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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 369 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 369 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American journal of legal history     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 222, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 489, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal  
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 115, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Mathematics Research Surveys - advance access     Hybrid Journal  
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
  [SJR: 1.568]   [H-I: 104]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1010-7940 - ISSN (Online) 1873-734X
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [369 journals]
  • Surgery for pulmonary metastases: quo vadis'
    • Authors: Schirren J; Schirren M, Lampl L, et al.
      Abstract: Lung metastasesPulmonary metastasesMetastasectomy
      PubDate: 2017-02-23
       
  • Magnetically powered microrobots: a medical revolution underway'
    • Authors: Chautems C; Zeydan B, Charreyron S, et al.
      Abstract: Magnetic ManipulationMicroroboticsMedical Robotics
      PubDate: 2017-02-23
       
  • Recommendations from the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS)
           regarding computed tomography screening for lung cancer in Europe
    • Authors: Pedersen J; Rzyman W, Veronesi G, et al.
      Abstract: SummaryIn order to provide recommendations regarding implementation of computed tomography (CT) screening in Europe the ESTS established a working group with eight experts in the field. On a background of the current situation regarding CT screening in Europe and the available evidence, ten recommendations have been prepared that cover the essential aspects to be taken into account when considering implementation of CT screening in Europe. These issues are: (i) Implementation of CT screening in Europe, (ii) Participation of thoracic surgeons in CT screening programs, (iii) Training and clinical profile for surgeons participating in screening programs, (iv) the use of minimally invasive thoracic surgery and other relevant surgical issues and (v) Associated elements of CT screening programs (i.e. smoking cessation programs, radiological interpretation, nodule evaluation algorithms and pathology reports). Thoracic Surgeons will play a key role in this process and therefore the ESTS is committed to providing guidance and facilitating this process for the benefit of patients and surgeons.
      PubDate: 2017-02-23
       
  • Acute type A dissection in octogenarians: does emergency surgery impact
           in-hospital outcome or long-term survival'†
    • Authors: Dumfarth J; Peterss S, Luehr M, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Surgical therapy for acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) in octogenarians carries high morbidity and mortality. The role of isolated medical treatment in this setting is controversial. The aim of this study is to determine whether risk of surgery for AADA outweighs risk of death from medical treatment only.METHODS: From 2002 to 2015, 90 consecutive octogenarians (mean age, 83.5 ± 3 years) were treated for AADA at three institutions: 67 patients underwent surgery, 23 patients received medical treatment. Analysis of early and late outcome was performed.RESULTS: Patients in the medical treatment group were significantly older than in the surgical group (84.9 ± 3.7 vs 83 ± 2.5 years, P = 0.008) and in a more critical state. In patients undergoing surgical repair, perioperative mortality was 14.9% (n = 10). Rate of prolonged ventilation (63.2% vs 5.9%; P 
      PubDate: 2017-02-23
       
  • A large aortic valve vegetation: an unusual case of non-bacterial
           thrombotic (marantic) endocarditis
    • Authors: Rose D; Sissons M, Zacharias J.
      Abstract: Aortic valveVegetationNBTE
      PubDate: 2017-02-23
       
  • Spotlight on recently published ICVTS articles
    • PubDate: 2017-02-23
       
  • Impact of synthetic elements on aortic root haemodynamics: computed fluid
           dynamics of aortic root reconstruction and valve reimplantation
    • Authors: Berdajs D; Mosbahi S, Strano F, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the impact of the aortic valve reimplantation (David) and of the aortic root (AoR) remodelling (Yacoub) on the AoR haemodynamics.METHODS: In an experimental setup where the clinical scenario of Yacoub, (n = 5, domestic pig) and of David (n = 5, domestic pig) procedure was performed in each AoR, six high-fidelity (200 Hz) sonomicrometric crystals were implanted. Crystals were positioned at three commissures with their projection at the root base. In post-measurement processing 3D deformation of both AoR was determined and used for computed fluid dynamic modelling in order to evaluate pressure, velocity and shear stress profiles.RESULTS: In David AoR: high pressure (> 150 mmHg) and low to moderate shear stress (0–30 Pa) were found from the period of isovolemic contraction to the closure of the aortic valve. At mid diastole pressure augmentation (> 120 mmHg) a low shear stress (0–10 Pa) was registered at the leaflets, three commissures, and intervalvular triangles. In Yacoub AoR: high pressure (110–130 mmHg) with moderate low shear stress (0–30 Pa) was only registered at isovolemic contraction.CONCLUSION: The results show that haemodynamic conditions following a David procedure have a less favourable pattern as compared to a Yacoub AoR. In David AoR, high pressure and low shear stress are present during 2/3 of the cardiac cycle, whereas in Yacoub root, these conditions are present only for a short period of isovolemic contraction.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
       
