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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 293, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 161, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 584, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access  
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Journal of Chromatographic Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.36
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 18  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0021-9665 - ISSN (Online) 1945-239X
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Successful Development by Design of Experiments of a Gas Chromatography
           Method for Simultaneous Analysis of Residual Solvents of Classes 1 and 2
    • Authors: Shah K; Kumar S, Kurmi M, et al.
      Pages: 473 - 479
      Abstract: In this study, design of experiments (DoE) was employed to develop a single injection method using a headspace gas chromatograph with flame ionization detector for resolution of residual solvents of United States Pharmacopeia (USP) listed classes 1 and 2, against current recommendation of independent injections. G43 column (6% cyanopropylphenyl and 94% dimethylpolysiloxane) and nitrogen were used as the stationary phase and carrier gas, respectively. Initial temperature, hold time, temperature ramp and carrier gas velocity were the critical method parameters. Resolution of 1,1,1-trichloroethane and tetrahydrofuan (THF); THF and chloroform; benzene and 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), and 1,2-dimethoxyethane and DCE were selected as critical quality attributes. These were optimized by DoE that resulted in resolution of >1.34 among various solvents. The separation of all the solvents was achieved within total run time of 77 min. A better resolution of 2.66 was observed in the case of acetonitrile and methylene chloride; there was improved Signal/Noise ratio of 8.86 for 1,1,1-trichloroethane; tailing factor for pyridine was 1.00, and the method showed acceptable repeatability of peak areas (%RSDmax = 11.53) and retention times (%RSDmax = 0.45). Thus, while system suitability criteria and validation results very well met the USP requirements, the optimized method proposed in this study proved advantageous additionally in terms of single injection; short run time, and use of nitrogen as a carrier gas instead of costly helium in the USP method.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy026
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Pharmacokinetic and metabolic studies of ginsenoside Rb3 in rats using
    • Authors: Zhao L; Ma Y, Chen C, et al.
      Pages: 480 - 487
      Abstract: Ginsenoside Rb3 is one of major ginsenosides in Panax ginseng with effect on cardio-vascular and central nervous system. The aim of this study is to develop a rapid resolution liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-Q-TOF-MS) method for pharmacokinetic study of ginsenoside Rb3 and simultaneous determination of metabolites in rats. The results showed that the concentration–time profile of ginsenoside Rb3 conformed to a two-compartment pharmacokinetic model after intravenous administration at the dosage of 2.0 mg/kg for rats. The mean plasma elimination half-lives were 13.77 ± 1.23 min and 2045.70 ± 156.20 min for the distribution and exterminate phases t1/2α and t1/2β. In the metabolic study, prototype ginsenoside Rb3 and deglycosylation metabolites were characterized by comparison with the retention time of the standard compounds, accurate mass measurement and the characteristic fragment ions obtained from MS/MS. Two major metabolites Mb1 and M2’ were tentatively identified in rat urine samples after intravenous administration, and four possible metabolites Mb1, F2, M2’ and CK were detected in rat feces samples after oral administration. The deglycosylation was found to be the major metabolic pathways of ginsenoside Rb3 in rat. The in vivo metabolic pathway of ginsenoside Rb3 was summarized.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy019
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • RP-HPLC-UV Method for Estimation of
           Fluorouracil–Epirubicin–Cyclophosphamide and Their Metabolite Mixtures
           in Human Plasma (Matrix)
    • Authors: Gopinath P; Veluswami S, Thangarajan R, et al.
