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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 310, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 528, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 161, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover American Journal of Hypertension
  [SJR: 1.397]   [H-I: 111]   [23 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0895-7061 - ISSN (Online) 1941-7225
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Editorial_Board
    • PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpw173
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Subscriptions
    • PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpw174
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Response to: The Cause of the Arteriolar Injury in Malignant Hypertension
    • Authors: Shantsila A; Lip G.
      Abstract: We are grateful to Quinn M.J.1 for the interest in our review article and comments on possible mechanisms contributing to the pathophysiology of malignant hypertension. We agree that pathogenesis of malignant hypertension remains obscure. Similar to essential hypertension, it is likely that development of malignant hypertension has more than one mechanism involved and this is supported by the fact that over the decades of research no unique etiology of malignant hypertension has been identified.
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx149
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • The Etiology of Arteriolar Injury in Malignant Hypertension
    • Authors: Quinn M.
      Abstract: Drs Shantsila and Lip set out the clinical and histological features of malignant hypertension, and, describe its increasing incidence.1 Serendipitous observations in the uterine circulation offer an explanation for the histologic changes in visceral arteriolar walls including both uterus and kidney in preeclampsia and nonpregnant hypertension.2
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx133
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Underlying Mechanism for Reduced Left Ventricular Mass by Physical
           Activity in Obese and Hypertensive Subjects
    • Authors: Tsuda K.
      Abstract: To the Editor: We read with great interest the article by Dr Kamimura et al.1 dealing with the relationship between physical activity (PA) and left ventricular (LV) mass in obese and hypertensive African Americans. The results of their study demonstrated that, after adjusting for confounding factors, higher PA index was independently associated with lower cardiac LV mass index. In addition, higher PA index was associated with lower LV mass more in obese or hypertensive participants compared with nonobese or nonhypertensive participants. The authors have proposed that higher PA index might be associated with reduced LV hypertrophy in obese and hypertensive African Americans, suggesting that PA could prevent LV hypertrophy and potentially reduce the risk of heart failure.
      PubDate: 2017-06-26
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx106
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Regression of Established Cardiac Fibrosis in Hypertensive Heart Disease
    • Authors: Weber K; Sun Y, Gerling I, et al.
      Pages: 1049 - 1052
      Abstract: AbstractEstablished cardiac fibrosis (ECF) with symptomatic heart failure preserved ejection fraction represents an ever-increasing segment of the hypertensive population. The regression of ECF with attendant improvement in myocardial stiffness and symptomatic failure represents an unmet health care need. Is the regression of ECF in hypertensive heart disease feasible and will stiffness and symptomatic failure be improved' What is the cellular/molecular signaling involved in its regression' What incremental knowledge is needed to proceed effectively' These issues are addressed in this Review.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx054
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • New Models of Pregnancy-Associated Hypertension
    • Authors: Cushen S; Goulopoulou S.
      Pages: 1053 - 1062
      Abstract: AbstractPregnancy-associated hypertensive disorders are leading causes of maternal and fetal mortality. These include: pre-pregnancy hypertension that persists throughout gestation (chronic/preexisting hypertension), de novo hypertension that is diagnosed after 20 weeks of gestation and resolves after birth (gestational hypertension), de novo hypertension that is diagnosed after 20 weeks of gestation with or without proteinuria and end-organ damage (preeclampsia and eclampsia), and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia during gestation. Preeclampsia is the most severe form of these disorders. Animal models have been developed by employing surgical, genetic, and pharmacological approaches in order to recapitulate the maternal symptoms of preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The scope of this brief review is to present an up-to-date synthesis of our knowledge of experimental models of pregnancy-associated hypertensive disorders. Novel models, defined in this review as characterized within the last 5 years, will be described and critically discussed. In this review, we will also discuss established experimental models of pregnancy-associated hypertensive disorders in the context of their contribution to new advances in our knowledge about the pathophysiology of these disorders and potential therapeutics. Emphasis will be placed on animal models of preeclampsia; however, models of other hypertensive disorders in pregnancy will also be reviewed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx063
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Hypertension and Atrial Fibrillation: Balancing Stroke and Bleeding Risks
    • Authors: Esteve-Pastor M; Rivera-Caravaca J, Lip G.
