Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 411 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 411 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 386, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 211, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 618, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insect Systematics and Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 283, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Human Molecular Genetics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.555
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 11  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0964-6906 - ISSN (Online) 1460-2083
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [411 journals]
  • Novel mutations in malonyl-CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase provoke
           autosomal recessive optic neuropathy
    • Authors: Li H; Yuan S, Minegishi Y, et al.
      Pages: 444 - 458
      Abstract: AbstractInherited optic neuropathies are rare eye diseases of optic nerve dysfunction that present in various genetic forms. Previously, mutation in three genes encoding mitochondrial proteins has been implicated in autosomal recessive forms of optic atrophy that involve progressive degeneration of optic nerve and retinal ganglion cells (RGC). Using whole exome analysis, a novel double homozygous mutation p.L81R and pR212W in malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase (MCAT), a mitochondrial protein involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, has now been identified as responsible for an autosomal recessive optic neuropathy from a Chinese consanguineous family. MCAT is expressed in RGC that are rich in mitochondria. The disease variants lead to structurally unstable MCAT protein with significantly reduced intracellular expression. RGC-specific knockdown of Mcat in mice, lead to an attenuated retinal neurofiber layer, that resembles the phenotype of optic neuropathy. These results indicated that MCAT plays an essential role in mitochondrial function and maintenance of RGC axons, while novel MCAT p.L81R and p.R212W mutations can lead to optic neuropathy.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz311
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Combination of whole exome sequencing and animal modeling identifies
           TMPRSS9 as a candidate gene for autism spectrum disorder
    • Authors: Chen C; Pal R, Yin J, et al.
      Pages: 459 - 470
      Abstract: AbstractAutism spectrum disorders are associated with some degree of developmental regression in up to 30% of all cases. Rarely, however, is the regression so extreme that a developmentally advanced young child would lose almost all ability to communicate and interact with her surroundings. We applied trio whole exome sequencing to a young woman who experienced extreme developmental regression starting at 2.5 years of age and identified compound heterozygous nonsense mutations in TMPRSS9, which encodes for polyserase-1, a transmembrane serine protease of poorly understood physiological function. Using semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction, we showed that Tmprss9 is expressed in various mouse tissues, including the brain. To study the consequences of TMPRSS9 loss of function on the mammalian brain, we generated a knockout mouse model. Through a battery of behavioral assays, we found that Tmprss9−/− mice showed decreased social interest and social recognition. We observed a borderline recognition memory deficit by novel object recognition in aged Tmprss9−/− female mice, but not in aged Tmprss9−/− male mice or younger adult Tmprss9−/− mice in both sexes. This study provides evidence to suggest that loss of function variants in TMPRSS9 are related to an autism spectrum disorder. However, the identification of more individuals with similar phenotypes and TMPRSS9 loss of function variants is required to establish a robust gene–disease relationship.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz305
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Frataxin deficiency in Friedreich’s ataxia is associated with reduced
           levels of HAX-1, a regulator of cardiomyocyte death and survival
    • Authors: Tiano F; Amati F, Cherubini F, et al.
      Pages: 471 - 482
      Abstract: AbstractFrataxin deficiency, responsible for Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA), is crucial for cell survival since it critically affects viability of neurons, pancreatic beta cells and cardiomyocytes. In FRDA, the heart is frequently affected with typical manifestation of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which can progress to heart failure and cause premature death. A microarray analysis performed on FRDA patient’s lymphoblastoid cells stably reconstituted with frataxin, indicated HS-1-associated protein X-1 (HAX-1) as the most significantly upregulated transcript (FC = +2, P < 0.0006). quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot analysis performed on (I) HEK293 stably transfected with empty vector compared to wild-type frataxin and (II) lymphoblasts from FRDA patients show that low frataxin mRNA and protein expression correspond to reduced levels of HAX-1. Frataxin overexpression and silencing were also performed in the AC16 human cardiomyocyte cell line. HAX-1 protein levels are indeed regulated through frataxin modulation. Moreover, correlation between frataxin and HAX-1 was further evaluated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from FRDA patients and from non-related healthy controls. A regression model for frataxin which included HAX-1, group membership and group* HAX-1 interaction revealed that frataxin and HAX-1 are associated both at mRNA and protein levels. Additionally, a linked expression of FXN, HAX-1 and antioxidant defence proteins MnSOD and Nrf2 was observed both in PBMCs and AC16 cardiomyocytes. Our results suggest that HAX-1 could be considered as a potential biomarker of cardiac disease in FRDA and the evaluation of its expression might provide insights into its pathogenesis as well as improving risk stratification strategies.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz306
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Muscle weakness and selective muscle atrophy in osteoprotegerin-deficient
    • Authors: Hamoudi D; Bouredji Z, Marcadet L, et al.
