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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 342, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 605, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 111, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 250, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of International Law
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.694
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 203  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0938-5428 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3596
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • Stoβtruppen gehen unter Gas vor, 1924
    • Authors: Dix O.
      Pages: 1040 - 1040
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy090
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Editorial: The European Dream Team; Nine Good Reads and One Viewing; EJIL
           Roll of Honour; In This Issue
    • Pages: 1041 - 1052
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy088
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • ‘In the Beginning, There Was No Word …’
    • Authors: Vasel J.
      Pages: 1053 - 1056
      Abstract: ‘We are in the presence of a crime without a name,’11 Sir Winston Churchill remarked in a broadcast speech in 1941 with respect to German atrocities. But how to gauge the most heinous killings, the ‘crime of crimes’,22 the very epitome and evidence of the inhumanity of humans' It was Raphael Lemkin who noted in his seminal analysis of the gigantic Nazi scheme, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe, published in 1944, that ‘[n]ew conceptions require new terms’,33 and thus he created the neologism ‘genocide’ to make the inexplicable explicable. In the aftermath of the war, Lemkin laboured relentlessly to conceive the Genocide Convention. On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the signing of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide on 9 December 1948 we pay tribute to its ‘founding father’ – not an empty phrase, considering that Lemkin fiercely dedicated most of his life to the fight against the annihilation of groups and to the adoption of the Convention. He significantly forged it, and even referred to it at times as his child.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy087
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • On Epistemic Universalism and the Melancholy of International Law
    • Authors: Klabbers J.
      Pages: 1057 - 1069
      Abstract: This contribution, first delivered as the keynote address to the 2018 annual conference of the European Society of International Law, aims to explore the effects of the way international legal research is organized on the contents of such research. The paper suggests that international law is no longer about what states do, but has come to be about what international lawyers do, and traces this to two inter-related factors (without any claims of exhaustiveness). First, international legal research has come to be embedded in a highly competitive setting, which affects the topics we examine and the ways in which we do so; it has stimulated, for instance, a strong division between doctrinal scholars, rational scholars, and critical scholars. Second, this competitive setting stimulates a sense of high drama: if we cannot promise a paradigm shift, we will not receive funding or other accolades, yet this way of thinking has little traction in practice or even academically. As a result, international lawyers have become highly fragmented, and the refusal to engage with each other can only be considered as contributing to epistemic injustice – and that is all rather melancholy.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy073
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Googling Democracy' New Technologies and the Law of Global Governance:
           Afterword to Eyal Benvenisti’s Foreword
    • Authors: Casini L.
      Pages: 1071 - 1077
      Abstract: This Afterword to Eyal Benvenisti’s EJIL Foreword, ‘Upholding Democracy amid the Challenges of New Technology: What Role for the Law of Global Governance'’ focuses on two sets of issues that Benvenisti analysed. These issues are the multi-fold dimensions of global administrative law and the role of the law of global governance before new technologies, with particular reference to fake news and disinformation, which is probably one of the most harmful contemporary threats against democracy in our time.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy072
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Accountability for Governance Choices in Artificial Intelligence:
           Afterword to Eyal Benvenisti’s Foreword
    • Authors: McGregor L.
      Pages: 1079 - 1085
      Abstract: A growing body of literature examines how to make the use of new and emerging technologies more transparent and explainable as a means to ensure accountability for harm to human rights. While a critical part of accountability, a predominant focus on the technology can result in the design and adaptation of accountability principles to ‘manage’ the technology instead of starting from an assessment of the governance choices actors make when integrating new and emerging technologies into their mandates. Recognition of the governance choices underpinning the introduction of new and emerging technologies is often overlooked in scholarship and practice. Yet, without explicit recognition of the role played by technology in governance, the disruptive effects of technology on (global) governance may be underplayed or even ignored. In this response, I argue that if the ‘culture of accountability’ is to adapt to the challenges posed by new and emerging technologies, the focus cannot only be technology-led. It must also be interrogative of the governance choices that are made within organizations, particularly those vested with public functions at the international and national level.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy086
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Toward Algorithmic Checks and Balances: A Rejoinder
    • Authors: Benvenisti E.
