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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 299, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 575, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 218, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Alcohol and Alcoholism
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.376
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 18  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0735-0414 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3502
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Japanese Abstracts*
    • PubDate: Mon, 30 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy055
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • The Medical Council on Alcohol’s 50th Anniversary Witness Seminar
    • Authors: Berridge V.
      Pages: 355 - 356
      PubDate: Sat, 03 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy014
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • PNPLA3 Association with Alcoholic Liver Disease in a Cohort of Heavy
           Drinkers
    • Authors: Kolla B; Schneekloth T, Biernacka J, et al.
      Pages: 357 - 360
      Abstract: AimsPrior studies have established variation at the PNPLA3 gene to be associated with a risk of developing alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We attempt to replicate this finding and other potential genetic variations previously associated with ALD utilizing a case-control design in a cohort of subjects with alcohol use disorders.Short summaryThis case-control study performed in a US clinical sample of heavy drinkers, replicates the previously reported association between ALD and rs738409 polymorphism in the PNPLA3 gene in heavy drinkers. This association persisted after accounting for the subject’s diabetes status.MethodsPatients of European ancestry with a history of ALD were identified (n = 169). Controls consisted of patients without ALD who were from the same cohorts and were ≥ 30 years of age, had lifetime total years drinking ≥20 and lifetime maximum drinks per day ≥12 (n = 259). Patients were genotyped for 40 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) selected for the purpose of testing their association with ALD. The association of each SNP with ALD was tested using a logistic regression model, assuming log-additive allele effects. Bonferroni correction was applied and multivariable logistic regression models were used to account for relevant covariates.ResultsAge, sex, and body mass index (BMI) distributions were similar between cases and controls. Diabetes was more prevalent in the ALD cases. Three SNPs were associated with ALD at the nominal significance level (rs738409 in PNPLA3, P = 0.00029; rs3741559 in AQP2, P = 0.0185; rs4290029 in NVL, P = 0.0192); only PNPLA3 rs738409 SNP was significant at the Bonferroni-corrected P-value threshold of 0.00125. Association results remained significant after adjustment for diabetes status.ConclusionOur case-control study confirmed that PNPLA3 rs738409 SNP is associated with ALD. This is an important replication in a US clinical sample with control subjects who had long histories of alcohol consumption.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy007
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Association Analysis Between Genetic Variation in GATA Binding Protein 4
           (GATA4) and Alcohol Use Disorder
    • Authors: Mauro K; Helton S, Rosoff D, et al.
      Pages: 361 - 367
      Abstract: AimsPrevious genetic association studies have shown that variation in the GATA4 gene encoding the GATA binding protein 4, a binding protein that binds to the ANA sequence GATA, increase susceptibility for alcohol use disorder (AUD). In this study, we aimed to replicate those findings in an independent sample and analyze their association with anxiety.MethodsOverall, 1044 individuals with AUD [534 European American (EA), 510 African Americans (AA)] and 645 controls [413 EA, 232 AA] were genotyped using 34 markers. Genotype and allele frequencies were compared between cases and controls using chi-square analysis. Other phenotype data were analyzed for possible associations with GATA4 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in individuals with AUD.ResultsRs6601604 was nominally significantly associated with AUD in EA, and 3 SNPs (rs6990313, rs11250159 and rs17153694) showed trend-level significance (P < 0.10) in AA. However, none of the SNPs were significant after correcting for multiple testing. Haplotype analysis of the 34 SNPs did not find a significant association between haplotype blocks and AUD diagnosis after correcting for multiple testing. From the phenotype analysis, anxiety was associated with GATA4 SNP rs10112596 among the AA group with AUD after a correction for multiple testing.ConclusionsAlthough previous studies have shown a relationship between variants of the GATA4 gene and a diagnosis of AUD, we did not replicate these findings in our sample. Additional studies of variation in this gene are needed to elucidate whether polymorphisms of the GATA4 gene are associated with AUD and other alcohol-related phenotypes.Short SummaryGATA4 variants were not associated with AUD in either the European ancestry or African ancestry groups after correcting for multiple comparisons. Rs10112596 demonstrated a significant relationship with an anxiety measure among the African ancestry group with AUD.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx120
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Real-time Monitoring using a breathalyzer-based eHealth system can
           identify lapse/relapse patterns in alcohol use disorder Patients
    • Authors: Hämäläinen M; Zetterström A, Winkvist M, et al.
