Publisher: African Journals Online   (Total: 263 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abia State University Medical Students' Association J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : J. for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Africa Development     Open Access   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Anthropologist     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
African Crop Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.446, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African J. of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African J. of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.168, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African J. of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Governance and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Infectious Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.243, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Livestock Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Neurological Sciences     Open Access  
African J. of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African J. of Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Rheumatology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African J. of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. on Conflict Resolution     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Sociological Review : Revue Africaine de Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Afrika Statistika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afrimedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Afrique Science : Revue Intl.e des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AFRREV IJAH : An Intl. J. of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV LALIGENS : An Intl. J. of Language, Literature and Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An Intl. J. of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Animal Research Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of African Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Arab J. of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ATBU J. of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bayero J. of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bio-Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Biokemistri     Open Access  
Botswana J. of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Botswana J. of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Cameroon J. of Experimental Biology     Open Access  
Central African J. of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Communicate : J. of Library and Information Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Contemporary J. of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Creative Artist : A J. of Theatre and Media Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Critical Studies in Teaching and Learning (CriSTaL)     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Dar Es Salaam Medical Students' J.     Open Access  
East African J. of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
East African Medical J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.122, CiteScore: 0)
East African Orthopaedic J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
East and Central African J. of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
East and Central African J. of Surgery     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ebonyi Medical J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Egyptian J. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Full-text available via subscription  
Egyptian J. of Biology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ESARBICA J. : J. of the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Branch of the Intl. Council on Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian J. of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ethiopian J. of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ethiopian J. of Business and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian J. of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethiopian J. of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian J. of Environmental Studies and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ethiopian J. of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Ethiopian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Ethiopian J. of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethiopian J. of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Ethiopian Pharmaceutical J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ethiopian Veterinary J.     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Filosofia Theoretica : J. of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
FUTY J. of the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ghana J. of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ghana J. of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ghana J. of Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ghana J. of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ghana J. of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ghana Library J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Ghana Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.301, CiteScore: 1)
Ghana Mining J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A J. of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global J. of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global J. of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Global J. of Engineering Research     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 0)
Global J. of Environmental Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global J. of Geological Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global J. of Mathematical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global J. of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global J. of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Haramaya Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Highland Medical Research J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Huria : J. of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ibadan J. of Humanistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
IMTU Medical J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Information Manager (The)     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Information Technologist (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Inkanyiso : J. of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Internet J. of Medical Update     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Basic, Applied and Innovative Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Herbs and Pharmacological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Modern Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pedagogy, Policy and ICT in Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Italian Studies in Southern Africa : Studi d’Italianistica nell’Africa Australe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. for the Study of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
J. of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of Applied Biosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Aquatic Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Computer Science and Its Application     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of Development and Communication Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.174, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Environmental Extension     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences :Tydskrif vir Gesinsekologie en Verbruikerswetenskappe     Open Access  
J. of Health and Visual Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of History and Diplomatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
J. of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.162, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Meteorology and Climate Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
J. of Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Pharmacy & Bioresources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.405, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Religion and Human Relations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Research in National Development     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Science and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
J. of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. of the South African Society of Archivists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
J. of Tropical Microbiology and Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription  
Jos J. of Medicine     Open Access  
KCA J. of Business Management     Open Access  
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Kioo cha Lugha     Full-text available via subscription  
Lagos Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Lagos Notes and Records     Full-text available via subscription  
Law, Democracy & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Legon J. of the Humanities     Full-text available via subscription  
Lwati : A J. of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Madagascar Conservation & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Makerere J. of Higher Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Malawi J. of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Marang : J. of Language and Literature     Full-text available via subscription  
Medical J. of Zambia     Open Access  
Mizan Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian J. of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
New Agenda : South African J. of Social and Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription  
New Egyptian J. of Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigeria Agricultural J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Dental J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Endocrine Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Health J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Hospital Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian J. of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Chemical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian J. of Clinical Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian J. of Family Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Gastroenterology and Hepatology     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian J. of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian J. of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian J. of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian J. of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian J. of Paediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Physiological Sciences     Open Access   (SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Nigerian J. of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

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Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1597-0906
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [263 journals]
  • Job satisfaction of extension agents towards innovation dissemination to
           fish farmers in Lagos state, Nigeria.
