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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 285, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 576, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover EP-Europace
  [SJR: 2.201]   [H-I: 71]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1099-5129 - ISSN (Online) 1532-2092
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Editorial: EP Europace - Present and Future
    • Authors: Hindricks G.
      Abstract: Dear colleagues, readers, and friends, 
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Patients’ knowledge and attitudes regarding living with implantable
           electronic devices: results of a multicentre, multinational patient survey
           conducted by the European Heart Rhythm Association
    • Authors: Haugaa K; Potpara T, Boveda S, et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of this patient survey was to analyse the knowledge, experiences, and attitudes regarding cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) in patients with pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), or cardiac resynchronization devices. Of the 1644 patients with CIEDs from seven European countries, 88% were over 50 years of age. Most patients (90%) knew what device they were implanted with and felt sufficiently informed about the indications for therapy. As many as 42% of patients needed additional information on the battery replacement and limitations in physical activity. The self-reported incidence of complications was 9%, and among these, a quarter of the respondents felt insufficiently informed about the possibility of complications and their management. The majority of patients (83%) were followed by face-to-face visits, which was the most commonly preferred follow-up strategy by the patients. Nearly 75% of the patients reported improved quality of life after device implantation, but about 40% had worries about their device. Less than 20% had discussed with their physician or thought about device handling in the end-of-life circumstances or end-stage disease. Notably, almost 20% of the ICD patients did not wish to answer the question regarding what they wanted to be done with their ICD in case of end-stage disease, indicating the challenges in approaching these issues.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • European Society of Cardiology smartphone and tablet applications for
           patients with atrial fibrillation and their health care providers
    • Authors: Kotecha D; Chua W, Fabritz L, et al.
      Abstract: We are in the midst of a digital revolution in health care, although the application of new and useful technology in routine clinical practice is variable. The Characterizing Atrial fibrillation by Translating its Causes into Health Modifiers in the Elderly (CATCH ME) Consortium, in collaboration with the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), has funded the creation of two applications (apps) in atrial fibrillation (AF) for use in smartphones and tablets. The patient app aims to enhance patient education, improve communication between patients and health care professionals, and encourage active patient involvement in the management of their condition. The health care professional app is designed as an interactive management tool incorporating the new ESC Practice Guidelines on AF and supported by the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), with the aim of improving best practice approaches for the care of patients with AF. Both stand-alone apps are now freely available for Android and iOS devices though the Google Play, Amazon, and Apple stores. In this article, we outline the rationale for the design and implementation of these apps. Our objective is to demonstrate the value of integrating novel digital technology into clinical practice, with the potential for patient engagement, optimization of pharmacological and interventional therapy in AF, and ultimately to improve patient outcomes.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia in congenital heart disease: types and
           relation of isthmus to atrial voltage
    • Authors: Roca-Luque I; Rivas Gándara N, Dos Subirà L, et al.
      Abstract: BackgroundIntra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART) is a frequent and severe complication in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-related IART is the most frequent mechanism. However, due to fibrosis and surgical scars, non-CTI-related IART is also frequent.ObjectiveThe main objective of this study was to describe the types of IART and circuit locations and to define a cut-off value for unhealthy tissue in the atria.Methods and resultsThis observational study included all consecutive patients with CHD who underwent a first ablation procedure for IART from January 2009 to December 2015 (94 patients, 39.4% female, age: 36.55 ± 14.9 years, 40.4% with highly complex cardiac disease). During the study, 114 IARTs were ablated (1.21 ± 0.41 IARTs per patient). Cavotricuspid isthmus-related IART was the only arrhythmia in 51% (n = 48) of patients, non-CTI-related IART was the only mechanism in 27.7% (n = 26), and 21.3% of patients (n = 20) presented both types of IART. In cases of non-CTI-related IART, the most frequent location of IART isthmus was the lateral or posterolateral wall of the venous atria, and a voltage cut-off value for unhealthy tissue in the atria of 0.5 mV identified 95.4% of IART isthmus locations.ConclusionIn our population with a high proportion of complex CHD, CTI-related IART was the most frequent mechanism, although non-CTI-related IART was present in 49% of patients (alone or with concomitant CTI-related IART). A cut-off voltage of 0.5 mV could identify 95.4% of the substrates in non-CTI-related IART.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • First-in-human: leadless Micra transcatheter pacing system meets the
           Nanostim leadless cardiac pacing system
    • Authors: Boldt L; Lacour P, Pieske B, et al.
      Abstract: In March 2017 a 84-year-old patient implanted with a Nanostim [leadless cardiac pacemaker (LCP)] device 3 years ago presented with symptomatic bradycardia (atrial fibrillation, heart rate 40/min) to the emergency department. The Nanostim LCP could not be interrogated due to a battery malfunction.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Rocking makes the difference
    • Authors: Stankovic I; Voigt J.