  • Systemic right ventricular morphology in the early postoperative course
           after extracardiac Fontan operation: is there still a need for special
           care'
    • Authors: Nordmeyer S; Rohder M, Nordmeyer J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare early postoperative outcome after extracardiac (EC) Fontan operation between patients with right (RV) or left (LV) systemic ventricles.METHODS: In total, 173 consecutive patients (median age 4 years, median weight 14 kg) underwent EC Fontan between 1995 and 2013. Pre- and intraoperative data as well as detailed postoperative haemodynamic variables were compared between patients with LV [n = 109 (63%)] and RV [n = 64 (37%)].RESULTS: RV patients showed significantly lower mean arterial (median 55 vs 59 mmHg, P = 0.04), higher atrial (median 8 vs 6 mmHg, P = 0.03) and comparable pulmonary pressure (median 14 vs 14 mmHg, P = 0.7) as well as lower mean systemic perfusion pressure (median 39 vs 43 mmHg, P = 0.03) on Day 0 after EC Fontan. They suffered from longer intubation time (median 18 vs 12 h, P = 0.008), higher incidence of ascites (46% vs 28%, P = 0.04) and need for dialysis (21% vs 4%, P = 0.003). Prolonged inotropic support (25% vs 8%, P = 0.02) and pharmacological treatment to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance (71% vs 53%, P = 0.002) were more often used in RV patients and they showed more often supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (27% vs 5%, P 
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
       
  • The importance of lymph node dissection accompanying wedge resection for
           clinical stage IA lung cancer†
    • Authors: Stiles BM; Kamel MK, Nasar A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: For patients undergoing lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a survival benefit exists with increased number of lymph nodes (LNs) resected. We sought to evaluate the associations of LN removal with outcomes in clinical stage I lung cancer patients undergoing wedge resection.METHODS: We evaluated all patients undergoing wedge resection for peripheral, clinical stage IA NSCLC and grouped patients into those with and without LN assessment. Data were compared and survival analysed using Kaplan–Meier, with differences compared using log-rank. Propensity score matching controlling for age, gender, Charlson comorbidity index, patient tolerability of lobectomy, surgery year, tumour size and surgical approach was done (51 patients in each group, caliper 0.2)RESULTS: We identified196 patients undergoing wedge resection, of whom 138 patients (70%) had LNs resected (median = 4 nodes), while the remaining 58 patients (30%) had none. There were no significant differences in the clinical or pathologic characteristics between the two groups. There was no difference in terms of OR time, estimated blood loss, chest tube duration or length of stay. Median pT size was 1.5 cm in each group (P = 0.73). Among patients with LNs removed, 6 (4.3%) had positive nodes Patients in the LN assessed group had higher probability of freedom from loco-regional recurrence compared to the no lymph node (NLN) group (5-year: 92 vs 74%, P = 0.025).In propensity matched groups, patients who underwent LN dissection also had higher probability of freedom from local recurrence (P = 0.024).CONCLUSIONS: Accompanying wedge resection for lung cancer, LN sampling adds no morbidity and does not increase length of stay. Positive nodes are identified in 4.3% of patients thought eligible for wedge resection. LN removal appears to decrease locoregional recurrence and may be associated with a survival benefit.
      PubDate: 2016-12-15
       
  • Residual SYNTAX score following coronary artery bypass grafting†
    • Authors: Melina G; Angeloni E, Refice S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: To quantify residual coronary artery disease measured using the SYNTAX score (SS) and its relation to outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on a consecutive series of 1608 patients [mean age 68 years, standard deviation (SD): 7, F:M, 242:1366] undergoing first-time isolated CABG from 2004 to 2015. The baseline SS was retrospectively determined from preoperative angiograms, and the residual SS (rSS) was measured during assessment of the actual operative report for each patient after CABG. Patients were then stratified according to tercile cut points of low (rSSlow 0–11, N = 537), intermediate (rSSmid >11–18.5, N = 539) and high residual SS (rSShigh >18.5, N = 532). The Cox regression model was used to investigate the impact of rSS on major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) at 1 year.RESULTS: The mean preoperative SS was 26.6 (SD: 9.4) (range 10.1–53), and the residual SS after CABG was 15.3 (SD: 8.4) (range 0–34) (P 
      PubDate: 2016-12-15
       
  • Coronary bypass versus percutaneous intervention: sex matters. The impact
           of gender on long-term outcomes of coronary revascularization†
    • Authors: Kurlansky P; Herbert M, Prince S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Women have a higher mortality than men following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The influence of patient sex on outcomes of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is controversial. Since patient selection for randomized clinical trials may not reflect clinical practice, we investigated the impact of sex on outcomes of CABG versus PCI in a comprehensive registry of coronary revascularization (CR).METHODS: All patients undergoing CR in a network of eight community hospitals were enrolled. Follow-up was obtained after 5 years (median, 79.7 months). ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) patients were excluded. Propensity-score matching accounted for differences between groups.RESULTS: There were 2162 men (673 CABG, 1489 PCI) and 991 women (294 CABG, 697 PCI). Survival free from major adverse cardiac events (MACE)–all cause mortality, nonfatal MI, re-intervention at 5 years for PCI versus CABG was 77.1 +/− 1.1 vs. 83.1 +/− 1.5, hazard ratio (HR) 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.491–0.704; P < 0.001) for men, but 75.0 +/− 1.6 vs. 74.5 ± 2.5, HR 0.869 (95% CI: 0.687–1.100; P = 0.24) for women. After matching, MACE-free survival for men remained significantly different, 69.5 +/− 2.2 vs. 79.5 +/− 2.0, HR 0.548 (95% CI: 0.424–0.682; P < 0.001) but not for women, 68.1 +/− 3.4 vs. 69.4 +/− 3.4, HR 0.752 (95% CI: 0.540–1.049; P = 0.093).CONCLUSIONS: In a ‘real world’ unselected cohort of CR patients, men enjoy improved survival and reduced MACE with CABG versus PCI. Outcomes for women are worse than for men and are equivalent with either procedure, emphasizing importance of accounting for sex in assessing outcomes of comparative CR procedures.
      PubDate: 2016-12-12
       
