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Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   (Total: 1577 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1577 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 22)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 91)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.547, h-index: 30)
ACEP NOW     Free   (Followers: 1)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.02, h-index: 88)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 9)
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 41)
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 74)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 81)
Acta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.794, h-index: 88)
Acta Physiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 88)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.518, h-index: 113)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 29)
Acute Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.086, h-index: 143)
Addiction Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.091, h-index: 57)
Adultspan J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 4)
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 6.411, h-index: 86)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.81, h-index: 81)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 5.21, h-index: 203)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 7)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 256, SJR: 9.021, h-index: 345)
Advanced Materials Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.177, h-index: 10)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.488, h-index: 21)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.729, h-index: 121)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 31)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 17)
African J. of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.477, h-index: 39)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 66)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 4.374, h-index: 95)
Agribusiness : an Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.627, h-index: 14)
Agricultural and Forest Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.925, h-index: 43)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
AIChE J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 120)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.416, h-index: 125)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.833, h-index: 138)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Symposium Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.048, h-index: 129)
Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 61)
American Business Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 17)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 51)
American J. of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 26)
American J. of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.761, h-index: 77)
American J. of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.018, h-index: 58)
American J. of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.993, h-index: 85)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.115, h-index: 61)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 107)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.315, h-index: 79)
American J. of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 88)
American J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264, SJR: 5.101, h-index: 114)
American J. of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 63)
American J. of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.347, h-index: 75)
American J. of Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.792, h-index: 140)
American J. on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.843, h-index: 57)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126, SJR: 1.404, h-index: 88)
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 18)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: J. of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 27)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 24)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 45)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 14)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 207)
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 213, SJR: 6.229, h-index: 397)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.576, h-index: 62)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 67)
Animal Science J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 24)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.46, h-index: 40)
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 5)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 56)
Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.191, h-index: 67)
Annals of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 5.584, h-index: 241)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 38)
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 23)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.389, h-index: 189)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, h-index: 31)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.137, h-index: 3)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 5)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 0.545, h-index: 15)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Anz J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.432, h-index: 59)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.855, h-index: 73)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.754, h-index: 69)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 58)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 1.023, h-index: 64)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 13)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 24)
Aquaculture Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, h-index: 55)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.807, h-index: 60)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.047, h-index: 57)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.453, h-index: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 21)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 18)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.809, h-index: 48)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 2)
Architectural Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 9)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 43)
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.768, h-index: 54)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 57)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 231, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 13)
Arthritis & Rheumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.984, h-index: 20)
Arthritis Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.256, h-index: 114)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 60)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia Pacific J. of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 313, SJR: 0.494, h-index: 19)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.616, h-index: 26)
Asia-Pacific J. of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Asia-pacific J. of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 14)
Asia-Pacific J. of Financial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.241, h-index: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 7)
Asian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 21)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Asian J. of Control     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.862, h-index: 34)
Asian J. of Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 7)
Asian J. of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 19)
Asian J. of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 37)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 7)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 15)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astronomische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.701, h-index: 40)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 27)
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 66)
Austral Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 28)
Australasian J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.714, h-index: 40)
Australasian J. On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 22)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 28)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 14)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.382, h-index: 12)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 49)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 62)
Australian Dental J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 46)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 12)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.357, h-index: 21)
Australian Endodontic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 24)
Australian J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 36)
Australian J. of Grape and Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 56)
Australian J. of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 14)
Australian J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 30)
Australian J. of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 401, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 29)
Australian J. of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.43, h-index: 34)
Australian Occupational Therapy J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 29)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 31)
Australian Veterinary J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 45)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.126, h-index: 39)
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.371, h-index: 29)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 70)
Basic and Applied Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 4)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.54, h-index: 60)
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 5)
Bauregelliste A, Bauregelliste B Und Liste C     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.321, h-index: 11)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 23)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 57)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 5)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.493, h-index: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 26)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, h-index: 64)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.104, h-index: 155)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 39)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.725, h-index: 56)
Biological J. of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 90)
Biological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.469, h-index: 114)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.12, h-index: 1)
Biology of the Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.812, h-index: 69)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 49)
Biometrical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.784, h-index: 44)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.906, h-index: 96)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.715, h-index: 44)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.199, h-index: 104)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 55)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177, SJR: 1.633, h-index: 146)
Biotechnology J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.185, h-index: 51)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 101)
Biotropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.374, h-index: 71)
Bipolar Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.592, h-index: 100)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 64)
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.727, h-index: 77)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 47)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.513, h-index: 55)
BJOG : An Intl. J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Partially Free   (Followers: 225, SJR: 2.083, h-index: 125)

