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Showing 1 - 200 of 372 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 169, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 282, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 580, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 183, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.713, h-index: 57)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)

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Journal Cover Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery
  [SJR: 0.743]   [H-I: 35]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1569-9293 - ISSN (Online) 1569-9285
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [372 journals]
  • Erratum to ‘Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest or tepid regional
           cerebral perfusion: impact on haemodynamics and myocardial integrity in a
           randomized experimental trial’ [Interact CardioVasc Thorac Surg
    • Authors: Kellermann S; Janssen C, Münch F, et al.
      Abstract: The acknowledgement section in this article has been removed by error at proof stage. The missing section is reproduced below and is now included in the final printed version of the above article. The editorial office apologise for this unfortunate occurrence.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery – 2017 Reviewers
    • Abstract: On behalf of EACTS and EBCP, the Editor-in-Chief wishes to thank the following colleagues who have voluntarily given their valued time and effort to reviewing papers for ICVTS in 2017.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Spotlight on recently published EJCTS articles
    • PubDate: Tue, 27 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Corrigendum to ‘Sutureless prosthesis for failed small Mitroflow valves:
           the Perceval-after-Mitroflow procedure’ [Interact CardioVasc Thorac Surg
           2018; doi:10.1093/icvts/ivx434]
    • Authors: Chiariello G; Villa E, Messina A, et al.
      Abstract: Conflict of interest for Marco Cirillo has not been disclosed in the article published on Advance Access. Dr Cirillo is a clinical proctor for LivaNova. This will be corrected in the version of the article published in an issue.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Finding the forest through the trees in statistics: let the Statistical
           Primers in EJCTS/ICVTS guide you
    • Authors: Head S; Hickey G.
      Abstract: StatisticsResearchEducation
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Statistical primer: performing repeated-measures analysis†
    • Authors: Hickey G; Mokhles M, Chambers D, et al.
      Abstract: Longitudinal data arise when repeated measurements are taken on the same individuals over time. Inference about between-group differences of within-subject change is usually of interest. This statistical primer for cardiothoracic and vascular surgeons aims to provide a short and practical introduction of biostatistical methods on how to analyse repeated-measures data. Several methodological approaches for analysing repeated measures will be introduced, ranging from simple approaches to advanced regression modelling. Design considerations of studies involving repeated measures are discussed, and the methods are illustrated with a data set measuring coronary sinus potassium in dogs after occlusion. Cardiothoracic and vascular surgeons should be aware of the myriad approaches available to them for analysing repeated-measures data, including the relative merits and disadvantages of each. It is important to present effective graphical displays of the data and to avoid arbitrary cross-sectional statistical comparisons.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Corrigendum to: ‘Scaffold-free trachea regeneration by tissue
           engineering with bio-3D printing’ [Interact CardioVasc Thorac Surg
    • Authors: Taniguchi D; Matsumoto K, Tsuchiya T, et al.
      Abstract: The authors wish to apologize for the following omission in the first published version: Co-author Koichi Nakayama (KN) is a co-founder and a shareholder of Cyfuse. Cyfuse is a manufacturer of Regenova. This information has now been included in a conflict of interest statement.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for cardiogenic shock due to alcoholic
           cardiomyopathy: a long-term follow-up of 4 cases
    • Authors: Valance D; Bouchet B, Brulliard C, et al.
      Abstract: Even though alcoholism is a major health concern, alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a little-known pathology. The exact prevalence remains elusive (20–40% of dilated cardiomyopathy). However, it can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy, heart failure and refractory cardiogenic shock. The literature on cardiogenic shock in alcoholic cardiomyopathy is limited. We report 4 cases of patients with refractory cardiogenic shock due to heavy alcohol consumption, who were treated with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The evolution was favourable with recovery in 3 patients and the need for heart transplantation in 1 patient. After 3–5 years, all patients are alive, 2 of 4 are sober, all of them are on cardiac follow-up and none of them have presented with a cardiac relapse.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Mortality and timing of surgery in the left-sided infective endocarditis:
           an Italian multicentre study
    • Authors: Cecchi E; Ciccone G, Chirillo F, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESObservational studies on early surgery in infective endocarditis have conflicting results. This study aims to compare the treatment strategies for early surgery (within 2 weeks of diagnosis) and late surgery/medical therapy in terms of survival among patients with the left-sided infective endocarditis.METHODSThis study included patients with the left-sided infective endocarditis registered between 2006 and 2010 in the Italian Registry of Infective Endocarditis (RIEI). A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the effect of these treatment strategies on overall survival and included sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with treatment, risk factors for mortality and early surgery as a time-dependent covariate to avoid indication and immortal time biases.RESULTSAmong the 502 patients included, 184 (36.7%) underwent early surgery. Of the remaining 318 patients, 138 underwent late surgery. The early surgery group had fewer patients with comorbidities and with enterococcus as the causative microorganism, but this group had more complicated cardiac conditions. No difference in mortality risk was estimated between the treatment groups including early surgery as time-dependent variables (adjusted hazard ratio  = 0.95, 95% confidence interval 0.55–1.63), while a distorted and overestimated beneficial effect of surgery was estimated considering surgery as a non-time-dependent variable (adjusted hazard ratio 0.41, 95% confidence interval 0.25–0.70).CONCLUSIONSOur study did not confirm a better overall survival in patients undergoing early surgery. However, even with the use of statistical techniques to control biases, we could not draw definitive conclusions that early surgery is not beneficial. Our results need to be assessed by randomized trials before any changes in clinical practice can be recommended.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Early and late results of surgical treatment for isolated active native
           mitral valve infective endocarditis†
