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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 578, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Cardiovascular Research
  [SJR: 2.897]   [H-I: 175]   [12 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0008-6363 - ISSN (Online) 1755-3245
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • DARC matter(s) for inflammatory cells
    • Authors: Atzler D; de Winther M.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx230
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Niels Voigt talks to W. Jonathan Lederer, keynote lecturer at the
           “Göttingen Channels” Symposium 2017
    • Authors: Voigt N; Lederer W.
      Abstract: Prof. Lederer discusses his scientific career as a pioneer in the field of cellular of calcium signalling and offers his wisdom to young researchers following his keynote lecture at the Göttingen Channels Symposium 2017 of the German Cardiac Society’s working group on cellular electrophysiology (AG 18).
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx241
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • CETP inhibition and HDL: what is the trial REVEALing'
    • Authors: Badimon L.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx240
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Sodium–hydrogen exchange inhibition attenuates glycoside-induced
           hypertrophy in rat ventricular myocytes
    • Pages: 311 - 311
      Abstract: [Cardiovasc Res 2010;85(1): 79–89]
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx238
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • qPCR—25 years old but still a matter of debate
    • Authors: Gödecke A.
      Pages: 201 - 202
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Identification of optimal reference genes for transcriptomic analyses in normal and diseased human heart’ by C.E. Molina et al., pp. 247–258.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx220
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • New dimensions in circadian clock function: the role of biological sex
    • Authors: Crnko S; Ernens I, Van Laake L.
      Pages: 203 - 204
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx243
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Anthracycline cardiotoxicity: the importance of horizontally integrating
           pre-clinical and clinical research
    • Authors: Lipshultz S; Herman E.
      Pages: 205 - 209
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Diverging effects of enalapril or eplerenone in primary prevention against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity’ by R. Hullin et al., pp. 272–281 and ‘Inhibition of the cardiac myocyte mineralocorticoid receptor ameliorates doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity’ by A. Lother et al., pp. 282–290.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx246
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Gender and cardiovascular disease: are sex-biased microRNA networks a
           driving force behind heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in
           women'
    • Authors: Florijn B; Bijkerk R, van der Veer E, et al.
      Pages: 210 - 225
      Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of death among men and women worldwide. Nevertheless, our comprehension of how CVD progresses in women and elicits clinical outcomes is lacking, leading CVD to be under-diagnosed and under-treated in women. A clear example of this differential presentation of CVD pathophysiologies in females is the strikingly higher prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Women with a history of pre-eclampsia or those who present with co-morbidities such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing HFpEF. Long understood to be a critical CVD risk factor, our understanding of how gender differentially affects the development of CVD has been greatly expanded by extensive genomic and transcriptomic studies. These studies uncovered a pivotal role for differential microRNA (miRNA) expression in response to systemic inflammation, where their co-ordinated expression forms a post-transcriptional regulatory network that instigates microcirculation defects. Importantly, the potential sex-biased expression of the given miRNAs may explain sex-specific cardiovascular pathophysiologies in women, such as HFpEF. Sex-biased miRNAs are regulated by oestrogen (E2) in their transcription and processing or are expressed from loci on the X-chromosome due to incomplete X-chromosome inactivation. Interestingly, while E2-induced miRNAs predominantly appear to serve protective functions, it could be argued that many X-linked miRNAs have been found to challenge microvascular and myocardial integrity. Therefore, menopausal E2 deficiency, resulting in protective miRNA loss, and the augmentation of X-linked miRNA expression, may well contribute to the molecular mechanisms that underlie the female-specific cardiovascular aetiology in HFpEF.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx223
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Regulation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol by intestinal
           inflammation and the acute phase response
    • Authors: Herbert K; Erridge C.
      Pages: 226 - 232
      Abstract: Systemic inflammation, induced by disease or experimental intervention, is well established to result in elevated levels of circulating triglycerides, and reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), in most mammalian species. However, the relationship between inflammation and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations is less clear. Most reports indicate that systemic inflammation, as observed during sepsis or following high dose experimental endotoxaemia, lowers total, and LDL-C in man. However, isolated reports have suggested that certain inflammatory conditions are associated with increased LDL-C. In this review, we summarize the emerging evidence that low-grade inflammation specifically of intestinal origin may be associated with increased serum LDL-C levels. Preliminary insights into potential mechanisms that may mediate these effects, including those connecting inflammation to trans-intestinal cholesterol efflux (TICE), are considered. We conclude that this evidence supports the potential downregulation of major mediators of TICE by inflammatory mediators in vitro and during intestinal inflammation in vivo. The TICE-inflammation axis therefore merits further study in terms of its potential to regulate serum LDL-C, and as a readily druggable target for hypercholesterolaemia.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx237
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Central and peripheral slow-pressor mechanisms contributing to Angiotensin
           II-salt hypertension in rats
    • Authors: Lu J; Wang H, Ahmad M, et al.
