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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 198, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 187, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 605, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 113, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 202, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Fems Microbiology Letters
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.79
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 28  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0378-1097 - ISSN (Online) 1574-6968
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • I'm the one that you want…
    • Authors: Fahnert B.
      Abstract: Deciding and embarking on a career, working towards and taking the next professional step, hunting THAT job has high stakes and can be daunting. One could think that it has become less daunting given the days when jobs were for life are gone. However, the job hunt often takes place at generally stressful times: we may be working towards a qualification/that paper that needs adding to the CV, or time for hunting must be found on top of a demanding job. Never mind thinking about the potential consequences of making the wrong choice and its impact on our overall career! We must not undo what we had already achieved, particularly the progress on our intended career trajectory. Furthermore, the job hunt is frequently connected to moving house, may be even to another country, which is a challenge at the best of times. And there is no let-up when we start our new job. We are expected to deliver immediately and may have to look for the next job straight away if we have a short-term contract.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz028
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • An IS26 variant with enhanced activity
    • Authors: Pong C; Harmer C, Ataide S, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe insertion sequence IS26 plays a major role in the mobilization, expression and dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes in Gram-negative bacteria. Though IS26 is abundant in sequenced genomes and in plasmids that harbour antibiotic resistance genes, only a few minor variations in the IS26 sequence have been recorded. The most common variant, IS26* (also known as IS15Δ1), encodes a Tnp26 transposase with a single amino acid substitution, G184N in the catalytic domain. Using computational modelling, this substitution was predicted to increase the length of the helix that includes the E173 residue of the catalytic DDE triad, and its effect on activity was tested. An IS26 mutant generated in vitro producing Tnp26-G184N formed cointegrates in a standard untargeted reaction at 5-fold higher frequency than IS26 producing Tnp26. When the target included a single copy of IS26, the G184N substitution increased the cointegration frequency 10-fold and the reaction was targeted and conservative. Hence, the substitution increased Tnp26 activity. The longer helix may stabilise the position of the E173 of the DDE for the catalysis reaction and the specific G184N substitution may also enhance activity by increasing binding to the terminal inverted repeats.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz031
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • How to successfully navigate a telephone and/or video interview
    • Authors: Dolan B.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTDuring the initial screening process hiring committees will often conduct either a telephone or video interview to narrow the field and select the candidates they feel more closely fits the role. The video interview could be conducted using Skype, WebEx or other on-line technology. Generally, these interviews are brief (30 min) with about five-directed questions, so you must be prepared. The intent of this article is provide tips and strategies on how to be more prepared/successful with these interviewing venues.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz027
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Effects of low-intensity and low-frequency ultrasound combined with
           tobramycin on biofilms of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs)
           Escherichia coli
    • Authors: Hou Y; Yang M, Jiang H, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTLow-intensity and low-frequency ultrasound (LILFU) can enhance the bactericidal action of antibiotics against various sensitive bacterial species. The current study investigated the effects of LILFU combined with tobramycin on extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) Escherichia coli biofilms (a multi-drug resistant bacteria). The biofilms of ESBLs E. coli were established and treated with ultrasound (42 kHz and ISATA of 0.66 W/cm2) continuously for 0.5 h with and without tobramycin. The bacterial viability, the morphology and the antibiotic penetration of ESBLs E. Coli biofilms were investigated. The results demonstrated that the bacterial viability of biofilms significantly declined and the diameter of the inhibition zone was significantly increased after treatment with ultrasound combined with tobramycin compared with the controls (P < 0.05). Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that the bacterial viability was affected most in the outer layer of ESBLs E. coli biofilms after joint treatment. The morphological structure of the biofilms was altered remarkably after joint treatment based on scanning electron microscopy, especially in regard to reduced thickness and loosened structure. These results suggest that the combination of ultrasound and tobramycin can exert synergistic bactericidal effects against biofilms formed by ESBLs E. coli.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz026