      Pages: 1063 - 1065
      Abstract: Hypertension (HTN) is the commonest cardiovascular comorbidity related to atrial fibrillation (AF), with 49–90% of AF patients included in clinical trials having a previous history of HTN. Elevated blood pressure (BP) has been one of the strongest predictors of the development of AF and HTN per se increases the risk of AF by 2-fold.1 The intimate association between HTN and AF has led to the proposal that AF is yet another manifestation of hypertensive target organ damage.1
      PubDate: 2017-08-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx135
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Masked Uncontrolled Hypertension in the Elderly: A Dangerous Affair
    • Authors: Omboni S.
      Pages: 1066 - 1068
      Abstract: Blood pressure (BP) values and thresholds are dependent on the setting in which BP is measured. When patients are categorized according to office and ambulatory or home BP, different combinations may result, with different prognostic significance. There is little doubt that patients with uncontrolled hypertension in the office and out-of-office have a worse prognosis than patients with controlled hypertension. Studies mainly performed in the general population, involving untreated or treated subjects, indicate that the incidence of cardiovascular events is not significantly different between individuals with white-coat hypertension and true normotension, whereas the outcome is worse in those with masked hypertension.1–3 Thus, each BP elevation carries an increase in risk which adds to that of other BP elevations, in a sort of “continuum” from normotension to sustained hypertension, passing through white-coat hypertension and masked hypertension. Such risk may vary in treated vs. untreated patients and in younger vs. older hypertensives.4,5 It is thus important to identify patients with masked hypertension or white-coat hypertension because failure to do so may result in significant misdiagnosis and mismanagement of hypertension, with increase in patients’ cardiovascular risk.
      PubDate: 2017-08-10
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx136
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Exercise on Arterial Stiffness: Is There a Ceiling Effect'
    • Authors: Montero D; Breenfeldt-Andersen A, Oberholzer L, et al.
      Pages: 1069 - 1072
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDWhether arterial stiffness (AS) can be improved by regular exercise in healthy individuals remains equivocal according to cross-sectional and longitudinal studies assessing arterial properties at discrete time points. The purpose of the present study was to pinpoint the time course of training-induced adaptations in central AS.METHODSAorta characteristic impedance (Zc) and carotid distensibility (CD) were determined with ultrasonography prior to (week 0) and across 8 weeks (weeks 2, 4, and 8) of supervised endurance training (ET) (3 × 60 minutes cycle ergometry sessions per week), in 9 previously untrained healthy normotensive adults (27 ± 4 years) with no history of cardiovascular disease. Exercise capacity was assessed by maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) elicited by incremental ergometry.RESULTSVO2max increased throughout the ET intervention (+12% from week 0 to week 8, P < 0.001, P for linear trend <0.001). Systolic blood pressure rose with ET (+7% from week 0 to week 8, P = 0.019, P for linear trend <0.001). Aorta Zc augmented from week 0 to week 8 of ET in all individuals (+38%, P = 0.003, P for linear trend = 0.002). CD did not significantly differ among time points (P = 0.196) although a linear decreasing trend was detected (P = 0.016).CONCLUSIONSCentral AS augments during a conventional ET intervention that effectively enhances aerobic exercise capacity in young individuals. This suggests that normal, healthy elastic arteries are not amendable to improvement unless impairment is present.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx145
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Relationship of Hypertension and Systolic Blood Pressure With the Risk of
           Stroke or Bleeding in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The Fushimi AF
           Registry
    • Authors: Ishii M; Ogawa H, Unoki T, et al.
