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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 294, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 578, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.79
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1672-9145 - ISSN (Online) 1745-7270
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Negative regulation of TGF-β by AMPK and implications in the
           treatment of associated disorders
    • Authors: Gao J; Ye J, Ying Y, et al.
      Pages: 523 - 531
      Abstract: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) regulates a large number of biological processes, including proliferation, differentiation, immune response, and development. In addition, TGF-β plays important roles in some pathological processes, for instance, it is upregulated and activated in fibrosis and advanced cancer. Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) acts as a fuel gauge that is activated when cells sense shortage of ATP and increase in AMP or AMP:ATP ratio. Activation of AMPK slows down anabolic processes and stimulates catabolic processes, leading to increased production of ATP. Furthermore, the functions of AMPK have been extended beyond energy homeostasis. In fact, AMPK has been shown to exert a tumor suppressive effect. Recent studies have demonstrated negative impacts of AMPK on TGF-β function. Therefore, in this review, we will discuss the differences in the biological functions of TGF-β and AMPK, and some pathological processes such as fibrosis, epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer metastasis, as well as angiogenesis and heterotopic ossifications where TGF-β and AMPK exert opposite effects.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy028
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Berbamine suppresses cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis in ovarian
           cancer partially via the inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling
    • Authors: Zhang H; Jiao Y, Shi C, et al.
      Pages: 532 - 539
      Abstract: Ovarian cancer is a common and lethal cancer affecting women globally. Berbamine is a natural compound from the plant Berberis amurensis, which is used in Chinese traditional medicine. Recent studies have shown the anti-tumor effects of berbamine in several types of cancers but not in ovarian cancer. In the present study, we investigated the potential anti-tumor effects of berbamine in ovarian cancer and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. Berbamine suppressed the cell viability of ovarian cancer cells in a concentration-dependent manner as revealed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. Berbamine also suppressed the cell growth and invasion of ovarian cancer cells as measured by colony formation and cell invasion assays, respectively. Flow cytometry experiments showed that berbamine increased cell apoptotic rate and induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase in ovarian cancer cells. Western blot analysis showed that berbamine increased the protein levels of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, Bax, and decreased the protein level of Bcl-2 in ovarian cancer cells. Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis demonstrated that berbamine treatment inhibited the Wnt/β-catenin signaling in ovarian cancer cells. The inhibitory effects of berbamine on cell viability and invasion of ovarian cancer cells can be partially reversed by lithium chloride (LiCl) treatment. Growth of tumors developed from SKOV3 cells was significantly suppressed in berbamine-treated group, and berbamine treatment enhanced caspase-3 and -9 cleavage and reduced β-catenin protein level in tumor tissues. In summary, berbamine exerts its anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo via induction of apoptosis, partially associated with the inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy036
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Prolyl hydroxylase 2 is dispensable for homeostasis of intestinal
           epithelium in mice
    • Authors: Xie Y; Yuan T, Qin Y, et al.
      Pages: 540 - 546
      Abstract: Prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1–3) hydroxylate hypoxia inducible factor α (HIFα), leading to HIFα ubiquitination and degradation. Recent studies indicated that administration of generic inhibitors of PHDs improved mice colitis, suggesting that suppression of PHD activity by these inhibitors may be a potential strategy for the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the exact role of each member of PHD family in homeostasis of intestinal epithelium remains elusive. The aim of this work is to study the possible role of PHD2 by using mice with genetic ablation of Phd2 in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). We found that deletion of PHD2 in IECs did not lead to spontaneous enteritis or colitis in mice. Deletion of PHD2 in IECs did not confer upon mice higher susceptibility to dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis. Furthermore, in a colitis-associated colon cancer model, the PHD2-conditional knockout mice had similar susceptibility to azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic tumorigenesis as control mice did. Our results suggest that PHD2 is dispensable for maintenance of intestinal epithelium homeostasis in mice.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy037
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Legionella pneumophila effector WipA, a bacterial PPP protein phosphatase
           with PTP activity
    • Authors: Jia Q; Lin Y, Gou X, et al.