  • Poor preoperative patient-reported quality of life is associated with
           complications following pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer†
    • Authors: Pompili C; Velikova G, White J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: To assess whether quality of life (QOL) was associated with cardiopulmonary complications following pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer.METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 200 consecutive patients who had pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer (September 2014–October 2015). QOL was assessed by the self-administration of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 questionnaire within 2 weeks before the operation. The individual QOL scales were tested for a possible association with cardiopulmonary complications along with other objective baseline and surgical parameters by univariable and multivariable analyses.RESULTS: Forty-three patients (21.5%) developed postoperative cardiopulmonary complications; 4 of them died within 30 days (2%). Univariable analysis showed that, compared to patients without complications, those with complications reported a lower global health status (GHS) [59.1; standard deviation (SD) 27.2 vs 69.6; SD 20.6, P = 0.02], were older (71.2; SD 8.4 vs 67.7; SD 9.4, P = 0.03), had lower values of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (83.9; SD 27.2 vs 91.4; SD 20.9), P = 0.06) and carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity (DLCO) (67.9; SD 20.9 vs 74.2; SD 17.6, P = 0.02) and higher performance score (0.76; SD 0.63 vs 0.53; SD 0.64, P = 0.02). Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that factors independently associated with cardiopulmonary complications were age [odds ratio (OR) 1.04, 95% CI 1.0–1.09, P = 0.02] and patient-reported GHS [OR 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.96–0.99, P = 0.006], whereas other objective parameters (i.e. FEV1, DLCO) were not. The best cut-off value for GHS to discriminate patients with complications after surgery was 50 (c-index 0.65, 95% CI 0.58–0.72).CONCLUSIONS: A poor GHS perceived by the patient was associated with postoperative cardiopulmonary morbidity. Patient perceptions and values should be included in the risk stratification process to tailor cancer treatment.
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
       
  • Perventricular device closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect:
           effectiveness of symmetric and asymmetric occluders
    • Authors: Ou-Yang W; Wang S, Hu S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: To assess safety and effectiveness of symmetric and asymmetric occluders in perventricular device closure without cardiopulmonary bypass of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSDs).METHODS: The present retrospective study enrolled 581 patients who underwent perventricular device closure of pmVSDs under transoesophageal echocardiography guidance from May 2011 to April 2016, and outpatient electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography assessments at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, and yearly thereafter.RESULTS: The overall success rate of device implantation was 92.6% (43 surgical conversions immediately). Between patients receiving symmetric (n = 353) and asymmetric (n = 185) occluders, there were no significant differences in age, weight and defect diameter distributions; however, both before discharge and at mean 28.6 ± 21.2 (range, 1–60)-month follow-up, the symmetric group had lower rates of trivial residual shunt (5.7% vs 11.4%, P = 0.018; and 0.8% vs 5.9%, P = 0.001) and bundle branch block (0.8% vs 5.4%, P = 0.002; and 0.6% vs 3.8%, P = 0.009); and at follow-up, the asymmetric group had lower residual shunt (47.6% vs 85.0%, P = 0.020) and similar branch block (30.0% vs 33.3%, P = 1.000) disappearance rates. There were no severe complications, i.e. aortic regurgitation, malignant arrhythmias, haemolysis or device dislocation.CONCLUSIONS: Perventricular device closure of pmVSDs appears safe and effective with symmetric and asymmetric occluders. However, the lower residual shunt disappearance and higher branch block incidence rates for asymmetric occluders would favour more proactive conversion to surgical repair immediately when residual shunt is present intraoperatively.
      PubDate: 2016-12-09
       
  • Refraining from smoking shortly before lobectomy has no influence on the
           risk of pulmonary complications: a case-control study on a matched
           population†
    • Authors: Rodriguez M; Gómez-Hernandez M, Novoa N, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Whether or not smoking increases the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in lung resection patients remains controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether active smoking at the time of surgery increases the risk of PPCs compared to abstention shortly before the procedure.METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 378 patients who underwent non-extended lobectomy in our institution. Cases were active smokers at the time of surgery, and controls were patients who quit smoking at any time up to 16 weeks before surgery. All patients received the same perioperative care, including chest physiotherapy. The occurrence of PPCs was the considered outcome. PPCs were defined as pneumonia (American Thoracic Society criteria, 2004) or atelectasis requiring bronchoscopy. Cases and controls were matched according to age, body mass index, forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration (FEV1%), FEV1/forced vital capacity, type of approach and diagnosis of non-small-cell lung cancer. We calculated the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for PPCs.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of PPCs was 4.7% (18/378); 5.3% (13 out of 244) in the active smokers group and 3.7% (5 out of 134) in the ex-smokers group. After matching, two sets of 134 patients each were compared. The prevalence was 4.5% (6/134) in active and 3.7% (5/134) in ex-smokers (OR 1.21 95% CI: 0.29–5.13, P = 0.76).CONCLUSIONS: In this population of patients strictly matched according to risk criteria for PPCs, smoking at the time of surgery was not identified as a risk variable. Therefore, the practice of postponing surgery until tobacco abstention has been achieved does not seem to be justified.
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
       
