for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons   (Total: 1577 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 1577 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.48, h-index: 22)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.385, h-index: 91)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.547, h-index: 30)
ACEP NOW     Free   (Followers: 1)
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.02, h-index: 88)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 9)
Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.552, h-index: 41)
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.203, h-index: 74)
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 81)
Acta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 1)
Acta Paediatrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.794, h-index: 88)
Acta Physiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.69, h-index: 88)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.518, h-index: 113)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 29)
Acute Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 2.086, h-index: 143)
Addiction Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.091, h-index: 57)
Adultspan J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.127, h-index: 4)
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 6.411, h-index: 86)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.81, h-index: 81)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 5.21, h-index: 203)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 7)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255, SJR: 9.021, h-index: 345)
Advanced Materials Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.177, h-index: 10)
Advanced Optical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.488, h-index: 21)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.729, h-index: 121)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 31)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 17)
African J. of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.477, h-index: 39)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.391, h-index: 66)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 4.374, h-index: 95)
Agribusiness : an Intl. J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.627, h-index: 14)
Agricultural and Forest Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.925, h-index: 43)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.099, h-index: 51)
AIChE J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 120)
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.416, h-index: 125)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 2.833, h-index: 138)
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics Symposium Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 3.048, h-index: 129)
Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135, SJR: 0.951, h-index: 61)
American Business Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 17)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89, SJR: 2.325, h-index: 51)
American J. of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 26)
American J. of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.761, h-index: 77)
American J. of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.018, h-index: 58)
American J. of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.993, h-index: 85)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.115, h-index: 61)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.771, h-index: 107)
American J. of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.315, h-index: 79)
American J. of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 88)
American J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 262, SJR: 5.101, h-index: 114)
American J. of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 63)
American J. of Reproductive Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.347, h-index: 75)
American J. of Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.792, h-index: 140)
American J. on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.843, h-index: 57)
Anaesthesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125, SJR: 1.404, h-index: 88)
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 18)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: J. of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 27)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.633, h-index: 24)
Andrologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.528, h-index: 45)
Andrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 14)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
Angewandte Chemie Intl. Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212, SJR: 6.229, h-index: 397)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.576, h-index: 62)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.957, h-index: 67)
Animal Science J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 24)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.46, h-index: 40)
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, h-index: 5)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.816, h-index: 56)
Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Human Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.191, h-index: 67)
Annals of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 5.584, h-index: 241)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 38)
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 23)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.389, h-index: 189)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Information Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, h-index: 31)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.137, h-index: 3)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.172, h-index: 5)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 0.545, h-index: 15)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Anz J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.432, h-index: 59)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.855, h-index: 73)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.754, h-index: 69)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.632, h-index: 58)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 1.023, h-index: 64)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 13)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 24)
Aquaculture Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, h-index: 55)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.807, h-index: 60)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.047, h-index: 57)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.453, h-index: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.922, h-index: 21)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 18)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.809, h-index: 48)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 2)
Architectural Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 9)
Archiv der Pharmazie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.628, h-index: 43)
Archives of Drug Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.768, h-index: 54)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.938, h-index: 57)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229, SJR: 0.153, h-index: 13)
Arthritis & Rheumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.984, h-index: 20)
Arthritis Care & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.256, h-index: 114)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 60)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia Pacific J. of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 312, SJR: 0.494, h-index: 19)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.616, h-index: 26)
Asia-Pacific J. of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Asia-pacific J. of Clinical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 14)
Asia-Pacific J. of Financial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.241, h-index: 7)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 7)
Asian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 21)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 12)
Asian J. of Control     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.862, h-index: 34)
Asian J. of Endoscopic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.394, h-index: 7)
Asian J. of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 19)
Asian J. of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 37)
Asian Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 7)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.168, h-index: 15)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astronomische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.701, h-index: 40)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 27)
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.095, h-index: 66)
Austral Entomology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 28)
Australasian J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.714, h-index: 40)
Australasian J. On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 22)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.275, h-index: 28)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 14)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.382, h-index: 12)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.814, h-index: 49)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 62)
Australian Dental J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 46)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 12)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.357, h-index: 21)
Australian Endodontic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 24)
Australian J. of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.765, h-index: 36)
Australian J. of Grape and Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 56)
Australian J. of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 14)
Australian J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.384, h-index: 30)
Australian J. of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 401, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 29)
Australian J. of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.43, h-index: 34)
Australian Occupational Therapy J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.59, h-index: 29)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 31)
Australian Veterinary J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.459, h-index: 45)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 2.126, h-index: 39)
Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.371, h-index: 29)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 70)
Basic and Applied Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 4)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.54, h-index: 60)
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.194, h-index: 5)
Bauregelliste A, Bauregelliste B Und Liste C     Hybrid Journal  
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.321, h-index: 11)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 23)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 57)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 5)
Beton- und Stahlbetonbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.493, h-index: 14)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, h-index: 26)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, h-index: 64)
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine     Open Access  
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 3.104, h-index: 155)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 39)
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.725, h-index: 56)
Biological J. of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 90)
Biological Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.469, h-index: 114)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.12, h-index: 1)
Biology of the Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.812, h-index: 69)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 49)
Biometrical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.784, h-index: 44)
Biometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.906, h-index: 96)
Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.715, h-index: 44)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.199, h-index: 104)
Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 55)
Biotechnology and Bioengineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 187, SJR: 1.633, h-index: 146)
Biotechnology J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.185, h-index: 51)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.736, h-index: 101)
Biotropica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.374, h-index: 71)
Bipolar Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.592, h-index: 100)
Birth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 64)
Birth Defects Research Part A : Clinical and Molecular Teratology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.727, h-index: 77)
Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.468, h-index: 47)
Birth Defects Research Part C : Embryo Today : Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.513, h-index: 55)
BJOG : An Intl. J. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Partially Free   (Followers: 225, SJR: 2.083, h-index: 125)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover Aquaculture Nutrition
  [SJR: 1.025]   [H-I: 55]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1353-5773 - ISSN (Online) 1365-2095
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1577 journals]
  • Dietary protease modulates nutrient retention efficiency and
           hepatopancreatic protease activity in juvenile Chinese mitten crab
           Eriocheir sinensis
    • Authors: M.A.K. Chowdhury; J. Zhu, C. Cai, Y. Ye, J. He
      Abstract: An 8-week growth trial was conducted with juvenile Chinese mitten crab fed a high fishmeal (FM) diet (PC), a low FM diet (NC) and three other diets (NC125, NC150 and NC175) supplemented with 125, 150 and 175 mg/kg of a dietary protease. In the NC diets, a portion of FM (from PC diet) was replaced by a combination of plant proteins. All diets were isoproteic (404 ± 3 g/kg) and isoenergetic (18.6 ± 0.2 kJ/g). No differences were observed among treatments in most parameters except protein (PRE, %) and lipid (LRE, %) retention efficiencies, where LRE was the highest (37.9%) in NC175 followed by the PC. A linear regression demonstrated significant effects of protease on hepatopancreatic trypsin activity (HPRO, p = .001), and PRE (p = .05) and LRE (p = .014) but not on energy retention efficiency (ERE). Dietary protease level was positively correlated with HPRO and nutrient retention efficiency (p 
      PubDate: 2017-09-19T06:15:22.591786-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12627
       
  • Dietary amino acid profile affects muscle cellularity, growth, survival
           and ammonia excretion of meagre (Argyrosomus regius) larvae
    • Authors: M. Saavedra; T.G. Pereira, A. Candeias-Mendes, L.E.C. Conceição, B. Teixeira, R. Mendes, P. Pousão-Ferreira
      Abstract: Formulation of diets according to fish amino acid (AA) qualitative requirements may improve fish growth. Two diets with different AA profiles were tested on 16-day-old meagre during 20 days. The first diet had an AA profile closer to meagre larval AA requirements (BAL), whereas the second had a different AA profile (UNBAL). Results showed that larvae fed the diet with higher similarities to the AA profile of meagre carcass had a higher final weight (19.8 ± 0.5 mg versus 13.4 ± 1.8 mg) and lower ammonia excretion after being fed (0.6 ± 0.1 ml/(g DW. larvae. h) and 0.8 ± 0.1 ml/(g DW larvae. h)). A higher mean fibre area was obtained in 36 DAH larvae fed the BAL diet (224.8 ± 33.3 μm2 versus 158.8 ± 34.5 μm2) as well as higher larval weight. When fibre area distribution was analysed, a higher frequency of larger fibres was observed in 36 DAH BAL larvae, suggesting that fibre hypertrophy had a higher importance in this treatment. In conclusion, this study shows that meagre larvae fed a diet with an AA profile closer to their requirements had lower nitrogen losses and higher final weight, as result of higher muscle hypertrophy.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T00:05:53.101943-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12610
       
  • Supplementation of heat-inactivated Bacillus clausii DE5 in diets for
           grouper, Epinephelus coioides, improves feed utilization, intestinal and
           systemic immune responses and not growth performance
    • Authors: J. Wang; H.-L. Yang, H.-Q. Xia, J.-d. Ye, K.-L. Lu, X. Hu, Y. Feng, L. Ruan, Y.-Z. Sun
      Abstract: In recent years, more and more attentions have been paid to the development and application of probiotics in aquaculture, and viable probiotics have been extensively studied, while rare information was available about inactivated probiotics in aquaculture. Therefore, in this study, a feeding trial was designed to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of heat-inactivated probiotic Bacillus clausii DE5 on growth performance, immune response and key immune genes expression in head kidney and intestine in grouper Epinephelus coioides. Fish were fed for 60 days with control diet (C) and two experimental diets containing 1.0 × 108 CFU/g live (T1) and heat-inactivated (T2) B. clausii DE5, respectively. The probiotic treatments did not affect the final weight, weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) of E. coioides at days 30 and 60 (p > .05), while both heat-inactivated and live B. clausii DE5 significantly decreased the feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) at day 60 (p 
      PubDate: 2017-09-04T00:25:29.886881-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12611
       
  • Elevated concentrations of T-2 toxin cause oxidative stress in the rainbow
           trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
    • Authors: H. Modra; E. Sisperova, J. Blahova, V. Enevova, P. Fictum, A. Franc, J. Mares, Z. Svobodova
      Abstract: T-2 toxin is a mycotoxin produced by several Fusarium fungi that can contaminate plant components used in feed for aquaculture. The aim of this 28-day study was to investigate the effect of the T-2 toxin in feed in concentrations 1.0 and 1.8 mg/kg (0.01 mg/kg b.w. and 0.018 mg/kg b.w.) on the oxidative stress markers and on the detoxifying enzymes of the rainbow trout. The results showed that T-2 toxin in both tested concentrations induced oxidative stress and antioxidant defence in the liver of trout manifesting by the increase in activities of enzymes glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase and the decrease in the catalase activity. The increase in lipid peroxidation was recorded only in the higher concentration of T-2 toxin. Ceruloplasmin activity in the plasma increased at both tested concentrations, and the ferric reducing ability of the plasma increased at the higher toxin concentration. The T-2 toxin in feed caused alteration of the total protein, albumin and triacylglycerols as well as the alkaline phosphatase activity in the plasma. Despite no changes in histological examination were found, the influence of T-2 toxin on scavenger system may result in increased sensitivity to other stress factors.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01T04:05:27.457059-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12613
       
