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Publisher: Oxford University Press   (Total: 370 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 370 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 38)
Adaptation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 4)
Aesthetic Surgery J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.538, h-index: 35)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.512, h-index: 46)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 1.611, h-index: 107)
Alcohol and Alcoholism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.935, h-index: 80)
American Entomologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142, SJR: 0.652, h-index: 43)
American J. of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.441, h-index: 77)
American J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174, SJR: 3.047, h-index: 201)
American J. of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 111)
American J. of Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 7)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.824, h-index: 23)
American Literary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 22)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annals of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.912, h-index: 124)
Annals of Occupational Hygiene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.837, h-index: 57)
Annals of Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 4.362, h-index: 173)
Annals of the Entomological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.642, h-index: 53)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal  
AoB Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.78, h-index: 10)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.884, h-index: 31)
Applied Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.749, h-index: 63)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.779, h-index: 11)
Arbitration Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Arbitration Law Reports and Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.96, h-index: 71)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 20)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 15)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.698, h-index: 92)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 310, SJR: 4.643, h-index: 271)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  
Biology of Reproduction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.646, h-index: 149)
Biometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.801, h-index: 90)
BioScience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 2.374, h-index: 154)
Bioscience Horizons : The National Undergraduate Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 9)
Biostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.955, h-index: 55)
BJA : British J. of Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 2.314, h-index: 133)
BJA Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 20)
Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 6.097, h-index: 264)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 4.086, h-index: 73)
Briefings in Functional Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 50)
British J. for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.267, h-index: 38)
British J. of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.217, h-index: 18)
British J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 542, SJR: 1.373, h-index: 62)
British J. of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85, SJR: 0.771, h-index: 53)
British Medical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 84)
British Yearbook of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 31)
Cambridge J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 59)
Cambridge J. of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.067, h-index: 22)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 7)
Capital Markets Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.439, h-index: 167)
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.897, h-index: 175)
Cerebral Cortex     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 4.827, h-index: 192)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.501, h-index: 19)
Chemical Senses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.436, h-index: 76)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 18)
Chinese J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 11)
Chinese J. of Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.238, h-index: 15)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 8)
Classical Receptions J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Clinical Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 4.742, h-index: 261)
Clinical Kidney J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 19)
Community Development J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 28)
Computer J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 47)
Conservation Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 10)
Critical Values     Full-text available via subscription  
Current Legal Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.999, h-index: 20)
Database : The J. of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 24)
Digital Scholarship in the Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 22)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.42, h-index: 77)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Early Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.124, h-index: 11)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 52)
ELT J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.26, h-index: 23)
English Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
English: J. of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Environmental Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.791, h-index: 66)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 25)
EP-Europace     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.201, h-index: 71)
Epidemiologic Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.917, h-index: 81)
ESHRE Monographs     Hybrid Journal  
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
European Heart J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 6.997, h-index: 227)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.044, h-index: 58)
European Heart J. - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Heart J. - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart J. Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.152, h-index: 31)
European J. of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.568, h-index: 104)
European J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163, SJR: 0.722, h-index: 38)
European J. of Orthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.09, h-index: 60)
European J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.284, h-index: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.549, h-index: 42)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 24)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.061, h-index: 53)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.048, h-index: 77)
Fems Microbiology Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.687, h-index: 115)
Fems Microbiology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 118)
Fems Microbiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 7.587, h-index: 150)
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.213, h-index: 66)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.859, h-index: 10)
Forestry: An Intl. J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.903, h-index: 44)
Forum for Modern Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.108, h-index: 6)
French History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.123, h-index: 10)
French Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.119, h-index: 7)
French Studies Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Gastroenterology Report     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genome Biology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 3.22, h-index: 39)
Geophysical J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.839, h-index: 119)
German History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 13)
GigaScience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal  
Glycobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.692, h-index: 101)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.505, h-index: 40)
Health Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 80)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.628, h-index: 66)
Health Promotion Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 60)
History Workshop J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 20)
Holocaust and Genocide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 13)
Human Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.288, h-index: 233)
Human Reproduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79, SJR: 2.271, h-index: 179)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 4.678, h-index: 128)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.7, h-index: 21)
ICES J. of Marine Science: J. du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.233, h-index: 88)
ICSID Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ILAR J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
IMA J. of Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.329, h-index: 26)
IMA J. of Management Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 20)
IMA J. of Mathematical Control and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 28)
IMA J. of Numerical Analysis - advance access     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.032, h-index: 44)
Industrial and Corporate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.37, h-index: 81)
Industrial Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 15)
Information and Inference     Free  
Integrative and Comparative Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.911, h-index: 90)
Interacting with Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 59)
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.743, h-index: 35)
Intl. Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 53)
Intl. Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Intl. Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.835, h-index: 15)
Intl. Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.613, h-index: 111)
Intl. J. for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.593, h-index: 69)
Intl. J. of Constitutional Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 4.381, h-index: 145)
Intl. J. of Law and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Law, Policy and the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.404, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Neuropsychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 79)
Intl. J. of Public Opinion Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 33)
Intl. J. of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 21)
Intl. J. of Transitional Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 12)
Intl. Mathematics Research Notices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 2.052, h-index: 42)
Intl. Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.339, h-index: 19)
Intl. Relations of the Asia-Pacific     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 17)
Intl. Studies Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.998, h-index: 28)
Intl. Studies Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 2.184, h-index: 68)
Intl. Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.783, h-index: 38)
ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 4)
ITNOW     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
J. of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.647, h-index: 30)
J. of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 34)
J. of Analytical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.038, h-index: 60)
J. of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.157, h-index: 149)
J. of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 43)
J. of Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.341, h-index: 96)
J. of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 42)
J. of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 11)
J. of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.442, h-index: 16)
J. of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.165, h-index: 5)
J. of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 15)
J. of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43, SJR: 4.896, h-index: 121)
J. of Crohn's and Colitis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.543, h-index: 37)
J. of Cybersecurity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.69, h-index: 36)
J. of Design History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.166, h-index: 14)
J. of Economic Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.894, h-index: 76)
J. of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.909, h-index: 69)
J. of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 20)
J. of European Competition Law & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
J. of Experimental Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.798, h-index: 163)
J. of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.314, h-index: 27)
J. of Global Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Heredity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.024, h-index: 76)
J. of Hindu Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
J. of Hip Preservation Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Human Rights Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 10)
J. of Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 4, h-index: 209)
J. of Insect Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 31)

