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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 169, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 604, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 113, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 200, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 245, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Fems Microbiology Ecology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.492
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 16  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0168-6496 - ISSN (Online) 1574-6941
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • Influence of physico-chemical characteristics of sediment on the in situ
           spatial distribution of F-specific RNA phages in the riverbed
    • Authors: Fauvel B; Cauchie H, Gantzer C, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTRiverbed sediment is commonly described as an enteric virus reservoir and thought to play an important role in water column contamination, especially during rainfall events. Although the occurrence and fate of faecal-derived viruses are fairly well characterized in water, little information is available on their presence as their interactions with sediment. This study aimed at determining the main environmental factors responsible for the presence of enteric viruses in riverbed sediment. Using a combination of microbiological and physico-chemical analyses of freshly field-sampled sediments, we demonstrated their contamination by faecal phages. The in situ spatial distribution of phages in sediment was mainly driven by sediment composition. A preferential phage accumulation occurred along one bank of the river, where the quantity of fine sands and clay particles smaller than 0.2 mm was the highest. Additionally, a mineralogical analysis revealed the influence of the heterogeneous presence of virus sorbents such as quartz, calcite, carbonates and iron-bearing phases (goethite) on the phage spatial pattern. A more precise knowledge of the composition of riverbed sediment is therefore useful for predicting preferential areas of enteric virus accumulation and should allow more accurate microbial risk assessment when using surface water for drinking water production or recreational activities.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy240
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Ectosymbiotic bacterial microbiota densely colonize the surface of
           thelastomatid nematodes in the gut of the wood-feeding cockroach Panesthia
           angustipennis
    • Authors: Murakami T; Onouchi S, Igai K, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTCockroaches generally harbor thelastomatid nematodes (pinworms) in their gut. In this study, we discovered that the surfaces of two undescribed thelastomatid species in the hindgut of the wood-feeding cockroach Panesthia angustipennis were consistently and densely colonized by bacteria. Epifluorescence microscopy using 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and transmission electron microscopy revealed that several distinct morphotypes of bacteria covered almost the entire body surface of the nematodes in single or multiple layers. Sequencing analysis of 16S rRNA amplicons of either entire nematodes or sections of nematode body surfaces indicated that the associated bacterial microbiota consisted of several dominant phylotypes belonging to either Dysgonomonadaceae (Bacteroidales termite cluster V), Rikennellaceae or Ruminococcaceae. These phylotypes formed clades with sequences previously obtained from cockroach and/or termite guts. Comparisons of the bacterial community structure of the entire cockroach hindgut microbiota vs the nematode-associated microbiota suggested that these dominant bacterial phylotypes preferentially colonized the nematode surface. The two nematode species shared most of the dominant bacterial phylotypes, but the bacterial community structures differed significantly. Colonization by five predominant phylotypes was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis using phylotype-specific probes. Our study provides fundamental information on this previously unknown ectosymbiosis between gut bacteria and thelastomatid pinworms.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy238
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Polychaete mucopolysaccharide alters sediment microbial diversity and
           stimulates ammonia-oxidising functional groups
    • Authors: Dale H; Taylor J, Solan M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTSediment nitrogen cycling is a network of microbially mediated biogeochemical processes that are vital in regulating ecosystem functioning. Mucopolysaccharides (mucus) are produced by many invertebrates and have the potential to be an important source of organic carbon and nitrogen to sediment microorganisms. At present, we have limited understanding of how mucopolysaccharide moderates total sediment microbial communities and specific microbial functional groups that drive nitrogen cycling processes. To start addressing this knowledge gap, sediment slurries were incubated with and without Hediste diversicolor mucus. Changes in dissolved inorganic nitrogen (ammonia, nitrite and nitrate) concentrations and bacterial and archaeal community diversity were assessed. Our results showed that mucopolysaccharide addition supported a more abundant and distinct microbial community. Moreover, mucus stimulated the growth of bacterial and archaeal ammonia oxidisers, with a concomitant increase in nitrite and nitrate. Hediste diversicolor mucopolysaccharide appears to enhance sediment nitrification rates by stimulating and fuelling nitrifying microbial groups. We propose that invertebrate mucopolysaccharide secretion should be considered as a distinct functional trait when assessing invertebrate contributions to sediment ecosystem function. By including this additional trait, we can improve our mechanistic understanding of invertebrate–microbe interactions in nitrogen transformation processes and provide opportunity to generate more accurate models of global nitrogen cycling.
