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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 577, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Clinical Kidney Journal
  [SJR: 0.338]   [H-I: 19]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2048-8505 - ISSN (Online) 2048-8513
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Announcements

    • Abstract: News from ERA-EDTA:
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Women and renal replacement therapy in Europe: lower incidence, equal
           access to transplantation, longer survival than men

    • Authors: Fernandez-Prado R; Fernandez-Fernandez B, Ortiz A.
      Abstract: In 2018, World Kidney Day (WKD) and International Women’s Day coincide. The WKD editorial focuses on women’s kidney health. The European Renal Association–European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry Annual Report 2015 summary provides an excellent snapshot of renal replacement therapy (RRT) epidemiology and women in Europe. The WKD editorial reports a lower incidence of RRT in women in major registries and potential limitations to women’s access to transplantation. What is the situation in Europe' In Europe, the incidence of RRT is also lower in women: 38% of incident RRT patients are women. Does it represent milder chronic kidney disease (CKD) in women or barriers to RRT access' The question arises from the higher prevalence of CKD Stages G3–G5 in women than in men. However, in some European countries, such as Spain, non-dialysis CKD Stages G4–G5 is less frequent in women than in men, recapitulating the difference in RRT incidence. In the ERA-EDTA Registry, the incidence of transplantation as a first modality on Day 1 was slightly higher for women and survival on RRT was similar for women and men in the first 3 months, but an intergender gap favouring women increased as RRT vintage increased. However, women on RRT are worse off regarding survival when compared with women in the general population than men on RRT compared with men in the general population. In conclusion, the ERA-EDTA Registry Annual Report 2015 and European epidemiology data suggest a lower incidence of end-stage kidney disease in women, no gender differences in access to transplantation and better RRT survival in women.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Women and kidney disease: reflections on World Kidney Day 2018

    • Authors: Piccoli G; Alrukhaimi M, Liu Z, et al.
      Abstract: Chronic kidney disease affects ∼10% of the world’s adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women’s Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women’s health, and specifically their kidney health, to the community and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women, so that we may apply those learnings more broadly. Girls and women, who make up ∼50% of the world’s population, are important contributors to society as a whole and to their families. Gender differences continue to exist around the world in access to education, medical care and participation in clinical studies. Pregnancy is a unique state for women, offering an opportunity for diagnosis of kidney disease, and also a state where acute and chronic kidney diseases may manifest, and which may impact future generations with respect to kidney health. There are various autoimmune and other conditions that are more likely to impact women with profound consequences for child bearing, and for the fetus. Women have different complications on dialysis than men, and are more likely to be donors than recipients of kidney transplants. In this editorial, we focus on what we do and do not know about women, kidney health and kidney disease, and what we might learn in the future to improve outcomes worldwide.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The European Renal Association – European Dialysis and Transplant
           Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry Annual Report 2015: a summary

    • Authors: Kramer A; Pippias M, Noordzij M, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundThis article summarizes the European Renal Association – European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry’s 2015 Annual Report. It describes the epidemiology of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in 2015 within 36 countries.MethodsIn 2016 and 2017, the ERA-EDTA Registry received data on patients who were undergoing RRT for ESRD in 2015, from 52 national or regional renal registries. Thirty-two registries provided individual patient-level data and 20 provided aggregated-level data. The incidence, prevalence and survival probabilities of these patients were determined.ResultsIn 2015, 81 373 individuals commenced RRT for ESRD, equating to an overall unadjusted incidence rate of 119 per million population (pmp). The incidence ranged by 10-fold, from 24 pmp in Ukraine to 232 pmp in the Czech Republic. Of the patients commencing RRT, almost two-thirds were men, over half were aged ≥65 years and a quarter had diabetes mellitus as their primary renal diagnosis. Treatment modality at the start of RRT was haemodialysis for 85% of the patients, peritoneal dialysis for 11% and a kidney transplant for 4%. By Day 91 of commencing RRT, 82% of patients were receiving haemodialysis, 13% peritoneal dialysis and 5% had a kidney transplant. On 31 December 2015, 546 783 individuals were receiving RRT for ESRD, corresponding to an unadjusted prevalence of 801 pmp. This ranged throughout Europe by more than 10-fold, from 178 pmp in Ukraine to 1824 pmp in Portugal. In 2015, 21 056 kidney transplantations were performed, equating to an overall unadjusted transplant rate of 31 pmp. This varied from 2 pmp in Ukraine to 94 pmp in the Spanish region of Cantabria. For patients commencing RRT during 2006–10, the 5-year unadjusted patient survival probabilities on all RRT modalities combined was 50.0% (95% confidence interval 49.9–50.1).
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Old and new calcimimetics for treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism:
           impact on biochemical and relevant clinical outcomes

