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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 304, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 527, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Family Practice
  [SJR: 1.048]   [H-I: 77]   [11 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0263-2136 - ISSN (Online) 1460-2229
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Erratum
    • Abstract: How the ‘omics’ revolution can change primary care
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
  • Will electronic health record data become the standard resource for
           clinical research'
    • Authors: Scherrer J; Pace W.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14
  • Psychological issues and cognitive impairment in adults with familial
    • Authors: Suárez Bagnasco M.
      Abstract: AbstractA literature review about depression, anxiety, illness perception and neurocognitive impairment in adults with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) was performed. Through PubMed and PsycINFO published studies from 1980 until March 2017 were searched. Two papers assessed depression and anxiety. Four papers explored illness perception. Five studies assessed cognitive impairment. Mean depression and anxiety scores were within normal range. From the reviewed research, it can be concluded that deficits in executive functioning and memory appear in FH patients between 18 and 40 years old, and mild cognitive impairment in older than 50. The research in the field of the present review is relatively recent: all the studies have been published in the current century. Further research should be done using complete standardized neuropsychological assessment and brain imaging techniques. Studies exploring the possible influence of cognitive deficits on adherence should be conducted also.
      PubDate: 2017-06-06
  • Short-course versus long-course oral antibiotic treatment for infections
           treated in outpatient settings: a review of systematic reviews
    • Authors: Dawson-Hahn E; Mickan S, Onakpoya I, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractPurposeTo summarize the evidence comparing the effectiveness of short and long courses of oral antibiotics for infections treated in outpatient settings.MethodsWe identified systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials for children and adults with bacterial infections treated in outpatient settings from Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and The Database of Review of Effects. Data were extracted on the primary outcome of clinical resolution and secondary outcomes.ResultsWe identified 30 potential reviews, and included 9. There was no difference in the clinical cure for children treated with short or long course antibiotics for Group A streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis (OR 1.03, 95% CI:0.97, 1.11); community acquired pneumonia (RR 0.99, 95% CI:0.97, 1.01); acute otitis media [<2 years old OR: 1.09 (95% CI:0.76, 1.57); ≥2 years old OR: 0.85 (95% CI:0.60, 1.21)]; or urinary tract infection (RR 1.06, 95% CI:0.64, 1.76). There was no difference in the clinical cure for adults treated with short or long course antibiotics for acute bacterial sinusitis (RR 0.95, 95% CI:0.81, 1.21); uncomplicated cystitis in non-pregnant women (RR 1.10, 95% CI:0.96, 1.25), or elderly women (RR: 0.98, 95% CI:0.62, 1.54); acute pyelonephritis (RR 1.03, 95% CI:0.80, 1.32); or community acquired pneumonia (RR: 0.96, 95% CI:0.74, 1.26). We found inadequate evidence about the effect on antibiotic resistance.ConclusionsThis overview of systematic reviews has identified good quality evidence that short course antibiotics are as effective as longer courses for most common infections managed in ambulatory care. The impact on antibiotic resistance and associated treatment failure requires further study.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
  • Frailty in family practice
    • Authors: Callaghan S; Smith S.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
  • Primary care physicians’ use of the proposed classification of common
           mental disorders for ICD-11
    • Authors: Goldberg D; Lam T, Minhas F, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundThe World Health Organization is revising the classification of common mental disorders in primary care for ICD-11. Major changes from the ICD-10 primary care version have been proposed for: (i) mood and anxiety disorders; and (ii) presentations of multiple somatic symptoms (bodily stress syndrome). This three-part field study explored the implementation of the revised classification by primary care physicians (PCPs) in five countries.MethodsParticipating PCPs in Brazil, China, Mexico, Pakistan and Spain were asked to use the revised classification, first in patients that they suspected might be psychologically distressed (Part 1), and second in patients with multiple somatic symptoms causing distress or disability not wholly attributable to a known physical pathology, or with high levels of health anxiety (Part 2). Patients referred to Part 1 or Part 2 underwent a structured diagnostic