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Journal Cover European Journal of Orthodontics
  [SJR: 1.09]   [H-I: 60]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0141-5387 - ISSN (Online) 1460-2210
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Abstracts of Lectures and Scientific Posters
    • PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx069
       
  • Instability of palatal rugae following rapid maxillary expansion
    • Authors: Saadeh M; Macari A, Haddad R, et al.
      First page: 474
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundExisting evidence on changes of the palatal rugae following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is scarce and inconclusive, particularly immediate post-expansion changes in three-dimensional assessments.ObjectivesOur aims were to assess the dimensional stability of the palatal rugae in the antero-posterior and transverse dimensions following RME treatment, as well as the three-dimensional changes in palatal volume and area.Material and methodsThe sample consisted of the dental casts of 30 adolescents (16 males; 14 females, age 11.46 ± 1.42 years) who underwent RME. The models, available at T1 (pretreatment) and T2 (immediately after expansion) were scanned using a laser scanning system. Various parameters were recorded including individual ruga transverse and antero-posterior linear and angular measurements; palatal dimensions (width, length, volume, surface area, vault depth/height); and dental characteristics (interincisor, intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar distances). Statistical analyses included paired t-tests for group comparisons, and Pearson moment product for associations among variables.ResultsPalatal rugae were altered by RME in all dimensions in both linear and angular measurements, almost equally on right and left sides, albeit the average linear changes were about 1 mm. Correlation coefficients among rugal and dental measures suggested an association between rugae changes and the underlying bony movements. Except for the first rugae that had higher correlations to the intercanine width, the correspondence of changes seems to be asymmetric, thus not precisely predictable.ConclusionsThe results suggest a variable trend in the rugae response to expansion, likely reflecting the constitutional asymmetric pattern or nature of pairs of rugae.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx016
       
