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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 409 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 409 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 366, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 195, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 601, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 117, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 214, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insect Systematics and Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 272, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiovascular Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.002
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 15  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0008-6363 - ISSN (Online) 1755-3245
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [409 journals]
  • Leaders in Cardiovascular Research: Thomas Lüscher
    • Authors: Guzik T; Lüscher T.
      Abstract: Watch the interview
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz226
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Autophagy promotes longevity—except in the presence of
           ‘leaky’ mitochondria
    • Authors: Abdellatif M.
      Abstract: Commentary on ‘Mitochondrial permeability uncouples elevated autophagy and lifespan extension’ by Zhou B. et al., Cell, 2019.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz224
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • The Membership Committee of the ESC
    • Authors: Linde C; , Linde C, et al.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz225
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Turning basic science discoveries into successful commercial opportunities
    • Authors: van Rooij E.
      Abstract: So far, the world for many of us scientists revolved solely around the function of our favourite gene or cell type. However, valorization is rapidly becoming the new cornerstone of modern basic research. Institutes, universities, and funding agencies are stimulating scientists to become more aware of opportunities to increase the social and economic value of research. While most scientists are focused on getting data, writing papers or acquiring funding, valuable research results, dataset, or methods might now not be used to their fullest potential due to improper exploitation. And while the dedication to do good science is a must, it might be a good time for researchers to become more serious about exploring real-life applications for new discoveries to make science more relevant for society (Figure 1).1
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz172
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • The evolving treatment of peripheral arterial disease: preventing
           ischaemic events in the post-COMPASS era
    • Authors: Kaplovitch E; Anand S.
      Abstract: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are at high risk of both major adverse cardiac events (MACE) as well as major adverse limb events (MALE), such as severe limb ischaemia and amputation, due to widespread atherosclerosis. Peripheral arterial disease patients also have higher cardiovascular event rates than patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease,1 with double the total mortality than predicted by their risk factors alone.2 Much of this high morbidity is due to persistent risk factors and undertreatment with medical therapies.3 Until recently, and unlike the many trials including patients with CAD, a relative paucity of antithrombotic options have been investigated in large randomized controlled trials involving PAD patients. Therefore, single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) has been the standard of care in PAD patients for decades despite their heightened risk, with thienopyridines (specifically clopidogrel) being shown to be marginally more efficacious than aspirin.4,5
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz170
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Computational models of the atrial fibrillation substrate: can they
           explain post-ablation recurrences and help to prevent them
    • Authors: Nattel S.
      Pages: 1681 - 1683
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Arrhythmogenic propensity of the fibrotic substrate after AF ablation: a longitudinal study using MRI-based atrial models’ by R.L. Ali et al., pp. 1757–1765.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz121
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Epac1 inhibition as a novel cardioprotective strategy: lights and shadows
           on GRK5 canonical and non-canonical functions
    • Authors: Boccella N; Paolillo R, Perrino C.
      Pages: 1684 - 1686
      Abstract: β1-adrenergic receptors (β1AR) are members of the super-family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) and major regulators of cardiac function. β1AR stimulation leads to G protein-mediated generation of the second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and activation of effectors such as cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase A (PKA) or Exchange Proteins Activated by cAMP (Epac) (Figure 1). In addition, β1AR stimulation activates GPCR kinases (GRK) ‘canonical’ pathways,1 regulating β1AR phosphorylation, desensitization, down-regulation, degradation and recycling as well as activation of β-arrestin-dependent, G protein-independent signalling (Figure 1).2 GRK5 non-canonical activities in the nucleus have been also recently demonstrated, and new complexes/interactions between GRK5 and other proteins are being continuously identified.2
      PubDate: Mon, 15 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz188
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • How do endosomal Toll-like receptors sense and extend ischaemic myocardial
    • Authors: Frangogiannis N.
