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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 285, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 576, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover Journal of Infectious Diseases
  [SJR: 4]   [H-I: 209]   [41 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-1899 - ISSN (Online) 1537-6613
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Mapping a Filoviral Serologic Footprint in the Democratic Republic of the
           Congo: Who Goes There'
    • Authors: Crozier I.
      Pages: 513 - 515
      Abstract: antibodyasymptomatic infectionDemocratic Republic of the CongoEbola virusseroprevalence
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix620
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Serologic Evidence of Ebolavirus Infection in a Population With No History
           of Outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Authors: Mulangu S; Alfonso V, Hoff N, et al.
      Pages: 529 - 537
      Abstract: BackgroundPrevious studies suggest that cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) may go unreported because they are asymptomatic or unrecognized, but evidence is limited by study designs and sample size.MethodsA large population-based survey was conducted (n = 3415) to assess animal exposures and behaviors associated with Ebolavirus antibody prevalence in rural Kasai Oriental province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Fourteen villages were randomly selected and all healthy individuals ≥1 year of age were eligible.ResultsOverall, 11% of subjects tested positive for Zaire Ebolavirus (EBOV) immunoglobulin G antibodies. Odds of seropositivity were higher for study participants older than 15 years of age and for males. Those residing in Kole (closer to the outbreak site) tested positive at a rate 1.6× higher than Lomela, with seropositivity peaking at a site located between Kole and Lomela. Multivariate analyses of behaviors and animal exposures showed that visits to the forest or hunting and exposure to rodents or duikers predicted a higher likelihood of EBOV seropositivity.ConclusionsThese results provide serologic evidence of Ebolavirus exposure in a population residing in non-EBOV outbreak locations in the DRC and define statistically significant activities and animal exposures that associate with EBOV seropositivity.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix619
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Evidence for Viral Interference and Cross-reactive Protective Immunity
           Between Influenza B Virus Lineages
    • Authors: Laurie K; Horman W, Carolan L, et al.
      Pages: 548 - 559
      Abstract: BackgroundTwo influenza B virus lineages, B/Victoria and B/Yamagata, cocirculate in the human population. While the lineages are serologically distinct, cross-reactive responses to both lineages have been detected. Viral interference describes the situation whereby infection with one virus limits infection and replication of a second virus. We investigated the potential for viral interference between the influenza B virus lineages.MethodsFerrets were infected and then challenged 3, 10, or 28 days later with pairs of influenza B/Victoria and B/Yamagata viruses.ResultsViral interference occurred at challenge intervals of 3 and 10 days and occasionally at 28 days. At the longer interval, shedding of challenge virus was reduced, and this correlated with cross-reactive interferon γ responses from lymph nodes from virus-infected animals. Viruses from both lineages could prevent or significantly limit subsequent infection with a virus from the other lineage. Coinfections were rare, indicating the potential for reassortment between lineages is limited.ConclusionsThese data suggest that innate and cross-reactive immunity mediate viral interference and that this may contribute to the dominance of a specific influenza B virus lineage in any given influenza season. Furthermore, infection with one influenza B virus lineage may be beneficial in protecting against subsequent infection with either influenza B virus lineage.
      PubDate: Sat, 06 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix509
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Five-Year Antibody Persistence Following a Japanese Encephalitis Chimeric
           Virus Vaccine (JE-CV) Booster in JE-CV–Primed Children in the
           Philippines
    • Authors: Capeding M; Alberto E, Bouckenooghe A, et al.
      Pages: 567 - 571
      Abstract: We assessed antibody persistence following booster vaccination with a Japanese encephalitis chimeric virus vaccine (JE-CV; IMOJEV) in JE-CV–primed children. In an open phase 3 trial, 349 children in the Philippines, who received JE-CV 2 years previously, received a booster dose. JE neutralizing antibody titers were assessed (50% plaque reduction neutralization test) annually for up to 5 years after booster vaccination. Seroprotection rates (percentage of children with titers ≥10 [1/dil]) and geometric mean titers (GMTs) were, respectively, 98.2% and 161 after 5 years. JE-CV booster induced long-lasting anamnestic immune response in JE-CV–primed children, with high seroprotection rates and GMTs over the accepted threshold for serological protection (10 [1/dil]).Clinical Trials RegistrationNCT01190228.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix601
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Trends in Rate of Seizure-Associated Hospitalizations Among Children <5
           Years Old Before and After Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction in the United
           Sates, 2000–2013
    • Authors: Pringle K; Burke R, Steiner C, et al.
