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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 310, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 542, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover EP-Europace
  [SJR: 2.201]   [H-I: 71]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1099-5129 - ISSN (Online) 1532-2092
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation associated with valvular
           heart disease: a joint consensus document from the European Heart Rhythm
           Association (EHRA) and European Society of Cardiology Working Group on
           Thrombosis, endorsed by the ESC Working Group on Valvular Heart Disease,
           Cardiac Arrhythmia Society of Southern Africa (CASSA), Heart Rhythm
           Society (HRS), Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS), South African
           Heart (SA Heart) Association and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Estimulación
           Cardíaca y Electrofisiología (SOLEACE)
    • Authors: Lip G; Collet J, Caterina R, et al.
      First page: 1757
      Abstract: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major worldwide public health problem, and AF in association with valvular heart disease (VHD) is also common. However, management strategies for this group of patients have been less informed by randomized trials, which have largely focused on ‘non-valvular AF’ patients. Thrombo-embolic risk also varies according to valve lesion and may also be associated with CHA2DS2VASc score risk factor components, rather than only the valve disease being causal. Given marked heterogeneity in the definition of valvular and non-valvular AF and variable management strategies, including non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with VHD other than prosthetic heart valves or haemodynamically significant mitral valve disease, there is a need to provide expert recommendations for professionals participating in the care of patients presenting with AF and associated VHD. To address this topic, a Task Force was convened by the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Working Group on Thrombosis, with representation from the ESC Working Group on Valvular Heart Disease, Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS), South African Heart (SA Heart) Association and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Estimulación Cardíaca y Electrofisiología (SOLEACE) with the remit to comprehensively review the published evidence, and to publish a joint consensus document on the management of patients with AF and associated VHD, with up-to-date consensus recommendations for clinical practice for different forms of VHD. This consensus document proposes that the term ‘valvular AF’ is outdated and given that any definition ultimately relates to the evaluated practical use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) type, we propose a functional Evaluated Heartvalves, Rheumatic or Artificial (EHRA) categorization in relation to the type of OAC use in patients with AF, as follows: (i) EHRA Type 1 VHD, which refers to AF patients with ‘VHD needing therapy with a Vitamin K antagonist (VKA); and (ii) EHRA Type 2 VHD, which refers to AF patients with ‘VHD needing therapy with a VKA or a Non-VKA oral anticoagulant (NOAC)’, also taking into consideration CHA2DS2VASc score risk factor components. This consensus document also summarizes current developments in the field, and provides general recommendations for the management of these patients based on the principles of evidence-based medicine.
      PubDate: 2017-08-30
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux240
       
  • An atypical roof-dependent atrial tachycardia with a long channel of
           conduction identified with high-density mapping: pitfall of the
           conventional assessment of the roof line block
    • Authors: Takigawa M; Thompson N, Denis A, et al.
      First page: 1766
      Abstract: A 60-year-old woman presented for radiofrequency (RF) ablation of an atrial tachycardia (AT) after initial atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. At the time of the electrophysiological study, the patient was in AT (CL = 245 ms). An activation map with the OrionTM basket catheter and the RhythmiaTM system (Boston Scientific, USA) displayed a dual-loop macro-re-entrant AT with roof-dependent and peri-mitral circuits. RF application to the mitral isthmus terminated the AT with the end point of bidirectional block. Subsequently, we completed the roof line and confirmed block while pacing the left atrial appendage (LAA); the duration from the stimulus to the local activation was 180 ms on the low posterior wall and 190 ms on the high posterior wall. However, atrial burst pacing induced another AT. An activation map displayed an atypical roof-dependent AT (CL = 360 ms), which conducted along a channel on the posterior wall (superior to inferior in direction) involving the roof. Areas on either side of the channel were activated from inferior to superior (Panel 1). Additional RF within the channel successfully terminated the AT (yellow circle in Panel 1) and the duration between the stimulus on the LAA and the high posterior wall extended to 240 ms. A new map during LAA pacing confirmed that no conduction remained on the roof (Panel 2); no other ATs were inducible.
      PubDate: 2017-05-07
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux054
       
  • Incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation after cavotricuspid isthmus
           ablation for atrial flutter
    • Authors: Celikyurt U; Knecht S, Kuehne M, et al.
      First page: 1776
      Abstract: AimsIn patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation for atrial flutter (AFL), the decision to hold oral anticoagulation (OAC) often becomes an issue. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) after CTI ablation in patients with documented AFL with and without a previous history of AF and to identify risk predictors for the occurrence of AF after CTI.Methods and resultsWe included 364 consecutive patients undergoing successful CTI ablation. Thereof, 230 patients (170 male; age 66 ± 11 years) had AFL only (AFL group) and 134 patients (94 male; age 65 ± 11 years) had AFL and previously documented AF (AFL and AF group). Over a mean follow-up of 22 ± 20 months, 163 (71%) patients in the AFL group and 67 (50%) patients in the AFL and AF groups had no documentation of a recurrent atrial arrhythmia (P < 0.001). AF developed in 51 patients (22%) in the AFL group and in 57 (43%) patients in the AFL and AF groups (P < 0.001). In patients without history of AF, left atrial diameter was the only predictor of development of AF (HR 1.058 [95%CI 1.011–1.108], P = 0.016). Multivariate analysis of the total population identified history of AF (HR 1.918 [95%CI 1.301–2.830], P = 0.001) and BMI as predictors for AF development (HR 1.052 [95%CI 1.012–1.093], P = 0.011).ConclusionOur results indicate that new-onset AF develops in a significant proportion of patients undergoing CTI for AFL. One should therefore be careful to withhold OAC. Furthermore, pulmonary vein isolation should be considered in conjunction with CTI, particularly in patients with previously documented AF.
      PubDate: 2017-01-09
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw343
       
