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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 525, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Chromatographic Science
  [SJR: 0.448]   [H-I: 42]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0021-9665 - ISSN (Online) 1945-239X
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Determination of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Australian Groundwater
           Through the Improvised Gas Chromatography–Flame Ionization Detection
    • Authors: Faustorilla M; Chen Z, Dharmarajan R, et al.
      Pages: 775 - 783
      Abstract: AbstractAssessment of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) from contaminated sites demands routine and reliable measurement at trace levels. However, the detection limits of these methods need to be improved. This study developed the programmable temperature vaporization–large volume injection (PTV–LVI) method to quantify TPHs through gas chromatography–flame ionization detection. This configuration enhances the method sensitivity for trace level detections through large volume injections and pre-concentration of analytes along the injection liner. The method was evaluated for the three commonly observed hydrocarbon fractions: C10–C14, C15–C28 and C29–C36. In comparison with conventional injection methods (splitless and pulsed splitless), PTV–LVI showed R2 values > 0.999 with enhanced limits of detection and limits of quantification values. The method was applied to real samples for routine environmental monitoring of TPHs in an Australian contaminated site characterized by refueling station. Analysis of groundwater samples in the area showed a wide range of TPH concentrations as follows: 66–1,546,000 (C10–C14), 216–22,762 (C15–C28) and 105–2,103 (C29–C36) μg/L. This method has detected trace levels, thereby measuring a wider concentration range of TPHs. These more accurate measurements can lead to the appropriate application of risk assessments and remediation techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx038
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • GC–MS Method for Quantification of Mephedrone in Human Blood Sample
    • Authors: Mohamed KM.
      Pages: 784 - 789
      Abstract: AbstractAbuse of mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) has emerged among the last few years. Intoxication and fatality associated with mephedrone have been reported in the literature. The present work describes a simple and rapid gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) method for detection and quantification of mephedrone in human blood samples using GC–MS. Blood was deproteinated with acetonitrile and the supernatant was derivatized and extracted in a single step with ethyl chloroformate and ethyl acetate. Methamphetamine-d5 was used as an internal standard (IS). The characteristic ions at m/z 58, 119 and 130 for mephedrone and m/z 62, 92 and 134 for methamphetamine-D5 were used for quantification of the analyte. The calibration curve was linear within the concentration range 10–2,000 ng/mL. Intra- and inter-assay precisions (%RSD) were within 10.9–11.9 and 9.2–11.2, respectively. Intra-assay accuracy (%Bias) was between 1.8 and 2.8. The method was successfully applied to detect and quantify mephedrone in real blood samples.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx050
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Esterification of Ibuprofen in Soft Gelatin Capsules
           Formulations—Identification, Synthesis and Liquid Chromatography
           Separation of the Degradation Products
    • Authors: Douša M; Meca L, Gibala P, et al.
      Pages: 790 - 797
      Abstract: AbstractUnknown impurities were identified in ibuprofen (IBU) soft gelatin capsules (SGCs) during long-term stability testing by a UHPLC method with UV detection and its chemical formula was determined using high resolution/accurate mass (HRAM) LC–MS. Reference standards of the impurities were subsequently synthesized, isolated by semi-preparative HPLC and characterized using HRAM LC–MS, NMR and IR. Two impurities were formed by esterification of IBU with polyethylene glycol (PEG), which is used as a fill of the SGCs, and were identified as IBU–PEG monoester and IBU–PEG diester. Two other degradants arised from reaction of IBU with sorbitol and sorbitan, which are components of the shell and serves as plasticizers. Thus, IBU sorbitol monoester (IBU–sorbitol) and IBU sorbitan monoester (IBU–sorbitan ester) were identified. An UHPLC method was further optimized in order to separate, selectively detect and quantify the degradation products in IBU SGCs.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx036
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Liquid Chromatographic–Chemometric Techniques for the Simultaneous HPLC
           Determination of Lansoprazole, Amoxicillin and Clarithromycin in
           Commercial Preparation
    • Authors: Aktaş A; Sarıdağ A.