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Journal Cover Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
  [SJR: 2.518]   [H-I: 113]   [35 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0001-690X - ISSN (Online) 1600-0447
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1577 journals]
  • Low medical morbidity and mortality after acute courses of
           electroconvulsive therapy in a population-based sample
    • Authors: D. M. Blumberger; D. P. Seitz, N. Herrmann, J. G. Kirkham, R. Ng, C. Reimer, P. Kurdyak, A. Gruneir, M. J. Rapoport, Z. J. Daskalakis, B. H. Mulsant, S. N. Vigod
      Abstract: BackgroundTo determine event rates for specific medical events and mortality among individuals receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).MethodPopulation-based cohort study using health administrative data of acute ECT treatments delivered in Ontario, Canada, from 2003 to 2011. We measured the following medical event rates, per 10 000 ECT treatments, up to 7 and 30 days post-treatment: stroke, seizure, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, pneumonia, pulmonary embolus, deep vein thrombosis, gastrointestinal bleeding, falls, hip fracture, and mortality.ResultsA total of 135 831 ECT treatments were delivered to 8810 unique patients. Overall medical event rates were 9.1 and 16.8 per 10 000 ECT treatments respectively. The most common medical events were falls (2.7 and 5.5 per 10 000 ECT treatments) and pneumonia (1.8 and 3.8 per 10 000 ECT treatments). Fewer than six deaths occurred on the day of an ECT treatment. This corresponded to a mortality rate of less than 0.4 per 10 000 treatments. Deaths within 7 and 30 days of an ECT treatment, excluding deaths due to external causes (e.g., accidental and intentional causes of death), were 1.0 and 2.4 per 10 000 ECT treatments respectively.ConclusionMorbidity and mortality events after ECT treatments were relatively low, supporting ECT as a low-risk medical procedure.
      PubDate: 2017-09-18T06:55:21.477743-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12815
       
  • Light therapy: is it safe for the eyes'
    • Authors: A. Brouwer; H.-T. Nguyen, F. J. Snoek, D. H. Raalte, A. T. F. Beekman, A. C. Moll, M. A. Bremmer
      Abstract: ObjectiveLight therapy has become an increasingly popular treatment for depression and a range of other neuropsychiatric conditions. Yet, concerns have been raised about the ocular safety of light therapy.MethodWe conducted the first systematic review into the ocular safety of light therapy. A PubMed search on January 4, 2017, identified 6708 articles, of which 161 were full-text reviewed. In total, 43 articles reporting on ocular complaints and ocular examinations were included in the analyses.ResultsOcular complaints, including ocular discomfort and vision problems, were reported in about 0% to 45% of the participants of studies involving light therapy. Based on individual studies, no evident relationship between the occurrence of complaints and light therapy dose was found. There was no evidence for ocular damage due to light therapy, with the exception of one case report that documented the development of a maculopathy in a person treated with the photosensitizing antidepressant clomipramine.ConclusionResults suggest that light therapy is safe for the eyes in physically healthy, unmedicated persons. The ocular safety of light therapy in persons with preexisting ocular abnormalities or increased photosensitivity warrants further study. However, theoretical considerations do not substantiate stringent ocular safety-related contraindications for light therapy.
      PubDate: 2017-09-10T23:30:21.793932-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12785
       
  • Comment on Vitamin D serum levels are cross-sectionally but not
           prospectively associated with late-life depression
    • Authors: T. C. Griffen
      PubDate: 2017-09-04T21:21:38.502653-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12798
       
  • The role of stress-regulation genes in moderating the association of
           stress and daily-life psychotic experiences
    • Authors: P. Cristóbal-Narváez; T. Sheinbaum, I. Myin-Germeys, T. R. Kwapil, M. Castro-Catala, T. Domínguez-Martínez, A. Racioppi, M. Monsonet, L. Hinojosa-Marqués, R. Winkel, A. Rosa, N. Barrantes-Vidal
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe interaction of single nucleotide polymorphisms with both distal and proximal environmental factors across the extended psychosis phenotype is understudied. This study examined (i) the interaction of relevant SNPs with both early-life adversity and proximal (momentary) stress on psychotic experiences (PEs) in an extended psychosis sample; and (ii) differences between early-psychosis and non-clinical groups for these interactions.MethodsTwo hundred and forty-two non-clinical and 96 early-psychosis participants were prompted randomly eight times daily for 1 week to complete assessments of current experiences, including PEs and stress. Participants also reported on childhood trauma and were genotyped for 10 SNPs on COMT, RGS4, BDNF, FKBP5, and OXTR genes.ResultsUnlike genetic variants, distal and proximal stressors were associated with PEs in both samples and were more strongly associated with PEs in the early-psychosis than in the non-clinical group. The RGS4 TA and FKBP5 CATT haplotypes interacted with distal stress, whereas the A allele of OXTR (rs2254298) interacted with proximal stress, increasing momentary levels of PEs in the early-psychosis group. No interactions emerged with COMT or BDNF variants.ConclusionIndividual differences in relevant stress-regulation systems interact with both distal and proximal psychosocial stressors in shaping the daily-life manifestation of PEs across the psychosis continuum.
      PubDate: 2017-09-02T18:55:39.858491-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12789
       
