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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 285, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 576, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Crohn's and Colitis
  [SJR: 1.543]   [H-I: 37]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1873-9946 - ISSN (Online) 1876-4479
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Vedolizumab in IBD–Lessons From Real-world Experience; A Systematic
           Review and Pooled Analysis
    • Authors: Engel T; Ungar B, Yung D, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundVedolizumab [VDZ] is an anti-integrin monoclonal antibody effective in ulcerative colitis [UC] and Crohn’s disease [CD]. Several real-world experience [RWE] studies with VDZ have been published to date. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the available real-life experience with VDZ.MethodsWe performed a systematic review of the available RWE studies of VDZ in CD and UC. We performed a pooled analysis of the available efficacy and safety data for induction and maintenance treatment in adult cohorts. A narrative review of VDZ use in special clinical settings was also performed.ResultsNine studies including 1565 [571 UC, 994 CD] adult patients were identified. In CD, clinical response and remission were achieved in 54% (95% confidence interval [CI] 41–66%) and 22% [95% CI 13–35%] by Week 6 and in 49% [95% CI 37–51%] and 32% [95% CI 23–42%] by Week 14; at Week 52, 45% [95% CI 28–64%] and 32% [95% CI 12–62] of the patients responded, and were in clinical remission, respectively. In UC, clinical response and remission were achieved in 43% [95% CI 37–49] and 25% [95% CI 12–45] by Week 6, respectively, and in 51% [95% CI 43–61%]and 30% [95% CI 24–36%] by Week 14/22, respectively; at week 52, clinical response and remission were achieved in 48% and 39% of the patients, respectively. Adverse effects were mostly minor and occurred in 30.6% of the patients; infections were reported in 3.4% of the patients.ConclusionsVDZ is efficacious in CD and UC and has a favourable safety profile in RWE studies.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Determinants of Reduced Genetic Capacity for Butyrate Synthesis by the Gut
           Microbiome in Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
    • Authors: Laserna-Mendieta E; Clooney A, Carretero-Gomez J, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsAlterations in short chain fatty acid metabolism, particularly butyrate, have been reported in inflammatory bowel disease, but results have been conflicting because of small study numbers and failure to distinguish disease type, activity or other variables such as diet. We performed a comparative assessment of the capacity of the microbiota for butyrate synthesis, by quantifying butyryl-CoA:acetate CoA-transferase [BCoAT] gene content in stool from patients with Crohn’s disease [CD; n = 71], ulcerative colitis [UC; n = 58] and controls [n = 75], and determined whether it was related to active vs inactive inflammation, microbial diversity, and composition and/or dietary habits.MethodsBCoAT gene content was quantified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction [qPCR]. Disease activity was assessed clinically and faecal calprotectin concentration measured. Microbial composition was determined by sequencing 16S rRNA gene. Dietary data were collected using an established food frequency questionnaire.ResultsReduced butyrate-synthetic capacity was found in patients with active and inactive CD [p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, respectively], but only in active UC [p < 0.05]. In CD, low BCoAT gene content was associated with ileal location, stenotic behaviour, increased inflammation, lower microbial diversity, greater microbiota compositional change, and decreased butyrogenic taxa. Reduced BCoAT gene content in patients with CD was linked with a different regimen characterised by lower dietary fibre.ConclusionsReduced butyrate-synthetic capacity of the microbiota is more evident in CD than UC and may relate to reduced fibre intake. The results suggest that simple replacement of butyrate per se may be therapeutically inadequate, whereas manipulation of microbial synthesis, perhaps by dietary means, may be more appropriate.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Fibre intake and the development of inflammatory bowel disease: A European
           prospective multi-centre cohort study (EPIC-IBD)
