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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 294, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 564, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Chromatographic Science
  [SJR: 0.448]   [H-I: 42]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0021-9665 - ISSN (Online) 1945-239X
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Development of a Gas Chromatography Method for the Analysis of Copaiba Oil
    • Authors: Xavier-Junior F; Maciuk A, Rochelle do Vale Morais A, et al.
      Pages: 969 - 978
      Abstract: AbstractA rapid, simple, precise and economic method for the quantification of main compounds of copaiba resin and essential oils (Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.) by gas chromatography (GC) has been developed and validated. Copaiba essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation from the copaiba resin. Resin derivatization allowed the identification of diterpenes compounds. A gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) method was developed to identify compounds composing the copaiba resin and essential oil. Then the GC/MS method was transposed to be used with a flame ionization detector (FID) and validated as a quantitative method. A good correlation between GC/MS and GC/FID was obtained favoring method transposition. The method showed satisfactory sensitivity, specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy, limit of detection and limit of quantitation for β-caryophyllene, α-humulene and caryophyllene oxide analyses in copaiba resin and essential oils. The main compounds identified in copaiba essential oil were β-bisabolene (23.6%), β-caryophyllene (21.7%) and α-bergamotene (20.5%). Copalic acid methyl ester (15.6%), β-bisabolene (12.3%), β-caryophyllene (7.9%), α-bergamotene (7.1%) and labd-8(20)-ene-15,18-dioic acid methyl ester (6.7%) were diterpenes identified from the derivatized copaiba resin. The proposed method is suitable for a reliable separation, identification and quantification of compounds present in copaiba resin and essential oil. It could be proposed as an analytical method for the analysis of copaiba oil fraction in raw and essential oil parent extracts and after they have been incorporate in pharmaceutical formulations.
      PubDate: 2017-08-09
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx065
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • User-Friendly HPLC Method Development and Validation for Determination of
           Enalapril Maleate and Its Impurities in Enalapril Tablets
    • Authors: Koppala S; Ranga Reddy V, Anireddy J.
      Pages: 979 - 988
      Abstract: AbstractThe official method for the determination of Enalapril Maleate and its related substances in European Pharmacopoeia (EP) is a gradient liquid chromatographic method. The method used styrene–divinylbenzene copolymer column, mobile phase buffer pH 6.8 and column oven temperature 70°C. In this method, the separation between main component Enalapril and Ph. Eur. Imp-A was not completed hence the achieving system suitability requirement is a tough task and it requires quite often adjustment in chromatographic parameters. Moreover, column oven temperature 70°C is not user friendly to HPLC instruments and users. In this study, several changes were introduced to the method in order to improve the separation, peak shapes and to overcome the column oven temperature. A new user-friendly stability-indicating RP-HPLC method was developed for Enalapril related substances analysis. The developed method uses a ZORBAX Eclipse XDB-C18 column with column oven temperature at 55°C and mobile phase containing acetonitrile and a phosphate buffer at pH 3.0. The method is capable of separating all the known impurities with resolution more than 3.5, which is much better than that obtained with the existing monograph methods. The optimized method was validated and demonstrated to have acceptable specificity, sensitivity, linearity, accuracy, precision, robustness, solution stability and equivalency to the EP method. The developed method proved to be applicable to a wide number of C18 reversed-phase columns. In addition, the Enalapril assay method also presented with 20 min run time.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx060
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Liquid Chromatographic Chiral Separation of Acenocoumarol and Its
           Hemiketal Form
    • Authors: Kraimi A; Belboukhari N, Sekkoum K, et al.
      Pages: 989 - 991
      Abstract: AbstractAcenocoumarol, an anticoagulant drug, was separated successfully using polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases columns namely Cellulose Chiralpak® IB and Chiralcel® OD, using various normal mobile phases by high-performance liquid chromatography. However, the appearance of four well separated peaks confirmed the presence of the hemiketal form of 4-hydroxy-3-[1-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-oxobutyl]-2H-chromen-2-one.
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx061
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • The Optimized HPLC Method for Quantitative Analysis of Phenylethyl
           Resorcinol Loaded in the Novel Vesicle Carriers and Permeated in In Vitro
           Skin Permeation Study
    • Authors: Limsuwan T; Boonme P, Amnuaikit T.
