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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 541, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Gastroenterology Report
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2052-0034
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Chinese Abstracts – Volume 5 Issue 4 *

    • PubDate: 2017-11-13
       
  • From genetics and epigenetics to the future of precision treatment for
           obesity

    • Authors: Sun X; Li P, Yang X, et al.
      Abstract: Obesity has become a major global health problem, epitomized by excess accumulation of body fat resulting from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. The treatments for obesity range from modified nutrition and additional physical activity, to drugs or surgery. But the curative effect of each method seems to vary between individuals. With progress in the genetics and epigenetics of obesity, personalization of the clinical management of obesity may be at our doorstep. This review presents an overview of our current understanding of the genetics and epigenetics of obesity and how these findings influence responses to treatments. As bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term treatment for morbid obesity, we pay special attention to the association between genetic factors and clinical outcomes of bariatric surgery. Finally, we discuss the prospects for precision obesity treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
       
  • Intestinal autotransplantation

    • Authors: Wu G.
      Abstract: Most abdominal neoplasms involving the root of the superior mesenteric artery and/or celiac artery are difficult to manage with conventional operative techniques because of limited intestinal ischemia times and poor accessibility to the tumor region. Ex vivo surgery followed by intestinal autotransplantation (IATx) is a relatively novel surgical strategy to offer chances for complete resection in such hopeless circumstances. This review aims to assess potential surgical indications, operative techniques and clinical outcomes after IATx. Currently the main indications reported for IATx broadly include pancreatic, mesenteric and retroperitoneal neoplasms closely involving the superior mesenteric vessels. The preliminary results show that radical resection can be effectively achieved in carefully selective patients. Although perioperative morbidity and mortality are relatively high, there are several long-term survivors, particularly after complete resection of benign and low-grade tumor. Early tumor recurrence, however, remains a major problem in patients with high-grade tumor, particularly pancreatic ductal carcinoma. In conclusion, IATx allows patients with selected abdominal neoplasms involving the major mesenteric vessels to be completely resected. However, this aggressive approach is associated with a considerable operative risk, and should only be performed at experienced centers. Additional and adjunctive treatment therapies are required to improve the efficacy of this treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
       
  • Diagnosis and therapy of esophageal squamous cell dysplasia and early
           esophageal squamous cell cancer

    • Authors: Raghu Subramanian C; Triadafilopoulos G.
      Abstract: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) comprise the majority of esophageal cancers, and they differ from each other in several aspects. While the incidence of EAC is increasing in the West, ESCC is still the predominant cancer type worldwide. Squamous dysplasia is considered to be a premalignant lesion to ESCC; however, the exact probability and timeline of malignant transformation are not known, hence the lack of guidelines for management of such lesions. ESCC carries a poor prognosis if not detected early, so there has been a trend towards early detection and treatment. Diagnostic modalities include endoscopic ultrasound, white light endoscopy, non-endoscopic methods such as biomarkers, etc. Early diagnosis can identify a subset of patients who could benefit from less invasive endoscopic eradication therapies. This review aims to discuss the different modalities for diagnosis and treatment of early esophageal squamous lesions, including the newer endoscopic therapies, and comparison of different techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
       
  • Hepatic paragonimiasis: a single-center retrospective analysis of 32 cases
           in Mainland China

    • Authors: Ye X; Xiong X, Cheng N, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundIn paragonimiasis, the lungs and pleural cavity are the major target organs, and the central nervous system can also be affected. The liver is an organ in which ectopic paragonimiasis rarely occurs. Because the symptoms and examinations in hepatic paragonimiasis (HP) are not typical, the disease is often misdiagnosed in the clinic.MethodsFrom February 2008 to March 2015, our department accepted 32 patients who presented with a liver mass upon ultrasound and computed tomography imaging and in whom the source of the mass could not be identified upon numerous further diagnostic tests. We ultimately obtained surgical biopsies of their lesions for pathological examination. We analysed the clinical data of these cases, along with their disease characteristics, the diagnostic strategies employed and their treatment experiences. Additionally, we performed patient follow-up for a period of 6–12 months.ResultsAll patients underwent half/partial hepatectomy and were diagnosed with HP upon pathological examination. They recovered well after surgery and their original symptoms were markedly improved without recurrence. The liver functions of the patients reached normal levels before discharge and no additional liver lesions were found upon diagnostic imaging.ConclusionThe diagnosis of HP based on clinical manifestations, laboratory tests or image examination is difficult and only pathologic analysis of biopsies could confirm HP. Surgical treatment not only removes lesions, but also allows for pathologic biopsy. This study encompasses the largest number of HP patients to date, but the surgical outcomes require further research and long-term follow-up.
      PubDate: 2017-04-16
       
  • Predictors of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in diabetic ketoacidosis: a
           retrospective observational study in minority population