  • Resting state perfusion in the language network is linked to formal
           thought disorder and poor functional outcome in schizophrenia
    • Authors: K. Stegmayer; M. Stettler, W. Strik, A. Federspiel, R. Wiest, S. Bohlhalter, S. Walther
      Abstract: ObjectiveFormal thought disorder (FTD) is a core symptom in schizophrenia. Here, we focus on resting state cerebral blood flow (rCBF) linked to dimensions of FTD.MethodsWe included 47 schizophrenia spectrum patients and 30 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. We assessed FTD with the assessment of thought, language, and communication (TLC) and imaging on a 3T MRI scanner. Within patients, we tested the association of FTD dimensions and in a subgroup (n = 27) the association of functional outcome after 6 months with whole brain rCBF.ResultsNegative FTD was most prominently associated with perfusion within the superior temporal gyrus, while positive FTD was associated with perfusion within the supplementary motor area, and inferior frontal gyrus. Perfusion within the left supramarginal gyrus was associated with social functioning after 6 months.ConclusionsDistinguishable associations of rCBF with FTD dimensions point to distinct underlying pathophysiology. The location of aberrant perfusion patterns suggests that negative FTD might reflect defective access to semantic memory while positive FTD likely reflects defective suppression of irrelevant information during increased speech production. Finally, the neural correlates of thought block were also predictive of poor functional outcome. Thus, functional outcome and distinct FTD dimensions may share some pathophysiology.
      PubDate: 2017-09-02T18:55:37.247233-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12790
       
  • Effects of age and gender on the serum levels of clozapine, olanzapine,
           risperidone, and quetiapine
    • Authors: I. Castberg; A. A. Westin, E. Skogvoll, O. Spigset
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo investigate serum concentrations of second-generation antipsychotics in relation to age and gender in a population ranging from 18 to 100 years.MethodResults from a routine therapeutic drug monitoring database were retrieved, and 43 079 samples from 11 968 patients were included (17 249 samples for clozapine, 16 171 samples for olanzapine, 5343 samples for risperidone, and 4316 samples for quetiapine). The dose-adjusted concentration was used as the primary target variable. A linear mixed model was used to allow the inclusion of multiple samples from each patient.ResultsAge had a significant impact on the concentrations of all four drugs. At the age of 80, the dose-adjusted concentrations were up to twice those of the age of 40. At the age of 90, dose-adjusted concentrations were two- to three-fold higher. Age-related increases were largest for clozapine (+108% at 80 years; +197% at 90 years) and smallest for olanzapine (+28% at 80 years; +106% at 90 years). Females generally had dose-adjusted concentrations 20–30% higher than males.ConclusionThe effect of age on the serum concentrations of the antipsychotics studied becomes pronounced with advanced age. The patient population aged above 70 should be subdivided according to exact age, and considerable dose reductions are recommended.
      PubDate: 2017-09-02T18:55:30.463911-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12794
       
  • From depression to anxiety, and back
    • Authors: Eric Bui; Maurizio Fava
      PubDate: 2017-09-02T18:55:24.711908-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12801
       
  • Does persisting fear sustain catatonia'
    • Authors: M. Fink; E. Shorter
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine the psychological substrate of catatonia.MethodReviewing the historical descriptions and explanations of catatonic behaviours by clinicians from its delineation in the 19th century to the present.ResultsPatients with catatonia are often haunted by fears and terrors; this has not been widely appreciated, and certainly was lost from view in the days when catatonia was considered a subtype of schizophrenia. The report contributes to resolving a major question in catatonia: is the mind in stupor inactive, as the blank state that we picture in anesthetized patients, or is the mind active, so preoccupied as to exclude all other influences.The main findingPersistent fear occupies the mind of catatonic patients.ConclusionThe signs of catatonia are adaptations to persistent fear, akin to tonic immobilization. The relief afforded by sedation supports this interpretation.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31T23:06:26.578146-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12796
       
  • Sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes in
           adolescents and young adults with mental disorders
    • Authors: E. Asselmann; H.-U. Wittchen, R. Lieb, K. Beesdo-Baum
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes for a range of adolescent mental disorders.MethodsA total number of 2210 adolescents and young adults (14–24 years at baseline, T0) from a representative community sample were prospectively followed up (T1–T3) over 10 years. DSM-IV mental disorders, sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were assessed using the DIA-X/M-CIDI and its embedded assessment modules.ResultsIn (multinomial) logistic regressions adjusted for sex, age, other baseline disorders and sociodemographics, baseline anxiety, affective, substance use, somatoform and eating disorders (lifetime) predicted various unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes at T3. Particularly, strong associations were found between baseline disorders and adverse clinical outcomes at T3 (12-month diagnosis of the same/other disorder(s), drug use, suicide attempts, and help-seeking due to psychological problems). While substance use disorders were primarily associated with unfavorable sociodemographic and educational outcomes, anxiety and eating disorders were associated with unfavorable interpersonal outcomes, affective disorders with pregnancy-/childbirth-related complications and financial issues, and somatoform disorders with unfavorable educational/occupational and interpersonal outcomes. The risk of unfavorable outcomes increased with clinical severity, especially a higher number of baseline diagnoses.ConclusionsOur findings emphasize the importance of effective treatment of mental disorders to prevent unfavorable long-term outcomes in various life domains.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31T23:06:17.787971-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12792
       