      Pages: 488 - 497
      Abstract: A combination of 5-fluorouracil (FU), epirubicin (EP) and cyclophosphamide (CP) is routinely employed in the treatment of breast cancer. The objective of this study was to develop a reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV method for simultaneous quantitative analysis of the triple-drug and their metabolites in plasma. RP-HPLC system with a C18 column and a diode array detector was employed. The plasma samples were precipitated with acetonitrile and the supernatant was dried under a flow of nitrogen gas. The mobile phase comprised of two combinations, water (pH 4.0) and methanol (98:2 v/v), and water (pH 4.0):methanol:acetonitrile (70:13:17 v/v/v). The retention times for the compounds were determined and the parameters of validation established in plasma indicated the robustness and reliability. The corresponding HPLC peaks were confirmed using electron spray ionization mass spectrometry. FU and metabolites had a recovery of >93%; EP, epirubicinol and CP were >78% from plasma. Stability at 28–30°C in water (pH 4.0) of FU, 5,6-dihydro-5-fluorouracil and EP were higher followed by CP, EPol, fluorodeoxyuridine and fluorouridine (FUR). Storage of the drug-spiked plasma at −80°C assessed for 72 h showed a small but significant (P < 0.05) change in the recovery of FUR and EP. The method was validated in patient's plasma samples (n = 6).
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy020
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • High performance thin-layer and high performance liquid chromatography
           coupled with photodiode array and fluorescence detectors for analysis of
           valsartan and sacubitril in their supramolecular complex with quantitation
           of sacubitril-related substance in raw material and tablets
    • Authors: Ragab M; Galal S, Korany M, et al.
      Pages: 498 - 509
      Abstract: Valsartan (VAL) and sacubitril (SAC) are combined in a supramolecular complex, LCZ696, which is a newly approved remedy for heart failure. SAC-related substance (biphenyl methyl pyrrolidinone [BMP]) which also appears as an intermediate during SAC synthesis is considered to be a suspected impurity for SAC and/or LCZ696 tablets. The study investigates the analysis of VAL and SAC in their supramolecular complex along with SAC-related substance, BMP, using high performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with two different detectors; fluorescence detector (FLD) and diode array detector (DAD). The work aimed at analyzing BMP at low levels in the presence of its parent drug, SAC. BMP was successfully analyzed at a level of 0.167, 1 and 3% of its parent drug, SAC upon using HPLC-FLD, HPLC-DAD and HPTLC, respectively. For HPLC-FLD, the detector was set at λex/λem (nm/nm): 0–4.5 min at 255/374; 4.5–6 min at 255/314, for achieving an adequate sensitivity of the method to monitor and quantify VAL and SAC in the presence of BMP. Low limits of detection (8.3, 3.3 and 1.7 ng mL−1) and limits of quantitation (25, 10 and 5 ng mL−1) values obtained for VAL, SAC and BMP, respectively, upon using FLD suggest that low level of baseline noise enables the detection and quantitation of low BMP concentration.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy021
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Simultaneous Determination of Antipsychotic Drugs and Their Active
           Metabolites by LC–MS-MS and its Application to Therapeutic Drug
    • Authors: Miroshnichenko I; Baymeeva N.
      Pages: 510 - 517
      Abstract: A quantitative method was developed to support therapeutic drug monitoring of eight antipsychotic drugs: chlorpromazine, haloperidol, zuclopenthixol, clozapine, risperidone, quetiapine, aripiprazole or olanzapine and some active metabolites (dehydroaripiprazole, N-desmethylclozapine and 9-hydroxyrisperidone) in human serum. Separation of the compounds was achieved using a Zorbax SB-C18 (150 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column and mass-spectrometric detection in multiple reaction monitoring mode. Human blood samples were collected in vacutainer tubes and the analytes were extracted with methyl-tert-butyl ether. The lower limits of quantitation were equal 0.5–1 ng/mL for all analytes. The method was applied with success to serum samples from schizophrenic patients undergoing polypharmacy with two or more different antipsychotic drugs. Precision data, accuracy results were satisfactory, and no interference from other psychotropic drugs was found. Hence, the method is suitable for the TDM of the analytes in psychotic patients’ serum.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy024
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Validated HPTLC Method for Dihydrokaempferol-4′-O-glucopyranoside
           Quantitative Determination in Alcea Species
    • Authors: Abdel Salam N; Ghazy N, Shawky E, et al.
