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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 302, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 539, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Integrated Pest Management
  [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2155-7470
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Arthropod Pest Management in Organic Vegetable Greenhouses

    • Authors: Weintraub P; Recht E, Mondaca L, et al.
      Abstract: We present a comprehensive discussion of pest management in organic greenhouse vegetable production. Greenhouse structures and production practices vary greatly in different regions of the world. In northern Europe and North America, they are closed heated structures because of the long periods of cold weather and biological control is highly developed. In Israel, commercial greenhouses are made of netting or plastic, are not heated because the winters are generally mild in comparison with northern climes and hot in the summers, and biological control is used almost exclusively on some crops. In South America, greenhouses are simple structures covered with plastic material without nets or heating/cooling systems. We limit our discussion to properly closed and ventilated greenhouses, exclusive of structures that are opened for any period during the day or season. Our discussion covers greenhouse structure; the first line of defense, regulatory, and phytosanitary measures; various management methods; and finally specific management of primary pest groups, mites, thrips, hemipterans (aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies), and small Lepidoptera.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23
  • Integrated Pest Management in Controlling Ticks and Tick-Associated

    • Authors: Stafford K; III, Williams S, Molaei G.
      Abstract: The increasing prevalence of Lyme disease and the emergence of other tick-associated human diseases in the United States have become a major public health concern. A wide variety of personal protection measures and tick control strategies have been used or investigated to reduce contact between ticks and humans, reduce tick abundance, or lower the prevalence of tick-borne agents in the ticks. These methods have generally been applied or evaluated as single interventions and other than some early computer model simulations, studies applying integrated tick management approaches are few. In this paper, we review surveyed human behaviors and risks for exposure to ticks, concepts pertinent to integrated pest management for ticks, simulation models, various tick control strategies, integrated tick management studies, and highlight what is needed going forward. Increased education and communication between physicians and veterinarians is essential to address tick-associated diseases in a ‘one health’ approach and unify the animal and human branches of medicine to identify, treat, and implement preventive measures. Novel simulation models using more recent empirical data on tick population dynamics, hosts, efficacy of various combinations of interventions, human exposure elements, and utilization of personal and environmental measures will help us better understand the interactions of integrated strategies for tick population management. Many questions remain related to the ecology of ticks and tick-borne pathogens, observed and modeled efficacy of various integrated interventions, human behavior and exposure to tick bite and disease risk, comparative cost of interventions, and the acceptance and use of prevention and tick control tools.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
  • Monitoring for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit
           Requirements: Algaecides

    • Authors: Calomeni A; Geer T, Iwinksi K, et al.
      Abstract: In the United States, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits were expanded to include algaecide applications and consequently, additional and focused information was needed to provide water resource managers with requisite data to satisfy permit requirements. In the present publication, literature was strategically reviewed regarding National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permitting requirements and reliable methods were extracted to fulfill these requirements. Pre- and post-application monitoring can provide data necessary for problem identification, to justify or “trigger” algaecide applications, to confirm algaecide exposures, and to measure responses of target and nontarget species to algaecide treatments. Reliable methods to address monitoring are site and situation specific, although the approach for acquiring data is widely applicable.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
  • Wyoming Producer Priorities and Perceptions of Alfalfa Insect Pests

    • Authors: Jabbour R; Noy S.
      Abstract: Although insect pest management in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. [Fabales: Fabaceae]) hay remains a major challenge in the Western United States, we know comparatively little about the producer priorities and perceptions of alfalfa insect pests. Given the importance of alfalfa to Wyoming agriculture, we sought to better understand producer priorities regarding insect pest management in alfalfa. We developed a survey instrument that was mailed to 3,141 individuals by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). We received 634 returned surveys, a response rate of 20.7% of all Wyoming alfalfa producers. Respondents were asked to list all insect pests they had encountered in their experience growing alfalfa, and then to select the most problematic from the list they generated. Sixty-six percent of respondents named alfalfa weevil Hypera postica (Gyllenhal; Coleoptera: Curculionidae) as the most problematic insect pest they had encountered. Eighteen percent of respondents named grasshoppers (Orthoptera) as most problematic, and 8% of respondents named aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Producers indicated a variety of agronomic, economic, biological, and weather-related reasons that rendered these insects as problematic pests. For each of the three most problematic pests, insecticide application and early harvest of hay were practiced by the largest number of Wyoming producers according to our survey results. For all three of these pests, insecticides are both used most often and considered most effective by the most respondents. These findings suggest an important opportunity for future research on integrated insect pest management.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
  • Deer Reduction Is a Cornerstone of Integrated Deer Tick Management