      Pages: 483 - 494
      Abstract: AbstractBone and muscle are tightly coupled and form a functional unit under normal conditions. The receptor-activator of nuclear factor κB/receptor-activator of nuclear factor κB ligand/osteoprotegerin (RANK/RANKL/OPG) triad plays a crucial role in bone remodeling. RANKL inhibition by OPG prevents osteoporosis. In contrast, the absence of OPG results in elevated serum RANKL and early onset osteoporosis. However, the impacts of OPG deletion on muscle structure and function are unknown. Our results showed that 1-, 3- and 5-month-old Opg−/− mice have reduced tibial and femoral bone biomechanical properties and higher levels of circulating RANKL. OPG-deficient mice displayed reduced locomotor activity and signs of muscle weakness at 5 months of age. Furthermore, OPG deficiency did not affect the skeletal muscles in 1- and 3-month-old mice. However, it impaired fast-twitch EDL but not slow-twitch Sol muscles in 5-month-old Opg−/− mice. Moreover, 5-month-old Opg−/− mice exhibited selective atrophy of fast-twitch-type IIb myofibers, with increased expression of atrophic proteins such as NF-kB, atrogin-1 and MuRF-1. We used an in vitro model to show that RANKL-stimulated C2C12 myotubes significantly increased the expression of NF-kB, atrogin-1 and MuRF-1. A 2-month anti-RANKL treatment starting at 3 months of age in Opg−/− mice improved voluntary activity, the ex vivo maximum specific force (sP0) of EDL muscles, and whole limb grip force performance and rescued the biomechanical properties of bone. In conclusion, the deletion of OPG and the disruption of the RANKL/OPG balance induced osteoporosis as well as the selective weakness and atrophy of the powerful fast-twitch IIb myofibers, which was partly alleviated by an anti-RANKL treatment.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz312
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Synergistic toxicity between tau and amyloid drives neuronal dysfunction
           and neurodegeneration in transgenic C. elegans
    • Authors: Benbow S; Strovas T, Darvas M, et al.
      Pages: 495 - 505
      Abstract: AbstractAggregates of Aβ peptide and the microtubule-associated protein tau are key molecular hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the interaction between these two pathologies and the mechanisms underlying disease progression have remained unclear. Numerous failed clinical trials suggest the necessity for greater mechanistic understanding in order to refine strategies for therapeutic discovery and development. To this end, we have generated a transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans model expressing both human Aβ1-42 peptide and human tau protein pan-neuronally. We observed exacerbated behavioral dysfunction and age-dependent neurodegenerative changes in the Aβ;tau transgenic animals. Further, these changes occurred in the Aβ;tau transgenic animals at greater levels than worms harboring either the Aβ1-42 or tau transgene alone and interestingly without changes to the levels of tau expression, phosphorylation or aggregation. Functional changes were partially rescued with the introduction of a genetic suppressor of tau pathology. Taken together, the data herein support a synergistic role for both Aβ and tau in driving neuronal dysfunction seen in AD. Additionally, we believe that the utilization of the genetically tractable C. elegans model will provide a key resource for dissecting mechanisms driving AD molecular pathology.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz319
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Integrating DNA sequencing and transcriptomic data for association
           analyses of low-frequency variants and lipid traits
    • Authors: Yang T; Wu C, Wei P, et al.
      Pages: 515 - 526
      Abstract: AbstractTranscriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) integrate genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and transcriptomic data to showcase their improved statistical power of identifying gene–trait associations while, importantly, offering further biological insights. TWAS have thus far focused on common variants as available from GWAS. Compared with common variants, the findings for or even applications to low-frequency variants are limited and their underlying role in regulating gene expression is less clear. To fill this gap, we extend TWAS to integrating whole genome sequencing data with transcriptomic data for low-frequency variants. Using the data from the Framingham Heart Study, we demonstrate that low-frequency variants play an important and universal role in predicting gene expression, which is not completely due to linkage disequilibrium with the nearby common variants. By including low-frequency variants, in addition to common variants, we increase the predictivity of gene expression for 79% of the examined genes. Incorporating this piece of functional genomic information, we perform association testing for five lipid traits in two UK10K whole genome sequencing cohorts, hypothesizing that cis-expression quantitative trait loci, including low-frequency variants, are more likely to be trait-associated. We discover that two genes, LDLR and TTC22, are genome-wide significantly associated with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol based on 3203 subjects and that the association signals are largely independent of common variants. We further demonstrate that a joint analysis of both common and low-frequency variants identifies association signals that would be missed by testing on either common variants or low-frequency variants alone.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz314
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Corrigendum to: Structural basis for adPEO-causing mutations in the
           mitochondrial TWINKLE helicase
    • Authors: Peter B; Farge G, Pardo-Hernandez C, et al.