      Pages: 518 - 523
      Abstract: Dihydrokaempferol-4′-O-glucopyranoside, a flavanonol glucoside, is the major compound in the flower of Alcea rosea L. which possesses significant antioxidant and anticancer activity against HepG-2 cell line and thus can be considered a marker compound for A. rosea L. We attempted to establish a new simple, validated high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method for the quantitation of dihydrokaempferol-4′-O-glucopyranoside to help in the standardization of the hydroalcoholic extracts of A. rosea L. flowers and to evaluate the best method for its extraction from the plant material. The separation was carried out on an HPTLC aluminum plate pre-coated with silica gel 60F-254, eluted with ethyl acetate–methanol–water–acetic acid (30:5:4:0.15 v/v). Densitometric scanning was performed using a Camag TLC scanner III, at 295 nm. A linear relationship was obtained between the concentrations (0.9–3.6 mg) and peak areas with the correlation coefficient (r) of 0.9971 ± 0.0002. The percentage relative standard deviations of intra-day and inter-day precisions were 0.22–1.45 and 0.49–1.66, respectively. The percentage w/w of dihydrokaempferol-4′-O-glucopyranoside in the flowers of A. rosea L. after maceration and sonication for 15 min was found to be 0.733 g/100 g and 0.928 g/100 g, respectively.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy025
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Simultaneous HPLC Determination of Cisatracurium and Propofol in Human
           Plasma via Fluorometric Detection
    • Authors: Ayad M; Belal F, Hosney M, et al.
      Pages: 524 - 530
      Abstract: The proposed method describes a high performance liquid chromatographic method with fluoremetric detection for the determination of cisatracurium (CIS) and propofol (PRP) simultaneously, which are co-administered as a pre-operative injection mixture. The separation of the two drugs was achieved using monolithic column (100 mm and 4.6 mm internal diameter) and mixture of methanol and 0.1 M phosphate buffer in the ratio of 80:20 (v/v) at pH 4.5 as a mobile phase. The fluorescence detection was carried out at 230/324 nm. The procedure showed good linearity through the concentration ranges of 0.01–1.00 μg/mL and 0.1–3.0 μg/mL with limits of detection of 0.002, 0.030 μg/mL and limits of quantification of 0.006, 0.100 μg/mL for CIS and PRP, respectively. Simultaneous determination of CIS and PRP in spiked human plasma samples was additionally executed and the results were satisfactory precise and accurate.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy027
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Stability Study of Finasteride: Stability-Indicating LC Method, In Silico
           and LC–ESI-MS Analysis of Major Degradation Product, and an In Vitro
           Biological Safety Study
    • Authors: Reis R; Paula F, Machado M, et al.
      Pages: 531 - 540
      Abstract: Stability studies of the pharmaceutically important compound finasteride were conducted in order to evaluate decomposition of the drug under forced degradation conditions. A simple stability-indicating liquid chromatography method was developed and validated for the evaluation of finasteride and degradation products formed in pharmaceutical preparations and the raw material. Isocratic LC separation was achieved on a C18 column using a mobile phase of o-phosphoric acid (0.1% v/v), adjusted to pH 2.8 with triethylamine (10% v/v) and acetonitrile (52:48 v/v), with a flow rate of 1.0 mL min−1. The alkaline degradation kinetics of the drug were also evaluated and could be best described as second-order kinetics under the experimental conditions applied for the tablets and raw material. Based on in silico studies and molecular weight confirmation, a comprehensive degradation pathway for the drug and the identity of its major product could be suggested without complicated isolation or purification processes. Furthermore, a biological safety study was performed to evaluate the effect of the degraded sample in relation to the intact molecule. The results showed that the degraded sample affected the cell proliferation. Therefore, these studies show that special care must be taken during the manipulation, manufacture and storage of this pharmaceutical drug.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy028
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Quality Control of the Fuzi Lizhong Pill Through Simultaneous
           Determination of 16 Major Bioactive Constituents by RRLC–MS-MS
    • Authors: Dong Y; Liu Z, Liu Y, et al.
