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Showing 1 - 200 of 392 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.075, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146, SJR: 3.771, h-index: 262)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 583, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clean Energy     Open Access  
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.62, h-index: 53)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access  
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 59)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.199, h-index: 61)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.994, h-index: 107)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 196, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.713, h-index: 57)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.327, h-index: 82)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.878, h-index: 80)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)

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Journal Cover European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging
  [SJR: 2.044]   [H-I: 58]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2047-2404 - ISSN (Online) 2047-2412
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [392 journals]
  • Evaluation of coronary artery disease after computed tomography
    • Authors: Saraste A; Knuuti J.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Diagnosing coronary artery disease after a positive coronary computed tomography angiography: the Dan-NICAD open label, parallel, head to head, randomized controlled diagnostic accuracy trial of cardiovascular magnetic resonance and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy’, by L. Nissen et al., pp. 369–377.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Diagnosing coronary artery disease after a positive coronary computed
           tomography angiography: the Dan-NICAD open label, parallel, head to head,
           randomized controlled diagnostic accuracy trial of cardiovascular magnetic
           resonance and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy
    • Authors: Nissen L; Winther S, Westra J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsPerfusion scans after coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) may reduce unnecessary invasive coronary angiographies (ICAs). However, the diagnostic accuracy of perfusion scans after primary CCTA is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) against ICA with fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients suspected of CAD by CCTA.Methods and resultsIncluded were consecutive patients (1675) referred to CCTA with symptoms of CAD and low/intermediate risk profile. Patients with suspected CAD based on CCTA were randomized 1:1 to CMR or MPS followed by ICA with FFR. Obstructive CAD was defined as FFR ≤ 0.80 or > 90% diameter stenosis by visual assessment. After initial CCTA, 392 patients (23%) were randomized; 197 to CMR and 195 to MPS. Perfusion scans and ICA were completed in 292 patients (CMR 148, MPS 144). Based on the ICA, 117/292 (40%) patients were classified with CAD. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) for CMR were 41%, 95% CI [28–54], 84% [75–91], 62% [45–78], and 68% [58–76], respectively. For the MPS group 36% [24–50], 94% [87–98], 81% [61–93], and 68% [59–76], respectively.ConclusionPatients with low/intermediate CAD risk and a positive CCTA scan represent a challenge to perfusion techniques indicated by the low sensitivity of both CMR and MPS with FFR as a reference. The mechanisms underlying this discrepancy need further investigation.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Oesophageal duplication cyst mimicking cardiac mass
    • Authors: Ali Z; Jain R, Sawlani R, et al.
      Abstract: A 77-year-old man with a history of amyloid heart disease presented for follow-up. He had dyspnoea; his physical examination was unremarkable. Echocardiography showed a large paracardiac mass (double-sided arrows) with central lucency and echogenic structures located posterior to the left atrium (Panels A–C). The mass’ appearance did not change after the patient drank water or a carbonated beverage. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance scans confirmed the diagnosis of oesophageal duplication cyst by its typical location (intimate contact with the oesophagus) and shape, deforming the azygo-oesophageal recess (Panels D–F, arrowhead indicates oesophagus).
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus
    • Authors: Sakaguchi T; Totsugawa T, Tamura K, et al.
      Abstract: A 69-year-old woman with no significant medical history came to the emergency department after experiencing transient visual defects. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) findings revealed a large hyper-echoic mass over the posterior mitral annulus (Panel A, Supplementary data online, Video S1Supplementary data online, Video S1). Under a diagnosis of cardiac tumour or thrombus, the patient was referred to our institution for possible urgent removal of cardiac mass. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) was performed upon her arrival, revealing a round hyper-dense mass along the posterior mitral annulus (Panel B), which was consistent with caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA). As she did not show any recurrent neurological symptoms with no significant findings in her brain CT, she was followed for 4 years until development of shortness of breath. Follow-up TTE and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed an increase in CCMA size, which was associated with moderate mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation due to systolic anterior motion of the mitral leaflet (Panel C, Supplementary data online, Video S2Supplementary data online, Video S2). Surgical treatment was performed, during which a creamy white material was removed from the mass (Panel D) and the mitral valve was replaced with a bioprosthetic valve.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Not just another Wisconsin case of blastomycosis
    • Authors: Richards L; Adil A, Bajwa T, et al.