      Abstract: Maass et al.1 introduced the CAVIAR response score as a tool for improving patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). It is interesting to read, that apical rocking, a simple mechanical dyssynchrony marker, was an independent predictor of volumetric response to CRT and was proposed as one of the four scoring parameters. We would like to congratulate the authors to this study which confirms to a great extend our 1000-patient, multi-centre experience reported in the PREDICT-CRT study which investigated the relationship of apical rocking and septal flash to clinical outcomes following CRT.2 Both apical rocking and septal flash were associated with volumetric response and survival and also had a significant incremental value over clinical variables for the prediction of CRT response.2 Of note, almost identical association of apical rocking and response to CRT was simultaneously reported by other, smaller studies3 and it will hopefully be confirmed by the ongoing EuroCRT study.4 The study by Maas et al. is important as it reflects a reviving enthusiasm for refining guideline-proposed criteria for CRT patient selection and adds to the existing evidence that simple, but robust parameters of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony may still work.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Suggestions for clinical studies on percutaneous left atrial appendage
           occlusion: authors' reply
    • Authors: Tzikas A; Holmes D, Jr, Lakkireddy D, et al.
      Abstract: The Munich consensus document is a physician-initiated effort to establish better and more consistent methodology for studies related to percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO).1 The document is endorsed by EHRA, EAPCI, and other professional societies. The proposed definitions and endpoints for data collection are based on the available published data, and pertinent clinical experience. Our group aimed to provide meaningful definitions and to recommend data collection strategies that are both clinically relevant and feasible. We would like to thank the authors for their letter.2 Herein, we try to reply to all their comments and questions.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Refining success of cardiac resynchronization therapy using a simple score
           predicting the amount of reverse ventricular remodelling: results from the
           MARC study – authors reply
    • Authors: Maass A; Vernooy K, Cramer M, et al.
      Abstract: We thank Stankovic and Voigt1 for their interest in our study2 and agree that the identification of apical rocking as an independent predictor of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in the MARC study is not a new finding.3
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Dabigatran vs. warfarin in relation to the presence of left ventricular
           hypertrophy in patients with atrial fibrillation— the Randomized
           Evaluation of Long-term anticoagulation therapY (RE-LY) study
    • Authors: Verdecchia P; Reboldi G, Angeli F, et al.
      Abstract: AimWe tested the hypothesis that left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) interferes with the antithrombotic effects of dabigatran and warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods and resultsThis is a post-hoc analysis of the Randomized Evaluation of Long-term anticoagulation therapY (RE-LY) Study. We defined LVH by electrocardiography (ECG) and included patients with AF on the ECG tracing at entry. Hazard ratios (HR) for each dabigatran dose vs. warfarin were calculated in relation to LVH. LVH was present in 2353 (22.7%) out of 10 372 patients. In patients without LVH, the rates of primary outcome were 1.59%/year with warfarin, 1.60% with dabigatran 110 mg (HR vs. warfarin 1.01, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.75–1.36) and 1.08% with dabigatran 150 mg (HR vs. warfarin 0.68, 95% CI 0.49–0.95). In patients with LVH, the rates of primary outcome were 3.21%/year with warfarin, 1.69% with dabigatran 110 mg (HR vs. warfarin 0.52, 95% CI 0.32–0.84) and 1.55% with 150 mg (HR vs. warfarin 0.48, 95% CI 0.29–0.78). The interaction between LVH status and dabigatran 110 mg vs. warfarin was significant for the primary outcome (P = 0.021) and stroke (P = 0.016). LVH was associated with a higher event rate with warfarin, not with dabigatran. In the warfarin group, the time in therapeutic range was significantly lower in the presence than in the absence of LVH.ConclusionsLVH was associated with a lower antithrombotic efficacy of warfarin, but not of dabigatran, in patients with AF. Consequently, the relative benefit of the lower dose of dabigatran compared to warfarin was enhanced in patients with LVH. The higher dose of dabigatran was superior to warfarin regardless of LVH status.Clinical trial registration Unique identifier: NCT00262600.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Management of untreatable ventricular arrhythmias during pharmacologic
           challenges with sodium channel blockers for suspected Brugada syndrome
    • Authors: Poli S; Toniolo M, Maiani M, et al.
      Abstract: Pharmacologic challenge with sodium channel blockers is part of the diagnostic workout in patients with suspected Brugada syndrome. The test is overall considered safe but both ajmaline and flecainide detain well known pro-arrhythmic properties. Moreover, the treatment of patients with life-threatening arrhythmias during these diagnostic procedures is not well defined. Current consensus guidelines suggest to adopt cautious protocols interrupting the sodium channel blockers as soon as any ECG alteration appears. Nevertheless, the risk of life-threatening arrhythmias persists, even adopting a safe and cautious protocol and in absence of major arrhythmic risk factors. The authors revise the main published case studies of sodium channel blockers challenge in adults and in children, and summarize three cases of untreatable ventricular arrhythmias discussing their management. In particular, the role of advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation with extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation is stressed as it can reveal to be the only reliable lifesaving facility in prolonged cardiac arrest.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Suggestions for clinical studies about percutaneous left atrial appendage
    • Authors: Stöllberger C; Schneider B.
      Abstract: With great interest, we read the Munich consensus document on definitions, endpoints, and data collection for clinical studies about percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO).1 The authors have to be congratulated for their effort to standardize the definitions and to propose a consistent approach in the reporting of LAAO studies. However, regarding the sequelae of LAAO the following questions and concerns arise.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Therapeutic approaches for Long QT syndrome type 3: an update
    • Authors: Wilde A; Remme C.
