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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 392 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 392 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.075, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 150, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 3.771, h-index: 262)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 583, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clean Energy     Open Access  
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.62, h-index: 53)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access  
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 59)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.199, h-index: 61)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.994, h-index: 107)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 196, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.713, h-index: 57)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.327, h-index: 82)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 2.878, h-index: 80)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)

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Journal Cover Cardiovascular Research
  [SJR: 2.897]   [H-I: 175]   [13 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0008-6363 - ISSN (Online) 1755-3245
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [392 journals]
  • FRET-ting about RhoA signalling in heart and vasculature: a new tool in
           our cardiovascular toolbox
    • Authors: Bruche S; Zaccolo M.
      Abstract: Dr. Susann Bruche is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford and a Junior Research Fellow at Wolfson College. After graduating in Biochemistry at University of Leipzig, Germany, she studied adherens junction signalling at Imperial College London. She now investigates the role of alternative splicing in the regulation of epicardial activation and heart repair after myocardial infarction. Susann’s academic achievements have been acknowledged with prestigious scholarships from organizations including of the German National Merit Foundation and the British Heart Foundation.
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Reperfusion in the brain: is time important' The DAWN and DEFUSE-3
           trials
    • Authors: Robinson T.
      Abstract: Professor Tom Robinson is Head of the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences at the University of Leicester, National Specialty Lead for the National Institute for Health Research Clinical Research Network, and President of the British Association of Stroke Physicians. Professor Robinson works as a Stroke Physician, and his research focus is on clinical trials in acute stroke, particularly blood pressure and thrombolysis management, and studies of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular regulatory mechanisms.
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Why we should reward peer reviewers
    • Authors: Maffia P.
      Abstract: Dr. Pasquale Maffia received his B.Sc. (HONS) in Pharmacy in 1994, M.Phil. in Pharmacology in 1996 and Ph.D. in Pharmacology in 2000, all from the University of Naples Federico II (Italy), where he became Aggregate Professor of Pharmacology in 2006. He then joined the University of Strathclyde as a Lecturer in Integrative Mammalian Biology, before moving to the University of Glasgow where he is currently Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, and the BHF Centre of Excellence in Vascular Science and Medicine. He is the Senior Honours Immunology degree programme co-ordinator in Glasgow and serves on the Executive Committee of the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) Immunopharmacology Section and the British Pharmacological Society Policy and Public Engagement Committee. He is an Editorial Board Member of the British Journal of Pharmacology and Frontiers in Immunology, Associate Editor of Pharmacological Research, and Executive Deputy Editor of Cardiovascular Research. Dr. Maffia has a major interest in the immune response in cardiovascular disease. He has authored over 60 scientific papers in peer-reviewed journals including Immunity, Circulation, PNAS, and Blood. He is an elected fellow of the Royal Society of Biology, the British Pharmacological Society, and the European Society of Cardiology.
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Katie Thomas talks to Rory Collins, international leader in population and
           epidemiology studies in cardiovascular disease
    • Abstract: Watch the interview here:https://youtu.be/cVy0jjJVhX0
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Intramural clefts and structural discontinuities in Brugada syndrome: the
           missing gap'
    • Authors: Boukens B; Remme C.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Normal interventricular differences in tissue architecture underlie right ventricular susceptibility to conduction abnormalities in a mouse model of Brugada syndrome’ by A. Kelly et al., pp. 724–736.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Using light to fight atrial fibrillation
    • Authors: Schneider-Warme F; Ravens U.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Optogenetic termination of atrial fibrillation in mice’ by T. Bruegmann et al., pp. 713–723.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Non-genomic effects of nuclear receptors: insights from the anucleate
           platelet
    • Authors: Unsworth A; Flora G, Gibbins J.