  • Recognition of short RP atrial tachycardia due to intra-atrial conduction
           delay: utility of a septal AH/HA Ratio <1
    • Authors: Ip J; Thomas G, Cheung J, et al.
      First page: 1780
      Abstract: A 59-year-old man underwent ablation for cavotricuspid (CTI)-dependent right atrial flutter. Post ablation programmed stimulation reproducibly initiated supraventricular tachycardia with a cycle length 300–310 ms. The rhythm strip showed short RP tachycardia with a prolonged P wave duration (175 ms), which was much longer compared with during sinus rhythm (110 ms) (top panel, left).
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux105
       
  • Efficacy and safety of the second generation cryoballoon ablation for the
           treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients over 75 years: a
           comparison with a younger cohort
    • Authors: Abugattas J; Iacopino S, Moran D, et al.
      First page: 1798
      Abstract: AimsIn this double centre, retrospective study, we aimed to analyse the 1-year efficacy and safety of cryoballoon ablation (CB-A) in patients older than 75 years compared with those younger than 75-years old.Methods and resultsFifty-three consecutive patients aged 75 years or older with drug-resistant paroxysmal AF (PAF) who underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) by the means of second generation CB-A, were compared with 106 patients aged <75 years. The mean age in the study group (>75 years) was 78.19 ± 2.7 years and 58.97 ± 8.5 in the control group. At 1-year follow-up the global success rate was 83.6% and did not significantly differ between older (10/53) and younger patients (16/106) (81.1 vs. 84.9%, P = 0.54). Transient phrenic nerve palsy was the most common complication which occurred in eight patients in the younger group and in three in the older group (7.5 vs. 5.7%, respectively, P = 0.66).ConclusionsThe results of our study showed that CB-A for the treatment of PAF is a feasible and safe procedure in elderly patients, with similar success and complications rates when compared with a younger population.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux023
       
  • Intracardiac echocardiography catheter-guided zero fluoroscopy transeptal
           puncture technique for ablation of left-sided accessory pathway in a
           pregnant woman
    • Authors: Rossi L; Penela D, Villani G.
      First page: 1825
      Abstract: Supraventricular tachycardia (ST) management may become a real challenge during pregnancy. Because of the potential risk for foetal damage with radiation exposure, ablation therapy in pregnancy is not encouraged in contemporary guidelines. On the other hand, antiarrhythmic drugs pose some risk of adverse effects or teratogenicity to the foetus. Moreover, a high rate of symptomatic ST during pregnancy has been described, especially those due to accessory pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw340
       
  • Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide to predict clinical course in
           heart failure patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy
    • Authors: Arrigo M; Truong QA, Szymonifka J, et al.
      First page: 1848
      Abstract: AimsCardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) induces reverse cardiac remodelling in heart failure (HF), but many patients receiving CRT remain non-responders. This study assessed the role of amino-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), mid-regional-pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), and mid-regional-pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) at the time of device implantation to predict favourable clinical course (CRT response and/or risk of MACE) in HF patients receiving CRT.Methods and resultsA total of 137 HF patients were prospectively included. Blood was drawn from the coronary sinus (CS) at CRT implantation, and from a peripheral vein (PV) simultaneously and after 6 months. Clinical CRT response at 6 months and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 2 years were assessed. Baseline PV-levels of MR-proANP (202 vs. 318 pmol/L, P = 0.009) and MR-proADM (843 vs. 1112 pmol/L, P = 0.02) were lower in CRT responders compared with non-responders. At 6 months, CRT responders showed a decrease in MR-proANP levels, compared with an increase in non-responders (−32 vs. +7 pmol/L, P = 0.02). During the same period, NT-proBNP decreased by a similar way in responders and non-responders, while MR-proADM was unchanged in both groups. High baseline MR-proANP, either in PV (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.24–0.71, P = 0.002) or CS (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.15–0.70, P = 0.005) was associated with reduced likelihood of CRT response. Furthermore, PV and CS levels of NT-proBNP, MR-proANP, and MR-proADM were all associated with increased risk of 2-year MACE (all P < 0.01).ConclusionMid-regional-pro-atrial natriuretic peptide may assist prediction of clinical course in HF patients undergoing CRT implantation. Low circulating MR-proANP at the time of device implantation is associated with CRT response and more favourable outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-01-17
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw305
       
  • Vagal third-degree atrioventricular block in a highly trained endurance
           athlete
    • Authors: Vidal A; Agorrody V, Abreu R, et al.
      First page: 1863
      Abstract: Electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics of athletes have recently become a topic of intensive study. Athletes are well known to have low-heart rates, but it is difficult to determine how low is too low for pacemaker indication.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux045
       
