for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords

Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 314, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 545, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover Cardiovascular Research
  [SJR: 2.897]   [H-I: 175]   [12 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0008-6363 - ISSN (Online) 1755-3245
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Dr Jyoti Patel talks with Dr Oliver Söhnlein, 2017 outstanding
           investigator award of the European Society of Cardiology council for basic
           cardiovascular sciences
    • Authors: Söhnlein O.
      Abstract: Check the interview here:
      PubDate: 2017-10-21
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx173
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Cardiovascular Research On life talks with Dr Leonardo Sacconi, 2017
           Outstanding Investigator award of the European Society of Cardiology
           council for Basic Cardiovascular Sciences
    • Authors: Sacconi L.
      Abstract: With this award, the ESC Council for Basic Cardiovascular Science (CBCS) honours two basic researchers with outstanding accomplishments in the early stage of their career.
      PubDate: 2017-10-21
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx176
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Dr Niels Voigt talks with Dr Catherine Boileau, 2017 William Harvey
           Lecture of the European Society of Cardiology ‘PCSK9: a journey of
           discovery from genetics to clinical trials’
    • Authors: Boileau C.
      Abstract: Check the interview here:
      PubDate: 2017-10-21
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx174
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • High-density lipoprotein benefits beyond the cardiovascular system: a
           potential key role for modulating acquired immunity through cholesterol
    • Authors: Vilahur G.
      PubDate: 2017-10-21
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx193
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Peer review: (r)evolution needed
    • Authors: Sipido KR; Gal D, Luttun A, et al.
      PubDate: 2017-10-21
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx191
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Physiological and pathological gestational cardiac hypertrophy: what can
           we learn from rodents'
    • Authors: Sampaolesi M; Van Calsteren K.
      Pages: 1533 - 1535
      PubDate: 2017-09-26
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx192
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Relevance of low miR-30c-5p levels in atherogenesis: a promising
           predictive biomarker and potential therapeutic target
    • Authors: Vilahur G.
      Pages: 1536 - 1537
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘miR-30c-5p regulates macrophage-mediated inflammation and pro-atherosclerosis pathways’ by G. Ceolotto et al., pp. 1627–1638.
      PubDate: 2017-09-22
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx194
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Insights into innate immune signalling in controlling cardiac remodelling
    • Authors: Zhang Y; Huang Z, Li H.
      Pages: 1538 - 1550
      Abstract: Canonical innate immune signalling involves complex cascades: multiple germline-encoded pattern recognition receptors rapidly recognize pathogen-associated or damage-associated molecular patterns to induce the production of cytokines, which bind to their corresponding receptors to orchestrate subsequent host defense phases. Inflammation is a healthy response to pathogenic signals, which are typically rapid and specific, and they terminate once the threat has passed. However, excessive activation or suppression of innate immune or inflammatory responses can lead to considerable human suffering, such as cardiac remodelling. Interestingly, recent studies have revealed that innate immune molecules in the parenchymal cells of the heart influence cardiac homeostasis not only by directly regulating innate immune responses but also through reprogrammed signalling pathways, which are independent of conventional innate immune signalling. Elucidating ‘innate immune signalling reprogramming’ events will help us better understand the functions of innate immune molecules and, moreover, the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx130
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Interleukin-9 mediates chronic kidney disease-dependent vein graft
           disease: a role for mast cells
    • Authors: Zhang L; Wu J, Otto JC, et al.
      Pages: 1551 - 1559
      Abstract: AimsChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a powerful independent risk factor for cardiovascular events, including vein graft failure. Because CKD impairs the clearance of small proteins, we tested the hypothesis that CKD exacerbates vein graft disease by elevating serum levels of critical cytokines that promote vein graft neointimal hyperplasia.Methods and resultsWe modelled CKD in C57BL/6 mice with 5/6ths nephrectomy, which reduced glomerular filtration rate by 60%, and we modelled vein grafting with inferior-vena-cava-to-carotid interposition grafting. CKD increased vein graft neointimal hyperplasia four-fold, decreased vein graft re-endothelialization two-fold, and increased serum levels of interleukin-9 (IL-9) five-fold. By quantitative immunofluorescence and histochemical staining, vein grafts from CKD mice demonstrated a ∼two-fold higher prevalence of mast cells, and a six-fold higher prevalence of activated mast cells. Concordantly, vein grafts from CKD mice showed higher levels of TNF and NFκB activation, as judged by phosphorylation of NFκB p65 on Ser536 and by expression of VCAM-1. Arteriovenous fistula veins from humans with CKD also showed up-regulation of mast cells and IL-9. Treating CKD mice with IL-9-neutralizing IgG reduced vein graft neointimal area four-fold, increased vein graft re-endothelialization ∼two-fold, and reduced vein graft total and activated mast cell levels two- and four-fold, respectively. Treating CKD mice with the mast cell stabilizer cromolyn reduced neointimal hyperplasia and increased re-endothelialization in vein grafts. In vitro, IL-9 promoted endothelial cell apoptosis but had no effect on smooth muscle cell proliferation.ConclusionCKD aggravates vein graft disease through mechanisms involving IL-9 and mast cell activation.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx177
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Endothelial to haematopoietic transition contributes to pulmonary arterial
    • Authors: Liang OD; So E, Egan PC, et al.
