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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 525, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
  [SJR: 0.881]   [H-I: 38]   [6 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1672-9145 - ISSN (Online) 1745-7270
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Quantitative proteomic analysis of host responses triggered by
           Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in human macrophage cells
    • Authors: Li H; Wei S, Fang Y, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractMacrophages are primary host of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) and the central effector of in vivo innate immune responses against bacteria. Though the interaction between macrophages and mycobacteria has been widely investigated, the molecular mechanisms of M.tb pathogenesis in macrophages are still not clear. In this work, we investigated the altered protein expression profiles of macrophages after virulent H37Rv strain and avirulent H37Ra strain infection by tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomics. Among 6762 identified proteins of macrophages, the expression levels of 235 proteins were significantly altered, which is supposed to be related to the infection of different strains. By bioinformatics analysis at systems level, we found that these proteins are mainly involved in the biological process of apoptosis, blood coagulation, oxidative phosphorylation, and others. The enormous variation in protein profiles between macrophages infected with H37Ra and H37Rv suggests the existence of four different immunity mechanisms that decide the fates of macrophages and M.tb. These data may provide a better understanding of M.tb pathogenesis within the host, which contributes to the prevention and clinical treatment of tuberculosis.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08
       
  • Neuroprotective effect of deferoxamine on N -methyl- d -aspartate-induced
           excitotoxicity in RGC-5 cells
    • Authors: Tian Y; He Y, Song W, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractMany N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists have been used to treat neurodegenerative diseases induced by glutamate excitotoxicity in clinics. However, the universality of the glutamic acid neurotransmitter system makes the glutamic acid receptor blockers inefficient and unsafe. Thus, regulating the downstream signaling pathway in the excitotoxicity of glutamic acid may be a more effective and safer way to antagonize the glutamic acid receptor. In this study, we investigated the effect of deferoxamine (DFO), an iron chelator, on the NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. RGC-5 cells were cultured and identified in vitro, and the NMDA-induced injury was assessed. Then the MTT assay was used to estimate the cell survival and JC-1 staining was performed to detect changes in mitochondrial membrane potential. Immunofluorescent staining and western blot analysis were used to analyze the expressions of respiratory chain proteins. It was found that DFO increased the survival rate of RGC-5 cells and that this effect was positively correlated with the concentration of DFO and the treatment time. The mitochondrial membrane potential and the expression levels of succinate dehydrogenase subunit A and cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV were also increased after DFO treatment, while NMDA reduced their expression levels. These data demonstrate that DFO has significant neuroprotective activity against NMDA-induced excitotoxicity in RGC-5 cells.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
       
  • Exosomes containing miR-21 transfer the characteristic of cisplatin
           resistance by targeting PTEN and PDCD4 in oral squamous cell carcinoma
    • Authors: Liu T; Chen G, Sun D, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractResistance to chemotherapy remains a major obstacle for the effective treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Evidence for the involvement of exosomes as important regulators of cisplatin chemoresistance in OSCC is still poorly understood. Our objective of this study was to explore the roles for exosomes in modulating key cellular pathways mediating response to chemotherapy. We first developed the cisplatin-resistant cell lines (HSC-3-R and SCC-9-R) and found that the conditioned media from cisplatin-resistant OSCC cells enhanced the chemoresistance of parental OSCC cell. The release of exosomes was blocked by inhibitor (GW4869) and exosomes were found to be involved in the chemoresistance of parental OSCC cell transferred from resistant cells. The exosomes derived from resistant cells and parental cells were isolated. Then, the isolated exosomes were characterized and quantified by electron microscopy, qNano analysis, and western blot analysis. Exosomes derived from cisplatin-resistant OSCC cells were found to enhance the chemoresistance of OSCC cell and decrease the DNA damage signaling in response to cisplatin. It was also found that exosomes derived from cisplatin-resistant OSCC cells transferred miR-21 to OSCC parental cells and induced cisplatin resistance by targeting phosphatase and tensin homolog and programmed cell death 4. Furthermore, the roles of cisplatin-resistant OSCC cells-derived exosomes in vivo were confirmed by subcutaneous xenograft mouse model. Collectively, the results suggest that exosomes released from cisplatin-resistant OSCC cells transmit miR-21 to induce cisplatin resistance of OSCC cells.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
       
