Publisher: Sage Publications   (Total: 1090 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1090 Journals sorted alphabetically
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Abstracts in Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Academic Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Accounting History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.527, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Radiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.754, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Radiologica Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.939, CiteScore: 2)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 360, SJR: 1.397, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 0)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 238, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 2)
Adult Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 136, SJR: 0.272, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.599, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Tumor Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.108, CiteScore: 0)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Affilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
Agrarian South : J. of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Alexandria : The J. of National and Intl. Library and Information Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Allergy & Rhinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AlterNative : An Intl. J. of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Alternative Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.351, CiteScore: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.982, CiteScore: 2)
American Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Educational Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229, SJR: 2.913, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Cosmetic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American J. of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.646, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hospice and Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.65, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Rhinology and Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.972, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 215, SJR: 3.949, CiteScore: 6)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.313, CiteScore: 1)
American Review of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.062, CiteScore: 2)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 332, SJR: 6.333, CiteScore: 6)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, CiteScore: 2)
Animation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.634, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.096, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.225, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of the ICRP     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.341, CiteScore: 7)
Anthropological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.739, CiteScore: 1)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.635, CiteScore: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian J. of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.17, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 2)
Armed Forces & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Media Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Management Research and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.558, CiteScore: 1)
Asian and Pacific Migration J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.324, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
Asian J. of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Management Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
ASN Neuro     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.534, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.519, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.433, CiteScore: 1)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.801, CiteScore: 2)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 532, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian J. of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 339, SJR: 1.739, CiteScore: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.877, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblical Theology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
Biological Research for Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.685, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarker Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.81, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarkers in Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bioscope: South Asian Screen Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.531, CiteScore: 3)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Neuroscience Advances     Open Access  
Breast Cancer : Basic and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.823, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
British J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217, SJR: 0.323, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Politics and Intl. Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.91, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
British J.ism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BRQ Business Review Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Building Acoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.215, CiteScore: 1)
Building Services Engineering Research & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.348, CiteScore: 1)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Business Perspectives and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers Élisabéthains     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
California Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.209, CiteScore: 4)
Canadian J. of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.007, CiteScore: 2)
Canadian J. of Nursing Research (CJNR)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.769, CiteScore: 3)
Canadian J. of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Pharmacists J. / Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Cancer Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Growth and Metastasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.64, CiteScore: 1)
Capital and Class     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 1)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.889, CiteScore: 3)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.023, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.581, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Child Language Teaching and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Child Maltreatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.894, CiteScore: 2)
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
China Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 2)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.672, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.808, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Stress     Open Access  
Citizenship, Social and Economics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.757, CiteScore: 1)
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical and Translational Neuroscience     Open Access  
Clinical Case Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.73, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.552, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.537, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Ear, Nose and Throat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Endocrinology and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.129, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.776, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Nursing Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.471, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.487, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.281, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.399, CiteScore: 2)
Clothing and Textiles Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Common Law World Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.385, CiteScore: 1)
Communication and the Public     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communication Disorders Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.171, CiteScore: 3)
Community College Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.451, CiteScore: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260, SJR: 3.772, CiteScore: 3)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.642, CiteScore: 2)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.441, CiteScore: 1)
Contemporary Drug Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Education Dialogue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Sociology : A J. of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.195, CiteScore: 0)
Contemporary Voice of Dalit     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical Psychological Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.281
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 12  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2167-7026 - ISSN (Online) 2167-7034
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1090 journals]
  • Improving the Reach of Clinical Practice Guidelines: An Experimental
           Investigation of Message Framing on User Engagement
    • Authors: Alexandra Werntz, Lynn Bufka, Brian E. Adams, Bethany A. Teachman
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Despite strong evidence for the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), most affected individuals are not receiving these treatments, in part because they may not know that evidence-based treatments exist. The American Psychological Association published a website to disseminate information about its Clinical Practice Guideline for treating PTSD. In Study 1, Google Optimize was used in a field study to examine whether altering the subheadings to three of the website pages would increase site visitor engagement. On the main page and on the page with treatment descriptions, no subheading alterations improved engagement. On the Patients and Families page, the subheading “say goodbye to symptoms” improved engagement on three outcome variables, including clicking a link to find a psychologist (although there were a small number of clicks). In a preregistered conceptual replication in a sample not actively seeking information about the PTSD guideline (N = 578), the results were not replicable. Results highlight challenges of disseminating information about evidence-based treatment.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-02T09:16:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620920722
       
