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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 298, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 565, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil
  [SJR: 1.233]   [H-I: 88]   [54 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1054-3139 - ISSN (Online) 1095-9289
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • A review of the impacts of fisheries on open-ocean ecosystems
    • Authors: Ortuño Crespo G; Dunn D, Travers-Trolet M.
      Pages: 2283 - 2297
      Abstract: AbstractOpen‐ocean fisheries expanded rapidly from the 1960s through the 1980s, when global fish catches peaked, plateaued and possibly began to decline. While catches remain at best stagnant, fishing effort globally continues to increase. The likelihood of ecosystem impacts occurring due to fishing is related to fishing effort and is thus also expected to be increasing. Despite this rapid growth, ecological research into the impacts of fisheries on open‐ocean environments has lagged behind coastal and deep-sea environments. This review addresses this knowledge gap by considering the roles fisheries play in controlling the open-ocean at three ecological scales: (i) species (population or stock); (ii) biological community; and (iii) ecosystem. We find significant evidence for top-down control at the species and community scales. While evidence of ecosystem-level impacts in the open-ocean were not explicit in the literature, we provide examples of these impacts in several marine pelagic systems and encourage further research at this ecological scale. At the species level, fishing can reduce abundance, and alter physiology and life history traits, which, in turn, affect the functional role of the species within the biological community. Fishing may also induce changes to open-ocean community trophodynamics, and reduce biodiversity and resilience in open-ocean ecosystems. Our ability to manage open-ocean ecosystems has significant implications for provisioning of ecosystem services and food security. However, we posit that the monitoring required to assure the sustainability of open-ocean ecosystems is not being undertaken, and will require coordination with the Global Ocean Observing System, industry, and academia.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx084
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Integrated modelling to support decision-making for marine
           social–ecological systems in Australia
    • Authors: Melbourne-Thomas J; Constable A, Fulton E, et al.
      Pages: 2298 - 2308
      Abstract: AbstractPolicy- and decision-makers require assessments of status and trends for marine species, habitats, and ecosystems to understand if human activities in the marine environment are sustainable, particularly in the face of global change. Central to many assessments are statistical and dynamical models of populations, communities, ecosystems, and their socioeconomic systems and management frameworks. The establishment of a national system that could facilitate the development of such model-based assessments has been identified as a priority for addressing management challenges for Australia’s marine environment. Given that most assessments require cross-scale information, individual models cannot capture all of the spatial, temporal, biological, and socioeconomic scales that are typically needed. Coupling or integrating models across scales and domains can expand the scope for developing comprehensive and internally consistent, system-level assessments, including higher-level feedbacks in social–ecological systems. In this article, we summarize: (i) integrated modelling for marine systems currently being undertaken in Australia, (ii) methods used for integration and comparison of models, and (iii) improvements to facilitate further integration, particularly with respect to standards and specifications. We consider future needs for integrated modelling of marine social–ecological systems in Australia and provide a set of recommendations for priority focus areas in the development of a national approach to integrated modelling. These recommendations draw on—and have broader relevance for—international efforts around integrated modelling to inform decision-making for marine systems.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx078
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Deep thinking: a systematic review of mesophotic coral ecosystems
    • Authors: Turner J; Babcock R, Hovey R, et al.
      Pages: 2309 - 2320
      Abstract: AbstractMesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) occur at depths beyond those typically associated with coral reefs. Significant logistical challenges associated with data collection in deep water have resulted in a limited understanding of the ecological relevance of these deeper coral ecosystems. We review the trends in this research, covering the geographic spread of MCE research, the focus of these studies, the methods used, how MCEs differ in terms of species diversity and begin to assess connectivity of coral populations. Clear locational biases were observed, with studies concentrated in a few discrete areas mainly around the Atlantic region. The focus of MCE studies has diversified in recent years and more detailed aspects of MCE ecology are now being investigated in particular areas of research. Advances in technology are also reflected in the current range of research, with a wider variety of methods now employed. However, large information gaps are present in entire regions and particularly in relation to the threats, impacts and subsequent management of MCEs. Analysis of species diversity shows that initial definitions based on depth alone may not be appropriate globally, while further taxonomic resolution may also be required to deduce the full biodiversity of major groups in certain regions. Genetic studies to date show species-specific results, although distinct deeper populations do appear to exist, which raises questions regarding the potential of MCEs to act as refugia.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx085
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Sixteen lessons from a 40-year quest to understand the mysterious life of
           the grey triggerfish
    • Authors: Gerlotto F; Browman H.
