Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 911 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 911 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.207, CiteScore: 1)
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Agronómica     Open Access  
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Botanica Brasilica     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.325, CiteScore: 1)
Acta botánica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Botánica Venezuelica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Neurológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Obstétrica e Ginecológica Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.275, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Poética     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 0)
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas Odontológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Human Rights Law J.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 1)
Afro-Asia     Open Access  
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alfa : Revista de Linguística     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Alteridades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.134, CiteScore: 0)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access  
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Análisis Economico     Open Access  
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.674, CiteScore: 1)
Anestesia Analgesia Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anestesia en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antipoda : Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
Antropología Social y Cultural en Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Anuario de Historia Regional y de las Fronteras     Open Access  
Anuario de Letras : Lingüística y Filología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes : Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - J. of Cultural Heritage Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquichán     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Neurociencias     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.178, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Argos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARQ     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Arquitectura y Urbanismo     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.248, CiteScore: 0)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.518, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.396, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia     Open Access  
ARS     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.449, CiteScore: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Austral J. of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.164, CiteScore: 0)
Avances en Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bakhtiniana : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access   (SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Bioagro     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.207, CiteScore: 0)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biota Neotropica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 0)
Boletin Chileno de Parasitologia     Open Access  
Boletín Científico : Centro de Museos. Museo de Historia Natural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Boletín de Filología     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.291, CiteScore: 1)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Boletin Mexicano de Derecho Comparado     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian Business Review     Open Access  
Brazilian Dental J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.476, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.523, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.206, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian J. of Pain (BrJP)     Open Access  
Brazilian J. of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.802, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.178, CiteScore: 3)
Brazilian J. of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.532, CiteScore: 3)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Caderno de Estudos     Open Access  
Cadernos CEDES     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Cadernos de Tradução : Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina     Open Access  
Cadernos Metrópole     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access   (SJR: 0.356, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caldasia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.195, CiteScore: 0)
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
CERNE     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CES Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean J. of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.377, CiteScore: 1)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 1)
Ciência & Educação (Bauru)     Open Access  
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 0)
Ciência da Informação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.383, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencia y Enfermeria - Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacion     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.414, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Cirugia Plastica Ibero-Latinoamericana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
Cirujano General     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CLEI Electronic J.     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)
Clinics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Co-herencia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
CoDAS     Open Access   (SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 0)
Cofin Habana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Internacional     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 1)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunicación y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 0)
Concreto y cemento. Investigación y desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confines     Open Access  
Contaduría y Administración     Open Access   (SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Correo Científico Médico     Open Access  
Corrosão e Protecção de Materiais     Open Access  
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 1)
CT&F - Ciencia, Tecnología y Futuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos de Administración     Open Access   (SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)

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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.201
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0717-9324 - ISSN (Online) 0717-9707
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND DNA INTERACTION OF CU(II) COMPLEXES WITH
           HYDRAZONE-SCHIFF BASE LIGANDS BEARING ALKYL QUATERNARY AMMONIUM SALTS

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Four new Schiff-base hydrazone ligands were synthesized by the condensation of 2- and 4-aminobenzoylhydrazone with 3-(4-acetylphenoxy)-N,N,N-trimethylpropane-1-ammonium and 5-(4-acetylphenoxy)-N,N,N-trimethylpentane-1-ammonium salts. The structures of the ligands were confirmed by means of NMR, FTIR, and elemental analysis. The mononuclear and binuclear copper complexes containing these ligands were also obtained. The hydrazine-Schiff base compounds behave either as bidentate (NO sites) monobasic or tridentate (NNO sites) dibasic as ligands depending on the position of the amino group. Elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, FTIR and mass spectroscopy were used to confirm the proposed structures of new copper complexes. DNA binding and cleavage activities of all compounds were investigated. UV-vis spectroscopy results suggest that all compounds preferably bind to DNA via intercalation mode. According to the results of electrophoresis studies, the compounds exhibit significant cleavage activity on the plasmid DNA both in the absence and presence of hydrogen peroxide, depending on the concentration of the compounds.
       