    • Authors: Andersen V; Chan S, Luben R, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsPopulation-based prospective cohort studies investigating fibre intake and development of inflammatory bowel disease are lacking. Our aim was to investigate the association between fibre intake and the development of Crohn’s disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC] in a large European population.MethodsIn total, 401326 participants, aged 20–80 years, were recruited in eight countries in Europe between 1991 and 1998. At baseline, fibre intake [total fibres, fibres from fruit, vegetables and cereals] was recorded using food frequency questionnaires. The cohort was monitored for the development of inflammatory bowel disease. Each case was matched with four controls and odds ratios [ORs] for the exposures were calculated using conditional logistic regression. Sensitivity analyses according to smoking status were computed.ResultsIn total, 104 and 221 participants developed incident CD and UC, respectively. For both CD and UC, there were no statistically significant associations with either quartiles, or trends across quartiles, for total fibre or any of the individual sources. The associations were not affected by adjusting for smoking and energy intake. Stratification according to smoking status showed null findings apart from an inverse association with cereal fibre and CD in non-smokers [Quartile 4 vs 1 OR = 0.12, 95% confidence interval = 0.02–0.75, p = 0.023, OR trend across quartiles = 0.50, 95% confidence interval = 0.29–0.86, p = 0.017].ConclusionThe results do not support the hypothesis that dietary fibre is involved in the aetiology of UC, although future work should investigate whether there may be a protective effect of specific types of fibre according to smoking status in CD.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Antibiotic Use and New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Olmsted County,
           Minnesota: A Population-Based Case-Control Study
    • Authors: Aniwan S; Tremaine W, Raffals L, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsSeveral studies have suggested significant associations between environmental factors and the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. However, data supporting the role of antibiotics are conflicting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between antibiotic use and new-onset IBD.MethodsWe conducted a population-based case-control study using the Rochester Epidemiology Project of Olmsted County, Minnesota. We identified 736 county residents diagnosed with IBD between 1980 and 2010 who were matched to 1472 controls, based on age, sex and date of IBD diagnosis. Data on antibiotic use between 3 months and 5 years before IBD diagnosis were collected. Logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between antibiotic use and IBD, and were expressed as adjusted odds ratio [AOR] with 95% confidence interval [CI].ResultsAntibiotic use occurred in 455 IBD cases [61.8%] and 495 controls [33.6%] [p < 0.001]. In multivariate analysis, there were statistically significant associations between antibiotic use and new-onset IBD [AOR, 2.93; 95% CI, 2.40–3.58], Crohn’s disease [CD] [AOR, 3.01; 2.27–4.00] and ulcerative colitis [UC] [AOR, 2.94; 95% CI, 2.23–3.88]. A cumulative duration of antibiotic use ≥ 30 days had the strongest AOR [6.01; 95% CI, 4.34–8.45]. AOR for those receiving antibiotics under the age of 18 years was 4.27 [95% CI, 2.39–7.91], 2.97 for age 18–60 years [2.36–3.75] and 2.72 for age > 60 years [1.60–4.67].ConclusionsThis population-based case-control study suggests a strong association between antibiotic use and the risk of both new-onset CD and new-onset UC. The risk was increased among all age-onset IBD.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Tofacitinib in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: Health-Related Quality of
           Life in Phase 3 Randomised Controlled Induction and Maintenance Studies