interview. Part 3 consisted of feedback from PCPs regarding the classification.ResultsIn Part 1, anxious depression was the most common disorder among referred patients. PCPs assigned the highest severity ratings to anxious depression, and the next highest to current depression; current anxiety was rated as least severe. Considerable overlap was found between bodily stress syndrome (BSS) and health anxiety (HA). The psychiatric interview recorded higher rates of mood and anxiety disorders diagnoses among patients with BSS than did PCPs. PCPs’ satisfaction with the revised classification was high.ConclusionsResults generally supported the inclusion of the new categories of anxious depression, BSS and HA for ICD-11 PHC and suggested that PCPs could implement these categories satisfactorily.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
  • A pharmacy management service for adults with asthma: a cluster randomised
           controlled trial
    • Authors: Wong L; Chua S, Husin A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundAlthough clinical guidelines are available for the management of asthma, this health condition is still poorly managed in many countries.ObjectivesTo assess the effects of a Pharmacy Management Service (PharMS) on asthma control of adult patients.MethodsThis study comprised of a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) that was conducted from April 2014 to July 2015 at four government health clinics. The control participants received usual pharmacy service, while the intervention participants were recruited into the PharMS. Each participant was monitored for 6 months, and the outcome measures included asthma control using the Asthma Control Test (ACT), inhaler technique using a checklist and medication adherence using the Malaysian Medication Adherence Scale.ResultsA total of 157 participants were recruited: 77 in the control and 80 in the intervention group. At the end of the study, 90% of the intervention participants achieved well-controlled asthma compared to 28.6% in the control group (P < 0.001). The differences in the proportion of participants with correct inhaler technique was also significant, with an adjusted effect size of 0.953 (P < 0.001). In addition, the intervention participants showed significantly higher medication adherence than the control group (92.5% versus 45.5%, P < 0.001). The Generalised Estimated Equation analysis further confirmed that the PharMS (P < 0.001) was significantly related to an improvement in the ACT scores.ConclusionA community-based asthma management program, the PharMS, that provided asthma education and skill training by a trained pharmacist, resulted in positive and significant improvements in clinical and management outcomes of adult asthma patients.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
  • General practitioners’ attitudes towards and experiences with referrals
           due to supplemental health insurance
    • Authors: Andersen M; Pedersen L, Dupont M, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundSupplemental health insurances (SHI) cover 38% of the Danish population. SHI can give faster access to, and additional treatment from, private health providers. However, this is contingent on a referral from the general practitioner (GP), further complicating clinical decision-making.ObjectivesTo describe GPs’ attitudes to SHI and their experiences with patients holding SHI. Moreover, we analysed associations between different GP characteristics; e.g. gender, age, practice type, own SHI status and their attitudes to and experiences with SHI.MethodsA questionnaire was mailed to 3321 GPs focusing on three issues: (i) Attitudes towards the public health care system. (ii) Perceptions of the impact of SHI. (iii) Experiences with patients holding SHIs.ResultsThe response rate was 64%. Overall, GPs found that SHIs contribute to inequality (83%) and overtreatment (90%). However, 46% often feel under pressure to refer SHI patients to specialist care, even though not medically indicated, while 11% always or often refer SHI patients unconditionally. Both groups perceive SHI patients more insistent on getting referrals than patients without SHI.ConclusionEven though a majority of GPs associate SHI with overtreatment and inequality in health, many GPs feel under pressure to refer patients holding SHI for treatments or examinations that are not medically warranted. Some GPs even refer these patients without further examination or questioning. Insistent SHI patients may partly explain this paradox. Future research should illuminate SHI patients’ courses in the private as well as the public healthcare system with regards to medical indications and health outcome measures focusing on inequality and overtreatment.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
  • Geographical variation in anti-diabetic prescribing in Ireland in 2013 and
           2014: a cross-sectional analysis