  • A prospective 10-year follow-up dental cast study of patients with
           obstructive sleep apnoea/snoring who use a mandibular protruding device
    • Authors: Fransson A; Kowalczyk A, Isacsson G.
      First page: 502
      Abstract: SummaryObjectivesThis 10-year prospective study aimed to measure and evaluate the teeth position and occlusion following 10-year nocturnal use of a mandibular protruding device (MPD) in subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) or snoring.Materials and methodsSeventy-seven consecutive patients diagnosed with OSA/snoring were treated with an MPD. Fabrication of dental casts with jaw registration indexes in the intercuspal position was carried out at baseline and at follow-up, a construction bite was made, and an MPD was fitted.At the 10-year follow-up, all subjects (n = 74) were invited to participate. The dental casts were analysed in a series of measurements.ResultsSixty subjects were included in the follow-up examination—41 were still using the device and 19 had ceased using the MPD.The MPD users showed significant changes in all analysed variables—decrease of overjet (−1.8 mm), overbite (−1.5 mm)—except the mandibular intercanine width and the maxillary anteroposterior relationship. Subjects who had ceased using their MPD retained their initial values, with the exception of a decreased overbite.The MPD users also showed an increased number of subjects with mesio-occlusion and posterior infra-occlusion; those who had ceased using their MPD mostly retained their initial status.ConclusionsLong-term nocturnal use of an MPD may cause both favourable and unfavourable occlusion changes, such as a decrease of the overjet and overbite or posterior infra-occlusion, and these changes may continue to develop during treatment with an MPD. Subjects with a Class III relationship may not be a suitable group for treatment with an MPD due to the mesial drift of the mandibular teeth.
      PubDate: 2017-01-05
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw081
       
  • Impact of adenotonsillectomy on the dentofacial development of obstructed
           children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Becking B; Verweij J, Kalf-Scholte S, et al.
      First page: 509
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundDentofacial deformities frequently require orthodontic treatment. Understanding of preventable risk factors is essential for reducing treatment need. Upper airway obstruction (for example due to hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils) has been hypothesized to be a risk factor.ObjectivesThis systematic review aimed to reflect the contemporary evidence on the risk of obstruction by hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils, by assessing the dentofacial changes after adeno- and/or tonsillectomy.Search methodsA systematic search of electronic databases and manual searches of grey literature and reference lists of relevant studies was performed.Selection criteriaNo restrictions were placed on publication language. Experimental, cohort, and case–control studies were eligible for inclusion. Studies reporting associations between treatment of adenoid and/or tonsil hypertrophy and dentofacial deformities in children were included. Adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy were performed in all patients; outcomes were assessed before and after surgery.Data collection and analysisData were extracted by two independent reviewers in duplicate. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the included papers.ResultsThe initial search yielded 1196 papers, of which 16 articles could be included. All papers described controlled prospective cohort studies, reporting on a total of 461 patients and controls (mean age, 4.1–13.9 years). A descriptive and quantitative synthesis of dentofacial change postoperatively is presented. Consistent findings across studies were the normalisation towards labial inclination of the upper and lower incisors and towards a more horizontal mandibular growth pattern. No change in vertical or sagittal maxillary growth was reported after surgical treatment. Post-surgical increase in maxillary archwidth and decrease in lateral crossbite-frequency were consistently reported. Findings on overjet, overbite and angle from S to N to B (SNB-angle), mandibular arch width, and gonial angle were inconsistent.ConclusionThe available literature suggests that treatment of hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils affects dentofacial deformity. This could indicate a relationship between nasopharyngeal obstruction (i.e. upper airway obstruction) and the dentofacial growth pattern. However, the high risk of bias and considerable diversity between studies impedes a clear conclusion regarding this effect.RegistrationNone.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx005
       
