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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 397 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 397 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 161, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 191, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 325, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 601, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 196, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 243, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Fems Yeast Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.308
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 13  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1567-1356 - ISSN (Online) 1567-1364
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [397 journals]
  • The small GTPase Rhb1 is involved in the cell response to fluconazole in
           Candida albicans
    • Authors: Chen Y; Yeh Y, Chen H, et al.
      Abstract: Candida albicans is an important fungal pathogen in humans. Rhb1 is a small GTPase of the Ras superfamily and is conserved from yeasts to humans. In C. albicans, Rhb1 regulates the expression of secreted protease 2, low nitrogen-mediated morphogenesis, and biofilm formation. Moreover, our previous studies have indicated that Rhb1 is associated with the target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling pathway. In this study, we further explored the relationship between Rhb1 and drug susceptibility. The RHB1 deletion mutant exhibited reduced fluconazole susceptibility, and this phenotype occurred mainly through the increased gene expression and activity of efflux pumps. In addition, Mrr1 and Tac1 are transcription factors that can activate efflux pump gene expression. However, the RHB1 deletion, RHB1/MRR1 and RHB1/TAC1 double deletion mutants had no significant differences in efflux pump gene expression and fluconazole susceptibility, suggesting that Rhb1-regulated efflux pump genes do not act through Mrr1 and Tac1. We also showed that membrane localization is crucial for Rhb1 activity in response to fluconazole. Finally, Rhb1 was linked not only to the TOR but also to the Mkc1 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in response to fluconazole. In sum, this study unveiled a new role of Rhb1 in the regulation of C. albicans drug susceptibility.
      PubDate: Fri, 11 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz005
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2019)
  • Transcriptome profile with 20 nm silver nanoparticles in yeast
    • Authors: Horstmann C; Campbell C, Kim D, et al.
      Abstract: Engineered nanomaterials are commercially used in everyday products including zinc sunscreens and water-resistant fabrics and surfaces. Therefore, understanding the effects of engineered nanomaterials on the environment is crucial for the responsible use of these technologies. We investigated the effects of 20 nm spherical citrate-coated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our growth assay showed that AgNPs have an inhibitory effect on yeast growth with concentrations above 5 μg/mL. Hundreds of genes in AgNP-treated cells were differentially expressed according to our transcriptome analysis based on RNAseq, including genes implicated in rRNA processing, ribosome biogenesis, cell wall formation, cell membrane integrity and mitochondrial functions. In particular, genes whose functions are associated with processing of small and large subunits of ribosomes were upregulated, while genes for cell wall/plasma membrane/mitochondrial integrity were downregulated. Consistently, our cell wall stability assay confirmed that cells with AgNPs are more susceptible to cell wall damage than non-treated cells. Levels of four significantly altered genes with AgNPs, including FAF1, SDA1, TIR1 and DAN1, were validated by reproducible results with RT-qPCR assays. Our transcriptome profile leads us to conclude that the exposure of cells to sublethal amounts of AgNPs affects many cellular processes negatively.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz003
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2019)
  • Deregulation of the 19S proteasome complex increases yeast resistance to
           4-NQO and oxidative stress via upregulation of Rpn4- and
           proteasome-dependent stress responsive genes
    • Authors: Karpov D; Spasskaya D, Nadolinskaia N, et al.
