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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 309, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 528, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Crohn's and Colitis
  [SJR: 1.543]   [H-I: 37]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1873-9946 - ISSN (Online) 1876-4479
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Refractory Crohn’s Disease Is
           it Time to Take a Long-Term View'
    • Authors: Lindsay J.
      First page: 1157
      Abstract: Editorial on:
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx070
  • Incidence, Phenotype, and Mortality of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
           ‘Twenty Years After’
    • Authors: Carbonnel F; Boutron M.
      First page: 1159
      Abstract: In 1845, the famous French novelist Alexandre Dumas published a novel entitled Vingt Ans Après, i.e. twenty years after, depicting the adventures of d’Artagnan, Athos, Porthos, and Aramis in the context of the second English civil war, twenty years after their first encounter in The Three Musketeers. In a similar approach, Tim van der Heuvel and colleagues publish in this issue of JCC1 an update on the incidence, phenotype, and mortality of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] in the region of South Limburg, The Netherlands, 19 years after the first report.2 Between 1991 and 2010, Crohn’s disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC] incidences increased from 5.84 to 17.49 per 100000, and from 11.67 to 21.47 per 100000, respectively, leading to an estimated prevalence of 331/100000 for CD and 475 per 100000 for UC. In a systematic literature review based on reports from 1930 to 2008, the UC and CD incidences per 100000 in Europe varied between 0.6 and 24.3, and between 0.3 and 12.7, respectively.3 In studies that showed a significant increase in incidence, the average annual percent change ranged from 1.2% to 23.3% in CD, and 2.4% to 18.1% in UC.3 In the same review, the estimated prevalence in Europe ranged between 4.9 and 505 per 100000 for UC, and between 0.6 and 322 per 100000 for CD.3 Taken together, these data show that South Limburg is among the regions with the highest IBD incidence, prevalence, and increase in incidence in the world.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx072
  • Autologous Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Refractory
           Crohn’s Disease: Efficacy in a Single-Centre Cohort
    • Authors: López-García A; Rovira M, Jauregui-Amezaga A, et al.
      First page: 1161
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundHaematopoietic stem cell transplantation [HSCT] is considered a therapeutic option for patients with severe Crohn’s disease [CD] unresponsive to currently available therapies.MethodsAutologous HSCT was considered for CD patients with active disease, unresponsive or intolerant to approved medications and unsuitable for surgery. After HSCT, patients were closely followed up every 6 weeks during the first 2 years and every 6 months thereafter up to 5 years. Colonoscopy and/or magnetic resonance imaging were performed at Months 6, 12, 24, and 48 after HSCT.ResultsFrom December 1, 2007 to December 31, 2015, 37 CD patients were assessed for HSCT. Of these, 35 patients [13 within the ASTIC trial] underwent mobilisation. Six patients did not complete the transplant for various reasons and 29 patients were finally transplanted. Patients were followed up during a median of 12 months [6–60]. At 6 months, 70% of patients achieved drug-free clinical remission (Crohn’s Disease Index of Severity [CDAI] < 150). The proportion of patients in drug-free remission (CDAI < 150, Simple Endoscopic activity Score [SES]-CD < 7] was 61% at 1 year, 52% at 2 years, 47% at 3 years, 39% at 4 years, and 15% at 5 years. Patients who relapsed were re-treated and 80% regained clinical remission. Six out of the 29 [21%] required surgery. One patient died due to systemic cytomegalovirus infection 2 months after transplant.ConclusionsHSCT is a salvage therapy for patients with extensive and refractory CD. Although relapse occurs in a majority of patients within 5 years after transplant, drug responsiveness is regained and clinical remission achieved in 80% of cases.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx054
  • A 20-Year Temporal Change Analysis in Incidence, Presenting Phenotype and
           Mortality, in the Dutch IBDSL Cohort—Can Diagnostic Factors Explain the
           Increase in IBD Incidence'
    • Authors: van den Heuvel T; Jeuring S, Zeegers M, et al.