    • Authors: Panés J; Vermeire S, Lindsay J, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsTofacitinib is an oral, small molecule Janus kinase [JAK] inhibitor that is being investigated for ulcerative colitis [UC]. We evaluated health-related quality of life [HRQoL] in tofacitinib UC Phase 3 studies.MethodsPatients ≥ 18 years old in OCTAVE Induction 1 [N = 598] and 2 [N = 541] with moderately to severely active UC were randomised [1:4] to placebo or tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily [BID] for 8 weeks. Subsequently, OCTAVE Sustain re-randomised [1:1:1] clinical responders [N = 593] from induction studies to placebo, tofacitinib 5 mg BID, or 10 mg BID, for 52 weeks. Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire [IBDQ] and SF-36v2® Health Survey [SF-36v2] assessed HRQoL.ResultsIn OCTAVE Induction 1 and 2, mean changes from baseline IBDQ were greater with tofacitinib 10 mg BID at Week 8 [28.9 and 31.5] versus placebo [15.4 and 17.2; p < 0.0001]; mean changes from baseline SF-36v2 Physical and Mental Component Summaries [PCS/MCS] were also greater with 10 mg BID [PCS: 6.8 and 6.8; MCS: 6.8 and 7.6] versus placebo [PCS: 2.5 and 4.6; MCS: 3.5 and 4.4; p < 0.01]. In OCTAVE Sustain atWeek 52, changes in IBDQ were maintained with tofacitinib 5 mg [-1.3] and 10 mg BID [0.6], and larger with placebo [-20.2; p < 0.0001]. Changes in SF-36v2 PCS/MCS were also maintained with 5 mg [PCS: 0.0; MCS: -1.0] and 10 mg BID [PCS: 0.3; MCS: 0.1] versus placebo [PCS: -5.2; MCS: -6.7; p < 0.0001] at Week 52 in OCTAVE Sustain.ConclusionsTofacitinib 10 mg BID induction therapy significantly improved HRQoL versus placebo at Week 8. Improvements were maintained through 52 weeks’ maintenance therapy with tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg registration numbersNCT01465763, NCT01458951 and NCT01458574
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Surgical Treatment in Childhood-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease–A
           Nationwide Register-based Study of 4695 Incident Patients in Sweden
    • Authors: Nordenvall C; Rosvall O, Bottai M, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsThe incidence of childhood-onset [< 18 years] inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is increasing worldwide, and some studies suggest that it represents a more severe disease phenotype. Few nationwide, population-based studies have evaluated the surgical burden in patients with childhood-onset IBD, and whether the improved medical treatment has influenced the need for gastrointestinal surgery. The aim was to examine whether the surgical treatment at any age of patients with childhood-onset IBD has changed over time.MethodsIn a nationwide cohort study we identified 4695 children [< 18 years] diagnosed with incident IBD in 2002–2014 through the Swedish Patient Register [ulcerative colitis: n = 2295; Crohn’s disease: n = 2174; inflammatory bowel disease-unclassified: n = 226]. Abdominal [intestinal resections and colectomies] and perianal surgeries were identified through the Swedish Patient Register. The cumulative incidences of surgeries were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.ResultsIn the cohort, 44% were females and 56% males. The median age at inflammatory bowel disease diagnosis was 15 years and the maximum age at end of follow-up was 31 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence of intestinal surgery was 5% in patients with ulcerative colitis and 7% in patients with Crohn’s disease, and lower in children aged < 6 years at inflammatory bowel disease diagnosis [3%] than in those aged 15–17 years at diagnosis [7%]. Calendar period of inflammatory bowel disease diagnosis was not associated with risk of surgery.ConclusionOver the past 13 years, the risk of surgery in childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease has remained unchanged.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Genital Granulomatosis in Male and Female Patients With Crohn’s Disease:
           Clinical Presentation and Treatment Outcomes
    • Authors: Dederichs F; Iesalnieks I, Sladek M, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundGenital granulomatosis [GG] is a metastatic form of Crohn’s disease [CD], characterised by granulomatous inflammation of the genital skin without contact with the gastrointestinal tract. Little is known about GG, as most publications are case reports or small series, and only sporadic in male cases.Methods and AimsCases of GG were retrospectively collected through the Collaborative Network For Exceptionally Rare case reports project of the European Crohn′s and Colitis Organisation.ResultsA total of 43 patients [9 males, 34 females] were diagnosed as having GG, mostly as oedema and/or ulcers. Histological confirmation of granulomas was obtained in 70% of the cases. CD location was colonic or ileocolonic in 97% and perianal disease was documented in 57%. There was no significant difference between males and females in CD phenotype or genital lesions. GG was the first manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] in one-third of the patients; these patients were younger at the time of GG occurrence and they all were non-smokers. GG occurred in the absence of gastrointestinal disease activity in 30% of the cases. Ten out of 11 patients [91%] responded to systemic corticosteroid treatment, 5/9 patients responded to immunomodulators, and 9/11 patients responded to anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α] agents.ConclusionsGG is a rare extraintestinal manifestation of CD. It mainly occurs among women, in the setting of colonic involvement of CD, and perianal disease is often associated. Most cases are successfully managed with systemic corticosteroids or anti-TNF agents.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Biopsy-derived Intestinal Epithelial Cell Cultures for Pathway-based