      Abstract: The 26S proteasome participates in cell stress responses via its ability to degrade regulatory and damaged proteins. In yeast, mutations in the subunits of the 19S proteasome regulatory subcomplex cause hyper-resistance to 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO), a chemical mutagen and carcinogen. These data suggest a negative role for the 19S proteasome complex in the cellular response to 4-NQO, although the underlying mechanism is not clear. We proposed that decreased 19S subcomplex activity leads to the stabilisation of Rpn4p, a transcription factor and proteasome substrate. In turn, stabilised Rpn4p may upregulate stress-responsive genes that participate in the response to 4-NQO-induced stress. To test our hypothesis, we impaired the expression of the RPT5 gene, which encodes the ATPase subunit of the 19S subcomplex, by mutating the Rpn4p binding site in its promoter. The mutant strain accumulates polyubiquitinated proteins—a hallmark of compromised proteasome function—and shows hyper-resistance to 4-NQO. We found several groups of genes that conferred resistance to 4-NQO-induced stress and were overexpressed due to the Rpn4p stabilisation and impaired 19S subcomplex function. The upregulated genes are involved in the oxidative and proteotoxic stress response pathways, multidrug resistance and biosynthesis of cysteine and methionine. Consistently, the mutant strain was hyper-resistant to oxidative stress. Our data imply that the ubiquitin-proteasome system may regulate the cellular response to 4-NQO at the transcriptional level.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz002
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2019)
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae displays a stable transcription start site
           landscape in multiple conditions
    • Authors: Börlin C; Cvetesic N, Holland P, et al.
      Abstract: One of the fundamental processes that determine cellular fate is regulation of gene transcription. Understanding these regulatory processes is therefore essential for understanding cellular responses to changes in environmental conditions. At the core promoter, the regulatory region containing the transcription start site (TSS), all inputs regulating transcription are integrated. Here, we used Cap Analysis of Gene Expression (CAGE) to analyze the pattern of TSSs at four different environmental conditions (limited in ethanol, limited in nitrogen, limited in glucose and limited in glucose under anaerobic conditions) using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain CEN.PK113–7D. With this experimental setup, we were able to show that the TSS landscape in yeast is stable at different metabolic states of the cell. We also show that the spatial distribution of transcription initiation events, described by the shape index, has a surprisingly strong negative correlation with measured gene expression levels, meaning that genes with higher expression levels tend to have a broader distribution of TSSs. Our analysis supplies a set of high-quality TSS annotations useful for metabolic engineering and synthetic biology approaches in the industrially relevant laboratory strain CEN.PK113–7D, and provides novel insights into yeast TSS dynamics and gene regulation.
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy128
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • Improved raw starch amylase production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae using
           codon optimisation strategies
    • Authors: Cripwell R; Rose S, Viljoen-Bloom M, et al.
      Abstract: Amylases are used in a variety of industries that have a specific need for alternative enzymes capable of hydrolysing raw starch. Five α-amylase and five glucoamylase-encoding genes were expressed in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y294 laboratory strain to select for recombinant strains that best hydrolysed raw corn starch. Gene variants of four amylases were designed using codon optimisation and different secretion signals. The significant difference in activity levels among the gene variants confirms that codon optimisation of fungal genes for expression in S. cerevisiae does not guarantee improved recombinant protein production. The codon-optimised glucoamylase variant from Talaromyces emersonii (temG_Opt) yielded 3.3-fold higher extracellular activity relative to the native temG, whereas the codon-optimised T. emersonii α-amylase (temA_Opt) yielded 1.6-fold more extracellular activity than the native temA. The effect of four terminator sequences was also investigated using temG and temG_Opt as reporter genes, with the ALY2T terminator resulting in a 14% increase in glucoamylase activity relative to the gene cassettes containing the ENO1T terminator. This is the first report of engineered S. cerevisiae strains to express T. emersonii amylase variants, and these enzymes may have potential applications in the industrial conversion of raw starch under fermentation conditions.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy127
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effect of cytochrome bc1 complex inhibition during fermentation and growth
           of Scheffersomyces stipitis using glucose, xylose or arabinose as carbon
    • Authors: Granados-Arvizu J; Madrigal-Perez L, Canizal-García M, et al.
