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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
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Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
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Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
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Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 510, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal  
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2398-7308 - ISSN (Online) 2398-7316
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Farewell to Corbett, but Not to His Contributions
    • Authors: Ogden T; Gibbs G.
      First page: 499
      Abstract: Those of us who are getting older will be encouraged by the example of John Corbett McDonald, who authored or co-authored over 70 of his 319 papers after his 70th birthday. What seems to have been the last of them was in the Annals in 2010, when Corbett was 92. Sad to say, he died on 25 April 2016. He worked on a wide range of occupational hazards, but for many people his best-known work was on the Quebec asbestos industry. This is one of the major studies that have contributed to understanding the risk of asbestos disease, but for it he was publicly attacked by those who disagreed with his findings and the use made of them on behalf of the asbestos industry. We were among those who worked with him and often sympathized with him in the controversies, so we may not be classed by some as completely neutral observers. Nevertheless, we have striven to remain scientifically objective, and as we approach the first anniversary of his death, we would like to set in context some of his contributions of interest to Annals readers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-04
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx013
  • Bayesian Analysis of Occupational Exposure Data with Conjugate Priors
    • Authors: Jones RM; Burstyn I.
      First page: 504
      Abstract: Bayesian analysis is a flexible method that can yield insight into occupational exposures as the methods quantify plausible values for exposure parameters of interest, such as the mean, variance, and specific percentiles of the exposure distribution. We describe three Bayesian analysis methods for the analysis of normally distributed data (e.g. the logarithm of measurements of chemical hazards) that use conjugate prior distributions (normal for the mean, and inverse-χ2, inverse-Γ, or vague for the variance) to provide analytical expressions for the posterior distributions of the sufficient statistics of the normal distribution (e.g. the mean and variance). From these posterior distributions, the posterior distribution of any parameter of interest about the exposure distribution can be tabulated. The methods are illustrated using lead exposure data collected by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration at a copper foundry on multiple occasions. A unique feature of the normal-inverse-Γ method is that dependence of the mean and variance prior distributions is integrated out of the posterior distributions expressions, suggesting that a ‘default’ prior distribution on variance may be used: candidate default distributions are proposed based on the literature. Relative to other Bayesian analysis methods used in industrial hygiene, the methods described are flexible, and can be implemented without specialized software.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx032
  • Bivariate Left-Censored Measurements in Biomonitoring: A Bayesian Model
           for the Determination of Biological Limit Values Based on Occupational
           Exposure Limits
    • Authors: Martin Remy A; Wild P.
      First page: 515
      Abstract: Biological limit values (BLV) are often determined from the occupational exposure limits (OEL) in modelling biological data obtained on a number of exposed subjects based on measurements of air exposure. In order to obtain such BLVs, biomonitoring studies are conducted collecting simultaneously biological and airborne measurements to these substances in exposed workers. One obstacle in the modelling of such data is the often large number of values below the limit of detection (LOD) for both biological and airborne measurements (left-censored measurements). A second difficulty, which is also a strength, is that multiple measurements are obtained for the same workers, leading to non-independence of the data. In this paper, we propose a statistical method based on Bayesian theory making use of measurements below the LOD for both dependent (biological) and independent (air exposure) data, and taking into account multiple measurements on the same worker. This method relies on the modelling of the airborne exposure measurements using standard random effect models adapted for values below LOD and the simultaneous modelling of the biological measurements assumed to be linearly (on the log scale) related to the airborne exposure while accounting for between-worker variability. This method is validated by a simulation study in which up to 50% of the measurements are censored for both variables in realistic settings. This simulation study shows that the proposed method is uniformly more efficient than the candidate alternative we considered (maximum likelihood estimation; MLE method) that did not make use of a data with airborne measurements below the LOD. When the method is applied on a real biomonitoring data set among electroplating workers exposed to chromium with 54% censored airborne measurements and 20% censored urinary measurements, the slope is steeper when incorporating these data using the proposed Bayesian method leading to different BLV estimations depending on the OEL used.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx031
  • Workplace Bullying and Presenteeism: The Path Through Emotional Exhaustion
           and Psychological Wellbeing
    • Authors: Neto M; Ferreira AI, Martinez LF, et al.
