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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 310, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 542, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
  [SJR: 1.568]   [H-I: 104]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1010-7940 - ISSN (Online) 1873-734X
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Spotlight on recently published ICVTS articles
    • PubDate: 2017-11-17
  • Randomized comparison of the clinical outcome of single versus multiple
           arterial grafts: the ROMA trial—rationale and study protocol †
    • Authors: Gaudino M; Alexander J, Bakaeen F, et al.
      Abstract: SUMMARYThe primary hypothesis of the ROMA trial is that in patients undergoing primary isolated non-emergent coronary artery bypass grafting, the use of 2 or more arterial grafts compared with a single arterial graft (SAG) is associated with a reduction in the composite outcome of death from any cause, any stroke, post-discharge myocardial infarction and/or repeat revascularization. The secondary hypothesis is that in these patients, the use of 2 or more arterial grafts compared with a SAG is associated with improved survival. The ROMA trial is a prospective, unblinded, randomized event-driven multicentre trial comprising at least 4300 subjects. Patients younger than 70 years with left main and/or multivessel disease will be randomized to a SAG or multiple arterial grafts to the left coronary system in a 1:1 fashion. Permuted block randomization stratified by the centre and the type of second arterial graft will be used. The primary outcome will be a composite of death from any cause, any stroke, post-discharge myocardial infarction and/or repeat revascularization. The secondary outcome will be all-cause mortality. The primary safety outcome will be a composite of death from any cause, any stroke and any myocardial infarction. In all patients, 1 internal thoracic artery will be anastomosed to the left anterior descending coronary artery. For patients randomized to the SAG group, saphenous vein grafts will be used for all non-left anterior descending target vessels. For patients randomized to the multiple arterial graft group, the main target vessel of the lateral wall will be grafted with either a radial artery or a second internal thoracic artery. Additional grafts for the multiple arterial graft group can be saphenous veins or supplemental arterial conduits. To detect a 20% relative reduction in the primary outcome, with 90% power at 5% alpha and assuming a time-to-event analysis, the sample size must include 845 events (and 3650 patients). To detect a 20% relative reduction in the secondary outcome, with 80% power at 5% alpha, the sample size must include 631 events (and 3650 patients). To be conservative, the sample size will be set at 4300 patients. The primary outcome will be tested according to the intention-to-treat principle. The primary analysis will be a Cox proportional hazards regression model, with the treatment arm included as a covariate. If non-proportional hazards are observed, alternatives to Cox proportional hazards regression will be explored.
      PubDate: 2017-10-20
  • Right ventricular failure after surgical ventricular restoration:
           operation or myocardial protection problem'
    • Authors: Buckberg G.
      Abstract: Right ventricular failureDiastolic dysfunctionHelical ventricular myocardial bandMyocardial protection
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
  • What is value health care and who is the judge'
    • Authors: Cerfolio R.
      Abstract: QualityOutcomes
      PubDate: 2017-09-27
  • Management of tricuspid valve regurgitation Position statement of the
           European Society of Cardiology Working Groups of Cardiovascular Surgery
           and Valvular Heart Disease
    • Authors: Antunes M; Rodríguez-Palomares J, Prendergast B, et al.
      Abstract: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a very frequent manifestation of valvular heart disease. It may be due to the primary involvement of the valve or secondary to pulmonary hypertension or to the left-sided heart valve disease (most commonly rheumatic and involving the mitral valve). The pathophysiology of secondary TR is complex and is intrinsically connected to the anatomy and function of the right ventricle. A systematic multimodality approach to diagnosis and assessment (based not only on the severity of the TR but also on the assessment of annular size, RV function and degree of pulmonary hypertension) is, therefore, essential. Once considered non-important, treatment of secondary TR is currently viewed as an essential concomitant procedure at the time of mitral (and, less frequently, aortic valve) surgery. Although the indications for surgical management of severe TR are now generally accepted (Class I), controversy persists concerning the role of intervention for moderate TR. However, there is a trend for intervention in this setting, especially at the time of surgery for left-sided heart valve disease and/or in patients with significant tricuspid annular dilatation (Class IIa). Currently, surgery remains the best approach for the interventional treatment of TR. Percutaneous tricuspid valve intervention (both repair and replacement) is still in its infancy but may become a reliable option in future, especially for high-risk patients with isolated primary TR or with secondary TR related to advanced left-sided heart valve disease.
      PubDate: 2017-08-21
  • Report from the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database 2017:
           patterns of care and perioperative outcomes of surgery for malignant lung
    • Authors: Salati M; Brunelli A, Decaluwe H, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) registry was created 10 years ago and represents an international database collecting thoracic surgery procedures from European contributors. The purpose of the present report was to offer an overview of baseline and surgical characteristics and outcomes of patients submitted to lung resections for malignant lung disease as derived from the ESTS registry.METHODSWe retrieved data about all lung resections from 2007 to 2016 performed for primary and metastatic (secondary) lung cancer. We evaluated the baseline characteristics and the surgical management of this population. Within the subgroup of patients affected by primary lung cancer, we described the preoperative mediastinal staging management and the final pathological stage of disease. Finally, we analysed the morbidity and mortality rates for the cohort of patients submitted to anatomic lung resections for primary or secondary lung cancer. Outcomes were also evaluated in relation to several risk factors: type of resection, age, comorbidity, predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s and surgical approach.RESULTSWe selected 62 774 patients submitted to lung resections (male 66.5%, median age 64 years). For the entire population, median predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s was 73.3% (interquartile range: 59, 87.6), 33.8% of patients had cardiac comorbidities and 17.3% had other comorbidities. Among the patients with primary lung cancer (51 931 patients), 50.8% had Stage I disease and 23.2% Stage II disease; preoperative invasive mediastinal staging was performed in 70.3% of patients with computed tomography scan nodal enlargement and positron emission tomography scan nodal uptake. After anatomical lung resection (51 756 patients), overall morbidity was 18.5% and mortality (30 days or in-hospital) was 2.6%. Extent of resection, age ≥75 years, presence of cardiac comorbidity, predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s <70% and open approach instead of video-assisted thoracic surgery were associated with worse outcomes.CONCLUSIONSThe results of the present report represent reliable European benchmarks for comparing the activities and outcomes of single institutions and surgeons at an international level.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
  • The identification of sub-centimetre nodules by near-infrared fluorescence
           thoracoscopic systems in pulmonary resection surgeries
    • Authors: Mao Y; Chi C, Yang F, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESCurrent surgical procedures lack high-sensitivity intraoperative imaging guidance, leading to undetected micro tumours. In vivo near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging provides a powerful tool for identifying small nodules. The aim of this study was to examine our experience of using 2 different NIR devices in pulmonary resection surgery.METHODSFrom August 2015 to October 2016, 36 patients with lung nodules underwent NIR fluorescence imaging thoracoscopic surgery. Two NIR devices: a D-Light P system and a SUPEREYE system were used. Patients were administered an injection of indocyanine green (ICG) through the peripheral vein 24 h preoperatively. During surgery, traditional white-light thoracoscopic exploration was performed first, followed by ICG-fluorescent-guided exploration. All detected nodules were resected and examined by a pathologist.RESULTSOf the 36 patients, 76 nodules were resected. ICG-fluorescent imaging identified 68 nodules during in vivo exploration. The mean signal-to-background ratio of lung nodules in NIR exploration was 3.29 ± 1.81. The application of NIR devices led to the detection of 9 additional nodules that were missed using traditional detection methods (1 mm computed tomography scan and white-light thoracoscopic exploration) in 7 patients (19.4%). Four of the 9 nodules were confirmed as malignant or atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (44.4%). The other 5 nodules were confirmed as false-positive nodules. The sensitivities and positive predictive values of the ICG-fluorescent imaging for lung tumours were 88.7% and 92.6%, respectively.CONCLUSIONSThis study demonstrated the feasibility and safety of using ICG-fluorescent imaging for multiple lung nodules identification in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery pulmonary numberNCT02611245.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
  • A modified explant technique of HeartWare ventricular assist device for
           bridge to recovery
    • Authors: Shudo Y; Choi C, Woo Y, et al.
