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Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   (Total: 1589 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1589 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 22)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 91)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.547, h-index: 30)
ACEP NOW     Free   (Followers: 1)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.02, h-index: 88)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 9)
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 41)
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 74)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 81)
Acta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.794, h-index: 88)
Acta Physiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 88)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.518, h-index: 113)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 29)
Acute Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.086, h-index: 143)
Addiction Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.091, h-index: 57)
Adultspan J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 4)
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 6.411, h-index: 86)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.81, h-index: 81)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 5.21, h-index: 203)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 7)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 294, SJR: 9.021, h-index: 345)
Advanced Materials Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.177, h-index: 10)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.488, h-index: 21)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.729, h-index: 121)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 31)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 17)
African J. of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.477, h-index: 39)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 66)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 4.374, h-index: 95)
Agribusiness : an Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.627, h-index: 14)
Agricultural and Forest Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.925, h-index: 43)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
AIChE J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 120)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.416, h-index: 125)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.833, h-index: 138)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Symposium Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 3.048, h-index: 129)
Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 61)
American Business Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 17)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 51)
American J. of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 26)
American J. of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.761, h-index: 77)
American J. of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.018, h-index: 58)
American J. of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.993, h-index: 85)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.115, h-index: 61)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 107)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.315, h-index: 79)
American J. of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 88)
American J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 289, SJR: 5.101, h-index: 114)
American J. of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 63)
American J. of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.347, h-index: 75)
American J. of Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.792, h-index: 140)
American J. on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.843, h-index: 57)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139, SJR: 1.404, h-index: 88)
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 18)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: J. of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 27)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 24)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 45)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 14)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177)
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229, SJR: 6.229, h-index: 397)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.576, h-index: 62)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 67)
Animal Science J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 24)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.46, h-index: 40)
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 5)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 56)
Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.191, h-index: 67)
Annals of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 5.584, h-index: 241)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 38)
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 23)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.389, h-index: 189)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, h-index: 31)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.137, h-index: 3)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 5)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 0.545, h-index: 15)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Anz J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.432, h-index: 59)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.855, h-index: 73)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.754, h-index: 69)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 58)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 206, SJR: 1.023, h-index: 64)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 13)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 24)
Aquaculture Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, h-index: 55)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.807, h-index: 60)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.047, h-index: 57)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.453, h-index: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 21)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 18)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.809, h-index: 48)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 2)
Architectural Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 9)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 43)
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.768, h-index: 54)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 57)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 272, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 13)
Arthritis & Rheumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.984, h-index: 20)
Arthritis Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.256, h-index: 114)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 60)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia Pacific J. of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 326, SJR: 0.494, h-index: 19)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.616, h-index: 26)
Asia-Pacific J. of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Asia-pacific J. of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 14)
Asia-Pacific J. of Financial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.241, h-index: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 7)
Asian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 21)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Asian J. of Control     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.862, h-index: 34)
Asian J. of Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.394, h-index: 7)
Asian J. of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 19)
Asian J. of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 37)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 7)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 15)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astronomische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.701, h-index: 40)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 27)
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 66)
Austral Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 28)
Australasian J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.714, h-index: 40)