      First page: 528
      Abstract: Objective:Workplace bullying is an increasing phenomenon that concerns managers and employees. However, few studies have investigated how workplace bullying relates with work-related exhaustion and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the intervening variables of emotional exhaustion and psychological wellbeing in the direct and indirect relationships between workplace bullying and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism.Method:In a cross-sectional study, we tested a structural equation model using web survey data of 353 workers from a service company, with the variables: workplace bullying (Quine, 1999), emotional exhaustion (Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI), psychological wellbeing (GHQ-28), and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism (SPS-6). All variables presented acceptable psychometric evidence.Results:The final model revealed a reasonable fit. Workplace bullying was significantly and positively related to emotional exhaustion, which in turn, was significantly related to the loss of psychological wellbeing. Workplace bullying, emotional exhaustion, and the loss of psychological wellbeing were negatively related to concentration (avoiding distraction). Emotional exhaustion and psychological wellbeing mediated the studied structural relationships.Conclusions:Our study contributes to theory and practice, since occupational health professionals should be aware that burnout and the loss of wellbeing may be related to workplace bullying and that productivity loss due to presenteeism may be a warning sign. Leaders can understand the underlying mechanism that explains employees’ productivity loss due to presenteeism by addressing workplace bullying and its negative relation with emotional exhaustion and wellbeing.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx022
  • Diesel Exhaust Exposure Assessment Among Tunnel Construction
           Workers—Correlations Between Nitrogen Dioxide, Respirable Elemental
           Carbon, and Particle Number
    • Authors: Hedmer M; Wierzbicka A, Li H, et al.
      First page: 539
      Abstract: Objectives:Occupational exposure to diesel exhaust is common due the widespread use of diesel-powered combustion engines. Diesel exhaust is chemically complex and consists of thousands of compounds present as gases and particulate matter. Both nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and elemental carbon (EC) have been used as markers for diesel exhaust exposure. Currently EC is regarded as the best surrogate of diesel exhaust. The objective was to quantify the occupational exposure to diesel exhaust in underground tunnel construction work using a multi-metric approach, and to investigate the correlations between NO2, respirable EC, respirable organic carbon (OC), respirable total carbon (TC), respirable dust (RD), and particle number. Also, the use of NO2 as a proxy for diesel exhaust was evaluated, how much of the variability in the diesel exhaust exposure was attributed to within and between individual factors and if there was a difference between expert and self-administered measurements of NO2.Methods:The personal exposure to diesel exhaust was assessed by expert supervised measurements of NO2, EC, OC, TC, RD and particle number in the breathing zones of underground tunnel workers. Stationary sampling of NO2, EC, OC, TC, RD, size-fractioned mass concentration, and particle number were conducted. The personal and stationary measurements were conducted on three occasions simultaneously. The workers measured their exposure by repeated self-administered measurements of NO2. The self-administered measurements were performed twice for each worker with at least one month lag between the samplings.Results:In the simultaneous sampling of diesel exhaust, the geometric mean (GM) concentration of NO2 and respirable EC were 72 µg m−3 (10th–90th percentile 34–140 µg m−3) and 2.6 µg m−3 (10th–90th percentile 1.6–7.3 µg m−3), respectively. The GM for OC and TC was 28 µg m−3 (10th–90th percentile 20–42 µg m−3) and 31 µg m−3 (10th–90th percentile 20–50 µg m−3), respectively. The GM for RD and particle number was 180 µg m−3 (10th–90th percentile 20–530 µg m−3) and 47 900 cm−3 (10th–90th percentile 27500–94100 cm−3), respectively. A significant correlation was found between NO2 and respirable EC [Spearman’s correlation r = 0.53 (P = 0.05)]. The within-worker variability of NO2 was 45.5% and the between-worker variability was 54.5%. The self-administered measured concentrations of NO2 (GM 70 µg m−3) did not statistically differ from the NO2 concentrations measured by an expert (P > 0.35).Conclusion:The diesel exhaust exposure in tunnel construction work was low. A significant correlation between NO2 and EC was observed. This indicates that NO2 could be used as a proxy for diesel exhaust in tunnel work if diesel exhaust is the only source of NO2 and if the ratio between EC and NO2 is known and constant. Passive sampling of NO2 is much easier and cheaper to perform compared with active sampling of EC. It is possible to utilize self-administered NO2 measurements in extreme and inaccessible work environments. This study adds support to continued use of NO2 as an exposure marker in combination with EC for diesel exhaust exposure. In tunnel construction work, the variability in the diesel exhaust exposure was high both between- and within-workers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx024
  • Predicting Whole-Body Vibration Exposure in Canadian Prairie Farmers
    • Authors: Zeng X; Kociolek AM, Khan M, et al.