      Pages: 368 - 375
      Abstract: AimWe introduce a new remote real-time breathalyzer-based method for monitoring and early identification of lapse/relapse patterns for alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients using a composite measure of sobriety, the Addiction Monitoring Index (AMI).MethodsWe constructed AMI from (a) obtained test results and (b) the pattern of ignored tests using data from the first 30 patients starting in the treatment arms of two on-going clinical trials. The patients performed 2–4 scheduled breath alcohol content (BrAC)-tests per day presented as blood alcohol content (BAC) data. In total, 10,973 tests were scheduled, 7743 were performed and 3230 were ignored during 3982 patient days.ResultsAMI-time profiles could be used to monitor the daily trends of alcohol consumption and detect early signs of lapse and relapses. The pattern of ignored tests correlates with the onset of drinking. AMI correlated with phosphatidyl ethanol (n = 61, F-ratio = 34.6, P < 0.0001, R = −0.61). The recognition of secret drinking could further be improved using a low alcohol detection threshold (BrAC = 0.025 mg/l, BACSwe = 0.05‰ or US = 0.0053g/dl), in addition to the legal Swedish traffic limit (BrAC = 0.1 mg/l, BACSwe = 0.2‰ or US = 0.021 g/dl). Nine out of 10 patients who dropped out from the study showed early risk signs as reflected in the level and pattern in AMI before the actual dropout.ConclusionsAMI-time profiles from an eHealth system are useful for monitoring the recovery process and for early identification of lapse/relapse patterns. High-resolution monitoring of sobriety enables new measurement-based treatment methods for proactive personalized long-term relapse prevention and treatment of AUD patients.Clinical Trial RegistrationThe data used for construction of AMI was from two clinical trials approved by the Regional Ethics Committee of Uppsala, Sweden and performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Written informed consent was obtained from all participating subjects. The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03195894).
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy011
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Treatment for Alcohol Dependence in Primary Care Compared to Outpatient
           Specialist Treatment—A Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Authors: Wallhed Finn S; Hammarberg A, Andreasson S.
      Pages: 376 - 385
      Abstract: AimTo investigate if treatment for alcohol dependence in primary care is as effective as specialist addiction care.MethodRandomized controlled non-inferiority trial, between groups parallel design, not blinded. The non-inferiority limit was set to 50 grams of alcohol per week. About 288 adults fulfilling ICD-10 criteria for alcohol dependence were randomized to treatment in primary care (men n = 82, women n = 62) or specialist care (men n = 77, women n = 67). General practitioners at 12 primary care centers received 1-day training in a treatment manual for alcohol dependence. Primary outcome was change in weekly alcohol consumption at 6-months follow-up compared with baseline, as measured with timeline follow back. Secondary outcomes were heavy drinking days, severity of dependence, consequences of drinking, psychological health, quality of life, satisfaction with treatment and biomarkers.ResultsIntention-to-treat analysis (n = 228) was statistically inconclusive, and could not confirm non-inferiority for the primary outcome, since the high end of the confidence interval exceeded 50 grams (estimated mean weekly alcohol consumption was 30 grams higher in primary care compared with specialist care; 95% confidence interval −10.20; 69.72). However, treatment in specialist care was not significantly superior to primary care (P = 0.146). Subanalysis suggests that specialist care was superior to primary care only for patients with high severity of dependence.ConclusionsTreatment for alcohol dependence in primary care is a promising approach, especially for individuals with low to moderate dependence. This may be a way to broaden the base of treatment for alcohol dependence, reducing the current treatment gap.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx126
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Evaluating Within-Person Change in Implicit Measures of Alcohol
           Associations: Increases in Alcohol Associations Predict Increases in
           Drinking Risk and Vice Versa
    • Authors: Lindgren K; Baldwin S, Olin C, et al.