      Pages: 1687 - 1689
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Toll-like receptor 7 deficiency promotes survival and reduces adverse left ventricular remodelling after myocardial infarction’ by D.P.V. de Kleijn et al., pp. 1791–1803.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz128
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • RNA binding protein and microRNA control of endothelial cell function
    • Authors: Felicetta A; Condorelli G.
      Pages: 1690 - 1691
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Therapeutic modulation of RNA-binding protein Rbm38 facilitates re-endothelialization after arterial injury’, by K. Sonnenschein et al., pp. 1804–1810.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz144
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Endothelial function and dysfunction in the cardiovascular system: the
           long non-coding road
    • Authors: Monteiro J; Bennett M, Rodor J, et al.
      Pages: 1692 - 1704
      Abstract: Present throughout the vasculature, endothelial cells (ECs) are essential for blood vessel function and play a central role in the pathogenesis of diverse cardiovascular diseases. Understanding the intricate molecular determinants governing endothelial function and dysfunction is essential to develop novel clinical breakthroughs and improve knowledge. An increasing body of evidence demonstrates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are active regulators of the endothelial transcriptome and function, providing emerging insights into core questions surrounding EC contributions to pathology, and perhaps the emergence of novel therapeutic opportunities. In this review, we discuss this class of non-coding transcripts and their role in endothelial biology during cardiovascular development, homeostasis, and disease, highlighting challenges during discovery and characterization and how these have been overcome to date. We further discuss the translational therapeutic implications and the challenges within the field, highlighting lncRNA that support endothelial phenotypes prevalent in cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Jun 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz154
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Heterogeneity and plasticity in healthy and atherosclerotic vasculature
           explored by single-cell sequencing
    • Authors: van Kuijk K; Kuppe C, Betsholtz C, et al.
      Pages: 1705 - 1715
      Abstract: Cellular characteristics and their adjustment to a state of disease have become more evident due to recent advances in imaging, fluorescent reporter mice, and whole genome RNA sequencing. The uncovered cellular heterogeneity and/or plasticity potentially complicates experimental studies and clinical applications, as markers derived from whole tissue ‘bulk’ sequencing is unable to yield a subtype transcriptome and specific markers. Here, we propose definitions on heterogeneity and plasticity, discuss current knowledge thereof in the vasculature and how this may be improved by single-cell sequencing (SCS). SCS is emerging as an emerging technique, enabling researchers to investigate different cell populations in more depth than ever before. Cell selection methods, e.g. flow assisted cell sorting, and the quantity of cells can influence the choice of SCS method. Smart-Seq2 offers sequencing of the complete mRNA molecule on a low quantity of cells, while Drop-seq is possible on large numbers of cells on a more superficial level. SCS has given more insight in heterogeneity in healthy vasculature, where it revealed that zonation is crucial in gene expression profiles among the anatomical axis. In diseased vasculature, this heterogeneity seems even more prominent with discovery of new immune subsets in atherosclerosis as proof. Vascular smooth muscle cells and mesenchymal cells also share these plastic characteristics with the ability to up-regulate markers linked to stem cells, such as Sca-1 or CD34. Current SCS studies show some limitations to the number of replicates, quantity of cells used, or the loss of spatial information. Bioinformatical tools could give some more insight in current datasets, making use of pseudo-time analysis or RNA velocity to investigate cell differentiation or polarization. In this review, we discuss the use of SCS in unravelling heterogeneity in the vasculature, its current limitations and promising future applications.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz185
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Non-coding RNA in endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition
    • Authors: Hulshoff M; del Monte-Nieto G, Kovacic J, et al.