      Pages: 1073 - 1082
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDHypertension is considered a major risk factor of stroke and systemic embolism (SE) as well as bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of hypertension and systolic blood pressure (SBP) with the risk of stroke/SE or bleeding in AF patients.METHODSThe Fushimi AF Registry, a community-based prospective survey, was designed to enroll all of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Fushimi-ku is densely populated with a total population of 283,000. Follow-up data were available for 3,713 patients (follow-up rate 90.0%) as of August 2015, and the median follow-up period was 1,035 days.RESULTSWe compared the clinical backgrounds at baseline, and follow-up outcomes of AF patients between those with hypertension (HTN; n = 2,304, 62.1% of total) and those without (non-HTN; n = 1,409). History of hypertension was neither associated with the incidence of stroke/SE, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke nor major bleeding. However, when we divided the HTN group by baseline SBP ≥150 mm Hg (HTN-high blood pressure [HBP]: n = 305, 13.3% of HTN group) or <150 mm Hg (HTN-low blood pressure [LBP]: n = 1,983), HTN-HBP group was significantly associated with a higher incidence of both stroke/SE (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08–2.72) and major bleeding (HR: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.21–3.23) compared with the non-HTN group. In contrast, HTN-LBP group was not associated with the risk of stroke/SE or major bleeding, compared with the non-HTN group.CONCLUSIONThe incidences of stroke/SE and bleeding were higher in AF and hypertension patients with elevated SBP.UMIN Clinical Trials Registry: UMIN000005834
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx094
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Office and Home Blood Pressures as Determinants of Electrocardiographic
           Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Among Black Nigerians Compared With White
           Flemish
    • Authors: Odili A; Thijs L, Yang W, et al.
      Pages: 1083 - 1092
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDThe association of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) with blood pressure (BP) in Blacks living in sub-Saharan Africa remains poorly documented.METHODSIn 225 Black Nigerians and 729 White Flemish, we analyzed QRS voltages and voltage-duration products and 12 criteria diagnostic of ECG-LVH in relation to office BP (mean of 5 consecutive readings) and home BP (duplicate morning and evening readings averaged over 1 week).RESULTSIn multivariable analyses, QRS voltage and voltage-duration indexes were generally higher in Blacks than Whites. By using any of 12 criteria, ECG-LVH was more prevalent among Black than White men (54.4% vs. 36.0%) with no ethnic difference among women (17.1%). Precordial voltages and voltage-duration products increased with office and home systolic BP (SBP), and increases were up to 3-fold steeper in Blacks. In Blacks vs. Whites, increases in the Sokolow–Lyon voltage associated with a 10-mm Hg higher SBP were 0.18 mV (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.09–0.26) vs. 0.06 mV (0.02–0.09) and 0.17 mV (0.07–0.28) vs. 0.11 mV (CI, 0.07–0.15) for office and home BP, respectively, with a significant ethnic gradient (P < 0.05). The risk of ECG-LVH increased more with office and home BP in Blacks than Whites.CONCLUSIONSAssociations of ECG voltages and voltage-duration products and risk of ECG-LVH with BP are steeper in Black Nigerians compared with a White reference population. In resource-poor settings of sub-Saharan Africa, the ECG in combination with office and home BP is an essential instrument in risk stratification across the entire BP range.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx114
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Longitudinal Changes in Mean and Pulse Pressure, and All-Cause Mortality:
           Data From 71,629 Untreated Normotensive Individuals
    • Authors: Protogerou A; Vlachopoulos C, Thomas F, et al.
      Pages: 1093 - 1099
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDBlood pressure (BP) includes a steady (mean arterial pressure, MAP) and a pulsatile component that independently predict mortality. The association between longitudinal changes in central (c) pulse pressure (PP), brachial (b) PP, MAP, and incident mortality has never been investigated in this context.METHODSBrachial MAP and PP were measured at 2 routine checkups (1st visit 1992; mean interval, 5.8 ± 2.4 years) in 71,629 individuals, age 16–95 years, none on antihypertensive drugs. cPP was estimated with a validated algorithm. Each change (visit 2-1) in bPP, cPP, and MAP, expressed in mm Hg/year, was categorized as: increase, decrease, or no-change, with the latter representing the control-group. Follow-up data (6.9 ± 3.3 years) on all-cause mortality (2,033 deaths) were documented.RESULTSAll-cause mortality Cox regression models adjusted for confounders showed that compared to the subgroup with steady BP at both visits, the subgroup with: (i) increased bPP or cPP had an approximately 200% increase in relative risk (RR); (ii) decreased cPP and bPP had a 15% reduction in RR; (iii) increased MAP had a 68% increase in RR; (iv) decreased MAP had a 7% increase in RR of mortality. Interaction analysis stratified by gender showed that annual increases in PP, but not MAP, were greater in younger than older men and lower in younger than older women. Age cutoff value was 55 years.CONCLUSIONSMAP and PP have distinct characteristics affecting all-cause mortality. PP integrates the effects of age and gender on all-cause mortality more notably than MAP, thus impacting significantly on cardiovascular risk.