      Abstract: This editorial refers to ‘Long-term flecainide therapy in type 3 long QT syndrome’ by Chorin et al., on pages 370–376.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Characteristics and early clinical outcomes of patients undergoing totally
           subcutaneous vs. transvenous single chamber implantable cardioverter
           defibrillator placement
    • Authors: Mithani A; Kath H, Hunter K, et al.
      Abstract: AimsIn 2012, the first totally Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (S-ICD) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. A possible benefit of this device is that it does not involve placing leads ‘in’ or ‘on’ the heart, potentially reducing complications.Methods amd resultsNinety-one S-ICD and 182 single chamber TV-ICD implants were performed between 10/22/2012 and 9/22/2015. During this period of time, 91 patients with S-ICD were matched to TV-ICD patients using single centre NCDR ICD Registry Data based on dialysis status, gender, and age. Intra- and post-operative complications and deaths were examined within the first 180 days following implantation. Patients with S-ICDs had higher creatinine (2.3 ± 2.5 vs. 1.1 ± 0.7, P < 0.001) and were more likely to be on chronic dialysis (20.9% vs. 5.5%, P < 0.001) than TV-ICD patients. Patients in the S-ICD group were more likely to have had prior device infections (14.3% vs. 3.3%, P = 0.021) as well as prior TIA/CVA (14.3% vs. 4.4%, P = 0.049) compared to patients in the TV-ICD group. Seven patients experienced 7 complications or death in TV-ICD group and 5 patients experienced 7 complications or death in SQ-ICD group, P = 0.774.ConclusionIn this retrospective matched single centre cohort study, there was no significant difference in implantation complications or death in patients receiving single chamber TV-ICDs compared to S-ICDs within 6 months following implantation. This occurred despite more severe preexisting illness in the S-ICD group. Further investigation is needed to determine outcomes after longer-term follow-up.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Local activation time sampling density for atrial tachycardia contact
           mapping: how much is enough'
    • Authors: Williams S; Harrison J, Chubb H, et al.
      Abstract: AimsLocal activation time (LAT) mapping forms the cornerstone of atrial tachycardia diagnosis. Although anatomic and positional accuracy of electroanatomic mapping (EAM) systems have been validated, the effect of electrode sampling density on LAT map reconstruction is not known. Here, we study the effect of chamber geometry and activation complexity on optimal LAT sampling density using a combined in silico and in vivo approach.Methods and resultsIn vivo 21 atrial tachycardia maps were studied in three groups: (1) focal activation, (2) macro-re-entry, and (3) localized re-entry. In silico activation was simulated on a 4×4cm atrial monolayer, sampled randomly at 0.25–10 points/cm2 and used to re-interpolate LAT maps. Activation patterns were studied in the geometrically simple porcine right atrium (RA) and complex human left atrium (LA). Activation complexity was introduced into the porcine RA by incomplete inter-caval linear ablation. In all cases, optimal sampling density was defined as the highest density resulting in minimal further error reduction in the re-interpolated maps. Optimal sampling densities for LA tachycardias were 0.67 ± 0.17 points/cm2 (focal activation), 1.05 ± 0.32 points/cm2 (macro-re-entry) and 1.23 ± 0.26 points/cm2 (localized re-entry), P = 0.0031. Increasing activation complexity was associated with increased optimal sampling density both in silico (focal activation 1.09 ± 0.14 points/cm2; re-entry 1.44 ± 0.49 points/cm2; spiral-wave 1.50 ± 0.34 points/cm2, P < 0.0001) and in vivo (porcine RA pre-ablation 0.45 ± 0.13 vs. post-ablation 0.78 ± 0.17 points/cm2, P = 0.0008). Increasing chamber geometry was also associated with increased optimal sampling density (0.61 ± 0.22 points/cm2 vs. 1.0 ± 0.34 points/cm2, P = 0.0015).ConclusionOptimal sampling densities can be identified to maximize diagnostic yield of LAT maps. Greater sampling density is required to correctly reveal complex activation and represent activation across complex geometries. Overall, the optimal sampling density for LAT map interpolation defined in this study was ∼1.0–1.5 points/cm2.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • A multicentre study of patients with Timothy syndrome
    • Authors: Walsh M; Turner C, Timothy K, et al.
      Abstract: AimsTimothy syndrome (TS) is an extremely rare multisystem disorder characterized by marked QT prolongation, syndactyly, seizures, behavioural abnormalities, immunodeficiency, and hypoglycaemia. The aim of this study was to categorize the phenotypes and examine the outcomes of patients with TS.Methods and resultsAll patients diagnosed with TS in the United Kingdom over a 24-year period were reviewed. Fifteen centres in the British Congenital Arrhythmia Group network were contacted to partake in the study. Six patients with TS were identified over a 24-year period (4 boys and 2 girls). Five out of the six patients were confirmed to have a CACNA1C mutation (p.Gly406Arg) and the other patient was diagnosed clinically. Early presentation with heart block, due to QT prolongation was frequently seen. Four are still alive, two of these have a pacemaker and two have undergone defibrillator implantation. Five out of six patients have had a documented cardiac arrest with three occurring under general anaesthesia. Two patients suffered a cardiac arrest while in hospital and resuscitation was unsuccessful, despite immediate access to a defibrillator. Surviving patients seem to have mild developmental delay and learning difficulties.ConclusionTimothy syndrome is a rare disorder with a high attrition rate if undiagnosed. Perioperative cardiac arrests are common and not always amenable to resuscitation. Longer-term survival is possible, however, patients invariably require pacemaker or defibrillator implantation.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Acute right ventricular resynchronization improves haemodynamics in
           children after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot
    • Authors: Vojtovič P; Kučera F, Kubuš P, et al.
