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Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   (Total: 1605 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1605 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 22)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 91)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.547, h-index: 30)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.02, h-index: 88)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 123, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 9)
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 41)
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 74)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 81)
Acta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.794, h-index: 88)
Acta Physiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 88)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.518, h-index: 113)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 29)
Acute Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.086, h-index: 143)
Addiction Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.091, h-index: 57)
Adultspan J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 4)
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 6.411, h-index: 86)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.81, h-index: 81)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.21, h-index: 203)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 7)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 227, SJR: 9.021, h-index: 345)
Advanced Materials Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.177, h-index: 10)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.488, h-index: 21)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.729, h-index: 121)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 31)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 17)
African J. of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.477, h-index: 39)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 66)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 4.374, h-index: 95)
Agribusiness : an Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.627, h-index: 14)
Agricultural and Forest Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.925, h-index: 43)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
AIChE J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 120)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.416, h-index: 125)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 2.833, h-index: 138)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Symposium Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 3.048, h-index: 129)
Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 116, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 61)
American Business Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 17)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 51)
American Heart Hospital J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 26)
American J. of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.761, h-index: 77)
American J. of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.018, h-index: 58)
American J. of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.993, h-index: 85)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.115, h-index: 61)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 107)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.315, h-index: 79)
American J. of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.756, h-index: 69)
American J. of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 88)
American J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 205, SJR: 5.101, h-index: 114)
American J. of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 63)
American J. of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.347, h-index: 75)
American J. of Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.792, h-index: 140)
American J. on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.843, h-index: 57)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 111, SJR: 1.404, h-index: 88)
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 18)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: J. of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 27)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 24)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 45)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 14)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 193, SJR: 6.229, h-index: 397)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.576, h-index: 62)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 67)
Animal Science J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 24)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.46, h-index: 40)
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 5)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 56)
Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.191, h-index: 67)
Annals of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 5.584, h-index: 241)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 38)
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 23)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.389, h-index: 189)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, h-index: 31)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.137, h-index: 3)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 5)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87, SJR: 0.545, h-index: 15)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Anz J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.432, h-index: 59)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.855, h-index: 73)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.754, h-index: 69)
Applied Numerical Analysis & Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 58)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118, SJR: 1.023, h-index: 64)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 13)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 24)
Aquaculture Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.025, h-index: 55)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.807, h-index: 60)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.047, h-index: 57)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.453, h-index: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 21)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 18)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.809, h-index: 48)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 2)
Architectural Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 9)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 43)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.768, h-index: 54)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 57)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 13)
Arthritis & Rheumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.984, h-index: 20)
Arthritis Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.256, h-index: 114)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 60)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia Pacific J. of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308, SJR: 0.494, h-index: 19)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.616, h-index: 26)
Asia-Pacific J. of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Asia-pacific J. of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 14)
Asia-Pacific J. of Financial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.241, h-index: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 7)
Asian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 21)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Asian J. of Control     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.862, h-index: 34)
Asian J. of Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 7)
Asian J. of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 19)
Asian J. of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 37)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 7)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 15)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astronomische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.701, h-index: 40)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 27)
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 66)
Austral Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 28)
Australasian J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.714, h-index: 40)
Australasian J. On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 22)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 28)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 14)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.382, h-index: 12)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 49)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 62)
Australian Dental J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 46)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 12)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.357, h-index: 21)
Australian Endodontic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 24)
Australian J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 36)
Australian J. of Grape and Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 56)
Australian J. of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 14)
Australian J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 30)
Australian J. of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 351, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 29)
Australian J. of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.43, h-index: 34)
Australian Occupational Therapy J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 29)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 31)
Australian Veterinary J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 45)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 2.126, h-index: 39)
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.371, h-index: 29)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 70)
Basic and Applied Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 4)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.54, h-index: 60)
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 5)
Bauregelliste A, Bauregelliste B Und Liste C     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.321, h-index: 11)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 23)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 57)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 5)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.493, h-index: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 26)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, h-index: 64)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.104, h-index: 155)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 39)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.725, h-index: 56)
Biological J. of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 90)
Biological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 6.469, h-index: 114)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.12, h-index: 1)
Biology of the Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.812, h-index: 69)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 49)
Biometrical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.784, h-index: 44)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.906, h-index: 96)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.715, h-index: 44)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.199, h-index: 104)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 55)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 130, SJR: 1.633, h-index: 146)
Biotechnology J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.185, h-index: 51)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 101)
Biotropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.374, h-index: 71)
Bipolar Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.592, h-index: 100)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 64)
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.727, h-index: 77)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 47)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.513, h-index: 55)

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Journal Cover Archaeological Prospection
  [SJR: 0.922]   [H-I: 21]   [12 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1075-2196 - ISSN (Online) 1099-0763
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1605 journals]
  • Drones in Archaeology. State-of-the-art and Future Perspectives
    • Authors: Stefano Campana
      Abstract: In addition to traditional platforms for low-level remote sensing (balloons, kites, etc.) new and more complex automated systems [unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones] have become available in the last decade. The success and market expansion of these platforms has been a driving force in the development of active and passive sensors specifically designed for UAVs. In the last few years archaeologists have started testing both platforms and sensors, particularly for the following applications: three-dimensional (3D) documentation of archaeological excavations; 3D survey of monuments and historic buildings; survey of archaeological sites and landscapes; exploratory aerial survey; and the archaeological survey of woodland areas. The scale of these applications has ranged from site-based to landscapes-based (approximately up to about 10 km2 in extent). The role of such platforms in the archaeological survey of excavations and landscapes, and in diagnostics more generally, is of great interest and is inexorably growing. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17T00:11:29.941166-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1569
       
