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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 316, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 591, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 191, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.79
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1672-9145 - ISSN (Online) 1745-7270
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • TGF-β signaling in cancer
    • Authors: Gu S; Feng X.
      Pages: 941 - 949
      Abstract: Signals from the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily mediate a broad spectrum of cellular processes and are deregulated in many diseases, including cancer. TGF-β signaling has dual roles in tumorigenesis. In the early phase of tumorigenesis, TGF-β has tumor suppressive functions, primarily through cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. However, in the late stage of cancer, TGF-β acts as a driver of tumor progression and metastasis by increasing tumor cell invasiveness and migration and promoting chemo-resistance. Here, we briefly review the mechanisms and functions of TGF-β signaling during tumor progression and discuss the therapeutic potentials of targeting the TGF-β pathway in cancer.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy092
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Long non-coding RNA H19 contributes to hypoxia-induced CPC injury by
           suppressing Sirt1 through miR-200a-3p
    • Authors: Li L; Wang Q, Yuan Z, et al.
      Pages: 950 - 959
      Abstract: Cardiomyocyte death is the chief obstacle that prevents the heart function recovery in myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure (HF). Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs)-based myocardial regeneration has provided a promising method for heart function recovery after MI. However, CPCs can easily lose their proliferation ability due to oxygen deficiency in infarcted myocardium. Revealing the underlying molecular mechanism for CPC proliferation is critical for effective MI therapy. In the present study, we set up a CoCl2-induced hypoxia model in CPCs. We found that the expression of long non-coding RNA H19 was significantly down-regulated in CPCs after hypoxia stimuli. In addition, H19 suppression attenuated the proliferation and migration of CPCs under hypoxia stress. Furthermore, we discovered that H19 regulated the proliferation and migration of CPCs through mediating the expression of Sirt1 which is a target of miR-200a-3p under hypoxia. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate a novel regulatory mechanism for the proliferation and migration of CPCs under hypoxia condition, which provides useful information for the development of new therapeutic targets for MI therapy.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy093
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Knockdown of LGALS12 inhibits porcine adipocyte adipogenesis via
           PKA–Erk1/2 signaling pathway
    • Authors: Wu W; Yin Y, Xu K, et al.
      Pages: 960 - 967
      Abstract: Increasing intramuscular (IM) fat while concomitantly decreasing subcutaneous (SC) fat content is one major goal of pig breeding. Identifying genes involved in lipid metabolism is critical for this goal. Galectin-12 (LGALS12) has been proven to be an important regulator of fat deposition in mouse models; however, the effect and regulatory mechanisms of LGALS12 on porcine adipogenesis are still unknown. In this study, the effects of LGALS12 on fat deposition were explored with primary culture of porcine SC and IM adipocytes. Analysis of LGALS12 expression across different tissues revealed that LGALS12 was predominantly expressed in adipose tissue. The LGALS12 expression patterns across stages of adipocyte differentiation were also evaluated, with differences observed between SC and IM fat. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) of LGALS12 was designed and transfected into porcine adipocytes derived from SC and IM fat. After transfection, the expression level of LGALS12 was significantly reduced, and the number of lipid droplets was reduced in adipocytes from both SC and IM fat. Simultaneously, the levels of adipogenic markers, including PPARγ and aP2, were decreased, whereas hydrolysis markers, including adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), were increased. Furthermore, the activation of lipolysis signals, such as the phosphorylation of PKA and Erk1/2, were observed with LGALS12 knockdown in terminally differentiated adipocytes from both SC and IM sources. Taken together, these results suggest that LGALS12 knockdown can inhibit adipogenesis of porcine adipocytes by downregulating lipogenic genes and activating the PKA–Erk1/2 signaling pathway.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy099
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Fam198a, a member of secreted kinase, secrets through caveolae biogenesis
           pathway
    • Authors: Wei Z; Liu T, Lei J, et al.
      Pages: 968 - 975
      Abstract: Fam198a is a member of four-jointed protein kinases, a secreted protein kinase family. It was identified as a caveolae-associated protein and colocalized with cavin-1 and caveolin-1 in both tissues and cells. The newly synthesized Fam198a precursor in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) was transported by caveolae biogenesis vesicles to Golgi apparatus in which it was proteolytically cleaved into the secreted mature form. The amino acid mutation analysis identified Arg 120 and 437 as the proteolytic sites in Fam198a precursor during maturation. In mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) obtained from cavin-1−/− or caveolin-1−/− mice, Fam198a precursor was retained in ER and no mature Fam198a could be formed in these cells. Ectopic expression of exogenous cavin-1 in cavin-1−/− MEFs restored the blocked Fam198a post-translational process and secretion. Cavin-1 was also required for Fam198a secretion after its maturation in Golgi apparatus. Ectopic expression of cavin-1 in A549 cells restored the blocked Fam198a secretion. These results suggest that protein secretion is an important function for caveolae biogenesis pathway and the disruption of caveolae system will affect those functions played by the secreted proteins.