    • Authors: Badipatla K; Jadhav P, Vaddigiri S, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundDiabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common acute complication of diabetes mellitus requiring aggressive medical management. We attempted to study the incidence and various clinical and laboratory variables associated with acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) and acute upper AGIB (AUGIB) in patients with DKA.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective chart review of all the patients admitted to our hospital with DKA between January 2010 and December 2015. We collected demographic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopy and hospitalization details using an electronic medical-record database. Patients were divided into two groups based on the occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding.ResultsA total of 234 patients with DKA were admitted during this period, of which 27 (11.5%) patients had documented AGIB. The majority of patients had hematemesis (n=22, 9.4%) except two had rectal and three had occult bleeding. We did not notice any difference in age, gender and ethnicity distribution between the two groups. There was no difference in the serum levels of electrolytes, anion gap, pH and hemoglobin A1C between the two groups. However, patients with AGIB had significantly higher initial blood glucose levels (738 vs 613 mg/dL, p =0.014). There was also increased mortality (7.4% vs 4.8%) in patients with AGIB, but this did not reach statistical significance.ConclusionWe conclude that higher initial serum blood glucose was associated with increased incidence of AGIB in patients admitted with DKA. We also noted increased in-patient mortality in patients with DKA who had AGIB, even though statistically insignificant. More aggressive measures to correct blood glucose levels may result in decreased incidence of AGIB, thereby reducing mortality during hospitalization in patients with DKA.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
       
  • Preoperative hypoalbuminemia is associated with an increased risk for
           intra-abdominal septic complications after primary anastomosis for
           Crohn’s disease

    • Authors: Liu X; Wu X, Zhou C, et al.
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative hypoalbuminemia on the development of intra-abdominal septic complications (IASCs) after primary anastomosis for patients with Crohn’s disease (CD).MethodsAll CD patients undergoing bowel resection with a primary anastomosis during the study period from 2007 to 2015 were enrolled. The association of preoperative hypoalbuminemia (<30 g/L) with the risk for IASCs were assessed using both univariate and multivariate analyses.ResultsA total of 124 eligible patients were included, 117 (94.4%) of whom had available preoperative albumin level. Preoperative hypoalbuminemia occurred in 13 (11.7%) patients. The duration from diagnosis to surgery was longer for patients with preoperative hypoalbuminemia than those without (p = 0.012). Patients with preoperative hypoalbuminemia were more likely to have a history of preoperative use of 5-aminosalicylic acid (p = 0.013) and have an intraoperative finding of small bowel obstruction (p = 0.015). Of all patients, 24 (19.4%) developed postoperative IASCs. Univariate analysis showed that patients with preoperative hypoalbuminemia had an increased risk for IASCs (p = 0.012). Multivariate analysis confirmed the association between preoperative hypoalbuminemia and IASCs (odds ratio 4.67, 95% confidence interval: 1.28–17.04, p = 0.02). Similar findings were also obtained when preoperative albumin level was analysed as a continuous variable (p = 0.019).ConclusionsPreoperative hypoalbuminemia is a significant predictor for the development of postoperative IASCs in CD patients after bowel resection with a primary anastomosis. Favorable preoperative nutrition status might lessen the risk for IASCs.
      PubDate: 2017-02-20
       
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with ampullary biopsy vs
           ERCP alone: a matched-pairs controlled evaluation of outcomes and
           complications

    • Authors: Dacha S; Chawla S, Lee J, et al.
      Abstract: Background and aimsBiopsy of the ampulla of Vater may be performed to evaluate for ampullary adenomas, suspected ampullary tumors and immunohistological staining for autoimmune pancreatitis. Ampullary biopsies are commonly performed at the time of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Due to the well-established complication rate following ERCP, the contribution of ampullary biopsy as a potential independent risk factor would require a controlled comparison.MethodsA matched-pairs, case-control analysis was performed for patients undergoing ERCP with or without ampullary biopsy. The analysis involved a retrospective review of adult patients at a tertiary-care center who underwent ampullary biopsies during ERCP compared (via procedural complexity) with a matched control group who underwent ERCP without ampullary biopsies.ResultsOf 159 procedures involving ampullary biopsy, 54 ERCPs that met the inclusion criteria were performed with ampullary biopsy and included in the analysis cohort. This cohort was compared with 54 patients undergoing ERCP without ampullary biopsy, matched by American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) grade of procedural complexity. There were no patients with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Ampullary biopsies suggested a diagnosis in 75.9% of the procedures including 12 adenomas, 5 adenocarcinomas and 1 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. Including major and minor complications, the overall complication rate with biopsy (9.3%) was equivalent to the complication rate in the control group without ampullary biopsy (9.3%, P>0.99). The incidence of post-procedure pancreatitis was not significantly different between the two groups (5.6% vs 3.7%, P=0.6). Age and pancreatic duct manipulation, but not ampullary biopsy, were associated with complications on multivariate analysis in the study population.ConclusionsAmpullary biopsy performed during ERCP had a high diagnostic yield and was not associated with an increased rate of post-procedure complications or pancreatitis when compared with ERCP alone.
      PubDate: 2017-01-08
       