      PubDate: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy234
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Bacteriome-associated Wolbachia of the parthenogenetic termite Cavitermes
           tuberosus
    • Authors: Hellemans S; Kaczmarek N, Marynowska M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTWolbachia has deeply shaped the ecology and evolution of many arthropods, and interactions between the two partners are a continuum ranging from parasitism to mutualism. Non-dispersing queens of the termite Cavitermes tuberosus are parthenogenetically produced through gamete duplication, a mode of ploidy restoration generally induced by Wolbachia. These queens display a bacteriome-like structure in the anterior part of the mesenteron. Our study explores the possibility of a nutritional mutualistic, rather than a parasitic, association between Wolbachia and C. tuberosus. We found a unique strain (wCtub), nested in the supergroup F, in 28 nests collected in French Guiana, the island of Trinidad and the state of Paraíba, Brazil (over 3500 km). wCtub infects individuals regardless of caste, sex or reproductive (sexual versus parthenogenetic) origin. qPCR assays reveal that Wolbachia densities are higher in the bacteriome-like structure and in the surrounding gut compared to other somatic tissues. High-throughput 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing reveals that Wolbachia represents over 97% of bacterial reads present in the bacteriome structure. BLAST analyses of 16S rRNA, bioA (a gene of the biosynthetic pathway of B vitamins) and five multilocus sequence typing genes indicated that wCtub shares 99% identity with wCle, an obligate nutritional mutualist of the bedbug Cimex lectularius.
      PubDate: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy235
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Highly competitive fungi manipulate bacterial communities in decomposing
           beech wood (Fagus sylvatica)
    • Authors: Johnston S; Hiscox J, Savoury M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe bacterial communities in decomposing wood are receiving increased attention, but their interactions with wood-decay fungi are poorly understood. This is the first field study to test the hypothesis that fungi are responsible for driving bacterial communities in beech wood (Fagus sylvatica). A meta-genetic approach was used to characterise bacterial and fungal communities in wood that had been laboratory-colonised with known wood-decay fungi, and left for a year at six woodland sites. Alpha-, Beta- and Gammaproteobacteria and Acidobacteria were the proportionally dominant bacterial taxa, as in previous studies. Pre-colonising wood with decay fungi had a clear effect on the bacterial community, apparently via direct fungal influence; the bacterial and fungal communities present at the time of collection explained nearly 60% of their mutual covariance. Site was less important than fungal influence in determining bacterial communities, but the effects of pre-colonisation were more pronounced at some sites than at others. Wood pH was also a strong bacterial predictor, but was itself under considerable fungal influence. Burkholderiaceae and Acidobacteriaceae showed directional responses against the trend of the bacterial community as a whole.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy225
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Spruce and beech as local determinants of forest fungal community
           structure in litter, humus and mineral soil
    • Authors: Asplund J; Kauserud H, Ohlson M, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBeech forests reaches its native distribution limit in SE Norway, but is expected to expand substantially northwards due to climate warming. This may potentially result in a fundamental transformation of contemporary Northern European forests, with tentative effects on the associated belowground fungi. Fungal communities mediate vital ecosystem processes such as ecosystem productivity and carbon sequestration in boreal forests. To investigate how soil fungi is affected by the vegetation transition from spruce to beech forest, we sampled litter, humus and mineral soil in a forest landscape dominated by beech, spruce or a mixture of these. The fungal communities in the soil samples were analyzed by DNA metabarcoding of the rDNA ITS2 region. Although soil layers were the most important structuring gradient, we found clear differences in fungal species composition between spruce and beech plots. The differences in fungal community composition were most evident in the litter and least in the mineral soil. Decomposers, most notably Mycena, dominated the litter layer while various mycorrhizal fungi dominated the humus and mineral layers. Some ectomycorrhizal taxa, such as Cenoccocum and Russula, were more abundant in spruce forests. Differences in fungal community composition between forest types can potentially have large impacts on carbon sequestration rates.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy232
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Deforestation impacts network co-occurrence patterns of microbial
           communities in Amazon soils
