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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 397 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 397 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 161, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 327, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 600, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 195, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 240, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
British Medical Bulletin
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.355
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-1420 - ISSN (Online) 1471-8391
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [397 journals]
  • The role of neutrophils in cancer and Ethics and cloning
    • Authors: Vetter N.
      Pages: 1 - 3
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Dec 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy039
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The role of neutrophils in cancer
    • Authors: Grecian R; Whyte M, Walmsley S.
      Pages: 5 - 14
      Abstract: IntroductionIt has been known for some time that neutrophils are present in the tumour microenvironment, but only recently have their roles been explored.Sources of dataComprehensive literature search of neutrophils and cancer (PubMed, Google Scholar and CrossRef) for key articles (systematic reviews, meta-analyses, primary research). References from these articles cross-checked for additional relevant studies.Areas of agreementNeutrophils are a heterogeneous population with both pro- and antitumour roles, and display plasticity. Several neutrophil subpopulations have been identified, defined by a combination of features (density, maturity, surface markers, morphology and anatomical site).Areas of controversyLimitations in translating murine tumour models to human pathology and paucity of human data. Consensus in defining human neutrophil subpopulations.Growing pointsNeutrophils as therapeutic targets and as possible playmakers in the biological response to newer targeted cancer drugs.Areas timely for developing researchUnderstanding the metabolic programming of neutrophils in the tumour microenvironment.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy029
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Ethics and cloning
    • Authors: Häyry M.
      Pages: 15 - 21
      Abstract: BackgroundScientists have cloned animals since the late 19th century, but the crucial step for ethics was the cloning of the first mammal by somatic cell nuclear transfer in 1997. This suggested that scientists could also clone, and possibly enhance, human beings.Sources of dataThis survey examines ethical literature on cloning since the 1960s.Areas of agreementThe one ethical area of agreement in this issue is that we should not try to create new human beings by somatic cell nuclear transfer now.Areas of controversyEthicists disagree, however, on what justifies this norm. Some appeal to preference satisfaction and freedom from external constraints, others question this approach by more profound religious and moral considerations.Growing pointsThe discussion is currently not progressing, as the same arguments have been in use since the 1970s.Areas timely for developing researchPhilosophers should prepare deeper analyses of the presuppositions of the ethical arguments used in the discussion before the issue surfaces again.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy031
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Arthroscopic-assisted latissimus dorsi transfer for massive rotator cuff
           tear: a systematic review
    • Authors: Osti L; Buda M, Andreotti M, et al.
      Pages: 23 - 35
      Abstract: IntroductionThis systematic review provides a comprehensive description of different surgical techniques for massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs) using arthroscopic-assisted latissimus dorsi transfer (A-LDT), reporting clinical outcomes and complications.Sources of dataWe searched the literature on Medline (PubMed), Web of Science and Scopus databases using the combined keywords ‘latissimus dorsi’, ‘tendon’, ‘transfer’, ‘rotator cuff tears’, ‘shoulder’ and ‘arthroscopy’ to identify articles published in English, Spanish, French and Italian. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement was followed for the manuscript selection.Areas of agreementTen studies (five retrospective and five prospective investigations), all published between 2014 and 2018, fulfilled our inclusion criteria, dealing with 348 (55.7% male) patients, with a mean age of 61.6 years (range 31–83).Areas of controversyA-LDT is a technical demanding procedure. When compared with the open technique, it does not seem to provide significant subjective and objective clinical outcome improvements.Growing pointsA-LDT seems to yield lesser surgical complications and post-operative stiffness. Sparing the deltoid muscle belly could result in a more effective shoulder post-surgery function.Areas timely for developing researchFurther comparative randomized controlled trials with longer follow-up are needed to clarify the potentially promising superiority of A-LDT.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy030
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography in the
           management of recurrent prostate cancer
    • Authors: Afaq A; Bomanji J.