      Pages: 386 - 393
      Abstract: AimsImplicit measures of alcohol associations (i.e. measures designed to assess associations that are fast/reflexive/impulsive) have received substantial research attention. Alcohol associations related to the self (drinking identity), the effects of alcohol (alcohol excite) and appetitive inclinations (alcohol approach) have been found to predict drinking cross-sectionally and over time. A critical next step in this line of research and the goal of this study is to evaluate whether increases in the strength of these associations predict increases in drinking and vice versa. These hypotheses were tested in a sample of first- and second-year US university students: a sample selected because this time period is associated with initiation and escalation of drinking, peak levels of alcohol consumption and severe alcohol-related negative consequences.Short summaryThis study’s purpose was to evaluate whether increases in the strength of alcohol associations with the self (drinking identity), excitement (alcohol excite) and approach (alcohol approach) as assessed by implicit measures predicted subsequent increases in drinking risk and vice versa using a longitudinal, university student sample. Results were consistent with hypotheses.MethodsA sample of 506 students’ (57% women) alcohol associations and alcohol consumption were assessed every 3 months over a 2-year period. Participants’ consumption was converted to risk categories based on NIAAA’s criteria: non-drinkers, low-risk drinkers and high-risk drinkers. A series of cross-lagged panel models tested whether changes in alcohol associations predicted subsequent change in drinking risk (and vice versa).ResultsAcross all three measures of alcohol associations, increases in the strength of alcohol associations were associated with subsequent increases in drinking risk and vice versa.ConclusionResults from this study indicate bi-directional relationships between increases in alcohol associations (drinking identity, alcohol excite and alcohol approach) and subsequent increases in drinking risk. Intervention and prevention efforts may benefit from targeting these associations.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy012
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • What Happens After Treatment' Long-Term Effects of Continued Substance
           Use, Psychiatric Problems and Help-Seeking on Social Status of
           Alcohol-Dependent Individuals
    • Authors: Karriker-Jaffe K; Witbrodt J, Subbaraman M, et al.
      Pages: 394 - 402
      Abstract: PurposeWe examined whether alcohol-dependent individuals with sustained substance use or psychiatric problems after completing treatment were more likely to experience low social status and whether continued help-seeking would improve outcomes.Short summaryOngoing alcohol, drug and psychiatric problems after completing treatment were associated with increased odds of low social status (unemployment, unstable housing and/or living in high-poverty neighborhood) over 7 years. The impact of drug problems declined over time, and there were small, delayed benefits of AA attendance on social status.MethodAlcohol-dependent individuals sampled from public and private treatment programs (N = 491; 62% male) in Northern California were interviewed at treatment entry and 1, 3, 5 and 7 years later. Random effects models tested relationships between problem severity (alcohol, drug and psychiatric problems) and help-seeking (attending specialty alcohol/drug treatment and Alcoholics Anonymous, AA) with low social status (unemployment, unstable housing and/or living in a high-poverty neighborhood) over time.ResultsThe proportion of participants experiencing none of the indicators of low social status increased between baseline and the 1-year follow-up and remained stable thereafter. Higher alcohol problem scores and having any drug and/or psychiatric problems in the years after treatment were associated with increased odds of low social status over time. An interaction of drug problems with time indicated the impact of drug problems on social status declined over the 7-year period. Both treatment-seeking and AA attendance were associated with increased odds of low social status, although lagged models suggested there were small, delayed benefits of AA attendance on improved social status over time.ConclusionSpecialty addiction treatment alone was not sufficient to have positive long-term impacts on social status and social integration of most alcohol-dependent people.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy025
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Patient Satisfaction as a Moderator of Risky Alcohol Consumers’ Attitude
           Towards Screening and Brief Intervention: A Cross Sectional Survey
    • Authors: Fankhaenel T; Samos F, Luck-Sikorski C, et al.
