Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 413 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 413 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 217, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 232, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 228, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 396, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 232, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Brain Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 622, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 99, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 124, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 240, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insect Systematics and Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Family Practice
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.018
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 16  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0263-2136 - ISSN (Online) 1460-2229
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [413 journals]
  • Clinical pharmacists working within family practice: what is the
    • Authors: Cardwell K; Smith S.
      First page: 120
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmy003
  • Family practice goes online
    • Authors: Scherrer J.
      First page: 119
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx104
  • A systematic review of the effect of reproductive intention screening in
           primary care settings on reproductive health outcomes
    • Authors: Burgess C; Henning P, Norman W, et al.
      First page: 122
      Abstract: PurposeNo recommendations exist for routine reproductive intention screening in primary care. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the effect of reproductive intention screening in primary care on reproductive health outcomes (PROSPERO CRD42015019726).MethodsWe performed a systematic search in Ovid Medline, PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, CDR/DARE databases, Web of Science, ISRCTN registry, and Cochrane Library. Studies published in English between 2000 and 2017 and whose population was patients of reproductive age (15–49) were included. Studies without a comparison group were excluded. Two independent reviewers assessed eligibility, study quality and abstracted data.ResultsOf 24 780 titles and/or abstracts reviewed, nine studies met inclusion criteria: four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and five observational studies. Two RCTs and one quasi-experimental cohort study showed a statistically significant increase in knowledge related to healthier pregnancy, such as the benefits of folic acid supplementation, and increased risk profiles for those with chronic conditions. Among studies measuring contraceptive use, only one cohort study showed any increase while the RCT and retrospective cohort did not show a statistically significant effect. Neither of the two RCTs that assessed the provision of contraception by primary care providers for those not desiring pregnancy found increased access to contraception, although one found increased documentation of contraception in electronic medical records. Acceptability of reproductive intention screening was measured in seven studies, and participant satisfaction was high in all seven studies.ConclusionsMore research is needed to determine whether routine inclusion of reproductive intention screening in primary care is warranted.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx086
  • Multidisciplinary collaboration in primary care: a systematic review
    • Authors: Saint-Pierre C; Herskovic V, Sepúlveda M.
      First page: 132
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundSeveral studies have discussed the benefits of multidisciplinary collaboration in primary care. However, what remains unclear is how collaboration is undertaken in a multidisciplinary manner in concrete terms.ObjectiveTo identify how multidisciplinary teams in primary care collaborate, in regards to the professionals involved in the teams and the collaborative activities that take place, and determine whether these characteristics and practices are present across disciplines and whether collaboration affects clinical outcomes.MethodsA systematic literature review of past research, using the MEDLINE, ScienceDirect and Web of Science databases.ResultsFour types of team composition were identified: specialized teams, highly multidisciplinary teams, doctor–nurse–pharmacist triad and physician–nurse centred teams. Four types of collaboration within teams were identified: co-located collaboration, non-hierarchical collaboration, collaboration through shared consultations and collaboration via referral and counter-referral. Two combinations were commonly repeated: non-hierarchical collaboration in highly multidisciplinary teams and co-located collaboration in specialist teams. Fifty-two per cent of articles reported positive results when comparing collaboration against the non-collaborative alternative, whereas 16% showed no difference and 32% did not present a comparison.ConclusionOverall, collaboration was found to be positive or neutral in every study that compared collaboration with a non-collaborative alternative. A collaboration typology based on objective measures was devised, in contrast to typologies that involve interviews, perception-based questionnaires and other subjective instruments.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx085
  • Medication-taking experiences in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder:
           a systematic review
    • Authors: Rashid M; Lovick S, Llanwarne N.