      Pages: 1560 - 1573
      Abstract: AimsThe pathogenic mechanisms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remain unclear, but involve dysfunctional endothelial cells (ECs), dysregulated immunity and inflammation in the lung. We hypothesize that a developmental process called endothelial to haematopoietic transition (EHT) contributes to the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We sought to determine the role of EHT in mouse models of PH, to characterize specific cell types involved in this process, and to identify potential therapeutic targets to prevent disease progression.Methods and resultsWhen transgenic mice with fluorescence protein ZsGreen-labelled ECs were treated with Sugen/hypoxia (Su/Hx) combination to induce PH, the percentage of ZsGreen+ haematopoietic cells in the peripheral blood, primarily of myeloid lineage, significantly increased. This occurrence coincided with the depletion of bone marrow (BM) ZsGreen+ c-kit+ CD45− endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which could be detected accumulating in the lung upon PH-induction. Quantitative RT-PCR based gene array analysis showed that key transcription factors driving haematopoiesis were expressed in these EPCs. When transplanted into lethally irradiated recipient mice, the BM-derived EPCs exhibited long-term engraftment and haematopoietic differentiation capability, indicating these EPCs are haemogenic in nature. Specific inhibition of the critical haematopoietic transcription factor Runx1 blocked the EHT process in vivo, prevented egress of the BM EPCs and ultimately attenuated PH progression in Su/Hx- as well as in monocrotaline-induced PH in mice. Thus, myeloid-skewed EHT promotes the development of PH and inhibition of this process prevents disease progression in mouse models of PH. Furthermore, high levels of Runx1 expression were found in circulating CD34+ CD133+ EPCs isolated from peripheral blood of patients with PH, supporting the clinical relevance of our proposed mechanism of EHT.ConclusionEHT contributes to the pathogenesis of PAH. The transcription factor Runx1 may be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of PAH.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx161
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Fgf21 is required for cardiac remodeling in pregnancy
    • Authors: Redondo-Angulo I; Mas-Stachurska A, Sitges M, et al.
      Pages: 1574 - 1584
      Abstract: AimsFibroblast growth factor-21 (Fgf21) is an endocrine factor that contributes to many physiological and pathological processes, mainly via its action as a metabolic regulator. Recent studies have shown that Fgf21 plays an important role in cardiac tissue. Pregnancy offers a physiological model of adaptive and reversible heart enlargement, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this cardiac hypertrophy are poorly understood. Therefore, the aim was to analyze the role of Fgf21 during late pregnancy, and assess the physiological relevance of Fgf21 for cardiac tissue during this process. Methods and resultsFemale mice and rats at day 18 of gestation and pregnant women in their third trimester were used as models of late pregnancy, and our results revealed that their plasma levels of Fgf21 were significantly increased relative to non-pregnant controls. Pregnant wild-type (wt) mice exhibited a PPARα (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α)-dependent enhancement of Fgf21 expression in the liver and heart. Moreover, pregnancy altered the levels of Fgf21 receptor-1 (FGFR1) and β-klotho, and activated intracellular Fgf21 signaling in the heart. Fgf21−/− mice did not develop the pregnancy-induced cardiac remodeling seen in wt mice. Furthermore, the hearts of Fgf21−/− mice exhibited reductions in their fatty acid oxidation levels, which may compromise cardiac function during pregnancy.ConclusionsDuring pregnancy, both systemic and cardiac-produced Fgf21 act on the heart, leading to the normal physiological cardiac changes that are associated with pregnancy. Thus, Fgf21 acts as an endocrine/autocrine factor required for cardiac remodeling response to gestation.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx088
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • A novel fibroblast growth factor-1 ligand with reduced heparin binding
           protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the presence of
           heparin co-administration
    • Authors: Huang C; Liu Y, Beenken A, et al.
