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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 195, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 345, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 603, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 116, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Botany
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.721
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 38  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0305-7364 - ISSN (Online) 1095-8290
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • A commentary on: ‘Remarkable variation of ribosomal DNA organization and
           copy number in gnetophytes, a distinct lineage of gymnosperms’
    • Authors: Renner S; Sousa dos Santos A.
      Abstract: Eukaryotic cells contain as many as 10 million ribosomes, and the DNA loci coding for ribosomal RNA (rRNA) are correspondingly abundant. These loci are organized in repeat units occurring on specific locations on the chromosomes. Because of their abundance and highly conserved sequences, rDNA loci can be analysed by microscopy, once they have been suitably stained. This is achieved either by silver staining (conventional technique) or by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) in which signals emitted by probes that bind to the rDNA are captured by a camera coupled to a fluorescence microscope and analysed with a digital imaging system. Relevant for plants are 35S rDNA loci (encoding 18S-5.8S-26S rRNA genes) and 5S loci (encoding 5S rRNA), which are usually physically separated from each other. This is called the Separate or S-type arrangement. Physical linking of 35S and 5S rDNA, the so-called Linked or L-type arrangement, is rare (Garcia et al., 2017). Wang et al. (2019) now report that of three species of gymnosperms in the genera Gnetum, Welwitschia, and Ephedra that they investigated, the former two have the S-type, while the third has the L-type. What is the relevance of this'
      PubDate: Mon, 20 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcz056
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • ContentSnapshot
    • PubDate: Mon, 20 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcz057
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Whole genomes: the holy grail. A commentary on: ‘Molecular phylogenomics
           of the tribe Shoreeae (Dipterocarpaceae) using whole plastidgenomes’
    • Authors: Olmstead R; Dvorsky M.
      Abstract: Heckenhauer et al. (2019) address a problem that is as old as phylogenetic systematics: why is it that different datasets sometimes infer different relationships' What’s new these days is that we have harnessed the data from whole genomes. However, the question still remains.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcz055
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Enset in Ethiopia: a poorly characterized but resilient starch staple
    • Authors: Borrell J; Biswas M, Goodwin M, et al.
      Pages: 747 - 766
      Abstract: BackgroundEnset (Ensete ventricosum, Musaceae) is an African crop that currently provides the staple food for approx. 20 million Ethiopians. Whilst wild enset grows over much of East and Southern Africa and the genus extends across Asia to China, it has only ever been domesticated in the Ethiopian Highlands. Here, smallholder farmers cultivate hundreds of landraces across diverse climatic and agroecological systems.ScopeEnset has several important food security traits. It grows over a relatively wide range of conditions, is somewhat drought-tolerant, and can be harvested at any time of the year, over several years. It provides an important dietary starch source, as well as fibres, medicines, animal fodder, roofing and packaging. It stabilizes soils and microclimates and has significant cultural importance. In contrast to the other cultivated species in the family Musaceae (banana), enset has received relatively little research attention. Here, we review and critically evaluate existing research, outline available genomic and germplasm resources, aspects of pathology, and explore avenues for crop development.ConclusionEnset is an underexploited starch crop with significant potential in Ethiopia and beyond. Research is lacking in several key areas: empirical studies on the efficacy of current agronomic practices, the genetic diversity of landraces, approaches to systematic breeding, characterization of existing and emerging diseases, adaptability to new ranges and land-use change, the projected impact of climate change, conservation of crop wild relatives, by-products or co-products or non-starch uses, and the enset microbiome. We also highlight the limited availability of enset germplasm in living collections and seedbanks, and the lack of knowledge of reproductive and germination biology needed to underpin future breeding. By reviewing the current state of the art in enset research and identifying gaps and opportunities, we hope to catalyse the development and sustainable exploitation of this neglected starch crop.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy214
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Evolutionary constraints on disparity of ericaceous pollen grains
    • Authors: Yu Y; Schneider H, Li D, et al.