      Pages: 233 - 246
      Abstract: AimsHigh salt intake markedly enhances hypertension induced by angiotensin II (Ang II). We explored central and peripheral slow-pressor mechanisms which may be activated by Ang II and salt.Methods and resultsIn protocol I, Wistar rats were infused subcutaneously with low-dose Ang II (150 ng/kg/min) and fed regular (0.4%) or high salt (2%) diet for 14 days. In protocol II, Ang II-high salt was combined with intracerebroventricular infusion of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockers (eplerenone, spironolactone), epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) blocker (benzamil), angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) blocker (losartan) or vehicles. Ang II alone raised mean arterial pressure (MAP) ∼10 mmHg, but Ang II-high salt increased MAP ∼50 mmHg. Ang II-high salt elevated plasma corticosterone, aldosterone and endogenous ouabain but not Ang II alone. Both Ang II alone and Ang II-high salt increased mRNA and protein expression of CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase gene) in the adrenal cortex but not of CYP11B1 (11-β-hydroxylase gene). In the aorta, Ang II-high salt increased sodium-calcium exchanger-1 (NCX1) protein. The Ang II-high salt induced increase in MAP was largely prevented by central infusion of MR blockers, benzamil or losartan. Central blockades significantly lowered plasma aldosterone and endogenous ouabain and markedly decreased Ang II-high salt induced CYP11B2 mRNA expression in the adrenal cortex and NCX1 protein in the aorta.ConclusionThese results suggest that in Ang II-high salt hypertension, MR-ENaC-AT1R signalling in the brain increases circulating aldosterone and endogenous ouabain, and arterial NCX1. These factors can amplify blood pressure responses to centrally-induced sympatho-excitation and thereby contribute to severe hypertension.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx214
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Identification of optimal reference genes for transcriptomic analyses in
           normal and diseased human heart
    • Authors: Molina C; Jacquet E, Ponien P, et al.
      Pages: 247 - 258
      Abstract: AimsQuantitative real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) has become the method of choice for mRNA quantification, but requires an accurate normalization based on the use of reference genes showing invariant expression across various pathological conditions. Only few data exist on appropriate reference genes for the human heart. The objective of this study was to determine a set of suitable reference genes in human atrial and ventricular tissues, from right and left cavities in control and in cardiac diseases.Methods and resultsWe assessed the expression of 16 reference genes (ACTB, B2M, GAPDH, GUSB, HMBS, HPRT1, IPO8, PGK1, POLR2A, PPIA, RPLP0, TBP, TFRC, UBC, YWHAZ, 18S) in tissues from: right and left ventricles from healthy controls and heart failure (HF) patients; right-atrial tissue from patients in sinus rhythm with (SRd) or without (SRnd) atrial dilatation, patients with paroxysmal (pAF) or chronic (cAF) atrial fibrillation or with HF; and left-atrial tissue from patients in SR or cAF. Consensual analysis (by geNorm and Normfinder algorithms, BestKeeper software tool and comparative delta-Ct method) of the variability scores obtained for each reference gene expression shows that the most stably expressed genes are: GAPDH, GUSB, IPO8, POLR2A, and YWHAZ when comparing either right and left ventricle or ventricle from healthy controls and HF patients; GAPDH, IPO8, POLR2A, PPIA, and RPLP0 when comparing either right and left atrium or right atria from all pathological groups. ACTB, TBP, TFRC, and 18S genes were identified as the least stable.ConclusionsThe overall most stable reference genes across different heart cavities and disease conditions were GAPDH, IPO8, POLR2A and PPIA. YWHAZ or GUSB could be added to this set for some specific experiments. This study should provide useful guidelines for reference gene selection in RT-qPCR studies in human heart.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx182
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Relevance of low miR-30c-5p levels in atherogenesis: a promising
           predictive biomarker and potential therapeutic target
    • Pages: 258 - 258
      Abstract: [Cardiovasc Res 2017;113(13):1536–1537]
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx235
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice are protected from the development of
           age-dependent cardiomyopathy
    • Authors: Alibhai F; Reitz C, Peppler W, et al.
