Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 911 journals)

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Showing 601 - 800 of 911 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista Chilena de Anatomia     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Cardiología     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Derecho Privado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Infectología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Literatura     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.167, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Pediatria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Radiologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.124, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Ciência Agronômica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Ciencia y Cultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Científica Ciencia Médica     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la UCSA     Open Access  
Revista Científica General José María Córdova     Open Access  
Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Clínica de Periodoncia, Implantología y Rehabilitación Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.154, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Cancerología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Cardiologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico-Farmacéuticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Educación     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Entomología     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Estadística     Open Access   (SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Matemáticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Contabilidade & Finanças     Open Access   (SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Costarricense de Cardiología     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Cirugía     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Estomatologí­a     Open Access   (SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Información en Ciencias de la Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Informática Médica     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical     Open Access   (SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Oftalmología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.262, CiteScore: 0)
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Revista da Faculdade de Educação     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical     Open Access   (SJR: 0.658, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Administração - RAUSP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Administração Contemporânea     Open Access  
Revista de Administração de Empresas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Administração Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Análisis Económico     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Bioética y Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Biología Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Ciencia Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Cirugía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Derecho     Open Access   (SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Derecho (Concepción)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Derecho (Coquimbo)     Open Access  
Revista de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Economia Contemporânea     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economía del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economía Institucional     Open Access   (SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economia Poli­tíca     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Enfermagem Referência     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Estudios Historico-Juridicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Filosofía Open Insight     Open Access  
Revista de Geografía Norte Grande     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.251, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Historia (Concepción)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Investigacion Psicologica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de la Construcción     Open Access   (SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho : Universidad de la República     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Pediatría     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Microbiologia     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Microbiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Nutrição     Open Access   (SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP     Open Access  
Revista de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo     Open Access  
Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello     Open Access  
Revista de Protección Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones     Open Access   (SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 2)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.482, CiteScore: 0)
Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical     Open Access  
Revista del Nacional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista Direito GV     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões     Open Access   (SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 1)
Revista do Departamento de Psicologia. UFF     Open Access  
Revista do Hospital das Clinicas     Open Access  
Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo     Open Access   (SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Dor     Open Access  
Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista EIA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista electrónica de investigación educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Electronica Educare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Española de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Estudos Feministas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ingenieria - Universidad de Tarapaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.125, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía, Medellín     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem     Open Access   (SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Geológica de América Central     Open Access  
Revista Geológica de Chile     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Historia y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingeniería Biomédica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín     Open Access  
Revista Integra Educativa     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Revista ION     Open Access  
Revista IUS     Open Access  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Lasallista de Investigación     Open Access   (SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem     Open Access   (SJR: 0.339, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Bioética     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Social     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Inclusiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension     Open Access   (SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Investigación en Matemática Educativa     Open Access   (SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Medica de Chile     Open Access   (SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Médica del Hospital Nacional de Niños Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Médica del Uruguay     Open Access  
Revista Médica Electrónica     Open Access  
Revista Médica La Paz     Open Access  
Revista Médico-Científica : Luz y Vida     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta     Open Access   (SJR: 0.405, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.596, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad     Open Access   (SJR: 0.421, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Farmaceuticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Física     Open Access   (SJR: 0.203, CiteScore: 0)
Revista mexicana de física E     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Biomédica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química     Open Access   (SJR: 0.328, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.291, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Mexicana de Micologí­a     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Musical Chilena     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access   (SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)

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Revista Medica de Chile
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.259
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0034-9887 - ISSN (Online) 0717-6163
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • Pandemic and vaccines, chimera or reality'

    •  
  • Cost savings after switching from innovative tacrolimus to a generic
           version of the drug in transplant recipients

    • Abstract: Background The use of narrow therapeutic index generic immunosuppressant in solid organ transplantation is controversial. Most experiences switching to these drugs have short term follow-up periods, analyze only pharmacokinetic issues and do not systematically include either complications or cost analyses. Aim To analyze the costs and benefits of switching our kidney transplant recipients from innovative tacrolimus to a generic version of the drug. Material and Methods Fifty-seven stable transplant recipients were switched from innovative tacrolimus to a generic version of the drug, maintaining the same dose. They were followed for eight months recording all events during such period. Results We observed two infectious episodes, five allograft biopsies were performed and two patients had acute rejections. Conclusions From the payer’s perspective, if all the costs associated with the change to generic tacrolimus are considered, savings related to a lower cost of the drug translate in a real financial loss for the public health system. The analysis also showed that frequent switches, even from one generic drug to a cheaper one is an even worse strategy to save money.
       
