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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 525, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover EP-Europace
  [SJR: 2.201]   [H-I: 71]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1099-5129 - ISSN (Online) 1532-2092
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Gorenek B, et al. Device-detected subclinical atrial tachyarrhythmias:
           definition, implications and management–an European Heart Rhythm
           Association (EHRA) consensus document, endorsed by Heart Rhythm Society
           (HRS), Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS) and Sociedad
    • Abstract: [Europace doi:10.1093/europace/eux163]
      PubDate: 2017-08-30
  • Pacemaker implantation and mortality: no role as a quality control
           indicator: Author’s reply
    • Authors: Nowak B; Misselwitz B, Przibille O, et al.
      Abstract: We thank Dr Brough for her interest in our article. She provided additional data in her letter1 that further corroborate our findings i.e. mortality after device implantation (permanent pacemaker, ICD, CRT) is related to patients’ underlying comorbid conditions including advanced age.2 Taken together, these data indicate that mortality is not a useful parameter for assessing and comparing quality or for public reporting of individual or institutional quality for device implantation. These findings highlight the need for future research to identify a more meaningful and robust marker to determine not only the quality for device implantation, but also level the ‘playing field’ for comparing and public reporting of quality of care for device implantation.
      PubDate: 2017-08-19
  • Approach to cardio-oncologic patients with special focus on patients with
           cardiac implantable electronic devices planned for radiotherapy: results
           of the European Heart Rhythm Association survey
    • Authors: Lenarczyk R; Potpara TS, Haugaa KH, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractThe aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to evaluate clinical practice regarding cardio-oncologic patients, with special focus on patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) planned for anticancer radiotherapy (RT), among members of the EHRA electrophysiology research network. Of the 36 responding centres, 89% managed patients who were diagnosed or treated oncologically, and this diagnosis affected 1–5% of cardiovascular patients in majority of centres (57%). The main side effects of anticancer therapy in patients treated by cardiologists were thromboembolic complications and left ventricular dysfunction (both reported as ‘frequent’ by 43% of the centres). The main agents associated with complications were anthracyclines, RT, and monoclonal antibodies. Echocardiography was the most common method of screening for cardiovascular complications (93%), and 10% of the centres did not routinely screen for treatment-induced cardiotoxicity. Opinions on the safe radiation dose, methods of device shielding, and risk calculation prior to RT in CIED patients differed among centres. Precaution measures in high-risk CIED patients were very heterogeneous among centres. Our survey has shown that the awareness of cardiac consequences of anticancer therapy is high, despite relatively low proportion of patients treated oncologically among all cardiovascular patients. There is a consensus of which screening methods should be used for cardiotoxicity of anticancer treatment, but the apprehension of screening necessity is low. Methods of risk assessment and safety measures in CIED patients undergoing RT are very heterogeneous among the European centres, underscoring the need for standardization of the approach to cardio-oncologic patients.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08
  • Pacemaker implantation and mortality: no role as a quality control
    • Authors: Brough CP.
      Abstract: I read with interest the article ‘Is mortality a useful parameter for public reporting in pacemaker implantation' Results of an obligatory external quality control programme’ by Nowak et al.1 Cardiac implantable electronic device therapy complication outcome data are an important quality of care indicator for patients and health care systems. Acknowledging complication rates not only improves patient care but in reducing complications cost savings ensue. Death is an important objective outcome frequently included in major adverse cardiovascular event reporting of Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PPCI), percutaneous valve intervention, and surgical cardiac procedures, in which death is not an infrequent event. However, in bradyarrhythmia and complex device surgery, death is a rare occurrence.