      First page: 1169
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundThe aim was to study temporal changes in incidence, disease phenotype at diagnosis, and mortality of adult inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] patients in South Limburg, The Netherlands, diagnosed between 1991 and 2010. In addition, the 2010 IBD prevalence was estimated.MethodsA multi-faceted approach including hospital administrations, the national pathology registry [PALGA], and general practitioners led to the identification of 1162 patients with Crohn’s disease [CD], 1663 with ulcerative colitis [UC], and 84 with unclassified IBD [IBD-U]. Temporal changes in incidence, disease phenotype, and mortality were studied using linear, multinomial regression analyses, and standardised mortality rates [SMR], respectively.ResultsThe annual incidences increased from 17.90/100000 in 1991 to 40.36/100000 in 2010 for IBD, from 5.84/100000 to 17.49/100000 for CD, and from 11.67/100000 to 21.47/100000 for UC [p < 0.01 for all]. A shift towards milder disease at diagnosis was observed over time [eg decrease of complicated disease in CD, increase of proctitis in UC]. IBD mortality was similar to that in the general population (SMR 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.81–1.05), and did not change over time. The estimated IBD prevalence was 830/100000.ConclusionsThe IBD incidence in South Limburg increased significantly between 1991 and 2010. The shift towards milder disease at diagnosis in parallel with the improved diagnostics and ability to detect low-grade inflammation was suggestive of an important role of diagnostic factors in this increase. Environmental factors probably played a role as well. The mortality was low and, together with the increasing incidence, led to the high prevalence of IBD in South Limburg.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx055
  • Faecal Microbiota Transplantation for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A
           Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    • Authors: Paramsothy S; Paramsothy R, Rubin D, et al.
      First page: 1180
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundFaecal microbiota transplantation [FMT] has been investigated as a potential treatment for inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. We thus performed a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness and safety of FMT in IBD.MethodsA systematic review was conducted until January 2017. Studies were excluded if patients had co-infection or data were pooled across disease subtypes (ulcerative colitis [UC], Crohn’s disease [CD], pouchitis). Clinical remission was established as the primary outcome. Pooled effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals were obtained using the random effects model.ResultsIn all, 53 studies were included [41 in UC, 11 in CD, 4 in pouchitis]. Overall, 36% [201/555] of UC, 50.5% [42/83] of CD, and 21.5% [5/23] of pouchitis patients achieved clinical remission. Among cohort studies, the pooled proportion achieving clinical remission was 33% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 23%–43%] for UC and 52% [95% CI = 31%–72%] for CD, both with moderate risk of heterogeneity. For four RCTs in UC, significant benefit in clinical remission (pooled odds ratios [[P-OR] = 2.89, 95% CI = 1.36–6.13, p = 0.006) with moderate heterogeneity [Cochran’s Q, p = 0.188; I2 = 37%] was noted. Sub-analyses suggest remission in UC improved with increased number of FMT infusions and lower gastrointestinal tract administration. Most adverse events were transient gastrointestinal complaints. Microbiota analysis was performed in 24 studies, with many identifying increased diversity and a shift in recipient microbiota profile towards the donor post-FMT.ConclusionsFMT appears effective in UC remission induction, but long-term durability and safety remain unclear. Additional well-designed controlled studies of FMT in IBD are needed, especially in CD and pouchitis.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx063
  • Proximal Disease Extension in Patients With Limited Ulcerative Colitis: A
           Danish Population-based Inception Cohort
    • Authors: Burisch J; Ungaro R, Vind I, et al.
      First page: 1200
      Abstract: AbstractBackground and AimsDisease extent in ulcerative colitis [UC] is dynamic and can progress over time. Little is known about risk factors for UC extension in the era of biologics. We investigated the risk of UC extension and subsequent risk of surgery in a Danish population-based cohort.MethodsAll incident UC cases in a strictly defined Copenhagen area between 2003 and 2004 were followed prospectively through 2011. Disease extension was defined as patients with limited UC [E1 or E2] at diagnosis having progressed from the initial extent by colonoscopy or surgery to E2 or extensive colitis [E3]. Associations between progression or colectomy and multiple covariates were analysed by Cox regression analysis.ResultsOf 300 UC patients, 220 [73%] had E1 or E2 at diagnosis. During follow-up, 50 [23%] patients with E1/E2 progressed to E3, and 22 [10%] with E1 progressed to E2. Disease extent at diagnosis was the sole predictor of extension to E3. A total of 18 [8%] patients with E1/E2 at diagnosis had a colectomy. Progression from E1/E2 to E3, female gender and a history of smoking were risk factors for colectomy.ConclusionAfter 7 years of follow-up, 33% of patients with limited UC experienced disease extension. Only extent at diagnosis was a clinical predictor for disease extension. The risk of colectomy was increased in former smokers and patients who progressed to extensive colitis. This highlights the need to prevent disease progression in patients with limited UC, and to identify new histological or molecular markers that might help stratify risks for disease progression.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx066
  • Dietary Therapy With the Crohn’s Disease Exclusion Diet is a Successful
           Strategy for Induction of Remission in Children and Adults Failing
           Biological Therapy
    • Authors: Sigall Boneh R; Sarbagili Shabat C, Yanai H, et al.