      Abstract: Scheffersomyces stipitis shows a high capacity to ferment xylose, with a strong oxygen dependence to allow NAD+ regeneration. However, without oxygen regeneration of NADH occurs by other metabolic pathways like alcoholic fermentation. There are few reports about inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration and their effects on growth and fermentation. This work aimed to explore the effect of cytochrome bc1 complex inhibition by antimycin A (AA), on growth and fermentation of S. stipitis using glucose, xylose and arabinose as carbon sources, at three agitation levels (0, 125 and 250 rpm). It was possible to discriminate between respiratory and fermentative metabolism in these different conditions using xylose or arabinose. Despite the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration, the glycolytic flux was active because S. stipitis metabolized glucose or xylose to produce ATP; on 0.5 M glucose the cells yielded 17–33 g L−1 ethanol. However, more complex results were obtained on xylose, which depended upon agitation conditions where ethanol production without agitation increased up to 11 g L−1. Inhibition of respiratory chain in S. stipitis could therefore be a good strategy to improve ethanol yields
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy126
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Suhomyces clade: from single isolate to multiple species to
           disintegrating sex loci
    • Authors: Kijpornyongpan T; Urbina H, Suh S, et al.
      Abstract: Candida tanzawaensis clade members are now placed in Suhomyces. The group was virtually unknown until the early 2000s. Here, we review progress made on Suhomyces over the last two decades and provide data from reports of new members of the group from distant localities worldwide, their habitats and a new study of mating loci that helps explain earlier failed compatibility tests. Phylogenetic studies indicate early diverging members are mostly associated with plants, but later diverging species are usually fungus-feeding insect associates. The genome of S. tanzawaensis was known to have a heterothallic mating allele arrangement with a single MAT α idiomorph. For this review, we generate sequence data and compare the MAT gene arrangement of 30 strains from nine Suhomyces species. These varied from MAT α loci containing mating genes α1 and α2, hypothetical MAT a loci without detectable mating genes a1 and a2 to truncated, possibly completely dissociated MAT loci with intraspecific variation. The absence of a second MAT in a genome locus precludes the possibility of mating type switching. Sympatric speciation likely occurred after MAT locus deterioration began in isolated habitats. Although asexual reproduction may be an effective short-term strategy, theory predicts it will not endure over the extreme long term.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy125
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • Genetic engineering of Ehrlich pathway modulates production of higher
           alcohols in engineered Yarrowia lipolytica
    • Authors: Celińska E; Borkowska M, Białas W, et al.
      Abstract: Microbial cells can produce a vast spectrum of chemical compounds, including those most desired by the global chemical market, for example, higher alcohols, which are promising alternative fuels and chemical feedstock. In the current research, we investigated the effects of the Ehrlich pathway genetic engineering on higher alcohols production in Yarrowialipolytica, which directly follows our previous findings concerning elucidation of putative molecular identities involved in this pathway. To this end, we constructed two alternative expression cassettes composed of previously identified genes, putatively involved in the Ehrlich pathway in Y. lipolytica, and cloned them under the control of constitutive pTEF promoter, and by this released them from extensive native regulation. The effects of the pathway engineering were investigated upon provision of different Ehrlich pathway-inducing amino acids (L-Phe, L-Leu, L-Ile and L-Val). In general, amplification of the Ehrlich pathway in many cases led to increased formation of a respective higher alcohol from its precursor. We observed interesting effects of aminotransferase BAT2 deletion on synthesis of 2-phenylethanol and its acetate ester, significant relationship between L-Val and L-Phe catabolic pathways and extensive ‘cross-induction’ of the derivative compounds synthesis by non-direct precursors.
      PubDate: Sun, 18 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy122
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • Identification of superior cellulase secretion phenotypes in haploids
           derived from natural Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates
    • Authors: Davison S; den Haan R, van Zyl W.
