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Showing 1 - 200 of 368 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American journal of legal history     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 488, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal  
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 114, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Mathematics Research Surveys - advance access     Hybrid Journal  
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)
J. of Integrated Pest Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover American Journal of Hypertension
  [SJR: 1.397]   [H-I: 111]   [19 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0895-7061 - ISSN (Online) 1941-7225
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [368 journals]
  • Editorial_Board
    • PubDate: 2017-03-06
  • Subscriptions
    • PubDate: 2017-03-06
  • Abstracts from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • Abstract: The Detection Rate of Hypertension and Related Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents in Fuzhou
      PubDate: 2017-03-04
  • Abstracts from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • Abstract: The Predictive Value of Cumulative Mean Arterial Pressure in All-Cause Death
      PubDate: 2017-03-04
  • Food Processing and Incident Hypertension: Causal Relationship,
           Confounding, or Both?
    • Authors: McClure ST; Appel LJ.
      Abstract: Diet has a prominent, if not predominant, role in the pathogenesis of elevated blood pressure (BP).1 Dietary factors that raise BP include suboptimal dietary pattern, excess sodium intake, insufficient potassium intake, excess weight, and high alcohol consumption.2,3 While diet studies have examined individual nutrients, foods, and overall dietary patterns (e.g., DASH, Mediterranean, and vegetarian patterns), other aspects of diet might be relevant to health, including type of preparation (e.g., fried, barbequed) and level of processing.4
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
  • Inflammation and Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Kidney Disease: Findings
           From the CRIC Study
    • Authors: Peyster E; Chen J, Feldman HI, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDChronic kidney disease (CKD) and arterial stiffness are associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Inflammation is proposed to have a role in the development of arterial stiffness, and CKD is recognized as a proinflammatory state. Arterial stiffness is increased in CKD, and cross-sectional data has suggested a link between increased inflammatory markers in CKD and higher measures of arterial stiffness. However, no large scale investigations have examined the impact of inflammation on the progression of arterial stiffness in CKD.METHODSWe performed baseline assessments of 5 inflammatory markers in 3,939 participants from the chronic renal insufficiency cohort (CRIC), along with serial measurements of arterial stiffness at 0, 2, and 4 years of follow-up.RESULTSA total of 2,933 participants completed each of the follow-up stiffness measures. In cross-sectional analysis at enrollment, significant associations with at least 2 measures of stiffness were observed for fibrinogen, interleukin-6, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, proteinuria, and composite inflammation score after adjustment for confounders. In longitudinal analyses, there were few meaningful correlations between baseline levels of inflammation and changes in metrics of arterial stiffness over time.CONCLUSIONIn a large cohort of CKD participants, we observed multiple significant correlations between initial markers of inflammation and metrics of arterial stiffness, but baseline inflammation did not predict changes in arterial stiffness over time. While well-described biologic mechanisms provide the basis for our understanding of the cross-sectional results, continued efforts to design longitudinal studies are necessary to fully elucidate the relationship between chronic inflammation and arterial stiffening.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
  • High Volume Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risks
    • Authors: Foulds HA.