      Pages: 403 - 407
      Abstract: AimsAlthough shown to be effective, General Practitioners (GPs) tend to refuse the implementation of Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI). Their expectation of negative response by patients seems to contrast with the positive attitude towards SBI of these patients. This discrepancy may be resolved by regarding moderators such as drinking status and patient satisfaction. We hypothesized that the attitude towards SBI will be more positive for abstainers or low-level consumers in comparison to high risk consumers especially in case of low patient satisfaction.MethodsTen GP offices in Germany received the questionnaires for a recruitment maximum of 30 patients each. Patient satisfaction was measured by the Koelner Questionnaire of Patient Satisfaction and drinking status was evaluated using the AUDIT-C. To assess the SBI attitude a pretested 8-item Likert scale was used.ResultsQuestionnaires of 257 patients could be analyzed. Almost a third of patients were risky consumers (N = 78, 29.9%). They showed a more negative attitude towards SBI (M = 3.99, SD = 0.71) than abstainers or low-level consumers (M = 4.20, SD = 0.55). The main analysis revealed main effects for alcohol consumption, F(1, 252) = 4.31, P < 0.05, and patient satisfaction, F(1, 252) = 22.15, P < 0.001, as well as an interaction effect, F(1, 252) = 5.01, P < 0.05, showing that the SBI attitude of risky consumers was more negative than the SBI attitude of abstainers or low-level consumers only in case of low satisfaction.ConclusionsRisky consumers show a more positive attitude towards SBI when they are satisfied with their GP. Our results thus suggest the use of a supportive consultation style for the intervention of risky consumers.Short SummarySBI attitude of general practice patients depends on their drinking status: abstainers or low-level consumers revealed a more positive attitude towards SBI than risky consumers. This effect is moderated by the patient’s satisfaction. Risky consumers show a more positive attitude towards SBI if they are satisfied with their GP.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy001
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Therapist–Client Interactions in Motivational Interviewing: The Effect
           of Therapists’ Utterances on Client Change Talk
    • Authors: Brown M; Masterson C, Latchford G, et al.
      Pages: 408 - 411
      Abstract: AimsMotivational Interviewing is an effective treatment for a range of problematic behaviours, however, previous studies have revealed substantial variability in the effectiveness of therapists. Curiously, the specific behaviours which contribute to positive outcomes have rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate hypothesised relationships between therapists’ utterances and clients’ change talk by analysing interactions sampled from the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT).MethodsThis study comprised secondary analysis of process data and recordings selectively sampled from the UKATT database using sequential analyses of utterance categories, defined using the Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges (MI-SCOPE). MI-SCOPE categories were modified on the basis of the existing literature. Observed and expected frequencies of change talk, transitional probabilities and their significance levels both immediately following therapists’ statements (Lag 1), and after a delay (Lag 2) were calculated using the Generalised Sequential Querier (GSEQ) programme. Regression analyses were conducted using SPSS 21.0.ResultsIn successful alcohol treatment sessions, therapists' open questions and complex reflections were significantly positively associated with client preparatory talk at Lag 1. Therapists' complex reflections were significantly positively associated with and predictive of strong client commitment talk at Lag 2.ConclusionsThe findings extend those of previous studies, suggesting that open questions and complex reflections play a central role in preparing clients for, and facilitating strong commitment to, behaviour change.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy027
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Alcohol Interventions for
           Incarcerated People
    • Authors: Newbury-Birch D; Ferguson J, Landale S, et al.
      Pages: 412 - 425
      Abstract: AimThe aim of this current study was to systematically review the literature on brief alcohol interventions for incarcerated individuals to ascertain the efficacy or effectiveness in making changes to either consumption of alcohol or other social outcomes.Short summaryLevels of risky drinking and dependency are high amongst incarcerated individuals. Eleven studies from nine articles were included in the systematic review. Six of the studies included brief intervention and three extended interventions. Interventions have the potential to positively impact on risky drinking. More studies are needed in this setting.IntroductionIt has been shown that around three times as many incarcerated individuals are risky drinkers and alcohol dependency is ten times higher than in the general population.MethodsSystematic review of randomised controlled trials or matched group trials of the efficacy of psychosocial alcohol interventions for incarcerated individuals: we searched seven databases, with no restrictions on language, year or location from inception through to August 2017. The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool was used to assess the quality of included studies. The Template for Intervention Description and Replication checklist was used to ascertain intervention descriptions.ResultsNine studies from 11 papers were included in the analysis. Six of the studies included brief interventions and three extended interventions. Every study used a different measure of alcohol consumption. Three of the studies that looked at brief interventions and all of the three extended intervention studies found significant reductions in relation to alcohol outcomes.ConclusionsResults show that interventions in the prison setting have the potential to positively impact on alcohol use; however, because of small numbers and the use of different outcome measures we could not conduct a meta-analysis or generalise findings. Future studies are needed to standardise approaches to ensure greater rigour and efficacy.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy032
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Religiosity, Guilt, Altruism and Forgiveness in Alcohol Dependence:
           Results of a Cross-sectional and Prospective Cohort Study
    • Authors: Braun B; Weinland C, Kornhuber J, et al.
