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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 409 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 409 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 366, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 195, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 601, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 117, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 214, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insect Systematics and Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 272, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
British Medical Bulletin
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.355
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 6  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-1420 - ISSN (Online) 1471-8391
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [409 journals]
  • The health impact of climate change in cities of middle-income countries
           and the global nursing shortages
    • Authors: Vetter N.
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: These important subjects have full free online access. In addition, as usual, the Bulletin has a section to celebrate its amazing archive, (see end of ‘In this Issue’). The BMB has been further developing its website and now has a fascinating section on the five Nobel Prize winners who wrote for the Bulletin and went on to win the accolade. A cheering thought for our present and future authors.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Jun 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz018
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Health impact of climate change in cities of middle-income countries: the
           case of China
    • Authors: Chan E; Ho J, Hung H, et al.
      Pages: 5 - 24
      Abstract: BackgroundThis review examines the human health impact of climate change in China. Through reviewing available research findings under four major climate change phenomena, namely extreme temperature, altered rainfall pattern, rise of sea level and extreme weather events, relevant implications for other middle-income population with similar contexts will be synthesized.Sources of dataSources of data included bilingual peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2018 in PubMed, Google Scholar and China Academic Journals Full-text Database.Areas of agreementThe impact of temperature on mortality outcomes was the most extensively studied, with the strongest cause-specific mortality risks between temperature and cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. The geographical focuses of the studies indicated variations in health risks and impacts of different climate change phenomena across the country.Areas of controversyWhile rainfall-related studies predominantly focus on its impact on infectious and vector-borne diseases, consistent associations were not often found.Growing pointsMental health outcomes of climate change had been gaining increasing attention, particularly in the context of extreme weather events. The number of projection studies on the long-term impact had been growing.Areas timely for developing researchThe lack of studies on the health implications of rising sea levels and on comorbidity and injury outcomes warrants immediate attention. Evidence is needed to understand health impacts on vulnerable populations living in growing urbanized cities and urban enclaves, in particular migrant workers. Location-specific climate-health outcome thresholds (such as temperature-mortality threshold) will be needed to support evidence-based clinical management plans and health impact mitigation strategies to protect vulnerable communities.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz011
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Global nurse shortages—the facts, the impact and action for change
    • Authors: Drennan V; Ross F.
      Pages: 25 - 37
      Abstract: IntroductionNurses comprise half the global health workforce. A nine million shortage estimated in 2014 is predicted to decreaseby two million by 2030 but disproportionality effect regions such as Africa. This scoping review investigated: what isknown about current nurse workforces and shortages and what can be done to forestall such shortages'Sources of dataPublished documents from international organisations with remits for nursing workforces, published reviews with forward citation and key author searches.Areas of agreementAddressing nurse shortages requires a data informed, country specific model of the routes of supply and demand. It requires evidence informed policy and resource allocation at national, subnational and organisation levels.Areas of controversyThe definition in law, type of education, levels and scope of practice of nurses varies between countries raising questions of factors and evidence underpinning such variation. Most policy solutions proposed by international bodies draws on data and research about the medical workforce and applies that to nurses, despite the different demographic profile, the work, the career options, the remuneration and the status.Growing pointsDemand for nurses is increasing in all countries. Better workforce planning in nursing is crucial to reduce health inequalities and ensure sustainable health systems.Areas timely for developing researchResearch is needed on: the nursing workforce in low income countries and in rural and remote areas; on the impact of scope of practice and task-shifting changes; on the impact over time of implementing system wide policies as well as raising the profile of nursing.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz014
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Biological and chemical changes in fluoroquinolone-associated
           tendinopathies: a systematic review
    • Authors: Bisaccia D; Aicale R, Tarantino D, et al.
      Pages: 39 - 49
      Abstract: IntroductionThe present systematic review investigates the biological and chemical mechanisms that affect the health and structure of tendons following the use of fluoroquinolones (FQs).Sources of dataA total of 12 articles were included, organized, and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.Areas of agreementFive mechanisms were identified: arrest of proliferation through a decreased activity of cyclin B, CDK-1, CHK-1, and increased PK-1; decrease tenocytes migration through decreased phosphorylation of FAK; decrease type I collagen metabolism through increased MMP-2; chelate effect on ions that influence epigenetics and several enzymes; fluoroquinolones-induced ROS (radical oxygen species) production in mitochondria.Areas of controversyThere is no definite structure-damage relationship. The dose–effect relationship is unclear.Growing pointsKnowing and defining the damage exerted by FQs plays a role in clinical practice, replacing FQs with other antibacterial drugs or using antioxidants to attenuate their pathological effects.Areas timely for developing researchClinical and basic sciences studies for each FQs are necessary.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz006
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Tremor
    • Authors: Saifee T.
