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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 274, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 547, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Crohn's and Colitis
  [SJR: 1.543]   [H-I: 37]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1873-9946 - ISSN (Online) 1876-4479
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Corrigendum: Third European Evidence-based Consensus on Diagnosis and
           Management of Ulcerative Colitis. Part 2: Current Management
    • Authors: Harbord M; Eliakim R, Bettenworth D, et al.
      Abstract: doi:10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx009
      PubDate: 2017-10-21
  • Corrigendum: Clinical Features and HLA Association of 5-Aminosalicylate
           (5-ASA)-induced Nephrotoxicity in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Authors: Heap G; So K, Weedon M, et al.
      Abstract: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjv219
      PubDate: 2017-08-23
  • Benzimidazoles Promote Anti-TNF Mediated Induction of Regulatory
           Macrophages and Enhance Therapeutic Efficacy in a Murine Model
    • Authors: Wildenberg M; Levin A, Ceroni A, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsRegulatory macrophages play a critical role in tissue repair, and we have previously shown that anti-tumour necrosis factor [TNF] antibodies induce these macrophages in vitro and in vivo in IBD patients. The induction of regulatory macrophages can be potentiated using the combination of anti-TNF and thiopurines, consistent with the enhanced efficacy of this combination therapy described in clinical trials. As thiopurines are unfortunately associated with significant side effects, we here aimed to identify alternatives for combination therapy with anti-TNF, using the macrophage induction model as a screening tool.MethodsMixed lymphocyte reactions were treated with anti-TNF and a library of 1600 drug compounds. Induction of CD14+CD206+ macrophages was analysed by flow cytometry. Positive hits were validated in vitro and in the T cell transfer model of colitis.ResultsAmong the 98 compounds potentiating the induction of regulatory macrophages by anti-TNF were six benzimidazoles, including albendazole. Albendazole treatment in the presence of anti-TNF resulted in alterations in the tubulin skeleton and signalling though AMPK, which was required for the enhanced induction. Combination therapy also increased expression levels of the immunoregulatory cytokine IL-10. In vivo, albendazole plus anti-TNF combination therapy was superior to monotherapy in a model of colitis, in terms of both induction of regulatory macrophages and improvement of clinical symptoms.ConclusionsAlbendazole enhances the induction of regulatory macrophages by anti-TNF and potentiates clinical efficacy in murine colitis. Given its favourable safety profile, these data indicate that the repurposing of albendazole may be a novel option for anti-TNF combination therapy in IBD.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16
  • Research Gaps in Diet and Nutrition in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. A
           Topical Review by D-ECCO Working Group [Dietitians of ECCO]
    • Authors: Sigall-Boneh R; Levine A, Lomer M, et al.
      Abstract: Although the current doctrine of IBD pathogenesis proposes an interaction between environmental factors and gut microbiota in genetically susceptible individuals, dietary exposures have attracted recent interest and are, at least in part, likely to explain the rapid rise in disease incidence and prevalence. The D-ECCO working group along with other ECCO experts with expertise in nutrition, microbiology, physiology, and medicine reviewed the evidence investigating the role of diet and nutritional therapy in the onset, perpetuation, and management of IBD. A narrative topical review is presented where evidence pertinent to the topic is summarised collectively under three main thematic domains: i] the role of diet as an environmental factor in IBD aetiology; ii] the role of diet as induction and maintenance therapy in IBD; and iii] assessment of nutritional status and supportive nutritional therapy in IBD. A summary of research gaps for each of these thematic domains is proposed, which is anticipated to be agenda-setting for future research in the area of diet and nutrition in IBD.