      Abstract: AimsRight bundle branch block is associated with right ventricular (RV) electromechanical dyssynchrony, which may contribute to acute haemodynamic impairment after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). We sought to evaluate the effects of RV resynchronization on haemodynamics and tissue oxygenation during the first 24 h after surgery.Methods and resultsArterial pressures, cardiac output, and tissue oxygenation were measured in 28 consecutive patients (median age 10.1 months) during baseline sinus rhythm with right bundle branch block and after RV resynchronization by atrial-triggered RV free wall pacing in complete fusion with spontaneous activation. Studied variables were compared in a crossover design in four 5-min intervals (baseline rhythm and stimulation, 2x each). Resynchronization reduced the QRS complex duration from median 110 to 70 ms (P < 0.001), increased significantly median arterial systolic, mean and pulse pressure, cardiac index, left ventricular maximum +dP/dT and decreased central venous pressure (P < 0.001 for all). Both cerebral and renal oxygenation improved (P < 0.001). Eleven of the 28 patients showed a clinically highly significant resynchronization effect defined as an increase in arterial pulse pressure of ≥ 10%. The q-RV interval (expressed as % of QRS duration) at the RV pacing site during baseline rhythm was the only predictor of resynchronization effect.ConclusionsRV resynchronization carried short-term improvement of haemodynamics in children early after surgery for ToF and might be a useful non-pharmacologic adjunct to the management of haemodynamically compromised patients. Resynchronization effect was maximized when pacing from area of the latest RV activation.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Long-term flecainide therapy in type 3 long QT syndrome
    • Authors: Chorin E; Taub R, Medina A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsType 3 long QT syndrome (LQT3) is caused by gain-of-function mutations in the cardiac sodium channel gene (SCN5A). Previous reports on the long-term use of sodium channel blockers in LQT3 are sparse. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of flecainide therapy in patients with LQT3 who carry the D1790G SCN5A mutation.Methods and resultsThe study population comprised 30 D1790G carriers who were treated with flecainide and followed for 1–215 months (mean 145 ± 54 months, median 140 months). The mean baseline (off-drug) QTc was 522 ± 45 ms, and shortened to 469 ± 36 ms with flecainide therapy, a mean decrease of 53 ms [10.1%] (P < 0.01). A QTc longer than 500 ms was evident in 53% of carriers at baseline, and only in 13% on flecainide. All carriers while being compliant with flecainide therapy had no cardiac events during an average follow up of 83 ± 73 months. Twenty carriers stopped flecainide after an average follow up of 40 ± 42 months without symptoms. Six of them (30%) had cardiac events 1–11 months after stopping flecainide. Flecainide induced the appearance of Brugada pattern in six carriers (20%, 5 males), was stopped in three and was not associated with arrhythmia. Sinus-node dysfunction was evident in six carriers (20%) and was fully corrected by flecainide in three.ConclusionsThese data suggest that long-term flecainide therapy is relatively safe and effective among LQT3 patients who carry the D1790G SCN5A mutation.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Refining success of cardiac resynchronization therapy using a simple score
           predicting the amount of reverse ventricular remodelling: results from the
           Markers and Response to CRT (MARC) study
    • Authors: Maass A; Vernooy K, Wijers S, et al.
      Abstract: AimsCardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces morbidity and mortality in systolic heart failure patients with ventricular conduction delay. Variability of individual response to CRT warrants improved patient selection. The Markers and Response to CRT (MARC) study was designed to investigate markers related to response to CRT.Methods and resultsWe prospectively studied the ability of 11 clinical, 11 electrocardiographic, 4 echocardiographic, and 16 blood biomarkers to predict CRT response in 240 patients. Response was measured by the reduction of indexed left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESVi) at 6 months follow-up. Biomarkers were related to LVESVi change using log-linear regression on continuous scale. Covariates that were significant univariately were included in a multivariable model. The final model was utilized to compose a response score. Age was 67 ± 10 years, 63% were male, 46% had ischaemic aetiology, LV ejection fraction was 26 ± 8%, LVESVi was 75 ± 31 mL/m2, and QRS was 178 ± 23 ms. At 6 months LVESVi was reduced to 58 ± 31 mL/m2 (relative reduction of 22 ± 24%), 130 patients (61%) showed ≥ 15% LVESVi reduction. In univariate analysis 17 parameters were significantly associated with LVESVi change. In the final model age, QRSAREA (using vectorcardiography) and two echocardiographic markers (interventricular mechanical delay and apical rocking) remained significantly associated with the amount of reverse ventricular remodelling. This CAVIAR (CRT-Age-Vectorcardiographic QRSAREA -Interventricular Mechanical delay-Apical Rocking) response score also predicted clinical outcome assessed by heart failure hospitalizations and all-cause mortality.ConclusionsThe CAVIAR response score predicts the amount of reverse remodelling after CRT and may be used to improve patient selection. Clinical Trials: NCT01519908
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • The use of guideline recommended beta-blocker therapy in primary
           prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients: insight from
           Danish nationwide registers
    • Authors: Ruwald A; Gislason G, Vinther M, et al.