      Abstract: Nuclear receptors (NRs) have the ability to elicit two different kinds of responses, genomic and non-genomic. Although genomic responses control gene expression by influencing the rate of transcription, non-genomic effects occur rapidly and independently of transcriptional regulation. Due to their anucleate nature and mechanistically well-characterized and rapid responses, platelets provide a model system for the study of any non-genomic effects of the NRs. Several NRs have been found to be present in human platelets, and multiple NR agonists have been shown to elicit anti-platelet effects by a variety of mechanisms. The non-genomic functions of NRs vary, including the regulation of kinase and phosphatase activity, ion channel function, intracellular calcium levels, and production of second messengers. Recently, the characterization of mechanisms and identification of novel binding partners of NRs have further strengthened the prospects of developing their ligands into potential therapeutics that offer cardio-protective properties in addition to their other defined genomic effects.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Can stress make you relax'
    • Authors: Balligand J; Farah C.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Stretch-induced compliance: a novel adaptive biological mechanism following acute cardiac load’ by A.M. Leite-Moreira et al., pp. 656–667.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Age-dependent increase in c-Jun N-terminal kinase-2 activity: does this
           help to understand Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein-kinase II-mediated
           atrial arrhythmogenesis in human atrial fibrillation'
    • Authors: Dobrev D; Lorenz K.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Transcriptional regulation of stress kinase JNK2 in pro-arrhythmic CaMKIIδ expression in the aged atrium’ by X. Gao et al., pp. 737–746.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Osteoglycin attenuates cardiac fibrosis by suppressing cardiac
           myofibroblast proliferation and migration through antagonizing
           lysophosphatidic acid 3/matrix metalloproteinase 2/epidermal growth factor
           receptor signalling
    • Authors: Zuo C; Li X, Huang J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsCardiac myofibroblasts (CMFs) play a crucial role in the progression of pathological fibrotic cardiac remodelling. The expression of osteoglycin (OGN) is increased in diseased hearts; however, the role of OGN in pathological cardiac remodelling is not understood. Here, we sought to determine the effect of OGN on cardiac interstitial fibrosis and investigate the molecular mechanisms of OGN in CMF activation and matrix production.Methods and resultsWe found that OGN expression was significantly upregulated in mouse hearts in response to chronic 14-day angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion. Mice lacking OGN (OGN−/−) exhibited enhanced cardiac interstitial fibrosis and significantly more severe cardiac dysfunction following Ang II infusion compared to wild-type mice. OGN deficiency did not alter blood pressure, nor had effect on transforming growth factor-beta signalling activation, but presented with increased proliferative activity in hearts. In vitro studies with isolated CMFs revealed that OGN deficiency significantly increased proliferation and migration and enhanced the transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling by Ang II. On the other hand, OGN overexpression in CMFs decreased their proliferation and migration via reducing EGFR activation. Overexpression of OGN also suppressed the shedding of membrane anchored EGFR ligand. Moreover, OGN was found to interact with a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor isoform 3 and thus to attenuate EGFR transactivation through blocking cell surface translocation of membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and subsequent pro-MMP-2 activation in a Ras homolog gene family, member A (RhoA)/Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK)-dependent manner.ConclusionThese findings suggest that OGN negatively regulates cardiac fibrotic remodelling by attenuating CMF proliferation and migration through LPA3-mediated and Rho/ROCK-dependent inhibition of MT1-MMP translocation, MMP2 activation and EGFR transactivation.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Stretch-induced compliance: a novel adaptive biological mechanism
           following acute cardiac load
    • Authors: Leite-Moreira A; Almeida-Coelho J, Neves J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsThe heart is constantly challenged with acute bouts of stretching or overload. Systolic adaptations to these challenges are known but adaptations in diastolic stiffness remain unknown. We evaluated adaptations in myocardial stiffness due to acute stretching and characterized the underlying mechanisms.Methods and resultsLeft ventricles (LVs) of intact rat hearts, rabbit papillary muscles and myocardial strips from cardiac surgery patients were stretched. After stretching, there was a sustained >40% decrease in end-diastolic pressure (EDP) or passive tension (PT) for 15 min in all species and experimental preparations. Stretching by volume loading in volunteers and cardiac surgery patients resulted in E/E’ and EDP decreases, respectively, after sustained stretching. Stretched samples had increased myocardial cGMP levels, increased phosphorylated vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation, as well as, increased titin phosphorylation, which was reduced by prior protein kinase G (PKG) inhibition (PKGi). Skinned cardiomyocytes from stretched and non-stretched myocardia were studied. Skinned cardiomyocytes from stretched hearts showed decreased PT, which was abrogated by protein phosphatase incubation; whereas those from non-stretched hearts decreased PT after PKG incubation. Pharmacological studies assessed the role of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs). PT decay after stretching was significantly reduced by combined NP antagonism, NO synthase inhibition and NO scavenging, or by PKGi. Response to stretching was remarkably reduced in a rat model of LV hypertrophy, which also failed to increase titin phosphorylation.ConclusionsWe describe and translate to human physiology a novel adaptive mechanism, partly mediated by titin phosphorylation through cGMP–PKG signalling, whereby myocardial compliance increases in response to acute stretching. This mechanism may not function in the hypertrophic heart.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Stat5-dependent cardioprotection in late remote ischaemia preconditioning
    • Authors: Chen H; Jing X, Shen Y, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo study the protective effects of late remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and determine whether Stat5 is involved in this protection by using cardiomyocyte-specific Stat5 knockout mice (Stat5-cKO).Methods and resultsMice were exposed to lower limb RIPC or sham ischaemia. After 24 h, the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was ligated for 30 min, then reperfused for 180 min. The myocardial infarct size (IS), apoptotic rate of cardiomyocytes, and serum myocardial enzymes were measured to evaluate for cardioprotective effects. Heart tissues were harvested to determine the cardiomyocytes’ anti-apoptotic and survival signaling. When compared with the Stat5fl/fl mice without RIPC, Stat5fl/fl mice with RIPC (Stat5fl/fl+RIPC + I/R) displayed a decreased myocardial IS/LV (16 ± 1.5 vs. 30.1 ± 3.1%, P < 0.01; IS/ area at risk (AAR), 42.2 ± 3.5 vs. 69.2 ± 4.9%, P < 0.01), a reduced cardiomyocyte apoptotic rate (2.1 ± 0.37 vs. 5.5 ± 0.53%, P < 0.01), and lower creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) levels. To the contrary, the Stat5-cKO mice (Stat5fl/fl; Tnnt2Cremice with Doxycycline treatment for 7 days) did not exhibit any effect of RIPC-induced cardioprotection. Activation of STAT5 protein was significantly higher in the Stat5fl/fl+RIPC + I/R group than in the Stat5fl/fl+I/R group, while there was no significant difference between the Stat5-cKO + RIPC + I/R and the Stat5-cKO + I/R group. Further analyses with heart tissues detected decreased protein expressions of cytochrome c (Cyt c) and cleaved Caspase-3 in the Stat5fl/fl+RIPC + I/R mice, along with increased anti-apoptotic molecules, including B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2); such changes were not noted in the Stat5-cKO + RIPC + I/R mice. Additionally, RIPC increased cardiac hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α) and interleukin-10 (IL10) protein levels and caused activation of AKT, phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K), and vascular endothelial growth factor in the heart of the Stat5fl/fl mice. However, these changes were completely inhibited by the absence of Stat5.ConclusionsThese results suggest that RIPC-induced late cardioprotection against myocardial I/R injury is Stat5-dependent and is correlated with the activation of anti-apoptotic signaling and cardiomyocyte-survival signaling.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Identification of cardiac long non-coding RNA profile in human dilated
           cardiomyopathy
    • Authors: Li H; Chen C, Fan J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) induced chronic heart failure is a life-threatening disease worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are potential new therapeutic targets and may provide new pathophysiological mechanisms for development of DCM.Methods and resultsMicroarray assays in 14 DCM and 10 control human heart samples identified 313 significantly differentially expressed lncRNAs. SiRNAs were used to explore the potential function of specific lncRNAs (RP11-544D21.2 and XLOC_014288) in human cardiac myocytes, human cardiac fibroblasts and human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells, respectively. RNA-seq and pathway analyses revealed the function of lncRNA RP11-544D21.2 and XLOC_014288 in three heart cells. Furthermore, impaired tube formation and migration were observed in si-RP11-544D21.2-treated endothelial cells. Moreover, TAF10 was predicted and verified to be one of the causes of some up-regulated lncRNAs. Then, we found that the left ventricular ejection fraction correlated with these changed lncRNAs.ConclusionsThis study provides a comparison of human cardiac lncRNA profiles in control and DCM. It illustrates the function and complex roles of the differentially expressed lncRNAs in different cell types in the heart, which may lead to new insights into the mechanisms and treatment strategies for DCM in the future.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Endogenous Sonic Hedgehog limits inflammation and angiogenesis in the
           ischaemic skeletal muscle of mice
    • Authors: Caradu C; Guy A, James C, et al.