  • A program to estimate insulin resistance based on data from the oral
           glucose tolerance test

    • Abstract: Background An instrument to help clinicians to evaluate the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at-a-glance is lacking. Aim To generate a program written in HTML squeezing relevant information from the OGTT with glucose and insulin measurements. Material and Methods We reanalyzed a database comprising 90 subjects. All of them had both an OGTT and a pancreatic suppression test (PST) measuring insulin resistance directly. Thirty-seven of the 90 studied participants were insulin resistant (IR). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Bayesian analyses delineated the diagnostic performances of four predictors of insulin resistance: HOMA, QUICKI, ISI-OL (Matsuda-DeFronzo) and I0*G60. We validated a new biochemical predictor, the Percentual Relative Insulin Sensitivity (%RIS), and calculated the Percentual Relative Beta Cell Function (%RBCF). Results The best diagnostic performance of the five predictors were those of the I0*G60 and the %RIS. The poorest diagnostic performances were those of the HOMA and QUICKI. The ISI-OL’s performance was in between. The %RIS of participants with and without IR was 44.4 ± 7.3 and 101.1 ± 8.8, respectively (p < 0.05). The figures for % RBCF were 55.8 ± 11.8 and 90.8 ± 11.6, respectively (p < 0.05). Mathematical modeling of the relationship between these predictors and the Steady State Plasma Glucose Value from the PST was performed. We developed a program with 10 inputs (glucose and insulin values) and several outputs: I0*G60, HOMA, QUICKI, ISI-OL, Insulinogenic Index, Disposition Index, %RBCF, %RIS, and metabolic categorization of the OGTT (ADA 2003). Conclusions The OGTT data permitted us to write successfully an HTML program allowing the user to fully evaluate at-a-glance its metabolic information.
       
  • The inclusion of diversity in clinical training

    • Abstract: Background Educational inclusion, a concept that has changed over time, is becoming relevant. It initially considered only disability and now contemplates education for all people. Educational inclusion has special relevance in health care workers’ training, who will have direct contact with heterogeneous populations, where diversity-oriented treatments are required. Aim To describe how diversity is integrated into health care training in a clinical context. Material and Methods qualitative study, based on Grounded Theory. Two group interviews and thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted among 11 teachers and 25 students of health careers. Data was analyzed using Atlas-ti 7.5.2. A constant comparison method, reaching an axial coding level, was used. Results The category of training in health careers in the context of diversity emerged. It is a process that operates in cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions. It accounts for the diversity of system actors and the model of a health professional and teacher facing diversity. Conclusions These dimensions should be understood during clinical training. Socio-cultural diversity encompassing gender, sex, ethnicity, religion and disability should be considered. Therefore, educational inclusion is an important issue to be considered by universities.
       
  • Psychometric properties of three instruments to detect dementia

    • Abstract: Background Several instruments are available to measure cognitive functioning in older adults. However, there is paucity of information about their factorial structure and psychometric properties. Aim To determine the factorial structure and the internal reliability of the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Adenbrookke´s Cognitive Examination (ACE-R), and their cognitive impairment detection capabilities. Material and Methods MMSE, MoCA and ACE-R were applied to 203 older adults aged 54 to 88 years (77% women), excluding participants with dementia. Results The factorial structure of the MMSE suggested that items referred to memory process should be eliminated due to their low reliability and factor loading (b = 0.12; p = 0.146). Although the MoCA had a good reliability, object denomination process items also had to be dropped (b = 0.22; p = 0.003). The ACE-R demonstrated a single factorial structure for all cognitive processes and had a good internal consistency. MMSE, MoCA and ACE-R classified as having dementia 5, 27 and 42% of participants, respectively. Conclusions MoCA and the ACE-R scales appear as better instruments to detect dementia in older people.
       