  • Locoregional recurrence after segmentectomy for clinical-T1aN0M0
           radiologically solid non-small-cell lung carcinoma†
    • Authors: Hattori A; Matsunaga T, Takamochi K, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the clinicopathological features of loco-regional recurrence after segmentectomy for clinical-T1aN0M0 radiologically invasive non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC).METHODS: Between 2008 and 2014, 353 patients underwent pulmonary lobectomy or segmentectomy with nodal dissection for clinical-T1aN0M0 radiologically invasive NSCLC showing 0.5 ≤ consolidation tumour ratio (CTR)≤1.0 on thin-section computed tomography (CT). Radiological invasive NSCLC was divided into two groups, i.e. part-solid (0.5 ≤ CTR 
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
       
  • Conversion after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: the CORONARY
           trial experience
    • Authors: Stevens L; Noiseux N, Avezum A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Emergent and late conversions form OFF-to-ON pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have been associated with worse outcomes, however, it remains unclear as to which risk factors are associated with conversion and how to prevent them.METHODS: Among 4718 patients who randomly underwent off- or on-pump CABG, the incidence of off-pump to on-pump cross-over, or ‘OFF-to-ON conversion’, was 7.9% (186/2356). The primary outcome was a composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, or new renal failure requiring dialysis. We assessed the risk factors and outcomes of converted patients.RESULTS: Emergent OFF-to-ON conversions, defined as conversions for hypotension or ischaemia, were required for 3.2% of patients (n = 75), while most elective conversions were due to small or intramuscular coronaries (n = 83). OFF-to-ON converted patients required increased surgery time, blood transfusions, intensive care unit stay, and presented a higher incidence at 1 year of the composite outcome compared with non-converted off-pump patients (all P< 0.01), especially if the conversion was emergent. Conversely, elective conversions outcomes were no different compared with non-converted off-pump patients (P = 0.35). Independent predictors of emergent conversions included higher heart rate or chronic atrial fibrillation, urgent surgery, more grafts planned and surgeon experience with off-pump CABG.CONCLUSION: Emergent OFF-to-ON conversion is associated with worse outcomes compared with elective conversion or no conversion. In the presence of risk factors for emergent conversion, an early and elective conversion approach is a judicious strategy.
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
       
  • Profiling inflammation and tissue injury markers in perfusate and
           bronchoalveolar lavage fluid during human ex vivo lung perfusion
    • Authors: Andreasson AI; Karamanou DM, Gillespie CS, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Availability of donor lungs suitable for transplant falls short of current demand and contributes to waiting list mortality. Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) offers the opportunity to objectively assess and recondition organs unsuitable for immediate transplant. Identifying robust biomarkers that can stratify donor lungs during EVLP to use or non-use or for specific interventions could further improve its clinical impact.METHODS: In this pilot study, 16 consecutive donor lungs unsuitable for immediate transplant were assessed by EVLP. Key inflammatory mediators and tissue injury markers were measured in serial perfusate samples collected hourly and in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected before and after EVLP. Levels were compared between donor lungs that met criteria for transplant and those that did not.RESULTS: Seven of the 16 donor lungs (44%) improved during EVLP and were transplanted with uniformly good outcomes. Tissue and vascular injury markers lactate dehydrogenase, HMGB-1 and Syndecan-1 were significantly lower in perfusate from transplanted lungs. A model combining IL-1β and IL-8 concentrations in perfusate could predict final EVLP outcome after 2 h assessment. In addition, perfusate IL-1β concentrations showed an inverse correlation to recipient oxygenation 24 h post-transplant.CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the feasibility of using inflammation and tissue injury markers in perfusate and BALF to identify donor lungs most likely to improve for successful transplant during clinical EVLP. These results support examining this issue in a larger study.
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
       