      Abstract: AimsWe aimed to examine the use of guideline recommended beta-blocker therapy prior to and after primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation in a ‘real-life’ setting.Methods and resultsFrom the Danish Pacemaker and ICD Registry we identified all 1st-time primary prevention ICD and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) implantations in Denmark from 2007–12 (n = 2935). Use of beta-blocker, type and dose was acquired through the Danish Prescription Registry. According to guideline recommendations, we defined target daily doses as ≥50 mg carvedilol and ≥200 mg metoprolol. Prior to implantation 2427 of 2935 (83%) patients received beta-blocker therapy, with 2166 patients (89%) having initiated treatment 3 months or more prior to implantation. The majority of patients was prescribed carvedilol (52%) or metoprolol (41%). Patients on carvedilol reached target dosages more frequently than patients on metoprolol, with 39% of patients on carvedilol and 26% of patients on metoprolol at the time of implantation (P < 0.001 for all time-points). Increase in proportion of patients reaching target daily doses was observed for both carvedilol and metoprolol after ICD implantation. Carvedilol treatment was a strong predictor for being on target dose of BB at time of implant, as was treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and/or spironolactone, no history of myocardial infarction, younger age and less pronounced heart failure symptomsConclusionIn a real-life setting of primary prevention ICD patients, 39% and 26% of patients were titrated to optimal target dose of carvedilol or metoprolol prior to implantation. A higher proportion of patients on carvedilol reached target dose, as compared with metoprolol.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Corrigendum
    • Abstract: Corrigendum to: Important reduction of the radiation dose for pulmonary vein isolation using amultimodal approach [Europace doi:10.1093/europace/euw334]
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Rate vs. rhythm control and adverse outcomes among European patients with
           atrial fibrillation
    • Authors: Purmah Y; Proietti M, Laroche C, et al.
      Abstract: AimThe impact of rate and rhythm control strategies on outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) remains controversial. Our aims were: to report use of rate and rhythm control strategies in European patients from the EURObservational Research Program AF General Pilot Registry. Secondly, to evaluate outcomes according to assigned strategies. Methods and resultsUse of pure rate and rhythm control agents was described according to European regions. 1-year follow-up data were reported. Among rate control strategies, beta-blockers were the most commonly used drug. Proportions of patients assigned to rhythm control varied greatly between countries, and amiodarone was the most used rhythm control drug. Of the original 3119 patients, 1036 (33.2%) were assigned to rate control only and 355 (11.4%) to rhythm control only. Patients assigned to a rate control strategy were older (P < 0.0001) and more likely female (P = 0.0266). Patients assigned to a rate control strategy had higher rates for any thrombo-embolic event (P = 0.0245), cardiovascular death (P = 0.0437), and all-cause death (P < 0.0001). Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that rate control strategy was associated with a higher risk for all-cause death (P < 0.001). On Cox regression analysis, rate control strategy was independently associated with all-cause death (P = 0.0256). A propensity matched analysis only found a trend for the association between rate control and all-cause death (P = 0.0664).ConclusionIn a European AF patients’ cohort, a pure rate control strategy was associated with a higher risk for adverse events at 1-year follow-up, and partially adjusted analysis suggested that rate control independently increased the risk for all-cause death. A fully adjusted propensity score matched analysis found that this association was no longer statistically significant, suggesting an important role of comorbidities in determining the higher risk for all-cause death.
      PubDate: Sat, 04 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Second generation cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation in young
           adults: midterm outcome in patients under 40 years of age
    • Authors: Moran D; De Regibus V, de Asmundis C, et al.
      Abstract: AimsPulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has been demonstrated more effective in young patients, in which the substrate for atrial fibrillation (AF) is probably more confined to pulmonary vein potentials. The present study sought to focus on the midterm outcomes in patients under 40 years having undergone PVI with the Cryoballoon Advance because of drug resistant AF.Methods and resultsBetween June 2012 and December 2015, 57 patients having undergone Cryoballoon ablation (CB-A) below 40 years of age for AF in our centre were retrospectively analysed and considered for our analysis. All patients underwent this procedure with the 28 mm Cryoballon Advance. All 227 veins were successfully isolated without the need for additional focal tip ablation. Median follow-up was 18 ±10 months. The freedom from AF after a blanking period of 3 months was 88% in our cohort of patients younger than 40 years old. The most frequent periprocedural complication was related to the groin puncture and occurred in 2 patients. After a single procedure, the only univariate predictor of clinical recurrence was the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.ConclusionYoung patients affected by AF can be effectively and safely treated with CB-A that grants freedom from AF in 88% of the patients at 18 months follow-up following a 3-month blanking period. All veins could be isolated with the large 28 mm Cryoballoon Advance only.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy in adults with congenital heart disease
    • Authors: Koyak Z; de Groot J, Krimly A, et al.