      Abstract: We present a 20-year-old woman on immunosuppressant therapy for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who presented with respiratory distress requiring intubation. She was found to have bilateral pulmonary densities. Echocardiography demonstrated a 1.8 × 1.3 cm mass (arrows, Panels A and B). Bronchial wash cytology (Panel C) and urine antigen were positive for blastomycosis. There are few endomyocardial blastomycosis cases. Blastomyces dermatitidis, a dimorphic fungus transmitted by spores, is endemic to north-central Wisconsin, predominantly near waterways. Fungal endocarditis is usually described as valvular but can be transmural or within the moderator band in immunocompromised patients. The patient’s transoesophageal echocardiography findings were consistent with reported fungal cases: a large, gelatinous, and lobulated density with multiple fronds (see Supplementary data online, Video S1Supplementary data online, Video S1). Cardiac fungi, unlike bacterial endocarditis, can proliferate without causing systemic signs, and are unlikely to meet Duke’s criteria until late in the disease; therefore, early suspicion is imperative. Diagnosis is difficult as most biopsy-proven fungal endocarditis cases have negative blood cultures. The patient had a normally functioning right ventricle and no history of thrombi, cardiac murmurs, intravenous drug use, or rheumatic fever. In a review of culture-negative biopsy-proven Aspergillus endocarditis cases, 55% of patients were immunosuppressed. Our patient’s history of having visited a Wisconsin waterway and immunosuppression, together with findings on echocardiogram specific for a fungal mass, prompted treatment for blastomycosis. She improved with antifungal treatment specific for disseminated blastomycosis and was extubated. It is important to diagnose blastomycosis endocarditis because it is a complex, often silent, and potentially fatal infection.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • A mysterious cause of constrictive pericarditis: unfolding of the missing
    • Authors: Arasaratnam P; Kojodjojo P, Sorokin V.
      Abstract: A 45-year-old male presented with fever, worsening shortness of breath, and bilateral lower limb swelling for 3 weeks.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Cardiac varix: a rare tumour of the interatrial septum
    • Authors: Schenone A; Tan C, Johnston D, et al.
      Abstract: A 72-year-old man was evaluated for dyspnoea on exertion, intermittent palpitation, lightheadedness, and head-fullness sensation. His lightheadedness and head-fullness were positional. A cardiac monitor revealed runs of atrial tachycardia. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction with a moderate-severe mitral regurgitation and a mobile circular echodensity in the right atrium. A transoesophageal echocardiogram was performed to further characterize both the mitral regurgitation and the atrial mass. The mitral valve had myxedematous degeneration with severe regurgitation due to bileaflet prolapse. A large (3.2 × 3.7 cm) and highly mobile right atrial cystic mass was identified with swirling echodensity material within (Panel A). It attached to the inter-atrial septum via a stalk (Panel B). The patient underwent open mitral valve repair and right atrial mass resection. The excised mass was a thin-walled cyst measuring 4.5 × 3.0 × 2.0 cm (Panel C). The cyst contained blood with a small amount of thrombus (Haematoxylin–eosin, Panel D), and a smooth calcified thrombus or phlebolith. The cyst wall is composed of dense collagen (yellow) with elastic fibres (black), and smooth muscle cells, lined by endothelium (Movat pentachrome, Panel E). At the base of the lesion, there are a few dilated channels without an obvious connection to the cyst cavity. Based on location, macroscopic and microscopic characteristic, the cystic mass was consistent with a cardiac varix. This is an exceedingly rare tumour of the right atrium described as blood-filled cysts probably representing dilated, thrombosed veins.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Monozygotic twins with coronary artery ectasia
    • Authors: Chan Y; Lam S, Tse H.
