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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 300, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 517, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal  
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
  [SJR: 0.881]   [H-I: 38]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1672-9145 - ISSN (Online) 1745-7270
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • LncRNA TUG1 influences papillary thyroid cancer cell proliferation,
           migration and EMT formation through targeting miR-145
    • Authors: Lei H; Gao Y, Xu X.
      Abstract: LncRNA TUG1, a tumor oncogene associated with various human cancers, has been reported to be involved in regulating various cellular processes, such as proliferation, apoptosis and invasion through targeting multiple genes. However, its biological function in thyroid cancer cells has not been elucidated. The aim of this study is to measure TUG1 expression level and evaluate its function in thyroid cancer cells. LncRNA TUG1 expression levels in thyroid cancer tissues and three thyroid cancer cell lines (the ATC cell lines SW1736 and KAT18 and the FTC cell line FTC133) were assessed by qRT-PCR and compared with that of the human normal breast epithelial cell HGC-27. MTT assay, colony formation assay, transwell assay and western blot analysis were performed to assess the effects of TUG1 on proliferation, metastasis and EMT formation in thyroid cancer cells in vitro. Rescue assay was performed to further confirm that TUG1 contributes to the progression of thyroid cancer cells through regulating miR-145/ZEB1 signal pathway. LncRNA TUG1 was found to be up-regulated in thyroid cancer tissues and thyroid cancer cells compared with that in the human normal breast epithelial cell HGC-27. Increased lncRNA TUG1 expression was found to significantly promote tumor cell proliferation, and facilitate cell invasion, while down-regulated TUG1 could obviously inhibit cell proliferation, migration/invasion and reverse EMT to MET. These results indicated that TUG1 may contribute to the progression of thyroid cancer cells by function as a ceRNA competitive sponging miR-145, and that lncRNA TUG1 is associated with tumor progression in thyroid cancer cells.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
  • Reduction of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 in Nicotiana benthamiana
           enhances gene silencing induced by Foxtail mosaic virus
    • Authors: Chang F; Gu Z, Zhu P, et al.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
  • Adrenomedullin promotes the odontogenic differentiation of dental pulp
           stem cells through CREB/BMP2 signaling pathway
    • Authors: Zhu Q; Gao J, Tian G, et al.
      Abstract: Adrenomedullin (AM) could promote the proliferation, the odontogenic differentiation and inhibit the apoptosis of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). AM in combination with DPSCs may be an effective strategy for pulp repair. However, there was no report on the mechanisms of AM in the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. The aim of this study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms through which AM promotes the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. Freshly extracted wisdom teeth were obtained from 27 patients. Cells at passage 3 to passage 5 were used in this study. DPSCs were treated with or without 10−7 M AM in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium culture, and then the accumulated calcium deposition was analyzed after 21 days by using alizarin red S staining. Odontogenic differentiation markers were determined by western blot analysis and quantitative real-time PCR. Western blot analysis results showed that AM had the capability of promoting the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs and AM could enhance the phosphorylation of CREB and up-regulate the expression of BMP2. H89 is a CREB inhibitor which can inhibit the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs through inhibiting the phosphorylation of CREB. Noggin could inhibit the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs through inhibiting the activity of BMP2. These results indicated that AM could promote the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs by upregulating the expression of BMP2 through the CREB signaling pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
  • The histone acetylation mediated by Gcn5 regulates the Hoxc11 gene
           expression in MEFs
    • Authors: Oh J; Lee J, Kong K, et al.
      Abstract: Hox genes are responsible for encoding transcription factors that are essential for anterior–posterior body patterning at early stages of embryogenesis. However, detailed mechanisms of Hox genes are yet to be defined. Protein kinase B alpha (Akt1) was previously identified as a possible upstream regulator of Hox genes. Furthermore, the Hoxc11 gene has been upregulated in Akt1 null (Akt1−/−) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), while repressed in wild-type MEFs. In this study, we propose to investigate the role of Gcn5, a histone acetyltransferase, in the regulation of Hoxc11 expression in MEFs. We showed that the H3 lysine 9 acetylation (H3K9ac) status has the same correlation with Hoxc11 expression and reported that Gcn5 is associated with the upregulation of Hoxc11 expression through H3K9ac in Akt1−/− MEFs. Since Hoxc11 was upregulated through histone acetylation in Akt1−/− MEFs, a functional role of Gcn5 on Hoxc11 expression was analyzed in Akt1−/− MEFs treated with Gcn5 specific inhibitor or transfected with Gcn5-small interfering RNA (Gcn5-siRNA). When the expression of Hoxc11 was analyzed using RT-PCR and real-time PCR, the Hoxc11 mRNA level was found to be similar in both Akt1−/− MEFs and control-siRNA transfected Akt1−/− MEFs. However, the Hoxc11 expression level was decreased in Gcn5-inhibited or Gcn5-knockdown Akt1−/− MEFs. Additionally, to analyze Gcn5-mediated histone acetylation status, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was carried out in Gcn5-siRNA-transfected Akt1−/− MEFs. The H3K9ac at the Hoxc11 locus was decreased in Gcn5-knockdown Akt1−/− MEFs compared to controls. Based on these findings, we conclude that Gcn5 regulates Hoxc11 gene expression through mediating site-specific H3K9 acetylation in Akt1−/− MEFs.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
  • α-Asarone suppresses the proliferation and migration of ASMCs through
           targeting the lncRNA-PVT1/miR-203a/E2F3 signal pathway in RSV-infected
    • Authors: Yu X; Zhe Z, Tang B, et al.