    • Authors: Pereira L; Meng C, Marques D, et al.
      Abstract: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is associated with increased bone turnover, risk of fractures, vascular calcifications, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The classical treatment for SHPT includes active vitamin D compounds and phosphate binders. However, achieving the optimal laboratory targets is often difficult because vitamin D sterols suppress parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, while also promoting calcium and phosphate intestinal absorption. Calcimimetics increase the sensitivity of the calcium-sensing receptor, so that even with lower levels of extracellular calcium a signal can still exist, leading to a decrease of the set-point for systemic calcium homeostasis. This enables a decrease in plasma PTH levels and, consequently, of calcium levels. Cinacalcet was the first calcimimetic to be approved for clinical use. More than 10 years since its approval, cinacalcet has been demonstrated to effectively reduce PTH and improve biochemical control of mineral and bone disorders in chronic kidney patients. Three randomized controlled trials have analysed the effects of treatment with cinacalcet on hard clinical outcomes such as vascular calcification, bone histology and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. However, a final conclusion on the effect of cinacalcet on hard outcomes remains elusive. Etelcalcetide is a new second-generation calcimimetic with a pharmacokinetic profile that allows thrice-weekly dosing at the time of haemodialysis. It was recently approved in Europe, and is regarded as a second opportunity to improve outcomes by optimizing treatment for SHPT. In this review, we summarize the impact of cinacalcet with regard to biochemical and clinical outcomes. We also discuss the possible implications of the new calcimimetic etelcalcetide in the quest to improve outcomes.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • CKD-MBD KDIGO guidelines: how difficult is reaching the
           ‘target’'

    • Authors: Cozzolino M.
      Abstract: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are affected by mineral and bone disorder (MBD), resulting in abnormalities in serum calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Changes in mineral metabolism have also been associated with higher rates of both all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. The majority of haemodialysis patients are also deficient in the endogenous hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol), often contributing to increased secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and consequently to abnormal levels of Ca, P and PTH. Thus P overload and SHPT are well-known targets of medical treatments, such as P binders, vitamin D and calcimimetics, although with still limited evidence-based advantages in terms of survival. The tough hedge that is still keeping nephrologists far from a conclusive and winning approach against CKD-MBD is reasonably related to the still partial comprehension of the molecular pathways involved in a complex, multifactorial and extreme process.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • MicroRNAs: a new avenue to understand, investigate and treat
           immunoglobulin A nephropathy'

    • Authors: Selvaskandan H; Pawluczyk I, Barratt J.
      Abstract: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common cause of primary glomerulonephritis worldwide. Up to 30% of cases develop the progressive form of the disease, eventually requiring renal replacement therapy. Diagnosis and risk stratification relies on an invasive kidney biopsy and management options are limited, with recurrence following renal transplantation being common. Thus the quest to understand the pathophysiology of IgAN has been one of great importance. MicroRNAs (miRs) are short nucleotides that suppress gene expression by hybridizing to the 3′ untranslated region of messenger RNA (mRNAs), promoting mRNA degradation or disrupting translation. First discovered in 1993, miRs have since been implicated in a number of chronic conditions, including cancer, heart disease and kidney disease. The mounting interest in the field of miRs has led to fascinating developments in the field of nephrology, ranging from their roles as biomarkers for disease to the development of miR antagonists as avenues for treatment. The translational potential for miRs in IgAN is thus well grounded and may represent a paradigm shift in current approaches to the disease. This review aims to summarize the literature with regard to miRs and their roles in IgAN.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Achievement of Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes mineral and bone
           targets between 2010 and 2014 in incident dialysis patients in France: the
           Photo-Graphe3 study

