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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 522, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal  
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover American Journal of Hypertension
  [SJR: 1.397]   [H-I: 111]   [23 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0895-7061 - ISSN (Online) 1941-7225
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Hypertensive Patients That Respond to Aldosterone Antagonists May Have a
           Nonclassical 11β-HSD2 Deficiency
    • Authors: Tapia-Castillo A; Carvajal CA, Allende F, et al.
      Abstract: To the Editor: Recently, Dudenbostel, and Calhoun1 showed the benefits of aldosterone antagonists for blood pressure control in resistant hypertension patients with normal or low aldosterone levels, suggesting a mineralocorticoid-dependent mechanism, similar to patients carrying an 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) deficiency. However, another recent publication by the same group (Ghazi and Calhoun)2 shows that 11β-HSD2 activity evaluated by urinary free cortisol to cortisone ratio is similar in patients with resistant hypertension compared with the control group. Nevertheless, we and others have shown that essential hypertensive patients have an increased cortisol to cortisone ratio both in urine and serum samples when compared to normotensive subjects.3,4 In addition, we have also reported that low renin essential hypertensive patients have serum F/E ratios, which negatively correlate to serum aldosterone and plasma renin activity.3
      PubDate: 2017-04-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx065
  • Hypertension and Atrial Fibrillation: An Intimate Association of
           Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Outcomes
    • Authors: Dzeshka MS; Shahid F, Shantsila A, et al.
      First page: 733
      Abstract: AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia found in clinical practice. AF rarely exists as a single entity but rather as part of a diverse clinical spectrum of cardiovascular diseases, related to structural and electrical remodeling within the left atrium, leading to AF onset, perpetuation, and progression. Due to the high overall prevalence within the AF population arterial hypertension plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of AF and its complications. Fibroblast proliferation, apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, gap junction remodeling, accumulation of collagen both in atrial and ventricular myocardium all accompany ageing-related structural remodeling with impact on electrical activity. The presence of hypertension also stimulates oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, rennin–angiotensin–aldosterone and sympathetic activation, which further drives the remodeling process in AF. Importantly, both hypertension and AF independently increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, e.g., stroke and myocardial infarction. Given that both AF and hypertension often present with limited on patient wellbeing, treatment may be delayed resulting in development of complications as the first clinical manifestation of the disease. Antithrombotic prevention in AF combined with strict blood pressure control is of primary importance, since stroke risk and bleeding risk are both greater with underlying hypertension.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx013
  • Inflammation, Autoimmunity, and Hypertension: The Essential Role of Tissue
    • Authors: Liu C; Kellems RE, Xia Y.
      First page: 756
      Abstract: AbstractInflammatory cytokines cause hypertension when introduced into animals. Additional evidence indicates that cytokines induce the production of autoantibodies that activate the AT1 angiotensin receptor (AT1R). Extensive evidence shows that these autoantibodies, termed AT1-AA, contribute to hypertension. We review here recent studies showing that cytokine-induced hypertension and AT1-AA production require the ubiquitous enzyme, tissue transglutaminase (TG2). We consider 3 mechanisms by which TG2 may contribute to hypertension. (i) One involves the posttranslational modification (PTM) of AT1Rs at a glutamine residue that is present in the epitope sequence (AFHYESQ) recognized by AT1-AA. (ii) Another mechanism by which TG2 may contribute to hypertension is by PTM of AT1Rs at glutamine 315. Modification at this glutamine prevents ubiquitination-dependent proteasome degradation and allows AT1Rs to accumulate. Increased AT1R abundance is likely to account for increased sensitivity to Ang II activation and in this way contribute to hypertension. (iii) The increased TG2 produced as a result of elevated inflammatory cytokines is likely to contribute to vascular stiffness by modification of intracellular contractile proteins or by crosslinking vascular proteins in the extracellular matrix. This process, termed inward remodeling, results in reduced vascular lumen, vascular stiffness, and increased blood pressure. Based on the literature reviewed here, we hypothesize that TG2 is an essential participant in cytokine-induced hypertension. From this perspective, selective TG2 inhibitors have the potential to be pharmacologic weapons in the fight against hypertension.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx027
  • A Long and Winding Road from Tortuous Arteries to a Straightforward
           Diagnosis of FMD
    • Authors: De Backer TM; De Buyzere MD.