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy105
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor signaling regulates embryonic
           epicardial cell proliferation through focal adhesion kinase pathway
    • Authors: Yan Y; Qin Q, Wu L, et al.
      Pages: 976 - 983
      Abstract: Embryonic epicardial cells (EPCs) can facilitate cardiomyocyte growth through secreting several essential growth factors, and participate in cardiac development through auto-differentiating into many cardiac cell lineages. Proper proliferation of EPCs is the precondition of these functions, so it is quite necessary to explore the mechanisms involving in EPC proliferation. In this study, we aimed to explore whether insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) signaling participated in regulating the proliferation of EPCs. Our results showed that the expressions of IGF1R and its ligands IGF1 and IGF2 can be clearly spotted on the epicardium layer from E11.5d to E17.5d. Inhibition of IGF1R signaling using picropodophyllin or NVP-AEW541 significantly decreased the proliferation activity and blocked the cell cycle progression of epicardial cells in vitro. On the contrary, activating IGF1R with recombinant IGF1 and IGF2 promoted epicardial cell proliferation and cell cycle. We also found that decreased expression and phosphorylation of FAK in IGF1R inhibitor-treated cells and use of FAK inhibitor Y15 could significantly inhibit the IGFs-induced EPC proliferation. In conclusion, our results suggest that IGF1R signaling plays an important role in regulating EPC proliferation, and this effect may be mediated by FAK pathway.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy103
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Tafa-2 plays an essential role in neuronal survival and neurobiological
           function in mice
    • Authors: Wang X; Shen C, Chen X, et al.
      Pages: 984 - 995
      Abstract: Tafa is a family of small secreted proteins with conserved cysteine residues and restricted expression in the brain. It is composed of five highly homologous genes referred to as Tafa-1 to -5. Among them, Tafa-2 is identified as one of the potential genes responsible for intellectual deficiency in a patient with mild mental retardation. To investigate the biological function of Tafa-2 in vivo, Tafa-2 knockout mice were generated. The mutant mice grew and developed normally but exhibited impairments in spatial learning and memory in Morris water maze test and impairments in short- and long-term memory in novel object recognition test, accompanied with increased level of anxiety-like behaviors in open-field test and elevated plus maze test, and decreased level of depression-like behaviors in forced-swim test and tail-suspension test. Further examinations revealed that Tafa-2 deficiency causes severe neuronal reduction and increased apoptosis in the brain of Tafa-2−/− mice via downregulation of PI3K/Akt and MAPK/Erk pathways. Conformably, the expression levels of CREB target genes including BDNF, c-fos and NF1, and CBP were found to be reduced in the brain of Tafa-2−/− mice. Taken together, our data indicate that Tafa-2 may function as a neurotrophic factor essential for neuronal survival and neurobiological functions.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy097
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • LncRNA-HOTAIR inhibition aggravates oxidative stress-induced H9c2 cells
           injury through suppression of MMP2 by miR-125
    • Authors: Li L; Zhang M, Chen W, et al.
      Pages: 996 - 1006
      Abstract: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury-induced cardiomyocytes death is the main obstacle that limits the heart function recovery of the AMI patients. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by mitochondria is the main pathological stimulus of cardiomyocytes death during heart I/R injury process. Hence, to understand the underlying mechanism of cardioymocytes proliferation and apoptosis under oxidative stress is crucial for effective AMI therapy. In this study, we found that the expression of long non-coding RNA HOTAIR was significantly downregulated in H9c2 cells in response to oxidative stimuli. HOTAIR knockdown further attenuated H9c2 cells proliferation and accelerated H9c2 cells apoptosis in oxidative stress, while HOTAIR overexpression can protect H9c2 cells from oxidative stress-induced injury. Additionally, HOTAIR acted as a sponge for miR-125. MiR-125 inhibitors restored the H9c2 cells proliferation and migration potential after HOTAIR knockdown in oxidative stress. Meanwhile, MMP2 was identified as a target of miR-125. MMP2 knockdown blocked miR-125 inhibitors’ protect effect on H9c2 cells in oxidative stress. Further study demonstrated that HOTAIR inhibition can aggravate oxidative stress-induced H9c2 cells injury through HOTAIR/miR-125/MMP2 axis. Our finding revealed a novel regulatory mechanism for cardiomyocytes proliferation and apoptosis under oxidative stress conditions, which provided a therapeutic approach for myocardium repair after AMI injury.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy102
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Cell-free DNA derived from cancer cells facilitates tumor malignancy
           through Toll-like receptor 9 signaling-triggered interleukin-8 secretion
           in colorectal cancer
    • Authors: Niu Z; Tang W, Liu T, et al.