Australasian J. On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 22)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 28)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 14)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.382, h-index: 12)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 49)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 62)
Australian Dental J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 46)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 12)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.357, h-index: 21)
Australian Endodontic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 24)
Australian J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 36)
Australian J. of Grape and Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 56)
Australian J. of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 14)
Australian J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 30)
Australian J. of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 420, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 29)
Australian J. of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.43, h-index: 34)
Australian Occupational Therapy J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 29)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 31)
Australian Veterinary J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 45)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 2.126, h-index: 39)
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.371, h-index: 29)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 70)
Basic and Applied Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 4)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.54, h-index: 60)
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 5)
Bauregelliste A, Bauregelliste B Und Liste C     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.321, h-index: 11)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 23)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 57)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 5)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.493, h-index: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 26)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, h-index: 64)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.104, h-index: 155)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 39)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.725, h-index: 56)
Biological J. of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 90)
Biological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.469, h-index: 114)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.12, h-index: 1)
Biology of the Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.812, h-index: 69)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 49)
Biometrical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.784, h-index: 44)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.906, h-index: 96)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.715, h-index: 44)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.199, h-index: 104)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 55)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 155, SJR: 1.633, h-index: 146)
Biotechnology J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.185, h-index: 51)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 101)
Biotropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.374, h-index: 71)
Bipolar Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.592, h-index: 100)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 64)
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.727, h-index: 77)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 47)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.513, h-index: 55)
BJOG : An Intl. J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Partially Free   (Followers: 247, SJR: 2.083, h-index: 125)

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Journal Cover Biopolymers
  [SJR: 1.199]   [H-I: 104]   [18 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0006-3525 - ISSN (Online) 1097-0282
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • Impact of bistrand abasic sites and proximate orientation on DNA global
           structure and duplex energetics
    • Authors: Conceição A. Minetti; Jeffrey Y. Sun, Daniel P. Jacobs, Inkoo Kang, David P. Remeta, Kenneth J. Breslauer
      Abstract: Bistrand lesions embedded within a single helical turn of tridecameric deoxyoligonucleotide duplexes represent a model system for exploring the impact of clustered lesions that occur in vivo and pose a significant challenge to cellular repair machineries. Such investigations are essential for understanding the forces that dictate lesion-induced mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, and cytotoxicity within a context that mimics local helical perturbations caused by an ionizing radiation event. This study characterizes the structural and energy profiles of DNA duplexes harboring synthetic abasic sites (tetrahydrofuran, F) as models of clustered bistrand abasic (AP) lesions. The standard tridecameric dGCGTACCCATGCG·dCGCATGGGTACGC duplex is employed to investigate the energetic impact of single and bistrand AP sites by strategically replacing one or two bases within the central CCC/GGG triplet. Our combined analysis of temperature-dependent UV and circular dichroism (CD) profiles reveals that the proximity and relative orientation of AP sites within bistrand-damaged duplexes imparts a significant thermodynamic impact. Specifically, 3′-staggered lesions (CCF/GFG) exert a greater destabilizing effect when compared with their 5′-counterpart (FCC/GFG). Moreover, a duplex harboring the central bistrand AP lesion (CFC/GFG) is moderately destabilized yet exhibits distinct properties relative to both the 3′ and 5′-orientations. Collectively, our energetic data are consistent with structural studies on bistrand AP-duplexes of similar sequence in which a 3′-staggered lesion exerts the greatest perturbation, a finding that provides significant insight regarding the impact of orientation on lesion repair processing efficiency.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11T04:35:55.252891-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23098
  • A long-lived aβ oligomer resistant to fibrillization
    • Authors: Mimi Nick; Yibing Wu, Nathan W. Schmidt, Stanley B. Prusiner, Jan Stöhr, William F. DeGrado
      Abstract: The hydrophobic Aβ peptide is highly aggregation prone; it first forms soluble oligomers, which then convert into the amyloid fibrils found in the cerebral plaques of Alzheimer's disease. It is generally understood that as the peptide concentration of Aβ increases, the fibrillization process is accelerated, but we examine the limits on this phenomenon. We found that once a threshold concentration of Aβ is exceeded, a stable oligomer is formed at the expense of fibril formation. The suppression of fibril formation was observed by amyloid-binding dye Thioflavin T and solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Small-angle X-ray scattering, size exclusion chromatography, and analytical ultracentrifugation demonstrated that Aβ peptides form a range of compact species, with a dimer being an early highly populated oligomer. Solution NMR allowed us to define the secondary structure of this Aβ dimer, which shows interlocking contacts between C-terminal peptide strands. Thus, we present a novel Aβ oligomer that resists conversion to fibrils and remains stable for more than one year.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10T05:13:37.554531-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23096
  • Jack Aviv and brains of children
    • Authors: Angelo A. Lamola
      Abstract: Both lead intoxication in early childhood and deficient bilirubin-binding capacity (BBC) of blood in jaundiced neonates indicate risk for brain damage. Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) is a biomarker for lead intoxication (PbI) as well as well as for iron deficiency. Under the leadership of Jack Aviv, Aviv Biomedical, Inc. developed robust hematofluorometers for point-of-care assays of ZPP in blood and for the high-affinity BBC of blood. These assays use just drops of whole blood and are simple, fast and inexpensive. ZPP by hematofluorometry has been used world-wide as a primary screen for lead intoxication since 1979. Recent clinical studies enabled by an Aviv Biomedical, Inc. bilirubin hematofluorometer have renewed interest in BBC-based assessment of neurotoxicity for improved management of neonatal jaundice. This article sketches Jack Aviv's contribution to the development and application of hematofluorometry.