  • Acquired Von Willebrand syndrome in patients on long-term support with
           HeartMate II
    • Authors: Heilmann C; Trummer G, Beyersdorf F, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Impaired binding of Von Willebrand factor (VWF) to platelets and to collagen due to acquired Von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is associated with support from a ventricular assist device (VAD) and can contribute to bleeding tendencies in patients with VADs. The onset of AVWS has been shown to occur immediately after VAD implantation. Our aim was to determine long-term data on AVWS in VAD patients.METHODS: We analysed 278 data sets of 74 patients on HeartMate II (HMII) support for 3–80 months after implantation (11.2 ± 12.1, median 6.3 months.). Ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo), collagen binding capacity (VWF:CB), VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) and the ratios of VWF:RCo/VWF:Ag and VWF:CB/VWF:Ag were determined. Further, the presence of high molecular weight (HMW) multimers of VWF was investigated. RESULTS: Abnormally low values of VWF:RCo/VWF:Ag and VWF:CB/VWF:Ag were found in 69% and 97% of blood samples, respectively. Only ten of 181 multimer analyses showed a normal pattern, and HMW multimers were present in both specimens in only one of the 74 patients. No significant changes in these parameters were observed over time. The VWF:CB/VWF:Ag ratio correlated with the multimer patterns, whereas the VWF:RCo/VWF:Ag ratio seemed to be less sensitive for AVWS.CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that AVWS is a typical phenomenon in patients with VAD support and that there are no time-dependent changes in these parameters apparent in most patients on long-term support with HMII.
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
       
  • Novel minimally invasive surgical approach using an external ventricular
           assist device and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in refractory
           cardiogenic shock
    • Authors: Takeda K; Garan AR, Topkara VK, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: The use of short-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS) has increased in the treatment of refractory cardiogenic shock (RCS). Percutaneous short-term MCS technology has emerged rapidly; however, limitations in flow and durability remain. We therefore investigated a minimally invasive surgical approach using an external ventricular assist device (VAD) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with RCS.METHODS: Twenty-five patients underwent minimally invasive external VAD insertion with a magnetically levitated centrifugal pump for various causes of cardiogenic shock between April 2010 and May 2016. An external VAD was established with left ventricular apical cannulation through a minithoracotomy and right or left axillary artery cannulation. In patients with biventricular failure or pulmonary complications, femoral venous cannulation was added as an additional inflow source, and ECMO was spliced into the external VAD circuit.RESULTS: Mean patient age was 58 ± 9.1 and 80% were men. All patients were in Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support profile I RCS. The aetiology of RCS was decompensated chronic heart failure in 13 (52%), and acute myocardial infarction in 12 (48%). Twenty-three (92%) received percutaneous short-term MCS prior to surgery. The procedure was performed without cardiopulmonary bypass in all patients. ECMO was added in 17 patients (68%) and explanted after a median of 4 days of support. The average flow obtained was 5.3 ± 1.1 l/min. The median duration of external VAD support was 22 days. Major complications during support included bleeding events in seven (28%) and cerebrovascular events in four (16%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 32%. Seventeen patients (68%) survived to the next destination including myocardial recovery in three (12%), device exchange to a durable VAD in 12 (48%) and heart transplantation in two (8%). The Kaplan–Meier survival rates at 6 months and 1 year were 92% and 77%, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Our minimally invasive surgical approach using an external VAD is a feasible strategy for patients with cardiogenic shock who are refractory to percutaneous short-term MCS support.
      PubDate: 2016-11-05
       
  • Septic porcine blood does not further activate coagulation during in vitro
           membrane oxygenation
    • Authors: Bleilevens C; Grottke O, Groening S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: For patients with a severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) represents a life-saving measure. Frequently, patients with severe ARDS also show signs of severe sepsis. As blood contact with the membrane oxygenator surface leads to adverse effects due to insufficient biocompatibility partly caused by activation of platelets, coagulation factors and leucocytes, we hypothesized that these adverse effects would be amplified if septic blood in a preactivated state came into contact with the membrane oxygenator.METHODS: In a previously established in vitro 12-h ECMO test system (mock loop), we used septic or healthy domestic pig blood to analyse coagulation and inflammatory parameters. Sepsis was induced by a caecal ligation and puncture model in pigs.RESULTS: At the beginning of the mock loop experiments, the septic blood showed significantly increased thrombin–antithrombin complexes (76.9 vs 27.7 µg/l), D-dimers (1.2 vs 0.3 mg/l) and fibrinogen concentration (1.8 vs 1.5 g/l), as well as elevated extrinsic coagulation activity (shorter EXTEM-CT: 44.2 vs 57 s) and higher lactate (3.4 vs 1.5 mmol/l) and cytokine levels (interleukin-6: 827 vs 31 pg/ml) when compared with the blood from healthy animals. Despite the preactivated status of the septic blood, no further increase of coagulation activity, inflammatory response or increased oxygenator resistance was observed in comparison to the control experiments.CONCLUSION: Septic porcine blood was not further activated due to the contact with an oxygenator, and no increased clot formation or biocompatibility problems were observed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-31
       
  • Reply to Nezic
    • Authors: Kieser T; Rose M.
      Abstract: Cardiac surgery Outcomes Risk analysis
      PubDate: 2016-10-27
       
  • Differences in cardiac surgery mortality rates
    • Authors: Nezic D.
      Abstract: Cardiac surgery Outcomes Risk analysis
      PubDate: 2016-10-26
       
