for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 309, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 587, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 191, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 238, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover
Age and Ageing
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.989
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 89  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0002-0729 - ISSN (Online) 1468-2834
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Editor’s view
    • Pages: 763 - 763
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy159
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • New horizons in the compression of functional decline
    • Authors: Gore P; Kingston A, Johnson G, et al.
      Pages: 764 - 768
      Abstract: Population ageing, which has come about through the combination of increases in life expectancy, larger post-war cohorts reaching older age and reductions in fertility, is challenging societies and particularly health and care providers, worldwide. In Europe, the USA and Japan, there have been increases in years spent with disability and dependency. The majority of such research, as well as professional health and social care practice, measures loss of functional capability or need for social care, by aggregate disability scores, based around activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. Although useful for defining whether an individual has passed a threshold, aggregate scores obscure how functional decline unfolds, and therefore where early intervention might improve intrinsic capacity and reverse or slow down decline, or maintain function. We propose a framework, the compression of functional decline (CFD), based on the latest understanding of the hierarchy of age-related functional decline, which has the potential to (i) help people understand how to live better for longer, (ii) allow the various stakeholders to be able to measure, at a population level, whether that is happening and (iii) identify which interventions are most effective at which stages. CFD is coherent with the World Health Organisation’s Healthy Ageing model and is more easily understood by stakeholders and older people themselves, than current indicators such as frailty. CFD thus provides a realistic view of age-related functional decline in the context of modifiable behaviour to counter widespread public misconceptions about ageing and inform improvements.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy145
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Approaches to capacity evaluation
    • Authors: Darzins P; Browne W.
      Pages: 769 - 770
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy108
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Technology in geriatrics
    • Authors: Pilotto A; Boi R, Petermans J.
      Pages: 771 - 774
      Abstract: Recently, the interest of industry, government agencies and healthcare professionals in technology for aging people has increased. The challenge is whether technology may play a role in enhancing independence and quality of life and in reducing individual and societal costs of caring. Information and communication technologies, i.e. tools aimed at communicating and informing, assistive technologies designed to maintain older peoples' independence and increasing safety, and human–computer interaction technologies for supporting older people with motility and cognitive impairments as humanoid robots, exoskeletons, rehabilitation robots, service robots and companion-type are interdisciplinary topics both in research and in clinical practice. The most promising clinical applications of technologies are housing and safety to guarantee older people remaining in their own homes and communities, mobility and rehabilitation to improve mobility and gait and communication and quality of life by reducing isolation, improve management of medications and transportation. Many factors impair a broad use of technology in older age, including psychosocial and ethical issues, costs and fear of losing human interaction. A substantial lack of appropriate clinical trials to establish the clinical role of technologies to improve physical or cognitive performances and/or quality of life of subjects and their caregivers may suggest that the classical biomedical research model may not be the optimal choice to evaluate technologies in older people. In conclusion, successful technology development requires a great effort in interdisciplinary collaboration to integrate technologies into the existing health and social service systems with the aim to fit into the older adults’ everyday life.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy026
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Towards a toolkit for the assessment and monitoring of musculoskeletal
           ageing
    • Authors: Kemp G; Jackson M, McCloskey E, et al.
      Pages: 774 - 777
      Abstract: The complexities and heterogeneity of the ageing process have slowed the development of consensus on appropriate biomarkers of healthy ageing. The MRC-Arthritis Research UK Centre for Integrated research into Musculoskeletal Ageing (CIMA) is a collaboration between researchers and clinicians at the Universities of Liverpool, Sheffield and Newcastle. One of CIMA’s objectives is to ‘Identify and share optimal techniques and approaches to monitor age-related changes in all musculoskeletal tissues, and to provide an integrated assessment of musculoskeletal function’, i.e. to develop a toolkit for assessing musculoskeletal ageing. This toolkit is envisaged as an instrument that can be used to characterise and quantify musculoskeletal function during ‘normal’ ageing, lend itself to use in large-scale, internationally important cohorts, and provide a set of biomarker outcome measures for epidemiological and intervention studies designed to enhance healthy musculoskeletal ageing. Such potential biomarkers include: biochemical measurements in biofluids or tissue samples, in vivo measurements of body composition, imaging of structural and physical properties, and functional tests. The CIMA Toolkit Working Group assessed candidate biomarkers of musculoskeletal ageing under these four headings, detailed their biological bases, strengths and limitations, and made practical recommendations for their use. In addition, the CIMA Toolkit Working Group identified gaps in the evidence base and suggested priorities for further research on biomarkers of musculoskeletal ageing.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy078
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Tools for testing decision-making capacity in dementia
    • Authors: Pennington C; Davey K, ter Meulen R, et al.