      Abstract: A 64-year-old man presented to emergency room with acute ST-segment elevation inferior myocardial infarction. Urgent coronary angiography revealed diffuse coronary ectasia over proximal segments of both coronary arteries with thrombotic occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA) (Panels A and B; see Supplementary data online, Video S1ASupplementary data online, Video S1A and BB). He was treated with aspirin, clopidogrel, heparin, and eptifibatide infusion followed by balloon angioplasty with partial flow restoration of RCA (see Supplementary data online, Video S2Supplementary data online, Video S2). Subsequently, he was prescribed daily treatment with atorvastatin, clopidogrel, and warfarin. At 4 weeks follow-up, coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) showed complete resolution of coronary thrombus (Panels C and D). Strikingly, his monozygotic twin suffered from stable angina, and his CCTA revealed diffuse coronary ectasia with concordant anatomy as his sibling (Panels E and F). Coronary ectasia is rare but a well-recognized cause of myocardial ischaemia and infarction. While atherosclerosis and Kawasaki disease have been proposed as the main etiologies, this case showed that the coronary ectasia displays high heritability. Furthermore, coronary ectasia could be a manifestation of underlying complex syndromic disorders. Thus screening for extra-cardiac involvement is crucial. Optimal treatment of acute coronary occlusion complicating ectasia remains unclear, and percutaneous coronary intervention is challenging because of the high thrombosis loading and lack of the availability of suitably-sized coronary stent. In this case, acute treatment with antiplatelet therapies, followed by long-term antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapies resulted in complete resolution of coronary thrombosis. (Panel A) Coronary angiography showed diffuse ectasia of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) artery. (Panel B) Coronary angiography showed diffuse ectasia of RCA with complete thrombotic occlusion. The partial flow of RCA was restored after balloon angioplasty. (Panel C) CCTA of the RCA showing ectasia over the proximal segment. Complete resolution of occlusive thrombus was seen after 4 weeks of treatment. (Panel D) 3D reconstruction CCTA of the index patient. (Panel E) CCTA of monozygotic twin brother of the index patient demonstrating concordant ecstatic changes of the RCA. (Panel F) 3D reconstruction CCTA of the monozygotic twin brother showing concordant anatomy.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of diastolic function by echocardiography: important
           progression, but issues to be resolved
    • Authors: Edvardsen T; Smiseth O.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Impact of the 2016 ASE/EACVI recommendations on the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in the general population’, by J.G. Almeida et al., pp. 380–386.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Impact of the 2016 ASE/EACVI recommendations on the prevalence of
           diastolic dysfunction in the general population
    • Authors: Almeida J; Fontes-Carvalho R, Sampaio F, et al.
      Abstract: AimsDiastolic dysfunction (DD) is frequent in the general population; however, the assessment of diastolic function remains challenging. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the recent 2016 American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) recommendations in the prevalence and grades of DD compared with the 2009 guidelines and the Canberra Study Criteria (CSC).Methods and resultsWithin a population-based cohort, a total of 1000 individuals, aged ≥45 years, were evaluated retrospectively. Patients with previously known cardiac disease or ejection fraction <50% were excluded. Diastolic function was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. DD prevalence and grades were determined according to the three classifications. The mean age was 62.0 ± 10.5 years and 37% were men. The prevalence of DD was 1.4% (n = 14) with the 2016 recommendations, 38.1% (n = 381) with the 2009 recommendations, and 30.4% (n = 304) using the CSC. The concordance between the updated recommendations and the other two was poor (from k = 0.13 to k = 0.18, P < 0.001). Regarding the categorization in DD grades, none of the 14 individuals with DD by the 2016 guidelines were assigned to Grade 1 DD, 64% were classified as Grade 2, 7% had Grade 3, and 29% had indeterminate grade.ConclusionThe application of the new 2016 ASE/EACVI recommendations resulted in a much lower prevalence of DD. The concordance between the classifications was poor. The updated algorithm seems to be able to diagnose only the most advanced cases.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Multimodality imaging evaluation of Chagas disease: an expert consensus of
           Brazilian Cardiovascular Imaging Department (DIC) and the European
           Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI)
