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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 587, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Clinical Kidney Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.163
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2048-8505 - ISSN (Online) 2048-8513
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Why do people choose nephrology' Identifying positive motivators to
           aid recruitment and retention

    • Authors: Beckwith H; Kingsbury M, Horsburgh J.
      Pages: 599 - 604
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIncreasing concerns about recruitment and retention of junior doctors have led to renewed interest in how and when trainees choose their specialties. To our knowledge, no study has yet reported what attracts UK applicants to nephrology nor how clinicians develop vocational interests or make occupational choices. With this in mind, we sought to explore the motivation behind current nephrologist’s career choices in the UK. We interviewed 11 nephrologists using a semi-structured face-to-face approach and used interpretative phenomenological analysis to conduct and analyse the interviews. We found role models were pivotal in encouraging specialization in nephrology, particularly those encountered in early postgraduate training. The diversity, diagnostic challenge and cross-specialty knowledge was highlighted as well as the ability to ‘make a difference to patients’ lives’. Nephrologists enjoyed the challenge of managing very sick, acutely unwell patients as well as the holistic continuity of long-term care offered to dialysis patients and their families. Academic and procedural components were attractive motivators to the specialty and the flexibility to have multiple interests was noted, with many nephrologists having ‘portfolio’ careers. Based on these results, we suggest strategies the specialty can use to aid policy decision making, promote recruitment and improve educational experiences within current training programmes.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy076
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Renal biopsy: it is time for pragmatism and consensus

    • Authors: Lees J; McQuarrie E, Mackinnon B.
      Pages: 605 - 609
      Abstract: ABSTRACTTo obtain truly informed consent, we must be able to advise our patients accurately about the relative risk and benefit of any treatment plan. Percutaneous renal biopsy remains the gold standard investigation in the evaluation of intrinsic renal disease. There have been significant improvements in practice over the past decades with regards to percutaneous renal biopsy. Across centres, we appear now to have reached agreement on many aspects of this procedure, such as the need for blood pressure control, avoidance of coagulopathy, use of spring-loaded needles under direct imaging guidance and a need to monitor for complications. The authors from Rush University Medical Centre provide reassurance that renal biopsy in the modern era remains a safe procedure with a low rate of significant bleeding. There remain areas of divergence in practice that may have unintended and deleterious consequences: administration of desmopressin and discontinuation of aspirin, for example, both carry a risk of thrombosis. It is our opinion that it is time to reach consensus on our interpretation of the available data and to draw up guidelines to standardize our biopsy practice internationally.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy075
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Risk of percutaneous renal biopsy of native kidneys in the evaluation of
           acute kidney injury

    • Authors: Korbet S; Gashti C, Evans J, et al.
      Pages: 610 - 615
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundPercutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) of native kidneys (NKs) to better understand and treat acute kidney injury (AKI) is being advocated, but little is known about the risk of complications.MethodsWe performed a retrospective study of PRB of NKs in 955 adults from 1991 to 2015 at an academic medical center with real-time ultrasound and automated biopsy needles. Patients undergoing PRB for evaluation of AKI (n = 160) were compared with 795 patients biopsied for other reasons (not-AKI) for postbiopsy complications [need for transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs), an interventional radiologic or surgical procedure, readmission or death].ResultsPatients biopsied for AKI were older (58 ± 16 versus 44 ± 16 years; P < 0.0001), with a higher serum creatinine (SCr) (4.5 ± 2.7 versus 1.8 ± 1.6 mg/dL; P < 0.0001) and lower hemoglobin (Hgb) (10.4 ± 1.7 versus 12.1 ± 2.1; P < 0.0001) and a greater proportion had an abnormal bleeding time (12.5% versus 7.4%, P 0.04), partial thromboplastin time (15.2% versus 5.3%, P < 0.0001) and/or prothrombin time (27.0% versus 12.8%; P < 0.0001) compared with not-AKI patients. Complications post-PRB were significantly greater in patients biopsied for AKI {11.3% versus 6.7%; P=0.04; odds ratio [OR] 1.78 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01–3.12]} with patients biopsied for AKI requiring more blood transfusions (10.0% versus 5.3%; P 0.02; OR 2.04 (95% CI 1.12–3.74)]. By multivariate analysis, baseline features predictive of a complication were increased SCr and decreased Hgb level, as well as female gender and increased systolic blood pressure.ConclusionPatients biopsied for evaluation of AKI are at greater risk of complications due to increased risk factors.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy048
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of native and transplant kidney biopsies: diagnostic yield and
           complications