      Pages: 805 - 813
      Abstract: Background and AimsFlowering plants show a high diversity of pollen morphology, assumed to reflect not only variations in the underlying design, but also stress imposed by ecological conditions related to pollen survival and germination. Both components are expected to constrain the accumulation of pollen disparity. However, this assumption has rarely been tested using empirical data.MethodsThis study is designed to test this hypothesis by inferring the accumulation of pollen disparity in Ericaceae, a large eudicot family with recent, ongoing radiations, with focus on three functionally significant pollen characters using a dated phylogeny.Key ResultsMultiple lines of evidence supported the hypothesis that pollen disparity in Ericaceae did not evolve steadily but rather pulsed over time, clearly decoupling from the relative constant rate pattern of species diversification inferred. In a 3-D pollen morphospace, most major clades appear to occupy distinct neighbouring regions, whereas the subfamily Epacridoideae overlaps extensively with other subfamilies. No evidence for correlations was found between dimension of pollen disparity and species diversity at either the subfamily or generic level. Furthermore, the distribution of species in present pollen morphospace showed a strong central tendency, with the core compartment containing a large number of species from species-rich genera.ConclusionsThe recovered evidence fits well with the expectations of limitations on available pollen morphological disparity, and suggests that innovation of pollen germination traits may have little effect on species diversification.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy212
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Increasing the benefits of species diversity in multispecies temporary
           grasslands by increasing within-species diversity
    • Authors: Meilhac J; Durand J, Beguier V, et al.
      Pages: 891 - 900
      Abstract: Background and AimsThe positive effects of species diversity on the functioning and production of ecosystems have been discussed widely in the literature. In agriculture, these effects are increasingly being applied to mixed-species crops and particularly to temporary grasslands. However, the effects of increases in genetic diversity (i.e. within-species diversity) on productivity in multispecies crops have not been much studied. Nevertheless, genetic diversity may have strong positive effects on agricultural ecosystems and positively influence production and species abundances in multispecies covers. We examine here the effects of genetic diversity on temporary multispecies grasslands.MethodsFrom a real situation, a breeder’s field trial, we describe a study with five seed mixtures, each containing seven species (three grasses and four legumes) but with three different levels of genetic diversity (low, medium and high) created by using different numbers of cultivars per species. From the perspective of a plant breeder, we analyse measurements of biomass production over a 5-year period.Key ResultsWe show a positive effect of genetic diversity on production, on production stability and on the equilibrium of species abundances in the mixtures over the 5-year period of the experiment. The legume/grass proportions were best balanced, having the highest within-species diversity.ConclusionsFor the first time in a field-plot study, we demonstrate the major role played by within-species genetic diversity on the production, stability and species composition of temporary grasslands. Our key results seem to find their explanation in terms of shifts in the peaks of species biomass production during the season, these shifts likely leading to temporal species complementarity. Our study suggests major benefits will arise with increases in the genetic diversity of multispecies crops. Genetic diversity may be useful in helping to meet new crop-diversification challenges, particularly with multispecies grasslands. Genetic and species diversity will likely provide additional levers for improving crops in diversified systems.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy227
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Remarkable variation of ribosomal DNA organization and copy number in
           gnetophytes, a distinct lineage of gymnosperms
    • Authors: Wang W; Wan T, Becher H, et al.