      First page: 142
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundAlthough attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition for which pharmacotherapy is considered an effective treatment, guidelines on the treatment of ADHD have been challenging to implement. Considering the views of patients and caregivers involved in medication-taking could help shed light on these challenges.ObjectiveThis review combines the findings of individual studies of medication-taking experiences in ADHD in order to guide clinicians to effectively share decisions about treatment.MethodsFive databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, SCOPUS and CINAHL) were systematically searched for relevant published research articles. Articles were assessed for quality using a Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist, and synthesis was performed using meta-ethnography.ResultsThirty-one articles were included in the final synthesis, comprising studies of caregivers, paediatric patients and adult patients across seven countries. Findings were categorized into five different constructs, including coming to terms with ADHD, anticipated concerns about medication, experiences of the effects of medication, external influences and the development of self-management. The synthesis demonstrates that decisions surrounding medication-taking for ADHD evolve as the child patient enters adulthood and moves towards autonomy and self-management. In all parts of this journey, decisions are shaped by a series of ‘trade-offs’, where potential benefits and harms of medication are weighed up.ConclusionsThis review offers a comprehensive insight into medication-taking experiences in ADHD. By considering the shifting locus of decision-making over time and the need for individuals and families to reconcile a variety of external influences, primary care and mental health clinicians can engage in holistic conversations with their patients to share decisions effectively.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx088
  • Quality indicators for care of osteoarthritis in primary care settings: a
           systematic literature review
    • Authors: Petrosyan Y; Sahakyan Y, Barnsley J, et al.
      First page: 151
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundDespite the high prevalence of osteoarthritis and the prominence of primary care in managing this condition, there is no systematic summary of quality indicators applicable for osteoarthritis care in primary care settings.ObjectivesThis systematic review aimed to identify evidence-based quality indicators for monitoring, evaluating and improving the quality of care for adults with osteoarthritis in primary care settings.MethodsOvid MEDLINE and Ovid EMBASE databases and grey literature, including relevant organizational websites, were searched from 2000 to 2015. Two reviewers independently selected studies if (i) the study methodology combined a systematic literature search with assessment of quality indicators by an expert panel and (ii) quality indicators were applicable to assessment of care for adults with osteoarthritis in primary care settings. Included studies were appraised using the Appraisal of Indicators through Research and Evaluation (AIRE) instrument. A narrative synthesis was used to combine the indicators within themes. Applicable quality indicators were categorized according to Donabedian’s ‘structure-process-outcome’ framework.ResultsThe search revealed 4526 studies, of which 32 studies were reviewed in detail and 4 studies met the inclusion criteria. According to the AIRE domains, all studies were clear on purpose and stakeholder involvement, while formal endorsement and use of indicators in practice were scarcely described. A total of 20 quality indicators were identified from the included studies, many of which overlapped conceptually or in content.ConclusionsThe process of developing quality indicators was methodologically suboptimal in most cases. There is a need to develop specific process, structure and outcome measures for adults with osteoarthritis using appropriate methodology.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx090
  • Association between race and receipt of counselling or medication for
           smoking cessation in primary care
    • Authors: Hooks-Anderson D; Salas J, Secrest S, et al.
      First page: 160
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundPrevious evidence of race disparities in smoking cessation treatment has been limited to mostly survey studies which increase the potential for recall bias. We examined if African American versus white patients in primary care are less likely to receive any treatment or if race disparities are specific to the type of treatment offered using data pulled from a large electronic health record system.MethodsMedical record data from 3510 white and 2707 African American patients were available from primary care encounters between 2008 and 2015 and was used to define smoking status, cessation treatments (counselling and medication), and covariates. The association between race and type of smoking cessation treatment offered was measured by logistic regression models before and after adjusting for covariates.ResultsSmoking cessation counselling was offered to 9.3% of African American and 7.8% of white patients, and a prescription for smoking cessation medication was offered to 12.3% of African American and 16.4% of white patients. After adjusting for covariates in logistic regression models, whites were significantly less likely than African American patients to receive smoking cessation counselling [odds ratio (OR) = 0.81; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.65–0.99] and were significantly more likely to receive a prescription for a smoking cessation medication (OR = 1.23; 95% CI = 1.03–1.47).ConclusionsLess than 20% of smokers received any type of therapy to assist in smoking cessation. We observed a race disparity in type of smoking cessation therapy provided to white and African American primary care patients. Further research is needed to increase treatment rates and eliminate disparities.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx099
  • Using proton pump inhibitors correlates with an increased risk of chronic
           kidney disease: a nationwide database-derived case-controlled study
    • Authors: Hung S; Liao K, Hung H, et al.