      Abstract: The HeartWare left ventricular assist device is a miniaturized, continuous centrifugal-flow pump. The implantation technique is well described and relatively standardized across different institutions. However, there still exists a technical concern about handling the inflow cannula at the time of device explant. Specifically, the removal of the sewing ring and plicating the apical defect en masse may distort the geometry of the left ventricle and impart myocardial dysfunction. Additionally, a prefabricated repair mechanism by the manufacturer is not readily available in all countries (i.e. USA). Here, we describe a technique to address the apical core defect, using a tailor-made plug and leaving the sewing ring in situ, at the time of the HeartWare left ventricular assist device explant.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
  • Delayed prosthesis malposition after transcatheter aortic valve
           implantation causing coronaries obstruction
    • Authors: Nappi F; Spadaccio C, Sablayrolles J.
      Abstract: A case of delayed malposition of a CoreValve device causing obstruction of coronary ostia is described. Nine months after the original implant, the patient developed an acute coronary syndrome and was readmitted to hospital. Angiogram demonstrated an ostial stenosis of both the left main stem and the right coronary ostia, which were filled by a paravalvular leakage of the bioprosthesis. Gated computed tomography scan with 3D reconstruction showed valve malposition with cusps situated 14 mm above the ostium of the right coronary and the presence of fibrous and calcific agglomerations associated to one of the cusp causing a tight stenosis of the left ostium. Computed tomography scan is a crucial imaging technique in the transcatheter aortic valve replacement field and in this case enabled us to identify an interesting phenomenon of fibrosis/calcification originating at the level of the misplaced valve, which was actually the triggering cause of the coronary obstruction. Considering the reported need for more accurate investigations regarding the predictors of negative outcomes and the selection of transcatheter aortic valve replacement candidates, the use of cardiac-gated computed tomography should be stimulated and promoted as a valuable aid for the diagnosis and further clinical decision making in those patients.
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
  • Lung cancer diagnosis by trained dogs †
    • Authors: Guirao Montes Á; Molins López-Rodó L, Ramón Rodríguez I, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESEarly lung cancer (LC) diagnosis is key to improve prognosis. We explored here the diagnostic performance of a trained dog to discriminate exhaled gas samples obtained from patients with and patients without LC and healthy controls.METHODSAfter appropriate training, we exposed the dog (a 3-year-old cross-breed between a Labrador Retriever and a Pitbull) to 390 samples of exhaled gas collected from 113 individuals (85 patients with LC and 28 controls, which included 11 patients without LC and 17 healthy individuals) for a total of 785 times.RESULTSThe trained dog recognized LC in exhaled gas with a sensitivity of 0.95, a specificity of 0.98, a positive predictive value of 0.95 and a negative predictive value of 0.98. The area under the curve of the receiver-operating characteristics curve was 0.971.CONCLUSIONSThis study shows that a well-trained dog can detect the presence of LC in exhaled gas samples with an extremely high accuracy.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24
  • Distal embolization of a transcatheter valve in a valve complex: a
           bail-out surgical approach
    • Authors: Panagiotou M; Manginas A, Kyriazis C, et al.
      Abstract: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has emerged as an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement for high-risk and inoperable patients. Although transcatheter aortic valve replacement avoids the use of extracorporeal circulation and sternotomy, it is nonetheless associated with inherent complications. We aim to present an embolized valve-in-valve complex in the ascending aorta, which required emergency surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and proximal aortic cannulation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
  • Resolution of generalized compensatory hyperhidrosis related to
           sympathectomy, after T2 sympatholysis
    • Authors: Brock M; Georgiades C.
      Abstract: Compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH) is common after sympathectomy, and most treatments are ineffective. We present a 36-year-old man whose CH was effectively treated with percutaneous sympatholysis. The patient’s axillary–palmar hyperhidrosis had been treated with T3–4 sympathetic ligation. The patient developed CH involving the head, face, back, torso and feet and was referred for computed tomography–guided percutaneous T2 sympatholysis for craniofacial symptoms, after which the patient experienced resolution of CH (complete face/neck/feet and partial back/torso), despite the treated level being above the previous ligation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
  • Model of lung cancer surgery risk derived from a Japanese nationwide
           web-based database of 78 594 patients during 2014–2015 †
    • Authors: Endo S; Ikeda N, Kondo T, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESUsing data obtained from a Japanese nationwide annual database with web-based data entry, we developed a risk model of mortality and morbidity after lung cancer surgery.METHODSThe characteristics and operative and postoperative data from 80 095 patients who underwent lung cancer surgery were entered into the annual National Clinical Database of Japan data sets for 2014 and 2015. After excluding 1501 patients, the development data set for risk models included 38 277 patients entering in 2014 and the validation data set included 40 317 patients entering in 2015. Receiver–operating characteristic curves were generated for the outcomes of mortality and composite mortality/major morbidity. The concordance index was used to assess the discriminatory ability and validity of the model.RESULTSThe 30-day mortality and overall mortality rates, including in-hospital deaths, were 0.4% and 0.8%, respectively, in 2014, and 0.4% and 0.8%, respectively, in 2015. The rate of major morbidity was 5.6% in 2014 and 5.6% in 2015. Several risk factors were significantly associated with mortality, namely, male sex, performance status, comorbidities of interstitial pneumonia and liver cirrhosis, haemodialysis and the surgical procedure pneumonectomy. The concordance index for mortality and composite mortality/major morbidity was 0.854 (P < 0.001) and 0.718 (P < 0.001), respectively, for the development data set and 0.849 (P < 0.001) and 0.723 (P < 0.001), respectively, for the validation data set.CONCLUSIONSThis model was satisfactory for predicting surgical outcomes after pulmonary resection for lung cancer in Japan and will aid preoperative assessment and improve clinical outcomes for lung cancer surgery.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
  • Virtual angioscopy with multidetector computed tomography for the
           diagnosis of pannus formation in mechanical aortic valves
    • Authors: Mutsuga M; Narita Y, Oshima H, et al.