      Pages: 767 - 781
      Abstract: IntroductionGnetophytes, comprising the genera Ephedra, Gnetum and Welwitschia, are an understudied, enigmatic lineage of gymnosperms with a controversial phylogenetic relationship to other seed plants. Here we examined the organization of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) across representative species.MethodsWe applied high-throughput sequencing approaches to isolate and reconstruct rDNA units and to determine their intragenomic homogeneity. In addition, fluorescent in situ hybridization and Southern blot hybridization techniques were used to reveal the chromosome and genomic organization of rDNA.Key resultsThe 5S and 35S rRNA genes were separate (S-type) in Gnetum montanum, Gnetum gnemon and Welwitschia mirabilis and linked (L-type) in Ephedra altissima. There was considerable variability in 5S rDNA abundance, ranging from as few as ~4000 (W. mirabilis) to >100 000 (G. montanum) copies. A similar large variation was also observed in 5S rDNA locus numbers (two to 16 sites per diploid cell). 5S rRNA pseudogenes were interspersed between functional genes forming a single unit in E. altissima and G. montanum. Their copy number was comparable or even higher than that of functional 5S rRNA genes. In E. altissima internal transcribed spacers of 35S rDNA were long and intrinsically repetitive while in G. montanum and W. mirabilis they were short without the subrepeats.ConclusionsGnetophytes are distinct from other gymnosperms and angiosperms as they display surprisingly large variability in rDNA organization and rDNA copy and locus numbers between genera, with no relationship between copy numbers and genome sizes apparent. Concerted evolution of 5S rDNA units seems to have led to the amplification of 5S pseudogenes in both G. montanum and E. altissima. Evolutionary patterns of rDNA show both gymnosperm and angiosperm features underlining the diversity of the group.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy172
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Disentangling the effects of disturbance, climate and tree age on xylem
           hydraulic conductivity of Betula pendula
    • Authors: Tumajer J; Treml V.
      Pages: 783 - 792
      Abstract: Background and AimsThe increasing frequency of disturbances in temperate forests is responsible for the greater numbers of trees with mechanically damaged cambial zones. Adjustment of wood anatomical structure to balance between safe and efficient water conductivity is one mechanism trees employ to cope with mechanical damage. The relative role of disturbances, tree age and climate in shaping xylem conduits and affecting xylem hydraulic conductivity remains unknown.MethodsWe performed an experiment with five different mechanical treatments simulating natural disturbances of juvenile Betula pendula trees (stem scarring, tilting, decapitation, root exposure and stem-base burial). After 3 years, trees were cut down, conduit size and density were measured, and specific hydraulic conductivity of each tree ring was calculated. Between-tree and between-year variability in xylem conductivity was decomposed into effects of tree age, climate and disturbances using linear mixed-effects models.Key ResultsXylem-specific hydraulic conductivity decreased significantly after treatment in decapitated, tilted and scarred trees. In the last treatment, wood anatomical adjustment was restricted to the area next to the callus tissue zone; in contrast, specific hydraulic conductivity declined over the entire stem circumference after tilting or decapitation. The response of trees with buried stems and exposed roots was generally weak. The overall effect of disturbances on inter-annual variability of wood anatomical structure was greater than the contribution of tree age and climate.ConclusionsThe results indicate that disturbances are important drivers of xylem hydraulic conductivity. Expected increases in the frequency and intensity of disturbances may alter the theoretical capacity of forest stands for water conductance with a feedback to climate.
      PubDate: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy209
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Convergence of ecophysiological traits drives floristic composition of
           early lineage vascular plants in a tropical forest floor
    • Authors: Campany C; Martin L, Watkins J, Jr.