      First page: 166
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundThose taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) might have a higher risk of acute kidney injury. The long-term safety, especially the PPI-associated chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the subsequent concern.ObjectiveThis study explores the potential relationship between using PPIs and CKD in Taiwan.MethodsUsing a database collated by the Taiwan National Health Insurance programme, we conducted a population-based case-controlled study to identify 16 704 cases of patients aged 20 years or older with newly diagnosed CKD between 2000 and 2013. 16 704 controls were randomly selected and were matched by sex, age and comorbidities. ‘Use’ of PPIs was defined as when subjects had received at least a prescription for PPIs before the index date. ‘Non-use’ was defined as subjects who had never received a prescription for PPIs before the index date. The odds ratio (OR) for CKD associated with the use of PPIs was estimated by a logistic regression model.ResultsThe OR for CKD was 1.41 for subjects using PPIs [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.34, 1.48] compared with subjects who had never used PPIs. Almost all major types of PPIs present a weak association with increased odds of CKD in cumulative duration and dosage regression analysis. The OR in relation to cumulative duration (per month) of PPIs use was 1.02 (95% CI 1.01, 1.02) and the OR in relation to cumulative dosage (per microgram) of PPIs use was 1.23 (95% CI 1.18, 1.28).ConclusionsUsing PPIs presented 1.4-fold higher odds of CKD in Taiwan health insurance claims data analysis.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx102
  • Patient reported health status and all-cause mortality in patients with
           coronary heart disease
    • Authors: Raymakers A; Gillespie P, Murphy E, et al.
      First page: 172
      Abstract: AbstractPurposePatients with coronary heart disease (CHD) experience reduced quality of life which may be associated with mortality in the longer term. This study explores whether patient-rated physical and mental health status was associated with mortality at 6-year follow-up among patients with CHD attending primary care in Ireland and Northern Ireland.MethodsThis study is a secondary data analysis of patients with CHD recruited to a cluster randomized controlled trial from 2004 to 2010. Data collected included patient-rated physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores of health status (from the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12)), demographics and clinical parameters at baseline, and all-cause mortality at 6-year follow-up. Multivariate regression was conducted using generalized estimating equations (GEE) with a log-link function. Results are presented as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).ResultsThe study consisted of 762 individuals with mean age 67.6 years [standard deviation (SD): 9.8], and was 29% female. Mean baseline SF-12 mental (MCS) and physical (PCS) component scores were 50.0 (SD: 10.8) and 39.6 (SD: 11.2), respectively. At 6-year follow-up, the adjusted OR for the baseline MCS for mortality was 0.97 (95% CI: 0.95–0.99) and for the PCS 0.97 (95% CI: 0.95–0.99). For every five-point increase in MCS and PCS scores, there was a 14% reduction in the likelihood of all-cause mortality.ConclusionsOverall, the magnitude of effect for both mental health status and physical health status was similar; higher scores were significantly associated with a lower risk of mortality at 6-year follow-up.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx094
  • Influence of point-of-care C-reactive protein testing on antibiotic
           prescription habits in primary care in the Netherlands
    • Authors: Schuijt T; Boss D, Musson R, et al.