      Abstract: Pannus formation
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
  • Use of very old donors for lung transplantation: a dual-centre
           retrospective analysis
    • Authors: Hecker M; Hecker A, Kramm T, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESTo reduce the shortage of organs for transplantation by expanding organ selection criteria as a means to increase the pool of potential lung donors. In this study, we sought to investigate the impact of using lungs from very old donors aged >70 years on outcomes after lung transplantation.METHODSBetween January 2010 and November 2016, 96 patients with end-stage lung disease underwent lung transplantation in our centres. Lung donors were divided into 3 groups according to age (donor aged <60 years, 60–69 years and ≥70 years). We examined the effect of donor age on various short- and long-term outcome parameters.RESULTSLungs harvested from very old donors had a lower percentage of smoking history and shorter ventilation time. Survival rates of recipients did not show significant differences between older and younger donor groups. Most of the short- and long-term outcome parameters in recipients of lungs from very old donors did not differ significantly among the 3 age groups, except for post-transplant best forced expiratory volume in 1 s and treated acute rejections, which were lower and higher, respectively, in donors aged ≥70 years.CONCLUSIONSThis dual-centre analysis showed that lung transplantation from donors aged ≥70 years was not associated with worse outcomes compared with the younger donors. This study supports the idea that it might be possible to use an extraordinarily cautious selection of lungs from very old donors to increase the pool of suitable donors, given the shortage of suitable organ donors available for lung transplantation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
  • Prolonged intravenous indocyanine green visualization by temporary
           pulmonary vein clamping: real-time intraoperative fluorescence image guide
           for thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy
    • Authors: Ito A; Takao M, Shimamoto A, et al.
      Abstract: The real-time endoscopic colour and fluorescence-merged imaging system, using intravenous injection of indocyanine green (ICG), allows a clear surgical view, which facilitates identification of the pulmonary inter-segmental plane in thoracoscopic surgery. However, the staining time is too short to mark and cut the intersegmental plane, because the mean washout time of ICG is only a few minutes in the clinical setting. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a new technique for prolongation of ICG staining time. The technique consists of 2 simple steps. First, we cut the targeted segmental artery, vein and bronchus. Second, ICG is injected intravenously, followed by temporary clamping of the pulmonary vein of entire lobe, including the segments. Our technique may not only offer prolonged washout time for marking the surface of the lung but also facilitate identification of precise intersegmental plane to be cut.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
  • Iatrogenic aortic dissection: spontaneous healing of aortic tattoo
    • Authors: Namasivayam J; Delay D, Kirsch M, et al.
      Abstract: Coronary artery stentIatrogenic aortic dissectionConservative treatment
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
  • Extended versus limited arch replacement in acute Type A aortic dissection
    • Authors: Larsen M; Trimarchi S, Patel H, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe recommended extent of surgical resection and reconstruction of the arch in acute DeBakey Type I aortic dissection is an ongoing controversy. However, several recent reports indicate a trend towards a more extensive arch operation in several institutions. We have analysed the recent data from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection to assess the choice of procedure over time and to evaluate the surgical outcome in a ‘real-world’ database. Our aim was to compare short- and mid-term outcomes of limited repairs versus complete arch surgery.METHODSOf the 1241 patients included in the ‘Interventional Cohort’ of the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection from March 1996 to March 2015, 907 underwent ascending aortic or hemiarch replacement (Group A) and 334 had extended arch replacement (Group B). An extended resection was a surgeon’s ‘judgement call’. Logistic regression analysis, propensity-adjusted multivariable comparisons and Kaplan–Meier curves were used for analyses.RESULTSOverall in-hospital mortality was 14.2% with no difference between groups (Group A 13.1%, Group B 17.1%). Coma/altered consciousness (odds ratio 3.16, 95% confidence interval 1.60–6.25, P = 0.001), hypotension, tamponade or shock (2.03, 1.11–3.73, P = 0.022) and any pulse deficit (1.92, 1.04–3.54, P = 0.038) were predictors of in-hospital mortality in a propensity score-adjusted multivariable analysis. Overall 5-year survival was 69.4% in the ascending group and 73.1% in the total arch group (P = 0.83 by Kaplan–Meier analysis). For survivors of the index hospitalization, the 5-year freedom from death, aortic rupture and reintervention were 71.1% in Group A and 76.4% in Group B (P = 0.54 by Kaplan–Meier analysis).CONCLUSIONSSelective, or ‘surgeon’s choice’, extended arch replacement had no discernible acute downside compared with less extensive surgery. Whether extended arch replacement improves the prognosis beyond 5 years remains to be settled.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
  • Three-dimensional printed models for surgical planning of complex
           congenital heart defects: an international multicentre study
    • Authors: Valverde I; Gomez-Ciriza G, Hussain T, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESTo evaluate the impact of 3D printed models (3D models) on surgical planning in complex congenital heart disease (CHD).METHODSA prospective case-crossover study involving 10 international centres and 40 patients with complex CHD (median age 3 years, range 1 month–34 years) was conducted. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography were used to acquire and segment the 3D cardiovascular anatomy. Models were fabricated by fused deposition modelling of polyurethane filament, and dimensions were compared with medical images. Decisions after the evaluation of routine clinical images were compared with those after inspection of the 3D model and intraoperative findings. Subjective satisfaction questionnaire was provided.RESULTS3D models accurately replicate anatomy with a mean bias of −0.27 ± 0.73 mm. Ninety-six percent of the surgeons agree or strongly agree that 3D models provided better understanding of CHD morphology and improved surgical planning. 3D models changed the surgical decision in 19 of the 40 cases. Consideration of a 3D model refined the planned biventricular repair, achieving an improved surgical correction in 8 cases. In 4 cases initially considered for conservative management or univentricular palliation, inspection of the 3D model enabled successful biventricular repair.CONCLUSIONS3D models are accurate replicas of the cardiovascular anatomy and improve the understanding of complex CHD. 3D models did not change the surgical decision in most of the cases (21 of 40 cases, 52.5% cases). However, in 19 of the 40 selected complex cases, 3D model helped redefining the surgical approach.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
  • Spontaneous isolated dissection of the right mediastinal bronchial artery
           with posterior mediastinal haematoma
    • Authors: Yang G; Fu Q, Hu N, et al.