    • Authors: J.B. Ogunremi, S.O. Olatunji
      Abstract: The study assessed job satisfaction of extension agents towards innovation dissemination to fish farmers in Lagos State, Nigeria. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 44 extension officers from which data were collected. A structured questionnaire consisting of 6 personal characteristics, 23 management procedure and 29 job satisfaction items were administered to the extension officers. Most of the respondents (68.2%) were males, 95.4% were married with mean age of 38 years and 53.6% had HND/BSc as their highest educational qualification. Furthermore, 42.4% had spent 6 to 10 years on the job. Management procedures experienced were high for concern for implementing policy priorities (93.2%), staff welfare (88.6%), annual performance and record (84.1%), control and discipline of staff (88.6%). From the job satisfaction components, extension agents showed areas for job satisfaction which include rewarding system (mean = 3.57), budgeting (mean = 3.52), identifying farmers‟ problems (mean = 3.48), qualification for job (mean = 3.45), imposing sanctions (mean = 3.45). The results showed that on the average, extension agents were satisfied on their job components. It is recommended that extension agents should be encouraged through incentives to facilitate maximal level of job satisfaction with attendant higher level of innovation dissemination to fish farmers, translating to yield increase.
      Keywords: dissemination, extension agents, fish farmers, job satisfaction, innovation
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Prevalence of Fasciolia gigantica in slaughtered cattle in Ado municipal
           abattoir, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.
    • Authors: D. B Adelabu
      Abstract: This study was carried out in the month of February and March 2014 to determine the prevalence and the intensity of Fasciola gigantica infection in slaughtered cattle in Ado municipal abattoir. The abattoir was visited twice in a week; the liver of cattle slaughtered were examined for presence of adult Fasciola gigantica. A total of 475 cattle were examined during the period, out of which eighty-one (17.1%) were positive for presence of Fasciola gigantica with varying levels of intensity. The month of March had the highest infection rate of 22.2% than February which was 12.2%. Males had the highest infection rate in the two months than the females. Statistical analysis revealed that there was no significant difference in the infection in males and females (P> 0.05). This result established the presence of Fasciola gigantica in Ado Ekiti with prevalence rate of 17.1%.Among positive samples (n=81), 27 % (n=22) were light (0-10 flukes), 58 % (n=47) moderate (11=50 flukes), and 14 % (n=12) heavy intensity of infection. Cattle slaughtered at this abattoir are majorly purchased from the northern part of the country. Grazing of these cattle on pasture visited by local flock’s leads to cross infection. Control measures should therefore be instituted, like routine anthelmintic administration and eradication of the snail intermediate host to curtail the spread of the parasite in the area. More surveillance should be mounted by Veterinary officers and public health officers against the disease in slaughtered cattle.
      Key words: Fasciola gigantica, Cattle, Liver, Abattoir, Ado Ekiti
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Early lambing – kidding, prolificacy and twinning in the Nigerian
           breeds of sheep and goat
    • Authors: F. A. Aluko, L. O. Ngere
      Abstract: This study examined early lambing-kidding, prolificacy and twinning in Nigerian breeds of sheep and goat using questionnaire administered by enumerators. Sheep and goat farmers in the study area were interviewed. At the time of the study, Nigeria had only 21 States plus the Federal Capital Territory, with each States having different number of local government areas. A total of four hundred forty nine (449) Local Government Areas were used in this survey. Five villages were randomly sampled from each Local Government Area and five questionnaires were administered to five randomly selected farmers in each village. Some breeds of sheep like Yankasa, Uda and Balami were frequent among the states in the north. Red Sokoto and sahel goat were frequent among the states in the north.
      The Red Sokoto goat (4.43%) kid earliest than WAD goat (4.29 %) and Sahel goat (2.01%). WAD sheep (7.18%) was found to be most prolific, followed by Balami (5.17%) and Yankasa (3.88%) while it was lower in Uda (3.45%).The Sahel goat (5.49%) was the most prolific, followed by WAD (4.64%) and Red Sokoto goat (3.86%). Among the breeds of sheep, WAD sheep had more occurrence of twinning (6.82%) than the other breeds of sheep – Uda (2.57%), Yankasa (2.55%) and was very low in Balami sheep (1.21%).With the breeds of goat, WAD goat (3.31%) had more occurrence of twinning followed by Red Sokoto (2.88%), while Sahel goat had the lowest occurrence of twinning (1.14%).From this study, a successful breeding programme and plan could be made where selection is carried out among these breeds to increase the frequency of these desired traits in Yankasa, WAD sheep and Red Sokoto, Sahel, WAD goat. There is a need for a repeat of this work in this year 2016, where results obtained can be compared with the results obtained in this study.