    • Authors: Murphy M; Bennett K, Fahey T, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundSeveral new medications for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have been introduced, including dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1) agonists. Variation in the prescribing of these agents has implications for quality, safety and costs. We aimed to investigate geographical variation in the prescribing of anti-diabetic medications in Ireland.MethodsCross-sectional analyses were undertaken on the two main national pharmacy claims databases in Ireland in 2013 and 2014. Direct standardized rates of individual anti-diabetic medication prescribing per 100 000 population were calculated by geographical area. Variation in prescribing was assessed using the systematic component of variation (SCV) and classified as very high (>10), high (5.4–10), moderate (3–5.4) or low (<3). Estimated total costs of prescribing were calculated per geographical area using medication wholesale costs.ResultsVery high levels of geographical variation of GLP-1 agonists (SCV 11.4 and 10.3 in 2013 and 2014) and moderate variation of DPP-4 inhibitors (SCV 3.8 and 4.1) were found. There was low/moderate variation in the prescribing of sulphonylureas (SVC 2.8 and 3.6) and low variation in prescribing of metformin (SVC 1.7 and 2.0). Geographical variation in Ireland leads to an estimated total wholesale cost differential of €500 000 for GLP-1 agonists, per 100 000 population, between the highest and lowest prescribing areas.ConclusionsThere is substantial geographical variation in the prescribing of new T2DM medicines, particularly GLP-1 agonists. The prescribing variation which was identified may not only represent differences in the application of clinical guidelines, but also variation in professional opinion or patient preference.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
  • Patient-reported impact of after-hours house-call services on the
           utilization of emergency department services in Australia
    • Authors: Ifediora C; Rogers G.
      Abstract: AbstractObjectivesThis paper explores, from the patients’ perspective, the likely impact of the Australian after-hours house-call (AHHC) medical services on emergency department (ED) presentations. This has become imperative given the significant cost difference between patient presentations to either the AHHC or ED and their practical implications for health care funding.Design, setting and participantsA cross-sectional, self-reported survey of all 10 838 patients in Australia known to have patronized AHHC services over the last week of January 2016.Main outcome measureThe study used a validated, self-completion questionnaire, dispatched through a mixture of online and postal methods.ResultsA total of 1228 questionnaires were returned, of which 1211 included all relevant sections of the survey (11.2% response rate). Four hundred and eighty-six patients (40.1%) indicated that they would have gone to the ED on the same day or night of their illness had the AHHC not been available, with the elderly (≥65) and children (<16) accounting for nearly two-thirds of these (64.6%). Following their AHHC consultations, 103 (8.5%) patients eventually attended the ED, meaning that the service prevented 383 patients from attending the ED, a decrease of 78.8%. Stratification based on location showed that this impact was seen across all states and territories in Australia where AHHC services exist, ranging from a reduction of 73.9% in Western Australia to 85.0% in Tasmania. Similarly, the impact cuts across all patient demographics, including age ranges, gender and social divides.ConclusionsBased on our respondents’ reports, AHHC services appear to be associated with a reduction in ED visits in Australia, with the impact cutting across all regions and patient demographics.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
  • Managing transient ischaemic attacks in Australia: a qualitative study
    • Authors: Davey A; Lasserson D, Levi C, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundStroke risk after transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is highest in the first few days. It is greatly reduced by commencing commonly used medications. Current Australian guidelines recommend that all TIAs be managed urgently by secondary-care specialists (mandatory for high-risk TIAs). The majority of TIAs present to general practice which creates a dilemma when specialist care is not readily accessible. There is a lack of evidence relating to the determinants of general practitioners’ (GPs) actions in this situation.ObjectiveTo explore GP management of TIA presentations.MethodsA qualitative study using semi-structured interviews of a maximum variation sample of senior and trainee GPs from New South Wales, Australia. Data collection and thematic analysis were concurrent and iterative, employing constant comparison, co-coding, participant transcript review, reflexivity and continued until thematic saturation was achieved.ResultsManagement of TIA was heterogeneous and depended upon the GP’s engagement with the individual case. The level of engagement was predicated on the GP’s predisposition toward managing transient neurological presentations generally, the clinical phenotype of the presentation and logistical or health system factors. Management was categorised as triage, guided collaboration, consultative collaboration and independent management. Collaboration with secondary care increased the GP’s capability to diagnose and manage future TIAs.ConclusionHeterogeneity of TIA management equates with variation from guideline recommendations. However, Australian guidelines may not be practicable due to variability in access to secondary-care specialists. Future models of care should consider systems approaches such as telemedicine to promote collaboration and assist GPs to comply with guidelines.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
