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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 350, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 602, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 117, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 205, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Alcohol and Alcoholism
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.376
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 18  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0735-0414 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3502
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • Multisensory Environments to Measure Craving During Functional Magnetic
           Resonance Imaging
    • Authors: Goodyear K.
      Pages: 193 - 195
      Abstract: There are limited functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies that measure alcohol craving with multisensory environments. Researchers are faced with a two-fold challenge: to recreate a naturalistic environment during an MRI scan and to produce paradigms that mimic real-life conditions involved with craving. Craving is a multifaceted psychological construct and techniques such as fMRI provide an alternative way to measure craving and to have a better understanding of its complexity. Most studies to date have implemented visual stimuli to measure craving and only a few studies have investigated gustation and olfaction. Moving forward, there needs to be greater attention on the ways in which we measure craving and the use of multisensory environments during fMRI. By going beyond examining subjective craving responses, and investigating neurobiological responses such as brain activity during fMRI, can potentially lead to better treatments for alcohol use disorder. Further, there needs to be additional consideration on standardizing how we measure craving, which will allow for a more unified approach amongst researchers.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz021
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Alcohol Hangover: Underlying Biochemical, Inflammatory and Neurochemical
    • Authors: Palmer E; Tyacke R, Sastre M, et al.
      Pages: 196 - 203
      Abstract: AimTo review current alcohol hangover research in animals and humans and evaluate key evidence for contributing biological factors.MethodNarrative review with alcohol hangover defined as the state the day after a single episode of heavy drinking, when the alcohol concentration in the blood approaches zero.ResultsMany of the human studies of hangover are not well controlled, with subjects consuming different concentrations of alcohol over variable time periods and evaluation not blinded. Also, studies have measured different symptoms and use varying methods of measurement. Animal studies show variations with respect to the route of administration (intragastric or intraperitoneal), the behavioural tests utilised and discrepancy in the timepoint used for hangover onset. Human studies have the advantage over animal models of being able to assess subjective hangover severity and its correlation with specific behaviours and/or biochemical markers. However, animal models provide valuable insight into the neural mechanisms of hangover. Despite such limitations, several hangover models have identified pathological changes which correlate with the hangover state. We review studies examining the contribution of alcohol’s metabolites, neurotransmitter changes with particular reference to glutamate, neuroinflammation and ingested congeners to hangover severity.ConclusionAlcohol metabolites, neurotransmitter alterations, inflammatory factors and mitochondrial dysfunction are the most likely factors in hangover pathology. Future research should aim to investigate the relationship between these factors and their causal role.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz016
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Soluble α-Klotho in Liver Cirrhosis and Alcoholism
    • Authors: Martín-González C; González-Reimers E, Quintero-Platt G, et al.
      Pages: 204 - 208
      Abstract: Aims and backgroundAlpha Klotho is a transmembrane protein that serves as co-receptor for FGF23. Ectodomain of membrane bound α Klotho may be shed by membrane bound proteases (activated, among other factors, by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α) generating the soluble form of the protein (sKl) that functions as a hormone by itself. It modulates calcium influx into cells, blunts IGF-1/Insulin signaling, promotes synthesis of antioxidants, generally slows down tumor progression, delays cell senescence, is neuroprotective and promotes oligodendrocyte maturation and myelin synthesis, and muscle rejuvenation. It may be involved in inflammation and exerts antifibrogenic effects. Some of these pathways may become altered in alcoholism or liver cirrhosis, but data are scattered and scarce and an update is required.MethodLiterature survey.Results and ConclusionsAlcohol consumption in non-alcoholics is inversely related to sKl, but alcoholic cirrhotics showed higher-than-normal sKl values in association with liver function derangement. In hepatoma cells, the intensity of Klotho staining was related to faster tumor progression and a shortened life span. Among severe alcoholic cirrhotics sKl is directly related to serum TNF-α levels, and, inversely, to brain atrophy. Given the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antifibrogenic effects of Klotho, perhaps the increase in cirrhosis (and in other inflammatory conditions, such as sepsis or cancer) reflects an attempt to regulate increased inflammation, but clinical and experimental research is urgently needed in this field.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz019
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Lack of Association Between Serotonin Transporter Gene (SLC6A4) Promoter
           Methylation and Amygdala Response During Negative Emotion Processing in
           Individuals With Alcohol Dependence
    • Authors: Muench C; Luo A, Charlet K, et al.