      Pages: 581 - 588
      Abstract: BackgroundRotavirus is a common cause of acute gastroenteritis and has also been associated with generalized tonic-clonic afebrile seizures. Since rotavirus vaccine introduction, hospitalizations for treatment of acute gastroenteritis have decreased. We assess whether there has been an associated decrease in seizure-associated hospitalizations.MethodsWe used discharge codes to abstract data on seizure hospitalizations among children <5 years old from the State Inpatient Databases of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. We compared seizure hospitalization rates before and after vaccine introduction, using Poisson regression, stratifying by age and by month and year of admission. We performed a time-series analysis with negative binomial models, constructed using prevaccine data from 2000 to 2006 and controlling for admission month and year.ResultsWe examined 962899 seizure hospitalizations among children <5 years old during 2000–2013. Seizure rates after vaccine introduction were lower than those before vaccine introduction by 1%–8%, and rate ratios decreased over time. Time-series analyses demonstrated a decrease in the number of seizure-coded hospitalizations in 2012 and 2013, with notable decreases in children 12–17 months and 18–23 months.ConclusionsOur analysis provides evidence for a decrease in seizure hospitalizations following rotavirus vaccine introduction in the United States, with the greatest impact in age groups with a high rotavirus-associated disease burden and during rotavirus infection season.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix589
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Dramatic Changes in Malaria Population Genetic Complexity in Dielmo and
           Ndiop, Senegal, Revealed Using Genomic Surveillance
    • Authors: Bei A; Niang M, Deme A, et al.
      Pages: 622 - 627
      Abstract: Dramatic changes in transmission intensity can impact Plasmodium population diversity. Using samples from 2 distant time-points in the Dielmo/Ndiop longitudinal cohorts from Senegal, we applied a molecular barcode tool to detect changes in parasite genotypes and complexity of infection that corresponded to changes in transmission intensity. We observed a striking statistically significant difference in genetic diversity between the 2 parasite populations. Furthermore, we identified a genotype in Dielmo and Ndiop previously observed in Thiès, potentially implicating imported malaria. This genetic surveillance study validates the molecular barcode as a tool to assess parasite population diversity changes and track parasite genotypes.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix580
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Erratum: Recovery of Infectious Hepatitis C Virus from Injection
           Paraphernalia: Implications for Prevention Programs Serving People Who
           Inject Drugs
    • Pages: 681 - 681
      Abstract: In “Recovery of Infectious Hepatitis C Virus from Injection Paraphernalia: Implications for Prevention Programs Serving People Who Inject Drugs” by Heimer et al. [J Infect Dis 2018; 217:466–473. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix427], incorrect values are presented in Figure 2A for the “input” and “receptive” syringes. The figure shows 33 of 70 and 62 of 70, respectively; it should read 43 of 70 and 66 of 70.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix671
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • The Candida auris Alert: Facts and Perspectives
    • Authors: Lamoth F; Kontoyiannis D.
      Pages: 516 - 520
      Abstract: Invasive candidiasisantifungal resistanceoutbreakinfection control
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix597
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Can Biomarkers Advance HIV Research and Care in the Antiretroviral Therapy
           Era'
    • Authors: Justice A; Erlandson K, Hunt P, et al.
      Pages: 521 - 528
      Abstract: Despite achieving human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA suppression below levels of detection and, for most, improved CD4+ T-cell counts, those aging with HIV experience excess low-level inflammation, hypercoagulability, and immune dysfunction (chronic inflammation), compared with demographically and behaviorally similar uninfected individuals. A host of biomarkers that are linked to chronic inflammation are also associated with HIV-associated non–AIDS-defining events, including cardiovascular disease, many forms of cancer, liver disease, renal disease, neurocognitive decline, and osteoporosis. Furthermore, chronic HIV infection may interact with long-term treatment toxicity and weight gain after ART initiation. These observations suggest that future biomarker-guided discovery and treatment may require attention to multiple biomarkers and, possibly, weighted indices. We are clinical trialists, epidemiologists, pragmatic trialists, and translational scientists. Together, we offer an operational definition of a biomarker and consider how biomarkers might facilitate progress along the translational pathway from therapeutic discovery to intervention trials and clinical management among people aging with or without HIV infection.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix586
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Replication of Zika Virus in Human Prostate Cells: A Potential Source of
           Sexually Transmitted Virus
    • Authors: Spencer J; Lahon A, Tran L, et al.