  • How do stroke survivors and their carers use practitioners’ advice on
           secondary prevention medications' Qualitative study of an online forum
    • Authors: Izuka N; Alexander M, Balasooriya-Smeekens C, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundSecondary prevention medications reduce risk of stroke recurrence, yet many people do not receive recommended treatment, nor take medications optimally.ObjectiveExploring how patients report making use of practitioners’ advice on secondary prevention medicines on an online forum and what feedback was received from other participants.MethodsThematic analysis of the archive of Talkstroke (2004–2011), UK. Posts including any secondary prevention medication terms, General Practitioner (GP) and their replies were identified.ResultsFifity participants talked about practitioners’ advice on secondary prevention medications in 43 discussion threads. Patients consulted practitioners for reassurance and dealing with side effects. Practitioners’ advice varied from altering to maintaining current treatment. Three main themes emerged from the use of practitioners’ advice: patients following advice (reassured, happy when side effects made tolerable, or still retaining anxiety about treatment); patients not following advice (admitting adherence on-off or stopping medications as side effects still not tolerable); asking other participants for feedback on advice received. Practitioners’ advice was disregarded mainly when related to dealing with statin side effects, after one or two consultations. Themes for feedback involved sharing experience, directing back to practitioners, or to external evidence.ConclusionsSide effects of secondary prevention medications and statins in particular, cause anxiety and resentment in some patients, and their concerns are not always addressed by practitioners. Practitioners could consider more proactive strategies to manage such side effects. Forum feedback was appropriate and supportive of the practitioners’ advice received. Our findings from peer-to-peer online conversations confirm and widen previous research.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
  • Adaptation to European Spanish and psychometric properties of the Patient
           Activation Measure 13 in patients with chronic diseases
    • Authors: Moreno-Chico C; González-de Paz L, Monforte-Royo C, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundThe 13-item Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13) is an instrument that assesses people’s knowledge, skills and confidence for self-management of their health and health care. Scores on the PAM-13 have been shown to predict adherence to health behaviours, health-related outcomes and health care costs.ObjectivesTo develop a European Spanish adaptation of the original PAM-13 and to examine its psychometric properties in a sample of chronic patients.MethodsThe PAM-13 was forward-backward translated and then completed by chronic patients attending a primary health care centre. Data were analysed with a Rasch model. We assessed the functioning of the rating scale, its reliability, the item goodness-of-fit, differential item functioning (DIF), local dependence, unidimensionality and correlation analysis.ResultsA total of 208 patients (80%) completed the questionnaire. Data showed a fit to the Rasch model. More than 50% of patients endorsed all the items. Item rank for the Spanish sample was similar to the original, with few differences. We found significant differences (P < 0.05) in PAM-13 measures according to adherence to prescribed medicines and positive correlations with self-efficacy and physical quality of life.ConclusionsThe European Spanish PAM-13 is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing activation in patients with chronic disease in Spain. We suggest adding new items to the instrument so as to examine patients with higher activation levels in the future. Further studies are needed to evaluate the usefulness of this new Spanish PAM-13 in different settings and populations, as well as to examine the relationship between PAM-13 scores and other health-related outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
  • Diagnostic performance of retinal digital photography for diabetic
           retinopathy screening in primary care