      Pages: 1007 - 1017
      Abstract: Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has become a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC). In non-cancerous diseases, it has been confirmed that cfDNA can be recognized by Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), leading to a significant biological change. Nevertheless, the biological significance of cfDNA and its relationship with TLR9 in tumor malignancy is still unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the biological role of cfDNA in colorectal cancer (CRC). The expression of TLR9 was measured in different CRC cell lines and cancerous samples by RT-PCR or immunohistochemistry, which showed that high expression of TLR9 was significantly correlated with the tumor metastasis, advanced TNM stage and poor prognosis of patients. Then, cfDNA was obtained from fluorouracil (5FU)-induced apoptotic cancer cells in vitro and transfection techniques were used to transfect siRNA and cDNA plasmid for TLR9. Cancer cells were stimulated using isolated cfDNA fragments, and results showed that cfDNA could promote colorectal cancer cell proliferation via TLR9. Meanwhile, we demonstrated that the cfDNA binding to TLR9 could facilitate cell migration and invasion. Finally, we demonstrated that cfDNA initiated downstream TLR9-MyD88 signaling and induced robust release of chemokine interleukin 8 (IL-8), which helped to elucidate the mechanisms underlying these phenomena. Our data suggest that cancer cell-derived cfDNA contributes to cancer progression through activation of TLR9-MyD88 signaling and IL-8 secretion in CRC. These findings provide a novel perspective for understanding of tumor progression and provoke a potential therapeutic target for CRC treatment.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy104
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Trail armed oncolytic poxvirus suppresses lung cancer cell by inducing
           apoptosis
    • Authors: Hu J; Wang H, Gu J, et al.
      Pages: 1018 - 1027
      Abstract: Lung cancer has a high morbidity rate worldwide and is often resistant to therapy. Oncolytic virus therapy is a developing trend for cancer treatment. Thus, we constructed an oncolytic poxvirus carrying human trail gene that expresses a membrane-binding tumor necrosis factor and associated apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL, Oncopox-trail). We hypothesized that the expression of trail would increase the efficacy of the oncolytic poxvirus. The effect of the TRAIL protein depends on the death receptors on the surface of different cancer cells. The expression of death receptors in lung cancer cell lines was analyzed by western blot analysis. In vitro, the oncolytic poxvirus carrying the trail gene displayed a better cytotoxicity at the cell level in the lung cancer cell line than that carrying the Oncopox-empty. TRAIL protein mainly induced apoptosis and inhibited necrosis. In vivo, two transplanted tumor models of human A549 lung cancer cells and mouse Lewis lung cancer cells were used to verify the anti-cancer effect of the oncolytic poxvirus carrying the trail gene. TUNEL staining results of the tumor histological sections also verified the anti-cancer effect. Similarly, through systemic administration of Oncopox-trail, the oncolytic poxvirus also exhibited anti-cancer effect.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy096
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • LncRNA HOTAIR mediates TGF-β2-induced cell growth and
           epithelial–mesenchymal transition in human lens epithelial cells
    • Authors: Zhang Z; Zhu H, Liu Y, et al.
      Pages: 1028 - 1037
      Abstract: Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) results from the proliferation, migration, and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of residual lens epithelial cells (LECs) and fibers in the capsular bag. Previous reports have demonstrated that transforming growth factor β2 (TGF-β2) affects the cellular processes via modulation of EMT in LECs. However, the mechanisms that underlie the TGF-β2-induced EMT in LECs are still largely unknown. In this study, we confirmed that TGF-β2 induces EMT in SRA01/04 cells via the up-regulation of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HOTAIR. To study the effects of HOTAIR on the proliferation, migration and EMT of SRA01/04 cells as well as the underlying mechanism, we used small interfering RNA (siRNA) to specifically attenuate HOTAIR expression in SRA01/04 cells. CCK8 cell-counting kit was used to examine SRA01/04 cell viability; EdU cell proliferation kit was used to examine SRA01/04 cell proliferation; Transwell system and scratch assays were used to observe cell migration; and qPCR and western blot analysis were used to evaluate EMT progression. We found that inhibition of HOTAIR expression repressed SRA01/04 cell viability, proliferation, migration and prevented the TGF-β2-induced changes in cellular processes via modulation of EMT. Ultimately, we found that HOTAIR affected the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway. In summary, we elucidated that HOTAIR affected the cell viability, proliferation, and migration in the TGF-β2-induced EMT in SRA01/04 cells and suggested that modulation of HOTAIR may be helpful in PCO prevention and therapy.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy101
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • RNF34 modulates the mitochondrial biogenesis and exercise capacity in
           
    • Authors: Wei P; Guo J, Xue W, et al.