  • The Disruptive Effects of Estrogen Removal Before Puberty on Risk for
           Binge Eating in Female Rats
    • Authors: Kelly L. Klump, Elaine B. Sinclair, Britny A. Hildebrandt, Deborah A. Kashy, Shannon O’Connor, Megan E. Mikhail, Kristen M. Culbert, Alexander Johnson, Cheryl L. Sisk
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Recent research suggests that estrogen is protective against binge eating in adult females and that pubertal estrogen may be critical for these effects. Nonetheless, to date, no study has examined the role of pubertal estrogen in adult binge-eating phenotypes in females, potentially because of difficulties experimentally manipulating estrogen in humans to examine causal effects. We used a novel animal model to examine whether estrogen removal before puberty (via prepubertal ovariectomy, or P-OVX) increased rates of binge-eating-prone (BEP) phenotypes in adulthood in female rats. Seventy-seven P-OVX rats and 79 intact rats were followed from prepuberty into adulthood and phenotyped for BEP status in adulthood. Results showed significantly increased rates (~2–8 times higher) of adult BEP phenotypes in P-OVX compared with intact rats. Findings confirm that estrogen removal substantially increases later risk for binge eating in females, potentially by disrupting typical adolescent brain development.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-02T09:16:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620921343
       
  • Risk and Resilience in an Acute Stress Paradigm: Evidence From Salivary
           Cortisol and Time-Frequency Analysis of the Reward Positivity
    • Authors: Paige Ethridge, Nida Ali, Sarah E. Racine, Jens C. Pruessner, Anna Weinberg
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Both abnormal stress and reward responsivity are consistently linked to multiple forms of psychopathology; however, the nature of the associations between stress and reward sensitivity remains poorly understood. In the present study, we examined associations between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis stress response and event-related potentials sensitive to the receipt of reward-related feedback in a pre–post experimental paradigm. Neural responses were recorded while male participants completed a simple monetary-reward guessing task before and after the Montreal Imaging Stress Task. Results demonstrated that acute psychosocial stress significantly reduced the magnitude of neural responses to feedback in the reward-sensitive delta-frequency band but not the loss-sensitive theta-frequency band. In addition, a larger delta-frequency response to rewards at baseline predicted reduced overall cortisol response in the stress condition. These findings suggest, therefore, that neural reward circuitry may be associated with both risk for and resilience to stress-related psychopathology.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-07-02T09:16:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917463
       
  • Differences in Affective Dynamics Among Eating-Disorder Diagnostic Groups
    • Authors: Gail A. Williams-Kerver, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Li Cao, Kathryn E. Smith, Scott G. Engel, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson, James E. Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Emotion-regulation theories suggest that affect intensity is crucial in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. However, other aspects of emotional experience, such as lability, differentiation, and inertia, are not as well understood. This study is the first to use ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine differences in several daily negative affect (NA) indicators among adults diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), or binge-eating disorder (BED). We used EMA data from three large studies to run a series of linear mixed models; the results showed that participants in the AN and BN groups experienced significantly greater NA intensity and better emotion differentiation than participants in the BED group. Alternatively, the BN group demonstrated significantly greater NA lability than the AN group and greater NA inertia than the BED group. These results suggest that several daily affective experiences differ among eating-disorder diagnostic groups and have implications toward distinct conceptualizations and treatments.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-24T12:04:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917196
       
  • Fractured Pasts: The Structure of the Life Story in Sexual-Trauma
           Survivors With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
    • Authors: Georgina Clifford, Caitlin Hitchcock, Tim Dalgleish
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      We examined the organization of past and future affective autobiographical knowledge in sexual-trauma survivors compared with control participants. Participants (N = 113) divided their past (and future) life into chapters (e.g., “college,” “marriage”), then characterized each chapter using positive or negative attributes. Sexual-trauma survivors (n = 27) endorsed a greater proportion of negative attributes, demonstrated greater affective compartmentalization (separation of positive and negative attributes into different chapters), and showed reduced redundancy (consistent endorsement across chapters) of positive attributes relative to control participants (n = 23). Groups did not differ on negative redundancy for past life structure or any metrics for future life structure. In a secondary analysis, we compared life structures for the sexual-trauma group and for individuals with chronic depression but no sexual-trauma history (n = 30) and matched control participants (n = 56), which revealed significantly greater negative redundancy in the depressed group. The distinct life structure presented by sexual-trauma survivors may reflect efforts to constrain the impact of trauma on an individual’s self-identity.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-18T07:11:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917984
       
  • Corrigendum: The Turker Blues: Hidden Factors Behind Increased Depression
           Rates Among Amazon’s Mechanical Turkers
    • Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-11T08:56:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620936674
       
  • Addiction or Transgression' Moral Incongruence and Self-Reported
           Problematic Pornography Use in a Nationally Representative Sample
    • Authors: Joshua B. Grubbs, Brinna N. Lee, K. Camille Hoagland, Shane W. Kraus, Samuel L. Perry
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      In the United States, pornography use is common, and it is increasingly a clinical concern under some circumstances. Excessive pornography use may qualify for the new diagnosis of compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) in the forthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases. There is also evidence, however, that moral incongruence (i.e., a misalignment of moral beliefs about sexual behavior and actual sexual behavior) may inflate self-reports of problems associated with pornography use. Prior work suggests religiousness may drive such moral incongruence. Using a large sample matched to U.S. representative norms (total: N = 2,519; past-year pornography users: n = 1,424, 66.4% men), we examined the interaction between pornography use and religiousness in predicting self-reported addiction to pornography. Results indicated that religiousness moderated the association between pornography use and self-reported addiction so that, despite a negative association between religiousness and use, at higher levels of religiousness, pornography use was more strongly related to self-reports of addiction.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-05T11:26:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620922966
       