    • Authors: Tomšič A; Versteegh M, Ajmone Marsan N, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESNative mitral valve infective endocarditis (IE) is a complicated disease with high mortality and morbidity rates. Mitral valve repair (MVRep) is feasible when limited valve destruction is present. However, recurrent valve dysfunction and reintervention are common.METHODSBetween January 2000 and March 2016, 83 patients underwent surgery for isolated active native mitral valve IE. We applied an early surgery, MVRep-oriented approach with progressive utilization of patch techniques to secure a durable repair; MVRep was attempted in 67% of patients. Fifty-one (61%) patients underwent MVRep (including full-ring annuloplasty in 94%) and 32 (39%) patients underwent mitral valve replacement.RESULTSEarly mortality was 13%. No cases of early recurrent IE occurred. Predischarge echocardiography demonstrated good MVRep function in all, except 1 patient with residual (Grade 2+) regurgitation. The mean duration of follow-up was 3.7 years (interquartile range 1.5–8.4). For hospital survivors, 8-year overall survival rates were 92.4% (95% confidence interval 84.0–100%) and 74.2% (95% confidence interval 53.8–94.6%) for the MVRep and mitral valve replacement groups, respectively. Propensity score-adjusted Cox regression analysis revealed no significant difference in survival between the 2 groups (hazard ratio 0.359, 95% confidence interval 0.107–1.200; P = 0.096). Four reinterventions occurred, 2 in each group. Echocardiographic follow-up demonstrated excellent MVRep durability; no cases of mitral regurgitation and 1 case of mitral valve stenosis were seen.CONCLUSIONSNative mitral valve IE is linked to high mortality and morbidity rates. A durable MVRep is feasible in most patients and provides excellent mid-term durability. Mitral valve replacement is a reasonable alternative when a durable repair is not likely.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • A prediction score for significant coronary artery disease in Chinese
           patients ≥50 years old referred for rheumatic valvular heart disease
    • Authors: Xu Z; Pan J, Chen T, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESOur goal was to establish a prediction score and protocol for the preoperative prediction of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with rheumatic valvular heart disease.METHODSUsing multivariate logistic regression analysis, we validated the model based on 490 patients without a history of myocardial infarction and who underwent preoperative screening coronary angiography. Significant CAD was defined as ≥50% narrowing of the diameter of the lumen of the left main coronary artery or ≥70% narrowing of the diameter of the lumen of the left anterior descending coronary artery, left circumflex artery or right coronary artery.RESULTSSignificant CAD was present in 9.8% of patients. Age, smoking, diabetes mellitus, diastolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and ischaemia evident on an electrocardiogram were independently associated with significant CAD and were entered into the multivariate model. According to the logistic regression predictive risk score, preoperative coronary angiography is recommended in (i) postmenopausal women between 50 and 59 years of age with ≥9.1% logistic regression predictive risk score; (ii) postmenopausal women who are ≥60 years old with a logistic regression predictive risk score ≥6.6% and (iii) men ≥50 years old whose logistic regression predictive risk score was ≥2.8%. Based on this predictive model, 246 (50.2%) preoperative coronary angiograms could be safely avoided. The negative predictive value of the model was 98.8% (246 of 249).CONCLUSIONSThis model was accurate for the preoperative prediction of significant CAD in patients with rheumatic valvular heart disease. This model must be validated in larger cohorts and various populations.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Long-term survival after complete resection of non-small-cell lung cancer
           in patients with interstitial lung disease
    • Authors: Sekihara K; Aokage K, Oki T, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESPatients with lung cancer and interstitial lung disease (ILD), usual interstitial pneumonia in particular, are known to have a poor outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of ILD in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer.METHODSA total of 2054 consecutive patients underwent complete resection of Stage IA–IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer in our institution between January 2002 and March 2013. The presence of ILD was diagnosed and categorized based on high-resolution computed tomography images. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the prognostic factors.RESULTSThere were 106 (5%) patients with ILD. There were significantly more patients who developed severe complications (P < 0.01) in the ILD group, with 4 (4%) patients developing acute exacerbation. Although the difference in postoperative mortality rate was marginal between the groups (P = 0.07), the 5-year overall survival and cancer-specific survival rates of the ILD patients were significantly worse than those of the non-ILD group (overall survival: 40.4% vs 72.0%, P < 0.01; cancer-specific survival 55.4% vs 78.6%, P < 0.01). The results of multivariate analysis showed that coexistence of ILD (hazard ratio 1.45; P = 0.01) was an independent, unfavourable prognostic factor.CONCLUSIONSThe presence of ILD led to a much poorer survival after complete resection of non-small-cell lung cancer.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest or tepid regional cerebral perfusion:
           impact on haemodynamics and myocardial integrity in a randomized
           experimental trial
    • Authors: Kellermann S; Janssen C, Münch F, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESOrgan protective management during aortic arch surgery comprises deep hypothermic (18°C) circulatory arrest (DHCA), or moderate hypothermia (28°C/ ‘tepid’) with regional cerebral perfusion (TRCP). The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the effect of distinct organ protective management on hemodynamic performance and myocardial integrity.METHODSTen male piglets were randomized to group DHCA (n = 5) or TRCP (n = 5) group and operated on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with 60 min of aortic cross-clamping. Blood gas analysis was performed throughout the experiment. Haemodynamic assessment was performed using a thermodilution technique before and after CPB. Myocardial biopsies were taken 2 h after CPB and evaluated using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate–biotin nick-end labelling assay and western blot analysis.RESULTSAt reperfusion, levels of central venous saturation were significantly higher (P = 0.016) and levels of lactate significantly lower (P = 0.029) in the DHCA group. After CPB, thermodilution measurements revealed higher stroke volume and lower peripheral resistance in the TRCP group (P = 0.012 and 0.037). At the end of the experiment, no significant differences regarding laboratory and haemodynamic parameters were evident. All specimens showed enrichment of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate–biotin nick-end labelling-positive cells exclusively at the left ventricular subendocardium with no difference between groups and equal concentrations of cyclo-oxygenase-2.CONCLUSIONSTRCP is associated with decreased peripheral resistance and higher stroke volume immediately after CPB. However, this beneficial effect is contrasted by signs of lower body hypoperfusion, which is expressed by lower central venous saturations and higher lactate levels. Distinct strategies of organ protection did not seem to affect apoptotic/necrotic and inflammatory changes in the left ventricular myocardium.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Medical treatment for acute Type A aortic dissection
    • Authors: Ozaki N; Yuji D, Sato M, et al.