    • Authors: Whittier W; Gashti C, Saltzberg S, et al.
      Pages: 616 - 622
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundThe safety and adequacy are established for the native percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) but no prospective studies exist that directly compare these with transplant PRB.MethodsFrom 1995 to 2015, 1705 adults underwent percutaneous native [native renal biopsy (NRB)] or transplant renal biopsy (TRB) by the Nephrology service. Real-time ultrasound and automated biopsy needles (NRB, 14 or 16 gauge; TRB, 16 gauge) were used. Patients were observed for 24 h (NRB) or 8 h (TRB) post-procedure. Adequacy was defined as tissue required for diagnosis plus glomerular yield. Complications were defined as those resulting in the need for an intervention, such as surgery, interventional radiologic procedure, readmission, blood transfusion and death. Data were collected prospectively in all biopsies.ResultsAt the time of biopsy, NRB patients were younger (mean ± SD, 47 ± 17 versus 50 ± 14 years, P < 0.0001) and more often female (62 versus 48%, P < 0.0001) compared with TRB. A fellow supervised by an attending performed the procedure in 91% of NRB compared with 63% of TRB (P < 0.0001). TRB patients were more hypertensive [systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140 ± 22 versus 133 ± 18 mmHg, P < 0.0001] and had a higher serum creatinine (3.1 ± 1.8 versus 2.3 ± 2.2 mg/dL, P < 0.0001), activated partial thromboplastin time (28 ± 4.3 versus 27 ± 5 s, P < 0.0001) as well as lower hemoglobin (Hgb) (11.2 ± 1.8 versus 11.7 ± 2.1 g/dL, P < 0.0001) compared with NRB. Adequate tissue for diagnosis was obtained in > 99% of NRB and TRB (P = 0.71). Compared with TRB, NRB had a greater drop in Hgb after the biopsy (0.97 ± 1.1 versus 0.73 ± 1.3 g/dL, P < 0.0001), a higher complication rate (6.5 versus 3.9%, P = 0.02) and higher transfusion rate (5.2 versus 3.3%, P = 0.045). There was one death in each group attributed to the biopsy.ConclusionsAlthough death is equally rare, the complication rate is higher in NRB compared with TRB despite TRB having more of the traditional risk factors for bleeding. Differences in technique, operator (fellow or attending) or needle gauge may explain this variability.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy051
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Haemodynamic or metabolic stimulation tests to reveal the renal functional
           response: requiem or revival'

    • Authors: De Moor B; Vanwalleghem J, Swennen Q, et al.
      Pages: 623 - 654
      Abstract: ABSTRACTRenal stimulation tests document the dynamic response of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after a single or a combination of stimuli, such as an intravenous infusion of dopamine or amino acids or an oral protein meal. The increment of the GFR above the unstimulated state has formerly been called the renal functional reserve (RFR). Although the concept of a renal reserve capacity has not withstood scientific scrutiny, the literature documenting renal stimulation merits renewed interest. An absent or a blunted response of the GFR after a stimulus indicates lost or diseased nephrons. This information is valuable in preventing, diagnosing and prognosticating acute kidney injury and pregnancy-related renal events as well as chronic kidney disease. However, before renal function testing is universally practiced, some shortcomings must be addressed. First, a common nomenclature should be decided upon. The expression of RFR should be replaced by renal functional response. Second, a simple protocol must be developed and propagated. Third, we suggest designing prospective studies linking a defective stimulatory response to emergence of renal injury biomarkers, to histological or morphological renal abnormalities and to adverse renal outcomes in different renal syndromes.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy022
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Acute kidney injury in children with nephrotic syndrome: a single-center
           study