  • Randomized Controlled Trial Testing Mobile-Based Attention-Bias
           Modification for Posttraumatic Stress Using Personalized Word Stimuli
    • Authors: Andrea N. Niles, Joshua D. Woolley, Paige Tripp, Ana Pesquita, Sophia Vinogradov, Thomas C. Neylan, Aoife O’Donovan
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Although behavioral therapies are effective for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), access for patients is limited. Attention-bias modification (ABM), a cognitive-training intervention designed to reduce attention bias for threat, can be broadly disseminated using technology. We remotely tested an ABM mobile app for PTSD. Participants (N = 689) were randomly assigned to personalized ABM, nonpersonalized ABM, or placebo training. ABM was a modified dot-probe paradigm delivered daily for 12 sessions. Personalized ABM included words selected using a recommender algorithm. Placebo included only neutral words. Primary outcomes (PTSD and anxiety) and secondary outcomes (depression and PTSD clusters) were collected at baseline, after training, and at 5-week-follow-up. Mechanisms assessed during treatment were attention bias and self-reported threat sensitivity. No group differences emerged on outcomes or attention bias. Nonpersonalized ABM showed greater declines in self-reported threat sensitivity than placebo (p = .044). This study constitutes the largest mobile-based trial of ABM to date. Findings do not support the effectiveness of mobile ABM for PTSD.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-05T10:30:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620902119
       
  • Helping or Harming' The Effect of Trigger Warnings on Individuals With
           Trauma Histories
    • Authors: Payton J. Jones, Benjamin W. Bellet, Richard J. McNally
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Trigger warnings alert trauma survivors about potentially disturbing forthcoming content. However, empirical studies on trigger warnings suggest that they are functionally inert or cause small adverse side effects. We conducted a preregistered replication and extension of a previous experiment. Trauma survivors (N = 451) were randomly assigned to either receive or not to receive trigger warnings before reading passages from world literature. We found no evidence that trigger warnings were helpful for trauma survivors, for participants who self-reported a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, or for participants who qualified for probable PTSD, even when survivors’ trauma matched the passages’ content. We found substantial evidence that trigger warnings countertherapeutically reinforce survivors’ view of their trauma as central to their identity. Regarding replication hypotheses, the evidence was either ambiguous or substantially favored the hypothesis that trigger warnings have no effect. In summary, we found that trigger warnings are not helpful for trauma survivors.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T08:47:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620921341
       
  • Self-Triggering' An Exploration of Individuals Who Seek Reminders of
           Trauma
    • Authors: Benjamin W. Bellet, Payton J. Jones, Richard J. McNally
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Trauma survivors who self-trigger, or seek reminders of their traumatic events, have been noted in the clinical literature but have not yet been the subject of a systematic empirical inquiry. This article presents the results of two exploratory studies of self-triggering. In Study 1 (N = 545), we estimated the behavior’s clinical relevance among trauma survivors. In Study 2 (N = 360), we examined descriptive characteristics of self-triggering as well as potential motivations for the behavior. We found that self-triggering is uniquely associated with more severe symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. Self-triggering takes place via a wide variety of methods and can become compulsive for many individuals. Reasons endorsed for self-triggering comprised several broad motives, but the desire to make meaning of one’s trauma was most predictive of self-triggering frequency. Limitations, clinical implications, and directions for further research are discussed.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T08:46:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917459
       
  • Is Parental Burnout Distinct From Job Burnout and Depressive Symptoms'
    • Authors: Moïra Mikolajczak, James J. Gross, Florence Stinglhamber, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Isabelle Roskam
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Parenting can be difficult, and when difficulties are experienced as being chronic or overwhelming, parental burnout may occur. It is not yet clear, however, to what extent parental burnout can be distinguished from job burnout (which shares core definitional features) or depressive symptoms (which often co-occur with parental burnout). Here we present two studies (N = 3,482) that suggest the distinctiveness of parental burnout. First, items aimed at measuring parental burnout, job burnout, and depressive symptoms loaded on different factors. Second, although job burnout, parental burnout, and depressive symptoms had some common consequences (e.g., problematic alcohol use, disordered sleep, somatic complaints), parental and job burnout also each had specific consequences (e.g., parental neglect and parental violence for parental burnout; intent to leave the company for job burnout) that are not explained by depressive symptoms. These results support the distinctiveness of parental burnout and the added value of this construct.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T08:46:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917447
       