    • Authors: Telford S; III.
      Abstract: Deer reduction must be considered in any discussion of effective community level intervention to reduce the risk of Lyme disease. There were three main factors that allowed the epidemic to emerge (reforestation, suburbanization, and dense deer herds). Only deer density may be targeted in efforts to reduce, over the long term, the risk landscape to what it was prior to the epidemic. The majority of studies analyzing the effect of deer reduction as a mode of intervention against Lyme disease demonstrate great reductions in the density of deer ticks, a prerequisite for local risk for acquiring infection. Zoonotic transmission of the deer tick microbial guild requires tick reproduction and infection of the resulting ticks. Deer reduction targets tick reproduction without which there is no enzootic transmission cycle. Arguments against the utility of deer reduction as a mode of intervention mistakenly conflate its potential efficacy with the sociopolitical obstacles for implementing such an action. In addition, some confusion exists as to the goals of deer reduction as a mode of intervention: it will not reduce risk in the short term over large areas, but is intended to reduce risk over time and in discrete sites. Deer reduction would be most effective as part of an integrated tick management program that comprises short-term and long-term approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-09-27
  • Biology and Management of the Forest Tent Caterpillar (Lepidoptera:

    • Authors: Schowalter T.
      Abstract: The forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria Hübner (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) is a widespread defoliator that is native throughout most of the continental United States and Canada south of 61°N latitude. Larvae feed on a wide variety of hosts across their geographic range, but local populations perform best on local host species. Defoliation during outbreaks can strip preferred trees of all foliage and cause substantial branch mortality and growth reduction but generally does not cause much tree mortality, at least not directly. Defoliation in recreational areas reduces visitation because migrating caterpillars are viewed as nuisances and defoliated trees as unsightly. The insects, their frass, and associated damage to ornamental trees and shrubs also are nuisances for homeowners. The current importance of the forest tent caterpillar and its potential to become more important in a warmer climate warrant greater attention to its population dynamics and control options. Because 1) outbreaks of this native insect generally cause little long-term damage to forest values, 2) widespread application of insecticides is cost prohibitive, and 3) forests are increasingly valued as reservoirs of biodiversity and multiple ecosystem services, microbial insecticides, such as Bt, spinosad, and baculovirus formulations, are favored over synthetic insecticides for control of this insect when warranted. Other biorational insecticides include azadirachtin (a botanical insecticide) and insecticidal soap. Conventional synthetic insecticides include several pyrethroids (such as bifenthrin and permethrin), organophosphates (such as acephate and malathion), and carbamates (carbaryl), but these have broad nontarget effects that discourage use in forests.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19
  • A Filter Method for Improved Monitoring of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera:
           Drosophilidae) Larvae in Fruit

    • Authors: Van Timmeren S; Diepenbrock L, Bertone M, et al.
      Abstract: Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) has become a major economic pest of soft-skinned fruits since it was detected in North America in 2008. Control of this fly is achieved through insecticide sprays applied when ripening or ripe fruit are present. Monitoring to aid informed management decisions is challenging since trapping for adults is not a reliable indicator of potential or existing infestation in the fruit. Moreover, current larval monitoring techniques using brown sugar or salt solutions allow for visual detection of late-instar larvae, but they are time consuming and tend to miss smaller larvae. Here, we describe a method combining a salt solution, coffee filter, and microscope that can reliably and efficiently detect small and large larvae of D. suzukii in fruit samples. By sifting the sample liquid through an inexpensive coffee filter, larvae of all instars can be counted quickly and accurately. This method is 1.7 times faster than using a visual tray-based method and can detect more larvae because first instar larvae can be detected. Growers can use this information to target insecticide sprays for curative control of small larvae, identify fields where the presence of larger larvae may indicate an unmarketable crop, or verify that no infestation exists and control programs are working. We provide images to support larval identification of this pest, and we expect this method will become an important component of rebuilding IPM programs in fruit crops affected by D. suzukii.
      PubDate: 2017-09-14
  • Volatile Pyrethroids as a Potential Mosquito Abatement Tool: A Review of
           Pyrethroid-Containing Spatial Repellents

