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Showing 1 - 200 of 393 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.075, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
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Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
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American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
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Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
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Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
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Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
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British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 585, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
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Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
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Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clean Energy     Open Access  
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.62, h-index: 53)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access  
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 59)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.199, h-index: 61)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.994, h-index: 107)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.713, h-index: 57)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.327, h-index: 82)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.878, h-index: 80)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)

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Journal Cover Alcohol and Alcoholism
  [SJR: 0.935]   [H-I: 80]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0735-0414 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3502
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [393 journals]
  • Introduction to the Special Issue on Alcohol and Liver Transplantation
    • Authors: Beresford T; Lucey M.
      Pages: 131 - 132
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx125
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2018)
  • Commentary: Alcohol and Alcoholism Special Issue on ‘Alcohol and
           Liver Transplantation’
    • Authors: Seitz H.
      Pages: 133 - 134
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx117
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2018)
  • Transplanting Patients with Alcohol-related Liver Disease in the National
           Health System: New Rules and Decisions
    • Authors: Parker R; Holt A.
      Pages: 145 - 150
      Abstract: AimsThe UK has a socialized healthcare system that provides treatment that is free at the point of care for acute and chronic health disorders (the National Health Service—NHS), which is currently experiencing a period of unprecedented challenge.MethodsA narrative review that discusses present and future arrangements for transplantation of alcohol-related liver disease (ArLD) in the UK.ResultsLiver disease in the UK is reaching epidemic proportions due to obesity and metabolic disease compounding alcohol-mediated liver damage. Unfortunately, hepatology services in the UK are geographically disparate and subject to significant variations in liver morbidity and mortality, prompting concerns that this may negatively impair access to transplantation. In an attempt to improve referrals to tertiary liver services, the UK listing criteria for alcohol-associated liver disease were revised in 2016 by a working party under the aegis of the UK-Liver Advisory Group with the ambition of increasing opportunities for disease evaluation and improving the condition of candidates referred for assessment.ConclusionLiver transplantation for ArLD is well established in the UK. Recent organizational changes seek to reduce inequities in access to transplant services.Short SummaryLiver disease in the UK is reaching epidemic proportions. Concerns over equity of access to liver transplantation prompted revision of the UK listing criteria for alcohol-associated liver disease in 2016, to improve to the availability of tertiary hepatology services.Transplanting patients with alcohol-related liver disease in the National Health System: New Rules and Decisions‘…The second property of your excellent sherris is, the warming of the blood; which, before cold and settled, hath left the liver white and pale…’Falstaff; Henry IV Part 2: Act 4, Scene 3
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx103
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2018)
  • Living Donor Liver Transplantation for Alcoholic Liver Disease
    • Authors: Braun H; Ascher N.
      Pages: 178 - 183
      Abstract: AimsAlcoholic liver disease (ALD) is now a well-recognized indication for liver transplantation. This paper reviews existing literature on living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for ALD and presents data from a single, high volume United States liver transplant center.MethodsFor the literature review, a PubMed search was undertaken using the search terms ‘living donor’ and ‘alcoholic liver disease’. Studies were included that presented outcome data for patients who underwent LDLT for ALD. For the single-center data collection, all patients who underwent LDLT from 2003 to 2016 at our center were reviewed and the data for recipients with ALD was subsequently analyzed and compared with those patients who underwent LDLT for other indications.ResultsOf 110 studies that resulted from the PubMed query, only 5 contained data that was relevant to this manuscript. These studies represented data collected from two Asian countries: one single center in Korea and a collection of centers in Japan. The relapse rate following LDLT for ALD ranged from 7.9% to 22%, and pre-transplant abstinence did not impact post-transplant relapse in any of these studies. For the single-center data, of 136 LDLT performed at our institution during the time period, 22 were performed for ALD. There was no difference in 1- or 5-year survival between patients transplanted for ALD and those transplanted for other etiologies (94.7% vs. 93.4%, P = 0.79 and 78.9% vs. 87.5%, P = 0.6).ConclusionThere is a very limited amount of data available on LDLT for ALD. Existing data suggests that LDLT for ALD results in excellent outcomes.Short SummaryPublished data on living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are limited. One- and five-year survival rates range from 82% to 100% and 78% to 87%, respectively. Rates of alcohol relapse following transplant appear low, ranging from 7% to 23%; 6-month abstinence periods prior to LDLT for ALD do not appear to have a significant impact on relapse.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx099
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2018)
  • Co-existing Hepatitis C and Alcoholic Liver Disease: A Diminishing
           Indication for Liver Transplantation'
    • Authors: Wieland A; Everson G.
