Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 411 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 411 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 220, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 386, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 619, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 123, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insect Systematics and Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal
Number of Followers: 12  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0258-3690 - ISSN (Online) 2049-1999
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [411 journals]
  • Arbitral Institutions and the Enforcement of Climate Change Obligations
           for the Benefit of all Stakeholders: The Role of ICSID 
    • Authors: Miles W; Lawry-White M.
      Pages: 1 - 31
      Abstract: AbstractIn 2015, States concluded the landmark Paris Agreement, which committed to a long-term goal of “holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels”. The Paris Agreement galvanises all signatory nations in a common cause — combating climate change and adapting to and investigating its effects, and with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. As such, it charts a new course in the global climate effort.The goals of the Paris Agreement will only be achieved through massive investment in pursuit of a common objective. According to the International Finance Corporation, an estimated US$90 trillion investment is required to implement the Paris Agreement. The current regime of international investment agreements (IIAs) provides an invaluable opportunity to promote the investment required to achieve the Paris Agreement objectives, including mitigation, adaptation and transition from fossil fuels. However, users must take care to ensure that investment is, in fact, protected and encouraged, and to maintain critical progress in promoting international climate change policy.ICSID is one of the five arms of the World Bank Group, which recognises that “[c]limate change is a threat to the core mission of the World Bank Group”. The ICSID Convention is also designed to promote international private investment. As such, ICSID sits at an important nexus in this discussion.This article: (i) provides an overview of several influential arbitration decisions relating to international environmental disputes, and the way in which the existing climate change regime uses arbitration as a dispute resolution mechanism; (ii) examines the evolution of investment treaties, prior decisions, especially in the field of renewable energy, and the tools available within IIAs for tribunals to promote the Paris Agreement objectives; (iii) discusses what arbitral institutions have done to date, in terms of tools, procedures, rules and other mechanisms, to promote climate change expertise and facilitate the resolution of disputes in a way that is consistent with climate change concerns; and (iv) considers ICSID's position as an arm of the World Bank, particularly in light of the WBG Climate Change Action Plan commitment to scaling up climate action and aligning internal processes with intentionally agreed climate change goals.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siy019
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • The Debate on Treaty-Based Investor–State Dispute Settlement: Empirical
           Evidence (1987–2017) and Policy Implications 
    • Authors: Echandi R.
      Pages: 32 - 61
      Abstract: AbstractOver the last decade, Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) has been the most controversial issue in international investment law and policy. This paper is not intended to take sides with any position on the multiple dimensions of the ISDS debate. Instead, this note only attempts to examine and summarize the empirical evidence available which may be useful to foster a more factual and objective discussion on this controversial topic. To achieve this objective, this note will empirically assess the use of ISDS between 1987 and 2017 by focusing on eight key questions: (i) the number of ISDS disputes; (ii) the most commonly used arbitration rules, venues and arbitrators; (iii) the features of the parties involved in disputes -both investors and States; (iv) the investment protection guarantees most frequently invoked by investors and the most frequently recognized by tribunals; (v) the economic sectors in which ISDS tends to concentrate, (vi) the outcomes of the disputes, (vii) the performance of the ISDS procedures in terms of time and cost, and (viii) the frequency of ISDS relative to State-to-State investment dispute settlement. This evidence summarized in this paper shows that ISDS is a manifestation of deeper and more complex political economy in the relationship between foreign investors and host States. The debate on ISDS has deviated the attention from a more critical issue. That is, the significant number of cancellations or total withdrawal of investment projects in developing countries and economies in transition that never reach ISDS, and yet entail the same type of grievances that IIAs are supposed to prevent. This finding suggests that in practice, in many countries the principles and disciplines included in IIAs are not being fully implemented nor mainstreamed within regular administrative action at different levels of government.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siy024
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • The 2016 Morocco–Nigeria Bilateral Investment Treaty: More Practical
           Reality in Providing a Balanced Investment Treaty' 
    • Authors: Ejims O.
