Publisher: Oxford University Press (Total: 369 journals)
Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
[0 followers] Follow
Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2054-8397
Published by Oxford University Press [369 journals]
- What is this thing they call research'
Authors: Villar R.
Abstract: It was dinner, somewhere in the Middle East, me with my humanitarian hat on—there is a lot of that out there right now—and her my project boss. We were talking research, at least her desire the hospital should undertake some. I was being asked to advise.
- What the papers say
Authors: Malviya A.
Abstract: The Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery (JHPS) is not the only place where work in the field of hip preservation may be published. Although our aim is to offer the best of the best, we continue to be fascinated by work that finds its way into journals other than our own. There is much to learn from it so JHPS has selected six recent and topical articles for those who seek a brief summary of what is taking place in our ever-fascinating world of hip preservation. What you see here are the mildly edited abstracts of the original articles, to give them what JHPS hopes is a more readable feel. If you are pushed for time, what follows should take you no more than 10 min to read. So here goes …
- Predictors and trajectories of chronic postoperative pain following hip
Authors: Sieberg CB; Klajn J, Wong C, et al.
Abstract: AbstractFactors contributing to chronic postoperative pain (CPOP) are poorly defined in young people and developmental considerations are poorly understood. With over 5 million children undergoing surgery yearly and 25% of adults referred to chronic pain clinics identifying surgery as the antecedent, there is a need to elucidate factors that contribute to CPOP in surgical patients. The present study includes patients undergoing hip preservation surgery at a children’s hospital. The HOOS and SF-12 Health Survey were administered to 614 pre-surgical patients with 421 patients completing follow-up (6-months, 1-year and 2-years post-surgery). Pain, quality of life, and functioning across time were examined for each group within the population. A three trajectory model (low pain, pain improvement and high pain) emerged indicating three categories of treatment responders. Pain trajectory groups did not differ significantly on gender, pre-surgical age, BMI, prior hip surgery, surgical type, joint congruence or Tönnis grade. The groups differed significantly from each other on pre-surgical pain, pain chronicity, quality of life and functioning. Those in the high pain and pain improvement groups endorsed having pre-surgical depression at significantly higher rates and lower pre-surgical quality of life compared to those in the low pain group (P < 0.01). Those in the high pain group reported significantly worse pre-surgical functioning compared to those in the pain improvement (P < 0.0001) and low pain groups (P < 0.0001).The results demonstrate the need for preoperative screening prior to hip preservation surgery, as there may be a subset of patients who are predisposed to chronic pain independent of hip health.
- Outcome after arthroscopic labral surgery in patients previously treated
with periacetabular osteotomy: a follow-up study of 43 patients
Authors: Hartig-Andreasen C; Nielsen TG, Lund B, et al.
Abstract: AbstractTo identify factors predicting failure after hip arthroscopy in patients with previous periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) defined as a conversion to total hip replacement (THR) and to evaluate the patient reported outcome scores. Of 55 hips treated with hip arthroscopy after PAO from Aug 2008 to 2012 at Aarhus University Hospital, 43 hips were included (median age: 36.1 yrs, range 16.3–56.9 yrs). Indications were unacceptable pain, a positive FABER and impingement test and signs of labral damage on MR-arthrography. Outcomes were evaluated with mHHS and HOS. Failure was defined as conversion to a THR. Nine hips were converted to a THR. Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 52.8% (95% CI, 10%–83.8%) at 6.5 years follow-up. Statistically significant predictors of failure: joint space width after PAO 3 were found. Mean mHHS and HOS were 65.7 and 68.8 respectively at follow-up. A NRS pain score of >3 in rest and during activity were present in respectively, 43% and 62% of the patients. Hip arthroscopy after PAO demonstrated limited clinical benefit with no decrease in pain levels and 21% of patients needing reoperation to THR. Radiographic signs of joint degeneration after PAO are predictors of faiElure. Further studies are needed to clarify what role hip arthroscopy should play in this patient group.
- Labral reconstruction with tendon allograft: histological findings show
revascularization at 8 weeks from implantation
Authors: Gómez E; Cardenas C, Astarita E, et al.
Abstract: AbstractThis description shows the histological findings of a peroneus brevis tendon allograft used for labral reconstruction, implanted 8 weeks before being retrieved due to a postoperative complication unrelated to the graft. As far as we have knowledge this is the first description about revascularization of an allograft used for hip labral reconstruction. The histological report of the removed peroneus brevis tendon allograft shows evidence of vascular ingrowth represented by small vessels with a thin muscular wall in all layers of the graft and cellular migration mainly represented by mature fibroblasts.