      First page: 1205
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundLoss of response [LoR] to biologics in Crohn’s disease [CD] is a significant clinical problem. Dietary therapy as a treatment strategy in this setting has not been previously reported. We report the use of dietary strategies using enteral nutrition coupled with the Crohn’s Disease Exclusion Diet [CDED] for LoR to infliximab or adalimumab as a single-centre experience.MethodsPatients with LoR to a biologic despite dose escalation or combination therapy were treated with partial enteral nutrition [PEN] by a polymeric formula and the CDED for 12 weeks. Paediatric patients with severe flares received 14 days of exclusive enteral nutrition followed by PEN + CDED as above. All patients were seen at weeks 6 and 12 for follow up. Current and prior treatment, Harvey Bradshaw Index [HBI], C-reactive protein [CRP] and albumin were recorded. Remission was defined as HBI <5 at week 6.ResultsTwenty-one patients, mean age 22.1 ± 8.9 years [11 adults and ten children] met study criteria. Seventeen patients [81%] had used combination therapy, and 10/21 [47.6%] had failed a second biologic. Seven patients had a prior intestinal resection. Dose escalation had failed in 13/21 [62%] patients. Clinical remission by physician’s global assessment and HBI after 6 weeks was obtained in 13/21 [61.9%]. Mean HBI decreased from 9.4 ± 4.2 to 2.6 ± 3.8 [p < 0.001], mean CRP decreased from 2.8 ± 3.4 to 0.7 ± 0.5 [p = 0.005] and mean albumin increased from 3.5 ± 0.6 to 3.8 ± 0.5 [p = 0.06].ConclusionDietary treatment combining PEN with the CDED may be a useful salvage regimen for patients failing biological therapy despite dose escalation.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx071
  • Occurrence of Anaemia in the First Year of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a
           European Population-based Inception Cohort—An ECCO-EpiCom Study
    • Authors: Burisch J; Vegh Z, Katsanos K, et al.
      First page: 1213
      Abstract: AbstractBackground and aimsAnaemia is an important complication of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anaemia and the practice of anaemia screening during the first year following diagnosis, in a European prospective population-based inception cohort.MethodsNewly diagnosed IBD patients were included and followed prospectively for 1 year in 29 European and one Australian centre. Clinical data including demographics, medical therapy, surgery and blood samples were collected. Anaemia was defined according to the World Health Organization criteria.ResultsA total of 1871 patients (Crohn’s disease [CD]: 686, 88%; ulcerative colitis [UC]: 1,021, 87%; IBD unclassified [IBDU] 164. 81%) were included in the study. The prevalence of anaemia was higher in CD than in UC patients and, overall, 49% of CD and 39% of UC patients experienced at least one instance of anaemia during the first 12 months after diagnosis. UC patients with more extensive disease and those from Eastern European countries, and CD patients with penetrating disease or colonic disease location, had higher risks of anaemia. CD and UC patients in need of none or only mild anti-inflammatory treatment had a lower risk of anaemia. In a significant proportion of patients, anaemia was not assessed until several months after diagnosis, and in almost half of all cases of anaemia a thorough work-up was not performed.ConclusionsOverall, 42% of patients had at least one instance of anaemia during the first year following diagnosis. Most patients were assessed for anaemia regularly; however, a full anaemia work-up was frequently neglected in this community setting.
      PubDate: 2017-05-31
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx077
  • Serial Tuberculosis Screening in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients
           Receiving Anti-TNFα Therapy
    • Authors: Abreu C; Afonso J, Camila Dias C, et al.
