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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 248, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 524, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal  
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Alcohol and Alcoholism
  [SJR: 0.935]   [H-I: 80]   [15 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0735-0414 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3502
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • The Microbiota, the Gut and the Brain in Eating and Alcohol Use Disorders:
           A ‘Ménage à Trois’'
    • Authors: Temko JE; Bouhlal S, Farokhnia M, et al.
      Pages: 403 - 413
      Abstract: AbstractAimsAccumulating evidence for the influence of the gut microbiota on the bidirectional communication along the gut-brain axis suggests a role of the gut microbiota in eating disorders (EDs) and alcohol and substance use disorders. The potential influence of altered gut microbiota (dysbiosis) on behaviors associated with such disorders may have implications for developing therapeutic interventions.MethodsA systematic review of preclinical and clinical studies evaluating the gut microbiota, EDs and alcohol and substance use disorders was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science databases with the objective being to examine the role of the gut microbiota in behavioral correlates of these disorders. Original papers focused on the gut microbiota and potential behavioral implications were deemed eligible for consideration.ResultsThe resulting 12 publications were limited to gut microbiota studies related to EDs and alcohol and substance use disorders. Some studies suggest that dysbiosis and gut microbial byproducts may influence the pathophysiology of EDs via direct and indirect interference with peptide hormone signaling. Additionally, dysbiosis was shown to be correlated with alcohol use disorder-related symptoms, i.e. craving, depression and anxiety. Finally, a mouse study suggests that manipulations in the gut microbiota may affect cocaine-related behaviors.ConclusionsPromising, albeit preliminary, findings suggest a potential role of the gut microbiota in behavioral correlates of EDs and alcohol and substance use disorders.Short summaryPreliminary evidence exists supporting the role of the gut microbiota in eating disorders and alcohol and substance use disorders, although additional investigation is needed to determine what is causative versus epiphenomenological.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx024
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Gut–liver axis and sterile signals in the development of alcoholic
           liver disease
    • Authors: Szabo G; Petrasek J.
      Pages: 414 - 424
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundInnate immunity plays a critical role in the development of alcohol-induced liver inflammation. Understanding the inter-relationship of signals from within and outside of the liver that trigger liver inflammation is pivotal for development of novel therapeutic targets of alcoholic liver disease (ALD).AimThe aim of this paper is to review recent advances in the field of alcohol-induced liver inflammation.MethodsA detailed literature review was performed using the PubMed database published between January 1980 and December 2016.ResultsWe provide an update on the role of intestinal microbiome, metabolome and the gut–liver axis in ALD, discuss the growing body of evidence on the diversity of liver macrophages and their differential contribution to alcohol-induced liver inflammation, and highlight the crucial role of inflammasomes in integration of inflammatory signals in ALD. Studies to date have identified a multitude of new therapeutic targets, some of which are currently being tested in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. These treatments aim to strengthen the intestinal barrier, ameliorate liver inflammation and augment hepatocyte regeneration.ConclusionGiven the complexity of inflammation in ALD, multiple pathobiological mechanisms may need to be targeted at the same time as it seems unlikely that there is a single dominant pathogenic pathway in ALD that would be easily targeted using a single target drug approach.Short summaryHere, we focus on recent advances in immunopathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), including gut–liver axis, hepatic macrophage activation, sterile inflammation and synergy between bacterial and sterile signals. We propose a multiple parallel hit model of inflammation in ALD and discuss its implications for clinical trials in alcoholic hepatitis.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx025
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Leu72Met Polymorphism of the Prepro-ghrelin Gene is Associated With
           Alcohol Consumption and Subjective Responses to Alcohol: Preliminary
    • Authors: Suchankova P; Yan J, Schwandt ML, et al.