  • Geometric approach to evaluate the energy/protein balance in tambaqui
           (Colossoma macropomum): Can fish ensure nutritional intake targets by
           postingestion signals'
    • Authors: E.C.T.N. Filho; B.O. Mattos, A.A. Santos, K.A. Barreto, R.C.B. Albinati, L.V. Oliveira Vidal, F.J. Sánchez-Vázquez, R. Fortes-Silva
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) to balance the energy (E) and protein (P) ratio by encapsulated diets (without sensory properties). Thirty fish (71.37 ± 2.58 g) were distributed in six 250-litre tanks. Protein (P), carbohydrate (C) and fat (F) were encapsulated separately to ensure the same sensory properties of each macronutrient. Diets varied in terms of macronutrients to allow the maximal/minimal possibility of ingesting each nutrient following a geometric approach. P, C and F capsules were provided for 40 days (phase 1). After this procedure, fish were subjected to fixed low and poor protein challenges (200 g/kg), and freely to C + F, to evaluate whether they maintained a given intake target (phase 2). As a result, tambaqui showed an intake target at 300 g/kg of crude protein and 16.74 MJ per kg. Give the possibility of freely feeding protein, fish regulated their feed intake and showed a constant E/P ratio pattern (5.024-5.861 MJ/kg). When protein was restricted and fixed at 200 g/kg, fish maintained similar feed consumption until the end of phase 1, probably to keep a minimal protein amount according to their nutritional requirements.
      PubDate: 2017-08-30T05:27:16.974345-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12602
       
  • Effect of sex and protein level on the intermediary metabolism, growth,
           deposition of nutrients and profile of volatile compounds of silver
           catfish (Rhamdia quelen)
    • Authors: T.J. Adorian; P.I. Mombach, F.R. Goulart, D. Pianesso, M.B. Fagundes, R. Wagner, R. Lazzari, J. Radünz Neto, L.P. Silva
      Abstract: This study aimed at evaluating the intermediary metabolism, growth, nutritional deposition and volatile compounds of fillet of female and male silver catfish created in cages having commercial diets at two levels of crude protein. A total of 1,200 silver catfish were randomly distributed in 12 cages with initial weight of 130.05 ± 0.14 g and visually sexed. Commercial diets with 280 g/kg and 320 g/kg of crude protein were offered twice a day in the amount of 30 g/kg their biomass/day, for 90 days. At the end of the experimental period, biometry was performed to collect data, blood and tissue for later determination of plasma metabolites, hepatic metabolites, digestive enzymes, volatile compounds, deposition of nutrients and calculation of growth variables. There were metabolic differences due to the sex of silver catfish, reflecting greater productive efficiency on the females. For the plasma metabolites, in male, there were higher values of triglycerides and free amino acids than in female. For hepatic glucose, males fed with diet containing 280 g/kg of crude protein showed higher values. For protein and free amino acids, the interaction between males that received 320 g/kg of crude protein was higher. In males, there were higher values of AST and hepatic glycogen than in females. In turn, hepatic ammonia was higher in females. There was greater activity of acid protease enzymes and trypsin in the silver catfish that received diets containing 320 g/kg of crude protein. Regardless of sex, in this cultivation phase, diets with 320 g/kg of crude protein provided better performance to silver catfish. The profile of volatile compounds suggests mild odour for the fillet of silver catfish, which can be a competitive advantage of the species.
      PubDate: 2017-08-30T02:05:50.997362-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12608
       
  • Effects of Chinese herbal medicines mixture on growth performance
           digestive enzyme activity immune response of juvenile Japanese seabass,
           Lateolabrax japonicus
    • Authors: C.-Y. Wang; Z.-B. Li, Y.-Z. Sun, Q. Chen, W.-J. Li, Y.-C. Huang, J. Lu
      Abstract: A single factorial experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of Chinese herbal medicines mixture (CHMM) on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity and immune response of Japanese seabass, Lateolabrax japonicus (initial weight 5.01 ± 0.32 g). The fish were fed diets containing six levels of CHMM (0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 g/kg) for 4 weeks. The results showed that the weight gain rate and specific growth rate (SGR) enhanced significantly in fish fed diet containing 8 g/kg CHMM (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-24T05:05:22.560501-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12597
       
  • Effects of dietary inulin and Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)
           on intestinal microbiota community and morphology of Nile tilapia
           (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings
    • Authors: S. Boonanuntanasarn; N. Tiengtam, T. Pitaksong, P. Piromyou, N. Teaumroong
      Abstract: This study investigated the effects of dietary inulin and Jerusalem artichoke (JA) on intestinal microbiota and morphometry of Nile tilapia fingerlings. Five treatment diets were designed to supplement inulin at 0 (basal diet), 2.5 and 5.0 g/kg, and JA at 5.0 and 10.0 g/kg. Nile tilapia larvae were fed experimental diets from the first feeding through the fingerling stage (84 days). The cultivation-dependent technique showed that dietary inulin at 5.0 g/kg and JA (at both levels) increased lactic acid bacteria and Bifidobacterium spp., but decreased Vibrio spp. (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-24T03:36:16.442209-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12600
       
  • Effects of supplemental phytic acid on the apparent digestibility and
           utilization of dietary amino acids and minerals in juvenile grass carp
           (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)
    • Authors: L.W. Liu; X.-F. Liang, J. Li, X.C. Yuan, J.G. Fang
      Abstract: A feeding trial was conducted for 8 weeks to evaluate the effects of supplemental phytic acid (PA) on the apparent digestibility and utilization of dietary amino acids (AAs) and minerals in juvenile grass carp. Five experimental diets consisted of graded levels of PA (0.2, 4.7, 9.5, 19.1 and 38.3 g kg−1, named as P0, P5, P10, P20 and P40). Triplicate groups of fish (initial weight, 22.37 ± 0.16 g) were fed twice daily (08:00 and 16:00 h). The crude protein content in whole body significantly (p 4.7 g kg−1) significantly reduced the apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of AAs (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Gly, Ala, Cys, Val, Met, Ile, Leu, Phe, Lys, Pro, His and Arg) and the ADC of minerals (P, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn) in grass carp. The contents of minerals (P, Ca, Mg and Zn) in whole body and bone were also found to be significantly reduced in dietary PA> 4.7 g kg−1, while the bone ash, serum Alkp and Zn contents were found to be significantly decreased when the PA supplementation level was above 9.5 g kg−1, and the contents of serum Ca and Mg were found to be markedly altered in higher PA-supplemented groups. The results indicated that supplemental PA decreased the apparent digestibility and utilization of AAs and minerals, and thus reduced the feed utilization of grass carp, suggesting that the level of total PA should be below 4.7 g kg−1 in grass carp diet.
      PubDate: 2017-08-23T01:15:21.253531-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12614
       
  • Replacement of fish oil with vegetable oil blends in feeds for greater
           amberjack (Seriola dumerili) juveniles: Effect on growth performance, feed
           efficiency, tissue fatty acid composition and flesh nutritional value
    • Authors: R. Monge-Ortiz; A. Tomás-Vidal, D. Rodriguez-Barreto, S. Martínez-Llorens, J.A. Pérez, M. Jover-Cerdá, A. Lorenzo
      Abstract: This study was undertaken to assess the effects of fish oil (FO) substitution by a mixture of alternative vegetable oils (VO) on Seriola dumerili culture performance. A 154-day feeding experiment was conducted using juveniles (39.2 ± 1.6 g average weight). Three isolipidic and isoenergetic meal-based diets were formulated varying their lipid component. The control diet contained 100% FO (FO100), whereas diets VO50 and VO100 included 1/2 of oil blend and all the oil from blend of palm oil (PO) and linseed oil (LO) as substitute for FO, respectively. Dietary regime did not significantly affect growth performance, biometric indices, feed efficiency, plasma chemistry and liver and muscle lipid contents. Nonetheless, dietary VO inclusion impacted on the fatty acid profile of target tissues, especially in the liver. Fatty acid profiles of the fillets reflected those of the dietary oils except that there was apparent selective utilization of palmitic acid (C16:0) and oleic acid (C18:1n-9) and apparent selective retention of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3). The nutritional value and the potential ability to prevent the development of coronary heart diseases of the flesh lipid fraction decreased with gradual FO substitution.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22T05:05:34.662192-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12595
       
  • Effects of dietary lipid levels on growth, feed utilization, digestive
           tract enzyme activity and lipid deposition of juvenile Manchurian trout,
           Brachymystax lenok (Pallas)
    • Authors: J. Chang; H.X. Niu, Y.D. Jia, S.G. Li, G.F. Xu
      Abstract: Six isoproteic diets were designated to evaluate the effects of dietary lipid levels (from 70 to 270 g/kg) on the growth performance, feed utilization, digestive tract enzyme activity and lipid deposition of juvenile Brachymystax lenok (average initial weight 0.54 ± 0.04 g). Each diet was fed to triplicate tanks (30 fish per tank) in an indoor closed recirculating system for 9 weeks. Final body weight and weight gain were highest in fish fed 190 g/kg diet and lowest in fish fed the 70 g/kg diet. Specific growth rate of fish fed with 190 g/kg diet was significantly higher than those fed with 70 and 270 g/kg diets (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-20T02:00:21.9326-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12598
       
  • Effects of dietary sunflower oil on growth parameters, fatty acid profiles
           and expression of genes regulating growth and metabolism in the pejerrey
           (Odontesthes bonariensis) fry
    • Authors: J.I. Bertucci; M.O. Tovar, S. Unniappan, J.C. Navarro, L.F. Canosa
      Abstract: Aquaculture fish diets usually contain an addition of fish oil to improve their nutritional value. The effect of the replacement of dietary fish oil (FO) by sunflower oil (SfO) on growth, fatty acid composition and expression of genes implicated in somatic growth, feed intake and fatty acid metabolism was studied in pejerrey fry. Fry were fed per 45 days with diets containing FO/SfO ratios of 100% FO; 50% FO:50% SfO; 20% FO:80% SfO; and 100% SfO. No differences were detected in growth and in the total per cent of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. Gh, ghr-I and ghr-II showed a higher mRNA expression in head and trunk of fry fed with 100% SfO diet. Expression of igf-II was higher in trunk of fry fed with 100% SfO diet compared with 100% FO diet. The Δ6-desaturase gene expression was upregulated in head and trunk of fry fed with 100% SfO diet. The nucb2/nesfatin-1 gene expression decreased in the trunk of fry with increasing dietary SfO. We conclude that the replacement of fish oil by sunflower oil in pejerrey fry feed does not affect growth and is a viable strategy to reduce production costs of this fish.
      PubDate: 2017-08-20T01:45:26.904353-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12603
       