      First page: 1223
      Abstract: AbstractBackground and AimsOne of the adverse effects of the tumour necrosis factor alpha [[TNFα] monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases is a higher propensity for tuberculosis development. The aim of this study was to explore the utility and sensitivity of serial tuberculosis screening during anti-TNFα treatment.MethodsA cohort of 46 inflammatory bowel disease patients receiving infliximab was prospectively recruited and followed for 26 months. During this period of time, a tuberculosis skin test and two different interferon ϒ release assays [QFT-GIT and T-SPOT.TB] were applied at 4-6-month intervals.ResultsOverall, 16 patients were diagnosed with latent tuberculosis infection after having at least one test conversion: 12 patients had a positive tuberculosis skin test, seven patients had a positive T-SPOT.TB, and two patients had a positive QFT-GIT. Active tuberculosis was excluded in all; 15 were treated with isoniazid. A comparison between tests showed a moderate accuracy [72% to 85%] but low kappa values [0.063 to 0.377]. Concerning association with demographic and clinical characteristics, test conversion was more common among the male gender and those with a longer disease duration.ConclusionsTuberculosis tests conversions were common in inflammatory bowel disease patients treated with infliximab alone or in association with immunomodulators. In these immunosuppressed individuals, the classical tuberculosis skin test seems to have a higher sensitivity than the modern tests based on the release of interferonϒ.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx080
  • Vedolizumab in Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Retrospective
           Multi-Centre Experience From the Paediatric IBD Porto Group of ESPGHAN
    • Authors: Ledder O; Assa A, Levine A, et al.
      First page: 1230
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundVedolizumab, an anti-integrin antibody, has proven to be effective in adults with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD], but the data in paediatrics are limited. We describe the short-term effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab in a European multi-centre paediatric IBD cohort.MethodRetrospective review of children [aged 2–18 years] treated with vedolizumab from 19 centres affiliated with the Paediatric IBD Porto group of ESPGHAN. Primary outcome was Week 14 corticosteroid-free remission [CFR].ResultsIn all, 64 children were included (32 [50%] male, mean age 14.5 ± 2.8 years, with a median follow-up 24 weeks [interquartile range 14–38; range 6–116]); 41 [64%] cases of ulcerative colitis/inflammatory bowel disease unclassified [UC/IBD-U] and 23 [36%] Crohn’s disease [CD]. All were previously treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor [TNF] [28% primary failure, 53% secondary failure]. Week 14 CFR was 37% in UC, and 14% in CD [P = 0.06]. CFR by last follow-up was 39% in UC and 24% in CD [p = 0.24]. Ten [17%] children required surgery, six of whom had colectomy for UC. Concomitant immunomodulatory drugs did not affect remission rate [42% vs 35%; p = 0.35 at Week 22]. There were three minor drug-related adverse events. Only 3 of 16 children who underwent endoscopic evaluation had mucosal healing after treatment (19%).ConclusionsVedolizumab was safe and effective in this cohort of paediatric refractory IBD. These data support previous findings of slow induction rate of vedolizumab in CD and a trend to be less effective compared with patients with UC.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx082
  • Colon Immune-Related Adverse Events: Anti-CTLA-4 and Anti-PD-1 Blockade
           Induce Distinct Immunopathological Entities
    • Authors: Coutzac C; Adam J, Soularue E, et al.
      First page: 1238
      Abstract: AbstractBackground and AimImmune checkpoint inhibitors targeting CTLA-4 and PD-1 improve survival in cancer patients but may induce immune-related adverse events, including colitis. The immunological characteristics of anti-CTLA-4 [αCTLA-4]- and anti-PD-1 [αPD-1]-related colitis have been poorly described. The aim of the present study was to compare the immunological and histological characteristics of αCTLA-4-induced colitis and αPD-1-induced colitis.MethodsColonic biopsies from patients with αCTLA-4-induced colitis, αPD-1-induced colitis, and inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] were analysed by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Tumour necrosis factor alpha [TNFα] concentration was assessed in biopsy supernatants.ResultsCD8+ T cells were found in the lamina propria and epithelium in αPD-1-induced colitis, whereas CD4+ T cells were found in the lamina propria in αCTLA-4-induced colitis. No or low intraepithelial lymphocytes were observed in αCTLA-4-induced colitis. No difference in numbers of mucosal regulatory T cells was observed between αCTLA-4- or αPD-1-induced colitis and IBD patients. Higher numbers of activated ICOS+ conventional CD4+ T cells were observed in αCTLA-4-induced colitis compared with patients with IBD. Among ICOS+CD4+ T cells, conventional CD4+ T cells were the main T cell population in patents with αCTLA-4-induced colitis, whereas Treg cells were predominant in IBD or αPD-1-induced colitis. High mucosal TNFα concentrations were observed in αCTLA-4-induced colitis. Low mucosal TNFα concentrations were associated with steroid sensitivity.ConclusionsThese observations show that αCTLA-4- and αPD-1-induced colitis have distinct immunological characteristics. Mucosal TNFα concentration might detect patients at risk of developing corticosteroid resistance after CTLA-4 blockade.
