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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 396 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 396 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 587, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.163, CiteScore: 2)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access  
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 238, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 4.411, CiteScore: 5)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.05, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Computer-Mediated Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.961, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 5.856, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Cardiovascular Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.002
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 14  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0008-6363 - ISSN (Online) 1755-3245
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Scientists on the Spot: Carol Ann Remme on her research and career
    • Authors: Smits A; Remme C.
      Abstract: Watch the interview here:'v=xCXEql2_b9M
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy238
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • ESC Congress 2018 highlights in basic science: a report from the
           Scientists of Tomorrow
    • Authors: Schmidt C; Voigt N.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy234
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • A CHIP mutation to battle cancer: potential or hazard for cardiovascular
    • Authors: Leuschner F.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy237
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Fifty years after Favaloro, coronary artery bypass surgery is still an ART
    • Authors: Gaudino M; Taggart D.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy236
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • NaV1.8: a novel contributor to cardiac arrhythmogenesis in heart failure
    • Authors: Coppini R; Ferrantini C.
      Pages: 1691 - 1693
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Differential regulation of sodium channels as a novel proarrhythmic mechanism in the human failing heart’ by N. Dybkova et al., pp. 1728–1737.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy210
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • ADAM-15 and glycocalyx shedding: a new perspective on sepsis-related
           vasomotor dysfunction
    • Authors: Horowitz J; Liu S.
      Pages: 1694 - 1695
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 15-mediated glycocalyx shedding contributes to vascular leakage during inflammation’ by X. Yang et al., pp. 1752–1763.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy199
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Mitochondrial function in thoracic aortic aneurysms
    • Authors: Yu E; Foote K, Bennett M.
      Pages: 1696 - 1698
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Decreased mitochondrial respiration in aneurysmal aortas of Fibulin-4 mutant mice is linked to PGC1A regulation’ by I. van der Pluijm et al., pp. 1776–1793.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy180
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Drebrin: a new player in angiotensin II-induced aortopathies
    • Authors: Sawada H; Wright B, Chen J, et al.
      Pages: 1699 - 1701
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Drebrin regulates angiotensin II-induced aortic remodeling’ by L. Zhang et al., pp. 1806–1815.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy205
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Diabetes and aortic aneurysm: current state of the art
    • Authors: Raffort J; Lareyre F, Clément M, et al.
      Pages: 1702 - 1713
      Abstract: Aortic aneurysm is a life-threatening disease due to the risk of aortic rupture. The only curative treatment available relies on surgical approaches; drug-based therapies are lacking, highlighting an unmet need for clinical practice. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is frequently associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors including male sex, age, smoking, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia. Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is more often linked to genetic disorders of the extracellular matrix and the contractile apparatus but also share similar cardiovascular risk factors. Intriguingly, a large body of evidence points to an inverse association between diabetes and both AAA and TAA. A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the negative association between diabetes and aortic aneurysm could help the development of innovative diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to tackle the disease. Here, we summarize current knowledge on the relationship between glycaemic parameters, diabetes, and the development of aortic aneurysm. Cellular and molecular pathways that underlie the protective effect of diabetes itself and its treatment are reviewed and discussed, along with their potential implications for clinical translation.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy174
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • From design to the clinic: practical guidelines for translating
           cardiovascular nanomedicine
    • Authors: Cicha I; Chauvierre C, Texier I, et al.
      Pages: 1714 - 1727
      Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) account for nearly half of all deaths in Europe and almost 30% of global deaths. Despite the improved clinical management, cardiovascular mortality is predicted to rise in the next decades due to the increasing impact of aging, obesity, and diabetes. The goal of emerging cardiovascular nanomedicine is to reduce the burden of CVD using nanoscale medical products and devices. However, the development of novel multicomponent nano-sized products poses multiple technical, ethical, and regulatory challenges, which often obstruct their road to successful approval and use in clinical practice. This review discusses the rational design of nanoparticles, including safety considerations and regulatory issues, and highlights the steps needed to achieve efficient clinical translation of promising nanomedicinal products for cardiovascular applications.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy219
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Differential regulation of sodium channels as a novel proarrhythmic
           mechanism in the human failing heart
    • Authors: Dybkova N; Ahmad S, Pabel S, et al.