      Pages: 1716 - 1731
      Abstract: Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) is the process wherein endothelial cells lose their typical endothelial cell markers and functions and adopt a mesenchymal-like phenotype. EndMT is required for development of the cardiac valves, the pulmonary and dorsal aorta, and arterial maturation, but activation of the EndMT programme during adulthood is believed to contribute to several pathologies including organ fibrosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Non-coding RNAs, including microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs, and circular RNAs, modulate EndMT during development and disease. Here, we review the mechanisms by which non-coding RNAs facilitate or inhibit EndMT during development and disease and provide a perspective on the therapeutic application of non-coding RNAs to treat fibroproliferative cardiovascular disease.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz211
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Non-coding RNAs in cardiovascular cell biology and atherosclerosis
    • Authors: Fasolo F; Di Gregoli K, Maegdefessel L, et al.
      Pages: 1732 - 1756
      Abstract: Atherosclerosis underlies the predominant number of cardiovascular diseases and remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The development, progression and formation of clinically relevant atherosclerotic plaques involves the interaction of distinct and over-lapping mechanisms which dictate the roles and actions of multiple resident and recruited cell types including endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and monocyte/macrophages. The discovery of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) including microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs, and circular RNAs, and their identification as key mechanistic regulators of mRNA and protein expression has piqued interest in their potential contribution to atherosclerosis. Accruing evidence has revealed ncRNAs regulate pivotal cellular and molecular processes during all stages of atherosclerosis including cell invasion, growth, and survival; cellular uptake and efflux of lipids, expression and release of pro- and anti-inflammatory intermediaries, and proteolytic balance. The expression profile of ncRNAs within atherosclerotic lesions and the circulation have been determined with the aim of identifying individual or clusters of ncRNAs which may be viable therapeutic targets alongside deployment as biomarkers of atherosclerotic plaque progression. Consequently, numerous in vivo studies have been convened to determine the effects of moderating the function or expression of select ncRNAs in well-characterized animal models of atherosclerosis. Together, clinicopathological findings and studies in animal models have elucidated the multifaceted and frequently divergent effects ncRNAs impose both directly and indirectly on the formation and progression of atherosclerosis. From these findings’ potential novel therapeutic targets and strategies have been discovered which may pave the way for further translational studies and possibly taken forward for clinical application.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz203
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Arrhythmogenic propensity of the fibrotic substrate after atrial
           fibrillation ablation: a longitudinal study using magnetic resonance
           imaging-based atrial models
    • Authors: Ali R; Hakim J, Boyle P, et al.
      Pages: 1757 - 1765
      Abstract: AimsInadequate modification of the atrial fibrotic substrate necessary to sustain re-entrant drivers (RDs) may explain atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence following failed pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Personalized computational models of the fibrotic atrial substrate derived from late gadolinium enhanced (LGE)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to non-invasively determine the presence of RDs. The objective of this study is to assess the changes of the arrhythmogenic propensity of the fibrotic substrate after PVI.Methods and resultsPre- and post-ablation individualized left atrial models were constructed from 12 AF patients who underwent pre- and post-PVI LGE-MRI, in six of whom PVI failed. Pre-ablation AF sustained by RDs was induced in 10 models. RDs in the post-ablation models were classified as either preserved or emergent. Pre-ablation models derived from patients for whom the procedure failed exhibited a higher number of RDs and larger areas defined as promoting RD formation when compared with atrial models from patients who had successful ablation, 2.6 ± 0.9 vs. 1.8 ± 0.2 and 18.9 ± 1.6% vs. 13.8 ± 1.5%, respectively. In cases of successful ablation, PVI eliminated completely the RDs sustaining AF. Preserved RDs unaffected by ablation were documented only in post-ablation models of patients who experienced recurrent AF (2/5 models); all of these models had also one or more emergent RDs at locations distinct from those of pre-ablation RDs. Emergent RDs occurred in regions that had the same characteristics of the fibrosis spatial distribution (entropy and density) as regions that harboured RDs in pre-ablation models.ConclusionRecurrent AF after PVI in the fibrotic atria may be attributable to both preserved RDs that sustain AF pre- and post-ablation, and the emergence of new RDs following ablation. The same levels of fibrosis entropy and density underlie the pro-RD propensity in both pre- and post-ablation substrates.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz083
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Identification of a pharmacological inhibitor of Epac1 that protects the
           heart against acute and chronic models of cardiac stress
    • Authors: Laudette M; Coluccia A, Sainte-Marie Y, et al.