  • Correlation of the Rutgeerts score and recurrence of Crohn’s disease in
           patients with end ileostomy

    • Authors: Chongthammakun V; Fialho A, Fialho A, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundRecurrence of Crohn’s disease (CD) can occur after surgery, including end ileostomy (EI). The Rutgeerts score (RS) was developed to predict postsurgical CD recurrence via ileocolonoscopy in patients having ileocolonic resection. The role of ileoscopic evaluation via stoma for assessing recurrence of CD has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ileoscopy for predicting disease recurrence in CD patients after EI with the use of RS.MethodsA total of 73 eligible CD patients with at least two ileoscopies in our institution following EI were included. Mucosal inflammation of the neo-terminal ileum was graded based on the RS. The primary outcomes were the need for endoscopic stricture dilation and subsequent surgery due to recurrence of disease. The secondary outcomes were CD-related hospitalization and the need to escalate CD-associated medications.ResultsThe median duration of CD until EI was 9 years (interquartile range: 4-13 years), and the median duration from EI to the first ileoscopy was 28 months (interquartile range: 11-93 months). The RSs in the neo-terminal ileum close to EI were calculated, and subjects were divided into two groups: the normal RS group with the score being zero (n = 25) and the abnormal RS group with the RS score being ≥1 (n = 48). Patients in the abnormal RS group were more likely to have recurrence of CD (92% vs 27%) and need endoscopic dilation of stricture (40% vs 10%), subsequent bowel surgery (68% vs 15%), disease-related hospitalizations (80% vs 23%) and escalation of CD medications (64% vs 25%) than those in the normal RS group. Time-to-event analysis showed that patients in the abnormal RS group were at a higher risk of endoscopic dilation (odds ratio (OR) = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.09–1.9), need of second bowel surgery (OR = 1.5; 95%CI: 1.2–1.8) and disease-related hospitalizations (OR = 1.3; 95%CI: 1.1–1.6) after adjusting for factors such as duration from surgery to sensor, duration of disease and the patient’s sex (all P < 0.001). Further multivariable analysis showed that patients in the abnormal RS group were more likely to need escalation of CD-related medications after adjusting for duration from surgery and age (OR = 5.3; 95% CI: 1.7–16.5; P = 0.004).ConclusionRS can be used to predict the recurrence of CD in patients with EI. A high RS score based on ileoscopy appeared to be associated with poor outcomes. This may be considered a useful decision-making tool for monitoring disease after ileostomy surgery.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
       
  • Rates of hospitalization among African American and Caucasian American
           patients with Crohn's disease seen at a tertiary care center

    • Authors: Walker C; Arora S, Colantonio L, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundThere is equivocal evidence regarding differences in the clinical course and outcomes of Crohn’s disease (CD) among African Americans compared with Caucasian Americans. We sought to analyze whether African Americans with CD are more likely to be hospitalized for CD-related complications when compared with Caucasian Americans with CD.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cohort study including 909 African Americans and Caucasian Americans with CD who were seen at our tertiary care Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) referral center between 2000 and 2013. We calculated the rate of hospitalization for CD-related complications among African Americans and Caucasian Americans separately. Zero-inflated Poisson regression models with robust variance estimates were used to estimate crude and multivariable adjusted rate ratios (RR) for CD-related hospitalizations. Multivariable adjusted models included adjustment for age, sex, duration of CD, smoking and CD therapy.ResultsThe cumulative rate of CD-related hospital admissions was higher among African American patients compared with Caucasian American patients (395.6/1000 person-years in African Americans vs. 230.4/1000 person-years in Caucasian Americans). Unadjusted and multivariable adjusted rate ratios for CD-related hospitalization comparing African Americans and Caucasian Americans were 1.59 (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.10–2.29; P=0.01) and 1.44 (95%CI: 1.02–2.03; P=0.04), respectively.ConclusionsAfrican Americans with CD followed at a tertiary IBD-referral center had a higher rate for CD-related hospitalizations compared with Caucasian Americans. Future studies should examine whether socioeconomic status and biologic markers of disease status could explain the higher risk observed among African Americans.
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
       
  • Utility of Doppler ultrasonography for predicting improvement of platelet
           count after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