  • Reconstructing Palaeogeography and Inter-island Visibility in the
           Wallacean Archipelago During the Likely Period of Sahul Colonization,
           65–45 000 Years Ago
    • Authors: Shimona Kealy; Julien Louys, Sue O'Connor
      Abstract: The palaeogeography of the Wallacea Archipelago is a significant factor in understanding early modern human colonization of Sahul (Australia and New Guinea), and models of colonization patterns, as well as archaeological survey and site interpretation, are all heavily dependent on the specific palaeogeographic reconstruction employed. Here we present five reconstructions for the periods 65, 60, 55, 50, and 45 000 years ago, using the latest bathometric chart and a sea-level model that is adjusted to account for the average uplift rate known from Wallacea. Using this data we also reconstructed island areal extent as well as topography for each time period. These reconstructions were then used to estimate visibility for each island in the archipelago, and finally to model how intervisible each island was during the period of likely human colonization. Our models provide the first evidence for intervisibility between Timor and Australia at ca. 65–62 ka and 47–12 ka, the second of which is notable for its overlap with the oldest radiocarbon dates from Timor-Leste and Australia. Based on intervisibility alone, however, our study suggests that the northern route into Papua New Guinea was the most parsimonious route for first modern human entry into Sahul. Our study provides archaeologists with an important baseline from which to conduct physical surveys, interpret archaeological data, and theorize the colonization of Wallacea and Sahul. © 2017 The
      Authors . Archaeological Prospection Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16T22:31:11.905921-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1570
       
  • Digital Terrain Analysis Reveals New Insights into the Topographic Context
           of Australian Aboriginal Stone Arrangements
    • Authors: W. Boone Law; Michael J. Slack, Bertram Ostendorf, Megan M. Lewis
      Abstract: Satellite-derived surface elevation models are an important resource for landscape archaeological studies. Digital elevation data is useful for classifying land features, characterizing terrain morphology, and discriminating the geomorphic context of archaeological phenomena. This paper shows how remotely sensed elevation data obtained from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Advanced Land Observing Satellite was integrated with local land system spatial data to digitally classify the topographic slope position of seven broad land classes. The motivation of our research was to employ an objective method that would allow researchers to geomorphometrically discriminate the topographic context of Aboriginal stone arrangements, an important archaeological site type in the Pilbara region of northwest Australia. The resulting digital terrain model demonstrates that stone arrangement sites are strongly correlated with upper topographic land features, a finding that contradicts previous site recordings and fundamentally changes our understanding of where stone arrangement sites are likely to have been constructed. The outcome of this research provides investigators with a stronger foundation for testing hypotheses and developing archaeological models. To some degree, our results also hint at the possible functions of stone arrangements, which have largely remained enigmatic to researchers. © 2017 The
      Authors . Archaeological Prospection Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16T04:20:53.940818-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1567
       
  • The Passive Seismic Technique ‘HVSR’ as a Reconnaissance Tool for
           Mapping Paleo-soils: The Case of the Pilastri Archaeological Site,
           Northern Italy
    • Authors: Nasser Abu Zeid; Erica Corradini, Samuel Bignardi, Valentino Nizzo, Giovanni Santarato
      Abstract: Horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) is a widely used geophysical technique in seismic microzonation studies. It is based on a specific analysis of seismic ambient noise. The method allows to obtain the frequency and amplitude of the resonance peaks of a layered earth with increasing acoustic impedance contrasts. The peaks can be interpreted to obtain an estimation of depth(s) of the impedance contrast horizon(s).Based on the assumption that long-term human trampling results in sediment's stiffening, which increased both density and velocity of seismic shear waves, the HVSR method was applied to investigate the shallow subsurface of an important, Middle Bronze Age, archaeological site called ‘Pilastri Terramara’ discovered at the end of the last century.Following recent excavations, archaeologists supposed that the settlement could extend outside the initially hypothesized borders, and decided to involve geophysicists to verify the truthiness of this new hypothesis and consequently to map the possible spatial extent of the paleo-surfaces frequented by ancient occupants. The purpose of the geophysical investigation was then to detect and possibly to map one or more anthropogenic paleo-surfaces over a relatively large area (about 12000 m2).Unfortunately, direct evidences showed that the paleo-surfaces were embedded in clayey sediments and laying at depths ranging between 50 and 170 cm below ground level. Furthermore, the area to be investigated is occupied by a farm with glasshouses and other buildings. These obstacles constituted a real challenge that hindered the utilization of the most commonly used geophysical methods in archaeology, i.e. ground penetration radar (GPR), magnetometry and electrical resistivity tomography. For these reasons, we decided to use the HVSR method as a reconnaissance exploration tool, to confirm or rule out the presence of such paleo-surfaces.Spectral peaks related to acoustic horizons provided evidences about their presence and allowed to estimate their depths as was later confirmed by a new excavation. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2017-02-10T02:05:51.911673-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1568
       