      Pages: 538 - 547
      Abstract: BackgroundWhile Zika virus (ZIKV) is mainly transmitted by mosquitoes, numerous cases of sexual transmission have been reported during recent outbreaks. Little is known about which host cell types or entry factors aid in mediating this sexual transmission.MethodsIn this study, we investigated ZIKV cell tropism by infecting 2 types of human prostate cells with 3 contemporary ZIKV isolates from persons infected in the Americas. We used real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence analyses to measure infection and flow cytometry to detect entry factor expression.ResultsHere we show that ZIKV infects, replicates, and produces infectious virus in prostate stromal mesenchymal stem cells, epithelial cells, and organoids made with a combination of these cells. We also show that prostate cells express several well-characterized flavivirus attachment factors. In contrast, dengue virus does not infect or does not replicate in these prostate cells, although it is known to use similar receptors.ConclusionsOur results indicate that ZIKV favors infection of stromal cells more so than epithelial cells in organoids, possibly indicating a preference for stem cells in general. Overall, these results suggest that ZIKV replication occurs in the human prostate and can account for ZIKV secretion in semen, thus leading to sexual transmission.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix436
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Polymorphisms in the Wilms Tumor Gene Are Associated With Interindividual
           Variations in Rubella Virus–Specific Cellular Immunity After
           Measles-Mumps-Rubella II Vaccination
    • Authors: Voigt E; Haralambieva I, Larrabee B, et al.
      Pages: 560 - 566
      Abstract: Rubella vaccination induces widely variable immune responses in vaccine recipients. While rubella vaccination is effective at inducing immunity to rubella infection in most subjects, up to 5% of individuals do not achieve or maintain long-term protective immunity. To expand upon our previous work identifying genetic polymorphisms that are associated with these interindividual differences in humoral immunity to rubella virus, we performed a genome-wide association study in a large cohort of 1843 subjects to discover single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with rubella virus–specific cellular immune responses. We identified SNPs in the Wilms tumor protein gene (WT1) that were significantly associated (P < 5 × 10–8) with interindividual variations in rubella-specific interleukin 6 secretion from subjects’ peripheral blood mononuclear cells postvaccination. No SNPs were found to be significantly associated with variations in rubella-specific interferon-γ secretion. Our findings demonstrate that genetic polymorphisms in the WT1 gene in subjects of European ancestry are associated with interindividual differences in rubella virus–specific cellular immunity after measles-mumps-rubella II vaccination.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix538
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Analysis of Memory B-Cell Responses Reveals Suboptimal Dosing Schedule of
           a Licensed Vaccine
    • Authors: Scherer E; Smith R, Carter J, et al.
      Pages: 572 - 580
      Abstract: Current guidance recommends that adolescents receive a 2-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, whereas young adults and immunocompromised persons receive 3 doses. We examined secondary responses of vaccine-elicited memory B cells (Bmem) in naive women receiving 3 doses of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine to understand the quality of B-cell memory generated by this highly effective vaccine. Unexpectedly, we observed a lower Bmem response rate and magnitude of Bmem responses to the third dose than to a booster dose administered at month 24. Moreover, high titers of antigen-specific serum antibody at vaccination inversely correlated with Bmem responses. As the purpose of additional doses/boosters is to stimulate Bmem to rapidly boost antibody levels, these results indicate the timing of the third dose is suboptimal and lend support to a 2-dose HPV vaccine for young adults. Our findings also indicate more broadly that multidose vaccine schedules should be rationally determined on the basis of Bmem responses.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix566
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Rotavirus Vaccination Can Be Performed Without Viral Dissemination in the
           Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    • Authors: Hiramatsu H; Suzuki R, Nagatani A, et al.