      Pages: 187 - 192
      Abstract: AimsTo provide an overview of published literature on the interaction of alcohol and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the accelerated progression of liver disease to cirrhosis as relates to decision-making for the management of the liver transplant candidate and recipient.MethodsGeneral PubMed search was employed along with expert input to identify the relevant articles on the topic. The authors also utilized both backward and forward citation review of the relevant articles and reviews to identify articles on identified topic.ResultsIn HCV cases, heavy alcohol use has been associated with more severe fibrosis, but even low rates of use may have deleterious effects. Patients with chronic hepatitis C and alcoholic liver disease can be cured of the HCV—theoretically positively impacting outcome and reducing the need for liver transplantation. Current antiviral therapy achieves virologic cure or sustained viral response (SVR) in over 90% of cases. Antiviral therapy is so effective that most liver transplant candidates or recipients can be cured of HCV either prior to or after transplantation. However, despite successful antiviral therapy, liver disease may progress after SVR due to the effects of ongoing alcohol use.ConclusionAntiviral therapy in patients with HCV plus alcohol should improve pre- and post-transplant outcomes, but providers must remain firm in limiting use of alcohol to avoid progression of liver disease post HCV cure.Short SummaryAbusive alcohol use and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) commonly co-exist and both need to be addressed in liver disease. With high rates of HCV cure with new therapies, attention needs to turn toward ongoing abusive alcohol patterns that may determinately impact liver health both before and after liver transplant.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx101
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2018)
  • Towards Standardizing the Alcoholism Evaluation Of Potential Liver
           Transplant Recipients
    • Authors: Beresford T; Lucey M.
      Pages: 135 - 144
      Abstract: AimsFor teams around the world, alcoholic liver disease patients comprise the largest, and clinically most controversial, group applying for liver transplant. And yet evaluation decisions for them remain highly variable by locale.MethodsTargeting standardized assessment, we provide guidelines on what information the transplant team should seek, from what sources, and how best to make use of it. This report focuses on ‘what to do and how to do it’ in providing appropriate assessments for this complex patient group.ResultsProper evaluation includes (a) taking the clinical history from the patient and a required, corroborating third person, (b) assessing patient cognition, (c) establishing alcohol/substance use diagnosis to differentiate alcohol dependence, abuse and polysubstance dependence, (d) assessing ambivalence in primary alcohol addiction, (e) measuring social stability and (f) using Vaillant’s factors for abstinence prognosis.ConclusionsProperly applied, these six factors will allow standardized selection in most cases taken across programs despite differences in resources, available expertise and decision practices.Short SummaryThis report focuses on the essentials of the psychiatric/behavioral evaluation for ‘alcoholic’ persons referred for liver transplant. Attention to those essentials offers clinical standardization across transplant programs in different locales.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx104
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Liver Transplantation in Patients with Alcoholic Liver Disease: A
           Retrospective Study
    • Authors: Vassallo G; Tarli C, Rando M, et al.
