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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 587, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Carcinogenesis
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.135
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0143-3334 - ISSN (Online) 1460-2180
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Glyphosate-based herbicides and cancer risk: a post-IARC decision review
           of potential mechanisms, policy and avenues of research
    • Authors: Davoren M; Schiestl R.
      Pages: 1207 - 1215
      Abstract: Since its initial sales in the 1970s, the herbicide glyphosate attained widespread use in modern agriculture, becoming the most commercially successful and widely used herbicide of all time as of 2016. Despite a primary mechanism that targets a pathway absent from animal cells and regulatory studies showing safety margins orders of magnitude better than many other, more directly toxic herbicides, the safety status of glyphosate has recently been brought into question by a slow accumulation of studies suggesting more subtle health risks, especially when considered in combination with the surfactants it is usually applied with. Current, official views of respected international regulatory and health bodies remain divided on glyphosate’s status as a human carcinogen, but the 2015 International Agency for Research on Cancer decision to reclassify the compound as Category 2A (probably carcinogenic to humans) marked a sea change in the scientific community’s consensus view. The goal of this review is to consider the state of science regarding glyphosate’s potential as a human carcinogen and genotoxin, with particular focus on studies suggesting mechanisms that would go largely undetected in traditional toxicology studies, such as microbiome disruption and endocrine mimicry at very low concentrations.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy105
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • rs401681 and rs402710 confer lung cancer susceptibility by regulating TERT
           expression instead of CLPTM1L in East Asian populations
    • Authors: Yang Y; Fu W, Zhang J, et al.
      Pages: 1216 - 1221
      Abstract: Lung cancer is a common cancer in human and has presented significant genetic predisposition. Previous genome-wide association study observed that rs401681 within CLPTM1L (CLPTM1 like) was significantly associated with lung cancer. By analyzing 1000 genomes data for East Asian, we identified only one SNP in nearby region, rs402710, in high linkage disequilibrium with rs401681, which was also associated with lung cancer. However, the real causal SNP and mechanism for the association were still not clear. The following plasmid construction, mutagenesis, transient transfection and luciferase reading indicated that both SNPs could regulate gene expression in lung/bronchial epithelium Beas-2B cell line. By chromosome conformation capture, it was identified that the segment containing these two SNPs could interact with TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) promoter, thus indicating that these SNPs confer lung cancer risk by regulating TERT expression instead of CLPTM1L. Through chromatin immunoprecipitation, the transcript factors HNF4A (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha) and MAF1 (MAF1 homolog, negative regulator of RNA polymerase III) were recognized for the regions spanning rs401681 and rs402710, respectively. Our results uncovered a complete link between these two SNPs and lung cancer.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy084
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Proteomic analysis of the OGT interactome: novel links to
           epithelial–mesenchymal transition and metastasis of cervical cancer
    • Authors: Gao J; Yang Y, Qiu R, et al.
      Pages: 1222 - 1234
      Abstract: The role of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) in gene regulation and tumor invasion is poorly understood. Here, we have identified several previously undiscovered OGT-interacting proteins, including the PRMT5/WDR77 complex, the PRC2 complex, the ten-eleven translocation (TET) family, the CRL4B complex and the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex. Genome-wide analysis of target genes responsive to OGT resulted in identification of a cohort of genes including SNAI1 and ING4 that are critically involved in cell epithelial–mesenchymal transition and invasion/metastasis. We have demonstrated that OGT promotes carcinogenesis and metastasis of cervical cancer cells. OGT’s expression is significantly upregulated in cervical cancer, and low OGT level is correlated with improved prognosis. Our study has thus revealed a mechanistic link between OGT and tumor progression, providing potential prognostic indicators and targets for cancer therapy.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy097
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Transcriptome profiling reveals an integrated mRNA–lncRNA signature with
           predictive value of early relapse in colon cancer
    • Authors: Dai W; Feng Y, Mo S, et al.
