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Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   (Total: 1583 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1583 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 22)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 91)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.547, h-index: 30)
ACEP NOW     Free  
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.02, h-index: 88)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 9)
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 41)
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 74)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 81)
Acta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.794, h-index: 88)
Acta Physiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 88)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.518, h-index: 113)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 29)
Acute Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.086, h-index: 143)
Addiction Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.091, h-index: 57)
Adultspan J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 4)
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 6.411, h-index: 86)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.81, h-index: 81)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 5.21, h-index: 203)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 7)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 247, SJR: 9.021, h-index: 345)
Advanced Materials Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.177, h-index: 10)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.488, h-index: 21)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.729, h-index: 121)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 31)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 17)
African J. of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.477, h-index: 39)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 66)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.374, h-index: 95)
Agribusiness : an Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.627, h-index: 14)
Agricultural and Forest Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.925, h-index: 43)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
AIChE J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 120)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.416, h-index: 125)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.833, h-index: 138)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Symposium Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 3.048, h-index: 129)
Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 61)
American Business Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 17)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 51)
American J. of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 26)
American J. of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.761, h-index: 77)
American J. of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.018, h-index: 58)
American J. of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.993, h-index: 85)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.115, h-index: 61)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 107)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.315, h-index: 79)
American J. of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.756, h-index: 69)
American J. of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 88)
American J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237, SJR: 5.101, h-index: 114)
American J. of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 63)
American J. of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.347, h-index: 75)
American J. of Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.792, h-index: 140)
American J. on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.843, h-index: 57)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 115, SJR: 1.404, h-index: 88)
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 18)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: J. of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 27)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 24)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 45)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 14)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 154)
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 205, SJR: 6.229, h-index: 397)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.576, h-index: 62)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 67)
Animal Science J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 24)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.46, h-index: 40)
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 5)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 56)
Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.191, h-index: 67)
Annals of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 5.584, h-index: 241)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 38)
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 23)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.389, h-index: 189)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, h-index: 31)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.137, h-index: 3)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 5)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92, SJR: 0.545, h-index: 15)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Anz J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.432, h-index: 59)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.855, h-index: 73)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.754, h-index: 69)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 58)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128, SJR: 1.023, h-index: 64)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 13)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 24)
Aquaculture Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.025, h-index: 55)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.807, h-index: 60)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.047, h-index: 57)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.453, h-index: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 21)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 18)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.809, h-index: 48)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 2)
Architectural Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 9)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 43)
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.768, h-index: 54)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 57)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 13)
Arthritis & Rheumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.984, h-index: 20)
Arthritis Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.256, h-index: 114)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 60)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia Pacific J. of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 321, SJR: 0.494, h-index: 19)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.616, h-index: 26)
Asia-Pacific J. of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Asia-pacific J. of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 14)
Asia-Pacific J. of Financial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.241, h-index: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 7)
Asian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 21)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Asian J. of Control     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.862, h-index: 34)
Asian J. of Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 7)
Asian J. of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 19)
Asian J. of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 37)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 7)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 15)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astronomische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.701, h-index: 40)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 27)
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 66)
Austral Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 28)
Australasian J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.714, h-index: 40)
Australasian J. On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 22)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 28)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 14)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.382, h-index: 12)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 49)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 62)
Australian Dental J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 46)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 12)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.357, h-index: 21)
Australian Endodontic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 24)
Australian J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 36)
Australian J. of Grape and Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 56)
Australian J. of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 14)
Australian J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 30)
Australian J. of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 29)
Australian J. of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.43, h-index: 34)
Australian Occupational Therapy J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 29)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 31)
Australian Veterinary J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 45)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.126, h-index: 39)
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.371, h-index: 29)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 70)
Basic and Applied Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 4)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.54, h-index: 60)
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 5)
Bauregelliste A, Bauregelliste B Und Liste C     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.321, h-index: 11)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 23)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 57)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 5)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.493, h-index: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 26)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, h-index: 64)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.104, h-index: 155)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 39)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.725, h-index: 56)
Biological J. of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 90)
Biological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 6.469, h-index: 114)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.12, h-index: 1)
Biology of the Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.812, h-index: 69)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 49)
Biometrical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.784, h-index: 44)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.906, h-index: 96)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.715, h-index: 44)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.199, h-index: 104)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 55)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 134, SJR: 1.633, h-index: 146)
Biotechnology J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.185, h-index: 51)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 101)
Biotropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.374, h-index: 71)
Bipolar Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.592, h-index: 100)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 64)
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.727, h-index: 77)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 47)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.513, h-index: 55)

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Journal Cover Archaeology in Oceania
  [SJR: 0.745]   [H-I: 18]   [13 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0003-8121 - ISSN (Online) 1834-4453
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1583 journals]
  • The Curve of the Hook By Yosi Sinoto, University of Hawai‘i Press,
           Honolulu, 2016 ISBN 978-0-8248-6623-5. Pp. 200. $US29 pbk Unearthing the
           Polynesian Past: Explorations and Adventures of an Island Archaeologist By
           Patrick V. Kirch, University of Hawai‘i Press, Honolulu, 2015 ISBN
           978-0-8248-5345-7. Pp. 378. $US45 pbk
    • Authors: MATTHEW SPRIGGS
      PubDate: 2017-04-21T00:48:37.423908-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5127
  • A preliminary redating of the Holocene Roonka burials, south-eastern
      Abstract: Roonka is one of the most complete excavations of an Aboriginal burial ground in south-eastern Australia. The chronology of the site and the nature of its use have proven difficult to interpret. Previous dating and chronological interpretations of the site have emphasised a chronology of changing use and burial practices, but the nature of the site and the dates obtained do not clearly support these interpretations. We report on the direct dating of human bone from a further ten burials from the main excavation. In order to further investigate the cultural chronology set out by Pretty (1977), samples were selected to cover a range of burial types and preservation states. Comparison of these dates with the previous conventional dates and early AMS dates not only shows the impact of improving technology but demonstrates that multiple burial styles were in use contemporaneously. Moreover, the results suggest that use of the site may have been discontinuous. Consequently, interpretations that assume a chronological sequence for Roonka based on burial practice are not supported, while analyses based on a synchronic interpretation may ignore significant temporal change.