      Pages: 541 - 554
      Abstract: Fuzi Lizhong pill (FLP) is used to treat gastritis, and the monarch drug of it is Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (Fuzi, aconite roots) which is a toxic herbal medicine. To better control the safety and quality of FLP, an effective method to analyze the contents of 16 toxic and bioactive components using rapid resolution liquid chromatography–tandem triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer was established. The 16 constituents included aconine, mesaconine, hypaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylhypaconine, adenosine, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritigenin, 6-gingerol, atractylenolide III, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide II and glycyrrhetic acid. Ideal separation was performed using gradient elution in 13 min by optimized conditions. All the isomerides were isolated to baseline. The improved method with a polarity switch in contiguous time segments could analyze the five types of components, including polar and nonpolar compounds, without decreasing sensitivity. The proposed method was fully validated. The results revealed that contents of six alkaloids from Fuzi were significantly different among the samples. Using the established method and multivariate statistical method, the quality consistency of two dosage forms of FLP from different companies were analyzed. The optimized method could be used for the quality control of FLP and investigate index compound variation between two dosage forms.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy029
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Sample Pretreatment Method for Determination of Indicator Polychlorinated
           Biphenyls in Seafood using Ultrasonic Extraction Followed by Dispersive
           Solid-Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography – Electron Capture
    • Authors: Zheng B; Hu H, Zhang X, et al.
      Pages: 555 - 563
      Abstract: A simple, rapid and novel method has been developed and validated for the determination of seven indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in seafood samples by gas chromatography coupled to electron capture detector. Freeze-dried samples were done first ultrasonic extraction by n-hexane:methylene chloride:acetone (3:1:1, v/v), and then one-step clean-up (dispersive solid-phase extraction clean-up) or two-step clean-up (concentrated sulfuric acid purification and dispersive solid-phase extraction clean-up) was selected according to the lipid contents of the samples, if the lipid content was no more than 1%, one-step clean-up was used, otherwise, two-step clean-up was chose. The linearity of this method ranged from 1.25 to 100 μg/L, with regression coefficients ranging between 0.9991 and 0.9998. The limits of detection were in low ng/g level, ranging between 0.005 and 0.0076 ng/g (wet weight). The recoveries of spiked seven PCBs with external calibration method at different concentration levels in Pseudosciaena polyactis, Penaeus vannamei and Sinonovacula constricta were in the range of 78–105%, 73–110% and 75–107%, respectively, and with relative standard deviations of 3.3–5.1%, 3.5–6.3% and 3.4–5.1% (n = 5), respectively. The performance of the proposed method was also compared with traditional soxhlet extraction and column chromatography clean-up on the same real seafood samples and comparable efficiencies were obtained. It is concluded that this method can be successfully applied for the determination of PCBs in different seafood samples.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy022
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
  • Evaluation of a Hollow-Fiber Liquid-Phase Microextraction Technique for
           the Simultaneous Determination of PPI Drugs in Human Plasma by LC-DAD
    • Authors: Horta R; do Amaral B, Peralta-Zamora P, et al.
      Pages: 564 - 573
      Abstract: This study involved the development, validation and application of a three-phase hollow-fiber liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) and liquid chromatography with diode array detection (LC-DAD) method for the simultaneous determination of the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) drugs omeprazole, pantoprazole and lansoprazole in human plasma. The evaluation of the HF-LPME parameters was crucial for the determination of the drugs and the conditions selected were: 1-octanol as solvent; phosphate buffer at pH 5 as donor phase; borate buffer at pH 10 as acceptor phase; extraction time of 15 min; stirring at 750 rpm and NaCl was added at 5% (w/v). Validation of the method according to US-FDA recommendations showed a good linear range (0.2–2.0 μg/mL) for all analytes, with a determination coefficient >0.9910. Precision was evaluated using intra- and inter-day assays, which showed relative standard deviations (RSD), <15% for all concentrations, with a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.2 μg/mL. Accuracy was also assessed at these concentration levels and was in the range from 80 to 130%. Finally, the sensitive, selective and reproducible HF-LPME/LC-DAD developed method was successfully applied to human plasma samples from patients undergoing therapy with the PPI drugs.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmy023
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 6 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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