  • Incidence of early anxiety aggravation in trials of selective serotonin
           reuptake inhibitors in depression
    • Authors: J. Näslund; F. Hieronymus, J. F. Emilsson, A. Lisinski, S. Nilsson, E. Eriksson
      Abstract: ObjectiveSelective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may aggravate anxiety and agitation during the first days of treatment but the frequency of such reactions remains unknown.MethodWe analysed patient-level data from placebo-controlled trials of sertraline, paroxetine or citalopram in depressed adults. Somatic anxiety, psychic anxiety and psychomotor agitation as assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were analysed in all trials (n = 8262); anxiety-related adverse events were analysed in trials investigating paroxetine and citalopram (n = 5712).ResultsAfter one but not two weeks, patients on an SSRI were more likely than those on placebo to report enhanced somatic anxiety (adjusted risk 9.3% vs. 6.7%); likewise, mean rating of somatic anxiety was higher in the SSRI group. In contrast, patients receiving an SSRI were less likely to report aggravation of psychic anxiety (adjusted risk: 7.0% vs. 8.5%) with mean rating of psychic anxiety and agitation being lower in the SSRI group. The adverse event ‘nervousness’ was more common in patients given an SSRI (5.5% vs. 2.5%). Neither aggravation of HDRS-rated anxiety nor anxiety-related adverse events predicted poor antidepressant response.ConclusionWhereas an anxiety-reducing effect of SSRIs is notable already during the first week of treatment, these drugs may also elicit an early increase in anxiety in susceptible subjects that however does not predict a poor subsequent response to treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31T12:15:36.326954-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12784
       
  • The effect of adjunctive telmisartan treatment on psychopathology and
           cognition in patients with schizophrenia
    • Authors: X. Fan; X. Song, M. Zhao, L. F. Jarskog, R. Natarajan, N. Shukair, O. Freudenreich, D. C. Henderson, D. C. Goff
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study examined the effect of adjunctive telmisartan on psychopathology and cognition in olanzapine- or clozapine-treated patients with schizophrenia.MethodIn a 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder received either telmisartan (80 mg once per day) or placebo. Psychopathology was assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), and a neuropsychological battery was used to assess cognitive performance. Assessments for psychopathology and cognition were conducted at baseline and week 12.ResultsFifty-four subjects were randomized, and 43 completed the study (22 in the telmisartan group, 21 in the placebo group). After 12-weeks of treatment, the telmisartan group had a significant decrease in PANSS total score compared withthe placebo group (mean ± SD: - 4.1 ± 8.1 vs. 0.4 ± 7.5, P = 0.038, SCohen's d = 0.57). There were no significant differences between the two groups in change from baseline to week 12 in PANSS subscale scores, SANS total score, or any cognitive measures (P > 0.100).ConclusionThe present study suggests that adjunctive treatment with telmisartan may improve schizophrenia symptoms. Future trials with larger sample sizes and longer treatment durations are warranted.
      PubDate: 2017-08-29T07:35:23.825045-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12799
       
  • Increased illness burden in women with comorbid bipolar and premenstrual
           dysphoric disorder: data from 1 099 women from STEP-BD study
    • Authors: A. Slyepchenko; B. N. Frey, B. Lafer, A. A. Nierenberg, G. S. Sachs, R. S. Dias
      Abstract: BackgroundThe impact of comorbid premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in women with bipolar disorder (BD) is largely unknown.AimsWe compared illness characteristics and female-specific mental health problems between women with BD with and without PMDD.Materials & MethodsA total of 1 099 women with BD who participated in the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) were studied. Psychiatric diagnoses and illness characteristics were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Female-specific mental health was assessed using a self-report questionnaire developed for STEP-BD. PMDD diagnosis was based on DSM-5 criteria.ResultsWomen with comorbid BD and PMDD had an earlier onset of bipolar illness (P < 0.001) and higher rates of rapid cycling (P = 0.039), and increased number of past-year hypo/manic (P = 0.003), and lifetime/past-year depressive episodes (P < 0.05). Comorbid PMDD was also associated with higher proportion of panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, bulimia nervosa, substance abuse, and adult attention deficit disorder (all P < 0.05). There was a closer gap between BD onset and age of menarche in women with comorbid PMDD (P = 0.003). Women with comorbid PMDD reported more severe mood symptoms during the perinatal period and while taking oral contraceptives (P < 0.001).DiscussionThe results from this study is consistent with research suggesting that sensitivity to endogenous hormones may impact the onset and the clinical course of BD.ConclusionsThe comorbidity between PMDD and BD is associated with worse clinical outcomes and increased illness burden.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28T11:40:42.962-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12797
       
  • Reply
    • Authors: Rebecca Schneibel; Gregor Wilbertz, Christine Scholz, Manuel Becker, Tom Bschor, Dirk Schmoll
      PubDate: 2017-08-28T11:40:40.123247-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12788
       