      Pages: 778 - 784
      Abstract: Backgrounddementia is a common cause of altered decision-making capacity. Determining whether an individual has the ability to make a specific decision can be very challenging for both clinicians and researchers. The UK legislation requires that we both promote residual capacity where possible, and protect vulnerable adults who cannot make independent decisions. We evaluated published instruments designed to aid in the assessment of capacity, focussing on those meeting the UK legal requirements. We also consider further disease and culture-specific factors which may influence decision making.Methodsa search of electronic databases was made for articles published between 2000 and 2017 detailing structured tools for the assessment of mental capacity. These were evaluated against the UK legal requirements.Resultsnine tools were identified which fulfilled the UK legal requirements. Their design and structure varied, as did the level of reliability and validity data available. Some instruments can be tailored for a specific decisional scenario, whilst others are designed for use by particular patient groups.Discussiona wide range of mental capacity assessment instruments is available, but not all fulfil the UK legal requirements. Healthcare professionals and researchers should be mindful of personal, cultural and disease-specific factors when assessing capacity. No gold standard for capacity assessment exists, which hampers the evaluation of different approaches. A combination of the opinion of a healthcare professional or researcher trained in capacity evaluation, plus the use of a structured assessment tool is the most robust approach.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy096
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Persistent pain is a risk factor for frailty: a systematic review and
           meta-analysis from prospective longitudinal studies
    • Authors: Saraiva M; Suzuki G, Lin S, et al.
      Pages: 785 - 793
      Abstract: Backgroundpain is prevalent in frail older adults; however, the association of pain and frailty has not been evaluated yet by a systematic assessment of prospective longitudinal studies.Objectivewe aimed to assess the association of persistent pain as a risk factor for frailty incidence, using data from longitudinal studies in a systematic review and meta-analysis.Methodspublications were identified using a systematic search on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and clinicaltrials.gov databases from inception to October 2017. Since heterogeneity across studies was high, we used random-effects meta-analysis to calculate the pooled relative risk for the association between persistent pain and the incidence of frailty. We investigated sources of heterogeneity among studies using meta-regression and stratified analyses.Resultswe included five prospective longitudinal studies with 13,120 participants (46% women, mean age from 59 to 85 years old). Participants with persistent pain at baseline had twice the risk of developing frailty during the follow-up (pooled RR = 2.22, 95% CI = 1.14–4.29). No variables were related to study heterogeneity in sensitivity analyses.Conclusionpersistent pain was a risk factor for the development of frailty in a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Better understanding of the association between pain and frailty with proper evaluation of potential confounders could allow the development of targeted interventions.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy104
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • The prevalence of frailty and its association with clinical outcomes in
           general surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Hewitt J; Long S, Carter B, et al.
      Pages: 793 - 800
      Abstract: Objectivesto investigate the prevalence and impact of frailty for general surgical patients.Research design and methodswe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. Studies published between 1 January 1980 and 31 August 2017 were searched from seven databases. Incidence of clinical outcomes (mortality at Days 30 and 90; readmission at Day 30, surgical complications and length of stay) were estimated by frailty subgroup (not-frail, pre-frail and frail).Results2,281 participants from nine observational studies were included, 49.3% (1013/2055) were males. Mean age ranged from 61 to 77 years old. Eight studies provided outcome data and were quality assessed and of fair or good quality, and one study only provided an estimate of prevalence and was not quality assessed. The prevalence estimate ranged between 31.3 and 45.8% for pre-frailty, and 10.4 and 37.0% for frailty. After pooling, Day 30 mortality was 8% (95% CI: 4–12%; I2 = 0%) for frail compared to 1% for non-frail patients (95% CI: 0–2%; I2 = 75%). Due to heterogeneity the Day 90 mortality was not pooled. Readmission rates were lower in the non-frail groups but were not pooled. Complications for the frail patients were 24%, (95% CI: 20–31%; I2 = 92%), pre-frail subgroup 9% (95% CI: 5–14%; I2 = 82%) and non-frail 5% (95% CI: 3–7%; I2 = 70%). The mean length of stay in frail people was 9.6 days (95% CI: 6.2–12.9) and 6.4 days (4.9–7.9) non-frail.Conclusionsfrailty is associated with adverse post-operative outcomes in general surgery.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy110
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Impacts of older people’s patient and public involvement in health and
           social care research: a systematic review
    • Authors: Baldwin J; Napier S, Neville S, et al.