  • The double adenosine test: a simple and non-invasive tip to unmask
           unapparent pre-excitations: an example of Mahaim fibres
    • Authors: Boulé S; Escande W, Lamblin N.
      First page: 1873
      Abstract: We report the case of a 16-year-old youth who was admitted for a wide QRS tachycardia caused by an atypical atriofascicular bypass tract (the so-called ‘Mahaim fibers’). These bypass tracts give rise to antidromic atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardias, in which the bypass tract serves as the anterograde limb of the circuit and the atrioventricular node as the retrograde limb of the re-entrant circuit. Unfortunately, in these patients, it is easy to make a misdiagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia with functional left bundle branch block or even of ventricular tachycardia. Indeed, due to the slow and decremental conduction properties of these bypass tracts, the baseline ECG is either normal or shows only subtle pre-excitation. Herein, we describe a simple tip, consisting of two successive administrations of adenosine [during ongoing tachycardia (upper panel) and during sinus rhythm (lower panel)], to make a non-invasive and definite diagnosis of this condition. Importantly, the use of this method to unmask an accessory pathway capable of anterograde conduction is not limited to the diagnosis of Mahaim fibres. Indeed, it can be used more generally in patients presenting with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia whenever the ECG following tachycardia termination does not definitely rule out the presence of an accessory pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux125
       
  • Frailty syndrome: an emerging clinical problem in the everyday management
           of clinical arrhythmias. The results of the European Heart Rhythm
           Association survey
    • Authors: Fumagalli S; Potpara T, Bjerregaard Larsen T, et al.
      First page: 1896
      Abstract: The age of patients presenting with complex arrhythmias is increasing. Frailty is a multifaceted syndrome characterized by an increased vulnerability to stressors and a decreased ability to maintain homeostasis. The prevalence of frailty is associated with age. The aims of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) EP Wire survey were to evaluate the proportion of patients with frailty and its influence on the clinical management of arrhythmias. A total of 41 centres—members of the EHRA Electrophysiology Research Network—in 14 European countries completed the web-based questionnaire in June 2017. Patients over 70 years represented 53% of the total treated population, with the proportion of frail elderly individuals reaching approximately 10%; 91.7% of the responding centres reported treating frail subjects in the previous year. The respondents usually recognized frailty based on the presence of problems of mobility, nutrition, and cognition and inappropriate loss of body weight and muscle mass. Renal failure, dementia, disability, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, falls, and cancer were reported to characterize the elderly frail individuals. Atrial fibrillation was considered the prevalent arrhythmia associated with frailty by 72% of the responding centres, and for stroke prevention, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants were preferred. None of the respondents considered withholding the prevention of thrombo-embolic events in subjects with a history of falls. All participants have agreed that cardiac resynchronization therapy exerts positive effects including improvement in cardiac, physical, and cognitive performance and quality of life. The majority of respondents preferred an Arrhythmia Team to manage this special population of elderly patients, and many would like having a simple tool to quickly assess the presence of frailty to guide their decisions, particularly on the use of complex cardiac implantable electrical devices (CIEDs). In conclusion, the complex clinical condition in frail patients presenting with arrhythmias warrants an integrated multidisciplinary approach both for the management of rhythm disturbances and for the decision on using CIEDs.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/eux288
       
  • Oral loading of propafenone: restoring its role before restoring rhythm
    • Authors: Martignani C; Diemberger I, Ziacchi M, et al.
      First page: 1903
      Abstract: The optimal way to convert recent onset atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm is still a matter of interest for physicians. According to guidelines, usually the clinical strategy depends on patient's characteristics. Pharmacological cardioversion with Class I antiarrhythmic drugs is one of the main therapeutic options for restoring sinus rhythm in patients with recent onset and haemodynamically well-tolerated AF, in the absence of structural heart disease.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw264
       
  • Oral loading of propafenone: restoring its role before restoring
           rhythm—authors’ reply
    • Authors: Stoschitzky K; Stoschitzky G, Lercher P, et al.
      First page: 1903
      Abstract: We wish to thank Martignani et al.1 for their critical Letter to the Editor according to our article recently published in Europace2 where they question our proposal that propafenone should not be generally excluded from cardioversion of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with structural heart disease. Recent 2016European Society of CardiologyGuidelines for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation3 support the use of propafenone for acute pharmacological cardioversion in patients with new onset of atrial fibrillation. However, their restriction that propafenone should only be given to patients without structural heart disease3 particularly bases on CAST (the Cardiac Arrhythmias Suppression Trial),4 where long-term administration of flecainide and encainide, two other Class Ic antiarrhythmic agents without β-blocking effects, increased mortality when given to patients with ventricular arrhythmias and coronary artery disease.
      PubDate: 2017-01-06
      DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw342
       