      First page: 765
      Abstract: By definition, fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a segmental nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vascular disease of small-to-medium-sized muscular arteries.1
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx082
  • Is Transforming Growth Factor β1 a Cause of Hypertension'
    • Authors: Chen Y; Wang J.
      First page: 767
      Abstract: Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) is a ubiquitously expressed potent pleiotropic cytokine. It has biological functions in cell proliferation, differentiation, senescence, and apoptosis, tumor suppression, immunity, wound healing, and so on.1 It may facilitate extracellular matrix assembly by stimulation of matrix synthesis and prevention of matrix degradation and play a role in tissue repairing and remodeling. Overproduction of this factor, however, may behave as an important mechanism for fibrogenesis.2 That is why TGFβ1 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic complications of hypertension, such as left ventricular hypertrophy,3 vascular remodeling,4 and end-stage renal disease,5 especially on high serum angiotensin conditions.6
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx090
  • Differences in Cardiac Structure and Function Between Black and White
           Patients: Another Step in the Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk in Chronic
           Kidney Disease
    • Authors: Nardi E; Mulè G, Nardi C, et al.
      First page: 770
      Abstract: Black Americans have the highest incidence of heart failure (HF) among racial groups in the United States, HF affecting 3% of all African American adults. This reflects a 50% greater incidence of HF among African Americans than seen in the remaining population.1 These observations have fueled interest in exploring the differences in left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM) and geometry between Blacks and Whites, because it is well known that LV hypertrophy (LVH) and related abnormalities of LV diastolic function may precede and predict subsequent HF.2,3 Indeed, several lines of evidence,4–8 with some exceptions,9 support the notion of a strong association between Black ethnicity and increased LVM and relative wall thickness.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx093
  • Longitudinal Changes in Excess Pressure Independently Predict Declining
           Renal Function Among Healthy Individuals—A Pilot Study
    • Authors: Climie RD; Picone DS, Sharman JE.
      First page: 772
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDAortic reservoir function independently predicts end-organ damage in cross-sectional analyses. However, longitudinal associations are more important regarding causation, but this has never been examined at rest or in response to light-moderate intensity exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the change in aortic reservoir characteristics, in particular excess pressure integral (Pexcess) at rest and in response to exercise and the change in kidney function among healthy individuals followed over time.METHODSAortic reservoir function (Pexcess and reservoir pressure), aortic stiffness, brachial and central blood pressure (BP), and renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) were recorded among 33 healthy individuals (57 ± 9 years; 55% male) at baseline and after an average 3.0 ± 0.3 years.RESULTSOver the follow up period, there was a significant increase in resting brachial BP, central BP, Pexcess, and aortic stiffness (P < 0.05 all). The change over time in resting Pexcess (but not aortic stiffness) was significantly related to the change in eGFR (r = −0.38, P = 0.038) and remained independent of age at follow up, change in 24-hour ambulatory systolic BP and body mass index (β = −0.0300, P = 0.043). There was no association between the change in aortic pulse wave velocity and the change eGFR (P = 0.46) nor were there any associations with exercising hemodynamics.CONCLUSIONSPexcess is independently associated with a decline in renal function among healthy people followed over 3 years. These novel findings indicate the need to determine the underlying physiological determinants of aortic reservoir function.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx091
  • Coronary Tortuosity: A Clue to the Diagnosis of Fibromuscular
    • Authors: van Twist DL; de Leeuw PW, Kroon AA.
      First page: 776
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDFibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a systemic, nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vasculopathy that is often overlooked by clinicians. Clinical clues could help in selecting patients for further evaluation for the presence of FMD. Recently, it was observed that tortuosity of the coronary arteries is often present in patients with FMD-related abnormalities of the coronary artery. Therefore, we wondered if the presence of coronary tortuosity might provide a clinical clue to the diagnosis of extracoronary FMD.CASESWe describe 5 cases of FMD in whom diagnostic studies for FMD were initiated because of the presence of coronary tortuosity. FMD was found in all 5 patients in the renal and/or cervical arteries.CONCLUSIONSOur 5 cases suggest that exertional chest pain in the presence of coronary tortuosity may be helpful in selecting patients for further evaluation for the presence of FMD. Further research should focus on the prevalence of FMD among patients with coronary tortuosity and whether the presence of additional clinical clues (such as the presence of hypertension at young age or pulsatile tinnitus) next to coronary tortuosity can predict the risk for FMD in individual patients.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx069
  • Enhanced Aortic Reflected Wave Magnitude Accounts for the Impact of Female
           Gender on Aortic Pressure Augmentation in a Group of African Ancestry
    • Authors: Tade G; Norton GR, Booysen HL, et al.
