Publisher: Sage Publications   (Total: 1092 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1092 Journals sorted alphabetically
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Abstracts in Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Academic Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Accounting History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.527, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Radiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.754, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Radiologica Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.939, CiteScore: 2)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 364, SJR: 1.397, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 0)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 2)
Adult Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 138, SJR: 0.272, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.599, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Tumor Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.108, CiteScore: 0)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Affilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
Agrarian South : J. of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Alexandria : The J. of National and Intl. Library and Information Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Allergy & Rhinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AlterNative : An Intl. J. of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Alternative Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.351, CiteScore: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.982, CiteScore: 2)
American Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Educational Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 231, SJR: 2.913, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Cosmetic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American J. of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.646, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hospice and Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.65, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Rhinology and Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.972, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221, SJR: 3.949, CiteScore: 6)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.313, CiteScore: 1)
American Review of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.062, CiteScore: 2)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 344, SJR: 6.333, CiteScore: 6)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytical Chemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, CiteScore: 2)
Animation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.634, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.096, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.225, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of the ICRP     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.341, CiteScore: 7)
Anthropological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.739, CiteScore: 1)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.635, CiteScore: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian J. of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.17, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 2)
Armed Forces & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Media Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Management Research and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.558, CiteScore: 1)
Asian and Pacific Migration J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.324, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
Asian J. of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Management Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
ASN Neuro     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.534, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.519, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.433, CiteScore: 1)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.801, CiteScore: 2)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 531, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian J. of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 341, SJR: 1.739, CiteScore: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.877, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblical Theology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
Biological Research for Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.685, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarker Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.81, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarkers in Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bioscope: South Asian Screen Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.531, CiteScore: 3)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Neuroscience Advances     Open Access  
Breast Cancer : Basic and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.823, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
British J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 222, SJR: 0.323, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Politics and Intl. Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.91, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
British J.ism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BRQ Business Review Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Building Acoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.215, CiteScore: 1)
Building Services Engineering Research & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.348, CiteScore: 1)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Business Perspectives and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers Élisabéthains     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
California Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.209, CiteScore: 4)
Canadian J. of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.007, CiteScore: 2)
Canadian J. of Nursing Research (CJNR)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.769, CiteScore: 3)
Canadian J. of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Pharmacists J. / Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Cancer Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Growth and Metastasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.64, CiteScore: 1)
Capital and Class     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 1)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.889, CiteScore: 3)
Cell and Tissue Transplantation and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.023, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.581, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Child Language Teaching and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Child Maltreatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.894, CiteScore: 2)
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
China Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 2)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.672, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.808, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Stress     Open Access  
Citizenship, Social and Economics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.757, CiteScore: 1)
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical and Translational Neuroscience     Open Access  
Clinical Case Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.73, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.552, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.537, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Ear, Nose and Throat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Endocrinology and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.129, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.776, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Nursing Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.471, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.487, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.281, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.399, CiteScore: 2)
Clothing and Textiles Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Common Law World Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.385, CiteScore: 1)
Communication and the Public     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communication Disorders Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.171, CiteScore: 3)
Community College Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.451, CiteScore: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 270, SJR: 3.772, CiteScore: 3)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.642, CiteScore: 2)
Conflict Management and Peace Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.441, CiteScore: 1)
Contemporary Drug Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Education Dialogue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Sociology : A J. of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.195, CiteScore: 0)
Contemporary Voice of Dalit     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Review of Public Administration
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.062
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 22  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0275-0740 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3357
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1092 journals]
  • Public Values and Public Participation: A Case of Collaborative Governance
           of a Planning Process
    • Authors: Jill K. Clark
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Research on public participation in community planning processes often focuses on the design of participation activities and the tensions therein. Past research, however, gives little attention to the question of who makes these design decisions, what public values they hold, and how those values affect decisions about design. Addressing this gap, this study empirically illustrates the connection between public value frames, design choices, and public participation in a collaborative policymaking process. The case analyzed is a local public planning process designed collaboratively by public and private organizations. The analysis uses participant observation, documents, and interviews. Results demonstrate how effective collaborative governance of the design process and interorganizational power-sharing forced partners to reveal, recognize, and interrogate their own public values while navigating others’ values. The collaborative governance of the planning process allowed the organizations to capitalize on, rather than suffer from, differences in values frames by changing tensions in planning to opportunities and increasing equity in public participation. Findings suggest that research attention should be aimed not just at which stakeholders are invited to participate (and how), but at who designs the participation agenda in the first place. Furthermore, findings suggest that public values frame reflection and collaborative governance of participation design can be key practices improving planning and policy outputs.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-09-10T09:33:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020956397
  • Public Pension Governance and Opportunistic Accounting Choice: A
           Politico-Economic Approach
    • Authors: Odd J. Stalebrink, Pierre Donatella
