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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 309, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 587, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 239, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
American Journal of Hypertension
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.322
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 25  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0895-7061 - ISSN (Online) 1941-7225
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Response to Associations Among Sodium Intake, Endothelial Dysfunction, and
           Endothelial Damage Biomarkers in Hypertension (AJH-D-18-00331)
    • Authors: Campino C; Baudrand R, Fardella C.
      Abstract: To the Editor: We appreciate the interesting comments made by Dr Tsuda regarding the positive association of sodium intake with PAI-1 levels found in our study.1 The possible link with nitric oxide (NO) production is a very good point because there are some polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (eNO) associated with NO production which may be responsible for the increased sensitivity of blood pressure to sodium intake.2 Unfortunately, our study was cross-sectional, so we could not perform an intervention in dietary sodium and classified subjects in salt resistant or salt sensitive. We did not measure urinary metabolites of NO in this study but is something to evaluate in the future. Based on animal studies, we expect an inverse association between PAI-1 and NO because inhaled NO can suppress elevated PAI-1 expression as observed in acute lung injury rodent model.3
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy151
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Associations Among Sodium Intake, Endothelial Dysfunction, and Endothelial
           Damage Biomarkers in Hypertension
    • Authors: Tsuda K.
      Abstract: To the Editor: We read with great interest the article by Dr Campino et al.1 dealing with the relationship between sodium intake and several metabolic biomarkers. The results of their study demonstrated a positive correlation between urinary sodium excretion and blood pressure, glycemia, and triglycerides. It was also shown that sodium excretion had a highly significant correlation with plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, a biomarker of endothelial damage. A linear regression model analysis also identified that urinary sodium excretion remained significantly associated with plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 value even after adjusting for age, gender, and BMI. The authors have proposed that high sodium intake might be associated with impaired endothelial function and metabolic dysregulation.
      PubDate: Tue, 25 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy141
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Sex Differences in Hypertension: Where We Have Been and Where We Are Going
    • Authors: Ramirez L; Sullivan J.
      Pages: 1247 - 1254
      Abstract: While it has been known since the 1940s that men have greater increases in blood pressure (BP) compared with women, there have been intense efforts more recently to increase awareness that women are also at risk for developing hypertension and that cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading causes of death among both men and women in the United States. With the release of the 2017 Hypertension Clinical Guidelines, 46% of adults in the United States are now classified as hypertensive, and hypertension is the primary modifiable risk factor for the development of CVD. This increase in the prevalence of hypertension is reflected in an increase in prevalence among both men and women across all demographics, although there were greater increases in the prevalence of hypertension among men compared with women. As a result, the well-established gender difference in the prevalence of hypertension is even more pronounced and now extends into the sixth decade of life. The goals of this review are to (i) review the historical clinical trial data and hypertension guidelines from the perspective of both genders and then (ii) review the role of the renin–angiotensin system and T-cell activation in contributing to sex differences in BP control.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy148
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Orthostatic Hypotension in the Hypertensive Patient
    • Authors: Biaggioni I.
      Pages: 1255 - 1259
      Abstract: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is an important and common medical problem, particularly in the frail elderly with multiple comorbidities and polypharmacy. OH is an independent risk factor for falls and overall mortality. Hypertension is among the most common comorbidities associated with OH, and its presence complicates the management of these patients because treatment of one can worsen the other. However, there is evidence that uncontrolled hypertension worsens OH so that both should be managed. The limited data available suggest that angiotensin receptor blockers and calcium channel blockers are preferable antihypertensives for these patients. Patients with isolated supine hypertension can be treated with bedtime doses of short-acting antihypertensives. Treatment of OH in the hypertensive patients should focus foremost on the removal of drugs that can worsen OH, including ones that are easily overlooked, such as tamsulosin, tizanidine, sildenafil, trazodone, and carvedilol. OH and postprandial hypotension can be prevented with abdominal binders and acarbose, respectively, without the need to increase baseline blood pressure. Upright blood pressure can be improved by harnessing residual sympathetic tone with atomoxetine, which blocks norepinephrine reuptake in nerve terminals, and pyridostigmine, which facilitates cholinergic neurotransmission in autonomic ganglia. Oral water bolus acutely but transiently increases blood pressure in autonomic failure patients. If traditional pressor agents are needed, midodrine and droxidopa can be used, administered at the lowest dose and frequency that improves symptoms. Management of OH in the hypertensive patient is challenging, but a management strategy based on understanding the underlying pathophysiology can be effective in most patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy089
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Aortic Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring and Target Organ Damage: Are
           the Data Really Conflicting'
    • Authors: Argyris A; Weber T, Protogerou A.