      First page: 179
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundBacterial resistance to antibiotics represents a serious global challenge that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. One of the most important causes of this threat is antibiotic overuse. The Dutch College of General Practitioners (DCGP) recommends the use of point-of-care (POC) testing for C-reactive protein (CRP) in two guidelines (‘Acute Cough’ and ‘Diverticulitis’) to achieve a more sensible prescription pattern of antibiotics.ObjectiveTo evaluate the use of POC-CRP testing in light of the DCGP guidelines and the effect of CRP measurements on antibiotic prescription policy in primary care.MethodsIn a prospective observational study, which included 1756 patients, general practitioners (GPs) were asked to complete a questionnaire after every POC-CRP testing, stating the indication for performing the test, the CRP result and their decision whether or not to prescribe antibiotics. Indications were verified against the DCGP guidelines and categorized. Antibiotic prescription was evaluated in relation to CRP concentrations.Results and ConclusionIndications to perform POC-CRP test and the prescription pattern of antibiotics based on CRP value varied considerably between GPs. Differences in antibiotic prescription rate were most obvious in patients who presented with CRP values between 20 and 100 mg/l, and could in part be explained by the indication for performing POC-CRP test and patient age. Most GPs followed the DCGP guidelines and used low CRP values to underpin their decision to refrain from antibiotic prescription. Peer-based reflection on differences in POC-CRP usage and antibiotic prescription rate amongst GPs may further nourish a more critical approach to prescription of antibiotics.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx081
  • Exploring the feasibility of new Dutch mental health policy within a large
           primary health care centre: a case study
    • Authors: Magnée T; de Beurs D, Kok T, et al.
      First page: 186
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundA reform of Dutch mental health care aimed to substitute care from specialized care to general practice. Since 1 January 2014, Dutch general practitioners (GPs) are no longer allowed to refer patients without a psychiatric disorder to mental health care. Patients with non-complex psychological problems should be treated within general practice.ObjectiveTo explore the feasibility of the Dutch mental health policy.MethodsWe conducted an observational case study in a primary health care centre in 2014. The health care centre was a convenience sample; the participating GPs reorganized mental health care in line with the upcoming policy, and invited the researchers to monitor their referrals. We assessed how many patients with mental health problems (n = 408) were allocated to policy-concordant treatment. Additionally, 137 patients (33%) completed a follow up assessment on mental health problems 3 months after baseline.ResultsThe majority of the patients were allocated to treatment in line with the policy. Almost half of the patients (42%) were treated in a setting that was exactly policy-concordant, while the other half (47%) was treated in a setting that was even less specialized than was allowed. In general, patients showed improvement after 3 months, regardless of (non) policy-concordant treatment. Attrition rate after 3 months was high, probably due to the practical study design.ConclusionThere is potential for substitution of mental health care. Since the studied health care centre was specialized in mental health care, further research should explore if similar results can be found in other general practices.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx084
  • The never ending road: improving, adapting and refining a needs-based
           model to estimate future general practitioner requirements in two
           Australian states
    • Authors: Laurence C; Heywood T, Bell J, et al.
      First page: 193
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundHealth workforce planning models have been developed to estimate the future health workforce requirements for a population whom they serve and have been used to inform policy decisions.ObjectivesTo adapt and further develop a need-based GP workforce simulation model to incorporate current and estimated geographic distribution of patients and GPs.MethodsA need-based simulation model that estimates the supply of GPs and levels of services required in South Australia (SA) was adapted and applied to the Western Australian (WA) workforce. The main outcome measure was the differences in the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) GPs supplied and required from 2013 to 2033.ResultsThe base scenario estimated a shortage of GPs in WA from 2019 onwards with a shortage of 493 FTE GPs in 2033, while for SA, estimates showed an oversupply over the projection period. The WA urban and rural models estimated an urban shortage of GPs over this period. A reduced international medical graduate recruitment scenario resulted in estimated shortfalls of GPs by 2033 for WA and SA. The WA-specific scenarios of lower population projections and registrar work value resulted in a reduced shortage of FTE GPs in 2033, while unfilled training places increased the shortfall of FTE GPs in 2033.ConclusionsThe simulation model incorporates contextual differences to its structure that allows within and cross jurisdictional comparisons of workforce estimations. It also provides greater insights into the drivers of supply and demand and the impact of changes in workforce policy, promoting more informed decision-making.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx087
  • Outcome of elevated CA125 values from primary care following
           implementation of ovarian cancer guidelines
    • Authors: Crawford S; Evans C.