    • Authors: Nunes M; Badano L, Marin-Neto J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo develop a document by Brazilian Cardiovascular Imaging Department (DIC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) to review and summarize the most recent evidences about the non-invasive assessment of patients with Chagas disease, with the intent to set up a framework for standardized cardiovascular imaging to assess cardiovascular morphologic and functional disturbances, as well as to guide the subsequent process of clinical decision-making.Methods and resultsChagas disease remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in Latin America, and has become a health problem in non-endemic countries. Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most severe manifestation of Chagas disease, which causes substantial disability and early mortality in the socially most productive population leading to a significant economical burden. Prompt and correct diagnosis of Chagas disease requires specialized clinical expertise to recognize the unique features of this disease. The appropriate and efficient use of cardiac imaging is pivotal for diagnosing the cardiac involvement in Chagas disease, to stage the disease, assess patients’ prognosis and address management. Echocardiography is the most common imaging modality used to assess, and follow-up patients with Chagas disease. The presence of echocardiographic abnormalities is of utmost importance, since it allows to stage patients according to disease progression. In early stages of cardiac involvement, echocardiography may demonstrate segmental left ventricuar wall motion abnormalities, mainly in the basal segments of inferior, inferolateral walls, and the apex, which cannot be attributed to obstructive coronary artery arteries. The prevalence of segmental wall motion abnormalities varies according to the stage of the disease, reaching about 50% in patients with left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction. Speckle tracking echocardiography allows a more precise and quantitative measurement of the regional myocardial function. Since segmental wall motion abnormalities are frequent in Chagas disease, speckle tracking echocardiography may have an important clinical application in these patients, particularly in the indeterminate forms when abnormalities are more subtle. Speckle tracking echocardiography can also quantify the heterogeneity of systolic contraction, which is associated with the risk of arrhythmic events.Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography is superior to conventional two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography for assessing more accurately the left ventricular apex and thus to detect apical aneurysms and thrombus in patients in whom ventricular foreshortening is suspected by 2D echocardiography. In addition, 3D echocardiography is more accurate than 2D Simpson s biplane rule for assessing left ventricular volumes and function in patients with significant wall motion abnormalities, including aneurysms with distorted ventricular geometry. Contrast echocardiography has the advantage to enhancement of left ventricular endocardial border, allowing for more accurate detection of ventricular aneurysms and thrombus in Chagas disease.Diastolic dysfunction is an important hallmark of Chagas disease even in its early phases. In general, left ventricular diastolic and systolic dysfunction coexist and isolated diastolic dysfunction is uncommon but may be present in patients with the indeterminate form. Right ventricular dysfunction may be detected early in the disease course, but in general, the clinical manifestations occur late at advanced stages of Chagas cardiomyopathy. Several echocardiographic parameters have been used to assess right ventricular function in Chagas disease, including qualitative evaluation, myocardial performance index, tissue Doppler imaging, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, and speckle tracking strain.Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is useful to assess global and regional left ventricular function in patients with Chagas diseases. Myocardial fibrosis is a striking feature of Chagas cardiomyopathy and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) is used to detect and quantify the extension of myocardial fibrosis. Myocardial fibrosis might have a role in risk stratification of patients with Chagas disease. Limited data are available regarding right ventricular function assessed by CMR in Chagas disease.Radionuclide ventriculography is used for global biventricular function assessment in patients with suspected or definite cardiac involvement in Chagas disease with suboptimal acoustic window and contraindication to CMR. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy may improve risk stratification to define cardiac involvement in Chagas disease, especially in the patients with devices who cannot be submitted to CMR and in the clinical setting of Chagas patients whose main complaint is atypical chest pain. Detection of reversible ischemic defects predicts further deterioration of left ventricular systolic function and helps to avoid unnecessary cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography.ConclusionCardiac imaging is crucial to detect the cardiac involvement in patients with Chagas disease, stage the disease and stratify patient risk and address management. Unfortunately, most patients live in regions with limited access to imaging methods and point-of-care, simplified protocols, could improve the access of these remote populations to important information that could impact in the clinical management of the disease. Therefore, there are many fields for further research in cardiac imaging in Chagas disease. How to better provide an earlier diagnosis of cardiac involvement and improve patients risk stratification remains to be addressed using different images modalities.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Normal values for Doppler echocardiographic assessment of prosthetic valve
           function after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: a systematic review
           and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Winter M; Zbiral M, Kietaibl A, et al.