  • Geochemical Survey and Evaluation Excavations at Alderley Edge:
           Recognizing Anthropogenic Signatures within a Mining Site-scape
    • Authors: Christopher J. Carey; Norman R. Moles
      Abstract: Archaeological science and field investigations are making greater use of multi-element geochemical survey as a tool for site prospection and intra-excavation analysis. This increasing use of geochemical survey is allowing a new field of geoprospection to develop, a technique that has specific relevance to the investigation of sites containing archaeometallurgical evidence, due to the high geochemical loadings within archaeological contexts produced from past metalworking activities. Correspondingly, there have been relatively few published examples that compare the results of geochemical surveys against excavation data. This study reports the use of geochemical data to investigate a multi-period mining site-scape at Alderley Edge, Cheshire, UK. The geochemical data is analysed using principle component analysis, which facilitates the identification of a number of geochemical anomalies. The site taphonomy and stratigraphic evolution of this mining site-scape is complex, with naturally occurring areas of lead and copper mineralization and a history of exploitation since the early Bronze Age. The geochemical anomalies were compared to the results of excavation within the survey area and this combination of excavation and prospection data allowed the reasons for the different geochemical anomalies to be explained. The article highlights the potential of using multi-element geochemical survey to investigate sites containing archaeometallurgical remains and provides a discussion of why context specificity is essential to correctly interpret multi-element geochemical data. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02T05:40:42.606026-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1566
       
  • BRDF and its Impact on Aerial Archaeological Photography
    • Authors: Geert Verhoeven
      Abstract: Despite the arguments in favour of oblique photographs acquired during observer-directed reconnaissance sorties, many aerial archaeologists have extracted much valuable information from verticals generated during total coverage mapping surveys. This paper looks at one of these arguments: the issue of anisotropic surface reflectance, which is responsible for the allegedly superior rendering of (mainly) vegetation and shadow marks when observed from certain oblique viewpoints. However, after a theoretical and practical assessment of the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) of vegetation, it becomes clear that nadir views provide a more than satisfying alternative to the extremes of an oblique approach. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-28T05:25:28.94053-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1559
       
  • Object-based Shell Craters Classification from LiDAR-derived Sky-view
           Factor
    • Authors: Luigi Magnini; Cinzia Bettineschi, Armando De Guio
      Abstract: This paper presents the results of the first attempt to assess, identify and quantify the residual number of shell craters of World War I currently present in the Vezzena/Luserna/Lavarone Plateau, areas of Millegrobbe, Bisele and Cima Campo (Province of Trento, Italy). Historical sources report the existence of several thousand artillery explosions: therefore, a field survey or a classic photo-interpretation would be labour-intensive and highly time-consuming. For this reason, a digital terrain model (DTM) of the test-site was processed using the Sky-view Factor algorithm and was analysed with an object-based approach, which implied: (1) multiresolution segmentation; (2) classification (main features considered size, shape and colour).The automatically classified shell craters were thus verified during an in situ survey that determined the accuracy of the method in the order of 84% of the total occurrences. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-23T00:46:35.734456-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1565
       
  • Simulating Trial Trenches for Archaeological Prospection: Assessing the
           Variability in Intersection Rates
    • Authors: Kristof Haneca; Sofie Debruyne, Sofie Vanhoutte, Anton Ervynck, Maarten Vermeyen, Philip Verhagen
      Abstract: In this study we draw attention to the inherent variability in the results of trial trenching, when taking into account the countless variations in orientation and positioning of trenches. Grids of trial trenches were simulated time and again on the excavation plans of 16 archaeological sites from Flanders, Belgium. Orientation and positioning of the grid layout was shifted randomly, whilst the area coverage varied from 2.5% to 80%. The intersection rates of the archaeological features allow to gain more insight in trends and variability that are inherent to the chosen design of trial trenches. It is assessed how robust a chosen grid layout performs on (multi-period) archaeological sites and how variable these results might be. The most effective layout appears to be a grid with short, parallel and discontinuous trenches or a standard grid, closely followed by 2 m wide continuous trenches. Implementing 4 m wide trenches reduces the effectiveness of the latter method substantially. When the area coverage of the trenches is below 10%, the results of the archaeological prospection become unreliable and can potentially lead to a substantial over-or underestimation of the actual feature density on the site. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-20T21:15:37.281306-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1564
       
  • GPR versus Geoarchaeological Findings in a Complex Archaeological Site
           (Badia Pozzeveri, Italy)
    • Authors: Adriano Ribolini; Monica Bini, Ilaria Isola, Francesco Coschino, Carlo Baroni, Maria Cristina Salvatore, Giovanni Zanchetta, Antonio Fornaciari
      Abstract: The results of a Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) survey were compared with the archaeological excavation outcomes of a twelfth century abbey site (Badia Pozzeveri). The goal was to associate the types of reflections recorded in GPR profiles and high-amplitude features visible in amplitude maps with unearthed archaeological features. GPR profiles crossing the walls evidenced axes of hyperbolic point source reflections and short planar reflections respectively generated by the stones forming the lateral sides/upper corners and the top of the structure. Moreover, the stones in the core of the wall caused small hyperbolic point source reflections with interfering axes, which produced a chaotic reflection profile. The resampling and gridding of these reflections collectively generated high-amplitude linear features in the amplitude maps. The presence in the graves of bones generates small hyperbolic point source reflections with interfering axes in the GPR profile, with a consequently chaotic reflection profile. Moreover, the existence of lythic slabs topping and/or siding the graves generates short planar reflections and axes of hyperbolic point source reflections. The resampling and gridding of these types of reflections generates in the amplitude map features that cannot be locally distinguished from those caused by the local aggregation of sediments with no archaeological relevance. The GPR profiles crossing trenches and pit-kiln showed dipping reflectors unconformably resting on a basal planar reflector. Disconformity marks the onset of trench and pit-kiln decommissioning with the infilling of clayey silty layers and anthropogenic remains. These features in the amplitude maps correspond to medium to high-amplitude areas.The results show that types of reflection can be associated to specific elements of archaeological structure for a detailed interpretation of a complex subsurface setting. Furthermore, it is evidenced that the interpretation of GPR profiles must be considered an indispensable pre-requisite for a full comprehension of amplitude maps. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-20T20:51:05.94948-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1561
       