      Pages: 1260 - 1262
      Abstract: In the last decade, major advances in biomedical engineering have enabled the simultaneous measurement of aortic (a) and brachial (b) blood pressure (BP) in ambulatory conditions.1 Although there is still limited evidence on the clinical utility of 24-hour aortic ambulatory BP monitoring (aABPM), these methodologies have many potential advantages in the management of cardiovascular risk. The concept of implementing aABPM in research protocols, with the purpose of extending in clinical use, is based on 2 cardinal factors. First, due to anatomical and physiological reasons, aBP, the pressure “seen” by the heart, may be closer associated with hypertension-associated target organ damage (TOD).2 Second, the well-known superiority of 24-hour bBP over office bBP, in terms of circadian patterns recognition, BP variability assessment, TOD association, as well as its greater prognostic value.3 In other words, the currently available technology of ABPM may incorporate the advantages of both aortic and ambulatory BP measurement, while simultaneously providing clinical gold standard data by bABPM.1
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy129
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Diastolic Blood Pressure, Not Just Systolic Blood Pressure, Is Related to
           Cerebral Measures in Middle Age: Implications for Prospective Studies
    • Authors: Elias M; Torres R, Davey A.
      Pages: 1263 - 1265
      Abstract: The two fundamental components of blood pressure (BP) are systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP). Debate over the prognostic importance of each component at middle age represents an important period in the history of hypertension, as it relates to the prediction of cardiovascular outcomes and brain injury. In recounting this history, Schillaci et al.1 point out that the emphasis on SBP was supported by literature indicating that it is a stronger predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than DBP in mature adults and elderly persons. They describe the emphasis on SBP that followed in the literature and how it led to a rather extreme movement to discard DBP as prognostically important in individuals 50 years of age or older. The pendulum has swung from DBP to SBP and finally, back to the importance of both as predictors of cardiovascular disease and altered brain function and structure.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy125
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Obesity and Central Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents
    • Authors: Walter L.
      Pages: 1266 - 1267
      Abstract: Obese children more often than not, become obese adolescents and eventually obese adults. Obesity in adulthood is associated with a raft of related disorders and of particular relevance to this commentary, an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and longitudinal studies suggest that childhood obesity increases the risk for adult morbidity and mortality irrespective of the current adult body mass index (BMI).1 Concomitant with the ever-increasing rate of obesity in children and adolescents, is the awareness that the obesity-related disorders historically only identified in adults, are now increasingly common in obese children and in particular, obese adolescents. Moreover, severe obesity defined as 120% of the 95th BMI percentile,2 the fastest growing subcategory of obesity in children and adolescents, is associated with a more severe cardiometabolic risk factor profile that includes dyslipidemia, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, vascular dysfunction, and increased left ventricular mass.3
      PubDate: Sat, 08 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy140
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Differential Associations of Diastolic and Systolic Pressures With
           Cerebral Measures in Older Individuals With Mild Cognitive Impairment
    • Authors: Shokouhi M; Qiu D, Samman Tahhan A, et al.
      Pages: 1268 - 1277
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDReports on the relative importance of the diastolic and systolic blood pressures (DBP and SBP) in age-related cognitive decline are mixed. Investigating the relation between DBP/SBP and functional and structural brain changes could elucidate which of the 2 measures is more critically important for brain function and, consequently, cognitive impairment.METHODSWe investigated the association of SBP and DBP with cortical volume, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and white matter lesions (WML), in nondemented older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI; N = 265, 185 MCI, mean age = 64 years). Brachial blood pressure was measured twice while seated, and the average of the 2 measures was used. Cortical volume, gray matter (GM) CBF, and WML were estimated using T1-weighted imaging, arterial spin labeling, and fluid attenuation inversion recovery, respectively.RESULTSReduced cortical volume was associated with elevated DBP (β= −0.18, P = 0.034) but not with SBP (β = −0.10, P = 0.206). GM CBF was associated with DBP (β = −0.13, P = 0.048) but not with SBP (β = −0.07, P = 0.275). Likewise, CBF within brain regions where MCI patients showed hypoperfusion were only associated with DBP (DBP: β = −0.17, P = 0.005; SBP: β = −0.09, P = 0.120). WML volume was associated with both DBP (β = 0.20, P = 0.005) and SBP (β = 0.30, P < 0.001). For all measures, there was no interaction between DBP/SBP and cognitive status, indicating that these associations were independent of the cognitive status.CONCLUSIONSIndependently of the cognitive status, DBP is more critically important for GM volume and perfusion, whereas WML is associated with both blood pressures, likely reflecting long-term effect of hypertension and autoregulation dysfunction.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy104
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Day-to-Day Home Blood Pressure Variability and Orthostatic Hypotension:
           The Nagahama Study
    • Authors: Tabara Y; Matsumoto T, Murase K, et al.