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy by multipoint pacing improves response
           of left ventricular mechanics and fluid dynamics: a three-dimensional and
           particle image velocimetry echo study
    • Authors: Siciliano M; Migliore F, Badano L, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo characterize the effect of multipoint pacing (MPP) compared to biventricular pacing (BiV) on left ventricle (LV) mechanics and intraventricular fluid dynamics by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and echocardiographic particle imaging velocimetry (Echo-PIV).Methods and resultsIn 11 consecutive patients [8 men; median age 65 years (57–75)] receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with a quadripolar LV lead (Quartet,St.Jude Medical,Inc.), 3DE and Echo-PIV data were collected for each pacing configuration (CRT-OFF, BiV, and MPP) at follow-up after 6 months. 3DE data included LV volumes, LV ejection fraction (LVEF), strain, and systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI). Echo-PIV was used to evaluate the directional distribution of global blood flow momentum, ranging from zero, when flow force is predominantly along the base–apex direction, up to 90° when it becomes transversal. MPP resulted in significant reduction in end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes compared with both CRT-OFF (P = 0.02; P = 0.008, respectively) and BiV (P = 0.04; P = 0.03, respectively). LVEF and cardiac output were significant superior in MPP compared with CRT-OFF, but similar between MPP and BiV. Statistical significant differences when comparing global longitudinal and circumferential strain and SDI with MPP vs. CRT-OFF were observed (P = 0.008; P = 0.008; P = 0.01, respectively). There was also a trend towards improvement in strain between BiV and MPP that did not reach statistical significance. MPP reflected into a significant reduction of the deviation of global blood flow momentum compared with both CRT-OFF and BiV (P = 0.002) indicating a systematic increase of longitudinal alignment from the base–apex orientation of the haemodynamic forces.ConclusionThese preliminary results suggest that MPP resulted in significant improvement of LV mechanics and fluid dynamics compared with BiV. However, larger studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2016-12-26
       
  • Association between sleep disordered breathing and electrocardiographic
           markers of atrial abnormalities: the MESA study
    • Authors: Kwon Y; Misialek J, Duprez D, et al.
      Abstract: AimsElectrocardiographic (ECG) markers of left atrial (LA) abnormalities have been linked to increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been associated with increased risk of AF. We aimed to examine the association of ECG markers of LA abnormalities with SDB.Methods and results1546 participants (mean age 67.2 years, 53.4% women, and 63.3% non-whites) from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Exam 5 Sleep ancillary study were included in this analysis. ECG markers of LA abnormalities (P wave terminal force in V1 (PTFV1), maximum P wave duration, PR interval and heart rate corrected PR interval) were measured from resting standard digital ECG tracings using standardized processing. Linear and logistic regression analyses were utilized to examine the cross-sectional associations of measures of SDB (apnea hypopnea index [AHI] and % time spent with oxygen saturation <90% [%SpO290]) with each ECG marker. In a multivariable analysis adjusting for demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, and comorbidities, AHI was associated with greater PTFV1 but not with other ECG markers of LA abnormalities. A 1-SD increase of AHI (16.6/hr) was associated with higher levels of PTFV1 (175.1 µV.ms, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 75.4, 274.7) and higher odds of abnormally elevated PTFV1 (≥4000 µV.ms) (Odds Ratio: 1.21 [95%CI 1.05, 1.39]). No association was found between %SpO290 and ECG markers of LA abnormalities.ConclusionSeverity of SDB, as measured by AHI, is associated with subclinical LA disease, as indicated by PTFV1. PTFV1 may be an important ECG marker linking SDB and AF.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
       
  • Long-term follow-up of patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and
           severe left atrial scarring: comparison between pulmonary vein antrum
           isolation only or pulmonary vein isolation combined with either scar
           homogenization or trigger ablation
    • Authors: Mohanty S; Mohanty P, Di Biase L, et al.
      Abstract: AimsLeft atrial (LA) scarring, a consequence of cardiac fibrosis is a powerful predictor of procedure-outcome in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients undergoing catheter ablation. We sought to compare the long-term outcome in patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF) and severe LA scarring identified by 3D mapping, undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVAI) only or PVAI and the entire scar areas (scar homogenization) or PVAI+ ablation of the non-PV triggers.Methods and resultsTotally, 177 consecutive patients with PAF and severe LA scarring were included. Patients underwent PVAI only (n = 45, Group 1), PVAI+ scar homogenization (n = 66, Group 2) or PVAI+ ablation of non-PV triggers (n = 66, Group 3) based on operator’s choice. Baseline characteristics were similar across the groups. After first procedure, all patients were followed-up for a minimum of 2 years. The success rate at the end of the follow-up was 18% (8 pts), 21% (14 pts), and 61% (40 pts) in Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Cumulative probability of AF-free survival was significantly higher in Group 3 (overall log-rank P <0.01, pairwise comparison 1 vs. 3 and 2 vs. 3 P < 0.01). During repeat procedures, non-PV triggers were ablated in all. After average 1.5 procedures, the success rates were 28 (62%), 41 (62%), and 56 (85%) in Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (log-rank P< 0.001).ConclusionsIn patients with PAF and severe LA scarring, PVAI+ ablation of non-PV triggers is associated with significantly better long-term outcome than PVAI alone or PVAI+ scar homogenization.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
       