  • 2D-ERT Survey for the Identification of Archaeological and Historical
           Structures beneath the Plaza of Santo Domingo, Mexico City, Mexico
    • Authors: Pedro Paz-Arellano; Andrés Tejero-Andrade, Denisse Argote-Espino
      Abstract: Santo Domingo public square (Plaza of Santo Domingo) is located in Mexico City's downtown area. The history of its transformations began in pre-Hispanic times and is still being written. The objectives of this investigation were to establish the position of the northwest corner of the ancient Mexica wall and to determine whether the Plaza became a public square during pre-Hispanic or colonial times, taking into account the contradictions of the historical sources. For this purpose, we implemented three 80-m-long electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) profiles in the Plaza and one on the eastern side of the Church of Santo Domingo de Guzmán. A Wenner–Schulmberger array was designed for the data acquisition. The results could support the hypothesis that the Plaza of Santo Domingo was designed and constructed as an open public area in colonial times, since the observations in the electric profiles beneath the square could reveal the presence of a pre-Hispanic structure. This structure could be part of the wall that surrounded the Mexica ceremonial compound. At the eastern side of the Dominican church, the foundations of the first Spanish chapel were identified, as well as portions of modern concrete deposits injected into the subsoil to stabilize the constant subsidence of the building. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-19T02:20:16.329216-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1560
       
  • Geophysical and Geochemical Studies on Historical Layers in the Area of
           Old Krakow, Poland
    • Authors: Mikołaj Łyskowski; Bernadetta Pasierb, Marta Wardas-Lasoń, Wioleta Antonik, Ewelina Mazurkiewicz
      Abstract: In the present study, application of complementary to each other non-invasive geophysical methods and geochemical slim hole drilling allowed to locate a small fragment of the historical water system, and to determine the type and stratigraphy of the sediments filling it. The most universal, and frequently used geophysical methods are electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and ground penetrating radar (GPR). These methods are characterized by high precision mapping of the investigated medium, and the possibility of implementation even in small areas. They play an important role in defining the location of archaeological excavations sites. The applied geophysical methods enabled precise and comprehensive analyses of near-surface zones in the area of Planty Park in Krakow (Poland), such as engineering/geological recognition, and detection of anthropogenic structures. As an important metropolis of Central Europe in the medieval period, Krakow due to rapid development of craft and trade had a high demand for water both for the general population and craftsmen. As a result, the city continuously developed and used a complex watercourse and sewage collection system. The layout of the system has not yet been accurately mapped. The authors decided that the ERT method was suitable for this case study. The study was conducted in the eastern part of Planty Park, near Dominikańska Street, measurements were taken using a two-dimensional (2D) parallel layout of ERT profiles. The authors also carried out a three-dimensional (3D) image interpretation process. Even though the ERT method is limited by the requirement of a minimal implementation area, it makes the detection of former watercourses possible. In order to verify the ERT results, three small-diameter mechanical holes drillings were carried for purpose of macroscopic analysis of the ground type with determination of its lithology and layer layout. On gathered samples laboratory measurements of pH, oxidation–reduction potential Eh, and conductivity EC were done. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-19T01:11:02.136129-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1563
       
  • The Value of Complementarity. Integrating the Evidence from Air Survey and
           ALS in Bohemia
    • Authors: Martin Gojda
      Abstract: This paper offers a contribution to discussion of the value of integrating different airborne perspectives for landscape prospection. A case study in Bohemia, Czech Republic, illustrates how the integration of the results of a long-term programme of aerial reconnaissance and recently acquired airborne laser scanning (ALS) (LiDAR) data has significantly improved the methodology and knowledge dividend for the study of past landscapes and settlements. Three types of features – barrows/ring ditches, a hillfort, and a nineteenth century artillery redoubts – have been surveyed repeatedly in order to detect the degree to which sites known from differential cropmarking in arable crops are also evident in ALS-derived digital terrain models (DTMs), and vice versa. It is noted that components of the hillfort and redoubts are clearly evident in the DTMs despite lying in fields that have been intensively cultivated for many decades at least, and are not easily recognized from the ground because their outline is so smoothed. This study illustrates the complementarities of cropmark aerial survey and ALS even in heavily ploughed environments, where there is often an assumption that features recorded as cropmarks have no surface expression, when in fact this often depends on the scale of the features. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-12-15T20:50:44.667631-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1562
       