      Pages: 425 - 430
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThe orexigenic peptide ghrelin may enhance the incentive value of food-, drug- and alcohol-related rewards. Consistent with preclinical findings, human studies indicate a role of ghrelin in alcohol use disorders (AUD). In the present study an a priori hypothesis-driven analysis was conducted to investigate whether a Leu72Met missense polymorphism (rs696217) in the prepro-ghrelin gene (GHRL), is associated with AUD, alcohol consumption and subjective responses to alcohol.MethodAssociation analysis was performed using the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) clinical sample, comprising AUD individuals and controls (N = 1127). Then, a post-hoc analysis using data from a human laboratory study of intravenous alcohol self-administration (IV-ASA, N = 144) was performed to investigate the association of this SNP with subjective responses following a fixed dose of alcohol (priming phase) and alcohol self-administration (ad libitum phase).ResultsThe case-control study revealed a trend association (N = 1127, OR = 0.665, CI = 0.44–1.01, P = 0.056) between AUD diagnosis and Leu72Met. In AUD subjects, the SNP was associated with significantly lower average drinks per day (n = 567, β = −2.49, 95% CI = −4.34 to −0.64, P = 0.008) and significantly fewer heavy drinking days (n = 567, β = −12.00, 95% CI = −19.10 to −4.89, P < 0.001). The IV-ASA study further revealed that 72Met carriers had greater subjective responses to alcohol (P < 0.05) when compared to Leu72Leu both at priming and during ad lib self-administration.ConclusionAlthough preliminary, these findings suggest that the Leu72Leu genotype may lead to increased risk of AUD possibly via mechanisms involving a lower response to alcohol resulting in excessive alcohol consumption. Further investigations are warranted.Short SummaryWe investigated whether a Leu72Met missense polymorphism in the prepro-ghrelin gene, is associated with alcohol use disorder, alcohol consumption and subjective responses to alcohol. Although preliminary, results suggest that the Leu72Leu genotype may lead to increased risk of alcohol use disorder possibly via mechanisms involving a lower response to alcohol.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx021
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Ghrelin is Supressed by Intravenous Alcohol and is Related to Stimulant
           and Sedative Effects of Alcohol
    • Authors: Ralevski E; Horvath TL, Shanabrough M, et al.
      Pages: 431 - 438
      Abstract: AbstractAimsEvidence indicates that feeding-related peptides, such as ghrelin, have a role in the rewarding properties of addictive substances like alcohol. Oral alcohol administration significantly suppresses ghrelin. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of two doses of alcohol on ghrelin and examine if ghrelin levels predict the subjective effects of alcohol.MethodsHealthy social drinkers (N = 20) participated in three, randomly assigned, and counterbalanced laboratory sessions. During each session they received a continuous IV infusion of either placebo (saline), low dose (40 mg%) or high dose (100 mg%) of alcohol. Participants were given a standardized, light breakfast 90 min before the start of the infusion. Ghrelin levels [acyl ghrelin (AG) and total ghrelin (TG)] were collected at four time points before, during and after the infusion. Subjective effects of alcohol, using the BAES, were evaluated before, during and after alcohol infusion.ResultsIV alcohol significantly reduced AG but not TG levels with no difference between the two doses of alcohol. The percent change (%∆) in AG suppression was substantial in both high dose (43.4%∆), and low dose (39.5%∆) of alcohol. Also, fasting AG and TG levels were significant predictors of alcohol stimulant and sedative effects. Higher fasting ghrelin levels were associated with longer and more intense subjective effects.ConclusionsThe results provide evidence that IV alcohol suppresses ghrelin levels similarly to oral alcohol. This study is the first to show that ghrelin predicts subjective effects of alcohol, suggesting that ghrelin may have a role in the rewarding mechanisms for alcohol.Short summaryIntravenous alcohol infusion (low dose and high dose of alcohol) when compared to placebo (saline) significantly suppresses ghrelin in healthy social drinkers. Fasting ghrelin levels also predict subjective behavioral effects of alcohol. Those with higher fasting ghrelin levels tend to experience alcohol effects longer and more intensely.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx022
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of High-Dose Baclofen in
           Alcohol-Dependent Patients—The ALPADIR Study
    • Authors: Reynaud M; Aubin H, Trinquet F, et al.