  • Neural networks as a tool to predict syncope risk in the Emergency
           Department
    • Authors: Costantino G; Falavigna G, Solbiati M, et al.
      Abstract: AimsThere is no universally accepted tool for the risk stratification of syncope patients in the Emergency Department. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term predictive accuracy of an artificial neural network (ANN) in stratifying the risk in this patient group.Methods and resultsWe analysed individual level data from three prospective studies, with a cumulative sample size of 1844 subjects. Each dataset was reanalysed to reduce the heterogeneity among studies defining abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) and serious outcomes according to a previous consensus. Ten variables from patient history, ECG, and the circumstances of syncope were used to train and test the neural network. Given the exploratory nature of this work, we adopted two approaches to train and validate the tool. One approach used 4/5 of the data for the training set and 1/5 for the validation set, and the other approach used 9/10 for the training set and 1/10 for the validation set. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of ANNs in identifying short-term adverse events after syncope were 95% [95% confidence interval (CI) 80–98%], 67% (95% CI 62–72%), 0.69 with the 1/5 approach and 100% (95% CI 84–100%), 79% (95% CI 72–85%), 0.78 with the 1/10 approach.ConclusionThe results of our study suggest that ANNs are effective in predicting the short-term risk of patients with syncope. Prospective studies are needed in order to compare ANNs’ predictive capability with existing rules and clinical judgment.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
       
  • The Italian subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator survey:
           S-ICD, why not'
    • Authors: Botto G; Forleo G, Capucci A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsA recommendation for a subcutaneous-implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) has been added to recent European Society of Cardiology Guidelines. However, the S-ICD is not ideally suitable for patients who need pacing. The aim of this survey was to analyse the current practice of ICD implantation and to evaluate the actual suitability of S-ICD.Methods and resultsThe survey ‘S-ICD Why Not'’ was an independent initiative taken by the Italian Heart Rhythm Society (AIAC). Clinical characteristics, selection criteria, and factors guiding the choice of ICD type were collected in consecutive patients who underwent ICD implantation in 33 Italian centres from September to December 2015. A cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device was implanted in 39% (369 of 947) of patients undergoing de novo ICD implantation. An S-ICD was implanted in 12% of patients with no CRT indication (62 of 510 with available data). S-ICD patients were younger than patients who received transvenous ICD, more often had channelopathies, and more frequently received their device for secondary prevention of sudden death. More frequently, the clinical reason for preferring a transvenous ICD over an S-ICD was the need for pacing (45%) or for antitachycardia pacing (36%). Nonetheless, only 7% of patients fulfilled conditions for recommending permanent pacing, and 4% of patients had a history of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia that might have been treatable with antitachycardia pacing.ConclusionThe vast majority of patients needing ICD therapy are suitable candidates for S-ICD implantation. Nevertheless, it currently seems to be preferentially adopted for secondary prevention of sudden death in young patients with channelopathies.
      PubDate: 2016-12-23
       
  • The increased risk of stroke/transient ischemic attack in women with a
           cardiac implantable electronic device is not associated with a higher
           atrial fibrillation burden
    • Authors: Boriani G; Lip G, Ricci R, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo evaluate if the increased thromboembolic risk in female patients may be related to a higher burden of atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods and resultsData collected in a prospective observational research of patients implanted with a cardiac implantable electrical device (CIED) were analysed. We included 2398 patients: 489 (20.4%) were female and 1909 (79.6%) were male (oral anticoagulants treatment in 23.2%, independent of gender). During the follow-up (mean 42.8, median 37.7 months), 26 thromboembolic events occurred in 22 patients, with an incidence rate ratio of both stroke and stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) significantly higher in females compared with males [2.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.53–2.61, P< 0.001 for stroke; 1.77 (95% C1.37–2.31, P< 0.001 for stroke/TIA]. An AF burden ≥5 min was a common finding (44% of patients), with no difference between men and women. The maximum daily AF burden and the time to evolution in permanent AF did not differ according to gender. The results of multivariate Cox regression showed that female gender, as well as history of CABG, were significant independent predictors of stroke and female gender was also an independent predictor of stroke/TIA.ConclusionsAmong patients implanted with a CIED, an AF burden of at least 5 min is a common finding, (44% of patients). Female patients have a risk of stroke and TIAs that is around two-fold that of male patients, but this increased risk cannot be ascribed to a higher burden of AF or to differences in the evolution to permanent AF.Clinical Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01007474
      PubDate: 2016-12-22
       