    • Authors: Rosses A; Ben Â, Souza C, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractIntroductionWe must study alternatives to structure an effective diabetic retinopathy screening program for Brazilian public health system.ObjectivesEvaluate the diagnostic performance of retinal digital photography for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, accuracy of the family physician in diabetic retinopathy identification compared to the ophthalmologist, and the need for dilation.MethodologyIn a primary care service were performed retinal photographs with non-mydriatic Retinal Camera in 219 type 2 diabetic patients with and without medication mydriasis. We evaluated the performance of the diagnostic of the photos graded by three family physicians with training compared to two ophthalmologists (gold standard), and explore related factors with the need for mydriasis pharmacologically.ResultsThe prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy was 19.2% and 1.5%, respectively. The sensitivity of family physicians to evaluate diabetic retinopathy averaged 82.9% (66.7–94.8%); specificity, 92% (90.2–93.3%); the accuracy, 90.3% (88.2–93%) and positive predictive value, 71.2% (68–75.5%). The agreement calculated using the kappa adjusted coefficient was from 0.74 to 0.8 for retinopathy and 0.88 to 0.92 for macular edema. Without drug mydriasis the photos were unreadable by 14.8%, when using mydriatic collyrium this number decreased to 8.7% (McNemar test, P < 0.005). Patients with more than 65 years old has more readability after drug mydriasis (McNemar test, P = 0.011).ConclusionTrained family physician reached a good performance for evaluation of retinography for diabetic retinopathy. There was improvement in readability with pupil dilation in older patients.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30
  • Diagnostic performance and clinical feasibility of a point-of-care test
           for respiratory viral infections in primary health care
    • Authors: Bruning A; de Kruijf W, van Weert H, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundInappropriately high levels of antibiotics are still prescribed in primary health care for respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Access to diagnostic point-of-care tests (POCTs) for RTIs might reduce this over-prescription.ObjectiveThe purpose of our study was to determine the diagnostic performance and clinical feasibility of a recently developed diagnostic POCT for respiratory viruses, the mariPOC®, in a Dutch primary healthcare setting.MethodsIn patients with RTI symptoms presenting to a family practice during the 2015–2016 winter season, we determined the test’s sensitivity and specificity relative to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing performed in a laboratory. The clinical feasibility of the POCT was evaluated by interviewing general practitioners (GPs).ResultsOne or more respiratory viruses were detected in 54.9% of the patients (n = 204). For influenza A virus (n = 24), sensitivity of the POCT was 54.2% and specificity was 98.9%; for influenza B virus (n = 18), sensitivity was 72.2% and specificity 99.5%; and for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (n = 12), sensitivity was 50.0% and specificity 100%. In samples with higher viral load, sensitivity was 85.7% for influenza A, 78.6% for influenza B and 85.7% for RSV. The availability of a diagnostic test for respiratory viruses was appreciated by both patients and GPs.ConclusionsOur study shows that diagnostic POCTs for respiratory viruses might contribute to a precise and evidence-based diagnosis of RTIs and could positively influence prescription of antibiotics by GPs. However, before implementation in primary healthcare, diagnostic accuracy of the POCT needs improvement and it is impact on clinical decision making should be further assessed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
  • General practitioner trainees’ in-consultation generation of clinical
           questions for later answering: prevalence and associations
    • Authors: Magin P; Tapley A, Davey A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundAs well as generating patient-specific questions, patient consultations are a rich source of questions relating to clinicians’ need to acquire or maintain wider clinical knowledge. This is especially so for GP trainees.ObjectivesTo establish the prevalence and associations of GP trainees’ generation of ‘learning goals’ (LGs: questions generated during clinical consultations for intended post-consultation answering). Also, to characterize the type of learning goals generated.MethodsA cross-sectional analysis (2010–15) of an ongoing cohort study of Australian GP trainees’ consultations. Once each 6-month training term, trainees record detailed data of 60 consecutive consultations. The primary outcome was generation of an LG. Analysis was at the level of individual problem/diagnosis managed. The secondary outcome was the problems/diagnoses to which the LGs related.ResultsOne thousand one hundred and twenty-four trainees contributed data for 154746 consultations including 222307 problems/diagnoses. LGs were generated for 16.6% [95% confidence intervals (CI) = 16.4–16.7] of problems/diagnoses, in 22.1% (95% CI = 21.9–22.3%) of consultations. Associations of LGs included patient factors: younger age and having seen the trainee previously; trainee factors: earlier training stage, being overseas-trained and the trainee’s training organization; consultation factors: longer duration, addressing a chronic disease, referring the patient, organizing follow-up, organizing investigations and accessing in-consultation information. LGs were commonly generated for skin (12.9% of all learning goals), musculoskeletal (12.7%) and respiratory (8.7%) problems. LGs were generated for 31.8% of male genital, 27.0% of neurological and 23.3% of eye problems.ConclusionAustralian GP trainees frequently generate questions in-consultation to be pursued post-consultation. Prevalence, ‘complexity’ and familiarity of clinical topic area influenced LG generation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