- Hip arthroscopy protocol: expert opinions on post-operative weight bearing
and return to sports guidelines
Authors: Rath E; Sharfman ZT, Paret M, et al.
Abstract: AbstractThe objectives of this study are to survey the weight-bearing limitation practices and delay for returning to running and impact sports of high volume hip arthroscopy orthopedic surgeons. The study was designed in the form of expert survey questionnaire. Evidence-based data are scares regarding hip arthroscopy post-operative weight-bearing protocols. An international cross-sectional anonymous Internet survey of 26 high-volume hip arthroscopy specialized surgeons was conducted to report their weight-bearing limitations and rehabilitation protocols after various arthroscopic hip procedures. The International Society of Hip Arthroscopy invited this study. The results were examined in the context of supporting literature to inform the studies suggestions. Four surgeons always allow immediate weight bearing and five never offer immediate weight bearing. Seventeen surgeons provide weight bearing depending on the procedures performed: 17 surgeons allowed immediate weight bearing after labral resection, 10 after labral repair and 8 after labral reconstruction. Sixteen surgeons allow immediate weight bearing after psoas tenotomy. Twenty-one respondents restrict weight bearing after microfracture procedures for 3–8 weeks post-operatively. Return to running and impact sports were shorter for labral procedures and bony procedures and longer for cartilaginous and capsular procedures. Marked variability exists in the post-operative weight-bearing practices of hip arthroscopy surgeons. This study suggests that most surgeons allow immediate weight bearing as tolerated after labral resection, acetabular osteoplasty, chondroplasty and psoas tenotomy. For cartilage defect procedures, 6 weeks or more non-weight bearing is suggested depending on the area of the defect and lateral central edge angle. Delayed return to sports activities is suggested after microfracture procedures. The level of evidence was Level V expert opinions.
- Can hip arthroscopy in the presence of arthritis delay the need for hip
Authors: Viswanath AA; Khanduja VV.
Abstract: AbstractHip arthroscopy for joint preservation surgery has grown immensely over the last two decades. There is now an increasing trend to try and expand the role of hip arthroscopy to include patients of an older age or perhaps even with signs of arthritis, instead of the established patient group of young adults with mechanical symptoms or serious athletes. But how much of this growth is really justified' Once arthritis is apparent, the arthroscopic procedures needed to try and limit progression of the disease are likely to be different to those needed in young adult non-arthritic hips. Similarly, the expectation of results following an arthroscopic procedure in an older adult with arthritis must also be different. With an almost 5-fold increase in conversion rate from arthroscopy to arthroplasty in the over 50s population, arthroscopy in arthritis is a different procedure, with a different outcome, to arthroscopy in young adults with no evidence of osteoarthritis. This article takes a closer inspection at outcomes following hip arthroscopy in the older population particularly in those with evidence of early arthritis. This paper does not attempt to make recommendations in other diagnoses such as inflammatory arthritis or other secondary arthritides. It must be considered that hip arthroscopy is not a benign intervention: as well as the surgical risks, the lengthy rehabilitation period should be factored into the equation. Although the nature of surgeons is to find new techniques and push boundaries, we highlight the need for caution in undertaking arthroscopic intervention when arthritis is already apparent at presentation.
- Response to Green et al.
Authors: Ortiz-Declet V; Yuen LC, Domb BG.
Abstract: We would like to thank Green et al.  for contributing to the discussion regarding the validity of microfracture as a part of hip arthroscopy. Green et al. cited our previous publication, stating that patients with chondral defects do well without microfracture, concluding that the addition of microfracture is not justified based on the available data. We feel that their conclusion is, in part, due to a misunderstanding of our study . In the following paragraphs, we hope to clarify our work which was cited by Green et al. Furthermore, while we acknowledge the suggestion that long-term safety data will be beneficial, we offer a brief review of some of the existing data supporting microfracture.
- Hip arthroscopy results in improved patient reported outcomes compared to
non-operative management of waitlisted patients
Authors: Spencer-Gardner L; Dissanayake R, Kalanie A, et al.
