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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 169, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 337, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 186, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 605, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 113, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Fems Yeast Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.308
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 13  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1567-1356 - ISSN (Online) 1567-1364
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • The Cryptococcus neoformans monocarboxylate transporter Jen4 is
           responsible for increased 3-bromopyruvate sensitivity
    • Authors: Niedźwiecka K; Ribas D, Casal M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn the last decades, 3-bromopyruvate (3BP) has been intensively studied as a promising anticancer and antimicrobial agent. The transport of this drug inside the cell is a critical step for its toxicity in cancer and microorganisms. The Cryptococcus neoformans is the most sensitive species of microorganisms toward 3BP. Its cells exhibit the highest uptake rate of 3BP among all tested fungal strains. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, the Jen1 transporter was found to be responsible for 3BP sensitivity. The deletion of Jen1 resulted in the abolishment of 3BP mediated transport. We functionally characterized the Jen4 protein, a Jen1 homologue of C. neoformans, and its role in the phenotypic 3BP sensitivity. The deletion of the CNAG_04704 gene, which encodes Jen4, was found to impair the mediated transport of 3BP and decrease 3BP sensitivity. Further heterologous expression of Jen4 in the S. cerevisiae jen1Δ ady2Δ strain restored the mediated transport of 3BP. The application of a green fluorescent protein fusion tag with the CNAG_04704, revealed the Jen4 labeled on the plasma membrane. The identification of 3BP transporters in pathogen cells is of great importance for understanding the mechanisms of 3BP action and to anticipate the application of this compound as an antimicrobial drug.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz029
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Effects of overexpression of STB5 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae on fatty
           acid biosynthesis, physiology and transcriptome
    • Authors: Bergman A; Vitay D, Hellgren J, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTMicrobial conversion of biomass to fatty acids (FA) and products derived thereof is an attractive alternative to the traditional oleochemical production route from animal and plant lipids. This study examined if NADPH-costly FA biosynthesis could be enhanced by overexpressing the transcription factor Stb5 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Stb5 activates expression of multiple genes encoding enzymes within the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and other NADPH-producing reactions. Overexpression of STB5 led to a decreased growth rate and an increased free fatty acid (FFA) production during growth on glucose. The improved FFA synthetic ability in the glucose phase was shown to be independent of flux through the oxidative PPP. RNAseq analysis revealed that STB5 overexpression had wide-ranging effects on the transcriptome in the batch phase, and appeared to cause a counterintuitive phenotype with reduced flux through the oxidative PPP. During glucose limitation, when an increased NADPH supply is likely less harmful, an overall induction of the proposed target genes of Stb5 (eg. GND1/2, TAL1, ALD6, YEF1) was observed. Taken together, the strategy of utilizing STB5 overexpression to increase NADPH supply for reductive biosynthesis is suggested to have potential in strains engineered to have strong ability to consume excess NADPH, alleviating a potential redox imbalance.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz027
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Involvement of the external mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase Nde1 in