  • Distinct transcription profile of genes involved in carotenoid
           biosynthesis among six different color carrot ( Daucus carota L.)
           cultivars
    • Authors: Ma J; Xu Z, Tan G, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractCarotenoid, a group of lipophilic molecules, is widely distributed in nature, and is important for plant photosynthesis and photoprotection. In carrot taproot, different types of dominant carotenoid accumulation lead to yellow, orange, and red colors. In this study, six different carrot cultivars were used to simultaneously analyze carotenoid contents by high performance liquid chromatography. The expression levels of genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis of carrot were also detected by real-time quantitative PCR. It was found that genes involved in xanthophyll formation were expressed at high levels in yellow carrot cultivars. However, these genes were expressed at low levels in orange carrot cultivars. The contents of α- and β-carotene accounted for a large proportion in total carotenoid contents in orange carrot cultivars. These results indicate that α-carotene accumulation and xanthophyll formation may be related to the expression levels of carotene hydroxylase genes in carrot.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
       
  • CRISPR/Cas9-based efficient genome editing in Staphylococcus aureus
    • Authors: Liu Q; Jiang Y, Shao L, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractStaphylococcus aureus is an important pathogenic bacterium prevalent in nosocomial infections and associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, which arise from the significant pathogenicity and multi-drug resistance. However, the typical genetic manipulation tools used to explore the relevant molecular mechanisms of S. aureus have multiple limitations: leaving a scar in the genome, comparatively low gene-editing efficiency, and prolonged experimental period. Here, we present a single-plasmid based on the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system which allows rapid and efficient chromosomal manipulation in S. aureus. The plasmid carries the cas9 gene under the control of the constitutive promoter Pxyl/tet, a single guide RNA-encoding sequence transcribed via a strong promoter Pspac, and donor DNA used to repair the double strand breaks. The function of the CRISPR/Cas9 vector was demonstrated by deleting the tgt gene and the rocA gene, and by inserting the erm R cassette in S. aureus. This research establishes a CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing tool in S. aureus, which enables marker-free, scarless and rapid genetic manipulation, thus accelerating the study of gene function in S. aureus.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
       
  • Bisphenol A induced apoptosis and transcriptome differences of
           spermatogonial stem cells in vitro
    • Authors: Gong X; Xie H, Li X, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBisphenol A (BPA) is widely used as an industrial plasticizer, which is also an endocrine disruptor and considered to have adverse effects on reproduction. In male mammals, the long-term production of billions of spermatozoa relies on the regulated proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). However, little is known about the effects of BPA on the viability of SSCs. To investigate the influence of BPA exposure on SSCs in vitro, we isolated SSCs from mouse and successfully established in vitro propagation of SSCs. After BPA treatment, we found that BPA reduced the viability of SSCs and induced SSC apoptosis. For revealing the transcriptome differences of the BPA-treated SSCs, we performed high-throughput RNA sequencing and found that 860 genes were differentially expressed among 18,272 observed genes. The gene ontology (GO) terms, regulation of programmed cell death and apoptotic process, were enriched in the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Among the cluster of DEGs associated with the kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) apoptosis pathway, activating transcription factor 4 (Atf4) and DNA damage inducible transcript 3 (Ddit3) genes were significantly up-regulated in BPA-treated SSCs, which were proved by qPCR. Taken together, these findings suggest that BPA can increase the mRNA expression of pro-apoptosis genes and reduce the viability of SSCs by inducing apoptosis.
      PubDate: 2017-07-15
       
  • DNA-binding properties of FOXP3 transcription factor
    • Authors: Li J; Jiang L, Liang X, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractFOXP3, a lineage-specific forkhead (FKH) transcription factor, plays essential roles in the development and function of regulatory T cells. However, the DNA-binding properties of FOXP3 are not well understood. In this study, FOXP3 fragments containing different domains were purified, and their DNA-binding properties were investigated using electrophoretic mobility shift assay and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). Both the FKH and leucine-zipper domains were required for optimal DNA binding for FOXP3. FOXP3 protein not only binds with DNA sequences containing one FKH consensus sequence, but also binds with DNA sequences with two direct repeats of consensus sequences separated by three-nucleotides (DRE3). Our results shed lights on the mechanisms by which FOXP3 recognizes cognate DNA elements, and would facilitate further structural and functional studies of FOXP3.
      PubDate: 2017-07-15
       