      Abstract: Bronchial artery dissectionMediastinal haematomaComputer tomography
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
  • Pedicled and free flaps for intrathoracic fistula management
    • Authors: Fricke A; Bannasch H, Klein H, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESIntrathoracic fistulae are among the potential sequelae of radiation therapy, empyema and abscess clearance and surgical tumour resections. Interdisciplinary plastic-reconstructive flap surgery is a helpful tool for the successful treatment of intrathoracic fistulae.METHODSFrom February 2006 to April 2016, 13 patients (3 females and 10 males) underwent flap surgery for bronchial (n = 5), tracheal (n = 2), oesophageal (n = 2), post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (n = 2), tracheo-oesophageal (n = 1), gastrobronchial (n = 1) and oesophagobronchial (n = 1) fistulae. Patient characteristics, identified pathogenic micro-organisms, treatment and decision criteria, long-term outcome and postoperative complications were evaluated by analysing patient charts and surgical reports.RESULTSThe mean age of the 13 patients who underwent reconstructive surgery was 55.5 years (range: 42–66 years). The median follow-up time was 31.4 months (range: 2–96 months). American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification was II for 1 patient, III for 8 patients and IV for 4 patients. In total, 18 flaps were performed (7 latissimus dorsi pedicled flaps, 7 pectoralis major pedicled flaps, 2 rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps, 1 free temporo-parietal fascia flap and 1 intercostal muscle flap). A second flap was indicated in 5 cases (38.5%) due to fistula recurrence; of these, 1 patient developed a bronchial fistula after successful reconstruction of a gastrobronchial fistula. Eight of the 13 patients (61.5%) were evaluated postoperatively at regular intervals for at least 1 year and showed no signs of fistula recurrence.CONCLUSIONSOur study showed that plastic-reconstructive flap surgery, although associated with significant morbidity and mortality, can be a life-saving tool for intrathoracic fistula reconstruction.Clinical Trial RegistrationDRKS00010447.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
  • The impact of spontaneous ventilation on non-operative lung injury in
           thoracic surgery: a randomized controlled rabbit model study
    • Authors: Liu J; Zeng Y, Cui F, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESOne-lung ventilation (OLV) with general anaesthesia may increase adverse effects after thoracic surgery, specifically ventilator-induced lung injury. Spontaneous ventilation (SV) has no mechanical ventilation process, thus, we established a rabbit model to assess non-operative lung injury between OLV and SV.METHODSThirty-six rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups: OLV and SV (0, 2 and 4 h). Blood gas analysis was performed after thoracic surgery. Lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were obtained from the non-operative lung. Pathological injury score in lung tissue and tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were determined. Moreover, messenger RNA and protein of TNF-α in lung tissue were also determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry.RESULTSCompared with the OLV group, significantly higher partial pressure of carbon dioxide (47.78 ± 3.57 vs 38.95 ± 3.88 mmHg, P < 0.01) and partial pressure of oxygen (101.08 ± 13.1 vs 85.6 ± 11.07 mmHg, P < 0.01), as well as a significantly lower pathological injury score (6.83 ± 1.17 vs 8.83 ± 1.72, P < 0.05), TNF-α level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (290.32 ± 29.38 vs 368.43 ± 31.26 pg/ml, P < 0.01), TNF-α messenger RNA (6.31 ± 1.13 vs 8.6 ± 1.34, P < 0.01), immunostaining intensity in lung tissue were found at 4 h in the SV group. However, there are no significant differences between OLV and SV groups at 2 h (P > 0.05), except in TNF-α messenger RNA.CONCLUSIONSBased on this rabbit model, SV for thoracic surgery is not inferior to OLV in terms of lung injury. Considering our results, when performing time-consuming thoracic procedures under OLV, surgeons should more closely examine patients for non-operative lung injury postoperatively.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
  • Right ventricular dysfunction after surgical left ventricular restoration:
           prevalence, risk factors and clinical implications
    • Authors: Couperus L; Delgado V, van Vessem M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESSurgical left ventricular (LV) restoration (SVR) induces changes in LV systolic and diastolic function that may affect postoperative right ventricular (RV) function. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effect of SVR on RV function, with specific focus on determinants and prognostic implications of RV dysfunction.METHODSEighty-six patients (age 60 ± 10 years, 73% male) with clinical and echocardiographic follow-up 2 years after SVR were included. RV dysfunction was defined as RV fractional area change <35%. The association between RV dysfunction at follow-up and clinical and echocardiographic characteristics and outcome was investigated.RESULTSRV dysfunction at follow-up was present in 40% of patients and was associated with worse preoperative RV fractional area change (39 ± 9 vs 46 ± 7%, P < 0.01), pulmonary hypertension (18 vs 4%, P = 0.03) and higher follow-up LV filling pressures (E/E' ratio 23 ± 8 vs 15 ± 8, P = 0.02). At follow-up, patients with RV dysfunction were more frequently in New York Heart Association Class III or IV (30 vs 12%, P = 0.04) and 5-year mortality, heart transplantation and LV assist device implantation rate was increased (49 vs 17%, P < 0.01) as compared to patients with normal RV function.CONCLUSIONSRV dysfunction after SVR was observed in 40% of patients and was associated with preoperative RV dysfunction, presence of pulmonary hypertension and an increase in LV filling pressures at follow-up. Patients with RV dysfunction after SVR had worse clinical functioning and outcome as compared to patients with normal RV function.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
  • Minimally invasive CentriMag ventricular assist device support integrated
           with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in cardiogenic shock patients: a
           comparison with conventional CentriMag biventricular support configuration
    • Authors: Takeda K; Garan A, Ando M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESWe recently developed a novel minimally invasive surgical approach that combines extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and CentriMag ventricular assist device (Ec-VAD) for the treatment of cardiogenic shock as a short-term circulatory support. We compared the outcomes of this new approach to conventional CentriMag biventricular assist device (BiVAD) support through a median sternotomy.METHODSBetween July 2015 and August 2016, 22 patients were implanted with CentriMag Ec-VAD and 90 patients were implanted with conventional CentriMag BiVAD. The Ec-VAD circuit was configured with left ventricular apical cannulation via a mini-thoracotomy and femoral venous cannulation as inflows and right axillary artery cannulation as an outflow.RESULTSPatients with Ec-VAD were older (58 ± 9.9 vs 53 ± 13 years, P = 0.06), had more preoperative percutaneous mechanical circulatory support use (82% vs 44%, P < 0.01) and less cardiopulmonary bypass use intraoperatively (0% vs 66%, P < 0.01). Patients who received Ec-VAD required less transfusions. The Ec-VAD group had a significantly lower incidence of major bleeding events during support (32% vs 72%, P < 0.01). Average systemic flow was similar (Ec-VAD: 5.5 ± 0.94 vs BiVAD: 5.7 ± 1.1 l/min, P = 0.4). Seventeen patients (77%) with Ec-VAD survived to the next destination compared with 66 patients (73%) with BiVAD (P = 0.45). Thirty-day survival was similar between groups (Ec-VAD 86% vs BiVAD 76%, P = 0.39), and overall 1-year survival was 61% in Ec-VAD and 55% in BiVAD (P = 0.7).CONCLUSIONSEc-VAD is a unique approach for the treatment of patients in cardiogenic shock. It eliminates the need for cardiopulmonary bypass and reduces blood product utilization and bleeding events.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