      First page: 554
      Abstract: Direct workplace whole-body vibration exposure assessment provides ecological validity for evaluating health risk in epidemiological studies, yet it is complex and expensive in practical applications. Exposure prediction modeling could be a cost-efficient alternative to directly assessing occupational vibration exposures. The objective of this study was to model directly measured whole-body vibration exposures with predictors from machinery, farm, and self-reported characteristics among Canadian prairies farmers. As per ISO 2631-1, whole-body vibration data were measured on the seat surface at three axes (x, y, z), then summarized into vector sums of the root-mean-squared (RMS) acceleration and the vibration dose value (VDV). All candidate predictors were obtained via questionnaires and onsite observations. A total of 87 whole-body vibration measurements were collected from 40 male farm workers located at 21 central Saskatchewan farms. Using log-transformed RMS and time-standardized VDV outcomes, modeling started from the bivariate analysis where predictors with P-values < 0.2 were considered eligible for multivariate analysis. With random effects of ‘farm’ and ‘farmer’, a series of mixed-effects models were constructed through the manual backward elimination method. Final models were internally validated by 1000 bootstrapped samples. The RMS model explained 47.7% of the variance in the directly measured RMS vector sum, with 42.7% obtained from five predictors of ‘horsepower’, ‘transmission’, ‘vehicle year’, ‘jerk/jolt frequency’, and ‘seat bottom-out frequency’, while the VDV model explained 19.5% of the variance in the directly measured VDV vector sum, with 11.6% described by the same five predictors as the RMS model. Predictive ability of the RMS model among 1000 bootstrapped samples can be anticipated to range from 14.3 to 69.1%, which may be considered adequate as exposure assessment tool for uses of epidemiological studies. The percentage of variance explained ranged from 0 to 40.5% for the VDV model, which is not robust and therefore likely not appropriate for use in survey-based exposure prediction. Whole-body vibration exposure modeling remains valuable, but is challenging in farming; the described model variance may increase with a more comprehensive list of candidate variables collected and quantified at machinery, farm, and farmer level. Predictors identified in the current and future models may provide a better understanding of how whole-body vibration exposure is modified, guide farmer’s future decision on updating equipment, and allow for the development and initiation of interventions.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx025
  • Use of the Novel Derivatizing Agent 1,8-Diaminonapthalene With the CIP10
           Sampler to Measure 4,4’-Methylene Diphenyl Diisocyanate Atmospheres
    • Authors: Puscasu S; Aubin S, Sarazin P, et al.