    • Authors: Fouque D; Roth H, Darné B, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundAbnormal serum phosphate, calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis have been associated with poor survival. The French Phosphorus and Calcium Observatory (Photo-Graphe® 3) aimed to estimate the percentage of CKD patients achieving the three Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) targets about optimal serum phosphate, calcium and PTH over a 3.5-year follow-up period.MethodsThis was a prospective, multicentre, epidemiological observational study conducted with nephrologists in France, selected using a clustering approach. Eligible patients were adults undergoing intermittent haemodialysis or haemodiafiltration therapy started within the preceding 12 months. Data about clinical events, serum biochemistry and treatment were collected once every 6 months for 2.5 years and 12 months thereafter.ResultsOverall, 9010 incident patients were included (men, 63%; median age, 71 years) of whom 7515 (83.4%) were treated by haemodialysis and 1495 (16.6%) by haemodiafiltration. None had a history of fracture or revascularization while 89 (1%) patients had a history of parathyroidectomy >6 months. Overall, 874 (10%) patients received a kidney graft, 2183 (24%) died and 1148 (13%) were lost to follow-up. The proportion achieving the three KDIGO targets increased significantly from 11% to 16% (P < 0.0001) until Year 2, but remained stable afterwards. The percentage of incident dialysis patients with normal serum phosphate (P < 0.0001) or normal serum calcium (P < 0.0001) levels increased significantly over time, while no significant change was observed for those with controlled PTH.ConclusionLess than 20% of patients achieved the KDIGO recommendations although their proportion increased slightly over time.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sevelamer reduces endothelial inflammatory response to advanced glycation
           end products

    • Authors: Gregório P; Favretto G, Sassaki G, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been related to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus. We sought to investigate the binding capacity of sevelamer to both AGEs and uremic serum in vitro and then test this pharmaceutical effect as a potential vascular anti-inflammatory strategy.MethodsAGEs were prepared by albumin glycation and characterized by absorbance and electrophoresis. Human endothelial cells were incubated in culture media containing AGEs and uremic serum with or without sevelamer. Receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) expression was evaluated through immunocytochemistry and western blot to explore the interactions between AGEs and the endothelium. Inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction biomarkers, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and serum amyloid A (SAA) were also measured in cell supernatant. The chemotactic property of the supernatant was evaluated. ResultsAGEs significantly induced the expression of RAGE, inflammatory and endothelial activation biomarkers [IL-6, (P < 0.005); IL-8, MCP-1, PAI-1 and SAA (P < 0.001)] and monocyte chemotaxis as compared with controls. In addition, AGEs increased the levels of inflammatory biomarkers, which were observed after 6 h of endothelial cell incubation with uremic serum [IL-6 (P < 0.001) IL-8, MCP-1 and PAI-1 (P < 0.05)]. On the other hand, after 6 h of endothelial cell treatment with sevelamer, RAGE expression (P < 0.05) and levels of inflammatory biomarkers [IL-6 and IL-8 (P < 0.001), MCP-1 (P < 0.01), PAI-1 and SAA (P < 0.005)] significantly decreased compared with the AGEs/uremic serum treatment alone.ConclusionsSevelamer decreased both endothelial expression of RAGE and endothelial dysfunction biomarkers, induced by AGEs, and uremic serum. Further studies are necessary for a better understanding of the potential protective role of sevelamer on uremic serum and AGEs-mediated endothelial dysfunction.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Azithromycin suppressed relapses of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in a
           child

    • Authors: Hara H; Hirano D.
      Abstract: Long-term immunosuppressive therapy with severe adverse effects is indispensable to maintain disease remission in frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (NS) in children. Hence, development of new therapy with less toxicity for relapses of NS is required. We demonstrated a case of a 2-year-old boy with frequently relapsing NS, whose frequent relapses were successfully treated with azithromycin. Azithromycin treatment prevented the need for long-term immunosuppressive therapy in this case. Azithromycin could be a new treatment option for relapse of NS, with few adverse effects, in selected cases.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Chronic kidney disease, kidney transplantation and oxidative stress: a new
           look to successful kidney transplantation