      PubDate: 2017-06-26
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx110
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Steady State vs. Pulsatile Blood Pressure Component and Regional Cerebral
           Perfusion
    • Authors: Laosiripisan J; Haley A, Tanaka H.
      Pages: 1100 - 1105
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDArterial blood pressure (BP) can be divided into steady state component that is determined by mean arterial pressure and pulsatile component that is explored by pulse pressure (PP). We determined relationships between BP components and regional cerebral perfusion.METHODSA total of 52 apparently healthy and cognitively normal adults aged 40–60 years were studied. Regional cerebral perfusion was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) arterial spin labeling technique in 10 a priori regions of interest.RESULTSThere were 5 regions with cerebral perfusion values significantly associated with either pulsatile BP component (i.e., hippocampus, posterior insula, and central white matter) or both steady and pulsatile components (i.e., anterior white matter, and occipitoparietal area). After controlling for body mass index, education, age, and sex, associations between pulsatile BP components and regional cerebral perfusion remained significant in 2 regions (i.e., hippocampus and anterior white matter). Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that brachial systolic pressure (β = −0.35, P = 0.03) and PP (β = −0.36, P = 0.02) explained 11 and 12% of the variability in hippocampus perfusion, independent of the entered covariates.CONCLUSIONSThe present preliminary study indicated that pulsatile component of BP was more strongly related to regional cerebral perfusion in areas susceptible to cerebrovascular diseases than steady state component.
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx108
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Prognosis of Masked and White Coat Uncontrolled Hypertension Detected by
           Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in Elderly Treated Hypertensive
           Patients
    • Authors: Pierdomenico S; Pierdomenico A, Coccina F, et al.
      Pages: 1106 - 1111
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDPrognosis of masked and white coat uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH and WCUCH, respectively) detected by ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring is incompletely clear in elderly treated hypertensive patients. We evaluated prognosis of MUCH and WCUCH identified by ambulatory BP monitoring in this setting.METHODSThe occurrence of a composite endpoint was evaluated in 1,191 elderly treated hypertensive patients. Controlled hypertension (CH) was defined as clinic BP <140/90 mm Hg and 24-hour BP <130/80 mm Hg, MUCH as clinic BP <140/90 mm Hg and 24-hour BP ≥130 and/or ≥80 mm Hg, WCUCH as clinic BP ≥140 and/or ≥90 mm Hg and 24-hour BP <130/80 mm Hg and sustained uncontrolled hypertension (SUCH) as clinic BP ≥140 and/or ≥90 mm Hg and 24-hour BP ≥130 and/or ≥80 mm Hg.RESULTSMUCH was identified in 142 patients (12% of all the population, 34% of those with normal clinic BP) and WCUCH in 230 patients (19% of all the population, 30% of those with high clinic BP). During the follow-up (9.1 ± 4.9 years, range 0.4–20 years), 392 events occurred. After adjustment for various covariates, patients with MUCH (hazard ratio (HR) 1.60, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12–2.29, P = 0.01) and SUCH (HR 1.81, 95% CI, 1.35–2.42, P < 0.001) had significantly higher cardiovascular risk than those with CH, whereas those with WCUCH (HR 1.09, 95% CI, 0.74–1.60, P = 0.66) had not significantly higher risk.CONCLUSIONSIn elderly treated hypertensive patients evaluated by ambulatory BP monitoring, compared to individuals with CH, those with MUCH have significantly higher risk and those with WCUCH have slightly and not significantly higher risk.
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx104
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Glomerular Hyperfiltration in Obese African American Hypertensive Patients
           Is Associated With Elevated Urinary Mitochondrial-DNA Copy Number
    • Authors: Eirin A; Saad A, Woollard J, et al.