  • Defibrillation thresholds with right pectoral implantable cardioverter
           defibrillators and impact of waveform tuning (the Tilt and Tune trial)
    • Authors: Varma N; Schaerf R, Kalbfleisch S, et al.
      Abstract: AimsAssess defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) with right active pectoral implantable cardioverter defibrillator (RICDs). Defibrillation thresholds in patients receiving RICDs are regarded as ‘high’ and potentially improved by waveform optimization (tuning). However, this has not been systematically tested.Methods and resultsPatients receiving RICDs [Single chamber (VVI) = 16, DDD = 32, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) = 43] were randomized to either 50/50% fixed tilt (FT) or tuned waveform (3.5 ms time constant based). Defibrillation threshold was tested with a binary search protocol in single coil anodal configuration. Then RICDs were compared with left-sided placements. Baseline patient characteristics in FT (n = 54) and tuned (n = 37) were similar (65 ± 14 years, 71% male, Left ventricular ejection fraction 31 ± 13%; and proportions VVI/DDD/Cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator). Tuning reduced Phase 1 by 15% and Phase 2 by 45%. For FT vs. tuned: high voltage impedance was 61.9 ± 13.2 vs. 64.5 ± 12.7 Ω (P = 0.33) and mean DFT 14.2 ± 8.8 vs. 14.9 ± 9.2 J (P = 0.8). When high voltage impedance was >62 Ω (mean 73.6 ± 8.6 Ω), DFT was identical [FT 13.0 ± 7.9 J vs. tuned 12.0 ± 5.9 J (P= 0.7)]. Defibrillation thresholds exceeded 20 J (600 V) in >20% of patients [FT 11/54 (20.4%) vs. tuned 12/37 (32%) patients]. Defibrillation threshold with RICD was greater and exhibited wider dispersion compared with left ICDs (n = 54) under similar conditions.ConclusionThis first randomized trial investigating DFTs with right ICDs confirms relatively higher DFTs with RICDs than reported for left pectoral ICDs. However, DFTs were generally unaffected by 3.5 ms time constant-based waveform tuning compared with a 50% tilt waveform. Implant testing may be preferred with RICDs.Clinical trial numberNCT00873691.
      PubDate: 2016-12-16
       
  • Molecular autopsy of sudden unexplained deaths reveals genetic
           predispositions for cardiac diseases among young forensic cases
    • Authors: Hellenthal N; Gaertner-Rommel A, Klauke B, et al.
      Abstract: AimsCoronary artery disease accounts for the majority of sudden cardiac deaths (SCD) in the older population whereas cardiomyopathies and arrhythmogenic abnormalities predominate in younger SCD victims (<35 years) with a significant genetic component. The elucidation of the pathogenetic cause of death might be relevant for the prevention of further deaths within affected families. Aim of this study was to determine the portion of underlying genetic heart diseases among unexplained putative SCD cases from a large German forensic department.Methods and resultsWe included 10 forensic cases of sudden unexplained death (SUD) victims aged 19–40 years, who died by SCD due to forensic autopsy. DNA was analysed by next generation panel sequencing of 174 candidate genes for channelopathies and cardiomyopathies. Cardiological examinations, genetic counselling, and subsequent genetic testing were offered to all affected families. We identified within 1 year 10 cases of SUD among 172 forensic cases. Evidence for a genetic disposition was found in 8 of 10 (80%) cases, with pathogenic mutations in 3 and variants of uncertain significance in 5 of SCD cases. Subsequent selective screening of family members revealed two additional mutation carriers.ConclusionThe study provides strong evidence that molecular genetics improves the post mortem diagnosis of fatal genetic heart diseases among SUD victims. Molecular genetics should be integrated in forensic and pathological routine practice.
      PubDate: 2016-10-17
       
  • Medium-term outcomes of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation survivors and
           family screening: a multicentre experience
    • Authors: Honarbakhsh S; Srinivasan N, Kirkby C, et al.
      Abstract: AimsEarly repolarization (ER) has been linked to poorer outcomes in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF). The role of family screening in IVF is not clear. Our aim was to review predictors for poorer outcomes and evaluate the role of family screening in IVF.Methods and resultsThis was a retrospective multicentre cohort study including all patients diagnosed with IVF. Data were collected on baseline characteristics, ECG findings, and recurrence of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) during follow-up. Electrocardiogram findings were reviewed in first-degree relatives that were screened. A total of 66 patients were included with male predominance (42/66, 64%) and Caucasian ethnicity (47/66, 71%). Mean age at cardiac arrest was 38 years ± 11. Thirty-one patients had ER (47%) predominantly with J-point amplitude ≥2 mm and horizontal ST segments (18/31, 58%). Recurrent VA was seen in 13 patients (20%). Horizontal ST segments were associated with increased rates of VA recurrence (OR 11, 95% CI 2.7–43.7; P = 0.0007). Early repolarization was seen in 20% of the 72 first-degree relatives and was more common if the proband had persistent ER pattern (OR 10.7, 95% CI 2.2–51.5; P = 0.003).ConclusionVentricular arrhythmia recurrence was lower than previously reported. Early repolarization was common in this IVF cohort, and horizontal ST segments were suggestive predictor for poorer outcomes. Persistent ER in proband was associated with ER in first-degree relatives. With better understanding of its predictive value and the relationship to IVF, this information could potentially be used to guide family screening and identify new mutations using family members with persistent ER.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14
       