Abstract: AbstractHip arthroscopy (HA) is an established treatment option to address intra-articular pathology of the hip. However, some clinicians encourage non-operative management (NOM). Non-operative management may include active measures such as physiotherapy and intra-articular steroid injections, or NOM may involve so called watchful waiting with no active intervention. These approaches, along with surgery have been detailed recently in the Warwick Agreement, a Consensus Statement regarding diagnosis and treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome The aim of this study is to compare the change in clinical outcome scores of waitlisted patients with intra-articular hip pathology who receive no active treatment with matched controls that have undergone HA. Patients less than 60 years of age were identified from a HA waiting list in a single hospital in the Australian public hospital system. Patient reported outcomes (PRO) were collected whilst patients waited for surgery. During this waiting period no specific treatment was offered. A separate group of patients who had previously undergone HA were matched based on age, sex, body mass index and baseline non-arthritic hip scores (NAHS). The groups were compared using the NAHS as the primary outcome measures. Modified Harris Hip Scores were also collected and compared. Thirty-six patients were included in each group, with a mean follow up of 19 months (12–36). There were no significant differences in age, sex, BMI and NAHS between groups at baseline. At final follow up, mean NAHS scores after HA were significantly higher than scores after NOM, 82.1 (36.4–100.0) versus 48.9 (11.3–78.8), respectively (P
- Endoscopic repair of hip abductor tears: outcomes with two-year follow-up
Authors: Byrd J; Jones KS.
Abstract: AbstractAbductor lesions are increasingly recognized as a source of recalcitrant laterally based hip pain and dysfunction. There is a growing body of evidence that many of these may be amenable to endoscopic repair. To report the demographic data and outcomes of endoscopic hip abductor repair. Twelve patients underwent endoscopic abductor repair with 2-year follow-up. These patients were prospectively assessed with modified Harris hip and iHOT scores. The indications for surgery were clinical and MRI findings of symptomatic abductor tears that had failed conservative treatment. All patients underwent concomitant or prior arthroscopy of the joint. Repair was performed with suture anchors using an iliotibial band-sparing endoscopic technique; followed by a 4-month structured rehabilitation protocol. Follow-up was obtained on all patients at 24 months. The average age was 56 years (range 39–77 years). These were all females. All demonstrated improved modified Harris hip scores, averaging 43 points (preop 42; postop 85). Eleven of 12 (92%) demonstrated improved iHOT scores, averaging 52 points (preop 21; postop 73). Ten patients had accompanying intra-articular pathology including 10 labral tears, 7 chondral lesions, 6 synovitis and 1 pincer impingement. There were no complications, and none underwent further surgery. Abductor tears of the hip can be clinically relevant and respond well to endoscopic repair. This tends to be a disorder of older females who present with severe disability, reflected by low preoperative modified Harris hip scores, and demonstrate significant, although incomplete, improvement.
- The HAPI ‘Hip Arthroscopy Pre-habilitation Intervention’ study: does
pre-habilitation affect outcomes in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy
for femoro-acetabular impingement'
Authors: Grant LF; Cooper DJ, Conroy JL.
Abstract: AbstractThe purpose of this randomized prospective comparative controlled pilot study was to determine whether specific patient exercises done pre-hip arthroscopy surgery for femoro-acetabular impingement affected post-operative recovery. Between October 2013 and June 2014, 6 males and twelve females over the age of eighteen, who were listed for hip arthroscopy for femoro-acetabular impingement, were randomized into two groups. A hip-specific, 8-week home exercise programme was given to the experimental group before their surgery. The control group was given no instruction on exercise before surgery. All participants followed the same rehabilitation programme after surgery. Outcome measures were assessed at set time intervals. Hand held dynamometry was used to assess muscle strength, and the EQ-5D-5 L Score and the Non-Arthritic Hip Score were utilized. Sixteen participants completed the study (eight controls: mean age 41.75 years and eight intervention: mean age 37.5 years). A mixed ANCOVA analysis compared the treatment groups taking baseline values into account. A statistically significant difference was found between the treatment groups for knee extension strength on both operative (P = 0.05) and non-operative sides (P = 0.002), hip flexor strength operative side (P = 0.02) and for EQ-5D-5 L health (P = 0.03), in favour of the intervention group. There was no significant difference between the treatment groups for the other measures, although some tended towards significance. This small pilot study has been designed to aid the further research and the differences between the groups found in these results may inform future larger scale studies.