      Pages: 209 - 215
      Abstract: AimsDifferences in DNA methylation of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) have been shown to alter SLC6A4 expression and predict brain functions in healthy individuals. This study investigated the association between SLC6A4 promoter methylation and threat-related amygdala activation in individuals with alcohol dependence (AD).MethodsMethylation of the SLC6A4 promoter region was assessed using peripheral blood DNA from 45 individuals with AD and 45 healthy controls (HCs). All participants completed an emotional face matching task in a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner.ResultsResults did not reveal any association between SLC6A4 promoter methylation variation and threat-related amygdala activation in HCs or individuals with AD. Furthermore, methylation in the promoter region of SLC6A4 did not significantly differ between the groups.ConclusionsOur results do not replicate a previous finding that increased methylation in the promoter region of SLC6A4 is associated with threat-related amygdala activation in healthy individuals and further show that there is no such association in individuals with AD. Given that the number of imaging epigenetics studies on SLC6A4 is very limited to date, these inconsistent results indicate that future research is needed to clarify its association with amygdala reactivity in both healthy and clinical populations.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz032
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Meta-Analysis on Associations of Alcohol Metabolism Genes With Alcohol Use
           Disorder in East Asians
    • Authors: Zaso M; Goodhines P, Wall T, et al.
      Pages: 216 - 224
      Abstract: AimsThe current meta-analysis tested independent and composite associations of three commonly studied alcohol metabolism alleles with alcohol use disorder (AUD) within East Asians as well as characterized potential moderating factors in these associations.MethodsFor meta-analysis, 32 articles were selected that investigated ALDH2 (n = 17,755), ADH1B (n = 13,591) and ADH1C (n = 4,093) associations with AUD in East Asians.Results and conclusionsAll three variants were associated with AUD across allelic and genotypic models: ALDH2, ORs = 0.25, P < 0.001; ADH1B, ORs = 0.22–0.49, P < 0.001; ADH1C, ORs = 0.26–0.46, P < 0.001. Composite analyses suggested genetic associations did not differ across ALDH2*2 and ADH1B*2, correcting for multiple comparisons. Moderation analyses suggested ADH1B was more strongly associated with AUD among samples with cases recruited from treatment than the community. Also, strength of ALDH2 and/or ADH1B associations varied with mean age and proportion of men in cases and controls. Findings support medium to large and unique associations of ALDH2, ADH1B, and ADH1C with AUD in East Asians. Results also identified novel methodological and sample characteristics that may modulate strength of these associations.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz011
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Changes in the Human Metabolome Associated With Alcohol Use: A Review
    • Authors: Voutilainen T; Kärkkäinen O.
      Pages: 225 - 234
      Abstract: AimsThe metabolome refers to the functional status of the cell, organ or the whole body. Metabolomic methods measure the metabolome (metabolite profile) which can be used to examine disease progression and treatment responses. Here, our aim was to review metabolomics studies examining effects of alcohol use in humans.MethodsWe performed a literature search using PubMed and Web of Science for reports on changes in the human metabolite profile associated with alcohol use; we found a total of 23 articles published before end of 2018.ResultsMost studies had investigated plasma, serum or urine samples; only four studies had examined other sample types (liver, faeces and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid). Levels of 51 metabolites were altered in two or more of the reviewed studies. Alcohol use was associated with changes in the levels of lipids and amino acids. In general, levels of fatty acids, phosphatidylcholine diacyls and steroid metabolites tended to increase, whereas those of phosphatidylcholine acyl-alkyls and hydroxysphingomyelins declined. Common alterations in circulatory levels of amino acids included decreased levels of glutamine, and increased levels of tyrosine and alanine.ConclusionsMore studies, especially with a longitudinal study design, or using more varied sample materials (e.g. organs or saliva), are needed to clarify alcohol-induced diseases and alterations at a target organ level. Hopefully, this will lead to the discovery of new treatments, improved recognition of individuals at high risk and identification of those subjects who would benefit most from certain treatments.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz030
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Alcohol Screening and Brief Advice in NHS General Dental Practices: A
           Cluster Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial
    • Authors: Ntouva A; Porter J, Crawford M, et al.