           Stratification of Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Authors: Vanhove W; Nys K, Arijs I, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundEndoplasmic reticulum [ER] stress was shown to be pivotal in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Despite progress in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] drug development, not more than one-third of patients achieve steroid-free remission and mucosal healing with current therapies. Furthermore, patient stratification tools for therapy selection are lacking. We aimed to identify and quantify epithelial ER stress in a patient-specific manner in an attempt towards personalised therapy.MethodsA biopsy-derived intestinal epithelial cell culture system was developed and characterised. ER stress was induced by thapsigargin and quantified with a BiP enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] of cell lysates from 35 patients with known genotypes, who were grouped based on the number of IBD-associated ER stress and autophagy risk alleles.ResultsThe epithelial character of the cells was confirmed by E-cadherin, ZO-1, and MUC2 staining and CK-18, CK-20, and LGR5 gene expression. Patients with three risk alleles had higher median epithelial BiP-induction [vs untreated] levels compared with patients with one or two risk alleles [p = 0.026 and 0.043, respectively]. When autophagy risk alleles were included and patients were stratified in genetic risk quartiles, patients in Q2, Q3, and Q4 had significantly higher ER stress [BiP] when compared with Q1 [p = 0.034, 0.040, and 0.034, respectively].ConclusionsWe developed and validated an ex vivo intestinal epithelial cell culture system and showed that patients with more ER stress and autophagy risk alleles have augmented epithelial ER stress responses. We thus presented a personalised approach whereby patient-specific defects can be identified, which in turn could help in selecting tailored therapies.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Development of Clinical Prediction Models for Surgery and Complications in
           Crohn’s Disease
    • Authors: Guizzetti L; Zou G, Khanna R, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsCrohn’s disease-related complications account for a substantial proportion of inflammatory bowel disease-associated health care expenditure. Identifying patients at risk for complications may allow for targeted use of early therapeutic interventions to offset this natural course. We aimed to develop risk prediction models for Crohn’s disease-related surgery and complications.MethodsUsing data from the Randomised Evaluation of an Algorithm for Crohn’s Disease cluster-randomised clinical Trial [REACT], which involved 1898 patients from 40 community practices, separate prediction models were derived and internally validated for predicting Crohn’s disease-related surgery and disease-related complications [defined as the first disease-related surgery, hospitalisation, or complication within 24 months]. Model performance was assessed in terms of discrimination and calibration, decision curves, and net benefit analyses.ResultsThere were 130 [6.8%] disease-related surgeries and 504 [26.6%] complications during the 24-month follow-up period. Selected baseline predictors of surgery included age, gender, disease location, Harvey-Bradshaw Index [HBI] score, stool frequency, antimetabolite or 5-aminosalicylate use, and the presence of a fistula, abscess, or abdominal mass. Selected predictors of complications included those same factors for surgery, plus corticosteroid or anti-tumour necrosis factor use, but excluded 5-aminosalicylate use. Discrimination ability, as measured by validated c-statistics, was 0.70 and 0.62 for the surgery and complication models, respectively. Score charts and nomograms were developed to facilitate future risk score calculation.ConclusionsSeparate risk prediction models for Crohn’s disease-related surgery and complications were developed using clinical trial data involving community gastroenterology practices. These models could be used to guide Crohn’s disease management. External validation is warranted.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of PF-00547659 on Central Nervous System Immune Surveillance and