      Abstract: Six patients with acute Type A aortic dissection were medically treated due to advanced age, patient refusal and comorbidity despite surgical indication. Computed tomography after onset revealed a thrombosed false lumen in 3 patients and a patent false lumen with flap in 3 patients. All patients were stable during admission except 1 patient who presented with shock. After admission, treatment including strict control of systolic blood pressure was started according to a predetermined treatment strategy. All patients had no significant complications during hospitalization. All patients survived and returned to their usual activities. Medical treatment for stable elderly patients is a possible therapeutic option for acute Type A aortic dissection.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Right ventricular papillary muscle approximation for functional tricuspid
           regurgitation associated with severe leaflet tethering†
    • Authors: Matsumiya G; Kohno H, Matsuura K, et al.
      Abstract: Recurrent tricuspid regurgitation (TR) can occur after tricuspid annuloplasty if severe leaflet tethering persists. To reduce the tethering, we applied right ventricular papillary muscle approximation in 7 patients with severe functional TR associated with significant leaflet tethering. Postoperative echocardiogram revealed mild or less TR and a significant reduction in the tethering effect. In conclusion, this adjunctive technique can improve functional TR associated with leaflet tethering.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • A life-threatening infection due to Corynebacterium striatum: a lesson
    • Authors: Masuda H; Masai T, Takatani M, et al.
      Abstract: Because the genus Corynebacterium colonize the human skin, detection of Corynebacterium striatum in a sterile blood specimen is sometimes considered as contamination. An 80-year-old man who underwent cardiovascular operation presented with high-grade fever postoperatively. Corynebacterium striatum was detected in the blood and wound exudate, and the patient was diagnosed with mediastinitis due to Corynebacterium striatum. One month earlier, a patient with similar symptoms due to C. striatum-related mediastinitis died in our care. The Corynebacterium striatum isolates from both patients had identical biochemical and genetic characteristics, suggesting that Corynebacterium striatum was acquired nosocomially. We have learnt a lesson from this negative experience: early diagnosis of Corynebacterium striatum-related infection and early administration of glycopeptide antibiotics could have saved this patient. It is notable that C. striatum can cause life-threatening infection after cardiovascular operation.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Surgery for metachronous second primary lung cancer versus surgery for
           primary lung cancer: a propensity score-matched comparison of
           postoperative complications and survival outcomes
    • Authors: Muranishi Y; Sonobe M, Hamaji M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESSurgical treatments for metachronous second primary lung cancer (MSPLC) may be increasing. It was thought that surgery for MSPLC is associated with high mortality and morbidity. However, recent diffusion of minimally invasive surgical procedures may improve the safety of surgery for MSPLC. The aim of this study was to clarify the safety and prognosis of surgery for MSPLC compared with that for primary lung cancer (PLC).METHODSWe reviewed medical records of 1340 patients who underwent pulmonary resection for non-small-cell lung cancer between 2006 and 2013. We identified patients with PLC and those with MSPLC, and surgical parameters and survival outcome were compared. To eliminate selection bias between the MSPLC group and the PLC group, propensity score-matched analysis on the basis of clinicopathological factors was performed.RESULTSFifty-three patients underwent resection for MSPLC. Propensity score matching identified 50 patients from each treatment group. Of the 50 MSPLC patients, 41 (82.0%) underwent segmentectomy or wedge resection, 44 (82.0%) had clinical Stage I tumour and 36 (72.0%) received resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery approach. Postoperative complications with a severity of Grade II or more occurred in 11 (22.0%) patients. The incidence of postoperative complications in the MSPLC group was not different from that of the PLC group (P = 0.4894). The 5-year overall survival rates were 68.7% and 83.0% in the PLC and the MSPLC groups, respectively. There was no significant difference between the PLC and the MSPLC groups in terms of overall survival (P = 0.2018, log-rank test).CONCLUSIONSPulmonary resection for MSPLC was safely performed with low short-term morbidity similar to that of PLC, and its long-term overall survival was acceptable.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Does high body mass index have any impact on survival of patients
           undergoing oesophagectomy for oesophageal cancer'
    • Authors: Deng H; Qin C, Qiu X, et al.