  • The integration of orthodontic miniscrews under mechanical loading: a
           pre-clinical study in rabbit
    • Authors: Maino B; Di Blasio A, Spadoni D, et al.
      First page: 519
      Abstract: SummaryIntroductionOrthodontic miniscrews are an increasingly popular choice to achieve absolute anchorage. The temporary use of miniscrews and their recent introduction have limited the debate over the biological aspect of the materials to that of the surface that permeates the field of dental implants. The aim of the present study was to investigate the integration of grade 5 titanium mini-implants with machined or sand blasted acid etched surface (SAE) under mechanical load in a rabbit tibia model of implant integration.MethodsA total of 64 miniscrews (Ti6Al4V) of 1.5 mm diameter and 6.5 mm length were inserted in the proximal medial surface of each tibia in eight male rabbits aged 6 months. Each tibia received four miniscrews. A 100 g nickel-titanium coil spring (Neosentalloy) was applied between two miniscrews along the main axis while two miniscrews were left unloaded. The removal torque was measured for loaded and unloaded miniscrews after 12 weeks. Two miniscrews were harvested for histology.ResultsRemoval torque was significantly higher for SAE mini-implants than for machined screws, under both loading conditions. Although no difference in bone to implant contact was observed among the groups, cortical area significantly decreased with both surfaces under loading.ConclusionsOur data indicate that SAE miniscrews have higher bone retention than MA miniscrews, although the effects of mechanical loading of these devices on cortical bone require further investigations.
      PubDate: 2017-01-18
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw069
       
  • Compositional differences in multi-species biofilms formed on various
           orthodontic adhesives
    • Authors: An J; Kim K, Cho S, et al.
      First page: 528
      Abstract: SummaryObjectivesTo investigate the aspects of multi-species biofilm formation on various orthodontic adhesives with different surface characteristics.MethodsMulti-species biofilms using 13 bacterial species were grown on the surfaces of composite, compomer, and resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGI). The changes in Streptococcus mutans (Sm), Streptococcus sobrinus (Ss), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), and total bacteria were determined at day 1 (T1) and day 4 (T2) using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Surface roughness (SR), surface free energy (SFE), and surface texture were analyzed to explain the differences in bacterial compositions among the adhesives. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to determine time-related changes in bacterial compositions with respect to adhesive type. The Kruskal–Wallis test was used to determine differences in SR and SFE among the adhesives.ResultsThere were no significant differences in the adhesion of total bacteria among the adhesives; however, the adhesion of Sm, Ss, and Pg was higher to RMGI than the other adhesives. The amount of Sm, Ss, and total bacteria increased from T1 to T2, while Pg and Aa decreased from T1 to T2. RMGI showed a rougher surface relative to composite or compomer due to the presence of micro-pores and/or flaws. Compomer had the greatest SFE followed by RMGI and composite. Interestingly, SR differences were about 10 times greater than SFE differences among the adhesives.ConclusionsConsidering the greater differences in SR than SFE among the adhesives, the rougher surface of RMGI may cause greater adhesion of Sm, Ss, and Pg.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw089
       
  • Orthodontically induced cervical root resorption in humans is associated
           with the amount of tooth movement
    • Authors: Dudic A; Giannopoulou C, Meda P, et al.
      First page: 534
      Abstract: IntroductionThe aim of this study was to investigate the variation in the amount of the orthodontically induced cervical root resorption and the association with several factors, such as the amount of tooth displacement, location of tooth in the maxilla or mandible, and presence of an interference that may influence the amount of root resorption.Subjects and methodsThis study included 30 subjects (20 females, 10 males) with an age range of 11.3 to 43.0 years. Using a standardized experimental orthodontic tooth movement, 59 premolars were moved buccaly during 8 weeks with application of 1 N force. Fifty-eight contralateral premolars not subjected to orthodontic tooth movement served as controls. At the end of the experimental period the teeth were carefully extracted, scanned in a micro-computed tomography scanner with a resolution of 9 µm, and the reconstructed images were processed for volumetric evaluation of resorption craters at the cervical part of the root surface. Data were analyzed using unpaired t-test and the Pearson’s correlation.ResultsHigher amount of cervical root resorption was detected in the orthodontically moved teeth (0.00055 mm3) compared to controls (0.00003 mm3; P < 0.001). Moderate correlation was found between root resorption in the two experimental teeth within the same individual (R = 0.421, P = 0.023). Teeth located in the mandible presented more resorption than those in the maxilla (P = 0.046). The amount of root resorption was correlated to the amount of tooth movement (R = 0.318, P = 0.016).ConclusionApplication of a 1 N force over a 2-month period provokes severe root resorption at the compression cervical sites. Resorption is correlated with the amount of tooth movement and the location of the teeth.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw087
       