  • Immersing lungs in hydrogen-rich saline attenuates lung
           ischaemia–reperfusion injury†
    • Authors: Takahashi M; Chen-Yoshikawa TF, Saito M, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Anti-oxidant effects of hydrogen have been reported in studies examining ischaemia–reperfusion injury (IRI). In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of immersing lungs in hydrogen-rich saline on lung IRI.METHODS: Lewis rats were divided into three groups: (i) sham, (ii) normal saline and (iii) hydrogen-rich saline. In the first experiment, the left thoracic cavity was filled with either normal saline or hydrogen-rich saline for 1 h. Then, we measured the hydrogen concentration in the left lung using a sensor gas chromatograph (N = 3 per group). In the second experiment, lung IRI was induced by occlusion of the left pulmonary hilum for 1 h, followed by reperfusion for 3 h. During the ischaemic period, the left thoracic cavity was filled with either normal saline or hydrogen-rich saline. After reperfusion, we assessed lung function, histological changes and cytokine production (N = 5–7 per group).RESULTS: Immersing lungs in hydrogen-rich saline resulted in an elevated hydrogen concentration in the lung (6.9 ± 2.9 μmol/1 g lung). After IRI, pulmonary function (pulmonary compliance and oxygenation levels) was significantly higher in the hydrogen-rich saline group than in the normal saline group (P 
      PubDate: 2016-10-24
       
  • Valve-in-valve outcome: design impact of a pre-existing bioprosthesis on
           the hydrodynamics of an Edwards Sapien XT valve
    • Authors: Doose C; Kütting M, Egron S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Bioprosthetic aortic heart valves are increasingly implanted in younger patients. Therefore, a strategy for potential valve failure should be developed before implanting the ‘first valve’. The goal of this in vitro study was to provide insight into the effects of the design of a bioprosthesis on a valve-in-valve implanted Sapien XT valve.METHODS: The hydrodynamic performance of a 23-mm Sapien XT valve implanted in Vascutek Aspire, Edwards Perimount, Medtronic Mosaic and St. Jude Medical Trifecta heart valves was investigated in a left heart simulator. In addition to the hydrodynamic results, the leaflet dynamics were analysed in high-speed video recordings of the tests.RESULTS: All valve-in-valve combinations in this study fulfilled the minimum acceptance criteria defined by relevant approval standards (e.g. ISO 5840) but displayed significant differences in their performances. Small inner diameters of the bioprostheses were associated with increased mean pressure gradients, decreased effective orifice areas and geometric opening areas as well as with pin-wheeling and uneven leaflet motion. In addition, implantation in bioprostheses with internally mounted leaflets was associated with lower paravalvular leakage.CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that a surgical bioprosthesis with a large inner diameter and internally mounted leaflets improves the heamodynamics and potentially the durability of a valve-in-valve combination. These results should give the attending physicians critical information to consider when deciding on a bioprosthesis for younger patients.
      PubDate: 2016-10-18
       
  • Outcomes of segmentectomy and wedge resection for pulmonary metastases
           from colorectal cancer†
    • Authors: Shiono S; Okumura T, Boku N, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Although wedge resection is the most common surgical procedure for pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer, there are few reports about segmentectomy for colorectal metastasectomy.METHODS: This was a subset analysis of a Japanese nationwide retrospective study of resected pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer. The study included 553 patients who underwent segmentectomies (n = 98) or wedge resections (n = 455) without preoperative chemotherapy between January 2004 and December 2008. Recurrence patterns, recurrence-free survival and overall survival were analysed for each procedure.RESULTS: As for the patients’ background factors, only the median size of resected metastases was different between patients with segmentectomies (median 18 mm, range 5–50 mm) and wedge resections (14 mm, 5–51 mm) (P 
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
       
  • European risk models for morbidity (EuroLung1) and mortality (EuroLung2)
           to predict outcome following anatomic lung resections: an analysis from
           the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons database† , ‡
    • Authors: Brunelli A; Salati M, Rocco G, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: To develop models of 30-day mortality and cardiopulmonary morbidity from data on anatomic lung resections deposited in the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) database.METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 47 960 anatomic lung resections from the ESTS database (July 2007–August 2015) (36 376 lobectomies, 2296 bilobectomies, 5040 pneumonectomies and 4248 segmentectomies). Logistic regression analyses were used to test the association between baseline and surgical variables and morbidity or mortality. Bootstrap resampling was used for internal validation and to check predictors of stability. Variables that occurred in more than 50% of the bootstrap samples were deemed reliable. User-friendly aggregate scores were then created by assigning points to each variable in the model by proportionally weighting the regression coefficients. Patients were grouped in classes of incremental risk according to their scores.RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary morbidity and 30-day mortality rates were 18.4% (8805 patients) and 2.7% (1295 patients). The following variables were reliably associated with morbidity after logistic regression analysis (C-index 0.68): male sex (P 
      PubDate: 2016-10-12
       
  • Incidence and predictors of vasoplegia after heart failure surgery
    • Authors: van Vessem ME; Palmen M, Couperus LE, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Vasoplegia has been described as a complication after cardiac surgery, particularly in patients with a poor left ventricular ejection fraction. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, survival and predictors of vasoplegia in patients undergoing heart failure surgery and to propose a risk model.METHODS: A retrospective study including heart failure patients who underwent surgical left ventricular restoration, CorCap implantation or left ventricular assist device implantation between 2006 and 2015. Patients were classified by the presence or absence of vasoplegia.RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-five patients were included. The incidence of vasoplegia was 29%. The 90-day survival rate in vasoplegic patients was lower compared with non-vasoplegic patients (71% vs 91%, P 
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
       