  • THE THEORETICAL CALCULATIONS AND EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENTS OF ACID
           DISSOCIATION CONSTANT AND THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF GLYCYL-ASPARTIC ACID
           IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT In this research work, a potentiometric technic was used to measure the acidic dissociate constants (pKa,s) for glycyl aspartic acid (GLY-ASP) at temperatures (298.15, 303.15, 313.15, and 318.15) K and in 0.1 mol/l ionic strength of chloride sodium. Using this data, we calculated the thermodynamic properties (changes of enthalpy, ΔH, changes of entropy, ΔS, and changes of Gibbs free energy, ΔG) for acidic dissociation reaction of GLY-ASP. All analyses of data were studied in pH = 1.5-11 and in the aqueous solution. In addition, the value of the acid dissociation constants (pKa1, pKa2, and pKa3), the optimized structure, and the thermodynamic properties of GLY-ASP were calculated in aqueous solution at various temperatures by ab initio and DFT methods. Density function theory (DFT) has been used based on the B3LYP/6-31+G(d) theory to explain the obtained acid dissociation constants of GLY-ASP as well as interactions between solvent and solvated cation, anion, and neutral species of GLY-ASP. Thomasi's method was used to analyze the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the water molecule and various species of GLY-ASP. In addition, the energy gap of anionic, cationic, and neutral species of GLY-ASP were obtained for dissociation reactions of GLY-ASP. Finally, for GLY-ASP, the theoretically calculated and experimentally determined pKa,s were compared together and a good agreement was observed between them in the first, second, and third ionization constant of GLY-ASP.
       
  • EFFICIENT SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL TRICYCLIC BENZOXAZINE DERIVATIVE VIA RING
           OPENING OF EPOXIDE ALONG THE MP AND DFT STUDIES OF STRUCTURAL,
           SPECTROSCOPIC (IR, RAMAN, UV-VIS), THERMODYNAMIC, ORBITALS AND NLO
           PROPERTIES OF DESIRED TRICYCLIC BENZOXAZINE DERIVATIVE

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Ring opening of 2-nitro phenyl glycidyl ether by chelated amino acid ester enolate provides access to desired novel benzoxazine derivative just over a few steps. Theoretical study on the molecular structure of 2,2,2-trifluoro-N-(1-oxo-2,3,3a,4-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]pyrrolo[1,2-d][1,4]ox-azin-2-yl) acetamide (S11) is presented by using second order Møller Plesset (MP2) as well as density functional theory (DFT) level calculations. The calculated vibrational frequencies were assigned into normal modes of vibration by the use of potential energy distribution (PED). The positive charge on all hydrogen atoms were obtained by charge distribution calculations using Mulliken, electrostatic and natural charge distributions. Similar electrophilic and nucleophilic regions were observed from the calculated electrostatic potential surface calculations. The time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations were performed to obtain electronic transitions within the molecule. The frontier molecular orbital (FMO) analysis was leading to the possible charge transfer within the molecule. The natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis provided information regarding the interaction between the donor and acceptor in bond. The changes in statistical thermodynamic functions (dipole moment, internal energy, enthalpy, Gibbs free energy, entropy, heat capacities and partition functions) were calculated at the range of temperature from 10-500 K.
       
  • ADSORPTION-DESORPTION OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN SEDIMENTS OF THE MAIPO RIVER
           BASIN

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT We studied the adsorption-desorption of Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn in Maipo river basin, one of the most perturbed rivers in Chile, and thus determined its tolerance to the addition of these metals into the sediments and the possibility of transferring the metals from the sediments to the water column. Sediments were sampled from six sites from the river basin and characterized by their pH, electrical conductivity, organic carbon, total organic carbon, water soluble phosphorus and texture. Batch sorption and kinetics experiments were conducted to obtain the retained amounts onto the sediment samples. The initial concentration of trace elements in the sediment was quantified by AAS. The metals were present in most of the sites. Sorption parameters such as Kd and Koc were determined. Metals were adsorbed in the sediment, with Mn showing the lowest affinity, Kd and Koc values and Freundlich constant (nf) support these results. Desorption less than 1% were observed for Cu, while Pb and Zn ranged from 0.6% to 6.8% and those for Mn ranged from 0% to 17.6% across sites. The tolerance of the Maipo River to metal adsorption in sediments was as follows: Pb> Cu> Zn >Mn. Desorption analysis showed that both Zn and Mn could be transferred from the sediment to the water column. The strongest correlation occurs between the pH and Kd-Pb, indicating that at higher pH values, the Pb adsorption was unfavorable, while the correlation was moderate for Cu, Mn and Zn. On the other hand, there are positive correlations between pairs of metals such as Mn-Cu, Zn-Cu, and Zn-Mn, indicating the competition of these metals for the adsorbent sites. The high concentration of Mn found in the sediment and the possibility of being transferred to the water column, due to its easy of desorption, suggest concern due to its potential risk to aquatic biota.
       
  • ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY AND FLUORESCENCE PROPERTIES OF
           4,7-DICHLORO-2-QUINOLINEMETHYLACRYLATE

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Currently, some quinoline-based anticancer drugs are successful repurposed for treatment of bacterial infections. This study assessed the antibacterial activity of the new anticancer compound 4,7-dichloro-2-quinolinemethylacrylate (AQM) against bacteria of both clinical and agricultural interest, and also determined the influence of some metal cations (Fe3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Na+, Mg2+, Co2+ and Ni2+) on the AQM photophysics. The synthesis of AQM was carried out by the reported method. The antibacterial activity of AQM on Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc), Ralstonia solanacearum, Klebsiella pneuminiae, Pseudomonas syringae, Staphylococcus aureus y Bacillus sp., was evaluated using the spectrophotometric method of broth microdilution. At 125 ppm, AQM produced growth inhibition of 51.7% in Pcc, and a bacteriostatic effect in S. aureus and Bacillus sp., but no effect was seen against the other bacteria. In addition, fluorescence quenching of AQM solution induced only by Fe3+ ion, and not by the other metal cations, was confirmed. These results postulate that AQM could be a molecule with potential application in antibacterial therapy or in the fluorometric detection of Fe3+ ions.
       
  • PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF GLUTARALDEHYDE CROSS-LINKED CHITOSAN COATED
           BENTONITE CLAY CAPSULES: CHROMIUM(VI) REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT New sources in literature have explained that more efficient biosorbents can be developed from natural adsorbents. One of the methods to make these natural adsorbents more efficient is preparation of composites. Hydroxyl (-OH) and amino (-NH2) groups within the structure of chitosan leads adsorbents to have a binding potential with heavy metals. In this study, a composite adsorbent made of chitosan and bentonite clay was prepared. Bentonite clay and chitosan-coated Bentonite clay composite capsules (BC) were characterized in terms of FTIR and SEM analysis. (BC) composite adsorbent was used for the adsorption of Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solution. The effects of some parameters such as pH, adsorbent dosage, adsorbate concentration, temperature and contact time on the adsorption of Cr(VI) on BC were investigated with batch studies. In order to evaluate the experimental data, Langmuir, Freundlich, Scatchard and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) adsorption isotherm models were used for the analysis of adsorption equilibrium. The adsorption process was well fitted to Scatchard adsorption isotherm. While bentonite clay had 11,076 mg/g maximum adsorption capacity, BC composite had 106.444 mg/g maximum adsorption capacity for the removal of Cr(VI) ions (25 °C, pH 2, contact time 60 minutes). It was concluded that chitosan-bentonite composite adsorbent can be effectively used for the removal of Cr(VI).
       
  • IDENTIFICATION OF COEXISTING INDIGO SPECIES IN AN ANCIENT GREEN THREAD
           USING DIRECT PLASMON-ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT A green ancient thread sample from a Chilean mummy turban was analyzed by plasmon-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy using a direct drop-colloidal method. The enhanced-Raman signals in the sample are associated with biomolecules from the thread and two coexisting dyes, indigo and leuco-indigo. The presence of indigo (blue colour) was identified from its most characteristic vibrational bands. Leuco-indigo (yellow colour) was identified for the first time in an ancient textile; its SERS signals are coincident with the SERS bands of a synthesized leuco-indigo. The interconversion leuco-indigo to indigo was followed by UV-visible spectroscopy. Based on theoretical calculations it is proposed that the interconversion involves a π electron delocalization mainly around the NC-CN bridge. The mixture of both dyes (indigo and leuco-indigo) is the responsible for the green colour observed.
       
  • THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR DOCKING
           OF ETORICOXIB

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT In this work, a computational chemical study of Etoricoxib was carried out at the X/6311G(d,p) (where X=B3LYP, M06 and ωB97XD) level of theory, at the gas, aqueous and ethanol phases. Through the chemical reactivity descriptors derived from the DFT, it was possible to find that Etoricoxib structure exhibits a major chemical activity in water and ethanol phases in comparison to the gas phase, which suggests this drug would be more active in biological solvents like in blood, tissues and places where the ciclooxigenasa 2 (COX)-2 is found. In addition, a molecular docking analysis was conducted to study the interaction of Etoricoxib with the COX-2 active site. The results suggest that Etoricoxib interacts with 19 amino acid residues inside the COX-2 active site.
       