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The selection of actuarial assumptions used to value state and local government pension liabilities is an important culprit of the looming state and local pension crisis in the U.S. Due to the impact these selection choices have on the value of pension liabilities and annual required contributions (ARC), pension plans are often said to make these choices opportunistically for purposes of freeing up budget resources and making pension funding look better. Using empirical data on 114 state-administered pension plans, this research shows that the likelihood of such opportunistic pension accounting choices (OPAC) increases when the plan is underfunded, organized as a cost-sharing plan, governed by a politically embedded fiduciary body, and when the sponsoring government is surrounded by a high degree of unionization, and is divided in terms of partisan control. The results also show that the likelihood of OPAC decreases when a pension plan is subjected to an audit by a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), suggesting that professional gatekeepers can play an important role in limiting the adverse effects of OPAC behavior, including insufficient ARC payments and reduced transparency of governmental financial reports.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-09-10T09:31:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020954397
  • Being Consistent Matters: Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Rule
           Consistency on Citizen Red Tape
    • Authors: Wesley Kaufmann, Alex Ingrams, Daan Jacobs
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      A growing stream of research in public administration is concerned with how red tape and administrative burden affects citizens. Drawing on the procedural fairness literature, we argue that the consistent application of rules reduces perceived red tape. We also hypothesize that red tape perceptions are affected by outcome favorability and that an interaction effect exists between consistency and outcome favorability. Our reasoning is tested with a survey experiment in the context of a federal jury duty summons procedure, and administered to a sample of U.S. citizens through TurkPrime. The statistical results support our hypotheses; perceived red tape is lower if rules are applied consistently and if citizens receive a favorable outcome. We also find that consistently applying a procedure reduces perceived red tape further when citizens receive a favorable outcome. The implications of these findings for research and practice are discussed.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-09-01T11:33:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020954250
  • Can Technology Work for Policing' Citizen Perceptions of Police-Body
           Worn Cameras
    • Authors: James E. Wright, Andrea M. Headley
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Recent incidents between police and people of color have further strained police–community relationships. Scholars, practitioners, activists, policy makers, and several police departments have advocated for the implementation of body-worn cameras (BWC), a technological adoption promoted to address growing mistrust in the United States. This article examines perception of this technological adoption through 40 in-depth interviews in Washington, D.C. Furthermore, this article uses the context of police BWC to explore how the integration of technological advancements impacts the relationships between communities and local governments—namely police departments. The evidence suggests that residents believe BWC should improve officer behavior and increase police legitimacy, but cameras will not increase trust between police and the community. Based on the findings, this research identifies the limitations of BWC technology and assesses potential collaborative strategies available for police organizations related to the adoption and use of BWC.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-29T10:56:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020945632
  • The Structure of City Action: Institutional Embeddedness and
           Sustainability Practices in U.S. Cities
    • Authors: Christof Brandtner, David Suárez
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Cities often embrace policies to take responsibility for social problems such as battling climate change, maintaining civil and human rights, or planning for economic development. Why cities and their administrations differ in their propensity to enact policy innovations and public management reforms is not obvious. Drawing on sociological institutionalism, we posit that cities adopt actions that they deem appropriate in response to institutional pressures, both local and shared. Using survey and administrative data from the sustainability practices of 1,540 municipal governments throughout the United States, we demonstrate the effects of underexplored mimetic and normative influences on cities. Cities in innovative states and regions that embrace sustainability, cities that are characterized by organizational rationalization and have memberships in professional associations, and cities that accommodate expansive nonprofit sectors are the most likely to tackle threats to the natural environment, controlling for a host of political, demographic, and administrative factors. We conclude by elaborating a research agenda to further test our core proposition that nested institutional influences contribute to public sector reform, offering an institutional theory of city action.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-22T03:21:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020930362
  • The Impact of Government Contracting Out on Spending: The Case of Public
           Education in New Orleans
    • Authors: Christian Buerger, Douglas N. Harris
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, we start with developing a theoretical framework incorporating theories from the contracting literature and adapt them to the unusual case of nonprofit charter schools, which yields several seemingly novel theoretical insights. In contrast to earlier studies, we use a quasi-experimental research design, the synthetic control group approach, to test the impact of contracting on spending for public schooling in New Orleans. Using detailed information on spending, our empirical analysis shows that contracting increases total operating spending. The additional funds were used to increase administrative spending, including both the number and salaries of administrators. Fewer resources were devoted to instruction. Although the number of teachers was largely unchanged, per-teacher salaries and benefits dropped. We utilize the results to complement the theory of contracting with regard to outsourcing based on funding formulas and the mix of inputs chosen by contractors.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:36:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942257
  • Regionalism With and Without Metropolitanism: Governance Structures of
           Rural and Non-Rural Regional Intergovernmental Organizations
    • Authors: Jay Rickabaugh
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      While prior scholarship has investigated many tools for regional governance across the rural-to-urban spectrum, the literature on regional organizations (councils of governments, planning district commissions, etc.) has been dominated by metropolitan regions. As a result, we know very little about the plethora of these regional organizations serving rural local governments. The omission of rural regions as a control variable from this conversation limits our ability to determine what traits are truly intergovernmental across this spectrum and what traits are specific to metropolitan and rural regions. Using a new, nationwide database of Regional Intergovernmental Organizations (RIGOs) and original governance documents, I present two unexpected empirical similarities between rural and non-rural RIGOs. First, I demonstrate that the quantity and relative dominance of the local governments within the territorial footprint of rural and non-rural RIGOs are nearly identical when population is held constant. Given the smaller populations within most rural RIGOs, this finding raises serious questions about how limited capacity is diffused and the need for multijurisdictional collaboration in rural areas. Second, I demonstrate that rural and non-rural RIGOs do not substantially differ in the way representational rights are apportioned to local governments on RIGO governing boards. Both rural and non-rural RIGOs similarly balance institutional membership with population proportionality in these collective choice arrangements. This evidence supports a broader intergovernmental hypothesis that an individual local government’s representational rights on a RIGO board are more likely to result from relative size differences among members than facets specific to a city–suburb dynamic.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-08T01:22:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020939883
  • How Do Organizational Capabilities Sustain Continuous Innovation in a
           Public Setting'
    • Authors: Benedetta Trivellato, Mattia Martini, Dario Cavenago
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Just as private organizations rely on dynamic capabilities to sustain their innovative capacity and competitive advantage, the public sector may resort to them to improve its ability to address citizens’ needs. But how do innovation and organizational capabilities interact in a public setting' This analysis of the Congestion Charge Zone implemented by the Municipality of Milan in Italy explores this issue, and highlights the role played by interorganizational and cross-sector collaborative innovation. Results show that multi-actor engagement within a multilevel collaborative environment enhances the system’s ability to understand the problems to be addressed, to create and implement appropriate solutions, and to foster ownership of the innovation. They confirm that sharing knowledge and engaging in interorganizational learning are central to the development of innovation; however, they also highlight that these dynamics strengthen collective capabilities at the organizational and system’s level, thereby producing a reinforcing effect on innovative capacities at both levels. Based on these findings, a framework for continuous public innovation through collaboration is proposed which, first, provides a tool for mapping the factors and dynamics that shape collaborative innovation in a public setting and, second, explains how the process of collaborative innovation fosters organizational dynamic capabilities that, in turn, sustain the organizations’ capacity to innovate in the longer run.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-08T01:22:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020939263
  • Bottom-Up or Top-Down Local Service Delivery' Assessing the Impacts of
           Special Districts as Community Governance Model
    • Authors: Brian Y. An
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article assesses the impacts of bottom-up local governing institutions relative to top-down bureaucracies in local service delivery. Community services districts (CSDs) in California, a class of special districts that provides various neighborhood-level services, are examined to answer this question. An innovative characteristic of this institutional form is that it is residents who create them through a grass-root collective action to achieve a bottom-up governance structure, after opting out from a county service system. With changes in residential property values as performance metrics, the quantitative analysis utilizes district formation events and features a hedonic difference-in-difference regression. The results show that the creation of CSDs produces more significant impacts on property values than county authorities do. Yet, the effects are heterogeneous across the communities when the analysis is further drilled down to each district. The exploratory qualitative case study then uses interview data with district managers and document analysis to unveil what administrative factors explain the success and failure trajectory of bottom-up institution management. The case study identifies such factors as critical codeterminants, including managerial and board leadership, clarity of a problem statement, public support, and intergovernmental coordination with county and state agencies.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-06-29T01:48:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020933968