      Abstract: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has emerged as valuable treatment modality for patients with severe aortic stenosis and an unacceptable risk/benefit ratio for open heart surgery, but particularities specific to TAVR and a rapidly growing number of available TAVR prosthesis make post-procedural assessment of valve function challenging. Aim of the present analysis was to collect and pool all available data currently in the literature regarding normal doppler values for transcatheter prosthetic heart valves and to provide a comprehensive overview. A PRISMA checklist-guided systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies or national and device specific registries or randomized clinical trials was conducted. Studies were identified by searching PUBMED, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and LILACs from January 2000 to March 2017. Out of 240 abstracts, 155 studies reporting echocardiographic parameter for twelve different valves prosthesis in a total of 27,159 patients were in included in this meta-analysis. The means and standard deviations of peak velocity, peak gradient, mean gradient and effective orifice were extracted and pooled from the included studies. The pooled means and standard deviations for all available TAVR prosthesis were classified according to implanted valve size and time since implantation. The present study firstly describes a pooled analysis of normal values for all available TAVR prosthesis in order to empower treating physicians with a reliable tool to perform follow-up echocardiographic assessment in TAVR patients and to safely identify patients with prostheses dysfunction.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Transcatheter aortic valve thrombosis: incidence, clinical presentation
           and long-term outcomes
    • Authors: Franzone A; Pilgrim T, Haynes A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo assess the incidence, management and long-term outcomes of transcatheter heart valve thrombosis (THVT).Methods and resultsBetween August 2007 and February 2016, 1396 patients were included in the Bern TAVI Registry and prospectively followed-up through echocardiographic and clinical evaluation. THVT was suspected in case of: (i) a mean transvalvular pressure gradient greater than 20 mmHg at transthoracic echocardiography, or (ii) an increase of more than 50% of the mean transvalvular pressure gradient compared with previous measurements or (iii) new symptoms or signs of heart failure with the presence of thrombus documented by transoesophageal echocardiography or multi-slice computed tomography. THVT occurred in 10 patients (0.71%) at variable time points after TAVI. Increased transvalvular pressure gradients were recorded in all patients and 7 out of 10 patients were symptomatic. Oral anticoagulant therapy (with vitamin K antagonists or non-Vitamin K antagonists) was initiated in all but two patients and resulted in normalization of transvalvular pressure gradients and amelioration of clinical status within 1 month. At long-term follow-up (between 10 and 25 months after valve thrombosis), echocardiographic findings were stable and no adverse events were reported.ConclusionTHVT is rarely detected at routine clinical and echocardiographic evaluation after TAVI. Oral anticoagulation appears effective to normalize transvalvular gradients in the majority of cases with stable clinical and haemodynamic evolution during long-term follow-up.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Independent prognostic value of left ventricular contractile reserve and
           chronotropic response in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection
           fraction undergoing vasodilator stress myocardial perfusion imaging with
           Rb-82 positron emission tomography
    • Authors: Tamarappoo B; Fong Ling L, Cerqueira M, et al.
      Abstract: ObjectivesWe evaluated the prognostic value of heart rate reserve (ΔHR) and left ventricular ejection fraction reserve (ΔLVEF) among patients with systolic dysfunction.BackgroundInadequate ΔHR (maximal stress HR − resting HR) and ΔLVEF (LVEF at stress − LVEF at rest) in response to stress are associated with adverse cardiac events. However, the significance of an abnormal ΔHR and ΔLVEF in patients with systolic dysfunction has not been described.Methods and resultsWe performed a retrospective analysis of patients with rest LVEF < 45% who underwent dipyridamole stress-rest gated Rb-82 PET myocardial perfusion imaging (PET–MPI) at the Cleveland Clinic between 2006 and 2009. Stress LVEF and volumes were calculated using commercially available software (4DM). A Cox proportional hazards model (CPH) was used to examine the association between ΔLVEF, ΔHR, and all-cause death (ACD). Among 461 patients (mean age 65.7 ± 11.3 years, 82% men) 167 experienced ACD (median follow-up 1045 days). Survival was reduced among patients with ΔHR < 0 (1090 vs. 1300 days, P = 0.04) and ΔLVEF < 0 (1002 vs. 1057 days, P = 0.03). In a CPH after adjusting for confounding variables, ΔHR ≤ 0 and ΔLVEF ≤ 0 were associated with reduced survival (hazard ratio 0.93, P < 0.01 and 0.84, P = 0.01, respectively) with an interaction between age and ΔHR (χ2 = 8.1, P < 0.01). Our model predicts that the magnitude of ΔHR is associated with improved survival among younger patients. For any given ΔLVEF the magnitude of ΔHR has a greater positive effect on survival among younger patients.ConclusionBoth ΔHR and ΔLVEF during pharmacologic stress PET–MPI provide incremental value in predicting ACD among patients with systolic dysfunction.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Mechanical dyssynchrony of the left atrium during sinus rhythm is
           associated with history of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation
    • Authors: Ciuffo L; Inoue Y, Tao S, et al.