           glycerol metabolism by wild-type and engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    • Authors: Aßkamp M; Klein M, Nevoigt E.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTGlycerol is an attractive substrate for microbial fermentations due to its higher degree of reduction compared to glucose. The replacement of the native FAD-dependent glycerol catabolic pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by an artificial NADH-delivering dihydroxyacetone (DHA) pathway is supposed to facilitate the capturing of electrons in fermentation products. This requires that the electrons from the cytosolic NADH are not exclusively transferred to oxygen. However, the external NADH dehydrogenases (Nde1/2) and the L-glycerol 3-phosphate shuttle (composed of Gpd1/2 and Gut2), both coupled to the respiratory chain, are known to contribute to cytosolic NAD+ regeneration during growth on non-fermentable carbon sources. In order to evaluate the role of these mechanisms during growth on glycerol, we deleted GPD1/2, GUT2 as well as NDE1/2, separately and in combinations in both the glycerol-utilizing wild-type strain CBS 6412–13A and the corresponding engineered strain CBS DHA in which glycerol is catabolized by the DHA pathway. Particularly, the nde1Δ mutants showed a significant reduction in growth rate and the nde1∆ nde2∆ double deletion mutants did not grow at all in synthetic glycerol medium. The current work also demonstrates a positive impact of deleting NDE1 on the production of the fermentation product 1,2-propanediol in an accordingly engineered S. cerevisiae strain.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz026
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Mutations of Kluyveromyces lactis dolichol kinase enhances secretion of
           recombinant proteins
    • Authors: Ziogiene D; Valaviciute M, Norkiene M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAlthough there are similarities in the core steps of the secretion pathway from yeast to higher eukaryotes, significant functional differences exist even among diverse yeast species. Here, we used next-generation sequencing to identify two mutations in the Kluyveromyces lactis KlSEC59 gene, encoding dolichol kinase (DK), which are responsible for an enhanced secretion phenotype in a previously isolated mutant, MD2/1-9. Compared with the temperature-sensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae sec59-1 mutant, which exhibits reduced N-glycosylation and decreased secretory efficacy, the identified K. lactis DK mutations had fewer effects on glycosylation, as well as on survival at high temperature and cell wall integrity. Moreover, despite some glycosylation defects, double DK mutations (G405S and I419S) in the K. lactis mutant strain demonstrated three times the level of recombinant α-amylase secretion as the wild-type strain. Overexpression of potential suppressors KlMNN10, KlSEL1, KlERG20, KlSRT1, KlRER2, KlCAX4, KlLPP1 and KlDPP1 in the DK-mutant strain restored carboxypeptidase Y glycosylation to different extents and, with the exception of KISRT1, reduced α-amylase secretion to levels observed in wild-type cells. Our results suggest that enhanced secretion related to reduced activity of mutant DK in K. lactis results from mild glycosylation changes that affect activity of other proteins in the secretory pathway.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz024
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Biological diversity of carbon assimilation among isolates of the yeast
           Dekkera bruxellensis from wine and fuel-ethanol industrial processes
    • Authors: da Silva J; da Silva G, Parente D, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTDekkera bruxellensis is considered a spoilage yeast in winemaking, brewing and fuel-ethanol production. However, there is growing evidence in the literature of its biotechnological potential. In this work, we surveyed 29 D. bruxellensis isolates from three countries and two different industrial origins (winemaking and fuel-ethanol production) for the metabolization of industrially relevant sugars. The isolates were characterized by the determination of their maximum specific growth rates, and by testing their ability to grow in the presence of 2-deoxy-d-glucose and antimycin A. Great diversity was observed among the isolates, with fuel-ethanol isolates showing overall higher specific growth rates than wine isolates. Preferences for galactose (three wine isolates) and for cellobiose or lactose (some fuel-ethanol isolates) were observed. Fuel-ethanol isolates were less sensitive than wine isolates to glucose catabolite repression (GCR) induction by 2-deoxy-d-glucose. In strictly anaerobic conditions, isolates selected for having high aerobic growth rates were able to ferment glucose, sucrose and cellobiose at fairly high rates without supplementation of casamino acids or yeast extract in the culture medium. The phenotypic diversity found among wine and fuel-ethanol isolates suggests adaptation to these environments. A possible application of some of the GCR-insensitive, fast-growing isolates in industrial processes requiring co-assimilation of different sugars is considered.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz022
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • My route to the intimacy of genomes
