Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 892 journals)

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Showing 601 - 800 of 892 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista Clínica de Periodoncia, Implantología y Rehabilitación Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.154, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Cancerología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Cardiologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico-Farmacéuticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Educación     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Entomología     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Estadística     Open Access   (SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Matemáticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Contabilidade & Finanças     Open Access   (SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Costarricense de Cardiología     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Cirugía     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Estomatologí­a     Open Access   (SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Información en Ciencias de la Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Informática Médica     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical     Open Access   (SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Oftalmología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.262, CiteScore: 0)
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Revista da Faculdade de Educação     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical     Open Access   (SJR: 0.658, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Administração - RAUSP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Administração Contemporânea     Open Access  
Revista de Administração de Empresas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Administração Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Análisis Económico     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Bioética y Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Biología Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Ciencia Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Cirugía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Derecho     Open Access   (SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Derecho (Concepción)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Derecho (Coquimbo)     Open Access  
Revista de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Economia Contemporânea     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economía del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economía Institucional     Open Access   (SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economia Poli­tíca     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Enfermagem Referência     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Estudios Historico-Juridicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Filosofía Open Insight     Open Access  
Revista de Geografía Norte Grande     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.251, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Historia (Concepción)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Historia Americana y Argentina     Open Access  
Revista de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Investigacion Psicologica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access   (SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de la Construcción     Open Access   (SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UCV     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Pediatría     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Microbiologia     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Microbiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Nutrição     Open Access   (SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP     Open Access  
Revista de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo     Open Access  
Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello     Open Access  
Revista de Protección Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones     Open Access   (SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 2)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.482, CiteScore: 0)
Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical     Open Access  
Revista del Nacional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista Direito GV     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões     Open Access   (SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 1)
Revista do Departamento de Psicologia. UFF     Open Access  
Revista do Hospital das Clinicas     Open Access  
Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo     Open Access   (SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Dor     Open Access  
Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista EIA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista electrónica de investigación educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Electronica Educare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Española de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Estudos Feministas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ingenieria - Universidad de Tarapaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.125, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía, Medellín     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem     Open Access   (SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Geológica de América Central     Open Access  
Revista Geológica de Chile     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Historia y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingeniería Biomédica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín     Open Access  
Revista Integra Educativa     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Revista ION     Open Access  
Revista IUS     Open Access  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Lasallista de Investigación     Open Access   (SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem     Open Access   (SJR: 0.339, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Bioética     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Inclusiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension     Open Access   (SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Investigación en Matemática Educativa     Open Access   (SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Medica de Chile     Open Access   (SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Médica del Hospital Nacional de Niños Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Médica del Uruguay     Open Access  
Revista Médica Electrónica     Open Access  
Revista Médica La Paz     Open Access  
Revista Médico-Científica : Luz y Vida     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta     Open Access   (SJR: 0.405, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.596, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad     Open Access   (SJR: 0.421, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Farmaceuticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Física     Open Access   (SJR: 0.203, CiteScore: 0)
Revista mexicana de física E     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Biomédica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química     Open Access   (SJR: 0.328, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.291, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Mexicana de Micologí­a     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Musical Chilena     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access   (SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Nutrícias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Odonto Ciência     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Opinión Jurídica     Open Access  
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Paulista de Pediatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.472, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Perspectivas     Open Access  
Revista Pilquen : Sección Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental     Open Access  
Revista Portuguesa de Imunoalergologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia     Open Access  
Revista Portuguesa de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Portuguesa e Brasileira de Gestão     Open Access  
Revista Republicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Signos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Universitaria de Geografía     Open Access  
Revista Uruguaya de Cardiologia     Open Access  
Revista Vectores de Investigación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
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Acta Botanica Brasilica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.325
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0102-3306
Published by SciELO Homepage  [892 journals]
  • Sustainable production of bioactive alkaloids in Psychotria L. of southern
           Brazil: propagation and elicitation strategies

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Psychotria is the largest genus in Rubiaceae. South American species of the genus are promising sources of natural products, mostly due to bioactive monoterpene indole alkaloids they accumulate. These alkaloids can have analgesic, antimutagenic, and antioxidant activities in different experimental models, among other pharmacological properties of interest. Propagation of genotypes with relevant pharmaceutical interest is important for obtaining natural products in a sustainable and standardized fashion. Besides the clonal propagation of elite individuals, the alkaloid content of Psychotria spp. can also be increased by applying moderate stressors or stress-signaling molecules. This review explores advances in research on methods for plant propagation and elicitation techniques for obtaining bioactive alkaloids from Psychotria spp. of the South Region of Brazil.
       