      PubDate: 2017-08-10
  • Impact of an Integrated Model of Care on Outcomes of Patients With
           Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Evidence From a Population-Based Study
    • Authors: Peña-Sánchez J; Lix L, Teare G, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsStudies evaluating the impact of integrated models of care [IMC] for inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] on disease-related outcomes are needed. We compared the risk of IBD-related outcomes and prescription medication claims between patients exposed and non-exposed to an IMC.MethodsA retrospective population-based matched cohort study was conducted between 2009 and 2015, using administrative health data of Saskatchewan, Canada. Patients aged 18+ years with a diagnosis of IBD were identified with a validated administrative definition. Cases were classified as exposed and non-exposed to the IMC for IBD and matched based on propensity scores and disease duration. IBD-related hospitalisations, surgeries, prescription medication claims, and corticosteroid dependency [CsDep] were measured. Cox and logistic regression models evaluated differences between the groups, estimating hazard [HRs] and odds [ORs] ratios with corresponding confidence intervals [CIs].ResultsIn total, 2312 matched patients were included; 24.3% were exposed individuals. Compared with non-exposed, exposed patients had a lower risk of IBD-related surgeries [HR = 0.78, 95% CI 0.61–0.99], higher risk of prescriptions of immune modulators [HR = 1.68, 95% CI 1.42–1.99], and biologics [HR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.52–2.27], and a lower risk of 5-aminosalicylic acid prescriptions [HR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.69–0.95]. A lower risk of IBD-related hospitalisations among exposed ulcerative colitis [UC] patients [HR = 0.66, 95% CI 0.49–0.89] was identified in stratified analyses. The odds of CsDep among exposed UC patients was 0.39 [95% CI 0.15–0.98].ConclusionsThe observed differences in disease-related outcomes and use of steroid-sparing maintenance therapies between exposed and non-exposed individuals support the concept that enhanced quality of care can be achieved within IMC for IBD.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
  • Fermentable Carbohydrates in IBD - Trouble Brewing'
    • Authors: Major G.
      Abstract: ‘Fibre’ means different things to different people. World, European and national definitions variously emphasise carbohydrate chain length, digestibility, and the particular monosaccharide components included. The European Food Safety Authority defines fibre as non-digestible carbohydrates with chain length of three or more monomeric units, and associated components of plant walls that are not carbohydrates, especially lignin.1 This broad definition includes oligosaccharides, such as oligofructose, that are artificially derived from larger molecules and commonly added to food during production.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
  • Endoscopic and Histological Mucosal Healing in Ulcerative Colitis in the
           First Year of Diagnosis: Results from a Population-based Inception Cohort
           from Six Countries in Asia
    • Authors: Leung C; Tang W, Kyaw M, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsMucosal healing is associated with improved long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis. This population-based study assessed endoscopic and histological mucosal healing within the first year of diagnosis.MethodsConsecutive patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis from six countries in Asia were prospectively enrolled. Clinical demographics, blood markers and inflammatory activity were assessed at baseline. Mayo score and Nancy index were used to assess endoscopic and histological activities, respectively. Clinical, endoscopic and histological evaluations were repeated at 1 year. Logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of mucosal healing.ResultsOf 433 ulcerative colitis patients, 202 [46.7%] underwent colonoscopy at 1 year. In total, 68 [38.2%] achieved endoscopic mucosal healing and 35 [23.1%] achieved histological mucosal healing. On multivariate analysis, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR] at diagnosis (odds ratio [OR], 0.332; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.133–0.830; p = 0.018) was a significant negative predictor of endoscopic mucosal healing at 1 year, while histological features of ulceration [OR, 0.156; 95% CI, 0.028–0.862; p = 0.033] and being an ex-smoker [OR, 0.067; 95% CI, 0.005–0.965; p = 0.047] were significant negative predictors of histological healing at 1 year. Both endoscopic and histological mucosal healing were associated with less steroid use [p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively] and hospitalization [p = 0.002 and p = 0.01, respectively].ConclusionsMucosal healing was achieved in fewer than half of patients with ulcerative colitis in the first year of diagnosis. An elevated ESR predicted less likelihood of endoscopic mucosal healing, while histological features of ulceration and being an ex-smoker at diagnosis predicted less likelihood of histological healing.