  • Enhancing Methodological Reporting in Public Administration: The
           Functional Equivalents Framework
    • Authors: Valentina Mele, Marc Esteve, Seulki Lee, Germà Bel, Giulia Cappellaro, Nicolai Petrovsky, Sonia M. Ospina
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Public administration scholarship reflects a multidisciplinary field in which many theoretical perspectives coexist. However, one of the dark sides of such theoretical pluralism is methodological fragmentation. It may be hard to assess the research quality and to engage with the findings from studies employing different methodologies, thus limiting meaningful conversations. Moreover, the constant race across social sciences to make methodologies more sophisticated may exacerbate the separation between academic and practitioner audiences. To counterbalance these two trends, this article aims at increasing methodological intelligibility in our field. It does so starting from the idea that each methodology entails choices in the conventional phases of research design, data collection, and data analysis, and that these choices must be reported. The paper nails down and exemplifies such reporting needs for five selected methodologies: survey studies, quantitative experimental studies, quantitative observational studies, qualitative case studies and ethnographies. Based on their discussion and comparison, the paper offers a framework composed by functional equivalents, that is to say, the common denominator among methodological reporting needs. Methodological choices that need reporting include the rationale for the selection of a methodology, delimitation of the study, the research instrument, data processing and ethical clearance. Increasing methodological reporting would facilitate dialogues among different methodological communities, and with practitioner readers. All of which would also promote field building in the scholarship of public administration.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-06-26T02:27:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020933010
  • Representative Bureaucracy Through Staff With Lived Experience: Peer
           Coproduction in the Field of Substance Use Disorder Treatment
    • Authors: Sunggeun (Ethan) Park
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This study extends the representative bureaucracy literature by theorizing and empirically testing how staff sharing lived experience with service users can serve as user representatives in service provision processes (i.e., the peer coproduction mechanism). Using survey data from a representative sample of substance use disorder treatment clinics in the United States, we explore factors associated with descriptive representation (the presence of staff with firsthand experience of a substance use disorder in both frontline treatment and senior positions) and directors’ perceptions of recovering staff’s potential to serve as user representatives in individual care and organizational decision-making processes. Recovering staff accounted for a third of the field’s workforce, but the majority of the clinics did not employ them in senior staff positions. Regression results suggest that organizational leaders’ recognition of recovering staff’s unique representation capacities may facilitate greater descriptive representation and grant meaningful organizational decision-making authority to recovering staff. Multiple research and practice implications are discussed.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-06-21T04:55:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020930414
  • Roberts, Alasdair. (2019). Strategies for governing: Reinventing public
           administration for a dangerous century
    • Authors: A. Chester
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-06-19T11:21:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020930415
  • Collaborative Governance and the Challenges of Network-Based Research
    • Authors: Ramiro Berardo, Manuel Fischer, Matthew Hamilton
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      We review the literature examining collaborative governance processes from a network perspective and evaluate the extent to which it tackles important conceptual and methodological challenges. In particular, we assess whether scholars clearly identify the boundaries of the network, define nodes and the nature of ties, and examine how they deal with missing data, account for tie strength, take tie multiplexity into account, and study networks over time. We discuss the implications of our findings for the collaborative governance literature and ways to address the shortcomings in existing research.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-06-18T05:46:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020927792
  • Urban Renewal and “Ghetto” Development in Baltimore: Two Sides
           of the Same Coin
    • Authors: Brandi Blessett
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article uses critical race theory to examine the implementation of one of the first full-scale urban renewal rehabilitation projects in Baltimore, Maryland. Using a race-conscious lens, the tools of government (e.g., economic, institutional, personnel, and linguistic) are examined to contextualize how administrative decisions produced racially disproportionate outcomes for Black residents in the Harlem Park neighborhood.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-06-18T05:46:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020930358
  • Police Use of Force Interactions: Is Race Relevant or Gender Germane'
    • Authors: James E. Wright, Andrea M. Headley
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Representative bureaucracy research has examined the influence of race and ethnicity on policing outcomes, yet little is known about police use of force specifically at the individual-level. To address this topic more meticulously, we utilize individual-level data (from Indianapolis and Dallas police departments) to explore differences in the amount of force used by officers in ethnic, racial, and gender matches in police–civilian dyads. Findings suggest that there are heightened levels of force used when there is racial and gender incongruenc between the officer and the civilian, particularly White officers interacting with Black civilians. We discuss how this finding may impact police departments moving forward.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-05-25T12:26:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020919908
  • Does Contracting Achieve Better Performance for Democratic-Constitutional,
           Procedural Tasks' Evidence From the EEO Discrimination Complaint
    • Authors: Iseul Choi
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Contracting out has been considered one of the main performance management strategies to reduce costs and bring more expertise to government agencies. However, there is a lack of research assessing the performance of contractors compared with that of in-house agency employees, when both contractors and public employees deliver complex services. This study examines whether or not contracting achieves better performance in democratic-constitutional, procedural (DCP) tasks compared with in-house delivery, by analyzing contracting use in the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) discrimination complaint process. Using agency-level panel data from the Federal EEO Statistical Report of Discrimination Complaints, combined with data from the Federal Procurement Data System and the Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey, the study offers evidence resolving the competing logics for a relationship between contracting use and performance in DCP tasks. The findings show that an increase in contracting is associated with a decrease in timely completion of case investigations, which is a key measure of DCP task performance.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-05-15T11:51:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020919906
  • Performance-Based Pay: Investigating its International Prevalence in Light
           of National Contexts
    • Authors: Naomi Aoki, Stuti Rawat
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Performance-based pay is a popular technique in public management, but its international prevalence remains poorly evidenced. This study asks to what extent countries are using performance-based pay and how local contexts matter to its adoption status. Focusing on the education sector, we report on the varying degrees to which teacher appraisals have been used and linked with monetary rewards across countries as of 2012. We found that performance-based pay tended to be used more in less liberal economies, in cultures with a lower degree of uncertainty avoidance and a higher degree of individualism, in those with more decentralized educational systems, and surprisingly, in places where teachers exert greater influence. Our results suggest that some country contexts matter to the prevalence pattern of performance-based pay, and they offer policy makers some insights into the debate on whether a managerial technique like this, used in other countries, is transferrable to their own national context.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-05-12T04:54:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020919995
  • A Call for Action: Public Administration, Public Policy, and Public Health
           Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: Marc Holzer, Stephanie P. Newbold
      First page: 450
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-17T05:06:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941666
  • Cracks in the System: The Effects of the Coronavirus Pandemic on Public
           Health Systems
    • Authors: Kate Tulenko, Dominique Vervoort
      First page: 455
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has rapidly wrought havoc on the world, exposing the gaps in public health systems of countries that were previously considered most prepared for infectious disease outbreaks. Notably, despite being ranked highest on the Global Health Security Index, the United States has been severely hit with nearly two million confirmed cases and one hundred thousand deaths by the end of May 2020. In addition to the public health fragmentation from the federal to the state level and lagging regulations, early reports highlight substantial socioeconomic disparities and health system barriers contributing to the spread and impact of the pandemic in the United States. In this review, we explore the impact of COVID-19 on public health systems by assessing systems through the lens of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Ten Essential Public Health Services. Building on prepandemic and COVID-19 observations and lessons, we propose recommendations moving forward to prepare for future waves and other disease outbreaks.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T10:31:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941667
  • COVID-19 Upends Pandemic Plan
    • Authors: John Kirlin
      First page: 467
