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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 169, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 187, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 604, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 111, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 200, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiovascular Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.002
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 14  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0008-6363 - ISSN (Online) 1755-3245
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • Cardio-oncology: a novel platform for basic and translational
           cardiovascular investigation driven by clinical need
    • Authors: Moslehi J; Fujiwara K, Guzik T.
      Pages: 819 - 823
      Abstract: Cardio-oncology represents the intersection of cardiology and oncology and has emerged as a new clinical discipline in cardiovascular medicine for several reasons (Figure 1). Traditional, targeted, and immune-based cancer therapies have played a critical role in the current revolution in oncology; rendering previously fatal cancer types into chronic diseases. However, these therapies are associated with cardiovascular and metabolic sequelae, which are increasingly being recognized as novel clinical presentations and disease entities.1 Unlike earlier toxicities reported with anthracyclines and trastuzumab, where systolic cardiac dysfunction was the primary manifestation, novel drugs can cause lead to heterogeneous cardiovascular manifestations including arrhythmias, vascular dysfunction, and metabolic perturbations.2,3 Thus, while initially focused on immediate cardiac toxicity, links between cancer and cardiovascular disease appears much more complex on both pathophysiological and clinical level. For example, it has become clear that a wide range of traditional and novel cancer therapies affect several mechanisms of cardiovascular comorbidities including vascular dysfunction, atherogenesis, epigenetics, and others in a similar manner to classical risk factors of atherosclerosis. As a result, cardiovascular disease represents a clinical challenge in the growing number of cancer survivors (over 16 500 000 Americans in 2019), who are disproportionately at risk of cardiac, vascular, and metabolic diseases.4 Finally, the emerging field of cardio-oncology includes the increasing recognition of common risk factors that predispose to both cancer and cardiovascular disease, by far the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world.1 In almost every scenario, the novelty of these cardiovascular issues has required collaboration between oncologists and cardiologists, as well as translational and clinical investigators, who have helped describe these new therapy-associated clinical syndromes.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz048
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Inflammation: a common contributor to cancer, aging, and cardiovascular
           diseases—expanding the concept of cardio-oncology
    • Authors: Libby P; Kobold S.
      Pages: 824 - 829
      Abstract: Inflammation participates in the pathogenesis of both cancer and cardiovascular disease. This review examines the mechanistic commonalities between these two scourges of humanity through the lens of inflammation biology. Inflammatory pathways contribute to the initiation, the progression, and the complication of both malignant tumours and atherosclerotic plaques. Modulation of inflammatory pathways have proven transformative in the treatment of cancers and have crossed the threshold of clinical reality as treatments to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. The finding that clonal haematopoiesis drives both leukaemia and cardiovascular events provides yet another link between these two seemingly disparate diseases. The nascent specialty of cardio-oncology has initially focused on the cardiovascular complications of cancer therapies. The recognition of a more profound pathophysiologic connection between cancer and cardiovascular diseases should expand the concept of cardio-oncology. Embracing the mechanistic connection and transcending traditional barriers between disciplines offers immense opportunities for speeding innovative research that can address the growing burden of both cancer and cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz058
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Completing the genetic spectrum influencing coronary artery disease: from
           germline to somatic variation
    • Authors: Patel A; Natarajan P.
      Pages: 830 - 843
      Abstract: Genetic and environmental factors influence the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). Genetic analyses of families and the population continue to yield important fundamental insights for CAD. For the past four decades, CAD human genetic research focused largely on the study of germline genetic variation in CAD and its risk factors. The first genes associated with CAD were discovered using basic Mendelian principles and pedigree analysis. Mapping of the human genome and advancement in sequencing technology sparked further discovery of novel genetic associations through exome sequencing and genome wide association analysis in increasingly larger populations. While prior work implicated in situ DNA damage as a feature of atherosclerosis, more recently, somatic mutagenesis in and clonal expansion of haematopoietic stem cells was found to influence risk of CAD. Mutations observed for this condition, termed clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential, frequently occur within epigenetic regulator genes (e.g. DNMT3A, TET2, ASXL1, etc.), which are also implicated in leukaemogenesis. Hypercholesterolaemic mice with Tet2 bone marrow deficiency are predisposed to the development of atherosclerosis that may be partly related to inflammatory cytokines. As the genetic basis of CAD expands from the germline to somatic genome, our fundamental understanding of CAD continues to evolve; these new discoveries represent new opportunities for risk prediction and prevention, and a new facet of cardio-oncology.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz032
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Common risk factors for heart failure and cancer
    • Authors: Meijers W; de Boer R.
