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Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   (Total: 1577 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1577 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 22)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 91)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.547, h-index: 30)
ACEP NOW     Free   (Followers: 1)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.02, h-index: 88)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 9)
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 41)
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 74)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 81)
Acta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.794, h-index: 88)
Acta Physiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 88)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.518, h-index: 113)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 29)
Acute Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.086, h-index: 143)
Addiction Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.091, h-index: 57)
Adultspan J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 4)
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 6.411, h-index: 86)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.81, h-index: 81)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 5.21, h-index: 203)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 7)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 250, SJR: 9.021, h-index: 345)
Advanced Materials Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.177, h-index: 10)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.488, h-index: 21)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.729, h-index: 121)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 31)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 17)
African J. of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.477, h-index: 39)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 66)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 4.374, h-index: 95)
Agribusiness : an Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.627, h-index: 14)
Agricultural and Forest Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.925, h-index: 43)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
AIChE J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 120)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.416, h-index: 125)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.833, h-index: 138)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Symposium Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 3.048, h-index: 129)
Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 61)
American Business Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 17)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 51)
American J. of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 26)
American J. of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.761, h-index: 77)
American J. of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.018, h-index: 58)
American J. of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.993, h-index: 85)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.115, h-index: 61)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 107)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.315, h-index: 79)
American J. of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 88)
American J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255, SJR: 5.101, h-index: 114)
American J. of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 63)
American J. of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.347, h-index: 75)
American J. of Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 2.792, h-index: 140)
American J. on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.843, h-index: 57)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125, SJR: 1.404, h-index: 88)
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 18)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: J. of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 27)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 24)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 45)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 14)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159)
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 210, SJR: 6.229, h-index: 397)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.576, h-index: 62)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 67)
Animal Science J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 24)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.46, h-index: 40)
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 5)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 56)
Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.191, h-index: 67)
Annals of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 5.584, h-index: 241)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 38)
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 23)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.389, h-index: 189)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, h-index: 31)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.137, h-index: 3)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 5)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92, SJR: 0.545, h-index: 15)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Anz J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.432, h-index: 59)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.855, h-index: 73)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.754, h-index: 69)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 58)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140, SJR: 1.023, h-index: 64)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 13)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 24)
Aquaculture Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, h-index: 55)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.807, h-index: 60)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.047, h-index: 57)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.453, h-index: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 21)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 18)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.809, h-index: 48)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 2)
Architectural Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 9)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 43)
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.768, h-index: 54)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 57)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 225, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 13)
Arthritis & Rheumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.984, h-index: 20)
Arthritis Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.256, h-index: 114)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 60)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asia Pacific J. of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 315, SJR: 0.494, h-index: 19)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.616, h-index: 26)
Asia-Pacific J. of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Asia-pacific J. of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 14)
Asia-Pacific J. of Financial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.241, h-index: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 7)
Asian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 21)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Asian J. of Control     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.862, h-index: 34)
Asian J. of Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 7)
Asian J. of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 19)
Asian J. of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 37)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 7)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 15)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astronomische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.701, h-index: 40)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 27)
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 66)
Austral Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 28)
Australasian J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.714, h-index: 40)
Australasian J. On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 22)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 28)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 14)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.382, h-index: 12)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 49)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 62)
Australian Dental J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 46)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 12)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.357, h-index: 21)
Australian Endodontic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 24)
Australian J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 36)
Australian J. of Grape and Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 56)
Australian J. of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 14)
Australian J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 30)
Australian J. of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 398, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 29)
Australian J. of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.43, h-index: 34)
Australian Occupational Therapy J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 29)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 31)
Australian Veterinary J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 45)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.126, h-index: 39)
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.371, h-index: 29)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 70)
Basic and Applied Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 4)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.54, h-index: 60)
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 5)
Bauregelliste A, Bauregelliste B Und Liste C     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.321, h-index: 11)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 23)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 57)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 5)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.493, h-index: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 26)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, h-index: 64)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.104, h-index: 155)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 39)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.725, h-index: 56)
Biological J. of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 90)
Biological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.469, h-index: 114)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.12, h-index: 1)
Biology of the Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.812, h-index: 69)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 49)
Biometrical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.784, h-index: 44)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.906, h-index: 96)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.715, h-index: 44)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.199, h-index: 104)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 55)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137, SJR: 1.633, h-index: 146)
Biotechnology J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.185, h-index: 51)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 101)
Biotropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.374, h-index: 71)
Bipolar Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.592, h-index: 100)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 64)
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.727, h-index: 77)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 47)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.513, h-index: 55)
BJOG : An Intl. J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Partially Free   (Followers: 221, SJR: 2.083, h-index: 125)

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Journal Cover Andrologia
  [SJR: 0.528]   [H-I: 45]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0303-4569 - ISSN (Online) 1439-0272
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1577 journals]
  • Re: Karabakan M, Bozkurt A, Hirik E, Celebi B, Akdemir S, Guzel O, Nuhoglu
           B. The prevalence of premature ejaculation in young Turkish men.
           Andrologia 2016; 24: 1–5
    • Authors: Zülfü Sertkaya
      PubDate: 2017-08-10T02:03:15.395097-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12671
  • Issue Information
    • PubDate: 2017-08-10T02:03:14.069206-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12728
  • Increased risk of a herpes zoster attack in patients receiving androgen
           deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
    • Authors: F. J. Wu; L. T. Kao, S. Y. Sheu, H. C. Lin, S. D. Chung
      Abstract: This study aimed to examine the association of herpes zoster (HZ) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use among patients with prostate cancer (PC), using a population-based data set. The study sample for this study was retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We selected 877 patients with PC who had received ADT as the study group, while 849 patients with PC who had not received ADT served as the comparison group. Each study patient was individually tracked for a 3-year period to discriminate those who subsequently received a diagnosis of HZ. Of the total 1,726 sampled patients, the incidence rate of HZ per 100 person-years was 1.80 (95% CI: 1.41–2.25) during the 3-year follow-up period. In particular, incidence rates of HZ per 100 person-years were 2.36 (95% CI: 1.75–3.13) and 1.24 (95% CI: 0.81–1.81), respectively, for patients with PC who had and those who had not received ADT. Furthermore, Cox proportional hazard regressions showed that the adjusted hazard ratio for an HZ attack during the 3-year follow-up period for patients with PC who had received ADT was 1.88 (95% CI: 1.13–3.11) than those who had not received ADT. We concluded that patients with PC who had received ADT had an increased risk of HZ.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T00:55:26.504622-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12863
  • Serum relaxin-3 hormone relationship to male delayed puberty
    • Authors: S. Hanafy; J. H. Sabry, E. M. Akl, R. A. Elethy, T. Mostafa
      Abstract: Puberty is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood, a process encompassing morphological, physiological and behavioural development to attain full reproductive capability. This study aimed to assess serum relaxin-3 hormone relationship with male delayed puberty. Sixty males were investigated as two equal groups: males with delayed puberty and healthy matched males as controls. They were subjected to history taking, clinical examination and estimation of serum FSH, LH, testosterone, relaxin-3 hormonal levels. The results showed that the secondary sexual characters in the patients group were at Tanner stages 1–2 and in the healthy controls at Tanner stages 3–5. The mean BMI in the patients group was significantly increased, whereas the mean levels of the span, testicular volume, serum LH, FSH, testosterone as well as relaxin-3 hormonal levels were significantly decreased compared with the healthy controls. Serum relaxin-3 levels showed significant positive correlation with the age, testis volume, span, Tanner stages, serum testosterone, FSH, LH hormones. In addition, serum relaxin-3 levels showed significant negative correlation with BMI. It is concluded that serum level of relaxin-3 hormone is an important mediator in the pathophysiological process of normal puberty being significantly decreased in males with delayed puberty.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T00:15:29.210171-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12882
  • Expression and distribution of key proteins of the endocannabinoid system
           in the human seminal vesicles
    • Authors: S. Ückert; G. la Croce, A. Bettiga, K. Albrecht, R. Buono, F. Benigni, M. A. Kuczyk, P. Hedlund
      Abstract: The endocannabinoid system (ECS), comprising the cannabinoid receptors (CBR), their ligands, and enzymes controlling the turnover of endocannabinoids, has been suggested to be involved in male reproductive function. As information is scarce on the expression of the ECS in human male reproductive tissues, this study aimed to investigate by means of molecular biology (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence the expression and distribution of CB1 and CB2, GPR55 (an orphan G protein-coupled receptor that recognises cannabinoid ligands) and FAAH (isoforms 1 and 2) in the human seminal vesicles (SV). The specimens expressed PCR products corresponding to CB1 (66 bp), CB2 (141 bp), GPR55 (112 bp), FAAH1 (260 bp) and FAAH2 (387 bp). Immumohistochemistry revealed dense expression of CB1, CB2 and GPR55 located to the pseudo-stratified columnar epithelium and varicose nerves (also characterised by the expression of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and calcitonin gene-related peptide). Cytosolic staining for FAAH1 and FAAH2 was seen in cuboidal cells of all layers of the epithelium. No immunoreactivity was detected in the smooth musculature or nerve fibres. CB1, CB2, GPR55, FAAH1 and FAAH2 are highly expressed in the human SV. Considering their localisation, the ECS may be involved in epithelial homeostasis, secretory function or autonomic mechano-afferent signalling.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T00:05:46.516422-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12875
  • Effect of in vitro selenium supplementation on sperm quality in
           asthenoteratozoospermic men
    • Authors: A. A. Ghafarizadeh; G. Vaezi, M. A. Shariatzadeh, A. A. Malekirad
      Abstract: Sperm DNA damage, excessive oxidative stress and decrease in motility ‎may lead to low fertilisation or poor‎ assisted reproductive techniques outcomes in asthenoteratozoospermic ‎men. Selenium was considered as essential element for male reproductive functions. Selenium has important role in enzymatic process for elimination of excessive reactive oxygen species and helps to maintain membrane integrity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selenium supplementation on sperm quality, DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential and membrane lipid peroxidation during sperm sampling in vitro at different times. In this experimental study, semen samples were collected from 50 asthenoteratozoospermic men. Samples were divided into two groups as control group and test group (incubated with 2 μg/ml selenium at 37°C for 2, 4 and 6 hr). Motility and viability were assessed based on WHO 2010 criteria. Mitochondrial membrane potential, sperm DNA fragmentation and malondialdehyde levels were evaluated in each group. Results revealed that motility, viability and mitochondrial membrane potential were significantly higher in the test group (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-06T23:00:31.608758-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12869
  • Activation of TLR signalling regulates microwave radiation-mediated
           impairment of spermatogenesis in rat testis
    • Authors: H. Wu; D. Wang, Y. Meng, H. Ning, X. Liu, Y. Xie, L. Cui, S. Wang, X. Xu, R. Peng
      Abstract: Microwave radiation could increase the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in rat Sertoli cells, which may impair spermatogenesis. However, the mechanisms that microwave radiation induces the cytokine expression in Sertoli cells remain to be clarified. The activation of TLRs by their ligands can trigger a common signalling pathway to upregulate inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-12 and TNF-α. Microwave radiation can increase the expression of TLRs in lymphocytes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of microwave radiation on the TLRs in rat testis. We focus on the effect of TLR2-5 (which is expressed relatively highly) by microwave radiation. The results showed that the expression of TLR2-5 and the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) was increased both in mRNA and in protein. Furthermore, p-p38, p-ERK1/2, p-JNK and p-NF-κB p65, the key factors of TLR signalling, were also elevated by microwave exposure. And the NF-κB can be induced more dominantly. These results suggest that TLRs signalling can be activated by microwave radiation in testis, which may provide the molecular basis for the in-depth study.