      Abstract: A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was ‘Does high body mass index (BMI) have any impact on survival of patients undergoing oesophagectomy for oesophageal cancer'’ A total of 232 papers were found using the reported search, of which 8 papers represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question, which included 1 meta-analysis and 7 cohort studies. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. One meta-analysis and 4 cohort studies provided the evidence that high BMI was significantly correlated with a better survival of oesophageal cancer patients undergoing oesophagectomy, while the other 3 cohort studies found that high BMI had no impact on the survival of those patients. We conclude that patients with high BMI may have a better prognosis than those with normal BMI undergoing oesophagectomy for oesophageal cancer.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Percutaneous increase of mitral leaflet coaptation length after mitral
           valve repair: results from a preclinical study†
    • Authors: Tozzi P; Siniscalchi G, Ferrari E, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe failure of mitral repairs can be the result of inadequate leaflet coaptation length (CL< 8 mm at the A2-P2 level). A new annuloplasty ring conceived by the authors enables post-surgical CL increase using percutaneous balloon catheter technology. We conducted preclinical studies to assess the in vivo feasibility of the procedure and the safety of the postimplant deformable mitral ring.METHODSThe new annuloplasty ring allows the percutaneous and progressive displacement of each of the 3 anatomical regions of the posterior mitral annulus towards the anterior. Displacement is permanent and induced by an angioplasty balloon catheter inserted in a line connecting the ring to the subcutaneous tissue. Under general anaesthesia and cardiopulmonary bypass, healthy adult sheep had mitral annuloplasty. The device was implanted using the interrupted suture technique. The connection line exited the left atrium and reached the skin. Epicardial echocardiography allowed assessment of valve competence, leaflet CL, the mitral valve area and the mitral valve gradient. The mandrel was removed, and the dedicated catheter balloon was inserted into the connection line. The balloon was inflated in the P2 position under fluoroscopic control, and epicardial echocardiography was used to assess the functional parameters of the valve. One month later, the balloon was inserted again through the connection line; the P1 and P3 areas were deformed to increase CL. Valve parameters were measured again using transthoracic echocardiography. After 6 months, transthoracic echocardiography was used to assess the functional parameters of the valve. The sheep were sacrificed and autopsied.RESULTSTen adult sheep survived the procedure. A 30-mm ring was implanted in all the sheep, and the 6-month follow-up was uneventful for all of them. The CL increased by 100% (4.2 ± 2 mm–8.5 ± 2 mm, P < 0.001); the transmitral gradient increased from 2 ± 0.5 mmHg to 4 ± 0.5 mmHg (P < 0.001) and the effective orifice area decreased from 4.5 ± 0.6 cm2 to 3.5 ± 0.6 cm2 (30% reduction, P < 0.001).CONCLUSIONSThe device safely enabled a significant improvement of leaflet CL after mitral annuloplasty with an angioplasty-like technique, and the improvement was stable over time. The reshaping of the mitral annulus provided by this technology should benefit all patients having mitral repairs. The future of mitral regurgitation treatment is towards surgical correction followed by late, iterative, percutaneous adjustments of mitral leaflets coaptation.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Ventricular arrhythmia solved by surgical correction of pectus excavatum
    • Authors: Pimenta J; Vieira A, Henriques-Coelho T.
      Abstract: Pectus excavatum is generally considered a benign problem with a wide spectrum of impact in body image. Some articles had highlighted that this deformity can be associated with important clinical problems. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with a severe pectus excavatum associated with palpitations who was diagnosed with polymorphic ventricular arrhythmia. The arrhythmia was resolved after minimally invasive surgical correction of the pectus excavatum.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • The impact of coronary anomalies on the outcome in aortic valve surgery:
           comparison of bicuspid aortic valve versus tricuspid aortic valve
    • Authors: Naito S; Petersen J, Reichenspurner H, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe association of anomalous anatomy of coronary arteries and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has been sporadically reported. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary anomalies between BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) and to analyse their impact on major adverse cardiac events during and after aortic valve surgery.METHODSA total of 1099 consecutive patients who received preoperative coronary evaluation and elective aortic valve replacement/repair between January 2013 and July 2016 at our institution were involved. Based on surgical inspection at the open-heart surgery, a total of 345 (32%) patients were diagnosed with BAV, whereas the remaining 754 (68%) patients had TAV. Coronary anatomy was evaluated by preoperative coronary angiography (n = 1084) or multislice computed tomography (n = 15). The primary end-point was the prevalence of coronary anomalies in BAV versus TAV cohort. Secondary end-points included postoperative cardiac ischaemia markers, postoperative coronary artery imaging or interventions and hospital mortality.RESULTSA total of 46 (4%) coronary anomalies were detected and were significantly more frequent in the BAV group (7% vs 3%, P = 0.001). Postoperative markers of myocardial injury (creatine kinase/creatine kinase-MB and troponin) were increased and the need for postoperative coronary angiography/percutaneous coronary intervention was significantly higher in patients with coronary anomalies (12% vs 1%, P < 0.001).CONCLUSIONSOur study revealed significantly increased prevalence of coronary anomalies in BAV patients when compared with their tricuspid counterparts. Patients with diagnosed coronary anomalies had more postoperative ischaemic cardiac events that resulted in increased morbidity of this cohort.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Tracheal surgery in children: outcome of a 12-year survey