  • Does systemic administration of casein phosphopeptides affect orthodontic
           movement and root resorption in rats'
    • Authors: Crowther L; Shen G, Almuzian M, et al.
      First page: 541
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo assess the potential effects of casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) on orthodontically induced iatrogenic root resorption (OIIRR) and orthodontic teeth movement.Materials and methodsForty Wistar rats (aged 11 weeks) were randomly divided into experimental group (EG; n = 20) that received a diet supplemented with CPP and control group (CG; n = 20) devoid of diet supplement. A 150 g force was applied using nickel titanium (NiTi) coil that was bonded on maxillary incisors and extended unilaterally to a maxillary first molar. At Day 28, animals in both groups were euthanized. Volumetric assessment of root resorption craters and linear measurement of maxillary first molars movement were blindly examined using a micro-computed tomography scan.ResultsNine rats were excluded from the experiment due to loss during general anesthesia or appliances’ failure. Intra-operator reproducibility was high in both volumetric and linear measurements, 92.8 per cent and 98.5–97.6 per cent, respectively. The results reveal that dietary CPP has statistically insignificant effect on the overall OIIRR and orthodontic movement.ConclusionsCPP seems to have statistically insignificant effect on the volume of OIIRR and orthodontic movement in rats. A long-term study with larger sample size using a different concentration of CPP is required to clarify the dentoalveolar effect of CPP.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw085
       
  • The extent of root resorption and tooth movement following the application
           of ascending and descending magnetic forces: a prospective split mouth,
           microcomputed-tomography study
    • Authors: Huang T; Elekdag-Turk S, Dalci O, et al.
      First page: 547
      Abstract: SummaryObjectiveVarious factors have been examined in the literature in an attempt to reduce the incidence and severity of root resorption. The purpose of the present investigation is to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference in relation to force level using gradually increasing (ascending) and decreasing (descending) orthodontic force generated by magnets on the severity of Orthodontically Induced Inflammatory Iatrogenic Root Resorption (OIIRR) and amount of tooth movement.MethodsTwenty maxillary first premolars from 10 patients were subjected to ascending (25–225 g, magnets in attraction) and descending (225 to 25 g, magnets in repulsion) buccal forces using a split mouth design over an 8-week period. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions were taken at week 0, 4, and 8 to record the tooth movement. After 8 weeks, the teeth were extracted, scanned, with micro-CT in 16.9 µm resolution, and the root resorption craters were localized circumferentially and quantified at each level of the root.ResultsThe total volume of OIIRR with ascending force was 1.20 mm3, and with descending force was 1.25 mm3, and there was no statistically significant difference between them. OIIRR on the palatal surface (0.012 mm3) was significantly less than on the buccal surface (0.057 mm3) and than on the mesial surface (0.035 mm3). There is no statistically significant difference in the degree of OIIRR between different level of the root (cervical, middle, and apical) at different surfaces. Moreover, the amount of tooth movement, at 0-, 4-, and 8-week interval, secondary to an ascending and descending force application was not statistically significant.ConclusionsThere is no short-term (8 weeks) statistically significant difference between orthodontic ascending and descending forces, from 25 to 225 g and from 225 to 25 g, respectively, in term of severity and location of OIIRR as well as the amount of tooth movement. The buccal surface of the root showed highest degree of OIIRR compared to other root’s surfaces.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw073
       