      Pages: 2321 - 2332
      Abstract: AbstractFish stock assessments based solely on energy flow through the ecosystem are not good predictors of population dynamics. To accurately forecast the response of populations within one or more ecological regimes, consideration must be given to non-trophic mechanisms allowing interactions inside the system, and fish behaviour in response to changes in their habitats. The example of the grey triggerfish (Balistes capriscus) in West Africa shows that fisheries biology is unable to model satisfactorily the life of a fish population. The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries improves the models but does not overcome this fundamental limitation. Data from direct observations of fish biology and behaviour must be added to the catch and environmental data to help to design energetic-cybernetic models in order to anticipate non-linear and chaotic dynamics. This requires adding data collected by fishers (e.g. underwater acoustics) to scientific data bases, conceiving environmental indicators (e.g. habitat), and using scenarios to anticipate the reactions of populations to regime shifts. It also requires a good understanding of the population structures and strategies. We developed the concept of “pelagic metapopulation” which, through comparative analysis with the jack mackerel (Trachurus murphyi), allowed us to propose a hypothesis explaining the history of the grey triggerfish population.
      PubDate: 2017-05-25
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx086
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Pelagic habitat: exploring the concept of good environmental status
    • Authors: Dickey-Collas M; McQuatters-Gollop A, Bresnan E, et al.
      Pages: 2333 - 2341
      Abstract: AbstractMarine environmental legislation is increasingly expressing a need to consider the quality of pelagic habitats. This paper uses the European Union marine strategy framework to explore the concept of good environmental status (GES) of pelagic habitat with the aim to build a wider understanding of the issue. Pelagic ecosystems have static, persistent and ephemeral features, with manageable human activities primarily impacting the persistent features. The paper explores defining the meaning of “good”, setting boundaries to assess pelagic habitat and the challenges of considering habitat biodiversity in a moving medium. It concludes that for pelagic habitats to be in GES and able to provide goods and services to humans, three conditions should be met: (i) all species present under current environmental conditions should be able to find the pelagic habitats essential to close their life cycles; (ii) biogeochemical regulation is maintained at normal levels; (iii) critical physical dynamics and movements of biota and water masses at multiple scales are not obstructed. Reference points for acceptable levels of each condition and how these may change over time in line with prevailing oceanographic conditions, should be discussed by knowledge brokers, managers and stakeholders. Managers should think about a habitat hydrography rather than a habitat geography. Setting the bounds of the habitats requires a consideration of dimension, scale and gradients. It is likely that to deal with the challenges caused by a dynamic environment and the relevance of differing spatial and temporal scales, we will need to integrate multidisciplinary empirical data sets with spatial and temporal models to assess and monitor progress towards, or displacement from GES of the pelagic habitat.
      PubDate: 2017-08-20
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx158
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Salmon lice infestations on sea trout predicts infestations on migrating
           salmon post-smolts
    • Authors: Vollset K; Halttunen E, Finstad B, et al.