      Pages: 1087 - 1090
      Abstract: In their thoughtful responses to my 2018 Foreword, Lorenzo Casini and Lorna McGregor focus mainly on its third part that addresses the challenges posed by new technologies in governance. McGregor observes that ‘the use of new and emerging technologies … is central to the sustainability and adaptability of accountability principles’,11 and Casini emphasizes the challenge of fake news being ‘probably one of the most harmful contemporary threats against democracy in our time’.22 Indeed, the spread of new information and communication technologies has already transformed the way government functions. This move to automated decisions requires public lawyers to grasp the resulting seismic shifts in democratic governance and realize the need to readjust the traditional checks and balances by providing novel legal tools for ensuring voice and holding the algorithmic government to account.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy089
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Changing State Behaviour: Damages before the European Court of Human
           Rights
    • Authors: Fikfak V.
      Pages: 1091 - 1125
      Abstract: Regardless of the efforts undertaken through the many reforms of the European Convention on Human Rights system, non-compliance with the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) remains a major problem for the Council of Europe. This article asks how we can change state behaviour and what role, if any, could damages play in this context. First, the article focuses on how the choice of remedy affects compliance and why aggravated or punitive damages look like an ideal option to nudge states into compliance. I explore recent arguments by scholars and judges who argue that the ECtHR should actively shift its approach (or perhaps already has) to nudge state behaviour towards compliance and prevention of future violations. Based on my empirical research, I show that the current case law presents several obstacles to the introduction of such damages. Building on the economic analysis of the law and insights from behavioural sciences, I reveal how the Court’s approach fails to comply with any of the elements needed to incentivize states to change their behaviour. I finally question to what extent aggravated or punitive damages can be efficient within a system that relies on voluntary compliance.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy064
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • The Persuasiveness of Domestic Law Analogies in International Law
    • Authors: Hertogen A.
      Pages: 1127 - 1148
      Abstract: Domestic law analogies are often treated dismissively in international law cases and scholarship. Yet they continue to find their way into arguments about international law and sometimes into international law itself. Rather than rejecting such analogies, this article dissects the process of analogical reasoning into three steps, drawing on insights from the study of analogical reasoning in other disciplines. The aim of working through the three steps is to assess when a particular domestic law rule or concept can ‘fit’ in the different international law context and thus provide the basis for a domestic law analogy in international law.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy066
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • ‘These Ancient Arenas of Racial Struggles’: International Law and the
           Balkans, 1878–1949
    • Authors: Tzouvala N.
      Pages: 1149 - 1171
      Abstract: This article revisits the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of national statehood in the Balkans. It traces this transitional process between the Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the United Nations involvement in the Greek Civil War (1946–1949). I show that this transition from empire to the nation-state was overdetermined by the partial and fragmented, yet influential, internationalization of significant questions regarding state building, including decisions about autonomy and independence, the drawing of boundaries, the protection of minorities and the continuation of economic relations. In fact, the Balkans became a site of experimentation for international legal techniques, such as fact-finding, peacekeeping missions or the administration of population exchanges, that would later acquire wider significance in the process of decolonization. The image of international law emerging from this account troubles the liberal understanding of international law and institutions as benevolent, cosmopolitan forces opposing, restraining and taming ‘nationalist passions’. Rather, it was precisely because the relationship between nationalism and internationalism was one of cooperation and co-constitution, as much as one of antagonism, that this multitude of international legal techniques conditioning sovereignty in the Balkans arose.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy067
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Biopolitical Borders and the State of Exception in the European Migration
           ‘Crisis’
    • Authors: Davitti D.