      First page: 199
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundOvarian cancer presents later in the UK compared to economically similar countries. National guidance suggests measuring CA125 in primary care as a means of bringing patients to specialist attention.AimTo investigate the outcome of CA125 values measured in accordance with this policy.Setting and designExamination of the laboratory records of female patients from the usual catchment population of one general hospital in whom CA125 was measured from primary care in a calendar year.MethodsThose with values >35 u/ml were identified. Electronic records within the hospital were interrogated to identify what further evaluation had been undertaken whether ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer had been diagnosed or what other pathology was identified. We also reviewed the CA125 measurement history of patients diagnosed over 3 years by any route.ResultsOne hundred and sixty-four new cases of CA125 ≥35 u/ml were found. Further information was available for 152 of them. Sixteen had ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer and 16 had other cancers. In 50 no cause for the abnormality was found. The remainder had various non-malignant conditions. The specificity for carcinoma of ovary/primary peritoneal carcinoma was 95.4% [95% confidence interval: 94.8–96.0). In a 3-year period, 65 patients were diagnosed with ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer, 5 had values of CA125 between 20 and 35 u/ml shortly before diagnosis.ConclusionsThe CA125 level is a useful diagnostic test for ovarian cancer which has been embraced by primary care but higher sensitivity for earlier disease will require strategies to improve the specificity.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx096
  • Empathy in general practice—the gap between wishes and reality:
           comparing the views of patients and physicians
    • Authors: Derksen F; Olde Hartman T, Bensing J, et al.
      First page: 203
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundEmpathy is regarded by patients and general practitioners (GPs) as fundamental in patient–GP communication. Patients do not always experience empathy and GPs encounter circumstances which hamper applying it.ObjectiveTo explore why receiving and offering empathy during the encounter in general practice does not always meet the wishes of both patients and GPs.MethodA qualitative research method, based on focus group interviews with patients and in-depth interviews with GPs, was carried out. Within the research process, iterative data collection and analysis were applied.ResultsBoth patients and GPs perceive a gap between what they wish for with regard to empathy, and what they actually encounter in general practice. Patients report on circumstances which hamper receiving empathy and GPs on circumstances offering it. Various obstacles were mentioned: (i) circumstances related to practice organization, (ii) circumstances related to patient–GP communication or connectedness, (iii) differences between the patient’s and the GP’s expectations, (iv) time pressure and its causes and (v) the GP’s individual capability to offer empathy.ConclusionWhen patients do not receive empathy from their GP or practice staff, they feel frustrated. This causes a gap between their expectations on the one hand and their actual experiences on the other. GPs generally want to incorporate empathy; the GP’s private, professional and psychological well-being appears to be an important contributing factor in practicing empathy in daily practice. But they encounter various obstacles to offer this. It is up to GPs to take responsibility for showing practice members the importance of an appropriate empathical behaviour towards patients.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx080
  • General practitioners’ perception of being a doctor in urban vs. rural
           regions in Germany - A focus group study
    • Authors: Pohontsch N; Hansen H, Schäfer I, et al.