  • TOXICITY, NATURAL AND INDUCED DEGRADATION OF CHLORPYRIFOS

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT The increase in demand for agricultural products due to the growing population led to excessive inputs of pesticides in the agriculture field which resulted in contamination of the environmental segments of life i.e. air, water, and soil. Chlorpyrifos is one of the most extensively used broad-spectrum organophosphate insecticides. The usage and broad-spectrum applicability of chlorpyrifos lead to widespread contamination in the environment and serious damage to non-target organisms. Moreover, metabolites of chlorpyrifos i.e. chlorpyrifos-oxon and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol are found to be more toxic than its parent compound. This review emphasizes on various toxic effects of chlorpyrifos and its metabolites on living organisms. The efforts put to develop the efficient methods for the degradation of the insecticide in soil and water i.e. photocatalytic, biodegradation, electrochemical and others have been discussed. Analytical techniques used for the study of degraded products and various intermediates formed during degradation under different conditions are summarized. It also includes the general pathway for the degradation of chlorpyrifos. The review will help in the development of tools for degradation and mineralization of organophosphate pesticides by knowing the mechanism of degradation and applicability of the developed process at a large scale.
       
  • SYNTHESIS AND SAR STRATEGY OF THIAZOLIDINEDIONE: A NOVEL APPROACH FOR
           CANCER TREATMENT

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT In current review, authors aim to inspire the researcher through structure activity relationship strategy for the finding of safe and effective anticancer molecules. Nowadays cancer is measured as one of the major health problems in human beings in the world from decades. A classes of heterocyclic compounds have been recognized through molecular biology, empirical screening and rational drug development for the evaluation of anticancer molecules however regrettably, till now we could not find a medicine to be entirely active and nontoxic for the treatment of cancer patients. In pointed view, it might be measured that Thiazolidinedione (TZD) heterocyclic compounds are prodigious standing in the synthetic and pharmacological approach of medicinal chemistry. Thiazolidinedione (TZD) nucleus upon the substitution of various functional groups is provides a wide spectrum of biological activity by the use of different mechanism on different target sites. Recently, some of the substituted thiazolidinedione molecules are designed for the treatment of human cancers cell line through different molecular mechanism such as EGFR & Mushroom Tyrosine kinase inhibitor, COX enzyme inhibitors, Histone deacetylase inhibitors, Alpha glucosidase inhibitor, DNA intercalation and Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitor, basically in which PPAR gamma express are in high levels. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma ligands effect on apoptosis, cell proliferation and cell differentiation on different types of cell. The most commonly cascades in human cancers cell are Raf/MEK/ERK, Wnt and PI3/Akt. This article highlights and embraces a concise overview of recent approaches for the synthesis of new thiazolidinedione molecules with its structure activity relationship strategy and effects on various signaling pathways, which is responsible for the expresses of cancer cell line activity.
       
  • PROMOTION OF CATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF VANILLIN LOADED MCM-41 BY CU(I) AND
           CU(II) FOR ENHANCED REMOVAL OF QUINOLINE CONTAMINANTS

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT In the present study, to enhance removal of quinoline contaminants using natural active component, vanillin was loaded onto the MCM-41 (Mobile Component Material) nanoparticles in a simple way. The product was divided into two parts, which were improved by Copper(I) and Copper(II) salts. Promoted synthetic nanocatalysts (Cu(I)/Van./MCM-41, and Cu(II)/Van./MCM-41) were characterized using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS), Mapping, Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), and BET/BJH (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Barret-Joyner-Halenda (BJH)) techniques. To reach optimal conditions, experimental design was performed using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The experiments were done with the aid of nanocomposites, in presence of ultraviolet radiation without any auxiliary oxidants. Degradation percentages were measured by an Ultraviolet (UV) spectrophotometer. The products were identified using Gas Chromatography–Mass (GC-Mass) technique, and some mechanisms for quinoline removal were proposed. The results indicated that Cu (I) showed better performance in enhanced removal of quinoline than Cu(II).
       