      PubDate: 2017-07-26
  • Prevalence of Malnutrition and Nutritional Characteristics of Patients
           With Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Authors: Casanova M; Chaparro M, Molina B, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsThis study sought to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, to analyse the dietary beliefs and behaviours of these patients, to study their body composition, to evaluate their muscular strength and to identify the factors associated with malnutrition in these patients.MethodsThis was a prospective, multicentre study. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis patients from 30 Spanish centres, from the outpatient clinics, were included. A questionnaire of 11 items was applied to obtain data from patients’ dietary behaviour and beliefs. Patients who accepted were evaluated to assess their nutritional status using Subjective Global Assessment and body mass index. Body composition was evaluated through bioelectrical impedance.ResultsA total of 1271 patients were included [51% women, median age 45 years, 60% Crohn’s disease]. Of these, 333 patients underwent the nutritional evaluation. A total of 77% of patients declared that they avoided some foods to prevent disease relapse. Eighty-six per cent of patients avoided some foods when they had disease activity because of fear of worsening the flare. Sixty-seven per cent of patients modified their dietary habits after disease diagnosis. The prevalence of malnutrition was 16% [95% confidence interval = 12–20%]. In the multivariate analysis, history of abdominal surgery, active disease and avoidance of some foods during flares were associated with higher risk of malnutrition.ConclusionsThe prevalence of malnutrition in inflammatory bowel disease patients was high. We identified some predictive factors of malnutrition. Most of the patients had self-imposed food restrictions, based on their beliefs.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24
  • The Impact of Ethnicity and Country of Birth on Inflammatory Bowel Disease
           Phenotype: a Prospective Cohort Study
    • Authors: Spekhorst L; Severs M, de Boer N, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsThe number of patients with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD], of non-Caucasian descent in Western Europe, is increasing. We aimed to explore the impact of ethnicity and country of birth on IBD phenotype.MethodsIBD patients treated in the eight University Medical Centers in The Netherlands [Dutch IBD Biobank] were divided into two groups according to their ethnicity: 1] Caucasian patients of Western and Central European descent [CEU]; and 2] patients of non-Caucasian descent [non-CEU]. The non-CEU group was subdivided according to country of birth, into: born in The Netherlands or Western Europe [non-CEU European born]; or born outside Western-Europe who migrated to The Netherlands [non-CEU non-European born]. Both comparisons were analysed for phenotype differences [by chi-square test].ResultsThe Dutch IBD Biobank included 2921 CEU patients and 233 non-CEU patients. Non-CEU Crohn’s disease [CD] patients more often had upper gastro-intestinal disease [16% vs 8%, p = 0.001] and anal stenosis [10% vs 4%, p = 0.002] than CEU CD patients. The use of anti-tumour necrosis factor [TNF] agents and immunomodulators was higher in non-CEU IBD patients than in CEU IBD patients [45% vs 38%, p = 0.042] and [77% vs 66%, p = 0.001], respectively. Non-CEU IBD patients born in Europe [n = 116] were diagnosed at a lower age than non-CEU IBD patients born outside Europe [n = 115] [at 22.7 vs 28.9 years old, p < 0.001].ConclusionNon-Caucasians had more severe disease behaviour than Caucasians. Non-CEU patients born in Europe were diagnosed at a lower age with IBD than those born outside Europe who migrated to The Netherlands.
      PubDate: 2017-07-22
  • T Lymphocytes Expressing AlphaE Beta7 Integrin in Ulcerative Colitis:
           Associations With Cellular Lineage and Phenotype
    • Authors: Lamb C; Kirby J, Keir M, et al.
      Abstract: We thank Dr Horjus Talabur Horje for the comments on T cell lineage commitment in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] and the role of αE integrin expression on CD8+ T cells. αEβ7 integrin is expressed primarily on T cells in the gut, with 90–95% of αE+ cells in the colon co-staining for CD3.1αE+ cells display preferential localisation to the intestinal epithelium, where close interplay exists between leukocytes, epithelial cells, and microbiota.2,3
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
  • In Patients With Perianal Crohn’s Fistulas, What Are the Outcomes When
           ‘Radiological Healing’ Is Achieved' Does Radiological Healing of
           Perianal Crohn’s Fistulas Herald the Time Point for Stopping a
    • Authors: Mak W; Lung P, Hart A.
      Abstract: Management of perianal Crohn’s fistula (pCF) is challenging. Previous studies have shown radiological healing lags behind clinical healing by ~12 months.1 Cessation of anti-TNFα therapy can lead to recurrence of perianal fistulas.1 So far, there has been no report on outcome for this group of patients after achieving radiological healing. Definition of radiological healing is controversial; however, we define it as complete resolution of the previous high signal tract, or a subtle, narrow-calibre intermediate signal residual tract (frequently with low signal borders resembling train tracks). We conducted a retrospective review of a group of patients who achieved complete radiological healing on MRI, and catalogued their disease course.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
  • Successful Treatment With Vedolizumab in a Patient With Chronic Refractory
           Pouchitis and Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
    • Authors: Coletta M; Paroni M, Caprioli F.