  • On the Use of Fluxgate 3-Axis Magnetometers in Archaeology: Application
           with a Multi-sensor Device on the Site of Qasr ‘Allam in the Western
           Desert of Egypt
    • Authors: Bruno Gavazzi; Rozan Alkhatib-Alkontar, Marc Munschy, Frédéric Colin, Catherine Duvette
      Abstract: Fluxgate 3-axis magnetometers are seldom used on archaeological sites due to their lack of precision. Nonetheless, they offer light weight, low power consumption and the ability of compensation of the magnetization of the prospecting device. This study proposes to use calibration and compensation processes developed for space research and aerial measurement to build a multi-sensor and georeferenced device to assess deep and shallow objects for large-scale archaeological investigations in Qasr 'Allam, in a context of heavy sedimentary coverage and uneven surface. The use of the device on the site in combination with potential field transformations of the signal such as the double reduction to the pole and the vertical derivative reveal a vast irrigation system as well as a large religious facility. A comparison with gradiometric measurements shows a resolution as good at least for shallow sources. The precise positioning allows targeted excavations that validate the geophysical interpretations and offer new archaeological information. These discoveries give enough proof to the local authorities to define the area to be protected from the threatening progression of agricultural fields. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-11-27T21:55:46.212227-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1553
       
  • Reassessing Surface Artefact Scatters. The Integration of
           Artefact-Accurate Fieldwalking with Geophysical Data at Medieval Harbour
           Sites Near Bruges (Belgium)
    • Authors: Jan Trachet; Samuël Delefortrie, Marc Van Meirvenne, Bieke Hillewaert, Wim De Clercq
      Abstract: Archaeological fieldwalking is particularly used to detect sites within a landscape, rather than to assess the internal structure of a site itself. Contributory to this trend is that surface artefact patterns collected by pedestrian field survey are rarely seen as valuable archaeological data for intra-site research. In recent decades, they have been overtaken by other non-invasive prospection methods, which seem to be more efficient and time-effective. This paper aims to reassess fieldwalking as a valuable intra-site prospection method and explores its added value when used in a multidisciplinary framework. The medieval lost harbour site of Monnikerede near Bruges (Belgium) is used as a first test-case. The site was subjected to a grid survey in 1985 and recently acted as the location for an intensive artefact-accurate fieldwalking survey as well as an extensive geophysical survey. Comparing the recent global navigation satellite system (GNSS)-underpinned fieldwalking survey results with a 10 m × 10 m grid survey from 1985, demonstrates the gain in knowledge and detail using the former method. The combination of both fieldwalking and geophysics showed both significant positive and negative relations between surface artefact scatters and subsurface anomalies, hence pointing to the complementary nature and added value of the methods being jointly applied. In addition, the combination of both techniques was tested on a second lost harbour site near Hoeke, to further evaluate the potential of the applied methodology. The results demonstrate that, although the sites have been heavily ploughed for decades, the lateral displacement of artefacts is limited and confined to the original medieval allotment. Finally the integration of surface artefacts with geophysical anomalies enabled to enhance the spatio-temporal interpretation of both sites. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-11-27T21:05:52.965221-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1552
       
  • Geophysical Research at the Prepoštská Cave and Čertova Pec Cave
           Neanderthal Sites (Western Slovakia)
    • Authors: René Putiška; Martin Sabol, Dávid Kušnirák, Ivan Dostál
      Abstract: The sedimentary filling of two Slovak Neanderthal sites – the Prepoštská Cave near Prievidza (Micoquian) and the Čertova Pec Cave near Radošina (Szeletian, Mousterian) was investigated, while archaeological and palaeontological studies have shown these caves are very important sites from the viewpoint of the ancient man settlements. No geophysical research had previously been conducted here, therefore ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) geophysical methods were applied in order to expose its depths for future archaeological and palaeontological field campaigns. The GPR survey at the Prepoštská Cave revealed a disrupted zone in the southwest (SW) corner of the investigate area, encapsulated in travertine surrounding the bedrock layer identified at a depth between 0.4 to 2.4 m. This discovered zone is assumed to be an undocumented recent excavation zone. The combined ERT and GPR survey also identified at the Čertova Pec Cave, aside from some main structures (large limestone blocks, loamy-clayey sediment in the central part and debris), intact cave sediments, deposited under the debris filling and large limestone block, located at approximately 2 m depth in the back part of the cave, close to its northeast (NE) entrance. These unconsolidated intact deposits represent the lower part of the Mousterian horizon. Thus, the geophysical survey supported previous hypotheses on the assumed existence of deeper layers with potential archaeological and/or palaeontological content, which have since been spatially defined. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-11-25T02:55:44.93409-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1558
       
  • Advances in Reconstructing Archaeological Magnetic Signals; an Algorithm
           for Filtering Noise due to the Ploughing Effect
    • Authors: Mariangela Noviello; Marcello Ciminale, Vincenzo Del Gaudio, Leonardo Amoruso
      Abstract: Archaeological remains are very often buried under uneven soil of agricultural fields crossed by rather parallel furrows and ridges. Consequently, ploughing in a magnetic survey might produce a repetitive, quite regular, linear noise in the data, which could impede optimal recovery of the archaeological magnetic anomalies; depending on the acquisition line orientation, this noise may show as an oblique, vertical or horizontal pattern in the magnetic maps.Several studies have tested and verified methods for oblique ploughing minimization, but, to our knowledge, no procedures regarding the vertical and horizontal types of noise have been published.The present research proposes a procedure to filter each type of ploughing effect through an algorithm working in the wavenumber domain. The procedure produces images with a considerable reduction of the noise in any direction, resulting in enhanced visibility and readability of the archaeological anomalies. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-11-23T14:05:42.902232-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1550
       