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
  • Device-detected subclinical atrial tachyarrhythmias: definition,
           implications and management—an European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)
           consensus document, endorsed by Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), Asia Pacific
           Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Estimulación
           Cardíaca y Electrofisiología (SOLEACE)
    • Authors: Gorenek B; (chair), Bax J, Boriani G, et al.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
  • The effects of gender on electrical therapies for the heart: physiology,
           epidemiology, and access to therapies
    • Authors: Boriani G; Lorenzetti S, Cerbai E, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractThe difference between men and women is clear even just by looking at an electrocardiogram: females present higher resting heart rate, a shorter QRS complex length and greater corrected QT interval. The development of these differences from pubertal age onward suggests that sexual hormones play a key role, although their effect is far from being completely understood. Different incidences between sexes have been reported for many arrhythmias, both ventricular and supraventricular, and also for sudden cardiac death. Moreover, arrhythmias are an important issue during pregnancy, both for diagnosis and treatment. Interestingly, cardiovascular structural and electrophysiological remodelling promoted by exercise training enhances this ‘gender effect’. Despite all these relevant issues, we lack gender specific recommendations in the current guidelines for electrical therapies for heart rhythm disorders and heart failure. Even more, we continue to see that fewer women are included in clinical trials and are less referred than men for these treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
  • Non-laser percutaneous extraction of pacemaker and defibrillation leads: a
           decade of progress
    • Authors: Domenichini G; Gonna H, Sharma R, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsNon-laser-based methods are safe in lead extraction but in the past have been less effective than laser methods. In the past decade, new equipment has been introduced including the Evolution® Mechanical Dilator Sheath and the Evolution® RL. We sought to determine the impact of new equipment on outcome in mechanical lead extraction.Methods and resultsWe considered 288 consecutive patients (age 66 ± 18 years) who underwent transvenous lead extraction (TLE) of 522 leads in the decade to the end of 2014. Three groups were identified: Group 1 (pre-Evolution® period, 76 patients, 133 leads), Group 2 (original Evolution® period, 115 patients, 221 leads), and Group 3 (Evolution® RL period, 97 patients, 168 leads). The age of leads was significantly greater in Groups 2 and 3 (6.2 ± 4.4 and 6.1 ± 5.4 years vs.4.7 ± 4.5, P < 0.05) as was the proportion of implantable cardioverter defibrillator leads (27.2 and 28.9 vs. 14.3%, P < 0.05). The groups were similar in the number of leads extracted per patient. Despite the increasing complexity of the systems extracted, complete extraction was achieved in a progressively greater proportion of leads (88.0% in Group 1, 95.5% in Group 2, and 97.6% in Group 3, P < 0.05), and procedure duration was similar. The proportion of leads for which femoral access was required was greater in Group 3 (11%, 18/164) compared with Group 2 (3%, 7/211), P = 0.006. The only major complications were a post-procedure subacute tamponade in Group 1 and an oesophageal injury related to transoesophageal echocardiography in Group 3.ConclusionWith current equipment, mechanical extraction provides a good combination of efficacy and safety.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17
  • Successful catheter ablation of ventricular ectopy in a young patient with
           implanted Melody valve
    • Authors: Jan M; Žižek D, Mazić U, et al.
      Abstract: A 17-year-old male after transcatheter implantation of Melody pulmonary valve (TPV) (Medtronic) was admitted for catheter ablation (CA) of frequent and highly symptomatic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs—Figure) refractory to treatment with bisoprolol. The patient had a history of surgical correction of truncus arteriosus. Due to moderate stenosis and severe regurgitation of the valved conduit, a TPV Melody was implanted and was functioning properly at the time of the procedure. Morphology of PVCs implied origin from the right ventricular outflow tract.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
  • Atrial fibrillation: a mechanism or just a bystander'
    • Authors: Smit MD; Van Gelder IC.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Rate vs. rhythm control and adverse outcomes among European patients with atrial fibrillation’ by Y. Purmah et al., doi:10.1093/europace/euw421.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
  • Economic impact of remote monitoring after implantable defibrillators
    • Authors: Capucci A; De Simone A, Luzi M, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsHeart failure (HF) patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) require admissions for disease management and out-patient visits for disease management and assessment of device performance. These admissions place a significant burden on the National Health Service. Remote monitoring (RM) is an effective alternative to frequent hospital visits. The EFFECT study was a multicentre observational investigation aiming to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of RM compared with in-office visits standard management (SM). The present analysis is an economic evaluation of the results of the EFFECT trial.Methods and resultsThe present analysis considered the direct consumption of healthcare resources over 12-month follow-up. Standard tariffs were applied to hospitalizations, in-office visits and remote device interrogations. Economic comparisons were also carried out by means of propensity score (PS) analysis to take into account the lack of randomization in the study design. The analysis involved 858 patients with ICD or CRT-D. Of these, 401 (47%) were followed up via an SM approach, while 457 (53%) were assigned to RM. The rate of hospitalizations was 0.27/year in the SM group and 0.16/year in the RM group (risk reduction =0.59; P = 0.0004). In the non-adjusted analysis, the annual cost for each patient was €817 in the SM group and €604 in the RM group (P = 0.014). Propensity score analysis, in which 292 RM patients were matched with 292 SM patients, confirmed the results of the non-adjusted analysis (€872 in the SM group vs. €757 in the RM group; P < 0.0001).ConclusionThere is a reduction in direct healthcare costs of RM for HF patients with ICDs, particularly CRT-D, compared with standard monitoring. Clinical Trial Registration, NCT01723865.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