      Pages: 439 - 446
      Abstract: AbstractAimsAlcohol dependence is a major public health issue with a need for new pharmacological treatments. The ALPADIR study assessed the efficacy and safety of baclofen at the target dose of 180 mg/day for the maintenance of abstinence and the reduction in alcohol consumption in alcohol-dependent patients.MethodsThree hundred and twenty adult patients (158 baclofen and 162 placebo) were randomized after alcohol detoxification. After a 7-week titration, the maintenance dose was provided for 17 weeks, then progressively decreased over 2 weeks before stopping.ResultsThe percentage of abstinent patients during 20 consecutive weeks (primary endpoint) was low (baclofen: 11.9%; placebo: 10.5%) and not significantly different between groups (OR 1.20; 95%CI: 0.58 to 2.50; P = 0.618). A reduction in alcohol consumption was observed from month 1 in both groups, but the difference of 10.9 g/day at month 6 between groups, in favour of baclofen, was not statistically significant (P = 0.095). In a subgroup of patients with high drinking risk level at baseline, the reduction was greater with a difference at month 6 of 15.6 g/day between groups in favour of baclofen (P = 0.089). The craving assessed with Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale significantly decreased in the baclofen group (P = 0.017). No major safety concern was observed.ConclusionsThis study did not demonstrate the superiority of baclofen in the maintenance of abstinence at the target dose of 180 mg/day. A tendency towards a reduction in alcohol consumption and a significantly decreased craving were observed in favour of baclofen.Short summaryBaclofen was assessed versus placebo for maintenance of abstinence and reduction in alcohol consumption in alcohol-dependent patients. This study did not demonstrate the superiority of baclofen in the maintenance of abstinence. A tendency towards a reduction in alcohol consumption and a significantly decreased craving were observed in favour of baclofen.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx030
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Use of Psychoactive Medication in Short- and Long-term Abstainers from
    • Authors: Nalpas B; Perney P, .
      Pages: 447 - 452
      Abstract: AbstractAimTo document the use of prescribed psychoactive medicines in France in patients recovering from alcohol use disorders (AUDs).MethodSurvey among short- and long-term abstainers attending groups of French self-help associations for AUDs, recording socio-demographic profile, duration of abstinence, prescription of psychoactive medication and attitudes towards that, and whether or not in medical or psychological follow-up for AUD.ResultFive hundred seventy-five abstainers participated. More than a half had stopped drinking for at least 5 years. About 25% of the very long-term abstainers were still in follow-up. Benzodiazepines, then antidepressants, were the most frequently used medication. Prescriptions of medication decreased with length of abstinence; was always higher in women than in men and in those with a medical follow-up. About 45% claimed that they were ‘dependent’ on their pills. Ten years after having stopping drinking, 19 and 42.1% of men and women, respectively, were still under medication. Cluster analysis of self-opinion on medication showed that in ~30% of the subjects medication seemed to be prescribed for precautionary reasons.ConclusionPsychoactive medication in France is frequently prescribed for years following alcohol withdrawal. While it is possible that this is over-prescription, and further work in this regard is needed, changes in an on-going treatment for a given patient would need to be cautious.Short summaryPsychoactive medication in alcohol use disorders often prescribed for long-term abstainers in France. Benzodiazepines and antidepressants are the most frequently prescribed drugs. Prescription is more frequent in women and in those subjects having medical follow-up for their alcohol problem. Over-prescription is discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-04
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx018
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Intensity of Brief Interventions in Patients with Acute Alcoholic
           Pancreatitis Should be Increased, Especially in Young Patients with Heavy
           Alcohol Consumption
    • Authors: Nikkola J; Laukkarinen J, Huhtala H, et al.
      Pages: 453 - 459
      Abstract: AbstractAimsAfter the first acute alcoholic pancreatitis (AAP), active repeated brief interventions (BIs) have been shown to protect against recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP). However, in daily hospital practice the treatment of alcohol problems varies. Our aim was to study BIs performed in the clinic during AAP and whether this prevents from future RAP episodes.MethodsData on all patients discharged between 10/2010 and 10/2012 with acute pancreatitis as the primary diagnosis were obtained from the hospital database. Patients with the first attack of AAP were included in the study. Documented BIs during hospitalization for AAP and RAP and the development of RAP and chronic pancreatitis during median (range) follow-up of 4.2 (0.2–6.1) years were analyzed. Patients were also contacted with a mailed questionnaire.ResultsA total of 74 patients with first AAP during the study period were included. Of these, 32% developed RAP during follow-up. Of the patients, 72% received a documented BI during initial hospitalization, with no difference between patients who later did or did not develop RAP (71 vs. 72%; ns). Younger age (OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.92–1.00) and higher AUDIT points (P = 0.044; OR = 5.6; 95% CI = 1.02–30.9 for ≥20 AUDIT points) were associated with RAP. AUDIT test had 70% sensitivity and 71% specificity at a cut-off value of 20 points for predicting RAP.ConclusionsOnly 72% of the patients received a documented BI during the initial hospitalization for AAP. The in-hospital BI as such did not prevent the development of RAP. Young patients with AUDIT points ≥20 are especially at high risk for developing RAP and should be included in a more intense follow-up care program to maximize prevention.Short summaryDuring hospitalization for acute alcoholic pancreatitis (AAP), one third of the patients did not receive brief interventions (BIs). The in-hospital BI by itself was not sufficient enough to prevent disease recurrence in follow-up of 4 years. Young age and higher AUDIT-points were significant risk factors for recurrent attacks of AAP.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx023
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • One Year Clinical Correlates of EtG Positive Urine Screening in
           Alcohol-Dependent Patients: A Survival Analysis
    • Authors: Barrio P; Mondon S, Teixidor L, et al.