      PubDate: 2017-12-04T00:51:13.82429-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23092
  • Enzymatic degradation of hyaluronan hydrogels with different capacity for
           in situ bio-mineralization
    • Authors: Liyang Shi; Yu Zhang, Dmitri Ossipov
      Abstract: In situ cross-linked hyaluronan (HA) hydrogels with different capacities for biomineralization were prepared and their enzymatic degradation was monitored. Covalent incorporation of bisphosphonates (BPs) into HA hydrogel results in the increased stiffness of the hydrogel in comparison with the unmodified HA hydrogel of the same cross-linking density. The rate of enzymatic degradation of HABP hydrogel was significantly lower than the rate of degradation of control HA hydrogel in vitro. This effect is observed only in the presence of calcium ions that strongly bind to the matrix-anchored BP groups and promote further mineralization of the matrix. The degradation of the hydrogels was followed by noninvasive fluorescence measurements enabled after mild and chemoselective labeling of cross-linkable HA derivatives with a fluorescent tag.
      PubDate: 2017-11-27T03:49:40.831918-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23090
  • Probing the activity of a recombinant Zn2+-transporting P-type ATPase
    • Authors: H. Ravishankar; A. Barth, M. Andersson
      Abstract: P-type ATPase proteins maintain cellular homeostasis and uphold critical concentration gradients by ATP-driven ion transport across biological membranes. Characterization of single-cycle dynamics by time-resolved X-ray scattering techniques in solution could resolve structural intermediates not amendable to for example crystallization or cryo-electron microscopy sample preparation. To pave way for such time-resolved experiments, we used biochemical activity measurements, Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR) and time-dependent Fourier-Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy to identify optimal conditions for activating a Zn2+-transporting Type-I ATPase from Shigella sonnei (ssZntA) at high protein concentration using caged ATP. The highest total activity was observed at a protein concentration of 25 mg/mL, at 310 K, pH 7, and required the presence of 20% (v/v) glycerol as stabilizing agent. Neither the presence of caged ATP nor increasing lipid-to-protein ratio affected the hydrolysis activity significantly. This work also paves way for characterization of recombinant metal-transporting (Type-I) ATPase mutants with medical relevance.
      PubDate: 2017-11-23T05:21:05.868211-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23087
  • Design and development of low cost polyurethane biopolymer based on castor
           oil and glycerol for biomedical applications
    • Authors: A. C. W. Tan; B. J. Polo-Cambronell, E. Provaggi, C. Ardila-Suárez, G. E. Ramirez-Caballero, V. G. Baldovino-Medrano, D. M. Kalaskar
      Abstract: In the current study, we present the synthesis of novel low cost bio-polyurethane compositions with variable mechanical properties based on castor oil and glycerol for biomedical applications. A detailed investigation of the physicochemical properties of the polymer was carried out by using mechanical testing, ATR-FTIR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Polymers were also tested in short term in-vitro cell culture with human mesenchymal stem cells to evaluate their biocompatibility for potential applications as biomaterial. FTIR analysis confirmed the synthesis of castor oil and glycerol based PU polymers. FTIR also showed that the addition of glycerol as co-polyol increases crosslinking within the polymer backbone hence enhancing the bulk mechanical properties of the polymer. XPS data showed that glycerol incorporation leads to an enrichment of oxidized organic species on the surface of the polymers. Preliminary investigation into in vitro biocompatibility showed that serum protein adsorption can be controlled by varying the glycerol content with polymer backbone. An alamar blue assay looking at the metabolic activity of the cells indicated that castor oil based PU and its variants containing glycerol are non-toxic to the cells. This study opens an avenue for using low cost bio-polyurethane based on castor oil and glycerol for biomedical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-11-21T02:11:37.334001-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23078
  • The burst-phase folding intermediate of ribonuclease H changes
           conformation over evolutionary history
    • Authors: Shion A. Lim; Susan Marqusee