      Pages: 992 - 999
      Abstract: AbstractThe high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for quantitative determination of phenylethyl resorcinol (PR) which was loaded in the novel vesicle carriers including ethosome, invasome and transfersome formulations, and permeated into pig skin membrane and receptor fluid for skin permeation study. The reverse-phase chromatography was carried out with a C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm2, 5 μm, HypersilTM, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc, USA) with the column temperature at 25°C. A mixture of acetonitrile–methanol–Milli-Q water in the ratio of 40:20:40%, v/v/v was used as a mobile phase by maintaining the flow rate at 0.8 mL/min. The 20 μL sample solution was injected and the absorbance was detected at 254 nm using an HPLC Agilent 1100 series. This method gave the chromatogram with symmetric peak of PR at the appropriate retention time of 4.620 min. At such retention time no interfering peaks were detected from other matrix components. All %recovery and %RSD values of PR analysis were in the range of 98–102% and not more than 2.0%, respectively. From the validation data, the method demonstrated that it had satisfactory specificity, sensitivity, linearity, accuracy and precision appropriate for analysis of PR in the presence of vesicle carriers and skin permeation study.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx063
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Validated Chromatographic Methods for the Simultaneous Determination of
           Sulfacetamide Sodium and Prednisolone Acetate in their Ophthalmic
    • Authors: El-Ragehy N; Hegazy M, AbdElHamid G, et al.
      Pages: 1000 - 1005
      Abstract: AbstractTwo specific, sensitive, rapid and accurate chromatographic methods have been developed, optimized and validated for the simultaneous determination of sulfacetamide sodium and prednisolone acetate in pure forms and in their binary mixture. The first method is an isocratic Reversed phase–high performance liquid chromatography method where a rapid separation was achieved on a Zorbax ODS column using a green mobile phase of methanol: water (80:20, v/v) and pH adjusted to 5.0 ± 0.2 with orthophosphoric acid. The retention times (tR) were 2.21 and 3.64 min for sulfacetamide sodium and prednisolone acetate, respectively. The separated peaks were detected at 254 nm. The second method is a thin layer chromatography-densitometric method where the two drugs were separated on silica gel plates using a simple mobile phase of chloroform: methanol (90:10, v/v) and scanning of the separated bands was at 254 nm. The retardation factors (Rf) values were 0.37 and 0.64 for sulfacetamide sodium and prednisolone acetate, respectively. The suggested methods were validated in compliance with the ICH guidelines and were successfully applied to determine both drugs in their pure forms, laboratory prepared mixtures and dosage form. The obtained results were statistically compared to the official method where no significant difference was obtained with respect to both accuracy and precision.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx064
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Determination of Paeoniflorin in Rat Plasma by Ultra-high Performance
           Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry and its Application to a
           Pharmacokinetic Study
    • Authors: Sun B; Dai G, Bai Y, et al.
      Pages: 1006 - 1012
      Abstract: AbstractIn this study, a rapid and highly sensitive ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was established for the quantification of paeoniflorin in rat plasma. The analyte and the internal standard (IS), hyperoside, were extracted from rat plasma via liquid–liquid extraction with ethyl acetate. LC separation was carried on a Phenomenex Luna C18 column within 2.5 min. Quantitation was performed on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer employing electrospray ionization and operated in the multiple reaction monitoring and negative ion modes. The precursor to product ion transitions monitored for paeoniflorin and the IS were m/z 524.8→449.0 and 463.1→300.0, respectively. The assay was validated with a linear range of 0.02~25.6 μg/mL for paeoniflorin. The intra- and inter-day precisions (relative standard deviation%) were within 9.7%, and the recoveries were greater than 65.2%. Paeoniflorin was proven to be stable during all sample storage, preparation and analytical procedures. The method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of the Baixiangdan Capsule in eight female rats.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx066
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Simultaneous Determination of Formoterol Fumarate and Budesonide Epimers
           in Metered Dose Inhaler Using Ion-Pair Chromatography
    • Authors: Salem Y; Shaldam M, El-Sherbiny D, et al.