      Pages: 426 - 434
      Abstract: AimsTo compare religious denomination, religiosity, guilt, altruism and forgiveness between alcohol-dependent patients and healthy control subjects and to prospectively investigate their relationship to the disorder’s 24-month course following in-patient withdrawal treatment.MethodThis study in Franconia (a mainly Christian protestant region of southern Germany) applied six questionnaires to evaluate religiosity, guilt, altruism and forgiveness in 166 alcohol-dependent in-patients during withdrawal and compared findings with that of 240 healthy controls.ResultsCompared to controls religious denomination was more frequently reported by the patients (OR = 1.72, P = 0.014) and patients showed higher guilt (P < 0.001). The subjective attainability of altruism was lower in patients than in controls (P = 0.015). Higher scores on scale of inter-religious private practice predicted earlier (Rho = −0.184, P = 0.021) and more frequent alcohol-related readmissions during the follow-up (Rho = 0.207, P = 0.009). Higher religious affiliation was related to earlier (Rho = −0.214, P = 0.008) and more frequent alcohol-related readmissions (Rho = 0189, P = 0.020). Lower values of subjective attainability of altruism predicted a worse outcome (earlier [Rho = 0.231, P = 0.003] and more frequent readmissions [Rho = −0.223, P = 0.004]). The sex-specific analyses show that some of the associations are stronger in women and others are stronger in men; however, these gender differences are small and possibly biased by multiple hypothesis testing.ConclusionsWe identified religious denomination, private religious practice, religious affiliation, guilt and reduced attainability of altruism as risk factors for alcohol dependence and a worse follow-up outcome. Our findings may help to establish future preventive and therapeutic strategies.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy026
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Biochemical Effects on the Liver of 1 Month of Alcohol Abstinence in
           Moderate Alcohol Consumers
    • Authors: Munsterman I; Groefsema M, Weijers G, et al.
      Pages: 435 - 438
      Abstract: In this study, 16 moderate alcohol consumers without structural liver disease ceased alcohol intake for 1 month and underwent liver measurements at three time points. Gamma-glutamyl transferase, although within the normal range, decreased significantly after abstinence and increased after the resumption of alcohol consumption.Short summary: In this study in healthy moderate alcohol consumers, we observe that one month of alcohol abstinence results in decreased gamma-glutamyl transferase levels, which return to baseline levels after resumption of alcohol consumption.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy031
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Impact of Alcohol on HIV Disease Pathogenesis, Comorbidities and Aging:
           Integrating Preclinical and Clinical Findings
    • Authors: Molina P; Simon L, Amedee A, et al.
      Pages: 439 - 447
      Abstract: Alcohol’s multisystemic effects impact HIV disease pathogenesis and increase the risk for comorbidities in persons living with HIV (PLWH). The increased number of aging PLWH increases the potential for alcohol to enhance the risk for comorbidities. Integration of epidemiological, preclinical and translational studies provide an overarching view of the impact of heavy alcohol consumption on HIV risk, pathogenesis, treatment and burden of disease. The combined insult of HIV infection, heavy alcohol consumption and toxic effects of antiretroviral therapy in aging PLWH poses a public health challenge through increased disease burden that also impacts quality of life and increases health care costs. Herein we provide a brief overview of current knowledge on alcohol’s impact on HIV disease pathogenesis, with focus on aging PLWH.Short Summary: Effective combined antiretroviral therapy regimens have extended survival of persons living with HIV (PLWH). Heavy alcohol consumption is common in PLWH. This overview integrates evidence from clinical and preclinical research to identify salient alcohol-related mechanisms and comorbidities contributing to disease pathogenesis and accelerated aging and senescence in PLWH.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy016
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Predictors of Alcohol Withdrawal Readmissions
    • Authors: Yedlapati S; Stewart S.