      Abstract: We would like to document successful vedolizumab treatment in a 33-year-old man with anti-tumour necrosis factor [TNF]-refractory chronic pouchitis and concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis [PSC]. The patient had been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis [UC] and PSC in 2011 and, due to the unresponsiveness to medical management, he underwent restorative proctocolectomy with ileo-anal pouch anastomosis between 2013 and 2014. As soon as 3 months after ileostomy closure, chronic pouchitis occurred, refractory to antibiotics and anti-TNF. Thus, vedolizumab was started in June 2016, leading to a marked improvement in clinical symptoms, which was maintained up at the end of follow-up [Week 34]. Compared with baseline [T = 0], Week 14 endoscopy [T = 1] documented complete resolution of erosions and ulcerations and reduced histological inflammation [Figure 1A]. Importantly, no treatment-related side effects, including no worsening of liver tests, were observed. The patient is currently under successful maintenance therapy with vedolizumab every 8 weeks.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
  • Fermentable Carbohydrates [FODMAPs] Exacerbate Functional Gastrointestinal
           Symptoms in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Randomised,
           Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Cross-over, Re-challenge Trial
    • Authors: Cox S; Prince A, Myers C, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsPreliminary evidence suggests that fermentable carbohydrate restriction might ameliorate functional gastrointestinal symptoms [FGS] in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Our aim was to determine whether fermentable carbohydrates exacerbate FGS in IBD using a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, re-challenge trial.MethodsPatients with quiescent IBD and FGS responsive to a low FODMAP diet were allocated to a series of 3-day [d] fermentable carbohydrate challenges in random order [fructan, 12 g/d; galacto-oligosaccharides [GOS] 6 g/d; sorbitol, 6 g/d; and glucose placebo, 12 g/d], each separated by a washout period. Symptoms and stool output were measured daily during the challenges.ResultsThirty-two patients with IBD, fulfilling criteria for irritable bowel syndrome, functional bloating, or functional diarrhoea, were recruited and data were available for 29 patients completing all arms [12 Crohn’s disease, 17 ulcerative colitis]. Significantly fewer patients reported adequate relief of FGS on the final day day of the fructan challenge [18/29, 62.1%] compared with glucose [26/29, 89.7%] [p = 0.033]. There was greater severity of pain [1.1 vs 0.5, p = 0.004], bloating [1.3 vs 0.6, p = 0.002], flatulence [1.5 vs 0.7, p = 0.004], and faecal urgency [0.9 vs 0.4, p = 0.014] on the final day of fructan challenge compared with glucose.ConclusionsAt the relatively high doses used, fructans, but not GOS or sorbitol, exacerbated FGS in quiescent IBD. Further research is required to determine whether a low FODMAP diet reduces FGS in IBD and the degree of FODMAP restriction required for symptom improvement.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14
  • Outcome of elective withdrawal of anti-tumour necrosis factor-α therapy
           in patients with Crohn's disease in established remission *
    • Authors: Brooks A; Sebastian S, Cross S, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsOutcomes of cessation of anti-TNF therapy for Crohn’s disease (CD) in clinical and/or endoscopic remission in routine clinical practice is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes and factors associated with relapse in CD patients following formal disease assessment and elective anti-TNF withdrawal.MethodsProspective observational study of CD patients in whom anti-TNF therapy was stopped electively after ≥12months and follow-up of ≥6months. Investigations at assessment prior to cessation included ≥1 of clinical assessment, endoscopic and/or imaging. Relapse was defined as recurrent symptoms of CD requiring medical or surgical therapy.ResultsEighty-six patients received anti-TNF for a median duration of 23 (12–80) months for severe active luminal (70%), fistulating perianal (25.5%) and other fistulating disease (4.5%). Relapse rates at 90,180 and 365days were 4.7%, 18.6% and 36%, respectively. If anti-TNF dose escalation occurred 6months prior to withdrawal, 88% (7/8) relapsed. Based on multivariate analysis, risk factors for relapse include ileocolonic disease at diagnosis and previous anti-TNF therapy. An elevated faecal calprotectin (FC) is likely to predict relapse (p=0.02), with a PPV of 66.7% at >50μg/g. Of 36 patients who relapsed, 31 were retreated with anti-TNF, with an overall recapture rate of 93%. ConclusionRelapse rates at 1year following elective withdrawal of anti-TNF are 36%, with high retreatment response rate. Predictors of relapse include ileocolonic involvement, previous anti-TNF therapy and raised FC. Endoscopic/radiologic assessment prior to cessation of therapy does not appear to predict those at lower risk of relapse.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
  • Corrigendum: Budesonide Multimatrix Is Efficacious for
           Mesalamine-refractory, Mild to Moderate Ulcerative Colitis: A Randomised,
           Placebo-controlled Trial
    • Authors: Rubin D; Cohen R, Sandborn W, et al.