  • Association of self-reported walking speed with markers of adiposity and
           cardiovascular risk in Chile

    • Abstract: Background Walking speed is a strong predictor of non-communicable diseases and mortality. Aim To investigate the association of self-reported walking pace with adiposity, metabolic and cardiovascular markers in the Chilean population. Material and Methods Analysis of data from 5,077 participants of the 2009-2010 National Health Survey (ENS 2009-2010). Walking speed was self-reported as average or slow pace. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and lipid profile were the outcome. Results In Chile, 11% (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 10.0; 12.7) of the population reported a slow walking pace. Compared with average walking people, those reporting a slow pace had a higher body weight (difference (∆) 5.65 kg [95% CI: 3.22; 8.09], p < 0.01), BMI (D 2.48 kg/m 2 [95% CI: 1.53; 3.44], p < 0.01), WC (D 6.23 cm [95% CI: 4.12; 8.34], p < 0.01), serum triglycerides (D 30,9 mg/dl [95% CI: 5,31; 57,5], p = 0.018), and lower HDL cholesterol (D -2.32 mg/dl [95% CI: -4,24; -0,34], p = 0.022). Those reporting a slow pace had also a higher odd of being obese (odds ratio (OR): 2.46 [95% CI: 1.82; 3.33], p < 0.01), being diabetic (OR: 1.54 [95% CI: 1.02; 2.40], p = 0.018) and having metabolic syndrome (OR: 2.03 [95% CI: 1.30; 3.18], p = 0.002). Conclusions In Chilean adults, slow walking pace is associated with and unfavorable adiposity and lipid profile, including a higher probability of being obese, diabetic and having metabolic syndrome.
       
  • Effects of an exercise program or a dietary prescription in overweight or
           obese women

    • Abstract: Background Physical activity and dietary prescription are the mainstay of overweight and obesity management. Aim To compare the effects of physical activity or dietary management in overweight or obese sedentary women. Material and Methods Thirty-four physically inactive adult women with overweight or obesity, were intentionally divided into three groups: controls (C), exercise (E) and dietary prescription (DP). Women in the E group were trained in a circuit for twelve weeks and a hypocaloric diet was prescribed to those in the DP group. Blood pressure, body composition and phase angle (FA) measured using bioimpedance and dynamometry, were measured at baseline and the end of the intervention. Results Women in the E group had a significant increase in muscle mass and intracellular water and significant decreases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. No significant differences in dynamometry were observed between groups. The DP group had significant decreases in body weight, fat mass, body mass index, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusions The DP group had a higher weight reduction than the E group. Dietary prescription should be complemented with a physical activity program in the management of overweight or obesity.
       
  • Effects of a multimedia educational intervention on lifestyles and
           metabolic control of adult diabetic patients

    • Abstract: Background Education is the mainstay of medical management of chronic non communicable diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Aim To assess the effects of a multimedia diabetes education intervention and nutritional therapy on lifestyle changes and metabolic control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Material and Methods We studied 219 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 56 ± 8 years (28% males). They received education through a multimedia site about control indicators, complications, nutrition and physical exercise, among others. They also received a personalized nutritional therapy. They were followed-up for one year. At baseline and the end of follow up they were weighed, and their waist circumference and blood pressure were measured. A fasting blood sample was withdrawn to measure glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and lipid profile. Lifestyles were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire called IMEVID. Results The median duration of diabetes was six years. During the follow up, patients had a significant reduction in body weight, waist circumference and blood pressure and improvements in glycosylated hemoglobin, HDL and LDL cholesterol. Seven and 13% of patients reported favorable lifestyles at baseline and the end of follow up, respectively (p < 0.01). Compared with their counterparts with unfavorable lifestyles, patients with a favorable lifestyle had a significantly lower weight and glycosylated hemoglobin at the end of follow up. Conclusions The educational intervention along with nutritional therapy improved metabolic control and lifestyles in this group of diabetic patients.
       
  • Evaluation of team-based learning methodology for teaching statistics to
           medical students

    • Abstract: Background Team-Based Learning methodology (TBL) is used in medicine teaching in different clinical and basic fields, but seldom in statistics courses. Aim To compare the performance of students taught using TBL with those receiving the traditional lecture modality. Materials and Methods The grades and percentage of correct answers obtained in exams written during the statistics course of students that were taught without TBL (years 2009-2011) or using this methodology (years 2013-2016) were compared. Z Test for one mean (Milestone 1) and Student’s t test for two independent means assuming equal variances/unequal variances (Milestone 2) were evaluated. The mean and minimum grades and the percentage of grades below the flunking threshold were also evaluated. Students’ assessment of the methodology was also recorded. Results The percentage of correct answers was 94.2% and 94% among students taught with and without TBL methodology, respectively (Milestone 1), achieving a similar performance independent of the teaching strategy. The global percentage of correct answers of Milestone 2 increased from 75.3% to 89.5% (P < 0.001) among students using TBL. In 75.0% of questions, the percentage of correct answers increased with TBL. Likewise, there was an increase in mean grades increased from 5.4 to 6.2 (P < 0.05) and mean minimum grades from 2.8 to 3.7 (P = 0.05). The proportion of grades below the flunking threshold decreased from 9.9% to 4.4% (P = 0.054). Almost all students evaluated TBL methodology positively. Conclusions Students taught using TBL methodology performed better in the statistics course evaluation than students attending standard lectures in statistical analysis of greater complexity. TBL was well evaluated.
       