  • Absolutist Words From Search Volume Data Predict State-Level Suicide Rates
           in the United States
    • Authors: Jais Adam-Troian, Thomas Arciszewski
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Suicide continues to be a major public health issue, especially in the United States. It is a well-established fact that depression and suicidal ideation are risk factors for suicide. Drawing on recent research that shows that absolutist words (e.g., “completely,” “totally”) constitute linguistic markers of suicidal ideation, we created an online index of absolutist thinking (ATI) using search query data (i.e., Google Trends time series). Mixed-model analyses of age-adjusted suicide rates in the United States from 2004 to 2017 revealed that ATI is linked with suicides, β = 0.22, 95% CI = [0.12, 0.31], p < .001, and predicts suicides within 1 year, β = 0.16, 95% CI = [0.05, 0.28], p = .006, independently of state characteristics and historical trends. It is the first time that a collective measure of absolutist thinking is used to predict real-world suicide outcomes. Therefore, the present study paves the way for novel research avenues in clinical psychological research.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-28T07:19:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620916925
       
  • Latent Trait, Latent-Trait State, and a Network Approach to Mental
           Problems and Their Mechanisms of Change
    • Authors: Asle Hoffart, Sverre Urnes Johnson
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      In this theoretical study, we examined whether and how a latent trait, a latent-trait state, and a network conceptualization of mental problems account for their descriptive features and causal mechanisms. The latent-trait approach is restricted to between-persons relations and thus provides no direct tests of mechanisms, which involve within-persons relations. The latent-trait-state approach can address within-persons relations, but the assumption of independence between latent constructs is often violated. Moreover, the focus on latent states results only in global clinical recommendations. In the network approach, clinical disorders are viewed as causal networks of observable mental problems and symptoms. The network approach has so far not addressed the episodic clusters of reactions surrounding every symptom. We propose an extended network approach, which identifies mechanistic relationships with the causal interactions among the reactions of these clusters. This approach is associated with differentiated clinical models and leads to specific clinical recommendations.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-28T07:18:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620901744
       
  • Preoccupied and Dismissing Attachment Representations Are Differentially
           Associated With Anxiety in Adolescence and Adulthood: A Meta-Analysis
    • Authors: Or Dagan, Christopher R. Facompré, Marissa D. Nivison, Glenn I. Roisman, Kristin Bernard
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      The claim that insecure attachment predisposes individuals to anxiety was put forth by attachment theorists more than 45 years ago, yet evidence of this association has produced mixed results. By conducting a series of meta-analyses (k = 53, N = 4,970), we found that individuals with secure and insecure attachment representations did not differ in their reported anxiety symptoms. However, individuals with preoccupied (d = 0.35) but not dismissing attachment representations (d = −0.02) endorsed significantly more anxiety symptoms than secure individuals. Individuals with preoccupied attachment representations also endorsed greater anxiety symptoms than people with dismissing attachment representations (d = 0.31), and this difference was stronger when assessed in high-risk samples than low-risk samples. Unresolved individuals were more anxious than nonunresolved individuals (d = 0.29), but exploratory analysis suggested that secondary preoccupied attachment subtype drove this effect. Results highlight the relevance of attachment representations for prevention and intervention efforts targeting anxiety.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-28T02:56:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917455
       
  • Can Text Messages Identify Suicide Risk in Real Time' A
           Within-Subjects Pilot Examination of Temporally Sensitive Markers of
           Suicide Risk
    • Authors: Jeffrey J. Glenn, Alicia L. Nobles, Laura E. Barnes, Bethany A. Teachman
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Objective tools to assess suicide risk are needed to determine when someone is at imminent risk. In this pilot laboratory investigation, we used a within-subjects design to identify patterns in text messaging (short message service) unique to high-risk periods preceding suicide attempts. Individuals reporting a history of suicide attempt (N = 33) retrospectively identified past attempts and periods of lower risk (e.g., suicide ideation). Language analysis software scored 189,478 text messages to capture three psychological constructs: self-focus, sentiment, and social engagement. Mixed-effects models tested whether these constructs differed in general (means) and over time (slopes) 2 weeks before a suicide attempt relative to lower-risk periods. Regarding mean differences, no language features uniquely differentiated suicide attempts from other episodes. However, when examining patterns over time, anger increased and positive emotion decreased to a greater extent as participants approached a suicide attempt. Results suggest private electronic communication has the potential to provide real-time digital markers of suicide risk.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-28T02:56:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620906146
       