    • Authors: Ansari-Gilani K; Seddigh Tonekaboni B, Nakamoto D, et al.
      Abstract: ObjectivePortal pressure gradient (PPG) after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) <12 mmHg has been reported as the only factor predictive of increase in platelet count. As flow velocities measured on Doppler ultrasound are related to pressure gradient based on the Bernoulli equation, we used this parameter to predict increased platelet count after TIPS placement.MethodsA total of 161 consecutive patients who underwent TIPS placement entered this retrospective study. The platelet count was measured before, one week after and one month after TIPS placement. Clinically significant thrombocytopenia was defined as platelet count ≤100 000. Pre- and post-TIPS PPGs were measured. The velocity of blood flow in the proximal, mid and distal TIPS stent was measured using Doppler ultrasound, and the difference in the highest and lowest measured velocity was entitled flow velocity gradient (FVG), which was considered normal when ≤100 cm/s.ResultsIn 121 patients with pre-TIPS thrombocytopenia, the mean platelet count one week and one month after TIPS placement increased 25.7 x 103 and 35.0 x 103 in 90 patients with PPG≤12 mmHg (P=0.028 and P=0.015), while there was no significant change in platelet count in patients with a PPG >12 mmHg (P=0.098 and P=0.075). Platelets increased significantly when FVG≤ 100 cm/s (n=95) vs FVG >100 cm/s (n=26) one week (37.0x103vs 11.0x103; P =  0.005 vs 0.07) and one month after TIPS placement (17.0x103vs 5.2x103; P =  0.01 vs 0.21).ConclusionFVG >100 cm/s is not associated with increase in post-TIPS platelet count. On the other hand, findings suggestive of proper TIPS function (FVG ≤100 cm/s and PPG≤ 12 mmHg) predict a significant increase in post-TIPS platelet count.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
       
  • Mycobacterium avium subspecies hominissuis in Crohn’s disease: a
           case report

    • Authors: Zhang P; Minardi L, Kuenstner J, et al.
      Abstract: We have cultured Mycobacteria avium subspecies hominissuis (MAH) from the blood of a patient with Crohn’s disease. The patient is a 21 year-old-female with a diagnosis of Crohn’s disease for two years. She had been treated with corticosteroids and Humira for six months. A blood specimen was cultured in a specialized medium, and there was visible bacterial growth present in the liquid culture medium after eight weeks. PCR analysis of the bacterial growth and subsequent direct sequencing of the PCR amplicon confirmed the presence of MAH. The significance of this finding is discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-10-27
       
  • The case of the missing appendix: a case report of appendiceal
           intussusception at the site of colonic mullerianosis

    • Authors: Quirante F; Montorfano L, Serrot F, et al.
      Abstract: Right lower quadrant pain is a symptom with an exceptionally broad differential diagnosis. Intussusception of the appendix is a very uncommon condition with many manifestations. Additionally, the pathologic finding of ectopic presence of a mixture of at least two mullerian-derived tissue components is rare. This report presents the case of a 49-year-old woman who presented twice with acute right lower abdominal pain. Diagnosis of appendiceal inversion was made surgically. Pathologic examination of the specimen identified extensive endometriosis, endosalpingiosis and endocervicosis of the colon wall. Appendiceal intussusception and colonic mullerianosis, present together, are discussed, and recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of appendiceal intussusception are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-09-16
       
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for chronic antibiotic-refractory ischemic
           pouchitis

    • Authors: Nyabanga C; Kulkarni G, Shen B.
      Abstract: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been shown to be efficacious in treating various conditions, including perianal Crohn’s disease. Here we present a case of a 59-year-old male with a history of ulcerative colitis, who underwent a total proctocolectomy and two-stage J-pouch construction. He later developed chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis with endoscopic features of ischemia. At the completion of HOBT—a total of 20 sessions of 100% oxygen at 2.5–3.0 atmospheres absolute for 60–90 minutes per session—a repeat pouchoscopy showed marked improvement of endoscopic mucosal inflammation. HBOT is known to increase tissue oxygenation, reduce tissue hypoxia, alter inflammatory pathways and promote tissue healing. This case demonstrated the therapeutic role of HBOT as well as the possible disease mechanism in chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis.
      PubDate: 2015-08-28
       
  • An uncommon source of upper gastrointestinal bleeding: epiphrenic
           esophageal diverticulum

    • Authors: Tse C; Parikh N.
      Abstract: Esophageal diverticula are rare findings that have an estimated incidence of 1 per 500 000 people per year, even though acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a relatively common medical emergency with an incidence of up to 150 per 100 000 people per year and a mortality rate of 7–14%. An 83-year-old man presented with hematemesis and melena. Urgent upper endoscopy revealed an esophageal diverticulum, within which was an adherent clot. Removal of the clot identified a bleeding vessel within the diverticulum; this was successfully clipped and hemostasis was achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a bleeding epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum that was successfully managed endoscopically with hemostatic clips alone. While rare, our case serves as a reminder that bleeding epiphrenic esophageal diverticula can present as massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding and urgent endoscopic therapy can be life-saving.
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
       
 
 
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