      Pages: 235 - 242
      Abstract: AimTo assess the feasibility and acceptability of screening for alcohol misuse and delivering brief advice to eligible patients attending NHS dental practices in London.MethodsA two-arm cluster randomized controlled feasibility trial was conducted. Twelve dental practices were recruited and randomized to intervention and control arms. Participants attending for a dental check were recruited into the study and were eligible if they consumed alcohol above recommended levels assessed by the AUDIT-C screening tool. All eligible participants were asked to complete a baseline socio-demographic questionnaire. Six months after the completion of baseline measures, participants were contacted via telephone by a researcher masked to their allocation status. The full AUDIT tool was then administered. Alcohol consumption in the last 90 days was also assessed using the Form 90. A process evaluation assessed the acceptability of the intervention.ResultsOver a 7-month period, 229 participants were recruited (95.4% recruitment rate) and at the 6 months follow-up, 176 participants were assessed (76.9% retention rate). At the follow-up, participants in the intervention arm were significantly more likely to report a longer abstinence period (3.2 vs. 2.3 weeks respectively, P = 0.04) and non-significant differences in AUDIT (44.9% vs. 59.8% AUDIT positive respectively, P = 0.053) and AUDIT C difference between baseline and follow-up (−0.67 units vs. −0.29 units respectively, P = 0.058). Results from the process evaluation indicated that the intervention and study procedures were acceptable to dentists and patients.ConclusionsThis study has demonstrated the feasibility and acceptability of dentists screening for alcohol misuse and providing brief advice.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz017
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Assessment of alcohol consumption in depression follow-up using
           self-reports and blood measures including inflammatory biomarkers
    • Authors: Archer M; Kampman O, Bloigu A, et al.
      Pages: 243 - 250
      Abstract: AimsAlcohol consumption has been suggested a major role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of depression. However, reliable identification of hazardous drinking continues to be problematic. We compared the accuracy of different biomarkers and self-reports of alcohol consumption in the follow-up study of depression.MethodsData from 202 patients with major depressive disorder were obtained through self-reports, AUDIT and AUDIT-C questionnaires and biomarker analyses. The clinical assessments and measurements of biomarkers (GT, CDT, GT-CDT-combination, MCV, ALT, AST, hs-CRP, IL-6) were performed at baseline and after six months of treatment. Based on self-reported alcohol intake at baseline the patients were classified to three subgroups.ResultsAbout 27.2% of patients were categorized to high-risk drinkers, 26.3% low-risk drinkers and 46.5% abstainers. High-risk drinkers showed significantly higher mean values of GT, CDT, GT-CDT-combination and IL-6 than abstainers, diagnostic accuracy being highest with the combined marker of GT-CDT. The accuracy of AUDIT and AUDIT-C to detect high-risk drinking was also significant. During follow-up, the differences observed in the biomarkers at baseline disappeared together with recovery from depression.ConclusionsOur data suggest the combined use of GT-CDT and AUDIT questionnaires to improve the identification of drinking of patients with depression. This approach could be useful for improving treatment adherence and outcome in depressed patients.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz002
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Elimination Characteristics of the Alcohol Biomarker Phosphatidylethanol
           (PEth) in Blood during Alcohol Detoxification
    • Authors: Helander A; Böttcher M, Dahmen N, et al.