      Pages: 1235 - 1244
      Abstract: The purpose of our study was to develop a multigene signature based on transcriptome profiles of both mRNAs and lncRNAs to identify a group of patients who are at high risk of early relapse in stages II–III colon cancer. Firstly, propensity score matching was conducted between patients in early relapse group and long-term survival group from GSE39582 training series (N = 359) and patients were matched 1:1. Global transcriptome analysis was then performed between the paired groups to identify tumor specific mRNAs and lncRNAs. Finally, using LASSO Cox regression model, we built a multigene early relapse classifier incorporating 15 mRNAs and three lncRNAs. The prognostic and predictive accuracy of the signature was internally validated in 102 colon cancer patients and externally validated in other 241 patients. In the training set, patients with high risk score were more likely to suffer from relapse than those with low risk score (HR: 2.67, 95% CI: 2.07–3.46, P < 0.001). The results were validated in the internal validation set (HR: 2.23, 95% CI: 1.23–3.78, P = 0.003) and external validation (HR 1.88, 95% CI 1.42–2.48; P < 0.001) set. Time-dependent receiver operating curve at 1 year showed that the integrated mRNA–lncRNA signature [area under curve (AUC) = 0.742] had better prognostic accuracy than AJCC TNM stage (AUC = 0.615) in the entire 702 patients. In addition, survival decision curve analyses at 12 months revealed a good clinical usefulness of the integrated mRNA–lncRNA signature. In conclusion, we successfully developed an integrated mRNA–lncRNA signature that can accurately predict early relapse.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy087
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • cAMP regulated EPAC1 supports microvascular density, angiogenic and
           metastatic properties in a model of triple negative breast cancer
    • Authors: Kumar N; Prasad P, Jash E, et al.
      Pages: 1245 - 1253
      Abstract: Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC; HER2−, ER−/PR−) is an aggressive subtype prone to drug resistance and metastasis, which is characterized by high intratumor microvascular density (iMVD) resulting from angiogenesis. However, the mechanisms contributing to the aggressive phenotypes of TNBC remain elusive. We recently reported that down-regulation of exchange factor directly activated by cyclic AMP (cAMP), also known as EPAC1, leads to a reduction in metastatic properties including proliferation and cell migration in TNBC cell lines. Here, we report that EPAC1 supports TNBC-induced angiogenesis, tumor cell migration and invasiveness as well as pro-metastatic phenotypes in endothelial cells induced through the tumor secretome. Using an approach that integrates proteomics with bioinformatics and gene ontologies, we elucidate that EPAC1 supports a tumor-secreted network of angiogenic, cell adhesion and cell migratory pathways. Using confocal microscopy, we show that signaling molecules involved in focal adhesion, including Paxillin and MENA, are down-regulated in the absence of EPAC1, and electric cell substrate impedance sensing technique confirmed a role for EPAC1 on TNBC-induced endothelial cell permeability. Finally, to provide a translational bridge, we studied iMVD and therapy response using a primary human tumor explant assay, CANscriptTM, which suggests a link between therapy-modulated neovascularization and drug sensitivity. These data provide mechanistic insight into the role of EPAC1 in regulating the tumor microenvironment, iMVD and cancer cell-induced angiogenesis, a dynamic mechanism under drug pressure that may associate to treatment failure.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy090
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • MMP23B expression and protein levels in blood and urine are associated
           with bladder cancer
    • Authors: Allione A; Pardini B, Viberti C, et al.
      Pages: 1254 - 1263
      Abstract: Urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) represents a public health problem because of its high incidence/relapse rates. At present, there are no suitable biomarkers for early diagnosis or relapse/progression prognosis. To improve diagnostic accuracy and overcome the disadvantages of current diagnostic strategies, the detection of UBC biomarkers in easily accessible biofluids, such as urine, represents a promising approach compared with painful biopsies. We investigated the levels of MMP23 genes (microarray and qPCR) and protein (western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) in a set of samples (blood, plasma and urine) from patients with UBC and controls as biomarkers for this cancer. MMP23B and its pseudogene MMP23A resulted downregulated in blood cells from UBC compared with controls (66 cases, 70 controls; adjusted P-value = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). In contrast, MMP23B protein levels in plasma (53 UBC, 49 controls) and urine (59 UBC, 57 controls) increased in cases, being statistically significant in urine. MMP23B dosage observed in urine samples was related to both tumor risk classification and grading. As the lack of correlation between mRNA and protein levels could be due to a posttranscriptional regulation mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs), we investigated the expression of urinary miRNAs targeting MMP23B. Five miRNAs resulted differentially expressed between cases and controls. We reported the first evidence of MMP23B secretion in plasma and urine, suggesting a role of this poorly characterized metalloproteinase in UBC as a potential non-invasive biomarker for this cancer. Further analyses are needed to elucidate the mechanism of regulation of MMP23B expression by miRNAs.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy098
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Caloric restriction inhibits mammary tumorigenesis in MMTV-ErbB2
           transgenic mice through the suppression of ER and ErbB2 pathways and
           inhibition of epithelial cell stemness in premalignant mammary tissues
    • Authors: Ma Z; Parris A, Howard E, et al.