      Pages: 1585 - 1602
      Abstract: AimsFibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1), a heparin/heparan sulfate-binding growth factor, is a potent cardioprotective agent against myocardial infarction (MI). The impact of heparin, the standard of care for MI patients entering the emergency room, on cardioprotective effects of FGF1 is unknown, however.Methods and resultsTo address this, a rat model of MI was employed to compare cardioprotective potentials (lower infarct size and improve post-ischemic function) of native FGF1 and an engineered FGF1 (FGF1ΔHBS) with reduced heparin-binding affinity when given at the onset of reperfusion in the absence or presence of heparin. FGF1 and FGF1ΔHBS did not alter heparin‘s anticoagulant properties. Treatment with heparin alone or native FGF1 significantly reduced infarct size compared to saline (P < 0.05). Surprisingly, treatment with FGF1ΔHBS markedly lowered infarct size compared to FGF1 (P < 0.05). Both native and modified FGF1 restored contractile and relaxation function (P < 0.05 versus saline or heparin). Furthermore, FGF1ΔHBS had greater improvement in cardiac function compared to FGF1 (P < 0.05). Heparin negatively impacted the cardioprotective effects (infarct size, post-ischemic recovery of function) of FGF1 (P < 0.05) but not of FGF1ΔHBS. Heparin also reduced the biodistribution of FGF1, but not FGF1ΔHBS, to the left ventricle. FGF1 and FGF1ΔHBS bound and triggered FGFR1-induced downstream activation of ERK1/2 (P < 0.05); yet, heparin co-treatment decreased FGF1-produced ERK1/2 activation, but not that activated by FGF1ΔHBS.ConclusionThese findings demonstrate that modification of the heparin-binding region of FGF1 significantly improves the cardioprotective efficacy, even in the presence of heparin, identifying a novel FGF ligand available for therapeutic use in ischemic heart disease.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx165
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • MicroRNA-532 protects the heart in acute myocardial infarction, and
           represses prss23, a positive regulator of endothelial-to-mesenchymal
    • Authors: Bayoumi AS; Teoh J, Aonuma T, et al.
      Pages: 1603 - 1614
      Abstract: AimsAcute myocardial infarction (MI) leads to cardiac remodelling and development of heart failure. Insufficient myocardial capillary density after MI is considered a critical determinant of this process. MicroRNAs (miRs), negative regulators of gene expression, have emerged as important players in MI. We previously showed that miR-532-5p (miR-532) is up-regulated by the β-arrestin-biased β-adrenergic receptor antagonist (β-blocker) carvedilol, which activates protective pathways in the heart independent of G protein-mediated second messenger signalling. Here, we hypothesize that β2-adrenergic receptor/β-arrestin-responsive miR-532 confers cardioprotection against MI.Methods and resultsUsing cultured cardiac endothelial cell (CEC) and in vivo approaches, we show that CECs lacking miR-532 exhibit increased transition to a fibroblast-like phenotype via endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), while CECs over-expressing miR-532 display decreased EndMT. We also demonstrate that knockdown of miR-532 in mice causes abnormalities in cardiac structure and function as well as reduces CEC proliferation and cardiac vascularization after MI. Mechanistically, cardioprotection elicited by miR-532 is in part attributed to direct repression of a positive regulator of maladaptive EndMT, prss23 (a protease serine 23) in CECs.ConclusionsIn conclusion, these findings reveal a pivotal role for miR-532-prss23 axis in regulating CEC function after MI, and this novel axis could be suitable for therapeutic intervention in ischemic heart disease.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx132
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • β-arrestin 2 mediates cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury via inhibiting
           GPCR-independent cell survival signalling
    • Authors: Wang Y; Jin L, Song Y, et al.