      Key words: Breeds, Kidding, lambing, prolificacy, twinning.
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Birthweight, good mothering and survival in the Nigerian small ruminants
    • Authors: F. A Aluko, L. O. Ngere
      Abstract: In this study,birthweight, good mothering and survival in the Nigerian small ruminants were examined using a questionnaire administered by enumerators. Sheep and goat farmers in Nigeria were the respondents. In the year 1988, Nigeria had only 21 states plus the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), with each states having different number of local government areas. A total of four hundred and forty nine Local Government Areas were used in this study. Five villages were randomly sampled from each Local Government Area and five questionnaires were administered to five randomly selected farmers in each village. In sheep Yankasa (5.43%) had the highest birth weight and it was lowest in Balami (2.51%). Sahel goat (5.24%) had the highest birth weight than West African Dwarf (3.87%) and Red Sokoto (3.33%). Good mothering attribute was more in Uda (7.90%), Balami (7.56%), Yankasa (7.08%) sheep and WAD goat (5.17%). Survival rate was highest in Yankasa sheep (7.95%) and WAD goat (5.86%). From this study therefore, selection could be made for Yankasa, Uda sheep and sahel, WAD goat in a meat enterprise for this attribute – birth weight, good mothering, survival were found to be excellent in this breed of sheep and goat.
      Keywords: Yankasa, birthweight, good mothering, survival rate.
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Prevalence of bovine cysticercosis in Ikom abattoir, Nigeria
    • Authors: M.P. Bikom, O.R Ifeyinwa, F.B Agiopu, A.R Benjamin
      Abstract: A cross sectional study was conducted from October, 2015 to March, 2016 to determine the prevalence of bovine cysticercosis in Ikom abattoir of the central senatorial zone of Cross River State. A total of 778 cattle were slaughtered and examined out of which 180 were males and 598 were female. Eight (4.44%) of the males and 16 (2.68%) of the female examined were infected. Of the total cattle examined 233 were young cattle aged < 5 years and 545 old cattle aged > 5 years. Six(2.58) of the young and 18 (3.30%) of the old were infected. For the breeds, 433 White Fulani were examined , 15 (3.39%) were infected, Sokoto qudale 117 were examined , 5(4.27) were infected, Bokolo 189 were examined, 3(1.59) were infected and Muturu 29 were examined,1(3.45) was infected.The was no association between the disease and variables such as sex, age and breeds (x2= 1.45 1df, p< 0.05, x2= 0 . 29 1df, p<0. 05 and x= 2.1 3df, ) respectively. The 778 cattle slaughtered, showed that 24(3,08%) were infected with T saginata cystercosis.
      Examination of the predilection site of the cysts showed that 27.10% of the cysts were seen in masseter muscle, 23.23% triceps muscle, 22.58% tongue muscle, 17.74% liver, 5.80% Diaphragmatic muscle and intestinal muscle 3.55%. Both live ,calcified, and live and calcified cysts were recorded.
      Key words: Prevalence., Bovine cysticercosis., Ikom abattoir.