      Pages: 798 - 804
      Abstract: AbstractTwo multivariate calibration-prediction techniques, principal component regression (PCR) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) were applied to the chromatographic multicomponent analysis of the drug containing lansoprazole (LAN), clarithromycin (CLA) and amoxicillin (AMO). Optimum chromatographic separation of LAN, CLA and AMO with atorvastatin as the internal standard (IS) was obtained by using Xterra® RP18 column 5 μm 4.6 × 250 mm2, and 25 mM ammonium chloride buffer prepared ammonium chloride, acetonitrile and bidistilled water (45:45:10 v/v) as the mobile phase at flow rate 1.0 mL/min. The high pressure liquid chromatography data sets consisting of the ratios of analyte peak areas to the IS peak area were obtained by using diode array detector detection at five wavelengths (205, 210, 215, 220 and 225 nm). LC-chemometric calibration for LAN, CLA and AMO were separately constructed by using the relationship between the peak-area ratio and training sets for each analyte. A series of synthetic solutions containing different concentrations of LAN, CLA and AMO were used to check the prediction ability of the PCR and PLS. Both of the two-chemometric methods in this study can be satisfactorily used for the quantitative analysis and for dissolutions tests of multicomponent commercial drug.
      PubDate: 2017-04-26
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx039
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Optimized and Validated HPLC Analysis of St. John's Wort Extract and Final
           Products by Simultaneous Determination of Major Ingredients
    • Authors: Zeliou K; Kontaxis NI, Margianni E, et al.
      Pages: 805 - 812
      Abstract: AbstractAim of this work was to develop a validated high performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of extracts and final products of St. John's wort, according to international guidelines for bioanalytical method validation. Chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with a combination of gradient and isocratic steps; the mobile phase composed of ammonium acetate solution (pH 4.5; 10 mM), acetonitrile and methanol. Quantification and method validation was performed using extract spiked with external reference standards of chlorogenic acid, rutin, hyperoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin and hypericin. Validation study revealed that trans-chlorogenic acid is partially transformed into its cis-isomer during analysis. The method showed good linearity, precision and accuracy. Hyperforin was completely unstable. All other ingredients were stable at −18°C and after three freeze–thaw cycles, while stability of most ingredients was limited at room temperature and 4 – 8°C; quercetin was the most unstable one. The major ingredients of methanolic extracts, infusions and final products of Hypericum perforatum were completely resolved and quantified. Beyond its potential usefulness in the analysis of St. John's wort products, this study addresses the issue of validation from the perspective of the field of bioanalysis and reveals the wealth of critical information which can be derived.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx040
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Determination of MS-222 in Water Samples by Solid-phase Extraction Coupled
           with Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    • Authors: Zhao D; Wang Q, Wang X, et al.
      Pages: 813 - 817
      Abstract: AbstractA practical solid-phase extraction (SPE) method coupled with liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been developed for the determination of the fish anesthetic MS-222 in water. Water samples were concentrated and purified using three SPE cartridges of different specifications. Elution curves of MS-222 were constructed using various methanol-water solutions on the different cartridges, and SPE conditions were optimized in accordance with the elution curves. The mobile phase containing methanol and 0.1% formic acid solution with a linear gradient elution was utilized to separate MS-222 on a C18 column. Detection was carried out by a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry with an electrospray ion source in positive mode. Recoveries of three MS-222 fortified levels of 0.05, 0.5 and 5 μg/L ranged of 82.6–101% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) below 9.36%. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) of MS-222 were 0.01 μg/L and 0.03 μg/L, respectively. This method was satisfactorily applied to the determination of MS-222 in actual water samples collected from aquatic product transportation vehicles or from the natural water catchments.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx041
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Development of a Validated Comparative Stability-Indicating Assay Method
           for Some H 2 -Receptor Antagonists
    • Authors: Ahmed S; Elshaboury SR, Mohamed NA, et al.