           Circulating β7+ T Cells in Crohn’s Disease: Report of the TOSCA Study
    • Authors: D’Haens G; Vermeire S, Vogelsang H, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsProgressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy [PML], a brain infection associated with anti-integrin drugs that inhibit lymphocyte translocation from bloodstream to tissue, can be fatal. Decreased central nervous system [CNS] immune surveillance leading to this infection has been reported in patients with multiple sclerosis or Crohn’s disease treated with anti-integrin antibody natalizumab. PF-00547659 is an investigational human monoclonal antibody for inflammatory bowel disease, targeted against α4β7-mucosal addressin cell-adhesion molecule-1 [the integrin ligand selectively expressed in the gut]. We hypothesised that this selective agent would not affect central nervous system immune surveillance.MethodsCerebrospinal fluid from five healthy volunteers, and from 10 patients with Crohn’s disease previously treated with immunosuppressants, was evaluated to assess the feasibility of the study. Subsequently, 39 patients with active Crohn’s disease and previous immunosuppression were evaluated over 12 weeks of PF-00547659-induction therapy. We measured total lymphocytes, T cell subsets in cerebrospinal fluid, and circulating β7+ memory cells. Disease activity was assessed using the Harvey–Bradshaw Index.ResultsPatients treated with PF-00547659 had no reduction of cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytes, T-lymphocyte subsets, or CD4:CD8 ratio, whereas circulating β7+ memory cells increased significantly. A total of 28/35 [80%] patients had a clinical response and 27/34 [79%] had disease remission. Treatment-related adverse events, none serious, were reported in 23/49 [47%] patients.ConclusionsIn patients with active Crohn’s disease, natalizumab therapy increases the risk for PML, and the increased risk is thought to be associated with iatrogenic leukopenia within the CNS. PML under PF-00547659 may be a lesser concern, as this agent did not reduce lymphocytes or T cell subsets in the cerebrospinal fluid.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • TREM-1 Inhibition Restores Impaired Autophagy Activity and Reduces Colitis
           in Mice
    • Authors: Kökten T; Gibot S, Lepage P, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsTriggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 [TREM-1] is known to amplify inflammation in several diseases. Autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum [ER] stress, which activate the unfolded protein response [UPR], are closely linked and defects in these pathways contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Both autophagy and UPR are deeply involved in host-microbiota interactions for the clearance of intracellular pathogens, thus contributing to dysbiosis. We investigated whether inhibition of TREM-1 would prevent aberrant inflammation by modulating autophagy and ER stress and preventing dysbiosis.MethodsAn experimental mouse model of colitis was established by dextran sulphate sodium treatment. TREM-1 was inhibited, either pharmacologically by LR12 peptide or genetically with Trem-1 knock-out [KO] mice. Colon tissues and faecal pellets of control and colitic mice were used. Levels of macroautophagy, chaperone-mediated autophagy [CMA], and UPR proteins were evaluated by western blotting. The composition of the intestinal microbiota was assessed by MiSeq sequencing in both LR12-treated and KO animals.ResultsWe confirmed that inhibition of TREM-1 attenuates the severity of colitis clinically, endoscopically and histologically. We observed an increase in macroautophagy [ATG1/ULK-1, ATG13, ATG5, ATG16L1, and MAP1LC3-I/II] and in CMA [HSPA8 and HSP90AA1], whereas there was a decrease in the UPR [PERK, IRE-1α, and ATF-6α] protein expression levels in TREM-1 inhibited colitic mice. TREM-1 inhibition prevented dysbiosis.ConclusionsTREM-1 may represent a novel drug target for the treatment of IBD, by modulating autophagy activity and ER stress.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Gastric Subepithelial Mass-like Involvement in Crohn’s Disease: Another
           Upper Gastrointestinal Manifestation'
    • Authors: Gonen C; Ozkara S.