      PubDate: 2017-08-06T21:55:37.884507-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12828
  • The CFTR gene mild variants poly-T, TG repeats and M470V detection in
           Indian men with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens
    • Authors: A. Gaikwad; S. Khan, S. Kadam, K. Kadam, V. Dighe, R. Shah, V. Kulkarni, R. Kumaraswamy, R. Gajbhiye
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to detect the frequency of the CFTR gene variants poly-T, TG repeats and c.1408A>G p.Met470Val (M470V) in Indian men with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD). Men diagnosed with CBAVD (n = 76), their female partners (n = 76) and healthy men from general population (n = 50) were recruited. Genomic DNA was isolated and the polymorphic regions of IVS9- c.1210-12T [5] and M470V were amplified using specific primers followed by Sanger's DNA sequencing. A statistically significant increase in the frequency of heterozygous IVS9- c.1210-12T [5] (39.4%) was observed in CBAVD men as compared to controls (14%). The allelic distribution of c.1210-12T [5], c.1210-12T [7] and c.1210-12T [9] in CBAVD men was 21%, 64.4% and 13% and that in healthy controls was 7%, 73% and 20% respectively. Longest TG repeat c.1210-34TG [13] was found in association with c.1210-12T [5] with an allelic frequency of 5.9% in CBAVD men. We found a significant association of c.1210-34TG [12]/c.1210-34TG [13] - c.1210-12[5] –V470 allele in CBAVD men. Twelve female partners harboured a heterozygous c.1210-12T [5] allele. The study emphasises the need to screen both partners for the polymorphisms M470V, poly-T, TG tract repeats in addition to population-specific known CFTR gene mutations.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03T22:30:22.294522-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12858
  • Aerobic exercise blocks interleukin-6 levels and germ cell apoptosis in
           obese rats
    • Authors: N.-C. Li; X.-X. Wei, Y.-L. Hu, X. Hou, H. Xu
      Abstract: To investigate the effect of a high-fat diet and aerobic exercise intervention and its related mechanism on rat germ cell apoptosis. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, high-fat diet group, control exercise group and high-fat exercise group. Rats were fed with high-fat diet or were given weight-free swimming. The levels of TG, TC, HDL, LDL and IL-6 in serum of rats were measured. The body weight, body length and inguinal fat weight were measured to calculate the Lee's index and lipid/body weight ratio. The expression of IL-6 mRNA in inguinal fat and IL-6R,Bcl-2 and Bax mRNA in testis was detected by RT-PCR. The morphological structure of testis was observed, and the Johnsen's ten-point score was calculated by HE staining, and the germ cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL method. We got from the experimental results: a high-fat diet induces obesity and lipid metabolism disorder, alters testis morphological structure and increases germ cell apoptosis in rats. Aerobic exercise improves the lipid metabolism disorder and interferes with germ cell apoptosis by reducing interleukin-6 and interleukin-6 receptor expression.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03T22:25:32.408069-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12880
  • Interpretation of semen analysis using WHO 1999 and WHO 2010 reference
           values: Abnormal becoming normal
    • Authors: S. Alshahrani; K. Aldossari, J. Al-Zahrani, A. H. Gabr, R. Henkel, G. Ahmad
      Abstract: Reference values of WHO 1999 manual were used for the interpretation of semen analysis until 2010 when new reference values were introduced which have lower cut-off compared to WHO 1999. Therefore, several men who previously were diagnosed abnormal based on their semen analysis have now become normal using new reference values. This study was conducted on semen analyses of 661 men from Middle East region and Pakistan. All semen analyses were reviewed using WHO 1999 and WHO 2010 criteria. Results showed that based on new criteria, 19% of the population changed classification from abnormal to normal when all normal semen parameters were considered. When at least one or more abnormal semen parameters were considered, of the total 661, 44% (288) of the population changed its classification from abnormal to normal with shift from WHO 1999 to 2010 criteria. These findings show that using new cut-off values, many more men are considered normal, but using old criteria (WHO 1999), the same men would be classified as abnormal. This warrants further discussion over the investigations and management plans for patients whose semen analyses fall below WHO 1999 but above WHO 2010 cut-offs.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03T04:30:18.970697-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12838
  • Semen quality and infertility status can be identified through measures of
           oxidation–reduction potential
    • Authors: M. Arafa; A. Agarwal, S. Al Said, A. Majzoub, R. Sharma, K. B. Bjugstad, K. AlRumaihi, H. Elbardisi
      Abstract: Standard analyses for evaluating semen quality require technical expertise and are interpretive in nature. Oxidative stress (OS) alters many of the semen parameters; thus, a measure of OS could be an indicator of semen quality. Static oxidation-reduction potential (sORP) is a universal measure of OS traditionally used in environmental applications but is increasingly used in biomedical studies. sORP was measured to determine how well it associates with semen quality and if it differentiates semen from infertile patients and fertile donors. All study participants (Infertile, n = 365 and Fertile, n = 50) underwent standard semen analyses, and sORP was measured in unprocessed semen. In infertile patients, sORP increased with decreased total sperm number, motility and morphology. sORP values were higher in samples with abnormal quality (low number, motility and/or normal morphology) compared with those of normal quality. Infertile patients had higher sOPR values compared to fertile donors. A sORP cut-off value of 1.38 mV/106 sperm/ml can differentiate normal from abnormal semen samples, while a cut-off value of 1.41 mV/106 sperm/ml, can differentiate between infertile and fertile semen samples. In conclusion, sORP provides a quick and unbiased indicator of semen quality that can be a beneficial addition to semen analysis to determine semen quality and fertility status.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03T04:15:30.553606-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12881
  • Pressure flow pattern of varicocele veins and its correlation with
           testicular blood flow and semen parameters
    • Authors: K. Rehman; A. B. Qureshi, A. Numan, H. Zaneb, M. S. Yousaf, I. Rabbani, H. Rehman
      Abstract: The pressure pattern in varicocele veins of infertile patients and its correlation with semen quality and testicular blood flow was determined. Consecutive patients at andro-urology clinic of a teaching hospital undergoing microsurgical varicocelectomy were included. Their semen quality and testicular blood flow were determined. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) and resistive index (RI) of subcapsular and intraparenchymal branches of testicular artery were noted by colour Doppler ultrasonography. During surgery before ligation of varicocele veins, intravenous pressures of internal spermatic (ISV) and external spermatic (ESV) veins were determined at baseline and after Valsalva manoeuvre. Thirty patients, 20–45 years old, were evaluated. Baseline pressure for maximum dilated ISV (A), less dilated ISV (B) and ESV was 15.93 ± 6.34, 12.38 ± 4.60 and 12.92 ± 5.65 mm. Hg, respectively, which increased after Valsalva by 104.4%, 116.2% and 38.22% respectively. Correlation (r = −.71; p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-02T01:56:27.665516-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12856
  • Do sperm parameters and infertility affect sexuality of couples'
    • Authors: Fuat Kızılay; Mehmet Şahin, Barış Altay
      Abstract: We aimed to analyse the relationship between sperm parameters and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) score, the testosterone (T) level in infertile men and between FSFI score and partners’ fertility. Patients were divided into three groups; (group 1: azoospermia [n = 57], group 2: sperm count 15 million [n = 81]). Patients and their partners filled the IIEF and FSFI forms. The normality of the tests was analysed with Kolmogorov–Smirnov and Shapiro–Wilk tests. Spearman's rho test, a nonparametric test, was used to correlate the data. A value of p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-02T01:50:23.664949-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12879
  • Pathological changes in Sertoli cells and dysregulation of divalent metal
           transporter 1 with iron responsive element in the testes of idiopathic
           azoospermia patients
    • Authors: T. Jing; P. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Zhao, X. Niu, X. Wang
      Abstract: Iron is essential for rapidly dividing spermatocytes during normal mammalian spermatogenesis. Decreased transferrin and transferrin receptor levels were observed in seminal plasma from idiopathic azoospermia (IA) patients, suggesting disturbed iron metabolism in IA testes. However, how Sertoli cells (SCs) contribute to the iron homoeostasis in IA is still unclear. In this study, we analysed 30 IA and 30 age-matched obstructive azoospermia (OA) patients undergoing testicular sperm aspiration (TESA). SCs hyperplasia was indicated by higher SC density and Ki-67 labelling index in the IA TESA specimens. The attenuated expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) suggested an impaired antioxidative capacity in IA testes. We further detected increased levels of iron importer divalent metal transporter 1 with iron responsive element (DMT1 + IRE) in IA testes, whereas the increasing trend of iron exporter ferroportin 1 (FPN1) was not statistically significant. Next, we demonstrated that iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), which can potentially bind to the IRE and hypoxia-responsive element in the DMT1 + IRE mRNA, were both up-regulated in IA testes. Unexpectedly, HIF-2α was down-regulated in IA testes. These results indicate that there is a dysregulation of DMT1 + IRE in IA testes, which might due to the up-regulation of IRP1 and HIF-1α.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01T04:43:07.88567-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12878