      Pages: 1013 - 1020
      Abstract: AbstractA simple, accurate and valid ion-pairing chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous determination of formoterol fumarate (FF) and budesonide (BUD) epimers in metered dose inhaler. The separation was performed on C-18 column using mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile:0.05 M sodium acetate buffer (40:60% v/v) containing 0.03% sodium dodecyl sulfate adjusted to pH 3.1 using increasing volumes of either TEA or orthophosphoric acid isocratically eluted at 1.0 mL/min. Quantitation was achieved with UV detection at 214 nm. The retention times were 3.22, 6.41 and 6.91 min for formoterol fumarate, budesonide epimers B and A, respectively. The linearity range was 0.05–5.0 μg/mL for formoterol fumarate and 0.5–50.0 μg/mL for budesonide. The method was validated for, linearity; lower limit of quantification, lower limit of detection accuracy and precision. The proposed method is rapid (7 min), reproducible (RSD < 2.0%) and achieves satisfactory resolution between FF and BUD B (resolution factor = 12.07). The mean recoveries of the analytes in metered dose inhaler (99.97 and 99.83% for FF and BUD, respectively) were satisfactory.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx067
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Research on the Determination of 10 Industrial Dyes in Foodstuffs
    • Authors: Chen D; Zhang H, Feng J, et al.
      Pages: 1021 - 1025
      Abstract: AbstractAn efficient method was developed for the simultaneous determination of 10 industrial dyes (basic orange 2, basic orange 21, basic orange 22, acid orange II, auramine, basic rhodamine B and Sudan I–IV) in the foodstuffs using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detector. Samples were extracted with acetonitrile and cleaned up on a solid phase extraction cartridge using HLB. The chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column using a mobile phase consisting of methanol and 10 mmol/L ammonium acetate with 0.1% formic acid by gradient elution. Good linearity (r ≥ 0.9993) was observed between 0.050 and 5.0 μg/mL. The limits of detection were in the range of 0.007–0.01 mg/kg, high recoveries (80.6–104%) and good reproducibility (1.1–5.7%) were obtained. Such method is simple, feasible and accurate, which can be applied to the quantification of 10 dyes in food samples.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx070
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Comprehensively Evaluating the Quality Consistency of Liuwei Dihuang Pill
           by Five-Wavelength Overall Fused HPLC Fingerprints Combined with
           Simultaneous Determination and Antioxidant Activity
    • Authors: Yan B; Yang L, Ma D, et al.
      Pages: 1026 - 1036
      Abstract: AbstractA combination method of five-wavelength overall fused fingerprints and multi-component quantification by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection was developed to monitor the quality consistency of a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Liuwei Dihuang Pill (LDP). The validation results demonstrated that this method met the requirements of fingerprint analysis and quantification analysis with desired linearity, precision, accuracy, LOD and LOQ. In the fingerprint assessments, the five-wavelength overall fused fingerprints were estimated by the quantified ratio fingerprint method from qualitative and quantitative perspectives, achieved by an in-house developed software “Digitized Evaluation System for Super-Information Characteristics of TCM/HM Fingerprints 4.0”. In order to holistically reflect the quality of LDP, simultaneous analysis of the content of five marker compounds was also carried out. The correlation results between quantified fingerprints and quantitative determination demonstrated that multi-component quantification could be replaced by quantified fingerprints. In addition, the fingerprint-efficacy was also established and confirmed through the partial least squares to visualize the quality information of LDP. The study demonstrated that five-wavelength overall fused fingerprints combined with antioxidant activity assay provided a reliable and efficient method for the assessment of quality of TCM and herbal preparations.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx071
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Development and Validation of a HPLC Method for Determination of
           Isochlorogenic Acid A in Rat Plasma and Application to Pharmacokinetic
    • Authors: Cen M; Liang H, Xiong X, et al.
      Pages: 1037 - 1042
      Abstract: AbstractA simple, optimized and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatograph method with ultraviolet (UV) detection (HPLC/UV) was developed and validated for determination of isochlorogenic acid A in rat plasma. The analytes were successfully separated on a Shodex C18 column (5 μm particle size, 250 mm × 4.6 mm, i.d.), the mobile phase contained 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (solvent A) and methanol (solvent B) (50:50, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The wavelength for UV detection was set at 300 nm and the column temperature was maintained in 30°C. Calibration curve for isochlorogenic acid A was found to be good linear over the range of 0.04–40 μg/mL (r = 0.9998). The intra- and inter-day precisions (relative standard deviation) were within 7.63% and the assay accuracy (RE) ranged from −1.41 to 3.25%. The limit of detection and the lower limit of quantification were 0.012 and 0.04 μg/mL, respectively. The validated method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic study of isochlorogenic acid A in rats for the first time. The pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated after the rats were administered intravenously and intragastrically isochlorogenic acid A at the single dose of 18 mg/kg, respectively. The absolute bioavailability was calculated to be 22.6%.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx072
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Liquid Chromatographic Analysis of α-Dicarbonyls Using Girard-T
           Reagent Derivatives
    • Authors: Lawrence G; Rahmat R, Makahleh A, et al.