    • Authors: Dujon B.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBeing invited by a prestigious journal to write the retrospective of one's life is first a great honor, and then a chore when starting to do it. These feelings did not spare me. But trying to recall my past to the best of my memory, I learned how lucky I was to have been born to a generation that witnessed so many scientific discoveries. There is little in common between the genetic courses I taught recently and those that I received more than 50 years ago. Thinking that a tiny bit of this fantastic evolution might come from my accidental encountering with yeasts is a stunning experience. I wish the same for the new generation.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz023
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of a coniferyl aldehyde-resistant
           Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain obtained by evolutionary engineering
    • Authors: Hacısalihoğlu B; Holyavkin C, Topaloğlu A, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTPhenolic inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates interfere with the performance of fermenting microorganisms. Among these, coniferyl aldehyde is one of the most toxic inhibitors. In this study, genetically stable Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants with high coniferyl aldehyde resistance were successfully obtained for the first time by using an evolutionary engineering strategy, based on the systematic application of increasing coniferyl aldehyde stress in batch cultures. Among the selected coniferyl aldehyde-resistant mutants, the highly resistant strain called BH13 was also cross-resistant to other phenolic inhibitors, vanillin, ferulic acid and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde. In the presence of 1.2 mM coniferyl aldehyde stress, BH13 had a significantly reduced lag phase, which was less than 3 h and only about 25% of that of the reference strain and converted coniferyl aldehyde faster. Additionally, there was no reduction in its growth rate, either. Comparative transcriptomic analysis of a highly coniferyl aldehyde-resistant mutant revealed upregulation of the genes involved in energy pathways, response to oxidative stress and oxidoreductase activity in the mutant strain BH13, already under non-stress conditions. Transcripts associated with pleiotropic drug resistance were also identified as upregulated. Genome re-sequencing data generally supported transcriptomic results and identified gene targets that may have a potential role in coniferyl aldehyde resistance.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz021
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • The hypoxic transcription factor KlMga2 mediates the response to oxidative
           stress and influences longevity in the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis
    • Authors: Santomartino R; Camponeschi I, Polo G, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTHypoxia is defined as the decline of oxygen availability, depending on environmental supply and cellular consumption rate. The decrease in O2 results in reduction of available energy in facultative aerobes. The response and/or adaptation to hypoxia and other changing environmental conditions can influence the properties and functions of membranes by modifying lipid composition. In the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis, the KlMga2 gene is a hypoxic regulatory factor for lipid biosynthesis—fatty acids and sterols—and is also involved in glucose signaling, glucose catabolism and is generally important for cellular fitness.In this work we show that, in addition to the above defects, the absence of the KlMGA2 gene caused increased resistance to oxidative stress and extended lifespan of the yeast, associated with increased expression levels of catalase and SOD genes. We propose that KlMga2 might also act as a mediator of the oxidative stress response/adaptation, thus revealing connections among hypoxia, glucose signaling, fatty acid biosynthesis and ROS metabolism in K. lactis.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz020
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Glucose causes primary necrosis in exponentially grown yeast Saccharomyces
    • Authors: Valiakhmetov A; Kuchin A, Suzina N, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn this paper, we present data on sugar-induced cell death (SICD) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the exponential phase of growth. We suggest that the nature of SICD in exponentially grown yeast is primary necrosis, in contrast to cells in the stationary growth phase, which exhibit apoptotic SICD. The following findings confirm this conclusion: (i) the process rate; (ii) the impairments of plasma membrane integrity; (iii) the drastic morphological changes in the intracellular content; (iv) the absence of chromatin condensation; (v) the absence of externalization of phosphotidylserine (PS) on the outer leaflet of plasma membrane and (vi) the insensitivity of the SICD process to cycloheximide (CHX). Research shows that SICD occurs in a subpopulation of cells in the S-phase.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz019