      Pages: 460 - 465
      Abstract: AbstractAimsLittle evidence exists supporting the efficacy of regular alcohol urine screening (RAUS) in the management of alcohol dependence, despite recent improvements in urine biomarkers. In this study, we aimed at investigating 1 year, differential clinical correlates between a positive and a negative baseline urine ethyl glucuronide (EtG) screening.MethodsAlcohol-dependent outpatients participating in a previous cross-sectional study where EtG and ethanol diagnostic performances were compared in a double blind design were included. After 1 year, the presence of relapse, the number of hospitalizations and whether patients had abandoned treatment or not were assessed from electronic medical records. A survival analysis was conducted to compare time to relapse between EtG negative and positive subjects. Regression models were performed to compare the mean number of days hospitalized between groups, the risk of being lost to follow-up and treatment expenses.ResultsOf note, 152 patients (mean age 52, 67% males) were included. The mean time to relapse was of 163 days in EtG positive subjects, compared to 329 days in those with a negative result. In the Cox-regression model, only EtG positivity yielded significant results, with a hazard ratio of 5:3 (95% CI: 3.1–9.1). EtG positive was also the only significant predictor of a greater number of hospitalization days and treatment expenses. Younger age was the only variable predicting a greater risk of treatment abandonment.ConclusionRAUS with sensible biomarkers could improve clinicians’ ability to assess patients’ relapse risk. Further prospective studies will have to determine if this can be translated into a better prevention capacity.Short summaryPositive urine screenings, when conducted with highly sensible alcohol biomarkers, significantly indicate a greater risk of relapse in alcohol-dependent patients and have the capacity to predict a greater risk of hospitalization and greater treatment expenses.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx012
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Long-Term Mortality of Patients with an Alcohol-Related
           Wernicke–Korsakoff Syndrome
    • Authors: Sanvisens A; Zuluaga P, Fuster D, et al.
      Pages: 466 - 471
      Abstract: AbstractAimsTo characterize a series of contemporary patients with alcohol-related Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) or Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) and to update the current prognosis of disease.MethodsRetrospective and prospective study of patients diagnosed with an alcohol-related WE or KS between 2002 and 2011 in a tertiary hospital. Socio-demographic, alcohol use characteristics, signs and symptoms, co-morbidity and blood parameters were obtained at admission. Patients were followed up until 2013 and causes of death were ascertained through the review of charts.ResultsSixty-one patients were included (51 with WE and 10 with KS). Among patients with WE, 78% were men and age at diagnosis was 57 years (interquartile range (IQR): 49–66). Twenty-three percent fulfilled the classic WE triad. Regarding Caine's criteria for WE, 70.6% presented with at least two out of four signs or symptoms. Median follow-up of patients with WE syndrome was 5.3 years (IQR: 2.6–8.8), the cumulated mortality was 45% and death rate of 7.4 × 100 person-years (95% confidence interval (CI): 4.8–10.9). Overall, 50% of patients would be expected to die within 8 years of WE episode and main causes of death included serious bacterial infections (44.5%) and cancer (33.3%).ConclusionsSurvival of patients with an alcohol-related Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome is poor; pursuing treatment of alcohol use disorder and early diagnosis of thiamine deficiency is a priority for improving clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx013
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Feasibility of Studying a Brief Intervention to Help Chinese Villagers
           with Problem Alcohol Use After an Earthquake
    • Authors: Xiaolu R; Wenwen W, Ali R, et al.