    • Authors: Sharma M; Mahanta A, Barman A, et al.
      Pages: 655 - 658
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundChildren with nephrotic syndrome (NS) are at risk for the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) through a variety of mechanisms.The frequency of NS hospitalizations complicated by AKI has almost doubled in the last decade. Children with AKI have longer hospital length of stay and increased need for intensive care unit admission. The main objectives of this study were to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, risk factors and short-term outcome of AKI in children hospitalized with NS.MethodsIn this retrospective study, 355 children ≤18 years of age with a clinical diagnosis of NS admitted in the Department of Nephrology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital from January 2012 to December 2015 were reviewed.ResultsThe incidence of AKI in children with NS was found to be 23.66%, 11.24%, 7.95% and 4.48% of children entered Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-Stage Renal Disease (pRIFLE) Stages R, I and F, respectively. Infection {odds ratio [OR] 2.53 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52–4.22]} and nephrotoxic medication exposure [OR 7.8 (95% CI 4.06–15.01)] were common factors associated with AKI. Children with steroid-dependent NS (SDNS) and steroid-resistant NS (SRNS) were more likely to develop AKI compared with children with steroid-sensitive NS (SSNS). The mean time to recovery for groups pRIFLE Stages R, I and F were 15 ± 2 , 22 ± 3 and 28 ± 5 days, respectively. Children with NS who were hypertensive, had higher urinary protein excretion and low serum albumin were more prone to develop AKI.ConclusionsAKI is not uncommon in children with NS. Infection and exposure to nephrotoxic drugs are common factors associated with AKI. AKI is more frequent in SDNS and SRNS compared with SSNS. The mean time to recovery is prolonged with more severe AKI.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy024
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • De novo antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis in
           pregnancy: a systematic review on maternal, pregnancy and fetal outcomes

    • Authors: Veltri N; Hladunewich M, Bhasin A, et al.
      Pages: 659 - 666
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundDe novo antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis typically arises in post-reproductive years, but can occur during pregnancy. Concerns of treatment-related teratogenicity persist, while efficacy and safety of new therapies including intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and rituximab are uncertain. There remains a paucity of maternal, fetal and pregnancy outcome data in these women, and therefore a lack of guidance on safe treatment for clinicians.MethodsWe conducted a systematic review of the literature and a local, retrospective chart review of women with de novo antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) in pregnancy. Cochrane, Embase and PubMed databases and relevant conference abstracts were searched. Patient demographics, clinical presentation, management and outcomes (maternal, fetal and pregnancy-related) were analyzed.ResultsTwenty-seven cases of de novo AAV in pregnancy were included. Women presented were from 5 to 39 weeks' gestation, of which a majority were in the second trimester (median 20 weeks). The median gravida of women was 2 and the median parity was 1. Women were treated with steroids (89%), cyclophosphamide (CYC) (37%), other immunosuppressive agents [azathioprine (AZA), IVIG, plasma exchange (PLEX)] or no therapy (11%). High rates of serious complications, including preeclampsia (29%) and maternal death (7%), were reported; however, most pregnancies resulted in live birth (73%). Prematurity was common; 73% of live births occurred prior to 37 weeks’ gestation and 40% prior to 34 weeks’ gestation. The majority of infants were born in the third trimester (median 34.5 weeks). Rates of pregnancy termination were high (23%) and only one intrauterine death was reported, shortly after initiation of therapy (4%). Congenital abnormalities were rare, with one infant having a solitary, pelvic kidney (6%) after maternal treatment with steroids, CYC and PLEX. Use of PLEX, IVIG and AZA increased after 2005, whereas CYC use decreased. Remission often occurred postpartum (60%).ConclusionsDe novo AAV in pregnancy can result in uncomplicated pregnancies; however, serious maternal risks exist. Further data on potentially pregnancy compatible therapies such as IVIG and rituximab are needed in this population.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy011
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Severe tubulointerstitial nephritis: tracking tuberculosis even in the
           absence of renal granuloma