      Pages: 1112 - 1119
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDGlomerular hyperfiltration may contribute to the high incidence of renal disease in Obese African Americans essential hypertensive (ObAAEH) patients, but the precise mechanisms responsible for renal injury have not been elucidated. Mitochondria are important determinants of renal injury in hypertension, and increased levels of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the urine may indicate renal mitochondrial injury. We hypothesized that urine mtDNA copy numbers would be higher in ObAAEH compared to Caucasian essential hypertensive (CEH) patients.METHODSWe prospectively measured systemic, renal vein (RV), inferior vena cava (IVC), and urinary copy number of the mtDNA genes COX3 and ND1 by quantitative-PCR in CEH and ObAAEH patients during constant sodium intake and antihypertensive regimens, and compared them with healthy volunteers (HV) (n = 23 each).RESULTSBlood pressure was similarly elevated in CEH and ObAAEH, while glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was higher and age lower in ObAAEH. Urinary (but not plasma) COX3 and ND1 were higher in CEH compared to HV, and further elevated in ObAAEH patients. COX3 and ND1 renal gradients (RV–IVC) were higher in ObAAEH vs. CEH, and their urinary levels directly correlated with GFR. In multivariate analysis, GFR remained the only predictor of elevated urinary COX3 and ND1 levels.CONCLUSIONSUrinary fragments of the mitochondrial genome are elevated in ObAAEH patients and correlate with glomerular hyperfiltration. A positive gradient across the kidney in ObAAEH suggests selective renal release. These results are consistent with mitochondrial injury that may aggravate renal damage and accelerate hypertension-related morbidity/mortality rates in ObAAEH.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx103
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Sauna Bathing and Incident Hypertension: A Prospective Cohort Study
    • Authors: Zaccardi F; Laukkanen T, Willeit P, et al.
      Pages: 1120 - 1125
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDSauna bathing is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, but the mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect are not entirely understood. We aimed to assess the relationship between sauna bathing and risk of incident hypertension.METHODSFrequency of sauna bathing was ascertained using questionnaires in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Study, a prospective cohort study conducted in Eastern Finland that comprised a population-based sample of 1,621 men aged 42 to 60 years without hypertension at baseline. The incidence of hypertension was defined as a physician diagnosis of hypertension, systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure >90 mm Hg, or use of antihypertensive medication.RESULTSDuring a median follow-up of 24.7 years, 251 incident cases (15.5%) were recorded. In Cox regression analysis adjusted for baseline age, smoking, body mass index, and SBP; compared to participants reporting 1 sauna session per week, the hazard ratio for incident hypertension in participants reporting 2 to 3 sessions and 4 to 7 sessions was 0.76 (95% confidence interval: 0.57–1.02) and 0.54 (0.32–0.91), respectively. The corresponding hazard ratios were similar after further adjustment for glucose, creatinine, alcohol consumption, heart rate, family history of hypertension, socioeconomic status, and cardiorespiratory fitness: 0.83 (95% confidence interval: 0.59–1.18) and 0.53 (0.28–0.98), respectively.CONCLUSIONSRegular sauna bathing is associated with reduced risk of hypertension, which may be a mechanism underlying the decreased cardiovascular risk associated with sauna use. Further epidemiological and experimental studies could help elucidate the effects of sauna bathing on cardiovascular function.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx102
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Factors Associated With Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Among US Adults:
           National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014
    • Authors: Ostchega Y; Zhang G, Kit B, et al.