      First page: 781
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDAortic reflected wave magnitude (RM) may not account for sex-specific differences in aortic pressure augmentation in Caucasians. However, aortic reflected waves are greater in groups of African descent than other ethnic groups. We determined whether RM or alternative factors explain the impact of sex on aortic augmented pressure (Pa) in participants of African ancestry.METHODSWe assessed aortic function (radial applanation tonometry, SphygmoCor) in 1,197 randomly recruited community participants of African ancestry (age ≥ 16 years). Aortic forward (Pf) and backward (Pb) wave separation was performed assuming an aortic triangular flow wave validated against aortic velocity measurements.RESULTSAcross the adult lifespan, women had greater multivariate-adjusted augmentation index (AIx) and Pa. This was associated with multivariate-adjusted age-related increases in Pb, RM (Pb/Pf), and time to the peak of Pf and decreases in backward wave foot time; but not increases in Pf. With adjustors, Pa was associated with female gender (β-coefficient = 3.81 ± 0.34), a relationship which was markedly attenuated by adjustments for RM (β-coefficient = 1.78 ± 0.31, P < 0.0001 vs. without adjustments for RM), and Pb (β-coefficient = 2.05 ± 0.19, P < 0.0001 vs. without adjustments for Pb), but not by adjustments for Pf, time to the peak of Pf, or backward wave foot time. Similarly, AIx was associated with female gender, a relationship which was markedly attenuated by adjustments for RM, Pb, and backward wave foot time, but not alternative factors.CONCLUSIONSIn contrast to reports in alternative populations, the relationship between aortic pressure augmentation and female gender in participants of African descent is accounted for mainly by increases in RM.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx042
  • Carotid Body Denervation Markedly Improves Survival in Rats With
           Hypertensive Heart Failure
    • Authors: Fujii K; Saku K, Kishi T, et al.
      First page: 791
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDHypertension is a major cause of heart failure. Excessive sympathoexcitation in patients with heart failure leads to poor prognosis. Since carotid body denervation (CBD) has been shown to reduce sympathetic nerve activity in animal models of hypertension and heart failure, we examined if bilateral CBD attenuates the progression of hypertensive heart failure and improves survival.METHODSWe randomly allocated Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed a high-salt diet from 6 weeks of age into CBD (n = 31) and sham-operation (SHAM; n = 50) groups, and conducted CBD or SHAM at 7 weeks of age. We examined the time course of 24-hour urinary norepinephrine (uNE) excretion, blood pressure (BP) and the percent fractional shortening assessed by echocardiography, and estimated the pressure–natriuresis relationship at 14 weeks of age. Finally, we assessed hemodynamics, histological findings, and survival at 16 weeks of age.RESULTSCompared to SHAM, CBD significantly reduced 24-hour uNE at 12, 14, and 16 weeks of age, shifted the pressure–natriuresis relationship leftward without changing its slope, and attenuated the increase in BP. CBD preserved percent fractional shortening (34.2 ± 1.2 vs. 29.1 ± 1.3%, P < 0.01) and lowered left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (5.0 ± 0.9 vs. 9.0 ± 1.4 mm Hg, P < 0.05). Furthermore, CBD significantly attenuated myocardial hypertrophy (P < 0.01) and fibrosis (P < 0.01). Consequently, CBD markedly improved survival (relative risk reduction: 64.8%).CONCLUSIONSCBD attenuated the progression of hypertension and worsening of heart failure possibly through sympathoinhibition, and markedly improved survival in a rat model of hypertensive heart failure.
      PubDate: 2017-04-19
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx062
  • The Effects of Urinary Albumin and Hypertension on All-Cause and
           Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Korea
    • Authors: Seo M; Lee J, Ryu S, et al.