  • Is echocardiography valid and reproducible in patients with atrial
           fibrillation' A systematic review
    • Authors: Kotecha D; Mohamed M, Shantsila E, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsEchocardiography is vital in the routine assessment and management of atrial fibrillation (AF). We performed a systematic review of the validity and reproducibility of echocardiographic left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in AF, and optimal acquisition methods.Methods and resultsOnline databases were searched for studies in patients with AF at the time of echocardiography (1960 to August 2015), prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015025297). The systematic review included 32 studies from 3 066 search results (1 968 patients with AF). Average age was 67 years, 33% were women, mean LVEF 53% (±10%), and average E/e’ 11.7 (±2.7). Data on the validity and reproducibility of systolic indices were extremely limited. In contrast, diastolic parameters demonstrated correlation with invasive filling pressure and adequate reproducibility: E/e’ (n = 444) r = 0.47 to 0.79; IVRT (n = 177) r = –0.70 to –0.95; E/Vp` (n = 55) r = 0.63 and 0.65; pulmonary vein diastolic flow (n = 67) r = –0.80 and –0.91. Elevated E/e’ (>15) was associated with functional capacity, quality of life, and impaired prognosis. For optimal acquisition in AF patients, cardiac cycles with controlled heart rate (<100 beats/min) and similar preceding and pre-preceding RR intervals are required. Cardiac cycle length and equivalence were more important than the number of beats averaged.ConclusionWith careful selection of appropriate cardiac cycles, echocardiography is a valid tool to identify diastolic dysfunction in AF, and E/e’ is an independent marker of clinical status and adverse prognosis. However, data on systolic function was extremely limited and requires further prospective study and assessment of variability in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
  • Implantation of cardiac resynchronization therapy devices using three
           leads by cephalic vein dissection approach
    • Authors: Hadjis A; Proietti R, Essebag V.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsPercutaneous subclavian, axillary, and cephalic vein access are all used in conjunction for atrial and ventricular lead implantation, though no standard approach for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device implantation has been established. We describe an effective and a safe technique for implanting three leads via cephalic vein for CRT pacemaker and/or defibrillator implantations.Methods and resultsA total of 171 consecutive patients undergoing de novo implantation of CRT pacemaker or defibrillator were included. Cephalic vein access was achieved by dissection and direct visualization. If the cephalic vein was inadequate, alternate means of access was determined after outset of the procedure. Procedural success rates and complications were recorded. Of the 171 de novo CRT implant attempts, 169 (98.8%) patients had successful implantation of all 3 leads on the first attempt. Of the 171 procedural attempts, 150 (87.7%) patients had all 3 leads placed via cephalic vein. Overall, complications occurred in 6 of 171 patients (3.5%) including initial and repeat procedures. These complications included seven lead dislodgements, two cases of diaphragmatic stimulation requiring lead revision, and one coronary sinus dissection without pericardial effusion. There were no cases of pneumothorax, pocket haematoma requiring evacuation, or infection.ConclusionThe triple lead via cephalic vein technique is safe and effective when used as a first approach for CRT device implantation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
  • Association of pre-ablation level of vitamin D with atrial fibrillation
           recurrence after catheter ablation
    • Authors: Cerit L; Duygu H.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
  • Questioning the preference for dual- vs. single-chamber implantable
           defibrillator in primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
    • Authors: Kutyifa V; Theuns DJ.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Dual- vs. single-chamber defibrillators for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death: long-term follow-up of the Défibrillateur Automatique Implantable—Prévention Primaire registry’ by P. Defaye et al., on pages 1478–1484.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
  • Dual- vs. single-chamber defibrillators for primary prevention of sudden
           cardiac death: long-term follow-up of the Défibrillateur Automatique
           Implantable—Prévention Primaire registry
    • Authors: Defaye P; Boveda S, Klug D, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsImplantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are an effective primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. We examined whether dual-chamber (DC) ICDs confer a greater benefit than single-chamber (SC) ICDs, and compared the long-term outcomes of recipients of each type of device implanted for primary prevention.Methods and resultsBetween 2002 and 2012, the DAI-PP registry consecutively enrolled 1258 SC- and 1280 DC-ICD recipients at 12 French medical centres. The devices were interrogated at 4- to 6-month intervals during outpatient visits, with a focus on the therapies delivered. The study endpoints were incidence of appropriate therapies, ICD-related morbidity, and deaths from all and from specific causes. The mean age of the SC- and DC-ICD recipients was 59 ± 12 and 62 ± 11 years, respectively (P< 0.0001). The distribution of genders, New York Heart Association functional classes and glomerular filtration rates, and the rates of ischaemic vs. dilated cardiomyopathies and of defibrillation tests at implant, were similar in both study groups. The rates of periprocedural complications were 12.1% in the DC- vs. 8.8% in the SC-ICD groups (P= 0.008). Over a mean follow-up of 3.1 ± 2.2 years, pulse generators were replaced in 21.9% of the DC- vs. 13.6% of the SC-ICD group (P< 0.0001). The proportions of patients treated with ≥1 appropriate therapies (24.7 vs. 23.8%) and ≥1 inappropriate shocks (8.4 vs. 7.8%), and all-cause mortality (12.4 vs. 13.2%) were similar in both groups.ConclusionIn this large registry of ICD implanted for primary prevention, DC-ICDs were associated with higher rates of peri-implant complications and generator replacements, whereas the survival and rates of inappropriate shocks were similar in both groups.Clinical trial numberNCT#01992458.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
  • Macroreentrant atrial tachycardia around the native common
           atrioventricular valve in a surgically corrected complete atrioventricular
           septal defect
    • Authors: Moreno J; Franco E, Sánchez I.