      Pages: 528 - 528
      Abstract: Human Molecular Genetics, 2019, 28(7), 1090-1099 doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddy415
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz257
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2020)
  • Expression profiling in exercised mdx suggests a role for extracellular
           proteins in the dystrophic muscle immune response
    • Authors: Coles C; Gordon L, Hunt L, et al.
      Pages: 353 - 368
      Abstract: AbstractDuchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal muscle wasting disorder caused by mutations in the DMD gene that leads to the absence or severe reduction of dystrophin protein in muscle. The mdx mouse, also dystrophin deficient, is the model most widely used to study the pathology and test potential therapies, but the phenotype is milder than human DMD. This limits the magnitude and range of histological damage parameters and molecular changes that can be measured in pre-clinical drug testing. We used 3 weeks of voluntary wheel running to exacerbate the mdx phenotype. In mdx mice, voluntary exercise increased the amount of damaged necrotic tissue and macrophage infiltration. Global gene expression profiling revealed that exercise induced additional and larger gene expression changes in mdx mice and the pathways most impacted by exercise were all related to immune function or cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions. When we compared the matrisome and inflammation genes that were dysregulated in mdx with those commonly differentially expressed in DMD, we found the exercised mdx molecular signature more closely resembled that of DMD. These gene expression changes in the exercised mdx model thus provide more scope to assess the effects of pre-clinical treatments. Our gene profiling comparisons also highlighted upregulation of ECM proteins involved in innate immunity pathways, proteases that can release them, downstream receptors and signaling molecules in exercised mdx and DMD, suggesting that the ECM could be a major source of pro-inflammatory molecules that trigger and maintain the immune response in dystrophic muscle.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz266
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Progressive cardiac arrhythmias and ECG abnormalities in the
           Huntington’s disease BACHD mouse model
    • Authors: Zhu Y; Shamblin I, Rodriguez E, et al.
      Pages: 369 - 381
      Abstract: AbstractHuntington’s disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease. There is accumulating evidence that HD patients have increased prevalence of conduction abnormalities and compromised sinoatrial node function which could lead to increased risk for arrhythmia. We used mutant Huntingtin (mHTT) expressing bacterial artificial chromosome Huntington’s disease mice to determine if they exhibit electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities involving cardiac conduction that are known to increase risk of sudden arrhythmic death in humans. We obtained surface ECGs and analyzed arrhythmia susceptibility; we observed prolonged QRS duration, increases in PVCs as well as PACs. Abnormal histological and structural changes that could lead to cardiac conduction system dysfunction were seen. Finally, we observed decreases in desmosomal proteins, plakophilin-2 and desmoglein-2, which have been reported to cause cardiac arrhythmias and reduced conduction. Our study indicates that mHTT could cause progressive cardiac conduction system pathology that could increase the susceptibility to arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death in HD patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz295
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Enhanced amyloid-β generation by γ-secretase complex in DRM microdomains
           with reduced cholesterol levels
    • Authors: Hata S; Hu A, Piao Y, et al.
      Pages: 382 - 393
      Abstract: AbstractA neuropathologic hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the presence of senile plaques that contain neurotoxic amyloid-β protein (Aβ) species, which are generated by the cleavage of amyloid β-protein precursor by secretases such as the γ-secretase complex, preferentially located in detergent-resistant membrane (DRM) regions and comprising endoproteolysed amino- and carboxy-terminal fragments of presenilin, nicastrin, anterior pharynx defective 1 and presenilin enhancer 2. Whereas some of familial AD patients harbor causative PSEN mutations that lead to more generation of neurotoxic Aβ42, the contribution of Aβ generation to sporadic/late-onset AD remains unclear. We found that the carboxy-terminal fragment of presenilin 1 was redistributed from DRM regions to detergent-soluble membrane (non-DRM) regions in brain tissue samples from individuals with sporadic AD. DRM fractions from AD brain sample had the ability to generate significantly more Aβ and had a lower cholesterol content than DRM fractions from non-demented control subjects. We further demonstrated that lowering the cholesterol content of DRM regions from cultured cells contributed to the redistribution of γ-secretase components and Aβ production. Taken together, the present analyses suggest that the lowered cholesterol content in DRM regions may be a cause of sporadic/late-onset AD by enhancing overall Aβ generation.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz297
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Rhodopsin signaling mediates light-induced photoreceptor cell death in
           rd10 mice through a transducin-independent mechanism
    • Authors: Sundar J; Munezero D, Bryan-Haring C, et al.