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • FSH3 mediated cell death is dependent on NUC1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    • Authors: Gowsalya R; Ravi C, Kannan M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTFamily of Serine Hydrolases (FSH) members FSH1, FSH2 and FSH3 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae share conserved sequences with the human candidate tumor suppressor OVCA2. In this study, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) exposure increased the expression of both mRNA and protein levels of FSH3 in wild-type (WT) yeast cells. The deletion of FSH3 improved the yeast growth rate under H2O2-induction as compared to WT control cells. The overexpression of FSH3 in WT yeast cells caused an apoptotic phenotype, including accumulation of reaction oxygen species, decreased cell viability and cell death. The double deletions fsh1Δ fsh2Δ, fsh1Δ fsh3Δ and fsh2Δ fsh3Δ displayed increased growth compared to WT cells. However, the overexpression of FSH3 effectively inhibited cell growth in all double deletions. Moreover, the overexpression of FSH3 in cells lacking NUC1 did not cause any growth defect in the presence or absence of H2O2. Our results suggest that FSH3 induced apoptosis of yeast in a NUC1 dependent manner.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz017
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Development and genomic elucidation of hybrid yeast with improved
           glucose-xylose co-fermentation at high temperature
    • Authors: Lin Y; Cai Y, Guo Y, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTEnhanced capability of co-fermenting glucose and xylose at high temperature is highly desirable for yeast application in second-generation bioethanol production. Here, we obtained hybrid strains with improved glucose-xylose co-fermentation properties at high temperature by combining genome shuffling and adaptive evolution. Genome resequencing of these strains suggested predominantly inherited genetic information from one parental strain Spathaspora passalidarum SP rather than the other parental strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae ScY01, possibly due to that the CUG codon system of S. passalidarum might have systematically eliminated most of the functional proteins from S. cerevisiae through misfolding. Compared to SP, one-copy loss of a 146-kb fragment was found in the hybrid strain and regained after being evolved for a while, whereas one-copy loss of an 11-kb fragment was only found after being evolved for a longer time. Besides, the genes affected by nonsynonymous variants were also identified, especially the mutation S540F in the endoplasmic reticulum chaperon Kar2. Structural prediction indicated that S540F might change the substrate binding activity of Kar2, and thus play a role in preventing protein aggregation in yeast at high temperature. Our results illustrated genomic alterations during this process and revealed some genomic factors that might be involved to determine yeast thermotolerance.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz015
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Metabolic role of cGMP in S. cerevisiae: the murine phosphodiesterase-5
           activity affects yeast cell proliferation by altering the cAMP/cGMP
    • Authors: Cardarelli S; Giorgi M, Poiana G, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn higher eukaryotes, cAMP and cGMP are signal molecules of major transduction pathways while phosphodiesterases (PDE) are a superfamily of cAMP/cGMP hydrolysing enzymes, modulatory components of these routes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae harbours two genes for PDE: Pde2 is a high affinity cAMP-hydrolysing enzyme, while Pde1 can hydrolyse both cAMP and cGMP. To gain insight into the metabolic role of cGMP in the physiology of yeast, the murine Pde5a1 gene encoding a specific cGMP-hydrolysing enzyme, was expressed in S. cerevisiae pdeΔ strains. pde1Δ and pde2Δ PDE5A1-transformed strain displayed opposite growth-curve profiles; while PDE5A1 recovered the growth delay of pde1Δ, PDE5A1 reversed the growth profile of pde2Δ to that of the untransformed pde1Δ. Growth test analysis and the use of Adh2 and Adh1 as respiro-fermentative glycolytic flux markers confirmed that PDE5A1 altered the metabolism by acting on Pde1-Pde2/cyclic nucleotides content and also on the TORC1 nutrient-sensing cascade. cGMP is required during the log-phase of cell proliferation to adjust/modulate cAMP levels inside well-defined ranges. A model is presented proposing the role of cGMP in the cAMP/PKA pathway. The expression of the PDE5A1 cassette in other mutant strains might constitute the starting tool to define cGMP metabolic role in yeast nutrient signaling.