      PubDate: 2017-02-05T22:20:30.572718-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5126
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 1 - 4
      PubDate: 2017-03-29T08:36:01.28678-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.162
  • Human behavioural ecology and Pacific archaeology
      Abstract: The diverse islands of Oceania are ideal locations for the study of human ecology. Here, we argue that human behavioural ecology (HBE) provides a useful theoretical framework to approach a range of topics in Pacific prehistory, including, but not limited to, subsistence, territoriality, and monumentality. We further stress that the strength of this approach lies in the use of models as heuristic devices, and that HBE is not mutually exclusive from other explanatory frameworks, but complements larger research agendas in Pacific archaeology.Les diverses îles de l’Océanie sont des endroits parfaits pour étudier l’écologie humaine. Ici, nous soutenons que l’écologie comportementale humaine (HBE en anglais) fournit un cadre théorique utile pour aborder un ensemble de sujets dans la préhistoire du Pacifique, y compris, mais sans s'y limiter, la subsistance, la territorialité et la monumentalité. Nous soulignons en outre que la force de cette approche réside dans l'utilisation de modèles en tant que méthodes heuristiques, et que l’HBE n'est pas mutuellement exclusifs d'autres cadres explicatifs, mais complémentaire de plus grandes programmes de recherche dans l'archéologie du Pacifique.
      PubDate: 2016-12-22T04:55:31.76622-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5124
  • New dates for earth mounds at Weipa, North Queensland, Australia
      Abstract: This paper reports new radiocarbon determinations for late Holocene occupation in the Weipa region of Far North Queensland, Australia. Earth mounds along the margins of small wetlands and freshwater creeks developed mainly after 2200 years ago, but are concentrated within the past 500 years. Their establishment appears to be associated with changing environmental conditions and a regional increase in the availability of permanent water sources around 2200 and 500 years ago. These results have implications for earth mound chronology and possibly climate change understanding elsewhere in Northern Australia.Ce document présente nouveau résultats grâce à la datation au carbone pour habitation vers la fin de la période Holocène à Weipa, dans la péninsule du cap York, dans le nord de l’Australie. Monticules de terre qui se trouvent le long de zones humides et criques d'eau douce se développpait il y a 2200 ans. Cependant, ils se sont concentrés il y a 500 ans. Leur fondation semble être associé à la modification des conditions environnementales et une augmentation sur la disponibilité des ressources en eau permanents existaient entre 2200 et 500 ans auparavant. Ces résultats ont d'importantes implications pour la chronologie des monticules de terre et peut-être la compréhension du changement climatique ailleurs dans le nord de l’Australie.
      PubDate: 2016-12-19T01:51:27.956684-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5118
  • Pre-contact fish choice and foraging efficiency at Tula, American
      Abstract: Marine foraging is an under-studied aspect of Sāmoan archaeology, although it clearly played a primary role in subsistence, with implications for settlement and demography. A pair of previous ichthyoarchaeological studies identified general stability in fish exploitation during ∼1500–2000 year sequences. We present a foraging-theory-based analysis of fish remains from Tula Village, Tutuila Island. Our results identify a decrease in foraging efficiency, but there is no unequivocal evidence for resource depression. To frame this issue at a broader level, we re-analyse published data for Fatu-ma-Futi, Tutuila Island, and To‘aga, Ofu Island. Our results are consistent with previous analyses in suggesting little change in the prevalence of particular fish families and the contribution of large-bodied prey at these two sites. However, a degree of localised variability in dominant fish taxa is evident. Our analysis has implications for studies of resilience in nearshore marine environments, as well as methodological issues for data generated to examine foraging efficiency and resource depression.La recherche de nourriture marine est un aspect peu étudié dans l'archéologie de Samoa bien qu'elle a clairement joué un rôle primordial dans la subsistance, avec des implications dans l’établissement et la démographie. Une paire d’études précédentes Ichthyo archéologiques identifié la stabilité générale de l'exploitation des poissons pendant séquences de ∼1500–2000 années. Nous présentons une analyse basée sur la théorie de la recherche de nourriture des restes de poissons du village de Tula, dans l’île de Tutuila. Nos résultats mettent en évidence une diminution de l'efficacité du collectage, mais il n'y a pas de preuve sans équivoque de dépression des ressources. Pour encadrer cette question à un niveau plus large, nous avons analysé de nouveau les données publié de Fatu-ma-Futi, de l’île Tutuila et de To'aga, de l’île Ofu. Nos résultats sont cohérents avec l'analyse précédente en suggérant peu de changement dans la prévalence de certaines familles de poissons et l'apport des proies de grande taille sur ces deux sites. Cependant, il est évident un certain degré de variabilité localisée dans les taxons de poisson dominante. Notre analyse a des implications pour les études sur la résilience dans les milieux marins près des côtes, ainsi que des questions méthodologiques pour les données générées afin d'examiner l'efficacité de la recherche de nourriture et de la dépression des ressources.