    • Authors: Tabriziani H; Lipkowitz M, Vuong N.
      Abstract: Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathophysiological process of uremia and its complications, particularly in cardiovascular disease. The level of oxidative stress markers is known to increase as chronic kidney disease progresses and correlates significantly with the level of renal function. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are major modes of renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease patients, but unfortunately they are also accompanied by increased oxidative stress. Successful kidney transplantation, however, results in near normalization of the antioxidant status and lipid metabolism by eliminating free radicals despite the surge of oxidative stress caused by the surgical procedure and ischemic injury to the organ during the operation. This success is associated with both improved renal function, reduced cardiovascular complications and overall improved morbidity and mortality. Measuring oxidative stress markers such as malondialdehyde is promising in predicting allograft survival and delayed graft function.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Rituximab-induced serum sickness in the treatment of idiopathic membranous
           nephropathy

    • Authors: Cheong J; Ooi K.
      Abstract: We report a case of rituximab-induced serum sickness in a 50-year-old female with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Presentation was characterized by a widespread rash 1 week after rituximab administration followed by fever and profound haemodynamic instability, mimicking sepsis. Symptoms resolved over 48 h, although adjunct antibiotics, steroids and inotropes were used. This case is notable for being the first reaction with rituximab for a renal indication as well as the severity of presentation.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • IgA nephropathy in Greece: data from the registry of the Hellenic Society
           of Nephrology

    • Authors: Stangou M; Papasotiriou M, Xydakis D, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundNatural history, predisposing factors to an unfavourable outcome and the effect of various therapeutic regimens were evaluated in a cohort of 457 patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and follow-up of at least 12 months.MethodsPatients with normal renal function and proteinuria <1 g/24 h as well as those with serum creatinine (SCr) >2.5 mg/dL and/or severe glomerulosclerosis received no treatment. Patients with normal or impaired renal function and proteinuria >1 g/24 h for >6 months received daily oral prednisolone or a 3-day course of intravenous (IV) methylprednisolone followed by oral prednisolone per os every other day or a combination of prednisolone and azathioprine. The clinical outcome was estimated using the primary endpoints of end-stage renal disease and/or doubling of baseline SCr.ResultsThe overall 10-year renal survival was 90.8%, while end-stage renal disease and doubling of baseline SCr developed in 9.2% and 14.7% of patients, respectively. Risk factors related to the primary endpoints were elevated baseline SCr, arterial hypertension, persistent proteinuria >0.5 g/24 h and severity of tubulointerstial fibrosis. There was no difference in the clinical outcome of patients treated by the two regimens of corticosteroids; nevertheless, remission of proteinuria was more frequent in patients who received IV methylprednisolone (P = 0.000). The combination of prednisolone with azathioprine was not superior to IV methylprednisolone followed by oral prednisolone. Side effects related to immunossuppressive drugs were observed in 12.8% of patients.ConclusionThe clinical outcome of patients with IgAN was related to the severity of clinical and histological involvement. The addition of azathioprine to a corticosteroid-based regimen for IgAN does not improve renal outcome.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Practical approaches to the management of autosomal dominant polycystic
           kidney disease patients in the era of tolvaptan

    • Authors: Müller R; Haas C, Sayer J.
      Abstract: BackgroundAutosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited kidney disease worldwide. The renal phenotype is characterized by progressive cystic enlargement of the kidneys leading to a decline in renal function, hypertension and often end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Supportive care with blood pressure control and management of pain, urinary infections and renal stone disease has, until recently, been the mainstay of treatment. With the recent approval of tolvaptan for use in ADPKD, the disease progression may now be targeted specifically. Algorithms that guide treatment initiation have been proposed but a more pragmatic and patient-individualized approach is often needed to make decisions regarding therapy. It is highly important to identify ADPKD patients with rapidly progressive disease who are likely to benefit most from this treatment and avoid treatment in patients that are unlikely to reach ESRD. Methods and ResultsHere we present a series of cases of ADPKD patients in whom therapy with tolvaptan has been considered and report the rationale for the treatment decisions based on available lifestyle, clinical, biochemical, radiological and genetic data. ConclusionsThese cases provide a discussion for the use of tolvaptan in ADPKD within the nephrology clinic and allow insights into the practicalities of using this therapy outside of clinical trials.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Idiopathic membranous nephropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus: a
           diagnostic and therapeutic quandary!