  • A literature review of the pollination strategies and breeding systems in
           Oncidiinae orchids

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Oncidiinae is an exclusively Neotropical orchid subtribe with about 1600 described species and an impressive array of vegetative and floral morphological adaptations. We present the results of a literature survey on the pollination strategies and breeding systems of this orchid subtribe. The flowers are pollinated by a wide range of insects (mostly bees) and, sometimes, hummingbirds. Several genera reward their pollinators with floral resources such as oils, nectar or perfumes. Whereas pollination by oil-gathering bees likely evolved several times within Oncidiinae, exclusive pollination by perfume-gathering male Euglossine bees is likely restricted to a set of closely-related genera. Pollination by food or sexual deception is also present within the subtribe. Up to date, the pollen-vectors of the 92 species of Oncidiinae studied so far are as follows: 84.7 % are pollinated by bees, 6.5 % by wasps, 4.3 % by hummingbirds, 3.2 % by butterflies and 3.2 % by flies. Oncidiinae orchids are preferentially self-incompatible (69.4 % of the species studied so far), some may also present protandry as a mechanism to promote cross-pollination. Fruiting success is generally low. The rate of visitation with subsequent pollination is low, in general, which contributes to the low reproductive success of this plant group.
       
  • Updates on extratropical region climbing plant flora: news regarding a
           still-neglected diversity

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Most studies concerning climbing plants have focused on lianas, forest ecosystems, and tropical regions. Thus, the majority of existing information is not relevant to all climbing plants (lianas and vines) or all ecoregions of the world (forested and non-forested). We provide an update on floristic and distributional data available for climbing plants in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil’s southernmost state, which is located within subtropical and temperate zones and includes a variety of forest and non-forest vegetation types. A total of 448 climbing plant species were confirmed and documented by voucher specimens, revealing a diversity similar to that registered for trees in the state (533). The significant contribution of climbing species to the regional flora, the differences in floristic composition and species richness among the state’s eight vegetation types, and the high number of endangered species found in this extratropical region reveal the requirement to expand studies of climbing plants to include environments beyond tropical forests. Furthermore, the importance of herbaceous climbing species in subtropical and temperate floras demonstrates that they should be included in ecological studies of climbing plants, and that future analyses could detect unique or divergent patterns between herbaceous and woody climbers.
       
  • Invasion and establishment of Ceratium furcoides (Dinophyceae) in an urban
           lake in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Ceratium furcoides has received attention due its invasive behavior in South America and consequent alterations in local phytoplankton communities. Pedalinhos Lake had been dominated by chlorophytes until 2015, when the first occurrence of this dinoflagellate was detected. In order to investigate the colonization process of this species, we monitored the meteorological variables and phytoplankton abundance of this urban lake on a weekly basis from September 2015 to September 2018. At the beginning of the invasion process (Year 1), a peak density of 10,170 ind.mL-1 was recorded, with a significant decrease to 23 ind.mL-1, indicating an initial, unstable process of adaptation, with notable oscillation and reduction of cyanobacterial blooms. At this time, abundance of C. furcoides revealed inverse correlations with cyanobacteria, temperature, and insolation. InYear 2 therewere a stabilization of the density of C. furcoides accompanied by increased cell size. Year 3 (starting in September 2017) was again marked by oscillations in the density of this dinoflagellate. This study contributes to improved understanding of the adaptation process of this dinoflagellate in an invaded environment and its effects on the local phytoplankton community.
       
  • Genetic diversity in Calibrachoa pygmaea (Solanaceae): A
           hawkmoth-pollinated nightshade from the Pampas

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Calibrachoa pygmaea is a unique species of Calibrachoa, especially concerning its flower morphology and the environment where it occurs. The species is self-incompatible and is narrowly distributed in wet and flooded fields of the Pampas region. We characterize the genetic diversity of the species based on traditional plastid markers and newly developed nuclear microsatellites to identify drivers that guide its evolution. Our results identified markers that are informative and useful for studying the population structure of C. pygmaea, as well as that of other species of Calibrachoa. Both marker sets were congruent in developing conclusions regarding the evolutionary scenario of C. pygmaea, and revealed that the genetic variability and population structure of the species could be explained by common allele fixation or shared ancestral polymorphism, while its diversification can be attributed mainly to the species’ dispersal ability and certain ecological features.
       
  • Synflorescence morphology of species of Typha L. (Typhaceae): anatomical
           and ontogenetic bases for taxonomic applications

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT The inflorescence of plants of the genus Typha L. consists of a polytelic system with the fertile region containing staminate flowers in the terminal portion and pistillate flowers in the basal portion. Although some useful morphological information has been provided to characterize species of the genus, various divergent typologies have arisen due to mistaken interpretations that ignore the different degrees of branching in this indeterminate system. The present study aimed to identify structural homologies by comparing the morphology and ontogeny of the synflorescences of Typha domingensis, T. latifolia and their putative hybrid, T. x provincialis, using standard micro-techniques for light and electron microscopy. Analysis revealed that the synflorescence of species of Typha should be considered a homothetic triple raceme. New diagnostic characters are proposed for both the pistillate and staminate portions. Differences among the apices of the pistillate portions are compared for the first time, and mainly involve the rate of lengthening of the second order branch, which is species specific. The data and interpretations proposed in this study should serve as a basis for proposing homologies for different structures of the synflorescences of species of Typha.
       