    • Authors: Bibbs CS; Kaufman PE.
      Abstract: Ongoing difficulties with successful urban mosquito management highlights the need to find novel management strategies to reduce the impact of mosquito vectors. To date, urban mosquito management can be summarized as dependent on the theme of recruiting the public to invest in their own protection. This effort takes the form of source reduction education programs and accompanying personal protection guidelines. However, the topical repellents that form the cornerstone of our personal protection guidelines are available in equal measure with spatial repellents. Spatial repellents commonly include volatile pyrethroids as active ingredients, which easily transition into a vapor phase, that are formulated into mosquito coils, vaporizers, emanators, or heated mats. These formulations are available on the global market. Consumers frequently choose spatial repellents, and existing literature indicates this choice has merits. This predicament forces integrated vector management to adapt to and understand tools that consumers selectively employ. At present, there is little information differentiating the effects of vapor-active pyrethroids from the contact efficacies we recognize from well-utilized pyrethroids. To address this, volatile pyrethroids need to have their multiple effects identified, defined, and described to maximize their utility for preventing mosquito biting and, thus, pathogen transmission. This article reviews the known utility of volatile pyrethroids in the context of repellency, acute symptoms, toxicity, and sublethal effects, and provides an overview of the evaluation methods used with volatile pyrethroids.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
  • Deer-Targeted Methods: A Review of the Use of Topical Acaricides for the
           Control of Ticks on White-Tailed Deer

    • Authors: Stafford KC; III, Williams SC.
      Abstract: White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann), are a major host for the adult stage of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, and lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum L. The resurging population of deer in the twentieth century is linked to the emergence of multiple tick-borne pathogens associated with these and other tick species, particularly Lyme disease. Acaricides and parasiticides have long been the principal method for controlling ticks on domestic livestock, applied either topically or orally. The use and development of oral ivermectin and the passive topical treatment deer feeding station called the 4-poster for the control of the blacklegged tick on white-tailed deer is reviewed.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
  • Optimizing Pest Management Practices to Conserve Pollinators in Turf
           Landscapes: Current Practices and Future Research Needs

    • Authors: Larson JL; Dale A, Held D, et al.
      Abstract: Turfgrass is an important cropping system covering >16 million hectares in the United States. Synthetic insecticides, which are important tools in managing several key insect pests in these landscapes, have been implicated in the decline of managed and wild pollinators. The public perception linking the use of chemical insecticides to pollinator population declines threatens their future use and our ability to maintain functional and aesthetically acceptable landscapes. Extension and research entomologists from across the United States met in 2016 for the “Summit for Protecting Pollinators in Turf” to review the scientific literature on nontarget impacts of pest management practices on pollinators in turfgrass landscapes, to develop best management practices for protecting these organisms, and to identify knowledge gaps and prioritize future research needs. The group identified that there is a scarcity of detailed research on pollinator health in turf landscapes and has prioritized areas where research was most needed to conserve pollinator populations while balancing the needs for maintaining healthy turfgrass.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
  • Adaptive Potential of Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Limits Bt
           Trait Durability in Brazil