      Pages: 62 - 84
      Abstract: AbstractThe law governing international investment comprises primarily treaties between individual States and regional arrangements focusing on investment provisions that protect and promote foreign investment and the principles of customary international law that govern it. Recently, there has been rapid growth in such agreements, and growing criticism of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) due to their unbalanced content and the vague and broad investment protection standards that can be interpreted in ways that prioritise investment protection over the right of host States to regulate. In this context, the Morocco–Nigeria BIT has been applauded as a balanced and innovative example of the genre and a response to the global backlash against BITs. This article shows how this BIT has taken a bold step towards such reconciliation, by attempting to balance investor protection with series of obligations placed on the investor on human rights, and environmental and social impact assessment, effectively safeguarding the host State’s regulatory space in relation to social and environmental matters. Whether this step has resolved the issue of balancing the interests of investment protection and the preservation of the regulatory interest of the host State is unlikely, given that some substantive provisions are drafted so as not to strike a proper balance between private and public interests. The discussion also shows that many provisions remain vague and, hence, continue to grant discretion to investor–State dispute settlement (ISDS) tribunals to determine the meaning of these provisions.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz001
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Taxation Measures under the Energy Charter Treaty after the Yukos Awards
           Articles 21(1) and 21(5) Revisited
    • Authors: Green Martínez S.
      Pages: 85 - 106
      Abstract: AbstractAs the number of investment arbitrations under the Energy Charter Treaty has soared in recent years, parties and arbitrators have faced arguments concerning its Article 21 on taxation measures, which had seldom been applied before.In 2014, the tribunal ruling on the Yukos trilogy held that even though Article 21 excludes taxation from the scope of the treaty, the carve-out could apply “only to bona fide taxation actions, i.e., actions that are motivated by the purpose of raising general revenue for the State”. Article 21 also provides that in cases regarding expropriation “[t]he Investor or the Contracting Party alleging expropriation shall refer the issue of whether the tax is an expropriation or whether the tax is discriminatory to the relevant Competent Tax Authority. Failing such referral by the Investor” in cases of investor-state arbitration, the tribunal “shall make a referral to the relevant Competent Tax Authorities”. The Yukos tribunal considered said referral to be a futile exercise when it is unequivocal that the host State acted in bad faith towards the foreign investor. As a consequence of the Yukos trilogy, the Energy Charter Secretariat has published a report on the issue that recommends potential amendments to clarify Article 21. A number of investor-state arbitral tribunals have also addressed these issues since the Yukos trilogy.Taking a public international law approach, this article critically explores awards and decisions rendered by those tribunals, paying particular attention to their findings on Article 21 vis-à-vis the sovereign power to tax. This article concludes that recent awards dealing with Article 21 arguments have struck an appropriate balance between the prerogatives of States and their obligations under the Energy Charter Treaty. Thus, the article affirms that no amendment seems necessary.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz002
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • The 2013 Amendments to the Arab Investment Agreement 
    • Authors: Hasaan A.
      Pages: 107 - 135
      Abstract: AbstractSince their first emergence in the 1950s, international investment agreements (IIAs) have been subject to periodic update and revision. Hence, some scholars have classified them into generations. In 1980, the Member States of the Arab League signed the Unified Agreement for the Investment of Arab Capital in the Arab States, which was intended to enhance the encouragement and protection of foreign direct investment (FDI) among them. The practical application of IIAs sometimes resulted in unforeseen consequences for either investors or host States. There have also been changes in IIAs worldwide. In 2013, the Member States amended the Unified Agreement for the Investment of Arab Capital in the Arab States. This article analyses the changes that the Member States sought through that modification. It also underlines comparison between the principles of promotion and protection precedent to the amendment and thereafter. It also covers the alteration of investor–State resolution mechanisms under the Agreement.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz003
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • The Applicability of Human Rights Law in International Investment
    • Authors: Santacroce F.