      Abstract: AimsIn adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) heart failure is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality but experience with and reported outcome of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is limited. We investigated the efficacy of CRT in adults with CHD.Methods and resultsThis was a retrospective study including 48 adults with CHD who received CRT since 2003 in four tertiary referral centres. Responders were defined as patients who showed improvement in NYHA functional class and/or systemic ventricular ejection fraction by at least one category. Ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography and graded on a four point ordinal scale. Median age at CRT was 47 years (range 18–74 years) and 77% was male. Cardiac diagnosis included tetralogy of Fallot in 29%, (congenitally corrected) transposition of great arteries in 23%, septal defects in 25%, left sided lesions in 21%, and Marfan syndrome in 2% of the patients. The median follow-up duration after CRT was 2.6 years (range 0.1–8.8). Overall, 37 out of 48 patients (77%) responded to CRT either by improvement of NYHA functional class and/or systemic ventricular function. There were 11 non-responders to CRT. Of these, three patients died and four underwent heart transplantation.ConclusionIn this cohort of older CHD patients, CRT was accomplished with a success rate comparable to those with acquired heart disease despite the complex anatomy and technical challenges frequently encountered in this population. Further studies are needed to establish appropriate guidelines for patient selection and long term outcome.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Transcranial measurement of cerebral microembolic signals during
           left-sided catheter ablation with the use of different approaches- the
           potential microembolic risk of a transseptal approach
    • Authors: Iwasawa J; Miyazaki S, Takagi T, et al.
      Abstract: AimsSubclinical brain damage due to microembolization could occur during catheter ablation procedures. We evaluated the microembolic signals (MESs) detected by transcranial Doppler during ablation of supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) or idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) with the use of different approaches.Methods and resultsThis study included 36 patients (23 men, 49 ± 21 years) who underwent catheter ablation of SVTs (n = 27) or idiopathic VAs (n = 9). Left-sided ablation was performed by either a transaortic (Group 1, n = 11) or transseptal approach (Group 2, n = 9). A sole right-sided ablation was performed in the remaining 16 patients (Group 3). The MESs were counted throughout the procedure, and then analysed offline with a frequency analysis. The mean number of radiofrequency applications, total energy delivery time, total application energy, and total procedure time were 5.8 ± 5.0, 4.3 ± 3.3 min, 6625 ± 4633 J, and 81 ± 40 min, respectively, and there was no significant difference in the parameters between the three groups. The mean total number of MESs was 3.8 ± 3.1 in Group 1, 75 ± 58 in Group 2, and 0.3 ± 0.6 in Group 3 (P = 0.001). Few MESs were detectable during the radiofrequency energy deliveries in all groups. In Group 2, 19 ± 18 MESs were detected during the transseptal puncture period, and subsequently a relatively even distribution of emboli formation was observed. A frequency analysis suggested that 99, 91, and 100% of MESs were gaseous, in Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3, respectively. No neurological impairment was observed in any patients after the procedure.ConclusionThe retrograde aortic approach might potentially have a lower risk of subclinical brain damage than the transseptal approach during left-sided catheter ablation.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Incidence of atrial fibrillation detected by continuous rhythm monitoring
           after acute myocardial infarction in patients with preserved left
           ventricular ejection fraction: results of the ARREST study
    • Authors: Romanov A; Martinek M, Pürerfellner H, et al.
      Abstract: AimsCardiac arrhythmias following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can be associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. Data on the “real incidence” of post-MI arrhythmias are limited. We aimed to determine the rate and burden of cardiac arrhythmias by the use of insertable cardiac monitors (ICM) in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after AMI.Methods and resultsIn this prospective observational study, patients with LVEF ≥40% who underwent PCI within 7 days following AMI were enrolled to receive an ICM. Primary outcome was the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) measured by the ICM during a follow-up of 2 years; results: Of 165 consecutive patients with AMI, 50 (30.3%) eligible patients were recruited (mean age 57.8 ± 8.3, 88% male). During follow-up, AF was the most frequently detected arrhythmia. Twenty-nine (58%, 95% CI: 42–70%) patients developed new-onset AF, with a cumulative rate of all detected arrhythmias of 65%. Median time to the first detected AF episode was 4.8 months and the peak cumulative AF burden was detected between 3 and 6 months. Twenty-seven (93%) out of 29 patients with AF were asymptomatic. Cox regression analysis found that baseline troponin level (hazard ratio [HR] for 1 ng/mL increment: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.01–1.06, P = 0.01) and CHA2DS2-VASc score of 4 (HR: 11.42, 95% CI: 1.01–129.06, P = 0.04) were independent risk factors of new-onset AF post-AMI.ConclusionAF is a frequent but largely underestimated cardiac arrhythmia after AMI. More rigorous monitoring strategies resulting in crucial medical interventions (e.g. implementation of oral anti-coagulation) are needed.Clinical Trial Registration Unique identifier: NCT02492243.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Optimization of catheter/tissue contact during pulmonary vein isolation:
           the impact of atrial rhythm
    • Authors: De Ponti R; Marazzi R, Doni L, et al.