    • Authors: Fatoretto JC; Michel AP, Silva Filho MC, et al.
      Abstract: The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is the most important corn pest in South America. Larvae feed mostly on leaves, but also ears when population densities are high. This pest has been historically controlled with insecticide applications, but many cases of resistance have limited their efficacy. Transgenic corn varieties expressing Bacillus thuringiensis proteins (Bt corn) have been a widely adopted alternative to insecticides and, in the past 8 yr, have been the primary technology for fall armyworm control in Brazil. Because transgenic varieties require 10–15 yr to be developed and fall armyworm has quickly evolved resistance to most commercially released Bt corn hybrids, strategies for Bt trait durability are paramount. Most of the Bt corn hybrids lost their ability to control fall armyworm in just 3 yr after their release in Brazil. Here we summarize what is known about Bt resistance in fall armyworm in Brazil, a phenomenon perhaps never seen before in any part of the world. Furthermore, we suggest that the interactions between management practices adopted (or not adopted, e.g., refuge compliance) to delay the evolution of resistance and the ecological and evolutionary characteristics of fall armyworm are driving the rapid evolution of resistance to Bt corn in Brazil. As newer products emerge in the market, careful consideration will be needed to maximize trait durability.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
  • Biology and Management of the Texas Leafcutting Ant (Hymenoptera:

    • Authors: Schowalter TD; Ring DR.
      Abstract: Leafcutting ants are primarily a tropical group, but three species, particularly the Texas leafcutting ant, Atta texana (Buckley) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), occur in the southern United States. Leafcutting ants provide an example of the complexity of ecological interactions. As a result of extensive defoliation and nest excavation, these ants influence vegetation cover, soil structure, and water fluxes over a significant portion of the landscape. They also can be severe forest and crop pests, and collapse of their extensive underground colonies can undermine roads and structures. In Texas, they are considered the second most important pest in pine plantations, following southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Leafcutting ants can defoliate a wide variety of plants, but some plant species are unpalatable because of defensive chemicals or endophytic fungi growing within foliage. Leafcutting ant populations also are regulated naturally by the availability of suitable nest sites and by predators, parasites, and antagonists of their fungal gardens. Relatively few management options are available. One bait and one fipronil product are labeled for leafcutting ant control.
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
  • Journal of Integrated Pest Management - Front Cover

    • PubDate: 2017-03-31
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx006
  • Reviewers for Journal of Integrated Pest Management (September
           2015–September 2016)

    • First page: 1
      Abstract: The Co-Editors-in-Chief and the Subject Editors of Journal of Integrated Pest Management thank the following scientists for their voluntary commitment of valuable professional time and expertise to peer reviewing manuscripts submitted for publication in our journal. The quality and scientific stature of the journal depends on the conscientious efforts of these individuals.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw016
  • A Survey of Regional Trends in Annual Bluegrass Weevil (Coleoptera:
           Curculionidae) Management on Golf Courses in Eastern North America

    • Authors: McGraw BA; Koppenhöfer AM.
      First page: 2
      Abstract: The annual bluegrass weevil, Listronotus maculicollis Kirby, is the most difficult to control insect pest of short-mown golf course turf in the northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. We conducted a survey among golf course superintendents throughout the weevil's area of impact to better understand the severity of damage, prevalence of insecticide resistance, information sources, and trends in management practices. Responses were received from 293 golf courses in 14 U.S. states and 2 Canadian provinces. The average population caused damage to 6.6 fairways, 5.7 tee boxes, and 6.4 greens/collars, amounting to a total of 5.2 ha requiring protection on an 18-hole facility. On average, courses made 3.9 insecticide applications per year and spent US$9,270 on L. maculicollis management. Twenty percent of the responders reported having a pyrethroid-resistant L. maculicollis population. “Resistant” populations were located across the region, though higher-than-average incidence was reported from areas with long histories of managing L. maculicollis. “Resistant” populations caused more damage than “susceptible” populations, reported higher average insecticide budgets, and were more likely to make more than five insecticide applications per year than “susceptible” courses. Surveys indicated that, despite the reliance on chemical controls, 90% of turf managers used multiple monitoring tactics to better time and target controls. The greatest influence on management philosophy was by University personnel (43%) followed by colleagues (31%) and sales/distributors (21%). This survey highlights the need for developing alternatives to chemical insecticides to control L. maculicollis and provides insight into the costs associated with the development of pyrethroid resistance.
      PubDate: 2017-01-27
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw014
  • A Troubleshooting Guide for Mechanistic Plant Pest Forecast Models