  • Dietary ascorbic acid requirement for growth of striped catfish,
           Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) juveniles
    • Authors: N. Daniel; A.P. Muralidhar, P.P. Srivastava, K.K. Jain, K. Pani Prasad, J. Manish, T. Sivaramakrishnan
      Abstract: A sixty-day feeding trial was conducted to determine the ascorbic acid (AA) requirement for growth of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus juveniles. Seven iso-nitrogenous and iso-energetic (370 g protein per kg and 19.6 MJ/kg) purified diets were prepared with different levels of ascorbic acid such as control (0), T1 (17.5), T2 (35), T3 (70), T4 (175), T5 (350) and T6 (700) mg ascorbic acid (L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate) equivalent per kg diet. Fish with a mean body weight of 3.2–3.4 g were stocked (fifteen fish per tank) in triplicates following a completely randomized design. Each group was fed to satiation twice a day for 60 days. Significant differences were observed in growth, survival, body composition and metabolic enzymes activities with different dietary ascorbic acid levels. Maximum weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) were found in fishes fed with 35 mg AA per kg diet, supported by best feed conversion. Fish fed a diet containing vitamin C had the highest activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) compared to those fed with vitamin C-depleted diets. In this study, based on using broken-line regression analysis, the dietary vitamin C requirement for growth of P. hypophthalmus juveniles was estimated to be in the range of 46–76 mg AA per kg, depending on the criterion used, growth and liver storage. Our results will be helpful for the formulation of cost-effective ascorbic acid incorporated diets for striped catfish, P. hypophthalmus.
      PubDate: 2017-08-18T05:05:39.368088-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12596
       
  • Immune responses by dietary supplement with Astragalus polysaccharides in
           the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei
    • Authors: Z.-Q. Chang; Q.-Q. Ge, M. Sun, Q. Wang, H.-Y. Lv, J. Li
      Abstract: Two experiments were conducted to investigate the immune-enhancing effect of dietary supplement with Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) on the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. In experiment 1, the optimal APS dose was determined based on the immune responses of shrimps fed APS diet for 30 days. In experiment 2, the effect of APS supplementation on immune response of shrimp suffering white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) challenge was determined. Results showed that the total haemocyte count and phagocytic activity in shrimps fed APS diets significantly (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-10T05:40:34.713843-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12599
       
  • Effect of replacing dietary fish meal with black soldier fly larvae meal
           on growth and fatty acid composition of Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var.
           Jian)
    • Authors: J.S. Zhou; S.S. Liu, H. Ji, H.B. Yu
      Abstract: To explore the effect of replacing dietary fish meal (FM) with black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal (BSFLM) on growth and body composition of Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian), the FM in basal diet of Jian carp was replaced by 0, 35, 70, 105 and 140 g/kg BSFLM respectively to form five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets. A total of 300 Jian carp (10.1 ± 1.6 g) were randomly divided into five groups (triplicate per group) and fed five diets, respectively. After 56 days of feeding, growth and body composition of fish were determined. Results showed that serum maleic dialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, 18:1n-9, 18:2n-6, 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3 in fish significantly decreased and 12:0, 14:0 and 16:0 significantly increased with increasing replacement of BSFLM. The growth, biological parameters, proximate composition, amino acid composition and serum biochemical parameters of Jian carp were not affected by the replacement of BSFLM. In conclusion, up to 140 g/kg BSFLM (100% replacement of FM) can be included in diets of Jian carp without unfavourable effects on growth while decreasing n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) composition in body of fish, suggesting that BSFLM could be used after nutrient enrichment with n-3 HUFA to bring active effects on fish quality.
      PubDate: 2017-08-10T03:55:22.031791-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12574
       
  • Synchronized effect of citric acid and phytase supplementation on growth
           performance and nutrient digestibility of Labeo rohita
    • Authors: N. Bano; M. Afzal
      Abstract: A 2-month trial was conducted to record the effect of citric acid and phytase supplementation on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in labeo rohita. Nine treatment (T) diets having 0, 500 and 1,000 FTU/KG phytase and 0, 15 and 30 g/kg citric acid were prepared and were designated as T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8 and T9 diets. There were three replicates for each of the test diets. Fish samples (n = 324) were stocked in different tanks and were fed with T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8 and T9 diets. Significant (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-10T01:05:46.245081-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12607
       
  • Replacement of fishmeal by two types of fish protein hydrolysate in feed
           for postlarval shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
    • Authors: B.P.T. Quinto; J.V. Albuquerque, R.S. Bezerra, S. Peixoto, R. Soares
      Abstract: After filleting of tilapia, the material remaining is discarded and this waste represents about 700 g/kg of fish body volume, corresponding to carcass and viscera. These leftovers are important sources of proteins that can be used as feed in aquaculture industry by producing protein hydrolysates. In this study, two protein hydrolysates of tilapia were produced, with one (FPH1) and two (FPH2) hours of hydrolysis. The nutritional composition of the hydrolysates showed desirable levels of crude protein and essential amino acids. Electrophoresis revealed peptides ranging from 10 to 250 kDa. In addition, caseinolytic activity was recorded by zymogram. The hydrolysates were incorporated separately in experimental diets to replace fishmeal at distinct levels: 0, 40, 80 and 120 g/kg, totalizing seven diets named 0 (control), 40H1, 80H1, 120H1, 40H2, 80H2 and 120H2. A 45-day feeding trial was carried out to evaluate the zootechnical performance of postlarvae fed these diets. In conclusion, the use of FPH2 as a substitute for fishmeal promotes better shrimp growth than FPH1 and allows higher levels of substitution. In addition, it is recommended a 60 g/kg fishmeal replacement by FPH2 to improve growth.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T01:45:24.393026-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12605
       
  • Dietary supplements of guanosine improve the growth, non-specific immunity
           of sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus Selenka, and its resistance
           against Vibrio splendidus
    • Authors: X.R. Chen; K.S. Mai, W.B. Zhang, B.P. Tan, Y.H. Yuan, Q.C. Wang, H.O. Liang, L.M. Zhao
      Abstract: The growth response, non-specific immune activities and disease resistance were measured in sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus Selenka (initial average weight 6.80 ± 0.10 g), when fed diets supplemented with graded levels of guanosine from the guanosine-5’-monophosphate disodium (GMP) at 0 (control), 0.3, 0.6 and 1.2 g/kg for 8 weeks. The results showed that GMP supplemented at 0.6 and 1.2 g/kg significantly enhanced the growth of sea cucumber. Sea cucumber fed a diet with 0.6 g/kg of GMP had significantly higher intracellular superoxide anion production, nitric oxide synthase activity, lysozyme activity and the total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity than those in control group (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T01:35:27.484671-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12590
       
  • Antioxidant-related parameters, digestive enzyme activity and intestinal
           morphology in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry fed graded levels of
           red seaweed, Gracilaria pygmaea
    • Authors: E. Sotoudeh; F. Mardani
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary red seaweed, Gracilaria pygmaea level on growth, antioxidant-related parameters, digestive enzyme activity and intestinal morphology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry. Five isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets were formulated to contain four G. pygmaea levels (30 (GL-30), 60 (GL-60), 90 (GL-90) and 120 g/kg (GL-120)), and a control diet was used, without inclusion of seaweed. Results of the feeding trial indicated that final body (FBW: 2.8–3.5 g) and specific growth rate (SGR: 4.8–5.2) were significantly improved when 60 g/kg G. pygmaea was supplemented in the diets. However, there was a significant reduction (p 
      PubDate: 2017-08-08T01:25:42.557247-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12606
       
  • Chlorella vulgaris meal improved growth performance, digestive enzyme
           activities, fatty acid composition and tolerance of hypoxia and ammonia
           stress in juvenile Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
    • Authors: S. Pakravan; A. Akbarzadeh, M.M. Sajjadi, A. Hajimoradloo, F. Noori
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of fish meal substitution by Chlorella vulgaris meal in the diet of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Experimental diets contained varying levels of fish meal (400, 300, 200, 100 and 0 g/kg) which was replaced by increasing levels of C. vulgaris (0, 97.2, 194.4, 291.6 and 388.8 g/kg). After 8 weeks of feeding trial, shrimp fed diet with 97.2 g/kg C. vulgaris showed significantly improved growth compared to other treatments including control. Similarly, shrimp fed diet with 97.2 g/kg C. vulgaris showed significantly higher amount of trypsin and amylase activities compared to other treatments. The contents of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid were significantly higher in the whole body of L. vannamei fed with different levels of C. vulgaris compared to those of control group. After exposure to hypoxia, the survival rate of shrimp fed diets contained different levels of C. vulgaris was higher than that of control group, while no significant differences were observed in ammonia tolerance among treatments. In conclusion, this study indicated that fish meal can be completely replaced with C. vulgaris in the diet of juvenile L. vannamei with no adverse effects on the performance of shrimp.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04T01:35:46.709865-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12594
       
  • Effect of supplementation of dietary fibre concentrates on biochemical
           parameters, stress response, immune response and skin mucus of jundiá
           (Rhamdia quelen)
    • Authors: F.R. Goulart; T.J. Adorian, N.M. Lovatto, B.B. Loureiro, D. Pianesso, L.G. Barcellos, G. Koakoski, L.P. da Silva
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different dietary fibre concentrates (DFC: Mucilage = MG; pectin = PN or β-glucan+mannan = βg+M), on biochemical parameters, stress and immune response and skin mucus of jundiá (Rhamdia quelen). The fish (7.16 ± 0.06 g) were fed with Control diet (0 g/kg of DFC); diet supplemented with 5 g/kg of commercial prebiotic (CP 5) or diets supplemented with 5 or 10 g/kg of MG; PN or βg+M. After 8 weeks of the feeding trials, biochemical parameters (cholesterol, glucose, albumin and total protein), cortisol, immunoglobulin IgM and mucoproteins of skin mucus were assessed. Results demonstrated that supplementation with PN increased cholesterol levels (p
      PubDate: 2017-08-01T00:07:02.48556-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12568
       
  • The effects on some non-enzymatic antioxidants and oxidative stress of
           Astacus leptodactylus (Esch., 1823) of starvation periods
    • Authors: Özden Barim-Öz
      Abstract: This study investigated the effect of starvation (78 days) and refeeding (33 days) on the oxidative stress [malondialdehyde (MDA)] and the non-enzymatic antioxidants [vitamin E (VE), vitamin C (VC), vitamin A (VA), beta carotene (βC) and reduced glutathione (GSH)] in the hepatopancreas, muscle and gill tissues of freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus). Crayfish were divided into three experimental groups: control (fed), starved (not fed) crayfish for 78 days and refeeding crayfish for 33 days after 78 days of starvation. The biochemical analysis of the tissues was conducted at 3, 18, 33, 48, 63 and 78 days of starvation and feeding and at 3, 18 and 33 days of refeeding. It was determined that crayfish can withstand starvation period of 78 days. In all of the periods, the MDA levels were significantly higher in the tissues of starved crayfish when compared with the control. The findings of this study demonstrate that starvation has a negative effect on the VE, VC, VA, βC and GSH levels in the crayfish. The measured parameters returned to control values after 33 days of the refeeding. Additionally, the starvation resulted in decreased levels of VE, VA and βC in the abdomen muscle of crayfish consumed by humans.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T23:55:43.011472-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12582
       
  • Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 probiotic supplementation as enhancer of
           Artemia n-3 HUFA contents and growth performance in Senegalese sole
           larviculture
    • Authors: C. Lobo; M.V. Martín, X. Moreno-Ventas, S.T. Tapia-Paniagua, C. Rodríguez, M.A. Moriñigo, I. García de la Banda
      Abstract: Adequate enrichment of live prey like Artemia, naturally deficient of essential highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA), such as docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA), is critical for the rapidly developing tissues, survival, normal development and production of good-quality fingerlings. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a pulse (10–30 dah) of Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 (2.5*107 cfu/ml) using Artemia metanauplii as live vector, on its proper lipid profiles and resultant Solea senegalensis body composition and performance. Probiotic administration significantly increased total lipids and specifically n-3 HUFA levels in Pdp11-enriched Artemia. The live prey lipid modulation was also reflected in the total lipid contents and fatty acid profiles of Pdp11 sole specimens, which achieved a higher growth performance. A fatty acid multivariate principal component analysis confirmed a neat separation of two groups corresponding to Control and probiotic fish for each age sampled (23, 56, 87 and 119 dah). In addition, a further SIMPER analysis highlighted that the Pdp11 Artemia effect on sole lipid profile was different for each fatty acid and was gradually diluted with age. Results suggest an ability of Pdp11 strain to produce n-3 HUFA as an effective tool for fish marine larviculture optimization.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T02:10:23.869716-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12587
       
  • Use of marine by-product meals in diets for juvenile longfin yellowtail
           Seriola rivoliana
    • Authors: A. Benitez-Hernández; S.P.L. Jiménez-Bárcenas, E.Y. Sánchez-Gutiérrez, J.C. Pérez-Urbiola, D. Tovar-Ramírez, E. Palacios, R. Civera-Cerecedo
      Abstract: A 60-day feeding trial to determine the nutritional value of marine by-product meals in diets for longfin yellowtail Seriola rivoliana juveniles (48.1 ± 0.6 g initial weight) was conducted. Five diets were evaluated: a reference diet (RD; 500 g kg−1 CP, 130 g kg−1 L), containing 500 g kg−1 of fish meal (FM); three experimental diets with 125 g kg−1 of shrimp head (SM), Catarina scallop viscera (CM) or Pen shell viscera (PM) meals; and one diet (SCP) containing 125 g kg−1 of each of the experimental meals, to partially replace FM. Survival was not significantly affected by any treatment. Individual weight gain per day was high for the PM (5.3 ± 0.51 g d−1) and SM (4.7 ± 0.32 g d−1) diets, being significantly higher than the RD (3.5 ± 0.23 g d−1) and the other treatments (
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T02:05:24.322566-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12588
       
  • Replacing live feed with formulated diets in juvenile Patagonian red
           octopus (Enteroctopus megalocyathus)
    • Authors: E. Martínez-Montaño; I. Uriarte, C. Rosas, R. Amthauer, A. Romero, A. Farías
      Abstract: Two formulated diets were evaluated to replace live crab (C) as feed for juveniles Enteroctopus megalocyathus. Formulated diets consisted of crab paste (CP) and a mixture of freeze-dried meals of crab and squid (C&S). After 10 weeks of feeding, the effect of each diet was analysed on productive performance, nutritional and physiological condition and immune system. Both the crab and C&S diets produced the best values for specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio and protein efficiency ratio. The diet C&S proved to be the most digestible with greatest metabolized energy. The CP diet was similar to the C diet in terms of biological value and protein apparent digestibility; nevertheless, its performance was weaker for the other indicators. Furthermore, the highest α-amylase, lipase and alkaline proteolytic activity values were observed in octopuses fed live crab, as opposed to those fed formulated feeds. The type of diet did not affect lysozyme activity in neither mucus nor haemolymph. The production of reactive oxygen species was highest in octopuses fed CP diet. It is proposed the use of C&S diet to study the nutritional requirements and to develop an optimal formulated diet for juvenile Patagonian red octopus.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T01:45:23.08075-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12589
       
  • Effect of feeding frequency on growth and enzymatic activity of
           Litopenaeus vannamei during nursery phase in biofloc system
    • Authors: S. Peixoto; E. Silva, C.B. Costa, R.C. Nery, F. Rodrigues, J.F. Silva, R. Bezerra, R. Soares
      Abstract: This study evaluated the zootechnical performance and enzymatic activity of Litopenaeus vannamei reared at different feeding frequencies during the nursery phase in biofloc system. The experiment consisted of four treatments, corresponding to the feeding frequencies of one, two, three and four times a day. Twelve-day postlarvae (PL12) were stocked in 12 circular tanks at a density of 3,000/m2 for 35 days. These tanks were connected to a recirculation system supplied by a matrix tank where biofloc management was carried out. Water quality remained within acceptable limits for the species over the experiment. Food frequencies had no influence on survival (88.5–92.7%) and feed conversion ratio (1.5–1.7), but the final mean weight (0.43–0.56 g) was significantly higher in shrimp fed three times a day. This fact is probably associated with amylase (14.58 U/mg) and trypsin (23.84 U/mg) activities, as well as the significant increase of chymotrypsin (11.74 U/mg) and lipase (1.27 U/mg) in shrimp of this treatment at the end of culture period. Feeding three times a day provided the highest enzymatic activity and the best zootechnical performance of L. vannamei during the nursery phase in biofloc system.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T00:00:47.93736-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12591
       
  • Utilization of H2SO4-hydrolysed phosphorus from herring bone by-products
           in feed for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) 0+ postsmolt
    • Authors: S. Albrektsen; E.-J. Lock, G. Bæverfjord, M. Pedersen, A. Krasnov, H. Takle, E. Veiseth-Kent, R. Ørnsrud, R. Waagbø, E. Ytteborg
      Abstract: The utilization efficiency of phosphorus (P) hydrolysed from herring by-products in feed for Atlantic salmon 0+ postsmolt was studied. Seven diets were produced with a low P level (D1): 5 g soluble P/kg, with P hydrolysed from herring by-products (D2, D3, D4): 7, 9 and 11 g soluble P/kg, or blue whiting fish bone meal (D5): 9 g soluble P/kg, and with P from NaH2PO4 (D6, D7): 9 g soluble P/kg diet. Diet D7 was also added (NH4)2SO4. Fish fed D1 had significantly lower growth compared to D3, D5 and D7, morphological changes in bone consistent with low mineral contents, significantly reduced scale macromineral contents and changes in P markers, that is bone ALP and NaPi in pyloric caeca. The average P retention was 3.6 and 3.2 g P/kg weight gain, respectively, in D2–D7 and in D1. Fish fed D3, D5 and D6 showed similar growth, P digestibility, tissue mineralization, P retention and P excretion. The dietary P requirement in salmon was met between 5.1 and 7.4 g/kg soluble P (DM). This study shows that P hydrolysed from fish bones can be recycled and used as an efficient P source in feed for Atlantic salmon.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T01:45:59.198771-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12566
       
  • Combined effect of weaning time and co-feeding duration on growth and
           survival of peled Coregonus peled (Gmelin) larvae
    • Authors: V. Stejskal; J. Matousek, M. Prokesova, P. Podhorec, R. Sebesta, B. Drozd
      Abstract: The study investigated the combined effect of weaning from live feed to a commercial dry pellet at 10, 15, 20, 25 or 30 days posthatching (dph) and co-feeding for 1, 3 or 6 days on survival and growth of Coregonus peled larvae. Additional groups fed only live Artemia sp. nauplii (ART), and only Biomar LARVIVA ProWean 100 (DRY) were included. A final survival rate of 66.4%–85.5% was observed in groups weaned after 20 dph. Final body weight (BW) and total length (TL) were significantly lower in groups weaned at 10 and 15 dph, regardless of the duration of co-feeding. Larvae reached 29–37 mg BW and TL of 17.7–19.0 mm in groups weaned at 20, 25 and 30 dph. The recommended minimum duration of feeding with live food, based on these results, is 20 days. Based on the significantly higher yield of larvae weaned after 20 dph irrespective of co-feeding duration, it can be concluded that abrupt weaning to dry food after 20 days of feeding with live prey can provide adequate production while reducing the effort and costs associated with live feed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-24T03:52:39.361526-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12575
       
  • Efficacy of feeding tiger puffer Takifugu rubripes on moon jellyfish with
           respect to nutritional composition and behavioural traits
    • Authors: Y. Miyajima-Taga; R. Masuda, A. Kurihara, R. Komi, Y. Yamashita, T. Takeuchi
      Abstract: Although jellyfish blooms are serious nuisances for fisheries and other industries, the utilization and nutritional value of by-catch jellyfish has drawn public attention. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of feeding tiger puffer Takifugu rubripes with moon jellyfish Aurelia sp. using 20-day rearing experiments. Feeding on jellyfish had no positive effect on growth performance, although it significantly reduced neutral lipids and increased proportions of polar lipids, n−3 and n−6 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs), especially arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids, and taurine. Supplemental feeding on jellyfish plus pellets elevated activity and responsiveness in the fish, with no effect on burst swimming speed or prevention of aggressive biting by siblings. The present research suggests that feeding on jellyfish improves body composition and some behaviours in tiger puffers. As cultured fish tend to accumulate excessive amounts of lipids from lipid-rich pellets that can induce an unhealthy condition, and behavioural deficits of hatchery-reared fish reduce survival after release in the wild, we propose the use of jellyfish as a supplemental diet in the nursery production of tiger puffer. Moreover, feeding on jellyfish can overcome deficiencies in alternative soy-material feeds by supplying phospholipid, HUFAs, or taurine.
      PubDate: 2017-06-24T03:52:31.615742-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12583
       
  • 1H-NMR metabolomic profiling of the crayfish Astacus leptodactylus
           subjected to polyphenol-enriched diets
    • Authors: Susan Costantini; Lucia Parrillo, Eliana Guerriero, Dominique Melck, Giovanni Colonna, Maria Grazia Volpe, Marina Paolucci
      Abstract: 1H-NMR analysis of the hepatopancreas, muscle and haemolymph of Astacus leptodactylus after feeding with polyphenol-enriched diet is reported. 1H-NMR spectra of lipophilic extracts showed the presence of cholesterol, fatty acid residues, phospholipids and triglycerides. 1H-NMR spectra of aqueous extracts identified 35 metabolites in the hepatopancreas, 31 in the muscle and 22 in the haemolymph. A total of 20 metabolites (amino acids and their derivatives) were present in the hepatopancreas, the muscle and the haemolymph. A total of 10 metabolites were present in both the hepatopancreas and the muscle (five amino acids, 2-hydroxybutyrate, choline, myo-inositol, glycogen and uracil). 2-Hydroxyisobutyrate and creatine were present in both the hepatopancreas and the haemolymph. Phosphorylethanolamine, phosphocholine and fumarate were present only in the hepatopancreas and isoleucine only in the muscle. Statistical analysis showed that the percentage of weight gain was statistically higher in polyphenol-enriched diet groups compared to the control and that polyphenols had a stimulating effect on the general metabolism. No stress-related metabolites were higher in crayfish fed with polyphenol-enriched diet. Conversely, phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and DHA, linked to resistance to environmental stress and diseases, were higher compared to the control diet. This study indicates that 1H-NMR is a useful tool to study the metabolomics in relation to diet differences.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T06:35:39.149729-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12585
       