      Pages: 844 - 853
      Abstract: Cardiovascular (CV) disease and cancer are the leading causes of death.1,2 Over the last decades, it has been appreciated that both CV disease and cancer are more common in individuals in whom risk factors for disease development accumulate, and preventative measures have been extremely important in driving down the incidence of disease.3–6 In general, the field of epidemiology, risk reduction, and preventative trials is divided into health care professionals who have an interest in either CV disease or cancer. As a result, the medical literature and medical practice has largely focused on the one disease, or the other. However, human individuals do not behave according to this dogma. Emerging data clearly suggest that identical risk factors may lead to CV disease in the one individual, but may cause cancer in another, or even both diseases in the same individual. This overlap exists between risk factors that are historically classified as ‘CV risk factors’ as these factors do equally strong predict cancer development. Therefore, we propose that a holistic approach might better estimate actual risks for CV disease and cancer. In this review, we summarize current insights in common behavioural risk factors for heart failure, being the most progressed and lethal form of CV disease, and cancer.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz035
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Cardiovascular toxicities associated with immune checkpoint inhibitors
    • Authors: Hu J; Florido R, Lipson E, et al.
      Pages: 854 - 868
      Abstract: Cardiovascular toxicities associated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been reported in case series but have been underappreciated due to their recent emergence, difficulties in diagnosis and non-specific clinical manifestations. ICIs are antibodies that block negative regulators of the T cell immune response, including cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein-4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1), and PD-1 ligand (PD-L1). While ICIs have introduced a significant mortality benefit in several cancer types, the augmented immune response has led to a range of immune-related toxicities, including cardiovascular toxicity. ICI-associated myocarditis often presents with arrhythmias, may co-exist with myositis and myasthenia gravis, can be severe, and portends a poor prognosis. In addition, pericardial disease, vasculitis, including temporal arteritis, and non-inflammatory heart failure, have been recently described as immune-related toxicities from ICI. This narrative review describes the epidemiology, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment of cardiovascular toxicities of ICI therapy, highlighting recent developments in the field in the past year.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz026
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • T cell checkpoint regulators in the heart
    • Authors: Grabie N; Lichtman A, Padera R.
      Pages: 869 - 877
      Abstract: T lymphocyte-mediated immune responses in the heart are potentially dangerous because they can interfere with the electromechanical function. Furthermore, the myocardium has limited regenerative capacity to repair damage caused by effector T cells. Myocardial T cell responses are normally suppressed by multiple mechanisms of central and peripheral tolerance. T cell inhibitory molecules, so called immune checkpoints, limit the activation and effector function of heart antigen-reactive T cells that escape deletion during development in the thymus. Programmed cell protein death-1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein-4 (CTLA-4) are checkpoint molecules homologous to the costimulatory receptor CD28, and they work to block activating signals from the T cell antigen receptor and CD28. Nonetheless, PD-1 and CTLA-4 function in different ways and at different steps in a T cell response to antigen. Studies in mice have established that genetic deficiencies of checkpoint molecules, including PD-1, PD-L1, CTLA-4, and lymphocyte activation gene-3, result in enhanced risk of autoimmune T cell-mediated myocarditis and increased pathogenicity of heart antigen-specific effector T cells. The PD-1/PD-L1 pathway appears to be particularly important in cardiac protection from T cells. PD-L1 is markedly up-regulated on myocardial cells by interferon-gamma secreted by T cells and PD-1 or PD-L1 deficiency synergizes with other defects in immune regulation in promoting myocarditis. Consistent with these studies, myocarditis has emerged as a serious adverse reaction of cancer therapies that target checkpoint molecules to enhance anti-tumour T cell responses. Histopathology and immunohistochemical analyses of myocardial tissue from immune checkpoint blockade (ICB)-treated patients echoes findings in checkpoint-deficient mice. Many questions about myocarditis in the setting of cancer immunotherapy still need to be answered, including the nature of the target antigens, genetic risk factors, and variations in the disease with combined therapies. Addressing these questions will require further immunological analyses of blood and heart tissue from patients treated with ICB.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz025
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Cardiac arrhythmia considerations of hormone cancer therapies
    • Authors: Barber M; Nguyen L, Wassermann J, et al.