- Femoral neck fractures as a complication of hip arthroscopy: a systematic
Authors: Horner NS; Vikas K, MacDonald AE, et al.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the causes and risk factors for hip fractures, a rare but devastating complication, following hip arthroscopy. The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed were searched and screened in duplicate for relevant clinical and basic sciences studies and pertinent data was abstracted and analysed in Microsoft Excel. Nineteen studies (12 clinical studies and seven biomechanical studies) with a total of 31 392 patients experiencing 43 hip fractures (0.1% of patients) met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. Femoral osteochondroplasty was performed in 100% of patients who sustained a hip fracture. Six of the 12 (50%) studies identified early weight bearing (prior to 6 weeks post-operatively) as the cause for the hip fracture. Other causes of this complication included over resection during femoral osteochondroplasty, minor trauma and intensive exercise. The results suggest that early weight bearing is the largest modifiable risk factor for hip fracture after femoral osteochondroplasty. For this reason, an extended period of non-weight bearing or restricted weight bearing should be considered in select patients. Studies report a correlation between risk for post-operative hip fracture and increased age. Increased resection during osteochondroplasty has been correlated with increased risk of fracture in various basic science studies. Resection depth has significantly higher impact on risk of fracture than resection length or width. The reported amounts of resection that depth that can be performed before there is a significantly increased risk of fracture of the femoral neck varies from 10 to 30%.
- Traction-related problems after hip arthroscopy
Authors: Frandsen L; Lund B, Grønbech Nielsen T, et al.
Abstract: AbstractTraction-related problems are poorly described in the existing literature. The purpose of this prospective study was to describe traction-related problems and how patients perceive these problems. The study was a descriptive cohort study and data were collected from questionnaires and patient files. The questionnaire included questions on patients’ perceptions of traction-related problems in the groin area, at the knee and ankle and how patients had coped with these problems. A total of 100 consecutive patients undergoing hip arthroscopy filled out the questionnaire. Primary findings of this study were that 74% of patients reported some sort of traction-related problems after hip arthroscopy. About 32% of the patients had problems in the groin area and 49% of the patients complained of symptoms in the knee joint. A total of 37% of the patients had experienced problems from the traction boot in the ankle area. The complications were found to be temporary and disappeared after 2–4 weeks. Five patients still had complaints after 3 months. All five patients had a pre-existing knee injury prior to undergoing hip arthroscopy. Traction-related problems after hip arthroscopy are a challenge and our study showed that 74% of the patients reported traction-related problems. This is significantly higher than previously reported. The present study found a high rate of complaints from the knee and ankle joints that have not previously been reported. The presented data suggest the need for more pre-surgery patient information about possible traction-related problems.
- Acetabular rim length: an anatomical study to determine reasonable graft
sizes for labral reconstruction
Authors: Karns MR; Patel SH, Kolaczko J, et al.
Abstract: AbstractThe purpose of this article is to determine normative values for the length of the acetabular rim and detect differences between gender, age, ethnicity, height and leg length. Six measurements were taken on the acetabular rim of 143 cadaveric skeleton specimens (286 acetabula) using a coordinate-measuring device: circumferential (excluding acetabular notch), anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)-anterior, AIIS-posterior, 12–3 o’clock, 12–9 o’clock and 11–5 o’clock. Museum specimen height data and leg length data from a previous study were recorded for 109 of 143 specimens. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated. Student t-tests compared mean values. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between acetabular rim length and gender, age, ethnicity, height and leg length. The average acetabular rim length in males for circumferential, AIIS-anterior, AIIS-posterior, 12–3, 12–9 and 11–5 o’clock were 15.8, 4.2, 11.7, 4.9, 4.7 and 9.5 cm, respectively; and for females: 13.7, 3.7, 10.0, 4.3, 4.1 and 8.3 cm, respectively. Intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.953, 0.930, 0.958, 0.857, 0.913 and 0.951, respectively, for each measurement. All six measurements were significantly larger for males (P
- Medial synovial fold cyst in the hip leading to pectineofoveal impingement
Authors: Nakano N; Khanduja V.
Abstract: AbstractPectineofoveal impingement is a relatively rare condition, which can cause hip or groin pain along with mechanical symptoms of clicking in the young adult. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl who was referred to us with left hip pain, which had been affecting her for over six months along with mechanical symptoms of clicking. Following appropriate clinical examination and investigations the patient underwent arthroscopic surgery of her hip. At arthroscopy, a cyst was identified on the medial synovial fold, which was abutting against the zona orbicularis leading to pectineofoveal impingement. The cyst was decompressed and the synovial fold excised arthroscopically. Following arthroscopic intervention, the patient did extremely well and remains asymptomatic at the last follow-up (7 months following the procedure). The case highlights the importance of the medial synovial fold pathology as an important cause for pain and mechanical symptoms in the young adult hip.
- Arthroscopic hip preservation surgery practice patterns: an international
Authors: Smith KM; Gerrie BJ, McCulloch PC, et al.