      Abstract: The amino acid sequence encodes the energy landscape of a protein. Therefore, we expect evolutionary mutations to change features of the protein energy landscape, including the conformations adopted by a polypeptide as it folds to its native state. Ribonucleases H (RNase H) from Escherichia coli and Thermus thermophilus both fold via a partially folded intermediate in which the core region of the protein (helices A-D and strands 4-5) is structured. Strand 1, however, uniquely contributes to the T. thermophilus RNase H folding intermediate (Icore+1), but not the E. coli RNase H intermediate (Icore) (Rosen & Marqusee, PLoS One 2015). We explore the origin of this difference by characterizing the folding intermediate of seven ancestral RNases H spanning the evolutionary history of these two homologs. Using fragment models with or without strand 1 and FRET probes to characterize the folding intermediate of each ancestor, we find a distinct evolutionary trend across the family—the involvement of strand 1 in the folding intermediate is an ancestral feature that is maintained in the thermophilic lineage and is gradually lost in the mesophilic lineage. Evolutionary sequence changes indeed modulate the conformations present on the folding landscape and altered the folding trajectory of RNase H.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20T03:16:41.931439-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23086
  • Mechanisms of GTP hydrolysis and conformational transitions in the dynamin
    • Authors: Oliver Daumke; Gerrit J. K. Praefcke
      PubDate: 2017-11-17T07:40:19.013355-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23079
  • Β-cyclodextrin encapsulated polyphenols as effective antioxidants
    • Authors: Pritam Roy; Amit Kumar Dinda, Susmitnarayan Chaudhury, Swagata Dasgupta
      Abstract: Formation of dityrosine (DT) cross-linkages in proteins is one of the most widely used markers of oxidative stress. Ribonuclease A (RNase A) has 6 Tyr residues and shows a characteristic DT fluorescence peak upon oxidation in addition to major changes in its secondary structure. DT formation can be prevented by using polyphenols (GA, ECG, and EGCG) which are known to have strong antioxidant activity. However, it has been observed that ECG and EGCG initiate protein oligomerization due to protein-polyphenol cross-linkages. To prevent the formation of such cross-linkages we have used β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) to encapsulate the polyphenols and studied its antioxidant properties along with that of free polyphenols. The polyphenol/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) inclusion complexes not only prevent DT formation but also reduce protein oligomerization. This may be attributed to the fact that the quinone forming rings of ECG and EGCG become encapsulated in the cavity of β-CD and are no longer available for protein cross-linking.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15T02:10:57.997521-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23084
  • Differentiation potential of human adipose stem cells bioprinted with
           hyaluronic acid/gelatin-based bioink through microextrusion and visible
           light-initiated crosslinking
    • Authors: Shinji Sakai; Hiromi Ohi, Tomoki Hotta, Hidenori Kamei, Masahito Taya
      Abstract: Bioprinting has a great potential to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) functional tissues and organs. In particular, the technique enables fabrication of 3D constructs containing stem cells while maintaining cell proliferation and differentiation abilities, which is believed to be promising in the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. We aimed to demonstrate the utility of the bioprinting technique to create hydrogel constructs consisting of hyaluronic acid (HA) and gelatin derivatives through irradiation by visible light to fabricate 3D constructs containing human adipose stem cells (hADSCs). The hydrogel was obtained from a solution of HA and gelatin derivatives possessing phenolic hydroxyl moieties in the presence of ruthenium(II) tris-bipyridyl dication and sodium ammonium persulfate. hADSCs enclosed in the bioprinted hydrogel construct elongated and proliferated in the hydrogel. In addition, their differentiation potential was confirmed by examining the expression of pluripotency marker genes and cell surface marker proteins, and differentiation to adipocytes in adipogenic differentiation medium. Our results demonstrate the great potential of the bioprinting method and the resultant hADSC-laden HA/gelatin constructs for applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15T02:10:28.011318-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23080
  • Enhanced tissue adhesiveness of injectable gelatin hydrogels through dual