  • Bidirectional Associations Between Inflammatory Biomarkers and Depressive
           Symptoms in Adolescents: Potential Causal Relationships
    • Authors: Daniel P. Moriarity, Marin M. Kautz, Naoise Mac Giollabhui, Joshua Klugman, Christopher L. Coe, Lauren M. Ellman, Lyn Y. Abramson, Lauren B. Alloy
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      There are inconsistent findings in the literature about the directionality and magnitude of the association between inflammation and depressive symptoms. This analysis separates predictors into between-persons and within-person components to gain greater clarity about this relationship. Blood samples were collected and depressive symptoms assessed in 140 adolescents (54% female, 59% Black; mean age = 16.1 years) with at least three blood draws and a total of 394 follow-up observations. Multilevel modeling indicated that the within-persons effect of tumor necrosis factor α predicted change in total depressive symptoms, which suggests a potential causal relationship. There were no significant within-persons effects of total depressive symptoms on change in biomarkers. Exploratory analyses examined associations between inflammatory biomarkers and subsets of depressive symptoms. These findings inform modeling decisions that may explain inconsistencies in the extant literature as well as suggest potential causal relationships between certain proteins with significant within-persons effects on depressive symptoms and vice-versa.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-18T11:27:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620917458
       
  • Using Positive Emotion Training With Maltreated Youths to Reduce Anger
           Bias and Physical Aggression
    • Authors: Kelli L. Dickerson, Jennifer L. Skeem, Lina Montoya, Jodi A. Quas
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Maltreated youths often overinterpret anger in others’ emotional expressions, particularly expressions that are ambiguous, and this “anger bias” is associated with aggressive behavior. In the current experiment, we tested the effect of an emotion-training intervention on anger bias and subsequent aggression. Eighty-four youths, ages 8 to 17, who had been removed from home because of maltreatment and had screened positive for aggressive tendencies, served as participants. Over 4 days, youths completed positive emotion training, a computerized program in which youths classify emotional expressions. Youths in the treatment condition received feedback to encourage their recognition of happiness over anger in ambiguous expressions. Physical aggression up to 1 week posttraining was assessed on the basis of self- and staff reports. The intervention was effective in reducing youths’ anger bias and somewhat so in reducing aggression—the latter of—which occurred infrequently, limiting power. Results offer direction for developmental research and cost-effective interventions for maltreated youths at risk for aggression and future justice-system involvement.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T10:48:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620902118
       
  • Effects of Maternal Depression and Mother–Child Relationship Quality in
           Early Childhood on Neural Reactivity to Rejection and Peer Stress in
           Adolescence: A 9-Year Longitudinal Study
    • Authors: Autumn Kujawa, Kodi B. Arfer, Megan C. Finsaas, Ellen M. Kessel, Emma Mumper, Daniel N. Klein
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Problems in mother–child relationships are thought to be key to the intergenerational transmission of depression. To evaluate neural and behavioral processes involved in these pathways, we tested effects of maternal depression and maternal-child relationship quality in early childhood on neural and interviewer-based indicators of social processes in adolescence. At age 3, children and mothers (N = 332) completed an observational parenting measure and diagnostic interviews with mothers. At age 12, adolescents completed a task in which event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in response to peer acceptance and rejection feedback and interviews to assess peer stress. Lower mother–child relationship quality at age 3 was associated with enhanced reactivity to rejection, as measured by N1, and greater peer stress at age 12. Indirect effects of maternal depression through mother–child relationship quality were observed for N1 and peer stress. Findings inform understanding of disruptions in social functioning that are likely to be relevant to the intergenerational transmission of depression.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T10:47:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620902463
       
  • Neuroticism and Interpretive Bias as Risk Factors for Anxiety and
           Depression
    • Authors: Meghan Vinograd, Alexander Williams, Michael Sun, Lyuba Bobova, Kate B. Wolitzky-Taylor, Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn, Susan Mineka, Richard E. Zinbarg, Michelle G. Craske
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Neuroticism has been associated with depression and anxiety both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Interpretive bias has been associated with depression and anxiety, primarily in cross-sectional and bias induction studies. The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of interpretive bias as a prospective risk factor and a mediator of the relation between neuroticism and depressive and anxious symptoms in young adults assessed longitudinally. Neuroticism significantly predicted a broad general-distress dimension but not intermediate fears and anhedonia-apprehension dimensions or a narrow social-fears dimension. Neuroticism also significantly predicted negative interpretive bias for social scenarios. Negative interpretive bias for social scenarios did not significantly predict dimension scores, nor did it mediate the relation between neuroticism and general distress or social fears. These results suggest that although neuroticism relates to negative interpretive bias, its risk for symptoms of depression and anxiety is at most weakly conferred through negative interpretive bias.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-08T11:32:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620906145
       
  • Mental Disorder During Adolescence: Evidence of Arrested Personality
           Development
    • Authors: Johan Ormel, Anoek M. Oerlemans, Dennis Raven, Albertine J. Oldehinkel, Odilia M. Laceulle
      First page: 395
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      The experience of a mental disorder may affect the development of personality in multiple ways, but empirical evidence regarding psychopathology effects on personality development that persist after remission of the disorder is limited and inconsistent. In the longitudinal cohort TRacking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), mental disorders during adolescence were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and parent-reported effortful control, fearfulness, and frustration at age 11 and age 19 through the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. We found that adolescent mental disorders had small effects on personality change. Internalizing disorders predicted increases of fearfulness and frustration but hardly affected effortful control; externalizing disorders were unrelated to frustration and fearfulness but predicted a decrease of effortful control. Whereas fearfulness and frustration partially caught up after disorder remission, virtually all delay in effortful control was still present 2.9 years later, suggesting scarring effects.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-03-16T10:43:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702619896372
       