  • Under the Park. Recent Geophysical Surveys at Verulamium (St Albans,
           Hertfordshire, UK)
    • Authors: Kris Lockyear; Ellen Shlasko
      Abstract: This paper presents the first results of the geophysical surveys – principally a large scale gradiometer survey – of Verulamium Park, St Albans, Hertfordshire, UK, under which lies approximately half of the Roman city. Verulamium was the third largest Roman city in the province of Britannia – covering some 81 ha – and the largest which is currently available for survey. Approximately 65 ha lies under parkland or pasture. The 30 ha available under the Park was the subject of a magnetometry survey in 2013–2014, along with smaller areas of ground penetrating radar (GPR), earth resistance and magnetic susceptibility. These surveys were undertaken as part of a community archaeology project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). The surveys have detected a wide variety of features including stone buildings of varying size and complexity, pottery kilns, roads, pits and ditches. The results so far suggest the town can be divided into an area of largely elite housing, an area characterised by smaller structures and industrial features, and a somewhat enigmatic magnetically quiet area. Challenges in the interpretation of the results are discussed, as are potential solutions and planned future work. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-09-30T08:13:53.469994-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1548
       
  • Magnetometer Survey at the Newly-discovered Roman City of Auritz/Burguete
           (Navarre). Results and Preliminary Archaeological Interpretation
    • Authors: Ekhine Garcia-Garcia; Juan Mari Mtz. Txoperena, Roger Sala, Arantza Aranburu, Juantxo Agirre-Mauleon
      Abstract: This paper summarizes the principal geophysical results obtained at a recently discovered Roman city at Navarre. Prior to the survey, the extent of the affected areas and the characteristics of the settlement were unknown. The authors describe the field strategy applied and focus their discussion on the archaeological interpretation of the fluxgate gradiometer data. The results allowed for a detailed description of the layout in the main area revealing a city organized along the Roman road, which would have preceded the buildings. On the contrary, the results show important differences in magnetic contrast in the surveyed areas. Whilst the walls of the main area are well resolved, other areas do not show a discernible magnetic contrast even though their existence has been proven by other sources. The origin of these differences is discussed and preliminarily attributed to waterlogging or to differences in the thickness of the archaeological deposits. The magnetic survey, therefore, has shown itself to be a suitable technique for obtaining a preliminary assessment of the archaeological characteristics of the settlement, but cannot be used to definitively assess the affected areas. The results allowed zoning based on the contrast differences that will be used to guide further investigations. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-09-30T07:51:09.696522-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1537
       
  • From Low Cost UAV Survey to High Resolution Topographic Data: Developing
           our Understanding of a Medieval Outport of Bruges
    • Authors: Jeroen De Reu; Jan Trachet, Pieter Laloo, Wim De Clercq
      Abstract: This paper assesses the application of a consumer-grade unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) solution for the image-based three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of a buried Medieval landscape at Monnikerede, a deserted former outport of Bruges, with the archaeological aim to achieve a better characterization of the (micro)topography and ultimately a better understanding of the site. The UAV survey resulted in a highly detailed and accurate 3D model of the terrain, allowing a thorough topographic analysis of the complex archaeological landscape. Application of algorithms to produce an enhanced visualization of the topographic variability led to a sequence of derivatives each highlighting the topography in a different way. Additionally a decorrelation stretch was applied on the collected imagery, thereby generating enhanced orthophotos producing another view on the archaeological landscape. Integrating the (enhanced) orthophoto(s) with the digital surface model (DSM) and derivatives to conduct a thorough analysis of the archaeological landscape resulted in the detection and identification of new archaeological features and the formulation of new insights in the layout of this important Medieval outport. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-09-30T03:36:55.269754-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1547
       
  • Archaeological Applications of Low-Cost Integrated Sidescan
           Sonar/Single-Beam Echosounder Systems in Irish Inland Waterways
    • Authors: Kieran Westley; Rory Mcneary
      Abstract: Inland waterways, such as rivers and lakes have been foci of human settlement and use for millennia. However, underwater archaeological prospection or survey in these environments is often hindered by poor or no-visibility conditions. While this can be overcome using a range of well-established geophysical techniques, their application in inland waterways seems comparatively less common than in offshore environments. Possible reasons include the logistical challenges of surveying shallow confined, often inaccessible and uncharted waters coupled with a wider lack of awareness of the submerged archaeological potential of inland waterways. This paper demonstrates one method by which the logistical challenge can be circumvented, specifically the use of low-cost acoustic systems which combine a single-beam echo sounder and sidescan sonar. These systems have appeared within the last decade and are smaller and cheaper than their survey-grade counterparts. Although developed for the sport fishing community, as shown here, they can also be used for archaeological purposes. Their effectiveness for archaeological prospection is illustrated via three case studies from lacustrine and riverine settings in Northern Ireland and by reference to object detection and bathymetric mapping. The data presented indicate that the low-cost systems are capable of collecting data that is sufficient for archaeological purposes but they are best suited to shallow confined waters where their disadvantages (limited range and depth of operation, reduced image quality) are minimized. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-09-30T03:26:55.347153-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1551
       