  • Incisor inclination and perceived tooth colour changes
    • Authors: Ciucchi P; Kiliaridis S.
      First page: 554
      Abstract: SummaryIntroductionSocial attractiveness is influenced by a variety of different smile-related factors. We evaluated whether the degree of upper central incisor proclination can result in tooth colour change.MethodsForty young adult subjects (20–25 years) in good health with a complete sound dentition were selected. The subjects were seated in standardized light conditions with an above-directed light source. Their natural head position was stated as 0 degrees. To mimic the range of possible anterior torque movements they were asked to tilt their heads upward +15 degrees (upward tilting) and downward −15 degrees (downward tilting). Frontal macro photographs, parallel to the Frankfort plane of the patient’s natural head position were taken at the three head angulations (+15, 0, and −15 degrees ). Photographs were analysed for colour differences at the centre of the incisor clinical crowns with a CIE L*a*b* colour model based software. A paired t-test was used to test for significance between each value for each inclination.ResultsDifferences were found between the CIE L*a*b* colour values for: upward tilting, downward tilting, and −15 to +15 degrees (total tilting) except for b* values for downward tilting. As the inclination of the subject’s head changed downward, the upper incisors were retroclined and the CIE L*a*b* values indicated a darker and less green but redder colour component. As the inclination of the subject’s head changed upwards the upper incisors were proclined and the L*a*b* values indicated a lighter and less green and yellow but redder and bluer colour component.ConclusionsProclination of upper incisors caused lighter tooth colour parameters compared to retroclined incisors and colour changes. Orthodontic change of upper incisor inclination may induce alterations on how tooth colour is perceived.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw086
       
  • Transverse relationship of permanent molars after crossbite correction in
           deciduous dentition
    • Authors: Masucci C; Cipriani L, Defraia E, et al.
      First page: 560
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo evaluate the transverse relationships of the first permanent molars after the correction of posterior crossbite performed during the deciduous dentition with two different treatment protocols.Materials/methodsNinety patients (40 males and 50 females) with posterior crossbite were treated during the deciduous dentition with either a removable expansion plate (RP group, 60 patients) or rapid maxillary expander (RME group, 30 patients). The dental casts before treatment (T0, mean age 5.1 ± 0.7 years) and after treatment, when the first permanent molars were fully erupted, (T1, mean age 7.7 ± 1.0 years) were analysed. The prevalence rates for posterior crossbite on the first permanent molars in the two groups were compared by means of chi-squared test with Yates correction. A logistic regression was performed to evaluate the factors that could influence the presence/absence of posterior crossbite on the first permanent molars.ResultsPrevalence rate of posterior crossbite on the first permanent molars at T1 was 34.4 per cent in the total sample, 28.3 per cent for the RP group and 46.6 per cent for the RME group. No significant predictors for the ‘presence/absence of posterior crossbite on the first permanent molars’ at T1 were found.LimitationsRetrospective study.ConclusionsAfter treatment of posterior crossbite during the deciduous dentition phase, the first permanent molars erupted in crossbite in the 34.4 per cent of the cases. The type of treatment is not a significant predictor for the presence of posterior crossbite on the first permanent molars.
      PubDate: 2017-01-05
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw080
       
  • Short-term hard and soft tissue changes after mandibular advancement
           surgery in Class II patients: a retrospective cephalometric study
    • Authors: Storms A; Miclotte A, Grosjean L, et al.
      First page: 567
      Abstract: SummaryAimThe aim of this study was to describe hard and soft tissue changes after mandibular advancement surgery and to investigate the possible differences between Class II facial patterns.Materials and methodsLateral cephalograms of 109 patients who underwent combined orthodontic treatment and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) were studied. Radiographs were taken within 6 weeks before surgery (T0) and at least 6 months postoperatively (T1). Patients were classified into 3 groups according to the preoperative mandibular plane angle. Hard- and soft-tissue changes were analysed with an x-y cranial base coordinate system. Measurements were evaluated statistically.ResultsSoft and hard tissues of the chin moved forward and downward. The position of the upper lip remained unchanged, while the lower lip moved forward and upward and decreased in thickness. The soft tissue points of the chin follow their corresponding skeletal points almost completely, while the change of the lower lip was only 76 per cent of the movement of the underlying hard tissue. The increase of SNB was more evident in the low-angle group, as well as improvement of the facial convexity. Stomium superius moved more forward in the low- and medium-angle cases. Ratios of hard and soft tissue changes showed no differences for different facial patterns.LimitationsLimitations derived from the retrospective study design. Only short-term changes could be addressed. The distinction between surgical changes and changes due to skeletal relapse is difficult to assess. Also, the difficulty to reproduce a relaxed lip position during imaging may influence our results.ConclusionClass II characteristics improved after mandibular advancement. Soft tissues of the chin follow their skeletal structures almost in a 1:1 relationship, while movement of the lower lip was less predictable. The facial pattern of Class II patients should be considered in treatment planning.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx003
       