      Pages: 1278 - 1285
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDThe aim of this study is to clarify associations between orthostatic blood pressure (BP) change, as well as possible physiological factors, and day-to-day home BP variability, a promising risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes.METHODSStudy participants were 6,465 community residents (age 58.3 years). Home BP was measured every morning and evening for 7 days. Orthostatic BP was calculated as the maximum difference between BP measured while sitting and remeasured after 1 and 3 minutes standing.RESULTSFrequency of individuals who showed orthostatic BP decline was as follows: systolic BP (SBP) change ≥−20 mm Hg: 2.6%, ≥−10 mm Hg: 14.1%. These subgroups showed larger home SBP variability (average real variability: 11.3 ± 5.3, 8.7 ± 3.9 mm Hg) when compared with orthostatic normotensives (7.6 ± 3.7 mm Hg) (all P < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis adjusted for major covariates, including seated BP, identified orthostatic BP drop as an independent determinant for morning BP variability (≥−20 mm Hg: β = 0.037, P = 0.003; ≥−10 mm Hg: β = 0.026, P = 0.036) but not for evening BP variability. Carotid hypertrophy was significantly associated with home BP variability (morning: β = 0.052, P = 0.001; evening: β = 0.065, P < 0.001) and showed a U-shaped association with orthostatic BP change. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide level, a previously suggested factor for BP variability, did not show significant association with morning and evening BP variability.CONCLUSIONOrthostatic BP decline was significantly associated with morning BP variability. Large artery atherosclerosis was a common risk factor.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy131
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Measurement of Central Aortic Blood Pressure in Youth: Role of Obesity and
           Sex
    • Authors: Harbin M; Hultgren N, Kelly A, et al.
      Pages: 1286 - 1292
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDThe relationship between pediatric severe obesity (SO) and central aortic blood pressure (BP) has yet to be established.METHODSWe conducted a cross-sectional study of 348 youth (48.5% male, age 12.7 ± 0.1 years) with a wide range of body mass index (BMI) values: normal weight (NW; ≥5th and <85th BMI percentiles), overweight/obesity (OW/OB; 85th to <120% of the 95th BMI percentile), and SO (≥120% of the 95th BMI percentile). Measures of central aortic BP were obtained via applanation tonometry with SphygmoCor MM3 software.RESULTSAfter adjustment for covariates, no significant sex differences were observed for radial−aortic systolic blood pressure (SBP) (P = 0.39), carotid−aortic SBP (P = 0.99), radial−aortic diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (P = 0.44), and carotid−aortic DBP (P = 0.53). Compared to youth with NW, youth with SO exhibited higher radial−aortic SBP (SO vs. NW: 102 ± 1 mm Hg vs. 90 ± 1 mm Hg, P<0.001), carotid−aortic SBP (SO vs. NW: 121 ± 1 mm Hg vs. 109 ± 1 mm Hg, P<0.001), and carotid−aortic DBP (SO vs. NW: 60 ± 1 mm Hg vs. 56 ± 1 mm Hg, P = 0.04). Compared to youth with OW/OB, youth with SO had higher radial−aortic SBP (OW/OB: 97 ± 1 mm Hg, P = 0.002) and carotid−aortic SBP (OW/OB: 114 ± 1 mm Hg, P = 0.007). After adjusting for either total-body percent fat mass or visceral adipose tissue, BMI was still a significant predictor of both radial−aortic and carotid−aortic SBP and DBP (P<0.001, all).CONCLUSIONSIn a cohort of youth with a wide range of adiposity levels, central aortic BP was elevated among individuals with SO and associated with BMI but not body fatness.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy128
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Association of Either Left Ventricular Hypertrophy or Diastolic
           Dysfunction With 24-Hour Central and Peripheral Blood Pressure
    • Authors: Blanch P; Armario P, Oliveras A, et al.