      Abstract: AimsDuring pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), even if operators are aware of the contact force (CF), its values may greatly vary and the impact of cardiac rhythm has not been thoroughly investigated yet. This study aims at assessing the actual values of CF, the applications with suboptimal CF, and the impact of cardiac rhythm on CF during PVI.Methods and resultsTwenty patients undergoing point-by-point PVI with a CF-sensing catheter were considered. CF target was between 6 and 40 g. The mean CF per application (mCF) was evaluated and considered suboptimal if ≤5 g. The real-time graphic of CF was also evaluated and classified as pulsatile if regular variations synchronous with the atrial rate were seen; otherwise it was irregular. To achieve PVI, 1458 applications were delivered; 287 (19.68%) had suboptimal mCF. A great variability of mCF was seen according to anatomy, operators and patients. Compared to applications in atrial fibrillation (AF), those in sinus rhythm (SR) showed a higher median value of mCF (11 vs. 9 g; P = 0.0099) and a lower percentage of suboptimal mCF (17.95% vs. 25.15%; P = 0.0051). Compared to the irregular, the pulsatile pattern, almost exclusively observed in SR, was associated with higher mCF (14.69 ± 8.77 vs. 10.79 ± 7.89 g; P < 0.0001) and fewer suboptimal applications (8.02% vs. 27.73%; P < 0.0001).ConclusionDuring PVI, several factors influence CF, which, despite optimization attempts, can be suboptimal in ∼20% of the applications. However, CF is higher in SR than in AF and this is strictly associated with a pulsatile pattern of instant CF values.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
  • Elucidation of hidden slow conduction by double ventricular extrastimuli:
           a method for further arrhythmic substrate identification in ventricular
           tachycardia ablation procedures
    • Authors: Acosta J; Andreu D, Penela D, et al.
      Abstract: AimsIdentification of local abnormal electrograms (EGMs) during ventricular tachycardia substrate ablation (VTSA) is challenging when they are hidden within the far-field signal. This study analyses whether the response to a double ventricular extrastimulus during substrate mapping could identify slow conducting areas that are hidden during sinus rhythm.Methods and resultsConsecutive patients (n = 37) undergoing VTSA were prospectively included. Bipolar EGMs with >3 deflections and duration <133 ms were considered as potential hidden slow conduction EGMs (HSC-EGM) if located within/surrounding the scar area. Whenever a potential HSC-EGM was identified, a double ventricular extrastimulus was delivered. If the local potential delayed, it was annotated as HSC-EGM. The incidence of HSC-EGM in core, border-zone, and normal-voltage regions was determined. Ablation was delivered at conducting channel entrances and HSC-EGMs. VT inducibility after VTSA obtained was compared with data from a historic control group. 2417 EGMs were analyzed. 575 (23.7%) qualified as potential HSC-EGM, and 198 of them were tagged as HSC-EGMs. Scars in patients with HSC-EGMs (n = 21, 56.7%) were smaller (35.424.7 vs 67.639.1 cm2; P = 0.006) and more heterogeneous (core/scar area ratio 0.250.2 vs 0.450.19; P = 0.02). 28.8% of HSC-EGMs were located in normal-voltage tissue; 81.3% were targeted for ablation. Patients undergoing VTSA incorporating HSC analysis needed less radiofrequency time (17.411 vs 2310.7 minutes; P = 0.016) and had a lower rate of VT inducibility after VTSA than the historic controls (24.3% vs 50%; P = 0.018).ConclusionVentricular tachycardia substrate ablation incorporating HSC analysis allowed further arrhythmic substrate identification (especially in normal-voltage areas) and reduced RF time and VT inducibility after VTSA.
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Dec 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Catheter ablation reduces ventricular tachycardia burden in patients with
           arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: insights from a
           north-western French multicentre registry
    • Authors: Souissi Z; Boulé S, Hermida J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsStudies assessing radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) report VT recurrences, but have not evaluated the impact of RFA on relevant clinical events during follow-up. We aimed to investigate relevant RFA outcomes in a multicentric registry.Methods and resultsThis study included 49 patients with ARVC (46 with definite diagnosis, 3 with borderline diagnosis according to revised Task Force Criteria) who underwent 92 RFA procedures (83 endocardial, 9 combined endo–epicardial) between 1999–2015. Ventricular tachycardia recurrences and VT burden were assessed after each procedure or after the last RFA. Over a mean follow-up of 64 ± 51 months, VT-free survival was 37% at 1 year, 19% at 5 years, and 14% at 10 years. Ventricular tachycardia burden was significantly reduced after one procedure (23 vs. 11 VT episodes/year, P < 0.01) and after the last RFA (14 vs. 2 VT episodes/year, P < 0.01). Over a mean follow-up of 49 ± 52 months, clinical response after the last RFA (freedom from sudden cardiac death, VT requiring hospitalization, or heart transplantation) was 86% at 1 year, 69% at 5 years, and 60% at 10 years. Clinical response was associated with right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) and low numbers of mappable VT before the first RFA.ConclusionRFA was predominantly targeted at the endocardial surface. Ventricular tachycardia recurrences were common, but few ARVC patients experienced major clinical events during follow-up. Further studies should investigate the benefit of extensive substrate ablation combined with endo–epicardial strategies.