    • Authors: Arcieri L; Pak V, Poli V, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESDespite the fact that team management has improved the results in recent years, perioperative deaths and complications remain high in paediatric tracheal surgery. We reviewed our institutional experience by comparing our results with those in the literature.METHODSBetween 2005 and 2017, 30 children underwent surgery for tracheal disease. Fifteen were boys and fifteen were girls (50% vs 50%). The median age at operation was 7 months (15 days–9.6 years), and the median weight was 5.2 kg (2.8–34 kg). Congenital tracheal stenosis was diagnosed in 25 children (83.3%), and 5 (16.7%) had acquired lesions. The mean internal diameter in congenital tracheal stenosis was 1.5 mm, with complete tracheal rings present in all patients. Associated malformations were bronchopulmonary in 11 cases (36.7%) and cardiovascular in 16 (53.3%).RESULTSNo in-hospital deaths occurred in our data set. Overall mortality was 4 of 30 cases (13.3%). Twenty-four endoscopic reinterventions were required in 19 children (63%) and consisted of stent positioning in 13 (43.3%), balloon dilatation in 5 (16.7%), granulation removal in 4 (13.3%) and tracheostomy in 2 (6.7%). Of the survivors (26 of 30, 86.7%), 11 children (42.3%) did not require further examination on adequate tracheal diameter for age and absence of symptoms after a median follow-up period of 3.5 years.CONCLUSIONSThe result of paediatric tracheal surgery depends on several factors. The number of cases treated at a particular centre is an important one, but our experience, although limited, can be compared with that at centres with a higher volume of cases. We emphasize the need for applying a multidisciplinary approach to master the surgical command of different reconstructive tracheal procedures, to manage associated defects, particularly cardiovascular defects, and to manage complications under endoscopic guidance. These can be considered the mainstays of building a successful tracheal programme.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging detects early brain injury after hypothermic
           circulatory arrest in pigs
    • Authors: Wang R; Weng G, Yu S, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESCerebral injury is a complication of surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). This study aimed to evaluate diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the early detection of brain injury after DHCA in an animal model.METHODSTwelve healthy, adult, male miniature pigs were randomly divided into the DHCA (to receive DHCA; n = 6) and the control (sham surgery under anaesthesia; n = 6) groups. All animals received DWI, T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and T2WI the day before surgery, 7 h postoperatively and 24 h postoperatively. Histopathological evaluation of the brain tissues was performed in the DHCA group using the Fluoro-Jade C staining to detect neuronal degeneration, the Nissl staining to show neuronal morphology and the TUNEL assay for apoptosis. The Cohen’s kappa coefficient was used to compare the results of DWI with those of the histopathological evaluation.RESULTSAll animals survived surgery. In the control group, no new focal brain lesions were detected by postoperative DWI, T1WI or T2WI. In the DHCA group, new focal brain lesions were detected as early as 7 h postoperatively by DWI but not T1WI or T2WI. All three imaging sequences revealed abnormalities 24 h after surgery. In sections from areas showing abnormalities on DWI, the Fluoro-Jade C staining detected neuronal degeneration, the Nissl staining showed morphological abnormalities and the TUNEL assay demonstrated apoptotic cells. The Cohen’s kappa statistics showed agreement between DWI findings and the results of all 3 histopathological examinations (TUNEL: kappa = 0.553; Nissl: kappa = 0.652; Fluoro-Jade C: kappa = 0.778; all P < 0.001).CONCLUSIONSDWI is superior to T1WI or T2WI for the early detection of neurological lesions after DHCA in pigs.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of differential pulmonary perfusion using 99mTc macroaggregated
           albumin after the Fontan procedure
    • Authors: Talwar S; Sankhyan L, Patel C, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe Fontan procedure [total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC)] is the final palliation for patients with univentricular physiology. We studied differential perfusion ratio and percentage uptake of a radiotracer in different zones of each lung following TCPC.METHODSBetween July 2015 and June 2017, 45 patients underwent 99mTc macroaggregated albumin lung perfusion scan at a mean follow-up period of 49.3 ± SD 26.1 days following TCPC. Differential perfusion ratio and percentage uptake of the radiotracer in the upper, middle and lower zones of each lung were calculated.RESULTSPost-foot injection [inferior vena cava (IVC) injection], preferential flow to the lungs was as follows: left lung (n = 13, 30.2%), right lung (n = 13, 30.2%) and uniformly to both lungs (n= 17, 39.6%). Post-arm injection [superior vena cava (SVC) injection], preferential flow to the lungs was as follows: left lung (n = 13, 30.2%), right lung (n = 22, 51.2%) and uniformly to both lungs (n= 8, 18.6%). The middle zone was perfused the most in both lungs. Total lower zone mean perfusion was higher than the upper zone following both SVC injection and IVC injection (34.1 ± SD 5.3% vs 17. ± SD 4.1% and 33 ± SD 5.0% vs 17.5 ± SD 4.1%, respectively). In patients with bilateral SVC, post-IVC injection, 6 (75%) patients had preferential flow to the right lung, whereas post-SVC injection, preferential flow to the left lung was visualized in 7 (87.5%) patients.CONCLUSIONSFollowing TCPC, IVC blood was distributed uniformly in both lungs. SVC blood preferentially perfused the right lung. The middle zone was perfused the most in both lungs.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • The use of ultrasound in detecting and defining ground-glass opacities:
           results of an ex vivo evaluation†
    • Authors: Fiorelli A; Messina G, Frongillo E, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESTo evaluate the role of ultrasound in detecting and defining ground-glass opacities (GGOs) in surgical specimens of patients undergoing thoracoscopic diagnostic resection.METHODSWe performed an observational single-centre study of all consecutive patients undergoing thoracoscopic diagnostic resection of GGOs. In each patient, the specimen was scanned with ultrasound; then, a needle was inserted into the lesion to facilitate its detection by the pathologist. We evaluated the rate of detection with ultrasound, compared the size and depth measurements of the lesions as determined from ultrasound scans with those from the histological specimens and correlated the ultrasound findings with the histological subtypes of adenocarcinomas.RESULTSWe reviewed 17 tissue samples. The final diagnoses were 1 (6%) atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, 5 (29%) adenocarcinomas in situ, 4 (24%) minimally invasive adenocarcinomas and 7 (41%) invasive adenocarcinomas. All tumours were successfully identified using ultrasound. The size (P = 0.87) and depth (P = 0.25) of the lesions measured with ultrasound did not significantly differ from the measurements obtained from the histological specimens. In addition, ultrasound size (r = 0.945; P < 0.0001) and depth (r = 0.588; P = 0.013) were significantly correlated with the pathological measurements. All lesions with hyperechoic findings (n = 6) were pure GGOs, whereas lesions with mixed echoic (n = 11) patterns were mixed GGOs. We were unable to differentiate the histological subtypes of adenocarcinomas using the ultrasound scans.CONCLUSIONSDetection of GGOs on ultrasound scans is feasible, but differentiation of the histological subtypes of adenocarcinomas is not possible. The next step is to evaluate the intraoperative reproducibility of our results.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Outcome reporting for surgical treatment of degenerative mitral valve