      Pages: 259 - 271
      Abstract: AimsCircadian rhythms are important for healthy cardiovascular physiology and they are regulated by the molecular circadian mechanism. Previously, we showed that disruption of the circadian mechanism factor CLOCK in male ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice led to development of age-dependent cardiomyopathy. Here, we investigate the role of biological sex in protecting against heart disease in aging female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice.Methods and resultsFemale ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice are protected from the development of cardiomyopathy with age, as heart structure and function are similar to 18 months of age vs. female WT mice. We show that female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice maintain normal glucose tolerance as compared with female WT. Tissue metabolic profiling revealed that aging female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice maintain normal cardiac glucose uptake, whereas the male ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice have increased cardiac glucose uptake consistent with pathological remodelling. Shotgun lipidomics revealed differences in phospholipids that were sex and genotype specific, including cardiolipin CL76:11 that was increased and CL72:8 that was decreased in male ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice. Additionally, female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice show increased activation of AKT signalling and preserved cytochrome c oxidase activity compared with male ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice, which can help to explain why they are protected from heart disease. To determine how this protection occurs in females even with the Clock mutation, we examined the effects of ovarian hormones. We show that ovarian hormones protect female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice from heart disease as ovariectomized female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice develop cardiac dilation, glucose intolerance and reduced cardiac cytochrome c oxidase; this phenotype is consistent with the age-dependent decline observed in male ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice.ConclusionsThese data demonstrate that ovarian hormones protect female ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice from the development of age-dependent cardiomyopathy even though Clock function is disturbed. Understanding the interaction of biological sex and the circadian mechanism in cardiac growth, renewal and remodelling opens new doors for understanding and treating heart disease.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx185
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Diverging effects of enalapril or eplerenone in primary prevention against
           doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity
    • Authors: Hullin R; Métrich M, Sarre A, et al.
      Pages: 272 - 281
      Abstract: AimsClinical studies suggest beneficial effects of renin–angiotensin system blockade for prevention of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after chemotherapy. However, the efficacy of this strategy as primary prevention has been poorly studied. This study aimed at identifying the pathophysiological mechanisms by which mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism (MRA) or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition (ACEi) provide protection against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity (DIC) in mouse models of acute and chronic toxicity.Methods and resultsAcute DIC was induced by a single injection of Dox at 15 mg/kg and chronic DIC applied 5 injections of Dox at 4 mg/kg/week. MRA was achieved using eplerenone or cardiomyocyte-specific ablation of the MR gene in transgenic mice and ACEi using enalapril. Drugs were provided with the first dose of Dox and applied until the end of the study. In both model of DIC, Dox induced cardiac atrophy with decreased LV volume, reduced cardiomyocyte cell size, and cardiac dysfunction. In the acute model, neither MRA nor ACEi protected against these manifestations of DIC. In the chronic model, concomitant treatment with eplerenone did not protect against DIC and drastically increased plasma aldosterone levels and cardiac levels of angiotensin II type 1 receptor and of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), as observed in acute DIC. Enalapril treatment in the chronic model, however, protected against cardiac dysfunction and cardiomyocyte atrophy and was associated with increased activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway along with normal levels of CTGF.ConclusionEnalapril and eplerenone disparately impact on cellular signalling in DIC. Eplerenone, on top of Dox treatment was not protective and associated with increased levels of plasma aldosterone and of cardiac CTGF. In contrast, we show that primary prevention with enalapril preserves LV morphology and function in a clinically relevant model of chronic DIC, with increased stimulation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR axis and normal CTGF levels suggesting potential therapeutic implications.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx162
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Inhibition of the cardiac myocyte mineralocorticoid receptor ameliorates
           doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity
    • Authors: Lother A; Bergemann S, Kowalski J, et al.
      Pages: 282 - 290
      Abstract: AimAnthracyclines such as doxorubicin are widely used in cancer therapy but their use is limited by cardiotoxicity. Up to date there is no established strategy for the prevention of anthracyclin-induced heart failure. In this study, we evaluated the role of the cardiac myocyte mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) during doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.Methods and resultsA single high-dose or repetitive low-dose doxorubicin administration lead to markedly reduced left ventricular function in mice. Treatment with the MR antagonist eplerenone prevented doxorubicin-induced left ventricular dysfunction. In order to identify the cell types and molecular mechanisms involved in this beneficial effect we used a mouse model with cell type-specific MR deletion in cardiac myocytes. Cardiac myocyte MR deletion largely reproduced the effect of pharmacological MR inhibition on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. RNAseq from isolated cardiac myocytes revealed a repressive effect of doxorubicin on gene expression which was prevented by MR deletion.ConclusionsWe show here that (i) eplerenone prevents doxorubicin-induced left ventricular dysfunction in mice, and (ii) this beneficial effect is related to inhibition of MR in cardiac myocytes. Together with present clinical trial data our findings suggest that MR antagonism may be appropriate for the prevention of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx078
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Local sympathetic denervation attenuates myocardial inflammation and
           improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction in mice
    • Authors: Ziegler K; Ahles A, Wille T, et al.