Abstract: AbstractTo design and conduct a survey analyzing pre-, intra- and post- hip arthroscopy practice patterns among hip arthroscopists worldwide. A 21-question, IRB-exempt, HIPAA-compliant, cross-sectional survey was conducted via email using SurveyMonkey to examine pre-operative evaluation, intra-operative techniques and post-operative management. The survey was administered internationally to 151 hip arthroscopists identified from publicly available sources. Seventy-five respondents completed the survey (151 ± 116 hip arthroscopy procedures per year; 8.6 ± 7.1 years hip arthroscopy experience). Standing AP pelvis, false profile and Dunn 45 were the most common radiographs utilized. CT scans were utilized by 54% of surgeons at least some of the time. Only 56% of participants recommended an arthrogram with MRI. Nearly all surgeons either never (40%) or infrequently (58%) performed arthroscopy in Tönnis grade-2 or grade-3 osteoarthritis. Surgeons rarely performed hip arthroscopy on patients with dysplasia (51% never; 44% infrequently). Only 25% of participants perform a routine ‘T’ capsulotomy and 41% close the capsule if the patient is at risk for post-operative instability. Post-operatively, 52% never use a brace, 39% never use a continuous passive motion, 11% never recommended heterotopic ossification prophylaxis and 30% never recommended formal thromboembolic disease prophylaxis. Among a large number of high-volume experienced hip arthroscopists worldwide, pre-, intra- and post- hip arthroscopy practice patterns have been established and reported. Within this cohort of respondents, several areas of patient evaluation and management remain discordant and controversial without universal agreement. Future research should move beyond expert opinion level V evidence towards high-quality appropriately designed and conducted investigations.
- Parameters for assessment of the inferior acetabulum morphology in 300
Authors: Hatem MA; da Cunha LM, Abdo JM, et al.
Abstract: AbstractThe inferior acetabulum (IA) has been studied as a stabilizer of the hip in flexed positions with potential implications in femoroacetabular impingement and hip instability. However, there is a paucity of studies considering the normal morphology and parameters for assessment of the IA. The purpose of this study was to define parameters to assess the IA morphology and their normal range. Specifically, the objectives were to assess: (i) the width of the anterior horn (AH) and posterior horn (PH) of the acetabulum; (ii) the inclination of the articular surface of the AH angle (AHA) and PH angle (PHA) in the axial plane; (iii) the anterior opening angle of the IA and differences between genders. One hundred and fifty adult skeletons were utilized in this study. Measurements were taken directly from acetabula in 300 innominate bones utilizing digital calipers. In sequence, the innominate bones were assembled to sacrum and 150 pelvises were digitally photographed in standardized positions. Angular parameters of the acetabulum were then measured utilizing the Adobe Photoshop software. The mean width of the AH was 14.80 ± 2.35 mm (range 9.44–20.88). The mean width of the PH was 19.72 ± 2.61 mm (range 13.16–25.86). The AHA was on average 43.58 ± 7.10° (range 24.70–64) and the PHA was on average 36.07 ± 7.54° (16.10–53.20). The mean anterior opening angle of the IA was 25.33 ± 5.40° (10.90–43.10). The IA morphology can be evaluated in all anatomical planes through quantitative parameters. The assessment of the osseous morphology of the IA is the first step to elucidate abnormalities of the IA as potential source of hip pain.
- Ability to return to work without restrictions in workers compensation
patients undergoing hip arthroscopy
Authors: Lee S; Cvetanovich GL, Mascarenhas R, et al.
Abstract: AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of worker’s compensation (WC) patients to return to work without restrictions after hip arthroscopy. Twenty-nine WC patients along with age and gender matched controls who underwent hip arthroscopy were retrospectively reviewed after achieving maximum medical improvement (MMI) status at minimum 1 year postoperatively. Patient demographic factors were evaluated, along with the Hip Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living and Sports-Specific subscales, and the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS). The majority of WC patients were able to return to work without restrictions after reaching MMI (20/29, 69.0%). WC patients who failed to return to work without restrictions had a prolonged time from injury to surgery (3.01 ± 2.16 months versus 6.36 ± 4.16 months; P = 0.0079), more concomitant orthopedic injuries (4/20, 20.0% versus 9/9, 100%; P = 0.0001), and higher body mass index (BMI) (26.61 ± 3.52 versus 29.54 ± 3.43; P = 0.047) than those who returned to work without restrictions. WC patients had significant improvement of patient-reported outcome scores following hip arthroscopy (P < 0.0001), but WC patients who returned to work without restrictions had higher scores than those who failed to do so (HOD-ADL: P