      Pages: 251 - 257
      Abstract: AimsThe study documented elimination characteristics of three phosphatidylethanol (PEth) homologs in serially collected blood samples from 47 heavy drinkers during ~2 weeks of alcohol detoxification at hospital.MethodsVenous whole blood and urine samples were collected every 1–2 days during treatment. Concentrations of PEth, and of urinary ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) to detect relapse drinking, were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.ResultsWhen included in the study, negative or decreasing breath ethanol concentrations demonstrated that the patients were in the elimination phase. The EtG and EtS measurements further confirmed alcohol abstinence during the study, with three exceptions. On admission, all patients tested positive for PEth, the total concentration ranging 0.82–11.7 (mean 6.35, median 5.88) μmol/l. PEth 16:0/18:1, 16:0/18:2 and 16:0/20:4 accounted for on average ~42%, ~26% and ~9%, respectively, of total PEth in these samples. There were good correlations between total PEth and individual homologs (P < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in PEth values between male and female subjects. During abstinence, the elimination half-life values ranged 3.5–9.8 days for total PEth, 3.7–10.4 days for PEth 16:0/18:1, 2.7–8.5 days for PEth 16:0/18:2 and 2.3–8.4 days for PEth 16:0/20:4.ConclusionsThe results demonstrated a very high sensitivity (100%) of PEth as alcohol biomarker for recent heavy drinking, but considerable differences in the elimination rates between individuals and between different PEth forms. This indicates that it is possible to make only approximate estimates of the quantity and recency of alcohol intake based on a single PEth value.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz027
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Timeline Followback Self-Reports Underestimate Alcohol Use Prior to
           Successful Contingency Management Treatment
    • Authors: Kaplan B; Koffarnus M.
      Pages: 258 - 263
      Abstract: AimsAlcohol consumption is a modifiable and plausible risk factor for age-related cognitive decline but more longitudinal studies investigating the association are needed. Our aims were to estimate associations of adult-life alcohol consumption and consumption patterns with age-related cognitive decline.MethodsWe investigated the associations of self-reported adult-life weekly alcohol consumption and weekly extreme binge drinking (≥10 units on the same occasion) with changes in test scores on an identical validated test of intelligence completed in early adulthood and late midlife in 2498 Danish men from the Lifestyle and Cognition Follow-up study 2015. Analyses were adjusted for year of birth, retest interval, baseline IQ, education and smoking.ResultsMen with adult-life alcohol consumption of more than 28 units/week had a larger decline in IQ scores from early adulthood to late midlife than men consuming 1–14 units/week (B29–35units/week = −3.6; P < 0.001). Likewise, a 1-year increase in weekly extreme binge drinking was associated with a 0.12-point decline in IQ scores (P < 0.001). Weekly extreme binge drinking explained more variance in IQ changes than average weekly consumption. In analyses including mutual adjustment of weekly extreme binge drinking and average weekly alcohol consumption, the estimated IQ decline associated with extreme binge drinking was largely unaffected, whereas the association with weekly alcohol consumption became non-significant.ConclusionsAdult-life heavy alcohol consumption and extreme binge drinking appear to be associated with larger cognitive decline in men. Moreover, extreme binge drinking may be more important than weekly alcohol consumption in relation to cognitive decline.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz031
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Effectiveness of Workplace Intervention for Reducing Alcohol Consumption:
           a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • Authors: Yuvaraj K; Eliyas S, Gokul S, et al.
      Pages: 264 - 271
      Abstract: AimsTo review the effectiveness of workplace interventions in reducing alcohol consumption among employees.MethodsSystematic search of science databases from inception till May 2018 for trials where an intervention was tested against a control and data presented as amount of alcohol consumed per week. Quality of trials was assessed by Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis was performed with random-effects model and pooled mean difference (MD) was reported with 95% confidence interval. Publication bias was assessed using Egger’s test.ResultsSeven trials with 1291 participants could be included. No outcome assessments were blinded. There was positive effect of workplace intervention on reduction of alcohol consumption with pooled MD of −2.25 [95% CI: −4.20 to −0.30]. The effect was only seen where subjects had a baseline alcohol consumption of over 15 standard drinks per week. There was no heterogeneity across the trials (I2=0%). Funnel plot was symmetrical shaped and Egger’s test confirmed that there was no publication bias. Two studies found no advantages to intervention on differences on the AUDIT test.ConclusionThere is weak evidence for workplace interventions (varying modes) as a way of facilitating reduction in the consumption of alcohol among employees but only among the heavier consumers.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz024
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Clinical Predictors of Response to Baclofen in the Treatment of Alcohol
           use Disorder: Results from the BacALD Trial
    • Authors: Rombouts S; Baillie A, Haber P, et al.