  • Differential expression of microRNAs in luteinising hormone-treated mouse
           TM3 Leydig cells
    • Authors: C. Li; S. Gao, S. Chen, L. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. Jiang, X. Zheng, X. Zhou
      Abstract: Testosterone is primarily produced by Leydig cells of the mammalian male gonads. The cellular functions of Leydig cells are regulated by the hypothalamus–pituitary–gonad axis, whereas the microRNA (miRNA) changes of LH-treated Leydig cells are unknown. Mouse TM3 Leydig cells were treated with LH, and deep sequencing showed that 29 miRNAs were significantly different between two groups (fold change of>1.5 or
      PubDate: 2017-08-01T01:25:46.936633-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12824
  • Sperm cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator expression level
           is relevant to fecundity of healthy couples
    • Authors: P.-B. Sun; H.-M. Xu, K. Li, H.-C. Li, A.-J. Chen, M.-J. Chen, H.-T. Dai, Y. Ni
      Abstract: Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is relevant to sperm quality, sperm capacitation and male fertility. However, it is still unknown whether CFTR can be a potential parameter for fecundity prediction in healthy couples. In this study, 135 healthy couples were divided into groups according to their fertility. We demonstrated that the sperm CFTR expression level of healthy males who never impregnated their partners (49 cases, 38.68 ± 2.71%) was significantly lower than that of fertile men (86 cases, 46.35 ± 2.32%). Sperm CFTR expression level accurately corresponded with fertility through the logistic regression model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of sperm CFTR expression level for fecundity prediction was 43.75%. Furthermore, cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs) of CFTR> 43.75% group and CFTR ≤ 43.75% group during the follow-up periods were 80.6% and 49.3% respectively. Meanwhile, the mean time to pregnancy (TTP) of CFTR ≤ 43.75% group (26.79 ± 2.35) was significantly longer than that of CFTR> 43.75% group (16.46 ± 2.42). Therefore, sperm CFTR expression level is relevant to fecundity of healthy couples and shows potential predictive capacity of fecundity.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01T01:25:30.364511-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12865
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridisation sperm examination is significantly
           impaired in all categories of male infertility
    • Authors: S. Petousis; Y. Prapas, A. Papatheodorou, C. Margioula-Siarkou, G. Papatzikas, Y. Panagiotidis, A. Karkanaki, K. Ravanos, N. Prapas
      Abstract: To study the outcome of FISH sperm examination in cases with sperm pathology and outline the potential correlation with certain chromosomal defects. A retrospective study of prospectively collected data was performed in IAKENTRO, Infertility Treatment Center. Rates of abnormal FISH semen examination were compared between male infertility patients and fertile controls. Detection of abnormal FISH semen examination as well as each chromosomal abnormality detected was correlated with each sperm deficiency (asthenozoospermia, oligozoospermia and teratozoospermia) in a univariate regression model. There were 72 male partners included, of which 52 male infertility patients and 20 controls. The rate of abnormal sperm FISH examination was significantly higher in patients’ group (55.8% vs. 15.0% for controls, p = .002). Asthenozoospermia, oligozoospermia and teratozoospermia were significantly correlated with detection of abnormal FISH examination (p = .004, p = .01 and p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-01T01:15:27.616069-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12847
  • Correlation of inflammatory mediators in prostatic secretion with chronic
           prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome
    • Authors: T. R. Huang; W. Li, B. Peng
      Abstract: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common clinical syndrome, and the mechanisms underlying the relationship between CP/CPPS and ED are still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the differential expression of 40 inflammatory mediators in patients with CP/CPPS and to demonstrate whether these mediators related to the severity of erectile function. Eighty cases of patients with CP/CPPS were selected, including 40 cases of IIIA and 40 cases of IIIB, with 20 cases of healthy men as controls. After collecting their expressed prostatic secretion, cytokines levels in EPS were determined by ELISA using ELISA kits. The IIEF-5 questionnaire was used to evaluate erectile function. IIEF-5 scores were significantly lower in the IIIA and IIIB groups than those in the control group. The expression of IL-8, IL-1β and ICAM-1 was markedly higher in the IIIA and IIIB groups than in the control group. The expression of IL-8, IL-1β and ICAM-1 in the IIIA group was higher than that in the IIIB group. The expression of IL-8, IL-1β and ICAM-1 was negatively correlated with IIEF-5 scores in both IIIA and IIIB patients. In conclusion, IL-8, IL-1β and ICAM-1 are possible indicators for the clinical diagnosis of CP/CPPS and evaluation of erectile function on patients with CP/CPPS.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01T01:00:33.781969-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12860
  • Sperm membrane integrity and stability after selection of cryopreserved
           ovine semen on colloidal solutions
    • Authors: T. G. Bergstein-Galan; L. C. Bicudo, L. Rodello, R. R. Weiss, S. D. Bicudo
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of four methods of sperm selection, on the integrity and stability of the plasma membrane, integrity of the acrosomal membrane and spermatic morphology in frozen/thawed ovine semen. Two types of colloidal silica: colloidal silica–silane and colloidal silica–polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), and two aliquots: 1 and 4 ml, were used for sperm selection. Probes FITC-PSA and PI were used to measure the integrity of the plasma and acrosomal membranes. Plasma membrane stability was measured, using fluorescent probes M540 and YOPRO1. Effective reduction in the incidence of spermatozoa with acrosomal pathologies was only achieved using 1 ml colloidal silica–silane. All methods were efficient in select viable and unreacted spermatozoa. Only methods using 1 ml of silica were efficient in decrease spermatozoa stained by PI (death). Methods using silica colloidal–silane were more efficient to decrease apoptotic cells after selection when compared to silica colloidal–PVP. In conclusion, sperm selection in colloidal silica–silane and colloidal silica–PVP improved sperm quality when compared to the controls. The method using 1 ml of colloidal silica–silane is the preferred method because its effectiveness and lower cost.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T04:35:50.70208-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12867
  • Chronic hypobaric hypoxia diminishes the expression of base excision
           repair OGG1 enzymes in spermatozoa
    • Authors: J. G. Farias; A. Zepeda, R. Castillo, E. Figueroa, O. T. Ademoyero, V. M. Pulgar
      Abstract: Hypobaric hypoxia induces DNA damage in rat testicular cells, the production of defective spermatozoids and decreased sperm count, associated with an increase in oxidative stress. 8-Oxoguanine glycosylase (OGG1) enzymes are main members of the base excision repair (BER) system, a DNA repair mechanism. We determined the expression levels of mitochondrial and nuclear OGG1 isoforms in spermatozoa collected from cauda epididymis in rats exposed to chronic hypobaric hypoxia (CHH) for 5, 15 and 30 days. CHH attenuates OGG1 expression in a time-dependent fashion, with a greater reduction in the mitochondrial isoform OGG1-2a (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T04:35:34.118736-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12876
  • Effect of paracetamol on semen quality
    • Authors: S. A. Banihani
      Abstract: Several published studies, both direct and indirect, have connected paracetamol, also named acetaminophen, a commonly used over-the-counter analgesic and antipyretic medication, with semen quality and male infertility, although as yet this connection is unclear. This review addresses the effect of paracetamol on semen quality and hence on male factor infertility. We searched the MEDLINE database from January 1980 through January 2017 for English-language articles using the key words “paracetamol” and “acetaminophen” versus “sperm.” References from articles were used only if relevant. In summary, paracetamol, when used at high doses, appears to change semen quality, particularly sperm morphology, and hence its fertilising ability. Such effect of paracetamol on semen quality may occur by suppressing testosterone synthesis, inducing oxidative stress, provoking apoptosis of spermatocytes, reducing nitric oxide production and inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis. Further research, particularly clinical research, will be very important to confirm these effects.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28T03:30:34.301788-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12874