      Pages: 878 - 894
      Abstract: Breast and prostate cancers are among the most prevalent cancers worldwide. Oestradiol and progesterone are major drivers for breast cancer proliferation, and androgens for prostate cancer. Endocrine therapies are drugs that interfere with hormone-activated pathways to slow cancer progression. Multiple new breakthrough drugs improving overall survival have recently been developed within this class. As the use of these latter drugs grows, incidence of cardiac arrhythmias has emerged as an unappreciated complication. These changes are not surprising given that sex hormones alter ventricular repolarization. Testosterone shortens action potential duration and QT interval duration, while oestradiol has an opposite effect. In patients with breast cancer, selective oestrogen receptor modulators are associated with more reports for long QT and torsade de pointes (TdP) than aromatase inhibitors, likely through an oestradiol-like effect on the heart. Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors, a new class of anticancer drugs used in combination with endocrine therapies in hormone receptor positive breast cancer, are also variably associated with drug-induced long QT, particularly with ribociclib. In prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy is associated with long QT and TdP, and possibly atrial fibrillation for abiraterone. In this review, we have summarized the clinical and preclinical data focusing on cardiac arrhythmia considerations of hormone cancer therapies.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz020
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • A current understanding of drug-induced QT prolongation and its
           implications for anticancer therapy
    • Authors: Roden D.
      Pages: 895 - 903
      Abstract: The QT interval, a global index of ventricular repolarization, varies among individuals and is influenced by diverse physiologic and pathophysiologic stimuli such as gender, age, heart rate, electrolyte concentrations, concomitant cardiac disease, and other diseases such as diabetes. Many drugs produce a small but reproducible effect on QT interval but in rare instances this is exaggerated and marked QT prolongation can provoke the polymorphic ventricular tachycardia ‘torsades de pointes’, which can cause syncope or sudden cardiac death. The generally accepted common mechanism whereby drugs prolong QT is block of a key repolarizing potassium current in heart, IKr, generated by expression of KCNH2, also known as HERG. Thus, evaluation of the potential that a new drug entity may cause torsades de pointes has relied on exposure of normal volunteers or patients to drug at usual and high concentrations, and on assessment of IKr block in vitro. More recent work, focusing on anticancer drugs with QT prolonging liability, is defining new pathways whereby drugs can prolong QT. Notably, the in vitro effects of some tyrosine kinase inhibitors to prolong cardiac action potentials (the cellular correlate of QT) can be rescued by intracellular phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate, the downstream effector of phosphoinositide 3-kinase. This finding supports a role for inhibition of this enzyme, either directly or by inhibition of upstream kinases, to prolong QT through mechanisms that are being worked out, but include enhanced inward ‘late’ sodium current during the plateau of the action potential. The definition of non-IKr-dependent pathways to QT prolongation will be important for assessing risk, not only with anticancer therapies but also with other QT prolonging drugs and for generating a refined understanding how variable activity of intracellular signalling systems can modulate QT and associated arrhythmia risk.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz013
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Vascular Cardio-Oncology: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor inhibitors
           and hypertension
    • Authors: Versmissen J; Mirabito Colafella K, Koolen S, et al.