      Pages: 2354 - 2363
      Abstract: AbstractImpacts of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis or Caligus spp.) on wild salmonids is currently one of the most important issues facing management of fish farms in salmon producing countries in the northern hemisphere. Surveillance of sea lice on wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is often hampered by the ability to catch enough migrating post-smolts. Therefore, sea lice abundance on anadromous trout (Salmo trutta) is often used to infer sea lice abundance on migrating salmon post-smolt. However, the assumption that there is a relationship between the abundance of lice on salmon and trout has never been tested. Here we use a dataset of sea lice on salmon post-smolt and sea trout that have been caught simultaneously in trawl hauls, to evaluate the correlation in abundance of sea lice between the two species using various statistical models. We demonstrate that trout generally has higher abundances of sea lice than salmon. Average lice per gram fish on sea trout (log transformed) predicted the abundance of lice on salmon best. Negative binomial models of lice counts were preferable to using trout lice counts as direct estimates of salmon lice abundance, and they had better predictive ability than logit models of high (vs. low) lice counts. Including the size of the salmon increased the predictive ability of the model, but these data are not generally available. The effect of salmon weight may have been a direct effect of body size, or an indirect effect of time spent in marine waters. Finally, we predict lower salmon lice counts on migrating salmon with our selected binomial model than with the current method of using trout lice counts as a direct estimator on salmon lice counts, and demonstrate that management advice would change considerably depending on the chosen method.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx090
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Quantifying and predicting responses to a US West Coast salmon fishery
           closure
    • Authors: Richerson K; Holland D, Schmidt J.
      Pages: 2364 - 2378
      Abstract: AbstractAs anthropogenic changes interact with natural climate cycles, the variability of marine ecosystems is likely to increase. Changes in productivity of particular fisheries might be expected to lead not only to direct impacts within a fishery but to economic and ecological effects on other fisheries if there is substantial cross-participation by fishers. We use data from the US West Coast salmon troll fishery before, during, and after a large-scale closure to illustrate how altered resource availability influences the behaviour of fishing vessels in heterogeneous ways. We find that vessels were less likely to participate in fishing of any type during the closure, with >40% of vessels ceasing fishing temporarily and 17% exiting permanently. Vessels that were more dependent on salmon were more likely to cease fishing while more diversified vessels were more likely to continue. In spite of a high level of cross-participation, we find limited evidence that vessels increased their participation in other fisheries to offset lost salmon revenue. Ports that obtained more of their revenue from salmon troll vessels saw larger decreases in their revenue during the closure. Ocean conditions from 2013 to 2015 suggest the possibility of another highly restricted salmon fishing season in 2017. Our models predict that such restrictions would cause another economic disaster and lead to a large fraction of vessels exiting fishing but suggest that effects on fisheries linked by cross-participation are likely to be low.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx093
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • The influence of complex structure on the spatial dynamics of Atlantic cod
           ( Gadus morhua ) in the Gulf of Maine
    • Authors: Guan L; Chen Y, Staples K, et al.
      Pages: 2379 - 2388
      Abstract: AbstractAtlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) is an iconic marine fishery stock that has experienced a substantial distributional shift since the mid-1990s. A geostatistical delta-generalized linear mixed model was utilized to hindcast yearly season-specific distributions of GOM cod. These distributions were calculated using the spring and fall bottom trawl survey data for the stock, along with cell-based bathymetry and bottom temperature data for the study area for the years 1982–2013. The centre of stock distribution (the centre of gravity), spatial extent in latitude and longitude, area occupied and median habitat temperature were estimated annually to quantify changes in the spatial dynamics of GOM cod. Time series of these distributional metrics were then used to evaluate the influences of climate change and density-dependent habitat selection on GOM cod’s distribution. Results showed that the rapid southwestward shift in the stock distribution after the late 1990s could not simply be attributed to decreasing stock abundance or warming bottom temperatures. The observed shift in cod distribution requires further investigation on whether it is possibly a result of other factors, like fluctuating productivity among subpopulations.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx064
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Ontogenetic development of otolith shape during settlement of juvenile
           Barents Sea cod ( Gadus morhua )
    • Authors: Irgens C; Kjesbu O, Folkvord A, et al.