  • Joined Interpretation of Buried Anomalies from Ground Penetrating Radar
           Data and Endoscopic Tests
    • Authors: Loredana Matera; Raffaele Persico, Nadia Bianco, Gaetano Leopizzi, Giuseppe Leopizzi
      Abstract: This paper presents ground penetrating radar (GPR) results joined with and back-upped by endoscopic tests performed in two churches. The aim of this work is to show how the endoscopic tests can help the interpretation of the achieved GPR images, and this will be shown with respect to two case histories in southern Italy. The usefulness of the endoscopic tests depends on the kind of targets, but is expected to be particularly useful in cases of buried cavities, where information about the volume and the possible past use of the cavity can be retrieved. In the examined cases, the endoscopic tests allowed the presence of three cavities to be established, helping also in the interpretation of their possible nature and use, even if the endoscopic probe was not gyroscopic nor equipped with a laser for the precise measure of the distances. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-09-30T03:26:10.827911-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1545
       
  • Detection of Buried Roman Wall Remains in Ground-penetrating Radar Data
           using Template Matching
    • Authors: Lieven Verdonck
      Abstract: Whereas in the last decades the acquisition and processing of archaeological ground-penetrating radar (GPR) data have become mature, the interpretation is still challenging. Manual delineation in three dimensions is time consuming, and often the determination of an isosurface value is not straightforward. This paper presents a method designed specifically for the extraction of buried linear features such as wall foundations, based on template matching. First, the three-dimensional (3D) GPR data cube is synthesized into a two-dimensional (2D) slice. To achieve this, an energy slice based on a sufficiently large time window may often be appropriate, although in this study a combination with other attributes, for example based on phase symmetry, made weak anomalies more distinct. In the next step, we compute the 2D normalized cross-correlation of the composite 2D slice and a number of templates with dimensions similar to the walls in the data set. Of the resulting correlation matrices, the highest correlation coefficient is kept for each pixel, if it exceeds a certain threshold. In this way, wall foundations are successfully mapped, but also many false detections are produced. The latter are greatly reduced in number by using a size threshold and discarding isolated features. The remaining regions are enclosed in bounding boxes, which after vertical extrusion can be used as a simplified 3D representation of the wall structures, and for the creation of a filtered isosurface. For the evaluation of our results, a manual interpretation was used. In the 2D case (i.e. when comparing the total area of the automatically mapped structures versus the manually delineated ones), both the detection rate and the correctness were ~77%. Slightly lower rates (~71%) were obtained in the 3D case (i.e. comparing volumes). Our method was applied to the GPR survey of a Roman villa in Kent, UK. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-09-30T03:15:52.889141-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1540
       
  • Palaeogeographic Reconstruction in the Transition Zone: The Role of
           Geophysical Forward Modelling in Ground Investigation Surveys
    • Authors: Charles R. Bates; Martin R. Bates
      Abstract: Geophysical survey techniques are commonly used as part of studies to reconstruct past geographies in archaeological and palaeoenvironmental landscape investigations onshore and offshore. However, their use across the intertidal zone for constructing contiguous models is far more challenging. In order to enhance the interpretation of the recovered data forward modelling is used here to demonstrate the effective use of a staged approach to site investigation. Examples of data from electrical and electromagnetic techniques have been modelled and tested with ground truth measurements including trial pits, coring and cone penetrometer testing. This combination of forward modelling and testing has proved to be particularly effective at mapping key geological situations of archaeological interest. The approach is demonstrated by reference to varying subsurface sediment types exemplified by two field examples from the UK coast where typical palaeolandscape features, namely incised channels and deeply buried topographies are encountered. These palaeogeographic features were chosen as they have high potential for association with the evidence of past human activity. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-08-31T09:46:02.889103-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1546
       
  • Geophysical and Archaeological Evidences of Buried Epipalaeolithic,
           Neolithic, Bronze Age and Roman Architecture in West‐Central Syria
    • Authors: Mahjoub Himi; Angel Armendariz, Luis Teira, Jesus González, Juan José Ibáñez, Maya Haïdar‐Boustani, Albert Casas
      Abstract: The study area is one of many important archaeological sites located near the city of Homs in Syria. Here, the existence of archaeological remains was studied using two complementary geophysical methods: ground‐penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). The results provide evidence of localized buried remains and allowed detailed pre‐excavation planning. Furthermore, the later archaeological excavations validated the results obtained from the GPR and ERT surveys. In some areas, the presence of moist clayey soils caused significant attenuation of the radar signal. Conversely, under these circumstances, the contrast in electrical resistivity between natural soil and archaeological targets is enhanced and thus the ERT results identified the archaeological remains.Many two‐dimensional (2D) profiles showed a set of high relative resistivity values depicting well‐defined discontinuous structures within the first 2 m of depth. Nevertheless, their geometrical distribution and shape was much more clearly defined in the depth slice maps generated from the three‐dimensional (3D) blocks. As a result, data analysis provided a high‐resolution image of the subsurface distribution of the electrical resistivity properties of each area surveyed that can easily be interpreted in terms of structures of archaeological interest. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-08-31T09:40:42.469205-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1543
       