  • Epidemiology of latent tuberculosis infection among patients with and
           without diabetes mellitus
    • Authors: Swarna Nantha Y; Puri A, Mohamad Ali S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundIndividuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are at a greater risk of tuberculosis (TB) reactivation. There is a paucity of information about the risk factors associated with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in patients with diabetes.ObjectiveWe conducted an observational study to compare the prevalence and risk factors associated with LTBI factors in Malaysian adults with and without DM.MethodsFour hundred and four patients with DM and 359 patients with non-DM at a regional primary care clinic were recruited as participants in this case–control study. The tuberculin sensitivity test (TST) was performed. The presence of LTBI was defined by a TST value of 10 mm in DM patients and 10 mm in the non-DM group. A logistic regression model was used to identify variables associated with LTBI.ResultsThere was no statistical significant difference in the prevalence rates seen between the DM and non-DM group of the study. LTBI prevalence among patients with DM was 28.5%. The proportion of patients in the non-DM group with LTBI was 29.2%. When a critical cut-off of 8 mm was used, the adjusted odds ratio of LTBI in DM patients was 1.88 (95% confidence interval: 1.22–2.82). Smoking was an independent risk factor for LTBI regardless of DM status. HbA1c levels or anthropometric measurements were not associated with LTBI in diabetic patients.ConclusionsThere is no significant risk of contracting LTBI in DM patients using the standard 10-mm TST cut-off. Nonetheless, using lower cut-offs in a DM population appear valid. Smoking is an important predictor of LTBI.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • Late-life depression and the association with multimorbidity and
           polypharmacy: a cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Holvast F; van Hattem B, Sinnige J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundLate-life depression often coincides with chronic somatic diseases and, consequently, with polypharmacy, which may complicate medical treatment.ObjectiveTo determine the associations between patients diagnosed with late-life depression in primary care and multimorbidity and polypharmacy.MethodsThis cross-sectional observational study was performed using 2012 primary care data. Depressed patients aged ≥60 years were compared to age and gender matched patients diagnosed with other psychological diagnoses and mentally healthy controls. Morbidity and prescription data were combined, and regression analyses were performed for the associations between depression and chronic disease and chronic drug use.ResultsWe included 4477 patients; 1512 had a record of depression, 1457 of other mental health or psychological diagnoses and 1508 were controls. Depressed patients had a 16% [Prevalence Ratio (PR) 1.16; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 10%–24%] higher rate of chronic somatic disease and higher odds for multimorbidity (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.33–1.81) compared with controls. No differences existed between depressed patients and patients with other psychological diagnoses. Compared with controls, depressed patients had a 46% (95% CI 39–53%) higher rate of chronic drug use and higher odds for polypharmacy (OR 2.89; 95% CI 2.41–3.47). Depressed patients also had higher rates of chronic drug use and higher odds for polypharmacy compared with patients with other psychological diagnoses (PR 1.26; OR 1.75; both P < 0.001).ConclusionsLate-life depression in primary care patients is associated with more chronic drug use, even beyond the increased rates of comorbid somatic diseases. General practitioners should consider medication reviews to prevent unnecessary drug-related problems in these patients.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • Impact of clinic follow-up visits on body weight control in people with
           prediabetes or diabetes mellitus: Japanese nonelderly cohort study