  • Catalogue of the vascular epiphytic flora of Uruguay

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT We provide an updated list of the vascular epiphytic flora occurring in native environments of Uruguay based on literature review, herbarium specimens, and fieldwork throughout the country. The catalogue provides standardized information for each species, including accepted name, synonyms used within Uruguay, epiphytic category, distribution within the country, habitat, conservation status, observations, and a voucher citation. The effort documented 73 species for the epiphytic flora of Uruguay (3 % of the flora), distributed among 29 genera and 12 families. Bromeliaceae was the richest family (17), followed by Polypodiaceae (16) and Orchidaceae (12). Tillandsia stood out as the most speciose genus with 15 species. Characteristic holoepiphytes was the most diverse ecological category. More than half of the epiphytic species documented for Uruguay (53 %) reach their southernmost geographic distribution in the country, whereas only two mostly epipetric species of Tillandsia - T. arequitae and T. uruguayensis - are endemic to the country. Almost half of the epiphytic species found are presently under categories of threat of extinction, with 60 % of them occurring in national protected areas. Both the richest epiphytic families and the predominance of characteristic holoepiphytes coincide with findings from floristic and ecological studies previously carried out in humid subtropical regions.
       
  • Aquatic vascular plants of South Brazil: checklist and a comparative
           floristic approach

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Aquatic ecosystems support species diversity, and knowledge of plant communities is essential for wetland conservation programs. This study provides a checklist of aquatic vascular plants of South Brazil and establishes their floristic affinities with bordering South America phytogeographical domains. The checklist was based on 52 sources, including 35 floristic lists, 17 regional taxonomic studies, and information from an electronic database on wetlands of South Brazil. Floristic similarities with published checklists for neighbouring regions were assessed. A total of 780 species distributed in 277 genera and 85 families of vascular plants were reported for South Brazil. Families with higher species richness were Cyperaceae (128), Poaceae (102), Asteraceae (69), Plantaginaceae (21), Lentibulariaceae (20), and Onagraceae (20). The most represented genera were Eleocharis (41) and Cyperus (24). A cluster analysis revealed high similarity with Iberá (Argentinian Chaco), Pampa and Atlantic Forest, and low similarity with Pantanal, Caatinga and the Amazon Rainforest. The high number of aquatic plant families recorded relative to temperate and tropical climates suggests a zone of biogeographical overlap in Southern Brazil. The compiled data set reveals high biodiversity of wetlands of South Brazil, provides a baseline for future research, and highlights the need for regional conservation planning.
       
  • A new glandular Mimosa species from Southern Brazil and insights about its
           glandular trichomes micromorphology

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Mimosa baptistae is a new species presenting stalked glandular trichomes that give it a glutinous appearance, mainly with respect to the leaflets. Furthermore, it is an aculeate species, with multijugate leaves, white stamens, and fruits also covered by glandular trichomes. A herbaria survey and fieldwork only recorded this species as occurring on sandstone outcrops of the city Caçapava do Sul, Brazil. The species may be confused with other species of Mimosa sect. Batocaulon ser. Stipellares such as M. bifurca, M. sobralii and M. lepidota. However, features such as absence/presence of aculei, stamens color, habitat, and flower features are useful for distinguishing them from the new species. Here, we provide notes on morphology, geographic distribution, as well as anatomical detail of its glandular trichomes and content. Finally, we discussed the taxonomic significance of the micromorphology of glandular trichomes and their content in Mimosa ser. Stipellares as well as the potential applicability of such features to better understand the morphology of this series.
       
  • Species boundary and extensive hybridization and introgression in
           Petunia

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Studying the role of hybridization in the speciation of plants is one of the most thrilling areas of evolutionary biology. Hybridization in natural populations can act in opposition to divergence, contribute to adaptation through introgression or foster the emergence of new lineages via hybrid speciation. Species of the plant genus Petunia grow in open areas in southern South America. Some natural interspecific hybrid events have been described for the genus, such as between the endemic P. exserta and the widespread P. axillaris. Both species occur in sympatry in Serra do Sudeste (Brazil), where they occur in diverse habitats and exhibit floral divergence, which has been related to the attraction of different primary pollinators. The present study evaluates the maintenance of the species boundaries front of hybridization and introgression. Direct and indirect methods of estimating gene exchange employed genotyping 720 reproductive plants and 611 progenies of both species with eight microsatellite loci. Gene exchange was found to be frequent and bidirectional between the species, indicating that introgression changes their genetic constitution in areas of sympatry. Limits of the studied species are being maintained because of the high level of inbreeding and backcrosses that are habitat-dependent.
       