      Pages: 589 - 596
      Abstract: BackgroundThis study was conducted to assess the transmissibility of rotavirus vaccine strains after rotavirus vaccination in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).MethodsPentavalent (RV5) or monovalent (RV1) rotavirus vaccine was administered to infants admitted to the NICU. Nineteen vaccinated infants and 49 unvaccinated infants whose beds were located in close proximity to the vaccinated infants were enrolled in this study. Dissemination and fecal shedding of vaccine viruses within the NICU were examined using real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction.ResultsShedding of the vaccine strain was detected in all 19 vaccinated infants. RV5 virus shedding started 1 day after the first vaccination and persisted for 8 days after the first vaccination, and viral shedding terminated by day 5 after administration of the second RV5 dose. The kinetics of RV1 virus shedding differed among vaccinated infants. The duration of RV1 virus shedding was longer after the first vaccination than after the second vaccination. In contrast to the vaccinated infants, no vaccine virus genomes were detected in any of the stool samples collected from the 49 unvaccinated infants.ConclusionsThis study is direct evidence of no transmission of rotavirus vaccine strains between vaccinated infants and unvaccinated infants in close proximity within a NICU.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix590
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Safety and Immunogenicity of Different Formulations of Norovirus Vaccine
           Candidate in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blind
           Clinical Trial
    • Authors: Leroux-Roels G; Cramer J, Mendelman P, et al.
      Pages: 597 - 607
      Abstract: BackgroundWe investigated safety and immunogenicity of 1–2 doses of different bivalent virus-like particle (VLP) norovirus vaccine candidate (NoV) formulations in healthy 18- to 64-year-olds.MethodsOn days 1 and 28, participants (n = 420) randomized to 14 equal groups received intramuscular control vaccine (hepatitis A) or 1 of 11 NoV formulations containing varying dosages of GI.1 and GII.4c genotype VLP antigens with aluminum hydroxide [Al(OH)3], and 0 μg, 15 μg, or 50 μg monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL). Immunogenicity was assessed on days 1, 28, 56, 208 and 393. Solicited local and systemic reactions were recorded for 7 days, unsolicited adverse events (AEs) until day 56, and serious AEs throughout the trial.ResultsAll NoV formulations induced similar increases in pan-immunoglobulin, immunoglobulin A, and histo-blood group binding antigen-blocking antibodies by day 56, mostly after 1 dose, that persisted above baseline to day 393. Higher GI.1 content interfered with GII.4c responses, and responses did not benefit from MPL. Overall reactogenicity consisted of mainly mild injection site pain, headache, and fatigue. No vaccine-related serious AEs were reported.ConclusionsAll candidate NoV formulations were well tolerated. Overall, 15 μg GI.1/50 μg GII.4c elicited the best balance of immunogenicity with no clear benefit of MPL, and is the candidate formulation being taken forward in clinical development.Clinical Trials RegistrationNCT02038907.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix572
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Limited Impact of Adolescent Meningococcal ACWY Vaccination on Neisseria
           meningitidis Serogroup W Carriage in University Students
    • Authors: Oldfield N; Green L, Parkhill J, et al.
      Pages: 608 - 616
      Abstract: BackgroundIn the United Kingdom, rising levels of disease due to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W clonal complex (cc) sequence type (ST) 11 (MenW:cc11) strains led to introduction of meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) for teenagers. We investigated the impact of immunization on carriage of meningococci targeted by the vaccine, using whole-genome sequencing of isolates recovered from a cohort of vaccinated university students.MethodsStrain designation data were extracted from whole-genome sequencing data. Genomes from carried and invasive MenW:cc11 strains were compared using a gene-by-gene approach. Serogrouping identified isolates expressing capsule antigens targeted by the vaccine.ResultsIsolates with a W: P1.5,2: F1-1: ST-11 (cc11) designation and belonging to the emerging 2013-strain of the South American–United Kingdom MenW:cc11 sublineage were responsible for an increase in carried group W strains. A multifocal expansion was evident, with close transmission networks extending beyond individual dormitories. Carried group Y isolates were predominantly from cc23 but showed significant heterogeneity, and individual strain designations were only sporadically recovered. No shifts toward acapsulate phenotypes were detected in targeted meningococcal populations.ConclusionsIn a setting with high levels of MenACWY use, expansion of capsule-expressing isolates from the 2013-strain of MenW:cc11 but not MenY:cc23 isolates is indicative of differential susceptibilities to vaccine-induced immunity.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix596
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Laboratory Testing of a Cohort of Commercially Insured Users of HIV
           Preexposure Prophylaxis in the United States, 2011–2015
    • Authors: Huang Y; Tao G, Samandari T, et al.