  • Survival after lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis in Sweden†
    • Authors: Gilljam M; Nyström U, Dellgren G, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: In Sweden, lung transplantation has been performed in patients with end-stage lung disease since 1990. We assessed survival after lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis (CF) with focus on early mortality and outcome for patients infected with certain multiresistant bacteria, considered a relative contraindication for lung transplantation.METHODS: Review of CF and transplant databases and patient charts. The Kaplan–Meier method and log-rank test were used for survival analysis and group comparison.RESULTS: From November 1991 to December 2014, 115 transplantations were performed in 106 CF patients (9 retransplantations): 3 heart–lung, 106 double lung-, 1 double lobar- and 5 single lung transplantations, constituting 13% (115/909) of all lung-transplant procedures performed in Sweden. The mean age at surgery was 31 (SD 10, range 10–61) years and there were 48% females. Overall 1-year survival after lung transplantation for CF was 86.4%, 5-year survival was 73.7% and 10-year survival was 62.4%. The mean and median survival after transplantation were 13.1 (95% confidence interval (CI): 11–15.3) and 14.6 (95% CI: 9.3–19.8) years, respectively, and there was no significant difference for gender or transplant centre. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used as a bridge to transplantation in 11 cases and five patients received reconditioned lungs. Vascular and infectious complications contributed to eight deaths within the first three postoperative months. The mean survival for 14 patients infected pretransplant with Mycobacterium abscessus or Burkholderia cepacia complex was 8.8 (95% CI: 6.1–11.6) years compared to 13.2 (95% CI: 10.9–15.8) years for patients negative for these bacteria. Nineteen patients (14% of all listed), of whom three were listed for retransplantation, died while waiting a median time of 94 days (range 4 days–2.5 years) after listing.CONCLUSION: Survival after lung transplantation in Sweden is good, also for patients with pretransplant infection with M. abscessus or B. cepacia complex, and comparable to international data.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
       
  • Concerns about tricuspid leaflet augmentation for severe tricuspid
           regurgitation
    • Authors: Fukunaga N; Koyama T.
      Abstract: Tricuspid regurgitation Leaflet augmentation
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
       
  • Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy' A comprehensive
           systematic review and meta-analysis of the options for neoadjuvant therapy
           for treating oesophageal cancer
    • Authors: Deng H; Wang W, Wang Y, et al.
      Abstract: SummaryNeoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery is a standard treatment for locally advanced oesophageal cancer. However, the roles of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and chemotherapy in treating oesophageal cancer remain controversial. In this comprehensive meta-analysis, we examine the efficacy of adding radiotherapy to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for treating oesophageal cancer as reported in qualified randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We conducted a systematic literature search using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, Google Scholar and the American Society of Clinical Oncology database to identify relevant studies up to 31 March 2016. Data including the pathological complete response rate, R0 resection rate and 3-year survival rate were extracted and analysed. Five qualified RCTs were included with a total of 709 patients. Meta-analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy significantly increases the rates of pathological complete response and R0 resection in patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, we found a significantly increased 3-year survival rate only in oesophageal SCC patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (56.8 and 42.8%, respectively); relative risk (RR): 1.31 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.10–1.58, P = 0.003]. In oesophageal adenocarcinoma patients, no significant survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy was found compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone (46.3 and 41.0%, respectively; RR: 1.13, 95% CI 0.88–1.45, P = 0.34). Our meta-analysis adds to the evidence showing that neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy should be the standard preoperative treatment strategy for locally advanced oesophageal SCC. For oesophageal adenocarcinoma, neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone may be the best preoperative treatment strategy to avoid the risk of adverse effects of radiotherapy.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
       
  • Reply to Fukunaga and Koyama
    • Authors: Pettinari M; Van Kerrebroeck C, Gutermann H.
      Abstract: Tricuspid valve regurgitation Valvular annuloplasty Thoracic surgery
      PubDate: 2016-09-26
       
  • More complex than expected'
    • Authors: Choi Y; Stamm C.
      Abstract: CardioplegiaMyocardial protectionCardiac functionAnimal model
      PubDate: 2016-09-26
       
  • Reply to Choi and Stamm
    • Authors: Aass T; Chambers DJ, Haaverstad R, et al.
      Abstract: CardioplegiaMyocardial protectionCardiac functionAnimal model
      PubDate: 2016-09-26
       
  • Intercostal artery aneurysms: a rare presentation in Loey's-Dietz syndrome
    • Authors: Subbian S; Lim T, Teo L, et al.
      Abstract: Aneurysms Loey’s-Dietz syndrome Intercostal artery
      PubDate: 2016-09-26
       