      Pages: 37 - 48
      Abstract: IntroductionThere is an unmet clinical need for early, accurate imaging of recurrent prostate cancer to improve patient outcomes. Staging, by conventional bone scintigraphy and CT have become outdated. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging in this setting has developed rapidly, with widespread International adoption in line with evidence-based guidelines in this group of patients.Sources of dataA PubMed search of English language articles was performed using following keywords: PSMA, PET/CT, biochemical recurrence, prostate cancer. The search revealed 85 articles, of which 75 were original; 70 of these involved use of the most widely available type of PSMA tracer (HBED). The review also relied on the clinical experience of reporting over 1000 PSMA PET/CT studies at a major tertiary referral centre for uro-oncology, with the majority of cases having been performed in the biochemical recurrence setting from 2015 to 2018.Areas of agreement68Ga-PSMA PET is a game changer and superior to choline PET and other established tracers which have been used in prostate cancer evaluation. Detection of recurrence at the prostate bed remains challenging due to bladder and urethral tracer accumulation. The main strength of PSMA PET/CT is its ability to identify small (<8 mm) pathological lymph nodes, upstaging nodal status in up to two-thirds of cases. Additionally, PSMA PET/CT, detects bone and bone marrow metastases missed by conventional bone and CT imaging. Thus, PSMA PET/CT has major impact on patient management, with studies reporting overall changes in 39–76% of cases.Areas of controversyControversy exists regarding patient access and NHS affordability of PSMA PET/CT imaging. Currently, no reimbursement is available under the NHS tariff system. The cost outlay for tertiary hospital linked PET centres ranges from £150-170 K. Large referral volumes, and technical advances in manufacturing process will make this tracer cost neutral and similar to the current funded, but less sensitive, choline PET. Current NICE guidelines for prostate cancer management do not include a recommendation on when PSMA PET/CT should be used and this is likely to remain the case in the next revision, due in 2019.Growing pointsAlthough PSMA PET/CT imaging results in significant management change, there is a need for high quality economic evaluation and cost analysis for this modality. Lack of this data will result in poor adoption of this technique and thus limit patient access. Furthermore, it is hoped that future tracers will become even more sensitive and identify disease at earlier thresholds.Areas timely for developing researchWell-designed clinical trials with consideration of the health economic benefit of using PSMA PET/CT will be essential to provide a basis for entry into guidelines such as NICE and to provide a rationale for reimbursement.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy032
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Epigenetics: ethics, politics, biosociality
    • Authors: Chiapperino L.
      Pages: 49 - 60
      Abstract: BackgroundEpigenetics is a burgeoning field of contemporary biosciences, which has attracted a lot of interest both in biomedical and in social sciences.Sources of dataUnsystematic literature analysis and retrospective mapping of highly cited work (source: Web of Science core collection) in the social sciences and humanities engaging with epigenetics.Areas of agreementEpigenetics poses no new ethical issue over and above those discussed in relation to genetics.Areas of controversyHowever, it encourages a different framing and reflexivity on some of the commonly held categories in the moral uptake of scientific discoveries.Growing pointsEpigenetics presents us with normative questions that touch upon privacy, responsibility for individual health and for the well-being of future generations, as well as matters of health justice and equality of opportunities.Areas timely for developing researchEpigenetic thinking could help us adjust and refine the problem frames and categories that inform our ethical and political questions with a complex biosocial description of situations, of persons or actions.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy033
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Autonomic dysfunction and chronic disease
    • Authors: Zalewski P; Słomko J, Zawadka-Kunikowska M.
      Pages: 61 - 74
      Abstract: IntroductionThe majority of chronic diseases are accompanied by symptoms of more or less pronounced dysautonomia, which frequently and noticeably deteriorate the quality of patients’ life.Sources of dataPubmed.Areas of agreementFunctional disorders in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) require very precise diagnostics; frequently involving several specialists and a number of diagnostic tests.Areas of controversyDysautonomia symptoms are of a very discrete nature and may develop much earlier than symptoms specific for a given chronic disease, significantly influencing the treatment process itself.Growing pointsANS dysfunctions should be considered at each stage of the diagnostic and treatment processes, as a predictor for the patient’s clinical condition.Areas timely for developing researchMany researchers indicate that a decrease in dysautonomia intensity has a direct effect on the progress of the underlying disease and undoubtedly contributes to the improvement of the general health condition or to symptoms remission.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy036
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The management of hypertension in women planning for pregnancy
    • Authors: Lu Y; Chen R, Cai J, et al.
      Pages: 75 - 84
      Abstract: Introduction or backgroundPoorly-controlled hypertension in the first trimester significantly increases maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The majority of guidelines and clinical trials focus on the management and treatments for hypertension during pregnancy and breast-feeding, while limited evidence could be applied to the management for hypertension before pregnancy. In this review, we summarized the existing guidelines and treatments of pre-pregnancy treatment of hypertension.Sources of dataPubMed.Areas of agreementMethyldopa and labetalol are considered the first choice, but angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) need to be withdrawn if a hypertensive woman wishes to become pregnant. In women with chronic hypertension, it is very important to make an assessment before conception to exclude secondary causes of hypertension, evaluate their hypertensive control to ensure that it is optimal, discuss the increased risks of pre-eclampsia, and provide education regarding any drug alterations before they become pregnant.Areas of controversyThere is increasing debate regarding discouraging the use of diuretics. There is also controversy regarding the use of supplementations such as calcium, antioxidants and low-dose aspirin.Growing pointsA less restricted blood-pressure goal could be set for hypertensive women planning for pregnancy. A healthy body weight before pregnancy could lower the risk of pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders. Recent guidelines also encourage women with chronic hypertension to keep their dietary sodium intake low, either by reducing or substituting sodium salt before pregnancy.Timely areas for developing researchLarge, worldwide, randomized trials should be conducted to see the outcomes for hypertensive women who take antioxidants/physical activity before pregnancy.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy035
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The latest treatment options for bladder cancer
    • Authors: Crabb S; Douglas J.