  • Morphological and genetic perspectives of hybridization in two contact
           zones of closely related species of Petunia (Solanaceae) in southern
           Brazil

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Interspecific hybridization has several consequences for parental species, from blurring species limits to the emergence of new taxa. Petunia axillaris and P. exserta occur in sympatry in southernmost Brazil and naturally hybridize despite their different pollination syndromes and habitat requirements. We employed genetic and morphological analyses to characterize two contact zones between the species with the aim of determining the effect of interspecific hybridization. Microsatellite loci and a morphometric evaluation of the corolla shape were used to classify individuals based on their origin as pure parental or hybrids. Corolla color was used to classify individuals a priori (white, red or intermediate, for P. axillaris, P. exserta or hybrid, respectively). Corolla color was found to be a good indicator of the genetic component of each species and their hybrid, while the shape of the corolla did not always correspond to genetic origin. Hybridization increased the variability, and introgression occurred in both directions in this system.
       
  • A taxonomic synopsis of Cypella (Iridaceae) in Brazil

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT A taxonomic synopsis of Cypella (Iridaceae) in Brazil is presented with recognition of 16 species, two of them represented by two subspecies. An identification key to the taxa is provided and species are described and illustrated. New synonyms are indicated, and eight lectotypes, two epitypes and one neotype are designated. Results include distribution, habitat, phenology, conservation status, notes and examined specimens of all taxa, as well as comments on dubious and misused names. The resulting framework revealed that most of the Brazilian species of Cypella occur in the state of Rio Grande do Sul and in the Pampa Biome, although Río de la Plata grasslands (RPG) is the most species-rich biogeographic unit of the genus.
       
  • Future uncertainties for the distribution and conservation of Paubrasilia
           echinata under climate change

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Paubrasilia echinata is a widely cultivated endangered tree species with small populations restricted to a narrow strip of habitats along the Brazilian coast. The potential impacts of climate change on the distribution of P. echinata have yet to be investigated, and so it remains unknown whether protected areas will ensure the persistence of the species in the future. Here, we estimate the impacts of climate change on the distribution of P. echinata inside and outside of protected areas considering different climate change scenarios and two different sets of presence records: natural distribution and cultivated records. Future scenarios showed a gradual reduction in climatically suitable area both inside and outside of protected areas. Projections indicate a trend for a shift to the highlands of Southeast Brazil, and the loss of several areas throughout the entire distribution of the species. Predicted climatic conditions will be unsuitable for P. echinata inside most protected areas. Information provided here will be relevant in planning future national actions for this species, which is a must to properly protect this long-exploited tree.
       
  • Functional patterns of tree communities in natural Araucaria forests and
           old monoculture conifer plantations

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT A functional perspective of tree communities is helpful for understanding forest dynamics, especially vegetation recovery after other land uses. Knowledge about ecological filters and survival strategies of trees are also important for the restoration of degraded areas. This study aimed to evaluate the functional composition and structure of adult and regenerative components of natural Araucaria forests, Araucaria plantations and plantations of exotic Pinus in subtropical southern Brazil. Differences in functional diversity and functional richness, and in community weighted mean trait values, including leaf traits and reproductive traits, were analyzed. RLQ analysis was used to assess the association between community structure, plant traits and environmental variables. Clear differences were found for most traits and for functional richness for the regenerative component, while the adult component was more similar among forest types. A clear separation in RLQ ordination associated with trait variation, for the adult component but not for regenerative trees, also indicates that communities are becoming functionally more similar with time. Plantations were shown to function as environmental filters by directly influencing species recruitment, richness and functional diversity. We conclude that passive restoration may be the best strategy for restoration of Araucaria forests.
       
  • Grassland vegetation sampling - a practical guide for sampling and data
           analysis

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Grassland and savanna ecosystems are the original vegetation types of more than 30% of the Brazilian territory, but conservation and training of future professionals has largely focused on forests. In fact, no standard protocols exist for sampling grassland vegetation for environmental planning or licensing. Neglecting non-forest ecosystems may have deleterious consequences for the maintenance of biodiversity and the provisioning of ecosystem services. Herein, we provide practical guidelines on how to conceive and develop ecological studies of grassland vegetation for scientific, monitoring or technical purposes. Using examples mostly from southern Brazil, we explain and discuss the various components of the research process, from the question to be investigated to defining and implementing the sampling design, performing data analyses and presenting the results. Our guidelines should prove useful for training technicians and researchers working on grassland ecosystems and other non-forest ecosystems in Brazil and surrounding regions.
       
 
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