      Abstract: David T. Rubin,a Russell D. Cohen,a William J. Sandborn,b Gary R. Lichtenstein,c Jeffrey Axler,d Robert H. Riddell,e Cindy Zhu,f Andrew C. Barrett,f Enoch Bortey,f William P. Forbesf
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
  • Corrigendum: Malignancies in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease
           (IBD): Results from 20 Years of Follow-up in the IBSEN (Inflammatory Bowel
           South-Eastern Norway) Study
    • Authors: Hovde Ø; Høivik M, Henriksen M, et al.
      Abstract: doi:10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw193
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
  • Cellular and Molecular Mediators of Intestinal Fibrosis
    • Authors: Lawrance I; Rogler G, Bamias G, et al.
      Abstract: Intestinal fibrosis is a major complication of the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and although inflammation is necessary for its development, it would appear that it plays a minor role in its progression as anti-inflammatory treatments in IBD do not prevent fibrosis once it has started. The processes that regulate fibrosis would thus appear to be distinct from those regulating inflammation and, therefore, a detailed understanding of these pathways is vital to the development of anti-fibrogenic strategies. There have been several recent reviews exploring what is known, and what remains unknown, about the development of intestinal fibrosis. This review is designed to add to this literature but with a focus on the cellular components that are involved in the development of fibrogenesis and the major molecular mediators that impact on these cells. The aim is to heighten the understanding of the factors involved in intestinal fibrogenesis so that detailed research can be encouraged in order to advance the processes that could lead to effective treatments.
      PubDate: 2015-11-02
  • Development of a Web-based, self-reporting symptom diary for Crohn's
           Disease, and its correlation with the Crohn's Disease Activity Index ☆
    • Authors: Kim E; Park K, Cho K, et al.
      Abstract: Background and AimsCrohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) is complex, time-consuming, and impractical. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a newly developed, simple, web-based self-reporting Crohn's Disease symptom diary (CDSD) was as effective as CDAI in assessing disease severity.MethodsCDSD consisted of 5 clinical parameters based on the Harvey–Bradshaw Index (HBI), which could easily be recorded online, by using CDSD website ( Images were added to help patients better understand complications. All patients were asked to visit the website and record their symptoms 7 days before their next hospital appointment. CDAI scores were calculated at the subsequent hospital visit. The collected data were analyzed to determine if the CDAI scores correlated with those obtained from CDSD, and to define a cut-off value of CDSD that would be representative of disease remission.ResultsAnalysis of 171 visits showed a positive correlation between scores from CDSD and CDAI (Spearman correlation coefficient r = 0.720, p < 0.001). Receiver Operating Characteristic curves showed CDSD score ≤5 points as corresponding with CDAI score ≤150 points (clinical remission). Using a cut-off value of 5 points by CDSD, the positive and negative predictive values for clinical remission were 91.7% and 88.5%, respectively.ConclusionThis study demonstrates that CDSD correlated well with CDAI. CDSD score of 5 is the cut-off value for clinical remission (CDAI score ≤150). Use of CDSD might permit a simple, patient-friendly assessment of CD activity, which can provide useful early-phase information on patients with CD as part of their long-term clinical assessment.
      PubDate: 2015-10-17
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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