      Abstract: A 55-year-old woman was referred for investigation of a gastric subepithelial lesion diagnosed incidentally during endoscopy. The patient had a 2-month history of abdominal pain, and a past medical history included hypothyroidism. Upper endoscopy revealed a 3-cm sized subepithelial lesion located in the gastric corpus, with superficial erosions due to biopsies performed during the first endoscopic examination [Figure 1A]. The lesion was firm and not indented when pressed with a biopsy forceps. Endoscopic ultrasound confirmed the presence of a 30-mm to 15-mm sized, ovoid, hypoechoic mass lesion involving the third (submucosa) and fourth (muscularis propria) endosonographic layers with ill-defined borders. Internal structure was not homogeneous, with more hypo- and hyper-echoic areas [Figure 1B]. Histological examination of endoscopic bite-on-bite biopsies showed focal chronic inflammation with abundant eosinophils and granulocytic infiltration. There were collections of epitheloid histiocytes forming ill-defined granulomas without acid-fast bacilli [Figure 1A, inset]. No Helicobacter pylori (Hp) were identified.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Severe Neonatal Lymphopenia Associated With Administration of
           Azathioprine to the Mother in a Context of Crohn’s Disease
    • Authors: Thomas C; Monteil-Ganiere C, Mirallié S, et al.
      Abstract: Azathioprine is commonly used in Crohn’s disease. It has been administered to many pregnant women over many years without significant side effects. However, pancytopenia and severe combined immune deficiency-like disease have been reported in infants whose mothers received azathioprine throughout pregnancy. Moreover, myelotoxicity has been described in patients being treated with azathioprine and having a low or absent thiopurine S-methyl transferase [TPMT] activity.Here, we describe the case of a newborn girl found to be highly lymphopenic [< 300 CD3+ T cells] after a positive newborn screening for severe combined immuno deficiency. The clinical examination was normal. The mother was treated with azathioprine throughout her pregnancy, without any reduction of the dose. It was shown that the mother was heterozygous for the 3A [TPMT] activity mutation and that the baby was homozygous for the same mutation; 6-thioguanine nucleotides were high (744 pmol/8.108 red blood cells [RBC]) in the mother and detectable in the infant [177 pmol/8.108 RBC].Although rare, this case illustrates the potential grave consequences of unsuspected TPMT homozygosity in a newborn of a mother receiving thiopurines during pregnancy. Because of the severity of the risk for the newborn, consideration should be given to performing maternal genetic testing and newborn routine blood count in cases of thiopurine treatment during pregnancy.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Oral Delivery of Nanoparticles Loaded With Ginger Active Compound,
           6-Shogaol, Attenuates Ulcerative Colitis and Promotes Wound Healing in a
           Murine Model of Ulcerative Colitis
    • Authors: Zhang M; Xu C, Liu D, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsOral drug delivery is the most attractive pathway for ulcerative colitis [UC] therapy, since it has many advantages. However, this strategy has encountered many challenges, including the instability of drugs in the gastrointestinal tract [GT], low targeting of disease tissues, and severe adverse effects. Nanoparticles capable of colitis tissue-targeted delivery and site-specific drug release may offer a unique and therapeutically effective system that addresses these formidable challenges.MethodsWe used a versatile single-step surface-functionalising technique to prepare PLGA/PLA-PEG-FA nanoparticles loaded with the ginger active compound, 6-shogaol [NPs-PEG-FA/6-shogaol]. The therapeutic efficacy of NPs-PEG-FA/6-shogaol was evaluated in the well-established mouse model of dextran sulphate sodium [DSS]-induced colitis.ResultsNPs-PEG-FA exhibited very good biocompatibility both in vitro and in vivo. Subsequent cellular uptake experiments demonstrated that NPs-PEG-FA could undergo efficient receptor-mediated uptake by colon-26 cells and activated Raw 264.7 macrophage cells. In vivo, oral administration of NPs-PEG-FA/6-shogaol encapsulated in a hydrogel system [chitosan/alginate] significantly alleviated colitis symptoms and accelerated colitis wound repair in DSS-treated mice by regulating the expression levels of pro-inflammatory [TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and iNOS] and anti-inflammatory [Nrf-2 and HO-1] factors.ConclusionsOur study demonstrates a convenient, orally administered 6-shogaol drug delivery system that effectively targets colitis tissue, alleviates colitis symptoms, and accelerates colitis wound repair. This system may represent a promising therapeutic approach for treating inflammatory bowel disease [IBD].
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
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