    • Authors: Delafosse M; Teuma C, Miailhes P, et al.
      Pages: 667 - 669
      Abstract: ABSTRACTExtra-pulmonary tuberculosis is frequently located in the kidneys and, in such cases, could be associated with a granulomatous interstitial nephritis. Granulomas are not always detected, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. We report here a case of tubulointerstitial nephritis without granulomas in an HIV-negative patient. Since all laboratory tests failed to isolate Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the kidney, a targeted biopsy guided by positron emission tomography–computed tomography was performed on a mediastinal node, revealing a positive culture. After 6 months of treatment, no recovery of the renal injury has been observed.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfx157
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Renal involvement in chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    • Authors: Wanchoo R; Bernabe Ramirez C, Barrientos J, et al.
      Pages: 670 - 680
      Abstract: ABSTRACTChronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most commonly diagnosed adult leukemia in the USA and Western Europe. Kidney disease can present in patients with CLL as a manifestation of the disease process such as acute kidney injury with infiltration or with a paraneoplastic glomerular disease or as a manifestation of extra renal obstruction and tumor lysis syndrome. In the current era of novel targeted therapies, kidney disease can also present as a complication of treatment. Tumor lysis syndrome associated with novel agents such as the B-cell lymphoma 2 inhibitor venetoclax and the monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab are important nephrotoxicities associated with these agents. Here we review the various forms of kidney diseases associated with CLL and its therapies.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy026
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Is renal tubular cadmium toxicity clinically relevant'

    • Authors: Boonprasert K; Vesey D, Gobe G, et al.
      Pages: 681 - 687
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundExposure to cadmium (Cd) has been associated with the development of hypertension, especially in women, but the mechanism of such an association is not understood. We hypothesize that Cd exposure alters renal production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), which plays an indispensable role in renal salt balance and blood pressure control.MethodsWe examined long-term Cd exposure in relation to urinary 20-HETE excretion levels, tubular dysfunction and blood pressure measures, using data from a population-based, cross-sectional study that included 115 normotensive and 110 hypertensive women, 33–55 years of age, who lived in Cd contamination areas in Thailand.ResultsThe mean [standard deviation (SD)] blood Cd level of the study subjects was 3.57 (3.3) µg/L, while the mean (SD) urinary Cd and urinary 20-HETE levels were 0.58 (0.47) µg/g creatinine and 1651 (4793) pg/mL, respectively. Elevated 20-HETE levels were associated with a 90% increase in prevalence odds of hypertension (P = 0.029), four times greater odds of having higher urinary Cd levels (P = 0.030) and a 53% increase in odds of having higher levels of tubular dysfunction (P = 0.049), evident from an increase in urinary excretion of β2-microglobulin. In normotensive subjects, an increase in urinary 20-HETE levels from tertile 1 to tertile 3 was associated with a systolic blood pressure increase of 6 mmHg (95% confidence interval 0.3–12, P = 0.040).ConclusionsThis is the first report that links urinary 20-HETE levels to blood pressure increases in Cd-exposed women, thereby providing a plausible mechanism for associated development of hypertension.
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfx153
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Unravelling drug-induced hypertension: molecular mechanisms of
           aldosterone-independent mineralocorticoid receptor activation by
           posaconazole

    • Authors: Sanchez-Niño M; Ortiz A.
      Pages: 688 - 690
      Abstract: ABSTRACTDrug-induced hypertension offers the opportunity to further understand pathways involved in the regulation of blood pressure. Posaconazole is an antifungal agent known to induce hypertension and hypokalaemia. In recent months, a flurry of reports has unravelled the metabolic processes involved. In this issue of CKJ, Barton K, Davis TK, Marshall B et al. Posaconazole-induced hypertension and hypokalemia due to inhibition of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme. Clin Kidney J 2018; 11: 691–693 present convincing evidence of 11β-hydroxylase inhibition resulting in a biochemical syndrome resembling genetic congenital adrenal hyperplasia and characterized by high 11-deoxycorticosterone and 11-deoxycortisol levels as well as androgen levels. This adds to prior evidence supporting inhibition of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2, the enzyme that inactivates cortisol in aldosterone-sensitive tissues such as the kidneys, yielding a syndrome resembling genetic apparent mineralocorticoid excess or licorice toxicity, characterized by a high cortisol/cortisone ratio.
      PubDate: Thu, 20 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy087
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Posaconazole-induced hypertension and hypokalemia due to inhibition of the
           11β-hydroxylase enzyme