  • Affective Dynamics Across Internalizing and Externalizing Dimensions of
           Psychopathology
    • Authors: Lori N. Scott, Sarah E. Victor, Erin A. Kaufman, Joseph E. Beeney, Amy L. Byrd, Vera Vine, Paul A. Pilkonis, Stephanie D. Stepp
      First page: 412
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Little is known about pathogenic affective processes that cut across diverse mental disorders. We examine how dynamic features of positive and negative affect differ or converge across internalizing and externalizing disorders in a diagnostically diverse urban sample using bivariate dynamic structural equation modeling. One-hundred fifty-six young women completed semistructured clinical interviews and a 21-day ecological momentary assessment protocol with seven assessments of affective states per day. Internalizing and externalizing dimensions of psychopathology were modeled using confirmatory factor analysis of mental disorders. After controlling for externalizing disorders, internalizing disorders were associated with higher negative affective mean intensity, higher negative affective variability (i.e., unique innovation variance), and lower positive affective variability. Conversely, externalizing disorders were associated with less persistent positive affect (i.e., lower inertia) and more variable positive emotionality. Results suggest internalizing and externalizing disorders have distinct affective dynamic signatures, which have implications for development of tailored interventions.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-21T12:14:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702619898802
       
  • Within- and Between-Persons Effects of Self-Esteem and Affective State as
           Antecedents and Consequences of Dysfunctional Behaviors in the Everyday
           Lives of Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder
    • Authors: Philip S. Santangelo, Jana Holtmann, Georg Hosoya, Martin Bohus, Tobias D. Kockler, Susanne Koudela-Hamila, Michael Eid, Ulrich W. Ebner-Priemer
      First page: 428
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Dysfunctional behaviors are conceptualized as maladaptive affective coping attempts in borderline personality disorder (BPD). The recent benefits-and-barriers model extended the affective function assumption by adding self-esteem as a barrier to engaging in dysfunctional behaviors. Patients with BPD (N = 119) carried e-diaries to report their current self-esteem, emotional valence, tense arousal, and whether they engaged in dysfunctional behaviors 12 times a day for 4 days. Dynamic structural equation modeling revealed that on the within-person level, high momentary negative affect predicted dysfunctional behaviors, and on the between-person level, low trait self-esteem predicted dysfunctional behaviors. We also found an association between engaging in dysfunctional behaviors and momentary self-esteem and trait levels of valence and tense arousal. Moreover, our results indicate a deterioration of, rather than relief from, negative affective state after dysfunctional behaviors. These findings highlight the importance of emotion-regulation skills and reestablishing a positive self-view as important treatment targets to reduce dysfunctional behaviors in BPD.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T08:20:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620901724
       
  • Contact With an Ex-Partner Is Associated With Psychological Distress After
           Marital Separation
    • Authors: Karey L. O’Hara, Austin M. Grinberg, Allison M. Tackman, Matthias R. Mehl, David A. Sbarra
      First page: 450
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, we examined the association between naturalistically observed in-person contact with an ex-partner and separation-related psychological distress (SRPD). One hundred twenty-two recently separated adults were assessed using the Electronically Activated Recorder on three occasions across 5 months. The association between in-person contact with an ex-partner, as a between-person variable, and concurrent SRPD was not reliably different from zero, nor was the time-varying effect of in-person contact. However, more frequent in-person contact with an ex-partner predicted higher SRPD 2 months later, above and beyond the variance accounted for by concurrent in-person contact, demographic, relationship, and attachment factors. Follow-up analyses showed that this effect was present only for people without children; a 1 SD increase in in-person contact offset and slowed the predicted decline in SRPD over 2 months by 112%. In our discussion, we emphasize new ways to think about the role of in-person contact in shaping adults’ psychological adjustment to separation over time.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-04T10:24:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620916454
       
  • The Masking of Mourning: Social Disconnection After Bereavement and Its
           Role in Psychological Distress
    • Authors: Kirsten V. Smith, Jennifer Wild, Anke Ehlers
      First page: 464
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Social support has been shown to facilitate adaptation after bereavement in some studies but not others. A felt sense of social disconnection may act as a barrier to the utilization of social support, perhaps explaining these discrepancies. Factorial and psychometric validity of the Oxford Grief-Social Disconnection Scale (OG-SD) was tested in a bereaved sample (N = 676). A three-factor solution (negative interpretation of others’ reactions to grief expression, altered social self, and safety in solitude) fit the data best and demonstrated excellent psychometric validity. A second three-wave longitudinal sample (N = 275) recruited 0 to 6 months following loss and followed up 6 and 12 months later completed measures of prolonged grief disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and the OG-SD at each time point. High levels of baseline social disconnection were associated with concurrently high psychological distress. The extent to which social disconnection declined over time predicted resolution of psychological distress.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T10:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620902748
       