      Pages: 1766 - 1777
      Abstract: AimsRecent studies reported that cAMP-binding protein Epac1-deficient mice were protected against various forms of cardiac stress, suggesting that pharmacological inhibition of Epac1 could be beneficial for the treatment of cardiac diseases. To test this assumption, we characterized an Epac1-selective inhibitory compound and investigated its potential cardioprotective properties.Methods and resultsWe used the Epac1-BRET (bioluminescence resonance energy transfer) for searching for non-cyclic nucleotide Epac1 modulators. A thieno[2,3-b]pyridine derivative, designated as AM-001 was identified as a non-competitive inhibitor of Epac1. AM-001 has no antagonist effect on Epac2 or protein kinase A activity. This small molecule prevents the activation of the Epac1 downstream effector Rap1 in cultured cells, in response to the Epac1 preferential agonist, 8-CPT-AM. In addition, we found that AM-001 inhibited Epac1-dependent deleterious effects such as cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and death. Importantly, AM-001-mediated inhibition of Epac1 reduces infarct size after mouse myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Finally, AM-001 attenuates cardiac hypertrophy, inflammation and fibrosis, and improves cardiac function during chronic β-adrenergic receptor activation with isoprenaline (ISO) in mice. At the molecular level, ISO increased Epac1-G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 (GRK5) interaction and induced GRK5 nuclear import and histone deacetylase type 5 (HDAC5) nuclear export to promote the activity of the prohypertrophic transcription factor, myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2). Inversely, AM-001 prevented the non-canonical action of GRK5 on HDAC5 cytoplasmic shuttle to down-regulate MEF2 transcriptional activity.ConclusionOur study represents a ‘proof-of-concept’ for the therapeutic effectiveness of inhibiting Epac1 activity in cardiac disease using small-molecule pharmacotherapy.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz076
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Cardiac adenylyl cyclase overexpression precipitates and aggravates
           age-related myocardial dysfunction
    • Authors: Mougenot N; Mika D, Czibik G, et al.
      Pages: 1778 - 1790
      Abstract: AimsIncrease of cardiac cAMP bioavailability and PKA activity through adenylyl-cyclase 8 (AC8) overexpression enhances contractile function in young transgenic mice (AC8TG). Ageing is associated with decline of cardiac contraction partly by the desensitization of β-adrenergic/cAMP signalling. Our objective was to evaluate cardiac cAMP signalling as age increases between 2 months and 12 months and to explore whether increasing the bioavailability of cAMP by overexpression of AC8 could prevent cardiac dysfunction related to age.Methods and resultsCardiac cAMP pathway and contractile function were evaluated in AC8TG and their non-transgenic littermates (NTG) at 2- and 12 months old. AC8TG demonstrated increased AC8, PDE1, 3B and 4D expression at both ages, resulting in increased phosphodiesterase and PKA activity, and increased phosphorylation of several PKA targets including sarco(endo)plasmic-reticulum-calcium-ATPase (SERCA2a) cofactor phospholamban (PLN) and GSK3α/β a main regulator of hypertrophic growth and ageing. Confocal immunofluorescence revealed that the major phospho-PKA substrates were co-localized with Z-line in 2-month-old NTG but with Z-line interspace in AC8TG, confirming the increase of PKA activity in the compartment of PLN/SERCA2a. In both 12-month-old NTG and AC8TG, PLN and GSK3α/β phosphorylation was increased together with main localization of phospho-PKA substrates in Z-line interspaces. Haemodynamics demonstrated an increased contractile function in 2- and 12-month-old AC8TG, but not in NTG. In contrast, echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) performed in conscious mice unmasked myocardial dysfunction with a decrease of systolic strain rate in both old AC8TG and NTG. In AC8TG TDI showed a reduced strain rate even in 2-month-old animals. Development of age-related cardiac dysfunction was accelerated in AC8TG, leading to heart failure (HF) and premature death. Histological analysis confirmed early cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis in AC8TG when compared with NTG.ConclusionOur data demonstrated an early and accelerated cardiac remodelling in AC8TG mice, leading to the development of HF and reduced lifespan. Age-related reorganization of cAMP/PKA signalling can accelerate cardiac ageing, partly through GSK3α/β phosphorylation.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy306
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Toll-like receptor 7 deficiency promotes survival and reduces adverse left
           ventricular remodelling after myocardial infarction
    • Authors: de Kleijn D; Chong S, Wang X, et al.