    • Authors: Barton K; Davis T, Marshall B, et al.
      Pages: 691 - 693
      Abstract: ABSTRACTPosaconazole is an antifungal therapy reported to cause incident hypertension. Hypokalemia is also a known side effect. The combination of hypertension and hypokalemia suggests mineralocorticoid excess. We present the case of a 15-year-old adolescent male with hypertensive urgency while on prophylactic posaconazole therapy for a combined immunodeficiency. We identify the mechanism of posaconazole-induced hypertension to be inhibition of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme, resulting in elevated levels of the mineralocorticoid receptor activator deoxycorticosterone. Loss of function of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme is responsible for a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia and can be associated with life-threatening adrenal crisis.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfx156
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • The metabolomic quest for a biomarker in chronic kidney disease

    • Authors: Davies R.
      Pages: 694 - 703
      Abstract: ABSTRACTChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing burden on people and on healthcare for which the diagnostics are niether disease-specific nor indicative of progression. Biomarkers are sought to enable clinicians to offer more appropriate patient-centred treatments, which could come to fruition by using a metabolomics approach. This mini-review highlights the current literature of metabolomics and CKD, and suggests additional factors that need to be considered in this quest for a biomarker, namely the diet and the gut microbiome, for more meaningful advances to be made.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy037
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Multi-intervention management of calcific uremic arteriolopathy in 24
           patients

    • Authors: Harris C; Kiaii M, Lau W, et al.
      Pages: 704 - 709
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundCalcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA), also known as calciphylaxis, is a rare but life-threatening condition predominately occurring in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis. In the absence of randomized clinical trials to guide management, clinicians must rely on observational data. We have previously reported the outcomes of our multi-intervention management in seven patients and now present a larger series of patients with extended follow-up.MethodsWe performed a retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with CUA at a single academic center between 2008 and 2017. We identified 24 patients including 13 hemodialysis, 8 peritoneal dialysis and 3 predialysis Stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients.ResultsMean age at diagnosis was 60.5 years (range 35–83) and mean follow-up 30.5 months (range <1–99). Patients were predominately female (71%) and Caucasian (83%) with diabetes mellitus diagnosed in 16 of 24 patients. Fifteen of 24 patients had ulcerating lesions suggestive of advanced disease and 20 of 24 had extensive involvement (bilateral disease or lesion size >5 cm). Treatment consisted of intensive hemodialysis (>20 h per week), sodium thiosulfate, wound care, analgesics and discontinuation of trigger medications including warfarin. Hyperbaric oxygen, cinacalcet, bisphosphonates and vitamin K were used in some cases. Overall 1 year mortality was 41% (9/22) and overall mortality at the end of follow-up was 64% (14/24). Cause of death was felt to be attributable to CUA in only four cases (16.7%). Complete or partial resolution of lesions occurred in 17 of 24 patients. One patient had recurrence of CUA 20 months after initial diagnosis.ConclusionsAlthough mortality remains high in this group, direct CUA-attributable mortality is lower than historic reports. We conclude that a multi-intervention approach can be successful in treating a group of patients with severe CUA lesions.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy007
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Achievement of 2009 and 2017 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes
           mineral and bone targets and survival in a French cohort of chronic kidney
           disease Stages 4 and 5 non-dialysis patients

