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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 406 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.189, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 2.196, CiteScore: 5)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.434, CiteScore: 1)
Aesthetic Surgery J. Open Forum     Open Access  
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.869, CiteScore: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 1.989, CiteScore: 4)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 3)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181, SJR: 0.467, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.113, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 196, SJR: 3.438, CiteScore: 6)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199, SJR: 2.713, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Health-System Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.053, CiteScore: 1)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.391, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.038, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.423, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.721, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 5.599, CiteScore: 9)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.722, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 2)
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.28, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.858, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 2.987, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.241, CiteScore: 1)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.731, CiteScore: 2)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.871, CiteScore: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 357, SJR: 6.14, CiteScore: 8)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.446, CiteScore: 3)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 3.485, CiteScore: 2)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.754, CiteScore: 4)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.553, CiteScore: 2)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 193, SJR: 2.115, CiteScore: 3)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 5.858, CiteScore: 7)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 2.505, CiteScore: 5)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.15, CiteScore: 3)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.161, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.508, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 605, SJR: 1.828, CiteScore: 3)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.355, CiteScore: 3)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.376, CiteScore: 1)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.764, CiteScore: 2)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.438, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 0)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.135, CiteScore: 5)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 3.002, CiteScore: 5)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 3.892, CiteScore: 6)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.483, CiteScore: 1)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.42, CiteScore: 3)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.329, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.392, CiteScore: 2)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 5.051, CiteScore: 5)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 2.424, CiteScore: 3)
Communication, Culture & Critique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.818, CiteScore: 3)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.906, CiteScore: 1)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.164, CiteScore: 2)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 3)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.45, CiteScore: 1)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.866, CiteScore: 6)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Econometrics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.926, CiteScore: 1)
Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 117, SJR: 5.161, CiteScore: 3)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.584, CiteScore: 3)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.942, CiteScore: 1)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.818, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.748, CiteScore: 4)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.505, CiteScore: 8)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 9.315, CiteScore: 9)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.625, CiteScore: 3)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. : Case Reports     Open Access  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.681, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212, SJR: 0.694, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.279, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.172, CiteScore: 2)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.702, CiteScore: 1)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.728, CiteScore: 3)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.018, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.492, CiteScore: 4)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 7.063, CiteScore: 13)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.308, CiteScore: 3)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.425, CiteScore: 1)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.89, CiteScore: 2)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.133, CiteScore: 3)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.578, CiteScore: 4)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 3)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 5.022, CiteScore: 7)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 2)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.512, CiteScore: 2)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 2)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.278, CiteScore: 1)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Human Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.146, CiteScore: 3)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 3.555, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74, SJR: 2.643, CiteScore: 5)
Human Reproduction Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 5.317, CiteScore: 10)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.756, CiteScore: 1)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.732, CiteScore: 4)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.538, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.987, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 2)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.511, CiteScore: 4)
Information and Inference     Free  
Innovation in Aging     Open Access  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.319, CiteScore: 2)
Integrative Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.36, CiteScore: 3)
Integrative Organismal Biology     Open Access  
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.762, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.505, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.167, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.348, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.601, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264, SJR: 3.969, CiteScore: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.808, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.545, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.724, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.168, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.465, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.983, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 2.581, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.201, CiteScore: 1)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.533, CiteScore: 1)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.065, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.419, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.226, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Breast Imaging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Burn Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Orthodontics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.279
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0141-5387 - ISSN (Online) 1460-2210
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • European Journal of OrthodonticsEditor’s Report 2017
    • Authors: Rice D.
      First page: 223
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjy009
  • Corrigendum: Association between intraoral pressure and molar position and
           inclination in subjects with facial asymmetry
    • Authors: Takada J; Ono T, Miyamoto J, et al.
      First page: 225
      Abstract: This is a correction notice for article cjq060 (
      DOI :, published on 9 September 2010. The author name Jun J. Miyamoto was erroneously spelt as Jun J. Miyamato. This error has now been corrected in the HTML version of the article.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Etiology-Based Dental and Craniofacial Diagnostics
    • Authors: Teshima T; Tucker A.