      Abstract: Physical activity is a beneficial and important component of a healthy lifestyle.1–3 Positive associations between physical activity and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality include both leisure time and occupational physical activity.3,4 In the current environment of increasing chronic disease and increasingly sedentary lifestyles, physical activity is strongly advocated to improve and maintain health, and prevent disease. However, not all physical activity is created equal.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
  • Does Aerobic Exercise Increase 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Among
           Workers With High Occupational Physical Activity?—A RCT
    • Authors: Korshøj M; Krause N, Clays E, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVEHigh occupational physical activity (OPA) increases cardiovascular risk and aerobic exercise has been recommended for reducing this risk. This paper investigates the effects of an aerobic exercise intervention on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) among cleaners with high OPA.METHODSHundred and sixteen cleaners between 18 and 65 years were randomized. During the 4-month intervention period, the aerobic exercise group (AE) (n = 57) performed worksite aerobic exercise (2 × 30 minutes/week), while the reference group (REF) (n = 59) attended lectures. Between-group differences in 4-month ABP changes were evaluated by intention-to-treat analysis using a repeated-measure 2 × 2 multiadjusted mixed-models design.RESULTSRelative to REF, 24-hour ABP significantly increased in AE: systolic 3.6 mm Hg (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6–5.7) and diastolic 2.3 mm Hg (95% CI 0.9–3.8). Cleaners with high aerobic workload exhibited particularly high 24-hour ABP increases: systolic 6.0 mm Hg (95% CI 2.4–9.6), and diastolic 3.8 mm Hg (95% CI 1.3–6.4).CONCLUSIONAerobic exercise increased 24-hour ABP among cleaners. This adverse effect raises questions about the safety and intended benefits of aerobic exercise, especially among workers with high OPA and a demanding aerobic workload. Unique identifier ISRCTN86682076.CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATIONTrial Number ISRCTN86682076.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
  • Associations Between Genetic Variants of NADPH Oxidase-Related Genes and
           Blood Pressure Responses to Dietary Sodium Intervention: The GenSalt Study
    • Authors: Han X; Hu Z, Chen J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDThe aim of this study was to comprehensively test the associations of genetic variants of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase-related genes with blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium intervention in a Chinese population.METHODSWe conducted a 7-day low-sodium intervention followed by a 7-day high-sodium intervention among 1,906 participants in rural China. BP measurements were obtained at baseline and each dietary intervention using a random-zero sphygmomanometer. Linear mixed-effect models were used to assess the additive associations of 63 tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 11 NADPH oxidase-related genes with BP responses to dietary sodium intervention. Gene-based analyses were conducted using the truncated product method. The Bonferroni method was used to adjust for multiple testing in all analyses.RESULTSSystolic BP (SBP) response to high-sodium intervention significantly decreased with the number of minor T allele of marker rs6967221 in RAC1 (P = 4.51 × 10−4). SBP responses (95% confidence interval) for genotypes CC, CT, and TT were 5.03 (4.71, 5.36), 4.20 (3.54, 4.85), and 0.56 (−1.08, 2.20) mm Hg, respectively, during the high-sodium intervention. Gene-based analyses revealed that RAC1 was significantly associated with SBP response to high-sodium intervention (P = 1.00 × 10−6) and diastolic BP response to low-sodium intervention (P = 9.80 × 10−4).CONCLUSIONSThese findings suggested that genetic variants of NADPH oxidase-related genes may contribute to the variation of BP responses to sodium intervention in Chinese population. Further replication of these findings is warranted.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14
  • Socioeconomic Determinants and Health Disparities in Relation to
           Hypertension in Middle-Income Countries
    • Authors: Arredondo A; Recaman A, Azar A.
      Abstract: The analysis of social determinants and health disparities for the study of population health, as proposed by the World Health Organization in recent years,1 is one of the new lines of evidence used to generate knowledge, management, and control the health conditions faced by the health systems and societies in each country. It is from this perspective that a greater knowledge of the socioeconomic determinants in the management and control of hypertension, as described by Gupta et al.,2 allow a more comprehensive approach to health challenges. This is particularly relevant for chronic diseases in middle-income countries (MICs), where diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity have presented incremental trends in the last years,3 despite the prevention strategies of universal coverage.4 Such trends are likely a consequence of changes in lifestyle and patterns of food and drink consumption, typical of each social group.5
      PubDate: 2017-02-11
  • Inflammation and Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Kidney Disease: Cause or
    • Authors: Hashimoto J; O’Rourke MF.
      Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is defined as the presence of (micro)albuminuria and/or a reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR), constitutes a growing public health concern. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that kidney failure is becoming increasingly prevalent and emerging as a top-10 cause of death.1 In addition, mild-to-moderate (nondialysis-dependent) CKD as well as end-stage renal failure are known as strong risk factors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.2 Although the precise mechanism(s) responsible for the predisposition of CKD to cardiovascular disease are not fully elucidated yet, one of the leading candidate causes involves arterial stiffness. Previous studies have demonstrated that aortic stiffness, as measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), can predict total mortality and cardiovascular events in CKD.3 Also, aortic PWV is shown to be an independent determinant of GFR and albuminuria, as well as a strong predictor of progressive GFR decline.4–6 Moreover, aortic pulse pressure, which depends on PWV and peripheral wave reflection, widens markedly in CKD7 and correlates closely with the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio.5 All the evidence mentioned above indicates that aortic stiffness and pulsatile hemodynamics play an important role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of CKD.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
  • High-Salt Intake Augments the Activity of the RhoA/ROCK Pathway and
           Reduces Intracellular Calcium in Arteries From Rats
    • Authors: Crestani S; Webb R, da Silva-Santos J.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDWe investigated the influence of salt overconsumption on the functionality of the RhoA/Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) pathway and calcium regulation in arteries.METHODSThe aorta and small mesenteric arteries from rats fed a chow containing 2%, 4%, or 8% NaCl were evaluated in organ baths for the activity of the RhoA/ROCK pathway and intracellular calcium mobilization. Components of these pathways and intracellular calcium levels were also assessed in samples from 4% NaCl group.RESULTSIn arteries from animals fed regular chow, the ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 reduced the responses to phenylephrine, even when the smallest concentrations (1 and 3 μM) were tested. However, only higher concentrations of Y-27632 (10 and 50 μM) reduced phenylephrine-induced contraction in vessels from high-salt groups. Immunoblotting revealed augmented phosphorylation of the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 and increased amounts of RhoA in the membrane fraction of aorta homogenates from the 4% NaCl group. Under calcium-free solution, vessels from NaCl groups presented reduced contractile responses to phenylephrine and caffeine, compared with the regular chow group. Moreover, decreased intracellular calcium at rest and after stimulation with ATP were found in aortic smooth muscle cells from 4% NaCl-fed rats, which also showed diminished levels of SERCA2 and SERCA3, but not of IP3 and ryanodine receptors, or STIM1 and Orai1 proteins.CONCLUSIONSArteries from rats subjected to high-salt intake are unable to properly regulate intracellular calcium levels and present augmented activity of the calcium sensitization pathway RhoA/ROCK. These changes may precede the development of vascular diseases induced by high-salt intake.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
  • Levels of Angiopoietin-Like-2 Are Positively Associated With Aortic
           Stiffness and Mortality After Kidney Transplantation
    • Authors: Desjardins M; Thorin-Trescases N, Sidibé A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDAngiopoietin-like-2 (ANGPTL2) is a secreted proinflammatory glycoprotein that promotes endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Circulating ANGPTL2 is increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD), where the risk of CVD is amplified. The objectives of the present study were to (i) examine whether kidney transplantation (KTx) reduces ANGPTL2 levels, (ii) identify the determinants of ANGPTL2 after KTx, (iii) study the association of ANGPTL2 with aortic stiffness, and (iv) assess the impact of ANGPTL2 on mortality after KTx.METHODSIn 75 patients, serum ANGPTL2 levels were measured at baseline and 3 months after KTx. Aortic stiffness was determined by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, glomerular filtration rate was estimated by CKD-EPI formula, and serum cytokines and endothlin-1 levels were determined 3 months after KTx. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan–Meier and Cox regression after a median follow-up of 90 months.RESULTSAfter 3 months of KTx, ANGPTL2 levels decreased from 71 ng/ml (53–95) to 11 ng/ml (9–15) (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, age, lower renal function, and endothelin-1 were independently associated with higher post-KTx ANGPTL2 levels. ANGPTL2 was positively associated with aortic stiffness after KTx, even when adjusted for mean blood pressure (standardized β = 0.314; P = 0.008). During follow-up, 13 deaths occurred. The group of patients with higher post-KTx ANGPTL2 levels had a hazard ratio for mortality of 3.9 (95% confidence interval: 1.07–14.4; P = 0.039).CONCLUSIONKTx significantly reduced serum ANGPTL2 levels. The positive association between post-KTx ANGPTL2, aortic stiffness and mortality, suggests that ANGPTL2 may play a biological role in CKD-related CVD.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
  • Response to “A Short Insight on Two Different Aspects of Arterial
           Stiffness”; Moving Forward or Backward?
    • Authors: Izzo JL; Jr, Gavish B.