      Abstract: A 32-year-old female, with a surgically corrected complete atrioventricular septal defect, developed an atrial tachycardia (Figure, ECG after adenosine in Panel A, bottom) after a mitral prosthetic valve implant. An ablation procedure was scheduled.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
  • Left univentricular pacing for cardiac resynchronization therapy
    • Abstract: [Europace doi:10.1093/europace/euw179]
      PubDate: 2017-02-04
  • Characterization and consistency of interactions of triggers and substrate
           at the onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
    • Authors: Jones DG; Markides V, Chow AC, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsInitiating mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) remain poorly understood, involving complex interaction between triggers and the atrial substrate. This study sought to classify the transitional phenomena, hypothesizing that there is consistency within and between patients in trigger–substrate interaction during transition to AF.Methods and resultsNon-contact left atrial (LA) mapping was performed in 17 patients undergoing ablation for paroxysmal AF. All had spontaneous ectopy. Left atrial activation from the first ectopic to established AF was examined offline to characterize the initiating and transitional sequence of activation. In 57 fully mapped spontaneous AF initiations in 8 patients, all involved interaction of pulmonary venous/LA triggers with a septopulmonary line of block (SP-LOB) also evident in sinus rhythm, by 4 different transitional mechanisms characterized by (i) continuous focal firing: AF resulted from fragmentation of each ectopic wavefront through gaps in the SP-LOB and persisted only while focal firing continued (n = 18/32%) (ii) transient focal firing, wavefront fragmentation at the SP-LOB produced wavelet re-entry that persisted after cessation of an initiating ectopic source (n = 12/21%), (iii) of two separate interacting ectopic foci (n = 15/26%), or from (iv) transiently stable macroreentry (n = 12/21%), around the SP-LOB extending to the LA roof, resulting in progressive wavefront fragmentation. It was found that 79 ± 22% of each of the initiations in individual patients showed the same triggering mechanism.ConclusionOnset of paroxysmal AF can be described by discrete mechanistic categories, all involving interaction of ectopic activity with a common SP-LOB. Within/between-patient consistency of initiations suggests constancy of the interacting triggers and substrate, and supports the concept of mechanistically tailored treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
  • Regular supraventricular tachycardia with irregular atrial activations
    • Authors: Yamada T; Kay G.
      Abstract: A 19-year-old woman with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) occurring after the slow pathway ablation underwent electrophysiological testing. Atrial extrastimulation induced regular SVTs following a sudden prolongation of the AH interval. During the SVT, ventriculoatrial (VA) block occurred with irregular atrial activations. A premature ventricular stimulus delivered during the His refractory period did not reset the following His activation during the SVT. Rapid ventricular pacing terminated the SVT. Therefore, the SVT was diagnosed as atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia with an upper common pathway. The slow pathway ablation eliminated this SVT.
      PubDate: 2017-01-16
  • Adverse outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation and peripheral
           arterial disease: a report from the EURObservational research programme
           pilot survey on atrial fibrillation
    • Authors: Proietti M; Raparelli V, Laroche C, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsPeripheral arterial disease (PAD) is highly prevalent in general population. Data on the prevalence of symptomatic PAD in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are limited, and the impact of PAD on adverse outcomes in AF patients is controversial. Our aims were: (i) to define the prevalence of symptomatic PAD in European AF patients and describe its associated clinical risk factors and (ii) to establish the relationship of PAD to adverse events in AF, especially all-cause death.Methods and resultsAtrial fibrillation patients enrolled in the EORP-AF Pilot study with data about PAD status were included in this analysis. Event rates were determined at 1-year follow-up. Peripheral arterial disease was recorded in 328 (11%) patients. Age (P < 0.0001), hypertension (P = 0.0059), diabetes mellitus (P = 0.0001), chronic heart failure (P < 0.0001), previous stroke/transient ischaemic attack (P = 0.0060), and antiplatelet drug treatment (P = 0.0001) were associated with the presence of PAD, while female gender was inversely associated (P = 0.0002). Peripheral arterial disease patients had higher absolute rates of both cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause death (both P < 0.0001). On Kaplan–Meier analysis, risk of all-cause death was higher in PAD patients compared with those without PAD (P < 0.0001), but PAD did not emerge as an independent risk factor for mortality on Cox regression analysis. A lower risk of all-cause death was associated with the prescription of statins (P = 0.0019), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (P = 0.0008), and calcium-channel blockers (P = 0.0071).ConclusionPeripheral arterial disease is prevalent in 11% of AF patients and related to various atherosclerotic risk factors. Even if PAD is associated with higher risk of all-cause death on univariate analysis, this risk was significantly lowered and was no longer evident after adjusting for the use of CV prevention drugs.