      Abstract: AimsHedgehog (Hh) signalling has been shown to be re-activated in ischaemic tissues and participate in ischaemia-induced angiogenesis. Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) is upregulated by more than 80-fold in the ischaemic skeletal muscle, however its specific role in ischaemia-induced angiogenesis has not yet been fully investigated.The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of endogenous Shh in ischaemia-induced angiogenesis.Methods and resultsTo this aim, we used inducible Shh knock-out (KO) mice and unexpectedly found that capillary density was significantly increased in re-generating muscle of Shh deficient mice 5 days after hind limb ischaemia was induced, demonstrating that endogenous Shh does not promote angiogenesis but more likely limits it. Myosin and MyoD expression were equivalent in Shh deficient mice and control mice, indicating that endogenous Shh is not required for ischaemia-induced myogenesis. Additionally, we observed a significant increase in macrophage infiltration in the ischaemic muscle of Shh deficient mice. Our data indicate that this was due to an increase in chemokine expression by myoblasts in the setting of impaired Hh signalling, using tissue specific Smoothened conditional KO mice. The increased macrophage infiltration in mice deficient for Hh signalling in myocytes was associated with increased VEGFA expression and a transiently increased angiogenesis, demonstrating that Shh limits inflammation and angiogenesis indirectly by signalling to myocytes.ConclusionAlthough ectopic administration of Shh has previously been shown to promote ischaemia-induced angiogenesis, the present study reveals that endogenous Shh does not promote ischaemia-induced angiogenesis. On the contrary, the absence of Shh leads to aberrant ischaemic tissue inflammation and a transiently increased angiogenesis.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Elevated plasma catecholamines functionally compensate for the reduced
           myogenic tone in smooth muscle STIM1 knockout mice but with deleterious
           cardiac effects
    • Authors: Pichavaram P; Yin W, Evanson K, et al.
      Abstract: AimsStromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) has emerged as an important player in the regulation of growth and proliferation of smooth muscle cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that STIM1 plays a crucial role in the maintenance of vascular integrity. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether reduced expression of STIM1 could modify the structure and function of the vasculature, leading to changes in blood pressure (BP).Methods and resultsSmooth muscle-specific STIM1 knockout (sm‐STIM1 KO) in mice resulted in arteries with ∼80% reduced STIM1 protein expression as compared with control mice. Mesenteric vessels exposed to increasing transmural pressure revealed attenuated myogenic reactivity and reduced vasoconstrictor response to phenylephrine in sm‐STIM1 KO arteries. BP monitored via telemetry in sm-STIM1 KO and matched controls did not reveal differences. However, heart rate was significantly increased in sm-STIM1 KO mice. Consistent with these findings, plasma catecholamine levels were higher in sm-STIM1 KO than in control mice. Increased sympathetic activity in sm-STIM1 KO mice was unmasked by apha1-adrenergic receptor inhibitor (prazosin) and by treatment with the ganglion-blocking agent, hexamethonium. Both treatments resulted in a greater reduction of BP in sm-STIM1 KO mice. Cytoskeleton of cultured smooth muscle cells was studied by immunocytochemistry using specific antibodies. Staining for actin and vinculin revealed significant alterations in the cytoskeletal architecture of cells isolated from sm-STIM1 KO arteries. Finally, although sm-STIM1 KO mice were protected from Ang II-induced hypertension, such treatment resulted in significant fibrosis and a rapid deterioration of cardiac function.ConclusionsSTIM1 deletion in smooth muscle results in attenuated myogenic tone and cytoskeletal defects with detrimental effects on the mechanical properties of arterial tissue. Although BP is maintained by elevated circulating catecholamine, this compensatory stimulation has a deleterious long-term effect on the myocardium.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • IL-6 trans-signalling contributes to aldosterone-induced cardiac fibrosis
    • Authors: Chou C; Hung C, Liao C, et al.