      Pages: 1615 - 1626
      Abstract: AimsIschemic heart disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although timely restoration of coronary blood flow (reperfusion) is the most effective therapeutics of myocardial infarction, reperfusion causes further cardiac damage, i.e. ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. β-arrestins (Arrbs) have been traditionally defined as negative regulators of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signalling, but recent studies have shown that they are essential for G protein-independent, GPCR-mediated biased signalling. Several ligands have been reported to be cardioprotective via Arrbs dependent pathway. However, it is unclear whether Arrbs exert receptor-independent physiological or pathological functions in the heart. Here, we sought to determine whether and how Arrbs play a role in regulating cardiomyocyte viability and myocardial remodelling following I/R injury.Methods and resultsThe expression of β-arrestin 2 (Arrb2), but not β-arrestin 1 (Arrb1), is upregulated in rat hearts subjected to I/R injury, or in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes treated with hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Deficiency of Arrb2 in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes alleviates H/R-induced cardiomyocyte death and Arrb2−/− mice are resistant to myocardial damage caused by I/R injury. In contrast, upregulation of Arrb2 triggers cardiomyocyte death and exaggerates I/R (or H/R)-induced detrimental effects. Mechanically, Arrb2 induces cardiomyocyte death by interacting with the p85 subunit of PI3K, and negatively regulating the formation of p85-PI3K/CaV3 survival complex, thus blocking activation of PI3K-Akt-GSK3β cell survival signalling pathway.ConclusionWe define an upregulation of Arrb2 as a pathogenic factor in cardiac I/R injury, and also reveal a novel GPCR-independent mechanism of Arrb2-mediated cell death signalling in the heart.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx147
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • miR-30c-5p regulates macrophage-mediated inflammation and
           pro-atherosclerosis pathways
    • Authors: Ceolotto G; Giannella A, Albiero M, et al.
      Pages: 1627 - 1638
      Abstract: AimsAtherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease wherein cholesterol-loaded macrophages play a major role. MicroRNAs and microparticles propagate inflammatory pathways and are involved in cardiovascular disease. We aimed to screen and validate circulating microRNAs correlated with atherosclerosis development in humans, and to dissect the molecular mechanisms associated with atherogenesis using in vitro and in vivo approaches.Methods and resultsA panel of 179 secreted microRNAs was screened in plasma samples of patients with and without atherosclerosis, and validated cross-sectionally and prospectively in patients followed for up to 11 years. miR-30c-5p was inversely correlated with total and LDL cholesterol, carotid intimal media thickness (CIMT), presence and future development of plaques. Using a human macrophage line and in vitro gene silencing strategies, we found that miR-30c-5p was downregulated by oxidized LDL (oxLDL) via the scavenger receptor CD36 and inhibition miR processing by Dicer. In turn, miR-30c-5p downregulation was responsible for the effects of oxLDL on macrophage IL-1β release, caspase-3 expression, and apoptosis. miR-30c-5p loaded into microparticles was uptaken by macrophages and regulated target genes, like caspase-3, at transcriptional level. To establish the relevance of this pathway on endothelial damage as the earliest step of atherogenesis, we show that systemic miR-30c-5p knockdown induced caspase-3 and impaired endothelial healing after carotid injury in C57Bl/6 J mice.ConclusionsWith an unbiased screening of secreted microRNAs, we identify reduction of miR-30c-5p in microparticles as a promoter of early atherosclerosis, by conveying pro-inflammatory pro-apoptotic signals and impairing endothelial healing. Therefore, stimulation of miR-30c-5p is a candidate direct anti-atherosclerotic therapy.
      PubDate: 2017-08-14
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx157
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell calcification by
           syndecan-4/FGF-2/PKCα signalling and cross-talk with TGFβ
    • Authors: Borland SJ; Morris TG, Borland SC, et al.