      PubDate: 2016-12-09
  • Association of pre-ablation level of vitamin D with atrial fibrillation
           recurrence after catheter ablation: reply
    • Authors: Jiang H; Wang C, Hou Y.
      Abstract: Vitamin D was not involved in our article, because there had been no studies focusing on the association of vitamin D and atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation.1
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
  • ‘… And now what to do'’ Direct surgical trans-atrial endocardial
           pacing electrode implantation in a very complex situation
    • Authors: Rossi A; Clemente A, Chiappino D, et al.
      PubDate: 2016-10-17
  • Ghostbusters should come back to lead extraction arena in order to fight
           with ghosts
    • Authors: Canpolat U.
      Abstract: I was grateful to read an interesting paper by Narducci et al.1 which showed an association of the presence of ‘ghost’ after transvenous lead extraction (TLE) with Charlson co-morbidity index and intra-cardiac echocardiography (ICE) detected endocarditis. They also demonstrated that the occurrence of ‘ghost’ after TLE and systemic infection on admission were found as independent predictors of mortality at median 11 months follow-up. However, the pathophysiological mechanism for development of ‘ghost’ and its association with increased mortality were unclear.
      PubDate: 2016-10-17
  • Ghostbusters should come back to lead extraction arena in order to fight
           with ghosts: Author's reply
    • Authors: Narducci M; Di Monaco A, Pelargonio G, et al.
      Abstract: We appreciate the interest of Dr Canpolat in our article.1,2 Persistence of residual fibrous tissue after transvenous lead extraction (TLE) has been described variously over the last few years.3–5 Focusing on pathophysiological mechanism for development of ‘ghost’, Andreas et al. described the histopathology of an inhomogeneous highly mobile structure in the right atrium after TLE, as organized thrombus in a case report.6 Immunohistochemical analysis of 17 extracted leads revealed that a fibrous capsule surrounding the lead was partially or completely covered with a monolayer of CD34 expressing endothelial cells.7 Endothelialization of the fibrous encapsulation indicates a functionalization of blood-contacting surfaces around leads, thus providing a mechanism for long-term persistence of foreign materials in the blood.7 On the other hand, granuloma tissue and vasculogenesis were present in the encapsulating tissue of 56 extracted leads, particularly in patients with device-endocarditis and pocket infection.8
      PubDate: 2016-10-17
  • Asymmetrical left atrial remodelling in atrial fibrillation: relation with
           diastolic dysfunction and long-term ablation outcomes
    • Authors: Nedios S; Koutalas E, Sommer P, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThe association between anatomical left atrial (LA) remodelling and ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is not well studied. We aimed to examine the effect of DD on anatomic LA remodelling and their relation with ablation outcomes.Methods and resultsIn 104 patients (58 ± 10 years, 69% male) referred for AF ablation, LA volume (LAV) was determined by computed tomography. A cutting plane, between the pulmonary vein (PV) ostia and the appendage and parallel to the posterior wall, divided LAV into anterior- (LA­A) and posterior-LA parts. The ratio of LA-A and LAV was defined as the LA asymmetry index (ASI). According to the current guidelines, the presence of DD was evaluated by echocardiography. Regression analysis was used to identify predictors of asymmetry changes and long-term success. Univariate linear regression revealed that ASI is associated with LAV, the presence of DD, and mitral regurgitation. Asymmetry index was higher in patients with DD (n = 35, 62 ± 5 vs. 59 ± 6%, P = 0.013) or mitral regurgitation (n = 67, 61 ± 6 vs. 58 ± 5%, P = 0.025). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that DD (B = 2.6, β = 0.207, 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.167–5.011, P = 0.036) and LAV (B = 0.037, β = 0.211, 95% CI: 0.003–0.071, P = 0.033) were the only factors independently associated with ASI (adjusted r2 = 0.92, F = 6.2, P = 0.003). Regression analysis showed that AF recurrence (33% after 24 months) is associated with asymmetric LA changes, while DD is not.ConclusionsLeft atrial symmetry changes are associated with DD and dilatation. Since DD could cause LA remodelling, appropriate early treatment should be considered for AF patients with DD, before geometrical changes occur.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
  • Clinically guided pacemaker choice and setting: pacemaker expert
           programming study
    • Authors: Ziacchi M; Palmisano P, Ammendola E, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimThe aim of this multicentre, observational, transversal study was to evaluate pacemaker (PM) choice and setting in a large number of patients, in order to understand their relationship with the patients’ clinical characteristics.Methods and resultsThe study enrolled a total of 1858 patients (71 ± 14 years, 54% male), consecutively evaluated during scheduled PM follow-up visits in 7 Italian cardiac arrhythmia centres. To evaluate the appropriateness of PM choice in relation to the patients’ clinical characteristics, we analysed their rhythm disorders at the time of device implantation and the characteristics of the devices implanted. To evaluate the appropriateness of device setting, current rhythm disorders and device setting at the time of enrolment were analysed. In the overall study population, 64.3% of the patients received a PM with all of the features required for their rhythm disorder [80.8% in persistent atrioventricular (AV) block, 76.5% in atrial fibrillation needing pacing, 71.0% in sinus node disease, 58.7% in non-persistent atrioventricular block (AVB), 52.7% in neuro-mediated syncope]. The most frequent cause of inappropriate PM choice was the lack of an algorithm to promote intrinsic AV conduction in non-persistent AVB patients (38.1%). In 76.2% of the patients with an appropriate PM (n = 1301), the PM was optimally set for their rhythm disorder.ConclusionsIn the present ‘real-world’ registry, a large number of patients (35.7%) did not receive an optimal PM for their rhythm disorders. Moreover, one-fourth of appropriate PMs were not programmed according to the patients’ clinical characteristics.