      Pages: 801 - 809
      Abstract: Backgroundpatient and public involvement (PPI) in research has been linked with numerous beneficial impacts, however, evidence for older people’s involvement is limited.Objectivesto evaluate the impacts of involving older people in health and social care research on older co-researchers, academic researchers, and research processes and outcomes. A secondary aim was to explore critical success factors and future considerations for PPI.Designsystematic review.Methodssix databases were searched for English language articles published between 2006 and 2017. A supplementary search was conducted. Two authors independently retrieved articles using standardised inclusion criteria and data extraction forms. Articles reporting formal evaluation of older people’s involvement were included.Resultsnine articles, all using qualitative methodology, were included. Benefits for older co-researchers included psychological and social benefits, new learning, and activism and career opportunities, while challenging impacts comprised demanding workloads, difficult relationships and dissatisfaction with level of involvement. Benefits for academic researchers entailed new learning and shared workloads; challenges related to demanding workloads and difficult relationships. Both positive and negative effects on research quality and impact were observed. Benefits for participants and the community were demonstrated. Building relationships, facilitating communication and breaking down barriers to participation were identified as critical success factors.Conclusionsevidence for the impacts of older people’s involvement is mixed although benefits appear to outweigh the challenges. Future considerations for PPI include matching older people’s skills and motivations to the project and level of involvement, and establishing an iterative research process in which evaluation is embedded.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy092
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Short-stay unit hospitalisation vs. standard care outcomes in older
           internal medicine patients—a randomised clinical trial
    • Authors: Strøm C; Rasmussen L, Löwe A, et al.
      Pages: 810 - 817
      Abstract: Backgroundthe effect of hospitalisation in emergency department-based short-stay units (SSUs) has not been studied in older patients. We compared SSU hospitalisation with standard care at an Internal Medicine Department (IMD) in acutely admitted older internal medicine patients.Methodspragmatic randomised clinical trial. We randomly assigned patients aged 75 years or older, acutely admitted for an internal medicine disease and assessed to be suitable for SSU hospitalisation to SSU hospitalisation or IMD hospitalisation. SSU hospitalisation was provided by a pragmatic ‘fast-track’ principle. The primary outcome was 90-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included adverse events, change in Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) score within 90 days from admission, in-hospital length of stay and unplanned readmissions within 30 days after discharge.Resultsbetween January 2015 and October 2016, 430 participants were randomised (median age 84 years in both groups). Ninety-day mortality was 22(11%) in the SSU group and 32(15%) in the IMD group (odds ratio (OR) 0.66; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37–1.18; P = 0.16). When comparing the SSU group to the IMD group, 16(8%) vs. 45(21%) experienced at least one adverse event (OR 0.31; 95% CI 0.17–0.56; P < 0.001); 6(3%) vs. 35(20%) experienced a reduction in IADL score within 90 days from admission (P < 0.001); median in-hospital length of stay was 73 h [interquartile range, IQR 36–147] vs. 100 h [IQR 47–169], (P < 0.001), and 26(13%) vs. 58(29%) were readmitted (OR 0.37; 95% CI 0.22–0.61; P < 0.001).Conclusionsmortality at 90 days after admission was not significantly lower in the SSU group, but SSU hospitalisation was associated with a lower risk of adverse events, less functional decline, fewer readmissions and shorter hospital stay.Trial registrationNCT02395718
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy090
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Do portable nursing stations within bays of hospital wards reduce the rate
           of inpatient falls' An interrupted time-series analysis
    • Authors: Ali U; Judge A, Foster C, et al.