  • Searching for the Antigonea Theatre: A Magnetic Survey in an Ancient
           Epirus City
    • Authors: Antonio Schettino; Dhimiter Çondi, Roberto Perna, Pietro Paolo Pierantoni, Annalisa Ghezzi
      Abstract: We report on two magnetic surveys performed in July and September 2015 at the ancient Hellenistic city of Antigonea, located in southern Albania. The main objective of the two surveys was to find the city theatre and determine possible sites of future excavations. We suggest a new technique for dense collecting of magnetic data along difficult terrains, with minimization of the topographic effect. Evidence of a possible location of the theatre was found along the southern slope of the Jermë hill, just outside the city walls. Other interesting structures indicate the presence of many other buildings in this part of the Antigonea settlement. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-08-06T07:16:39.304637-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1549
       
  • Capturing the Past for the Future: an Evaluation of the Effect of
           Geometric Scan Deformities on the Performance of Aerial Archival Media in
           Image‐based Modelling Environments
    • Authors: Christopher Sevara
      Abstract: Image‐based modelling (IBM) applications can be used to successfully extract two‐ and three‐dimensional information from historic aerial and satellite imagery for use in archaeological and other landscape‐oriented research. The robust and highly automated nature of these applications can allow for image matching and dense scene reconstruction, even when input images lack information necessary for processing in traditional photogrammetric workflows. However, the overall quality of the content derived from IBM applications can be directly influenced by a number of variables, including the manner in which archival content is digitized. Significant geometric distortion can be induced in the scanning process when using non‐photogrammetric scanning devices, which can have a negative effect on the subsequent processing of scanned imagery and accuracy of derived content such as orthomosaics and digital elevation models (DEMs). While this is a well‐known issue for users of high end photogrammetry packages, the advent of IBM applications has brought the use of photogrammetric‐style techniques to a wider audience who may not be aware of the impact that geometric errors of this nature can have on the quality of derived data products. This issue is demonstrated here using a set of degraded historic World War II (WWII) Allied reconnaissance photographs that have been digitized on both photogrammetric and non‐photogrammetric platforms and subsequently processed in a well‐known IBM application using identical processing parameters. The results are compared to those from a recently collected set of vertical stereopairs and an airborne laser scan derived DEM. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-08-05T04:02:49.533421-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1539
       
  • Colour to Greyscale Pixels: Re‐seeing Greyscale Archived Aerial
           Photographs and Declassified Satellite CORONA Images Based on Image Fusion
           Techniques
    • Authors: Athos Agapiou; Dimitrios D. Alexakis, Apostolos Sarris, Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis
      Abstract: To date, archived aerial photographs or recently declassified satellite CORONA images have been used to support archaeological research. However the use of such images is limited to the interpretation of greyscale images, which can be improved by image analysis processes including filters, edge detection techniques, etc. This article presents a methodology to improve the interpretation of these images by adding colour from recently acquired satellites or airborne sensors. The methodology followed in this article, is based on the use of pan‐sharpening algorithms which are applied to a set of an archived greyscale image and a recently colour image taken over the same area. These two images are geometrically corrected while their histograms are matched. Then, the two images are merged based on different pan‐sharpening techniques such as Brovey transformation, high pass filters, multiplicative transformation, principal component analysis and wavelet decomposition. The final result is a colour image which can be further studied for interpretation purposes. A coherence image is also calculated since differences due to time might be also observed in the images (e.g. land use changes). The results presented here from different cases studies of Cyprus indicate that the proposed methodology may be applied in any other greyscale archive dataset. From the results is was shown that Brovey and high pass filter transform seem to be able to support better the interpretation of such archive information. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-08-05T03:44:10.350201-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1536
       
  • Multi‐methodological Geophysical Exploration for the Interpretation of
           the Ancient Landscape of Phaistos (Greece)
    • Authors: Rosa Di Maio; Mauro La Manna, Ester Piegari, Cecilia Mancini, Vladimiro Achilli, Massimo Fabris
      Abstract: Phaistos is one of the main Minoan palatial sites in the Aegean context. The ancient sources and the scarce archaeological records indicate that the city, destroyed by the nearby town of Gorthina during second century bc, underwent also an important post‐palatine phase from alto‐archaic and archaic age to Hellenistic age, still scarcely excavated. Thus, in recent years, new research that integrate different methodologies has been performed to study part of the western Mesara plain, with a special focus on the area around the Phaistos’ hills and the underlying plateau. In this paper, the results of high‐resolution magnetic, electromagnetic, electrical and aerial photogrammetric surveys carried out in an area south of Phaistos site (Haghios Ioannis) are reported. All geophysical and geomatic data are consistent in showing a sharp contrast in soil properties of the northern and southern sectors of the survey area, which could help the paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the large lake developed at the foot of the Phaistos hill during the Minoan age. Furthermore, several deep and shallow anomalies with regular geometric shapes suggest the presence of different types of buried structures. In particular, in the shallowest part of the subsoil, all observed data show elongated structures, whose geometry and physical properties well correlate with the presence of wall remains, and an anomaly feature with a semicircular shape also detected by previous orthophoto interpretation studies. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-07-19T04:36:17.05436-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1544
       
  • Issue Information - TOC
    • Pages: 229 - 229
      Abstract: No abstract is available for this article.
      PubDate: 2016-12-14T02:24:21.682665-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1527
       
  • Issue Information - JIP
    • Pages: 230 - 230
      Abstract: No abstract is available for this article.
      PubDate: 2016-12-14T02:24:21.385201-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/arp.1528
       
 
 
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