      Pages: 793 - 803
      Abstract: Background and AimsTropical understorey plant communities are highly diverse and characterized by variable resource availability, especially light. Plants in these competitive environments must carefully partition resources to ensure ecological and evolutionary success. One mechanism of effective resource partitioning is the optimization of functional traits to enhance competition in highly heterogeneous habitats. Here, we surveyed the ecophysiology of two early lineage vascular plant groups from a tropical forest understorey: Selaginella (a diverse lineage of lycophytes) and ferns.MethodsIn a lowland rain forest in Costa Rica, we measured a suite of functional traits from seven species of Selaginella and six fern species. We evaluated species microclimate and habitat; several photosynthetic parameters; carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content; chlorophyll concentration; leaf mass per area (LMA); and stomatal size and density. We then compare these two plant lineages and search for relationships between key functional parameters that already exist on a global scale for angiosperms.Key ResultsConvergence of trait function filtered Selaginella species into different habitats, with species in heavily shaded environments having higher chlorophyll concentrations and lower light compensation points compared with open habitats. Alternatively, lower foliar nitrogen and higher stomatal densities were detected in species occupying these open habitats. Selaginella species had denser and smaller stomata, lower LMA and lower foliar nutrient content than ferns, revealing how these plant groups optimize ecophysiological function differently in tropical forest floors.ConclusionsOur findings add key pieces of missing evidence to global explorations of trait patterns that define vascular plant form and function, which largely focus on seed plants. Broadly predictable functional trait relationships were detected across both Selaginella and ferns, similar to those of seed plants. However, evolutionary canalization of microphyll leaf development appears to have driven contrasting, yet successful, ecophysiological strategies for two coexisting lineages of extant homosporous vascular plants.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy210
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • The role of the testa during the establishment of physical dormancy in the
           pea seed
    • Authors: Janská A; Pecková E, Sczepaniak B, et al.
      Pages: 815 - 829
      Abstract: BackgroundA water-impermeable testa acts as a barrier to a seed’s imbibition, thereby imposing dormancy. The physical and functional properties of the macrosclereids are thought to be critical determinants of dormancy; however, the mechanisms underlying the maintenance of and release from dormancy in pea are not well understood.MethodsSeeds of six pea accessions of contrasting dormancy type were tested for their ability to imbibe and the permeability of their testa was evaluated. Release from dormancy was monitored following temperature oscillation, lipid removal and drying. Histochemical and microscopic approaches were used to characterize the structure of the testa.Key resultsThe strophiole was identified as representing the major site for the entry of water into non-dormant seeds, while water entry into dormant seeds was distributed rather than localized. The major barrier for water uptake in dormant seeds was the upper section of the macrosclereids, referred to as the ‘light line’. Dormancy could be released by thermocycling, dehydration or chloroform treatment. Assays based on either periodic acid or ruthenium red were used to visualize penetration through the testa. Lipids were detected within a subcuticular waxy layer in both dormant and non-dormant seeds. The waxy layer and the light line both formed at the same time as the establishment of secondary cell walls at the tip of the macrosclereids.ConclusionsThe light line was identified as the major barrier to water penetration in dormant seeds. Its outer border abuts a waxy subcuticular layer, which is consistent with the suggestion that the light line represents the interface between two distinct environments – the waxy subcuticular layer and the cellulose-rich secondary cell wall. The mechanistic basis of dormancy break includes changes in the testa’s lipid layer, along with the mechanical disruption induced by oscillation in temperature and by a decreased moisture content of the embryo.
      PubDate: Sat, 08 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy213
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Ancient barley landraces adapted to marginal soils demonstrate exceptional
           tolerance to manganese limitation
    • Authors: Schmidt S; George T, Brown L, et al.