      Pages: 1293 - 1299
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDCentral blood pressure (BP) is considered as a better estimator of hypertension-associated risks than peripheral BP. We aimed to evaluate the association of 24-hour central BP, in comparison with 24-hour peripheral BP, with the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), or diastolic dysfunction (DD).METHODSThe cross-sectional study consisted of 208 hypertensive patients, aged 57 ± 12 years, of which 34% were women. Office and 24-hour central and peripheral BP were measured by the oscillometric Mobil-O-Graph device. We performed echocardiography–Doppler measurements to calculate LVH and DD, defined as left atrium volume ≥34 ml/m2 or septal e′ velocity <8 cm/s or lateral e′ velocity <10 cm/s.RESULTSSeventy-seven patients (37%) had LVH, and 110 patients (58%) had DD. Systolic and pulse BP estimates (office, 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime) were associated with the presence of LVH or DD, after adjustment for age, gender, and antihypertensive treatment, with higher odds ratios for ambulatory-derived values. The comparison between central and peripheral BP estimates did not reveal a statistically significant superiority of the former neither in multiple regression models with simultaneous adjustments nor in the comparison of areas under receiver-operating curves. Correlation coefficients of BP estimates with left ventricular mass, although numerically higher for central BP, did not significantly differ between central and peripheral BP.CONCLUSIONSWe have not found a significant better association of 24-hour central over peripheral BP, with hypertensive cardiac alterations, although due to the sample size, these results require further confirmation in order to assess the possible role of routine 24-hour central BP measurement.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy123
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Black–White Difference in the Impact of Long-Term Blood Pressure From
           Childhood on Adult Renal Function: The Bogalusa Heart Study
    • Authors: Yan Y; Zhang T, Li S, et al.
      Pages: 1300 - 1306
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDTo examine racial difference in the impact of long-term burden of blood pressure (BP) from childhood on adult renal function between middle-aged blacks and whites.METHODSThe study cohort consisted of 1,646 whites and 866 blacks aged 20–51 years at follow-up who had BP measured at least 4 times since childhood, with a mean follow-up period of 25.3 years. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated as a measure of long-term burden of BP from childhood to adulthood. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on serum creatinine to assess renal function in adulthood.RESULTSBlack vs. white adults had significantly higher values of eGFR and long-term burden of systolic BP for both males and females. In multivariable linear regression analyses, adjusting for sex, adult age, body mass index, smoking, and alcohol use, adult eGFR was significantly and negatively associated with adult systolic BP (standardized regression coefficient [β] = −0.10, P = 0.005) and diastolic BP (β = −0.11, P = 0.003) in blacks, but not in whites. The total BP AUC values were also significantly and negatively associated with adult eGFR (β = −0.10, P = 0.005 for systolic BP and β = −0.09, P = 0.013 for diastolic BP) in blacks only. Childhood BP was not significantly associated with adult eGFR in blacks and whites.CONCLUSIONSThese findings suggest that black–white disparities in the influence of elevated BP on the development of renal dysfunction occur in middle adulthood, which underscores the importance of BP control in the black population.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy109
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • The Metabolic Syndrome Does Not Affect Development of Collateral
           Circulation in the Poststenotic Swine Kidney
    • Authors: Zhang X; Kim S, Ferguson C, et al.
      Pages: 1307 - 1316
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDThe collateral circulation is important in maintenance of blood supply to the ischemic kidney distal to renal artery stenosis (RAS). Obesity metabolic syndrome (MetS) preserves renal blood flow (RBF) in the stenotic kidney, but whether this is related to an increase of collateral vessel growth is unknown. We hypothesized that MetS increased collateral circulation around the renal artery.METHODSTwenty-one domestic pigs were randomly divided into unilateral RAS fed an atherogenic (high-fat/high-fructose, MetS-RAS) or standard diet, or controls (n = 7 each). RBF, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the peristenotic collateral circulation were assessed after 10 weeks using multidetector computed tomography (CT) and the intrarenal microcirculation by micro-CT. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was studied in the renal artery wall, kidney, and perirenal fat. Renal fibrosis and stiffness were examined by trichrome and magnetic resonance elastography.RESULTSCompared with controls, RBF and GFR were decreased in RAS, but not in MetS-RAS. MetS-RAS formed peristenotic collaterals to the same extent as RAS pigs but induced greater intrarenal microvascular loss, fibrosis, stiffness, and inflammation. MetS-RAS also attenuated VEGF expression in the renal tissue compared with RAS, despite increased expression in the perirenal fat.CONCLUSIONSMetS does not interfere with collateral vessel formation in the stenotic kidney, possibly because decreased renal arterial VEGF expression offsets its upregulation in perirenal fat, arguing against a major contribution of the collateral circulation to preserve renal function in MetS-RAS. Furthermore, preserved renal function does not protect the poststenotic kidney from parenchymal injury.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy127
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Aortic Root Dilatation Is Associated With Incident Cardiovascular Events
           in a Population of Treated Hypertensive Patients: The Campania Salute
           Network
    • Authors: Canciello G; Mancusi C, Losi M, et al.