      PubDate: Sat, 24 Dec 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Left atrial anatomy, atrial fibrillation burden, and P-wave
           duration—relationships and predictors for single-procedure success after
           pulmonary vein isolation
    • Authors: Knecht S; Pradella M, Reichlin T, et al.
      Abstract: AimsAtrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with changes in left atrial (LA) volume, but the relationship between LA size, AF burden, and electrical conduction behaviour is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to quantify the association and impact of these parameters on the single-procedure outcome after circumferential antral ablation for pulmonary vein isolation.Methods and resultsLeft atrial assessment was performed in 129 consecutive patients using pre-procedural imaging in three dimensions (sphericity, indexed volume), two dimensions (diameters), and from echocardiography in one dimension (long axis). Atrial fibrillation burden was classified based on the clinical assessment as paroxysmal and persistent and based on a validated scoring system including frequency, duration of AF episodes, and number of cardioversions into four grades (minimal, mild, moderate, and severe). P-wave duration and PR interval was measured on the 12-lead electrocardiogram at the end of the procedure. Atrial fibrillation burden score (AFB) was minimal (2%), mild (75%), moderate (9%), and severe (14%) and 65% had paroxysmal and 35% had persistent AF. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in patients with persistent AF, with higher AFB, with prolonged P-wave, and with an indexed LA volume  > 55 mL/m2. In multivariable analysis, AFB (hazard ratio: 2.018(1.383–2.945), P > 0.001) and a prolonged P-wave (hazard ratio: 2.612(1.248–5.466), P = 0.011) were identified as significant predictors for AF recurrenceConclusionsIn our cohort of patients with symptomatic AF, the AFB and the P-wave duration but none of the anatomical parameter revealed to be independent predictors for AF/AT recurrence after circumferential antral pulmonary vein isolation.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Dec 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Important reduction of the radiation dose for pulmonary vein isolation
           using a multimodal approach
    • Authors: Lehrmann H; Jadidi A, Minners J, et al.
      Abstract: AimsThe number of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) ablation procedures is steadily increasing worldwide resulting in a substantial radiation exposure to patients and operators. The aim of our study was to reduce radiation exposure during these procedures to a critical amount without compromising patient safety.Methods and resultsFirst, we assessed radiation exposure for primary PVI procedures over time (2005–2015) at the University Heart Center Freiburg-Bad Krozingen. Second, we prospectively evaluated in 52 patients, the efficacy and safety of a novel radiation reduction program (particularly applying an enhanced fluoroscopy pulse dose-reduction and optimized 3D-mapping system use). In 2035 primary PVI procedures, radiation exposure, assessed as estimated effective dose (eED in mSv, dose area product * 0.002 * conversion factor for females), fluoroscopy-time, and procedure-time decreased significantly from 2005 to 2015 (e.g. eED decreased from 9.3 (interquartile range (IQR) 6.4–13.4) mSv to 0.9 (IQR 0.5–1.6) mSv, p for trend <0.001). Importantly, application of the enhanced radiation reduction program further reduced eED to 0.4 mSv (IQR 0.3–0.6, P < 0.001 vs. control), a value not significantly different from slow-pathway ablation procedures (P = 0.41). Multiple linear regression analysis identified the radiation reduction program as the only independent variable associated with a decrease in radiation exposure.ConclusionRadiation exposure during PVI decreased over the last decade and can further be reduced significantly by the implementation of an enhanced radiation reduction program.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Dec 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Impact of sedation vs. general anaesthesia on percutaneous epicardial
           access safety and procedural outcomes
    • Authors: Killu A; Sugrue A, Munger T, et al.
      Abstract: AimsPatient movement while under moderate/deep sedation may complicate percutaneous epicardial access (EpiAcc), mapping and ablation. We sought to compare procedural outcomes in patients undergoing EpiAcc under sedation vs. general anaesthesia (GA) for ablation.Methods and resultsPatients undergoing EpiAcc between January 2004 and July 2014 were included. Safety, procedural, and clinical outcomes were compared between patients undergoing EpiAcc under sedation or GA for ventricular tachycardia or premature ventricular complex ablation. Between January 2004 and July 2014, 170 patients underwent EpiAcc (mean age, 53.2 ± 15.8 years; average ejection fraction, 44.3 ± 15.3%). The majority (122 [72%] patients) were male. GA was used in 69 (40.6%). There was no difference in route of access (more often anterior, 53.0%) or the rate of successful access (96% overall) between groups. Similarly, the site of ablation (endocardial vs. epicardial vs. combined endocardial/epicardial) was similar between groups. Complications were equally seen between groups—the most frequent event/complication was pericardial effusion, occurring in 10.6% of patients. Finally, procedural and clinical success rates between GA and sedation groups were comparable (93 vs. 91% and 44 vs. 51%, respectively, P > 0.05).ConclusionsChoice of anaesthesia for EpiAcc does not appear to significantly affect safety and procedural or clinical outcomes. For patients in whom anaesthesia may pose increased risk, it is reasonable to obtain epicardial access under sedation.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
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