      First page: 229
      Abstract: Author: Inger Kjaer, Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Pages: 256 ISBN-10: 111-8-912-128 Price: £63.70
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjy008
  • Performance of Hawley-type retainers: a systematic review of randomized
           clinical trials
    • Authors: Al Rahma W; Kaklamanos E, Athanasiou A.
      First page: 115
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundAlthough post-treatment changes are almost inevitable, and retention has long been recognized as one of the most critical and routine problems faced by orthodontists, there remains a lack of certainty regarding the parameters of any definitive retention protocol following orthodontic treatment.ObjectiveTo investigate the performance of the Hawley-type retainers.Search methodsSearch without restrictions in 15 databases and hand searching until December 2016.Selection criteriaRandomized clinical trials comparing the performance of Hawley-type retainers to other removable appliances or comparing different Hawley-type retainers’ wearing schedules.Data collection and analysisFollowing study retrieval and selection, data extraction and individual study risk of bias assessment using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool took place. The overall quality of the available evidence was assessed with the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach.ResultsFinally, 10 studies were identified involving 854 individuals, followed for up to 1 year after debonding. Eight studies compared subjects using Hawley and clear thermoplastic retainers; another compared Hawley to positioner and, finally, one trial involved individuals allocated to different Hawley appliance wearing schedules. Three studies were considered as being of low, four of unclear, and three of high risk of bias. In general, few differences were observed between the Hawley and other removable retainers regarding outcomes relevant to maxillary and mandibular dental arch measurements, dental arch relationships and occlusal contacts, speech evaluation, patient reported outcomes, adverse effects, and problems related to the appliances, as well as economic evaluation related outcomes. Moreover, no differences were observed between the compared Hawley wearing schedules. Overall, the quality of the available evidence was considered low.ConclusionsGiven the overall quality of the available evidence and the multitude of parameters, which may have affected the results of the included trials, good practice would suggest further research in the respective field in order to increase both the quantity and quality of information available.RegistrationPROSPERO (CRD42015029279)FundingNo funding was received for the present systematic review.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx036
  • Does long-term intraoral service affect the mechanical properties and
           elemental composition of multistranded wires of lingual fixed
    • Authors: Zinelis S; Pandis N, Al Jabbari Y, et al.
      First page: 126
      Abstract: SummaryPurposeThe aim of this study was to evaluate the elemental and mechanical alterations of stainless steel (SS) multistranded orthodontic wires used in fixed retention after intraoral ageing.Materials and MethodsTwo types of 0.022-inch, seven-stranded wires, Lingual Retainer Wire (LRW) and Tru-Chrome (TCH), from the same manufacturer (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, Denver, Colo, USA) were tested. Thirty-three samples from LRW group and thirty-seven from TCH were collected, whereas three unused wires from each package were used as controls. The median ageing time for LRW was 7.4 years and 8.4 for TCH. All samples were subjected to scanning electron microscope/X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis. Three spectra were taken from the surface of each wire and then all samples were used for the assessment of Martens hardness, indentation modulus (EIT), and elastic index (ηIT) with the instrumented indentation testing method (IIT). The intraoral ageing time was statistically compared between the two groups by Mann–Whitney rank sum test and the compositional and mechanical properties were compared by unpaired t-test. The Spearman correlation between elemental content and ageing time was carried out for all elements (a = 0.05).ResultsNo significant differences were found for both the elemental content and for the mechanical properties between the wires tested. Spearman analysis revealed no correlation between elemental content and intraoral time while two groups share statistically equal intraoral ageing times (P > 0.05).ConclusionsBoth wires seemed to maintain their mechanical and elemental integrity within a period of 14-year intraoral exposure, whereas no measurable ionic release could be identified.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx045
  • Comparative assessment of conventional and light-curable fluoride varnish
           in the prevention of enamel demineralization during fixed appliance
           therapy: a split-mouth randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Shah M; Paramshivam G, Mehta A, et al.