      Abstract: AimsAn excess of aldosterone results in cardiac remodelling and fibrosis. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key mediator in the fibrotic process; however, the effect of aldosterone on the expression of IL-6 remains unclear. We investigated whether aldosterone induces the expression of IL-6 and thereby contributes to the fibrotic process.Methods and resultsIn this clinical study, we prospectively enrolled 25 patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and 26 patients with essential hypertension (EH). The PA patients had higher plasma IL-6 levels, left ventricular mass index, degree of myocardial fibrosis, and more impaired diastolic function than the EH patients. In addition, plasma IL-6 levels were positively correlated with 24-h urinary aldosterone and echocardiographic parameters. In cell studies, we investigated the possible molecular mechanism how aldosterone-induced IL-6 secretion and the further effects of collagen production. Aldosterone significantly induced IL-6 protein and mRNA production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Intracellular signalling occurred through the mineralocorticoid receptor/PI3K/Akt/NF-kB pathway. In cardiac fibroblasts, IL-6 trans-signalling played a critical role in aldosterone-induced IL-6-enhanced fibrosis-related factor expression. To further investigate the role of IL-6 trans-signalling in aldosterone-induced cardiac fibrosis, we measured the severity of myocardial fibrosis in aldosterone infusion mice models including an IL-6 chemical inhibitor and Sgp130 Knockin Transgenic Mice. Mice receiving recombinant soluble gp130 and Sgp130 Knockin Transgenic Mice prevented myocardial fibrosis and cardiac hypertrophy by aldosterone infusion.ConclusionsIL-6 trans-signalling contributes to aldosterone-induced cardiac fibrosis.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Transcriptional regulation of stress kinase JNK2 in pro-arrhythmic
           CaMKII╬┤ expression in the aged atrium
    • Authors: Gao X; Wu X, Yan J, et al.
      Abstract: Aimsc-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a critical stress response kinase that activates in a wide range of physiological and pathological cellular processes. We recently discovered a pivotal role of JNK in the development of atrial arrhythmias in the aged heart, while cardiac CaMKIIδ, another pro-arrhythmic molecule, was also known to enhance atrial arrhythmogenicity. Here, we aimed to reveal a regulatory role of the stress kinase JNK2 isoform on CaMKIIδ expression. Methods and resultsActivated JNK2 leads to increased CaMKIIδ protein expression in aged human and mouse atria, evidenced from the reversal of CaMKIIδ up-regulation in JNK2 inhibitor treated wild-type aged mice. This JNK2 action in CaMKIIδ expression was further confirmed in HL-1 myocytes co-infected with AdMKK7D-JNK2, but not when co-infected with AdMKK7D-JNK1. JNK2-specific inhibition (either by a JNK2 inhibitor or overexpression of inactivated dominant-negative JNK2 (JNK2dn) completely attenuated JNK activator anisomycin-induced CaMKIIδ up-regulation in HL-1 myocytes, whereas overexpression of JNK1dn did not. Moreover, up-regulated CaMKIIδ mRNA along with substantially increased phosphorylation of JNK downstream transcription factor c-jun [but not activating transcription factor2 (ATF2)] were exhibited in both aged atria (humans and mice) and transiently JNK activated HL-1 myocytes. Cross-linked chromatin-immunoprecipitation assays (XChIP) revealed that both c-jun and ATF2 were bound to the CaMKIIδ promoter, but significantly increased binding of c-jun only occurred in the presence of anisomycin and JNK inhibition alleviated this anisomycin-elevated c-jun binding. Mutated CaMKII consensus c-jun binding sites impaired its promoter activity. Enhanced transcriptional activity of CaMKIIδ by anisomycin was also completely reversed to the baseline by either JNK2 siRNA or c-jun siRNA knockdown.ConclusionJNK2 activation up-regulates CaMKIIδ expression in the aged atrium. This JNK2 regulation in CaMKIIδ expression occurs at the transcription level through the JNK downstream transcription factor c-jun. The discovery of this novel molecular mechanism of JNK2-regulated CaMKII expression sheds new light on possible anti-arrhythmia drug development.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Optogenetic termination of atrial fibrillation in mice
    • Authors: Bruegmann T; Beiert T, Vogt C, et al.