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      COVID-19 quickly spread worldwide, with over 113,000 deaths in the United States by June 2020. Governments at all levels in this nation responded. This analysis starts with a basic question: How did prior planning for pandemics shape responses' A second question emerges: why were data systems inadequate' Expectations, policies, and procedures focused on addressing influenza pandemics shaped responses to COVID-19. Crippled by inadequate data, federal experts did not fully understand likely impacts of COVID-19 until early March. Planned public health processes were overwhelmed by a surge in infections and deaths. Decision making planned to be responses by experts moved to elected officials. Needed data were provided by sources outside government. Governors in 42 states issued stay-at-home orders, causing severe dislocations in the economy and society at a scale never experienced before as the result of deliberate public policy choices. Possible improvements for the future are discussed.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T10:44:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941668
  • “Squandered in Real Time”: How Public Management Theory Underestimated
           the Public Administration–Politics Dichotomy
    • Authors: Sarah L. Young, Kimberly K. Wiley, Elizabeth A. M. Searing
      First page: 480
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The United States places great emphasis on the public administration–politics dichotomy, but what happens to public management when the dichotomy breaks down' The authors critically evaluate the public management frameworks, New Public Management and New Public Governance, in the context of two major public management failures: the U.S. State of Illinois Budget Impasse during 2015–2017 and the COVID-19 Pandemic. A definition of public management failure is proffered, and both public management frameworks are found to have polarized and opposing views on whether process or outcome should have priority in crisis. We question whether the two major seminal theories in our field are still generalizable when their assumptions about the dichotomy and political neutrality are challenged in times of crises. The polarized perspectives were found to contribute to the public management failures. Ultimately, both frameworks were found to minimize the political influences that public administration and public management operate under, leaving a need for a more holistic and realistic framework.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:02:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941669
  • The Erosion of Trust During a Global Pandemic and How Public
           Administrators Should Counter It
    • Authors: Aaron Deslatte
      First page: 489
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that public administrators must advance a more equity-based assessment of vulnerabilities in American communities and more risk-based communication strategies. It provides an overview of partisan motivated reasoning, how this has influenced the response to the coronavirus pandemic. Experimental evidence then demonstrates how the framing of the pandemic can influence trust in various public messengers. The coronavirus pandemic is merely one of the many exigent threats humanity faces today. Public administrators are the planners, engineers, analysts, auditors, lawyers, and managers on the front lines of these existential crises. It is their job to sift through the information environment and—however boundedly—tackle problems. For the sake of the American democracy, public administrators need to regain the people’s trust. They could start by leveling with them about the challenges ahead.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-13T09:10:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941676
  • Responding to the Coronavirus Pandemic: A Tale of Two Cities
    • Authors: Shi-Hong Weng, Anna Ya Ni, Alfred Tat-Kei Ho, Ruo-Xi Zhong
      First page: 497
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This study compares the experiences of Shanghai in China and Los Angeles in the United States to illustrate four tension points in pandemic responses: immediacy versus thoroughness, transparency versus secrecy and security, centralization versus decentralization, and state-driven solutions versus coproduction. Based on the case analysis, strategic management and planning practices in six stages of pandemic response are recommended. The study also suggests research questions for future comparative research to examine more carefully how pandemic responses should vary due to institutional differences and local contextualization and adaptation.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:30:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941687
  • Trump, COVID-19, and the War on Expertise
    • Authors: Paul E. Rutledge
      First page: 505
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      In times of crisis, the American public looks to the president for leadership that will usher the country successfully to the other side of troubled times. There is a long history of presidential actions to lead the nation successfully through times of crisis. Abraham Lincoln’s leadership during the Civil War preserved the Union, just as Franklin Roosevelt’s leadership during both the Great Depression and World War II restored the nation toward a future of peace and prosperity defeating threats to both the economy and security at home and abroad. Currently, the public looks to President Donald Trump for leadership through the COVID-19 global pandemic, which is presenting a direct threat to the health and economic security of the nation. This article will examine the leadership of Donald Trump throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, the focus will be on Donald Trump’s relationship with advisors and the extent to which he is using their shared expertise both for informing the public and in crafting policy responses to COVID-19.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:03:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941683
  • Seeking Patterns in Chaos: Transactional Federalism in the Trump
           Administration’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: Cynthia J. Bowling, Jonathan M. Fisk, John C. Morris
      First page: 512
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The federal government’s response the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been marked by a series of apparently disjointed, chaotic, and confusing statements and actions on the part of both the White House and federal agencies charged with coordinating the federal response. These actions have left many state governors (and citizens) in a position to address the effects of the pandemic in a haphazard and atomistic manner. In this essay, we contend that the actions of the Trump administration, and its relationships with states and local governments, can best be understood through a lens of what we refer to as “transactional federalism,” in which federalism relationships are governed by a set of exchanges between the president and states, and between states. We conclude by discussing the ramifications of this form of federalism.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-17T05:06:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941686
  • Federalism in a Time of Plague: How Federal Systems Cope With Pandemic
    • Authors: Mark J. Rozell, Clyde Wilcox
      First page: 519
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article compares and constrasts the responses of Australia, Canada, Germany, and the United States to the COVID-19 outbreak and spread. The pandemic has posed special challenges to these federal systems. Although federal systems typically have many advantages—they can adapt policies to local conditions, for example, and experiment with different solutions to problems—pandemics and people cross regional borders, and controlling contagion requires a great deal of national coordination and intergovernmental cooperation.The four federal systems vary in their relative distribution of powers between regional and national governments, in the way that health care is administered, and in the variation in policies across regions. We focus on the early responses to COVID-19, from January through early May 2020. Three of these countries—Australia, Canada, and Germany—have done well in the crisis. They have acted quickly, done extensive testing and contact tracing, and had a relatively uniform set of policies across the country. The United States, in contrast, has had a disastrous response, wasting months at the start of the virus outbreak, with limited testing, poor intergovernmental cooperation, and widely divergent policies across the states and even within some states. The article seeks to explain both the relative uniform responses of these three very different federal systems, and the sharply divergent response of the United States.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:31:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941695
  • Federalism, Intergovernmental Relationships, and Emergency Response: A
           Comparison of Australia and the United States
    • Authors: Davia Cox Downey, William M. Myers
      First page: 526
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The recent COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted governance. A strong intergovernmental response is critical for stemming the worst damage during the outset of a disaster. Collaborative planning with networks of constituent governments, medical experts, and emergency managers are needed to provide a holistic response to the highly technical and complex issues brought on by the novel coronavirus. This commentary highlights the differences in response by the United States and Australia, provides a comparison of intergovernmental relationships, and sheds light on how these federations vertical and horizontal collaborative efforts were stymied by politics or facilitated by existing intergovernmental forums.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:03:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941696
  • Challenges to Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations and Takeaways
           Amid the COVID-19 Experience
    • Authors: J. Edwin Benton
      First page: 536
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The American democratic system of government is being put to its greatest test since the Great Depression of the 1920s and 1930s, as the country endeavors to cope with the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic. That is, considerable pressure continues to build up at the fault lines of governance inherent in the country’s unique federal form of government which explicitly and implicitly expects national, state, and local levels to work together while they also may function as separate, autonomous entities to promote and provide for the general welfare. These fault lines exist where governance and service provision matters necessitate the collective attention and action of two or more levels of government. Both cooperation and conflict are possible interactive outcomes in these situations.This article provides an early assessment of how national, state, and local governments have worked together since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequently a “report card” of sorts on the functioning of intergovernmental relations in the U.S. at the present time. More specifically, the article will examine the current condition of interstate, interlocal, state-local, and national-state relations. While the findings and observations reported here are certainly enlightening, they should be viewed as preliminary. Followed up research should be conducted to determine if there have been any policy learning has occurred and if such information has been used in improve the quality of governance in keeping with citizen expectations of American federalism.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:04:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941698
  • Cooperation and Conflict in State and Local Innovation During COVID-19
    • Authors: Daniel J. Mallinson
      First page: 543