      Pages: 1639 - 1652
      Abstract: AimsVascular calcification is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) plays an instructive role in osteogenesis and bone development, but its role in vascular calcification was unknown. Therefore, we investigated the involvement of FGF-2 in vascular calcification and determined the mechanism by which it regulates this process.Methods and resultsWe demonstrate that FGF-2 expression is increased in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced to deposit a mineralized matrix by incubation with β-glycerophosphate. FGF-2 is also localized to sites of calcification within human atherosclerotic plaques. The expression of syndecan-4, a heparan sulfate proteoglycan which regulates FGF-2 signalling, is also increased in mineralizing VSMCs and co-localizes with FGF-2 in human calcified atherosclerotic plaques. Exogenous FGF-2 inhibits VSMC mineralization, and this inhibition is reduced when syndecan-4 expression is knocked-down using siRNA. Biochemical inhibition of FGFR signalling using a pan FGFR inhibitor (BGJ398) or knocking-down syndecan-4 expression in VSMCs using siRNA increases VSMC mineralization. These increases are prevented by inhibiting transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) signalling with SB431542, suggesting cross-talk between FGF-2 and TGFβ signalling is crucial for the regulation of VSMC mineralization. Syndecan-4 can also regulate FGF-2 signalling directly via protein kinase Cα (PKCα) activation. Biochemical inhibition of PKCα activity using Gö6976, or siRNA-mediated suppression of PKCα expression increases VSMC mineralization; this increase is also prevented with SB431542. Finally, the ability of FGF-2 to inhibit VSMC mineralization is reduced when PKCα expression is knocked-down.ConclusionThis is the first demonstration that syndecan-4 promotes FGF-2 signalling, and in turn, suppresses VSMC mineralization by down-regulating TGFβ signalling. Our discoveries that FGF-2 and syndecan-4 expression is increased in mineralizing VSMCs and that PKCα regulates FGF-2 and TGFβ signalling in VSMCs suggests that the syndecan-4/FGF-2/TGFβ signalling axis could represent a new therapeutic target for vascular calcification.
      PubDate: 2017-09-06
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx178
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Sonic hedgehog-dependent activation of adventitial fibroblasts promotes
           neointima formation
    • Authors: Dutzmann J; Koch A, Weisheit S, et al.
      Pages: 1653 - 1663
      Abstract: AimsAdventitial cells have been suggested to contribute to neointima formation, but the functional relevance and the responsible signalling pathways are largely unknown. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a regulator of vasculogenesis and promotes angiogenesis in the adult.Methods and resultsHere we show that proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) after wire-induced injury in C57BL/6 mice is preceded by proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts. Simultaneously, the expression of Shh and its downstream signalling protein smoothened (SMO) were robustly increased within injured arteries. In vitro, combined stimulation with Shh and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB strongly induced proliferation and migration of human adventitial fibroblasts. The supernatant of these activated fibroblasts contained high levels of interleukin-6 and -8 and strongly induced proliferation and migration of SMC. Inhibition of SMO selectively prevented fibroblast proliferation, cytokine release, and paracrine SMC activation. Mechanistically, we found that PDGF-BB activates protein kinase A in fibroblasts and thereby induces trafficking of SMO to the plasma membrane, where it can be activated by Shh. In vivo, SMO-inhibition significantly prevented the proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts and neointima formation following wire-induced injury.ConclusionsThe initial activation of adventitial fibroblasts is essential for the subsequent proliferation of SMC and neointima formation. We identified SMO-dependent Shh signalling as a specific process for the activation of adventitial fibroblasts.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx158
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Obesity-induced vascular dysfunction and arterial stiffening requires
           endothelial cell arginase 1
    • Authors: Bhatta A; Yao L, Xu Z, et al.
      Pages: 1664 - 1676
      Abstract: AimsElevation of arginase activity has been linked to vascular dysfunction in diabetes and hypertension by a mechanism involving decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability due to L-arginine depletion. Excessive arginase activity also can drive L-arginine metabolism towards the production of ornithine, polyamines, and proline, promoting proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and collagen formation, leading to perivascular fibrosis. We hypothesized that there is a specific involvement of arginase 1 expression within the vascular endothelial cells in this pathology.Methods and resultsTo test this proposition, we used models of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Studies were performed using wild type (WT), endothelial-specific arginase 1 knockout (EC-A1−/−) and littermate controls(A1con) mice fed high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) or normal diet (ND) for 6 months and isolated vessels exposed to palmitate-high glucose (PA/HG) media. Some WT mice or isolated vessels were treated with an arginase inhibitor, ABH [2-(S)-amino-6-boronohexanoic acid. In WT mice, the HFHS diet promoted increases in body weight, fasting blood glucose, and post-prandial insulin levels along with arterial stiffening and fibrosis, elevated blood pressure, decreased plasma levels of L-arginine, and elevated L-ornithine. The HFHS diet or PA/HG treatment also induced increases in vascular arginase activity along with oxidative stress, reduced vascular NO levels, and impaired endothelial-dependent vasorelaxation. All of these effects except obesity and hypercholesterolemia were prevented or significantly reduced by endothelial-specific deletion of arginase 1 or ABH treatment.ConclusionVascular dysfunctions in diet-induced obesity are prevented by deletion of arginase 1 in vascular endothelial cells or arginase inhibition. These findings indicate that upregulation of arginase 1 expression/activity in vascular endothelial cells has an integral role in diet-induced cardiovascular dysfunction and metabolic syndrome.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx164
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • CXCL12-CXCR4 signalling plays an essential role in proper patterning of
           aortic arch and pulmonary arteries
    • Authors: Kim B; Kim Y, Stanley EL, et al.