      Abstract: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a common cause of lower respiratory tract illness in infants and young children. α-Asarone presents many pharmacological effects and has been demonstrated to be useful in treating asthma. However, the functional mechanism of α-asarone in RSV-infected asthma has not been investigated. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play critical roles in many biological processes. Although many lncRNAs have been characterized, few were reported in asthma, especially in RSV-induced asthma. Currently, a novel post-transcriptional regulation has been proposed in which lncRNAs function as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) to competitively sponge miRNAs, thereby regulating the target genes. In the present study, we established an RSV-infected Sprague–Dawley rat model and demonstrated that lncRNA-PVT1 is involved in the mechanism of α-asarone in treating RSV-induced asthma, and lncRNA-PVT1 regulates the expression of E2F3 by functioning as a ceRNA which competitively sponges miR-203a.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
  • miR-146a-5p acts as a negative regulator of TGF-β signaling in skeletal
           muscle after acute contusion
    • Authors: Sun Y; Li Y, Wang H, et al.
      Abstract: Growing evidence suggests the importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in stress signaling pathways. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a potent cytokine that promotes the development of skeletal muscle fibrosis after acute contusion. However, how miRNAs are involved in TGF-β signaling and confer the robustness of TGF-β-induced fibrotic response remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that miR-146a-5p (miR-146) levels were reduced in a fibrotic mouse model after acute muscle contusion. It was also found that TGF-β treatment decreased the expression of miR-146 in vitro in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In addition, overexpression of Smad3 and Samd4, two key players in TGF-β signaling, suppressed the expression of miR-146 in muscle cells. Overexpression of miR-146 inhibited the expressions of fibrosis markers both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, increase in the expression of miR-146 in muscle cells was able to attenuate the effect of TGF-β on the expressions of fibrosis markers. Mechanistic analysis revealed that Smad4 is a direct target of miR-146 in muscle cells. Furthermore, the anti-fibrotic effect of miR-146 could be blocked by overexpression of Smad4 in vivo. These results suggest that Smad4 is down-regulated by miR-146 in skeletal muscle. Taken together, our results indicate that the anti-fibrotic miR-146 is a component of TGF-β signaling. It is down-regulated by Smad protein, and can inhibit the expression of Smad4. Our study suggests that miR-146 might have a therapeutic potential to reduce skeletal muscle fibrosis after injury.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
  • miR-290 contributes to the low abundance of cyclin D1 protein in mouse
           embryonic stem cells
    • Authors: Gong Z; Wang D, Zhu S, et al.
      Abstract: Mouse miR-290 cluster miRNAs are expressed specifically in early embryos and embryonic germ cells. These miRNAs play critical roles in the maintenance of pluripotency and self-renewal. Here, we showed that Cyclin D1 is a direct target gene of miR-290 cluster miRNAs. Negative relationships between the expression of Cyclin D1 protein and miR-290 cluster miRNAs in pluripotent and non-pluripotent cells, as well as in differentiating CGR8 cells were observed. Inhibition of miR-290 cluster miRNAs could arrest cells at the G1 phase and slow down the cell proliferation in CGR8 mouse stem cells. Since miR-290 cluster miRNAs are the most dominant stem-cell-specific miRNAs, our results revealed an important cause for the absence of Cyclin D1 in mouse embryonic stem cells.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
  • Generation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against the NS1
           protein of H17N10 bat influenza virus
    • Authors: Gao J; Xu K, Sun H, et al.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
  • Lithium and an EPAC-specific inhibitor ESI-09 synergistically suppress
           pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and survival
    • Authors: Wang X; Luo C, Cheng X, et al.
      Abstract: Our previous studies showed that while lithium suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells, the inhibition of exchange proteins directly activated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) (EPAC)1 blocks pancreatic cancer cell migration and invasion. In this study, we further investigated the combinatory effects of lithium and EPAC-specific inhibitor (ESI)-09, an EPAC-specific inhibitor, on pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and viability, and explored whether lithium synergistically cooperates with EPAC inhibition in suppressing pancreatic cancer cell tumorigenicity. The cell viability of pancreatic cancer cell lines PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2 was measured after 48 h of incubation with different dose combination of lithium and ESI-09. Flow cytometric analysis was carried out to further verify the impact of lithium and ESI-09 upon PANC-1 cell proliferation and apoptosis. To investigate the mechanism that the effects generated by lithium and ESI-09 on PANC-1 cells, the intracellular cAMP level was measured by an ELISA-based cAMP immunoassay. Our data showed that lithium and ESI-09 synergistically inhibit pancreatic cancer cell growth and survival. Furthermore, our results revealed a novel mechanism in which the synergism between lithium and ESI-09 is not mediated by the inhibitory effect of lithium toward GSK3β, but by lithium's ability to suppress cAMP/protein kinase A signaling.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
  • Oxaliplatin inhibits proliferation and migration of human hepatocellular
           carcinoma cells via GAS7C and the N-WASP/FAK/F-actin pathway
    • Authors: Li D; Zhang B, Hu C.