  • Announcements
    • First page: 577
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjx068
       
  • Volumetric upper airway changes after rapid maxillary expansion: a
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Buck L; Dalci O, Darendeliler M, et al.
      First page: 463
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundAlthough Rapid Maxillary Expansion (RME) has been used for over a century, its effect on upper airways has not yet adequately been assessed in an evidence-based manner.ObjectiveTo investigate the volumetric changes in the upper airway spaces following RME in growing subjects by means of acoustic rhinometry, three-dimensional radiography and digital photogrammetry.Search methodsLiterature search of electronic databases and additional manual searches up to February 2016.Selection criteriaRandomized clinical trials, prospective or retrospective controlled clinical trials and cohort clinical studies of at least eight patients, where the RME appliance was left in place for retention, and a maximum follow-up of 8 months post-expansion.Data collection and analysisAfter duplicate data extraction and assessment of the risk of bias, the mean differences and 95 per cent confidence intervals (CIs) of upper airway volume changes were calculated with random-effects meta-analyses, followed by subgroup analyses, meta-regressions, and sensitivity analyses.ResultsTwenty studies were eligible for qualitative synthesis, of which 17 (3 controlled clinical studies and 14 cohort studies) were used in quantitative analysis. As far as total airway volume is concerned patients treated with RME showed a significant increase post-expansion (5 studies; increase from baseline: 1218.3mm3; 95 per cent CI: 702.0 to 1734.6mm3), which did not seem to considerably diminish after the retention period (11 studies; increase from baseline: 1143.9mm3; 95 per cent CI: 696.9 to 1590.9mm3).LimitationsHowever, the overall quality of evidence was judged as very low, due to methodological limitations of the included studies, absence of untreated control groups, and inconsistency among studies.ConclusionsRME seems to be associated with an increase in the nasal cavity volume in the short and in the long term. However, additional well-conducted prospective controlled clinical studies are needed to confirm the present findings.RegistrationNone.FundingAustralian Society of Orthodontics Foundation for Research and Education Inc.
      PubDate: 2016-07-20
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw048
       
  • Dentoskeletal effects of oral appliance wear in obstructive sleep apnoea
           and snoring patients
    • Authors: Alessandri-Bonetti G; D’Antò V, Stipa C, et al.
      First page: 482
      Abstract: SummaryObjectivesTo evaluate the dentoskeletal changes associated with long-term and continuous mandibular advancement device (MAD) use in sleep-related breathing disorder patients.MethodsCephalometric measurements and three-dimensional model analysis were performed at baseline and after 3.5 ± 1.1 years in 20 snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea patients treated with the Silensor® appliance. Intra-group differences were compared using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test. A regression analysis was performed for variables that showed a statistically significant difference between time points to evaluate the influence of treatment time and patient’s initial characteristics on their variations. The statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.ResultsAt cephalometric assessment, the maxilla revealed a significant decrease in horizontal position (SNA: −0.4 ± 0.72 degree, P = 0.021) and a significant retroclination of the upper incisor (−1.59 ± 1.07 degree, P < 0.001), while the mandible displayed a significant downward rotation (0.88 ± 1.28 degree, P = 0.006) and a proclination of the lower incisor (2.27 ± 1.38 degree, P < 0.001). Model analysis showed a decrease in upper total space discrepancy (−0.66 ± 0.72 mm, P < 0.002), overjet (OJ; −0.34 ± 0.47 mm, P < 0.011), and overbite (−0.4 ± 0.52 mm, P < 0.004). In the regression analysis, treatment time influenced the lower incisor inclination (Beta = −0.713, P = 0.018) and OJ (Beta = −0.218, P = 0.018); patients’ initial characteristics had an effect on OJ (Beta = −0.195, P = 0.011).LimitationsA larger sample size could increase the generalizability of the findings.ConclusionMAD wear after a mean of 3.5 years determines statistically significant but clinically irrelevant dentoskeletal changes. Their potential occurrence should be thoroughly discussed with patients; regular follow-up visits by a specialist experienced in dental sleep medicine are also mandatory during treatment in addition to polysomnographic examinations.
      PubDate: 2016-12-08
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw078
       