  • ‘No cognitive-enhancing effect of GLP-1 receptor agonism in
           antipsychotic-treated, obese patients with schizophrenia’: authors'
           response
    • Authors: B. H. Ebdrup; P. L. Ishøy, B. Fagerlund, B. V. Broberg, N. Bak, F. K. Knop, B. Y. Glenthøj
      PubDate: 2017-08-28T11:40:29.267405-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12795
       
  • Trajectories of posttraumatic growth among US military veterans: a 4-year
           nationally representative, prospective cohort study
    • Authors: J. Tsai; R. H. Pietrzak
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study examined the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) over time.MethodUsing data from a prospective, nationally representative survey of 2718 US veterans assessed in 2011, 2013, and 2015, we used latent growth mixture modeling to identify PTG trajectories, and to examine key determinants of PTG trajectories from a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, military, health, and psychosocial variables.ResultsThree PTG trajectories were identified, labeled as Low and Decreasing PTG (74.0%), Consistently Moderate PTG (12.0%), and High and Increasing PTG (14.0%). Greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, specifically re-experiencing and avoidance symptoms, at baseline predicted Consistently Moderate and High and Increasing PTG trajectories. Compared to the Low and Decreasing PTG trajectory, the High and Increasing PTG trajectory scored higher on baseline measures of gratitude, purpose in life, Spirituality, and social support.ConclusionPosttraumatic growth is a dynamic process with divergent trajectories. Developing interventions that target certain psychosocial factors may help trauma survivors maintain PTG over time.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28T11:40:25.767608-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12800
       
  • Association between the antioxidant uric acid and depression and
           antidepressant medication use in 96 989 individuals
    • Authors: M. K. Wium-Andersen; C. J. Kobylecki, S. Afzal, B. G. Nordestgaard
      Abstract: ObjectiveIn the last decade, several studies have suggested that depression is accompanied by increased oxidative stress and decreased antioxidant defenses. We tested the hypothesis that high levels of the antioxidant uric acid are associated with lower risk of hospitalization with depression and use of prescription antidepressant medication.MethodWe examined plasma levels of the antioxidant uric acid in 96 989 individuals from two independent cohort studies. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression models were multivariable adjusted for age, gender, alcohol, smoking, income, body mass index, C-reactive protein, hemoglobin, triglycerides, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and intake of meat and vegetables. Results were performed separately in each study and combined in a meta-analysis.ResultsIn both studies, high uric acid was associated with lower risk of hospitalization as in-patient or out-patient with depression and antidepressant medication use. A doubling in uric acid was associated with an effect estimate of 0.57 (95% CI 0.49–0.65) and 0.77 (0.73–0.81) for hospitalization with depression and antidepressant medication use. The association was consistent across strata of all covariates. Results were attenuated in Cox regression analyses with less statistical power.ConclusionHigh plasma levels of uric acid were associated with low risk of depression hospitalization and antidepressant medication use.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28T01:50:31.47104-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12793
       
  • Infectious and immunogenetic factors in bipolar disorder
    • Authors: J. Oliveira; A. J. Oliveira-Maia, R. Tamouza, A. S. Brown, M. Leboyer
      Abstract: ObjectiveDespite the evidence supporting the association between infection and bipolar disorder (BD), the genetic vulnerability that mediates its effects has yet to be clarified. A genetic origin for the immune imbalance observed in BD, possibly involved in the mechanisms of pathogen escape, has, however, been suggested in recent studies.MethodHere, we present a critical review based on a systematic literature search of articles published until December 2016 on the association between BD and infectious/immunogenetic factors.ResultsWe provide evidence suggesting that infectious insults could act as triggers of maladaptive immune responses in BD and that immunogenetic vulnerability may amplify the effects of such environmental risk factors, increasing susceptibility to subsequent environmental encounters. Quality of evidence was generally impaired by scarce attempt of replication, small sample sizes and lack of high-quality environmental measures.ConclusionInfection has emerged as a potential preventable cause of morbidity in BD, urging the need to better investigate components of the host–pathogen interaction in patients and at-risk subjects, and thus opening the way to novel therapeutic opportunities.
      PubDate: 2017-08-20T20:55:29.975621-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12791
       
  • Persistent increase in TNF and IL-1 markers in severe mental disorders
           suggests trait-related inflammation: a one year follow-up study
    • Authors: R. H. Mørch; I. Dieset, A. Færden, S. Hope, M. Aas, M. Nerhus, E. S. Gardsjord, M. Haram, R. S. Falk, I. Joa, G. Morken, I. Agartz, P. Aukrust, S. Djurovic, I. Melle, T. Ueland, O. A. Andreassen
      Abstract: ObjectiveWe evaluated if plasma levels of inflammatory markers are persistently altered in severe mental disorders with psychotic symptoms or associated with state characteristics in a longitudinal study.MethodsSoluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNF-R1), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), von Willebrand factor (VWF), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) were measured in schizophrenia (n = 69) and affective (n = 55) spectrum patients at baseline and at one-year follow-up, and compared to healthy controls (HC) (n = 92) with analysis of covariance. Association between change in symptoms and inflammatory markers was analyzed with mixed-effects models.ResultssTNF-R1 was higher in the schizophrenia (P < 0.0001) and affective disorders (P = 0.02) compared to HC, while IL-1Ra was higher in schizophrenia (P = 0.01) compared to HC at one year follow-up. There were no significant differences between schizophrenia and affective groups; however, levels in the affective group were in between schizophrenia and HC for sTNF-R1 and IL-1Ra. There were no significant associations between change in symptoms and inflammatory markers.ConclusionPersistently increased sTNF-R1 and IL-1Ra after one year in patients with severe mental disorders primarily reflecting data from the schizophrenia group may suggest that inflammation is a trait phenomenon, and not only the result of stress-related mechanisms associated with acute episodes.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16T00:45:25.765908-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12783
       