  • Variations in gene expression of lung macromolecules after induction
           chemotherapy for lung cancer †
    • Authors: Cagini L; Balloni S, Ludovini V, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESPreoperative chemotherapy may play a role in postoperative respiratory complications due to subclinical parenchymal damage. We investigated the gene expression of lung tissue components after neoadjuvant chemotherapy of alveolar–capillary membrane, extracellular matrix and membrane proteins.METHODSThe study group included 14 patients submitted to pulmonary resection for lung cancer after 3 cycles of gemcitabine–cisplatin, while the control group included 14 naive-treatment patients. RNA was extracted from frozen tissue obtained by healthy lung specimens using EZ1 RNA Universal Tissue kit and automatically purified by BioRobot EZ1 instrument. Three hundred nanograms of total RNA was reverse transcribed to complementary DNA and used to evaluate the gene expression of type I and III collagen, elastin, syndecan, metalloproteinase 13 and aquaporins (AQPs) in real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation of 3 independent experiments. Analysis of variance followed by Sheffe’s F-test was performed.RESULTSAmong the alveolar–capillary membrane and extracellular matrix genes, type I–III collagens and syndecan were significantly up-regulated (+645%, +327% and +261%, respectively), while elastin and metalloproteinase 13 were down-regulated in the study group versus control group (−46% and −77%, respectively). Furthermore, chemotherapy was associated with a significant up-regulation of AQP expressions (AQP1:+51% and AQP5:+36%).CONCLUSIONSWe observed, in the treated group, increases in the mean values of gene expressions for macromolecules involved in the remodelling of both the alveolar septa and parenchyma scaffold, thereby supporting the hypothesis that induction chemotherapy may foster a fibrosing effect on the pulmonary parenchyma and lead to altering the alveolar–capillary membrane.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
  • Ribcage kinematics during exercise justifies thoracoscopic versus
           postero-lateral thoracotomy lobectomy prompt recovery †
    • Authors: LoMauro A; Aliverti A, Chiesa M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach is encouraged over postero-lateral thoracotomy (PLT) for lobectomy in lung cancer. We compare the ribcage kinematics during exercise before and after both procedures, assuming that VATS, being minimally invasive, could better preserve ribcage expansion.METHODSThirty-one patients undergoing lobectomy by means of VATS (n = 20) or PLT (n = 11) were compared presurgery, after chest drainage removal (T1) and 2 months post-surgery (T2) during quiet breathing and incremental exercise. Spirometry, chest pain, ventilatory pattern and expansions of the ribcage (ΔVRC) and abdomen were measured. Furthermore, the expansion of the ribcage and abdomen in the operated (ΔVRC-OP and ΔVAB-OP, respectively) and non-operated (ΔVRC-NO and ΔVAB-NO, respectively) sides was also considered.RESULTSAt T1, in both groups, spirometry worsened and chest pain increased, being higher after PLT. Tidal volume (VT) decreased after PLT because the ribcage expanded less due to reduced ΔVRC-OP. Contrary to this, in VATS, there were no changes in VT and ΔVRC, although ΔVRC-OP was lower, because ΔVRC-NO increased at high level of exercise. At T2, ΔVRC-OP was completely restored after VATS. At high levels of exercise following PLT, although patients still showed reduced ΔVRC and ΔVRC-OP, VT was restored owing to increased ΔVAB-NO.CONCLUSIONSWe demonstrate VATS to have a reduced impact on ribcage kinematics while PLT induced restriction more markedly during exercise and still present 2 months after surgery. Patients adopt 2 different compensatory mechanisms, by shifting the expansion toward the contralateral ribcage after VATS and toward the abdomen after PLT. Our study justifies thoracoscopic lobectomy prompt recovery.Clinical trial (NCT02910453).
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
  • A novel system for the treatment of aortic annular dilation: an ex vivo
    • Authors: Shah P; Romagnoni C, Jaworek M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe main reason for aortic repair failures is recurrent annular dilatation. The fibrous portion of left ventricular outflow tract dilates. A novel device was designed to tackle this problem.METHODSThe device consists of an internal ring applied at the aortic annulus plus an external flexible band at the level of the aortic root. The internal ring has a semi-rigid portion (40%, placed at ventriculo-arterial junction) and a flexible portion to allow it to conform along the curves of the non-coronary/right coronary leaflet and right coronary/left coronary leaflet commissures. The external band acts as a reinforcement to the internal ring. A pulsatile mock loop capable of housing porcine aortic valve was used. Working conditions were 60 bpm of heart rate, 75 of stroke volumes and 120–80 mmHg of simulated pressure. Mean gradient, effective orifice area, annular diameter, coaptation height and length were recorded on 11 aortic root units (ARUs). High-speed video and standard echocardiographic images were also recorded. All data were acquired in the following conditions: (i) basal (untreated ARU); (ii) pathological condition (left coronary/non-coronary triangle was dilated by suturing an aortic patch); and (iii) ARU treated with the device.RESULTSGradients and effective orifice area were respectively 0.9 ± 0.64 mmHg and 3.1 ± 0.7cm2 (pathological) and 3.7 ± 1.1 mmHg and 1.5 ± 0.2cm2 (treated, P < 0.05). Left coronary/non-coronary diameter decreased from 2.4 ± 0.2 cm (pathological) to 2.0 ± 0.2 (treated, P < 0.05). Coaptation length and height were fully restored to basal values following treatment. Visual inspection showed proper dynamics of the leaflet, confirmed by high-speed video and echocardiography.CONCLUSIONSThe device allowed for restoring physiologic-like coaptation in the experimental model, without inducing clinically relevant worsening of the haemodynamics of the treated ARU.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
  • Impact of a refined advanced design for left atrial appendage exclusion
    • Authors: Sunagawa G; Karimov J, Breitbach M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESExclusion of the left atrial appendage has been proposed to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of the AtriClip PRO·V device (AOD2), now in development, for left atrial appendage exclusion in a canine model.METHODSThe newest AtriClip design comprises a dual-spring mechanism that allows the clip to open into a ‘V’ shape while still providing equivalent force along the length of the beam. The AOD2’s hallmark is a distal tip closure to help retain the appendage during clip closure. Six dogs were implanted via thoracotomy with the clinically available AtriClip device (AOD1) on the right atrial appendage and the AOD2 on the left. At 90 days after implantation, all devices were evaluated by epicardial echocardiography, computed tomography, gross pathology and histology. System performance at the initial surgery was evaluated as well.RESULTSThe ease of use of the clinically available AtriClip device (AOD1) and AOD2 was deemed comparable in all cases. All animals survived for the planned 90-day duration without complications. The atrial appendages were fully occluded in all cases without device migration. On histology, all AtriClip devices demonstrated an acceptable biocompatibility response.CONCLUSIONSThe AOD2 achieved easy, reliable and safe exclusion of the left atrial appendage, with favourable histologic findings. Once approved for clinical application, the AOD2 could provide a new therapeutic option to lower the risks of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