      Pages: 904 - 914
      Abstract: Since the formation of new blood vessels is essential for tumour growth and metastatic spread, inhibition of angiogenesis by targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway is an effective strategy for various types of cancer, most importantly renal cell carcinoma, thyroid cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, VEGF inhibitors have serious side effects, most importantly hypertension and nephropathy. In case of fulminant hypertension, this may only be handled by lowering the dosage since the blood pressure rise is proportional to the amount of VEGF inhibition. These effects pathophysiologically and clinically resemble the most severe complication of pregnancy, preeclampsia, in which case an insufficient placenta leads to a rise in sFlt-1 levels causing a decrease in VEGF availability. Due to this overlap, studies in preeclampsia may provide important information for VEGF inhibitor-induced toxicity and vice versa. In both VEGF inhibitor-induced toxicity and preeclampsia, endothelin (ET)-1 appears to be a pivotal player. In this review, after briefly summarizing the anticancer effects, we discuss the mechanisms that potentially underlie the unwanted effects of VEGF inhibitors, focusing on ET-1, nitric oxide and oxidative stress, the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system, and rarefaction. Given the salt sensitivity of this phenomenon, as well as the beneficial effects of aspirin in preeclampsia and cancer, we next provide novel treatment options for VEGF inhibitor-induced toxicity, including salt restriction, ET receptor blockade, and cyclo-oxygenase inhibition, in addition to classical antihypertensive and renoprotective drugs. We conclude with the recommendation of therapeutic drug monitoring to improve patient outcome.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz022
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Cardioprotection in cancer therapy: novel insights with anthracyclines
    • Authors: Raber I; Asnani A.
      Pages: 915 - 921
      Abstract: Anthracyclines are a class of antineoplastic agents that remain critical to modern-day cancer treatment. However, their propensity to cause cardiotoxic effects limits their use and can cause increased morbidity and mortality among patients with cancer. Currently available methods to minimize the impact of anthracycline cardiotoxicity have not been widely successful. While it is largely accepted that the generation of oxygen radicals contributes to the development of anthracycline cardiotoxicity, the exact mechanisms of cardiomyocyte injury remain unclear. In this review, we discuss the current state of basic and translational research on the cardiotoxic mechanisms of anthracyclines that have led to the discovery of new therapeutic targets. Pending validation in patient populations, these recent advances have the potential to be translated into clinical approaches that will minimize anthracycline cardiotoxicity and improve outcomes in cancer survivors.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz023
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Paediatric cardio-oncology: epidemiology, screening, prevention, and
    • Authors: Chow E; Leger K, Bhatt N, et al.
      Pages: 922 - 934
      Abstract: With 5-year survival of children with cancer exceeding 80% in developed countries, premature cardiovascular disease is now a major cause of early morbidity and mortality. In addition to the acute and chronic cardiotoxic effects of anthracyclines, related chemotherapeutics, and radiation, a growing number of new molecular targeted agents may also have detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system. Survivors of childhood cancer also may have earlier development of conventional cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and diabetes, which further increase their risk of serious cardiovascular disease. This review will examine the epidemiology of acute and chronic cardiotoxicity relevant to paediatric cancer patients, including genetic risk factors. We will also provide an overview of current screening recommendations, including the evidence regarding both imaging (e.g. echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging) and blood-based biomarkers. Various primary and secondary prevention strategies will also be discussed, primarily in relation to anthracycline-related cardiomyopathy. Finally, we review the available evidence related to the management of systolic and diastolic dysfunction in paediatric cancer patients and childhood cancer survivors.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz031
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • hiPSCs in cardio-oncology: deciphering the genomics
    • Authors: Pinheiro E; Fetterman K, Burridge P.