      PubDate: 2016-12-09T07:33:02.9167-05:00
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5122
  • Geospatial modelling for predicting the ideal free settlement of Rapa
    • Authors: BRIAN G. LANE
      Abstract: This paper describes a geospatial model that was developed to be the basis for applying models from human behavioural ecology (HBE). Specifically, the logic of the ideal free distribution (IFD) is narrowed and applied to the post-colonisation spread of intensive agriculture in order to predict the order and locations of its expansion. The island of Rapa, Austral Islands, is used to highlight the utility of this method. Rapa is an ideal location due to the prominent use of intensive irrigated taro agriculture and its role in explanations of the social development of territoriality on the island. The use of similar geospatial models has wider implications for island archaeology in furthering the understanding of diachronic settlement patterns.Ce document décrit un modèle géo-spatiale qui a été développé pour être la base de l'application de modèles de l'ecologie comportementale humaine (HBE, en anglais). Plus précisément, la logique de la distribution idéale libre (DIL) est rétrécie et appliquée à la propagation post-colonisation de l'agriculture intensive afin de prédire l'ordre et l'emplacement de son expansion. L’île de Rapa, dans les îles Australes, est utilisée comme moyen pour mettre en évidence l'utilité de cette méthode. Rapa est un emplacement idéal en raison de l'importante utilisation de l'agriculture intensive d'irrigation du taro et son rôle dans les explications du développement social de la territorialité de l’île. L'utilisation de modèles géo-spatiaux similaires a des implications plus larges pour l'archéologie insulaire dans la poursuite de la compréhension des modes d’établissement diachroniques.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01T21:15:29.614318-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5123
  • Fishhook variability and cultural transmission in East Polynesia
      Abstract: The colonisation of East Polynesia unfolded as a rapid dispersal by culturally related groups on a massive geographical scale. In settling distant oceanic islands, populations developed new technology in response to local environments, but also shared selectively neutral aspects of artefact design. Building on the work of Sinoto and Allen, we examine proximal endpoint line-attachment-devices (LADs) in fishhook assemblages from East Polynesia to address issues of interaction and cultural sharing among island communities. We construct relational networks using artefact classes and employ a series of non-parametric randomisation tests to directly evaluate the influence of geographical distribution on assemblage similarity in a time-averaged dataset. The results support a model of cultural transmission through social interaction largely irrespective of geographical distance. Our results show the degree of cultural relatedness among various fishhook assemblages, and we consider some implications for human migrations in East Polynesia.La colonisation de la Polynésie est dévoilée comme une dispersion rapide par des groupes liés à la culture à une échelle géographique massive. En s’établissant dans les îles océaniques éloignées, les populations ont développé une nouvelle technologie en réponse aux conditions locales, mais aussi ont partagé aspects, sélectivement neutres, en la conception des artefacts. En s'appuyant sur les travaux de Sinoto et Allen, nous examinons les files-dispositifs-d'attachement d'extrémité proximale (LAD, en anglais) dans les assemblages des hameçons de la Polynésie de l’Est pour résoudre les problèmes d'interaction et de partage culturel entre les communautés insulaires. Nous construisons des réseaux relationnels en utilisant des classes d'artefacts et nous employons une série de tests de randomisation non paramétriques pour évaluer directement l'influence de la répartition géographique sur la similitude d'assemblage dans un ensemble de données situé en un temps agrégées. Les résultats appuient un modèle de transmission culturelle par l'interaction sociale largement indépendamment de la distance géographique. Nos résultats montrent le degré de parenté culturelle entre les différents agencements d'hameçon, et nous considérons des implications pour les migrations humaines en Polynésie de l’Est.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01T21:06:32.320774-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5120
  • Reconstructing prehistoric fishing zones in Palau, Micronesia using fish
           remains: A blind test of inter-analyst correspondence
      Abstract: Archaeologists routinely reconstruct the types of marine environments fished by past human societies in order to understand economic systems, foraging behaviour, maritime technology and seafaring abilities. These reconstructions are based on ecological data provided by archaeofish identifications, but can be problematic where coarse-grained designations, such as inshore or pelagic, are used, or the influence of fish behaviour and life history traits on movement between habitats is overlooked. In tropical waters, intra-family diversity complicates habitat reconstruction by precluding lower-level taxonomic identifications that provide precise habitat information (e.g. surge channels, dropoffs). Consequently, a single generalised habitat may be imposed on fishes that could be caught in multiple environments, thereby eroding the reliability of fishing zone reconstructions. This study employs the archaeofish assemblage from Chelechol ra Orrak (c. 3000–0 BP), Palau to examine the analytical impact of these variables on fishing habitat reconstruction based on a blind assessment of taxon-derived environmental data by two analysts. We assesses how analysts’ variable decision protocols for the handling of imprecise environmental data impact resulting habitat exploitation profiles. Our results address the issue of spatial resolution in habitat information gleaned from fish assemblages like Orrak's, with important implications for the interpretation of foraging practices and maritime adaptations.Très souvent les archéologues reconstituent