      Pages: 472 - 476
      Abstract: AbstractAimTo evaluate the feasibility of conducting a study of structured brief intervention (BI) for reducing problem alcohol use among individuals who experienced earthquake.MethodsFollowing the Wenchuan earthquake, 1336 clients from 18 local hospitals were invited to complete the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Of those, 239 individuals (AUDIT score of greater than or equal to 7) were included in the study. The participants from intervention village hospitals who were assigned to the BI group (n = 118) received a structured BI lasting 15–30 min plus general health education. The participants from the control village hospitals were assigned to the control group (n = 121) only received general health education. Baseline and post-intervention assessments at 12 weeks were conducted using the AUDIT, Substance Abuse Knowledge Scale (SAKS), Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and General Well-being Schedule.ResultsAt 3 months follow-up, the BI group had reduced scores on AUDIT (F = 65.84; P < 0.001) and increased on SAKS (F = 44.45; P < 0.001), but the control group had increased scores on SAS (F = 10.76; P = 0.001) and SDS (F = 18.43; P < 0.001) compared with baseline. BI group showed more decreases for AUDIT scores (group × time effect, F = 34.8; P < 0.001), and had mores increases for SAKS scores (group × time effect, F = 15.7; P < 0.001) compared with control group.ConclusionThe study demonstrated the feasibility of a study of BI in problem alcohol users who experienced traumatic events. Further research need to be done to test the effectiveness of BI over a longer period of time, and provide evidence in support of BI as an effective technique in China.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx014
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Influence of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco on the Progression,
           Severity and Treatment Outcome in Alcohol-Dependent Individuals
    • Authors: Rauwolf KK; Berglund KJ, Berggren U, et al.
      Pages: 477 - 482
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThe influence of tobacco use in alcohol-dependent individuals is not well understood, especially the role of snuffing, which is common in Northern Europe. The aim was therefore to investigate the influence of smoking and snuffing on the progression, severity and treatment outcome in alcohol-dependent individuals. The hypotheses were that concomitant tobacco use (i.e. smoking or snuffing) would enhance the progression and severity of alcohol dependence and be less beneficial for treatment outcome, relative to tobacco non-users.MethodsAlcohol-dependent individuals (n = 347) were recruited from three treatment units specialized in alcohol use disorders. Participants were interviewed about their current and past alcohol and tobacco use at treatment entry and at a follow-up interview 2.5 years thereafter.ResultsThe tobacco users (smokers and snuffers) had an earlier alcohol debut compared to the tobacco never-users. Snuffers reported regular alcohol consumption and inebriation at an earlier age in contrast to smokers and tobacco never-users. There were no difference between the groups regarding treatment outcome.ConclusionsThis study highlights the importance of studying not only the influence of smoking but also of snuffing on the progression, severity and treatment outcome in individuals with alcohol dependence.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx031
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Alcohol Consumption and Common Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: The USE-IMT
    • Authors: Britton AR; Grobbee DE, den Ruijter HM, et al.
      Pages: 483 - 486
      Abstract: AbstractAimsEpidemiological evidence indicates a protective effect of light to moderate alcohol consumption compared to non-drinking and heavy drinking. Although several mechanisms have been suggested, the effect of alcohol on atherosclerotic changes in vessel walls is unclear. Therefore, we explored the relationship between alcohol consumption and common carotid intima media thickness, a marker of early atherosclerosis in the general population.MethodsIndividual participant data from eight cohorts, involving 37,494 individuals from the USE-IMT collaboration were used. Multilevel age and sex adjusted linear regression models were applied to estimate mean differences in common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) with alcohol consumption.ResultsThe mean age was 57.9 years (SD 8.6) and the mean CIMT was 0.75 mm (SD 0.177). About, 40.5% reported no alcohol consumed, and among those who drank, mean consumption was 13.3 g per day (SD 16.4). Those consuming no alcohol or a very small amount (<5 g per day) had significantly lower common CIMT values than those consuming >10 g per day, after adjusting for a range of confounding factors.ConclusionIn this large CIMT consortium, we did not find evidence to support a protective effect of alcohol on CIMT.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx028
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Are Changes in Alcohol Consumption Among Swedish Youth Really Occurring
           ‘in Concert’' A New Perspective Using Quantile Regression
    • Authors: Zeebari Z; Lundin A, Dickman PW, et al.