    • Authors: Khan M; Bohannan B, Nüsslein K, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTCo-occurrence networks allow for the identification of potential associations among species, which may be important for understanding community assembly and ecosystem functions. We employed this strategy to examine prokaryotic co-occurrence patterns in the Amazon soils and the response of these patterns to land use change to pasture, with the hypothesis that altered microbial composition due to deforestation will mirror the co-occurrence patterns across prokaryotic taxa. In this study, we calculated Spearman correlations between operational taxonomic units (OTUs) as determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and only robust correlations were considered for network construction (−0.80 ≥ P ≥ 0.80, adjusted P < 0.01). The constructed network represents distinct forest and pasture components, with altered compositional and topological features. A comparative analysis between two representative modules of these contrasting ecosystems revealed novel information regarding changes to metabolic pathways related to nitrogen cycling. Our results showed that soil physicochemical properties such as temperature, C/N and H++Al3+ had a significant impact on prokaryotic communities, with alterations to network topologies. Taken together, changes in co-occurrence patterns and physicochemical properties may contribute to ecosystem processes including nitrification and denitrification, two important biogeochemical processes occurring in tropical forest systems.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy230
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Genomic insights into the metabolism of ‘Candidatus Defluviicoccus
           seviourii’, a member of Defluviicoccus cluster III abundant in
           industrial activated sludge
    • Authors: Onetto C; Grbin P, McIlroy S, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTFilamentous cluster III Defluviicoccus (DF3) are known to proliferate and cause bulking issues in industrial wastewater treatment plants. Members of the genus Defluviicoccus are also known to exhibit the glycogen accumulating organism (GAO) phenotype, which is suggested to be detrimental to enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR). Despite the reported negative impact members of the DF3 have on activated sludge wastewater treatment systems, limited research has focused on understanding the physiological traits that allow them to compete in these environments. In this study, a near complete genome of an abundant filamentous DF3 named ‘Candidatus Defluviicoccus seviourii’ was obtained from a full-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) treating winery wastewater. Annotation of the ‘Ca. D. seviourii’ genome revealed interesting metabolic features that help to understand the abundance of this microorganism in industrial wastewater treatment plants. Their potential for the storage of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) is suggested to favour these organisms with the intermittent availability of carbon in these systems. An ability to fix nitrogen and take up urea may provide them with an additional advantage with the characteristically high carbon to nitrogen content of industrial waste. The genome and preliminary findings of this study provide a foundation for further research into these biotechnologically relevant organisms.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy231
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The morphology and metabolic potential of the Chloroflexi in full-scale
           activated sludge wastewater treatment plants
    • Authors: Nierychlo M; Miłobędzka A, Petriglieri F, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTFilamentous bacteria belonging to the phylum Chloroflexi have received considerable attention in wastewater treatment systems for their suggested role in the operational problem of impaired sludge settleability known as bulking. Their consistently high abundance in full-scale systems, even in the absence of bulking, indicates that they make a substantial contribution to the nutrient transformations during wastewater treatment. In this study, extensive 16S rRNA amplicon surveys of Danish wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with nutrient removal were screened to identify numerically important Chloroflexi genera. Fluorescence in situ hybridization probes were designed for their in situ characterization. All abundant Chloroflexi phylotypes were putatively identified as facultative anaerobic chemoorganotrophs involved in sugar fermentation. They were all filamentous but differed in their morphology and spatial arrangement. ‘Candidatus Villigracilis’ was predominantly located within the activated sludge flocs, where they possibly have structural importance, and their abundance was relatively stable. Conversely, the abundance of ‘Candidatus Amarolinea’ was highly dynamic, relative to other genera, sometimes reaching abundances in excess of 30% of the biovolume, suggesting their likely role in bulking episodes. This study gives an important insight into the role of Chloroflexi in WWTPs, thus contributing to the broader goal of understanding the ecology of these biotechnologically important systems.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy228
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Nitrogen availability facilitates phosphorus acquisition by bloom-forming
           cyanobacteria
    • Authors: Aubriot L.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTCyanobacterial blooms are threatening freshwater ecosystems. The physiological basis involved in the onset of cyanobacterial bloom is fundamental to advance in bloom predictions. Generally, cyanobacteria grow until the availability of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) or both nutrients becomes limited. Population survival may depend on physiological adjustments to nutrient deficiency as well as on the efficient use of episodic N and P inputs. This study investigated the effect of N inputs on phosphate uptake affinity and activity of N-deficient bloom-forming cyanobacteria. Lake samples dominated by filamentous cyanobacteria were preincubated with and without nitrate addition, and the uptake of [32P] phosphate pulses was measured in the following days. Phosphate uptake kinetics were analyzed with a flow-force model that provides the threshold concentration, reflecting phosphate uptake affinity, and the membrane conductivity coefficient that corresponds to the activity of uptake systems. After 24 h of nitrate preincubation, phosphate uptake kinetics showed a progressive increase in affinity (nanomolar [Pe]A) and activity (25-fold) concomitant with cyanobacterial growth. It was demonstrated that the alleviation of N-deficiency by N inputs boosts the activation of phosphate uptake systems of non-N2-fixing cyanobacteria to sustain growth. Therefore, reduction of dissolved inorganic N levels in lakes is also mandatory to limit cyanobacterial phosphate uptake affinity and activity capabilities.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy229