      Pages: 831 - 843
      Abstract: Background and AimsMicronutrient deficiency in cereals is a problem of global significance, severely reducing grain yield and quality in marginal soils. Ancient landraces represent, through hundreds of years of local adaptation to adverse soil conditions, a unique reservoir of genes and unexplored traits for enhancing yield and abiotic stress tolerance. Here we explored and compared the genetic variation in a population of Northern European barley landraces and modern elite varieties, and their tolerance to manganese (Mn) limitation.MethodsA total of 135 barley accessions were genotyped and the genetic diversity was explored using Neighbor–Joining clustering. Based on this analysis, a sub-population of genetically diverse landraces and modern elite control lines were evaluated phenotypically for their ability to cope with Mn-deficient conditions, across three different environments increasing in complexity from hydroponics through pot experiments to regional field trials.Key ResultsGenetically a group of Scottish barley landraces (Bere barley) were found to cluster according to their island of origin, and accessions adapted to distinct biogeographical zones with reduced soil fertility had particularly larger Mn, but also zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) concentrations in the shoot. Strikingly, when grown in an alkaline sandy soil in the field, the locally adapted landraces demonstrated an exceptional ability to acquire and translocate Mn to developing leaves, maintain photosynthesis and generate robust grain yields, whereas modern elite varieties totally failed to complete their life cycle.ConclusionsOur results highlight the importance of gene pools of local adaptation and the value of ancient landrace material to identify and characterize genes that control nutrient use efficiency traits in adverse environments to raise future crop production and improve agricultural sustainability in marginal soils. We propose and discuss a model summarizing the physiological mechanisms involved in the complex trait of tolerance to Mn limitation.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy215
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Widespread co-occurrence of multiple ploidy levels in fragile ferns
           (Cystopteris fragilis complex; Cystopteridaceae) probably stems from
           similar ecology of cytotypes, their efficient dispersal and inter-ploidy
           hybridization
    • Authors: Hanušová K; Čertner M, Urfus T, et al.
      Pages: 845 - 855
      Abstract: Background and AimsPolyploidy has played an important role in the evolution of ferns. However, the dearth of data on cytotype diversity, cytotype distribution patterns and ecology in ferns is striking in comparison with angiosperms and prevents an assessment of whether cytotype coexistence and its mechanisms show similar patterns in both plant groups. Here, an attempt to fill this gap was made using the ploidy-variable and widely distributed Cystopteris fragilis complex.MethodsFlow cytometry was used to assess DNA ploidy level and monoploid genome size (Cx value) of 5518 C. fragilis individuals from 449 populations collected over most of the species’ global distributional range, supplemented with data from 405 individuals representing other related species from the complex. Ecological preferences of C. fragilis tetraploids and hexaploids were compared using field-recorded parameters and database-extracted climate data.Key ResultsAltogether, five different ploidy levels (2x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 8x) were detected and three species exhibited intraspecific ploidy-level variation: C. fragilis, C. alpina and C. diaphana. Two predominant C. fragilis cytotypes, tetraploids and hexaploids, co-occur over most of Europe in a diffuse, mosaic-like pattern. Within this contact zone, 40 % of populations were mixed-ploidy and most also contained pentaploid hybrids. Environmental conditions had only a limited effect on the distribution of cytotypes. Differences were found in the Cx value of tetraploids and hexaploids: between-cytotype divergence was higher in uniform-ploidy than in mixed-ploidy populations.ConclusionsHigh ploidy-level diversity and widespread cytotype coexistence in the C. fragilis complex match the well-documented patterns in some angiosperms. While ploidy coexistence in C. fragilis is not driven by environmental factors, it could be facilitated by the perennial life-form of the species, its reproductive modes and efficient wind dispersal of spores. Independent origins of hexaploids and/or inter-ploidy gene flow may be expected in mixed-ploidy populations according to Cx value comparisons.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy219
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Molecular phylogenomics of the tribe Shoreeae (Dipterocarpaceae) using
           whole plastid genomes
    • Authors: Heckenhauer J; Paun O, Chase M, et al.