      Pages: 2389 - 2397
      Abstract: AbstractThis study documents how settlement of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the Barents Sea affects otolith growth and morphology. A simple method to objectively discriminate between age 0 and age 1 cod sampled in late summer was demonstrated by using only two otolith morphometric descriptors: area and perimeter. In the pre-settled 0-group cod, otolith lobe formation clearly increased with fish size, resulting in high otolith crenulation. This trend was disrupted during settlement, resulting in noticeably less crenulated otoliths of the settled 1-group cod sampled in winter. Combined observations of otolith shape, fish size, and body condition suggest that environmental factors associated with settlement during autumn, particularly reduced food intake, directly affect lobe formation leading to less crenulated otoliths. Comparably reduced body condition and otolith crenulation of 0-group cod in bottom trawls (vs. pelagic trawls) may indicate early settlement or vertical exploratory behaviour in the Barents Sea Ecosystem Survey (in August–September) and, thus, an underrepresentation of 0-group cod from pelagic trawling.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx088
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Expanding the conceptual framework of the spatial population structure and
           life history of jack mackerel in the eastern South Pacific: an oceanic
           seamount region as potential spawning/nursery habitat
    • Authors: Parada C; Gretchina A, Vásquez S, et al.
      Pages: 2398 - 2414
      Abstract: AbstractJuvenile jack mackerel were found in 2009 in the Challenger break and the East Pacific ridge (CHAEPR). This seamount region is ∼3500 km from the coastal historic jack mackerel nursery grounds off Chile (north of 30°S). We reviewed historic evidence of juveniles around this seamount and data on several local environmental conditions: sea surface temperature, chlorophyll-a, wind, turbulence levels, and Eddy kinetic energy (EKE). A Lagrangian model for the early life stages of jack mackerel in the eastern South Pacific was used to assess the potential of the seamount region as a permanent nursery ground. Transport/retention mechanisms were assessed by releasing virtual particles coupled to a growth model into the flow simulated by an eddy-resolving ocean model. Model simulations showed high inter-annual variability for particle retention in the seamount region; high retention levels were associated with low EKE such that the particles were retained for several months. Satellite altimetry has shown a local minimum in eddy activity in the region where the juveniles were observed; this minimum was consistent with the above temporal relationship. The inclusion of the CHAEPR oceanic seamount region as a potential nursery ground for jack mackerel expands the current conceptual framework for the spatial population structure of this species in the South Pacific off central Chile proposed by Arcos et al. (The jack mackerel fishery and El Niño 1997–98 effects off Chile. Progress in Oceanography 49: 597–617, 2001). Finally, we discuss the relevance of seamounts playing a double role (spawning and nursery grounds) from the standpoint of conservation and biodiversity.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx065
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Inferring the annual, seasonal, and spatial distributions of marine
           
    • Authors: Bourdaud P; Travers-Trolet M, Vermard Y, et al.
      Pages: 2415 - 2426
      Abstract: AbstractThe objective of this study is to analyse at fine scale the annual, seasonal and spatial distributions of several species in the Eastern English Channel (EEC). On the one hand, data obtained from scientific surveys are not available all year through, but are considered to provide consistent yearly and spatially resolved abundance indices. On the other hand, on-board commercial data do cover the whole year, but generally provide a biased perception of stock abundance. The combination of scientific and commercial catches per unit of effort (CPUEs), standardized using a delta-generalized linear model, allowed to infer spatial and monthly dynamics of fish distributions in the EEC, which could be compared with previous knowledge on their life cycles. Considering the scientific survey as a repository, the degree of reliability of commercial CPUEs was assessed with survey-based distribution using the Local Index of Collocation. Large scale information was in agreement with literature, especially for cuttlefish. Fine scale consistency between survey and commercial data was significant for half of the 19 tested species (e.g. whiting, cod). For the other species (e.g. plaice, thornback ray), the results were inconclusive, mainly owing to poor commercial data coverage and/or to particular aspects of the species biology.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx092
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Ridge virtual population analysis to reduce the instability of fishing
           mortalities in the terminal year
    • Authors: Okamura H; Yamashita Y, Ichinokawa M, et al.