      Pages: 448 - 452
      Abstract: AimsHospital readmissions serve as a major benchmark for the quality of care and alcohol withdrawal (AW) may lead to multiple hospitalizations and readmissions. We sought to evaluate readmission rates and predictors of having AW-related readmissions in a nationally representative sample.Short summaryIn a nationally representative sample, AW readmission within 30 days and multiple readmissions during the year were high and were particularly predicted by discharge against medical advice (AMA), comorbid psychosis, comorbid depression, poor socioeconomic status, comorbid drug abuse and alcohol-related medical disease.MethodsSubjects from the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) with AW as a primary or secondary diagnosis. Cross-sectional and retrospective analyses were performed using regression methods appropriate for the NRD complex sampling design. The outcome measures were AW-related readmission, 30-day readmission and multiple readmissions.ResultsIn 2013, 393,118 discharges involved ICD-9 coding for AW and 41.5% of these included AW as the primary discharge diagnosis. The rate of AW-related readmission in 2013, as estimated from first-quarter index events, was 58.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 57.5–60.1), with an average of 1.8 readmissions (95% CI 1.7–1.9). The 30-day readmission rate, estimated from January–November index events, was 19.7% (95% CI 19.0–20.4). The strongest independent predictors of yearly, 30-day and multiple readmission were discharged AMA and comorbid psychotic disorder.ConclusionAW readmission within 30 days and multiple readmissions during the year were common and were particularly predicted by AMA discharge and comorbid psychotic disorder. While these and other factors can help identify high-risk patients, further study to determine causal mechanisms may aid efforts to improve both the outcomes and costs associated with acute AW treatment.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy024
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Self-Reported Knowledge, Correct Knowledge and use of UK Drinking
           Guidelines Among a Representative Sample of the English Population
    • Authors: Buykx P; Li J, Gavens L, et al.
      Pages: 453 - 460
      Abstract: AimsPromotion of lower risk drinking guidelines is a commonly used public health intervention with various purposes, including communicating alcohol consumption risks, informing drinkers’ decision-making and, potentially, changing behaviour. UK drinking guidelines were revised in 2016. To inform potential promotion of the new guidelines, we aimed to examine public knowledge and use of the previous drinking guidelines, including by population subgroup.MethodsA demographically representative, cross-sectional online survey of 2100 adults living in England in July 2015 (i.e. two decades after adoption of previous guidelines and prior to introduction of new guidelines). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions examined associations between demographic variables, alcohol consumption (AUDIT-C), smoking, and knowledge of health conditions and self-reported knowledge and use of drinking guidelines. Multinomial logistic regression examined the same set of variables in relation to accurate knowledge of drinking guidelines (underestimation, accurate-estimation, overestimation).ResultsIn total, 37.8% of drinkers self-reported knowing their own-gender drinking guideline, of whom 66.2% gave an accurate estimate. Compared to accurate estimation, underestimation was associated with male gender, lower education and AUDIT-C score, while overestimation was associated with smoking. Few (20.8%) reported using guidelines to monitor drinking at least sometimes. Drinking guideline use was associated with higher education, overestimating guidelines and lower AUDIT-C. Correctly endorsing a greater number of health conditions as alcohol-related was associated with self-reported knowledge of guidelines, but was not consistently associated with accurate estimation or use to monitor drinking.ConclusionsTwo decades after their introduction, previous UK drinking guidelines were not well known or used by current drinkers. Those who reported using them tended to overestimate recommended daily limits.SHORT SUMMARYWe examined public knowledge and use of UK drinking guidelines just before new guidelines were released (2016). Despite previous guidelines being in place for two decades, only one in four drinkers accurately estimated these, with even fewer using guidelines to monitor drinking. Approximately 8% of drinkers overestimated maximum daily limits.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx127
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • A Formative Evaluation of Two FASD Prevention Communication Strategies
    • Authors: Driscoll D; Barnes V, Johnston J, et al.