      Pages: 1173 - 1196
      Abstract: This article examines the current European refugee ‘crisis’ by challenging, from a theoretical perspective, the way in which the European Union (EU) has used the increased number of deaths in the Mediterranean as an opportunity to frame recent migration flows as an emergency that, by definition, can only be addressed through the adoption of exceptional measures. The analysis engages with the work of Giorgio Agamben on biopolitics and state of exception to illustrate, first, the need to rethink the way in which borders are defined and used (for example, externalized) within the context of the European refugee ‘crisis’. Second, Agamben’s work is useful to understand what moves the externalization and privatization of migration, and to ascertain how international law has enabled the emergence of this ‘crisis’ framing, whilst, at the same time, partly losing its ability to challenge EU policies. The article argues that the posture of humanitarianism adopted by the EU masks the fact that the appalling situation in which refugees are abandoned is not accidental but, rather, inherent to the enhanced measures adopted by the EU and its member states as part of the European Agenda on Migration.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy065
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Imperial Standard Time
    • Authors: Gordon G.
      Pages: 1197 - 1222
      Abstract: This article examines the establishment of globally standardized time under law in colonial India. Despite pretensions to abstract universality, globally standardized time was and remains a particular construction, built on the basis of particular interests. Since its creation, select parties have competed to dominate the production and operation of globally standardized time, and their competition has been steeped with law. In short, globally standardized time and what we today call transnational law are mutually implicated in the construction of one another. The history of their interaction in colonial India makes clear the ways they work together as a sort of technology, produced and maintained for particular purposes. Those purposes include the capacity to stabilize expectations and establish normative baselines in support of transactional networks across borders, and ultimately around the world. The process continues to this day, with standardized time and law interacting to enable and disable a changing array of legal practices and expectations internationally. The establishment of globally standardized time under law in colonial India reveals the foundations of this interrelationship, including imperial interests and ideologies embedded in its material development.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy068
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • International Adjudication as a Global Public Good'
    • Authors: Paine J.
      Pages: 1223 - 1249
      Abstract: This article explores whether international adjudication might constitute a global public good or a mechanism that produces such goods. The article’s key contribution is to differentiate between the functions that are served by international adjudicatory processes and to demonstrate that these produce distinct costs and benefits, some of which are privately held and others that are much more diffusely held and involve public goods problems. Even within the one adjudicatory function, such as dispute settlement or compliance monitoring, there is often a complex mix of privately held costs and benefits and far more diffusely felt effects. The global public goods framework sheds light on how these varied costs and benefits are generated by different sets of actors, ranging from all states that create and maintain a tribunal, and broader compliance-supporting constituencies, through to outputs that largely depend on the efforts of individual litigants. The functions served by adjudication, whose relationship to global public goods are analysed, are the peaceful settlement of disputes; the development of international law; and the monitoring of compliance with, and enforcement of, international norms. I also consider the potential of international adjudication to ensure accountability and due process within attempts to provide global public goods.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy075
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Corruption as a Violation of International Human Rights
    • Authors: Peters A.
      Pages: 1251 - 1287
      Abstract: States perceived to be highly corrupt are at the same time those with a poor human rights record. International institutions have therefore assumed a negative feedback loop between both social harms. They deplore that corruption undermines the enjoyment of human rights and, concomitantly, employ human rights as a normative framework to denounce and combat corruption. But the human rights-based approach has been criticized as vague and over-reaching. Addressing this controversy, this article seeks to examine the legal quality of the assumed ‘link’ between corruption and human rights more closely. It specifically asks the dual question whether and under what conditions corrupt acts or omissions can technically be qualified as an actual violation of international human rights (doctrinal analysis of the positive law) and whether corruption should be conceptualized as a human rights violation (normative assessment). The answer is that such a reconceptualization is legally sound as a matter of positive analysis, although very difficult doctrinal problems arise. The normative assessment is ambivalent, but the practical benefits of the conceptualization seem to outweigh the risks of reinforcing the anti-Western scepticism towards the fight against corruption and of overblowing human rights. The framing of corruption not only as a human rights issue but even as a potential human rights violation can contribute to closing the implementation gap of the international anti-corruption instruments and can usefully complement the predominant criminal law-based approach.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy070
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Corruption as a Violation of International Human Rights: A Reply to Anne
           Peters
    • Authors: Davis K.