  • Isochlorogenic acid A promotes melanin synthesis in B16 cell through the
           β-catenin signal pathway
    • Authors: Mamat N; Dou J, Lu X, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractIsochlorogenic acid A, also called 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3,5-diCQA), is a widespread phenolic compound in the plant. Recent studies have shown that it has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. In addition, oxidative stress and inflammation induced by solar ultraviolet radiation is a very significant reason for skin depigmentation. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the effect of 3,5-diCQA on B16 cells and explored its molecular mechanism. Results showed that 3,5-diCQA upregulated intracellular melanin production in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Tyrosinase (TYR) activity was also increased after treatment with 3,5-diCQA in a dose-dependent manner. Expressions of TYR, TYR-related protein1, TYR-related protein2, and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor were upregulated in a dose-dependent manner after 48 h of treatment with 3,5-diCQA. Results also showed that 3,5-diCQA promoted the phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308 and glycogen synthase kinase-3β at Ser 9. Moreover, 3,5-diCQA increased the content of β-catenin in cell cytoplasm and nucleus by reducing the content of phosphorylated β-catenin (p-β-catenin). All these results suggest that 3,5-diCQA may mediate the acceleration of melanin synthesis by the β-catenin signal pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-07-15
       
  • Emerging role of HuR in inflammatory response in kidney diseases
    • Authors: Shang J; Zhao Z.
      Abstract: AbstractHuman antigen R (HuR) is a member of the embryonic lethal abnormal vision (ELAV) family which can bind to the A/U rich elements in 3’ un-translated region of mRNA and regulate mRNA splicing, transportation, and stability. Unlike other members of the ELAV family, HuR is ubiquitously expressed. Early studies mainly focused on HuR function in malignant diseases. As researches proceed, more and more proofs demonstrate its relationship with inflammation. Since most kidney diseases involve pathological changes of inflammation, HuR is now suggested to play a pivotal role in glomerular nephropathy, tubular ischemia-reperfusion damage, renal fibrosis and even renal tumors. By regulating the mRNAs of target genes, HuR is causally linked to the onset and progression of kidney diseases. Reports on this topic are steadily increasing, however, the detailed function and mechanism of action of HuR are still not well understood. The aim of this review article is to summarize the present understanding of the role of HuR in inflammation in kidney diseases, and we anticipate that future research will ultimately elucidate the therapeutic value of this novel target.
      PubDate: 2017-07-15
       
  • Resveratrol suppresses P-selectin, PSGL-1, and VWF through SIRT1 signaling
           pathway
    • Authors: Lou Z; Du K, Wang T, et al.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
       
  • Lycorine inhibits the growth and metastasis of breast cancer through the
           blockage of STAT3 signaling pathway
    • Authors: Wang J; Xu J, Xing G.
      Abstract: AbstractSignal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is involved in the growth and metastasis of breast cancer, and represents a potential target for developing new anti-tumor drugs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Lycorine, a pyrrolo[de]phenanthridine ring-type alkaloid extracted from Amaryllidaceae genera, could inhibit breast cancer by targeting STAT3 signaling pathway. The human breast cancer cell lines were incubated with various concentrations of Lycorine, and cell proliferation, colony formation, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, migration and invasion were assayed by several in vitro approaches. Results showed that Lycorine significantly suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion, as well as induced cell apoptosis, but showed no apparent impact on cell cycle. In addition, the effect of Lycorine on tumor growth and metastasis in nude mouse models was investigated, and results showed that Lycorine significantly inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, Lycorine significantly inhibited STAT3 phosphorylation and transcriptional activity through upregulating SHP-1 expression. Lycorine also downregulated the expressions of STAT3 target genes, including Mcl-1, Bcl-xL, MMP-2, MMP-9, which are involved in apoptosis and invasion of breast cancer. Taken together, these findings suggest that Lycorine may be a promising candidate for the prevention and treatment of human breast cancer.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
       
  • Sas/PTP10D signaling drives tumor-suppressive cell competition
    • Authors: He L; Zhou H, Liu H, et al.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
       
  • Alteration of SSAO interactome reveals weakened cell adhesion and motor
           function of adipocytes in T2D
    • Authors: Ke M; Zhang Y, Deng Y.
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
       
 
 
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