      Pages: 1728 - 1737
      Abstract: AimsIn heart failure (HF), enhanced persistent Na+ current (INaL) exerts detrimental effects on cellular electrophysiology and can induce arrhythmias. However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Our aim was to potentially investigate the regulation and electrophysiological contribution of neuronal sodium channel NaV1.8 in failing human heart and eventually to reveal a novel anti-arrhythmic therapy.Methods and resultsBy western blot, we found that NaV1.8 protein expression is significantly up-regulated, while of the predominant cardiac isoform NaV1.5 is inversely reduced in human HF. Furthermore, to investigate the relation of NaV1.8 regulation with the cellular proarrhythmic events, we performed comprehensive electrophysiology recordings and explore the effect of NaV1.8 on INaL, action potential duration (APD), Ca2+ spark frequency, and arrhythmia induction in human failing cardiomyocytes. NaV1.8 inhibition with the specific blockers A-803467 and PF-01247324 decreased INaL, abbreviated APD and reduced cellular-spontaneous Ca2+-release and proarrhythmic events in human failing cardiomyocytes. Consistently, in mouse cardiomyocytes stressed with isoproterenol, pharmacologic inhibition and genetically knockout of NaV1.8 (SCN10A−/−), were associated with reduced INaL and abbreviated APD.ConclusionWe provide first evidence of differential regulation of NaV1.8 and NaV1.5 in the failing human myocardium and their contribution to arrhythmogenesis due to generation of INaL. We propose inhibition of NaV1.8 thus constitutes a promising novel approach for selective anti-arrhythmic therapy in HF.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy152
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • PCSK9 expression in the ischaemic heart and its relationship to infarct
           size, cardiac function, and development of autophagy
    • Authors: Ding Z; Wang X, Liu S, et al.
      Pages: 1738 - 1751
      Abstract: AimsInhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has emerged as a novel therapy to treat hypercholesterolaemia and related cardiovascular diseases. This study determined if PCSK9 can regulate infarct size, cardiac function, and autophagy during ischaemia.Methods and resultsMice hearts were subjected to left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion. There was intense expression of PCSK9 in the zone bordering the infarct area in association with marked cardiac contractile dysfunction in the wild-type mice. This region also revealed intense autophagy. To assess the role of PCSK9 in the evolution of infarct size and function and development of autophagy, we used wild-type mice pre-treated with two different PCSK9 inhibitors (Pep2-8 and EGF-A) or mice lacking PCSK9 gene. Both strategies resulted in smaller infarcts and improved cardiac function following LCA ligation. PCSK9 inhibition also markedly reduced autophagy. Relationship between myocardial ischaemia and PCSK9 expression and autophagy was examined in cultured mouse cardiomyocytes. Exposure of cardiomyocytes to hypoxia resulted in prompt PCSK9 expression and autophagy signals; both were blocked by HIF-1α siRNA. Further, treatment of cardiomyocytes with recombinant PCSK9 during hypoxia induced, and treatment with PCSK9 siRNA reduced, autophagy suggesting a possible role of PCSK9 in the determination of autophagy. Other studies revealed activation of ROS-ATM-LKB1-AMPK axis as a possible mechanism of PCSK-induced autophagy. Hearts of humans with recent infarcts also showed expression of PCSK9 and autophagy in the border zone—similar to that in the infarcted mouse heart.ConclusionPCSK9 is up-regulated in the ischaemic hearts and determines development of infarct size, cardiac function, and autophagy.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy128
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 15-mediated glycocalyx shedding
           contributes to vascular leakage during inflammation
    • Authors: Yang X; Meegan J, Jannaway M, et al.
      Pages: 1752 - 1763
      Abstract: AimsEndothelial hyperpermeability exacerbates multiple organ damage during inflammation or infection. The endothelial glycocalyx, a protective matrix covering the luminal surface of endothelial cells (ECs), undergoes enzymatic shedding during inflammation, contributing to barrier hyperpermeability. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 15 (ADAM15) is a sheddase capable of cleaving the ectodomains of membrane-bound molecules. Herein, we tested whether and how ADAM15 is involved in glycocalyx shedding and vascular leakage during sepsis.Methods and resultsDextran-150kD exclusion assay revealed lipopolysaccharide (LPS) significantly reduced glycocalyx thickness in mouse cremaster microvessels. Consistently, shedding products of glycocalyx constituents, including CD44 ectodomain, were detected with an increased plasma level after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis. The direct effects of CD44 ectodomain on endothelial barrier function were evaluated, which revealed CD44 ectodomain dose-dependently reduced transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) and caused cell–cell adherens junction disorganization. Furthermore, we examined the role of ADAM15 in CD44 cleavage and glycocalyx shedding. An in vitro cleavage assay coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry confirmed ADAM15 cleaved CD44 at His235-Thr236 bond. In ECs with ADAM15 knockdown, LPS-induced CD44 cleavage and TER reduction were greatly attenuated, whereas, ADAM15 overexpression exacerbated CD44 cleavage and TER response to LPS. Consistently, ADAM15 knockout in mice attenuated CLP-induced increase in plasma CD44. Intravital and electron microscopic images revealed ADAM15 deficiency prevented LPS-induced glycocalyx injury in cremaster and pulmonary microvasculatures. Functionally, ADAM15−/− mice with better-preserved glycocalyx exhibited resistance to LPS-induced vascular leakage, as evidenced by reduced albumin extravasation in pulmonary and mesenteric vessels. Importantly, in intact, functionally vital human lungs, perfusion of LPS induced a significant up-regulation of ADAM15, accompanied by elevated CD44 in the effluent and increased vascular permeability to albumin.ConclusionTogether, our data support the critical role of ADAM15 in mediating vascular barrier dysfunction during inflammation. Its mechanisms of action involve CD44 shedding and endothelial glycocalyx injury.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy167
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Functional role of endothelial CXCL16/CXCR6-platelet–leucocyte axis in
           angiotensin II-associated metabolic disorders
    • Authors: Collado A; Marques P, Escudero P, et al.