les types de milieux marins pêchés par les sociétés humaines du passé pour comprendre les systèmes économiques, le comportement alimentaire, la technologie maritime et les capacités maritimes. Ces reconstructions sont basées sur des données écologiques fournis par les identifications des poissons archéologiques, mais cela peut être problématique lors des désignations générales, tels que les eaux côtières ou pélagiques sont utilisés, ou l'influence du comportement des poissons et les caractéristiques de l'histoire de la vie en mouvement entre les habitats sont ignorés. Dans les eaux tropicales, la diversité intrafamiliale complique la reconstruction de l'habitat en excluant le niveau inférieur des identifications taxonomiques qui fournissent des informations plus précises de l'habitat (i.e. les canaux de surtension, des tombants). Par conséquent, un seul habitat généralisé peut être imposée sur des poissons qui pourraient être pris dans multiples milieux, affaiblissant ainsi la fiabilité des reconstructions de la zone de pêche. Cette étude utilise l'agglomérat des poissons archéologiques de Chelechol ra Orrak (environ 3000–0 AP), Palau pour examiner l'impact analytique de ces variables de la reconstruction de l'habitat de la pêche, basée sur une évaluation aveugle des données environnementales taxon-dérivées par deux analystes. Nous évaluons comment les variables, décision-protocoles des analystes dans le traitement des données environnementales imprécises impactent les résultats des profils de l'exploitation de l'habitat. Nos résultats portent sur la question de la résolution spatiale de l'information de l'habitat, extraite à partir de l'amas de poissons comme l’Orrak, avec des implications importantes pour l'interprétation des pratiques de recherche de nourriture et des adaptations maritimes.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01T21:00:29.985269-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5119
  • Historical ecology of Ofu Island revisited: new data for an island-wide
      Abstract: Case studies offer an opportunity to examine and highlight relationships among variables in a way that cannot be done through broad comparison. Ofu Island has served as one such case study for understanding human–environment relationships. Here, we use three decades of archaeological investigations – past work of others as well as our own recent research – to formulate a revised model of the historical ecology of the island. We argue that Ofu still holds important clues to understanding the complexity of human–environment relationships, chiefly serving to illustrate the structuring effects of environmental history.Les études de cas permettent d'examiner et de mettre en évidence les liens entre des variables, ce qui n'est pas possible de la même façon avec une comparaison générale. L'Ile d’Ofu a servi d’étude de cas pour comprendre les liens humain-environnement. Ce travail est le fruit de trente années de recherches archéologiques- aussi bien les travaux anciens d'autres personnes que notre récente recherche- que nous utilisons pour élaborer une version revisitée de l'histoire de l’écologie de l’île. Nous certifions qu’Ofu renferme encore des informations importantes permettant de comprendre la complexité des relations qui existent entre l'homme et l'environnement, servant principalement à illustrer les effets structurants de l'histoire environnementale.
      PubDate: 2016-11-25T04:30:32.030307-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5116
  • Evaluating agricultural bet-hedging strategies in the Kona Field System:
           New high-precision 230Th/U and 14C dates and plant microfossil data from
           Kealakekua, Hawai‘i Island
      Abstract: The Kona Field System, located on the leeward side of Hawai‘i Island, is comprised of a network of stone field walls, terraces, mounds and other agricultural, residential and religious features stretched over an estimated 163 km2. Previous research indicates a construction history of the fields that could have begun as early as the Foundation Period (AD 1000–1200), followed by a shift in agricultural strategies from those that reduce variance in yield (AD 1450–1600) to a strategy of production maximisation (after AD 1600) attributed to the growing political economy. However, these propositions are based on radiocarbon dates, many of which do not meet minimal standards for acceptable sample selection. We report the results of new excavations at the Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden in Kealakekua that suggest (1) that agricultural infrastructural improvements were being made by AD 1400, and (2) that agronomic infrastructure continued to be added to optimal lands and elsewhere after AD 1700 as decisions regarding agricultural strategies became coopted by political elites. There remains a great deal about the Kona Field System that is still poorly documented through archaeology.Le système de champ Kona, situé sur le côté sous le vent de l’île de Hawaii, est composé d'un réseau de murs de terrain en pierre, des terrasses, des monticules et d'autres caractéristiques agricoles, résidentielles et religieuses tendues sur environ 163 km2. Des recherches antérieures indiquent une histoire de la construction des champs qui auraient commencé dès la période de la Fondation (AD 1000–1200), suivie par un changement dans les stratégies agricoles de ceux qui réduisent la variance du rendement (AD 1450–1600) à une stratégie de production maximisation (après AD 1600) attribué à l’économie politique croissante. Cependant, ces propositions sont fondées sur des dates de radiocarbone, dont beaucoup ne répondent pas aux normes minimales pour la sélection de l’échantillon acceptable. Nous rapportons les résultats de nouvelles fouilles sur le jardin ethnobotanique Amy Greenwell à Kealakekua qui suggèrent (1) l'amélioration des infrastructures agricoles ont été réalisés par AD 1400, et (2) l'infrastructure agronomique continué à ajouter aux terres optimales et ailleurs après l'an 1700 que les décisions concernant l'agriculture stratégies se sont cooptées par les élites politiques. Il reste beaucoup de choses sur le système Kona champ qui est encore mal documentée par l'archéologie.