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Sterol synthesis is essential for viability in the planctomycete bacterium
           Gemmata obscuriglobus
    • Authors: Gudde L; Hulce M, Largen A, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTOxidosqualene cyclases (OSCs) are remarkable enzymes that catalyze the production of the first sterol, lanosterol, in sterol biosynthetic pathways. These reactions are present in a limited number of bacterial species unlike eukaryotic species where sterol synthesis is ubiquitous. The biological role(s) of OSCs, and the sterols produced by the different sterol biosynthetic pathways in bacteria, are not clearly understood. Here, we show that inhibition of the Gemmata obscuriglobus OSC enzyme resulted in the inability of cells to form colonies on solid medium and resulted in cell death within 24 hr of inactivation for planktonic cells. The inclusion of lanosterol in cell culture medium was able to rescue the cell lethality associated with the OSC inhibitors. We purified active, recombinant bacterial OSC to high levels (> 3 mg L−1 of culture) and demonstrated that the purified enzyme is active and inhibited by common OSC inhibitors. Comparable inhibitor concentrations were used in in vivo lethality experiments and in vitro enzymatic assays. Together, these results show that OSC, and the sterols produced by this enzyme, are essential for G. obscuriglobus viability.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz019
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Application of lactic acid bacteria in green biorefineries
    • Authors: Lübeck M; Lübeck P.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTLactic acid bacteria (LAB) have extensive industrial applications as producers of lactic acid, as probiotics, as biocontrol agents and as biopreservatives. LAB play a large role in food fermentation and in silage processes, where crops such as grass, legumes, cereals or corn are fermented into high-moisture feed that is storable and can be used to feed cattle, sheep or other ruminants. LAB also have great applications within green biorefineries, with simultaneous production of protein-rich feed for monogastric animals, silage or feed pellets for ruminants and production of lactic acid or specific amino acids. In green biorefineries, fresh or ensiled wet biomass is mechanically fractionated into green juice and solid residues (press cake), where the plant juice, for example, can be used for production of lactic acid using LAB. In a process named ‘ENLAC’, recovery of protein and chlorophyll from silage by simultaneous lactic acid fermentation and enzyme hydrolysis has been developed. Furthermore, a process for protein recovery was recently developed by applying a specific LAB starter culture to green juice from freshly harvested crops. This paper focuses on reviewing LAB for their applications within biorefining of ‘green’ crops such as clover, alfalfa, grasses and other green plant materials.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz024
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Biological activities associated with the volatile compound
    • Authors: Janssens T; Tyc O, Besselink H, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTPyrazines are 1,4-diazabenzene-based volatile organic compounds and known for their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. In the present study, we assessed the antimicrobial activity of 2,5-bis(1-methylethyl)-pyrazine, produced by Paenibacillus sp. AD87 during co-culture with Burkholderia sp. AD24. In addition, we were using transcriptional reporter assays in E. coli and mammalian cells to decipher the possible mode of action. Bacterial and mammalian luciferase reporter strains were deployed to elucidate antimicrobial and toxicological effects of 2,5-bis(1-methylethyl)-pyrazine. At high levels of exposure, 2,5-bis(1-methylethyl)-pyrazine exerted strong DNA damage response. At lower concentrations, cell-wall damage response was observed. The activity was corroborated by a general toxicity reporter assay in E. coli ΔampD, defective in peptidoglycan turnover. The maximum E. coli cell-wall stress activity was measured at a concentration close to the onset of the mammalian cytotoxicity, while other adverse outcome pathways, such as the activation of aryl hydrocarbon and estrogenic receptor, the p53 tumour suppressor and the oxidative stress-related Nrf2 transcription factor, were induced at elevated concentrations compared to the response of mammalian cells. Because of its broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity at lower concentrations and the relatively low mammalian toxicity, 2,5-bis(1-methylethyl)-pyrazine is a potential bio-based fumigant with possible applications in food industry, agriculture or logistics.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz023
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • The signatures of microorganisms and of human and environmental biomes can
           now be used to provide evidence in legal cases