    • Authors: Bhadauria D; Chellappan A, Kaul A, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundProteinuria and renal dysfunction is common in diabetic patients and may occur due to variety of causes. Nondiabetic renal diseases (NDRD) account for 30% of the renal biopsies, and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN) is a common non diabetic glomerular disease that can exist alone or in combination with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Immunosuppressants used in iMN may be associated with complications of worsening glycemic control and recurrent infections. There is a paucity of literature on the clinical course, outcomes and treatment adverse effects of patients with iMN and diabetes.MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed the data of all diabetics, evaluated for NDRD and found to have iMN, between January 2000 and June 2015 in our institute.ResultsA total of 134 patients with diabetes were biopsied for NDRD and 16 patients had iMN. Mean ± standard deviation age was 54 ± 11.77 years and the median duration of diabetes was 9.4 years. Twelve patients had isolated iMN and four patients had iMN coexisting with DN. Response rates of 18%, 35.71% and 63.63% were seen with Modified Ponticelli (MP) regimen, tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), respectively. Five patients developed treatment-related adverse effects significant enough to necessitate a treatment change. Worsening glycemic control was the most common side effect. Adverse effects were less with the MMF compared with the MP regimen and tacrolimus.ConclusionPatients with iMN coexisting with diabetes exhibit a poor response to the MP regimen. Treatment-related toxicity is less common with MMF in comparison with the MP regimen and tacrolimus-based regimen. An almost similar response was noted with MMF and tacrolimus-based regimen but there was more withdrawal from treatment due to toxicities observed in the latter.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Causes and predictors of mortality in biopsy-proven lupus nephritis: the
           Sarawak experience

    • Authors: Teh C; Phui V, Ling G, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundLupus nephritis (LN) is a serious manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus that can be fatal if left untreated. The causes and prognostic predictors of mortality in LN have been well studied in developed countries but evidence is lacking for developing countries. The objective of this study was to investigate the causes and predictors of mortality in a cohort of Malaysian patients with biopsy-proven LN.MethodsWe retrospectively studied all patients with biopsy-proven LN treated in Sarawak General Hospital during the period of 2000–15. Demographic data, clinical features and outcomes were collected. Cox regression analysis was carried out to determine the independent predictors of mortality.ResultsThere was a total of 250 patients with 259 renal biopsies available for our analysis. Our patients were of multi-ethnic origins with a female predominance (90%). Their mean ± standard deviation age was 37.7 ± 12.8 years. The patients had a mean disease duration of 135.6 ± 81.9 months. Nephrotic syndrome was the most common presentation (29.6%) and acute renal failure was evident at initial presentation in 16% of patients. Class IV LN was the predominant biopsy class within the cohort (66.8%). The majority of patients achieved remission (81.2%) and had normal renal function (83.9%) at the last follow-up. The 5-, 10-, 15- and 20-year survival rates for our cohort were 93%, 88%, 82% and 77%, respectively. There were 37 deaths (14.8%), of which the main causes were: infection and flare (52.7%), infection alone (25.0%) and other causes (22.3%). Independent predictors of mortality in our cohort of LN patients were: the presence of acute kidney injury at presentation [hazard ratio (HR) 3.41; confidence interval (CI) 1.50–7.76], failure to achieve remission at 1-year post-induction therapy (HR 2.99; CI 1.35–6.65) and non-compliance with treatment (HR 1.89; CI 1.22–2.96). Age, ethnicity, class of LN and type of immunosuppressant used were not predictive of mortality.ConclusionsSurvival and renal outcomes in our LN cohort were comparable to most LN studies reported worldwide. Both flare and infection remained the main causes of death. The presence of acute renal failure at presentation, failure to achieve remission at 1 year post-treatment and non-compliance with treatment were independent prognostic predictors of mortality in LN.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Renal recovery after severe acute kidney injury in critically ill myeloma
           patients: a retrospective study