      Abstract: The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is considered an important host for consolidated bioprocessing and the production of high titres of recombinant cellulases is required for efficient hydrolysis of lignocellulosic substrates to fermentable sugars. Since recombinant protein secretion profiles vary highly among different strain backgrounds, careful selection of robust strains with optimal secretion profiles is of crucial importance. Here, we construct and screen sets of haploid derivatives, derived from natural strain isolates YI13, FINI and YI59, for improved general cellulase secretion. This report details a novel approach that combines secretion profiles of strains and phenotypic responses to stresses known to influence the secretion pathway for the development of a phenotypic screen to isolate strains with improved secretory capacities. A clear distinction was observed between the YI13 haploid derivatives and industrial and laboratory counterparts, Ethanol Red and S288c, respectively. By using sub-lethal concentrations of the secretion stressor tunicamycin and cell wall stressor Congo Red, YI13 haploid derivative strains demonstrated tolerance profiles related to their heterologous secretion profiles. Our results demonstrated that a new screening technique combined with a targeted mating approach could produce a pool of novel strains capable of high cellulase secretion.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy117
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • The role of yeast ARO8, ARO9 and ARO10 genes in the biosynthesis of
           3-(methylthio)-1-propanol from L-methionine during fermentation in
           synthetic grape medium
    • Authors: Deed R; Hou R, Kinzurik M, et al.
      Abstract: 3-(methylthio)-1-propanol (methionol), produced by yeast as an end-product of L-methionine (L-Met) catabolism, imparts off-odours reminiscent of cauliflower and potato to wine. Saccharomyces cerevisiae ARO genes, including transaminases Aro8p and Aro9p, and decarboxylase Aro10p, catalyse two key steps forming methionol via the Ehrlich pathway. We compared methionol concentrations in wines fermented by single Δaro8, Δaro9 and Δaro10 deletants in lab strain BY4743 versus wine strain Zymaflore F15, and F15 double- and triple-aro deletants versus single-aro deletants, using headspace-solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.Deletion of two or more aro genes increased growth lag phase, with the greatest delay exhibited by F15 Δaro8 Δaro9. The single Δaro8 deletion decreased methionol by 44% in BY4743 and 92% in F15, while the Δaro9 deletion increased methionol by 46% in F15 but not BY4743. Single deletion of Δaro10 had no effect on methionol.Unexpectedly, F15 Δaro8 Δaro9 and F15 Δaro8 Δaro9 Δaro10 produced more methionol than F15 Δaro8. In the absence of Aro8p and Aro9p, other transaminases may compensate or an alternative pathway may convert methanethiol to methionol. Our results confirm that Ehrlich pathway genes differ greatly between lab and wine yeast strains, impacting downstream products such as methionol.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy109
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
  • Two negative regulators of biofilm development exhibit functional
           divergence in conferring virulence potential to Candida albicans
    • Authors: Kakade P; Mahadik K, Balaji K, et al.
      Abstract: Candida albicans, a human pathogen, carries an expanded family of Zn(II)2Cys6 transcription factors. A CTG clade-specific protein Zcf32 and its closely related protein Upc2, a well-conserved transcription factor across the various fungal species, belong to this family of proteins. Unlike Upc2, Zcf32 is poorly studied in C. albicans. Here, we examined roles played by these two related transcription factors in biofilm development and virulence of C. albicans. Our data show that the null mutants of each of Zcf32 or Upc2 form better biofilms than the wild-type suggesting that both of them negatively regulate the biofilm development. While acting as negative regulators of biofilm formation, these two transcription factors target a different set of biofilm genes. A mouse model of candidiasis reveals that zcf32/zcf32 was hypervirulent, while upc2/upc2 shows compromised virulence compared to the wild-type. Notably, the absence of Zcf32 enhances detrimental inflammation brought about by TNFα, IFNβ and IFNγ. upc2/upc2 failed to generate a similar feedback, instead demonstrated an elevated anti-inflammatory (IL4 and IL10) host response. Taking together, we show how a recently evolved transcription factor Zcf32 retained functional resemblance with a more ubiquitous member Upc2 but also functionally diverged from the latter in the regulation of biofilm development and virulence of the pathogen.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foy078
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 2 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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