      Pages: 51 - 63
      Abstract: Introduction or backgroundTremor is one of the commonest movement disorders and can be disabling. There are many causes and treatment options include medications, adaptations, botulinum toxin injections and functional neurosurgery.Sources of peer-reviewed journal articles and reviews.Areas of agreementA new tremor classification has been published. Axis 1 of this classification highlights the clinical characteristics of tremor and axis 2 is dedicated to aetiology. The cerebello-thalamo-cortical network and connections to other brain areas is emerging as pivotal to many types of tremor.Areas of controversyThere has been ongoing debate around the clinical entity of essential tremor and its pathophysiological basis.Growing pointsIncreasing understanding of the pathophysiology underpinning tremor is helping to improve classification and is pushing forward trials of new treatment options, particularly surgical options.Areas timely for developing researchWith deeper phenotyping from the new classification, genetics of common forms of tremor are ripe for discovery. New pharmacological therapeutic options are needed to complement the better understanding of the basis of tremor.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz017
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • The presence of residents during orthopedic operation exerts no negative
           influence on outcome
    • Authors: Giordano L; Oliviero A, Peretti G, et al.
      Pages: 65 - 80
      Abstract: BackgroundOperative procedural training is a key component of orthopedic surgery residency. It is unclear how and whether residents participation in orthopedic surgical procedures impacts on post-operative outcomes.Sources of dataA systematic search was performed to identify articles in which the presence of a resident in the operating room was certified, and was compared with interventions without the presence of residents.Areas of agreementThere is a likely beneficial role of residents in the operating room, and there is only a weak association between the presence of a resident and a worse outcome for orthopedic surgical patientsAreas of controversyMost of the studies were undertaken in USA, and this represents a limit from the point of view of comparison with other academic and clinical realities.Growing pointThe data provide support for continued and perhaps increased involvement of resident in orthopedic surgery.Areas of researchTo clarify the role of residents on clinically relevant outcomes in orthopedic patients, appropriately powered randomized control trials should be planned.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz009
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Hospices and palliative care for children: converging stories
    • Authors: Hain R.
      Pages: 81 - 88
      Abstract: IntroductionChildren’s hospices offer support to children and their families according to a model that is quite different from adult hospices and has evolved in parallel with specialist paediatric palliative medicine services.Sources of dataPublished research, Together for Short Lives.Areas of agreementThe services hospices offer are highly valued by families.Areas of controversyIt is not always clear that hospices can be described as ‘specialist’, which can make it difficult for hospices to negotiate appropriate commissioning arrangements with the statutory sector.Growing pointsChildren’s palliative care generally is poorly developed compared with the adult specialty, and local providers should work with hospices to help redress the inequity that children face in accessing specialist palliative care.Areas timely for developing researchIf hospices are to continue to be important providers of palliative care in children they must develop robust and fair relationships with local healthcare providers. That would be facilitated by development of a funding formula for children that properly acknowledges the part hospices already play in palliative care.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz012
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Return to sport following surgical management of triangular fibrocartilage
           tears: a systematic review
    • Authors: Robertson G; Ang K, Maffulli N, et al.
      Pages: 89 - 103
      Abstract: IntroductionThis review aims to provide information on return rates and times to return to sport following surgical management of triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) tears.Sources of dataA systematic search of CINAHAL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Medline, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science was performed using the keywords ‘triangular’, ‘fibro-cartilage’, ‘complex’, ‘tear’, ‘distal radio-ulnar joint’, ‘athletes’, ‘sports’, ‘non-operative’, ‘conservative’, ‘operative’ and ‘return to sport’.Areas of agreementIn all of the 10 studies included, conservative management for 6 weeks to 6 months was the first-line treatment. If symptoms persisted following this period, surgical management was advised. Arthroscopic debridement was recommended for central tears, and arthroscopic repair was recommended for peripheral tears.Areas of controversyThe optimal treatment modalities for TFC tears remain to be defined.Growing pointsTraumatic central tears can be treated with arthroscopic debridement alone. Arthroscopic repair with an all-inside repair can improve return rates to sport over an outside-in technique for ulna-sided tears.Areas timely for developing researchFuture prospective studies should aim to establish the optimal treatment modalities for TFC tears.