      Pages: 461 - 469
      Abstract: AimsTo evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of placing FASD prevention messages in the women’s restrooms of establishments serving alcohol in Alaska and the Yukon, regions with high rates of FASD.MethodsOur team placed an FASD educational poster, and posters affixed to a pregnancy test dispenser, in women’s restrooms of bars and restaurants. We compared drinking behaviors and knowledge and beliefs about FASD among participants at baseline and at follow-up.ResultsRespondents consisted of 2132 women who completed a baseline survey and 1182 women who completed both a baseline and a follow-up survey. Women in both groups showed improvement in knowledge of FASD; the dispenser group scored higher than participants in the poster group on the FASD Health Belief questions at both baseline and follow-up. Forty-three women learned they were pregnant from our pregnancy tests and alcohol consumption among pregnant women was lower at follow-up than at baseline.ConclusionsFASD prevention messages, particularly paired with pregnancy test dispensers, in the women’s restrooms of establishments that serve alcohol can effectively promote informed alcohol consumption decisions among women who are, or may become, pregnant.Short SummaryIn this FASD prevention feasibility study, we found that FASD prevention messages, particularly paired with pregnancy test dispensers, placed in the women’s restrooms of establishments that serve alcohol can effectively promote informed alcohol consumption decisions among women who are, or may become, pregnant.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agx122
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Survey Estimates of Changes in Alcohol Use Patterns Following the 2012
           Privatization of the Washington Liquor Monopoly
    • Authors: Kerr W; Williams E, Ye Y, et al.
      Pages: 470 - 476
      Abstract: AimsThe US state of Washington’s 333 state-run liquor stores were privatized on 1 June 2012 and purchases began in ~1500 licensed stores of a variety of types. A regime of taxes and fees was implemented to replace the revenues generated by the state stores and, 1 year later, the beer tax was reduced by two thirds. This study evaluates the impact of these changes on total alcohol and spirits consumption in a retrospective pre-test design.MethodsThe study sample consists of 2289 adults recruited in three cross-sectional surveys during 2014 and 2015. Retrospective typical past month quantity–frequency measures for before privatization drinking and current past month quantity–frequency measures were compared within subjects, for all alcohol and for spirits only.ResultsNo change in alcohol volume was seen across privatization while spirits volume was found to decrease, suggesting a shift from spirits to beer. This decline in spirits volume came from a reduction in drinking days while overall drinking days were found to increase. This was offset by a reduction in drinks per drinking day and in heavy occasions.ConclusionsThese findings accurately mirror the overall flat trend in per capita alcohol sales but seem to exaggerate the very small shift towards beer seen in sales data. Effects of increased spirits availability appear to have been countered by increased spirits prices and a decreased beer tax, leading to a shift to beer consumption.Short summarySurvey-based analyses of alcohol use across Washington’s spirits privatization, beer tax reduction and marijuana legalization found no change in alcohol volume, a reduction in spirits volume and a shift to more moderate drinking patterns. Reductions in drinking occurred among marijuana users and those with lower educational attainment reduced spirits volume.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy004
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Chinese Women’s Drinking Patterns Before and After the Hong Kong
           Alcohol Policy Changes
    • Authors: Wong E; Kim J, Goggins W, et al.