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This essay discusses how scholarship on state politics and policy, intergovernmental relations, and federalism provides necessary context for understanding governmental responses to COVID-19. It also highlights how observing those responses can further push the bounds of existing scholarship and theory regarding policy innovation and cooperative and conflictual federalism. It argues that there is a space for mutual learning and sharing between scholars and practitioners.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-13T09:10:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941699
  • Managing a Pandemic at a Less Than Global Scale: Governors Take the Lead
    • Authors: Ann O’M. Bowman, James H. McKenzie
      First page: 551
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the roles played by state governments, and particularly governors, in dealing with an extremely disruptive event—the coronavirus global pandemic. The inquiry focuses on March and April 2020, a period characterized by significant public health challenges and severe economic stress. The coronavirus pandemic did not affect states at the same time or with the same intensity and as a consequence, governors varied somewhat in terms of when they acted and which policies they adopted. As shown in the article, gubernatorial interactions with other states were at times cooperative, in other instances they were competitive. Two states—Texas and Pennsylvania—are singled out for an examination of within-state dynamics. The article ends with brief reflections on the lessons of the coronavirus for public sector management in a federal system of government.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:04:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941700
  • Integrating Government Silos: Local Emergency Management and Public Health
           Department Collaboration for Emergency Planning and Response
    • Authors: Susan Wolf-Fordham
      First page: 560
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The United States arguably faces the most serious disaster it has faced since World War II: the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic itself has created further cascading economic, financial, and social crises. To date, approximately 114,000 Americans have died and approximately 2,000,000 (as of this writing) have become infected. American emergency planning and response, including for pandemics, begins at the local (city, town, and county) level, close to the individuals and communities most impacted. During crises like COVID-19, natural and other disasters, best practices include “whole of government” and “whole community” approaches, involving all parts of the government, community organizations, institutions, and businesses, with representation from diverse individual community stakeholders. Local emergency management and public health agencies are at the heart of emergency planning and response and thus warrant further examination. While collaboration between the two is recognized as a best practice, in reality there appear to be silos and gaps. This Commentary describes the American emergency planning system and the roles of local emergency management and public health departments. Closer examination illuminates similarities and differences in practitioner demographics, professional competencies, organizational goals, and culture. The Commentary reviews the limited research and observations of collaboration efforts and suggests areas for integrating the two practice areas in future research, education, professional training, and practice. Breaking down the silos will strengthen local emergency and public health preparedness planning and response, ultimately leading to stronger community health, well-being, resilience, and more efficient local administration.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-24T10:37:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020943706
  • How the United States Flunked the COVID-19 Test: Some Observations and
           Several Lessons
    • Authors: H. Daniel Xu, Rashmita Basu
      First page: 568
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic has already caused enormous economic and human life losses in the United States and it is still ravaging the country. In this article, the authors argue that the pandemic has exposed key issues of concern in several areas of the American government system ranging from federalist intergovernmental relations to public health system and to health care policy. These issues of concern include the strained federal-state relations in emergency management, inadequate data collection and data reporting for disease surveillance and control, politicization and diminished role of science and evidence in administrative decision making, and underinvestment in public health programs especially in minority health. Based on their analysis, the authors admonish that it is critically important for the U.S. government to learn from the failed response to the pandemic and offer several recommendations for improving its response to future public health emergencies and research in public administration.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:05:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941701
  • Municipal Utilities and COVID-19: Challenges, Responses, and Collaboration
    • Authors: David Switzer, Weijie Wang, Lacey Hirschvogel
      First page: 577
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic has put pressure on essential public services. While much of the economy has been shut down, essential public services have continued. Using professional experience, publicly available information, and interviews with two municipal utility managers, we evaluate the challenges presented to municipal utility services by the COVID-19 pandemic and explore some of the responses by utilities to the pandemic. Specifically, we focus on the strategies utilities have used to keep employees safe from the virus and plans for workforce shortages. One important strategy we identify is reliance on mutual aid agreements, where utilities agree to send staff and equipment to other utilities in times of crisis. We also explore the role of a municipal utility association in coordinating response. The case of utility response to COVID-19 carries important potential implications for both public administration practice and research.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-09T02:35:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941711
  • What Is the Remedy for State and Local Fiscal Squeeze During the COVID-19
           Recession' More Debt, and That Is Okay
    • Authors: James W. Douglas, Ringa Raudla
      First page: 584
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 crisis is placing a tremendous fiscal squeeze on state and local governments in the United States. We argue that the federal government should increase its deficit to fill in the fiscal gap. In the absence of sufficient federal assistance, we recommend that states suspend their balanced budget rules and norms and run deficits in their operating budgets to maintain services and meet additional obligations due to the pandemic. A comparison with Eurozone countries shows that states have more than enough debt capacity to run short-term deficits to respond to the crisis.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T07:05:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941717
  • Government Financial Management and the Coronavirus Pandemic: A
           Comparative Look at South Korea and the United States
    • Authors: Sungho Park, Craig S. Maher
      First page: 590
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory illness afflicting people to a degree not seen since the flu pandemic of 1968 when approximately one million lives were lost worldwide. What makes COVID-19 distinct is the rate at which it spread throughout the world, stress-testing health care systems and stymieing global economies. To confront this unprecedented crisis, nearly every country has been developing a wide range of policy responses, including fiscal measures. This study aims to discuss government fiscal responses to the pandemic from a financial management perspective. The core question is, “How does each country’s financial management system support its fiscal responses to the crisis'” We are particularly interested in reexamining commonly accepted norms about fiscal federalism and the fiscal condition of national and local governments heading into this pandemic. This study takes a comparative approach to the question, focusing on South Korea and the United States. Our findings suggest that the ability to respond to this pandemic in a comprehensive and effective manner is challenged by each nation’s financial management system that generates variation in policy coordination and responsiveness.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:18:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941720
  • “Go Hard, Go Early”: Preliminary Lessons From New
           Zealand’s Response to COVID-19
    • Authors: Thomas Jamieson
      First page: 598
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Although the full impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is yet to be realized, New Zealand has suffered comparatively less than other countries, and there were no active cases in the country by June 8, 2020. Building from best practices in emergency management research, several preliminary lessons emerge from the country’s response to the crisis that could be adapted for other settings. In particular, the government acted early and decisively, developed national unity to combat the virus, communicated effectively with the public, and adapted to changing circumstances, especially to address shortcomings in the response. These preliminary lessons provide some guidance in how to effectively respond to the virus through proactive, evidence-based, well-communicated policies.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-13T09:10:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941721
  • Crisis Learning and Flattening the Curve: South Korea’s Rapid and
           Massive Diagnosis of the COVID-19 Infection
    • Authors: Joon-Young Hur, KyungWoo Kim
      First page: 606
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Crisis learning is critical for ensuring that better actions are taken for an impending or a future crisis. Learning from past epidemics enables public health authorities to assess aspects of the overall response system to improve the system. Moreover, learning during a crisis makes it possible to develop an approach to address unique and rapidly evolving epidemic situations. In this study, the literature was reviewed, and interviews were conducted with a director of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and a regulatory manager of a multinational medical equipment company. On the basis of that research, this article examines how crisis learning has facilitated a South Korean disease control agency’s surveillance of infectious diseases and its development of in vitro diagnosis kits. Those kits enabled qualified private health providers to diagnose COVID-19 infections in cooperation with multiple partners in the early period of the outbreak response. The agency’s learning from a past epidemic crisis, shared sense-making, and proactive efforts helped the nation to flatten the curve of the numbers of the confirmed cases in a short period of time. This study provides insights for national public health authorities tackling infectious disease outbreaks.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T10:44:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941733
  • A Failure of Political Communication Not a Failure of Bureaucracy: The
           Danger of Presidential Misinformation During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: William Hatcher
      First page: 614