  • Reliability of upper pharyngeal airway assessment using dental CBCT: a
           systematic review
    • Authors: Zimmerman J; Lee J, Pliska B.
      First page: 489
      Abstract: SummaryBackgroundUpper airway analysis is an often-cited use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging in orthodontics. However, the reliability of this process in a clinical setting is largely unknown.ObjectiveOur objective was to systematically review the literature to evaluate the reliability of upper pharyngeal airway assessment using dental CBCT.Search methodsMEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched through June 2015.Selection criteriaHuman studies that measured reliability of upper airway assessment in patients using CBCT as part of the study protocol were considered.Data collection and analysisThe Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) was followed. Data were collected on overall study characteristics and measurements, CBCT unit and machine settings used, and examination characteristics of the included studies. Methodological quality of the included studies was evaluated.ResultsForty-two studies were evaluated, representing the CBCT scans of 956 patients. Studies included a wide variety of patients and CBCT machines with various scan settings. Only five studies were deemed high quality. The available evidence indicates that under specific restricted conditions there is moderate to excellent intra- and inter-examiner reliability. Airway volume demonstrated greater intra- and inter-examiner reliability than did minimum cross-sectional area. However, significant methodological limitations of the current literature, most importantly a lack of manual orientation of the images and selection of threshold sensitivity in study protocols, suggest that reliability has not been adequately established.ConclusionsThe current literature reports moderate to excellent reliability, with airway volume having higher reliability than minimum cross-sectional area. However, only limited aspects of the process of airway analysis have been evaluated, indicating that further research is required to adequately establish the reliability of upper pharyngeal airway assessment of patients using dental CBCT.RegistrationNone
      PubDate: 2016-12-20
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw079
       
  • The Effect of mandible advancement splints in mild, moderate, and severe
           obstructive sleep apnea—the need for sleep registrations during follow
           up
    • Authors: Palotie T; Riekki S, Mäkitie A, et al.
      First page: 497
      Abstract: SummaryObjective and designOur aim was to evaluate the effect of mandible advancement splint (MAS) in mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We also determined, if and in which OSA-groups the adequate forward movement in MAS could be quantified without sleep registration for different OSA levels. A retrospective study.SettingsThe effect of MAS was measured with clinical methods and by sleep registration.ParticipantsThe series consisted of 103 patients, 75 males and 28 females (mean age 52 years) suffering from mild (32 per cent), moderate (32 per cent), or severe (36 per cent) OSA, who were treated with MAS at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland during the years 2011–2012. Seventy per cent of the patients had tried continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) before MAS.ResultsThe lower the body mass index (BMI) was the bigger the probability was to get apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) values <5 per hour with MAS (P < 0.01). The total AHI decreased significantly from the baseline with MAS: 23 per hour (range 5–89) to 6 per hour (range 0.3–54), (P < 0.001). The mean oxygen desaturation index (ODI4%) improved significantly from 16 per hour (range 1–76) to 5.3 per hour (range 0.2–49), (P < 0.01), and the minimum oxygen saturation improved significantly from 84 per cent (67–91) to 87 per cent (68–93), (P < 0.01). The reduction of AHI with MAS was significantly bigger in patients with a previous CPAP experience (73 per cent) than those who did not tried CPAP therapy. The positive correlation was found between the decrease in AHI and the increase of the protrusion in MAS.ConclusionBoth sleep recordings and subjective indicators demonstrated that MAS therapy was successful in OSA based on ESS, total AHI, ODI4%, and minimum oxygen saturation values. It seems useful to increase the protrusion at its maximal clinical tolerance. An experienced dentist could make therapeutically decision concerning the follow up of MAS efficacy regardless of the result of sleep study. We suggest that MAS is a valuable treatment alternative for CPAP. However, the previous use of CPAP with MAS as well as lower baseline BMI seem to have a positive correlation with the success of MAS therapy.
      PubDate: 2016-12-20
      DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjw068
       
 
 
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