      Abstract: AimsThe primary goal in the treatment of symptomatic atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) is to restore sinus rhythm by cardioversion. Electrical shocks are highly effective, but have to be applied under analgo-sedation and can further harm the heart. In order to develop a novel pain-free and less harmful approach, we explored herein the optogenetic cardioversion by light-induced depolarization.Methods and resultsHearts from mice expressing Channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) and the AF-promoting loss-of-function Connexin 40 Ala96Ser mutation were explanted and perfused with low K+ Tyrode’s solution and an atrial KATP-channel activator. This new protocol shortened atrial refractoriness as well as slowed atrial conduction and thereby enabled the induction of sustained AF. AF episodes could be terminated by epicardial illumination of the atria with focussed blue light (470 nm, 0.4 mW/mm2) with an efficacy of ∼97% (n = 17 hearts). In > 80% of cases, light directly terminated the AF episode with onset of illumination. Because similar illumination intensity was able to locally inhibit atrial activity, we propose that a light-induced block of electrical activity is responsible for reliable AF termination. The success rate was strongly depending on the illuminated area, applied light intensity and duration of illumination. Importantly, we were also able to demonstrate optogenetic termination of AF in vivo, using epicardial illumination through the open chest (n = 3 hearts). To point towards a translational potential, we systemically injected an adeno-associated virus to express ChR2 in wild type hearts. After 6–8 months, we found robust ChR2 expression in the atria, enabling light-mediated AF termination in six of seven mice tested.ConclusionWe provide the first evidence for optogenetic termination of atrial tachyarrhythmia in intact hearts from transgenic as well as wild type mice ex and in vivo. Thus, this report could lay the foundation for the development of implantable devices for pain-free termination of AF.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Normal interventricular differences in tissue architecture underlie right
           ventricular susceptibility to conduction abnormalities in a mouse model of
           Brugada syndrome
    • Authors: Kelly A; Salerno S, Connolly A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsLoss-of-function of the cardiac sodium channel NaV1.5 is a common feature of Brugada syndrome. Arrhythmias arise preferentially from the right ventricle (RV) despite equivalent NaV1.5 downregulation in the left ventricle (LV). The reasons for increased RV sensitivity to NaV1.5 loss-of-function mutations remain unclear. Because ventricular electrical activation occurs predominantly in the transmural axis, we compare RV and LV transmural electrophysiology to determine the underlying cause of the asymmetrical conduction abnormalities in Scn5a haploinsufficient mice (Scn5a+/−).Methods and resultsOptical mapping and two-photon microscopy in isolated-perfused mouse hearts demonstrated equivalent depression of transmural conduction velocity (CV) in the LV and RV of Scn5a+/− vs. wild-type littermates. Only RV transmural conduction was further impaired when challenged with increased pacing frequencies. Epicardial dispersion of activation and beat-to-beat variation in activation time were increased only in the RV of Scn5a+/− hearts. Analysis of confocal and histological images revealed larger intramural clefts between cardiomyocyte layers in the RV vs. LV, independent of genotype. Acute sodium current inhibition in wild type hearts using tetrodotoxin reproduced beat-to-beat activation variability and frequency-dependent CV slowing in the RV only, with the LV unaffected. The influence of clefts on conduction was examined using a two-dimensional monodomain computational model. When peak sodium channel conductance was reduced to 50% of normal the presence of clefts between cardiomyocyte layers reproduced the activation variability and conduction phenotype observed experimentally.ConclusionsNormal structural heterogeneities present in the RV are responsible for increased vulnerability to conduction slowing in the presence of reduced sodium channel function. Heterogeneous conduction slowing seen in the RV will predispose to functional block and the initiation of re-entrant ventricular arrhythmias.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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