      PubDate: 2017-06-08
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx081
  • Genetic Mouse Models with Intestinal-Specific Tight Junction Deletion
           Resemble an Ulcerative Colitis Phenotype
    • Authors: Stremmel W; Staffer S, Schneider M, et al.
      First page: 1247
      Abstract: AbstractBackground and AimsA key pathogenetic feature of ulcerative colitis [UC] is an intrinsic low mucus phosphatidylcholine[PC] content. Recently, a paracellular transport for PC across tight junctions[TJs] was described, suggesting TJ disturbance as a cause of diminished luminal PC transport. Therefore, we aimed to generate mutant mice with TJ deletion to evaluate whether a UC phenotype developed.MethodsCL57BL/6 control wild-type mice were compared to mutant mice with tamoxifen-induced villin-Cre-dependent intestinal deletion of kindlin 1 and 2.ResultsElectron microscopy of mucosal biopsies obtained from both mutants before overt inflammation following only 2 days of tamoxifen exposure revealed a defective TJ morphology with extended paracellular space and, by light microscopy, expanded mucosal crypt lumina. PC secretion into mucus was reduced by >65% and the mucus PC content dropped by >50%, causing a >50 % decrease of mucus hydrophobicity in both mutants. Consequently, the microbiota was able to penetrate the submucosa. After 3 days of tamoxifen exposure, intestinal inflammation was present in both mutants, with loose bloody stools as well as macroscopic and histological features of colitis. Oral PC supplementation was able to suppress inflammation. By analogy, colonic biopsies obtained from patients with UC in remission also showed a defective epithelium with widened intercellular clefts, and enlarged crypt luminal diameters with functionally impaired luminal PC secretion.ConclusionsGenetic mouse models with intestinal deletion of kindlin 1 and 2 resulted in TJ deletion and revealed pathophysiological features of impaired PC secretion to the mucus leading to mucosal inflammation compatible with human UC.
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx075
  • Positioning Ustekinumab in Crohn’s Disease: From Clinical Evidence
           to Clinical Practice
    • Authors: Danese S; Bonovas S, Peyrin-Biroulet L.
      First page: 1258
      Abstract: AbstractBiological medicines have revolutionised the treatment of Crohn’s disease [CD]. Yet, the management of patients not responding to tumour necrosis factor [TNF] antagonists remains a clinical challenge. Ustekinumab is a human monoclonal antibody blocking the biological activity of interleukins 12 and 23, which regulate the immune system and immune-mediated inflammatory disorders. Ustekinumab has recently been approved for the treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active CD, who have had an inadequate response with, lost response to, or were intolerant to either conventional therapy or a TNF antagonist, or have medical contraindications to such therapies. Herein, we review the new biological drug’s efficacy and safety data reported from randomised controlled trials and real-world observational studies conducted in populations with CD, in order to identify the patient groups most likely to benefit, and to appropriately place ustekinumab into treatment algorithms for CD.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx079
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Injections for the Treatment of Perianal Crohn’s
           Disease: What We Have Accomplished and What We Still Need to Do
    • Authors: Lightner A; Faubion W.
      First page: 1267
      Abstract: AbstractPerianal Crohn’s disease [CD] is found in a quarter of patients with CD and remains notoriously difficult to treat. Several medical and surgical therapies are available. However, none is particularly effective nor reliably provides sustained remission. In addition, surgical intervention is complicated by poor healing and the potential for incontinence. Mesenchymal stem cell-based therapies provide a promising treatment alternative for perianal CD, with demonstrated safety, improved efficacy, and a decreased side effect profile. Several phase I, II, and now III randomised controlled trials have now reported safety and efficacy in treating perianal CD. The aim of this review is to discusses the outcomes of conventional treatment approaches, outcomes of mesenchymal stem cell therapies, considerations specific to stem cell-based therapies, and future directions for research.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx046
  • Chronic Enteropathy Associated With SLCO2A1 Gene [CEAS]—Characterisation
           of an Enteric Disorder to be Considered in the Differential Diagnosis of
           Crohn’s Disease
    • Authors: Hosoe N; Ohmiya N, Hirai F, et al.