      Pages: 487 - 495
      Abstract: AbstractAimsRecent studies of youth alcohol consumption indicate a collective downward drinking trend at all levels of consumption, i.e. reductions occurring ‘in concert’. We re-examine the collectivity of drinking theory by applying quantile regression methods to the analysis and interpretation of Swedish youth alcohol consumption.MethodChanges in youth alcohol consumption between 2000 and 2014 were assessed using a school-based survey conducted in Stockholm (n = 86,402). Participants were Swedish youth aged 15–18 years. The rate of change in consumption was examined using quantile regression, and compared to Ordinary Least Squares modelling. The hypothesis of parallelism or ‘in concert’ changes in consumption was assessed using the test of the equality of linear regression slopes corresponding to different quantiles of log consumption.ResultsIn both models, changes in consumption over time did not occur in parallel, contrary to the collectivity of drinking theory. Instead, a clear divergence in the rate of drinking was observed, with most adolescent quantiles reducing consumption, while heavy consuming remained stable.ConclusionsContrary to previous studies, our findings do not support a collectivity of drinking behaviour among Swedish youth. Quantile regression is a robust and appropriate method for analysing temporal changes in alcohol consumption data.
      PubDate: 2017-04-04
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx020
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Associations Between Personality and Drinking Motives Among Abstinent
           Adult Alcoholic Men and Women
    • Authors: Mosher Ruiz S; Oscar-Berman M, Kemppainen MI, et al.
      Pages: 496 - 505
      Abstract: AbstractAimsMen and women differ in personality characteristics and may be motivated to use alcohol for different reasons. The goals of the present study were to characterize personality and drinking motives by gender and alcoholism status in adults, and to determine how alcoholism history and gender are related to the associations between personality traits and drinking motivation.MethodsPersonality characteristics were assessed with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, which includes Extraversion, Neuroticism, Psychoticism and Lie (Social Conforming) scales. To evaluate drinking motivation, we asked abstinent long-term alcoholic men and women, and demographically similar nonalcoholic participants to complete the Drinking Motives Questionnaire, which includes Conformity, Coping, Social and Enhancement scales.ResultsPatterns of personality scale scores and drinking motives differed by alcoholism status, with alcoholics showing higher psychopathology and stronger motives for drinking compared with controls. Divergent gender-specific relationships between personality and drinking motives also were identified, which differed for alcoholics and controls.ConclusionAlcoholic and control men and women differed with respect to the associations between personality traits and motives for drinking. A better understanding of how different personality traits affect drinking motivations for alcoholic men and women can inform individualized relapse prevention strategies.Short SummaryMen and women differed in their personality traits and their motivations for drinking, and these relationships differed for abstinent alcoholic and control groups. Additionally, alcoholics scored higher on Neuroticism and Psychoticism personality traits, and had lower Enhancement and Social Conformity drinking motives than nonalcoholic controls.
      PubDate: 2017-04-04
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx016
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Effects of Alcohol Dependence Severity on Neural Correlates of Delay
    • Authors: Lim AC; Cservenka A, Ray LA.
      Pages: 506 - 515
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThe current study examines the relationship between alcohol dependence severity and delay discounting neural activation.MethodsParticipants (N = 17; 6 female) completed measures of alcohol use and severity and a functional magnetic resonance imaging version of a delay discounting task.ResultsAlcohol dependence severity was negatively associated with activation in superior frontal gyrus during impulsive relative to delayed decisions, and positively associated with activation in paracingulate gyrus and frontal pole in delayed relative to impulsive decisions.ConclusionsThese results indicate that alcohol dependence severity tracks closely with dysregulations in cognitive control and reward evaluation areas during impulsive and delayed decisions, respectively. Delay discounting may be a useful construct in capturing these cognitive dysregulations as alcohol use disorders become more severe.Short summaryAmong alcohol-dependent individuals, alcohol dependence severity is associated with overactivation of ventromedial prefrontal areas during delayed and underactivation of dorsolateral prefrontal regions during impulsive reward decisions.
      PubDate: 2017-03-18
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx015
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Risky Drinkers Underestimate their Own Alcohol Consumption
    • Authors: Gual A; Ángel Arbesú J, Zarco J, et al.
      Pages: 516 - 517
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx029
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • List of Reviewers
    • Pages: 518 - 520
      PubDate: 2017-04-26
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx026
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
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