      Pages: 272 - 278
      Abstract: AimTo examine clinical predictors of treatment response to baclofen in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD).MethodsData from a randomised controlled trial (RCT) (N = 104), in which AUD patients received placebo or baclofen (30 mg/day or 75 mg/day) for 12 weeks, were analysed to determine predictive effects of the following four clinical characteristics: alcoholic liver disease (ALD), baseline alcohol consumption, craving and anxiety. Treatment outcomes included: (i) time to lapse and (ii) time to relapse.ResultsFor both outcome measures, baclofen, irrespective of dose, was more effective when alcohol consumption was higher at baseline. Relative to placebo, baclofen increased time to first lapse in patients with higher baseline alcohol consumption (HR = 0.459, 95% CI = 0.219–0.962, P < 0.05). Similarly, baclofen increased time to first relapse in patients with higher alcohol consumption at baseline (HR = 0.360, 95% CI = 0.168–0.772, P < 0.05). There were no predictive effects of other baseline characteristics on time to lapse nor time to relapse. Directly comparing high dose of baclofen (75 mg/day) with low dose of baclofen (30 mg/day) revealed no differences with regards to predictors of baclofen response.ConclusionBaclofen, relative to placebo, was more effective when alcohol consumption was higher at baseline.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz026
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Assessment and Treatment of Patients with Comorbidity of Mental Health
           Problems and Alcohol Use Disorders: Experiences of Clinicians and Patients
           in the UK and Poland
    • Authors: Klingemann J; Welbel M, Nicaise P, et al.
      Pages: 279 - 286
      Abstract: AimsTreatment of patients with comorbidity of mental health problems and alcohol use disorder (AUD) constitutes a challenge in many countries. The article aimed at exploration of personal experiences of clinicians and patients with the comorbidity regarding its assessment, treatment and organization of care in Poland and the UK.MethodsData were collected via in-depth, semi-structured interviews with clinicians (N = 28) and patients (N = 81) in both countries, according to a unified study protocol. Maximum variation sampling was applied to both study groups. All interviews’ transcripts were coded (CAQDA) and the consistency of coding across centres was assessed. Data analysis was performed according to the principles of thematic analysis.ResultsOur data show that most patients with AUD admitted at the psychiatric wards—apart from assessment which is a standard procedure during admission—receive only minimal support during their hospital stay. This is the consequence of two factors: lack of trained staff prepared to help those patients and a priority given to self-referrals by AUD units. At the same time, it is recognized by clinicians and patients that more support is needed to encourage the utilization of AUD services and to prevent the drop-out.ConclusionsIn order to improve the system response, the use of screening instruments in the process of the assessment of AUD and establishment of special procedures supporting motivation and adherence to treatment and preventing drop-out merits consideration. Moreover, the psychiatric wards and the AUD services could possibly profit from formalization of the collaboration between services.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz023
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Relationship between Alcohol Craving and Insomnia Symptoms in
           Alcohol-Dependent Individuals
    • Authors: He S; Brooks A, Kampman K, et al.