      Abstract: The growth arrest-specific gene 7 (GAS7), a member of the growth-arrest-specific family, encodes three protein isoforms (GAS7A, GAS7B, and GAS7C) and plays a potential role in lung cancer as a tumor suppressor gene. In the present study, we found low endogenous expressions of GAS7C mRNA and protein in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines compared with normal liver cells, and that there was a distinct increase of GAS7C expression in HCC cells treated with oxaliplatin. CCK8, apoptosis, and Transwell migration assays showed that cell proliferation and motility of HepG2 and MHCC-97 H cells were inhibited by oxaliplatin, while apoptosis was increased. Interestingly, western blot analysis showed that treatment with oxaliplatin increased GAS7C and N-WASP protein levels and decreased the levels of proteins involved in the fibronectin/integrin/FAK pathway, such as FAK, in both HCC cell lines. In addition, ectopically overexpressed GAS7C obviously inhibited cell proliferation and cell motility. Flow cytometry results showed that overexpression of GAS7C induced apoptosis of HepG2 and MHCC-97 H cells. We further confirmed the correlation between GAS7C and the N-WASP/FAK/F-actin pathway by q-PCR and western blot analysis of in GAS7C-overexpressing HepG2 and MHCC-97 H cells. Inhibition of GAS7C substantially reversed the anti-cancer effect of oxaliplatin and blocked the activity of the N-WASP/FAK/F-actin pathway. Taken together, our results showed that oxaliplatin inhibits HCC cell proliferation and migration ability by up-regulating GAS7C and activating the N-WASP/FAK/F-actin pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
  • NMR-based metabolomic analysis for the effects of creatine supplementation
           on mouse myoblast cell line C2C12
    • Authors: Xu W; Lin D, Huang C.
      Abstract: Creatine (Cr) supplementation has drawn much attention from researchers owing to its widespread efficacy in sports, and more recently, in therapeutic fields. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we performed nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomic analysis to address the metabolic profile of aqueous extracts from the mouse myoblast cell line C2C12 exposed to 2 mM Cr for 24 h (the Cr-treated group). Results showed that Cr supplementation facilitated the proliferation of C2C12 myoblasts. Both pattern recognition and hierarchical cluster analyses demonstrated that the metabolic profiles of the Cr-treated and control groups were distinctly different. We identified 13 characteristic metabolites significantly responsible for the discrimination of metabolic profiles between the two groups, through orthogonal projection to latent structures discriminant analysis and independent samples t-test. We further verified the discrimination performances of these metabolites by conducting univariate receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Compared with the control group, the Cr-treated group exhibited increased levels of Cr, phosphocreatine (PCr), glutathione (GSH), and glucose, but decreased levels of leucine, valine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, methionine, choline, O-phosphocholine, sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, and glycerol. Our results demonstrated that Cr supplementation upregulated PCr and glucose, promoted trichloroacetic acid cycle anaplerotic flux and GSH-mediated antioxidant capacity, and stabilized lipid membranes through suppressing glycerophospholipid metabolism. Our work provides new clues to the molecular mechanisms underlying the pleiotropic effects of Cr in muscle cells.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
  • Role of citrullination modification catalyzed by peptidylarginine
           deiminase 4 in gene transcriptional regulation
    • Authors: Zhai Q; Wang L, Zhao P, et al.
      Abstract: Peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PADI4), a new histone modification enzyme, which converts both arginine and monomethyl-arginine to citrulline, has gained massive attention in recent years as a potential regulator of gene transcription. Recent studies have shown that arginine residues R2, R8, R17, and R26 in the H3 tail and R3 in the H4 tail can be deiminated by PADI4. This kind of histone post-translational modification has the potential to antagonize histone methylation and coordinate with histone deacetylation to regulate gene transcription. PADI4 also deiminates non-histone proteins, such as p300, NPM1, ING4, RPS2, and DNMT3A. PADI4 has been shown to involve in cell apoptosis and differentiation. Moreover, PADI4 can interact with tumor suppressor p53 and regulate the transcriptional activity of p53. Dysregulation of PADI4 is implicated in a variety of diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, tumor development, and multiple sclerosis. A wide variety of PADI4 inhibitors have been identified. Further understanding of PADI4 functions may lead to novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in these diseases. This review summarizes the recent progress in the study of the regulation mechanism of PADI4 on gene transcription and the major physiological functions of PADI4 in human diseases.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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