      Pages: 394 - 406
      Abstract: AbstractRetinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a debilitating blinding disease affecting over 1.5 million people worldwide, but the mechanisms underlying this disease are not well understood. One of the common models used to study RP is the retinal degeneration-10 (rd10) mouse, which has a mutation in Phosphodiesterase-6b (Pde6b) that causes a phenotype mimicking the human disease. In rd10 mice, photoreceptor cell death occurs with exposure to normal light conditions, but as demonstrated in this study, rearing these mice in dark preserves their retinal function. We found that inactivating rhodopsin signaling protected photoreceptors from degeneration suggesting that the pathway activated by this G-protein-coupled receptor is causing light-induced photoreceptor cell death in rd10 mice. However, inhibition of transducin signaling did not prevent the loss of photoreceptors in rd10 mice reared under normal light conditions implying that the degeneration caused by rhodopsin signaling is not mediated through its canonical G-protein transducin. Inexplicably, loss of transducin in rd10 mice also led to photoreceptor cell death in darkness. Furthermore, we found that the rd10 mutation in Pde6b led to a reduction in the assembled PDE6αβγ2 complex, which was corroborated by our data showing mislocalization of the γ subunit. Based on our findings and previous studies, we propose a model where light activates a non-canonical pathway mediated by rhodopsin but independent of transducin that sensitizes cyclic nucleotide gated channels to cGMP and causes photoreceptor cell death. These results generate exciting possibilities for treatment of RP patients without affecting their vision or the canonical phototransduction cascade.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz299
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Altered gene regulation as a candidate mechanism by which ciliopathy gene
           SDCCAG8 contributes to schizophrenia and cognitive function
    • Authors: Flynn M; Whitton L, Donohoe G, et al.
      Pages: 407 - 417
      Abstract: AbstractMutations in genes that encode centrosomal/ciliary proteins cause severe cognitive deficits, while common single-nucleotide polymorphisms in these genes are associated with schizophrenia (SZ) and cognition in genome-wide association studies. The role of these genes in neuropsychiatric disorders is unknown. The ciliopathy gene SDCCAG8 is associated with SZ and educational attainment (EA). Genome editing of SDCCAG8 caused defects in primary ciliogenesis and cilium-dependent cell signalling. Transcriptomic analysis of SDCCAG8-deficient cells identified differentially expressed genes that are enriched in neurodevelopmental processes such as generation of neurons and synapse organization. These processes are enriched for genes associated with SZ, human intelligence (IQ) and EA. Phenotypic analysis of SDCCAG8-deficent neuronal cells revealed impaired migration and neuronal differentiation. These data implicate ciliary signalling in the aetiology of SZ and cognitive dysfunction. We found that centrosomal/ciliary genes are enriched for association with IQ, suggesting altered gene regulation as a general model for neurodevelopmental impacts of centrosomal/ciliary genes.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz292
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Mutant huntingtin interacts with the sterol regulatory element-binding
           proteins and impairs their nuclear import
    • Authors: Di Pardo A; Monyror J, Morales L, et al.