  • SCREEN PRINTED ELECTRODE OF CARBON NANOTUBES MODIFIED WITH GOLD
           NANOPARTICLES FOR SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF ZINC, LEAD AND COPPER

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry, method used for simultaneous determination of zinc, copper and lead with screen printed electrode of carbon nanotubes modified with gold nanoparticles was investigated. The results indicate that a simultaneous identification and quantification of zinc, lead and copper is possible at −0.6 V, −0.26 V and 0.16 V respectively. The maximum current was linearly dependent on the concentration of Zn2+, Pb2+ and Cu2+, thus allowing the construction of analytical curves, being: -Ip (A) = 0.08 + 0.214 [Zn2+ (g L−1)] in a range of 9.9 to 120 µg L−1 with an R2 = 0.993; -Ip (A) = −1.06 + 0.240 [Pb2+ (µg L−1)] in a range of 9.9 to 120 µg L−1 with an R2 = 0.998; -Ip (A) = −10.93 + 15.16 [Cu2+ (µg L−1)] in a range of 0.99 to 12 µg L−1 with an R2 = 0.998. The limits of detection and quantification were estimated between 1.0 - 3.5 µg L−1 for Zn2+, 1.5 - 5.0 µg L−1 for Pb2+ and 0.1 - 0.33 µg L−1 for Cu2+. An integral, selective and reliable system for simultaneous determination of heavy metals was achieved, which may have applications in field monitoring for environmental use and public health.
       
  • Co-PRECIPITATION SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION OF CoFE2O4 NANOMATERIAL AND
           EVALUATION OF ITS TOXICITY BEHAVIOR ON HUMAN LEUKEMIA CANCER K562 CELL
           LINE

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT In this study, cobalt ferrite nanomaterial with inverse spinel structure was synthesized via a co-precipitation method using Co(NO3)3.6H2O and Fe(NO3)3.9H2O. A 15% NH4OH solution was used as an alkaline agent for pH adjustment. Oleic acid was used as a coating agent on the surface of the synthesized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. PXRD analysis confirmed that the obtained material had a main CoFe2O4 cubic crystal structure with space group Fd-3m and lattice parameters a=b=c= 8.40 Å (JCPDS standard card no = 01-077-0426). According to the SEM analysis, the pseudo-spherical particles size distribution and morphology of the as-synthesized nanomaterial were homogeneous. The magnetic behavior of the obtained material was analyzed by vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM). Besides, anti-cancer effect of the as-synthesized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles was examined on an experimental model of acute myeloid leukemia (CML) K562 cell line for the first time. Inhibition of cell growth and cytotoxicity (apoptosis) that are characteristics features of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles are tested on K562 cell line. The results showed growth and viability inhibition and induction of apoptosis in K562 cells treated with the nanoparticles.
       
  • IDENTIFICATION OF WATER-SOLUBLE COMPOUNDS CONTAINED IN AQUEOUS EXTRACTS
           AND FRACTIONS OBTAINED FROM LEAVES OF Ugni Molinae TO DETERMINE THEIR
           EFFECT ON THE VIABILITY OF HUMAN GASTRIC CANCER CELLS

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Ugni molinae Turcz. Myrtaceae (Murtilla) is a plant native to Chile. There is evidence about the antiproliferative compounds present in fruits, but there is no evidence on the antiproliferative activity of the compounds in the leaves. These compounds have importance because they predominate in the popular form of ingestion of leaves. In the present study, the identification of water-soluble components of leaves of U. molinae and a fractionation were carried out to determine the effect on viability of gastric adenocarcinoma cells (AGS). A decoct of leaves was performed at 1%. For the separation of fractions, a countercurrent system (CPC) was used. Leaves were collected and identified by thinlayer chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC MS/MS). Samples were evaluated to determine the viability of AGS cells by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromidefor (MTT) assays. Three large fractions were identified. In the first one, the phenolic compounds of medium polarity and low molecular weight (phenolic acids) are found. In The second fraction shows low concentrations of phenolic compounds with greater molecular weight (glycosylated and gallolylated flavonoids); and the third, has a predominance of hydrolysable tannins, procianidins and other highly hydrophilic compounds. About cell viability, it was found that, the 1% extract is the one that presented the best effects on cell viability inhibition, in comparation to tannin and flavonoid fractions. In conclusion, there is synergy in the compounds present in the aqueous extract, which causes greater inhibition of cell viability, unlike the separated fractions.
       
 
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