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
  • Surgery for supraventricular tachycardia and congenital heart defects:
           long-term efficacy of the combined approach in adult patients
    • Authors: Giamberti A; Pluchinotta FR, Chessa M, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsSupraventricular arrhythmias are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Intraoperative ablation offers an alternative for patients who failed ablation procedures or are requiring concomitant surgical intervention. We present our long-term results with the surgical treatment of arrhythmias in adults with CHD (ACHD) undergoing elective cardiac surgery and the clinical predictors for arrhythmia recurrence.Methods and resultsBetween 2002 and 2013, 80 consecutive patients with CHD, mean age of 39 years, underwent intraoperative ablation with monopolar irrigated radiofrequency during cardiac surgery procedures. Significant clinical predictors of arrhythmia recurrence were determined by univariate analysis. We performed 47 right-sided Maze procedures, and 33 Cox-Maze III procedures. In 75 survivors, the ablation was effective immediately. Over an average follow-up period of 72 months (12–155 months), arrhythmias recurred in nine (20%) patients after right-sided Maze, and in six (19%) patients after Cox-Maze III. Eleven patients were controlled with medical therapy, three underwent catheter ablation of the arrhythmia, and one required a permanent pacemaker. Preoperative arrhythmia length ≥3 years (P ≤ 0.001), tetralogy of Fallot (P ≤ 0.006), and preoperative atrial fibrillation (P ≤ 0.016) were associated with recurrence arrhythmia. Conversely, NYHA class <3 (P ≤ 0.047) was associated with a lower risk of recurrence.ConclusionSurgical treatment of unresponsive supraventricular arrhythmia during concomitant cardiac surgery in ACHD is a safe and effective procedure. Freedom from arrhythmias recurrence is 75% after 6 years of follow-up. Long-term recurrence of arrhythmia in these patients seems to be strongly correlated to preoperative arrhythmia duration.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
  • Peri-mitral atrial tachycardia mimicking localized reentry after the
           superior transseptal approach
    • Authors: Hayashi T; Mitsuhashi T, Momomura S.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
  • Safe automatic one-lead electrocardiogram analysis in screening for atrial
    • Authors: Svennberg E; Stridh M, Engdahl J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsScreening for atrial fibrillation (AF) using intermittent electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings can identify individuals at risk of AF-related morbidity in particular stroke. We aimed to validate the performance of an AF screening algorithm compared with manual ECG analysis by specially trained nurses and physicians (gold standard) in 30 s intermittent one-lead ECG recordings.Methods and resultsThe STROKESTOP study is a mass-screening study for AF using intermittent ECG recordings. All individuals in the study without known AF registered a 30-s ECG recording in Lead I two times daily for 2 weeks, and all ECGs were manually interpreted. A computerized algorithm was used to analyse 80 149 ECG recordings in 3209 individuals. The computerized algorithm annotated 87.1% (n = 69 789) of the recordings as sinus rhythm/minor rhythm disturbances. The manual interpretation (gold standard) was that 69 758 ECGs were normal, making the negative predictive value of the algorithm 99.9%. The number of ECGs requiring manual interpretation in order to find one pathological ECG was reduced from 288 to 35. Atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in 84 patients by manual interpretation, in all of whom the algorithm indicated pathology. On an ECG level, 278 ECGs were manually interpreted as AF, and of these the algorithm annotated 272 ECGs as pathological (sensitivity 97.8%).ConclusionAutomatic ECG screening using a computerized algorithm safely identifies normal ECGs in Lead I and reduces the need for manual evaluation of individual ECGs with >85% with 100% sensitivity on an individual basis.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
  • Rationale and design of the BUDAPEST-CRT Upgrade Study: a prospective,
           randomized, multicentre clinical trial