      Abstract: We are happy to respond to Professor Safar. As stated in our review,1 a major goal was to spark renewed discussion on the mechanisms, measurement techniques, and clinical relevance of arterial stiffness and stiffening. Another major rationale for the article was to provide a clear explanation of the basic physical principles that are not as well known as they should be, especially to people without extensive background in the area. The ultimate question is whether the current wisdom regarding the utility of arterial stiffness measurement needs to be challenged; clearly, we think it does. We are not the only investigators to realize that arterial stiffness by itself does not describe important nonlinear dynamic components of arterial mechanics; this concern has been in existence for almost a century.2–4 The thrust of Prof. Safar’s criticism seems to be that we have ignored or discredited the mass of prior work in the field. A more accurate representation is that we are skeptical about several aspects of the field. To be historically accurate, we included original references whenever possible but we did not try to provide a full review of all work; that has been done recently.2,5 We believe our work is justified. Scientific advancement is always predicated on prior work but periodically, paradigms must be challenged: in this case the rationale and interpretation of arterial stiffness and pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurements, including their many flaws and limitations. The relationship of PWV and blood pressure (BP) in particular has often been missed because of the use of nonrepresentative BP values (e.g., a few clinic readings or a single point in time), inadequate range of values or use of narrowed clinical populations, or by intrinsic inaccuracies in oscillometric cuff BP methods, especially for diastolic BP, as demonstrated in Prof. Safar’s own work.6
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
  • Extreme-Dipper Profile, Increased Aortic Stiffness, and Impaired
           Subendocardial Viability in Hypertension
    • Authors: Amah G; Ouardani R, Pasteur-Rousseau A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDIn treated hypertensives, extreme-dippers with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) exhibit more severe nighttime cardiac ischemia than dippers. After excluding confounding factors such as diabetes, CAD or chronic kidney disease (CKD), we assessed whether subendocardial viability, determined by the Buckberg index, was more significantly impaired in extreme-dippers than in dippers.METHODSTwo hundred thirteen consecutive treated hypertensives (156 dippers, 57 extreme-dippers), were included. After 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, patients underwent radial applanation tonometry (with determination of: subendocardial viability ratio [SEVR], central augmentation index [AIx], and pulse pressure amplification [PPamp]), carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) measurement, and cycle ergometer stress testing.RESULTSExtreme-dippers showed higher cfPWV (8.99 ± 2.16 vs. 8.29 ± 1.69 m/s, P = 0.014), higher AIx (29.7 ± 9.4 vs. 26.4 ± 10.4%, P = 0.042), lower PPamp (1.22 ± 0.14 vs. 1.30 ± 0.15, P < 0.001), lower SEVR (146 ± 23% vs. 157 ± 26%, P = 0.007), and lower nighttime diastolic BP (DBP) (70 ± 9 vs. 75 ± 9 mm Hg, P < 0.001) than dippers. SEVR and cfPWV were inversely correlated. Among extreme-dippers, women exhibited lower SEVR (138 ± 21% vs. 161 ± 23%, P = 0.004), PPamp (1.16 ± 0.10 vs. 1.31 ± 0.15, P < 0.001), and nighttime DBP (67 ± 8 mm Hg vs. 72 ± 8 mm Hg, P = 0.017) than men.CONCLUSIONSExtreme-dipper treated hypertensives with no history of CAD, diabetes or CKD, present increased aortic stiffness and low PPamp. Furthermore, this is the first demonstration of the greater likelihood of these patients to exhibit impaired subendocardial viability compared to dippers. Extreme-dipper hypertensive patients, women in particular, may have a significantly higher risk of silent myocardial ischemia, thus justifying systematic screening.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
  • Increased Expression of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor in the
           Nucleus of the Solitary Tract Attenuates Renovascular Hypertension in Rats
    • Authors: Barbosa R; Speretta GF, Dias D, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDMacrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an intracellular inhibitory regulator of the actions of angiotensin II in the central nervous system. Renovascular hypertensive 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K1C) rats have an increased activity of the renin–angiotensin system and a decrease in baroreflex function compared to normotensive (NT) rats. In the present study, we tested the effects of MIF overexpression within the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), a key brainstem region for cardiovascular regulation, on the development of hypertension, on baroreflex function, and on water and food intake in 2K1C rats.METHODSHoltzman NT rats received a silver clip around the left renal artery to induce 2K1C hypertension. Three weeks later, rats were microinjected in the NTS with AAV2-CBA-MIF, to increase the expression of MIF, or with the control vector AAV2-CBA-enhanced green fluorescent protein. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate were recorded by telemetry. Baroreflex function was tested, and water and food intake were also measured.RESULTSIncreasing MIF expression in the NTS of 2K1C rats attenuated the development of hypertension, reversed the impairment of baroreflex function, and reduced the increase in water intake. In contrast to 2K1C rats, similar increases in MIF expression in the NTS of NT rats produced no changes in baseline MAP, baroreflex function, or water intake.CONCLUSIONSThese results indicate that an increased expression of MIF within the NTS attenuates the development of hypertension and restores the baroreflex function in 2K1C rats.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