  • Evaluating dietary supply of microminerals as a premix in a complete plant
           ingredient-based diet to juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
    • Authors: P. Antony Jesu Prabhu; J.W. Schrama, S. Fontagné-Dicharry, C. Mariojouls, A. Surget, M. Bueno, I. Geurden, S.J. Kaushik
      Abstract: Two basal diets M0 and V0 were formulated with marine and plant based ingredient composition. Seven experimental diets were prepared from the two basal diets namely M0, M100, V0, V30, V60, V100 and V150 by incorporating different levels of a micromineral premix (Cu, Fe, Mn, Se and Zn). Triplicate groups of rainbow trout (initial weight: 20 g) reared at 17°C were fed one of each diet to apparent visual satiation over 12 weeks. Among the V diet fed fish, growth and feed intake exhibited maximal response at V60 level of premix inclusion; Apparent availability coefficient of Fe, Cu and Zn decreased linearly with increasing level of premix whereas apparent availability coefficient of Mn and Se was unaffected. The available dietary concentration in basal V0 diet was for Fe, 20.6; Cu, 2.8; Mn, 6.5; Zn, 17.3 and Se, 0.195 (in mg/kg DM) and in the M0 diet for Fe, 63.3; Cu, 5.2; Mn, 2.9; Zn, 35.2 and Se, 0.87 (in mg/kg DM). In reference to NRC (Nutrient requirements of fish and shrimp. Washington, DC: National Research Council, The National Academies Press, 2011) recommendations, the V0 basal diet accounted for 34.3%, 92.9%, 53.9%, 115% and 130.2% and the contribution from M0 diet for 105.5%, 173.3%, 24.2%, 234.7% and 580% of the minimal dietary inclusion levels of Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn and Se to rainbow trout, respectively. However, data on whole body mineral contents showed that normal levels were maintained only for Cu and Mn through supply from basal V0 diet. For Zn and Se, available supply even from the highest supplemented diet (V150) was not sufficient to maintain normal body mineral levels of rainbow trout in the present study. On the whole, optimal dietary inclusion levels of microminerals are altered while using fishmeal-free diets for rainbow trout.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T06:25:20.623846-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12586
       
  • Dietary nucleotide mixture effects on reproductive and performance, ovary
           fatty acid profile and biochemical parameters of female Pacific shrimp
           Litopenaeus vannamei
    • Authors: A. Arshadi; V. Yavari, A. Oujifard, S.M. Mousavi, E. Gisbert, M.T. Mozanzadeh
      Abstract: The effects of different dietary nucleotide mixture (NT) levels (0, 2, 4 and 6 g/kg) were investigated on the reproductive performance, fatty acid profile and biochemical parameters in Litopenaeus vannamei female that were co-fed with fresh food (two times daily) and experimental diets (two times daily) for 30 days. Sampling was carried out at the first day of the trial, before eyestalk ablation (ESA) (day 21) and after ESA (day 30). Reproductive performance parameters including the hepatopancreatic index, absolute fecundity, egg diameter and latency period were higher in the NT-supplemented groups than the control group (p 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T06:20:19.802476-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12584
       
  • Effects of dietary vitamin E and astaxanthin on growth, skin colour and
           antioxidative capacity of large yellow croaker Larimichthys crocea
    • Authors: X. Yi; H. Shen, J. Li, Z. Wei, J. Shentu, W. Zhang, K. Mai
      Abstract: A 10-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary vitamin E and astaxanthin on growth performance, skin colour and antioxidative capacity of large yellow croaker Larimichthys crocea. Six practical diets were formulated in a 2 × 3 factorial design to supplement with two levels of astaxanthin (25 and 50 mg/kg) and three levels of vitamin E (0, 120 and 800 mg/kg). The results showed that both the highest final body weight and specific growth rate were found in fish fed diets with 120 mg/kg vitamin E supplementation. No significant differences were found in survival rate, feed conversion ratio and protein efficiency ratio among all the treatments (p > .05). Skin lightness (L*) was not significantly affected by dietary treatments (p > .05). Ventral skin redness (a*) of fish fed diet with 25 mg/kg astaxanthin and 0 mg/kg vitamin E supplementation was significantly lower than that of fish fed with other diets. Yellowness (b*) and carotenoid contents both in the dorsal and in the ventral skin were found to be significantly increased with increasing dietary astaxanthin or vitamin E (p  .05). The vitamin E content in liver reflected the dietary vitamin E content. Level of vitamin E content in fish fed diets with 800 mg/kg vitamin E supplementation was significantly higher than that in fish fed with the other diets (p 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T06:15:21.592978-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12580
       
  • The tolerance and safety assessment of taurine as additive in a marine
           carnivorous fish, Scophthalmus maximus L.
    • Authors: Y. Liu; P. Yang, H. Hu, Y. Li, J. Dai, Y. Zhang, Q. Ai, W. Xu, W. Zhang, K. Mai
      Abstract: The effects of dietary taurine on growth performance, liver and intestine morphology, serum physiological and antioxidant parameters, serum thyroid hormone level, muscle taurine content and fatty acid composition of turbot were first evaluated, for the safe utilization in marine fish feed and for human food safety. Four experimental diets were formulated to contain 0, 10, 50 and 100 g/kg taurine. Each diet was randomly assigned to six replicates of 30 juvenile turbot (initial mean weight of 7.46 g). The feeding trial lasted for 10 weeks. The growth performance of fish was significantly enhanced by 10 g/kg dietary taurine. The integrity of the distal intestine was impaired and the absorptive surface was found to be significantly reduced by 100 g/kg dietary taurine. The obvious pathological changes in liver were observed in fish fed 100 g/kg taurine. Dietary taurine with 10 and 50 g/kg significantly increased the activities of serum superoxide dismutase, lysozyme and thyroid hormone. The taurine content in muscle was found to be significantly increased by dietary taurine; however, no significant differences were observed among taurine-supplemented treatments. This study suggested that 10 g/kg taurine was safe in turbot feed, and fivefold of safety margin was obtained.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T06:05:56.233704-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12579
       
  • Astaxanthin krill oil enhances the growth performance and fatty acid
           composition of the Pacific whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, reared
           under hypersaline conditions
    • Authors: O.S. Castro; L. Burri, A.J.P. Nunes
      Abstract: Hypersalinity culture of marine shrimp can lead to poor growth and feed efficiency. This study evaluated the effect of dietary supplementation of three oil sources (krill, fish and soybean) on the growth of Litopenaeus vannamei reared under high salinity. Shrimp of 2.79 ± 0.60 g were reared for 64 days under isosmotic (ISO, 23 ± 1.2 g/L) and hyperosmotic (HOS, 44 ± 2.0 g/L) conditions. Diets varied in their fatty acid composition: Control, 35 g/kg of the diet (as fed basis) soybean oil; Fish, 27 g/kg fish oil and 10 g/kg soybean oil; Krill, 48 g/kg krill oil and 4 g/kg soybean oil; Krill-, 15 g/kg krill oil and 21 g/kg soybean oil; Krill+, 55 g/kg krill oil and 4 g/kg soybean oil. At harvest, Krill diet promoted the fastest shrimp growth (1.01 ± 0.01 g/week) and body weight (11.97 ± 2.01 g), regardless of water salinity. There were no significant differences in shrimp survival (93.4 ± 5.07%) and yield (554 ± 68.5 g/m2) among different diets. Shrimp fed Fish, Krill and Krill+ had higher concentrations of PUFA compared to those fed Control and Krill- diets.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T06:00:47.360152-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12577
       
  • Dietary lysine requirement of juvenile dusky kob, Argyrosomus japonicus
    • Authors: A.A. Adesola; C.L.W. Jones, T.A. Shipton
      Abstract: To determine dietary lysine requirement of dusky kob, Argyrosomus japonicus, six isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets (431 g/kg crude protein, 141 g/kg lipid and 20 kJ/kg) were formulated with graded levels of crystalline L-lysine (18–42 g/kg of the dry diet). The protein source in the basal diet comprised fishmeal and soya, where a combination of L-aspartic and L-glutamic acids was maintained at a ratio of 1:1, and all diets were supplemented with a mixture of crystalline essential amino acids to simulate the amino acid profile in dusky kob. Dietary treatments were randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 12 fish (4.5 ± 0.2 g, mean weight; 66.5 ± 1.1 mm, total length ± SD), which were fed to apparent satiation three times daily for 12 weeks. The fish fed dietary L-lysine at 21, 29 and 33 g/kg dry diet showed the highest specific growth rates (SGR) and the lowest feed conversion ratio. For most amino acids, retention in the body of the fish increased with an increase in dietary lysine from 18 to 21 g/kg, and it reached a maximum somewhere between 21 and 33 g/kg, where after amino acid retention decreased with increasing dietary lysine. Based on SGR and using segmented broken-line analysis, the dietary L-lysine requirement of juvenile dusky kob was estimated at 31.7 ± 1.6 g/kg dry diet corresponding to 73.5 g lysine per kg protein.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T05:51:42.196278-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12576
       
  • Effects of dietary carbohydrate to lipid ratio on growth, feed
           utilization, body composition and digestive enzyme activities of golden
           pompano (Trachinotus ovatus)
    • Authors: L.-F. Dong; T. Tong, Q. Zhang, Q.-C. Wang, M.-Z. Xu, H.-R. Yu, J. Wang
      Abstract: An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary carbohydrate to lipid ratio (CHO: L) on growth, feed utilization, body composition and digestive enzyme activities of golden pompano, Trachinotus ovatus. Five iso-nitrogenous (450 g/kg protein) and iso-energetic (19 MJ/kg gross energy) diets with varying CHO: L ratios of 0.68, 1.02, 1.62, 2.61 and 4.35, respectively, were fed to triplicate groups of 30 fish (average 13.8 ± 0.1 g). Results showed that dietary CHO: L ratios did not show any significant influence on survival of golden pompano (p > .05) but significantly affected its growth performance and feed utilization (p 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T05:30:24.003745-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12565
       
  • Growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of advanced
           nursing Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed diets containing Black
           Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal
    • Authors: E. Devic; W. Leschen, F. Murray, D.C. Little
      Abstract: A 32-day experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects on the performance, feed utilization efficiency and body composition of a strategic inclusion of Black Soldier Fly larvae meal (MM) in a commercially formulated diet for advance nursing Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Four isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were commercially formulated and manufactured as a control and three test diets with strategic inclusions of MM inclusions (0, 30, 50 and 80 g/kg) and poultry by-product meal substituting gradually three conventional expensive feedstuffs: fish meal, fish oil and soybean meal. Fish (5.7 ± 0.5 g/fish) were nursed in a cage-in-lake system (Volta Lake, Ghana), under conditions similar to commercial farming practices. Control and experimental diets were fed to triplicate cages by hand to visual satiety, six times per day. Growth performance (final weight; weight gain and SGR), feed utilization efficiency indices (FCR and PER) and feed intake were not significantly different (p ≥ .05) between treatments. Survival was significantly different (p 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T05:25:20.3709-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12573
       