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      President Trump’s communications during the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic violate principles of public health, such as practicing transparency and deferring to medical experts. Moreover, the president’s communications are dangerous and misleading, and his lack of leadership during the crisis limits the nation’s response to the problem, increases political polarization around public health issues of social distancing, and spreads incorrect information about health-related policies and medical procedures. To correct the dangerous path that the nation is on, the administration needs to adopt a more expert-centered approach to the crisis, and President Trump needs to practice compassion, empathy, and transparency in his communications.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-08-11T09:32:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941734
  • Public Administration and Creeping Crises: Insights From COVID-19 Pandemic
           in Italy
    • Authors: Fabrizio Di Mascio, Alessandro Natalini, Federica Cacciatore
      First page: 621
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that a new and unforeseen threat easily outmatched political-administrative systems currently in place. Our commentary on the Italian case contributes to the call for public administration scholars to incorporate crisis management into the main research agendas of the field. We focus on regulatory capacity that is needed to tackle the effects of COVID-19. Under crisis conditions of radical urgency and uncertainty, the Italian regulatory policy has been based on temporary, fast-track procedures. The latter have been regularly applied when Italian governments confront with natural disasters and prompt action is ensured by a repertoire of extraordinary measures running in parallel to burdensome ordinary procedures. We discuss the implications of this “two-track” approach for governance capacity and legitimacy. We also extrapolate existing trends and engage with projection of future developments.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:31:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020941735
  • Supply Chain Manipulation, Misrepresentation, and Magical Thinking During
           the COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: Christopher L. Atkinson, Clifford McCue, Eric Prier, Allison M. Atkinson
      First page: 628
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic has placed remarkable stress on all aspects of society, from health care and the economy to the psychological well-being of communities. While the crisis is still playing out in the United States and around the world, it is nevertheless appropriate to begin to assess its impact. This paper asks: What documentable public failures provide a deeper understanding of the U.S. government COVID-19 responses’ impact on supply chains' Case examples show that markets were adversely affected in ways that caused avoidable shortages of critical goods and supplies. Moreover, public procurement effectiveness was likely reduced by short-run efforts to obtain political advantage. The article begins with a brief review of disaster procurement, highlighting how public procurement professionals tried to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The next section delineates three politically led phenomena that adversely impacted procurement’s ability to acquire the needed goods and services, including a lack of cohesive strategy in acquiring essential personal protective equipment; preference for unproven drugs and magical thinking; and cozy relationships between the public and private sectors. The article concludes by discussing the centrality of public sector procurement professionals as a critical link for effective provision of government services, especially in times of crisis.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:16:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942055
  • U.S. Procurement in the Age of COVID-19: Challenges, Intergovernmental
           Collaboration, and Recommendations for Improvement
    • Authors: Abdul-Akeem Sadiq, Ruth Kessa
      First page: 635
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article discusses U.S. government’s procurement of medical supplies and equipment during COVID-19 pandemic and the challenges posed by COVID-19 to U.S procurement system. The article also examines how the U.S. government, the private sector, and nonprofit organizations are working together to address procurement challenges. This article notes that the global pandemic has drained the strategic national stockpile of medical supplies and equipment and that the United States is struggling to meet the demand of these critical resources. The good news is that the U.S. government is partnering with the private sector to ramp-up the much-needed supply. This article underscores the need for the U.S. government to continue to look for efficient and productive ways to procure necessary medical supplies and equipment that are essential for health care professionals and those affected by the COVID-19. This article offers some recommendations to improve U.S. procurement system and outlines an agenda for future research.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-13T09:10:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942060
  • Medical Supply Acquisition in Italy and the United States in the Era of
           COVID-19: The Case for Strategic Procurement and Public–Private
    • Authors: Veronica Vecchi, Niccolò Cusumano, Eric J. Boyer
      First page: 642
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The article analyzes contracting challenges faced by Italian health care authorities and U.S. procurement officials in the immediate aftermath of the COVID-19 crisis, and it provides practitioner-derived lessons for improving procurement in times of disaster. The lessons we have learned so far emphasize (a) the need to recognize the strategic role of procurement, (b) empowering procurement officials, (c) formalized coordinative mechanisms cannot ensure effectiveness without trust among different governance levels, (d) the ability to identify reliable and proactive suppliers of personal protective equipment, (e) the importance of stimulating the economic market to diversify the production of needed materials and to ensure a more risk-resilient supply chain, and (f) the critical role of public–private collaborations to ensure responsiveness and resilience of health care systems.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:16:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942061
  • How Local Governments Are Caring for the Homeless During the COVID-19
    • Authors: Abraham David Benavides, Julius A. Nukpezah
      First page: 650
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article discusses the plight of the homeless during public health emergencies and the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. It reviews the role of public administrators that grounds their efforts by examining their foundational purpose to serve the most vulnerable in our society. Using subsidiarity principle as the context, it discusses homelessness in America and the role of the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development and their Continuum of Care program. It also highlights the role of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention during public health emergencies and their interim guidelines for local governments in providing for the homeless during emergencies. Finally, through a case study on the city of Dallas, Texas, the article examines how local governments have responded to address the needs of the homeless during the COVID-19 pandemic. It concludes that it is imperative that public administrators at all levels of government explore areas of shared competence, cooperation, and allocate responsibility where it would yield the most efficient result.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:15:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942062
  • Resistance to Racial Equity in U.S. Federalism and Its Impact on
           Fragmented Regions
    • Authors: Sheila Grigsby, Alicia Hernàndez, Sara John, Désirée Jones-Smith, Katie Kaufmann, Cordaryl Patrick, Christopher Prener, Mark Tranel, Adriano Udani
      First page: 658
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      In this commentary, we provide our ground-level observations of how the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19 or COVID) has exposed weaknesses in our federal system to respond to local communities, particularly Black and Latina/os who live and work in the St. Louis region. Our perspectives come from a virtual town hall hosted by the Community Innovation and Action Center (CIAC) at the University of Missouri, St. Louis on April 18, 2020. Based on these initial public discussions, we use St. Louis as a lens for arguing that government’s attenuated impact is not due to a natural disaster itself, but the inevitable result of race-based policies that had worked against Black peoples over generations. The real failure involves our federalist system’s lack of a commitment to racial equity—when race no longer is used to predict life outcomes, and outcomes for all groups are improved—when designing the federal plan to respond to COVID-19 in local communities.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:08:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942063
  • Addressing the Increase of Domestic Violence and Abuse During the COVID-19
           Pandemic: A Need for Empathy, Care, and Social Equity in Collaborative
           Planning and Responses
    • Authors: Beth M. Rauhaus, Deborah Sibila, Andrew F. Johnson
      First page: 668
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      During COVID-19, stay at home orders have led to the rise of domestic violence and abuse claims in many localities globally, leaving community leaders unprepared to address the increase of domestic violence incidences. As local public officials are becoming concerned about the increase of domestic violence and in some instances, the decrease due to the inability of victims to report instances, a collaborative response is necessary. This work examines how social equity and public service values, such as compassion, empathy, and an ethic of care, may be incorporated into collaborative planning and responses to domestic violence plaguing communities during the pandemic. Recommendations for raising awareness, incorporating social equity in public service, and collaborative reporting are made.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-13T09:10:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942079
  • Administrative Response to Consequences of COVID-19 Emergency Responses:
           Observations and Implications From Gender-Based Violence in Argentina
    • Authors: Luciana Polischuk, Daniel L. Fay
      First page: 675
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Many governments across the globe enacted mandatory stay-at-home orders to slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the many consequences of these governmental protection orders is to confine potential perpetrators and victims of gender-based violence in close proximity thereby reducing the opportunity for survivors to report abuse and get assistance. In this essay, we describe the multilevel governmental response in Argentina to address gender-based violence during the first month of mandatory stay-at-home order amid the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020. National and provincial governments enacted innovative and coordinated responses to gender-based violence that targeted systemic causes of gender-based violence, ensured continuity of existing services, and generated new communication strategies to allow nonverbal reporting during the pandemic. The Argentinean example suggests that governmental organizations should consider the gendered effects of government responses to emergencies and respond through a multilevel and cross-sectoral response to protect groups disproportionately affected by the crisis and resulting policy.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:06:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942081