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Soil physical and hydraulic properties modification under Arachis
           cultivation in the derived savanna agroecological zone of southwestern
           Nigeria
    • Authors: I.O. Fademi, K.O Oluwasemire
      Abstract: Conservation of soil moisture is one of the major limiting factors to crop production. Improvement of soil physical properties could enhance soil moisture conservation, improve crop productivity and reduce food insecurity in sub Saharan Africa. A field study was carried out to determine the effects of 3 plant densities (33333, 66667 and 83333 plants/ha)on soil properties and water loss through evaporation from soils under 2 cultivars of Arachis hypogaeaL. (SAMNUT 10 and SAMNUT 21) and Arachis pintoi(PINTOI) in Ibadan, south western Nigeria. The experiment was a split plot in randomized complete block design with Arachis varieties as the main plot and plant densitiesas subplot with three replications. Data were collected on daily soil water evaporation, bulk density, saturated hydraulic conductivity, particle size, total porosity and permeability. The Soil was loamy-sand and marked reductions in soil water evaporation were observed in surfaces under Arachis varieties compared to bare soil. Reductions in soil water evaporation were 44.5%, 41.1% and 34.7% under SAMNUT 21, PINTOI and SAMNUT 10 respectively. Significant (p= 0.05) improvement on soil structure and hydraulic conductivity was observed under Arachis varieties. Plant density of 66667 plants/ha showed the best positive effect on the improvement of soil physical structures. The cultivation of SAMNUT 21at 66667 plants/ha and PINTOI at 83333 plants/haalong with other measures of sustainable soil water conservation are recommended.
      Key words: Arachis species, Plant densities, Evaporation,Soil hydrological properties, Food insecurity.
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.) Performance and yield as influenced
           by soil types and phosphorus fertilizer in two alfisols at Ado-Ekiti,
           south-West, Nigeria.
    • Authors: S. O. Omotoso, M. Aluko
      Abstract: This study evaluated the influence of phosphorus (P) application on the growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L) on two soil types in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The sites were Teaching and Research Farm, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, on a soil classified as Iwo series and a farm at Ikere-Ekiti on a soil derived from charnockite classified as Egbeda Series. The treatments consisted of 0, 20, 40 and 60 kgP ha-1 arranged in randomized complete block design with three replicates. The results indicated that P application significantly influenced growth of cowpea with maximum vine length, number of branches, number of leaves, number of nodules and dry matter yield of 97.4cm, 15.4, 26, 27.5, 32.4g plant-1 respectively. Application of 40kg P. ha-1 gave significantly (P<0.05) highest grain yield of 1583kg ha-1 while Ado-Ekiti soil seems to be the most suitable for cowpea production.
      Keyword: phosphorus, soil types, cowpea and grain yield.
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Soil microbial activities and its relationship with soil chemical
           properties under selected soil management systems
    • Authors: A. O. Oyedele, A.C.O. Uthman, M.S. Alemeru, O.A Denton, I.O. Fademi
      Abstract: Most studies in agricultural soil management systems have focused on soil physico-chemical parameters with less on the soil microbial attributes and activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbial activities of soils under selected soil management systems. A total of 75 soil samples were collected in each of year 2012 and 2015 from three fields having different management systems. The fields assessed are organically managed Soils (OMS), Inorganically Managed Soils (IMS) and an Uncultivated Land having grass coverage (ULS). Soil Microbial Respiration (SMR), Microbial Biomass Carbon (MBC), Microbial Biomass Nitrogen (MBN) and Microbial Biomass Phosphorus (MBP) were analyzed. Soil chemical properties were also analyzed using standard procedures. The results showed a substantial difference in the microbial activities, in terms of soil management in both years. Soil microbial activities were highest in OMS as observed in SMR (11.34 μgCO2-Cg-1h-1), MBC (347.9 μgCg-1), MBN (32.84 μgNg-1) and MBP (15.35 μgPg-1), while IMS had the lowest microbial activities of SMR (4.56 μgCO2-Cg-1h-1), MBC (144. 2 μgCg-1), MBN (12.39 μgCg-1) and MBP (6.60 μgCg-1) in both years. Between 2012 and 2015, MBC which is one of the key indicators of soil quality and thus sustainable soil management, showed an increase of 61.4%, 32.5% and 42.2% in OMS, IMS and ULS respectively. The results suggest that soil management systems which employ the use of organic inputs may be a more efficient means of improving soil microbial activities and soil fertility.