  • Ambulatory arterial stiffness index in diabetic patients

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Background The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be a good indicator of arterial stiffness. Aim To assess the correlation between AASI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension. Material and Methods Cross sectional study in 28 diabetic patients aged 49 ± 7 years (40% women). AASI was calculated as 1 minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure, using ABPM data. ABPM was measured in the arm using an oscillometric device. ABI was calculated as the ratio between ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure. CAVI was derived from pulse wave velocity using the Vasera VS-1000 device. Correlations were calculated using a bivariate Spearman correlation. Results The mean values for AASI, ABI, baPWV and CAVI were 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s and 7.60 ± 1.90, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between AASI and ABI (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusions In these diabetic patients, there was an association between AASI, an arterial stiffness marker and ABI, an indicator for the presence of atherosclerosis. Antecedentes El índice de rigidez arterial ambulatorio (AASI), derivado del monitoreo ambulatorio de presión arterial de 24 h (MAPA), puede ser un buen indicador de rigidez arterial. Objetivo Evaluar la correlación entre el AASI y la velocidad de onda de pulso braquial (VOP), el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) y el índice vascular cardio-tobillo (CAVI) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin hipertensión arterial. Material y Métodos Estudio transversal en 28 pacientes con diabetes de 49 ± 7 años (40% mujeres). El AASI se calculó como 1 menos la pendiente de regresión de la presión arterial diastólica sobre la sistólica, usando datos del MAPA de 24 h, el cual se midió en el brazo, usando un dispositivo oscilométrico. El ITB se calculó como la razón entre la presión arterial sistólica del tobillo sobre la del brazo. El CAVI se derivó de la velocidad de onda de pulso medida con el dispositivo Vasera VS-1000. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación bivariada de Spearman. Resultados Los valores de AASI, VOP, ITB y CAVI fueron 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s y 7.60 ± 1.90, respectivamente. Hubo una correlación negativa significativa entre AASI e ITB (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusiones Hay una asociación entre AASI, un marcador de rigidez arterial e ITB, un indicador de aterosclerosis, en estos pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2.
       
  • Analysis of the new Chilean mental health care plan

    • Abstract: During the sixties, the psychiatric care models evolved to a community care model, as a consequence of the asylum model failure. This new model assumes that psychosocial issues have a role, along with biological factors, in the development of mental diseases. In 2017 the National Mental health plan was created, based on this new model. It aimed to correct the flaws of the previous plan. We herein review this new plan, based on previous and international experiences. We also analyze the implementation of a community model of mental health care. The implementation of such a model without the support of the state and overlooking importance of mental health care, is extremely difficult.
       
  • Cardiopulmonary exercise test for diagnostic and prognostic purposes

    • Abstract: The functional assessment of patients with dyspnea usually uses static or submaximal exercise tests, which provide limited information because they do not expose patients to the real situation that causes exercise intolerance. The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is an increasingly used tool that can be used in these circumstances. It determines peak oxygen consumption, anaerobic threshold and cardiac and respiratory reserves, measuring oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide production during standardized exercise conditions. It is useful for risk assessment in cardiothoracic surgery and can provide valuable information such as the timing for transplant in patients with severe chronic disease. The test is non-invasive, has a short duration, and exhibits an adequate safety profile in specialized centers. It is mainly indicated for the dynamic evaluation of athletes or patients with heart, respiratory, and neuromuscular diseases, it is essential part of the study of dyspnea of unknown origin, and in the prognostic assessment of patients who face highly complex interventions. This review provides a comprehensive review of CPET with emphasis on its main indications in healthy people, athletes and, in particular, in functional evaluation of patients with exercise limitations in the context of their chronic diseases.
       