  • Substitution effect of sea tangle (ST) (Laminaria japonica) with tunic of
           sea squirt (SS) (Halocynthia roretzi) in diet on growth and carcass
           composition of juvenile abalone (Haliotis discus, Reeve 1846)
    • Authors: B. Jang; P.Y. Kim, H.S. Kim, K.W. Lee, H.J. Kim, D.G. Choi, S.H. Cho, B. Min, K. Kim, H. Han
      Abstract: Substitution effect of sea tangle (ST) with tunic of sea squirt (SS) in diet on growth and carcass composition of juvenile abalone was determined. One thousand four hundred and seventy abalones were distributed into 21 containers. Six formulated diets in triplicate were prepared. A 200 g/kg ST was included into the ST0 diet. The 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 g/kg of ST were substituted with the same amount of tunic of SS, referred to as the ST200, ST400, ST600, ST800 and ST1000 diets, respectively. Finally, Undaria was prepared to compare effect of the formulated diets on performance of abalone. The experimental diets were fed to abalone for 16 weeks. Weight gain of abalone fed the ST400 diet was higher than that of abalone fed the ST0, ST600, ST800 and ST1000 diets and Undaria. Weight gain of abalone fed the formulated diets was higher than that of abalone fed the Undaria. The chemical composition of the carcass of abalone was affected by dietary substitution of ST with tunic of SS. In conclusion, ST could be completely substituted with tunic of SS without retardation in performance of abalone. Abalone fed the ST400 diet substituting 400 g/kg ST with tunic of SS achieved the best growth.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T04:30:52.474085-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12593
       
  • Cross-effects of dietary probiotic supplementation and rearing temperature
           on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities, cumulative mortality
           and innate immune response in seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
    • Authors: L.F. Pereira; M.J. Peixoto, P. Carvalho, K. Sansuwan, G.A. Santos, J.F.M. Gonçalves, R.O.A. Ozório
      Abstract: Probiotic influence on fish immune response and digestive capacity is extensively discussed in aquaculture. In this experiment, a feeding trial was carried out for 100 days to evaluate the cross-effects of probiotic supplementation and rearing temperature (17, 20 and 23°C) in juvenile seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). The experimental diet was supplemented with a commercial probiotic blend (Biomin AquaStar Growout) at 3 g/kg diet (5.23 × 108 CFU/kg diet), and tested against a non-supplemented diet (control). Growth performance and innate immune responses were analysed at 70 and 100 days of feeding, whereas digestive enzyme activities were determined at 100 days of feeding. At the end of the feeding trial, fish were subjected to a handling stress and cumulative mortality was recorded. Digestive enzyme activities were influenced by temperature, with α-amylase and lipase activities peaking at the higher temperature (23°C) and trypsin at the lower temperature (17°C). Immune parameters showed a significant temperature versus feeding duration effect, with complement system (ACH50) and peroxidase peaking at 70 and 100 days of feeding, respectively. Poststress cumulative mortality was higher at the lowest temperature (17°C), especially in fish fed the control diet. In conclusion, water temperature was the main variable affecting the studied parameters, whereas the dietary probiotic supplementation had influence on the chymotrypsin activity and survival rate in seabass reared at 17°C.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14T07:40:39.756623-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12578
       
  • Effects of complete fish meal replacement by rice protein concentrate with
           or without lysine supplement on growth performance, muscle development and
           flesh quality of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala)
    • Authors: W.-C. Cai; G.-Z. Jiang, X.-F. Li, C.-X. Sun, H.-F. Mi, S.-Q. Liu, W.-B. Liu
      Abstract: An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of fish meal (FM) replacement by rice protein concentrate (RPC) with supplementation of microcapsule lysine (ML) or crystalline lysine (CL) on growth performance, muscle development and flesh quality of blunt snout bream. Four isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated, including FM diet (containing 50 g/kg FM), RPC diet (FM replaced by RPC), MRPC diet (FM replaced by RPC with ML supplementation) and CRPC diet (FM replaced by RPC with CL supplementation). Fish fed FM diet had significantly higher weight gain, feed efficiency, protein efficiency ratio and nitrogen and energy utilization than that of RPC group, but showed no statistical difference with other treatments. In addition, fish fed RPC diet showed higher muscle fibre frequency in the 20- to 50-μm class but lower>50-μm class and higher cooking loss than that of the other groups. Furthermore, no significant difference was found in whole-body proximate compositions, frequency distribution of
      PubDate: 2017-06-14T07:40:32.53198-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12581
       
  • Effect of three natural phytochemicals supplementation on growth
           performance, testosterone level and feed utilization of Nile tilapia
           (Oreochromis niloticus)
    • Authors: A.T. Mansour; E.A. Omar, T.M. Srour, M.I. Yousef
      Abstract: An 84-day feeding experiment was conducted to determine the effects of dietary ginseng extract (GE), tribulus extract (TE) and date palm pollen grains (DPPG) on growth, testosterone level and nutrient utilization of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, fingerlings. Seven experimental treatments were conducted in three replicates: control fed basal diets without any supplementations, GE0.2 (supplemented with 0.2 g GE/kg diet), GE0.4 (supplemented with 0.4 g GE/kg diet), TE0.6 (supplemented with 0.6 g TE/kg diet), TE1.2 (supplemented with 1.2 g TE/kg diet), DPPG3 (supplemented with 3 g DPPG/kg diet) and DPPG6 (supplemented with 6 g DPPG/kg diet). The results indicated that all dietary phytochemicals significantly increased growth compared to the control. Plasma testosterone levels were improved by 86.27%, 64.58%, 57.35% and 24.58% with TE1.2, GE0.4, TE0.6 and DPPG6, respectively, more than the control. The relationship between testosterone and final body weight showed a significant simple linear regression with a positive correlation. The nutrient utilization imprxoved with higher doses of phytochemical supplementations. Moreover, protein content increased and ether extract decreased with phytochemical supplementation. The present results concluded that higher doses of GE, TE and DPPG could be used as growth promoters and testosterone boosters for Nile tilapia fingerlings.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05T02:55:52.518018-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12572
       
  • Effects of increasing protein level on the performance, enzyme activity
           and body composition of the Brazilian sardine, Sardinella brasiliensis
           (Steindachner, 1879)
    • Authors: F.C. Sterzelecki; J.K. Sugai, M. Baloi, G. Passini, C.V.A. Carvalho, D.M. Fracalossi, V.R. Cerqueira
      Abstract: A six-week growth trial was performed to estimate the dietary protein requirements for maximum growth of juvenile Brazilian sardine (Sardinella brasiliensis) based on growth performance, feed utilization, body composition and digestive enzyme activity. Six isoenergetic diets were formulated to contain protein levels that increased from 250 to 500 g/kg. Each diet was randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 160 fish with mean initial body weight of 0.93 ± 0.13 g, which were fed four times a day to apparent satiation. Growth tended to increase with the increase in the dietary protein level up to 400 g/kg. Total protein intake was indirectly correlated to apparent protein utilization. No significant differences in whole-body composition were found between fish fed the different protein levels. Acid protease and neutral lipase activities did not show significant differences among the different protein dietary groups. Alkaline protease activity increased in fish fed up to 350 g/kg of protein and amylase activity in fish fed up to 400 g/kg. Using polynomial regression, 367 g/kg was estimated to be the optimum dietary protein requirement for maximum weight gain of juvenile Brazilian sardines.
      PubDate: 2017-05-22T08:10:25.424934-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12567
       
  • Suitability of two agglomerated commercial microdiets for rearing larvae
           of different strains of Coregonus lavaretus under cold-water conditions
    • Authors: S. Esmaeilzadeh-Leithner; J. Wanzenböck
      Abstract: The suitability of two agglomerated commercial microdiets (“Gemma micro®” and “O.range®” from now on called diet A and diet B) as a starter feed was tested on larvae of European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus). Two strains (Baltic and Alpine) were tested in a 60-day experiment under ambient cold-water conditions (average 7.6 ± 1.9°C). The experiment was carried out in 400-L PVC tanks with a stocking density of 5,000 larvae per tank. Samples were removed weekly to determine growth, survival and feed acceptance, in addition to water quality. Striking differences between the feeds and different strains were observed. For one diet, growth and survival were distinctively higher in strain 1 compared to strain 2, where it was invariably low with both diets. For the second diet, growth and survival in strain 1 were also low and similar to strain 2. Feed acceptance in strain 1 was found higher compared to strain 2. Final weights were significantly different with strain 1 being heavier; however, in terms of relative growth rate, no differences between strains were found. Strong differences in the performance in terms of growth, survival and feed acceptance of different strains of European whitefish became apparent. Furthermore, the rearing of larvae exclusively on standard agglomerated commercial microdiets under cold-water conditions is possible, but not every microdiet is suitable.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20T03:30:37.803483-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12554
       
  • Dietary valine requirement of juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus
    • Authors: W. Xiao; D.Y. Li, J.L. Zhu, Z.Y. Zou, Y.R. Yue, H. Yang
      Abstract: An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to quantify the dietary valine requirement of cultured juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Six isonitrogenous (280 g/kg crude protein) and isoenergetic (16.06 MJ/kg gross energy) diets with graded levels of valine (amounting to 4.1, 7.2, 9.9, 12.7, 15.6 and 18.8 g/kg of dry diet) were formulated. Each diet was randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 20 fish (6.48 ± 0.06 g). Results showed that the weight gain, specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio and protein retention efficiency all increased with an increasing level of dietary valine up to 12.7 g/kg, but remained relatively constant for fish fed higher levels of dietary valine. In addition, the total protein concentration and aspirate aminotransferase activity in plasma, hepatic lysozyme and catalase activities were all significantly (p 
      PubDate: 2017-05-13T10:35:36.588147-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12562
       
  • Apparent digestibility coefficients of European grain legumes in rainbow
           trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
    • Authors: S.C.Q. Magalhães; A.R.J. Cabrita, P. Valentão, P.B. Andrade, P. Rema, M.R.G. Maia, L.M.P. Valente, A.J.M. Fonseca
      Abstract: Two trials were carried out to evaluate the apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), lipids, starch and gross energy (GE) of six European varieties of grain legumes, namely chickpea-type Kabuli (CHK), chickpea-type Desi (CHD), field pea (FP), faba bean (FB), white lupin (WL) and chickling vetch (CV), in rainbow trout and Nile tilapia juveniles. The ADCs were measured using a reference diet and six experimental diets (700 g/kg of the reference diet and 300 g/kg of each raw grain legume) containing 10 g/kg chromic oxide as inert marker. Additionally, grain legumes were analysed for the organic acids profile. In rainbow trout, FP presented the highest ADCs of DM, CP and GE, whereas chickpeas and FB had the lowest DM, GE and starch ADC values. In Nile tilapia, the lowest values of nutrients (except starch) and energy ADCs were found for FP and CV. Nutrients and energy of chickpeas, WL and FB were better digested by tilapia, whereas FP was better digested by trout. Overall results reveal raw grain legumes as promising feed sources for both fish species.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13T10:35:33.367686-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12564
       