      First page: 799
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDUrinary albumin levels and hypertension (HTN) are independently associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. The effect of albuminuria on mortality in the absence or presence of HTN is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of albuminuria and HTN on all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality.METHODSMortality outcomes for 32,653 Koreans enrolled in a health screening including measurements of the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) at baseline and median follow-up of 5.13 years. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were performed in UACR and the cut-point was 5.42 mg/g. The participants for UACR at the cut-point of 5.42 μg/mg were categorized into UACR < 5.42 or UACR ≥ 5.42. HTN status was categorized as No HTN or HTN (defined as the absence or presence HTN).RESULTSThe median (interquartile) baseline UACRs were higher in those who died than in survivors. Subjects with a UACR ≥ 5.42 mg/g without or with HTN showed a similar increased risk for all-cause mortality and CVD mortality, even after adjusting for known CVD risk factors compared to those with no HTN/UACR < 5.42 (reference), (all-cause mortality; hazard ratio [HR] 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02–2.15: HR 1.47; 95% CI 0.94–2.32, respectively), (CVD mortality; HR 5.75; 95% CI 1.54–21.47: HR 5.87; 95% CI 1.36–25.29)CONCLUSIONSThe presence of urinary albumin and HTN is a significant determinant of CVD and death. Urinary albumin might be more attributable to CVD and all-cause mortality than HTN.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx051
  • Elevated Plasma Transforming Growth Factor β1 Levels Predict the
    • Authors: Nakao E; Adachi H, Enomoto M, et al.
      First page: 808
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDTransforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a multifunctional cytokine. There is growing evidence that TGF-β1 is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension and the development of target organ damage in hypertensives. Although several studies have shown that TGF-β1 induced vascular hypertrophy and remodelling in various vascular diseases, there are no longitudinal data on hypertension in the epidemiological studies. The present study tested the hypothesis whether elevated TGF-β1 levels can predict the development of hypertension.METHODSIn 2002–2004, 528 subjects received health examinations in Uku town, southwestern Japan. We examined blood pressure (BP), body mass index, and blood test. Data on fasting plasma TGF-β1 were obtained from 528 individuals. Of these, 149 normotensives (BP <140/90 mm Hg without antihypertensive medications) at baseline were followed-up for 14 years.RESULTSThe receiver-operating characteristic curve was used and the calculated cutoff value was 8.9 ng/ml. Of 149 normotensives at baseline, 59 subjects developed hypertension. Plasma TGF-β1 levels were significantly associated with the development of hypertension after adjustment for confounding factors. To further examine the association between them, we performed logistic regression analysis. We divided the baseline plasma TGF-β1 levels into 2 groups using a cutoff value. The significant high odds ratio [3.582 (95% confidence interval, 1.025–12.525)] for the development of hypertension was found in the highest group of TGF-β1 level vs. the lowest group after adjustment for confounders.CONCLUSIONSThis is the first report demonstrating the causal relationship between them. Elevated plasma TGF-β1 levels predicted the development of hypertension in normotensives in a population of community-dwelling Japanese.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx053
  • Association Between Cardiovascular Health and Endothelial Function With
           Future Erectile Dysfunction: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    • Authors: Lane-Cordova AD; Kershaw K, Liu K, et al.
      First page: 815
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDThe association of Cardiovascular Health (CVH; defined by the American Heart Association by assigning points for health-related behavioral and clinical factors) with endothelial and erectile dysfunction has not been reported, although endothelial and erectile dysfunction have been associated with components of CVH.METHODSData were collected in 1,136 men in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis at baseline and erectile dysfunction status (measured by survey or medication use) at exam 5. CVH was determined with 7 health metrics. Endothelial function was measured with brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Poisson regression was used to determine associations between CVH and erectile dysfunction across categories of CVH (low, moderate, and high).RESULTSAge and proportion of Black or Latino participants decreased while proportion of Chinese-American participants increased with higher CVH category. FMD was higher in men without erectile dysfunction and higher in men with high vs. low CVH. Erectile dysfunction prevalence was lower with better CVH; 58% in men with low CVH, 41% with moderate CVH, and 33% with high CVH (P < 0.001). CVH was associated with erectile dysfunction; prevalence ratio = 0.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.66, 0.84) with moderate CVH and 0.68 (95% CI = 0.49, 0.94) with high CVH (vs. men with low CVH) and 0.93 (95% CI = 0.91, 0.96) for every 1-point higher CVH score in a fully adjusted model, including FMD, age, education, depression score, use of antidepressant or beta-blocker medications, chronic disease, heavy drinking, and race.CONCLUSIONCVH is associated with future erectile dysfunction, even after adjustment for baseline FMD. Maintaining high CVH may improve quality of life for men.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx060
  • Racial/Ethnic Differences in Left Ventricular Structure and Function in
           Chronic Kidney Disease: The Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort
    • Authors: Ahmad FS; Cai X, Kunkel K, et al.