      Pages: 136 - 155
      Abstract: AbstractHuman rights are becoming increasingly relevant in international investment disputes. A question therefore arises as to whether the application of human rights law to those disputes is justified. This article answers that question in the affirmative. In particular, it suggests that there are at least four legal grounds (which may operate separately or cumulatively) warranting the application of human rights norms in the context of international investment disputes: (i) the fact that international human rights law is part of international law, which in turn governs the merits of investment disputes; (ii) the presence of express references to human rights in the investment treaty; (iii) the presence of implied references to human rights in the investment treaty; and (iv) the principle of systemic integration. Each of these grounds can be the basis for applying international human rights law as an interpretative tool. Some of them, however, can play a more substantive role and justify the direct application of international human rights norms to the merits of the dispute. This may lead to normative conflicts. The article thus also provides a framework to determine, in case of clashes between international investment law and international human rights norms, which norm should apply in concreto.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz005
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Appeal Mechanism for ISDS Awards: Interaction with the New York and ICSID
    • Authors: van den Berg A.
      Pages: 156 - 189
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz016
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Menzies Middle East and Africa SA and Aviation Handling Services
           International Ltd v Senegal1Consent to International Jurisdiction and the
           Limits of Most-Favoured-Nation Clauses
    • Authors: Pérez-Aznar F.
      Pages: 190 - 195
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jun 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz006
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Orascom TMT Investments v Algeria A New Trend on the Doctrine of Abuse of
           Rights in the Context of Parallel Proceedings'1
    • Authors: Wu Z.
      Pages: 196 - 202
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz007
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Supervisión y Control v Costa Rica: Developing the Pantechniki v
           Albania1Standard for ‘Fork in the Road’ Provisions in Investment
    • Authors: Lee S; Phua M.
      Pages: 203 - 223
      Abstract: AbstractThis Note analyses the Award of 18 January 2017 in Supervisión y Control v Costa Rica. The Award is the second award hitherto made by an investor-state tribunal that directly affirms the approach pioneered in Pantechniki v Albania used to determine whether a ‘fork in the road’ provision in an bilateral investment treaty has been activated—as to bar a claim brought in litigation before a respondent State's courts from being arbitrated. Being so, the Award differs from the majority of other arbitral decisions applying the ‘triple identity’ test instead. We analyse what the Award has added to the existing jurisprudence on ‘fork in the road’ provisions, and the debate surrounding which test is to be preferred. We also discuss the extent to which the Award successfully resolves the problems associated with the ‘same fundamental basis’ test applied in Pantechniki, such as its potential vagueness, and the absence of a complete conceptual explanation as to why the reasoning in Woodruff might apply to ‘fork in the road’ provisions. Ultimately, we argue that the Award involves an insightful attempt at clarifying and developing the Pantechniki test, which could herald a new approach to be adopted by investor-state tribunals interpreting similar provisions.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz013
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Colombia’s 2017 Model IIA: Something Old, Something New, Something
    • Authors: Duggal K; García Clavijo D, Trujillo S, et al.
      Pages: 224 - 240
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz004
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Procedural Issues in International Investment Arbitration 
    • Authors: Coe J; Jr.
      Pages: 241 - 254
      Abstract: CommissionJeffery and MolooRahim, Procedural Issues in International Investment Arbitration (Oxford University Press2018) ISBN: 9780198729037, $195.00
      PubDate: Sat, 26 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz014
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
  • Key Duties of International Investment Arbitrators: A Transnational Study
           of Legal and Ethical Dilemmas 
    • Authors: Popova I; Birkland B.
      Pages: 255 - 257
      Abstract: GómezKatia Fach, Key Duties of International Investment Arbitrators: A Transnational Study of Legal and Ethical Dilemmas (Springer2019) ISBN 978-3-319-98128-4, 91, 62 €
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/icsidreview/siz015
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2019)
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