      PubDate: 2016-11-21T06:41:40.897873-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5121
  • Colonisation of Remote Oceania: New dates for the Bapot-1 site in the
           Mariana Islands
      Abstract: The colonisation of the Mariana Islands in Western Micronesia is likely to represent a long-distance ocean dispersal of more than 2000 km, and establishing the date of human arrival in the archipelago is important for modelling Neolithic expansion in Island South-East Asia and the Pacific. In 2010, Clark et al. published a paper discussing a number of radiocarbon dates from the Bapot-1 site on Saipan Island, but a disparity between charcoal and marine shell (Anadara sp.) results prevented the calculation of a definitive age for the site and left open the possibility that Bapot-1 was first settled as early as 3500 calBP. Here, we present new research using a combination of stable isotope (δ13C and δ18O) and 14C information to demonstrate that A. antiquata from the lowest layers of Bapot-1 is affected by hardwaters. These new results indicate human arrival at Bapot-1 occurred around 3200–3080 calBP (1250–1130 BC). We recommend a similar isotopic evaluation for other sites in the Marianas that are dated by marine shell.La colonisation des îles Mariannes (Micronésie occidentale) est susceptible de représenter une dispersion océanique de longue distance, s'étendant sur plus de 2000 km, et établir la date de l'arrivée humaine dans l'archipel est crucial pour modéliser l'expansion néolithique en Asie du Sud-Est et dans le Pacifique. Nous présentons ici de nouveaux travaux utilisant des informations issues à la fois des isotopes stables (δ13C et δ18O) et des 14C pour démontrer que les A. antiquata provenant des couches inférieures de Bapot-1 sont affectées par la dureté de l'eau. Les nouveaux résultats indiquent que l'arrivée humaine à Bapot-1 s'est produite autour de 3200–3080 calBP (1250–1130 BC) plutôt que vers 3500 calBP.
      PubDate: 2016-10-14T03:21:39.199584-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5108
  • Teaching Creative Process across Disciplines
    • Authors: Shanna R. Daly; Erika A. Mosyjowski, Colleen M. Seifert
      Abstract: While there is great interest in higher education about teaching creative process, there have been relatively few studies of how courses can facilitate the development of creative skills. The goal of this study was to document how college instructors structure courses intended to develop students’ creative processes. The study data included interviews from instructors and students using a critical case sample of fifteen courses at a single U.S. University. A qualitative analysis of the transcripts yielded a set of 14 pedagogical elements appearing across courses. Common elements were open-ended projects and skill-building activities, and less frequently, risk taking experiences and self-reflection. The sample included undergraduate courses in engineering, education, the liberal arts, and the arts, and the elements observed were often shared across courses from different disciplines. These findings provide a diverse set of pedagogical approaches and opportunities for building creative process skills within undergraduate courses.
      PubDate: 2016-08-12T06:45:54.74706-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.158
  • A reassessment of technological change models for the Australian high
      Abstract: Lithic assemblages from five Aboriginal rock shelters in the Namadgi Ranges – including the first with cultural material dating to the early to mid-Holocene – provide new perspectives on our understanding of Holocene lithic technology for this region of the south-east Australian high country. They reveal a steady continuation of quartz predominance and bipolar knapping technique through time. Formal tools are rare, as is other evidence of retouch, but quantitative analyses reveal that raw material variation diversifies and artefact size decreases from the mid-Holocene towards the past millennium, with some associated evidence of a shift in reduction intensity. Re-analysis of the lithic assemblage from the nearby Birrigai rock shelter and information from other dated Namadgi sites provide further context for interpretation. This study finds a lack of evidence for Flood's proposed regional model of late Holocene technological transition from chert-dominated backed artefact to bipolar quartz industry. There is also no evidence for a cultural change associated with a backed artefact proliferation beginning around 4500 to 3500 years BP, as proposed by Hiscock and others for south-east Australia more generally. In fact, the technological shifts observed in the Namadgi high country – morphometric decline, raw material diversity and the appearance of backed artefacts – culminate in the past millennium.Des assemblages lithiques prévenants de cinq grottes situées dans la chaine montagneuse de Namadgi – y compris le premier dont le contenu culturel date du debut du holocène juque qu'holocène moyen – fournissent de nouvelles perspectives pour la compréhension des technologies lithiques du holocène dans cette région des hauts plateaux de l’Australie du sud-est. Ills révélent une continuité forte de la predominance du quartz et de la technique de percussion bipolaire dans le temps. Les outils façonnés sont rares, comme le sont d'autres évidences de retouche, mais une analyse quantitative révéle que les materiaux de base se diversifient et que les dimensions des objets diminuent à partir du holocène moyen et ceci se poursuit j'usqu'au dernier millénaire, avec l’évidence d'un changement dans l'intensité de la réduction qui peut lui être associé. Une nouvelle analyse d'un assemblage lithique de la grotte de Birrigai situé à proximité et des informations prévenants d'autres sites datés de Namadgi fournissent un contexte plus vaste pour l'interprétation. Cette étude ne trouve pas d’évidences qui supportent la proposition de Flood d'un modèle régionale de transition technologique  de la fin du holocène allant d'un outiles taillé à pic principalement en chert vers une industrie du biface en quartz. Il n'y a également pas d’évidence d'un changement culturel associé à la prolifération d'outiles taillé à pic commençant vers 4500 à 3500 ans avant notre ère, comme le suggère Hiscock et d'autres pour l’Australie du sud-est en général. En fait, les changements technologiques observés dans les plateaux de Namadgi – morphometrique baisse, diversification des matériaux de base et l'apparition des outiles taillé à pic – culminent dans le dernier millénaire.