    • Authors: Bishop A.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe microorganisms with which we share our world go largely unnoticed. We are, however, beginning to be able to exploit their apparently silent presence as witnesses to events that are of legal concern. This information can be used to link forensic samples to criminal events and even perpetrators. Once dead, our bodies are rapidly colonised, internally and externally. The progress of these events can be charted to inform how long and even by what means a person has died. A small number of microbial species could actually be the cause of such deaths as a result of biocrime or bioterrorism. The procedures and techniques to respond to such attacks have matured in the last 20 years. The capability now exists to identify malicious intent, characterise the threat agent to isolate level and potentially link it to perpetrators with a high level of confidence.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz021
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • 16S rRNA gene based bacterial community structure of wastewater treatment
           plant effluents
    • Authors: Do T; Delaney S, Walsh F.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThere is little known about the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent microbiome, its structure and dynamics. Here, we provide a study of the microbiome of effluent leaving conventional WWTPs and entering the water environment. DNA was extracted from WWTP effluent samples collected in 2015 and 2016. The bacterial communities were studied using Illumina MiSeq 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and analysed using Calypso software. The Proteobacteria, Bacteroides, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Tenericutes and Verrucomicrobia phyla dominated the microbiomes. The bacterial community composition at high taxonomic levels is consistent between the tested WWTP effluents, and in agreement with previous studies of WWTP effluents in different global locations. The analysed microbiomes of the WWTPs shared high similarities with human faecal microbiome and contained potential human pathogens. The bacterial phyla/class composition of the bacterial communities varied greatly in both WWTP effluents in October 2015. The bacterial diversity was slightly different between studied WWTPs. Two main bacterial clusters were detected in all samples during all sampling periods. In conclusion, this work highlights the need for a better understanding of the bacterial communities in WWTP effluent. This data should be considered when analysing the risk posed by WWTP effluent to the environment and to human health.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz017
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Antagonistic activity of a novel antifungalmycin N2 from Streptomyces sp.
           N2 and its biocontrol efficacy against Rhizoctonia solani
    • Authors: Wu Z; Yang Y, Li K.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAntifungalmycin N2 (3-methyl-3,5-amino-4-vinyl-2-pyrone, C6H7O2N) is a novel bioactive substance produced by Streptomyces sp. N2. In this present work, the antagonistic activity of antifungalmycin N2 and its biocontrol efficacy on Rhizoctonia solani were carried out to evaluate its potential as a biocontrol agent against fungal plant diseases. By using potato dextrose agar media for in vitro cultivation of phytopathogenic fungi, the results showed that antifungalmycin N2 not only displayed broad-spectrum antifungal activities against various plant pathogenic fungi, but also had a strong antagonism to the sclerotial germination of R. solani. In a detached leaf assay, it was found that antifungalmycin N2 could effectively protect the rice leaves form the infection of R. solani, resulting in a significantly reduced sheath blight severity on the surfaces of rice leaves. In the pot experiments, the results also revealed that significantly lower sheath blight infections occurred in the tissues of the treated rice plants, which further confirmed that antifungalmycin N2 had a favorable biocontrol efficacy on rice sheath blight. In conclusion, the above results indicated that the novel antifungalmycin N2 was one of promising biocontrol agents for plant disease control.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz018
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Identification of novel protein domain for sialyloligosaccharide binding
           essential to Mycoplasma mobile gliding
    • Authors: Hamaguchi T; Kawakami M, Furukawa H, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTSialic acids, terminal structures of sialylated glycoconjugates, are widely distributed in animal tissues and are often involved in intercellular recognitions, including some bacteria and viruses. Mycoplasma mobile, a fish pathogenic bacterium, binds to sialyloligosaccharide (SO) through adhesin Gli349 and glides on host cell surfaces. The amino acid sequence of Gli349 shows no similarity to known SO-binding proteins. In the present study, we predicted the binding part of Gli349, produced it in Escherichia coli and proved its binding activity to SOs of fetuin using atomic force microscopy. Binding was detected with a frequency of 10.3% under retraction speed of 400 nm/s and was shown to be specific for SO, as binding events were competitively inhibited by the addition of free 3′-sialyllactose. The histogram of the unbinding forces showed 24 pN and additional peaks. These results suggested that the distal end of Gli349 constitutes a novel sialoadhesin domain and is directly involved in the gliding mechanism of M. mobile.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz016