  • Pentoxifylline increases the level of nitric oxide produced by human
    • Authors: S. A. Banihani; R. F. Abu-Alhayjaa, Z. O. Amarin, K. H. Alzoubi
      Abstract: Pentoxifylline (PF) is a xanthine derivative drug primarily used to treat peripheral vascular disorders. It is currently used in assisted reproductive technologies to enhance human sperm motility. However, the mechanism by which this enhancement occurs is not fully understood. Given that nitric oxide has been identified as a trigger to sperm motion, we asked whether nitric oxide modulates the stimulatory effect of PF on sperm motility. A total of 41 semen samples from infertile males were studied. Nitric oxide production in the presence of 5 mm PF was tested using different bio-analytical methods (spectrophotometry, fluorometry and fluorescence microscopy). The spectrophotometric determination showed higher levels of nitrite, an indirect measure for nitric oxide, in sperm samples supplemented with PF compared to controls. The fluorometric experiment showed higher 4, 5-diaminofluorescein triazole, a product from the reaction between nitric oxide and 4, 5-diaminofluorescein diacetate, after adding PF to spermatozoa. The fluorescence microscopy images of the spermatozoa supplemented with PF showed higher green fluorescence, indicating higher 4, 5-diaminofluorescein triazole levels, compared to controls. It is concluded that PF enhances nitric oxide production in human spermatozoa, which explains, at least in part, the mechanism by which PF stimulates human sperm motility.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28T03:20:35.057059-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12859
  • Comparison and evaluation of capacitation and acrosomal reaction in
           freeze-thawed human ejaculated spermatozoa treated with L-carnitine and
    • Authors: E. Aliabadi; S. Jahanshahi, T. Talaei-Khozani, M. Banaei
      Abstract: Cryopreservation is used to preserve the spermatozoa; however, it leads to a reduction in sperm quality. L-carnitine (LC) influences sperm motility and preserves the sperm membrane and DNA integrity. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the protective effects of LC on the membrane integrity of normal human spermatozoa and compare it with pentoxifylline (PT) during cryopreservation. Thirty normal semen samples, prepared by swim-up procedure, were divided into three aliquots: a control without any treatment and two experimental aliquots that were incubated in PT or LC for 30 min. All aliquots were cryopreserved and thawed after 48 hr. To evaluate the percentages of intact, acrosomal-reacted and capacitated spermatozoa, lectin histochemistry and flow cytometry were performed by wheat germ agglutinin, peanut agglutinin and Con A. Statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA. LC supplementation elevated the percentage of noncapacitated spermatozoa compared with control and PT-treated samples and the percentages of acrosomal intact spermatozoa compared with PT-treated samples. PT pre-treatment improved the motility but not membrane integrity. LC supplementation reduced the percentages of acrosomal-reacted spermatozoa compared with the control and PT-treated samples. Although LC did not improve motility, it protected the plasma membrane and acrosomal integrity. Therefore, LC may be the superior choice compared to PT for maintaining the sperm integrity.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28T03:17:01.315644-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12845
  • Study on testicular response to prolong artemisinin-based combination
           therapy treatments in guinea pigs
    • Authors: J. S. Aprioku; A. C. Mankwe
      Abstract: Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are first-line agents in malaria chemotherapy, but often abused in malaria endemic countries including Nigeria. This study investigated the effects of prolong treatment of artesunate–amodiaquine (ATS–Amod), artesunate-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (ATS–SP) and artemether–lumefantrine (ATM–Lum) on testicular indices in guinea pigs. Sixty-five pigs were grouped into 13 (n = 5 per group). Six groups were given standard or double therapeutic dose equivalents of ATS–Amod, ATS-SP or ATM–Lum daily for 14 day and sacrificed 24 hr after treatments. Six other groups (recovery groups) received similar drug treatments but allowed to recover for 14 day before sacrificed. Control group received distilled water. ATS–Amod, ATS–SP and ATM–Lum, respectively, decreased (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T21:55:37.832076-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12852
  • Additional value of the ratio of serum total testosterone to total
           prostate-specific antigen in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in a Chinese
    • Authors: L. Xu; X. Hu, Y. Zhu, J. Lu, Y. Xu, G. Wang, J. Guo
      Abstract: We investigated whether serum testosterone and testosterone/prostate-specific antigen ratio (T/PSA) might be prostate cancer (PCa) biomarkers. We retrospectively reviewed 92 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 164 patients with PCa treated at Zhongshan Hospital, China (April 2012 to November 2013). The BPH and PCa groups had similar serum total testosterone (median, 15.8 versus 16.3 nmol/L).Compared with the BPH group, the PCa group had higher PSA (16.8 versus 5.1 ng/ml) and lower free/total PSA (9.5% versus 19.3%) and T/PSA (1.37 versus 4.69) (all p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T21:45:31.317792-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12872
  • The effects of bacterial infection on human sperm nuclear protamine P1/P2
           ratio and DNA integrity
    • Authors: A. Zeyad; M. F. Hamad, M. E. Hammadeh
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to detect the effects of bacterial infection on human sperm nuclear protamines and DNA fragmentation. In this study, 120 semen samples were collected from unselected male partners of couples consulting for infertility in infertility and obstetrics clinic. All the samples were screened bacteriologically according to World Health Organization guidelines, and also sperm parameters and DNA fragmentation were evaluated. The concentrations of protamines P1 and P2 were quantified using acid urea acrylamide gel electrophoresis. Of a total number of 120 sample, 36 (30%) of them were infected with bacteria. Nine species of bacteria belonging to five genera, Staphylococcus, Escherichia, Streptococcus, Enterococcus and Klebsiella, were identified. The comparison between infected (36) and noninfected (84) samples appeared the negative impact of bacterial infection on sperm parameters and P1/P2 ratios. The percentages of P1/P2 ratio abnormality were significantly higher in infected patients. Sperm concentration, motility, progression and chromatin condensation were significantly lower in infected patients (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-23T22:25:33.779201-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12841
  • Effects of testosterone enanthate treatment in conjunction with resistance
           training on thyroid hormones and lipid profile in male Wistar rats
    • Authors: M. Zarei; M. Zaeemi, A. Rashidlamir
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the effects of 8-week administration of testosterone enanthate (TE) in conjunction with resistance training on thyroid hormones and lipid profiles. Sixty male adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups: C: olive oil, RT: resistance training + olive oil, LD: TE (20 mg/kg), HD: TE (50 mg/kg), RT + LD: RT + TE (20 mg/kg), RT + HD: RT + TE (50 mg/kg). The RT consisted of climbing (5 reps/3 sets) a ladder carrying a load suspended from the tail. At the end, blood specimens were obtained from the orbital sinus and serum concentration of T4, T3, TSH and lipid profiles was determined. The serum concentration of TSH significantly increased in RT + HD group compared to C, and the serum concentration of T4 significantly decreased in LD, HD, RT + LD and RT + HD groups compared to the C and RT groups (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-23T22:25:23.029369-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12862
  • Co-administration of caffeine and caffeic acid alters some key enzymes
           linked with reproductive function in male rats
    • Authors: S. F. Akomolafe; A. J. Akinyemi, G. Oboh, S. I. Oyeleye, O. B. Ajayi, A. E. Omonisi, F. L. Owolabi, D. A. Atoyebi, F. O. Ige, V. A. Atoki
      Abstract: This study assessed the effects of caffeine combined with caffeic acid on some biomarkers of male reproductive function using normal albino Wistar rats. Rats were divided into four groups (n = 6) and treated for seven successive days; group 1 represents the control rats; group 2 rats were treated with 50 mg/kg body weight (BW) of caffeine only; group 3 rats were treated with 50 mg/kg BW of caffeic acid, while the rats in group 4 were cotreated with an equal combination of caffeine and caffeic acid. The results revealed significant increase in reproductive hormone, testicular and epididymal nitric oxide levels of the rats. Moreover, decreased oxidative stress in the testes and epididymides of the treated rats was evidenced by significant increase in total and nonprotein thiol levels, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities. Similarly, decreased testicular cholesterol level with concomitant elevation in testicular steroidogenic enzyme activities, glycogen and zinc levels were observed in the treated rats. No morphological changes were observed as revealed by the photomicrographs from light microscopy in treated rats. Nevertheless, the combination therapy exhibited additive/synergistic effect on these biochemical indices than when they were administered singly. This study suggests the combination therapy of caffeine and caffeic acid at the dose tested for improving male reproductive function.