      Pages: 1264 - 1273
      Abstract: Caloric intake influences the onset of many diseases, including cancer. In particular, caloric restriction (CR) has been reported to suppress mammary tumorigenesis in various models. However, the underlying cancer preventive mechanisms have not been fully explored. To this end, we aimed to characterize the anticancer mechanisms of CR using MMTV-ErbB2 transgenic mice, a well-established spontaneous ErbB2-overexpressing mammary tumor model, by focusing on cellular and molecular changes in premalignant tissues. In MMTV-ErbB2 mice with 30% CR beginning at 8 weeks of age, mammary tumor development was dramatically inhibited, as exhibited by reduced tumor incidence and increased tumor latency. Morphogenic mammary gland analyses in 15- and 20-week-old mice indicated that CR significantly decreased mammary epithelial cell (MEC) density and proliferative index. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we analyzed the effects of CR on mammary stem/progenitor cells. Results from fluorescence-activated cell sorting analyses showed that CR modified mammary tissue hierarchy dynamics, as evidenced by decreased luminal cells (CD24highCD49flow), putative mammary reconstituting unit subpopulation (CD24highCD49fhigh) and luminal progenitor cells (CD61highCD49fhigh). Mammosphere and colony-forming cell assays demonstrated that CR significantly inhibited mammary stem cell self-renewal and progenitor cell numbers. Molecular analyses indicated that CR concurrently inhibited estrogen receptor (ER) and ErbB2 signaling. These molecular changes were accompanied by decreased mRNA levels of ER-targeted genes and epidermal growth factor receptor/ErbB2 family members and ligands, suggesting ER-ErbB2 signaling cross-talk. Collectively, our data demonstrate that CR significantly impacts ER and ErbB2 signaling, which induces profound changes in MEC reprogramming, and mammary stem/progenitor cell inhibition is a critical mechanism of CR-mediated breast cancer prevention.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy096
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Chemoprevention of inflammation-related colorectal cancer by silymarin-,
           acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid-, curcumin- and maltodextrin-enriched
           dietetic formulation in animal model
    • Authors: Girardi B; Principi M, Pricci M, et al.
      Pages: 1274 - 1282
      Abstract: On the basis of preliminary in vitro experience, we assessed whether an enriched nutritional formulation with estrogen receptor (ER)-beta agonist and anti-inflammatory properties may prevent inflammation-associated colorectal cancer (CRC) in an animal model. Study sample enclosed 110 C57BL/6J male mice. Forty underwent dietary supplement safety assessment (20 standard diet and 20 enriched formulation). Seventy were treated with azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium and divided into two groups: 35 received standard diet and 35 enriched formulation (curcumin, boswellic acids, silymarin and maltodextrins). Miniature colonoscopy demonstrated colitis and solid lesion development in five mice/group 100 days after first AOM injection. Mice were killed after 10 days. In each group, four subgroups received intraperitoneal bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) injection at 24th/48th/72nd/96th hour before killing. Anti-inflammatory effect and chemoprevention were evaluated by lesion number/size, histological inflammation/dysplasia/neoplasia assessment, pro-inflammatory cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA), ER-beta/ER-alpha/BrdU immunohistochemistry and TUNEL immunofluorescence. Standard formulation assumption was associated with colon shortening compared with enriched one (P = 0.04), which reduced solid lesion number and size (P < 0.001 for both), histological inflammation score (P = 0.04), pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA expression (P < 0.001), number of low-grade dysplasia (LGD; P = 0.03) and high-grade dysplasia (P < 0.001) areas. CRC was observed in 69.6% in standard and 23.5% in enriched formulation assuming animals (P < 0.001). Enriched formulation induced lower ER-alpha expression in CRC (P < 0.001) and higher ER-beta expression in LGD (P < 0.001) being associated to higher epithelial turnover (BrdU; P<0.001) in normal mucosa and increased apoptosis in LGD and CRC (P < 0.001 for both). Our results are promising for a successful anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive effect of enriched formulation in CRC arising from inflamed tissue.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy104
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Semaphorin-3A inhibits multiple myeloma progression in a mouse model
    • Authors: Lavi N; Kessler O, Ziv K, et al.