      Keywords: Microbial activity; soil management; chemical, organic; inorganic
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Effect of Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud. And Tithonia diversifolia
           (Hemsl.) A. Gray used as green manure on the early growth of Parkia
           biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth. seedlings
    • Authors: A.O. Ogunsiji, T.O. Ibrahim, O.A Oni
      Abstract: Based on the role and function of green manure as soil amendments to improve and maintain the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil, this study was carried out to find out the effect of green manure (G. sepium and T. diversifolia leaves) on the growth performance of Parkia biglobosa. The experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design with four treatments replicated eight times. 5 kg of each treatment as well as a combination of both treatments were incorporated solely into the soil on a 2mx1m bed. After two months of decomposing the plant materials, 3 kg of the soil was filled into each polythene pot. Growth parameters were monitored for 16 weeks after planting. Result showed that G. sepium had the highest mean value for plant height at 48.24cm while the control recorded the lowest mean value for plant height at 41.93cm. The highest mean value for number of branchlets was recorded in G. sepium treated soil with 33 branchlets while the control recorded the least number with 28 branchlets. This study revealed that the addition of G. sepium manure can better enhance the growth of P. biglobosa seedlings than T. diversifolia manure in the nursery. G. sepium leaves compost can be used in raising this species in the nursery for the production of vigorous seedlings in replacement of inorganic fertilizers. G. sepium leaves is an organic fertilizer that is readily available which can be collected by the farmers from the tree to raise this species.
      Keywords: Seedling, Parkia biglobosa, Green manure, Fertilizer, Growth performance
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Perceived effect of climate change on crop production by farmers in Edo
           state, Nigeria
    • Authors: L. Oriakhi, G.O Erie, P. A. Ekunwe, D. I. Osasogie
      Abstract: The study analyzed farmers’ perception of climate change effect on production and examined the perceived effect of climate change on farmers’ livelihood, Data was collected from 270 farmers sampled from nine Local Government Areas in the three agricultural zones of Edo state. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics involving frequency distribution, percentages and mean, Binomial test and Friedman test were used to test the hypotheses of the study. The result of the analysis showed that most of the respondents were female (52.6%), married (87.8%) and relatively young (mean age 53 years), had formal education (73.7%) and having an average family size of nine. The major crops produced by the respondents were maize (65.6%), cassava (64.4%), melon (49.6%) and yam (47.4%). Weather conditions such as early rainfall (84.44%), late rainfall (62.96%), frequency of rainfall (53.30%), and drought (50%) were seen as unpredictable by respondents. The climate change parameters experienced by the respondents were increase in excessive heat at night (88.15%), flooding (71.11%), incidence of gully erosion (61.85%) and increase in temperature (50%). A major effect of climate change on the farmers’ livelihood was reduction in farm income (mean=3.31), while the most perceived effects of climate change on the farmers production were land slide/erosion of farm (mean = 2.6) and damages to crop (mean = 2.6). The study recommended that weather forecasts and predictions should be made available to the farmers right on time and enlightenment campaign on how to cope with climate change should be embarked upon by members of the Agricultural Development Program.
      Key words: Binomial test., Climate change., crop production., Friedman test., perception
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
  • Resource-use efficiency in okra production among smallholder farmers in
           Ika south and north east local government areas of Delta state, Nigeria
    • Authors: P. A. Ekunwe, G. O. Alufohai, C. F. Adolue
      Abstract: This study examined the efficiency of resource use among smallholder okra farmers in Ika South and North Local Government Areas of Delta State, Nigeria. A two-stage sampling procedure was adopted in the selection of 113 okra farmers for the study using questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, multiple regression and marginal analyses. The result shows that most of the okra farmers were female. The mean age of the okra farmers was 47 year, while majority (90.3%) of the respondents were married. The mean household size was 5 persons, while the average farming experience was 20 years. The average farms size was 20.3 hectares. Three functional forms were tested and the linear function was chosen based on the number and significance of the parameters. The coefficient of multiple determination (R2) was 0.501which indicates that 50.1% of the variation in the output of Okra was accounted for by the independent variables in the model. The result of the marginal analysis showed that labour, farm size, fertilizer and planting material were underutilized as their ratios were greater than one, while herbicide on the other hand was over utilized. The study recommended that in other to increase the output of okra in the study area farmers have to increase the use of farm size, labour, fertilizer and planting materials since they are technically operating in stage 1 of the production process. Also, the use of herbicide should be decreased in other for these resources to be efficiently utilized.
      Key word: Resource-use. Okra production, multiple regression, marginal analysis
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1
       
 
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