      First page: 209
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundInadequate recruitment numbers for GPs in rural regions give cause for concern. Working in rural regions is less attractive among medical students because of strong associations concerning a higher workload, restriction of privacy and demands exceeding their competences. We aimed to explore perceptions of GPs working in urban versus rural regions to contrast these prejudices.MethodsWe conducted nine focus groups with GPs [female = 21, male = 44] from urban and rural regions, using a semi-structured guideline. Transcripts were content analyzed using deductive and inductive categories.ResultsUrban GPs perceived themselves as a provider of medical services and rural GPs as being a medical companion. Compared to urban GPs, GPs from non-urban regions portray themselves more strongly as a family physician that accompanies patients ‘from the cradle to the grave’ and is responsible for the treatment of any medical issue. They emphasized their close relationship with their patients. Rural GPs establish a close relationship with their patients and considered this as beneficial for the treatment relationship. This aspect seems to play a subordinate role for urban GPs.ConclusionsGPs enjoy their work and the role they play in their patients’ lives. Being a rural GP was described very positively. Greater emphasis should be made on positive aspects of being a GP in rural regions, e.g. by university lectures given by rural GPs, campaigns emphasizing the positive aspects of working as a GP [in rural regions], promotion of work placements or incentives for working in rural general practices.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx083
  • General practitioners’ strategies in consultations with immigrants in
           Norway—practice-based shared reflections among participants in focus
    • Authors: Hjörleifsson S; Hammer E, Díaz E.
      First page: 216
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundImmigrants comprise 16.8% of the population in Norway and meet General Practitioners (GPs) as their first point of contact with most health care services as do others in Norway. While Norwegian GPs are not trained in cultural competence, little is known about the extent to which they see good care for immigrants as relying on specific strategies.ObjectivesTo explore the thoughts of GPs in Norway about strategies they might use with immigrant patients.MethodsWe performed focus groups posing the question ‘What strategies do you use when meeting immigrant patients'’ to three groups of GPs working in Norway. Two groups comprised 10 trainee GPs each; the final group comprised eight certified GPs. Verbatim transcripts were analysed by systematic text condensation.ResultsStrategies for consultations with immigrants emerged gradually throughout the focus groups, coalescing around (i) Respect and learn about immigrant culture. (ii) Particularize diagnosis and care, accommodating epidemiological and cultural knowledge for a given group, while keeping a keen eye on the individual. (iii) Inform about Norwegian health care. (iv) Organize resources such as time, translators and interdisciplinary teams. Other core elements of cultural competence, including reflections on the GP’s own cultural background, were conspicuously absent, however.ConclusionGiven the growing numbers of immigrants and the early transfer of refugees to general practice, our study points to the urgent need of supplementing teaching in patient-centred clinical method with cultural competence. Our study also highlights the potential of educational GP groups to develop strategies for cross-cultural consultations.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx097
  • Beyond accuracy: hidden motives in diagnostic testing
    • Authors: Michiels-Corsten M; Donner-Banzhoff N.
      First page: 222
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundDiagnostic decision-making is usually disease-focussed and intended to examine the patient’s medical condition accurately. But diagnostic interventions may serve further purposes that are not yet fully understood.ObjectiveTo explore GPs’ diagnostic behaviour not related to confirming or refuting a specific disease.MethodsWe recorded 295 primary care consultations in 12 practices. One hundred thirty-four consultations comprised at least one diagnostic episode. GPs were asked to reflect on their own diagnostic thinking in interviews for every single case. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were applied with focus on the GPs’ cognitive processes during diagnostic decision-making.ResultsPrimary care physicians clearly stated that they requested some tests for other reasons than diagnosing disease. A feeling of uncertainty stimulated diagnostic procedures aiming to regulate the anticipation of regret. We identified patients’ reassurance, patients’ requests and strategic issues as further motives for diagnostic actions.ConclusionBesides focussing on disease in the diagnostic process, emotional and strategic goals are hidden motives that play a critical role in clinical decision-making. They might even represent an initial factor in a cascade of interventions leading to overdiagnosis. How GPs might control these influences provides an important aspect for further research, practice and teaching.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx089
  • Short courses of penicillin for streptococcal pharyngitis are not
           supported by the evidence
    • Authors: Llor C; Bjerrum L.
      First page: 228
      Abstract: Dear Sir/Madam,
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx126
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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