      Pages: 151 - 156
      Abstract: AimAlcoholic liver disease (ALD) is the most common liver disease in the Western World. Liver transplantation (LT) is the treatment for end-stage ALD. However, many transplant centers are still reluctant to transplant these patients because of the risk of alcohol relapse, recurrence of the primary liver disease and associated post-transplant complications. We examined survival rate, prevalence of primary liver disease recurrence, re-transplantation and post-transplant complications among transplanted patients for alcoholic cirrhosis compared with those transplanted for viral cirrhosis.Methodsdata about patients transplanted for alcoholic and viral cirrhosis at the Gemelli Hospital from January 1995 to April 2016 were retrospectively collected. Survival rate was evaluated according to the Kaplan–Meier method. Recurrence was defined as histological evidence of primary liver disease. Data on the onset of complication, causes of death and graft failure after liver transplant were analyzed.ResultsThere was no statistically significant difference regarding survival rate between the two groups. Only patients transplanted for viral cirrhosis presented with primary liver disease recurrence. There was a higher rate of cancer development in patients transplanted for alcoholic cirrhosis. Cancer was the major cause of death in this population. Risk factors associated with the onset of cancer were a high MELD score at the transplant time and smoking after transplantation.ConclusionALD is a good indication for LT. Patients transplanted for alcoholic cirrhosis should receive regular cancer screening and should be advised against smoking.Short SummaryNo difference was found between patients transplanted for alcoholic cirrhosis and viral cirrhosis in term of survival rate. Only patients transplanted for viral cirrhosis presented primary liver disease recurrence. A higher rate of cancer development was found in patients transplanted for alcoholic cirrohosis. This complication was associated with post-trasplant smoking.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx097
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Post-transplant Outcomes of Persons Receiving a Liver Graft for Alcoholic
           Liver Disease
    • Authors: Rogal S; Shenai N, Kruckenberg K, et al.
      Pages: 157 - 165
      Abstract: AimsLiver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains controversial yet following transplantation outcomes for patients with this disease are generally similar to patients transplanted for other types of liver diseases.MethodsIn this review, we cover critical literature of ALD LT including established and recent findings of medical and psychosocial outcomes for ALD patients and compare their outcomes to other liver transplant recipients where evidence exists.ResultsOverall medical and psychosocial outcomes for ALD LT recipients compare favorably to patients transplanted for other types of liver diseases. While alcohol relapse occurs following transplant, the rates of return to heavy alcohol use, especially at amounts that are health harmful, are low at ~20%—substantially under rates of relapse for non-transplant patients with alcohol use disorders. However, ALD LT recipients are more likely to be smokers and experience causes of death different than other LT recipients with cardiovascular and malignancies being more common. Depression is one of the more common mental health disorders experienced by ALD LT recipients and is especially important to consider due to increasing evidence of its negative impact on post-transplant survival. In general, ALD LT recipients’ quality of life is as good as recipients transplanted for other types of liver disease. Post-LT re-employment and social reintegration are also comparable.ConclusionsEarly identification may improve outcomes with the first post-transplant year being an important time for close monitoring. Additionally, efforts to identify and treat tobacco use and depression may also improve overall outcomes in this specific population.Short SummaryIn this review, we cover medical and psychosocial outcomes for ALD patients and compare their outcomes to other liver transplant recipients. While alcohol relapse occurs following transplant, the rates of return to heavy alcohol use, especially at amounts that are health harmful, are low at ~20%.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx100
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Alcohol Relapse After Liver Transplantation for Alcoholic
           Cirrhosis—Impact on Liver Graft and Patient Survival: A Meta-analysis
    • Authors: Kodali S; Kaif M, Tariq R, et al.
      Pages: 166 - 172
      Abstract: AimWe performed meta-analysis to determine effect of alcohol relapse after liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic cirrhosis on graft histology and survival.MethodsStudies were selected using following criteria: (a) LT for alcoholic cirrhosis, (b) reporting data on liver histology and/or patient survival among relapsers and abstainers, (c) minimum follow-up of 3 years. Random effects model was used to pool data to compare relapsers and abstainers on liver histology and patient survival.ResultsOn analysis of seven studies, pooled prevalence of self-reported alcohol relapse was 26.3% (18.0–36.7%) over median (range) follow-up of 6.0 (3.7–8.3) years, with annual alcohol relapse rate of 4.7% (3.0–6.4%) for any alcohol use and 2.9% (0.5–5.3%) for heavy alcohol use. Relapsers compared to abstainers had higher odds for graft steatosis [4.1 (2.4–6.9)], steatohepatitis [4.5 (1.4–14.2)], alcoholic hepatitis [9.3 (1.01–85)], advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis [8.4 (3.5–20)]. Relapsers were over 3-fold more likely to die at 10 years of follow-up: [3.67 (1.42–9.50)] without differences in overall or 5-year survival. Recurrent alcoholic cirrhosis occurring in 9% of biopsied patients and 2% of all transplants was responsible for about 20% of all deaths on follow-up after LT. Extra-hepatic malignancy, and cardiovascular events were common causes for patient mortality.ConclusionAlcohol relapse after LT for alcoholic cirrhosis negatively impacts the graft and long-term patient survival. Studies are needed to develop strategies to reduce alcohol relapse after LT for alcoholic cirrhosis.Short SummaryAlcohol relapse in liver transplant recipients can negatively affect graft histology and patient survival. Strategies to reduce alcohol relapse are needed to preserve graft function'
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx098
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Transplantation for Alcohol-related Liver Disease: Is It Fair'
    • Authors: Mellinger J; Volk M.