      Pages: 1043 - 1050
      Abstract: AbstractThe measurement of α-dicarbonyls and other degradation products of sugars has become important in view of their toxicity. Although there are several methods used for their analysis, most require long reaction times to form UV absorbing or fluorescent derivatives and the nonpolar nature of commonly used derivatives necessitates relatively high concentrations of organic solvents for elution in reverse phase liquid chromatography. The present method describes the use of Girard-T reagent in a simple, one step derivatization of α-dicarbonyls and conjugated aldehydes and analysis using ion-pair reverse phase liquid chromatography. The limit of detection was in the range of 0.06–0.09 μM (4–12 ng/mL) for glyoxal, methylglyoxal, 3-deoxyglucosone and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural with good linear response and reproducibility using UV detection. The hydrazone derivatives were stable for several days in solution. The method was used to study degradation of several sugars and quantification of the target α-dicarbonyls and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in several soft drinks.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx073
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Microwave-Assisted Simplified Simultaneous Distillation Coupled with Ionic
           Liquid Pretreatment for the Analysis of Essential Oil in Schisandra
    • Authors: Yu G; Nie J, Song Z, et al.
      Pages: 1051 - 1058
      Abstract: AbstractSimultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) is quite useful for the separation of volatile compounds from an analyte when their contents are quite low. In this study, a simplified SDE approach is applied for the extraction of essential oil from Schisandra sphenanthera, with microwave as heating source, [Bmim][Cl] as the medium for pretreatment, and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry as the analytical approach. Consequently, the improvement resulted from [Bmim][Cl] pretreatment is demonstrated by taking comparison with blank experiments. Totally 61 compounds have been detected in the essential oil obtained by using [Bmim][Cl] pretreatment, while without [Bmim][Cl] pretreatment, only 53 compounds can be detected. Moreover, [Bmim][Cl] pretreatment can also resulted in a higher yield of essential oil. The experimental results demonstrate that the simplified SDE coupled with ionic liquid pretreatment is a feasible approach for the extraction of essential oil from S. sphenanthera with high efficiency as 0.85% of essential oil yield has been obtained, and can be potentially extended to the extraction of essential oil or other target volatile compounds with low content.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx069
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
  • Simultaneous Determination of Soyasaponins and Isoflavones in Soy (
           Glycine max L.) Products by HPTLC-densitometry-Multiple Detection
    • Authors: Shawky E; Sallam S.
      Pages: 1059 - 1065
      Abstract: AbstractA new high-throughput method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of isoflavones and soyasaponnins in Soy (Glycine max L.) products by high-performance thin-layer chromatography with densitometry and multiple detection. Silica gel was used as the stationary phase and ethyl acetate:methanol:water:acetic acid (100:20:16:1, v/v/v/v) as the mobile phase. After chromatographic development, multi-wavelength scanning was carried out by: (i) UV-absorbance measurement at 265 nm for genistin, daidzin and glycitin, (ii) Vis-absorbance measurement at 650 nm for Soyasaponins I and III, after post-chromatographic derivatization with anisaldehyde/sulfuric acid reagent. Validation of the developed method was found to meet the acceptance criteria delineated by ICH guidelines with respect to linearity, accuracy, precision, specificity and robustness. Calibrations were linear with correlation coefficients of >0.994. Intra-day precisions relative standard deviation (RSD)% of all substances in matrix were determined to be between 0.7 and 0.9%, while inter-day precisions (RSD%) ranged between 1.2 and 1.8%. The validated method was successfully applied for determination of the studied analytes in soy-based infant formula and soybean products. The new method compares favorably to other reported methods in being as accurate and precise and in the same time more feasible and cost-effective.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx062
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 10 (2017)
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