      First page: 566
      Abstract: DAN is a novel derivatizing agent for isocyanate sampling which targets total reactive isocyanate group (TRIG). Field evaluations have been conducted for 4,4’-Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) sampling using DAN as the derivatizing agent in a CIP10. The perimidone formed, selective of TRIG, was analyzed in laboratory by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Workplaces using MDI-based polyurethane spray foam and MDI wood product binder were studied. Each study compared the data obtained between the CIP10/DAN, the CIP10/MP, and a reference method. As a first evaluation, the CIP10/DAN sampled simulated MDI spray foam atmosphere in parallel with impingers (reference method) and CIP10/MP. The mean of the TRIG concentration values measured was 16% (95% confidence interval [CI], [1, 31]) higher for the CIP10/MP samples as compared to the impinger samples, while the mean TRIG concentrations found were 98% (95% CI [63, 133]) higher for the CIP10/DAN samples as compared to the impinger samples. For sampling done in a real workplace using MDI-based spray foam, the CIP10/DAN method showed lower results than the CIP10/MP method. The presence of hygroscopic DMSO used in the DAN approach is a limitation and may prevent obtaining accurate results in the spray foam atmosphere. CIP10/DAN was also studied in MDI wood product binder atmosphere. Mean TRIG concentrations found were 80% (95% CI [51, 110]) and 79% (95% CI [50, 108]) lower for the CIP10/MP and CIP10/DAN method, respectively, as compared to the reference method (a 13-mm filter coated with MP). In this case, the CIP10 may have reached its limit in this last evaluation where vapors and particles below 1 µm were not collected as efficiently as they were with the reference method.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx023
  • A Study of the Validity of Two Exposure Assessment Tools: Stoffenmanager
           and the Advanced REACH Tool
    • Authors: Landberg HE; Axmon A, Westberg H, et al.
      First page: 575
      Abstract: The use of exposure modelling tools for estimating chemical airborne exposure has increased since the European Union’s REACH legislation for safe use of industrial chemicals came into force. Two tools that European Chemicals Agency recommends are Stoffenmanager® and the Advanced REACH Tool (ART). The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of these two exposure modelling tools by comparing the lack of agreement between estimated and measured exposure. We examined the airborne chemical exposure at companies in seven different types of industries: wood, printing, foundry, spray painting, flour milling, chemical industry, and plastic moulding industry. The inhalable exposure of liquids or powders at two to three situations at each company was modelled with both tools and measured. To study the validity of the tools, the mean differences and precisions (lack of agreement) of exposures from both situations handling liquids and powders were calculated by using the 50th percentile outcome of the tools and the geometric mean of the measured exposure (all data were ln transformed). For Stoffenmanager, the mean difference and precision of the situations concerning liquids were 0.22 ± 1.0 and for powders −0.024 ± 0.66. It was also shown that Stoffenmanager overestimated low exposures and underestimated high exposures. Stoffenmanager showed higher agreement with the measured exposure in the wood and flour mill industries than in foundry and the plastic moulding industry. For ART, the mean difference and precision of liquids were −0.55 ± 0.88 and for powders −1.4 ± 1.6. ART showed lower agreement with the measured exposure in the wood industry.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx008
  • Skin Absorption of Ethylene Oxide Gas Following Exposures Relevant to
           HAZMAT Incidents
    • Authors: Heath L; Gaskin S, Pisaniello D, et al.
      First page: 589
      Abstract: Ethylene oxide (EO) is a reactive gas used by numerous industries and medical facilities as a sterilant, a fumigant, and as a chemical intermediate in chemical manufacturing. Due to its common use, EO has been involved in a number of leaks and explosive incidents/accidents requiring HAZMAT response. However, the extent of skin absorption under short-term HAZMAT conditions has not been directly assessed. Such data would assist decision making by first responders regarding skin decontamination in EO HAZMAT incidents. An in vitro test protocol with human skin was used for EO exposures at 800 ppm and 3000 ppm. No evidence of dermal penetration was seen for 800 ppm EO during a 30-min challenge. For 3000 ppm, EO penetration was observed after 20 min and was greater under higher temperature/humidity conditions. Fabric (heavy cotton) on skin enhanced penetration 5-fold compared with naked skin. Off gassing from exposed fabric was rapid. The results show dermal uptake of EO vapour from exposure at 3000 ppm is small but clothing may contribute to further dermal absorption/penetration over time. For exposed, but asymptomatic, persons in EO HAZMAT incidents first responders should remove bulky clothing to prevent potential skin damage and further uptake.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx030
  • Needlestick and Sharp Injuries Among Registered Nurses: A
           Case–Control Study
    • Authors: d’Ettorre G.