  • Maternal Blood Pressure Before Pregnancy and Sex of the Baby: A
           Prospective Preconception Cohort Study
    • Authors: Retnakaran R; Wen S, Tan H, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDPopulation-level sociologic studies have suggested that adverse societal conditions may affect fetal viability in a sex-specific manner and thereby modify the ratio of male vs. female babies. This concept suggests that there may exist certain physiologic features in a woman that relate to her likelihood of delivering a boy or girl. We thus established a preconception cohort to prospectively evaluate the relationship between maternal pregravid health and sex of the baby.METHODSIn this analysis nested within an observational cohort study, 1,411 newly married women in Liuyang, China, underwent pregravid cardiometabolic characterization (including anthropometry and measurement of blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose) at median 26.3 weeks before a singleton pregnancy, delivering at 39.0 ± 1.3 weeks gestation.RESULTSSystolic blood pressure before pregnancy was higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl (112.5 ± 11.9 vs. 109.6 ± 12.0 mm Hg, P < 0.0001). The prevalence of a male baby progressively increased across quintiles of pregravid systolic blood pressure (P < 0.0001). After covariate adjustment, mean adjusted pregravid systolic blood pressure was higher in mothers of boys vs. girls (106.0 vs. 103.3 mm Hg, P = 0.0015). On logistic regression analysis, pregravid systolic blood pressure emerged as the only significant predictor of having a male baby (adjusted odds ratio = 1.017 per mm Hg, 95% confidence interval = 1.007–1.028). The pregravid difference in blood pressure between mothers of boys and girls was not present during any trimester of pregnancy.CONCLUSIONMaternal blood pressure before pregnancy is a previously unrecognized factor that may be associated with the likelihood of delivering a boy or girl.
      PubDate: 2017-01-12
  • Long-Term Exposure to NO 2 and Ozone and Hypertension Incidence in the
           Black Women’s Health Study
    • Authors: Coogan PF; White LF, Yu J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDEvidence shows that exposure to air pollutants can increase blood pressure in the short and long term. Some studies show higher levels of hypertension prevalence in areas of high pollution. Few data exist on the association of air pollution with hypertension incidence. The purpose of the present study was to prospectively assess the associations of the traffic-related nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and of ozone with the incidence of hypertension in the Black Women’s Health Study (BWHS), a large cohort study of African American women.METHODSWe used Cox proportional hazards models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for hypertension associated with exposure to NO2 and ozone among 33,771 BWHS participants. NO2 and ozone levels at participant residential locations were estimated with validated models.RESULTSFrom 1995 to 2011, 9,570 incident cases of hypertension occurred in a total of 348,154 person-years (median follow-up time, 11 years). The multivariable HRs per interquartile range of NO2 (9.7 ppb) and ozone (6.7 ppb) were 0.92 (95% CI = 0.86, 0.98) and 1.09 (95% CI = 1.00, 1.18).CONCLUSIONSIn this large cohort of African American women, higher ozone levels were associated with an increase in hypertension incidence. Higher NO2 levels were not associated with greater hypertension incidence; indeed, incidence was lower at higher NO2 levels.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
  • Association of Household Wealth Index, Educational Status, and Social
    • Authors: Gupta R; Kaur M, Islam S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractOBJECTIVEHypertension control rates are low in South Asia. To determine association of measures of socioeconomic status (wealth, education, and social capital) with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control among urban and rural subjects in these countries we performed the present study.METHODSWe enrolled 33,423 subjects aged 35–70 years (women 56%, rural 53%, low-education status 51%, low household wealth 25%, low-social capital 33%) in 150 communities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during 2003–2009. Prevalence of hypertension and its awareness, treatment, and control status and their association with wealth, education, and social capital were determined.RESULTSAge-, sex-, and location-adjusted prevalence of hypertension in men was 31.5% (23.9–40.2%) and women was 32.6% (24.9–41.5%) with variations in prevalence across study sites (urban 30–56%, rural 11–43%). Prevalence was significantly greater in urban locations, older subjects, and participants with more wealth, greater education, and lower social capital index. Hypertension awareness was in 40.4% (urban 45.9, rural 32.5), treatment in 31.9% (urban 37.6, rural 23.6), and control in 12.9% (urban 15.4, rural 9.3). Control was lower in men and younger subjects. Hypertension awareness, treatment, and control were significantly lower, respectively, in lowest vs. highest wealth index tertile (26.2 vs. 50.6%, 16.9 vs. 44.0%, and 6.9 vs. 17.3%, P < 0.001) and lowest vs. highest educational status tertile (31.2 vs. 48.4%, 21.8 vs. 42.1%, and 7.8 vs. 19.2%, P < 0.001) while insignificant differences were observed in lowest vs. highest social capital index (38.2 vs. 36.1%, 35.1 vs. 27.8%, and 12.5 vs. 9.1%).CONCLUSIONSThis study shows low hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in South Asia. Lower wealth and educational status are important in low hypertension awareness, treatment, and control.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
  • A Short Insight on 2 Different Aspects of Arterial Stiffness
    • Authors: Safar ME.