      Pages: 617 - 621
      Abstract: To ensure the health and safety of persons taking antiretroviral medication as preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines recommend initial and follow-up laboratory testing. We assessed the rates of recommended testing, using a commercial insurance claims database. Before taking PrEP, 45% of users were tested for HIV, 55% for syphilis, 43% for chlamydia/gonorrhea, and 38% for hepatitis B, and 31% had their creatinine level measured. By 6 months after PrEP initiation, 38% were tested for HIV, 49% for syphilis, and 39% for chlamydia/gonorrhea, and 37% had their creatinine level measured. Although laboratory testing was less frequent than recommended, testing rates increased over the study period.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix595
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Protection of the Human Gut Microbiome From Antibiotics
    • Authors: de Gunzburg J; Ghozlane A, Ducher A, et al.
      Pages: 628 - 636
      Abstract: BackgroundAntibiotics are life-saving drugs but severely affect the gut microbiome with short-term consequences including diarrhea and selection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Long-term links to allergy and obesity are also suggested. We devised a product, DAV132, and previously showed its ability to deliver a powerful adsorbent, activated charcoal, in the late ileum of human volunteers.MethodsWe performed a randomized controlled trial in 28 human volunteers treated with a 5-day clinical regimen of the fluoroquinolone antibiotic moxifloxacin in 2 parallel groups, with or without DAV132 coadministration. Two control goups of 8 volunteers each receiving DAV132 alone, or a nonactive substitute, were added.ResultsThe coadministration of DAV132 decreased free moxifloxacin fecal concentrations by 99%, while plasmatic levels were unaffected. Shotgun quantitative metagenomics showed that the richness and composition of the intestinal microbiota were largely preserved in subjects co-treated with DAV132 in addition to moxifloxacin. No adverse effect was observed. In addition, DAV132 efficiently adsorbed a wide range of clinically relevant antibiotics ex vivo.ConclusionsDAV132 was highly effective to protect the gut microbiome of moxifloxacin-treated healthy volunteers and may constitute a clinical breakthrough by preventing adverse health consequences of a wide range of antibiotic treatments.Clinical Trials RegistrationNCT02176005.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix604
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Intranasal Immunization With an Attenuated pep27 Mutant Provides
           Protection From Influenza Virus and Secondary Pneumococcal Infections
    • Authors: Seon S; Choi J, Yang E, et al.
      Pages: 637 - 640
      Abstract: During influenza pandemics, secondary pneumococcal infections cause excessive mortality. However, the current 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, PCV13, provides only limited protection against secondary infection. Therefore, a more effective pneumococcal vaccine is required to protect against secondary pneumococcal infections. Here, intranasal immunization with an attenuated pneumococcal pep27 mutant provides protection from influenza virus infection, and also from secondary pneumococcal challenge. These results indicate that mucosal immunity might be an effective way to reduce the morbidity and mortality due to secondary pneumococcal infections during influenza pandemics.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix594
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Cholera Epidemics of the Past Offer New Insights Into an Old Enemy
    • Authors: Phelps M; Perner M, Pitzer V, et al.
      Pages: 641 - 649
      Abstract: BackgroundAlthough cholera is considered the quintessential long-cycle waterborne disease, studies have emphasized the existence of short-cycle (food, household) transmission. We investigated singular Danish cholera epidemics (in 1853) to elucidate epidemiological parameters and modes of spread.MethodsUsing time series data from cities with different water systems, we estimated the intrinsic transmissibility (R0). Accessing cause-specific mortality data, we studied clinical severity and age-specific impact. From physicians’ narratives we established transmission chains and estimated serial intervals.ResultsEpidemics were seeded by travelers from cholera-affected cities; initial transmission chains involving household members and caretakers ensued. Cholera killed 3.4%–8.9% of the populations, with highest mortality among seniors (16%) and lowest in children (2.7%). Transmissibility (R0) was 1.7–2.6 and the serial interval was estimated at 3.7 days (95% confidence interval, 2.9–4.7 days). The case fatality ratio (CFR) was high (54%–68%); using R0 we computed an adjusted CFR of 4%–5%.ConclusionsShort-cycle transmission was likely critical to early secondary transmission in historic Danish towns. The outbreaks resembled the contemporary Haiti outbreak with respect to transmissibility, age patterns, and CFR, suggesting a role for broader hygiene/sanitation interventions to control contemporary outbreaks.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix602
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Genetic Variation at IFNL4 Influences Extrahepatic Interferon-Stimulated
           Gene Expression in Chronic HCV Patients
    • Authors: Rosenberg B; Freije C, Imanaka N, et al.