    • Authors: Joseph A; Harel S, Venot M, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundDespite substantial improvements in the management of multiple myeloma, renal failure remains an important burden that tremendously impairs prognosis. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and to establish prognostic factors of renal recovery in myeloma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for acute kidney injury (AKI) Stage 3 treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT). MethodsA retrospective single-centre cohort study was performed, including consecutive myeloma patients admitted to one medical ICU between 1 January 2007 and 1 September 2015 and treated with RRT. Patients were evaluated 60 days after initiation of RRT and divided into three groups: alive without dialysis, alive and dialysis-dependent or deceased. A univariate analysis was performed to identify factors associated with renal recovery (alive without dialysis 60 days after initiation of RRT).ResultsFifty patients were included in the study. Mean age was 63 (interquartile range: 58–70) years and 32 (64%) were male. Patients were admitted to the ICU 4 (1–7) years after the diagnosis of myeloma. Twenty-one (42%) had already been treated with high-dose therapy combined with autologous stem cell transplantation. Baseline renal function evaluated by estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) before ICU admission was 63 (44–90) mL/min/1.73 m2. The mean SOFA score at Day 1 was 7 (4–8). The three main reasons for ICU admission were AKI (n = 31, 62%), acute pulmonary oedema (n = 17, 32%) and sepsis (n = 10, 20%). During ICU stay, RRT was implemented in all patients, 16 (32%) patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and 12 (24%) received vasopressors. The mean ICU and hospital length of stay were 6 (1–7) and 28 (13–34) days, respectively. At Day 60, 23 (46%) patients were alive without dialysis, 17 (32%) had died and 10 (20%) were still undergoing dialysis. Among the 23 patients who recovered, the mean duration of dialysis was 6 (2–18) days and renal function was not significantly different from baseline [estimated GFR at baseline = 65 (25–74) mL/min/1.73 m2 versus 63 (56–70) mL/min/1.73 m2 at Day 60, P = 0.70]. By univariate analysis, two factors were associated with nonrecovery of renal function at Day 60: a history of high-dose therapy combined with autologous stem cell transplantation [odds ratio (OR) = 6.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7–21.6; P = 0.008] and a proteinuria at ICU admission >370 mg/mmol creatinine (OR = 4.2, 95% CI 1.1–17; P = 0.02). None of the other variables related to the haematological malignancy or to the ICU stay was associated with renal recovery at Day 60.ConclusionsAKI Stage 3 in critically ill myeloma patients was associated with a lower than expected hospital mortality. Patients with a high level of proteinuria and a history of high-dose therapy combined with autologous stem cell transplantation were less likely to recover their renal function at Day 60.Key wordsdialysis, intensive care, multiple myeloma, prognosis, proteinuria
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Quality of care and practice patterns in anaemia management at specialist
           kidney clinics in Ireland: a national study

    • Authors: Stack A; Alghali A, Li X, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundAlthough anaemia is a common complication of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), knowledge of quality of care and management practices in specialist clinics varies. We examined anaemia practices at specialist nephrology clinics within the Irish health system and evaluated the opinions of practicing nephrologists.MethodsA multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted at specialist nephrology clinics across six geographic regions in Ireland. Clinical characteristics and treatment practices were evaluated in a sample of 530 patients with CKD. An accompanying national survey questionnaire captured opinions and treatment strategies of nephrologists on anaemia management.ResultsThe prevalence of anaemia [defined as haemoglobin (Hb) <12.0 g/dL] was 37.8%, which increased significantly with advancing CKD (from 21% to 63%; P < 0.01) and varied across clinical sites (from 36% to 62%; P < 0.026). Iron deficiency (ID) was present in 46% of all patients tested and 86% of them were not on treatment. More than 45% of anaemic patients were not tested for ID. Respondents differed in their selection of clinical guidelines, threshold targets for erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) and intravenous iron therapy and anaemia management algorithms were absent in 47% of the clinics. The unexpectedly low rates of ESA use (4.7%) and iron therapy (10.2%) in clinical practice were in contrast to survey responses where 63% of nephrologists indicated ESA therapy initiation when Hb was <10.0 g/dL and 46% indicated commencement of iron therapy for ferritin <150 ng/mL.ConclusionThis study highlights substantial variability in the management of anaemia and ID at specialist nephrology clinics with low testing rates for ID, high rates of anaemia and ID and underutilization of effective treatments. Variability in the adoption and implementation of different clinical guidelines was evident.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Cardiovascular effects of metabolic syndrome after transplantation:
           convergence of obesity and transplant-related factors