      PubDate: 2017-07-23T22:20:37.832207-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12839
  • Effect of metformin on germ cell-specific apoptosis, oxidative stress and
           epididymal sperm quality after testicular torsion/detorsion in rats
    • Authors: M. Ghasemnejad-Berenji; M. Ghazi-Khansari, I. Yazdani, M. Nobakht, A. Abdollahi, H. Ghasemnejad-Berenji, J. Mohajer Ansari, S. Pashapour, A. R. Dehpour
      Abstract: SummaryThe study was designed to evaluate the effects of metformin on apoptosis and epididymal sperm quality in a rat testicular ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model. A total of 72 male rats were divided into four groups (n = 18 for each group): group 1 (sham-operated group), group 2 (metformin group), group 3 (torsion/detorsion [T/D] + saline) and group 4 (T/D + 300 mg kg−1 metformin). Testicular torsion was achieved by rotating the right testis 720° in a clockwise direction for 1 hr. Tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) level and caspase-3 activity increased and the activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase decreased in comparison with sham-operated group 4 hr after detorsion (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-21T01:56:22.03704-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12846
  • Effect of the age of broodstock males on sperm function during cold
           storage in the trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
    • Authors: J. Risopatrón; O. Merino, C. Cheuquemán, E. Figueroa, R. Sánchez, J. G. Farías, I. Valdebenito
      Abstract: The knowledge of sperm quality in the broodstock males of different ages is a prerequisite to identify the reproductive ability of cultivated fish for the hatchery management. Thus, in this work, we analysed sperm function of the semen stored of broodstock males of rainbow trout (Oncorhychus mykiss) in different reproductive ages (2, 3 and 4 years old). Sperm samples of each reproductive age were stored in Storfish® during 10 days at 4°C, and then, motility, viability, mitochondrial function (MMP), superoxide anion (O2−) level and DNA fragmentation (DNAfrag) were assessed. The results demonstrated that sperm function parameters were affected significantly by the age of the males and the time of storage. Motility, viability and MMP significantly decreased, and DNAfrag and O2− level increased with the age increment and the time of storage. In conclusion, sperm quality of 2 and 3 years old were superior to those of 4 years old, based on higher quality of various sperm functions such as motility, viability, MMP, DNA integrity and level O2− during short-term storage. This information must be considered for optimum utilization of broodstock males in aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21T01:56:02.507466-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12857
  • In/ex copula ejaculatory activities of aqueous and methanolic extracts of
           Aframomum melegueta (Zingiberaceae) in sexually experienced male rat
    • Authors: P. Watcho; F. X. Kemka, P. B. Deeh Defo, M. Wankeu-Nya, P. Kamtchouing, A. Kamanyi
      Abstract: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of Aframomum melegueta on male rat ejaculation using in/ex copula techniques. For the in copula experiment, rats were orally treated with aqueous or methanolic extract (20 and 100 mg/kg) of A. melegueta for 14 days. Each rat was mated with a primed receptive female on days 0, 7 and 14 of treatment, and the ejaculatory latency and post-ejaculatory interval were measured. In the ex copula experiment, the electromyography of the bulbospongiosus muscles and intraseminal pressure were recorded in spinal rats after mechanical (urethral and penile) and pharmacological stimulations (intravenous injection of dopamine (5 mg/kg) and, aqueous or methanolic extract of A. melegueta, 2.5; 5; 10 and 20 mg/kg). Furthermore, the effect of dopamine on fictive ejaculation was monitored in rats orally pre-treated with A. melegueta extracts (20 and 100 mg/kg) for 7 or 14 days. Treatment with the aqueous or methanolic extract of A. melegueta significantly decreased the ejaculatory latency (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-21T01:55:42.598674-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12861
  • Boar sperm quality after supplementation of diets with omega-3
           polyunsaturated fatty acids extracted from microalgae
    • Authors: Y. T. Andriola; F. Moreira, E. Anastácio, F. A. Camelo, A. C. Silva, A. S. Varela, S. M. M. Gheller, K. L. Goularte, C. D. Corcini, T. Lucia
      Abstract: This study evaluated effects of diet supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) from microalgae on boar sperm quality. Two groups of boars (n = 3 each) were fed during 75 days either a commercial diet (control), or the same diet supplemented with omega-3 PUFA from the heterotrophic microalgae Schizochytrium sp. (120 g/kg). Sixteen ejaculates were collected per boar. Some sperm kinetics parameters were inferior for supplemented than for control boars (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-21T01:55:35.151741-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12825
  • Study of the prevalence of 5 HT-2C receptor gene polymorphisms in Egyptian
           patients with lifelong premature ejaculation
    • Authors: M. F. Roaiah; Y. I. Elkhayat, L. A. Rashed, S. F. GamalEl Din, A. M. el Guindi, M. A. Abd El Salam
      Abstract: We investigated the prevalence of 5HT2C receptor gene polymorphisms in Egyptian patients with lifelong premature ejaculation. A total of 350 participants were enrolled in a prospective study. Two hundred and forty-five cases with lifelong premature ejaculation joined this study, in addition to 105 controls. We instructed the partners of the cases to measure the IELT of the first intercourse only using a stopwatch for 1 month. Genotyping was carried out at the end of the study. The results showed that the majority of the patients and controls were Cys/Cys. A highly significant statistical association was found between the studied gene polymorphisms and IELT among cases (p-values = .009). The study emphasised the potential role of 5HT2C receptor gene polymorphisms in patients with lifelong premature ejaculation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21T01:55:28.142574-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12855
  • Roles of Fas/FasL-mediated apoptosis and inhibin B in the testicular
           dysfunction of rats with left-side varicocele
    • Authors: J. Zhang; P. P. Jin, M. Gong, J. H. Guo, K. Fang, Q. T. Yi, R. J. Zhu
      Abstract: We investigated the role of the Fas/FasL signalling pathway and inhibin B expression in rats with an experimentally induced left-side varicocele. Forty-five Sprague Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly divided into three groups in average: control group, sham group and experimental group. The expression of inhibin B in the rat left testis was analysed at the mRNA and protein levels by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting respectively. The expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 in the left testis were measured by RT-PCR and immunofluorescence. The apoptosis index (AI) was measured by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL). Both the mRNA and protein of inhibin B were significantly reduced in the experimental group compared with that in the control group or the sham group. The expression of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 in the experimental group was significantly increased compared to that in the control group or the sham group. The concentration of serum inhibin B was also inversely related to circulating FSH concentrations and positively correlated with sperm count. It is concluded that Fas/FasL system may play an important role in apoptosis of rats with experimental varicocele and inhibin B could reflect spermatogenesis function.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18T22:20:49.316802-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12850
  • Pre-pubertal diet restriction reduces reactive oxygen species and restores
           fertility in male WNIN/Obese rat
    • Authors: D. M. Dinesh Yadav; M. N. Muralidhar, S. M. V. K. Prasad, K. Rajender Rao
      Abstract: Obesity is a multifactorial disorder associated with increased body adiposity, chronic oxidative stress which contributes to impaired fertility in males. Diet restriction and anti-oxidant supplementations are known to protect obese subjects from oxidative stress and improves fertility. However, the role of oxidative stress and the age of intervention in restoring male fertility are poorly understood. This study was aimed to assess the effect of diet restriction on fertility with respect to the age of intervention, body composition and oxidative stress using WNIN/Ob obese mutant rat strain. Unlike lean and carrier phenotypes, obese rats are hyperphagic, hyperlipaemic and infertile. Male obese rats aged for 35, 60 and 90 days were fed either ad libitum or diet restricted for 6 weeks. Upon diet restriction mean body weight, total body fat percentage, circulatory lipids and oxidative stress markers were significantly reduced and it follows the order as 35 
      PubDate: 2017-07-18T04:15:52.233522-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12849
  • Sperm cryopreservation and assisted reproductive technology outcome in
           patients with spinal cord injury
    • Authors: A. Reignier; J. Lammers, C. Splingart, D. Redhead, J. J. Labat, S. Mirallié, P. Barrière, T. Fréour
      Abstract: This study aimed to describe spinal cord injured patients’ semen characteristics before and after cryopreservation, and assisted reproductive technology cycles outcome compared to the infertile population. Data about sperm analysis and assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles outcomes for 78 men with spinal cord injury referred for sperm cryopreservation between 1998 and 2013 were retrospectively analysed and compared with a reference group consisting of every Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) cycle performed in our in vitro fertilization unit over the 2009–2014 period. Semen was collected by penile vibratory stimulation (PVS), electroejaculation or via testis biopsies. Fresh and frozen semen parameters and ART outcomes with frozen-thawed sperm were measured. Patients were divided into three groups according to the sperm retrieval methods: 37 electroejaculations, 37 PVSs and four surgical sperm retrievals. Low ejaculate volume was observed in 33% of the patients, and oligozoospermia in 37% of the patients. Specimens from 77 of the patients contained motile sperm and were therefore frozen for future use. There was no statistical difference for any of the fresh semen parameters between all groups. Twenty of them underwent ICSI leading to five live births, while four underwent intrauterine insemination. ART with frozen-thawed spermatozoa can provide men with SCI with comparable results as in the infertile population.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18T04:05:20.472814-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12833
  • Effect of Typha capensis (Rohrb.)N.E.Br. rhizome extract F1 fraction on
           cell viability, apoptosis induction and testosterone production in
           TM3-Leydig cells
    • Authors: A. Ilfergane; R. R. Henkel