      Pages: 1038 - 1046
      Abstract: The transcriptional co-activator PGC-1α is a key regulator of mitochondrial function and muscle fiber specification in the skeletal muscle. The E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF34 ubiquitinates PGC-1α and negatively regulates mammalian brown fat cell metabolism. However, the functional importance of RNF34 in the skeletal muscle and its impact on energy metabolism remain unknown. The Drosophila PGC-1 homolog dPGC-1 and its mammalian counterparts have conserved functions in mitochondria and insulin signaling. Here, we showed that the Drosophila RNF34 (dRNF34) ubiquitinates the Drosophila PGC-1α (dPGC-1) and promotes its degradation in HEK293T cells by immunoprecipitation and western blot analysis. This allows us to use Drosophila as a powerful model system to study the physiological role of RNF34 in mitochondrial function and metabolism. In the in vivo studies, by separately expressing two independent UAS-dRNF34 RNAi transgenes driven by the muscle-specific 24B-Gal4 driver, we found that knockdown of dRNF34 specifically in muscle promotes mitochondrial biogenesis, improves negative geotaxis, extends climbing time to exhaustion in moderate aged flies and counteracts high-fat-diet-induced high triglyceride content. Furthermore, we showed that knockdown of dPGC-1 reversed the effects of the dRNF34 knockdown phenotypes described above. Our results reveal that dRNF34 plays an important role in regulating mitochondrial biogenesis in muscle and lipid metabolism through dPGC-1. Thus, inhibition of RNF34 activity provides a potential novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of age-related muscle dysfunction.
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy106
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • LC3-II may mediate ATR-induced mitophagy in dopaminergic neurons through
           SQSTM1/p62 pathway
    • Authors: Ma K; Wu H, Li P, et al.
      Pages: 1047 - 1061
      Abstract: Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamine-1,3,5-triazine; ATR) has been demonstrated to regulate autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins in doparminergic neuronal damage. In our study, we investigated the role of LC3-II in ATR-induced degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. In vivo dopaminergic neuron degeneration model was set up with ATR treatment and confirmed by the behavioral responses and pathological analysis. Dopaminergic neuron cells were transfected with LC3-II siRNA and treated with ATR to observe cell survival and reactive oxygen species release. The process of mitochondrial autophagy and the neurotoxic effects of mitochondrial autophagy were detected by immunofluorescence assay, immunohistochemical analysis, real-time PCR, and western blot analysis. Results showed that after ATR treatment, the grip strength of Wistar rats was significantly decreased, and behavioral signs of anxiety were clearly observed. The mRNA and protein levels of tyrosine hydroxylase, LC3-II, PINK1, and Parkin were significantly decreased in ATR-induced rat dopaminergic neurons and PC-12 cells, while the mRNA expression and protein levels of SQSTM1/p62 and Parl were increased. Exposure to ATR also led to accumulation of autophagic lysosomes and autophagic bodies along with significantly decreased levels of dopaminergic neurons and alterations in mitochondrial homeostasis, which was reversed by LC3-II siRNA. Our results suggest that ATR affects the mitochondria-mediated dopaminergic neuronal death, which may be mediated by LC3-II and other autophagy markers in vivo and in vitro through SQSTM1/p62 signaling pathway.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy091
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Anti-leprosy drug Clofazimine binds to human Raf1 kinase inhibitory
           protein and enhances ERK phosphorylation
    • Authors: Guo C; Chang T, Sun T, et al.
      Pages: 1062 - 1067
      Abstract: Human Raf1 kinase inhibitory protein (hRKIP) is an important modulator of the Ras/Raf1/MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Here, we demonstrated that anti-leprosy drug Clofazimine can bind to hRKIP with a significantly stronger affinity than the endogenous substrate phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by using Biolayer interference technology. Moreover, we identified that residues P74, S75, K80, P111, P112, V177, and P178 play crucial roles in the binding of hRKIP to Clofazimine by using a combination of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy and molecular docking approach. These residues are located at the conserved ligand-binding pocket of hRKIP. Furthermore, we found that 3.2 μM Clofazimine could significantly increase the ERK phosphorylation level by about 37%. Our results indicate that Clofazimine can enhance Ras/Raf1/MEK/ERK signaling transduction pathway via binding to hRKIP. This work provides valuable hints for exploiting Clofazimine as a potential lead compound to efficiently treat the diseases related to RKIP or the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy095
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Altered expressions of memory genes in food-entrained circadian rhythm
    • Authors: Mei Y; Zhang J, Li Z, et al.
      Pages: 1068 - 1071
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy100
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • MitoCPR: a novel protective mechanism in response to mitochondrial protein
           import stress
    • Authors: Tang M; Luo X, Huang Z, et al.
      Pages: 1072 - 1074
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy098
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 10 (2018)
       
 
 
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