  • Effect of prosthesis patient mismatch in mitral position on pulmonary
           hypertension †
    • Authors: Ammannaya G; Mishra P, Khandekar J, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESPulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with poor outcome after mitral valve replacement (MVR). We proposed to evaluate the effect of valve prosthesis patient mismatch (PPM) on pulmonary arterial (PA) pressure following MVR.METHODSFive hundred patients who have undergone MVR were studied retrospectively. Postoperative PA systolic pressure (PASP) measured 6 months postoperatively by Doppler echocardiography was compared with preoperative values. PASP ≥ 40 mmHg was defined as PAH. Mitral valve effective orifice area was calculated by the continuity equation and indexed for body surface area. PPM was defined as indexed effective orifice area ≤ 1.2 cm2/m2. A multivariate model was constructed to ascertain the independent determinants of systolic PA pressure. Also, a propensity score model was constructed to overcome the baseline differences between the PPM and no PPM groups.RESULTSThe incidence of PPM in this study was 37.2%. The average postoperative PASPs were 30.49 and 42.35 mmHg in the no PPM and PPM groups, respectively; (P < 0.001). Regression of PAH in the PPM and no PPM groups was 76.26% and 20.64%, respectively; (P < 0.001). The indexed effective orifice area correlated well with postoperative PASP (r = 0.71). The overall survival and freedom from cardiac death at 10 years were 79.8% and 85.3%; and at 20 years were 66.5% and 74.3%, respectively. Both, overall survival and the freedom from cardiac death were higher in the no PPM group than in the PPM group; (P < 0.001). Propensity score matching analysis yielded 112 pairs of the PPM and no PPM cohorts, which revealed higher overall survival and freedom from cardiac death in the no PPM group; (P = 0.028 and 0.012, respectively).CONCLUSIONSMitral PPM is an independent predictor of persistent PAH after MVR along with associated morbidity and reduced survival.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
  • Acute non-A non-B aortic dissection: incidence, treatment and outcome
    • Authors: Rylski B; Pérez M, Beyersdorf F, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESOur aim was to report outcome of patients with acute non-A non-B aortic dissection involving the aortic arch but not the ascending aorta.METHODSDissection extension and entry location were analysed in patients with acute aortic dissection admitted between 2001 and 2016 at a tertiary centre. Non-A non-B dissection was classified as descending-entry type with entry distal to the left subclavian artery and dissection extending into the aortic arch, and arch-entry type with entry between the innominate and left subclavian arteries. We compared these 2 groups’ clinical presentation, treatment and outcome.RESULTSAmong 396 acute aortic dissection patients, 43 (median age 60 ± 12 years, 81% males) had non-A non-B dissection (descending-entry n = 21, arch-entry n = 22). The overwhelming majority of aortic segments were not dilated in all these patients. The 2 groups’ cardiovascular risk profiles did not differ. Emergency open or endovascular aortic repair were necessary due to malperfusion or aortic rupture in 29% descending-entry and 36% arch-entry (in-hospital mortality was 1/6 and 3/8, respectively). Aortic repair within 2 weeks due to new organ malperfusion, rapid aortic growth, aortic rupture or persisting pain was performed in 43% descending-entry and 36% arch-entry patients (0% in-hospital mortality). All others (except for 1 diagnosed in 2014) required aortic repair for aneurysm at follow-up.CONCLUSIONSAcute non-A non-B aortic dissection frequently requires emergency aortic repair due to organ malperfusion or aortic rupture. Most descending-entry and arch-entry non-A non-B dissection patients undergo aortic repair within 2 weeks after dissection onset.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
  • Impact of minimally invasive extracorporeal circuits on octogenarians
           undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Have we been looking in the
           wrong direction' †
    • Authors: El-Essawi A; Breitenbach I, Haupt B, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESMinimally invasive extracorporeal circuits (MiECCs) aim at the preservation of physiologic reserves, the impact of which is expected to be most evident in patients in whom these are depleted. In this context, octogenarians present a subpopulation of specific interest.METHODSBased on the type of the utilized ECC, we performed a retrospective comparison between all octogenarians (n = 324) who received a primary coronary artery bypass in our institution from 2003 until 2010.RESULTSAn MiECC was used in 52% of patients. Preoperative variables showed that the MiECC patients were older (83 ± 2 vs 82 ± 2 years; P = 0.001), had higher incidence of renal dysfunction (8% vs 3%; P = 0.04), moderately reduced left ventricular function (43 vs 33%; P = 0.07) and lower incidence of unstable angina (20% vs 28%; P = 0.06). To overcome these differences, a propensity score matching was performed and yielded 126 matched pairs of patients. The overall transfusion of packed red blood cells (2.3 ± 2.3 vs 3.4 ± 3.2 units per patint; P = <0.001), the rate of low cardiac output (0% vs 6%; P = 0.01) and the 30-day postoperative mortality (2.4% vs 9.5%; P = 0.02) were all in favour of the MiECC group in the matched patient population.CONCLUSIONSThe MiECC concept has shown its benefits regarding both morbidity and mortality in this high-risk patient population. We believe that this beneficial effect finds its reason in a better preservation of physiologic reserves that are essential for a positive outcome in this patient group.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
  • Are more extensive procedures warranted at the time of aortic arch
           reoperation' †
    • Authors: Wong J; Lee M, Brink J, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESTo determine the early and late outcomes of patients undergoing aortic arch reoperations.METHODSThe follow-up of 70 patients undergoing a second arch operation (excluding univentricular physiology) between 1979 and 2015 was reviewed. Median age at initial arch operation and second operation was 9 days (interquartile range: 5–35) and 10 months (interquartile range: 3–64), respectively. The most common indication for initial arch operation was coarctation in 79% (55/70). The most common indication for a second arch operation was arch reobstruction in 90% (63/70).RESULTSThere were 2 hospital deaths (2/70, 3%) and 3 early third arch operations (3/70, 4%). Late follow-up was available in 94% (64/68) of hospital survivors. After a mean of 9 ± 7 years, there were 5 late deaths (5/64, 8%). Fifteen-year survival was 90% (95% confidence interval: 75–96). Arch reobstruction (echocardiogram gradient >25 mmHg/third operation for reobstruction) was present in 28% (18/64) and 16% (10/64) required a third arch operation. Fifteen-year freedom from arch reobstruction and third arch operation was 63% (95% confidence interval: 43–78) and 74% (95% confidence interval: 52–87), respectively. On multivariable analysis, hypoplastic arch at initial arch repair (P = 0.03) and interposition graft at second arch operation (P < 0.0001) were risk factors for third arch operation.CONCLUSIONSPatients undergoing a second arch operation have significant rates of arch reobstruction and reoperation. The high rates of arch reobstruction and third arch operation warrant more extensive procedures at the time of second arch operation, especially in patients with a hypoplastic arch. Regular long-term monitoring after arch reoperation is mandatory.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
  • Recurrent and congenital tracheoesophageal fistula in adults †