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Planctomycetes in boreal and subarctic wetlands: diversity patterns and
           potential ecological functions
    • Authors: Dedysh S; Ivanova A.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTMembers of the phylum Planctomycetes are common inhabitants of boreal Sphagnum peat bogs and lichen-dominated tundra wetlands. These bacteria colonize both oxic and anoxic peat layers and reach the population size of 107 cells per gram of wet peat. The 16S rRNA gene sequences from planctomycetes comprise 5%–22% of total 16S rRNA gene reads retrieved from peat samples. Most abundant peat-inhabiting planctomycetes affiliate with the families Isosphaeraceae and Gemmataceae, and with as-yet-uncultured Phycisphaera-related group WD2101. The use of metatranscriptomics to assess the functional role of planctomycetes in peatlands suggested the presence of versatile hydrolytic capabilities in these bacteria. This evidence was further confirmed by the analysis of genome-encoded capabilities of isolates from wetlands. Large (up to 12 Mbp) genomes of planctomycetes encode wide repertoires of carbohydrate-active enzymes including many unclassified putative glycoside hydrolases, which suggests the presence of extremely high glycolytic potential in these bacteria. Experimental tests confirmed their ability to grow on xylan, pectin, starch, lichenan, cellulose, chitin and polysaccharides of microbial origin. These results provide an insight into the ecological roles of peat-inhabiting planctomycetes and suggest their participation in degradation of plant-derived polymers, exoskeletons of peat-inhabiting arthropods as well as exopolysaccharides produced by other bacteria.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy227
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The soil microbial community of turf: linear and nonlinear changes of taxa
           and N-cycling gene abundances over a century-long turf development
    • Authors: Chen H; Xia Q, Yang T, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTTurf, consisting of closely spaced grasses and the subtending soil, is a unique ecosystem subject to intense management. Yet soil organic matter accumulates quickly and reaches equilibrium after 20 to 50 years. Resource availability is an important driver of species richness and theoretically their relationship is expected to be unimodal. In this work, we examined the effects of turf development (i.e. a 1, 15, 20 and 109 year-old chronosequence) on microbial taxon richness, community composition, and abundances of genes putatively involved in N cycling through 16S rRNA gene and ITS region amplicon sequencing. Microbial alpha-diversity remained relatively stable although soil organic C and N increased by up to 3-fold over a century-long turf development. However, both bacterial and fungal community compositions changed substantially from those in the previous land use, pine stands and along turf development. Youngest turf was closer to the oldest turf than to middle-aged ones, specifically for bacterial community. Microbial changes to resource availability were also taxonomically specific. The relative abundance of Proteobacteria was independent of resource availability; Nitrospirae increased monotonically, and Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria and Glomeromycota varied curvilinearly. However, abundances of most taxa from the phylum to operational taxonomic unit level and N-cycling genes varied nonlinearly with turf development.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy224
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • An Acetobacterium strain isolated with metallic iron as electron donor
           enhances iron corrosion by a similar mechanism as Sporomusa sphaeroides
    • Authors: Philips J; Monballyu E, Georg S, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTSporomusa sphaeroides related strains are to date the only homoacetogens known to increase metallic iron corrosion. The goal of this work was to isolate additional homoacetogenic bacteria capable of using Fe(0) as electron donor and to explore their extracellular electron transfer mechanism. Enrichments were started from anoxic corrosion products and yielded Acetobacterium as main homoacetogenic genus. Isolations were performed with a new procedure using plates with a Fe(0) powder top layer. An Acetobacterium strain, closely related to A. malicum and A. wieringae, was isolated, in addition to a S. sphaeroides strain. The Acetobacterium isolate significantly increased Fe(0) corrosion ((1.44 ± 0.16)-fold) compared to abiotic controls. The increase of corrosion by type strains ranged from (1.28 ± 0.13)-fold for A. woodii to (2.03 ± 0.22)-fold for S. sphaeroides. Hydrogen mediated the electron uptake from Fe(0) by the acetogenic isolates and tested type strains. Exchange of the medium and SEM imaging suggested that cells were attached to Fe(0). The corrosion enhancement mechanism is for all tested strains likely related to free extracellular components catalyzing hydrogen formation on the Fe(0) surface, or to the maintenance of low hydrogen concentrations on the Fe(0) surface by attached cells thereby thermodynamically favoring hydrogen formation.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiy222
      Issue No: Vol. 95, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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