      Pages: 1677 - 1687
      Abstract: AimsChemokine CXCL12 (stromal derived factor 1: SDF1) has been shown to play important roles in various processes of cardiovascular development. In recent avian studies, CXCL12 signalling has been implicated in guidance of cardiac neural crest cells for their participation in the development of outflow tract and cardiac septum. The goal of this study is to investigate the extent to which CXCL12 signalling contribute to the development of aortic arch and pulmonary arteries in mammals.Methods and resultsNovel Cxcl12-LacZ reporter and conditional alleles were generated. Using whole mount X-gal staining with the reporter allele and vascular casting techniques, we show that the domain branching pattern of pulmonary arteries in Cxcl12-null mice is completely disrupted and discordant with that of pulmonary veins and airways. Cxcl12-null mice also displayed abnormal and superfluous arterial branches from the aortic arch. The early steps of pharyngeal arch remodelling in Cxcl12-null mice appeared to be unaffected, but vertebral arteries were often missing and prominent aberrant arteries were present parallel to carotid arteries or trachea, similar to aberrant vertebral artery or thyroid ima artery, respectively. Analysis with computed tomography not only confirmed the results from vascular casting studies but also identified abnormal systemic arterial supply to lungs in the Cxcl12-null mice. Tie2-Cre mediated Cxcr4 deletion phenocopied the Cxcl12-null phenotypes, indicating that CXCR4 is the primary receptor for arterial patterning, whereas Cxcl12 or Cxcr4 deletion by Wnt1-Cre did not affect aortic arch patterning.ConclusionCXCL12-CXCR4 signalling is essential for the correct patterning of aortic arches and pulmonary arteries during development. Superfluous arteries in Cxcl12-null lungs and the aortic arch infer a role of CXCL12 in protecting arteries from uncontrolled sprouting during development of the arterial system.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx188
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
  • Triggered intracellular calcium waves in dog and human left atrial
           myocytes from normal and failing hearts
    • Authors: Aistrup GL; Arora R, Grubb S, et al.
      Pages: 1688 - 1699
      Abstract: AimsAbnormal intracellular Ca2+ cycling contributes to triggered activity and arrhythmias in the heart. We investigated the properties and underlying mechanisms for systolic triggered Ca2+ waves in left atria from normal and failing dog hearts.Methods and resultsIntracellular Ca2+ cycling was studied using confocal microscopy during rapid pacing of atrial myocytes (36 °C) isolated from normal and failing canine hearts (ventricular tachypacing model). In normal atrial myocytes (NAMs), Ca2+ waves developed during rapid pacing at rates ≥ 3.3 Hz and immediately disappeared upon cessation of pacing despite high sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) load. In heart failure atrial myocytes (HFAMs), triggered Ca2+ waves (TCWs) developed at a higher incidence at slower rates. Because of their timing, TCW development relies upon action potential (AP)-evoked Ca2+ entry. The distribution of Ca2+ wave latencies indicated two populations of waves, with early events representing TCWs and late events representing conventional spontaneous Ca2+ waves. Latency analysis also demonstrated that TCWs arise after junctional Ca2+ release has occurred and spread to non-junctional (cell core) SR. TCWs also occurred in intact dog atrium and in myocytes from humans and pigs. β-adrenergic stimulation increased Ca2+ release and abolished TCWs in NAMs but was ineffective in HFAMs making this a potentially effective adaptive mechanism in normals but potentially arrhythmogenic in HF. Block of Ca-calmodulin kinase II also abolished TCWs, suggesting a role in TCW formation. Pharmacological manoeuvres that increased Ca2+ release suppressed TCWs as did interventions that decreased Ca2+ release but these also severely reduced excitation-contraction coupling.ConclusionTCWs develop during the atrial AP and thus could affect AP duration, producing repolarization gradients and creating a substrate for reentry, particularly in HF where they develop at slower rates and a higher incidence. TCWs may represent a mechanism for the initiation of atrial fibrillation particularly in HF.
      PubDate: 2017-08-29
      DOI: 10.1093/cvr/cvx167
      Issue No: Vol. 113, No. 13 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016