    • Authors: Downey P; Middlesworth W, Bacchetta M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESRecurrent congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is well documented in infancy but may also present later in life. This study reviews our experience with the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of 5 recurrent and 2 primary congenital tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF) in adult patients. There are no literature series of late recurrence of TEF (repaired in childhood and recurring in adulthood) and relatively few reported cases of initial adult presentation of TEF. In this series, we aim to provide the first large series description of late recurrence of congenital TEF following repair in infancy or childhood. We also present management considerations for this unique group of patients.METHODSWe performed a computer-based search of the adult thoracic surgery departmental operative database at our institution from 2002 to 2014. Patients with iatrogenic TEF or malignant TEF were excluded.RESULTSSeven patients are included in our series. Five patients (71%) had recurrent congenital TEF and 2 (29%) had initial diagnosis of congenital TEF. All presented with severe coughing symptoms, and most (86%) had a history of recurrent aspiration pneumonia. Repair technique was dictated by the location of the TEF and the specific tracheoesophageal pathology. Four patients underwent repair via cervical approach with or without a tracheal resection. Three patients with distal recurrence underwent repair via right thoracotomy with partial oesophagectomy for significant tissue compromise and cervical reconstruction. Patients were followed for at least 1 year. All 7 patients experienced full resolution of symptoms. One patient required postoperative placement of a retrievable tracheal stent for tracheomalacia. There were no mortalities.CONCLUSIONSAdult presentation of congenital TEF is a rare but recognizable clinical entity. Recurrent TEF in adulthood is a possible late complication of TEF repair performed in childhood that has not previously been described. Adult patients experiencing symptoms of cough and recurrent aspiration pneumonia should be evaluated for congenital TEF. Surgical repair of congenital TEF in the adult is feasible and effective with acceptable morbidity.
      PubDate: 2017-05-31
  • Restrictive enlargement of the pulmonary annulus at repair of tetralogy of
           Fallot: a comparative 10-year follow-up study †
    • Authors: Logoteta J; Dullin L, Hansen J, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESSince 1996, our centre performs restrictive enlargement of the pulmonary annulus at surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. A transannular patch is only used if the z-score of the pulmonary annulus is smaller than −2. We sought to determine whether this strategy reduces pulmonary insufficiency (PI) and reoperation rate compared to a nationwide contemporary cohort that has not been operated using a uniform strategy.METHODSEighty-seven tetralogy of Fallot patients were included in the study (Group 1). One hundred sixty-seven tetralogy of Fallot patients from the Competence Network for Congenital Heart Disease served as controls (Group 2). Clinical, echocardiographic, electrocardiogram, cardiovascular magnetic resonance and outcome data were analysed.RESULTSFollow-up time since repair was not different between groups [12.9 (7.8–18.8) vs 13.1 (5.2-16.9) years, P = 0.96] while transannular patch rate was significantly lower in Group 1 (32.2% vs 64.7%, P < 0.001). Ten-year freedom from reoperation for PI was significantly higher in our cohort (98% vs 92%, P = 0.01). Multivariable analysis identified restrictive enlargement as the only predictor for no need of reoperation [hazard ratio 0.4 (95% confidence interval 0.24–0.84), P < 0.01]. In Group 1, cardiovascular magnetic resonance-derived volumes were smaller (indexed end-diastolic volume: 103 ± 24 vs 123 ± 31 ml/m2, P < 0.001; indexed end-systolic volume: 53 ± 19 vs 59 ± 20 ml/m2, P = 0.04) and regurgitation fraction was lower (21 ± 14 vs 31 ± 17%, P < 0.001).CONCLUSIONSRestrictive enlargement of the pulmonary annulus reduces PI and limits the amount of right ventricular dilatation at intermediate-term follow-up. The need for reoperation to alleviate PI is significantly lower compared to a contemporary cohort. Restrictive enlargement strategy has a stronger influence on freedom from reoperation than the use of a transannular patch.Clinical Trial RegistrationWHO Main ID: DRKS00010087. URL:'TrialID=DRKS00010087.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
  • Cardiovascular surgery in Loeys–Dietz syndrome types 1–4
    • Authors: Krohg-Sørensen K; Lingaas P, Lundblad R, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe first publication of Loeys–Dietz syndrome (LDS) described aortic rupture at young ages. Experience with new LDS types showed that the clinical course varies, and thresholds for prophylactic surgery are discussed. As this is an uncommon disease, experience needs to be shared.METHODSRetrospective review of patients with LDS types 1–4 undergoing cardiovascular surgery during the years 1991–2016.RESULTSThirty-five patients (including 6 children with LDS2) underwent 57 operations. LDS 1, 2, 3 and 4 included 4, 17, 11 and 3 patients, respectively. Mean age at first surgery was 36 years, with a non-significant trend that LDS2 patients were younger. Of the 9 emergency surgeries, 7 were type A dissections, with 1 postoperative death. Twenty-two patients had prophylactic aortic root surgery (17 valve-sparing root replacements), with 1 postoperative death, 1 reoperation with valve replacement and 1 late death. Freedom from root reintervention and death was 92% at 13 years. Of the 11 patients with LDS3, 5 needed mitral valve surgery. Mitral valve disease was not found in the other LDS types. Ten patients needed >1 operation. Of the 57 operations, 33 were in the ascending aorta, 20 in the aorta distal to the arch including branches and 4 were isolated heart surgeries. Of the 20 vascular operations, 16 were in LDS2. Cumulative survival 20 years after first surgery (all patients) was 94.3%.CONCLUSIONSClinical course seems to be more aggressive in LDS2, with index operation at a younger age, and higher risk of needing several operations. Vascular disease distal to the arch is not uncommon. LDS3 seems to be associated with mitral valve disease. Prophylactic aortic root surgery is safe and durable.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
  • Concomitant repair for mild aortic insufficiency and continuous-flow left
           ventricular assist devices
    • Authors: Fukuhara S; Ikegami H, Polanco A, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESAortic insufficiency (AI) after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation has become a highly relevant subject. However, management of pre-existing mild AI is unknown. We examined the fate of pre-existing mild AI during CF-LVAD support.METHODSFrom March 2004 to October 2015, 446 consecutive patients received CF-LVAD. Of these, 56 (12.6%) patients with pre-existing mild AI were identified. Outcomes were compared between patients who underwent repair [n = 41 (73.2%); Group A] and those who did not [n = 15 (26.8%); Group B].RESULTSGroup A patients were more likely to have destination therapy intent at device insertion than Group B. Otherwise both groups displayed similar clinical/echocardiographic findings at baseline. There was no difference with respect to the occurrence of postoperative adverse events between groups. Kaplan–Meier analyses revealed the estimated 2-year on-device survival to be 63.3 ± 10.7 and 84.0 ± 10.6% (P = 0.41) and freedom from AI ≥moderate at 2 years to be 81.8 ± 9.7 and 45.0 ± 21.1% (P = 0.031) in Groups A and B, respectively. Furthermore, 83.3% (5 of 6) of Group B patients with large (>1.94 cm/m2; 75th percentile) body surface area-indexed aortic diameter developed ≥moderate AI, while none of the Group B individuals with smaller aortic root (0 of 9) did. In contrast, Group A patients with large indexed aortic root (n = 7) have all been free of AI at 2 years.CONCLUSIONSAI progression among CF-LVAD-supported patients with baseline mild AI is highly prevalent. Baseline aortic root diameter may help identify patients with ‘borderline’ AI lesion needing repair at device insertion.