      Pages: 818 - 824
      Abstract: Backgroundfalls can negatively affect patients, resulting in loss of independence and functional decline and have substantial healthcare costs. Hospitals are a high-risk falls environment and regularly introduce, but seldom evaluate, policies to reduce inpatient falls. This study evaluated whether introducing portable nursing stations in ward bays to maximise nurse–patient contact time reduced inpatient falls.Methodsinpatient falls data from local hospital incident reporting software (Datix) were collected monthly (April 2014–December 2017) from 17 wards in Stoke Mandeville and Wycombe General Hospitals, the UK. Portable nursing stations were introduced in bays on these wards from April 2016. We used a natural experimental study design and interrupted time series analysis to evaluate changes in fall rates, measured by the monthly rate of falls per 1000 occupied bed days (OBDs).Resultsthe wards reported 2875 falls (April 2014–December 2017). The fallers’ mean age was 78 (SD = 13) and 58% (1624/2817) were men. Most falls, 99.41% (2858/2875), resulted in none, low or moderate harm, 0.45% (13/2875) in severe harm and 0.14% (4/2875) in death. The monthly falls rate increased by 0.119 per 1000 OBDs (95% CI: 0.045, 0.194; P = 0.002) before April 2016, then decreased by 0.222 per 1000 OBDs (95% CI: −0.350, −0.093; P = 0.001) until December 2017. At 12 months post-intervention, the absolute difference between the estimated post-intervention trend and pre-intervention projected estimate was 2.84 falls per 1000 OBDs, a relative reduction of 26.71%.Conclusionportable nursing stations were associated with lower monthly falls rates and could reduce inpatient falls across the NHS.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy097
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Quality of primary palliative care for older people with mild and severe
           dementia: an international mortality follow-back study using quality
           indicators
    • Authors: Miranda R; Penders Y, Smets T, et al.
      Pages: 824 - 833
      Abstract: Backgroundmeasuring the quality of primary palliative care for older people with dementia in different countries is important to identify areas where improvements can be made.Objectiveusing quality indicators (QIs), we systematically investigated the overall quality of primary palliative care for older people with dementia in three different countries.Design/settinga mortality follow-back survey through nation- and region-wide representative Sentinel Networks of General Practitioners (GPs) in Belgium, Italy and Spain. GPs registered all patient deaths in their practice. We applied a set of nine QIs developed through literature review and expert consensus.Subjectspatients aged 65 or older, who died non-suddenly with mild or severe dementia as judged by GPs (n = 874).Resultsfindings showed significantly different QI scores between Belgium and Italy for regular pain measurement (mild dementia: BE = 44%, IT = 12%, SP = 50% severe dementia: BE = 41%, IT = 9%, SP = 47%), acceptance of approaching death (mild: BE = 59%, IT = 48%, SP = 33% severe: BE = 41%, IT = 21%, SP = 20%), patient–GP communication about illness (mild: BE = 42%, IT = 6%, SP = 20%) and involvement of specialised palliative services (mild: BE = 60%, IT = 20%, SP = 77%). The scores in Belgium differed from Italy and Spain for patient–GP communication about medical treatments (mild: BE = 34%, IT = 12%, SP = 4%) and repeated multidisciplinary consultations (mild: BE = 39%, IT = 5%, SP = 8% severe: BE = 36%, IT = 10%, SP = 8%). The scores for relative-GP communication, patient death outside hospitals and bereavement counselling did not differ between countries.Conclusionwhile the countries studied differed considerably in the overall quality of primary palliative care, they have similarities in room for improvement, in particular, pain measurement and prevention of avoidable hospitalisations.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy087
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Older age is associated with less cancer treatment: a longitudinal study
           of English cancer patients
    • Authors: Craigs C; Bennett M, Hurlow A, et al.