      Pages: 650 - 655
      Abstract: Polymorphisms at IFNL4 strongly influence spontaneous resolution and interferon therapeutic response in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In chronic HCV, unfavorable alleles are associated with elevated interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene (ISG) expression in the liver, but extrahepatic effects are less well characterized. We used RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to examine whether IFNL4 genetic variation (rs368234815) modulates ISG expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) during chronic HCV infection. ISG expression was elevated in unstimulated PBMC homozygous for the unfavorable ΔG IFNL4 variant; expression following IFN-α stimulation was comparable across genotypes. These findings suggest that lambda interferons may have broader systemic effects during HCV infection.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix593
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Impact of the Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System on the
           Progression of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection to Pelvic Inflammatory
           Disease in a Baboon Model
    • Authors: Eastman A; Bergin I, Chai D, et al.
      Pages: 656 - 666
      Abstract: BackgroundUnderstanding the relationship between the levonorgestrel (LNG)–releasing intrauterine system (IUS) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is increasingly important as use of the LNG-IUS grows to include women at higher risk for STIs. This study assessed the impact of the LNG-IUS on development of Chlamydia trachomatis pelvic inflammatory disease, using a baboon model.MethodsBaboons with and those without the LNG-IUS were cervically inoculated with C. trachomatis and monitored daily, and cervical and fallopian tube swab specimens were collected weekly for C. trachomatis quantitation by nucleic acid amplification testing and culture. Vaginal swab specimens were collected for cytokine analysis, and serum samples were obtained for detection of C. trachomatis antibodies.ResultsThe LNG-IUS resulted in an increased C. trachomatis burden in the cervix, with the bacterial burden in the LNG-IUS group diverging from that in the non–LNG-IUS group by 6 weeks after infection. One of 7 baboons in the non–LNG-IUS group and 2 of 6 in the LNG-IUS group developed pelvic inflammatory disease, while 3 animals in each group met criteria suggestive of pelvic inflammatory disease. LNG-IUS increased baseline interleukin 8 levels but failed to further upregulate interleukin 8 during infection. In LNG-IUS recipients, early perturbations in the interleukin 1β axis corresponded to decreased C. trachomatis clearance and increased T-helper type 2 immune responses.ConclusionLNG-IUS use results in delayed clearance of C. trachomatis and might alter the reproductive tract immune environment.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix545
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Role of PCSK9 in the Development of Mouse Periodontitis Before and After
           Treatment: A Double-Edged Sword
    • Authors: Sun H; Wu Y, Song F, et al.
      Pages: 667 - 680
      Abstract: Periodontitis is a highly prevalent infectious disease associated genetically with coronary heart disease (CHD). The effects of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a critical regulator of CHD, on periodontitis have not been studied to date. Here, we found that PCSK9 expression was increased in periodontitis patients and Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg)–infected mice. Loss of PCSK9 attenuated Pg-induced periodontal bone loss in mice. First, PCSK9 deficiency reduced the release of inflammation-associated cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β, in vitro and in vivo. Second, its deficiency enhanced Pg and endotoxin clearance during Pg invasion in part by upregulating CD36 and low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), respectively. However, after berberine treatment, periodontal bone regeneration in the PCSK9 knockout group was significantly lower than that in wild-type. This was because PCSK9 overexpression promoted osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLCs) prechallenged by TNF-α. Furthermore, PCSK9 could rescue PDLC osteogenesis by repressing the NF-κB signaling pathway by interacting with TRAF2. These results suggest that PCSK9 may be a potent drug target for treating periodontitis.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jix574
      Issue No: Vol. 217, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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