      Pages: 818 - 831
      Abstract: AbstractA comparative force degradation high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method was developed and validated for some H2-receptor antagonists. The studied H2-receptor antagonists were ranitidine (RAN), nizatidine (NIZ) and famotidine (FAM). The degradation behaviors of the studied H2-receptor antagonists were studied under different stress conditions (hydrolytic, thermal and oxidative) conditions as well as storage conditions according to International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) recommendations. A stability-indicating HPTLC method was optimized in order to separate the analyte from the degradation products formed under various stress conditions. Full separation of the drugs from their degradation products was successfully achieved on an HPTLC precoated silica gel plates. Densitometric measurements were carried out using a Camag TLC Scanner III in the absorbance mode at 320 nm for RAN and NIZ, and 280 nm for FAM. The limits of detection and limits of quantitation range were 5.47–9.37 and 16.30–31.26 ng/band, respectively, for all investigated drugs. The validation studies were performed according to ICH requirements. The developed method was simple, rapid and reliable hence it could be applied for routine quality control analysis of the investigated H2-receptor antagonists in dosage forms. The kinetic behavior, degradation rate constants and half-lives of the degradation of the investigated drugs were studied and compared at different stress conditions. The present study provides, for the first time, a new vision to compare the degradation kinetics of H2-receptor antagonists at the same degradation procedures.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx042
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Development, Validation and Application of a Stability Indicating HPLC
           Method to Quantify Lidocaine from Polyethylene-co-Vinyl Acetate (EVA)
           Matrices and Biological Fluids
    • Authors: Bhusal P; Sharma M, Harrison J, et al.
      Pages: 832 - 838
      Abstract: AbstractAn efficient and cost-effective quantification procedure for lidocaine by HPLC has been developed to estimate lidocaine from an EVA matrix, plasma, peritoneal fluid and intra-articular fluid (IAF). This method guarantees the resolution of lidocaine from the degradation products obtained from alkaline and oxidative stress. Chromatographic separation of lidocaine was achieved with a retention time of 7 min using a C18 column with a mobile phase comprising acetonitrile and potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 5.5; 0.02 M) in the ratio of 26:74 at a flow rate of 1 mL min−1 with detection at 230 nm. Instability of lidocaine was observed to an oxidizing (0.02% H2O2) and alkaline environments (0.1 M NaOH). The calibration curve was found to be linear within the concentration range of 0.40–50.0 μg/mL. Intra-day and inter-day accuracy ranged between 95.9% and 99.1%, with precision (% RSD) below 6.70%. The limit of quantification and limit of detection were 0.40 μg/mL and 0.025 μg/mL, respectively. The simple extraction method described enabled the quantification of lidocaine from an EVA matrix using dichloromethane as a solvent. The assay and content uniformity of lidocaine within an EVA matrix were 103 ± 3.60% and 100 ± 2.60%, respectively. The ability of this method to quantify lidocaine release from EVA films was also demonstrated. Extraction of lidocaine from plasma, peritoneal fluid and IAF followed by HPLC analysis confirmed the utility of this method for ex vivo and in vivo studies where the calibration plot was found to be linear from 1.60 to 50.0 μg/mL.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx043
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Application of Partially Substituted
           Silica Particles as Chiral Stationary Phase for Multi-mode
           High-performance Liquid Chromatography
    • Authors: Ma M; Wei Q, Meng M, et al.
      Pages: 839 - 845
      Abstract: AbstractA new type of partially substituted 3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate-(3-(2-O-β-cyclodextrin)-2-hydroxypropoxy)-propylsilyl-appended silica particles (MP-CD-HPS) have been prepared by a convenient post-immobilization derivazition procedure. The MP-CD-HPS has been successfully used as chiral stationary phase (CSP) for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) under normal phase, reversed phase and polar organic mobile phase conditions. The chromatographic evaluation results show that the MP-CD-HPS has excellent selectivity for the separation of aromatic positional isomers and enantiomers of some chiral compounds. The multi-mode HPLC separation results also indicate that both the stable ether spacer linking to the wider torus rim of β-cyclodextrin in the MP-CD-HPS phase and the hydroxyl residues in the partially substituted β-cyclodextrin have important contributions to chiral recognitions and chromatographic separations.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx044
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Determination of Some β-Blockers and β 2 -Agonists in Plasma and Urine
           Using Liquid Chromatography–tandem Mass Spectrometry and Solid Phase
    • Authors: Salem AA; Wasfi I, Al-Nassib SS, et al.