      Pages: 2427 - 2436
      Abstract: AbstractTuned virtual population analyses are widely used for fisheries stock assessments. However, accurately estimating abundances and fishing mortality coefficients in the terminal year using tuned virtual population analyses is generally difficult, particularly when there is a limited number of available abundance indices. We propose a new method of integrating the tuned virtual population analyses with a ridge regression approach. In our method, penalization in the ridge regression is applied to the age-specific fishing mortalities in the terminal year, and the penalty parameter is automatically selected by minimizing the retrospective bias. Therefore, our method is able to simultaneously obtain a stable estimation of fishing mortality coefficients in the terminal year and reduce retrospective bias. Simulation tests based on the northern Japan Sea stock of walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) in the Sea of Japan demonstrated that this method yielded less biased estimates of abundances and avoided overestimations of fishing mortality coefficients in the terminal year. In addition, despite limited abundance indices, our method can perform reliable abundance estimations even under hyperstability and hyperdepletion conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx089
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Endogenous fishing mortalities: a state-space bioeconomic model
    • Authors: Da-Rocha J; García-Cutrín J, Gutiérrez M, et al.
      Pages: 2437 - 2447
      Abstract: AbstractA methodology that endogenously determines catchability functions that link fishing mortality with contemporaneous stock abundance is presented. We consider a stochastic age-structured model for a fishery composed by a number of fishing units (fleets, vessels or métiers) that optimally select the level of fishing effort to be applied considering total mortalities as given. The introduction of a balance constrain which guarantees that total mortality is equal to the sum of individual fishing mortalities optimally selected, enables total fishing mortality to be determined as a combination of contemporaneous abundance and stochastic processes affecting the fishery. In this way, future abundance can be projected as a dynamic system that depends on contemporaneous abundance. The model is generic and can be applied to several issues of fisheries management. In particular, we illustrate how to apply the methodology to assess the floating band target management regime for controlling fishing mortalities which is inspired in the new multi-annual plans. Our results support this management regime for the Mediterranean demersal fishery in Northern Spain.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx067
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Trade-offs between forage fish fisheries and their predators in the
           California Current
    • Authors: Koehn L; Essington T, Marshall K, et al.
      Pages: 2448 - 2458
      Abstract: AbstractForage fish generate economic benefits through directed fisheries, but also generate benefits through their role as prey to other valued species (large piscivorous fish, seabirds, and marine mammals). Previous evaluations of the ecosystem consequences of forage fish fisheries used models with coarse taxonomic resolution of forage fish and their predators. Here, we quantify trade-offs between forage fish fisheries and predator fisheries, and between forage fish fisheries and species of conservation interest in the California Current, using a taxonomically detailed foodweb model and a generalized equilibrium model. We propagated uncertainty in trade-offs to forage fish fishing based on uncertainty in foodweb model parameterization and uncertainty in predator–prey functional relationships in the generalized equilibrium model. The model predicted loss in catch of some higher trophic level fisheries [mainly salmon (Oncorhynchus sp.) and halibut (Paralichthys californicus)] from fishing sardine (Sardinops sagax), anchovy (Engraulis mordax), herring (Clupea pallasii), or aggregated forage fish, but the lost economic revenue from predators never exceeded the economic benefit from additional forage fish catch. Predicted reductions in biomass of seabirds and marine mammals were sufficiently large that, depending on the value of these nonmarket species, consideration of nonmarket predators could tip the balance of trade-offs toward conservation of forage fish and away from harvest. This work highlights specific predators [brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), marbled murrelets (Brachyramphus marmoratus), multiple other seabirds, sea lions (Zalophus californianus and Eumetopias jubatus), baleen whales (Mysticeti)] that are potentially sensitive to specific forage fish fisheries in the California Current.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx072
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • High fishing intensity reduces females’ sperm reserve and brood
           fecundity in a eubrachyuran crab subject to sex- and size-biased harvest
    • Authors: Pardo L; Riveros M, Fuentes J, et al.