  • Chilean consensus on the psychological management of patients undergoing
           bariatric surgery

    • Abstract: Background Bariatric Surgery is the most effective alternative for weight reduction. However, weight regain is a serious problem. Therefore, pre and post-operative psychological management becomes relevant for these patients. Aim To unify criteria about the psychological management patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Material and Methods A questionnaire about psychological practice in bariatric surgery was sent to 50 national expert psychologists, members of the Chilean Bariatric and Metabolic Society. When no agreement among them was achieved, the Delphi methodology was applied. Scores of 86% or greater were used to reach consensus. Results The specialized clinical assessment is crucial for a good preoperative evaluation and to obtain and adequate compliance after surgery. Psychological interventions evolved towards a preparation process to achieve behavioral changes aiming to maintain good long term weight reduction results. Conclusions The indications and recommendations emanating from this consensus generated a document that establishes minimum criteria and quality care standards, which should reduce mental health risks of bariatric surgery and enhance lifestyle changes.
       
  • Dr. Vicente Izquierdo Sanfuentes and the arrival of the cellular theory in
           Chile

    • Abstract: Vicente Izquierdo Sanfuentes was a leading physician, researcher and academic of the School of Medicine of the University of Chile in the period 1881-1912. Dr. Izquierdo began his medical training at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile (1872-1875) and then received a scholarship to continue his studies with the prominent researchers Wilhelm Hiss (1875-1877) at the University of Leipzig and Wilhelm Waldeyer at the University of Strasbourg (1877-1879) in Germany. After returning to Chile, he was appointed first professor of Histology (1881), initiating the first course of this subject in 1883. His main academic achievements and his foundational role in the origin and development of biology in Chile stand out in his work.
       
  • Tutorial teaching in medicine from the perspective of teachers

    • Abstract: Background During clinical tutoring, medical students are trained to transfer theoretical knowledge to real life situations that need to be solved. Tutors should be trained to acquire skills to encourage motivation, transfer experience and inspire interest in learning among students. Aim To inquire about interests and needs during the daily work of clinical tutors. Material and Methods A qualitative study inserted in the Grounded Theory, based on the description of the meanings, in which ten clinical tutors responded to an interview in their own workplace. After obtaining consent, the responses were recorded and transcribed using Georgi’s method for analysis. Results Teachers feel that there is a gap between the theoretical basis of tutorial teaching and the reality. They are especially interested in a teaching process based on values. They recognize that their pedagogical skills should be improved to improve their communication with students. They also feel that they require more skills to transfer theoretical knowledge to clinical situations. Conclusions A personal satisfaction for educating and training, the transmission of experiences, empathy and being assertive are emerging values that motivate tutors to deliver a quality education, above remunerations or contractual ties. However, the skills to transfer clinical knowledge to students should be improved.
       
  • Ethical arguments for and against the participation of the medical
           profession in assisted death: analysis of the Ethics Department of the
           Chilean Medical Association

    • Abstract: The discussion of a bill that allows medically assisted death (MAD) in Chile, revived the debate about the ethics of this practice. The Department of Ethics of the Chilean Medical Association herein analyzes arguments in favor or against the participation of the medical profession in MAD. Among the main arguments against the participation of physicians in this practice are that MAD conflicts with the basic ethical principles of medical practice, that it is contrary to the purposes of medicine and that it could erode the patients’ and society’s confidence in physicians. The arguments in favor are related to physician´s compassion and non-abandonment of patients during their illness, choosing palliative care and ushering them to the final instance. Additionally, there is social expectation that this practice will be carried out by trained physicians who can verify that the strict criteria established by the legislation are met, guarantee that it obeys to a repeated request of a fully capable patient, and who is able to deal with the complications of the procedure. In this document we aimed to represent the different perspectives about physicians’ participation in MAD, offering arguments to colleagues and stimulating their participation in this important debate.
       
  • Iliac-femoral lithoplasty for a transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
           Report of one case

    • Abstract: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has a lower perioperative risk than traditional surgery mostly when the transfemoral access is used. Some patients have anatomical conditions that contraindicate the use of this route. Lithoplasty is a novel technique that fractures calcium in coronary and peripheral arteries using pulsatile waves transmitted through an angioplasty balloon. We report an 83 year-old male with an aortic stenosis requiring TAVI, with severe calcification of his femoral and aortic arteries. A balloon lithoplasty of the right iliac-femoral tract was carried out, which allowed the use of the transfemoral route to install the aortic prosthesis. The patient had a good subsequent evolution.
       