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz013
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Immunohistochemical features of rotator cuff tendinopathy
    • Authors: Cipollaro L; Sahemey R, Oliva F, et al.
      Pages: 105 - 123
      Abstract: BackgroundRotator cuff tendinopathy is a common musculoskeletal ailment in sedentary and athletic individuals. Various mediators of inflammation have been detected in human tendons: they are thought to initiate or progress the course of tendinopathy.Sources of dataAn online search was conducted using AMED, CINAHL, Embase, The Cochrane Library, PEDro and Pubmed, using the terms tendinopathy, tendon, tendinitis, tendinosis, histology, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, immunohistochemical, rotator cuff and pain.Areas of agreementHistological examination of tendinopathic tendons shows degeneration of the collagen structure and infiltration of fat and vessels, together with increased expression of inflammatory cytokines, MMP-1, 2, 3, 9, 13, vascular endothelial growth factor and Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF).Areas of controversyMost of the studies about this topic exhibited limited validity because of lack of appropriately matched controls and no inclusion or exclusion criteria. The evidence associated with the histopathological analysis of the rotator cuff is limited.Growing pointsThe histochemical and immunohistochemical features of rotator cuff tendinopathy are still unclear. A thorough understanding of the vascularity, innervation and biochemical mediators of pain could be used to target rotator cuff pathology, and possibly guide the therapy of painful rotator cuff disorders.Areas timely for developing researchThere is a need for a validated reproducible method of rotator cuff tendon biopsy evaluation. We require further studies with improved designs to effectively evaluate the histological and immunohistochemical features of rotator cuff tendinopathy.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz016
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • Neuroinflammation is a putative target for the prevention and treatment of
           perioperative neurocognitive disorders
    • Authors: Saxena S; Lai I, Li R, et al.
      Pages: 125 - 135
      Abstract: IntroductionThe demographics of aging of the surgical population has increased the risk for perioperative neurocognitive disorders in which trauma-induced neuroinflammation plays a pivotal role.Sources of dataAfter determining the scope of the review, the authors used PubMed with select phrases encompassing the words in the scope. Both preclinical and clinical reports were considered.Areas of agreementNeuroinflammation is a sine qua non for development of perioperative neurocognitive disorders.Areas of controversyWhat is the best method for ameliorating trauma-induced neuroinflammation while preserving inflammation-based wound healing.Growing pointsThis review considers how to prepare for and manage the vulnerable elderly surgical patient through the entire spectrum, from preoperative assessment to postoperative period.Areas timely for developing researchWhat are the most effective and safest interventions for preventing and/or reversing Perioperative Neurocognitive Disorders.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz010
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
  • MicroRNA in osteoarthritis: physiopathology, diagnosis and therapeutic
    • Authors: Oliviero A; Della Porta , Peretti , et al.
      Pages: 137 - 147
      Abstract: BackgroundOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most orthopedic condition. The pattern of gene expression and the transcription factors that exert control of chondrogenesis have been extensively studied.Sources of dataA systematic search (up to July 2018) of articles assessing the role of microRNA (miRNA) in physiopathology, diagnosis and therapy of OA was performed, with the purpose of giving a critical perspective of the possibilities for diagnostic and therapeutic use of miRNA in the management of OA.Areas of agreementmiRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that can regulate gene expression in human cells. miRNAs can be expressed in a different fashion in osteoarthritic compared to nonosteoarthritic cartilage.Areas of controversyThe mechanisms that produce alteration of gene expression in OA are still not completely understood. miRNAs may be involved in the diagnosis of OA as well as in its treatment.Growing pointsThere are complex interactions between miRNAs and their multiple target genes. These interactions may be important in gene regulation and the control of homeostatic pathways in OA.Areas timely for developing researchmiRNA could be useful for diagnostic or management purposes, but the issue of delivery of miRNA targeting agents needs to be overcome before miRNA can be applied in clinical practice.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldz015
      Issue No: Vol. 130, No. 1 (2019)
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