      Pages: 418 - 431
      Abstract: AbstractBrain cholesterol homeostasis is altered in Huntington’s disease (HD), a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a CAG nucleotide repeat in the HTT gene. Genes involved in the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids were shown to be downregulated shortly after the expression of mutant huntingtin (mHTT) in inducible HD cells. Nuclear levels of the transcription factors that regulate lipid biogenesis, the sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBP1 and SREBP2), were found to be decreased in HD models compared to wild-type, but the underlying causes were not known. SREBPs are synthesized as inactive endoplasmic reticulum-localized precursors. Their mature forms (mSREBPs) are generated upon transport of the SREBP precursors to the Golgi and proteolytic cleavage, and are rapidly imported into the nucleus by binding to importin β. We show that, although SREBP2 processing into mSREBP2 is not affected in YAC128 HD mice, mSREBP2 is mislocalized to the cytoplasm. Chimeric mSREBP2-and mSREBP1-EGFP proteins are also mislocalized to the cytoplasm in immortalized striatal cells expressing mHTT, in YAC128 neurons and in fibroblasts from HD patients. We further show that mHTT binds to the SREBP2/importin β complex required for nuclear import and sequesters it in the cytoplasm. As a result, HD cells fail to upregulate cholesterogenic genes under sterol-depleted conditions. These findings provide mechanistic insight into the downregulation of genes involved in the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids in HD models, and have potential implications for other pathways modulated by SREBPs, including autophagy and excitotoxicity.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz298
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • GPAT3 deficiency alleviates insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in a
           mouse model of severe congenital generalized lipodystrophy
    • Authors: Gao M; Liu L, Wang X, et al.
      Pages: 432 - 443
      Abstract: AbstractBerardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy type 2 (BSCL2) is the most severe form of human lipodystrophy and is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the BSCL2/seipin gene. Exactly how seipin may regulate adipogenesis remains unclear. A recent study in vitro suggested that seipin may function to inhibit the activity of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferases (GPATs), and increased GPAT activity may be responsible for the defective adipogenesis under seipin deficiency. Here we generated Seipin−/−Gpat3−/− mice, which had mild but significant recovery of white adipose tissue mass over Seipin−/− mice. The mass of brown adipose tissue (BAT) of the Seipin−/−Gpat3−/− mice was almost completely restored to normal level. Importantly, the Seipin−/−Gpat3−/− mice showed significant improvement in liver steatosis and insulin sensitivity over Seipin−/− mice, which is attributable to the increased BAT mass and to the enhanced browning of the subcutaneous fat of the Seipin−/−Gpat3−/− mice. Together, our results establish a functional link between seipin and GPAT3 in vivo and suggest that GPAT inhibitors may have beneficial effects on BSCL2 patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz300
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Refining genome-wide associated loci for serum uric acid in individuals
           with African ancestry
    • Authors: Chen G; Shriner D, Doumatey A, et al.
      Pages: 506 - 514
      Abstract: AbstractObjectiveSerum uric acid is the end-product of purine metabolism and at high levels is a risk factor for several human diseases including gout and cardiovascular disease. Heritability estimates range from 0.32 to 0.63. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provide an unbiased approach to identify loci influencing serum uric acid. Here, we performed the first GWAS for serum uric acid in continental Africans, with replication in African Americans.MethodsAfricans (n = 4126) and African Americans (n = 5007) were genotyped on high-density GWAS arrays. Efficient mixed model association, a variance component approach, was used to perform association testing for a total of ~ 18 million autosomal genotyped and imputed variants. CAVIARBF was used to fine map significant regions.ResultsWe identified two genome-wide significant loci: 4p16.1 (SLC2A9) and 11q13.1 (SLC22A12). At SLC2A9, the most strongly associated SNP was rs7683856 (P = 1.60 × 10−44). Conditional analysis revealed a second signal indexed by rs6838021 (P = 5.75 × 10−17). Gene expression and regulatory motif data prioritized a single-candidate causal variant for each signal. At SLC22A12, the most strongly associated SNP was rs147647315 (P = 6.65 × 10−25). Conditional analysis and functional annotation prioritized the missense variant rs147647315 (R (Arg) > H (His)) as the sole causal variant. Functional annotation of these three signals implicated processes in skeletal muscle, subcutaneous adipose tissue and the kidneys, respectively.ConclusionsThis first GWAS of serum uric acid in continental Africans identified three associations at two loci, SLC2A9 and SLC22A12. The combination of weak linkage disequilibrium in Africans and functional annotation led to the identification of candidate causal SNPs for all three signals. Each candidate causal variant implicated a different cell type. Collectively, the three associations accounted for 4.3% of the variance of serum uric acid.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz272
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
  • Corrigendum: Genome aging: somatic mutation in the brain links age-related
           decline with disease and nominates pathogenic mechanisms
    • Authors: Lodato M; Walsh C.
      Pages: 527 - 527
      Abstract: After publication, we noticed the Titles and Legends for Table 1 and 2 were swapped, and that there was a reference in the text to Table 2 that should have pointed to Table 1. The errors have been corrected in the online version.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddz286
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 3 (2019)
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