      Pages: 833 - 840
      Abstract: Backgroundmaking informed decisions about cancer care provision for older cancer patients can be challenging and complex. Evidence suggests cancer care varies by age, however the relationship between age and care experiences from diagnosis to death for cancer patients within the UK has not previously been examined in detail.Patients and methodsretrospective cohort linking cancer registry and secondary care data for 13,499 adult cancer patients who died between January 2005 and December 2011. Cancer therapies (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery), hospital palliative care referrals, hospital admissions and place of death were compared between age groups using multivariable regression models. Trends in cancer care over time, overall and within age groups were also assessed.Resultscompared with adult patients under 60 years, patients aged 80 years and over were less likely to receive chemotherapy, radiotherapy, a hospital palliative care referral; or be admitted to hospital but were more likely to die in a care home.Overall, the percentage of patients receiving chemotherapy, surgery, hospital palliative care referrals and hospital admissions have increased while deaths in hospital have decreased. Deaths at home have increased for patients aged 80 years and over.Conclusionolder patients are less likely to receive cancer therapies or hospital palliative care before death. Further research is needed to identify the extent to which these results reflect unmet need.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy094
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Pain and delirium in people with dementia in the acute general hospital
           setting
    • Authors: Feast A; White N, Lord K, et al.
      Pages: 841 - 846
      Abstract: BackgroundPain and delirium are common in people with dementia admitted to hospitals. These are often under-diagnosed and under-treated. Pain is implicated as a cause of delirium but this association has not been investigated in this setting.ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between pain and delirium in people with dementia, on admission and throughout a hospital admission.DesignExploratory secondary analysis of observational prospective longitudinal cohort data.SettingTwo acute hospitals in the UK.MethodologyTwo-hundred and thirty participants aged ≥70 years were assessed for dementia severity, delirium ((Confusion Assessment Method (CAM), pain (Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD)) scale and prescription of analgesics. Logistic and linear regressions explored the relationship between pain and delirium using cross-sectional data.ResultsPain at rest developed in 49%, and pain during activity for 26% of participants during their inpatient stay. Incident delirium developed in 15%, of participants, and 42% remained delirious for at least two assessments. Of the 35% of participants who were delirious and unable to self-report pain, 33% of these participants experienced pain at rest, and 56 experienced pain during activity. The odds of being delirious were 3.26 times higher in participants experiencing pain at rest (95% Confidence Interval 1.03–10.25, P = 0.044).ConclusionAn association between pain at rest and delirium was found, suggesting pain may be a risk factor for delirium. Since pain and delirium were found to persist and develop during an inpatient stay, regular pain and delirium assessments are required to manage pain and delirium effectively.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy112
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • The influence of childhood intelligence, social class, education and
           social mobility on memory and memory decline in late life
    • Authors: Staff R; Hogan M, Whalley L.
      Pages: 847 - 852
      Abstract: In an observational longitudinal study of a sub-sample of the Aberdeen 1936 birth cohort, from age 62 to 77 years, we investigated childhood intelligence, social class, education, life-course social mobility, memory test performance and memory decline in late life. We examined 388 local residents who had attended school in Aberdeen in 1947 and measured Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) at recruitment age about 64 years and up to five times until age about 77 years. Better performance at age about 64 on AVLT was predicted by early socioeconomic status (SES), social mobility and childhood intelligence. The trajectory of AVLT decline was steeper in those who had received less education. This relationship was independent of childhood ability, sex, SES in childhood and social mobility. The protection of memory by education suggests that education supports resilience to age-related cognitive impairment. Upward social mobility does not enhance this effect, suggesting that resilience to age-related decline may be established in early life.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy111
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Parental longevity predicts healthy ageing among women
    • Authors: Shadyab A; Manson J, Li W, et al.
      Pages: 853 - 860
      Abstract: Objectiveto examine the association of parental longevity with healthy survival to age 90 years.Methodsthis was a prospective study among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of 22,735 postmenopausal women from the Women’s Health Initiative recruited from 1993 to 1998 and followed through 2017. Women reported maternal and paternal ages at death and current age of alive parents. Parental survival categories were <70, 70–79 (reference), 80–89 and ≥90 years (longevity). Healthy ageing was defined as reaching age 90 without major chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, or hip fracture) or physical limitations.Resultswomen whose mothers survived to ≥90 years were more likely to attain healthy ageing (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.11–1.42) and less likely to die before age 90 (OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.68–0.83). Women whose fathers survived to ≥90 years did not have significantly increased odds of healthy ageing but showed 21% (OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.70–0.90) decreased odds of death before age 90. Women whose mother and father both lived to 90 had the strongest odds of healthy ageing (OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.09–1.75) and decreased odds of death (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.54–0.85). The proportion of healthy survivors was highest among women whose mother and father lived to 90 (28.6%), followed by those whose mother only lived to 90 (23.2%).Conclusionsparental longevity predicted healthy ageing in a national cohort of postmenopausal women, supporting the view that genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors transmitted across generations may influence ageing outcomes among offspring.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy125
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Happy older people live longer
    • Authors: Chei C; Lee J, Ma S, et al.