      Pages: 857 - 865
      Abstract: Background and AimsPhylogenetic relationships within tribe Shoreeae, containing the main elements of tropical forests in Southeast Asia, present a long-standing problem in the systematics of Dipterocarpaceae. Sequencing whole plastomes using next-generation sequencing- (NGS) based genome skimming is increasingly employed for investigating phylogenetic relationships of plants. Here, the usefulness of complete plastid genome sequences in resolving phylogenetic relationships within Shoreeae is evaluated.MethodsA pipeline to obtain alignments of whole plastid genome sequences across individuals with different amounts of available data is presented. In total, 48 individuals, representing 37 species and four genera of the ecologically and economically important tribe Shoreeae sensu Ashton, were investigated. Phylogenetic trees were reconstructed using maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference.Key ResultsHere, the first fully sequenced plastid genomes for the tribe Shoreeae are presented. Their size, GC content and gene order are comparable with those of other members of Malvales. Phylogenomic analyses demonstrate that whole plastid genomes are useful for inferring phylogenetic relationships among genera and groups of Shorea (Shoreeae) but fail to provide well-supported phylogenetic relationships among some of the most closely related species. Discordance in placement of Parashorea was observed between phylogenetic trees obtained from plastome analyses and those obtained from nuclear single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data sets identified in restriction-site associated sequencing (RADseq).ConclusionsPhylogenomic analyses of the entire plastid genomes are useful for inferring phylogenetic relationships at lower taxonomic levels, but are not sufficient for detailed phylogenetic reconstructions of closely related species groups in Shoreeae. Discordance in placement of Parashorea was further investigated for evidence of ancient hybridization.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy220
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • A function for the pleurogram in physically dormant seeds
    • Authors: Rodrigues-Junior A; Mello A, Baskin C, et al.
      Pages: 867 - 876
      Abstract: Background and AimsDifferent structures have been shown to act as a water gap in seeds with physical dormancy (PY), and in Fabaceae they are commonly located in the hilar region. However, the function of the pleurogram, a structure in the extra-hilar region that is common in legume seeds, remains unknown. Our aims were to review the literature for occurrence of the pleurogram in Fabaceae, determine if the pleurogram can open, and compare the functional morpho-anatomy of water gaps in seeds of 11 Senna species.MethodsImbibition tests showed that all 11 species had PY. Structural features of the hilar and extra-hilar regions of the seeds were investigated using light and scanning electron microscopy, and dye-tracking was performed to trace the pathways of water through the seed coat.Key ResultsA pleurogram has been reported for 37 legume genera. Water gaps differed among Senna species, with lens, hilum, micropyle and pleurogram taking up water after PY was broken. In Senna alata seeds, only the pleurogram acted as a water gap, whereas in S. reniformis and S. silvestris water entered the seed through both the pleurogram and the hilar region. In the pleurogram of S. alata and S. reniformis, the palisade layer moved outward, exposing the hourglass cells, whereas in S. silvestris the palisade layer was broken.ConclusionsThe pleurogram acts as a water gap in some of the 11 Senna species examined, but it is non-functional in others. Opening the pleurogram occurs due to the formation of a linear slit in the palisade layer. The pleurogram is of functional significance by creating a wide opening, whereby water can reach the embryo and start germination. This is the first report of the pleurogram functioning as a water gap. Because this structure is shared by at least 37 genera, it also may be a water gap in many other legume species.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy222
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Neoformation and summer arrest are common sources of tree plasticity in
           response to water stress of apple cultivars
    • Authors: Chen D; Pallas B, Martinez S, et al.
      Pages: 877 - 890
      Abstract: Background and AimsDepending on the species, water stress affects different growth and developmental processes, mainly due to changes in hydraulic properties and hormonal signalling. This study compared the impact of water stress on tree development and organ growth in three apple cultivars.MethodsTrees were differentially irrigated to induce water stress or to provide well-watered conditions in their second and third years of growth. Effects of water stress were evaluated at tree scale by shoot number and proportions of the different types of shoots, and at shoot scale by metamer appearance rate, growth duration and arrest time, as well as organ size.Key ResultsWater stress promoted early growth cessation, prolonged summer arrests and decreased growth resumptions, thus modifying within-tree shoot demography in favour of short shoots. Growth cessations occurred in mild water stress conditions before any difference in stem water potential appeared. No major impact was observed on organ size. Consistently with tree ontogeny, the number of shoots that resumed growth after summer arrest decreased with years, but more in water-stressed than well-watered conditions.ConclusionsEven though the impact of water stress differed slightly among cultivars, the reduction in neoformation and increase in summer arrest played a common role in apple tree morphological responses and led to stress avoidance by early reduction of tree leaf area.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy224
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Heterochronic reproductive developmental processes between diploid and
           tetraploid cytotypes of Paspalum rufum
    • Authors: Soliman M; Espinoza F, Ortiz J, et al.