  • Aphasia as the presenting symptom of a hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state.
           Case report

    • Abstract: Neurological manifestations such as seizures, disorders of consciousness and abnormal movements such as hemichorea and hemiballismus can be the presenting symptoms of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states. Exceptionally, focal signs as hemiparesis or aphasia are described. We report a 66-year-old man, presenting with nonfluent aphasia and right subtle hemiparesis. The computed tomography, computed tomography angiography and brain magnetic resonance did not show acute ischemic lesions or obstruction of arterial vessels. The initial laboratory evaluation disclosed a blood glucose of 936 mg/dL, a plasma osmolality of 331 mOsm/Kg, and positive plasma ketones. After the treatment of hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality, focal symptoms subsided.
       
  • Connection in times of COVID-19

    • Abstract: Neurological manifestations such as seizures, disorders of consciousness and abnormal movements such as hemichorea and hemiballismus can be the presenting symptoms of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states. Exceptionally, focal signs as hemiparesis or aphasia are described. We report a 66-year-old man, presenting with nonfluent aphasia and right subtle hemiparesis. The computed tomography, computed tomography angiography and brain magnetic resonance did not show acute ischemic lesions or obstruction of arterial vessels. The initial laboratory evaluation disclosed a blood glucose of 936 mg/dL, a plasma osmolality of 331 mOsm/Kg, and positive plasma ketones. After the treatment of hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality, focal symptoms subsided.
       
  • COVID-19 epidemic in chile: impact on emergency services care and specific
           pathologies

    • Abstract: Neurological manifestations such as seizures, disorders of consciousness and abnormal movements such as hemichorea and hemiballismus can be the presenting symptoms of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states. Exceptionally, focal signs as hemiparesis or aphasia are described. We report a 66-year-old man, presenting with nonfluent aphasia and right subtle hemiparesis. The computed tomography, computed tomography angiography and brain magnetic resonance did not show acute ischemic lesions or obstruction of arterial vessels. The initial laboratory evaluation disclosed a blood glucose of 936 mg/dL, a plasma osmolality of 331 mOsm/Kg, and positive plasma ketones. After the treatment of hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality, focal symptoms subsided.
       
  • Experts and social networks: How to communicate in times of pandemic'

    • Abstract: Neurological manifestations such as seizures, disorders of consciousness and abnormal movements such as hemichorea and hemiballismus can be the presenting symptoms of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states. Exceptionally, focal signs as hemiparesis or aphasia are described. We report a 66-year-old man, presenting with nonfluent aphasia and right subtle hemiparesis. The computed tomography, computed tomography angiography and brain magnetic resonance did not show acute ischemic lesions or obstruction of arterial vessels. The initial laboratory evaluation disclosed a blood glucose of 936 mg/dL, a plasma osmolality of 331 mOsm/Kg, and positive plasma ketones. After the treatment of hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality, focal symptoms subsided.
       
  • Ethical considerations in the context of triage by COVID-19

    • Abstract: Neurological manifestations such as seizures, disorders of consciousness and abnormal movements such as hemichorea and hemiballismus can be the presenting symptoms of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states. Exceptionally, focal signs as hemiparesis or aphasia are described. We report a 66-year-old man, presenting with nonfluent aphasia and right subtle hemiparesis. The computed tomography, computed tomography angiography and brain magnetic resonance did not show acute ischemic lesions or obstruction of arterial vessels. The initial laboratory evaluation disclosed a blood glucose of 936 mg/dL, a plasma osmolality of 331 mOsm/Kg, and positive plasma ketones. After the treatment of hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality, focal symptoms subsided.
       
  • Oral Health and Pandemic: implications of the suspension of the
           Opportunity Guarantee in GES pathologies

    • Abstract: Neurological manifestations such as seizures, disorders of consciousness and abnormal movements such as hemichorea and hemiballismus can be the presenting symptoms of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states. Exceptionally, focal signs as hemiparesis or aphasia are described. We report a 66-year-old man, presenting with nonfluent aphasia and right subtle hemiparesis. The computed tomography, computed tomography angiography and brain magnetic resonance did not show acute ischemic lesions or obstruction of arterial vessels. The initial laboratory evaluation disclosed a blood glucose of 936 mg/dL, a plasma osmolality of 331 mOsm/Kg, and positive plasma ketones. After the treatment of hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality, focal symptoms subsided.
       
 
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