      Abstract: To the Editor: Gavish and Izzo1 have recently published studies on arterial stiffness. These authors focused the subject on the “scientific” and “clinical” implications of this parameter regarding 2 major factors: aging and systolic blood pressure. In physical terms, stiffness is defined as the slope of the relationship between an artery’s distending pressure and its cross-sectional area or volume. Pulse wave velocity is the most accepted indicator of arterial stiffness, but the investigation of the 2 “scientific” and “clinical” implications of this study requires a short insight on 2 different aspects.
      PubDate: 2017-01-04
  • Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and the Incidence of Hypertension in a
           Mediterranean Cohort: The Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Project
    • Authors: Mendonça R; Lopes A, Pimenta A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDSome available evidence suggests that high consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) is associated with a higher risk of obesity. Collectively, this association and the nutritional characteristics of UPFs suggest that UPFs might also be associated with hypertension.METHODSWe prospectively evaluated the relationship between UPF consumption and the risk of hypertension in a prospective Spanish cohort, the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra project. We included 14,790 Spanish adult university graduates who were initially free of hypertension at baseline who were followed for a mean of 9.1 years (SD, 3.9 years; total person-years: 134,784). UPF (industrial formulations of chemical compounds which, beyond substances of common culinary use such as salt, sugar, oils, and fats, include substances also derived from foods but not used in culinary preparations) consumption was assessed using a validated semi-quantitative 136-item food-frequency questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for hypertension incidence.RESULTSDuring follow-up, 1,702 incident cases of hypertension were identified. Participants in the highest tertile of UPF consumption had a higher risk of developing hypertension (adjusted HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.06, 1.37; P for trend = 0.004) than those in the lowest tertile after adjusting for potential confounders.CONCLUSIONSIn this large prospective cohort of Spanish middle-aged adult university graduates, a positive association between UPF consumption and hypertension risk was observed. Additional longitudinal studies are needed to confirm our results.
      PubDate: 2016-12-07
  • AT 2 Receptors: Potential Therapeutic Targets for Hypertension
    • Authors: Carey RM.
      Abstract: AbstractThe renin–angiotensin system (RAS) is arguably the most important and best studied hormonal system in the control of blood pressure (BP) and the pathogenesis of hypertension. The RAS features its main effector angiotensin II (Ang II) acting via its 2 major receptors, angiotensin type-1(AT1R) and type-2 (AT2R). In general, AT2Rs oppose the detrimental actions of Ang II via AT1Rs. AT2R activation induces vasodilation and natriuresis, but its effects to lower BP in hypertension have not been as clear as anticipated. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated that acute and chronic AT2R stimulation can induce natriuresis and lower BP in the Ang II infusion model of experimental hypertension. AT2R activation induces receptor recruitment from intracellular sites to the apical plasma membranes of renal proximal tubule cells via a bradykinin, nitric oxide, and cyclic guanosine 3′,5′ monophosphate signaling pathway that results in internalization and inactivation of sodium (Na+) transporters Na+–H+ exchanger-3 and Na+/K+ATPase. These responses do not require the presence of concurrent AT1R blockade and are effective both in the prevention and reversal of hypertension. This review will address the role of AT2Rs in the control of BP and Na+ excretion and the case for these receptors as potential therapeutic targets for hypertension in humans.
      PubDate: 2016-09-24
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