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Alkyl hydroperoxide reductase is important for oxidative stress resistance
           and symbiosis in Azorhizobium caulinodans
    • Authors: Jiang G; Yang J, Li X, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTReactive oxygen species (ROS) are not only toxic products of oxygen from aerobic metabolism or stress but also signalling molecules involved in the development of the legume-Rhizobium symbiosis. To assess the importance of alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (AhpCD) in the nitrogen-fixating bacterium Azorhizobium caulinodans, we investigated the phenotypes of the ∆ahpCD strain with regards to ROS resistance and symbiotic interactions with Sesbania rostrata. The ∆ahpCD strain was notably more sensitive than its parent strain to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) but not to two organic peroxides, in the early log phase. The expression of ahpCD was not controlled by a LysR-type transcriptional activator either in vitro or in vivo. The catalase activity of the ∆ahpCD strain was affected at a relatively low level of H2O2 stress. Furthermore, the ∆ahpCD strain induced a reduced number of stem nodules in S. rostrata with lowering of nitrogenase activity. These data suggest that A. caulinodans AhpCD is not only important for H2O2 detoxification in vitro but also critical for symbiosis with S. rostrata. Functional analysis of AhpCD is worth investigating in other rhizobia to gain a comprehensive view of its contributions to ROS defence and symbiotic association with legumes.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz014
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • A novel monoclonal antibody against enolase antigen of Aspergillus
           fumigatus protects experimental aspergillosis in mice
    • Authors: Yadav R; Shukla P.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAspergillus fumigatus is one of the most common opportunistic fungal pathogens responsible for a variety of diseases in human, from allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis to chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, mostly in immunocompromized patients. In this study, one monoclonal antibody MAb R-5 (IgM) raised against enolase cell surface protein of A. fumigatus exhibited significant inhibition of spore germination in A. fumigatus (88.3%), Aspergillus flavus (57.4%) and Aspergillus niger (30.6%). The MAb R-5 also showed in vitro fungicidal activity against these species as follows: A. fumigatus (24.1%), A. flavus (13.3%) and A. niger (8.8%). These findings were supported by the indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, where the antibody showed binding with germinated spores and hyphae of A. fumigatus as well as A. flavus and A. niger.In vivo protective effect of MAb R-5 was evaluated in BALB/c mice challenged intravenously with A. fumigatus spores, where a significant reduction in CFU (85.9%) was observed in kidney tissue. The mean survival time of mice treated with MAb R-5 (18.5 days) was also enhanced compared to control (6.5 days). These results indicate that MAb R-5 could be valuable in diagnosis as well as in the treatment of broad range of Aspergillus infections.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz015
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
  • Transmission mode is associated with environment type and taxa across
           bacteria-eukaryote symbioses: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Russell S.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTSymbiotic associations between bacteria and eukaryotes exhibit a range of transmission strategies. The rates and distributions of transmission modes have not been thoroughly investigated across associations, despite their consequences on symbiont and host evolution. To address this empirically, I compiled data from the literature on bacteria-multicellular eukaryote associations for which transmission mode data was available. Of the total 528 analyzed symbioses, 21.2% were strictly horizontally transmitted, 36.0% exhibited some form of mixed mode transmission and 42.8% were strictly vertically transmitted. Controlling for phylogenetically independent symbiosis events revealed modes were approximately equally distributed among the 113 independent associations, at 32.1%+/−0.57% horizontal, 37.8%+/−1.4% mixed mode and 31.1%+/−1.3% vertical transmission. Binning symbioses by environment revealed an abundance of vertical transmission on land and a lack of it in aquatic environments. The naturally occurring uneven distribution of taxa among environments prevented controlling for host/symbiont phylogeny. However, the results were robust over a large number of independently evolved associations, suggesting that many vertically transmitted bacteria are capable of mixed mode transmission and barriers exist that reduce the rate of horizontal transmission events. Thus, both the environment type and host/symbiont taxa influence symbiont transmission mode evolution.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz013
      Issue No: Vol. 366, No. 3 (2019)
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