      Abstract: AimsWe sought to evaluate the relationship between left atrial (LA) mechanical dyssynchrony and history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that mechanical dyssynchrony of the LA is associated with history of stroke/TIA independent of LA function and Cardiac failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes, Stroke/transient ischaemic attack (TIA), VAscular disease, and Sex category (CHA2DS2-VASc) score in patients with AF.Methods and resultsWe conducted a cross-sectional study of 246 patients with a history of AF (59 ± 10 years, 29% female, 26% non-paroxysmal AF) referred for catheter ablation to treat drug-refractory AF who underwent preablation cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in sinus rhythm. Using tissue-tracking CMR, we measured the LA longitudinal strain and strain rate in each of 12 equal-length segments in two- and four-chamber views. We defined indices of LA mechanical dyssynchrony, including the standard deviation of the time to the peak longitudinal strain (SD-TPS). Patients with a prior history of stroke or TIA (n = 23) had significantly higher SD-TPS than those without (n = 223) (39.9 vs. 23.4 ms, P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that SD-TPS was associated with stroke/TIA after adjusting for the CHA2DS2-VASc score, LA minimum index volume, and the peak LA longitudinal strain (P < 0.001). The receiver-operating characteristics curve showed that SD-TPS identified patients with stroke/TIA more accurately than CHA2DS2-VASc score alone (c-statistics: 0.82 vs. 0.75, P < 0.001).ConclusionHigher mechanical dyssynchrony of the LA during sinus rhythm is associated with a history of stroke/TIA in patients with AF.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Three-dimensional right-ventricular regional deformation and survival in
           pulmonary hypertension
    • Authors: Moceri P; Duchateau N, Baudouy D, et al.
      Abstract: AimsSurvival in pulmonary hypertension (PH) relates to right ventricular (RV) function. However, the RV unique anatomy and structure limit 2D analysis and its regional 3D function has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to assess the implications of global and regional 3D RV deformation on clinical condition and survival in adults with PH and healthy controls.Methods and resultsWe collected a prospective longitudinal cohort of 104 consecutive PH patients and 34 healthy controls between September 2014 and December 2015. Acquired 3D transthoracic RV echocardiographic sequences were analysed by semi-automatic software (TomTec 4D RV-Function 2.0). Output meshes were post-processed to extract regional motion and deformation. Global and regional statistics provided deformation patterns for each subgroup of subjects. RV lateral and inferior regions showed the highest deformation. In PH patients, RV global and regional motion and deformation [both circumferential, longitudinal, and area strain (AS)] were affected in all segments (P < 0.001 against healthy controls). Deformation patterns gradually worsened with the clinical condition. Over 6.7 [5.8–7.2] months follow-up, 16 (15.4%) patients died from cardio-pulmonary causes. Right atrial pressure, global RV AS, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, 3D RV ejection fraction, and end-diastolic volume were independent predictors of survival. Global RV AS  > −18% was the most powerful RV function parameter, identifying patients with a 48%-increased risk of death (AUC 0.83 [0.74–0.90], P < 0.001).ConclusionRight ventricular strain patterns gradually worsen in PH patients and provide independent prognostic information in this population.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Right ventricular-vascular coupling in heart failure with preserved
           ejection fraction and pre- vs. post-capillary pulmonary hypertension
    • Authors: Gorter T; van Veldhuisen D, Voors A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsMany patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) develop post-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to increased left-sided filling pressures. However, a subset of patients develops combined post- and pre-capillary PH. We studied the value of echocardiographic right-sided characterization for the discrimination between pre- vs. post-capillary PH in HFpEF, using invasive haemodynamics as gold standard.Methods and results102 consecutive HFpEF patients with simultaneous right heart catheterization and echocardiography were identified. Patients were divided into: ‘no PH’, ‘isolated post-capillary PH’, and ‘post- and pre-capillary PH’. Systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP), tricuspid valve annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right ventricular-vascular coupling (TAPSE/SPAP), and VO2-max were assessed. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. A total of 97 patients were included: 22% no PH, 47% isolated post-capillary PH, and 31% post- and pre-capillary PH. Patients with post- and pre-capillary PH had more often diabetes mellitus (47 vs. 24%, P = 0.04), had more heart failure hospitalizations (57 vs. 26%, P = 0.007) and lower VO2-max (10 vs. 13 mL/min/kg, P = 0.008), compared with those with isolated post-capillary PH. Patients with post- and pre-capillary PH also had more reduced TAPSE (17 vs. 21 mm, P = 0.001) and TAPSE/SPAP (0.3 vs. 0.5, P < 0.001). TAPSE/SPAP ratio <0.36 had a good accuracy to identify patients with additional pre-capillary PH (C-statistic 0.86, sensitivity 86% and specificity 79%). TAPSE/SPAP ratio was associated with increased mortality (HR 2.51 [95% CI 1.25–5.01], P = 0.009).ConclusionAbnormal right ventricular-vascular coupling identifies patients with HFpEF and additional pre-capillary PH, and predicts poor outcome in HFpEF.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • 4D-flow cardiac magnetic resonance-derived vorticity is sensitive marker