  • Brugada syndrome in the young: an assessment of risk factors predicting
           future events
    • Authors: Gonzalez Corcia M; Sieira J, Sarkozy A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTo investigate the clinical characteristics, prognoses, and presence of risk factors in young patients with Brugada syndrome (BS).Methods and resultsA consecutive cohort of 128 young BS patients (≤25 years old at diagnosis) was analysed. Eighty-eight patients (69%) were asymptomatic, whereas 40 (31%) presented with clinical manifestations of BS. Markers of prognosis and risk were identified upon comparison of these two groups. A history of malignant syncope was strong predictors of ventricular arrhythmic events. Family history of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and mutations in the SCN5A gene did not associate with increased risk. Symptomatic patients presented with significantly abnormal baseline electrical characteristics when compared with the asymptomatic cohort, including spontaneous type I electrocardiograph (ECG) patterns, sinus node dysfunction (SND), first-degree atrioventricular (AV) block, and intra-ventricular conduction delay. The symptomatic group more frequently exhibited atrial arrhythmias. Electrophysiological studies resulted positive more frequently in symptomatic patients, but no risk association for future events could be determined. During the follow-up period (mean: 65 months), 10 arrhythmic events occurred in nine symptomatic patients (event rate: 4.5% per year). No events occurred in the asymptomatic group. Variables significantly associated with arrhythmic events during follow-up were presence of symptoms at diagnosis and spontaneous type I ECG. The presence of atrial arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities was also associated with the risk of arrhythmic events during follow-up.ConclusionSymptomatic BS in the young age is a rare but malignant condition that can manifest with a spectrum of electrical abnormalities (i.e. SND, atrial tachycardias, AV block, and infra-nodal conduction delay) and result in the extreme cases in lethal arrhythmic events and SCD.
      PubDate: 2016-10-13
       
  • Complete tear-off of a Riata dual coil lead tip
    • Authors: Erath J; Monsefi N, Hohnloser S.
      Abstract: Although, the incidence of lead-related adverse events is low, handling of malfunctions of ICD leads is often challenging. We report the case of a young woman who incidentally presented with a complete tear-off of the tip of a Riata dual coil lead while the device had reached ERI criteria. Years ago, an additional pace/sense electrode had been added due to an exit block defibrillation functioning properly. Although defibrillation properties were still adequate at the time of generator exchange, we decided to revise the lead surgically.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
       
  • Association of cardiac resynchronization therapy with the incidence of
           appropriate implantable cardiac defibrillator therapies in ischaemic and
           non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy
    • Authors: Loughlin G; Avila P, Martinez-Ferrer J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsCardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces the incidence of sudden cardiac death and the use of appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapies (AICDTs); however, this antiarrhythmic effect is only observed in certain groups of patients. To gain insight into the effects of CRT on ventricular arrhythmia (VA) burden, we compared the incidence of AICDT use in four groups of patients: patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy vs. non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDC) and patients implanted with an ICD vs. CRT-ICD.Methods and resultsWe analysed 689 consecutive patients (mean follow-up 37 ± 16 months) included in the Umbrella registry, a multicentre prospective registry including patients implanted with ICD or CRT-ICD devices with remote monitoring capabilities in 48 Spanish Hospitals. The primary outcome was the time to first AICDT. Despite a worse clinical risk profile, NIDC patients receiving a CRT-ICD had a lower cumulative probability of first AICDT use at 2 years compared with patients implanted with an ICD [24.7 vs. 41.6%, hazard ratio (HR): 0.49, P = 0.003]; on the other hand, there were no significant differences in the incidence of first AICDT use at 2 years in ischaemic patients (22.6 vs. 21.9%, P = NS). Multivariate analysis confirmed the association of CRT with lower AICDT rates amongst NIDC patients (Adjusted HR: 0.55, CI 95% 0.35–0.87).ConclusionsThese data suggest that CRT is associated with significantly lower rates of first AICDT use in NIDC patients, but not in ischaemic patients. This study suggests that ICD patients with NIDC and left bundle branch block experiencing VAs may benefit from an upgrade to CRT-ICD despite being in a good functional class.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
       
  • Frequency of different electrocardiographic abnormalities in a large
           cohort of Spanish workers
    • Authors: Rodríguez-Capitán J; Fernández-Meseguer A, García-Pinilla J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsOur aim was to describe the electrocardiographic findings of a large sample of Spanish workers from several different employment sectors.Methods and resultsBetween May 2008 and November 2010, 13 495 consecutive 12-lead resting electrocardiograms (ECGs) were obtained during health examinations of working adults aged 16–74 years in 5 cities in different regions of Spain. Of those, 13 179 ECGs suitable for interpretation were included in this study. All tracings were classified by the same cardiologist, according to the Minnesota Code criteria. The mean age of the sample was 40 years, and 73.4% were male. Frequencies of complete right bundle branch block, complete left bundle branch block, and left ventricular hypertrophy were 1.1, 0.2, and 3.6%, respectively. Major Q wave abnormalities were observed in 1.7% of the subjects, T wave abnormalities in 0.7%, early repolarization in 2.4%, and other ST segment abnormalities in 0.2%. Atrial fibrillation was present in 0.08% of the workers and atrial flutter in 0.02%. Frequencies of the Wolff–Parkinson–White pattern, Brugada pattern, long QT pattern, and short QT pattern were 0.2, 0.068, 0.038, and 0.015%, respectively.ConclusionThis study shows the electrocardiographic findings of a large sample of Spanish workers from several different employment sectors. The frequencies of many ECG patterns related to an adverse prognosis (left ventricular hypertrophy, complete left bundle branch block, T wave abnormalities, ST segment abnormalities, and atrial fibrillation) were low.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
       