      Pages: 173 - 177
      Abstract: AimsAlcohol-related liver disease (ALD) is the second leading cause of liver transplantation performed in the USA and Europe. We aimed to provide a narrative review of the major ethical issues governing transplantation for ALD.MethodsWe performed a narrative review of the ethical concepts in organ allocation for ALD, including alcoholic hepatitis.ResultsEthical concerns regarding organ allocation for ALD involve issues of urgency, utility and justice. Post-transplant outcomes for ALD patients are good and ethical considerations limiting organs solely because of alcohol etiology do not bear scrutiny.ConclusionALD will continue to be a major cause for liver failure. The main criteria for transplant in ALD should be the patient’s risk of return to harmful drinking, alongside standard assessments of physical and psychosocial fitness for transplant.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx105
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • The Influence of Alcohol Use on Outcomes in Patients Transplanted for
           Non-alcoholic Liver Disease
    • Authors: Ursic-Bedoya J; Donnadieu-Rigole H, Faure S, et al.
      Pages: 184 - 186
      Abstract: Alcohol relapse after liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common event that has been extensively studied. In contrast, alcohol consumption has usually been neglected in patients transplanted for other liver diseases. First off, patients can be mislabeled as ‘non-ALD’ when they suffer from another chronic liver disease. Then, alcohol consumption is not systematically tracked after LT in recipients having a primary indication other than ALD, although there are increasing data incriminating alcohol as responsible for graft damage and impaired survival. This review discusses the potential consequences of alcohol after liver transplantation, focusing on patients transplanted for non-alcoholic liver disease, as well as the legitimate role of an addiction specialist, before and after LT.Short SummaryAlcohol relapse after liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common event that has been extensively studied. In contrast, alcohol consumption has usually been neglected in patients transplanted for other liver diseases. There are increasing data showing that alcohol consumption and its consequences should be tracked in every transplant candidate and recipient.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx096
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Central Administration of Cyclosporine A Decreases Ethanol Drinking
    • Authors: Ronan P; Strait S, Palmer G, et al.
      Pages: 193 - 199
      Abstract: AimsAbstinence among alcohol dependent liver graft recipients is remarkably high. The routine use of anti-immune agents in these patients led to rodent studies showing that immunosuppressants acting through inhibition of calcineurin (CLN) are highly effective in decreasing alcohol consumption. It remained unclear, however, whether the decreased alcohol consumption in rodent models is mediated through peripheral suppression of immune response or centrally through direct inhibition of cyclophilin-CLN in the brain. We tested the hypothesis that direct brain inhibition of CLN with intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of the immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CsA) is sufficient to decrease ethanol consumption in a rodent model of binge-like drinking.MethodsMale C57BL/6NHsd mice were put through a modified ‘drinking in the dark’ (DID) paradigm. Effects of both peripheral (IP) and central (ICV) injections of CsA on ethanol consumption were assessed.ResultsHere, as in earlier work, IP CsA administration significantly decreased alcohol consumption. Supporting our hypothesis, central administration of CsA was sufficient to decrease alcohol consumption in a dose-dependent manner. There was no significant effect of CsA on water or sucrose consumption.ConclusionsThese results clearly implicate a CLN-mediated mechanism in brain in the inhibitory effects of CsA on ethanol consumption and provide novel targets for investigation of treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD). These results also add to the growing body of literature implicating neuroimmune mechanisms in the etiology, pathophysiology and behaviors driving AUD.Short SummaryThe unusually high abstinence rate and routine use of immunosuppressants in AUD liver graft recipients led us to rodent studies showing that immunosuppressants acting through inhibition of calcineurin (CLN) are highly effective in decreasing drinking. Here we demonstrate that this effect is mediated by brain rather than peripheral immune mechanisms.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx102
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
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