           of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with
           mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • Authors: Schäfer M; Humphries S, Stenmark K, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo investigate the possibility that vorticity assessed by four-dimensional flow cardiac magnetic resonance (4D-Flow CMR) in the left ventricle of patients with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a potential marker of early LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and more sensitive than standard echocardiography, and whether changes in vorticity are associated with quantitative computed tomography (CT) and clinical markers of COPD, and right ventricular (RV) echocardiographic markers indicative of ventricular interdependency.Methods and resultsSixteen COPD patients with presumptive LVDD and 10 controls underwent same-day 4D-Flow CMR and Doppler echocardiography to quantify early and late diastolic vorticity as well as standard evaluation for LVDD. Furthermore, all patients underwent detailed CT analysis for COPD markers including percent emphysema and air trapping. The 4D-Flow CMR derived diastolic vorticity measures were correlated with CT measures, standard clinical and CMR markers, and echocardiographic diastolic RV metrics. Early diastolic vorticity was significantly reduced in COPD patients (P < 0.0001) with normal left ventricular (LV) mass, geometry, systolic function, and no or mild signs of Doppler LVDD when compared with controls. Vorticity significantly differentiated COPD patients without echocardiographic signs of LVDD (n = 11) from controls (P < 0.0001), and from COPD patients with stage I LVDD (n = 5) (P < 0.0180). Vorticity markers significantly correlated with CT computed measures, CMR-derived RV ejection fraction, echocardiographic RV diastolic metrics, and 6-minute walk test.Conclusion4D-Flow CMR derived diastolic vorticity is reduced in patients with mild-to-moderate COPD and no or mild signs of LVDD, implying early perturbations in the LV flow domain preceding more obvious mechanical changes (i.e. stiffening and dilation). Furthermore, reduced LV vorticity appears to be driven by COPD induced changes in lung tissue and parallel RV dysfunction.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Computed tomography derived fractional flow reserve testing in stable
           patients with typical angina pectoris: influence on downstream rate of
           invasive coronary angiography
    • Authors: Møller Jensen J; Erik Bøtker H, Norling Mathiassen O, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo assess the use of downstream coronary angiography (ICA) and short-term safety of frontline coronary CT angiography (CTA) with selective CT-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) testing in stable patients with typical angina pectoris.Methods and resultsBetween 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016 all patients (N = 774) referred to non-emergent ICA or coronary CTA at Aarhus University Hospital on a suspicion of CAD had frontline CTA performed. Downstream testing and treatment within 3 months and adverse events ≥90 days were registered. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of typical angina pectoris, which according to local practice would have resulted in referral to ICA, (low-intermediate-risk, n = 593 [76%]; high-risk, n = 181 [24%]) with mean pre-test probability of CAD of 31 ± 16% and 67 ± 16%, respectively. Coronary CTA was performed in 745 (96%) patients in whom FFRCT was prescribed in 212 (28%) patients. In the high- vs. low-intermediate-risk group, ICA was cancelled in 75% vs. 91%. Coronary revascularization was performed more frequently in high-risk than in low-intermediate-risk patients, 76% vs. 52% (P = 0.03). Mean follow-up time was 157 ± 50 days. Serious clinical events occurred in four patients, but not in any patients with cancelled ICA by coronary CTA with selective FFRCT testing.ConclusionFrontline coronary CTA with selective FFRCT testing in stable patients with typical angina pectoris in real-world practice is associated with a high rate of safe cancellation of planned ICAs.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Five-year echocardiographic follow-up after TAVI: structural and
           functional changes of a balloon-expandable prosthetic aortic valve
    • Authors: Muratori M; Fusini L, Tamborini G, et al.