           disease: a systematic review and critical appraisal
    • Authors: Tomšič A; Arabkhani B, Schoones J, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESStandardized outcome reporting is of critical importance for performance monitoring, improvement of existing techniques and introduction of novel technologies. Whether outcome reporting for surgical treatment of degenerative mitral valve disease complies with the guidelines has not been assessed to date.METHODSA systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library was conducted for articles published between 1 January 2009 and 7 March 2016. Inclusion criteria were adult patient population (n ≥ 200) and surgical intervention for degenerative mitral valve disease. The quality of reported outcome was compared with the standard recommended by the guidelines on reporting morbidity and mortality after cardiac valve interventions.RESULTSForty-two non-randomized clinical studies were included: 4 provided early and 38 provided early and late outcome data. Early echocardiographic outcome was reported in 49% of studies. Freedom from reintervention, the indication for reintervention and the follow-up echocardiographic outcome were reported in 97%, 59% and 79% of studies providing late outcome data, respectively. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to assess the freedom from recurrent mitral regurgitation in 60% (18/30) of studies, whereas 7% (2/30) of studies applied a longitudinal data analysis. Recurrent mitral regurgitation was most commonly defined as moderate (Grade 2+; 60%) or severe (Grade 4+; 37%) regurgitation.CONCLUSIONSThere is a significant discordance between the guidelines-based recommendations and actual reporting of outcome for surgical treatment of degenerative mitral valve disease. Better adherence to the guidelines would raise the quality and generalizability of clinical data reporting.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass surgery: is there
           an increase in bleeding risk' A meta-analysis
    • Authors: Zhao Y; Peng H, Li X, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThere is increasing evidence that dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) when compared with single antiplatelet therapy may improve venous graft patency after coronary artery bypass graft. However, it is not yet known whether postoperative administration of DAPT may increase the potential risk of bleeding, especially in the early postoperative period.METHODSWe searched studies on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Relative risk (RR) was pooled with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for dichotomous data. Prior subgroup analyses were performed to look for potential heterogeneity.RESULTSThirteen studies involving 23 591 participants were included. Our meta-analysis showed that DAPT does not increase the risk of major bleeding (randomized controlled trials group: RR = 1.28, 95% CI 0.95–1.71; cohort studies group: RR = 0.99, 95% CI 0.66–1.51) and minor bleeding (randomized controlled trials group: RR = 1.15, 95% CI 0.73–1.81; cohort studies group: RR = 0.84, 95% CI 0.37–1.93) when compared with single antiplatelet therapy. Meanwhile, DAPT does not increase the incidence of major bleeding events during hospitalization (randomized controlled trials group: RR = 1.27, 95% CI 0.91–1.78; cohort studies group: RR = 0.50, 95% CI 0.12–2.09). Sensitivity analyses showed that our results are stable, and there was no evidence of publication bias. CONCLUSIONSDAPT does not increase the risk of major bleeding and minor bleeding when compared with single antiplatelet therapy. Postoperative administration of DAPT is considered to be safe in patients after coronary artery bypass graft, even in the early postoperative period.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Impact of body mass index on outcomes following mitral surgery: does an
           obesity paradox exist'†
    • Authors: Rapetto F; Bruno V, King M, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThis study was conducted to clarify the relationship between body mass index and mitral valve (MV) surgery and to determine whether an ‘obesity paradox’ exists in the context of surgery for degenerative MV disease.METHODSIn this retrospective single-centre study, we analysed data from 715 patients who underwent mitral surgery for degenerative disease from 2000 to 2015. Patients were classified according to body mass index: underweight (<20 kg/m2), normal weight (20–24.99 kg/m2), overweight (25–29.99 kg/m2) and obese (≥30 kg/m2). Early and long-term results were investigated. Multivariable analysis was conducted to identify risk factors for long-term mortality.RESULTSMean follow-up was 67 ± 44 months (range 0–190 months). There were no differences between groups regarding 30-day mortality (P = 0.35), stroke (P = 0.45), reoperation for bleeding (P = 0.9) and length of hospital stay (P = 0.31). Obese patients were at increased risk of acute kidney injury when compared with normal weight patients (17% vs 5%; P = 0.03) but not when compared with the other groups; this was confirmed within the subgroup with depressed ejection fraction (42% vs 10%, P = 0.02). No differences in long-term survival were found across groups for all patients (P = 0.62) and for patients with depressed ejection fraction (P = 0.6), with a trend towards worse survival in obese patients undergoing MV repair (P = 0.06). Survival in obese patients undergoing repair was significantly worse than that in obese patients undergoing replacement (P = 0.04).CONCLUSIONSAn ‘obesity paradox’ was not demonstrated after surgery for degenerative MV disease. Obese patients are more prone to acute kidney injury and have worse late survival after MV repair.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Perceval Less Invasive Aortic Replacement Register: multicentric Spanish
           experience with the Perceval S bioprosthesis in moderate–high-risk
           aortic surgery