      Pages: 477 - 486
      Abstract: AimsTo examine the patterns of alcohol consumption in Hong Kong Chinese women before and after a period of major alcohol policy amendments.Short summaryThis study compared alcohol consumption patterns in Hong Kong Chinese women before and after a period of major alcohol policy amendments and found increased drinking among certain subgroups, particularly middle-aged women. These increases are likely due to personal factors (e.g. changing perceptions) as well as environmental influences (e.g. greater marketing).MethodsCross-sectional telephone surveys were conducted on adult Chinese women prior to the 2007–2008 beer and wine tax eliminations in 2006 (n = 4946) and in 2011 (n = 2439).ResultsOver the study period, only women in the 36–45 year age stratum reported significant increases in all three drinking patterns: past-year drinking (38.1–45.2%), past-month binge drinking (2.3–5.2%) and weekly drinking (4.0–7.3%) (P < 0.05); middle-aged women, unemployed or retired women and those ascribing to alcohol’s health benefits emerged as new binge drinking risk groups. In 2011, 3.5% of all drinking-aged women (8.8% of past-year drinkers, 20.7% of binge drinkers and 23.1% of weekly drinkers) reported an increased drinking frequency after the tax policy changes. The main contexts of increased drinking were social events and with restaurant meals; moreover, beliefs of alcohol’s health benefits were common to all contexts of increased drinking. Of women who increased their drinking frequency, the largest proportion attributed it to peer effects/social environment conducive to drinking, and brand marketing/advertising influences.ConclusionsIncreased drinking among certain subgroups of Hong Kong Chinese women may be due to combined influences of: increased societal acceptance of social drinking, aggressive marketing promotions and personal beliefs in the health benefits of drinking that have recently emerged in the region. Hence, multi-prong strategies are required to combat potential drinking harms in these women.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy010
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • A Life Course Approach to Understanding Racial/Ethnic Differences in
           Transitions Into and Out of Alcohol Problems
    • Authors: Lui C; Mulia N.
      Pages: 487 - 496
      Abstract: AimsAlcohol problems are most prevalent in young adulthood and decrease thereafter, but some studies find that racial/ethnic minorities have elevated alcohol risk beyond the 20s. This study examines racial/ethnic differences in the transitions into and out of alcohol problems, and whether these are explained by heavy drinking (HD), socioeconomic disadvantages and adult role transitions from the 20s to 30s.Short summaryRacial/ethnic groups had similar risks for earlier onset and recurrence/persistence of alcohol problems, but Blacks were at significantly greater risk than Whites for later onset in the 30s. Cumulative poverty and heavy drinking explained away this disparity, and were risk factors for recurring/persistent problems.MethodsUsing data from the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979–1994 waves (n = 6098), past-year alcohol problems were measured in 1989 (mean age = 28) and in 1994 (mean age = 33) among drinkers. Patterns of alcohol problems were categorized as no problems, earlier onset in 20s/offset in 30s, later onset in 30s, and recurrence or persistence (at both time points). Multinomial regression models adjusted for demographics, cumulative poverty, HD and timing of social role transitions (marital, parental).ResultsCompared to Whites, Blacks and Hispanics had similar risks for earlier alcohol problems but greater risk for developing problems in their 30s (AORs = 1.69 and 1.27, respectively, for later onset versus no problems); however, only the Black-White disparity was statistically significant. This was eliminated after taking into account cumulative poverty and lifecourse HD. There were no racial/ethnic differences in risk for recurring/persistent alcohol problems, which were associated with greater cumulative poverty and HD.ConclusionsWhile Whites appear to ‘age out’ of alcohol problems in their 30s, Blacks are at greater risk after young adulthood. These findings signal a need for interventions that target racial/ethnic minorities beyond young adulthood.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy015
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Confusion in Sobriety: A Case Study on Disulfiram Encephalopathy in a
           Middle-Aged Male Patient
    • Authors: Heung J; Poon J, Tung C, et al.
      Pages: 497 - 498
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy018
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Corrigendum: Real-time monitoring using a breathalyzer-based eHealth
           system can identify lapse/relapse patterns in alcohol use disorder
           patients
    • Authors: Hämäläinen M; Zetterström A, Winkvist M, et al.
      Pages: 499 - 499
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy028
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Corrigendum: Screening for At-Risk Alcohol Consumption in Primary Care: A
           Randomized Evaluation of Screening Approaches
    • Authors: Coulton S; Dale V, Deluca P, et al.
      Pages: 499 - 499
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy022
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Corrigendum: Comparing and Combining Topiramate and Aripiprazole on
           Alcohol-Related Outcomes in a Human Laboratory Study
    • Authors: Haass-Koffler C; Goodyear K, Zywiak W, et al.
      Pages: 500 - 500
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy030
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Corrigendum: Alcohol Use in Adolescence and Later Working Memory: Findings
           From a Large Population-Based Birth Cohort
    • Authors: Mahedy L; Field M, Gage S, et al.
      Pages: 501 - 501
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agy005
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 4 (2018)
       
 
 
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