      First page: 822
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDChronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and it is especially common among Blacks. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an important subclinical marker of CVD, but there are limited data on racial variation in left ventricular structure and function among persons with CKD.METHODSIn a cross-sectional analysis of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study, we compared the prevalence of different types of left ventricular remodeling (concentric hypertrophy, eccentric hypertrophy, and concentric remodeling) by race/ethnicity. We used multinomial logistic regression to test whether race/ethnicity associated with different types of left ventricular remodeling independently of potential confounding factors.RESULTSWe identified 1,164 non-Hispanic Black and 1,155 non-Hispanic White participants who completed Year 1 visits with echocardiograms that had sufficient data to categorize left ventricular geometry type. Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks had higher mean left ventricular mass index (54.7 ± 14.6 vs. 47.4 ± 12.2 g/m2.7; P < 0.0001) and prevalence of concentric LVH (45.8% vs. 24.9%). In addition to higher systolic blood pressure and treatment with >3 antihypertensive medications, Black race/ethnicity was independently associated with higher odds of concentric LVH compared to White race/ethnicity (odds ratio: 2.73; 95% confidence interval: 2.02, 3.69).CONCLUSIONIn a large, diverse cohort with CKD, we found significant differences in left ventricular mass and hypertrophic morphology between non-Hispanic Blacks and Whites. Future studies will evaluate whether higher prevalence of LVH contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in cardiovascular outcomes among CKD patients.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx058
  • Effect of Home Blood Pressure on Inducing Remission/Regression of
           Microalbuminuria in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    • Authors: Nishimura M; Kato Y, Tanaka T, et al.
      First page: 830
      Abstract: AbstractBACKGROUNDThe Home Blood Pressure for Diabetic Nephropathy study is a prospective observational study conducted to determine the effect of home blood pressure (HBP) on remission/regression of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).METHODSPatients with type 2 DM having microalbuminuria were followed-up for 3 years. Remission of microalbuminuria was defined as shift from microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria. Regression of microalbuminuria was defined as a 50% reduction in urinary albumin–creatinine ratio from baseline. All measurements of morning and evening HBP were averaged every year and defined as all HBP.RESULTSIn total, 235 patients were followed up. The 3-year cumulative incidences of remission and regression were 32.3% and 44.7%, respectively. Following analysis of all cases, the degree of decline in all home systolic blood pressure (AHSBP), rather than mean AHSBP, influenced the incidence of remission/regression. There was a strong relationship between the decline in AHSBP during the follow-up period and AHSBP at baseline. Therefore, separate analyses of the patients with AHSBP below 140 mm Hg at baseline were performed, which revealed that mean AHSBP during the follow-up period independently affected the incidence of remission/regression. The hazard ratio for inducing remission/regression was significantly lower in patients with AHSBP during the follow-up period above 130 mm Hg than in those with AHSBP below 120 mm Hg.CONCLUSIONSOptimal AHSBP for the induction of remission/regression of microalbuminuria might be below 130 mm Hg. It is required to confirm whether keeping AHSBP below 130 mm Hg leads to subsequent renoprotection or not.CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATIONTrial Number UMIN000000804.
      PubDate: 2017-06-10
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx050
  • Abstract from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • First page: 840
      Abstract: The Effect of Dietary Cholesterol Intake on Incident Hypertension Is Insignificant Among Chinese Adults
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx099
  • Abstract from the Chinese Journal of Hypertension
    • First page: 840
      Abstract: Perivascular Adipose Tissue-Derived Leptin Promotes Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation in the High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx098
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