      Pages: 291 - 299
      Abstract: AimsCardiac inflammation has been suggested to be regulated by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). However, due to the lack of methodology to surgically eliminate the myocardial SNS in mice, neuronal control of cardiac inflammation remains ill-defined. Here, we report a procedure for local cardiac sympathetic denervation in mice and tested its effect in a mouse model of heart failure post-myocardial infarction.Methods and resultsUpon preparation of the carotid bifurcation, the right and the left superior cervical ganglia were localized and their pre- and postganglionic branches dissected before removal of the ganglion. Ganglionectomy led to an almost entire loss of myocardial sympathetic innervation in the left ventricular anterior wall. When applied at the time of myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac sympathetic denervation did not affect acute myocardial damage and infarct size. In contrast, cardiac sympathetic denervation significantly attenuated chronic consequences of MI, including myocardial inflammation, myocyte hypertrophy, and overall cardiac dysfunction.ConclusionThese data suggest a critical role for local sympathetic control of cardiac inflammation. Our model of myocardial sympathetic denervation in mice should prove useful to further dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying cardiac neural control.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx227
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Meox1 accelerates myocardial hypertrophic decompensation through Gata4
    • Authors: Lu D; Wang J, Li J, et al.
      Pages: 300 - 311
      Abstract: AimsPathological hypertrophy is the result of gene network regulation, which ultimately leads to adverse cardiac remodelling and heart failure (HF) and is accompanied by the reactivation of a ‘foetal gene programme’. The Mesenchyme homeobox 1 (Meox1) gene is one of the foetal programme genes. Meox1 may play a role in embryonic development, but its regulation of pathological hypertrophy is not known. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of Meox1 on pathological hypertrophy, including familial and pressure overload-induced hypertrophy, and its potential mechanism of action.Methods and resultsMeox1 expression was markedly down-regulated in the wild-type adult mouse heart with age, and expression was up-regulated in heart tissues from familial dilated cardiomyopathy (FDCM) mice of the cTnTR141W strain, familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHCM) mice of the cTnTR92Q strain, pressure overload-induced HF mice, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. Echocardiography, histopathology, and hypertrophic molecular markers consistently demonstrated that Meox1 overexpression exacerbated the phenotypes in FHCM and in mice with thoracic aorta constriction (TAC), and that Meox1 knockdown improved the pathological changes. Gata4 was identified as a potential downstream target of Meox1 using digital gene expression (DGE) profiling, real-time PCR, and bioinformatics analysis. Promoter activity data and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and Gata4 knockdown analyses indicated that Meox1 acted via activation of Gata4 transcription.ConclusionMeox1 accelerated decompensation via the downstream target Gata4, at least in part directly. Meox1 and other foetal programme genes form a highly interconnected network, which offers multiple therapeutic entry points to dampen the aberrant expression of foetal genes and pathological hypertrophy.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx222
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • CD40L controls obesity-associated vascular inflammation, oxidative stress,
           and endothelial dysfunction in high fat diet-treated and db/db mice
    • Authors: Steven S; Dib M, Hausding M, et al.
      Pages: 312 - 323
      Abstract: AimsCD40 ligand (CD40L) signaling controls vascular oxidative stress and related dysfunction in angiotensin-II-induced arterial hypertension by regulating vascular immune cell recruitment and platelet activation. Here we investigated the role of CD40L in experimental hyperlipidemia.Methods and resultsMale wild type and CD40L−/− mice (C57BL/6 background) were subjected to high fat diet for sixteen weeks. Weight, cholesterol, HDL, and LDL levels, endothelial function (isometric tension recording), oxidative stress (NADPH oxidase expression, dihydroethidium fluorescence) and inflammatory parameters (inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin-6 expression) were assessed. CD40L expression, weight, leptin and lipids were increased, and endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammation were more pronounced in wild type mice on a high fat diet, all of which was almost normalized by CD40L deficiency. Similar results were obtained in diabetic db/db mice with CD40/TRAF6 inhibitor (6877002) therapy. In a small human study higher serum sCD40L levels and an inflammatory phenotype were detected in the blood and Aorta ascendens of obese patients (body mass index > 35) that underwent by-pass surgery.ConclusionCD40L controls obesity-associated vascular inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction in mice and potentially humans. Thus, CD40L represents a therapeutic target in lipid metabolic disorders which is a leading cause in cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx197
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Atheroprone flow activates inflammation via endothelial ATP-dependent
           P2X7-p38 signalling
    • Authors: Green J; Souilhol C, Xanthis I, et al.