           catalytic activity of horseradish peroxidase
    • Authors: Thai Thanh Hoang Thi; Yunki Lee, Seung Bae Ryu, Dai Hai Nguyen, Ki Dong Park
      Abstract: Development of bioadhesives with tunable mechanical strength, high adhesiveness, biocompatibility, and injectability is greatly desirable in all surgeries to replace or complement the sutures and staples. Herein, the dual catalytic activity of horseradish peroxidase is exploited to in situ form the hydroxyphenyl propionic acid-gelatin/thiolated gelatin (GH/GS) adhesive hydrogels including two alternative crosslinks (phenol-phenol and disulfide bonds) with fast gelation (few seconds – several minutes) and improved physicochemical properties. Their elastic moduli increase from 6.7 to 10.3 kPa by adding GS polymer that leads to the better stability of GH/GS hydrogels than GH ones. GH/GS adhesive strength is respectively 6.5-fold and 15.8-fold higher than GH-only and fibrin glue that is due to additional disulfide linkages between hydrogels and tissues. Moreover, in vitro cell study with human dermal fibroblast showed the cell-compatibility of GH/GS hydrogels. Taken together, GH/GS hydrogels can be considered as promising potential adhesive materials for various biomedical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06T03:12:02.42836-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23077
  • Issue Information
    • PubDate: 2017-11-02T04:21:01.017036-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.22962
  • Cover Image, Volume 107, Issue 12
    • Abstract: DNA interactions with drugs are often examined in ordinary buffers where the DNA molecule is fully dispersed in solution – far from the state it is found in cells. Rocha et al. add bovine serum albumin (BSA) to mimic two conditions in the intracellular environment: the condensed state of DNA, and the abundance of charged macromolecules. When the anticancer drug doxorubicin is added to DNA already condensed by BSA, doxorubicin intercalates and unfolds the DNA condensates. However, if the drug is first intercalated in dispersed DNA, it hinders DNA condensation upon addition of BSA. The results may help our understanding the action of drugs inside prokaryote cells. (
      DOI : 10.1002/bip.23071)
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T04:21:00.560001-05:
  • Probing the dynamics of restriction endonuclease NgoMIV-DNA interaction by
           single-molecule FRET
    • Authors: Marijonas Tutkus; Giedrius Sasnauskas, Danielis Rutkauskas
      Abstract: Many type II restriction endonucleases require two copies of their recognition sequence for optimal activity. Concomitant binding of two DNA sites by such an enzyme produces a DNA loop. Here we exploit single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) of surface-immobilized DNA fragments to study the dynamics of DNA looping induced by tetrameric endonuclease NgoMIV. We have employed a DNA fragment with two NgoMIV recognition sites and a FRET dye pair such that upon protein-induced DNA looping the dyes are brought to close proximity resulting in a FRET signal. The dynamics of DNA-NgoMIV interactions proved to be heterogeneous, with individual smFRET trajectories exhibiting broadly different average looped state durations. Distinct types of the dynamics were attributed to different types of DNA-protein complexes, mediated either by one NgoMIV tetramer simultaneously bound to two specific sites (“slow” trajectories) or by semi-specific interactions of two DNA-bound NgoMIV tetramers (“fast” trajectories), as well as to conformational heterogeneity of individual NgoMIV molecules.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27T04:51:29.854024-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23075
  • The polypeptide biophysics of proline/alanine-rich sequences (PAS):
           Recombinant biopolymers with PEG-like properties
    • Authors: Joscha Breibeck; Arne Skerra
      Abstract: PAS polypeptides comprise long repetitive sequences of the small L-amino acids proline, alanine and/or serine that were developed to expand the hydrodynamic volume of conjugated pharmaceuticals and prolong their plasma half-life by retarding kidney filtration. Here, we have characterized the polymer properties both of the free polypeptides and in fusion with the biopharmaceutical IL-1Ra. Data from size exclusion chromatography, dynamic light scattering, circular dichroism spectroscopy and quantification of hydrodynamic and polar properties demonstrate that the biosynthetic PAS polypeptides exhibit random coil behavior in aqueous solution astonishingly similar to the chemical polymer poly-ethylene glycol (PEG). The solvent-exposed PAS peptide groups, in the absence of secondary structure, account for strong hydrophilicity, with negligible contribution by the Ser side chains. Notably, PAS polypeptides exceed PEG of comparable molecular mass in hydrophilicity and hydrodynamic volume while exhibiting lower viscosity. Their uniform monodisperse composition as genetically encoded polymers and their biological nature, offering biodegradability, render PAS polypeptides a promising PEG mimetic for biopharmaceutical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27T04:40:43.402464-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23069