  • Identification and characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from
           rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum 1792), with inhibitory
           activity against Vagococcus salmoninarum and Lactococcus garvieae
    • Authors: B.I. Didinen; E.E. Onuk, S. Metin, O. Cayli
      Abstract: In this study, a total of 98 lactic acid bacteria isolated from rainbow trout intestines were screened for their probiotic properties. The isolates were tested for their ability to inhibit growth of Vagococcus salmoninarum and Lactococcus garvieae. Based on in vitro antagonism, 10 isolates were selected and evaluated pathogenicity in rainbow trout. Isolates were further investigated for hydrophobicity, bile salts and acid tolerance. These isolates were able to survive low pH and high bile concentrations and showed good adherence characteristics. Isolates were characterized phenotypically, and then, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis was used for confirmation. Selected strains were administered orally at 108 cfu/g feed, and fish were challenged with V. salmoninarum and L. garvieae. The fish fed with lactic acid bacteria supplemented diets did not improve protection against V. salmoninarum. However, administration of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis M17 2-2 and Lactobacillus sakei 2-3 resulted in a significant reduction in mortality due to L. garvieae when compared to the control fish. RPS values were calculated as 80 and 53% in fish fed with L. sakei 2-3 and L. lactis subsp. lactis M17 2-2, respectively. Our results suggest that these strains could provide an alternative for lactococcosis control in aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13T10:35:31.840039-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12571
       
  • Evaluation of dried fermented biomass as a feed ingredient in plant-based
           practical diets for juvenile Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
    • Authors: X. Qiu; D.A. Davis
      Abstract: Two growth trials were designed to evaluate the utilization of dried fermented biomass (DFB) in commercial type feed formulation for Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. In trial 1, four experimental diets were formulated to utilize increasing levels (0, 25, 50 and 100 g/kg) of spray-dried fermented biomass (SDFB) as a replacement of fish meal (FM). Results indicated that SDFB can be utilized up to 50 g/kg as a substitution for FM without causing growth depression in shrimp. However, dietary SDFB supplementation at 100 g/kg significantly reduced the weight gain (WG) of shrimp and increased feed conversion ratio (FCR). This reduction in performance is likely due to palatability or nutrient imbalances of the feed. In trial 2, nine experimental diets were formulated with increasing levels (0, 20, 40, 60 and 120 g/kg) of spray-dried (S) or granular (G) DFB to replace soy protein concentrate (SPC) or SPC + corn protein concentrate (CPC). This allowed the comparison between spray-dried and ring-dried products. Ring drying produced a granular product, reducing dust and increasing product particle size. Shrimp fed with diet containing 20 g/kg GDFB performed the best in terms of final mean weight, WG and FCR. Significantly reduced growth and increased FCR were observed in shrimp fed diets containing 60 and 120 g/kg SDFB. Lipid content of whole body was significantly reduced when GDFB was incorporated at 120 g/kg. No significant differences were detected in survival, protein retention efficiency as well as protein and ash contents of the whole shrimp. Results from analysis of covariance indicated that the processing method (covariant) had a significant effect on final mean weight, WG and FCR. In general, shrimp fed with diet containing granular product performed better as compared to those fed with diets utilizing spray-dried product. GDFB can be utilized in the diets up to 120 g/kg in practical shrimp feeds as a substitute for SPC and CPC without compromising the growth of shrimp. However, a significant reduction in WG was observed in the diets containing 60 and 120 g/kg SDFB. The results in the current study demonstrate that processing changes to produce a granular product produced an improved feed ingredient for shrimp.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11T06:36:02.45768-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12569
       
  • Effect of dietary taurine and methionine supplementation on growth
           performance, body composition, taurine retention and lipid status of
           Persian sturgeon, Acipenser persicus (Borodin, 1897), fed with plant-based
           diet
    • Authors: S.M. Hoseini; S.A. Hosseini, S. Eskandari, M. Amirahmadi
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary taurine and methionine on Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) fed with plant-based diets. To this purpose, sturgeons were fed with either of methionine + taurine-supplemented (MT), without taurine supplementation (M) or without methionine supplementation (T) diets. Growth performance, body composition, tissue amino acids and serum glucose and lipids were studied at the end of the experiment. Results showed that the treatments T and MT had similar growth performance and feed efficiency, which were significantly higher than the treatment M. Dietary taurine and methionine significantly altered carcass and liver taurine and methionine contents. The highest serum glucose was observed in the treatment M and the lowest in treatment MT. Serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the treatments T and MT were similar and significantly higher than those of the treatment M. This study showed that Persian sturgeon needs taurine supplementation when fed with plant-based diets, but the supplemented level seems to be lower than those of the other species. Taurine has hypoglycaemic and lipidogenesis effects on Persian sturgeon. However, further studies are required to illustrate taurine and methionine metabolism in Persian sturgeon.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11T06:36:00.250887-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12563
       
  • Effects of dietary bovine lactoferrin on growth, haemato-biochemical
           parameters, immune functions and tolerance to air exposure stress in the
           African cichlid Sciaenochromis fryeri
    • Authors: A.M. Moradian; S. Dorafshan, F. Paykan Heyrati, E. Ebrahimi
      Abstract: The effects of dietary bovine lactoferrin (LF) on the growth, haemato-biochemical parameters, non-specific serum immunity and stress responses were investigated in the African cichlid, Sciaenochromis fryeri. Four isocaloric diets containing 0 (control), 200, 400 and 800 mg LF kg−1 diet were formulated and fed to juvenile fish for 8 weeks. The treatments had no effects on the survival rate, growth performance or haematological parameters. Nor were the serum levels of total protein, albumin and globulin significantly influenced. Serum iron levels and total iron binding capacity (TIBC), however, changed vigorously as the result of dietary LF. Dietary LF led to significant reductions in serum levels of alanine transaminase and alkaline phosphatase. The highest lysozyme and bactericidal activities were observed in the fish fed the diets with 200 and 800 mg/kg of LF, respectively, while no changes were observed in their ACH50 levels. Recovery rates were measured after 10 min of air exposure stress. The rate was about twice higher (36% vs 20%) in fish fed on 400 mg LF than in those fed the control diet. Results revealed that adding 400 mg/kg LF could be beneficial as an iron discriminator, for liver function as well as an immune and stress resistance promoter.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27T13:25:14.868825-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12570
       
  • Graded replacing fishmeal with canola meal in diets affects growth and
           target of rapamycin pathway gene expression of juvenile blunt snout bream,
           Megalobrama amblycephala
    • Authors: Q.-L. Zhou; H.-M. Habte-Tsion, X. Ge, J. Xie, M. Ren, B. Liu, L. Miao, L. Pan
      Abstract: A feeding trial was conducted to assess the effects of replacing fishmeal (FM) with canola meal (CM) on the growth performance, feed utilization and related gene expression of juvenile blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). Fishes were fed with five isonitrogenous (330 g/kg crude protein) and isoenergetic (15 MJ/kg) diets for 16 weeks, which was graded replacing levels of fishmeal (replacing 0, 37.5, 75, 112.5 and 150 g/kg FM with CM). The results revealed that specific growth rate, feed efficiency ratio and protein efficiency ratio of the groups with replacement level up to half were significantly higher than the others, while feed intake was inverse. Peptide transporter 1 (PepT1) mRNA level in the gut was significantly up-regulated in groups CM25 and CM50 compared to other groups. Relative gene expression of IGF-1 among groups was extremely significant based on the nonparametric test. Replacement of FM with CM caused a reduction in the hepatic expression of target of rapamycin (TOR), while significant increase trends were observed in hepatic genes of protein kinase B (AKT) and eIF4-binding protein (4E-BP2). However, TOR gene expression in the gut was significantly up-regulated first and then down-regulated, while mRNA levels of 4E-BP2 and S6K1 in the gut were first significantly decreased and then increased in CM75, finally significantly decreased to the lowest. The overall results indicated that up to 75 g/kg FM could be replaced by CM (350.5 g/kg CM) in the diets for juvenile blunt snout bream. Besides, these signalling molecules could explain further the mechanisms that juvenile blunt snout can only maintain optimal growth performance up to 75 g/kg FM replacement with CM.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11T06:16:19.377181-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12560
       
  • Replacing the substitute—Guar meal as an alternative for non-genetically
           modified soybean meal in the nutrition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus
           mykiss, Walbaum, 1792)
    • Authors: F. Pach; F. Nagel
      Abstract: Soybean meal (SBM) is widely used in aqua feed products. In the European Union, only non-genetically modified (non-GM) SBM is accepted. However, global production of non-GM soybeans is declining and is limiting its utilization in aqua feeds. Therefore, non-GM SBM alternatives are required. In this study, guar meal was evaluated as a substitute for non-GM SBM in test feeds for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish (initial weight of 57 ± 10.1 g) were stocked to 12 experimental tanks of a freshwater recirculation system with a stocking density of 6 kg/tank (500 L). Fish were organized in triplicate groups and received isonitrogenous and isocaloric experimental feeds designated as control and test feeds 1–3, where 0, 50, 100 and 150 g/kg feed of non-GM SBM was replaced by guar meal. During the experimental test period of 56 days, fish were fed twice a day until apparent satiation. Compared to the control group, daily feed intake of test feeds 1–3 was significantly increased by guar meal inclusion. No significant differences in feed conversion ratio and specific growth rate were detected among all the treatments. Furthermore, guar meal inclusion did not affect protein efficiency ratio. However, protein productive value was significantly impaired when guar meal incorporation was above 100 g/kg feed. In accordance with the affected protein productive value, the crude protein content of the proximate whole fish body declined significantly. In contrast, condition factor, hepatosomatic index, slaughter yield and fillet yield provided no significant differences between the experimental groups. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that non-GM SBM could be entirely replaced by guar meal without affecting the general performance of fish and suggests guar meal as an appropriate alternative for non-GM SBM in the nutrition of rainbow trout.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11T06:15:49.800489-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12557
       
  • Effect of supplemental taurine on juvenile channel catfish Ictalurus
           punctatus growth performance
    • Authors: B.C. Peterson; M.H. Li
      Abstract: Juvenile channel catfish (5.6 g/fish) were fed a basal diet that contained major protein (soybean meal, cottonseed meal) and energy (ground corn grain, wheat middlings) ingredients that were derived from plant sources. The basal diet was supplemented with three levels of crystalline taurine to provide 1, 2 and 5 g/kg taurine. In addition, a fifth diet that contained 80 g/kg menhaden fishmeal formulated with the same plant-source ingredients was included as the positive control diet. Fish were fed the five diets once daily for 12 weeks. Weight gain was highest in catfish fed taurine at 2 g/kg (47.8 g/fish) compared to catfish fed the control basal diet (40.8 g/fish) and 80 g/kg fishmeal diet (41.1 g/fish) (p 
      PubDate: 2017-04-07T07:16:43.24428-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12561
       