      Abstract: Typha capensis (Rohrb.)N.E.Br. (bulrush) is used by traditional healers in Southern Africa to treat male reproductive problems. This study aimed at investigating the effects of T. capensis on TM3-Leydig cells. T. capensis rhizome crude extract obtained from autumn, winter, spring and summer harvest was fractionated using HPLC into four fractions, and TM3-Leydig cells were incubated with different concentrations of the F1 fraction (0.01, 0.02, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 μg/ml) for 24, 48 and 96 hr respectively. The following parameters were evaluated: cell morphology, viability (MTT assay), testosterone production (testosterone ELISA test), apoptosis (Annexin V-Cy3 binding) and DNA fragmentation (TUNEL assay). Results revealed that the summer harvest obtained the highest amount of extract. The F1 fraction of all harvests was the most effective. This fraction significantly enhanced testosterone production in TM3 cells in a dose-dependent manner with maximum effect at 0.1 μg/ml. At higher concentrations, lower testosterone production was observed. Cell viability including apoptosis was not affected at concentrations used by the traditional healers to treat patients. This study shows that T. capensis enhanced testosterone production and might be useful to treat male infertility and ageing male problems.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18T03:55:26.967833-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12854
  • Bisphenol A induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in mice testes:
           Modulation by selenium
    • Authors: S. Kaur; M. Saluja, M. P. Bansal
      Abstract: Spermatogenesis, a highly coordinated process, is prone to environmental insults which may lead to impaired spermatogenesis or, at worst, infertility. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known global environmental toxicant and a ubiquitous oestrogenic chemical. This study evaluated the role of selenium (0.5 ppm sodium selenite/kg diet) on spermatogenesis after BPA treatment in different groups of male BALB/c mice: control, selenium, BPA and selenium+BPA. Markers of oxidative stress and apoptosis were evaluated in testis after BPA treatment. Significant decrease in sperm concentration and motility and increased reactive oxygen species(ROS) and LPO levels were seen in BPA group. Histopathological changes revealed extensive vacuolisation, lumen devoid of spermatozoa and decreased germ cell count, confirmed by testicular germ cell count studies. TUNEL assay for apoptosis showed increased number of TUNEL-positive germ cells in BPA group with increased percentage apoptotic index. However, in Se+BPA group, histopathological studies revealed systematic array of all germ cells, preserved basement membrane with relatively less vacuolisation, improved sperm parameters and ROS and LPO levels and decreased number of TUNEL-positive germ cells. These results clearly demonstrate the role of selenium in ameliorating oxidative stress and apoptosis induced upon BPA treatment in mice and can be further used as therapeutic target in male infertility.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18T03:46:21.483243-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12834
  • Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 improves spermatogenesis in Immp2l
           mutant mice
    • Authors: Yaodong Jiang; Chunlian Liu, Bin Lei, Xian Xu, Baisong Lu
      Abstract: Previous studies have confirmed that spermatogenesis in homozygous Immp2l mutant male mice was normal at the age of 6 months, but was significantly abnormal at the age of 13 months. Meanwhile, oxidative stress is reported to be involved in spermatogenic impairment in old mutant mice. However, it is unclear whether antioxidant treatment is a suitable intervention for improving spermatogenesis in old mutant mice. This study sought to investigate the effect of mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 on spermatogenesis in homozygous Immp2l mutant mice. Immp2l mutant mice were treated with the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 from the age of 6 weeks until 13 months. SkQ1 treatment significantly improved spermatogenesis in old Immp2 l mutant mice. Moreover, SkQ1 treatment improved the morphology of testicular seminiferous tubules, significantly reduced the apoptosis of germ cells and increased the level of GPX4 expression in old Immp2 l mutant mice. In conclusion, our data suggest that the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 is effective in improving spermatogenesis in Immp2 l mutant mice and might be used for the treatment of male infertility.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13T00:46:50.619585-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12848
  • Effect of quercetin on cadmium chloride-induced impairments in sexual
           behaviour and steroidogenesis in male Wistar rats
    • Authors: G. A. Ujah; V. U. Nna, M. I. Agah, L. O. Omue, C. B. Leku, E. E. Osim
      Abstract: Cadmium chloride (CdCl2) has been reported to cause reproductive toxicity in male rats, mainly through oxidative stress. This study examined its effect on sexual behaviour, as one of the mechanisms of reproductive dysfunction, as well as the possible ameliorative effect of quercetin (QE) on same. Thirty male Wistar rats (10 weeks old), weighing 270–300 g, were used for this study. They were either orally administered 2% DMSO, CdCl2 (5 mg/kg b.w.), QE (20 mg/kg b.w.) or CdCl2+QE, once daily for 4 weeks, before sexual behavioural studies. The 5th group received CdCl2 for 4 weeks and allowed 4-week recovery period, before sexual behavioural test. Rats were sacrificed after sexual behavioural studies. The blood, testis and penis were collected for biochemical assays. Cadmium increased mount, intromission and ejaculatory latencies, but reduced their frequencies, compared to control. Serum nitric oxide increased, while penile cyclic guanosine monophosphate reduced in the CdCl2-exposed rats, compared to control. CdCl2 increased testicular cholesterol, but reduced 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) and 17β-HSD activities, and testosterone concentration. QE better attenuated these negative changes compared to withdrawal of CdCl2 treatment. In conclusion, CdCl2 suppressed steroidogenesis, penile erection and sexual behaviour, with poor reversal following withdrawal, while QE attenuated these effects.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13T00:25:59.149188-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12866
  • Paternal age as an independent factor does not affect embryo quality and
           pregnancy outcomes of testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm
           injection in azoospermia
    • Authors: Y. S. Park; S. H. Lee, C. K. Lim, H. W. Choi, J. H. An, C. W. Park, H. S. Lee, J. S. Lee, J. T. Seo
      Abstract: This study was performed to evaluate the independent influence of paternal age affecting embryo development and pregnancy using testicular sperm extraction (TESE)-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in obstructive azoospermia (OA) and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). Paternal patients were divided into the following groups: ≤30 years, 31–35 years, 36–40 years, 41–45 years and ≥46 years. There were no differences in the rates of fertilisation or embryo quality according to paternal and maternal age. However, clinical pregnancy and implantation rates were significantly lower between those ≥46 years of paternal age compared with other age groups. Fertilisation rate was higher in the OA than the NOA, while embryo quality, pregnancy and delivery results were similar. Clinical pregnancy and implantation rates were significantly lower for patients ≥46 years of paternal age compared with younger age groups. In conclusion, fertilisation using TESE in azoospermia was not affected by the independent influence of paternal age; however, as maternal age increased concomitantly with paternal age, rates of pregnancy and delivery differed between those with paternal age
      PubDate: 2017-07-13T00:00:23.734529-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12864
  • Sperm telomere length in motile sperm selection techniques: A qFISH
    • Authors: R. Lafuente; E. Bosch-Rue, J. Ribas-Maynou, J. Alvarez, C. Brassesco, M. J. Amengual, J. Benet, A. Garcia-Peiró, M. Brassesco
      Abstract: Several studies have associated telomere shortening with alterations in reproductive function. The objective of the present study was to determine telomere length (TL) in spermatozoa selected by either density-gradient centrifugation (DGC) or swim-up. The analysis of TL was performed using quantitative fluorescent in situ hybridisation (qFISH) using PNA probes in combination with a chromatin decompaction protocol in sperm cells. Results of TL were 24.64 ± 5.00 Kb and 24.95 ± 4.60 Kb before and after DGC, respectively, and 19.59 ± 8.02 Kb and 20.22 ± 5.18 Kb before and after swim-up respectively. Sperm selected by DGC or swim-up did not show any significant differences in TL as compared to nonselected sperm (p > .05). Negative correlations between TL and sperm motility (r = −.308; p = .049) and concentration (r = −.353; p = .028) were found. Furthermore, exposure of sperm to increasing concentrations of hydrogen peroxide during incubation resulted in a reduction in TL. These data indicate that oxidative stress may be one of the main factors involved in the reduction of TL in sperm. Preliminary clinical results from patients included in this study indicate that TL was shorter in spermatozoa from couples who never achieved a pregnancy compared to couples who did achieve at least one natural pregnancy (p 
      PubDate: 2017-07-11T22:50:27.082245-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12840
  • Three cases of Klinefelter's syndrome with unilateral absence of vas
    • Authors: E. C. Akinsal; N. Baydilli, H. Imamoglu, O. Ekmekcioglu
      Abstract: Genital abnormalities such as congenital uni/bilateral absence of the vas deferens are very rare in Klinefelter's syndrome. Here, we report three cases of Klinefelter's syndrome with unilateral absence of the vas deferens. All cases had small testicles, and unilateral vas deferentia were not palpable. Hormonal evaluations revealed hypergonadotropism. One case had elevated prolactin level, and pituitary adenoma was detected by magnetic resonance imaging. All cases were diagnosed as Klinefelter's syndrome (one of them had mosaicism) cytogenetically, and some CFTR gene mutations were detected. To our knowledge, this is the first case series of both conditions existing simultaneously.
      PubDate: 2017-07-07T04:50:24.074653-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12844
  • Association between alterations in DNA methylation level of spermatozoa at
           CpGs dinucleotide and male subfertility problems
    • Authors: M. Laqqan; E. F. Solomayer, M. Hammadeh
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between alterations in sperm DNA methylation levels and sperm count and sperm motility. Five CpG sites underwent deep bisulphite sequencing to validate the observed methylation difference in 78 samples (28 proven fertile males “controls,” and 50 subfertile males “cases”). The results showed that variation in methylation levels was found in more than one CpG: the DNA methylation levels in CpG1, CpG2 and CpG3 of the PRRC2A gene-related amplicon showed high significant differences in the case group compared to the control group (p ≤ .0001, p ≤ .003, and p ≤ .0001 respectively). Moreover, three CpGs of the four CpGs tested within the ANXA2 gene-related amplicon (CpG1, CpG3 and CpG4) were significantly different (p ≤ .002, p ≤ .001, and p ≤ .0001, respectively) in the case group compared to the control group. In addition, a significant difference was found in seven CpGs of the twenty-two CpGs tested within the MAPK8Ip3 gene-related amplicon, besides six CpGs of the ten CpGs tested within the GAA gene-related amplicon between case and control groups. In conclusion, this study identifies that CpGs have a significantly different in methylation levels of sperm DNA for subfertile males.