      First page: 132
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveTo evaluate the effects of single application of a conventional versus light-curable fluoride varnish (LCFV) on prevention of enamel demineralization during fixed orthodontic treatment over a 4 month period.DesignThe research was designed as a split-mouth, randomized control trial (RCT).MethodsTwenty-two patients requiring fixed orthodontic treatment with premolar extractions were included in the RCT. In each patient, two diagonal quadrants (i.e. upper right and lower left, or vice versa) were randomly assigned to receive conventional fluoride varnish or LCFV. After allocation of one intervention, the other diagonal quadrants received the second intervention. At specific time intervals, premolars were extracted and sectioned, and the demineralized lesion was assessed in each group.Main outcome measuresThe primary outcome was demineralized enamel lesion depth (DELD) at the end of 45, 90, and 120 days.RandomizationA simple complete randomization list using random allocation rule (restricted randomization) was computer generated to ensure homogeneity of application of conventional or LCFV to each contralateral quadrant in a split-mouth design. Allocation concealment was not employed.BlindingBlinding was done only for outcome assessor because of clinical limitations.ResultsTwenty-two patients with 88 teeth were enrolled in the trial. After excluding the drop-outs, primary analysis was performed on 66 teeth distributed among two interventional groups. Mean difference between DELD among two groups was 36.6 µm [95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 34.61–38.55] and 58.5 µm [95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 55.65–61.43] at 90 and 120 days, respectively. Cluster level analysis performed by Paired t-test showed that DELD was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in the conventional fluoride varnish group at the end of 90 and 120 days as compared to LCFV group. No adverse effect was observed in any patient.LimitationsBeing a histologic study, the role of fluoride varnish could be assessed only for 4 months.ConclusionThe result of this study indicate that single application of LCFV (Clinpro™ XT) can prevent enamel demineralization for longer duration (for up to 4 months) of time as compared to conventional fluoride varnish (Duraphat™, 45 days) during fixed appliance therapy.RegistrationThe trial was registered retrospectively in the Clinical Trial Registry-India, number CTRI/2016/09/007232.
      PubDate: Sat, 13 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx037
  • Growing patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy: longitudinal changes in
           their dentofacial morphology and orofacial functional capacities
    • Authors: Egli F; Botteron S, Morel C, et al.
      First page: 140
      Abstract: AimThe aim of this study was to describe the longitudinal changes in facial morphology, dental arch alterations and oral functional capacities that occur in growing patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in order to identify the effects of the progression of the disease.Subjects and MethodsTwelve DMD patients (6.5–17.5 years of age) and 12 matched controls were screened on two different occasions (T1 and T2), 2 years apart. Dental casts, lateral cephalometric radiographs, maximal posterior bite force and labial force were measured to determine changes in their functional capacities and dentofacial morphology. Furthermore, the thickness and echogenicity of the masseter muscle were measured during clenching.Statistical evaluationUnpaired t-tests were performed to evaluate the differences between the DMD patients and their healthy matched controls; paired t-tests were used to assess the changes that occurred within each group between T1 and T2.ResultsBetween T1 and T2 the following changes were observed: widening of the lower dental arch for the DMD patients of 2.6mm (±0.9mm) compared to a slight reduction of −0.1mm (±0.8mm) for the control group (P = 0.001). We found a statistically significant reduction of the sagittal skeletal intermaxillary relationship (ANB-angle) of 2.0° (±2.0°) in the DMD group (P = 0.012). In T1 and T2, the maximal posterior bite force and the labial force were lower for the DMD patients compared to the control group (P = 0.001), who showed an increase during this period.ConclusionThe results indicate that DMD influences the facial morphology, dental arch dimensions and oral functional capacities. The longitudinal perspective of this study revealed that the worsening of most of the measured parameters is associated with the progression of the disease. Besides the expected deterioration of the functional measurements, we found in all patients, a marked transverse increase of the posterior part of the dental arches, more in the lower than in the upper, resulting in posterior crossbites, as well as a tendency towards a skeletal Class III relationship.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx038
  • Effectiveness of extraction of primary canines for interceptive management
           of palatally displaced permanent canines: a systematic review and
    • Authors: Alyammahi A; Kaklamanos E, Athanasiou A.