    • Authors: Magarey RD; Isard SA.
      First page: 3
      Abstract: There is copious literature on development and validation of models to forecast risk to crops from arthropods and diseases; however, there is little published on causes of failure associated with these models. This manuscript provides mechanistic model builders and users with a list of likely problems, potential causes, possible solutions, and associated references. The problems are divided into four categories: environmental inputs, model construction and parameterization, validation, and implementation. The list is based on the authors’ extensive experiences developing and running mechanistic modeling systems. A multidisciplinary approach involving researchers with expertise in pest biology, crop management, meteorology, and information technology is recommended for delivering the most effective pest forecast models.
      PubDate: 2017-01-27
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw015
  • Biology and Management of the Buck Moth, Hemileuca maia (Lepidoptera:

    • Authors: Schowalter TD; Ring DR.
      First page: 4
      Abstract: The genus Hemileuca Walker (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is widespread across North America, with about 20 species, including the buck moth, Hemileuca maia (Drury). This species is important as a periodic defoliator in oak forests of the eastern United States but is not considered to be destructive to forest resources. Buck moth populations are regulated naturally by environmental factors, particularly foliage quality, predators, parasitoids, and pathogens. The buck moth has become a species of conservation concern in northern states, where it is threatened by habitat loss, fire suppression and other anthropogenic changes in habitat conditions, and perhaps by parasitoids introduced to control invasive Lepidoptera. In the South, the buck moth caterpillars attract attention because the urticating spines of its larvae cause painful stings that often require first-aid advice. Although considered a nuisance in urban areas, this insect generally is not sufficiently abundant to warrant specific control measures. If control is warranted, several biological and insecticidal options are available.
      PubDate: 2017-01-27
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw017
  • Ecology and Management of the Alfalfa Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
           in Western United States Alfalfa

    • Authors: Pellissier ME; Nelson Z, Jabbour R.
      First page: 5
      Abstract: Alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Gyllenhal) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is a pest of concern in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) fields throughout the western United States. This introduced pest is most problematic in the early season causing defoliation and reduced hay yield and quality. Both adults and larvae feed on alfalfa, damaging terminals, foliage, and new crown shoots, but the larvae cause the majority of the damage. Three strains of alfalfa weevil, all H. postica, can be found in the western United States: the Western, Eastern, and Egyptian alfalfa weevil, H. brunnipennis (Boheman). Cultural, chemical, and biological control options are all viable strategies to include in an integrated management plan for alfalfa weevil, regardless of strain. We highlight research findings to best inform effective use of early harvest, grazing, insecticides, intercropping, and conservation biological control in alfalfa production systems.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw018
  • Outlook of Pyrethroid Insecticides for Pest Management in the Salinas
           Valley of California

    • Authors: Joseph SV; Martin T, Steinmann K, et al.
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Vegetable and strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier) pest management involves intensive use of insecticides. Recently, pyrethroid insecticide residues toxic to benthic organisms (e.g., Hyalella azteca Saussure) were detected in the surface water of the Salinas Valley, California, resulting in the establishment of a Total Maximum Daily Load level for bifenthrin, cypermethrin, and lambda-cyhalothrin. Three discussion sessions and surveys were conducted during grower meetings held in Salinas, California, in 2016, regarding integrated pest management and critical use patterns of pyrethroid insecticides. Survey results were filtered to include only responses from qualified participants involved in pest management decisions on lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce Mill.), spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), Brassica crops, and strawberry. Results indicated that there were many important crop-specific pests that were currently being controlled by pyrethroids, for example, western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae); Bagrada hilaris (Burmeister) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae); cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae); and root maggots, Delia spp. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae). Participants suggested that the carbamate, methomyl, was the only effective alternative to pyrethroid insecticides for these pests. Although some lower risk controls may be useful on organic crops where there tends to be a higher tolerance for damage, lower risk controls will not be useful in conventional cropping systems until there is a higher tolerance for damage in the product. The survey indicated that insecticides selected for pest management were chosen based on cost, efficacy, low mammalian toxicity, and short reentry and preharvest intervals.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx001
  • Biology and Management of the Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Lepidoptera:

    • Authors: Schowalter TD; Ring DR.
      First page: 7
      Abstract: The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Erebidae), is a widespread defoliator that is native throughout the continental United States, as well as southern Canada and northern Mexico. It has been introduced accidentally into many parts of Europe and Asia. Larvae have been recorded from >400 species of forest and shade trees, primarily hardwoods, but also several conifer species in the southern United States. This species is of minor importance in forests, but can cause serious losses in pecan and fruit tree orchards and is a major nuisance in urban parks and homelots where it often completely defoliates ornamental and shade trees. Fall webworm larvae construct conspicuous webs that start at the ends of branches and expand as the larvae grow to incorporate multiple branches. Foliage within webs is completely consumed. Two color races occur throughout the range of this moth, but pure white adults and black-headed larvae predominate in northern regions, whereas spotted adults and red-headed larvae predominate in southern regions. Populations of fall webworm are regulated naturally in its native range by host quality and abundance and by at least 50 species of dipteran and hymenopteran parasitoids and 36 species of predators and parasites. Physical removal, biocontrol, and insecticides are available for management of this moth.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw019
  • Advancing Our Understanding of Charcoal Rot in Soybeans

    • Authors: Romero Luna MP; Mueller D, Mengistu A, et al.
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Charcoal rot [Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid] of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important but commonly misidentified disease, and very few summary articles exist on this pathosystem. Research conducted over the past 10 yr has improved our understanding of the environment conducive to disease development, host resistance, and improved disease diagnosis and management. This article summarizes the currently available research with an emphasis on disease management.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmw020
  • Factors Associated With Willingness to Plant Non-Bt Maize Refuge and
           Suggestions for Increasing Refuge Compliance

    • Authors: Reisig DD.
      First page: 9
      Abstract: Southern U.S. growers who plant Bt maize (Zea mays L.) must plant a separate non-Bt refuge to maintain Bt susceptibility to pests. North Carolina maize growers were surveyed for intention to plant non-Bt maize refuge, understanding of the importance of refuge, and for their perceptions on actions that would encourage refuge plantings. Identical surveys were conducted and compared before and after a short verbal presentation during 2014 on the logic and necessity of planting refuge. An identical survey was given during 2016, but without a verbal presentation and growers were not asked about actions to encourage planting of refuge. Survey responses from 2014 and 2016 were compared and 2016 survey responses were investigated for possible correlations to environmental factors, such as planted crop area and demographic factors by county. Only 38.3 to 44.3% growers indicated they were planning to plant refuge, and 22 to 29.4% were uncertain about this. Additionally, the verbal county meeting presentation did not increase grower intention to plant more refuge. Although this medium increased understanding directly following the presentation, understanding did not change two years later. Total cropland and farm size were most consistently correlated with intention to plant refuge and understanding of the importance of planting refuge. Future efforts to increase compliance and maintain Bt susceptibility in southern U.S. states like North Carolina should focus on reaching smaller-sized growers. Furthermore, the seed industry could also focus on improved breeding, seed availability, and marketing efforts toward companion non-Bt refuge hybrids, as this was popular with growers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx002
  • Biology and Management of the Threecornered Alfalfa Hopper (Hemiptera:
           Membracidae) in Alfalfa, Soybean, and Peanut