      PubDate: 2017-07-06T02:37:03.388772-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12832
  • Microsurgical varicocelectomy for clinical varicocele: A review for
           potential new indications
    • Authors: X. Wan; H. Wang, Z. Ji
      Abstract: Microsurgical varicocelectomy is considered the gold-standard technique treating varicocele in both adults and adolescents, due to relatively more favourable outcomes and lower post-operative recurrence and complication rates. Despite of mounting literature on this topic, several aspects are still not well defined. We summarised the most recent literature and presented findings that might extend its indications. Microsurgical varicocelectomy and intracytoplasmic sperm injection are both effective to father a child for infertile men with clinical varicocele even for those with worst condition of spermatozoa, nonobstructive azoospermia, and prior varicocele repair has substantial benefits for couples with a clinical varicocele. Microsurgical subinguinal and inguinal varicocelectomy seem to have comparable effectiveness for adolescents and infertile men with varicoceles. However, the subinguinal approach may have some advantages to deal with painful varicocele. The superior outcomes of bilateral varicocelectomy for patients with clinical left varicocele and concomitant clinical right varicocele are justified, while the benefit is still uncertain for concomitant subclinical right varicocele. Varicocelectomy may have the potential to improve sexual function along with serum testosterone. In conclusion, indications for microsurgical varicocelectomy may be extended by the concomitant right and left clinical varicocele and sexual dysfunction with varicocele.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03T04:55:18.860402-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12827
  • Human varicella zoster virus is not present in the semen of a man affected
           by chickenpox during the in vitro fertilisation of his wife
    • Authors: D. Y. L. Chan; K. K. W. Lam, E. Y. L. Lau, W. S. B. Yeung, E. H. Y. Ng
      Abstract: Human varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a member of the herpes virus family and affects humans only. Information about the presence of the virus in the semen samples of men affected by chickenpox is rather limited in the literature. Here, we reported a husband was affected by VZV during in vitro fertilisation treatment of his wife treated in our centre. The semen sample was checked for the presence of VZV by the PCR technique. The PCR result found no detectable viral DNA in the semen sample. The semen sample was then used for conventional IVF insemination and subsequently a healthy baby boy was born. This single case report suggests that the semen sample of men affected by chickenpox may be safe to use for assisted reproduction methods during the VZV infective period.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03T03:40:35.725265-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12822
  • Association between total globozoospermia and sperm chromatin defects
    • Authors: N. Eskandari; M. Tavalaee, D. Zohrabi, M. H. Nasr-Esfahani
      Abstract: Globozoospermia is a severe sperm morphological anomaly leading to primary infertility and low fertilisation following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This phenotype is observed in less than 0.1% of infertile men and is determined by small, round-headed spermatozoa with absence of an acrosomal cap, acrosome protease and also cytoskeletal proteins. Failure of oocyte activation is considered as the main cause of fertilisation failure in these individuals post-ICSI. Therefore, artificial oocyte activation (AOA) along with ICSI is commonly implemented. However, based on previous report, fertilisation rate remains low despite implementation of ICSI-AOA. Therefore, other mechanisms like sperm chromatin packaging and DNA fragmentation may account for low fertilisation and development post-ICSI-AOA. Therefore, this study aims to assess and compare the degree of sperm protamine deficiency and DNA fragmentation in large population of infertile men with total globozoospermia (30 globozoospermic men presenting with 100% round-headed spermatozoa) with 22 fertile individuals using chromomycin A3 and TUNEL assay respectively. Results clearly show that mean of sperm concentration and percentage of sperm motility were significantly lower, while percentage of sperm abnormal morphology, protamine-deficient and DNA-fragmented spermatozoa were significantly higher in infertile men with globozoospermia compared to fertile men. Therefore, increased sperm DNA damage in globozoospermia is likely related to defective DNA compaction and antioxidant therapy before ICSI-AOA could be recommended as an appropriate option before ICSI-AOA.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29T04:01:28.154911-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12843
  • Circumcision does not have effect on premature ejaculation: A systematic
           review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Y. Yang; X. Wang, Y. Bai, P. Han
      Abstract: We attempted to evaluate whether circumcision has an effect on premature ejaculation. We searched three databases: PubMed, EMBASE and Google scholar on 1 May 2016 for eligible studies that referred to male sexual function after circumcision. No language restrictions were imposed. The Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5.2 software was employed for data analysis, and the fixed or the random-effect model was selected depending on the heterogeneity. Twelve studies were included in the meta-analysis, containing a total of 10019 circumcised and 11570 uncircumcised men. All studies were divided into five subgroups by types of study design to evaluate the effect of circumcision on premature ejaculation (PE). Intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT), difficulty of orgasm, erectile dysfunction (ED) and pain during intercourse were also assessed because PE was usually discussed along with these subjects. There were no significant differences in PE (odds ratio [OR], 0.90; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.72-1.13; p = .37) and orgasm (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.89-1.21; p = .65) between circumcised and uncircumcised group. However, IELT (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.60-0.83; p 
      PubDate: 2017-06-27T01:13:01.207964-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12851
  • Trehalose sustains a higher post-thaw sperm motility than sucrose in
           vitrified human sperm
    • Authors: M. Schulz; J. Risopatrón, G. Matus, E. Pineda, C. Rojas, V. Isachenko, E. Isachenko, R. Sánchez
      Abstract: One of the cryopreservation methods that best preserves sperm function is vitrification. However, comparative studies have not been performed to evaluate the effect of nonpermeable cryoprotectors on sperm function for prolonged periods of time post-devitrification. These times are necessary, especially in in vitro fertilisation and intrauterine insemination, for gamete interaction and then fertilisation to occur, while maintaining motility to arrive at the fertilisation site. In this study, sucrose (.25 m) and trehalose (.1 and .05 m) were compared in essential parameters like motility and plasma membrane integrity for 12 hr. Post-devitrification sperm motility using .1 m trehalose was 68.9%, higher than that obtained with .05 m trehalose (59.9%, p 
      PubDate: 2017-05-25T01:25:32.457029-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12757
  • Testicular thermoregulation, scrotal surface temperature patterns and
           semen quality of water buffalo bulls reared in a tropical climate
    • Authors: L. K. X. Silva; J. S. Sousa, A. O. A. Silva, J. B. Lourenço Junior, C. Faturi, L. G. Martorano, I. M. Franco, M. H. A. Pantoja, D. V. Barros, A. R. Garcia
      Abstract: This study evaluated the capacity of thermoregulation and its consequences on the scrotal surface temperature patterns and semen quality of buffalo bulls raised in a wet tropical climate. Eleven water buffaloes were evaluated in the rainiest, in the transitional and in the less rainy season. Air temperature and humidity were consistently high, but the animals did not show thermal stress in any season. The scrotal temperature gradient of buffalo bulls using infrared thermography was described, and three parallel and decreasing thermal bands were characterised. Sperm quality (n = 176 ejaculates) was maintained in normal parameters over the periods. Pearson's coefficients showed that sperm volume and progressive motility were negatively correlated with ocular globe, epididymal tail and minimum scrotal temperatures (p 
      PubDate: 2017-05-18T05:36:29.741985-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12836
  • Sperm chromatin quality and DNA integrity in partial versus total
    • Authors: A.R. Talebi; J. Ghasemzadeh, M.A. Khalili, I. Halvaei, F. Fesahat
      Abstract: Globozoospermia is a severe form of teratozoospermia with low incidence in infertile patients, considered as one of the important causes of male infertility. The objective was to investigate the chromatin/DNA integrity as well as apoptosis in ejaculated spermatozoa of cases with partial or total globozoospermia. Fifty-seven semen samples were divided into three groups of partial globozoospermia (n = 17), total globozoospermia (n = 10) and normozoospermia (control; n = 30). Sperm chromatin condensation, DNA integrity and apoptosis were assessed using cytochemical assays. The results showed significant differences in sperm parameters of count and motility between two case groups versus controls. The percentages of spermatozoa with abnormal chromatin packaging and protamine deficiency were significantly higher in total and partial globozoospermic men compared to normozoospermic samples. Also, the rates of TUNEL-positive spermatozoa were significantly increased in both globozoospermic cases with respect to the control (18.3 ± 10.1 and 12.3 ± 9.2 versus 5.9 ± 3 respectively). However, no significant differences were noticed between two subgroups of patients with regard to sperm DNA denaturation, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis. Abnormal chromatin packaging, DNA damage and apoptosis were significantly higher in cases than controls. The sperm chromatin/DNA anomalies may be considered as one of the main aetiology of ART failure in globozoospermic patients.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18T05:36:22.843768-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12823
  • Cigarette smoking induces only marginal changes in sperm DNA methylation
           levels of patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment
    • Authors: Y. Al Khaled; S. Tierling, M. Laqqan, C. Lo Porto, M. E. Hammadeh
      Abstract: DNA methylation plays important roles in genome stability and regulation of gene expression. This study was designed to determine the influence of cigarette smoking on sperm DNA methylation. From a genome-wide survey on sperm samples, differentially methylated target CpGs should be selected and subjected to local deep bisulphite sequencing. Obtained methylation data are compared to sperm parameters and (ICSI) outcome. Similar to pilot study, samples were subjected to Infinium 450K BeadChip arrays to identify alterations in sperm DNA methylation between smokers and nonsmokers males. Routine testing on a significantly altered CpG site was performed on more samples using local deep bisulphite sequencing. Of approximately 485,000 CpG sites analysed, only seven CpGs were found to show a significant DNA methylation difference of>20% with the top six CpGs overlapping common SNP sites. The remaining CpG site (cg19455396) is located in intron 12 of the TAP2 gene. The results of deep bisulphite sequencing showed only a tendency towards hypomethylation in the smoking group. This study could not detect biologically relevant CpG positions that are altered in sperm DNA methylation on the influence of cigarette smoking beyond individual-specific effects that may be caused by other environmental factors.