    • Authors: Merkely B; Kosztin A, Roka A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThere is lack of conclusive evidence from randomized clinical trials on the efficacy and safety of upgrade to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with implanted pacemakers (PM) or defibrillators (ICD) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and chronic heart failure (HF). The BUDAPEST-CRT Upgrade Study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of CRT upgrade from conventional PM or ICD therapy in patients with intermittent or permanent right ventricular (RV) septal/apical pacing, reduced LVEF, and symptomatic HF.Methods and resultsThe BUDAPEST-CRT study is a prospective, randomized, multicentre, investigator-sponsored clinical trial. A total of 360 subjects will be enrolled with LVEF ≤ 35%, NYHA functional classes II–IVa, paced QRS ≥ 150 ms, and a RV pacing ≥ 20%. Patients will be followed for 12 months. Randomization is performed in a 3:2 ratio (CRT-D vs. ICD). The primary composite endpoint is all-cause mortality, a first HF event, or less than 15% reduction in left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume at 12 months. Secondary endpoints are all-cause mortality, all-cause mortality or HF event, and LV volume reduction at 12 months. Tertiary endpoints include changes in quality of life, NYHA functional class, 6 min walk test, natriuretic peptides, and safety outcomes.ConclusionThe results of our prospective, randomized, multicentre clinical trial will provide important information on the role of cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) upgrade in patients with symptomatic HF, reduced LVEF, and wide-paced QRS with intermittent or permanent RV pacing.Clinical identifierNCT02270840.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
  • Improved patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy by
           normalization of QRS duration to left ventricular dimension
    • Authors: Zweerink AA; Wu LL, de Roest GJ, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThis study evaluates the relative importance of two components of QRS prolongation, myocardial conduction velocity and travel distance of the electrical wave front (i.e. path length), for the prediction of acute response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in left bundle branch block (LBBB) patients.Methods and resultsThirty-two CRT candidates (ejection fraction <35%, LBBB) underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging to provide detailed information on left ventricular (LV) dimensions. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) was used as a primary measure for path length, subsequently QRSd was normalized to LV dimension (i.e. QRSd divided by LVEDV) to adjust for conduction path length. Invasive pressure–volume loop analysis at baseline and during CRT was used to assess acute pump function improvement, expressed as LV stroke work (SW) change. During CRT, SW improved by +38 ± 46% (P < 0.001). The baseline LVEDV was positively related to QRSd (R = 0.36, P = 0.044). Despite this association, a paradoxical inverse relation was found between LVEDV and SW improvement during CRT (R = −0.40; P = 0.025). Baseline unadjusted QRSd was found to be unrelated to SW changes during CRT (R = 0.16; P = 0.383), whereas normalized QRSd (QRSd/LVEDV) yielded a strong correlation with CRT response (R = 0.49; P = 0.005). Other measures of LV dimension, including LV length, LV diameter, and LV end-systolic volume, showed similar relations with normalized QRSd and SW improvement.ConclusionSince normalized QRSd reflects myocardial conduction properties, these findings suggest that myocardial conduction velocity rather than increased path length mainly determines response to CRT. Normalizing QRSd to LV dimension might provide a relatively simple method to improve patient selection for CRT.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
  • Outcomes of lead extraction without subsequent device reimplantation
    • Authors: Al-Hijji MA; Killu AM, Yousefian O, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsOutcomes among patients who do not receive device reimplantation after cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) extraction have not been well studied. The present study aims to investigate the outcomes of patients without device reimplantation after lead extraction and device removal.Methods and resultsWe retrospectively searched for consecutive patients who underwent CIED extraction at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN and University of California San Diego Medical Center from 2001 through 2012. Among the patients identified, we compared characteristics of those who did and did not have device reimplantation. The Kaplan–Meier survival was analysed. Among 678 patients, 97 patients had their device extracted without reimplantation during 1-year follow-up (‘no-reimplant group’). Median age was younger in the no-reimplant group (60.7 vs. 70.6 years; P < 0.001). The reasons for no reimplantation were as follows: no longer meeting criteria for CIED (48%), inappropriate device indication at initial implantation (23%), patient preference (17%), and unresolved device complications (12%). Three major arrhythmias were reported in the no-reimplant group. Overall survival in the no-reimplant group was significantly lower than in the reimplant group (60 vs. 93%; P < 0.001). Ongoing device-related complications [hazard ratio (HR), 3.91; 95% CI, 1.74–8.81; P = 0.001], infection (HR, 3.06; 95% CI, 1.24–7.52; P = 0.02), and concurrent dialysis (HR, 2.74; 95% CI, 1.12–6.71; P = 0.03) were associated with increased mortality. Of 31 deaths in the no-reimplant group, 1 was secondary to cardiac arrhythmia.ConclusionFourteen per cent of patients who had device extraction did not undergo reimplantation mainly because they no longer met CIED indications. The high mortality in these patients is related to device complications and comorbid conditions, whereas mortality associated with arrhythmia is rare.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
  • The slope of the initial temperature drop predicts acute pulmonary vein