      First page: 149
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundAlthough extraction of primary canines in the mixed dentition has been suggested as a measure to prevent impaction of palatally displaced permanent canines (PDCs), the relevant evidence has been inconclusive.ObjectiveTo assess the effectiveness of this practice and investigate the quality of the evidence.Search methodsSearch without restrictions in 15 databases and hand searching until April 2017.Selection criteriaRandomized clinical trials comparing extraction of primary canines in the mixed dentition to no treatment.Data collection and analysisFollowing study retrieval and selection, data extraction, and individual study risk of bias assessment using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool, the random effects method of combining treatment effects was used. The overall quality of the available evidence was assessed with the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach.ResultsFinally 5 studies were identified involving 214 individuals, followed for up to 48 months post-intervention. Two studies were at low and the rest at high risk of bias. Although at the 12-month evaluation, extraction of the primary canine did not result in a statistically significant difference [risk ratio (RR): 1.537; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.656–3.601, P = 0.323; 1 study, n = 67 individuals], beyond 12 months a benefit was noted (RR: 1.784; 95% CI: 1.376–2.314, P = 0.000; 5 studies, n = 214 individuals; I2 = 0%). Analysis of the studies at low risk of bias confirmed the above-mentioned result (RR: 1.713; 95% CI: 1.226–2.394, P = 0.002; 2 studies, n = 91 individuals; I2 = 0%; moderate quality evidence). No difference was observed regarding root resorption of adjacent permanent teeth (RR: 0.602; 95% CI: 0.277–1.308, P = 0.200; 1 study; n = 67 individuals; moderate quality evidence).ConclusionsExtraction of primary canines in the mixed dentition may increase the chance of subsequent successful eruption of PDC in the long term. However, better study standardization is necessary.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx042
  • Interpreting weightings of the peer assessment rating index and the
           discrepancy index across contexts on Chinese patients
    • Authors: Liu S; Oh H, Chambers D, et al.
      First page: 157
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveDetermine optimal weightings of Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index and Discrepancy Index (DI) for malocclusion severity assessment in Chinese orthodontic patients.MethodsSixty-nine Chinese orthodontists assessed a full set of pre-treatment records from a stratified random sample of 120 subjects gathered from six university orthodontic centres. Using professional judgment as the outcome variable, multiple regression analyses were performed to derive customized weighting systems for the PAR index and DI, for all subjects and each Angle classification subgroup.ResultsProfessional judgment was consistent, with an Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) of 0.995. The PAR index or DI can be reliably measured, with ICC = 0.959 and 0.990, respectively. The predictive accuracy of PAR index was greatly improved by the Chinese weighting process (from r = 0.431 to r = 0.788) with almost equal distribution in each Angle classification subgroup. The Chinese-weighted DI showed a higher predictive accuracy, at P = 0.01, compared with the PAR index (r = 0.851 versus r = 0.788). A better performance was found in the Class II group (r = 0.890) when compared to Class I (r = 0.736) and III (r = 0.785) groups.ConclusionsThe Chinese-weighted PAR index and DI were capable of predicting 62 per cent and 73 per cent of total variance in the professional judgment of malocclusion severity in Chinese patients. Differential prediction across Angle classifications merits attention since different weighting formulas were found.
      PubDate: Fri, 02 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx043
  • A cephalometric study of the skeletal and dento-alveolar effects of the
           modified Louisiana State University activator in Class II malocclusion
    • Authors: Kang Y; Franchi L, Manton D, et al.