  • Fostering Voluntary Compliance in the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Analytical
           Framework of Information Disclosure
    • Authors: Yang Fu, Weihong Ma, Jinjin Wu
      First page: 685
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Although there have been studies investigating the relationship between information disclosure and voluntary compliance behaviors, the terrain of such research is largely fragmented and has been rarely tested empirically in the pandemic contexts. This article reviewed the intervention and control of the pandemic from the perspective of information disclosure with reflections on the experience in China. Furthermore, the authors propose a comprehensive framework demonstrating the overall landscape of information disclosure and voluntary compliance behaviors with highlights on (a) the tensions between privacy and information transparency; (b) the trade-offs between policy rigorousness and compliance behaviors; (c) different sources of information and how they influence public behaviors differently; and most importantly, (d) how the variegated configurations and contextualization of factors result in different influencing and moderating mechanisms between information disclosure and voluntary compliance behaviors. In the end, the authors call for future research and reforms in pandemic control practice to focus on the dynamics of information disclosure, government actions, and public compliance behaviors, which has been largely neglected so far.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:31:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942102
  • Communication for Coproduction: Increasing Information Credibility to
           Fight the Coronavirus
    • Authors: Huafang Li
      First page: 692
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Governments and citizens need to work together to fight and win the war against the coronavirus and coproduce better health outcomes. However, information asymmetries exist between the two parties and influence coproduction adversely. Effective communication by satisfying different types of citizens’ information needs can reduce the degree of information asymmetry and improve coproduction. When citizens distrust governments, governments can use credible information intermediaries, such as experts and volunteers, to increase information credibility. Increasing information credibility could further reduce information asymmetry, increase public trust, and motivate citizens to comply with health policies and coproduce better health outcomes.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T10:44:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942104
  • Crisis Coordination and the Role of Social Media in Response to COVID-19
           in Wuhan, China
    • Authors: Yiran Li, Yanto Chandra, Naim Kapucu
      First page: 698
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The commentary addresses the government’s role in mitigating information asymmetry problems during pandemic crisis response. We use the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, as a case to show the use of social media as a key mechanism in shaping the actions of the central government in its coordination with the local governments during the pandemic response. The Chinese government effectively collaborated with a social media platform to not only create a dedicated channel to allow citizens to post information about the pandemic to accelerate the speed of relief but also mobilize citizens and nonprofit organizations to support government response and recovery efforts. This suggests that social media can provide a venue for the government to not only tackle the information overload but also mitigate the friction among levels of governments.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:02:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942105
  • What Can COVID-19 Tell Us About Evidence-Based Management'
    • Authors: Kaifeng Yang
      First page: 706
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      People worry that many COVID-19 decisions are not evidence based, but applying typical evidence-based management (EBM) in a pandemic seems difficult. A pandemic is characterized by uncertainty, high potential loss, time pressure, and competing values, all posing challenges to EBM. Drawing on events in government responses to COVID-19, this essay focuses on three issues: What should be considered as evidence in pandemic-like situations' How can we make evidence more accessible to decision makers in such situations' And, does evidence have a role in ethical judgments in a pandemic' The essay argues that EBM must be extended to address pandemic-like situations. The evidentiary standard should take into consideration “appropriateness,” “reasonableness,” and “intuition,” paying attention to the stages of a pandemic and the type of errors we want to avoid. In addition, the essay calls for building policy capacity in terms of coproducing and applying evidence in and outside government, as well as strengthening public managers’ capacity in evidence-based ethical analysis.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-25T08:41:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942406
  • The U.S. Federal Response to COVID-19 During the First 3 Months of the
           Outbreak: Was an Evidence-Based Approach an Option'
    • Authors: Monica Solinas-Saunders
      First page: 713
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This essay is a commentary on the U.S. Federal government response to the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak. The focus is on the response of the Trump Administration during the first 3 months of the outbreak, specifically the period between January 20, 2020, and May 15, 2020. The following question is addressed: To what extent was the strategy implemented by the U.S. federal government guided by evidence-based decisions' While nobody was a COVID-19 expert at the beginning of the outbreak, this being a novel virus, the essay argues that the U.S. federal government failed to use evidence from previous pandemics and natural disasters and from the experience of other countries. In addition, the essay warns of the current lack of consistency in following data generated by U.S. agencies and institutions.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T10:45:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942408
  • Evidence-Based Decision-Making for a Public Health Emergency in China:
           Easier Said Than Done
    • Authors: Liwei Zhang, Kelin Chen, Ji Zhao
      First page: 720
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article aims to argue that evidence-based decision-making for a public health emergency is “easier said than done” reflected on COVID-19 response in China. For the local government, the behavioral pattern is prone to blame-avoiding instead of making decision following scientific evidence and experts’ advice. However, such behavior is not based on completely subjective judgment but a rational choice for the local government. Some consequences associated with China’s response to COVID-19 reveals an inflexible administrative system. Therefore, China’s governance reform should focus on empowering local governments with more flexibility and resilience, which enables local governments to make independent and scientific decisions in an emergency.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:33:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942410
  • India’s Response to Coronavirus Pandemic: Nine Lessons for Effective
           Public Management
    • Authors: Prajapati Trivedi
      First page: 725
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      COVID-19 pandemic has spared no country. Yet, the degree of infection and consequent deaths have differed vastly. There is, as yet, no scientific explanation based on climatic or genetic differences in populations. However, there seems to be an emerging consensus that public management matters. This article looks at three largest countries in the World and finds that outcomes in India, measured in terms of deaths from COVID-19 virus, are a fraction of deaths compared to other two large populous countries and appears to be an outlier. This article examines the public management response of a democratic government and draws lessons for effective public management in dealing with other grand public management challenges of our times.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-17T05:06:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942411
  • Learning From the Past: Distributed Cognition and Crisis Management
           Capabilities for Tackling COVID-19
    • Authors: Seulki Lee, Jungwon Yeo, Chongmin Na
      First page: 729
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented an unprecedented public health crisis across the globe. Governments have developed different approaches to tackle the complex and intractable challenge, showing variations in their effectiveness and results. South Korea has achieved exceptional performance thus far: It has flattened the curve of new infections and brought the outbreak under control without imposing forceful measures such as lockdowns and travel ban. This commentary addresses the South Korean government’s response to COVID-19 and highlights distributed cognition and crisis management capabilities as critical factors. The authors discuss how the South Korean government has cultivated distributed cognition and three core capabilities—reflective-improvement, collaborative, and data-analytical capabilities—after its painful experience with 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV). South Korea’s adaptive approaches and its learning path examined in this commentary provide practical implications for managing potential additional waves of COVID-19 and a future public health crisis.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:32:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942412
  • From Uncoordinated Patchworks to a Coordinated System: MERS-CoV to
           COVID-19 in Korea
    • Authors: Yushim Kim, Seong Soo Oh, Chan Wang
      First page: 736
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      South Korea has experienced two national public health crises during this decade. The 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) response’s failure to address coordination problems or authority conflicts provided an opportunity to revise its national disease control system before the 2020 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis. Our reflection on Korea’s MERS-CoV and COVID-19 responses provides a perspective on public health emergency management. It is difficult to project the scale of an emerging infectious disease in advance because of its contagious nature and ability to cross geographic boundaries. In a national epidemic or global pandemic, a centralized coordination effort at the national level is desirable, rather than fragmented local, city, or regional efforts.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:31:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942414
  • What Have We Learned in the Fields of Public Policy and Public
           Administration That Might Be Relevant to the Coronavirus Pandemic'
    • Authors: Beryl A. Radin
      First page: 743
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The pandemanic situation is a classic “wicked problem” issue. It is not clear what its limits are and what frameworks are important to consider in dealing with it. This article focuses on the challenge of labeling the issue itself and finding ways to link and differentiate it from previous policy situations. It also highlights the complexity of the implementation environment of the issue.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:35:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942426