      Pages: 846 - 856
      Abstract: AbstractA highly sensitive method for the determinations of acebutolol, clenbuterol, nadolol, oxprenolol, propranolol, terbutaline and timolol β-blockers and β2-agonists in plasma and urine was developed. The method was optimized using electrospray ionization liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–ESI–MS-MS) and clean screen solid phase extraction cartridges. Matrix effect was reduced by removing co-extractives from the SPE cartridges using methanol prior to drugs’ elution. Using blood and serum matrices for calibration and applying the internal standard method has also contributed to the reduction of matrix effect. Method's validation yielded linear dynamic ranges of 5.0–50.0 and 50.0–1000.0 ng/ml for drugs spiked in plasma and urine respectively. It also gave correlation coefficients of 0.94–0.99, detection limits ranged in 0.06–5.04 pg/ml and quantification limits ranged in 0.14–22.88 pg/ml for the target drugs. Developed method was successfully applied to the analysis of β-blockers and β2-agonists in plasma and urine samples. Plasma samples fortified with drugs at 7.5, 40.0 and 75.0 ng/ml gave percentage recoveries ranged in 78.66–118.10, 67.02–83.97 and 74.77–93.80, respectively. Urine samples fortified with drugs at 80.0, 400.0 and 800.0 ng/ml gave percentage recoveries ranged in 104.68–130.18, 110.23–125.16 and 109.46–116.89, respectively. Variance coefficients ranged in 0.05–0.35 and 0.04–0.12 were, respectively, obtained for the analyses of drugs in plasma and urine samples. Results suggest that developed method is well suited for the analysis of investigated drugs in biological fluids.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx045
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • UPLC-Q-TOF/MS-Based Metabolic Profiling Comparison of Two Major Bioactive
           Components and Their Metabolites in Normal and CKD Rat Plasma, Urine and
           Feces Following Oral Administration of Fructus Corni Extract
    • Authors: Zhao M; Tao J, Du L, et al.
      Pages: 857 - 865
      Abstract: AbstractFructus Corni has been used for nourishing liver and kidney in clinical practice for many years. However, the in vivo integrated metabolism profile of its bioactive components remains unknown. In the present study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with the MetaboLynxTM software was established for screening and identification of the metabolites of the loganin and the morroniside in normal and chronic kidney disease (CKD) rat plasma, urine and feces after oral administration of Fructus Corni extract. The results showed that 11 metabolites including taurine and glucuronide conjugates, deglycosylated, dehydrated, (de)hydroxylated, (de)methylated, acetylated products were tentatively detected in normal rat samples while only eight metabolites were obtained in the model samples. Two parent compounds were both absorbed into the blood circulation of the normal and CKD rats. However, the compounds in the CKD rat showed lower metabolic capability. Few kinds and minor amounts of the metabolites were appeared in the CKD rat plasma, urine and feces. While considerable amounts of the parent compounds were detected in the CKD plasma. This helped maintain a high blood drug concentration which might be beneficial for the treatment of CKD. These results will be helpful for the further investigation of the pharmacokinetic study of Fructus Corni in vivo.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx046
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
  • Extraction and Determination of Quercetin from Ginkgo biloba by DESs-Based
           Polymer Monolithic Cartridge
    • Authors: Wang X; Li G, Ho Row K.
      Pages: 866 - 871
      Abstract: AbstractDeep eutectic solvents (DES) were formed from choline chloride (ChCl). DES-modified polymer monolithic (DES-M), template molecular polymer monolithic and non-DES-M without a molecular template were synthesized in identical process. These polymer materials were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The significant selective adsorption properties of the polymers were assessed by an absorption capacity experiment and solid-phase extraction (SPE). The optimized extraction procedure was as follows: ultrasonic time (30 min), optimal solvent (ethanol) and liquid to material ratio (20 mL g−1). Under this condition, the amount of quercetin extracted from Ginkgo biloba was 290.8 mg g−1. The purification of G. biloba was achieved by the SPE process. Based on the results, DESs-based monolithic cartridges can be used for simple and efficient extraction and as a pre-concentration technique for the purification of bioactive compounds or drugs in aqueous environments with high affinity and selectivity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-26
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx037
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 8 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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