      First page: 164
      Abstract: SummaryObjectivesTo analyse the skeletal and dento-alveolar effects of the modified Louisiana State University activator (MLSUA) in Class II treatment.Materials and methodsA test group of 46 participants (25 females, 21 males) with Class II malocclusion treated with MLSUA followed by fixed appliances was compared with a matched Class II control group. Lateral cephalograms were taken at T1 (initial records), T2 (completion of MLSUA treatment), and T3 (before deband). The participants were also divided into two groups: pre-pubertal and pubertal according to skeletal maturity and three groups of different vertical facial patterns at the start of the treatment: brachyfacial, mesofacial, and dolichofacial. Statistical comparisons were performed with t-tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA).ResultsStatistically significant supplementary mandibular growth (Co–Gn) in the test group (2.6 mm) was associated with improvement of overjet (OJ), overbite (OB), and molar relationship. Short-term mandibular growth was greater in pubertal than pre-pubertal groups (2.4 mm, P < 0.05). Mandibular incisors retroclined by 2.1 degrees after MLSUA treatment. The brachyfacial group showed greater reduction in the ANB angle and forward movement of pogonion. Mandibular, palatal, and occlusal plane angles showed insignificant change regardless of the facial type.ConclusionsMLSUA treatment corrected the Class II malocclusion by accelerating mandibular growth in the short-term with minimal dento-alveolar compensation, and the correction was maintained before deband. The treatment may be more effective if started at puberty. The mandibular, palatal, and occlusal planes remained stable throughout the treatment. Brachyfacial patients showed more favourable horizontal growth.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx044
  • Effect of orthodontic treatment on periodontal clinical attachment: a
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Papageorgiou S; Papadelli A, Eliades T.
      First page: 176
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundInsertion of orthodontic fixed appliances has been known to induce a mostly transient qualitative and quantitative alteration of the intraoral microbiota. However, the extent to which treatment with fixed appliances might have a lasting adverse effect on the periodontal attachment of the teeth has not yet been investigated in an evidence-based manner.ObjectivesAim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of comprehensive treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances on clinical attachment levels of adolescent and adult periodontally healthy patients.Search methodsSeven databases were searched from inception to February 2017.Selection criteriaProspective non-randomized longitudinal clinical studies.Data collection and analysisAfter duplicate study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, Paule-Mandel random-effects meta-analyses of the clinical attachment loss and its 95 per cent confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.ResultsA total of 9 trials were identified that included 335 treated patients (at least 34 per cent male / 66 per cent female) with an average age of 22.6 years. The average pooled clinical attachment loss was 0.11 mm (9 studies; 335 patients; 95 per cent CI = 0.12 mm gain to 0.34 mm loss; P = 0.338) with high heterogeneity. Furthermore, one study hinted that a small amount of clinical attachment might be gained by intrusion of upper incisors. Additional analyses indicated that the results were robust to addition of untreated patient groups, while patient age and timing of outcome measurement might play an important role.ConclusionsAccording to existing evidence from longitudinal clinical studies orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances has little to no clinically relevant effect on periodontal clinical attachment levels.RegistrationPROSPERO (CRD42017057042).FundingNone.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx052
  • Gingival recession in mandibular incisors and symphysis morphology—a
           retrospective cohort study
    • Authors: Mazurova K; Kopp J, Renkema A, et al.