      Pages: 1764 - 1775
      Abstract: AimsAngiotensin-II (Ang-II) is the main effector peptide of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) and promotes leucocyte adhesion to the stimulated endothelium. Because RAS activation and Ang-II signalling are implicated in metabolic syndrome (MS) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), we investigated the effect of Ang-II on CXCL16 arterial expression, the underlying mechanisms, and the functional role of the CXCL16/CXCR6 axis in these cardiometabolic disorders.Methods and resultsResults from in vitro chamber assays revealed that CXCL16 neutralization significantly inhibited mononuclear leucocyte adhesion to arterial but not to venous endothelial cells. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence studies confirmed that Ang-II induced enhanced endothelial CXCL16 expression, which was dependent on Nox5 up-regulation and subsequent RhoA/p38-MAPK/NFκB activation. Flow cytometry analysis further showed that MS patients had higher levels of platelet activation and a higher percentage of circulating CXCR6-expressing platelets, CXCR6-expressing-platelet-bound neutrophils, monocytes, and CD8+ lymphocytes than age-matched controls, leading to enhanced CXCR6/CXCL16-dependent adhesion to the dysfunctional (Ang-II- and TNFα-stimulated) arterial endothelium. Ang-II-challenged apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE−/−) mice had a higher incidence of AAA, macrophage, CD3+, and CXCR6+ cell infiltration and neovascularization than unchallenged animals, which was accompanied by greater CCL2, CXCL16, and VEGF mRNA expression within the lesion together with elevated levels of circulating soluble CXCL16. Significant reductions in these parameters were found in animals co-treated with the AT1 receptor antagonist losartan or in apoE−/− mice lacking functional CXCR6 receptor (CXCR6GFP/GFP).ConclusionCXCR6 expression on platelet-bound monocytes and CD8+ lymphocytes may constitute a new membrane-associated biomarker for adverse cardiovascular events. Moreover, pharmacological modulation of this axis may positively affect cardiovascular outcome in metabolic disorders linked to Ang-II.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy135
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Decreased mitochondrial respiration in aneurysmal aortas of Fibulin-4
           mutant mice is linked to PGC1A regulation
    • Authors: van der Pluijm I; Burger J, van Heijningen P, et al.