    • Authors: Fouque D; Roth H, Darné B, et al.
      Pages: 710 - 719
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundThe aim of the third French Phosphorus and Calcium Observatory (Photo-Graphe® 3) was to assess the achievement of international Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) recommendations on optimal serum phosphate, calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and possible associations with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).MethodsThis was a prospective, observational study conducted with nephrologists in France who were selected using a clustering approach. Adult patients with non-dialysis Stage 4 or 5 CKD and no kidney graft history were eligible. Data about clinical events, serum biochemistry and treatment were collected every 6 months for 2.5 years and 12 months thereafter. The Kaplan–Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards model for identification of factors associated with survival.ResultsOverall, 566 CKD Stage 4 patients (men, 56%) and 153 CKD Stage 5 patients (men, 62%) were included. In Stage 4, only 14–15% patients achieved the three main 2009 KDIGO targets during the first 2 years and 22% at 2.5 years. In Stage 5 patients, the proportion remained <6% throughout. The percentages of patients achieving the three main 2017 KDIGO targets were slightly higher at each time point. Overall, 14% of Stage 4 and 10% of Stage 5 patients died in the observation period. Only age and haemoglobin level were significantly associated with risk of all-cause mortality.ConclusionsFew CKD patients achieved KDIGO mineral targets. Increased mortality risk was linked to older age and lower haemoglobin level, but not to serum calcium, phosphate or PTH targets.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy015
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Using manual exchanges for an urgent-start peritoneal dialysis program

    • Authors: Naljayan M; Yazdi F, Reisin E.
      Pages: 720 - 723
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundUrgent-start peritoneal dialysis (USPD) was designed to avoid temporary hemodialysis initiation with a hemodialysis catheter. In these patients, PD is initiated within 2 weeks of catheter placement, but typically these prescriptions utilize automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) with a cycler. Manual exchanges have not been reported previously for USPD. We hypothesize that using multiple, low-volume manual exchanges, patients will have similar rates of peritonitis, exit-site infection (ESI), pericatheter leaks and discontinuation of PD in the first 3 months after initiation.MethodsThis retrospective study included patients who initiated PD in our unit from May 2014 until August 2016 using our USPD protocol. Patients with a body surface area <1.7 m2 used 750 mL dwell volumes and those >1.7 m2 used 1000 mL dwell volumes during the first 7 days. Dwell times were 2–2.5 h for two to three exchanges per day. After 7 days of successful therapy, the dwell volumes were doubled. All patients were maintained on furosemide 160 mg twice daily.ResultsThere were 20 patients enrolled in our USPD program. Our rates of peritonitis, ESI, pericatheter leak and discontinuation of PD were 5%, 0%, 5% and 5%, respectively.ConclusionsManual exchange during USPD is a viable modality with similar results as APD. Using manual exchanges allows patients to be more ambulatory during the day when they are not dwelling, allows nurses to evaluate the amount of ultrafiltration and effluent characteristics and allows for training in manual exchanges as well.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy002
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Cost of hemodialysis in a public sector tertiary hospital of India

    • Authors: Kaur G; Prinja S, Ramachandran R, et al.
      Pages: 726 - 733
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIntroductionNearly 220000 patients are diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) every year, which calls for an additional demand of 34 million dialysis sessions in India. The government of India has announced a National Dialysis Programme to provide for free dialysis in public hospitals. In this article we estimate the overall cost of performing hemodialysis (HD) in a tertiary care hospital. Second, we assess the catastrophic impact of out-of-pocket expenditures (OOPEs) for HD on households and its determinants.MethodsThe economic health system cost of HD was estimated using bottom-up costing methods. All resources, capital and recurrent, utilized for service delivery from April 2015 to March 2016 were identified, measured and valued. Capital costs were annualized after accounting for their useful life and discounting at 3% for future years. Sensitivity analyses were undertaken to determine the effect of variation in the input prices and other assumptions on the annual health system cost. OOPEs were assessed by interviewing 108 patients undergoing HD in the study hospital to account for costs from the patient’s perspective. The prevalence of catastrophic health expenditures (CHEs) was computed per threshold of 40% of non-food expenditures.ResultsThe overall average cost incurred by the health system per HD session was INR 4148 (US$64). Adjusting for capacity utilization, the health system incurred INR 3025 (US$47) per HD at 100% bed occupancy. The mean OOPE per patient per session was INR 2838 (US$44; 95% confidence interval US$34–55). The major components of this OOPE were medicines and consumables (64.1%). The prevalence of a CHE per HD session was 11.1%.ConclusionOur study findings would be useful in the context of planning for dialysis services, setting provider payment rates for dialysis under various publicly sponsored health insurance schemes and undertaking future cost-effectiveness analysis to guide resource allocation decisions.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfx152
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Correlation between Dt/V derived from ionic dialysance and blood-driven
           Kt/V of urea in African-American hemodialysis patients, based on body
           weight and ultrafiltration volume