  • Long-term outcome and quality of life following emergency surgery for
           acute aortic dissection type A: a comparison between young and elderly
           adults
    • Authors: Jussli-Melchers J; Panholzer B, Friedrich C, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Innovations in surgical techniques and perioperative management have continuously improved survival rates for acute aortic dissection type A (AADA). The aim of our study was to evaluate long-term outcome and quality of life (QoL) after surgery for AADA in elderly patients compared with younger patients.METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 242 consecutive patients, who underwent surgery for AADA between January 2004 and April 2014. Patients were divided into two groups: those aged 70 years and older (elderly group; n = 78, mean age, 76 ± 4 years) and those younger than 70 years (younger group; n = 164, mean age, 56 ± 10 years). QoL was assessed with the Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) 1 year after surgery.RESULTS: The questionnaire return rate was 91.0%. There were already significant differences noted between the two groups with regard to preoperative risk factors on admission. The clinical presentation with a cardiac tamponade was higher in the elderly group (62.8% vs 47.6%; P = 0.03). Intraoperatively, complex procedures were more common in the younger group (21.3% vs 5.2%; P = 0.001). Accordingly, cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamping times were significantly longer in the younger group. The operative mortality was similar in both groups (3.8% vs 1.2%; P = 0.33). In the elderly population, 30-day mortality was higher (21.8% vs 7.9%; P = 0.003). One-year (72% vs 85%), 3-year (68% vs 84%) and 5-year (63% vs 79%) survival rates were satisfactory for the elderly group, but significantly lower compared with the younger group (P = 0.008). The physical component summary score also was similar between the groups (39.14 ± 11.12 vs 39.12 ± 12.02; P = 0.99). However, the mental component summary score might be slightly higher in the elderly group but not statistically significant (51.61 ± 10.73 vs 48.63 ± 11.25; P = 0.12).CONCLUSIONS: Satisfactory long-term outcome and the general perception of well-being encourage surgery in selected elderly patients with AADA.
      PubDate: 2016-09-22
       
  • Laminin α 2-secreting fibroblasts enhance the therapeutic effect of
           skeletal myoblast sheets
    • Authors: Uchinaka A; Tasaka K, Mizuno Y, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVES: Skeletal myoblast sheet (SMB) transplantation, a method used for treating failing hearts, results in the secretion of cytokines that improve heart function. Enhancing the survival rate of implanted myoblasts should yield more continuous and effective therapies. We hypothesized that laminin-211 (merosin), a major component of skeletal muscle extracellular matrix (ECM), which mediates cell-to-ECM adhesion by binding to α-dystroglycan (αDG) on muscle cells, could inhibit detachment of implanted myoblasts from host myocardia.METHODS: Multilayered sheets composed of fibroblasts expressing laminin G-module (LG)4-5 of α2 and skeletal myoblasts were transplanted into ischemic cardiomyopathy model rats. Animals were divided into four groups: the ligation only (Control) group, and those transplanted with SMB alone, with both myoblasts and control fibroblast sheets (SMB + normal Fb), or with myoblasts and laminin α2 LG4-5-expressing fibroblast sheets (SMB + laminin Fb).RESULTS: Quantitative estimation of nebulin mRNA levels indicated that the transplanted myoblasts in SMB + laminin Fb group exhibited significantly higher survival rates than those in the other groups. Consistent with these findings, the myoblasts in SMB + laminin Fb group exhibited elevated expression of growth factors, while SMB + laminin Fb rats also showed significant improvements in percent fractional shortening (%FS) and left ventricular remodelling, compared to the other groups.CONCLUSIONS: Laminin secreted by implanted fibroblasts inhibited the detachment of implanted myoblasts from grafted myocardia, resulting in more permanent therapeutic effects upon myoblast sheet transplantation.
      PubDate: 2016-09-21
       
  • Helium-related hepatic necrosis due to intra-aortic balloon pump leakage
    • Authors: Santise G; Buioni D, Nardella S, et al.
      Abstract: Intra-aortic balloon pump Helium Air embolism
      PubDate: 2016-09-17
       
  • Closure of a high ventricular septal defect after transcatheter aortic
           valve implantation with an atrial septal occluder-hybrid treatment for a
           rare complication
    • Authors: Hamm K; Reents W, Kerber S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractA patient with porcelain aorta underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a self-expandable prosthesis for severe aortic stenosis. After postdilatation trace paravalvular regurgitation was accepted. 10 weeks later the patient returned with complete heart block and underwent pacemaker implantation. A new heart murmur prompted further investigation. A ventricular septal defect from the left ventricular outflow tract into the right ventricle was detected. It was successfully closed under direct surgical visualization and total cardiopulmonary bypass in an aortic no touch approach. Closure was accomplished with a percutaneous Amplatzer-PFO-occluder. Functional result was excellent.
      PubDate: 2016-09-16
       
  • Computational fluid dynamics of the ascending aorta before the onset of
           type A aortic dissection
    • Authors: Malvindi P; Pasta S, Raffa G, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractWe performed a pre-dissection computational fluid analysis of an ascending aortic aneurysm associated with unicuspid aortic valve. The analysis showed an abnormal helical flow pattern inside the aneurysm and an increased wall stress on the right postero-lateral wall of the ascending aorta. These values were largely higher than the theoretical cut-off for aortic wall dissection, their topographic distribution followed the intimal tear site as subsequently diagnosed by computed tomography scan and confirmed during the operation for dissection repair.
      PubDate: 2016-09-12
       
 
 
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