      First page: 185
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveTo evaluate if the morphology of the mandibular symphysis is associated with the development of gingival recession.Materials and methodsA cohort of 177 patients was followed longitudinally for up to 5 years post-treatment. Based on the width of the symphysis, participants were divided into three groups: narrow (n = 57); average (n = 63), and wide symphysis (n = 57). Morphology of the symphysis and inclination of incisors were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs before treatment (Ts), at the end of treatment (T0) and 5 years after treatment (T5). Gingival recession and the change of clinical crown heights in mandibular incisors were measured on plaster models made at TS, T0, and T5.ResultsFrom TS to T5 the change in inclination was comparable in the narrow, average, and wide groups. At T5, gingival labial recession was present in 19.3 per cent of patients with narrow symphysis, 20.6 per cent with average symphysis, and 14 per cent of patients with wide symphysis. The difference was not significant. The mean change of clinical crown height was <1 mm (TS − T5). The regression model showed some evidence that incisor inclination at Ts might have been associated with the change of mean clinical crown height (−2.51, 95% CI: −4.6 to −0.4, P = 0.02). The logistic regression model demonstrated that H1 (Height 1) might be associated with the development of gingival recession (OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.58 to 0.96, P = 0.03).ConclusionWithin the limitations of this study, there is no evidence that the overall morphology of the mandibular symphysis is associated with gingival recession development.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx046
  • Looking Beyond Traditional Metrics in Orthodontics: An Altmetric Study on
           the Most Discussed Articles on the Web
    • Authors: Livas C; Delli K.
      First page: 193
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveTo evaluate the online visibility of the most popular orthodontic articles in Web platforms in relation to publication details and citations.Materials and MethodsAltmetric Explorer (Altmetric LLP, London, UK) was searched for articles published in 11 orthodontic journals without time limits in publication and citation on social media. The 200 articles with the highest Altmetric Attention Score (AAS) were collected and screened for data related to publication (date, journal, access), authorship (number of authors, affiliation and origin of the corresponding author), and research (type, subject, funding). Citation counts were harvested from Scopus.ResultsThe top 200 articles presented a median AAS of 8.0 (range: 5.0–196.0), and were mostly bookmarked in Mendeley (median: 16.6 references; range: 0–199.0). American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, European Journal of Orthodontics and The Angle Orthodontist contributed 86 per cent of the total number of research outputs. Studies investigating socio-demographics had significantly higher AAS compared to diagnostic studies (median AAS: 19.0; range: 7.0–34.0; versus median AAS: 6.0; range: 5.0–10.0. No other study parameter was found to be statistically significant. AAS did not correlate to the number of citations as reported in Scopus.LimitationsThe early stage of altmetrics and their complementary role in assessing together with the citation-based metrics the research impact need to be acknowledged in the interpretation of the results.ConclusionsVisibility of orthodontic articles on the Web is not significantly correlated with citations. Studies on socio-demographics had significantly higher number of online mentions. More constructive online presence of orthodontic journals is needed to reinforce dissemination of research data among scholars and non-scholars.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx050
  • Association between severity of hypodontia and cephalometric skeletal
           patterns: a retrospective study
    • Authors: Taju W; Sherriff M, Bister D, et al.
      First page: 200
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveTo assess if severity of hypodontia is related to a specific skeletal pattern.Study designLateral cephalometric radiographs and dental panoramic tomographs of 182 hypodontia patients were analysed. The severity of hypodontia was recorded and the sample was divided into groups with mild (n = 71), moderate (n = 56) and severe (n = 55) hypodontia. According to ethnicity, the sample was further subdivided into White Caucasians, African-British, and Arabian/Indian subgroups. Cephalometric measurements were used to quantify the skeletal discrepancy and vertical facial dimensions. Mean and standard deviation for each group were obtained for comparison and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to assess the level of significance between the means of the readings in different severity groups.ResultsIn the white Caucasian group, increased severity of hypodontia, was related to a retrusive maxilla with concomitant reduction of A point, Nasion, B point (ANB), reduced mandibular plane angle and anterior lower facial height (P value: 0.0935–0.9371). For the Black-British and Arabian/Indian groups’ findings were inconsistent, with no specific pattern as the number of missing teeth increased.ConclusionThe white Caucasian group followed a pattern that has previously been reported in other studies. For Black-British and Arabian/Indian groups’ findings were inconsistent and no specific pattern emerged for different degrees of hypodontia.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx049
  • Long-term (≥15 years) post-treatment changes and outcome quality after
           Class II:1 treatment in comparison to untreated Class I controls
    • Authors: Bock N; Saffar M, Hudel H, et al.