      Pages: 547 - 554
      Abstract: The gram-negative bacterium Legionella pneumophila invades human’s lung and causes Legionnaires’ disease. To benefit its survival and replication in cellular milieu, L. pneumophila secrets at least 330 effector proteins into host cells. We found that the effector WipA has the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) activity but does not depend on the classical CX5R motif for activity, suggesting that WipA is an unconventional PTP. Meanwhile, the presence of three other highly conserved motifs typically seen in protein serine/threonine phosphatases and the poor inhibition of WipA activity by okadaic acid led us to propose that WipA is a bacterial protein phosphatase. In addition, the determination of the 2.55-Å crystal structure of WipA revealed that WipA resembles cold-active protein tyrosine phosphatase (CAPTPase), and therefore very likely shares the same catalytic mechanism.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy042
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Retinoic acid and CTCF play key roles in inducing the collinear expression
           of the Hoxa cluster
    • Authors: Oh J; Kim C, Lee J, et al.
      Pages: 555 - 559
      Abstract: During the development of an embryo, the initiation of the collinear expression of Hox genes is essential for the proper formation of the anteroposterior body axis. Retinoic acid (RA), a natural derivative of vitamin A, plays a role in vertebrate development by regulating Hox gene expression. CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), an insulator protein that controls gene transcription, also regulates the expression of Hox genes by binding to the CTCF-binding sites (CBSs). It has been reported that upon RA signaling, retinoic acid response elements (RAREs) located in the Hox clusters become occupied. Interestingly, RAREs exist in close proximity with CBSs, and therefore when RA is bound, CTCF cannot bind. Without CTCF and its insulator activities, the repressive domain in the chromatin becomes open for gene transcription. Here, we examine the relationship between RA and CTCF during the RA-induced expression of the Hoxa cluster genes, using F9 murine embryonic teratocarcinoma cells as a model system. We treated F9 cells with RA for different time, confirmed the collinear expression of Hoxa genes, and validated CTCF-binding in F9 cells as well as in CTCF-overexpressing F9 cells, in the presence of RA. The present study suggests that RA and CTCF pose antagonistic effects on each other during vertebrate development to attain Hox gene collinearity.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy039
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • The inhibitory effect of BKCa channels induced by autoantibodies against
           angiotensin II type 1 receptor is independent of AT1R
    • Authors: Wang P; Zhang S, Ren J, et al.
      Pages: 560 - 566
      Abstract: Autoantibodies against angiotensin II Type 1 receptor (AT1-AA) are routinely detected in the serum of preeclampsia patients, which results in an increase in vascular tone and an elevation in intracellular calcium concentration of rat vascular smooth muscle (VSM). The big conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BKCa channels) account for the dominant outward currents in VSMCs, contributing to membrane hyperpolarization and vasodilation. In the present study, we investigated the effect of AT1-AA on BKCa channels. A preeclampsia model was established by passively immunizing healthy pregnant BALB/c mice with AT1-AA extracted from hybridoma culture supernatant. Blood pressure, serum AT1-AA levels, and urinary protein were measured in the immunized mice. BKCa channel expression was detected using qRT-PCR and immunohistochemical technique. The patch-clamp technique was used to record the single currents of BKCa channels in the HEK293T cells that had been transfected. AT1-AA immunized mice exhibited elevated AT1-AA and urinary protein levels compared with mice of the vehicle group. Systolic blood pressure was also increased in the immunized group. BKCa channel β1-subunit expression was reduced in the mesenteric arteries of immunized mice. AT1-AA could inhibit the BKCa currents and the inhibitory effects were not completely reversed following the application of valsartan, an inhibitor of AT1 receptor. In conclusion, AT1-AA could decrease BKCa expression and inhibit BKCa activity independent of AT1R. These inhibitory effects are likely to be contributory factors in the promotion of increased vascular tone caused by AT1-AA in preeclampsia.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy038
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Photothermal treatment with EGFRmAb–AuNPs induces apoptosis in
           hypopharyngeal carcinoma cells via PI3K/AKT/mTOR and DNA damage response
           pathways
    • Authors: Zhang Y; Cong L, He J, et al.