  • Genomewide DNA methylation analysis in combat veterans reveals a novel
           locus for PTSD
    • Authors: D. Mehta; D. Bruenig, T. Carrillo-Roa, B. Lawford, W. Harvey, C. P. Morris, A. K. Smith, E. B. Binder, R. McD Young, J. Voisey
      Abstract: ObjectiveEpigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation may play a key role in the aetiology and serve as biomarkers for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We performed a genomewide analysis to identify genes whose DNA methylation levels are associated with PTSD.MethodA total of 211 individuals comprising Australian male Vietnam War veterans (n = 96) and males from a general population belonging to the Grady Trauma Project (n = 115) were included. Genomewide DNA methylation was performed from peripheral blood using the Illumina arrays. Data analysis was performed using generalized linear regression models.ResultsDifferential DNA methylation of 17 previously reported PTSD candidate genes was associated with PTSD symptom severity. Genomewide analyses revealed CpG sites spanning BRSK1, LCN8, NFG and DOCK2 genes were associated with PTSD symptom severity. We replicated the findings of DOCK2 in an independent cohort. Pathway analysis revealed that among the associated genes, genes within actin cytoskeleton and focal adhesion molecular pathways were enriched.ConclusionThese data highlight the role of DNA methylation as biomarkers of PTSD. The results support the role of previous candidates and uncover novel genes associated with PTSD, such as DOCK2. This study contributes to our understanding of the biological underpinnings of PTSD.
      PubDate: 2017-08-09T23:05:39.565761-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12778
       
  • Subclinical psychiatric conditions and suicide risk
    • Authors: Leo Sher
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T12:56:19.129345-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12787
       
  • Factors in evaluating in-patient group psychotherapy
    • Authors: A. Sapunov; D. Hubbeling, R. Bertram
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T12:56:18.077486-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12786
       
  • Comment on ‘No cognitive-enhancing effect of GLP-1 receptor agonism in
           antipsychotic-treated, obese patients with schizophrenia’
    • Authors: R. Sperandeo; M. N. Maldonato, S. Dell'Orco
      PubDate: 2017-08-04T12:45:19.63967-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12782
       
  • Social functioning in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders
    • Authors: I. M. J. Saris; M. Aghajani, S. J. A. Werff, N. J. A. Wee, B. W. J. H. Penninx
      Abstract: ObjectiveAdaptive social functioning is severely impeded in depressive and anxiety disorders, even after remission. However, a comprehensive overview is still lacking.MethodUsing data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA), behavioural (network size, social activities, social support) and affective (loneliness, affiliation, perceived social disability) indicators of social functioning were analyzed in patients with anxiety (N = 540), depressive (N = 393), comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders (‘comorbid’, N = 748), remitted participants (N = 621), and healthy control subjects (N = 650).ResultsAnalyses revealed an increasing trend of social dysfunction among patient groups, in patients with comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders, showing the most severe impairments, followed by depressed and anxious patients (P's < 0.001 for all social functioning indicators). Affective indicators showed the largest effect sizes (Cohen's d range from 0.13 to 1.76). We also found impairments in social functioning among remitted patients. Furthermore, perceived social disability among patients was predictive of still having a depressive and/or anxiety diagnosis 2 years later (P < 0.01).ConclusionsBehavioural but especially affective indicators of social functioning are impaired in patients with anxiety or depressive disorders and most in patients with comorbid disorders. After remission of affective psychopathology, residual impairments tend to remain, while social dysfunction in patients seems predictive of future psychopathology.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02T07:30:34.148537-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12774
       
  • Stress sensitivity as a putative mechanism linking childhood trauma and
           psychopathology in youth's daily life
    • Authors: C. Rauschenberg; J. Os, D. Cremers, M. Goedhart, J. N. M. Schieveld, U. Reininghaus
      Abstract: ObjectiveChildhood trauma (CT) is associated with a range of psychopathologies, including psychosis. However, evidence on underlying mechanisms remains limited. The study aimed to investigate whether CT impacts on youth mental health by modifying sensitivity to stress in daily life.MethodThe experience sampling method (ESM) was used to measure momentary stress, negative affect and psychotic experiences in 99 adolescents and young adults (43 help-seeking service users, 16 siblings and 40 controls). Before ESM assessments, CT and depressive, anxiety and psychotic symptoms were assessed.ResultsStress sensitivity, that is, the association between momentary stress and (i) negative affect and (ii) psychotic experiences, was modified by physical and emotional abuse and, partially, emotional and physical neglect, but not sexual abuse in service users and controls. While there was strong evidence for increased stress sensitivity in service users when high vs. low levels of CT were compared, a pattern of resilience was evident in controls, with attenuated, or no differences in, stress sensitivity in those with high vs. low CT levels. Less consistent findings were observed in siblings.ConclusionsStress sensitivity may be an important risk and resilience mechanism through which CT impacts on mental health in youth.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T07:10:31.411209-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12775
       