  • Distinct Risk Profiles in Social Anxiety Disorder
    • Authors: Esther S. Tung, Timothy A. Brown
      First page: 477
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Using a factor mixture model (FMM) approach, we examined whether social anxiety disorder (SAD) could be subtyped by distinct risk profiles and whether these subtypes predicted different manifestations of the disorder. We derived risk profiles from neurotic temperament (NT), positive temperament (PT), and autonomic arousability (AA), which are hypothesized to be important in the maintenance of anxiety disorders such as SAD. In our sample of 758 SAD outpatients, a two-class FMM solution fit the data best. Class 1 was characterized by very low PT, whereas PT in Class 2 was substantially higher. The two classes differed to a lesser extent on NT but were virtually equivalent on AA. Class 1 had significantly more men and individuals with depressive disorders, generalized SAD, and higher SAD severity. Class 2 had more individuals with performance subtype SAD. These findings provide initial support for distinct risk profiles within SAD that may be predictive of its clinical expression.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-28T03:11:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620901536
       
  • Neural Connectivity Subtypes Predict Discrete Attentional Bias Profiles
           Among Heterogeneous Anxiety Patients
    • Authors: Rebecca B. Price, Adriene M. Beltz, Mary L. Woody, Logan Cummings, Danielle Gilchrist, Greg J. Siegle
      First page: 491
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      On average, anxious patients show altered attention to threat—including early vigilance toward threat and later avoidance of threat—accompanied by altered functional connectivity across brain regions. However, substantial heterogeneity within clinical, neural, and attentional features of anxiety is overlooked in typical group-level comparisons. We used a well-validated method for data-driven parsing of neural connectivity to reveal connectivity-based subgroups among 60 adults with transdiagnostic anxiety. Subgroups were externally compared on attentional patterns derived from independent behavioral measures. Two subgroups emerged. Subgroup A (68% of patients) showed stronger executive network influences on sensory processing regions and a paradigmatic “vigilance–avoidance” pattern on external behavioral measures. Subgroup B was defined by a larger number of limbic influences on sensory regions and exhibited a more atypical and inconsistent attentional profile. Neural connectivity-based categorization revealed an atypical, limbic-driven pattern of connectivity in a subset of anxious patients that generalized to atypical patterns of selective attention.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-22T09:07:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620906149
       
  • What Drives Symptom Reduction in Attention Bias Modification
           Treatment' A Randomized Controlled Experiment in Clinically Anxious
           Youths
    • Authors: Marian Linetzky, Jeremy W. Pettit, Wendy K. Silverman, Daniel S. Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
      First page: 506
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Attention-bias modification (ABM) is a novel treatment for anxiety disorders. We tested the contribution of two possible factors implicated in ABM’s efficacy: training of threat-related selective spatial attention and exposure to threat. We also measured general attention control to examine its potential role in treatment effects. A four-arm randomized controlled design was used, which dissociated spatial attention and threat exposure while equating treatment expectancies. One hundred clinically anxious youths were randomized and assessed at pretreatment, midtreatment, posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up. All four groups manifested large reductions in anxiety symptoms; there were no significant between-group differences. Level of change in anxiety symptoms significantly correlated with level of change in youths’ self-rated attention control. Findings did not support the role of either dissociated spatial attention or threat exposure as underlying mechanisms. Implications of the findings are discussed including possible roles of expectations and general attention control in ABM efficacy.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-29T08:25:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620902130
       
  • Executive Functions and Impulsivity Are Genetically Distinct and
           Independently Predict Psychopathology: Results From Two Adult Twin Studies
           
    • Authors: Naomi P. Friedman, Alexander S. Hatoum, Daniel E. Gustavson, Robin P. Corley, John K. Hewitt, Susan E. Young
      First page: 519
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Laboratory executive function (EF) constructs, such as response inhibition, are often conceptually linked with self-report measures of impulsivity, yet their empirical correlations are low. We examined, in two twin studies (ns = 749 and 761 individuals with EF data), the phenotypic and genetic overlap of three EF latent variables (a Common EF factor predicting response inhibition, working memory updating, and mental set-shifting tasks and Updating- and Shifting-Specific factors) with five impulsivity dimensions (negative and positive urgency, lack of premeditation and perseverance, and sensation seeking). In both samples, impulsivity dimensions were only modestly correlated phenotypically (rs = −.20–.11) and genetically (rAs = −.44–.04) with Common EF. In both samples, Common EF and multiple impulsivity dimensions, particularly negative urgency, independently predicted Externalizing psychopathology, and multiple impulsivity dimensions but not Common EF predicted Internalizing psychopathology. These results suggest that EFs and self-reported impulsivity tap different aspects of control that are both relevant for psychopathology.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-21T12:15:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702619898814
       