      Pages: 1317 - 1323
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDAortic root (AR) dimension (ARD) at the Valsalva sinuses has been associated with incident cardiovascular (CV) events in population-based studies, but this effect could be due to the association with increased left ventricular (LV) mass. There is also uncertainty on how to define clear-cut AR dilatation. Thus, we analyzed the Campania Salute Network (CSN) registry to (i) establish criteria for evaluation of ARD, (ii) propose cut-points for AR dilatation, and (iii) determine whether AR dilatation has prognostic value independent of LV hypertrophy (LVH).METHODSWe analyzed hypertensive patients with available follow-up, in sinus rhythm and free of prevalent valvular and CV disease (n = 8,573). AR exceeding the 75th percentile of the AR z-score (Ao-Z) obtained by comparison with the value predicted by age, sex, and height (i.e., Ao-Z > 0.80) was considered dilated.RESULTSPatients with baseline-dilated ARD by Ao-Z were more likely to be younger, men, and obese and had higher baseline blood pressure (BP; all <0.02) but similar kidney function as those without ARD dilatation. In multivariable Cox regression model, dilated ARD predicted 36% increased rate of CV events, independently of older age, male sex, systolic BP, LVH, and class of antihypertensive medications used during follow-up (95% confidence interval: 1.07–1.71, P = 0.011).CONCLUSIONSIn the context of a population of treated hypertensive patients, ARD defined by z-score of predicted values is an independent predictor of CV events regardless of LVH and other common confounders.CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATIONTrial Number NCT02211365.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy113
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Use of Prescription Medications That Potentially Interfere With Blood
           Pressure Control in New-Onset Hypertension and Treatment-Resistant
           Hypertension
    • Authors: Hwang A; Dave C, Smith S.
      Pages: 1324 - 1331
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDWithdrawing medications that interfere with blood pressure (BP) is recommended in patients with uncontrolled BP, yet real-world use of such agents is not well characterized among individuals with hypertension. We aimed to evaluate the use of BP-interfering prescription medications among US patients with hypertension.METHODSThis retrospective drug utilization study used medical and prescription claims (January 2008 to December 2014) in the MarketScan commercial claims database. We included adults, aged 18–65 years, with a hypertension diagnosis (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code 401) and ≥1 antihypertensive medication fill. Two hypertension cohorts were examined—new antihypertensive drug users (incident hypertension) and patients requiring titration to a fourth antihypertensive (incident treatment-resistant hypertension [TRH]). Patient-level exposure to BP-interfering medications was assessed 6 months before and after the index date, defined as the first prescription fill of an antihypertensive drug or the first occurrence of overlapping use of ≥4 antihypertensive drugs.RESULTSWe identified 521,028 patients with incident hypertension and 131,764 patients with incident TRH. The most prevalent BP-interfering prescription medications were nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophens, and hormones. Overall, 18.3% of the incident hypertension cohort and 17.6% of the incident TRH cohort initiated a BP-interfering medication following antihypertensive titration. Among patients previously taking a BP-interfering medication, 57.6% with incident hypertension and 64.9% with incident TRH refilled that medication after antihypertensive intensification.CONCLUSIONSThe use of prescription BP-interfering medications, especially NSAIDs, is prevalent among patients requiring intensification of their antihypertensive regimen. Greater efforts to limit the use of these medications, where feasible, may be required among patients with uncontrolled hypertension.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy118
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Abstract from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • Pages: 1332 - 1332
      Abstract: The Detection Rate and Influencing Factors of Prehypertension in the Middle-Aged Population in China
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy150
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Abstract from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • Pages: 1332 - 1332
      Abstract: The Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in Hypertensives With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy149
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Erratum
    • Pages: 1333 - 1333
      Abstract: Predictors of Antihypertensive Drug Responses: Initial Data from a Placebo-Controlled, Randomized, Cross-Over Study With Four Antihypertensive Drugs (The GENRES Study) by Hiltunen et al. Am J Hypertens (2007) 20(3): 311–318. doi: 10.1016/j.amjhyper.2006.09.006
      PubDate: Fri, 28 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy099
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 1334 - 1334
      Abstract: Sodium Intake Is associated With Endothelial Damage Biomarkers and Metabolic Dysregulation by Campino et al. Am J Hypertens. (2018) 31 (10): 1127–1132. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpy097
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpy136
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 12 (2018)
       
 
 
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