      PubDate: 2017-05-14T20:40:56.17461-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12818
  • Comparison of the clinical efficacy and safety of the on-demand use of
           paroxetine, dapoxetine, sildenafil and combined dapoxetine with sildenafil
           in treatment of patients with premature ejaculation: A randomised
           placebo-controlled clinical trial
    • Authors: M. Abu El-Hamd; A. Abdelhamed
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of the on-demand use of paroxetine, dapoxetine, sildenafil and combined dapoxetine with sildenafil in treatment of patients with premature ejaculation (PE). In a single-blind placebo-controlled clinical study, 150 PE patients without erectile dysfunction (ED) were included during the period of March 2015 to May 2016. Patients were randomly divided into five groups (30 patients each). On demand placebo, paroxetine (30 mg), dapoxetine (30 mg), sildenafil citrate (50 mg) and combined dapoxetine (30 mg) with sildenafil citrate (50 mg) were given for patients for 6 weeks in each group respectively. All patients were instructed to record intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and evaluated with Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and the patient satisfaction score before and after treatment. The mean of IELT, satisfaction score and PEDT in all groups was significantly improved after treatment (p value = .001). Combined dapoxetine with sildenafil group had the best values of IELT, satisfaction scores and PEDT in comparison with other treatment groups (p value
      PubDate: 2017-05-12T02:40:47.417153-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12829
  • ICSI outcome in patients with high DNA fragmentation: Testicular versus
           ejaculated spermatozoa
    • Authors: M. Arafa; A. AlMalki, M. AlBadr, H. Burjaq, A. Majzoub, S. AlSaid, H. Elbardisi
      Abstract: Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) has emerged as an important biomarker in the assessment of male fertility potential with contradictory results regarding its effect on ICSI. The aim of this study was to evaluate intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes in male patients with high SDF using testicular versus ejaculated spermatozoa. This is a prospective study on 36 men with high-SDF levels who had a previous ICSI cycle from their ejaculates. A subsequent ICSI cycle was performed using spermatozoa retrieved through testicular sperm aspiration. Results of the prior ejaculate ICSI were compared with those of the TESA-ICSI. The mean (SD) SDF level was 56.36% (15.3%). Overall, there was no difference in the fertilization rate and embryo grading using ejaculate and testicular spermatozoa (46.4% vs. 47.8%, 50.2% vs. 53.4% respectively). However, clinical pregnancy was significantly higher in TESA group compared to ejaculated group (38.89% [14 of 36] vs. 13.8% [five of 36]). Moreover, 17 live births were documented in TESA group, and only three live births were documented in ejaculate group (p 
      PubDate: 2017-05-12T02:40:40.928491-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12835
  • Adverse effects of leptin on histone-to-protamine transition during
           spermatogenesis are prevented by melatonin in Sprague-Dawley rats
    • Authors: F. A. Almabhouh; H. J. Singh
      Abstract: This study examines the effect of melatonin on leptin-induced changes in transition of histone to protamine in adult rats during spermatogenesis. Twelve-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomised into control, leptin-, leptin–melatonin-10-, leptin–melatonin-20- and melatonin-10-treated groups with six rats per group. Leptin was given via intraperitoneal injections (i.p.) daily for 42 days (60 μg/kg body weight). Rats in the leptin- and melatonin-treated groups were given either 10 or 20 mg day−1 kg−1 body weight of leptin in drinking water. Melatonin-10-treated group received only 10 mg of melatonin day−1 kg−1 body weight in drinking water for 42 days. Control rats received 0.1 ml of 0.9% saline. Upon completion of the treatment, sperm count, morphology and histone-to-protamine ratio were estimated. Gene expression of HAT, HDAC1, HDAC2, H2B, H2A, H1, PRM1, PRM2, TNP1 and TNP2 was determined. Data were analysed using ANOVA. Sperm count was significantly lower, whereas the fraction of spermatozoa with abnormal morphology, the ratio of histone-to-protamine transition and the expressions of HAT, HDAC1, HDAC2, H2B, H2A, H1, PRM1 were significantly higher in leptin-treated rats than those in controls or melatonin-treated rats. It appears that exogenous leptin administration adversely affects histone-to-protamine transition, which is prevented by concurrent administration of melatonin.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12T02:35:56.775265-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12814
  • Effects of testosterone replacement therapy on metabolic syndrome among
           Japanese hypogonadal men: A subanalysis of a prospective randomised
           controlled trial (EARTH study)
    • Authors: K. Shigehara; H. Konaka, T. Nohara, K. Izumi, Y. Kitagawa, Y. Kadono, T. Iwamoto, E. Koh, A. Mizokami, M. Namiki
      Abstract: We investigated the effects of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on metabolic factors among hypogonadal men with a metabolic syndrome. From the study population of the EARTH study, which was a randomised controlled study in Japan, 65 hypogonadal patients with a metabolic syndrome, comprising the TRT group (n = 32) and controls (n = 33), were included in this study analysis. The TRT group was administered 250 mg of testosterone enanthate as an intramuscular injection every 4 weeks for 12 months. Waist circumference, body mass index, body fat volume and blood pressure were measured in all patients at baseline and at 12 months. In addition, blood biochemical data, including total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), HDL cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, were also evaluated. Changes in these categories from baseline to 12 months were compared between the TRT and control groups, with significant differences observed in waist circumference, body fat percentage, FPG, TG and HbA1c levels. No significant differences were observed in other parameters. TRT for 1 year was associated with improvements in some metabolic factors among Japanese men with hypogonadism and metabolic syndrome.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12T02:35:53.948625-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12815
  • Can haematologic parameters be used for differential diagnosis of
           testicular torsion and epididymitis'
    • Authors: A. Bitkin; M. Aydın, B. C. Özgür, L. Irkilata, E. Akgunes, Mevlut Keles, H. Sarıcı, M. K. Atilla
      Abstract: A differential diagnosis of testicular torsion and epididymitis has serious importance for testicular health. In emergency conditions, if testicular torsion goes unnoticed and epididymo-orchitis is diagnosed, organ loss may occur. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of haematologic parameters for the diagnosis of both testicular torsion and epididymo-orchitis and for differential diagnosis of these two diseases. Patients were divided into three groups as those undergoing surgery for testicular torsion, those receiving medical treatment for epididymitis and a healthy control group. All patients had complete blood counts taken with determinations of mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and leucocyte counts. These were then compared between groups. Leucocyte, MPV and NLR values were higher in both the epididymitis and torsion groups compared to the controls (p 
      PubDate: 2017-05-12T02:35:45.519167-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12819
  • Very late presentation of a disorder of sex development
    • Authors: J. M. Martins; M. Fraga, J. Miguens, F. Tortosa, B. Marques, A. D. Sousa
      Abstract: Disorders of sex development generally present in the neonatal period with ambiguity of external genitalia. We report a very old male patient presenting at 75 years because of panhypopituitarism and a large nonsecreting pituitary macroadenoma secondary to long-standing primary hypogonadism due to 46,XX sex reversal disorder now first diagnosed. Sex development disorders may go unrecognised for the entire life span, despite infertility and long-standing primary gonadic failure may lead to uncommon complications.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11T00:00:29.808913-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12831
  • Inhibition of mTOR pathway decreases the expression of pre-meiotic and
           meiotic markers throughout postnatal development and in adult testes in
    • Authors: P. Sahin; N. E. Gungor-Ordueri, C. Celik-Ozenci
      Abstract: Rapamycin (mTOR inhibitor) has been reported to have negative effect on human male gonadal function. Previously, we showed that mTOR signalling molecules are expressed during early spermatogenesis in mice. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of mTOR signalling in meiosis both during the first wave of spermatogenesis and also during adult spermatogenesis. Day 5 post-partum mice were administered rapamycin and retinoic acid (RA; a Stra8 activator), and expression of p-p70S6K and Stra8 proteins was evaluated. p-p70S6K and Stra8 protein expressions decreased in post-natal testes after rapamycin treatment. Stra8 protein expression increased after RA and rapamycin+RA administrations in post-natal testes. In adult mice, rapamycin was administrated for 1 or 4 weeks. Morphological analysis for testicular damage and TUNEL assay was performed. After rapamycin administration, germ cell loss increased in adult testes. Ultrastructural analysis revealed disorganised testicular morphology and vacuolisation. The number of apoptotic germ cells increased after 4 weeks rapamycin administration. Stra8 and Dmc1 expressions decreased in 4 weeks rapamycin group, whereas Sycp3 and VASA expression did not change. Our findings suggest that mTOR pathway has an important role in meiotic progress of male germ cells both during first wave of spermatogenesis and in adult mice.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10T04:36:07.942105-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12811
  • Ethanol-induced mitophagy in rat Sertoli cells: Implications for male
    • Authors: N. Eid; Y. Kondo
      Abstract: Autophagy is a pro-survival mechanism involving lysosomal degradation of damaged cellular components following multiple forms of cellular stress. There is currently a lack of literature on the mechanism, and specifically on mitophagy (selective autophagy of damaged pro-apoptotic mitochondria) in Sertoli cells (SCs). Against such a background, the authors induced mitophagy in SCs of adult male rats using a single injection of ethanol (5 g/kg) and observed mitophagy in the SCs via transmission electron microscopy 24 hr later. In addition, we briefly discussed the possible clinical implications of enhanced autophagy and mitophagy in stressed SCs in our model and in other models of acute stress (e.g., heat and transplantation stress). Further studies on SC autophagy are required, as a full understanding of the molecular mechanisms controlling autophagy in stressed SCs may have therapeutic implications for infertility treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10T04:36:01.29455-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12820
  • Comparison of three different extenders on Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus
           bubalis) semen freezability
    • Authors: M. F. Zorzetto; I. Martin, Y. F. R. Sancler-Silva, S. Zoca, C. P. Freitas-Dell'Aqua, F. O. Papa, A. A. Ramos, J. F. Nunes, C. C. M. Salgueiro, E. Oba
      Abstract: The use of frozen semen for artificial insemination is the main approach utilised for the genetic improvement of most domesticated species. The advantages include lower transportation costs, continuous availability of semen, fewer occurrences of sexually transmitted diseases and the incorporation of desirable genes in a relatively short amount of time. Nevertheless, the use of frozen semen in buffalo herds remains limited due to the loss of sperm quality when buffalo semen is frozen. So, the goal of this study was to evaluate the pre- and post-cryopreservation quality of buffalo semen diluted in three distinct freezing media: Tris-egg yolk, Botu-bov® (BB) and ACP-111®. Thirty-two ejaculates from four bulls were analysed in terms of kinetics, morphology and sperm viability by epifluorescence microscope. Thawed samples were also evaluated for capacitation-like damage, DNA fragmentation and plasma and acrosomal membrane integrity using flow cytometry. The Tris-egg yolk and BB® extenders yielded better results than the ACP-111® extender for kinetics parameter (total motility, progressive motility and percentage of rapid cells). However, semen samples were similar for parameters evaluated by flow cytometry. Taken together, the data indicate that in comparison with Tris-egg yolk and BB extender, ACP-111® can also be used as an extender for buffalo semen cryopreservation.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10T04:35:57.814572-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12830
  • Apoptotic sperm biomarkers and the correlation between conventional sperm
           parameters and clinical characteristics
    • Authors: R. Hichri; H. Amor, M. Khammari, M. Harzallah, S. El Fekih, A. Saad, M. Ajina, H. Ben Ali
      Abstract: The principal aim of this retrospective study was to examine the relationship between sperm apoptotic biomarkers and the patient's biclinical characteristics, the conventional sperm parameters and the results of assisted reproductive technology. Sperm analysis, activated caspases, annexin V staining for phosphatidylserine (PS) externalisation and labelling assay for DNA fragmentation were assessed in 122 males of infertile couples. Fifty-seven couples were allocated to the natural conception group, and 65 couples underwent IVF or ICSI. Semen of IVF/ICSI patients showed a higher proportion of apoptotic spermatozoa in their spermatozoa when compared with a natural conception group (p 
      PubDate: 2017-05-10T04:35:46.386235-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/and.12813
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