    • Authors: Berastegui García E; Camara Rosell M, Estevez Cid F, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe development of new percutaneous and surgical techniques has reduced the risk associated with aortic valve replacement procedures. We present the results of a Spanish register after initiating a programme for sutureless prostheses in moderate–high-risk patients.METHODSThis prospective multicentre study was carried out from November 2013 to November 2016. Data were obtained from 448 patients in whom a Perceval S prosthesis was implanted.RESULTSThe mean age was 79.24 (standard deviation [SD] 4.1) years, and 61.2% were women. The estimated EuroSCORE I log risk was 11.15% (SD 7.6), with an observed mortality of 4.4% (20 patients). Isolated aortic valve replacement was performed on 69.26% of patients, with 64% involving ministernotomy. The incidence of neurological events was 2%, with 2 permanent cerebrovascular accidents, and 41 (9.2%) patients were implanted with a permanent endocavitary pacemaker. At discharge, 12 (2.6%) patients presented minimal periprosthetic leakage, and 4 (0.89%) patients had moderate leakage. There were 3 reinterventions during follow-up (2 endocarditis and 1 dysfunction due to periprosthetic leak progression). The mean gradient at discharge, 6 months and 1 year was 12.94 (SD 5.3) mmHg, 12.19 (SD 4.7) mmHg and 11.77 (SD 4.7) mmHg, respectively; 59.4% of the patients were octogenarians, with a survival rate of 98% at both 6 months and 1 year at discharge. There was neither valve migration nor early structural degeneration. The mean follow-up was 12 ± 3 months. The 6-month and 1-year mortality was 1.4% and 2.1%, respectively.CONCLUSIONSThis is a prospective multicentric study on the largest cohort of patients with sutureless valves conducted in Spain to date. It is a reproducible procedure that has enabled surgery on patients with a moderate–high risk with low morbidity and mortality, providing good haemodynamic results.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Contemporary incidence of stroke (focal infarct and/or haemorrhage)
           determined by neuroimaging and neurodevelopmental disability at 12 months
           of age in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery utilizing cardiopulmonary
    • Authors: Verrall C; Walker K, Loughran-Fowlds A, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESWhen evaluated prospectively, acute brain injury is reported in up to 75% of neonates undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), predominantly white matter injury rather than stroke. This study investigates the incidence of stroke (focal infarct and/or haemorrhage) detected by neuroimaging in contemporary clinical practice, whereby magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography routinely occurs in response to clinical events, comparing those undergoing the Norwood procedure with those undergoing other neonatal procedures involving CPB, and defines the relationship between stroke and neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) at 12 months of age.METHODSOne hundred and twenty neonates underwent CPB between July 2011 and December 2014: 25 Norwood procedures and 95 non-Norwood procedures. Data were retrospectively collected including clinical data and 12-month neurodevelopmental assessment using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (BSID-III).RESULTSStroke was detected in 12% of neonates in current clinical practice: 24% of the Norwood group vs 8% of the non-Norwood group (P = 0.03). Significant predictors of stroke in the univariate analysis included the Norwood procedure, lowest operative temperature and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (P < 0.05). The lowest operative temperature and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation remained significant in the multivariate analysis (P < 0.05). Fifty-seven percent were assessed using the BSID-III assessment, and 68% demonstrated NDD in at least 1 subscale. In neonates who suffered stroke, the incidence of NDD was significantly greater in 4/5 subscales compared with those with no injury (P < 0.05). The Norwood group had a significantly greater incidence of NDD in 2/5 subscales when compared with the non-Norwood group (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONSStroke, established by neuroimaging in contemporary clinical practice, was detected in 12% of neonates having CPB, and those undergoing the Norwood procedure have a 3-fold risk of injury. Stroke was associated with NDD at 12 months of age.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • A rabbit model of progressive chronic right ventricular pressure overload
    • Authors: Roldan Ramos S; Pieles G, Hui W, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESRight ventricular (RV) failure from increased pressure loading is a frequent consequence of acquired and congenital heart diseases. However, the mechanisms involved in their pathophysiology are still unclear, and few data exist on RV pressure-loading models and early versus late effects on RV and left ventricular responses. We characterized a rabbit model of chronic RV pressure overload and early–late effects on biventricular function.METHODSTwenty-one New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into 3 groups: (i) sham, (ii) pulmonary artery (PA) banding (PAB) for 3 weeks (PAB3W) and (iii) PAB for 6 weeks (PAB6W). Progressive RV pressure overload was created by serial band inflation using an adjustable device. Molecular, echocardiographic and haemodynamic studies were performed.RESULTSRV pressure overload was achieved with clinical manifestations of RV failure. Heart and liver weights were significantly higher after PAB. PAB-induced echocardiographic ventricular remodelling increased wall thickness and stress and ventricular dilation. Cardiac output (ml/min) (sham 172.4 ± 42.86 vs PAB3W 103.1 ± 23.14 vs PAB6W 144 ± 60.9, P = 0.0027) and systolic and diastolic functions decreased; with increased RV end-systolic and end-diastolic pressures (mmHg) (sham 1.6 ± 0.66 vs PAB3W 3.9 ± 1.8 vs PAB6W 5.2 ± 2.2, P = 0.0103), despite increased contractility [end-systolic pressure–volume relationship (mmHg/ml), sham 3.76 ± 1.76 vs PAB3W 12.21 ± 3.44 vs PAB6W 19.4 ± 6.88, P < 0.0001]. Functional parameters further worsened after PAB6W versus PAB3W. LV contractility increased in both the PAB groups, despite worsening of other invasive measures of systolic and diastolic functions.CONCLUSIONSWe describe a novel, unique model of chronic RV pressure overload leading to early biventricular dysfunction and fibrosis with further progression at 6 weeks. These findings can aid in guiding management.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Robotic pericardial patch repair of the bronchus intermedius after
           bronchogenic cyst removal†
    • Authors: Tan G; Ooi W, Law R, et al.