    • Authors: Gebregeorgis W; Bhat Z, Pradhan N, et al.
      Pages: 734 - 741
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundThe Dt/V obtained by using ionic dialysance (D) as a surrogate for urea clearance (K) is a well-validated adjunct measure of hemodialysis adequacy, with a variable level of correlation with urea-based Kt/V. However, this correlation has not been examined based on patients’ body size and ultrafiltration (UF) volume during the dialysis session.MethodsSimultaneous evaluations of online Dt/V and single-pool variable-volume urea Kt/V were made. Patients were categorized into three subgroups based on their weight (<60, 60–80 and ≥80 kg), body mass index (<25, 25–30 and >30 kg/m2) and UF volume (<1.5, 1.5–3 and >3 L). The correlation between Dt/V and Kt/V was evaluated for the entire cohort per dialysis session in each subgroup.ResultsMean Kt/V was greater than the mean Dt/V (1.72 versus 1.50, P < 0.001), with an overall correlation r value of 0.602. This correlation was stronger in the medium weight group versus lower and higher weights. The correlation between Dt/V and Kt/V was inversely related to the UF volume (r = 0.698, 0.621 and 0.558 for those with UF volume of <1.5, 1.5–3.0 and >3 L, respectively). A total of 99.3% of patients with Dt/V of >1.2 also had Kt/V >1.2 and 9.5% of those with Dt/V <1.2 had their Kt/V <1.2.ConclusionsThere is a moderate degree of correlation between Dt/V and Kt/V in African-American hemodialysis patients, which is impacted by body size and UF volume. A Dt/V of >1.2 strongly predicts adequate dialysis as defined by Kt/V of >1.2.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfx155
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of the efficacy of a medium cut-off dialyser and comparison
           with other high-flux dialysers in conventional haemodialysis and online
           haemodiafiltration

    • Authors: García-Prieto A; Vega A, Linares T, et al.
      Pages: 742 - 746
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundOnline haemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) has been shown to reduce all-cause mortality versus conventional haemodialysis (HD); however, it is not always available. In these situations, a novel class of membranes with a higher pore size, medium cut-off (MCO) dialysers, could be promising. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of an MCO dialyser in the removal of small and medium-size molecules and compare it with standard high-flux (HF) dialysers in HD and OL-HDF.MethodsIn this crossover study, 18 prevalent HD patients were studied in three single mid-week dialysis treatments during three consecutive weeks as follows: first week with OL-HDF with a standard HF dialyser, second week with conventional HD with a standard HF dialyser and third week with conventional HD with an MCO dialyser. Reduction ratios (RRs) of different-sized molecules and albumin losses were collected for the different dialysers.ResultsMCO HD provided a greater reduction of middle and larger middle molecules compared with standard HF HD [rate reduction (RR) β2-microglobulin 74.7% versus 69.7%, P=0.01; RR myoglobin 62.5% versus 34.3%, P=0.001; RR prolactin 60% versus 32.8%, P=0.001; RR α1-glycoprotein 2.8% versus −0.1%, P=0.01]. We found no difference in the clearance of small and larger middle molecules comparing MCO HD with OL-HDF. Albumin losses were 0.03  g/session with MCO HD and 3.1  g/session with OL-HDF (P=0.001).ConclusionMCO HD is superior to standard HF HD in the removal of middle and larger middle molecules and it is not inferior to OL-HDF in the clearance of small and larger middle molecules. Thus it could be an alternative in patients in which it is not possible to perform OL-HDF.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy004
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Announcements

    • Pages: 747 - 748
      Abstract: News from ERA-EDTA:
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfy091
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 5 (2018)
       
 
 
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