      Pages: 860 - 866
      Abstract: Objectiveresearch on the role of positive affect, such as happiness, on health outcomes is burgeoning. Within this context, evidence for an inverse effect of happiness on mortality is inconclusive. Furthermore, few studies link happiness with mortality among older people, and in Asian populations. We examine the association between happiness and all-cause mortality among older people in Singapore.Methodsdata for 4,478 Singaporeans aged ≥60 years enrolled in a nationally-representative longitudinal survey (three waves: 2009; 2011; 2015) were utilised. Happiness, at baseline, in 2009, was measured using three positively-worded items from the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, and considered in two distinct ways in the analyses—continuous (‘happiness score’ [0–6]) and binary (happy [score = 6]/unhappy). All-cause mortality, until 31 December 2015, was assessed primarily using administrative databases, supplemented by data from survey waves 2 and 3. Multivariable Cox regression models assessed the association of ‘happiness score’ and the ‘binary happiness variable’ (separate models for each) with all-cause mortality.Resultsthe likelihood of all-cause mortality was lower by 9% (multivariable hazard ratio (HR) [95% confidence interval]: 0.91 [0.87–0.95]) for each unit increase in ‘happiness score’, and was 19% lower for happy, versus unhappy, older people (HR: 0.81 [0.68–0.97]).Conclusionshappiness is associated with reduced likelihood of all-cause mortality among older people in an Asian population, with the benefit observed even for incremental increases in happiness. Activities, policies and programs that maintain or improve happiness may be beneficial for a longer life among older people.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy128
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Do people with Alzheimer’s disease improve with repeated testing'
           Unpacking the role of content and context in retest effects
    • Authors: Gross A; Chu N, Anderson L, et al.
      Pages: 866 - 871
      Abstract: Objectiveretest effects may be attributed to ‘repeated content’ in neuropsychological tests such as words in word list-learning tests, or the ‘testing context’ which involves procedural memory and reduced test anxiety following repeated administration. Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) severely impairs episodic memory, so longitudinal cognitive testing among people with dementia may reveal the relative contributions of content versus context to retest effects in neuropsychological testing.Methodwe used data from the Critical Path Institute’s repository of placebo arm data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of dementia conducted by participating pharmaceutical companies (N = 990 people, 4,170 study visits, up to 2.4 years of follow-up). To estimate retest effects on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), we used linear regressions with random effects for people and time, adjusting for age, sex and race, and longitudinal quantile regressions.Resultsaverage MMSE score (16.6 points, SD = 5.5, range 1, 27) declined by 2.0 points/year (95% confidence interval, CI: −2.3, −1.8). Mean retest effect was 0.6 points (95% CI: 0.4, 0.8) at second assessment (average 4 months after baseline). Retest effects were similar among participants with and without any recall on the short-delay word recall subscale score at baseline, and at the 30th, 50th and 70th percentiles of the MMSE distribution, suggesting similar retest effects across the spectrum from mild to severe cases of dementia.Conclusionsretest effects are apparent in people with dementia despite reduced episodic memory, suggesting a prominent role of the testing context in RCTs and cohort studies.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy136
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Low vitamin intake is associated with risk of frailty in older adults
    • Authors: Balboa-Castillo T; Struijk E, Lopez-Garcia E, et al.