      Pages: 85 - 95
      Abstract: IntroductionBladder cancer carries a high healthcare burden and a poor prognosis once distant metastatic spread has occurred.Sources of dataWe utilised a PubMed/MEDLINE literature search using the terms bladder cancer, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, intra-vesical therapy, surgery and radiotherapy, and current clinical management guidelines (Association of Cancer Physicians, British Association of Urological Surgeons, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, European Association of Urology).Areas of agreementOptimal bladder cancer management requires a multi-modal approach incorporating surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy.Areas of controversySelection criteria for radical surgery, or radiotherapy as a bladder sparing option, and their relative efficacy, remains poorly defined.Growing pointsPalliative immunotherapy has been recently established for advanced bladder cancer after prior chemotherapy. Earlier use is under investigation.Areas timely for developing researchValidated predictive biomarkers, potentially from easily repeatable sites (‘liquid biopsies’), will be required to optimise use of molecularly targeted treatment options.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy034
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Mexico and mitochondrial replacement techniques: what a mess
    • Authors: Palacios-González C.
      Pages: 97 - 107
      Abstract: BackgroundThe first live birth following the use of a new reproductive technique, maternal spindle transfer (MST), which is a mitochondrial replacement technique (MRT), was accomplished by dividing the execution of the MST procedure between two countries, the USA and Mexico. This was done in order to avoid US legal restrictions on this technique.Sources of dataAcademic articles, news articles, documents obtained through freedom of information requests, laws, regulations and national reports.Areas of agreementMRTs are new reproductive techniques that present novel ethical and legal challenges, since genetic material from three people is employed to create a child.Areas of controversyCould the first MST procedure that culminated in a live birth negatively impact reproductive medicine in Mexico'Growing pointsThe USA and Mexico need specific and clear legislation on MRTs, in order for such techniques not to be governed by prior existing legislation on assisted reproduction that is inadequate for dealing with the new challenges that these techniques present.Areas timely for developing researchThere is a pressing need for work to be done on the international governance of new reproductive techniques.
      PubDate: Fri, 16 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy037
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The impact of the General Data Protection Regulation on health research
    • Authors: Chico V.
      Pages: 109 - 118
      Abstract: BackgroundOn the May 25, 2018 the General Data Protection Regulation (hereafter the GDPR or the Regulation) came into force, replacing the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC (upon which the Data Protection Act 1998 is based), and imposing new responsibilities on organizations which process the data of European Union citizens.Sources of dataThis piece examines the impact of the Regulation on health research.Areas of agreementThe Regulation seeks to harmonize data privacy laws across Europe, to protect and empower all EU citizen’s data privacy and to reshape the way that organizations approach data privacy (See the GDPR portal at: https://www.eugdpr.org/ (accessed 8 May 2018). As a Regulation the GDPR is directly applicable in all member states as opposed to a directive which requires national implementing measures (In the UK the Data Protection Act 1998 was the implementing legislation for the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC.).Areas of controversyThe Regulation is sector wide, but its impact on organizations us sector specific. In some sectors, the Regulation inhibits the processing of personal data, whilst in others it enables that processing. The Regulation takes the position that the ‘processing of data should be designed to serve mankind’ (Recital 4). Whilst it does not spell out what exactly is meant by this, it indicates that a proportionate approach will be taken to the protection of personal data, where that data can be processed for common goods such as healthcare. Thus, the protection of personal data is not absolute, but considered in relation to its function in society and balance with other fundamental rights in accordance with the principle of proportionality (Recital 4). Differing interpretations of proportionality can detract from the harmonization objective of the Regulation.Growing pointsReflecting the commitment to proportionality, scientific research holds a privileged position in the Regulation. Throughout the Regulation provision is made for organizations that process personal data for scientific research purposes to avoid restrictive measures which might impede the increase of knowledge. However, the application of the Regulation differs across health research sectors and across jurisdictions. Transparency and engagement across the health research sector is required to promote alignment.Areas timely for developing researchResearch which focuses on the particular problems which arise in the context of the regulation’s application to health research would be welcome. Particularly in the context of the operation of the Regulation alongside the duty of confidentiality and the variation in approaches across Member States.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldy038
      Issue No: Vol. 128, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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