      Pages: 287 - 294
      Abstract: AimThis preliminary investigation evaluated the link between alcohol craving and insomnia in actively drinking patients with alcohol dependence (AD).MethodsWe conducted a secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial of treatment-seeking patients with AD who drank heavily (N = 61). The Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) evaluated alcohol craving, and the Short Sleep Index (SSI) assessed insomnia symptoms. We used linear regression models for baseline cross-sectional assessments. Linear mixed effects regression models evaluated craving scores longitudinally across insomnia groups (+/−), and insomnia scores longitudinally across craving groups(high/low). These longitudinal analyses were conducted separately in those treated with placebo (N = 32) and quetiapine (N = 29).ResultsThe mean (standard deviation) for PACS total score was 15.9 (8.5) and for SSI was 2.1 (2.3). Alcohol craving was associated with the insomnia symptom of difficulty falling asleep (P = 0.03; effect size = −0.7) and with the SSI total score (P = 0.04, effect size = −0.7). In the longitudinal analysis, insomnia+ subjects had consistently higher PACS total scores, relative to the insomnia− group. The PACS score demonstrated significant group × time interactions in both treatment groups. Insomnia+ individuals demonstrated a relatively steeper rate of decline in the craving with quetiapine treatment (P = 0.03). Insomnia− individuals in the placebo group demonstrated a transient reduction in craving until week 8, followed by an increase in scores(P = 0.004). The SSI score did not demonstrate any interactive effect over time across the craving groups in either treatment arm.ConclusionInsomnia was associated with higher alcohol craving and quetiapine differentially reduced craving in those with insomnia.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz029
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Development of Video Messages to Reduce Binge Drinking: Focus Group
    • Authors: Carlson G; Duckworth M.
      Pages: 295 - 301
      Abstract: AimsThe current study examined college students’ perceptions of loss framed and gain framed messages aimed at reducing binge drinking.MethodsUsing focus groups (n = 3) consisting of undergraduates (n = 131), an iterative process was undertaken to ensure the acceptability and construct validity of loss framed and gain framed video messages. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected.ResultsResults across all focus groups demonstrated that each message condition possessed strong construct validity. Participants in focus Group 3 rated messages as moderately to highly acceptable and acceptability ratings across loss framed messages and gain framed messages were comparable.ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate the importance of focus group testing in the development of brief alcohol interventions among college students. Messages used in the currents study will be included in a video intervention aimed at reducing binge drinking among college students.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz001
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Association Between Alcoholic Cirrhosis and Hemorrhagic Stroke: A
           Nationwide Population-based Study
    • Authors: Lin S; Lin C, Chen W, et al.
      Pages: 302 - 309
      Abstract: AimsThis study investigated whether patients with alcoholic cirrhosis have a high risk of hemorrhagic stroke.MethodsIn this study, 17,094 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis between 2000 and 2010 were identified using the Taiwan National Health Insurance claims data. Identified patients were randomly selected and propensity score matched with individuals without cirrhosis according to age, sex, comorbidities and index year.ResultsThe overall incidence rate of stroke was 4.41 and 12.1 per 1000 person-years in the chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (CLDC) with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) cohort and the alcoholic CLDC cohort, respectively. The alcoholic CLDC cohort exhibited a 4.53-fold higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke (adjusted subhazard ratio [aSHR] = 4.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.05–6.71) than did the non-CLDC cohort, and the CLDC with HBV or HCV cohort exhibited a 1.40-fold higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke (aSHR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.10–1.78) than did the non-CLDC cohort. The alcoholic CLDC cohort and the CLDC with HBV or HCV cohort showed an aSHR of 1.80 (95% CI = 1.36–2.40) and 0.95 (95% CI = 0.83–1.07) for ischemic stroke, respectively, compared with the non-CLDC cohort.ConclusionAlcoholic patients with CLDC had a higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke compared with non-alcoholic patients with CLDC and patients without CLDC.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz025
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Predictors of Alcohol Use Disorders Among Young Adults: A Systematic
           Review of Longitudinal Studies
    • Authors: Meque I; Salom C, Betts K, et al.