  • Functional improvement after successful catheter ablation for
           long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation
    • Authors: Fiala M; Bulková V, Škňouřil L, et al.
      Abstract: AimsIdentifying patients who benefit from restored sinus rhythm (SR) would optimize the selection of candidates for ablation of long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (LSPAF). This prospective study sought to identify the hitherto unknown factors associated with global functional improvement after successful radiofrequency catheter ablation of LSPAF.Methods and resultsIn 171 LSPAF patients (84% of the total consecutive 203 patients) who were examined in SR 12 months after ablation, the individual per cent change from baseline value in maximum oxygen consumption at exercise test (VO2 max), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and five-dimensional descriptive system (EQ-5D) of quality-of-life questionnaire were classified in quartiles by 0 (worse) to 3 (best) grades. The individual grades were summed into a composite score (SCORE, 0 … 12) reflecting global functional improvement. Significant improvement in VO2 max (3.4 ± 4.7 mL/kg/min), LVEF (7.5 ± 9.1%), NT-proBNP (−861 ± 809 pg/mL), and EQ-5D (0.7 ± 0.12) was observed (all P < 0.0001). On multivariable analysis, younger age (P = 0.001), male gender (P = 0.02), timely post-ablation left atrial appendage (LAA) outflow (P = 0.005) with improvement in outflow velocity (P = 0.0002), and withdrawal of Class I/III antiarrhythmic drugs (P < 0.05) were positively and independently correlated with the SCORE.ConclusionsYounger male patients benefited most from catheter ablation of LSPAF. Delayed or non-improved LAA outflow and inability to discontinue Class I/III antiarrhythmic medication reduced the post-ablation functional improvement.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05
       
  • Left atrial model reconstruction in atrial fibrillation ablation:
           reliability of new mapping and complex impedance systems
    • Authors: Bonso A; Fantinel M, Scalchi G, et al.
      Abstract: AimsThe effectiveness of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation relies on detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins (PVs). It is common to combine computed tomography/magnetic resonance (CT/MR) with imaging by electroanatomical (EA) mapping systems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of LA anatomical reconstruction by ‘One Model’ and ‘VeriSense’ tools (Ensite Velocity 3.0, St Jude Medical), compared with CT/MR imaging.Methods and resultsSeventy-two patients with AF underwent pre-procedural imaging (97% CT-scan, 3% MR imaging) and transcatheter ablation of PVs. Operators were blinded to CT/MR imaging. Electrical Coupling Index (ECI) was used to recognize venous structures when the circular catheter could not. The LA ‘One Model’ map was obtained without complications; all 124 main left PVs and 144 main right PVs were detected. Nine of 9 intermediate right PVs and 30 of 30 early branches were detected, whereas 1 of the 27 early branches on the right inferior PVs was missed. Comparison between LA intervein distances measured on the roof (RO) and the posterior wall (PW) showed a high correspondence between the EA model and CT/MR imaging (RO CT/MR imaging vs. EA: 32 ± 7 vs. 32 ± 7 mm; PW CT/MR imaging vs. EA: 36 ± 6 vs. 36 ± 7 mm). The EA model yielded slightly larger PV ostia diameters, owing to the distortion caused by catheter pressure.ConclusionsRecent 3D mapping tools allow outstanding anatomical rendering and are key in complex ablation procedure set-up. This study shows that 3D anatomical reconstruction of LA, PVs, and their variable branches is not only safe and fast but also accurate and reliable.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
       
  • Patterns of physical activity and survival following cardiac
           resynchronization therapy implantation: the ALTITUDE activity study
    • Authors: Kramer D; Jones P, Rogers T, et al.
      Abstract: AimsCardiac resynchronization therapy with implantable defibrillator backup (CRT-D) improves outcomes, but predictors and markers of response remain limited. Physical activity information collected by CRT devices may provide insights to CRT response and the relationship between activity changes and survival.Methods and resultsPatients entered into the LATITUDE remote monitoring system from 2008 to 2012 after receipt of a new CRT-D were eligible. Mean daily activity was calculated from LATITUDE uploads at baseline (first 3–10 days following implant) and 6 months (180–210 days). Pairwise differences for baseline—6-month activity were calculated, and survival according to quintiles of 6-month activity change was assessed. Cox regression was used to examine the adjusted association between survival and baseline–6-month activity change. A total of 26 509 patients were followed for a median of 2.3 years (mean age 70.2 ± 11.0 years, 70.7% male). Mean baseline activity was 66.2 ± 47.7 min/day, with mean paired increase at 6 months of 37.1 ± 48.2 min/day [95% CI (confidence interval), 36.5–37.6, P < 0.0001], though 15.5% of patients did not improve or worsened at 6 months. Survival at 3 years was significantly higher in the largest baseline—6-month activity change quintile vs. the lowest quintile (88.9% vs. 62.1%, log-rank P-value < 0.001). Adjusted for age and gender, higher 6-month activity change was associated with a lower risk of death (adjusted hazard ratios 0.65 per 30 min increase in activity, 95% CI, 0.63–0.67).ConclusionsChange in physical activity between baseline and 6 months following CRT implantation is strongly associated with survival.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
       
 
 
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