  • Effect of heavy water on the conformational stability of globular proteins
    • Authors: Andrea Pica; Giuseppe Graziano
      Abstract: It is well established from the experimental point of view that the native state of globular proteins is more stable in heavy water than in water. No robust explanation, however, has been provided up to now. The application of the theoretical approach, originally devised to rationalize the general occurrence of cold denaturation, indicates that the magnitude of the solvent-excluded volume effect is slightly smaller in heavy water than in water and cannot explain the observed protein stabilization. The latter has to be due to the strength of protein-water van der Waals attractions which are weaker in heavy water due to the smaller molecular polarizability of D2O compared with that of H2O molecules. Since protein-water van der Waals attractions occur more in the denatured than in the native state, this contribution leads to a stabilization of the latter through a destabilization of the former.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T05:55:28.432749-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23076
  • Polypeptoid polymers: Synthesis, characterization, and properties
    • Authors: Brandon A. Chan; Sunting Xuan, Ang Li, Jessica M. Simpson, Garrett L. Sternhagen, Tianyi Yu, Omead A. Darvish, Naisheng Jiang, Donghui Zhang
      Abstract: Polypeptoids, a class of peptidomimetic polymers, have emerged at the forefront of macromolecular and supramolecular science and engineering as the technological relevance of these polymers continues to be demonstrated. The chemical and structural diversity of polypeptoids have enabled access to and adjustment of a variety of physicochemical and biological properties (eg, solubility, charge characteristics, chain conformation, HLB, thermal processability, degradability, cytotoxicity and immunogenicity). These attributes have made this synthetic polymer platform a potential candidate for various biomedical and biotechnological applications. This review will provide an overview of recent development in synthetic methods to access polypeptoid polymers with well-defined structures and highlight some of the fundamental physicochemical and biological properties of polypeptoids that are pertinent to the future development of functional materials based on polypeptoids.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T04:39:08.738403-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23070
  • Exploring the influence of hyperthermophilic protein Ssh10b on the
           stability and conformation of RNA by molecular dynamics simulation
    • Authors: Xue Zhang; Qing-Chuan Zheng
      Abstract: The hyperthermophilic Ssh10b from Sulfolobus shibatae is a member of the Sac10b family, which binds RNA in vivo as a physiological substrate, and it has been postulated to play a key role in chromosomal organization in Archaea. Even though the crystal structure of Ssh10b-RNA was resolved successively by X-ray diffraction (Protein Data Bank [PDB] code: 3WBM), the detailed dynamic characteristics of Ssh10b-RNA are still unclear. In this study, molecular dynamics (MDs) simulations at 6 temperatures (300, 350, 375, 400, 450, and 500 K) and molecular mechanics Generalized-Born surface area (MM-GB/SA) free energy calculations were performed to investigate the mechanism of how Ssh10b protects and stabilizes RNA. The simulation results indicate that RNA is stabilized by Ssh10b when the temperature rises up to 375 K. RNA is found to undergo conformational transition between A-RNA and A′-RNA when Ssh10b binds to RNA at 3 different temperatures (300, 350, and 375 K). Salt bridges, hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions are observed, and some residues have significant impact on the structural stability of the complex. This study increases our understanding of the dynamics and interaction mechanism of hyperthermophilic proteins and RNA at the atomic level, and offers a model for studying the structural biology of hyperthermophilic proteins and RNA.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T04:37:27.086826-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23068