      Pages: 310 - 324
      Abstract: AimsAlcohol use disorders (AUDs) are highly disabling neuropsychiatric conditions. Although evidence suggests a high burden of AUDs in young adults, few studies have investigated their life course predictors. It is crucial to assess factors that may influence these disorders from early life through adolescence to deter AUDs in early adulthood by tailoring prevention and intervention strategies. This review aims to assess temporal links between childhood and adolescent predictors of clinically diagnosed AUDs in young adults.MethodsWe systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and Embase databases for longitudinally assessed predictors of AUDs in young adults. Data were extracted and assessed for quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment tool for cohort studies. We performed our analysis by grouping predictors under six main domains.Results and ConclusionTwenty two studies met the eligibility criteria. The outcome in all studies was measured according to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Our review suggests strong links between externalizing symptoms in adolescence and AUDs in young adulthood, as well as when externalizing symptoms co-occur with illicit drug use. Findings on the role of internalizing symptoms and early drinking onset were inconclusive. Environmental factors were influential but changed over time. In earlier years, maternal drinking predicted early adult AUD while parental monitoring and school engagement were protective. Both peer and parental influences waned in adulthood. Further high-quality large longitudinal studies that identify distinctive developmental pathways on the aetiology of AUDs and assess the role of early internalizing symptoms and early drinking onset are warranted.
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz020
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Impact of Personal Alcohol Consumption on Aspects of Medical Student
           Alcohol-Related Competencies
    • Authors: Sinclair J; Vaccari E, Tiwari A, et al.
      Pages: 325 - 330
      Abstract: AimAs part of the prevention and management of alcohol-related harms, health professionals need to be competent to assess the level of alcohol use in patients. In this study, we explored how medical students’ own alcohol consumption impacts on their familiarity with alcohol brands, strengths and alcohol-related harms.MethodsAs part of a wider study investigating the concept of ‘alcohol health literacy’, this study combined an anonymous online survey, linked to an electronic alcohol ‘brand’ recognition game. Participants were medical students in their first clinical year. The survey recorded demographics, self-reported alcohol consumption (using the AUDIT-C), a visual test of relative alcohol concentrations of wine, beer and spirits, and a free-text response asking them to list alcohol-related harms. Participants then completed the brand recognition game recording accuracy and reaction time for identifying alcohol drink brands.ResultsOne hundred and fifty students participated. There was a significant effect of ethnicity on drinking status, with 48% of non-white participants scoring zero on the AUDIT-C. Students who reported any alcohol consumption were more likely to correctly assess relative alcohol concentrations and were faster and more accurate at recognizing alcohol brands, which was dose dependent. Overall, only 45% correctly recognized relative alcohol strengths of drinks presented.ConclusionsAmong third-year medical students, ability to correctly identify relative strengths of alcoholic drinks is low. As might be expected, students who drink alcohol tend to identify brands and strengths more accurately. This has implications for how best to tailor the delivery of teaching and training about alcohol to ensure similar levels of clinical confidence in dealing with future patients regardless of personal experience.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz033
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Has the Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Risky
           Behaviour Changed in Australia' An Exploratory Study
    • Authors: Mojica-Perez Y; Callinan S, Livingston M.
      Pages: 331 - 337
      Abstract: AimsRecent studies have pointed to diverging trends between alcohol consumption and harm rates. One explanation for these trends is the normalization hypothesis, which suggests that declines in alcohol consumption will result in more risky behaviour by the remaining drinkers as consumption becomes a more deviant behaviour. We examine how the relationship between alcohol consumption and risky behaviour has changed in Australia over a fourteen-year period.MethodsRisky behaviour and alcohol consumption were obtained from six waves (2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016) of the National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS). 115,115 respondents aged over 14 were included in this study. Poisson regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between risky behaviour and two measures of alcohol consumption (average volume per day and risky drinking occasions per month) over six NDSHS waves. Interaction terms between year and the drinking variables were included in each model to identify shifts in this relationship between consumption and harm.ResultsRespondents with greater alcohol consumption were more likely to report risky behaviour (IRR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.13–1.16). Risky behaviour generally declined over time however older participants reported more risky behaviour over time. Generally, the relationship between alcohol consumption and risky behaviour has remained stable, with some very minor upward shifts for young drinkers (aged 14–29; highest IRR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01–1.04).ConclusionsWe found little support for the normalization hypothesis–risky behaviour tends to shift consistently along with drinking levels. Results suggest that recent reductions in alcohol consumption should lead to reductions in rates of harm.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz034
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
  • Problems with Methanol Poisoning Outbreaks in Iran
    • Authors: Banagozar Mohammadi A; Delirrad M.
      Pages: 338 - 338
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agz028
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2019)
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