      Pages: 1289 - 1296
      Abstract: Anne Peters proposes to use international human rights law as a lens for analysing corrupt acts or omissions.11 Her proposal fits squarely within the tradition of thinking that ‘every little bit helps’ when it comes to combatting corruption.22 Peters does not offer, however, any convincing reason to believe that human rights analysis is helpful in this context. In other words, she fails to explain how human rights analysis adds value, especially given the considerable effort required to show that any given corrupt act qualifies as a human rights violation and the sophistication of the existing anti-corruption regime. In this reply, I sketch an answer to this question that emphasizes the informational role of human rights analysis. I argue that human rights analysis plays a valuable role in anti-corruption efforts to the extent it helps to produce information about the incidence and moral significance of corruption.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy074
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Corruption as a Violation of International Human Rights: A Reply to Anne
           Peters
    • Authors: Peirone F.
      Pages: 1297 - 1302
      Abstract: Professor Anne Peters engages in her thought-provoking article with the challenging question of ‘which value does corruption harm in a legal system'’11 She claims that, from an empirical and doctrinal standpoint, corruption may constitute a human rights violation, and that, from a normative standpoint, it should be classified as such. However, the author’s first claim could be seen to be framed incorrectly and the arguments for her second claim, I would respectfully suggest, may not be completely satisfactory.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy069
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • For All We Have and Are (1914)
    • Pages: 1303 - 1303
      Abstract: For all we have and are,For all our children’s fate,Stand up and take the war.The Hun is at the gate!Our world has passed away,In wantonness o’erthrown.There is nothing left to-dayBut steel and fire and stone!Though all we knew depart,The old Commandments stand:—“In courage kept your heart,In strength lift up your hand.”Once more we hear the wordThat sickened earth of old:—“No law except the SwordUnsheathed and uncontrolled.”Once more it knits mankind,Once more the nations goTo meet and break and bindA crazed and driven foe.Comfort, content, delight,The ages’ slow-bought gain,They shrivelled in a night.Only ourselves remainTo face the naked daysIn silent fortitude,Through perils and dismaysRenewed and re-renewed.Though all we made depart,The old Commandments stand:—“In patience keep your heart,In strength lift up your hand.”No easy hope or liesShall bring us to our goal,But iron sacrificeOf body, will, and soul.There is but one task for all—One life for each to give.What stands if Freedom fall'Who dies if England live'Rudyard Kipling
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy082
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • The Law of Military Occupation from the 1907 Hague Peace Conference to the
           Outbreak of World War II: Was Further Codification Unnecessary or
           Impossible'
    • Authors: Graditzky T.
      Pages: 1305 - 1326
      Abstract: World War I is commonly perceived as having had a profound impact on international law. Such a general perception, be it justified or not, might in any event prove erroneous when looking at specific areas of this law. A focus on the law governing military occupation reveals a notable absence of change over the course of the war and the subsequent interwar period. In search of possible reasons, this article first looks at various opportunities that emerged – but were not ultimately seized – to adapt treaty law in the period between the two world wars. It then assesses whether changes had in fact occurred through other channels such as customary international law or treaty interpretation. Based on the observation that no meaningful change intervened, can it be concluded that, on the whole, the Hague regulations on military occupation met stakeholders’ expectations and therefore were not altered' The author suggests, rather, that the equilibrium founded in The Hague in 1899 (and confirmed in 1907) on the lines of tension between the states involved remained operational throughout the period under scrutiny.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy063
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • The Impact of World War I on the Law Governing the Treatment of Prisoners
           of War and the Making of a Humanitarian Subject
    • Authors: Wylie N; Cameron L.