      Pages: 2459 - 2469
      Abstract: AbstractSize-selective male fisheries may result in sperm limitation whereby the number of sperm is insufficient to fertilize all oöcytes produced by females. In eubrachyuran crabs, females have seminal receptacles for sperm storage which may reduce the risk of sperm limitation over their lifetime. In this study on the commercially exploited eubrachyuran Metacarcinus edwardsii, we evaluate the sperm limitation hypothesis by measuring female reproductive success in five Chilean populations subjected to low or high fishing intensity. The quantity and viability of sperm stored by females was measured in each season and population, and related to resulting brood fecundity. Females’ sperm reserve was larger when fishing intensity was low than when it was high—paralleling previously demonstrated differences in males’ sperm reserve—and especially in the season before oviposition. Sperm viability was in general high (92%) and independent of fishing intensity. Mean brood fecundity adjusted to constant female size was about 60% greater under low compared with high fishing intensity. Thus, in M. edwardsii, population reproductive output could be depressed by male-biased fishing in spite of female sperm storage capability.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx077
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Evaluating the interaction of the invasive tunicate Didemnum vexillum with
           the Atlantic sea scallop Placopecten magellanicus on open and closed
           fishing grounds of Georges Bank
    • Authors: Kaplan K; Hart D, Hopkins K, et al.
      Pages: 2470 - 2479
      Abstract: AbstractAn invasive colonial tunicate (Didemnum vexillum) was initially observed on Georges Bank in 1998, and it has since spread in benthic environments on fishing grounds and areas closed to bottom-fishing. It can form dense mats on gravel substrates that are also a preferred habitat for the Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus), which supports one of the most valuable commercial fisheries in the United States. We used HabCam, a vessel-towed underwater imaging system, to investigate the spatial distributions of P. magellanicus and D. vexillum in a region that includes fishing grounds and an area protected from bottom-fishing. We found a negative relationship between P. magellanicus and D. vexillum, even after controlling for substrate and management status, suggesting that D. vexillum competes for habitat with P. magellanicus. We also applied the geostatistical method of universal kriging to interpolate the distribution of D. vexllium based on the covariables gravel, depth and area. Our results indicate that D. vexillum is more common in areas open to fishing than in the areas closed to fishing, even taking bottom substrate effects into account. Didemnum vexillum appears to have spread over portions of the northern edge of Georges Bank. This research evaluates potential fish and invertebrate habitat degradation caused by an invasive species.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx076
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Estimating escapement of fish and invertebrates in a Danish anchor seine
    • Authors: Noack T; Madsen N, Mieske B, et al.
      Pages: 2480 - 2488
      Abstract: AbstractThe codend is generally presumed to be the place where the main selectivity of fish occurs in towed fishing gears, but other parts of the net have been found to contribute to the selectivity process of several invertebrate species. This means that conventional selectivity or survival studies may ignore the selectivity of net parts other than the codend for certain species. By attaching 12 small meshed collecting bags to different parts of a Danish anchor seine net and conducting normal commercial fishing activities, this study showed that there is a substantial escapement of fish and (especially) invertebrates from the forward parts of the seine net. For seven species of demersal fish, most fish escaped through the lower panel close to the codend. All invertebrate species were found in higher numbers in the collecting bags than in the codend where many organisms escaped in the lower panel of the wings or the belly. Mean levels of visible damage ranged from 1.00 to 3.25 for collected invertebrates and were similar for all gear parts. Common starfish (Asterias rubens), however, showed highest damage in the extension part of the net.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx066
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Comment on “Bioerosion: the other ocean acidification problem”: on
           field studies and mechanisms
    • Authors: Silbiger N; DeCarlo T, Norkko J.