      Abstract: Bronchogenic cysts are often asymptomatic mediastinal masses that are usually diagnosed as incidental findings. Surgical resection can be performed with robotic surgery, and if repair of the airway is needed, this can be achieved by direct closure or by applying a pericardial patch. We present a case of a 45-year-old woman diagnosed with a mass in the visceral mediastinum. She had undergone resection adopting a 4-armed, completely portal robotic technique. However, the removal of the cyst had led to a large tear in the bronchus intermedius. The bronchus was then repaired with a 2.4-cm-long pericardial patch sutured with the V-lock sutures. The entire procedure was performed in a total span of 189 min, and the patient was discharged on postoperative Day 2. The robotic platform, with articulated instruments, allowed complex suturing while conversion was not required. To our knowledge, the robotic surgery has not been applied in bronchial repairs by pericardial patches, and this case is the first of its kind.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Mitral valve repair in Barlow’s disease with bileaflet prolapse: the
           effect of annular stabilization on functional mitral valve leaflet
    • Authors: Tomšič A; Hiemstra Y, Bissessar D, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESBarlow’s disease is the most severe form of degenerative mitral valve disease, commonly characterized by bileaflet prolapse. Abnormal mitral annular dynamics is typically present and results in functional prolapse of the mitral leaflets that may be addressed with annular stabilization alone.METHODSBetween January 2001 and December 2015, 128 patients with Barlow’s disease and bileaflet prolapse underwent valve repair. This included anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL) repair in 70 patients, whereas 58 patients were identified as having functional prolapse and underwent no specific AMVL repair. During the course of the study, the proportion of patients undergoing specific AMVL repair decreased (77% in the first and 33% in the second 64 patients). Semirigid ring annuloplasty was performed in all cases. The median clinical and echocardiographic follow-up duration was 6.5 years [interquartile range (IQR) 2.9–10.5 years; 93.9% complete] and 4.7 years (IQR 2.2–10.2 years; 94.4% complete), respectively.RESULTSEarly mortality was 1.6%. Postoperative echocardiogram demonstrated no residual mitral regurgitation in all but 1 patient (AMVL repair group). There was no significant difference in the overall survival rate at 6 years after operation between both groups. At 6 years, the freedom from recurrent ≥Grade 2+ mitral regurgitation rate was 90.7% (IQR 82.9–98.5%) and 89.1% (IQR 75.8–100%) for patients with and patients with no AMVL repair, respectively (P = 0.43). Three patients required late mitral valve reintervention, all from the AMVL repair group.CONCLUSIONSAnnular stabilization can effectively resolve the functional prolapse of the AMVL. Careful discrimination between functional and true AMVL prolapse allows for a technically less challenging operation that provides excellent repair durability.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Computational fluid dynamics study of the end-side and sequential coronary
           artery bypass anastomoses in a native coronary occlusion model†
    • Authors: Matsuura K; Jin W, Liu H, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESThe objective of this study was to evaluate the haemodynamic patterns in each anastomosis fashion using a computational fluid dynamic study in a native coronary occlusion model.METHODSFluid dynamic computations were carried out with ANSYS CFX (ANSYS Inc., Canonsburg, PA, USA) software. The incision lengths for parallel and diamond anastomoses were fixed at 2 mm. Native vessels were set to be totally occluded. The diameter of both the native and graft vessels was set to be 2 mm. The inlet boundary condition was set by a sample of the transient time flow measurement which was measured intraoperatively.RESULTSThe diamond anastomosis was observed to reduce flow to the native outlet and increase flow to the bypass outlet; the opposite was observed in the parallel anastomosis. Total energy efficiency was higher in the diamond anastomosis than the parallel anastomosis. Wall shear stress was higher in the diamond anastomosis than in the parallel anastomosis; it was the highest at the top of the outlet. A high oscillatory shear index was observed at the bypass inlet in the parallel anastomosis and at the native inlet in the diamond anastomosis.CONCLUSIONSThe diamond sequential anastomosis would be an effective option for multiple sequential bypasses because of the better flow to the bypass outlet than with the parallel anastomosis. However, flow competition should be kept in mind while using the diamond anastomosis for moderately stenotic vessels because of worsened flow to the native outlet. Care should be taken to ensure that the fluid dynamics patterns are optimal and prevent future native and bypass vessel disease progression.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Off-label use of thoracic aortic endovascular stent grafts to simplify
           difficult resections and procedures in general thoracic surgery
    • Authors: Walgram T; Attigah N, Schwegler I, et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESTumour infiltration, or gross infectious involvement of the thoracic aortic wall, poses a significant intraoperative risk for fatal bleeding and therefore could compromise adequate resection or efficient surgical management of pleural infection in a considerable amount of cases. We present 3 successful cases of off-label thoracic aortic endografting to safeguard thoracic aortic wall integrity.METHODSAfter all patients received thoracic stent grafts through femoral access into the descending aorta, the first patient underwent a resection of a locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the left inferior lobe cT4cN0–1cM0 after neoadjuvant chemoradiation, which had infiltrated the descending aortic wall. The second case was video-assisted thoracoscopic bilateral pleural decortication for empyema with aortic ulcers of the distal thoracic aorta in a patient with pancreatic intrathoracic fistula in a necrotizing pancreatitis. The third patient was operated for a locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the left inferior lobe initial stage cT4 cN1–2 cM0 after neoadjuvant chemoradiation, which had broad contact to the descending aorta at the level of thoracic vertebrae 7 and 8 on a circumference of circa 180°. Regional ethics committee approval according the Swiss Federal Human Research Act was obtained according to regulations.RESULTSPreventive stent graft placement resulted in complication-free resection and significantly minimized the risk of fatal intraoperative bleeding. Patients were thus not exposed to complications associated with aortic cross-clamping, possible prosthetic replacement and extracorporeal circulation techniques.CONCLUSIONSIn carefully selected patient populations, the resection of locally advanced tumours or infectious processes involving the aortic wall can be facilitated by thoracic endovascular aortic repair prior to resection.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
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