      First page: 1277
      Abstract: AbstractSmall intestinal ulcers include mucosal damage caused by drugs, particularly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], infectious diseases, and idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. Previously, a group of Japanese investigators reported an unusual and uncommon type of enteritis and referred to the condition as chronic nonspecific multiple ulcers of the small intestine [CNSU]. CNSU is characterised by chronic blood and protein loss through persistent small intestinal ulcers. Recently, four candidate mutations in the solute carrier organic anion transporter family, member 2A1 [SLCO2A1] gene, encoding a prostaglandin transporter, were identified by whole-exome sequencing in patients with CNSU. However, because the name ‘CNSU’ was somewhat ambiguous, the more appropriate nomenclature of ‘chronic enteropathy associated with the SLCO2A1 gene’ [CEAS] has been suggested. CEAS ulcers are characterised by multiple, circular or eccentric oblique, shallow lesions with discrete margins. The most frequently affected site of CEAS is the ileum, in contrast to ‘cryptogenic multifocal ulcerous stenosing enteritis [CMUSE]’, for which the most frequent site is the jejunum. Impaired prostaglandin utilisation is thought to cause the small intestinal mucosal damage observed in CEAS, CMUSE, and NSAID-induced enteropathy. This review article focuses on endoscopic and clinical features of genetically diagnosed CEAS, accumulated in a nationwide survey, and illustrates the observations in the format of an atlas.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx068
  • Visceral Leishmaniasis Infection in a Patient with Crohn’s Disease
           Treated with Azathioprine
    • Authors: Delgado T; Ruiz P, Muñoz F.
      First page: 1282
      Abstract: Dear Sir,
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx067
  • Submandibular Sialoadenitis in an Infant Exposed to Adalimumab and
           Infliximab in Utero
    • Authors: Vestergaard T; Brock B, Christensen L, et al.
      First page: 1284
      Abstract: Anti-tumor necrosis factor α antibodies [anti-TNFs] such as adalimumab [ADA] and infliximab [IFX] are monoclonal IgG1 proteins that cross the placenta during pregnancy.1,2 Maternal combination therapy of anti-TNF and thiopurine increases the risk of infections in the infant.1,3 Few, if any, data exist on the risk of infections in infants exposed to two biological agents in utero. We present a case of severe bacterial submandibular sialoadenitis in an infant exposed to IFX and ADA in utero.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx045
  • Physical Exercise Programmes in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Authors: Reboredo M; Pinheiro B, Chebli J.
      First page: 1286
      Abstract: We have read with great interest the letter to the editor by Lykouras et al.1 regarding physical exercise programmes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. The authors compared two groups of IBD patients [inactive and active disease] and did not find significant differences in spirometry, lung diffusion capacity, or cardiopulmonary exercise test [CPET]. They concluded that patients with IBD should be motivated to perform moderate exercise regularly, since exercising is associated with important clinical benefits among these patients and they did not present impairments either in their pulmonary function or in their exercise tolerance. Although we agree with this statement, we would like to add some comments.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx037
  • AlphaEbeta7 Integrin Expression on T Cells in Ulcerative Colitis
    • Authors: Horjus Talabur Horje CS.
      First page: 1287
      Abstract: In their recent published paper, Lamb and colleagues1 analysed the expression of pro-inflammatory and regulatory markers on alphaEbeta7+ and alphaEbeta7- T cells in the mucosa of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and healthy controls. The subject of this research is of great interest, as new anti-integrin therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, such as etrolizumab, are emerging.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx065
  • Patency Capsule Safety in Crohn’s Disease
    • Authors: Silva M; Cardoso H, Macedo G.
      First page: 1288
      Abstract: We have read with interest the recent article of Rasmussen and colleagues.1 The authors reported two cases of symptomatic patency capsule [PC] retention in patients with suspected Crohn’s disease [CD]. Notably, one of the patients experienced small bowel perforation. Although the authors have concluded that PC is an effective modality for securing small bowel patency before videocapsule endoscopy [VCE], they raise some concerns about PC safety in cases of delayed degradation and symptomatic capsule retention. In the case complicated with bowel perforation, the PC expiry date was exceeded, which is a limitation to the authors’ conclusion.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx064
  • Erratum: A Case of Ipilimumab-induced Anorectal Fistula
    • First page: 1289
      Abstract: Alexandre Balaphas,a Sophie Restellini,b Joan Robert-Yap,a Philippe Morel,a Bruno Roche,a Frédéric Risa
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx047
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