           isolation using the second-generation cryoballoon
    • Authors: Deubner N; Greiss H, Akkaya E, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsThere is no objective, early indicator of occlusion quality, and efficacy of cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation. As previous experience suggests that the initial cooling rate correlates with these parameters, we investigated the slope of the initial temperature drop as an objective measure.Methods and resultsA systematic evaluation of 523 cryoapplications in 105 patients using a serial ROC-AUC analysis was performed. We found the slope of a linear regression of the temperature–time function to be a good predictor (PPV 0.9, specificity 0.72, sensitivity 0.71, and ROC-AUC 0.75) of acute isolation. It also correlated with nadir temperatures (P< 0.001, adjusted R2= 0.43), predicted very low nadir temperatures, and varied according to visual occlusion grades (ANOVA P< 0.001).ConclusionsAbout 25 s after freeze initiation, the temperature–time slope predicts important key characteristics of a cryoablation, such as nadir temperature. The slope is the only reported predictor to actually precede acute isolation and thus to support decisions about pull-down manoeuvres or aborting a cryoablation early on. It is also predictive of very low nadir temperatures and phrenic nerve palsy and thus may add to patient safety.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
  • Contemporary rates and outcomes of single- vs. dual-coil implantable
           cardioverter defibrillator lead implantation: data from the Israeli ICD
    • Authors: Leshem E; Suleiman M, Laish-Farkash A, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsDual-coil leads were traditionally considered standard of care due to lower defibrillation thresholds (DFT). Higher complication rates during extraction with parallel progression in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) technology raised questions on dual coil necessity. Prior substudies found no significant outcome difference between dual and single coils, although using higher rates of DFT testing then currently practiced. We evaluated the temporal trends in implantation rates of single- vs. dual-coil leads and determined the associated adverse clinical outcomes, using a contemporary nation-wide ICD registry.Methods and resultsBetween July 2010 and March 2015, 6343 consecutive ICD (n = 3998) or CRT-D (n = 2345) implantation patients were prospectively enrolled in the Israeli ICD Registry. A follow-up of at least 1 year of 2285 patients was available for outcome analysis. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Single-coil leads were implanted in 32% of our cohort, 36% among ICD recipients, and 26% among CRT-D recipients. Secondary prevention indication was associated with an increased rate of dual-coil implantation. A significant decline in dual-coil leads with reciprocal incline of single coils was observed, despite low rates of DFT testing (11.6%) during implantation, which also declined from 31 to 2%. In the multivariate Cox model analysis, dual- vs. single-coil lead implantation was not associated with an increased risk of mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.23; P= 0.33], heart failure hospitalization (HR = 1.34; P=0.13), appropriate (HR = 1.25; P= 0.33), or inappropriate ICD therapy (HR = 2.07; P= 0.12).ConclusionReal-life rates of single-coil lead implantation are rising while adding no additional risk. These results of single-coil safety are reassuring and obtained, despite low and contemporary rates of DFT testing.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
  • Electrophysiological features and catheter ablation of symptomatic
           frequent premature atrial contractions
    • Authors: Wang X; Li Z, Mao J, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractAimsFrequent premature atrial contractions (PACs) are associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, and death. This study aimed to explore the electrophysiological features of PACs with and without inducing AF and to evaluate the effectiveness of catheter ablation for PACs.Methods and resultsThirty-five consecutive patients with symptomatic, frequent, and drug-refractory PACs in the absence of AF (group A) and 35 patients with PACs-induced AF (group B) were enrolled. Coupling intervals (CoIs) of PACs were compared. Premature atrial contractions were mapped by the point-by-point and/or circular mapping technique. Focal ablation or pulmonary vein/superior vena cava isolation was applied as appropriate. A total of 35 ectopic foci were identified in group A. The majority of them were at pulmonary vein (PV) (n = 7), crista terminalis (n = 6), and para-Hisian area (n = 6). In group B, ectopic foci were in left-sided PVs in 21 patients, in right-sided PVs in 13 patients, and in SVC in 1 patient. There was significant difference in CoIs of PACs triggering AF and those from PVs and non-PV areas but without causing AF (362.8 ± 23.0 ms vs. 470.6 ± 60.1 ms vs. 515.6 ± 77.2 ms, P< 0.001). Premature atrial contractions were abolished in 32 of 35 patients from group A and in all patients from group B. At the end of follow-up, 29 patients in group A and 28 patients in group B were free of recurrence (off antiarrhythmic drugs) after the initial ablation (P =0.97).ConclusionsFrequent PACs in the absence of AF were characterized as having their predilection sites and longer CoIs than those inducing AF. Catheter ablation was effective to eliminate symptomatic, frequent, and drug-refractory PACs.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
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