  • The association between season of birth, age at onset, and clozapine use
           in schizophrenia
    • Authors: J. S Kim; C. M. Park, J. A. Choi, E. Park, H. J. Tchoe, M. Choi, J. K. Suh, Y. H. Kim, S. H. Won, Y. C. Chung, K. Y. Bae, S. K. Lee, S. C. Park, S. H. Lee
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study aimed to determine whether the rate of clozapine use, an indicator of refractoriness in schizophrenia, is associated with the season of birth and age at onset in patients with schizophrenia based on nationwide data.MethodsPatients with schizophrenia (n = 114 749) who received prescriptions for antipsychotic medication between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. The study population was divided into three groups based on their age at the onset of schizophrenia (early, middle, and late onset). We assessed differences in the month of birth between patients and the general population. In addition, the cumulative clozapine use was calculated.ResultsCompared to the late-onset schizophrenia group, the early- and middle-onset groups showed a higher probability of birth during the winter season. In addition, the early-onset group showed the highest cumulative clozapine use rate. In the middle-onset group, the initiation of clozapine use was significantly earlier for patients born in winter compared to those born in summer.ConclusionOur results indicate that the age at onset is an important factor in predicting the prognosis of schizophrenia patients. The season of birth also affects the prognosis, but with less robustness. Specifically, it appears that early disease onset and winter birth might be associated with poor outcomes in Korean patients with schizophrenia.
      PubDate: 2017-07-25T05:20:26.75418-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12776
       
  • Aggressiveness in depression: a neglected symptom possibly associated with
           bipolarity and mixed features
    • Authors: N. Verdolini; G. Perugi, L. Samalin, A. Murru, J. Angst, J.-M. Azorin, C. L. Bowden, S. Mosolov, A. H. Young, M. Barbuti, G. Guiso, D. Popovic, E. Vieta, I. Pacchiarotti,
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo evaluate aggressiveness during a major depressive episode (MDE) and its relationship with bipolar disorder (BD) in a post hoc analysis of the BRIDGE-II-MIX study.MethodA total of 2811 individuals were enrolled in this multicenter cross-sectional study. MDE patients with (MDE-A, n = 399) and without aggressiveness (MDE-N, n = 2412) were compared through chi-square test or Student's t-test. A stepwise backward logistic regression model was performed.ResultsMDE-A group was more frequently associated with BD (P < 0.001), while aggressiveness was negatively correlated with unipolar depression (P < 0.001). At the logistic regression, aggressiveness was associated with the age at first depressive episode (P < 0.001); the severity of mania (P = 0.03); the diagnosis of BD (P = 0.001); comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD) (P < 0.001) but not substance abuse (P = 0.63); no current psychiatric treatment (P < 0.001); psychotic symptoms (P = 0.007); the marked social/occupational impairment (P = 0.002). The variable most significantly associated with aggressiveness was the presence of DSM-5 mixed features (P < 0.001, OR = 3.815). After the exclusion of BPD, the variable of lifetime suicide attempts became significant (P = 0.013, OR = 1.405).ConclusionAggressiveness seems to be significantly associated with bipolar spectrum disorders, independently from BPD and substance abuse. Aggressiveness should be considered as a diagnostic criterion for the mixed features specifier and a target of tailored treatment strategy.
      PubDate: 2017-07-25T05:20:21.763397-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12777
       