      Pages: 1791 - 1803
      Abstract: AimsThe Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) is an intracellular innate immune receptor activated by nucleic acids shed from dying cells leading to activation of the innate immune system. Since innate immune system activation is involved in the response to myocardial infarction (MI), this study aims to identify if TLR7 is involved in post-MI ischaemic injury and adverse remodelling after MI.Methods and resultsTLR7 involvement in MI was investigated in human tissue from patients with ischaemic heart failure, as well as in a mouse model of permanent left anterior descending artery occlusion in C57BL/6J wild type and TLR7 deficient (TLR7−/−) mice. TLR7 expression was up-regulated in human and mouse ischaemic myocardium after MI. Compared to wild type mice, TLR7−/− mice had less acute cardiac rupture associated with blunted activation of matrix metalloproteinase 2, increased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1, recruitment of more myofibroblasts, and the formation of a myocardial scar with higher collagen fibre density. Furthermore, inflammatory cell influx and inflammatory cytokine expression post-MI were reduced in the TLR7−/− heart. During a 28-day follow-up after MI, TLR7 deficiency resulted in less chronic adverse left ventricular remodelling and better cardiac function. Bone marrow (BM) transplantation experiments showed that TLR7 deficiency in BM-derived cells preserved cardiac function after MI.ConclusionsIn acute MI, TLR7 mediates the response to acute cardiac injury and chronic remodelling probably via modulation of post-MI scar formation and BM-derived inflammatory infiltration of the myocardium.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz057
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
  • Therapeutic modulation of RNA-binding protein Rbm38 facilitates
           re-endothelialization after arterial injury
    • Authors: Sonnenschein K; Fiedler J, Pfanne A, et al.
      Pages: 1804 - 1810
      Abstract: AimsDelayed re-endothelialization after balloon angioplasty in patients with coronary or peripheral artery disease impairs vascular healing and leads to neointimal proliferation. In the present study, we examined the effect of RNA-binding motif protein 38 (Rbm38) during re-endothelialization in a murine model of experimental vascular injury.Methods and resultsLeft common carotid arteries of C57BL/6 mice were electrically denudated and endothelial regeneration was evaluated. Profiling of RNA-binding proteins revealed dysregulated expression of Rbm38 in the denudated and regenerated areas. We next tested the importance of Rbm38 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECS) and analysed its effects on cellular proliferation, migration and apoptosis. Rbm38 silencing in vitro demonstrated important beneficial functional effects on migratory capacity and proliferation of endothelial cells. In vivo, local silencing of Rbm38 also improved re-endothelialization of denuded carotid arteries. Luciferase reporter assay identified miR-98 and let-7f to regulate Rbm38 and the positive proliferative properties of Rbm38 silencing in vitro and in vivo were mimicked by therapeutic overexpression of these miRNAs.ConclusionThe present data identified Rbm38 as an important factor of the regulation of various endothelial cell functions. Local inhibition of Rbm38 as well as overexpression of the upstream regulators miR-98 and let-7f improved endothelial regeneration in vivo and thus may be a novel therapeutic entry point to avoid endothelial damage after balloon angioplasty.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvz063
      Issue No: Vol. 115, No. 12 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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