      Pages: 901 - 915
      Abstract: Background and AimsApomixis is an asexual reproductive mode via seeds that generate maternal clonal progenies. Although apomixis in grasses is mainly expressed at the polyploid level, some natural diploid genotypes of Paspalum rufum produce aposporous embryo sacs in relatively high proportions and are even able to complete apomixis under specific conditions. However, despite the potential for apomixis, sexuality prevails in diploids, and apomixis expression is repressed for an as yet undetermind reason. Apomixis is thought to derive from a deregulation of one or a few components of the sexual pathway that could be triggered by polyploidy and/or hybridization. The objectives of this work were to characterize and compare the reproductive development and the timing of apospory initial (AI) emergence between diploid genotypes with potential for apomixis and facultative apomictic tetraploid cytotypes of P. rufum.MethodsReproductive characterization was performed by cytoembryological observations of cleared ovaries and anthers during all reproductive development steps and by quantitative evaluation of the ovule growth parameters.Key ResultsCytoembryological observations showed that in diploids, both female and male reproductive development is equally synchronized, but in tetraploids, megasporogenesis and early megagametogenesis are delayed with respect to microsporogenesis and early microgametogenesis. This delay was also seen when ovary growth was taken as a reference parameter. The analysis of the onset of AIs revealed that they emerge during different developmental periods depending on the ploidy level. In diploids, the AIs appeared along with the tetrad (or triad) of female meiocytes, but in tetraploids they appeared earlier, at the time of the megaspore mother cell. In both cytotypes, AIs can be seen even during megagametogenesis.ConclusionsOverall observations reveal that female sexual reproductive development is delayed in tetraploids as compared with diploid genotypes, mainly at meiosis. In tetraploids, AIs appear at earlier sexual developmental stages than in diploids, and they accumulate up to the end of megasporogenesis. The longer extension of megasporogenesis in tetraploids could favour AI emergence and also apomixis success.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy228
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Explaining the larger seed bank of an invasive shrub in non-native versus
           native environments by differences in seed predation and plant size
    • Authors: Bakker M; Udo N, Atlan A, et al.
      Pages: 917 - 927
      Abstract: Background and AimsLarge, persistent seed banks contribute to the invasiveness of non-native plants, and maternal plant size is an important contributory factor. We explored the relationships between plant vegetative size (V) and soil seed bank size (S) for the invasive shrub Ulex europaeus in its native range and in non-native populations, and identified which other factors may contribute to seed bank variation between native and invaded regions.MethodsWe compared the native region (France) with two regions where Ulex is invasive, one with seed predators introduced for biological control (New Zealand) and another where seed predators are absent (La Réunion). We quantified seed bank size, plant dimensions, seed predation and soil fertility for six stands in each of the three regions.Key ResultsSeed banks were 9–14 times larger in the two invaded regions compared to native France. We found a positive relationship between current seed bank size and actual plant size, and that any deviation from this relationship was probably due to large differences in seed predation and/or soil fertility. We further identified three possible factors explaining larger seed banks in non-native environments: larger maternal plant size, lower activity of seed predators and higher soil fertility.ConclusionsIn highlighting a positive relationship between maternal plant size and seed bank size, and identifying additional factors that regulate soil seed bank dynamics in non-native ranges, our data offer a number of opportunities for invasive weed control. For non-native Ulex populations specifically, management focusing on ‘S’ (i.e. the reduction of the seed bank by stimulating germination, or the introduction of seed predators as biological control agents) and/or on ‘V’ (i.e. by cutting mature stands to reduce maternal plant biomass) offers the most probable combination of effective control options.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcy229
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 5 (2018)
       
 
 
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