      First page: 596
      Abstract: Objectives:The prevention of needlestick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) among registered nurses (RNs) employed in hospital wards represents an important issue. Accidental contact with blood, consequent to NSSIs, is the most frequent form of exposure to blood-borne pathogens that can be transmitted by accidental exposure.Aims:This study investigates the relationship occurring between consecutive workdays, night-shifts, cumulative hours, forward-rotating shift schedules (morning–afternoon–night), and occupational NSSIs frequency.Methods:The author conducted a cross-sectional nested case–control analysis from staffing data concerning 765 RNs and NSSIs occurred during a period of 48 months.Results:NSSIs were more frequent among RNs working 3 or more night-shifts compared to RNs working less than 3 night-shift in the 7 days prior occurrence of NSSI; moreover, NSSIs were more frequent among RNs working 9 or more night-shifts compared to RNs working less than 4 night-shifts in the 28 days prior to NSSIs occurrence. Constant forward-rotating shift schedules showed a protective effect in preventing NSSIs compared to irregular forward-rotating shift schedules in the last 28 days (odds ratio = 0.45; 95% confidence interval = 0.22–0.91; P < 0.05).Conclusions:In this study, the author observed an association between NSSIs and shift-work schedules, including night-shifts. These findings support the need for organizational interventions targeted on implementing forward-rotating shift-work schedules and minimizing night-shifts as part of the overall NSSIs prevention efforts in healthcare facilities.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx027
  • Effect of Heat Exposure and Simulated Physical Firefighting Work on Acute
           Inflammatory and Cortisol Responses
    • Authors: Wolkow A; Aisbett B, Jefferies S, et al.
      First page: 600
      Abstract: Objective:To examine firefighters’ hormonal and immune markers during consecutive days of physical firefighting work performed in hot compared to mild ambient temperatures.Methods:Firefighters completed 3 days of simulated physical firefighting work in either hot (HOT condition; n = 19; 33°C) or mild temperature conditions (CON condition; n = 18; 19°C). Participants provided regular daily samples for the determination of salivary cortisol and plasma cytokine levels (IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-4, and IL-10).Results:The HOT condition elicited higher IL-4 and a trend towards elevated afternoon and evening cortisol when compared to the CON trial. The HOT condition also produced lower levels of IL-1β compared to the CON across time points and a decrease in IL-1β between days of work. IL-6 increased across time points and between work days, but this finding was not different between mild and hot conditions. Immune–endocrine interactions revealed a rise in morning IL-6 that was related to elevated daily cortisol levels, independent of condition.Conclusion:Findings demonstrate the possibility that firefighters are able to regulate normal acute immune and hormonal responses to multiple days of simulated physical work in hot and mild ambient temperatures. Further research is necessary to determine if the responses continue under non-simulated conditions and in response to more extreme temperatures possible on the fire-ground.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx029
  • Stoffenmanager® Exposure Model Algorithms Within TREXMO and
           Stoffenmanager® Lead to Different Outcomes
    • Authors: Heussen G; Hollander AL.
      First page: 604
      Abstract: In the 29 June online version of the Annals (2016 doi: 10.1093/annhyg/mew042), Savic and colleagues presented a new online exposure assessment tool called TREXMO. The authors claim to have re-engineered Stoffenmanager® v. 5.1 into their tool. Cosanta BV is the legal owner of the tool and the trademark Stoffenmanager® has been registered. The authors’ claim is not correct due to (some) differences in exposure model algorithms between Stoffenmanager® and TREXMO, a multi-linguistic user interface and additional functionalities in Stoffenmanager®.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1093/annhyg/mew042), savic and colleagues presented a new online exposure assessment tool called
  • Stoffenmanager® Algorithm Within Version 6 Differs from the Published
           Algorithm Within Old Versions and TREXMO
    • Authors: Savic N; Gasic B, Vernez D.
      First page: 607
      Abstract: We appreciate the interest Heussen and Hollander (2017)Heussen and Hollander (2017) have shown to the TREXMO tool (currently available at, which compares exposure estimates generated with six model algorithms. One of the models integrated in TREXMO is Stoffenmanager version 5.1.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx026
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