      Pages: 1126 - 1132
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDHome blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) has a substantial role in hypertension management and control.METHODSCross-sectional data for noninstitutionalized US adults 18 years and older (10,958) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), years 2011–2014, were used to examine factors related to HBPM.RESULTSIn 2011–2014, estimated 9.5% of US adults engaged in weekly HBPM, 7.2% engaged in monthly HBPM, 8.0% engaged in HBPM less than once a month, and 75.3% didn’t engage any HBPM. The frequency of HBPM increased with age, body mass index, and the number of health care visits (all, P < 0.05). Also, race/ethnicity (Non-Hispanic Blacks and non-Hispanic Asians), health insurance, diagnosed with diabetes, told by a health care provider to engage in HBPM, and diagnosed as hypertensive, were all associated with more frequent HBPM (P < 0.05). Adjusting for covariates, hypertensives who were aware of, treated for, and controlled engaged in more frequent HBPM compared to their respective references: unaware (odds ratio [OR] = 2.00, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.53–2.63), untreated (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.52–2.60), and uncontrolled (OR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.13–1.82). Hypertensive adults (aware/unaware, treated/untreated, or controlled/uncontrolled), who received providers’ recommendations to perform HBPM, were more likely to do so compared to those who did not receive recommendations (OR = 8.04, 95% CI = 6.56–9.86; OR = 7.98, 95% CI = 6.54–9.72; OR = 8.75, 95% CI = 7.18–10.67, respectively).CONCLUSIONSSeventeen percent of US adults engaged in monthly or more frequent HBPM and health care providers’ recommendations to engage in HBPM have a significant impact on the frequency of HBPM.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx101
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk Profile in a Middle-Income Setting:
           The HELISUR Study
    • Authors: Diemer F; Baldew S, Haan Y, et al.
      Pages: 1133 - 1140
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDHypertension is the leading risk factor responsible for premature death worldwide, but its burden has shifted to low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, we studied hypertension and cardiovascular risk in the population of Suriname, a middle-income country with a predominantly urban population of African and Asian ancestry.METHODSA random sample of 1,800 noninstitutionalized men and women aged 18–70 years was selected to be interviewed at home and examined at the local hospital for cardiovascular risk factors, asymptomatic organ damage, and cardiovascular disease.RESULTSThe 1,157 participants examined (37% men) were mainly of self-defined Asian (43%) or African (39%) ancestry, mean age 43 years (SD 14). The majority of the population (71%) had hypertension or prehypertension, respectively, 40% and 31%. Furthermore, 72% was obese or overweight, while 63% had diabetes or prediabetes. Only 1% of the adult population had an optimal cardiovascular risk profile. Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control were respectively 68%, 56%, and 20%. In line with this, 22% of the adult population had asymptomatic organ damage, including increased arterial stiffness, left ventricular hypertrophy, microalbuminuria, or asymptomatic chronic kidney disease.CONCLUSIONSIn this first extensive cardiovascular assessment in the general population of this middle-income Caribbean country, high prevalence of hypertension with inadequate levels of treatment and control was predominant. The findings emphasize the need for collaborative effort from national and international bodies to prioritize the implementation of affordable and sustainable public health programs that combat the escalating hypertension and cardiovascular risk factor burden.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx105
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Abstract from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • Pages: 1141 - 1141
      Abstract: Analysis of the Antihypertensive Drug Usage and Effectiveness in 3 Counties With Different Altitudes in Tibet Autonomous Region in China
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx161
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Abstract from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • Pages: 1141 - 1141
      Abstract: Effects of Exercise Training on Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in Rats With Metabolic Syndrome
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx160
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • AJH Peer Review 2016
    • Pages: 1142 - 1143
      Abstract: The review process is a fundamental aspect of the publication of scientific literature. Reviewers are second only to authors in the contribution to scientific knowledge, and their expertise, fairness, and rigor ensure that what we publish in the American Journal of Hypertension will advance our understanding of the science of hypertension. We are thankful to all our reviewers who commit their busy time to ensuring the quality of the manuscripts that are published in the Journal, their efforts are highly appreciated.
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx168
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 1144 - 1144
      Abstract: Normal Range of Human Dietary Sodium Intake: A Perspective Based on 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion Worldwide Am J Hypertens (2013) 26 (10): 1218–1223. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpt139
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpu175
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
  • Erratum
    • Pages: 1145 - 1145
      Abstract: Glomerular hyperfiltration in obese African American hypertensive patients is associated with elevated urinary mitochondrial-DNA by Eirin et al. (Am J Hypertens; 2017:30 (11)). doi:10.1093/ajh/hpx103
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx172
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 11 (2017)
       
 
 
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