  • Doxorubicin hinders DNA condensation promoted by the protein bovine serum
           albumin (BSA)
    • Authors: C. H. M. Lima; H. M. C. de Paula, L. H. M. da Silva, M. S. Rocha
      Abstract: In this work, we have studied the interaction between the anticancer drug doxorubicin (doxo) and condensed DNA, using optical tweezers. To perform this task, we use the protein bovine serum albumin (BSA) in the working buffer to mimic two key conditions present in the real intracellular environment: the condensed state of the DNA and the abundant presence of charged macromolecules in the surrounding medium. In particular, we have found that, when doxo is previously intercalated in disperse DNA, the drug hinders the DNA condensation process upon the addition of BSA in the buffer. On the other hand, when bare DNA is firstly condensed by BSA, doxo is capable to intercalate and to unfold the DNA condensates at relatively high concentrations. In addition, a specific interaction between BSA and doxo was verified, which significantly changes the chemical equilibrium of the DNA–doxo interaction. Finally, the presence of BSA in the buffer stabilizes the double-helix structure of the DNA–doxo complexes, preventing partial DNA denaturation induced by the stretching forces.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23T05:10:23.24831-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23071
  • Antimicrobial activity of lysozyme isoforms: Key molecular features
    • Authors: Melanie Derde; Véronique Vié, Astrid Walrant, Sandrine Sagan, Valérie Lechevalier, Catherine Guérin-Dubiard, Stéphane Pezennec, Marie-Françoise Cochet, Gilles Paboeuf, Maryvonne Pasco, Florence Baron, Michel Gautier, Sophie Jan, Françoise Nau
      Abstract: Increasing bacterial resistance towards antibiotics has stimulated research for novel antimicrobials. Proteins acting on bacterial membranes could be a solution. Lysozyme has been proven active against E. coli by disruption of both outer and cytoplasmic membranes, with dry-heating increasing lysozyme activity. Dry-heated lysozyme (DH-L) is a mixture of isoforms (isoaspartyl, native-like and succinimide lysozymes), giving rise to two questions: what effects does each form have, and which physicochemical properties are critical as regards the antibacterial activity' These issues were investigated by fractionating DH-L, analyzing structural properties of each fraction, and testing each fraction in vivo on bacteria and in vitro on membrane models. Positive net charge, hydrophobicity and molecular flexibility of the isoforms seem key parameters for their interaction with E. coli membranes. The succinimide lysozyme fraction, the most positive, flexible and hydrophobic, shows the highest antimicrobial activity, induces the strongest bacterial membrane disruption and is the most surface active on model lipid monolayers. Moreover, each fraction appears less efficient than DH-L against E. coli, indicating a synergetic cooperation between lysozyme isoforms. The bacterial membrane modifications induced by one isoform could facilitate the subsequent action of the other isoforms.
      PubDate: 2017-09-25T05:20:33.957698-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23040
  • Thermal melt circular dichroism spectroscopic studies for identifying
           stabilising amphipathic molecules for the voltage-gated sodium channel
    • Authors: Sam M. Ireland; Altin Sula, B.A. Wallace
      Abstract: Purified integral membrane proteins require amphipathic molecules to maintain their solubility in aqueous solutions. These complexes, in turn, are used in studies to characterise the protein structures by a variety of biophysical and structural techniques, including spectroscopy, crystallography, and cryo-electron microscopy. Typically the amphilphiles used have been detergent molecules, but more recently they have included amphipols, which are polymers of different sizes and compositions designed to create smaller, more well-defined solubilised forms of the membrane proteins. In this study we used circular dichroism spectroscopy to compare the secondary structures and thermal stabilities of the NavMs voltage-gated sodium channel in different amphipols and detergents as a means of identifying amphipathic environments that maximally maintain the protein structure whilst providing a stabilising environment. These types of characterisations also have potential as means of screening for sample types that may be more suitable for crystallisation and/or cryo-electron microscopy structure determinations.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19T01:05:21.302096-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23067
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