      Pages: 1327 - 1350
      Abstract: This article evaluates the impact of World War I on the development of international humanitarian law (IHL) regarding the treatment of the prisoner of war (POW). In contrast to traditional scholarship, which overlooks the war’s significance on the jus in bello, we argue that in the area of POW law, the changes brought about by the war were significant and long-lasting and led to the creation of a POW convention in 1929 that set IHL onto a markedly different path from that followed before 1914. Although the process was only completed with the signing of the four Geneva Conventions in 1949, many of the distinguishing features of modern POW law had their roots in the experience of captivity during World War I and the legal developments that followed in its wake. In particular, the scale, duration and intensity of wartime captivity after 1914 gave rise to a conceptual shift in the way POWs were perceived, transforming their status from ‘disarmed combatants’, whose special privileges were derived from their position as members of the armed forces, to ‘humanitarian subjects’, whose treatment was based on an understanding of their humanitarian needs and rights.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy085
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • The Parable of the Old Man and the Young
    • Pages: 1351 - 1351
      Abstract: So Abram rose, and clave the wood, and went,And took the fire with him, and a knife.And as they sojourned both of them together,Isaac the first-born spake and said, My Father,Behold the preparations, fire and iron,But where the lamb for this burnt-offering'Then Abram bound the youth with belts and straps,and builded parapets and trenches there,And stretchèd forth the knife to slay his son.When lo! an angel called him out of heaven,Saying, Lay not thy hand upon the lad,Neither do anything to him. Behold,A ram, caught in a thicket by its horns;Offer the Ram of Pride instead of him.But the old man would not so, but slew his son,And half the seed of Europe, one by one.             Wilfred Owen
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy083
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Roaming Charges: Moments of Dignity: Death
    • Pages: 1353 - 1356
      Abstract: We deal in EJIL with the world we live in – often with its worst and most violent pathologies, often with its most promising signs of hope for a better world. But, inevitably, since our vehicle is scholarship, we reify this world. Roaming Charges is designed not just to offer a moment of aesthetic relief, but to remind us of the ultimate subject of our scholarly reflections: we alternate between photos of places – the world we live in – and photos of people – who we are, the human condition. We eschew the direct programmatic photograph: people shot up; the ravages of pollution and all other manner of photojournalism.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy091
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Fake News and International Law
    • Authors: Baade B.
      Pages: 1357 - 1376
      Abstract: In light of current efforts at addressing the dangers of fake news, this article will revisit the international law relevant to the phenomenon – in particular, the prohibition of intervention, the 1936 International Convention on the Use of Broadcasting in the Cause of Peace and the 1953 Convention on the International Right of Correction. It will be argued that important lessons can be learned from the League of Nations’ efforts in the interwar period and the United Nations’ (UN) activities in the immediate post-World War II era, while taking into account the new challenges that arise from modern communication technology. Taking up the League of Nations’ and UN’s distinction between false and distorted news, the international legal framework will be tested, in particular, against the coverage of the 2016 ‘Lisa case’ by Russian government-funded media. This coverage is widely considered to be fake news aimed at destabilizing Germany’s society and institutions. The article argues that false news can be subject to repressive regulation in a sensible manner. Distorted news, however, will have to be tolerated legally since prohibitions in this regard would be too prone to abuse. A free and pluralist media, complemented by an appropriate governmental information policy, remains the best answer to fake news in all of its forms. Due diligence obligations of fact-checking, transparency and remedies that are effective despite difficulties in attribution, and despite a lack of universal acceptance, could likewise be conducive.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy071
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • The International Prospects of the Soixante-Huitard
    • Authors: Whitehall D.
      Pages: 1377 - 1407
      Abstract: Revolution is not an international legal category. The golden jubilee of the global protests and rebellions identified with 1968 presents an opportunity to reconsider the usual formula from the angle of the protagonist of the French upheavals and its critic, Hannah Arendt. The soixante-huitard strikes a provocative figure for the humanist achievements and celebrations of the world community in 1968: its youthful songs, playfulness, dissatisfaction and anxiety for things to come tied it, temporally and symbolically, to the moving reel of protest across the post-industrial world and to the thematic heartbeat of international law in the first International Year of Human Rights. The catch is the imperfection of the connection. Arendt’s writing about revolution and international law does not resolve the dissidence between the two phenomena or its reiteration by the United Nations in 1968. What Arendt does do, however, is to measure the success or failure of each against its mission to humanize the world. This article takes inspiration from Arendt to refigure the usual relation between international law and revolution as paired projects that do not yoke, but, rather, relate and separate, along a single, humanist seam.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy084
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Unique, Special, or Simply a Primus Inter Pares' The European Union in
           International Law
    • Authors: Palchetti P.