      First page: 206
      Abstract: SummaryAimTo investigate the long-term (≥15 years) post-treatment (Tx) occlusal changes and outcome quality after Class II:1 Tx.Subjects and MethodsHerbst-MBA Tx had been performed at age 12.8 ± 2.7 years in 119 patients. A recall was conducted and study models from before and after active Tx, after retention as well as after recall were evaluated using standard occlusal variables and the PAR index. These data were compared to 31 untreated Class I controls.Results52 out of 119 patients could be located and participated at 33.6 ± 3.1 years. Compared to the 67 patients who did not participate in the recall, the pre- and post-Tx occlusal data of the participants did not differ systematically; however, the PAR scores were higher by 3.0–4.7 points at all times.Pre-Tx, the mean values of the 52 participants were: PAR = 27.2 ± 7.6, Class II molar relationship (MR) = 0.7 cusp widths (cw), overjet = 8.2 mm, overbite = 4.1 mm. After Tx, the PAR score was 3.4 ± 2.2. A Class I MR (0.0 ± 0.1 cw) with normal overjet (2.3 ± 0.7 mm) and overbite (1.3 ± 0.7 mm) existed.At recall, a mild PAR score increase to 8.2 ± 5.5 points had occurred; this was mainly due to increased overjet and overbite values (3.6 ± 1.1 and 2.8 ± 1.6 mm) while the MR was stable (0.0 ± 0.2 cw). For all these variables, similar findings were made in the untreated controls.ConclusionThe occlusal outcome of Class II:1 Tx showed very good long-term stability. While mild changes occur post-Tx, the long-term result is similar to untreated Class I controls.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx051
  • Soft tissue treatment changes with fixed functional appliances and with
           maxillary premolar extraction in Class II division 1 malocclusion patients
    • Authors: Janson G; Castello Branco N, Aliaga-Del Castillo A, et al.
      First page: 214
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveThe aim of this study was to compare the soft tissue changes and post-treatment status after complete fixed functional appliance non-extraction and maxillary premolar extraction treatment in patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion.Materials/methodsThe sample consisted of 96 lateral cephalograms of 48 patients, divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 23 patients treated with fixed functional appliance associated with fixed appliances, with initial and final mean ages of 12.71 and 15.16 years, respectively, mean treatment time of 2.44 years and initial mean overjet of 6.83 mm. Group 2 comprised 25 patients treated with extraction of two maxillary premolars with initial and final mean ages of 13.05 and 15.74 years, respectively, mean treatment time of 2.67 years and initial mean overjet of 7.01 mm. t-Tests were used to compare treatment changes and the final cephalometric statuses between the groups.ResultsAccording to the results, there was no inter-group difference regarding the soft tissue changes and post-treatment status.LimitationsThe use of exclusively one type of fixed functional appliance in group 1 and performance of only one type of mechanics during space closure in group 2 were not always possible.ConclusionLate pubertal patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion treated with fixed functional appliances associated with fixed appliances present similar soft tissue results as two-maxillary premolar extraction treatments.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx053
  • Impacted and transmigrant mandibular canines incidence, aetiology, and
           treatment: a systematic review
    • Authors: Plakwicz P; Czochrowska E, Kukuła K.
      First page: 226
      Abstract: Dear Editor
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx071
  • Impacted and transmigrant mandibular canines
    • Authors: Dalessandri D; Parrini S, Rubiano R, et al.
      First page: 227
      Abstract: Dear Sir,
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx094
  • The golden age of orthodontics: decline and aftermath
    • Authors: McDonald F.
      First page: 228
      Authors : Norman Wahl, Publisher: First Edition design Publishing Inc: Sarosota, Florida, Price: €14.15, Pages: 202, ISBN: 10: 1506904696.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx095
  • Essential Orthodontics
    • Authors: Shah N.
      First page: 228
      Authors : Birgit Thilander, Krister Bjerklin and Lars Bondemark, ISBN: 9781119165675, Price: £ 39.99
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx087
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