      Pages: 567 - 578
      Abstract: Hypopharyngeal carcinoma (HC) is one of the most malignant tumors in the upper aerodigestive tract. Currently, there are no effective treatments for HC. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are a promising tool that can be used for plasmonic photothermal therapy (PPTT), which refers to the use of electromagnetic radiation, most often in near infrared (NIR) region, for the treatment of various medical conditions including cancer. AuNPs have been proved to be a promising tool for NIR spectroscopy-mediated photothermal therapies. In this study, we chemically conjugated AuNPs with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a cell-surface receptor that is overexpressed in many cancers. We then assessed the effect of NIR photothermal treatment with the EGFRmAb–AuNPs in FaDu HC cells. Our data showed that nanoparticle conjugation with the EGFRmAb improved the specific targeting towards FaDu cells and reduced cytotoxicity towards normal (293 T) cells which do not overexpress the EGFR. A significant amount of our EGFRmAb-conjugated AuNPs could enter the nucleus. Moreover, the expression levels of double strand DNA break repair proteins, including p-ATR, p-CHK1, and p-CHK2 were increased following AuNPs treatment, indicating the presence of DNA damage. These findings suggest that the AuNPs can potentially disrupt genome integrity and induce apoptosis. In addition, EGFRmAb–AuNPs+NIR could induce FaDu cell apoptosis, accompanied by the inhibition of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and stimulation of DNA damage response. Based on these data, PPTT using the EGFRmAb–AuNPs could be a new promising treatment for HC.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy046
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Toxic effects of arsenic trioxide on Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces
           through ROS production, and Ca2+-ER stress-dependent apoptosis
    • Authors: Li J; Tang G, Qin W, et al.
      Pages: 579 - 585
      Abstract: Cystic echinococcosis is a severe parasitic disease that commonly affects the liver and causes abscesses or rupture into the surrounding tissues, leading to multiple complications, such as shock, severe abdominal pain, and post-treatment abscess recurrence. Currently, there are no efficient measures to prevent these complications. We previously confirmed that arsenic trioxide (As2O3) exhibited in vitro cytotoxicity against Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces. In the present study, we aimed to explore the mechanism of As2O3-induced E. granulosus protoscoleces apoptosis. After exposing E. granulosus protoscoleces to 0, 4, 6, and 8 μM As2O3, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was detected by fluorescence microscopy; superoxide dismutase (SOD), and caspase-3 activities were measured; intracellular Ca2+ was detected by flow cytometry; GRP-78 and caspase-12 protein levels were measured by western blot analysis. Our results showed that the expression of caspase-3 was gradually increased and the expression of SOD was gradually decreased in As2O3-treated groups of protoscoleces. Simultaneously, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry showed that the ROS level and the intracellular Ca2+ level were increased in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Western blot analysis showed that the expressions of GRP-78 and caspase-12 were higher in As2O3-treated groups than in the control group. These results suggest that As2O3-induced apoptosis in E. granulosus protoscoleces is related to elevation of ROS level, disruption of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, and endoplasmic reticulum stress. These mechanisms can be targeted in the future by safer and more effective drugs to prevent recurrence of cystic echinococcosis.
      PubDate: Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy041
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Effects of baicalein on pancreatic cancer stem cells via modulation of
           sonic Hedgehog pathway
    • Authors: Song L; Chen X, Wang P, et al.