    • Authors: Ono S; Ono Y, Matsui H, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundBody weight control is considered essential for the management of diabetes mellitus. Clinicians have an important role in educating and guiding patients with diabetes to control their body weight. The aim of the present study was to clarify if clinic visits influenced body weight control of people with prediabetes or diabetes mellitus.ObjectiveTo examine whether individuals with diabetes mellitus who visit clinics show better weight control.MethodWe used a large Japanese database (Japan Medical Data Center, Tokyo, Japan) of screening for lifestyle disease linked with administrative claim data to retrospectively identify people with prediabetes or diabetes mellitus based on their fasting plasma glucose and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration. We collected data on their baseline characteristics (including age, sex, body mass index and disease history) and their lifestyles. We used propensity-score inverse probability of treatment weighted generalized estimating equations to examine the association between clinic visits and change in body mass index.ResultsBetween 2013 and 2014, we identified 11004 individuals with prediabetes or diabetes. The proportions visiting clinics after the first diagnosis made at screening was 27.8%. Clinic visit was significantly associated with lower body mass index after adjustment for baseline patient characteristics a year after first screening (−0.17 kg/m2; 95% confidence interval, −0.22 to −0.12).ConclusionIn Japanese people found to have prediabetes or diabetes during an annual health screen, those who visited clinics after their first diagnosis were likely to have better body weight control.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • Adherence and persistence of patients using oral bone sparing drugs in
           primary care
    • Authors: van der Zwaard B; van Hout W, Hugtenburg J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimStudies based on pharmacy medication records have shown suboptimal adherence and persistence of osteoporosis treatment with oral bone sparing drugs (OBSD). Little is known about adherence and persistence of OBSD treatment in primary care. We assessed adherence and persistence of OBSD use of patients in general practices and identified associated factors.MethodsUsing electronic medical records, adherence and persistence of newly prescribed treatment with OBSD in patients from 16 general practices was retrospectively assessed. The Medication Possession Ratio (MPR) was calculated as a proxy for adherence (MPR > 75%), persistence rates were estimated using survival analysis. Determinants of adherence and persistence using logistic regression and Cox regression analysis were assessed.ResultsOBSD treatment was initiated in 957 patients. Seventy-five percent and 45% of the patients persisted OBSD treatment for one and five years, respectively. Being adherent in the first year decreased the risk of long-term non-persistence [hazard ratio (HR) 0.41; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.3–0.57; P < 0.001]. Patients receiving the majority of their prescriptions by a specialist tended to be more non-persistent (HR 1.37; 96%; CI 0.96–1.94; P = 0.08). Adherence was 62.5% in the first year and 60.8% in the overall treatment period. Non-adherence was associated with the specialist being the main prescriber [odds ratio (OR) 3.76; 95% CI 2.43–5.82; P < 0.001] and younger age (<65 years, OR 1.44; 95% CI 1.01–2.08; P = 0.04).ConclusionOlder age of the patients and the GP prescribing the majority of medication were associated with better adherence and persistence. Good adherence in the first prescription year was associated with better persistence.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
  • Understanding collaboration in general practice: a qualitative study
    • Authors: McInnes S; Peters K, Bonney A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundAn increased incidence of chronic and complex conditions in the community is placing pressure on human resources in general practice. Improving collaboration between GPs and registered nurses may help alleviate workforce stressors and enhance health outcomes.ObjectiveTo explore the facilitators and challenges of collaboration between GPs and registered nurses in Australian general practice.MethodsEight GPs and 14 registered nurses from general practices in New South Wales, Australia, participated in semi-structured face-to-face interviews. Recordings were transcribed verbatim and underwent thematic analysis.ResultsThe overarching theme ‘Understanding collaboration in general practice’ comprises four sub-themes, namely (i) interpreting collaboration in general practice, (ii) modes of communication, (iii) facilitators of collaboration and (iv) collaboration in practice.ConclusionOur findings suggest that regular, formal avenues of communication, professional development and non-hierarchical environments facilitated collaboration between nurses and GPs. Implementing strategies to promote these features has the potential to improve inter-professional collaboration and quality of care within primary care.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
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Heriot-Watt University
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