      PubDate: 2016-08-04T06:40:59.962077-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arco.5105
  • To Be Bored or Not To Be Bored—How Task-Related Boredom Influences
           Creative Performance
    • Authors: Julia S. Haager; Christof Kuhbandner, Reinhard Pekrun
      Abstract: In the current society, boredom has a bad reputation. Among others, one reason is that boredom is a negative predictor for cognitive performance due to the detrimental effects on attention and engagement. Recently, however, the negative reputation has been challenged by studies showing that boredom seems to promote creativity. However, those studies examined the influence of incidental boredom on apparently unrelated creativity tasks, leaving it open to question what happens when the individual gets bored by the task itself. To examine this issue, participants performed six blocks of a creativity task, and we measured creativity performance and experienced boredom across blocks. Results showed that boredom increased in parallel with fluency performance. However, more detailed analyses showed that the fluency increase was not brought about by the increase in boredom but was fully accounted for by the effect of increased task practice. When controlling for practice effects, results revealed that boredom actually impaired fluency. Such a finding supports the view that boredom has a negative impact on cognitive performance and underlines the necessity for changes in educational settings to prevent boredom.
      PubDate: 2016-06-07T04:22:18.844628-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.154
  • Problem Clarity as a Moderator between Trait Affect and Self-Perceived
    • Authors: Chaoying Tang; Qin Li, James C. Kaufman
      Abstract: Empirical studies on the relationship between affect and creativity often produce conflicting results. This inconsistency has led us to believe that the relationship between affect and creativity may be better understood by looking at potential moderators. Our study looked specifically at trait affect and self-perceived creativity. Using the Affect Infusion Model (AIM) theory with problem clarity as the potential moderator, we hypothesized that when individuals are faced with problems that lack clarity, trait affect has greater sway over their self-perceived creativity. Our results provided evidence that problem clarity moderated the relationship between positive trait affect and self-perceived creativity; the positive relationship between positive trait affect and self-perceived creativity is stronger when problem clarity is low and weaker when problem clarity is high. No moderating effect was found in the relationship between negative trait affect and self-perceived creativity.
      PubDate: 2016-06-07T04:16:55.528527-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.152
  • Social Networks and Individual Creativity: The Role of Individual
    • Authors: Sang Kyun Kim; Shung Jae Shin, Jiseon Shin, Douglas R. Miller
      Abstract: This article addresses the theoretical limitations of social network theory as it applies to individual creativity. Social network theory implicitly assumes that social interactions influence creativity identically for all individuals in all circumstances. We argue that the extent to which individuals take advantage of their social ties may vary depending on individual characteristics, based on the componential model and the investment theory of creativity. Building on an interactional approach, this article explores the role of individual differences in the relationship between social networks and individual creativity and proposes that weak ties enhance creativity when information recipients are highly open to experience, have more domain knowledge, have an innovative style, and are intrinsically motivated. This article contributes to the current debate on the relationship between social networks and individual creativity by rationalizing the conditions under which weak ties enhance individual creativity. Implications for business managers and suggestions for future research are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-06-07T04:05:43.360006-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.153
  • Young People's Creative and Performing Arts Participation and Arts
           Self-concept: A Longitudinal Study of Reciprocal Effects
    • Authors: Marianne Mansour; Andrew J. Martin, Michael Anderson, Robyn Gibson, Gregory A.D. Liem, David Sudmalis
      Abstract: This longitudinal study examines the relationship between young people's creative and performing arts participation (e.g., in dance, drama, film, music, visual arts) and their arts self-concept. Drawing on the positive youth development (PYD) framework and the reciprocal effects model (REM) of self-concept, a cross-lagged panel design is implemented to explore the connections between arts self-concept and each of school (e.g., school-based arts instruction), home (e.g., parent–child arts interaction), and community (e.g., out-of-school arts instruction) creative and performing arts participation. The study drew on an Australian sample of 643 elementary and high school students from 15 schools. Analyses showed that beyond the effects of socio-demographics and prior achievement, there are longitudinal associations (including reciprocal effects) between numerous forms of creative and performing arts participation and arts self-concept. Implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-04-23T02:50:46.514519-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.146
  • An Exploration of Some Antecedents and Consequences of Creative
           Self-Efficacy among College Students
    • Authors: Rogelio Puente-Diaz; Judith Cavazos-Arroyo
      Abstract: Two studies examined the role of task-, self-, and other-approach achievement goals, trait curiosity, and enjoyment as antecedents of creative self-efficacy and the influence of creative self-efficacy on grade point average and perceived performance/effort exerted among college business students from Mexico. To test our research hypotheses, we used Structural Equation Modeling treating the variables as latent. Results from study 1 showed that task/self-approach goal was a significant antecedent of creative self-efficacy and enjoyment a marginally significant antecedent. Results from study 2 showed a positive, significant influence of trait curiosity on creative self-efficacy. Similarly, creative self-efficacy had a positive, direct influence on perceived performance/effort exerted and an indirect influence on students' grade point average. The implications of our results were discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-04-23T02:45:45.371358-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.149
  • Different Effects of Cognitive Shifting and Intelligence on Creativity
    • Authors: Xuan Pan; Huihong Yu
      Abstract: The relationship between creativity and executive control has long been controversial. Some researchers view creative thinking as a defocused process with little executive control involvement, whereas others claim that executive control plays a vital role in creative thinking. In this study, we focused on one subcomponent of executive control, cognitive shifting, and examined its relationship with creativity by using latent variable analysis and structural equation modeling. We also analyzed whether this relation was mediated by intelligence. The results showed that: (a) cognitive shifting ability had a positive relationship with creativity, but only on the quantitative aspects (fluency and flexibility); (b) Intelligence had a positive relationship with both quantitative and qualitative aspects (originality) of creativity, and its effect on qualitative aspect was stronger than that on the quantitative aspect; (c) There was a mediating effect of intelligence on the relationship between creativity cognitive and shifting.