      Pages: 1776 - 1793
      Abstract: AimThoracic aortic aneurysms are a life-threatening condition often diagnosed too late. To discover novel robust biomarkers, we aimed to better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying aneurysm formation.Methods and resultsIn Fibulin-4R/R mice, the extracellular matrix protein Fibulin-4 is 4-fold reduced, resulting in progressive ascending aneurysm formation and early death around 3 months of age. We performed proteomics and genomics studies on Fibulin-4R/R mouse aortas. Intriguingly, we observed alterations in mitochondrial protein composition in Fibulin-4R/R aortas. Consistently, functional studies in Fibulin-4R/R vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) revealed lower oxygen consumption rates, but increased acidification rates. Yet, mitochondria in Fibulin-4R/R VSMCs showed no aberrant cytoplasmic localization. We found similar reduced mitochondrial respiration in Tgfbr-1M318R/+ VSMCs, a mouse model for Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS). Interestingly, also human fibroblasts from Marfan (FBN1) and LDS (TGFBR2 and SMAD3) patients showed lower oxygen consumption. While individual mitochondrial Complexes I–V activities were unaltered in Fibulin-4R/R heart and muscle, these tissues showed similar decreased oxygen consumption. Furthermore, aortas of aneurysmal Fibulin-4R/R mice displayed increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Consistent with these findings, gene expression analyses revealed dysregulation of metabolic pathways. Accordingly, blood ketone levels of Fibulin-4R/R mice were reduced and liver fatty acids were decreased, while liver glycogen was increased, indicating dysregulated metabolism at the organismal level. As predicted by gene expression analysis, the activity of PGC1α, a key regulator between mitochondrial function and organismal metabolism, was downregulated in Fibulin-4R/R VSMCs. Increased TGFβ reduced PGC1α levels, indicating involvement of TGFβ signalling in PGC1α regulation. Activation of PGC1α restored the decreased oxygen consumption in Fibulin-4R/R VSMCs and improved their reduced growth potential, emphasizing the importance of this key regulator.ConclusionOur data indicate altered mitochondrial function and metabolic dysregulation, leading to increased ROS levels and altered energy production, as a novel mechanism, which may contribute to thoracic aortic aneurysm formation.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy150
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Apoptotic cell induction of miR-10b in macrophages contributes to advanced
           atherosclerosis progression in ApoE−/− mice
    • Authors: Wang D; Wang W, Lin W, et al.
      Pages: 1794 - 1805
      Abstract: AimsWe previously found that miR-10b inhibits cholesterol efflux from thioglycollate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages through repressing ATP binding cassette transporter (ABCA1). Herein, we deciphered the mechanism underlying macrophage miR-10b expression and the role of miR-10b in atherosclerosis.Methods and resultsMiR-10b expression was increased in the arteries with advanced but not early atherosclerotic plaques of ApoE−/− mice. Free cholesterol-induced macrophage apoptotic cells (FC-AM) promoted miR-10b expression in mouse resident peritoneal macrophages (RPM) by up-regulation of Twist1/2 in a Mer receptor tyrosine kinase dependent manner. Surprisingly, antagomiR-10b de-repressed ABCA1 in RPM engulfing FC-AM but not in RPM alone or RPM-derived foam cells; systemic delivery of antagomiR-10b enhanced reverse cholesterol transport from RPM engulfing FC-AM but not from RPM or the foam cells in ApoE−/− mice. Mechanistically, RPM engulfing FC-AM possessed sufficient miR-10b functionally repressing ABCA1 expression, whereas RPM and foam cells had little miR-10b incompetently repressing ABCA1 expression. Notably, antagomiR-10b administration reduced advanced plaque size and also enhanced plaque stability in ApoE−/−mice, which were associated with increased plaque macrophage ABCA1 expression and reduced plaque apoptosis and inflammation. However, antagomiR-10b administration did not affect early atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE−/− mice.ConclusionThese data suggest that apoptotic cell induction of miR-10b in macrophages is important in advanced atherosclerosis progression.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy132
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
  • Drebrin regulates angiotensin II-induced aortic remodelling
    • Authors: Zhang L; Wu J, Huang T, et al.
      Pages: 1806 - 1815
      Abstract: AimsThe actin-binding protein Drebrin is up-regulated in response to arterial injury and reduces smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation through its interaction with the actin cytoskeleton. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that SMC Drebrin inhibits angiotensin II-induced remodelling of the proximal aorta.Methods and resultsAngiotensin II was administered via osmotic minipumps at 1000 ng/kg/min continuously for 28 days in SM22-Cre+/Dbnflox/flox (SMC-Dbn−/−) and control mice. Blood pressure responses to angiotensin II were assessed by telemetry. After angiotensin II infusion, we assessed remodelling in the proximal ascending aorta by echocardiography and planimetry of histological cross sections. Although the degree of hypertension was equivalent in SMC-Dbn−/− and control mice, SMC-Dbn−/− mice nonetheless exhibited 60% more proximal aortic medial thickening and two-fold more outward aortic remodelling than control mice in response to angiotensin II. Proximal aortas demonstrated greater cellular proliferation and matrix deposition in SMC-Dbn−/− mice than in control mice, as evidenced by a higher prevalence of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive nuclei and higher levels of collagen I. Compared with control mouse aortas, SMC-Dbn−/− aortas demonstrated greater angiotensin II-induced NADPH oxidase activation and inflammation, evidenced by higher levels of Ser-536-phosphorylated NFκB p65 subunits and higher levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and adventitial macrophages.ConclusionsWe conclude that SMC Drebrin deficiency augments angiotensin II-induced inflammation and adverse aortic remodelling.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvy151
      Issue No: Vol. 114, No. 13 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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