    • Authors: Sgambat K; Clauss S, Moudgil A.
      Abstract: Children are at increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) after kidney transplantation, which contributes to long-term cardiovascular (CV) morbidities and decline in allograft function. While MS in the general population occurs due to excess caloric intake and physical inactivity, additional chronic kidney disease and transplant-related factors contribute to the development of MS in transplant recipients. Despite its significant health consequences, the interplay of the individual components in CV morbidity in pediatric transplant recipients is not well understood. Additionally, the optimal methods to detect early CV dysfunction are not well defined in this unique population. The quest to establish clear guidelines for diagnosis is further complicated by genetic differences among ethnic groups that necessitate the development of race-specific criteria, particularly with regard to individuals of African descent who carry the apolipoprotein L1 variant. In children, since major CV events are rare and traditional echocardiographic measures of systolic function, such as ejection fraction, are typically well preserved, the presence of CV disease often goes undetected in the early stages. Recently, new noninvasive imaging techniques have become available that offer the opportunity for early detection. Carotid intima-media thickness and impaired myocardial strain detected by speckle tracking echocardiography or cardiac magnetic resonance are emerging as early and sensitive markers of subclinical CV dysfunction. These highly sensitive tools may offer the opportunity to elucidate subtle CV effects of MS in children after transplantation. Current knowledge and future directions are explored in this review.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Depressive affect in incident hemodialysis patients

    • Authors: McDougall K; Larkin J, Wingard R, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundThe prevalence of depressive affect is not well defined in the incident hemodialysis (HD) population. We investigated the prevalence of and associated risk factors and hospitalization rates for depressive affect in incident HD patients.MethodsWe performed a prospective investigation using the Patient Health Questionnaire 2 (PHQ2) depressive affect assessment. From January to July of 2013 at 108 in-center clinics randomly selected across tertiles of baseline quality measures, we contacted 577 and 543 patients by telephone for depressive affect screening. PHQ2 test scores range from 0 to 6 (scores  ≥3 suggest the presence of depressive affect). The prevalence of depressive affect was measured at 1–30 and 121–150 days after initiating HD; depressive affect risk factors and hospitalization rates by depressive affect status at 1–30 days after starting HD were computed.ResultsOf 1120 contacted patients, 340 completed the PHQ2. In patients screened at 1–30 or 121–150 days after starting HD, depressive affect prevalence was 20.2% and 18.5%, respectively (unpaired t-test, P = 0.7). In 35 patients screened at both time points, there were trends for lower prevalence of depressive affect at the end of incident HD, with 20.0% and 5.7% of patients positive for depressive affect at 1–30 and 121–150 days, respectively (paired t-test, P = 0.1). Hospitalization rates were higher in patients with depressive affect during the first 30 days, exhibiting 1.5 more admissions (P < 0.001) and 10.5 additional hospital days (P = 0.008) per patient-year. Females were at higher risk for depressive affect at 1–30 days (P = 0.01).ConclusionsThe prevalence of depressive affect in HD patients is high throughout the incident period. Rates of hospital admissions and hospital days are increased in incident HD patients with depressive affect.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The potential role of complements in cocaine-induced thrombotic
           microangiopathy

    • Authors: Dejman A; Alavi S, Thomas D, et al.
      Abstract: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare disorder characterized by microvascular injury and occlusion resulting in tissue ischemia and dysfunction. TMA occurs in a variety of settings including cocaine use. Although cocaine is widely used in the United States, cocaine-associated TMA is only rarely reported. Therefore, other factors may predispose cocaine users to the development of TMA. Emerging evidence indicates that cocaine activates complements. Therefore, complement activation may contribute to the development of cocaine-induced TMA. Here, we report a cocaine user who presented with renal failure. Renal biopsy demonstrated TMA. Laboratory tests revealed reduced serum complement C3 and normal complement C4 levels indicative of alternative complement activation. We postulate that complement activation is involved in the pathogenesis of cocaine-induced TMA.
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • International Society of Nephrology’s 0by25 initiative (zero preventable
           deaths from acute kidney injury by 2025): focus on diagnosis of acute
           kidney injury in low-income countries

    • Authors: Raimann J; Riella M, Levin N.
      Abstract: In developing countries with limited medical infrastructure, preservation and recovery of renal function following acute kidney injury (AKI) is difficult. In conjunction with clinical presentation, rapid measurement of renal function is essential for early diagnosis and management. Especially in low- and middle-income countries, simple interventions such as hydration and avoidance of toxins have the highest probability of recovery. In such contexts, measurement of urine volume and osmolality and serum creatinine with point-of-care devices and saliva urea nitrogen dipsticks can be valuable. This review aims to identify currently available methodologies to assist in reaching the ambitious goal of the 0by25 initiative to eliminate all preventable deaths from AKI by 2025.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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