  • Solar insolation in springtime influences age of onset of bipolar I
           disorder
    • Authors: M. Bauer; T. Glenn, M. Alda, M. A. Aleksandrovich, O. A. Andreassen, E. Angelopoulos, R. Ardau, Y. Ayhan, C. Baethge, S. R. Bharathram, R. Bauer, B. T. Baune, C. Becerra-Palars, F. Bellivier, R. H. Belmaker, M. Berk, Y. Bersudsky, Ş. Bicakci, H. Birabwa-Oketcho, T. D. Bjella, L. Bossini, J. Cabrera, E. Y. W. Cheung, M. Del Zompo, S. Dodd, M. Donix, B. Etain, A. Fagiolini, K. N. Fountoulakis, M. A. Frye, A. Gonzalez-Pinto, J. F. Gottlieb, P. Grof, H. Harima, C. Henry, E. T. Isometsä, S. Janno, F. Kapczinski, M. Kardell, S. Khaldi, S. Kliwicki, B. König, T. L. Kot, R. Krogh, M. Kunz, B. Lafer, M. Landén, E. R. Larsen, U. Lewitzka, R. W. Licht, C. Lopez-Jaramillo, G. MacQueen, M. Manchia, W. Marsh, M. Martinez-Cengotitabengoa, I. Melle, F. Meza-Urzúa, M. Yee Ming, S. Monteith, G. Morken, E. Mosca, R. Munoz, S. V. Mythri, F. Nacef, R. K. Nadella, F. G. Nery, R. E. Nielsen, C. O'Donovan, A. Omrani, Y. Osher, H. Østermark Sørensen, U. Ouali, Y. Pica Ruiz, M. Pilhatsch, M. Pinna, F. D. R. da Ponte, D. Quiroz, R. Ramesar, N. Rasgon, M. S. Reddy, A. Reif, P. Ritter, J. K. Rybakowski, K. Sagduyu, Â. M. Scippa, E. Severus, C. Simhandl, D. J. Stein, S. Strejilevich, M. Subramaniam, A. H. Sulaiman, K. Suominen, H. Tagata, Y. Tatebayashi, L. Tondo, C. Torrent, A. E. Vaaler, J. Veeh, E. Vieta, B. Viswanath, M. Yoldi-Negrete, M. Zetin, Y. Zgueb, P. C. Whybrow
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo confirm prior findings that the larger the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation in springtime, the younger the age of onset of bipolar disorder.MethodData were collected from 5536 patients at 50 sites in 32 countries on six continents. Onset occurred at 456 locations in 57 countries. Variables included solar insolation, birth-cohort, family history, polarity of first episode and country physician density.ResultsThere was a significant, inverse association between the maximum monthly increase in solar insolation at the onset location, and the age of onset. This effect was reduced in those without a family history of mood disorders and with a first episode of mania rather than depression. The maximum monthly increase occurred in springtime. The youngest birth-cohort had the youngest age of onset. All prior relationships were confirmed using both the entire sample, and only the youngest birth-cohort (all estimated coefficients P < 0.001).ConclusionA large increase in springtime solar insolation may impact the onset of bipolar disorder, especially with a family history of mood disorders. Recent societal changes that affect light exposure (LED lighting, mobile devices backlit with LEDs) may influence adaptability to a springtime circadian challenge.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19T01:01:57.68972-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12772
       
  • Melatonin as a treatment for mood disorders: a systematic review
    • Authors: F. De Crescenzo; A. Lennox, J. C. Gibson, J. H. Cordey, S. Stockton, P. J. Cowen, D. J. Quested
      Abstract: ObjectiveMelatonin has been widely studied in the treatment of sleep disorders and evidence is accumulating on a possible role for melatonin influencing mood. Our aim was to determine the efficacy and acceptability of melatonin for mood disorders.MethodWe conducted a comprehensive systematic review of randomized clinical trials on patients with mood disorders, comparing melatonin to placebo.ResultsEight clinical trials were included; one study in bipolar, three in unipolar depression and four in seasonal affective disorder. We have only a small study on patients with bipolar disorder, while we have more studies testing melatonin as an augmentation strategy for depressive episodes in major depressive disorder and seasonal affective disorder. The acceptability and tolerability were good. We analyzed data from three trials on depressive episodes and found that the evidence for an effect of melatonin in improving mood symptoms is not significant (SMD = 0.37; 95% CI [−0.05, 0.37]; P = 0.09). The small sample size and the differences in methodology of the trials suggest that our results are based on data deriving from investigations occurring early in this field of study.ConclusionThere is no evidence for an effect of melatonin on mood disorders, but the results are not conclusive and justify further research.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14T05:10:39.950583-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12755
       
  • Wake and light therapy for moderate-to-severe depression – a
           randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: M. Kragh; K. Martiny, P. Videbech, D. N. Møller, C. S. Wihlborg, T. Lindhardt, E. R. Larsen
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine the efficacy of using wake and light therapy as a supplement to standard treatment of hospitalized patients with depression.MethodIn this randomized, controlled study, 64 patients with moderate-to-severe depression were allocated to standard treatment or to the intervention, which additionally consisted of three wake therapy sessions in one week, 30-min daily light treatment and sleep time stabilization over the entire nine-week study period.ResultsPatients in the wake therapy group had a significant decrease in depressive symptoms in week one as measured by HAM-D17, 17.39 (CI 15.6–19.2) vs. 20.19 (CI 18.3–22.09) (P = 0.04), whereas no statistically significant differences were found between the groups in weeks two to nine. At week nine, the wake therapy group had a significantly larger increase in general self-efficacy (P = 0.001), and waking up during nights was a significantly less frequent problem (1.9 times vs. 3.2) (P = 0.0008). In most weeks, significantly fewer patients in the wake therapy group slept during the daytime, and if they slept, their naps were shorter (week three: 66 min vs. 117 min P = 0.02).ConclusionThe antidepressant effect initially achieved could not be maintained during the nine-week study period. However, sleep and general self-efficacy improved.
      PubDate: 2017-04-19T03:20:53.314283-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12741
       
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 339 - 339
      PubDate: 2017-09-08T02:56:05.340483-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/acps.12770
       
 
 
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