 10%. : The chemical process simulators represent a competitive and functional tool that effectively supports the study of processes as complex as the thermochemical conversion of biomass, specifically in the modeling and simulation of the same. The programming modules of a simulator for systems in liquid- vapor equilibrium with excess thermodynamic properties, applied in forest biomass conversion processes such as pine saw (Pinus Arizonica), are designed and validated. The design involves the calculation of the equilibrium constant by the fi-gamma method with new computational tools for the prediction of the properties of the phases in equilibrium and the calculation of the activity coefficient based on the mathematical models of local composition NRTL, UNIQUAC, and UNIFAC. The Newton-Raphson method was chosen to solve computation subroutines. In the validation twelve (12) new components were incorporated into the library and sub-modules of the properties of the liquid and vapor phases. The estimation of the bubble and dew points for all methods yielded mean errors of less than 3%, and the composition of the vapor phase and the properties of the equilibrium phases did not exceed 10%.
       
  • Photostability of acetylated wood coated with nano zinc oxide

    • Abstract: : Chemical modification with acetic anhydride is an effective method to stabilise wood against dimensional movement and improve decay resistance of wood. It has also been reported to retard UV light induced color darkening on wood surface. Coatings of wood surfaces with certain nano metal oxides have also shown promise as UV screening agent. In this work, we have evaluated synergistic effect of acetylation of wood and application of nano material on wood surfaces to enhance their UV stability. Photo-stability of acetylated Wrightia tinctoria wood coated with zinc oxide (ZnO) nanodispersion was evaluated by irradiating these wood specimens to UV radiation in an accelerated weathering tester. Acetylation of wood with acetic anhydride exhibited photo-bleaching and inhibited light-induced color darkening observed in unmodified wood. Coating of unmodified and modified wood surfaces with ZnO nanodispersion reduced photo-discolouration and degradation of wood polymers. The photo-bleaching observed in chemically modified wood upon light irradiation was further enhanced by application of nano coating on wood surfaces.
       
  • Effects of factors on direct screw withdrawal resistance in medium density
           fiberboard and particleboard

    • Abstract: : An increase in demand on solid wood that is insufficient supply to meet in the world necessarily directed to other engineering materials that could be an alternative to the solid wood. In this context, instead of using solid wood in furniture and construction industry, wood-based panels such as medium density fiberboard (MDF) and particleboard (PB) have become widely used as construction material. Limited research has been done in the field of fastener performance as mechanical properties with different parameters in the joints constructed with these panels. Therefore, in this study, the parameters of screw type, pilot hole, screw orientation, water treatment and adhesives were investigated in MDF and PB. The results indicated that the highest direct screw withdrawal (DSW) resistance was observed in the test blocks applied with PU and the lowest DSW resistance was in the test blocks without a pilot hole drilled in both materials. In addition, MDF in general had better DSW resistance than PB in almost all combinations of the parameters. The treatment of water into MDF and PB test blocks negatively affects the DSW resistance. The DSW resistance in the face orientation was found to be higher than the corresponding ones in the side orientation in both materials.
       
  • Water flow in different directions in Corymbia citriodora wood

    • Abstract: : This study aims to evaluate the free and bound water flows in the different axes of Corymbia citriodora wood during drying. Wood samples were taken from the inner and outer regions of the tree stem from seven-years-old experimental plantations. The blocks were prepared for the water flow to occur in each wood axis and they were dried up to the final moisture content of 12%. Free water (FWFR), bound water (BWFR) and total water (TWFR) flow rates were calculated. The relationship between loss of moisture content and time presented an exponential curve, especially in the radial and tangential wood axes. Water flow in the three wood directions presented higher FWFR than TWFR (which was higher than BWFR). Free water flow was ~10 times higher than adsorbed water flow, considering values for moisture content between ~80% to ~12%. Free water movement in the longitudinal direction of the wood was ~2 times greater than in the radial axis and ~3 times greater than in the tangential axis. Bound water movement in the longitudinal direction of the wood was ~2 times greater than in the transverse direction. Bound water flow in the radial axis of the wood was statistically equal to the one in the tangential axis. The results indicate that the intensity of free and bound water flows changes according to the direction of Corymbia citriodora wood.
       
  • Measuring and estimating shear force of one stapled and one-row multi
           stapled wood joints

    • Abstract: : Since staple is the most used fastener in furniture frame, its holding capacity in solid wood joints is need to be known. Therefore, lateral shear resistance capacity of one stapled and one-row multi stapled joints constructed from Scotch pine, alder, and beech were investigated. Results showed that the joints constructed from beech with a density of 540 kg/m3 yielded 4893 N, the 4 staples joints constructed from alder with a density of 510 kg/m3 yielded 4487 N, and the 4 staples joints constructed from Scotch pine with a density of 450 kg/m3 yielded 3498 N. Three and two staples connected joints also indicated decreasing trend when changing wood from beech to alder and Scotch pine. Results also indicated that increasing number of staple from 2 to 4 in one-row joints increased force of the joints. Two prediction equations were derived to predict the shear of one-row multi stapled wood joints. Both equations yielded remarkable results compared to actual laboratory test results.
       
  • Influence of nano wollastonite on physical, mechanical and morphological
           properties of gypsum composites manufactured from bagasse

    • Abstract: : We investigated the effect of adding nano-wollastonite on the physical, mechanical and morphological properties of gypsum Composites. The ratio percentage of bagasse mixing as lignocellulosic material with gypsum at three levels (85:15; 75:25; 65:35) and nano-wollastonite at three levels of 0 %, 5 % and 10 %. Specimens were prepared according to the standards specifications for the fire resistance (weight loss) properties and mechanical and physical properties. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were also used to study the properties of composite morphology and distribution of samples. The results showed that by increasing the amount of nano wollastonite, physical and mechanical properties improved. The MOR, MOE and IB of boards decreased with increased bagasse usage amount, and its maximum value was obtained in using 15 % bagasse. The results also showed that increasing the amount of bagasse in boards caused a significant increase in the TS of the boards. The results from microscopic images showed that the optimal level of nano-wollastonite can fill the empty holes and create a uniform structure, thereby improving the properties of the boards.
       
 
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