      Pages: 586 - 596
      Abstract: Recent studies have suggested that sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway is aberrantly activated in cancer stem cells (CSCs). A seven-herb Chinese medicinal formula composed of Amorphophallus rivieri Durieu, Oldenlandia diffusa (Wild) Roxb, Scutellaria barbata D. Don, Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Mak and Amomum cardamomum L, i.e. Qingyihuaji (QYHJ) formula, has been shown to inhibit proliferation of pancreatic CSCs by inhibiting Shh signaling pathway and thereby prolong the overall survival of pancreatic cancer patients. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that baicalein is one of the major compounds of QYHJ formula. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of Shh pathway in pancreatic cancer and to examine the molecular mechanisms of baicalein involved in pancreatic cancer treatment. We examined the effects of baicalein on pancreatic CSCs both in vivo and in vitro. The results indicated that baicalein attenuated the pluripotency of pancreatic CSCs. Then, we investigated the underlying mechanism and found that nuclear transcription factors, such as Sox-2 and Oct-4 as well as members in Shh signaling pathway, e.g. SHH, SMO, and Gli-2, were downregulated after baicalein treatment. Furthermore, silencing Gli-2 expression by small interfering RNA decreased Sox-2 expression and blocked the inhibitory effects of baicalein, suggesting that the effects of baicalein may be mediated through inhibition of Shh pathway. Our results suggested that baicalein, an active compound in QYHJ formula, could suppress the self-renewal of pancreatic CSCs through inhibition of Shh signaling pathway.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy045
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • MiR-223 promotes the doxorubicin resistance of colorectal cancer cells via
           regulating epithelial–mesenchymal transition by targeting FBXW7
    • Authors: Ding J; Zhao Z, Song J, et al.
      Pages: 597 - 604
      Abstract: Although doxorubicin has become a key drug in cancer treatment, the resistance of colorectal carcinoma to doxorubicin is a major problem in clinical practice. F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7) plays important roles in human cancers and is one of the major causes of drug resistance. The miR-223/FBXW7 pathway has been reported to be a crucial clue to the mechanism of chemoresistance in many human cancers, such as gastric cancer, breast cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer. However, it is unclear whether similar mechanisms of doxorubicin resistance are involved in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the current study was to evaluate the role of miR-223/FBXW7 pathway in chemosensitivity in different CRC cell lines and to investigate the relevant underlying mechanisms. We found that high levels of FBXW7 expression were associated with increased doxorubicin sensitivity in different CRC cell lines, and FBXW7 was regulated by miR-223. Overexpression of miR-223 decreased FBXW7 expression and the sensitivity of CRC cells to doxorubicin, while suppression of miR-223 had the opposite effect. Moreover, epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) was proved to be regulated by miR-223/FBXW7 pathway and involved in the drug resistance. In conclusion, miR-223/FBXW7 axis regulates doxorubicin sensitivity through EMT in CRC, which may lead to the development of individualized treatment in clinical practice.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy040
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • MiR-23b-3p induces the proliferation and metastasis of esophageal squamous
           cell carcinomas cells through the inhibition of EBF3
    • Authors: Zhang J; Zhang Y, Tan X, et al.
      Pages: 605 - 614
      Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), some small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level, are always aberrantly expressed in carcinomas. In this study, we found that miR-23b-3p was remarkably up-regulated in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells and tissues. Moreover, miR-23b-3p could induce the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in vitro. EBF3 was identified as the direct downstream target gene of miR-23b-3p and ectogenic EBF3 could strongly inhibit the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in vitro. Furthermore, it was found that miR-23b-3p could regulate epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition progress by blocking EBF3. Therefore, it was concluded that miR-23b-3p targeted EBF3 to accelerate the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in ESCC.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy049
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Identification of key pathways and genes in mutant KRAS colorectal cancer
           by integrated bioinformatics analysis
    • Authors: Zhang H; Zhang X, Chen X, et al.
      Pages: 615 - 617
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy043
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
  • Mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membranes (MAMs) involve in
           the regulation of mitochondrial dysfunction and heart failure
    • Authors: Zhang K; Zhou Q, Guo Y, et al.
      Pages: 618 - 619
      PubDate: Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/abbs/gmy044
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2018)
       
 
 
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