      Pages: 1283 - 1291
      Abstract: Previous studies revealed that progression of multiple myeloma (MM) is associated with downregulation of semaphorin-3A (sema3A) expression in bone marrow endothelial cells. We therefore determined if serum sema3A concentrations are correlated with MM progression and if sema3A can affect MM progression. We find that the concentration of sema3A in sera of MM patients is strongly reduced and that the decrease is correlated with disease progression. A similar depletion is found in patients having acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia but not in cancer forms that do not involve the bone marrow such as in colon cancer. Expression of a modified sema3A [furin-resistant sema3A (FR-sema3A)] stabilized against cleavage by furin-like proprotein convertases in CAG MM cells did not affect their behavior in-vitro. CAG cells injected into the tail vein of severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice home to the bone marrow and proliferate, mimicking MM disease progression. Disease progression in mice injected with CAG cells expressing FR-sema3A was inhibited, resulting in prolonged survival and a lower incidence of bone lesions. Histological examination and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis revealed that FR-sema3A expression reduced the infiltration of the CAG cells into the bone marrow, reduced bone marrow necrosis and reduced angiogenesis induced by the MM cells in the bone marrow. Our results suggest that measurement of sema3A serum concentrations may be of use for the diagnosis and for the monitoring of malignancies of the bone marrow such as MM. Furthermore, our results suggest that FR-sema3A may perhaps find use as an inhibitor of MM disease progression.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy106
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Oroxylin A, a natural compound, mitigates the negative effects of
           TNFα-treated acute myelogenous leukemia cells
    • Authors: Li H; Lu N, Yu X, et al.
      Pages: 1292 - 1303
      Abstract: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is a complicated cytokine which is involved in proliferation and differentiation of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells through a poorly understood mechanism. Mechanistic studies indicate that TNFα induced binding of PI3K subunit p85α to N-terminal truncated nuclear receptor RXRα (tRXRα) proteins, and activated AKT. The activated PI3K/AKT pathway negatively regulated differentiation of AML cells through the upregulation of c-Myc. In addition, TNFα also induced activation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), a nuclear transcription factor which was shown to promote cell proliferation. The present study demonstrates that oroxylin A, a natural compound isolated from Scutellariae radix, sensitizes leukemia cells to TNFα and markedly enhances TNFα-induced growth inhibition and differentiation of AML cell including human leukemia cell lines and primary AML cells. Activation of PI3K/AKT pathway could be inhibited by oroxylin A through inhibiting expression of tRXRα in NB4 and HL-60-resistant cells. Furthermore, we found that oroxylin A inhibited the activation of NF-κB and the DNA binding activity by TNFα proved by EMSA in these two AML cell lines. Moreover, in vivo studies showed that treatment with oroxylin A in combination with TNFα decreased AML cell population and prolonged survival in NOD/SCID mice with xenografts of primary AML cells. Overall, our results indicate that oroxylin A is able to inhibit the negative effects of TNFα for AML therapy, suggesting that combination of oroxylin A and TNFα have the potential to delay growth or eliminate the abnormal leukemic cells, thus representing a promising strategy for AML treatment.
      PubDate: Sat, 13 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy004
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Cell line-based xenograft mouse model of paediatric glioma stem cells
           mirrors the clinical course of the patient
    • Authors: Larsson S; Wenger A, Dósa S, et al.
      Pages: 1304 - 1309
      Abstract: The leading cause of cancer-related mortality among children is brain tumour, and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has the worst prognosis. New treatments are urgently needed, but with few cases and clinical trials in children, pre-clinical models such as patient-derived tumour xenografts (PDTX) are important. To generate these, tumour tissue is transplanted into mice, but this yields highly variable results and requires serial passaging in mice, which is time-consuming and expensive. We therefore aimed to establish a cell line-based orthotopic mouse model representative of the patient tumour. Glioma stem cell (GSC) lines derived from paediatric GBM were orthotopically transplanted into immunodeficient mice. Overall survival data were collected and histological analysis of the resulting neoplasias was performed. Genome-wide DNA methylation arrays were used for methylation and copy-number alterations (CNA) profiling. All GSC lines initiated tumours on transplantation and the survival of the mice correlated well with the survival of the patients. Xenograft tumours presented histological hallmarks of GBM, and were also classified as GBM by methylation profiling. Each xenograft tumour clustered together with its respective injected GSC line and patient tumour based on the methylation data. We have established a robust and reproducible cell line-based xenograft paediatric GBM model. The xenograft tumours accurately reflected the patient tumours and mirrored the clinical course of the patient. This model can therefore be used to assess patient response in pre-clinical studies.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy091
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • A molecular mechanism of nickel (II): reduction of nucleotide excision
           repair activity by structural and functional disruption of p53
    • Authors: Kim Y; Lee Y, Kim H, et al.
      Pages: 1310 - 1310
      Abstract: Carcinogenesis, bgy070, https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgy070
      PubDate: Fri, 14 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgy118
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 10 (2018)
       
 
 
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