      Pages: 1409 - 1426
      Abstract: The three books under review analyse for the main part the impact of the European Union (EU) on the practice of international law. All three show the difficulties the EU faces in reconciling its ambition to fully participate in international life with the preservation of certain special features that characterize its internal structure. They also illustrate how the international action of the EU is characterized by a constant effort to ensure that its special features are accepted by the other actors. In this review essay, I discuss the legal challenges faced by the EU at the international level by focusing on the sui generis nature of the EU as an international subject. I consider the different visions of the EU that transpire from each of these books, highlighting the tendency that sometimes emerges to overemphasize the ‘special features’ of the EU at the expense of a balanced consideration of the possible implications of EU-centred solutions for the other actors involved. While no doubt the EU presents particular features that have no parallel in any other international organization, this, in itself, can hardly be used as an argument to justify that a special treatment be accorded to the EU. The recognition of a special status requires some degree of acceptance by the other actors on the international stage. I conclude by noting that the EU’s ‘specialness’ appears to have the effect of limiting its capacity to contribute to international law-making.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy081
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Samuel Moyn, Not Enough: Human Rights in an Unequal World
    • Authors: Lange F.
      Pages: 1427 - 1431
      Abstract: Samuel Moyn. Not Enough: Human Rights in an Unequal World. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press, 2018. Pp. 296. $29.95, £21.95, €27.00. ISBN: 9780674737563
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy079
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Oisin Suttle, Distributive Justice and World Trade Law: A Political Theory
           of International Trade Regulation
    • Authors: Desierto D.
      Pages: 1431 - 1436
      Abstract: Oisin Suttle. Distributive Justice and World Trade Law: A Political Theory of International Trade Regulation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. 420. £95. ISBN: 9781108415811
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy077
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Diane Orentlicher, Some Kind of Justice: The ICTY’s Impact in Bosnia
           and Serbia
    • Authors: Milanovic M.
      Pages: 1437 - 1440
      Abstract: Diane Orentlicher. Some Kind of Justice: The ICTY’s Impact in Bosnia and Serbia.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xviii + 496. £35.99. ISBN: 9780190882273.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy080
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Jean d’Aspremont, International Law as a Belief System
    • Authors: Burchardt D.
      Pages: 1440 - 1447
      Abstract: Jean d’Aspremont. International Law as a Belief System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Pp. 176. £85.00. ISBN: 9781108421874
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy076
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Katharina Diel-Gligor, Towards Consistency in International Investment
           Jurisprudence: A Preliminary Ruling System for ICSID Arbitration
    • Authors: Devaney J.
      Pages: 1447 - 1452
      Abstract: Katharina Diel-Gligor. Towards Consistency in International Investment Jurisprudence: A Preliminary Ruling System for ICSID Arbitration. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2017. Pp. 590. £185.00. ISBN: 9789004337909
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy078
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • Genocide
    • Pages: 1453 - 1453
      Abstract: They came to you to kill,Not for murder’s thrill,But to fulfillTheir history’s callFor power over allNations by one.Your only blameIs in your name;Yor race and creedShall perish your seed.Pushed into a cattle car,On your face a scarFrom policeman’s boot,You will look with pain,To see never againYour family exposedTo torture and loot.Work you once have doneTo feed your wife and son,To fill with pride your life,To harden you for strife,Will now cut your breathAnd accelerate your death.The smoke of your diarred bodiesWill fly highInto the sky.Removed are the tombstones;Dogs and hogsChew your forefather’s bones.In your empty houseAn orphaned cat,Your child’s potFrom the bed,Alone will rouse.Silent will stand your pianos,Waiting for your sopranos,And be it now understood,Your violins are no more than wood.A book with your nameWill perish in flame.In the school you once taught,An admiring pupil will be caughtFor praising your fame.And this is your epitaph:Your orphans will never laugh.In distant landsMailman’s empty handsWill greet your kin,Tears down his chin.This was once God’s city,A disaster too big for pity.Raphael Lemkin
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejil/chy092
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 4 (2019)
       
 
 
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