      Abstract: AimsScarce data are available on the long-term structural and functional changes of prosthetic valves after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The objective was to evaluate with echocardiography the long-term structural and functional changes of prosthetic valves after TAVI.Methods and resultsStructural valve deterioration (SVD) was defined as leaflet thickening ≥3mm, presence of calcification and abnormal leaflet motion. Five-year echocardiographic follow-up was available in 96 out of 318 patients who underwent TAVI with a balloon-expandable device between April 2008 and December 2011. At 1-year follow-up, no patient showed SVD. At 5-year follow-up, SVD were observed in 29 (30%) patients who showed also a significant reduction of aortic valve area (AVA) together with an increase of mean and peak aortic pressure gradients at the latest echocardiography evaluation. Moreover, rate of central aortic valve regurgitation ≥2 was higher in SVD patients as compared to those without SVD, while there was no difference in terms of paravalvular regurgitation. Despite SVD, one patient only reached the criteria for severe stenosis and no reintervention was needed at 5-year follow-up. Variables independently associated with SVD were female sex, small body surface area, use of a 23 mm valve, and small AVA at pre-discharge echocardiogram.ConclusionAt 5-year follow-up, 30% of patients who underwent TAVI with a balloon-expandable valve showed initial SVD. However, SVD was not associated with severe stenosis in most of the patients and had no significant impact on and clinical outcome.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Coronary artery Doppler patterns are associated with clinical outcomes
           post-arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries
    • Authors: Nield L; Dragulescu A, MacColl C, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTransposition of the great arteries (TGA) is generally repaired using the arterial switch operation (ASO) involving coronary transfer. The objective of this prospective study was to determine whether specific coronary Doppler patterns intra-operatively predicted adverse early myocardial events.Methods and resultsPatients < 3 months old with TGA undergoing the ASO were eligible. All patients (when feasible) underwent an intra-operative transoesophageal echo (TEE) plus an epicardial echo and had pre-op, early post-op, pre-discharge and follow-up functional echocardiograms. The primary endpoint was a composite myocardial ischaemic event (any of: post-operative ST changes, ventricular tachycardia, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Associations of coronary Doppler flow patterns with outcomes were modelled with logistic regression models. From May 2009 to December 2012, 40 patients (29 male, birth weight 3.29 ± 0.58 kg) were recruited. n = 32 had TEE + epicardial, four TEE only, four epicardial only. Seven (18%) patients had an adverse myocardial event (five ST changes, two ventricular tachycardia (one also ECMO). There was one death. n = 3 had a coronary artery (CA) revision post-operatively, and three had re-operation for non-CA causes. By TEE, flow reversal in the left coronary artery was associated with the composite endpoint [Odds Ratio (OR) 31.5, P = 0.004], and for chest open > 3 days (OR 6.67, P = 0.0537). Coronary Doppler flow patterns were similar by TEE and epicardial echo. The tissue Doppler parameters showed an early post-op decrease (P < 0.001 for all measures), with full recovery at follow-up in 31/37 cases.ConclusionIntra-operative evaluation of coronary artery flow patterns should be considered for patients undergoing the ASO.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT
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