      PubDate: Sun, 17 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz016
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Recombinant multicopy plasmids in yeast – interactions with the
           endogenous 2 μm
    • Authors: Hohnholz R; Achstetter T.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTFlp-mediated site specific intramolecular recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is considered responsible for amplification of the endogenous 2 μm plasmid. For YEp-type vectors, a similar mechanism can be imagined by which such plasmids achieve high copy numbers, a trait desired for many research applications and necessary for industrial production. We have cultivated yeast carrying one of six isomeric YEp-type model expression plasmids under two different conditions and back transformed the shuttle vectors into Escherichia coli. Our analysis of 586 ampR clones represents a high-resolution snapshot of plasmid forms present in the transformed yeast cells with a detection limit of structural changes of <2%. Altered forms summed up to about 11%, constituting likely a lower limit. We have observed two categories of recombination events. One is Flp based, with products of intermolecular recombination with the 2 μm, likely intermediates that are prerequisites for YEp-type plasmid amplification. The other type is based on Flp-independent homologous recombination leading to oligomerization of such plasmids also in a 2μm-free [cir°] strain, i.e. in the absence of Flp. Beyond the general maintenance and its functional sequences, only the gene of interest and its expression might have an impact on the physiology of the host.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz001
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Antifungal activity of analogues of antimicrobial peptides isolated from
           bee venoms against vulvovaginal Candida spp
    • Authors: Kočendová J; Vaňková E, Volejníková A, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTCandida albicans is the main causative agent of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), a common mycosis in women, relapses of which are difficult to manage due to biofilm formation. This study aimed at developing novel non-toxic compounds active against Candida spp. biofilms. We synthesised analogues of natural antifungal peptides LL-III (LL-III/43) and HAL-2 (peptide VIII) originally isolated from bee venoms and elucidated their structures by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The haemolytic, cytotoxic, antifungal and anti-biofilm activities of LL-III/43 and peptide VIII were then tested. LL-III/43 and VIII showed moderate cytotoxicity to HUVEC-2 cells and had comparable inhibitory activity against C. albicans and non-albicans spp. The lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC90) of LL-III/43 was observed towards Candida tropicalis (0.8 µM). That was 8-fold lower than that of antimycotic amphotericin B. Both peptides can be used to inhibit Candida spp. bio film f ormation. Biofilm inhibitory concentrations (BIC50) ranged from 0.9 to 58.6 µM and biofilm eradication concentrations (BEC50) for almost all tested Candida spp. strains ranged from 12.8 to 200 µM. Als o pro ven were the peptides’ abilities to reduce the area colonised by biofilms , inhibit hyphae formation and permeabilise cell membranes in biofil ms . LL-III/43 and VIII are promising candidates for further development as therapeutics against VVC.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz013
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Competition experiments between Brettanomyces bruxellensis strains reveal
           specific adaptation to sulfur dioxide and complex interactions at
           intraspecies level
    • Authors: Avramova M; Grbin P, Borneman A, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTRecent studies have suggested a strong niche adaptation for Brettanomyces bruxellensis strains according to human-related fermentation environments, including beer, wine and bioethanol. This is further supported by a correlation between B. bruxellensis genetic grouping and tolerance to SO2, the main antimicrobial used in wine. The allotriploid AWRI1499-like cluster, in particular, shows high SO2 tolerance suggesting that the genetic configuration observed for these strains may confer a selective advantage in winemaking conditions. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the relative selective advantage of representatives of the three main B. bruxellensis genetic groups in presence of SO2. As a proof-of-concept and using recently developed transformation cassettes, we compared strains under different SO2 concentrations using pairwise competitive fitness experiments. Our results showed that AWRI1499 is specifically adapted to environments with high SO2 concentrations compared to other B. bruxellensis wine strains, indicating a potential correlation between allotriploidisation origin and environmental adaptation in this species. Additionally, our findings suggest different types of competition between strains, such as coexistence and exclusion, revealing new insights on B. bruxellensis interactions at intraspecies level.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz010
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae containing 28% polyphosphate and production of a
           polyphosphate-rich yeast extract thereof
    • Authors: Christ J; Blank L.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTCurrently, inorganic polyphosphate is chemically synthesized from phosphate rock and added directly to food products. Yeast extract is a concentrate of soluble fractions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is, as a food additive, generally regarded as safe. The aim of this study was to biotechnologically produce a naturally polyphosphate-rich yeast extract. Polyphosphate-rich cells were produced with a wild type (non-genetically modified) S. cerevisiae by orthophosphate-starvation and subsequent orthophosphate-feeding, and contained 28% (w/w) polyphosphate (as KPO3) in cell dry weight, which is the highest content reported so far. Four yeast extract production protocols (autolysis, plasmolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis without and with prior heat inactivation) were tested, whereas the latter was the most promising. From the polyphosphate-rich cells, yeast extract paste and powder were produced containing 20% and 14% (w/w, as KPO3) polyphosphate with an average chain length of 31 and 3 P-subunits, 7% and 14% (w/w, as K1.5H1.5PO4) orthophosphate, 22% and 0% (w/w) water, respectively. For the first time, naturally polyphosphate-rich yeast extracts were produced, which possibly can be used as a clean-label food additive and biological alternative to chemically synthesized polyphosphate in food products.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsyr/foz011
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 3 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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