      Pages: 935 - 948
      Abstract: The genomic predisposition to oncology-drug-induced cardiovascular toxicity has been postulated for many decades. Only recently has it become possible to experimentally validate this hypothesis via the use of patient-specific human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and suitably powered genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Identifying the individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) responsible for the susceptibility to toxicity from a specific drug is a daunting task as this precludes the use of one of the most powerful tools in genomics: comparing phenotypes to close relatives, as these are highly unlikely to have been treated with the same drug. Great strides have been made through the use of candidate gene association studies (CGAS) and increasingly large GWAS studies, as well as in vivo whole-organism studies to further our mechanistic understanding of this toxicity. The hiPSC model is a powerful technology to build on this work and identify and validate causal variants in mechanistic pathways through directed genomic editing such as CRISPR. The causative variants identified through these studies can then be implemented clinically to identify those likely to experience cardiovascular toxicity and guide treatment options. Additionally, targets identified through hiPSC studies can inform future drug development. Through careful phenotypic characterization, identification of genomic variants that contribute to gene function and expression, and genomic editing to verify mechanistic pathways, hiPSC technology is a critical tool for drug discovery and the realization of precision medicine in cardio-oncology.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz018
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Personalized medicine in cardio-oncology: the role of induced pluripotent
           stem cell
    • Authors: Sayed N; Ameen M, Wu J.
      Pages: 949 - 959
      Abstract: Treatment of cancer has evolved in the last decade with the introduction of new therapies. Despite these successes, the lingering cardiotoxic side-effects from chemotherapy remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer survivors. These effects can develop acutely during treatment, or even years later. Although many risk factors can be identified prior to beginning therapy, unexpected toxicity still occurs, often with lasting consequences. Specifically, cardiotoxicity results in cardiac cell death, eventually leading to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Certain risk factors may predispose an individual to experiencing adverse cardiovascular effects, and when unexpected cardiotoxicity occurs, it is generally managed with supportive care. Animal models of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity have provided some mechanistic insights, but the precise mechanisms by which these drugs affect the heart remains unknown. Moreover, the genetic rationale as to why some patients are more susceptible to developing cardiotoxicity has yet to be determined. Many genome-wide association studies have identified genomic variants that could be associated with chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, but the lack of validation has made these studies more speculative rather than definitive. With the advent of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology, researchers not only have the opportunity to model human diseases, but also to screen drugs for their efficacy and toxicity using human cell models. Furthermore, it allows us to conduct validation studies to confirm the role of genomic variants in human diseases. In this review, we discuss the role of iPSCs in modelling chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz024
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Ponatinib-induced cardiotoxicity: delineating the signalling mechanisms
           and potential rescue strategies
    • Authors: Singh A; Glennon M, Umbarkar P, et al.
      Pages: 966 - 977
      Abstract: AimsTyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML). However, cardiotoxicity of these agents remains a serious concern. The underlying mechanism of these adverse cardiac effects is largely unknown. Delineation of the underlying mechanisms of TKIs associated cardiac dysfunction could guide potential prevention strategies, rescue approaches, and future drug design. This study aimed to determine the cardiotoxic potential of approved CML TKIs, define the associated signalling mechanism and identify potential alternatives.Methods and resultsIn this study, we employed a zebrafish transgenic BNP reporter line that expresses luciferase under control of the nppb promoter (nppb:F-Luciferase) to assess the cardiotoxicity of all approved CML TKIs. Our in vivo screen identified ponatinib as the most cardiotoxic agent among the approved CML TKIs. Then using a combination of zebrafish and isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, we delineated the signalling mechanism of ponatinib-induced cardiotoxicity by demonstrating that ponatinib inhibits cardiac prosurvival signalling pathways AKT and extra-cellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis. As a proof of concept, we augmented AKT and ERK signalling by administration of Neuregulin-1β (NRG-1β), and this prevented ponatinib-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We also demonstrate that ponatinib-induced cardiotoxicity is not mediated by inhibition of fibroblast growth factor signalling, a well-known target of ponatinib. Finally, our comparative profiling for the cardiotoxic potential of CML approved TKIs, identified asciminib (ABL001) as a potentially much less cardiotoxic treatment option for CML patients with the T315I mutation.ConclusionHerein, we used a combination of in vivo and in vitro methods to systematically screen CML TKIs for cardiotoxicity, identify novel molecular mechanisms for TKI cardiotoxicity, and identify less cardiotoxic alternatives.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz006
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Microparticles from vascular endothelial growth factor pathway
           inhibitor-treated cancer patients mediate endothelial cell injury
    • Authors: Neves K; Rios F, Jones R, et al.