  • The Application of Network Analysis to Dynamic Risk Factors in Adult Male
           Sex Offenders
    • Authors: Jan Willem van den Berg, Wineke Smid, Jolanda J. Kossakowski, Daan van Beek, Denny Borsboom, Erick Janssen, Luk Gijs
      First page: 539
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Although dynamic risk factors are considered important in the assessment and treatment of adult male sex offenders, little is known about their interrelationships. We apply network analysis to assess their associations and to provide an analysis of their shortest pathways to sexual and violent (including sexual contact) recidivism. Analyses revealed a central position for general rejection/loneliness (in all networks), poor cognitive problem solving (in networks containing sexual or violent—including sexual contact—recidivism), and impulsive acts (only in the network including sexual recidivism). These variables represented links between clusters of dynamic risk factors composed of factors relating to sexual self-regulation, emotionally intimate relationships, antisocial traits, and self-management. Impulsive acts showed the strongest independent association with sexual and violent (including sexual contact) recidivism.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-05-04T10:35:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620901720
       
  • Effort, Avolition, and Motivational Experience in Schizophrenia: Analysis
           of Behavioral and Neuroimaging Data With Relationships to Daily
           Motivational Experience
    • Authors: Adam J. Culbreth, Erin K. Moran, Sri Kandala, Andrew Westbrook, Deanna M. Barch
      First page: 555
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Recent research suggests that schizophrenia is associated with reduced effort allocation. We examined the willingness to expend effort, neural correlates of effort allocation, and the relationship of effort to daily motivational experience in individuals with schizophrenia. We recruited 28 individuals with schizophrenia and 30 control participants to perform an effort task during functional MRI. Individuals with schizophrenia also completed a protocol involving ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Individuals with schizophrenia with severe negative symptoms were less willing to expend effort for rewards. Daily EMAs of motivation were positively associated with effort allocation on a trend level. Individuals with schizophrenia and control participants displayed similar increases in blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) activation in frontal, cingulate, parietal, and insular regions during effort-based decision making. However, negative symptoms were associated with reduced BOLD activation in the bilateral ventral striatum. These results replicate previous reports of reduced effort allocation in patients with severe negative symptoms and provide evidence for the role of the ventral striatum in effort impairments.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-22T09:07:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620901558
       
  • Do Cognitive Tasks Reduce Intrusive-Memory Frequency After Exposure to
           Analogue Trauma' An Experimental Replication
    • Authors: Amalia Badawi, David Berle, Kris Rogers, Zachary Steel
      First page: 569
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Cognitive task interventions that interfere with visuospatial working memory during the memory consolidation window hold promise for reducing intrusive memories in trauma-exposed people. Our study provides an independent replication study to test and verify findings that have primarily originated from a single research group. We hypothesized that participants engaging in a visuospatial task (cognitive task intervention including Tetris or D-Corsi) following a trauma-film paradigm (TFP) would report fewer intrusive memories over the course of a week compared with control participants. Participants (N = 110) were randomly assigned to an experimental condition after viewing the TFP. Generalized linear mixed models indicated that the cognitive task including Tetris was associated with fewer intrusions for the TFP compared with both the D-Corsi-intervention and control conditions. Our findings are congruent with existing literature indicating that cognitive tasks, such as an intervention including Tetris, may promote effective memory consolidation after exposure to a potentially traumatic event.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-03-17T11:00:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620906148
       
  • Increasing Diagnostic Emphasis on Negative Affective Dysfunction:
           Potentially Negative Consequences for Psychiatric Classification and
           Diagnosis
    • Authors: Kasey Stanton
      First page: 584
      Abstract: Clinical Psychological Science, Ahead of Print.
      Maladaptive experiences of negative mood states and difficulties regulating them, collectively referred to here as negative affective dysfunction, are linked robustly to many disorders. Despite negative affective dysfunction being a nonspecific psychopathology feature, the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5) introduced new (a) disorders and (b) features to existing disorders intended to capture manifestations of negative affective dysfunction. This theoretical article highlights why these additions may exacerbate issues concerning disorder overlap and differential diagnosis. Specific examples are provided to support this viewpoint, including potential consequences of emphasizing negative affective dysfunction within the diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Although researchers likely will continue to disagree about how to best classify negative affective dysfunction (e.g., using dimensions vs. categories), I argue that we can reach common ground as a field by recognizing that caution is needed when proposing new DSM–5 additions to capture nonspecific psychopathology features.
      Citation: Clinical Psychological Science
      PubDate: 2020-04-28T03:59:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2167702620906147
       
 
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