      PubDate: 2016-03-24T06:41:53.1089-05:00
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.144
  • An empirical investigation of a theoretical model for mathematical
    • Authors: Per Øystein Haavold
      Abstract: In this exploratory study, a theoretical model proposed by Sriraman (2005) consisting of five theoretical principles for optimizing creativity in a K–12 setting was investigated empirically. This was accomplished in two steps. In the first study, the five principles were operationalized by generating a questionnaire consisting of 45 items intended to capture the dimension of each principle. An exploratory maximum-likelihood factor analysis indicated a relatively robust five factor structure that corresponded with the theoretical model. In the second study, the five factor model was validated using a confirmatory factor analysis. The model was then investigated using a two-level linear mixed model with a random intercept. The results revealed that motivation and mathematical achievement were significant predictors of mathematical creativity.
      PubDate: 2016-03-24T06:31:10.303694-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.145
  • Dynamic Creative Interaction Networks and Team Creativity Evolution: A
           Longitudinal Study
    • Authors: Hui Jiang; Qing-Pu Zhang, Yang Zhou
      Abstract: To assess the dynamical effects of creative interaction networks on team creativity evolution, this paper elaborates a theoretical framework that links the key elements of creative interaction networks, including node, edge and network structure, to creativity in teams. The process of team creativity evolution is divided into four phases, including formation, growth, maturity and decline/restart. The importance of domain-relevant knowledge, creativity-relevant skill, interaction frequency, interaction length, network density and closeness centrality are emphasized in specific phases of team creativity evolution in a complex creative context. To test our assumptions, a longitudinal study of creative teams in a “Challenge Cup” Creative Business Plan Competition for university students is performed and the full networks of 17 creative entrepreneur teams are mapped. Both static comparison and dynamic analysis are conducted to analyze the relationship between creative interaction networks and team creativity evolution. For specific phases of team creativity evolution, we find confirmation of our predictions. The implications of dynamic creative interaction networks for all the phases of creative teams from formation to decline/restart are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-02-15T06:33:29.556055-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.141
  • Uh-Oh! What Have We Missed? A Qualitative Investigation into Everyday
           Insight Experience
    • Authors: Gillian Hill; Shelly M. Kemp
      Abstract: This study takes a novel qualitative approach to the investigation of everyday insight experience. It offers ecological validation to findings principally rendered, prior to this research, from a quantitative, cognitive standpoint. In addition, it considers emotional as well as cognitive components of insight. Participants were given different (or no) definitions of insight to ensure experiences collected did not simply mirror the examples of insight provided. This avoided the circularity problem of previous insight research. With the use of an open-ended questionnaire (online or hardcopy), first-hand textual accounts of insight instances were recorded. Data collected from 76 participants were analyzed using an adapted qualitative methodology, Integrative Thematic Analysis. This enabled the researchers to identify themes from the data, building a new typology of insight: Content (Personal, Intellectual, Practical), Process (Social Facilitation, Time Away, Active Search) and Feelings (Positive Feelings, Negative Feelings) aspects of insight. The findings suggest everyday experience of insight reaches beyond cognitive problem solving to include elements related to applied psychology, namely Personal (counseling psychology) and Social Facilitation (occupational psychology). Notably, this study offers examples of negative insight, Uh-oh moments, for the first time. Future research should focus on the interaction of cognitive and affective components in insight moments.
      PubDate: 2016-02-15T06:33:03.148512-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.142
  • Are Teachers' Implicit Theories of Creativity Related to the Recognition
           of Their Students' Creativity?
    • Authors: Jacek Gralewski; Maciej Karwowski
      Abstract: We examine the structure of implicit theories of creativity among Polish high schools teachers and the role those theories play for the accuracy of teachers' assessment of their students' creativity. Latent class analysis revealed the existence of four classes of teachers, whose perception of a creative student differed: two of these classes defined a creative student incoherently with the existing theories of creativity, and the other two classes did that in accordance with Kirton's (1976) theory of creativity styles, that is, as adaptors or innovators. Teachers who perceived a creative student as an adaptor tended to more accurately assess the creativity of females, whereas teachers perceiving a creative student as an innovator more accurately assessed the creativity of males. We discuss the theoretical and practical consequences of these findings.