      Pages: 324 - 335
      Abstract: ObjectiveAtherosclerosis is a focal disease occurring at arterial sites of disturbed blood flow that generates low oscillating shear stress. Endothelial inflammatory signalling is enhanced at sites of disturbed flow via mechanisms that are incompletely understood. The influence of disturbed flow on endothelial adenosine triphosphate (ATP) receptors and downstream signalling was assessed.Methods and resultsCultured human endothelial cells were exposed to atheroprotective (high uniform) or atheroprone (low oscillatory) shear stress for 72 h prior to assessment of ATP responses. Imaging of cells loaded with a calcium-sensitive fluorescent dye revealed that atheroprone flow enhanced extracellular calcium influx in response to 300 µM 2'(3')-O-(4-Benzoylbenzoyl) adenosine-5'-triphosphate. Pre-treatment with pharmacological inhibitors demonstrated that this process required purinergic P2X7 receptors. The mechanism involved altered expression of P2X7, which was induced by atheroprone flow conditions in cultured cells. Similarly, en face staining of the murine aorta revealed enriched P2X7 expression at an atheroprone site. Functional studies in cultured endothelial cells showed that atheroprone flow induced p38 phosphorylation and up-regulation of E-selectin and IL-8 secretion via a P2X7-dependent mechanism. Moreover, genetic deletion of P2X7 significantly reduced E-selectin at atheroprone regions of the murine aorta.ConclusionsThese findings reveal that P2X7 is regulated by shear forces leading to its accumulation at atheroprone sites that are exposed to disturbed patterns of blood flow. P2X7 promotes endothelial inflammation at atheroprone sites by transducing ATP signals into p38 activation. Thus P2X7 integrates vascular mechanical responses with purinergic signalling to promote endothelial dysfunction and may provide an attractive potential therapeutic target to prevent or reduce atherosclerosis.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx213
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effects of dapagliflozin on human epicardial adipose tissue: modulation of
           insulin resistance, inflammatory chemokine production, and differentiation
           ability
    • Authors: Díaz-Rodríguez E; Agra R, Fernández Á, et al.
      Pages: 336 - 346
      Abstract: AimsIn patients with cardiovascular disease, epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is characterized by insulin resistance, high pro-inflammatory chemokines, and low differentiation ability. As dapagliflozin reduces body fat and cardiovascular events in diabetic patients, we would like to know its effect on EAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT).Methods and resultsAdipose samples were obtained from 52 patients undergoing heart surgery. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) expression was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (n = 20), western blot, and immunohistochemistry. Fat explants (n = 21) were treated with dapagliflozin and/or insulin and glucose transporters expression measured. Glucose, free fatty acid, and adipokine levels (by array) were measured in the EAT secretomes, which were then tested on human coronary endothelial cells using wound healing assays. Glucose uptake was also measured using the fluorescent glucose analogue (6NBDG) in differentiated stromal vascular cells (SVCs) from the fat pads (n = 11). Finally, dapagliflozin-induced adipocyte differentiation was assessed from the levels of fat droplets (AdipoRed staining) and of perilipin. SGLT2 was expressed in EAT. Dapagliflozin increased glucose uptake (20.95 ± 4.4 mg/dL vs. 12.97 ± 4.1 mg/dL; P < 0.001) and glucose transporter type 4 (2.09 ± 0.3 fold change; P < 0.01) in EAT. Moreover, dapagliflozin reduced the secretion levels of chemokines and benefited wound healing in endothelial cells (0.21 ± 0.05 vs. 0.38 ± 0.08 open wound; P < 0.05). Finally, chronic treatment with dapagliflozin improved the differentiation of SVC, confirmed by AdipoRed staining [539 ± 142 arbitrary units (a.u.) vs. 473 ± 136 a.u.; P < 0.01] and perilipin expression levels (121 ± 10 vs. 84 ± 11 a.u.).ConclusionsDapagliflozin increased glucose uptake, reduced the secretion of pro-inflammatory chemokines (with a beneficial effect on the healing of human coronary artery endothelial cells), and improved the differentiation of EAT cells. These results suggest a new protective pathway for this drug on EAT from patients with cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx186
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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