      Pages: 978 - 988
      Abstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor pathway inhibitors (VEGFi), used as anti-angiogenic drugs to treat cancer are associated with cardiovascular toxicities through unknown molecular mechanisms. Endothelial cell-derived microparticles (ECMPs) are biomarkers of endothelial injury and are also functionally active since they influence downstream target cell signalling and function. We questioned whether microparticle (MP) status is altered in cancer patients treated with VEGFi and whether they influence endothelial cell function associated with vascular dysfunction. Plasma MPs were isolated from cancer patients before and after treatment with VEGFi (pazopanib, sunitinib, or sorafenib). Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were stimulated with isolated MPs (106 MPs/mL). Microparticle characterization was assessed by flow cytometry. Patients treated with VEGFi had significantly increased levels of plasma ECMP. Endothelial cells exposed to post-VEGFi treatment ECMPs induced an increase in pre-pro-ET-1 mRNA expression, corroborating the increase in endothelin-1 (ET-1) production in HAEC stimulated with vatalanib (VEGFi). Post-VEGFi treatment MPs increased generation of reactive oxygen species in HAEC, effects attenuated by ETA (BQ123) and ETB (BQ788) receptor blockers. VEGFi post-treatment MPs also increased phosphorylation of the inhibitory site of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), decreased nitric oxide (NO), and increased ONOO− levels in HAEC, responses inhibited by ETB receptor blockade. Additionally, gene expression of proinflammatory mediators was increased in HAEC exposed to post-treatment MPs, effects inhibited by BQ123 and BQ788. Our findings define novel molecular mechanism involving interplay between microparticles, the ET-1 system and endothelial cell pro-inflammatory and redox signalling, which may be important in cardiovascular toxicity and hypertension associated with VEGFi anti-cancer treatment. New and noteworthy: our novel data identify MPs as biomarkers of VEGFi-induced endothelial injury and important mediators of ET-1-sensitive redox-regulated pro-inflammatory signalling in effector endothelial cells, processes that may contribute to cardiovascular toxicity in VEGFi-treated cancer patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz021
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2019)
  • Corrigendum to: Cardiovascular toxicities associated with immune
           checkpoint inhibitors
    • Pages: 868 - 868
      Abstract: [Cardiovasc Res 2019;115:854–868].
      PubDate: Sun, 08 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz082
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2018)
  • Targeted expression of cyclin D2 ameliorates late stage anthracycline
    • Authors: Zhu W; Reuter S, Field L.
      Pages: 960 - 965
      Abstract: AimsDoxorubicin (DOX) is a widely used and effective anti-cancer therapeutic. DOX treatment is associated with both acute and late onset cardiotoxicity, limiting its overall efficacy. Here, the impact of cardiomyocyte cell cycle activation was examined in a juvenile model featuring aspects of acute and late onset DOX cardiotoxicity.Methods and resultsTwo-week old MHC-cycD2 transgenic mice (which express cyclin D2 in postnatal cardiomyocytes and exhibit sustained cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity; D2 mice) and their wild type (WT) littermates received weekly DOX injections for 5 weeks (25 mg/kg cumulative dose). One week after the last DOX treatment (acute stage), cardiac function was suppressed in both groups. Acute DOX cardiotoxicity in D2 and WT mice was associated with similar increases in the levels of cardiomyocyte apoptosis and Ku70/Ku80 expression (markers of DNA damage and oxidative stress), as well as similar reductions in hypertrophic cardiomyocyte growth. Cardiac dysfunction persisted in WT mice for 13 weeks following the last DOX treatment (late stage) and was accompanied by increased levels of cardiomyocyte apoptosis, Ku expression, and myocardial fibrosis. In contrast, D2 mice exhibited a progressive recovery in cardiac function, which was indistinguishable from saline-treated animals by 9 weeks following the last DOX treatment. Improved cardiac function was accompanied by reductions in the levels of late stage cardiomyocyte apoptosis, Ku expression, and myocardial fibrosis.ConclusionThese data suggest that cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity can promote recovery of cardiac function and preserve cardiac structure following DOX treatment.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy273
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 5 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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