    • Authors: Beyer BA; Srinivasan R, Roberts PM, et al.
      First page: 10
      Abstract: <span class="paragraphSection">The threecornered alfalfa hopper, <span style="font-style:italic;">Spissistilus festinus</span> (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae), was first described in 1831. Since its discovery, it has been observed feeding on > 20 plant species across seven plant families; preferred hosts include species in the family Fabaceae. <span style="font-style:italic;">Spissistilus festinus</span> has been identified as a serious economic pest of alfalfa, <span style="font-style:italic;">Medicago sativa</span> L.; soybean, <span style="font-style:italic;">Glycine max</span> L; and recently peanut, <span style="font-style:italic;">Arachis hypogaea</span> L. Damage by <span style="font-style:italic;">S. festinus</span> results from feeding and girdle formation on the plant stems; stem girdles inhibit the transportation of photosynthate through the phloem. Photosynthates accumulate above girdles, and the insects feed preferentially at these locations. Girdles can also reduce the structural stability of stems, resulting in significant stand loss in extreme circumstances. The timing of chemical applications for management of <span style="font-style:italic;">S. festinus</span> is critical for successfully reducing insect populations, but information regarding <span style="font-style:italic;">S. festinus</span>’ economic impact in modern alfalfa, soybean, and peanut production systems is scarce. The following is a review of the biology, life history, distribution, pest status, and management of <span style="font-style:italic;">S. festinus</span> on alfalfa, soybean, and peanut.</span>
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx003
  • Identification, Biology, Impacts, and Management of Stink Bugs (Hemiptera:
           Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) of Soybean and Corn in the Midwestern United

    • Authors: Koch RL; Pezzini DT, Michel AP, et al.
      First page: 11
      Abstract: <span class="paragraphSection">Stink bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) are an emerging threat to soybean and corn production in the midwestern United States. An invasive species, the brown marmorated stink bug, <span style="font-style:italic;">Halyomorpha halys</span> (Stål), is spreading through the region. However, little is known about the complex of stink bug species associated with corn and soybean in the midwestern United States. In this region, particularly in the more northern states, stink bugs have historically caused only infrequent impacts to these crops. To prepare growers and agricultural professionals to contend with this new threat, we provide a review of stink bugs associated with soybean and corn in the midwestern United States. Descriptions and images of common stink bug species are provided as a diagnostic aid. The biologies and impacts of stink bugs to crops are discussed, with particular attention to differences among species. Based primarily on information from southern states, scouting, thresholds, and insecticide-based management of these pests are discussed. It is hoped that this review will provide stakeholders sufficient information for management of these pests, until more region-specific research can be performed on stink bugs in soybean and corn in the midwestern United States.</span>
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx004
  • Insect Vectors and Current Management Strategies for Diseases Caused by
           Xylella fastidiosa in the Southern United States

    • Authors: Overall LM; Rebek EJ.
      First page: 12
      Abstract: Xylella fastidiosa is a bacterial plant pathogen that causes Pierce’s disease of grape, citrus variegated chlorosis, phony peach disease, alfalfa dwarf, and leaf scorch of plum, blueberry, and pecan in the southern United States. Xylella fastidiosa also causes almond leaf scorch and oleander leaf scorch. This bacterial plant pathogen is transmitted by xylem-feeding insects, including sharpshooters (Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae) and spittlebugs (Cercopidae). The following paper is a review of the plant diseases caused by X. fastidiosa, its insect vectors, and management strategies in the southern United States.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx005
  • Pest Management Strategies for Bed Bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in
           Multiunit Housing: A Literature Review on Field Studies

    • Authors: Romero AA; Sutherland AM, Gouge DH, et al.
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius L.) continue to increase as serious pests in the built environment. These insects are particularly problematic in low-income multiunit housing buildings, where infestations are difficult to control, tend to become chronic, and the locations serve as reservoirs from which bed bugs disperse. This document reviews and reports on published accounts and validations of various methods to detect and manage bed bugs in these urban settings. The analysis demonstrates that programs using IPM approaches for bed bug management can lead to significant reductions in bed bug incidence and density when compared with insecticide-reliant approaches. However, total elimination of bed bugs in multiunit environments remains a challenge and is often reported as unattainable, raising concerns about the effectiveness of strategies for bed bug management used in these environments. Several factors may contribute to the persistence of bed bugs in low-income, multiunit housing situations, including lack of awareness and education of residents and staff about bed bugs, overall building infestation levels, resident lifestyles, reluctance to report infestations, resident abilities to undertake unit preparation required by some pest management companies, and low efficacy of insecticide treatments. Although community-wide and proactive bed bug management programs are shown to be more effective, sustainable, and economically viable in the long term than reactive and insecticide-only programs, general adoption of best practices may be impeded by budget limitations and interest of affordable multiunit housing providers.
      PubDate: 2017-05-31
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx009
  • Pest Management Knowledge and Practices of Mango Farmers in Southeastern