      Pages: 872 - 879
      Abstract: Backgroundthe association between vitamin intake and frailty has hardly been studied. The objective was to assess the association of dietary vitamin intake with incident frailty in older adults from Spain.Methodsdata came from a cohort of 1,643 community-dwelling individuals aged ≥65, recruited in 2008–10 and followed up prospectively throughout 2012. At baseline, 10 vitamins were assessed (vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamins B6, B12, C, D, E and folates) using a validated face-to-face diet history. Incident frailty was identified using Fried’s definition as having ≥3 of the following five criteria: unintentional weight loss of ≥4.5 kg, exhaustion, weakness, slow walking speed and low physical activity. Nonadherence to the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) was considered when the intake of a vitamin was below the recommendation. Analyses were performed with logistic regression and adjusted for main confounders.Resultsduring a 3.5-year follow-up, 89 (5.4%) participants developed frailty. The odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of frailty for those in the lowest versus the highest tertile of vitamin intake were 2.80 (1.38–5.67), P-trend: 0.004, for vitamin B6; 1.65 (0.93–2.95), P-trend: 0.007, for vitamin C; 1.93 (0.99–3.83), P-trend: 0.06, for vitamin E and 2.34 (1.21–4.52), P-trend: 0.01, for folates. Nonadherence to the RDAs of vitamins was related to frailty for thiamine odds ratio (OR): 2.09 (1.03–4.23); niacin OR: 2.80 (1.46–5.38) and vitamin B6; 2.23 (1.30–3.83). When considering tertiles of RDAs for the 10 vitamins those who met <5 RDAs had a higher risk of frailty, OR: 2.84 (1.34–6.03); P-trend: <0.001, compared to those who met >7.Conclusiona lower intake of vitamins B6, C, E and folates was associated with a higher risk of frailty. Not meeting RDAs for vitamins was also strongly associated.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy105
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Nursing perspectives on the confusion assessment method: a qualitative
           focus group study
    • Authors: Wong E; Lee J, Surendran A, et al.
      Pages: 880 - 886
      Abstract: Backgroundthe Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is commonly used to detect delirium. Although accurate when administered by trained researchers, its sensitivity is low when performed by nurses in clinical practice. We aimed to understand the perspectives of nurses who used the CAM on orthopaedic wards.Designqualitative focus group study.Settingtwo academic hospitals in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.Participantsforty-three nurses who worked on orthopaedic inpatient units and used the CAM daily participated in one of eight focus group sessions.Measurementsstructured focus groups explored nurses’ perception of delirium and the use of the CAM. Each transcript was coded and sampling continued until theme saturation.Resultsthe participants (84% female, mean age 40 years, mean years in practice 12.8) had mixed feelings about the CAM. Some nurses praised its simplicity, while others preferred a narrative description of the delirium episode. Only 35% recalled receiving training to administer the CAM. Across the groups, disorientation was inappropriately used to evaluate level of consciousness and inattention. Objective testing was reportedly rarely used for assessing inattention. Most nurses retrospectively completed the CAM at the end of their shift by extrapolating from earlier observations rather than formally administering the tool. Reported challenges included differentiating delirium from dementia, assessing non-verbal patients and those with language barriers, time constraints, discrepancy with physicians’ assessments and pressure to diagnose delirium.Conclusiondespite its widespread use, the CAM was poorly understood by orthopaedic nurses at two academic institutions. The CAM may be difficult to implement in practice.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy107
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Caregivers for people at end of life in advanced age: knowing, doing and
           negotiating care
    • Authors: Wiles J; Moeke-Maxwell T, Williams L, et al.
      Pages: 887 - 895
      Abstract: Backgroundthe need for palliative and end of life care for the oldest old is growing rapidly. Family carers often report they do not feel well supported; for better practice and policy, we need better understanding of their experiences and how to support them.Design and settingpeople in the LiLACS NZ longitudinal study of advanced age identified a carer to be interviewed after their death. Nominated caregivers were contacted 3–6 months after an older person’s death and invited to take part in the current study.Subjectsfifty-eight interviews were conducted with carers of 52 people in advanced age, 20 Māori and 32 non-Māori. The majority of the 58 carers were in their 60 s and were women.Methodsguided-conversation interviews covered end of life preferences and experiences, needs and gaps in support, arrangements after death, and experiences of bereavement. Rigorous data analysis included multiple researchers identifying and interrogating themes across and within the transcripts, and feedback and discussion with participants.Resultswe identify a typology of nine categories of care, and argue that the support and care provided by family should be understood as going beyond simple task-based transactions. We present a model of end of life care describing and explaining inter-related aspects of knowing, doing and negotiating care tasks.Conclusionsthis work furthers current understandings of care, as multifaceted and negotiated. This has very practical implications for thinking about how best to support the complex end of life caregiving work of people caring for a person in advanced age.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy129
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Loneliness as a risk factor for care home admission in the English
           Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    • Authors: Hanratty B; Stow D, Collingridge Moore D, et al.