  • Sense or Sensibility' Different Approaches to Cope With the COVID-19
    • Authors: Alex Turrini, Daniela Cristofoli, Giovanni Valotti
      First page: 746
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      The paper qualitatively infers which factors allow public administrations to be quick when an emergency, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, occurs. For this purpose we analyze the same type of intervention (i.e. conversion of convention centers into makeshift hospitals for coronavirus patients) in two different geographical settings (i.e. New York (USA) and Milan (Italy)) and we trace the two processes on the basis of a systematic analysis of national newspaper articles.The comparative analysis reveals that there is no one single best way to manage emergencies successfully, and it sheds light on which conditions might drive different modes of intervention from the public sector in emergencies and beyond.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-22T09:02:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942427
  • Facing the Pandemic: The Italian Experience From Health Management
           Experts’ Perspective
    • Authors: Simone Fanelli, Gianluca Lanza, Andrea Francesconi, Antonello Zangrandi
      First page: 753
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Globalization has boosted the development of new pathogens as well as their capacity to cross national borders and threaten citizens’ health. It should therefore have been no surprise that the infection caused by COVID-19 spread so quickly from the metropolitan city of Wuhan, China, to the whole world. Today, the COVID-19 pandemic represents the biggest health crisis for many countries since the postwar period. The aggressiveness of the virus quickly led many countries to bring in strict containment measures to limit the spread of the disease and particularly to reduce pressure on hospitals. Pandemics affect the health care community in different ways, but all involve a bigger flow of patients into the system, compromising the proper functioning of hospitals. Italy was the first Western country to be heavily affected by the virus. This article describes how Italian health care organizations are facing the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey administered to health management experts highlights the main problems and possible ways for health care organizations to cope with the health crisis more effectively. Results highlight that the COVID-19 pandemic had a dramatic impact on health care organizations, forcing all hospitals to modify structures and processes to guarantee an efficacious response to new patient care needs. The lack of specialized resources, appropriate coordination tools, and clear plans for emergency management were the main problems faced by hospitals. Italy’s experience could be useful to countries facing the crisis today, or those which will face it in the near future.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T10:49:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942428
  • Why Do Countries Respond Differently to COVID-19' A Comparative Study
           of Sweden, China, France, and Japan
    • Authors: Bo Yan, Xiaomin Zhang, Long Wu, Heng Zhu, Bin Chen
      First page: 762
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) are important public health tools to fight against COVID-19. Governments around the world have instituted a variety of NPIs to modify individuals’ behavior, giving rise to four distinct pandemic response strategies: nudge, mandate, decree, and boost. To better understand the different policy choices involved in these strategies, four countries including Sweden, China, France, and Japan were compared to identify the critical institutional and cultural determinants of national response strategy. The finding shows that various responses regarding same threat are dependent on the distinctive institutional arrangements and cultural orientation of each country, and thus, there is no One-Size-Fits-All strategy.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:30:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942445
  • Singapore’s Responses to the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Critical
    • Authors: Walid Jumblatt Abdullah, Soojin Kim
      First page: 770
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      This article reviews how Singapore has responded to the COVID-19 pandemic, from late-January to early May, 2020, through the three-phase approach to “learning”: in-between learning, trial-and-error learning, and contingency learning. Given its unique political system dominated by the People’s Action Party (PAP) and bureaucratic culture, the Singapore government has progressively implemented numerous control measures including strict travel bans, contact tracing, “Circuit Breaker,” compulsory mask-wearing, and social distancing policies, along with financial relief to businesses and workers, in a very top-down fashion. Although the health and treatment issues of foreign migrant workers in dormitories continue to be the subject of ongoing debate among many scholars, it should be noted that the mortality rate in Singapore still remains very low compared to that of many other countries. Singapore’s case points to an important lesson that learning-driven coordinated strategic approaches matter for effective crisis management in the long term.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:30:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942454
  • Citizen–State Collaboration in Combating COVID-19 in China: Experiences
           and Lessons From the Perspective of Co-Production
    • Authors: Ting Zhao, Zhongsheng Wu
      First page: 777
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      From the perspective of co-production, this article examines how Chinese citizens and governments worked together in fighting against COVID-19 in a health emergency context. Based on observations, as well as analyses of policy documents and self-organization cases, this article shows that Chinese citizens and governments collaborated through three different channels in fighting against the virus, but different channels produced different results. First, through residential committees, Chinese governments successfully mobilized most citizens to comply with stay-at-home orders, contact traced and isolated suspected cases through existing networks within the communities. Second, as a formal channel for state–society interaction during the crisis, government-organized nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) failed in bridging demands of the health system and contributions from citizens. Third, self-organizations emerged as a key informal channel for citizens to fight against the virus. The experiences and lessons learned in this citizen–government collaboration in combating the virus may offer some implications for other settings.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:29:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942455
  • In the Shadow of the Government: The Chinese Nonprofit Sector in the
           COVID-19 Crisis
    • Authors: Qiang Dong, Jiahuan Lu
      First page: 784
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Nonprofit organizations often work on the front lines of disaster assistance and emergency relief. In this sweeping coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the nonprofit sector in many countries is playing an active role in the national fight against the coronavirus. However, the Chinese nonprofit sector only plays a marginal role in the battle. This article, from a government–nonprofit relationship perspective, delves into the underlying factors shaping the Chinese nonprofit sector’s limited involvement in this pandemic crisis and the impacts of the crisis on the Chinese nonprofit sector. In particular, we argue that a strong and centralized political regime leaves little room for nonprofits’ involvement in emergency relief, resulting in a nonprofit sector that is vulnerable and marginalized. Nonprofits have to be smarter in coping with the government in the COVID-19 downturn.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T08:28:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020942457
  • Lessons From COVID-19 Responses in East Asia: Institutional Infrastructure
           and Enduring Policy Instruments
    • Authors: Brian Y. An, Shui-Yan Tang
      First page: 790
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      Existing commentaries on government responses to COVID-19 have focused on such factors as competent leadership, policy instruments, or cultural dispositions. Yet, few have provided a synthesis that examines how these factors relate to each other. This article fills this gap in the debate by comparing COVID-19 responses among five advanced economies in East Asia: Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, and Japan. Although agile actions and competence of top leadership are necessary to confront an unprecedented crisis, they are by themselves insufficient. Equally critical is whether a society has the necessary institutional infrastructure in place when a crisis strikes. Policy instruments are more likely to succeed when existing institutional infrastructure supports their administration and implementation. For an instrument to generate enduring impact, it must be compatible with a polity’s underlying culture; instruments that accommodate the underlying cultural orientations are more likely to elicit public cooperation and voluntary compliance over time. Policy instruments must also address equity issues by reaching marginalized groups across all layers of the population. Progress in emergency management may be visible in mainstream society but masking brewing problems among marginalized groups. A comparison across the five advanced economies in East Asia yields several implications for comparative research and policy.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-22T09:03:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020943707
  • Lessons From South Korea’s Covid-19 Policy Response
    • Authors: Jongeun You
      First page: 801
      Abstract: The American Review of Public Administration, Ahead of Print.
      In responding to the Covid-19 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, some government policies have been more effective in containing, suppressing, and mitigating the disease than others. Government leaders and public administrators can learn from other countries and adapt these lessons to their crisis management and public health systems. South Korea has emerged as a model to emulate in fighting the pandemic. While South Korea endured devastating early outbreaks, the country flattened the coronavirus curve without paralyzing the national health and economic systems. The author reviews South Korea’s public health policy approaches and the embedded context, by using documents and materials written in Korean and English, to learn how the country managed coronavirus from January through April 2020. The critical factors in South Korea’s public health administration and management that led to success include national infectious disease plans, collaboration with the private sector, stringent contact tracing, an adaptive health care system, and government-driven communication. This article also proposes some key aspects to be considered to transfer lessons from country-level responses in South Korea to other contexts.
      Citation: The American Review of Public Administration
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T06:36:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0275074020943708
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