    • Authors: Akotsen-Mensah C; Ativor IN, Anderson RS, et al.
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Mango farmers in Ghana are confronted with many pest problems like fruit flies, Sternochetus mangiferae (F.), and mealy bugs. Different pest management options are available to mango farmers; however, the extent to which they apply the available pest management options is not well known. A survey was conducted among 60 farmers in southeastern Ghana, from October–December 2015 mango season, to find out the level of knowledge and practice of insect pest management used by mango farmers. The results showed that most farmers use conventional insecticides to control insect pests in mango. Majority of the farmers (30%) use a composite insecticide (Cydim super; 36 g cypermethrin + 400 g dimethoate per liter), whereas 3.3% use Pyrinex (chlorpyrifos 480 g/liter). Majority of insecticides used belong to WHO category II. Ninety percent (90%) of the farmers use cultural practices and pheromone traps. Pheromone traps are, however, used for fruit flies but not for S. mangiferae. Over 80% of the respondents who used pesticides to control pests have also adopted GLOBALGAP standards for certification. The results are discussed based on the importance of adoption of IPM strategies in mango production and the possible reduction of fruit rejection during mango export in Ghana.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx008
  • Biology, Ecology, and Management of Microtheca ochroloma (Coleoptera:
           Chrysomelidae) in Organic Crucifer Production

    • Authors: Balusu RR; Rhodes EM, Majumdar A, et al.
      First page: 14
      Abstract: Organic vegetable production is a rapidly growing industry in the southeastern United States. The yellowmargined leaf beetle, Microtheca ochroloma Stål (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), has recently become an important pest of organic and low-input crucifer vegetable production where growers are not permitted to use synthetic insecticides. Microtheca ochroloma was first reported in the United States in Mobile, AL, in 1947. Currently, it has been reported in nine southeastern states, with the potential for expansion to northern states because of its ability to withstand cold weather. Both adults and larvae feed voraciously on crops in the family Brassicaceae (e.g., arugula, cabbage, collard, mustard, radish, and turnip) and can cause complete crop loss. Despite the growing market demand for organic leafy greens, many organic growers in regions where the pest is predominant have reduced crucifer production owing to the vulnerability of their crops to M. ochroloma and lack of effective, organically compliant management tools against the pest. Here, we discuss the biology, ecology, and management tactics currently available against this invasive pest.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx007
  • Botanically Based Repellent and Insecticidal Effects Against Horn Flies
           and Stable Flies (Diptera: Muscidae)

    • Authors: Showler AT.
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Horn flies, Haematobia irritans irritans (L.), and stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), are economically important blood-feeding ectoparasites of wild and domesticated animals, including cattle, Bos taurus L. Conventional insecticides are used for control of biting flies on cattle, but safety concerns and the buildup of insecticide resistance indicate the need for alternative control tactics. Many botanical extracts and oils are composed of more than one bioactive compound that can exert different modes of action, delaying or averting resistance. Plant genera that have shown repellency and toxicity against horn flies and stable flies include Allium, Azadirachta, Chrysanthemum, Cinnamomum, Cymbopogon, Derris, Eucalyptus, Festuca, Melaleuca, Melinus, Mentha, Nepeta, Nicotiana, Pelargonium, Pogostemon, Ricinus, Rosa, Syzygium, Vitex, and Zyloxanthum. Other botanically based methods for biting fly control have been investigated, such as the use of fatty acids, soybean trypsin inhibitors, and fungal endophytes on forage grasses. Many of the plant-based control methods have been shown to have strong effects against the two biting fly species, but work has only just begun on identifying and, in particular, developing botanically based tactics.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmx010
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