      Pages: 896 - 900
      Abstract: Backgroundloneliness has an adverse effect on health and well-being, and is common at older ages. Evidence that it is a risk factor for care home admission is sparse.Objectiveto investigate the association between loneliness and care home admission.SettingEnglish Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA).Participantstwo-hundred fifty-four individuals across seven waves (2002–15) of ELSA who moved into care homes were age, sex matched to four randomly selected individuals who remained in the community.Methodslogistic regression models examined associations between loneliness, socio-demographic factors, functional status and health on moving into care homes.Resultsloneliness (measured by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale and a single-item question from the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)) was associated with moving into a care home (CES-D OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.43–3.17, P = 0.0002, UCLA OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.01–3.27, P = 0.05). The association persisted after adjusting for established predictors (age, sex, social isolation, depression, memory problems including diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, disability, long-term physical health and wealth). The impact of loneliness (measured by CES-D) on admission accounted for a population attributable fraction of 19.9% (95% CI 7.8–30.4%).Conclusionsloneliness conveys an independent risk of care home admission that, unlike other risk factors, may be amenable to modification. Tackling loneliness amongst older adults may be a way of enhancing wellbeing and delaying or reducing the demand for institutional care.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy095
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Temporal associations between sexual function and cognitive function in
           community-dwelling older men: the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project
           
    • Authors: Hsu B; Hirani V, Waite L, et al.
      Pages: 900 - 904
      Abstract: Backgroundprevious cross-sectional studies have reported bidirectional associations between sexual activity and cognitive function among older people. However, the temporal associations have not been studied.Methodscommunity-dwelling men aged 70+ from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project were assessed. This study was based on 986 men at baseline, 829 men at 2 year and 595 men at 5-year follow-up. Sexual function using a standardised questionnaire (erectile function, sexual activity, sexual satisfaction, sexual desire) was analysed by generalised estimating equations to examine associations between changes in sexual function and changes in mini-mental state examination (MMSE) across three time points over 5 years. Age, BMI, comorbidity, self-rated health, smoking, number of medications, country of birth, education, marital status, depression and reproductive hormones were also measured at all time points.Resultsin unadjusted models, declines in erectile function (β = −0.317) and sexual activity (β = −0.575) over time were statistically significantly associated with a decline in MMSE over time. The associations observed in the unadjusted models remained after adjusting for a range of covariables. Declines in sexual satisfaction and sexual desire over time were not associated with changes in MMSE.Conclusionsour findings provide evidence of a longitudinal temporal relationship between sexual activity and cognitive function. Further studies are warranted to examine whether maintaining a healthy sexual life has a positive effect on cognitive function in older men.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy088
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Behaviour disorder caused by Cushing’s syndrome in an older person
    • Authors: Damanti S; Abbate C, Chiodini I, et al.
      Pages: 905 - 906
      Abstract: An 81-year-old woman was hospitalised for behavioural disorders that had been progressively emerging over a period of few weeks. The symptoms appeared to worsen over time. A diagnosis of vascular dementia, complicated by psychosis, was initially hypothesised. The inefficacy of the antipsychotic/benzodiazepine medications used, along with the presence of hypertension, hypokalaemia and metabolic alkalosis (resistant to pharmacological attempts of correction), as well as the hirsutism and the development of several infections, led us to consider Cushing’s syndrome. Endocrinological analysis suggested ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion. Although endogenous Cushing’s syndrome is rare in older people, it should always be considered among the differential diagnosis of behavioural disorders.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy102
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Acute inability to mobilise resulting from probable donepezil-induced
           myoclonus
    • Authors: Whateley J; Huffman A, Henderson E.
      Pages: 907 - 908
      Abstract: Donepezil is a commonly prescribed cholinesterase inhibitor in Alzheimer’s dementia. We present a case of probable donepezil-induced generalised myoclonus causing total inability to mobilise in a 93-year-old woman.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afy093
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 6 (2018)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.90.185.120
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-