      Pages: 2489 - 2493
      Abstract: AbstractIn a recent review, “Bioerosion: the other ocean acidification problem,” Schönberg et al. claim that studies of bioerosion across natural chemical gradients are “flawed” or “compromised” by co-variation among environmental factors. Their discussion falls largely on two publications, Silbiger et al. and DeCarlo et al. Here, we demonstrate that critical errors in plotting, statistical analysis, and data selection in Schönberg et al.’s reanalysis, result in a gross misrepresentation of these studies. Further, we argue three key points regarding field-based studies that require broader discussion within the bioerosion community and marine scientists in general: (1) that natural variability in field studies is not a flaw, (2) interpretations must be supported by mechanistic understanding, and (3) field-based studies play an essential role in elucidating interactions between OA and natural variability that is not captured by laboratory CO2-manipulation experiments. Our goal with this comment is to encourage open discussion of the advantages and caveats of field-based studies in general, and ultimately, advance our understanding of bioerosion patterns observed in nature.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx069
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Viewpoints in bioerosion research—are we really disagreeing' A reply
           to the comment by Silbiger and DeCarlo (2017)
    • Authors: Schönberg C; Tribollet A, Fang J, et al.
      Pages: 2494 - 2500
      Abstract: A recent literature review by Schönberg et al. (2017) on bioerosion under ocean acidification and global change led to a detailed comment by Silbiger and DeCarlo (2017). We use the opportunity to reply to this comment, to correct misinterpreted data and to further stimulate the discussion in bioerosion science. We still believe that our paper and the included method discussion were timely. Most discussed studies captured only a partial bioeroder community, for which upscaling and generalization remains difficult. However, after re-visiting Silbiger et al. (2014) we would like to propose a new interpretation: Their net bioerosion/accretion did not change along a natural gradient, but may have responded to localized pH “anomalies”. In general, we encourage future authors to more often consider that biological responses can be non-linear and discuss this in the context of bathymetry-related variables. We agree with Silbiger and DeCarlo (2017) in that conclusions should be reached by methods and data relevant to that particular situation and by sufficient sample sizes, all being strongly influenced by the research design and the targeted bioeroder taxa. We further agree that field studies are not automatically flawed, but needed to confirm controlled aquarium experiments and to assess multiple factor interactions in natural settings.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx167
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • AUV-based acoustic observations of the distribution and patchiness of
           pelagic scattering layers during midnight sun †
    • Authors: Geoffroy M; Cottier F, Berge J, et al.
      Pages: 2342 - 2353
      Abstract: AbstractAn autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) carrying 614 kHz RDI acoustic doppler current profilers (ADCPs) was deployed at four locations over the West Spitsbergen outer shelf in July 2010. The backscatter signal recorded by the ADCPs was extracted and analysed to investigate the vertical distribution and patchiness of pelagic organisms during midnight sun. At the northernmost locations (Norskebanken and Woodfjorden), fresher and colder water prevailed in the surface layer (0–20 m) and scatterers (interpreted as zooplankton and micronekton) were mainly distributed below the pycnocline. In contrast, more saline and warmer Atlantic Water dominated the surface layer at Kongsfjordbanken and Isfjordbanken and scatterers were concentrated in the top 20 m, above the pycnocline. Pelagic scatterers formed patchy aggregations at all locations, but patchiness generally increased with the density of organisms and decreased at depths >80 m. This study contributes to our understanding of the vertical distribution of pelagic organisms in the Arctic, and the spatial coverage of the AUV has extended early acoustic studies limited to Arctic fjords from 1D observations to a broader offshore coverage. Neither synchronized nor unsynchronized vertical migrations were detected, but autonomous vehicles with limited autonomy (<1 day) may not be as effective as long-term mooring deployments or long-range AUVs to study vertical migrations. Short-term AUV-based acoustic surveys of the pelagic communities are nonetheless highly complementary to Eulerian studies, in particular by providing spatial measurements of patchiness. Compared with ship-based or moored acoustic instruments, the 3D trajectory of AUVs also allows using acoustic instruments with higher frequencies and better size resolution, as well as the detection of organisms closer to the surface.
      PubDate: 2016-09-28
      DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsw158
      Issue No: Vol. 74, No. 9 (2016)
       
 
 
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