      PubDate: 2016-01-29T06:29:17.696119-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.140
  • A Visual Representation to Quantitate, Diagnose, and Improve Creativity in
           Insight Problem Solving
    • Authors: Tony McCaffrey
      Abstract: A new visual representation for insight problems permits 22 new quantitative measures; which leads to a detailed diagnosis of a person's (or team's) creative weaknesses; which then leads to prescribing targeted, effective counter-techniques for each weakness. Currently, only two measures are consistently used for insight problem solving: the number of problems solved and the time to solve the problems. These coarse measurements do not reveal the intricate dynamics of solving insight problems. Furthermore, four commonly used creativity measures (i.e., fluency, originality, flexibility, and elaboration) are often not applied to insight problems. This new visualization permits the easy application of all four creativity measures. I challenge creativity researchers to help determine which of the 22 proposed quantitative measures are the most diagnostic for insight problem solving in isolation and, in a weighted linear combination, which might yield an effective quotient (i.e., overall measure) of insight problem solving ability.
      PubDate: 2016-01-25T00:12:13.357659-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.132
  • Defining Creativity: Don't We Also Need to Define What Is Not
    • Authors: Dean Keith Simonton
      Abstract: I argue that any attempt to define creative ideas cannot fully succeed without also defining uncreative ideas. This argument begins by defining three parameters that characterize a potentially creative thought: the idea's initial probability (p), the final utility (u), and the creator's prior knowledge of that utility (v). The three parameters then lead to a three-criterion multiplicative definition of personal creativity, namely, c = (1 − p)u(1 − v), where the first factor indicates originality and the third factor surprise. Although creativity can only maximize as originality, utility, and surprise all approach unity, the same definition indicates that there are seven different ways that creativity can minimize. These alternatives were identified as (a) routine, reproductive, or habitual ideas, (b) fortuitous response bias, (c) irrational perseveration, (d) problem finding, (e) rational suppression, (f) irrational suppression, and (g) blissful ignorance. If the third parameter v is omitted, then the number of creative and noncreative outcomes reduces to just four, making creativity indistinguishable from irrational suppression. The alternative outcomes are then illustrated using the classic two-string problem. Besides providing a more finely differentiated conception of creativity failures, the definition has critical implications regarding the processes and procedures required to generate highly creative ideas.
      PubDate: 2016-01-25T00:05:41.409485-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.137
  • How Artists Create: An Empirical Study of MFA Painting Students
    • Authors: R. Keith Sawyer
      Abstract: This paper reports on an interview study with MFA students in two different full-time MFA degree programs in painting. The interviews were conducted as part of two ethnographic studies, each one academic year in length, of art and design schools at two U.S. universities. The goal was to explore the extended process whereby MFA student artists, in the second and final year of their degree program, create the works to be displayed in their public graduation exhibition. Using a grounded theory approach, an emergent theory was developed from the interviews, with additional information provided by studio observations and analyses of the graduation exhibitions and the accompanying written theses. This emergent theory describes the artistic creative process to be wandering, unpredictable, non-linear, and embedded in the physical act of generating work. There is no evidence that either moments of insight, or the attempt to be original, play a role in their creative process. This emergent theory is compared with theories of the creative process by creativity researchers, and with theories of the design process proposed by design studies researchers.
      PubDate: 2016-01-24T23:59:02.633111-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.136
  • A Multilevel Analysis of the Relationship between Shared Leadership and
           Creativity in Inter-organizational Teams
    • Authors: Jibao Gu; Zhi Chen, Qian Huang, Hefu Liu, Shenglan Huang
      Abstract: An inter-organizational team, which consists of diverse members from different organizations to conduct an initiative, has been widely treated as a critical method to improve organizational innovation. This study proposes a multilevel model to test the relationship between shared leadership and creativity at both team- and individual level in the context of inter-organizational teams. Multisource data were collected from 53 inter-organizational teams. We obtain the following findings: first, shared leadership is positively related to both team creativity and individual creativity via knowledge sharing. Second, task interdependence positively moderates the relationship between shared leadership and knowledge sharing. Third, task interdependence positively moderates the relationship between knowledge sharing and team creativity, but does not moderate the relationship between knowledge sharing and individual creativity. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of the findings.
      PubDate: 2016-01-24T23:52:36.298322-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.135
  • The Influence of Openness to Experience on Perceived Employee Creativity:
           The Moderating Roles of Individual Trust
    • Authors: Sen Xu; Xueting Jiang, Ian J. Walsh
      Abstract: In this paper, we explain the influence of co-worker trust on the effect of employees' openness to experience on their perceptions of their own creativity. We surveyed 199 working professionals in Ireland and found that openness to experience was positively associated with both employees' perceptions of their radical creativity and incremental creativity. In addition, the relationship between openness to experience and incremental creativity was negatively moderated by cognition-based trust in his or her co-worker. In conclusion, we discuss the theoretical and managerial implications of our findings and highlight directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2016-01-24T23:50:39.899721-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/jocb.138
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