      PubDate: 2017-05-23
  • Fifteen years’ experience with the use of artificial chords for valve
           reconstruction in children †
    • Authors: Kluin J; Sojak V, Koolbergen D, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESTo retrospectively review our experience with artificial chords in mitral and tricuspid reconstructive surgery in children.METHODSAll consecutive paediatric (<18 years) patients who underwent mitral or tricuspid valve reconstruction with the use of artificial chords in our centre in the past 15 years were retrospectively analysed.RESULTSThirty-nine patients (age 3 days to 17 years) underwent reconstruction of the mitral (n = 27) or tricuspid (n = 12) valve using artificial chords. Mean number of chords was 3.5 ± 1.7. In 26 of 27 mitral valve patients, chords were placed on the anterior leaflet, in one on the posterior leaflet. In 10 of the 12 tricupid valve, patients chords were placed on the anterior leaflet and in 2 on the septal leaflet. All mitral patients underwent annuloplasty (10 bilateral Wooler–Kay and 17 rigid ring annuloplasty). Ten of the 12 tricuspid patients underwent annuloplasty (1 rigid ring and 9 commissural plication). Follow-up was after 8.7 ± 5.5 years. There was no early or late mortality. The actuarial freedom from reoperation rates at 1, 5 and 10 years were 95%, 91% and 81%, respectively. No reoperations occurred in the tricuspid group. In the mitral group, there were 2 early failures and 3 late reoperations due to mitral stenosis. Restricted leaflet motion probably caused by the artificial chords was seen in only 1 patient.CONCLUSIONSOur data show that long-term durability of mitral and tricuspid valve reconstruction using artificial chords in children is good. Despite patient growth, restricted leaflet motion by the artificial chords does not seem to form a major problem.
      PubDate: 2017-05-23
  • New predictor of aortic enlargement in uncomplicated type B aortic
           dissection based on elliptic Fourier analysis
    • Authors: Sato H; Ito T, Kuroda Y, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThis study aimed to re-examine the conventional predictive factors for dissected aortic enlargement, such as the aortic and false lumen diameter and to consider whether the morphological elements of the dissected aorta could be predictors by quantifying the ‘shape’ of the true lumen based on elliptic Fourier analysis.METHODSA total of 80 patients with uncomplicated type B aortic dissection were included. The patients were divided into ‘Enlargement group’ and ‘No Change group.’ Between the 2 groups, the mean systolic blood pressure during follow-up, aortic and false lumen maximum diameters, and analysed morphological data were compared using each statistical method.RESULTSThe maximum aortic and false lumen diameters were significantly larger in the Enlargement group than in the No Change group (39.3 vs 35.9 mm; P = 0.0058) (23.5 vs 18.2 mm; P = 0.000095). The principal component 1, which is the data calculated by elliptic Fourier analysis, was significantly lower in the Enlargement group than in the No Change group (0.020 vs − 0.072; P = 0.000049). The mean systolic blood pressure ≥130 mmHg, aortic diameter, false lumen diameter and principal component 1 were included in the Cox proportional hazard model as covariates to determine the significant predictive variable. Principal component 1 demonstrated the only significance with aortic enlargement on multivariate analysis (odds ratio = 0.32; P = 0.048).CONCLUSIONSThe analysed and calculated morphological data of the shape of the true lumen can be more effective predictive factors of aortic enlargement of type B dissection than the conventional factors.
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
  • Risk factors for the development of right ventricular failure after left
           ventricular assist device implantation—a single-centre retrospective
           with focus on deformation imaging †
    • Authors: Boegershausen N; Zayat R, Aljalloud A, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESRight heart failure (RHF) after the implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) remains a dreaded postoperative complication. Using 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography, it is possible to acquire right ventricular global and regional function. The aim of our study was to assess whether speckle-tracking echocardiography values will better predict the RHF post-continuous-flow LVAD implantation.METHODSFrom January 2014 to January 2016, 54 patients who underwent LVAD implantation were included and retrospectively analysed. Clinical, invasive haemodynamic (right and left heart catheterization), laboratory and transthoracic echocardiography data were reviewed. Multivariable logistic regression was performed using RHF as dependent variable.RESULTSThirteen patients (24%) developed RHF. These patients had significantly elevated procalcitonin (P = 0.011), elevated central venous pressure (CVP) pre- and post-LVAD implantation (P = 0.002 and 0.031, respectively), higher right ventricular (RV) and pulmonary systolic pressure (P = 0.016 and 0.013, respectively), higher Michigan Risk Score (P = 0.001) and a lower peak systolic longitudinal strain of the basal RV free wall (P = 0.032). Haemoglobin, procalcitonin, RV systolic pressure, basal right ventricular free wall and pre-CVP entered the final multivariable analysis, only basal right ventricular free wall (P < 0.001) and pre-CVP (P < 0.001) remained significant predictors of RHF. The sensitivity and specificity of the final model were 85.7% and 95.4%, respectively. The negative predictive value reached 94%.CONCLUSIONS2D strain parameters of the RV free wall seem to be auspicious for RV function and predicting RHF. Moreover, intraoperative CVP should not be neglected since elevated values proved to be highly associated with RHF. Our results represent a valuable supplement to other scores by considering both echocardiography and intraoperative data.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
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