  • Effect of in vitro selected synbiotics (galactooligosaccharide and
           mannanoligosaccharide with or without Enterococcus faecalis) on growth
           performance, immune responses and intestinal microbiota of juvenile narrow
           clawed crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823
    • Authors: O. Safari; M. Paolucci
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the best synbiotic combination (based on growth and short-chain fatty acids production) between Enterococcus faecalis and eight prebiotics. Based on the results of in vitro studies, E. faecalis + galactooligosaccharide (EGOS) and E. faecalis + mannanoligosaccharide (EMOS) were selected as synbiotics. A 126-day feeding trial was conducted to compare the effects of prebiotics, probiotic and synbiotics on the growth indices, In vivo ADC of nutrients, digestive enzymes, hemolymph indices and finally, biological responses against 48-hr Aeromonas hydrophila exposure challenges of juvenile (4.13 ± 0.12 g) crayfish. The highest values of SGR (2.19% body weight day−1), VFI (2.75% body weight day−1), survival rate (96.67%) and the lowest FCR (2.33) were observed in the juvenile crayfish fed the EGOS- diet. The significantly (p 
      PubDate: 2017-04-07T05:41:29.979206-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12553
       
  • Dietary riboflavin requirement of fingerling Channa punctatus (Bloch)
           based on growth, conversion efficiencies, protein retention, liver
           riboflavin storage, RNA/DNA ratio and carcass composition
    • Authors: Seemab Zehra; M.A. Khan
      Abstract: A 16-week experiment was conducted to determine the dietary riboflavin requirement of the fingerling Channa punctatus (6.7 ± 0.85 cm; 4.75 ± 0.72 g) by a feeding casein–gelatin-based (450 g/kg crude protein; 18.39 kJ/g gross energy) purified diet containing graded levels of riboflavin (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 mg/kg diet) to triplicate groups of fish near to satiation at 09:30 and 16:30 hr. Absolute weight gain (AWG), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR, % per day), protein retention efficiency (PRE%) and RNA/DNA ratio were positively affected by increasing concentrations of dietary riboflavin to 6 mg riboflavin per kg diet. Feed conversion ratio (FCR) decreased up to 6 mg riboflavin per kg diet but did not decrease further with higher riboflavin supplementation. Hepatic thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) concentration also supported the pattern of FCR, whereas superoxide dismutase and catalase activities increased with increasing concentrations of dietary riboflavin from 0 to 6 mg/kg. Liver riboflavin concentrations increased with increasing levels of riboflavin up to 8 mg/kg diet. Broken-line regression analysis of AWG, PRE and liver riboflavin concentrations of fingerling C. punctatus with dietary riboflavin level indicated optimum growth and liver riboflavin saturation at 5.7, 6.1 and 7.7 mg riboflavin per kg diet, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:55:24.744416-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12555
       
  • Dietary riboflavin requirement of fingerling Channa punctatus (Bloch)
           based on growth, conversion efficiencies, protein retention, liver
           riboflavin storage, RNA/DNA ratio and carcass composition
    • Authors: Seemab Zehra; M.A. Khan
      Abstract: A 16-week experiment was conducted to determine the dietary riboflavin requirement of the fingerling Channa punctatus (6.7 ± 0.85 cm; 4.75 ± 0.72 g) by a feeding casein–gelatin-based (450 g/kg crude protein; 18.39 kJ/g gross energy) purified diet containing graded levels of riboflavin (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 mg/kg diet) to triplicate groups of fish near to satiation at 09:30 and 16:30 hr. Absolute weight gain (AWG), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR, % per day), protein retention efficiency (PRE%) and RNA/DNA ratio were positively affected by increasing concentrations of dietary riboflavin to 6 mg riboflavin per kg diet. Feed conversion ratio (FCR) decreased up to 6 mg riboflavin per kg diet but did not decrease further with higher riboflavin supplementation. Hepatic thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) concentration also supported the pattern of FCR, whereas superoxide dismutase and catalase activities increased with increasing concentrations of dietary riboflavin from 0 to 6 mg/kg. Liver riboflavin concentrations increased with increasing levels of riboflavin up to 8 mg/kg diet. Broken-line regression analysis of AWG, PRE and liver riboflavin concentrations of fingerling C. punctatus with dietary riboflavin level indicated optimum growth and liver riboflavin saturation at 5.7, 6.1 and 7.7 mg riboflavin per kg diet, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:55:24.744416-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12555
       
  • Dietary riboflavin requirement of fingerling Channa punctatus (Bloch)
           based on growth, conversion efficiencies, protein retention, liver
           riboflavin storage, RNA/DNA ratio and carcass composition
    • Authors: Seemab Zehra; M.A. Khan
      Abstract: A 16-week experiment was conducted to determine the dietary riboflavin requirement of the fingerling Channa punctatus (6.7 ± 0.85 cm; 4.75 ± 0.72 g) by a feeding casein–gelatin-based (450 g/kg crude protein; 18.39 kJ/g gross energy) purified diet containing graded levels of riboflavin (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 mg/kg diet) to triplicate groups of fish near to satiation at 09:30 and 16:30 hr. Absolute weight gain (AWG), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR, % per day), protein retention efficiency (PRE%) and RNA/DNA ratio were positively affected by increasing concentrations of dietary riboflavin to 6 mg riboflavin per kg diet. Feed conversion ratio (FCR) decreased up to 6 mg riboflavin per kg diet but did not decrease further with higher riboflavin supplementation. Hepatic thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) concentration also supported the pattern of FCR, whereas superoxide dismutase and catalase activities increased with increasing concentrations of dietary riboflavin from 0 to 6 mg/kg. Liver riboflavin concentrations increased with increasing levels of riboflavin up to 8 mg/kg diet. Broken-line regression analysis of AWG, PRE and liver riboflavin concentrations of fingerling C. punctatus with dietary riboflavin level indicated optimum growth and liver riboflavin saturation at 5.7, 6.1 and 7.7 mg riboflavin per kg diet, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:55:24.744416-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12555
       
  • Response of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to unrefined peanut oil
           diets: Effect on growth performance, fish health and fillet fatty acid
           composition
    • Authors: Ü. Acar; A. Türker
      Abstract: A 60-day feeding study with rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, was conducted to determine the effects of replacement of fish oil (FO) by unrefined peanut oil (PO) on growth performance, feed utilization, body composition, fatty acid composition and serum biochemical and haematological parameters. Rainbow trouts (51.60 ± 0.75 g) were fed five experimental diets formulated by replacing dietary FO with PO at levels of level 0 (PO0), 1/4 (PO25), 1/2 (PO50), 3/4 (PO75) and 4/4 (PO100), respectively. As a result, the best growth performance was observed in fish fed with PO0 and PO50 diet. No significant differences were detected among the groups in terms of body compositions. Fatty acid profiles of the fish fillets reflected the fatty acid profiles of the feeds that the fishes were fed with. In this study, the haematological parameters detected that there were no significant differences compared to the control group, whereas the serum biochemical parameters generally worsened as the ratio of peanut oil in the ration exceeded half of fish oil. As a conclusion, the results of the study suggested that the unrefined peanut oil could be used as a replacer of fish oil in diets for rainbow trout.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:50:24.337606-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12559
       
  • Response of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to unrefined peanut oil
           diets: Effect on growth performance, fish health and fillet fatty acid
           composition
    • Authors: Ü. Acar; A. Türker
      Abstract: A 60-day feeding study with rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, was conducted to determine the effects of replacement of fish oil (FO) by unrefined peanut oil (PO) on growth performance, feed utilization, body composition, fatty acid composition and serum biochemical and haematological parameters. Rainbow trouts (51.60 ± 0.75 g) were fed five experimental diets formulated by replacing dietary FO with PO at levels of level 0 (PO0), 1/4 (PO25), 1/2 (PO50), 3/4 (PO75) and 4/4 (PO100), respectively. As a result, the best growth performance was observed in fish fed with PO0 and PO50 diet. No significant differences were detected among the groups in terms of body compositions. Fatty acid profiles of the fish fillets reflected the fatty acid profiles of the feeds that the fishes were fed with. In this study, the haematological parameters detected that there were no significant differences compared to the control group, whereas the serum biochemical parameters generally worsened as the ratio of peanut oil in the ration exceeded half of fish oil. As a conclusion, the results of the study suggested that the unrefined peanut oil could be used as a replacer of fish oil in diets for rainbow trout.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:50:24.337606-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12559
       
  • Response of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to unrefined peanut oil
           diets: Effect on growth performance, fish health and fillet fatty acid
           composition
    • Authors: Ü. Acar; A. Türker
      Abstract: A 60-day feeding study with rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, was conducted to determine the effects of replacement of fish oil (FO) by unrefined peanut oil (PO) on growth performance, feed utilization, body composition, fatty acid composition and serum biochemical and haematological parameters. Rainbow trouts (51.60 ± 0.75 g) were fed five experimental diets formulated by replacing dietary FO with PO at levels of level 0 (PO0), 1/4 (PO25), 1/2 (PO50), 3/4 (PO75) and 4/4 (PO100), respectively. As a result, the best growth performance was observed in fish fed with PO0 and PO50 diet. No significant differences were detected among the groups in terms of body compositions. Fatty acid profiles of the fish fillets reflected the fatty acid profiles of the feeds that the fishes were fed with. In this study, the haematological parameters detected that there were no significant differences compared to the control group, whereas the serum biochemical parameters generally worsened as the ratio of peanut oil in the ration exceeded half of fish oil. As a conclusion, the results of the study suggested that the unrefined peanut oil could be used as a replacer of fish oil in diets for rainbow trout.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:50:24.337606-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12559
       
  • Effect of dietary Wolffia arrhiza and Spirulina platensis on growth
           performance and pigmentation of Queen loach Botia dario (Hamilton, 1822)
    • Authors: S. Gogoi; S.C. Mandal, A.B. Patel
      Abstract: The present Present experiment was conducted for 75 days in triplicates groups in 18 aquaria of 50 L each to study the effect of Wolffia arrhiza and Spirulina platensis on growth and pigmentation of Botia dario. Six isonitrogenous diets were prepared with 350 g/kg crude protein (CP) level. Diet 1 (T1) was prepared without fortification of spirulina and wolffia. T2 diet was prepared with spirulina as supplement of carotenoids. Similarly, T3, T4, T5 and T6 diets were prepared by substituting 25, 50, 75 and 100 g/kg of CP from spirulina with wolffia, respectively. Significant differences (p  .05). Thus, it can be concluded that diet containing 100 g/kg spirulina can be effective for better growth while diet containing 25 g/kg spirulina and 150 g/kg wolffia can be effective for higher survival and pigmentation in Botia dario.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:35:22.060789-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12558
       
  • Effect of dietary Wolffia arrhiza and Spirulina platensis on growth
           performance and pigmentation of Queen loach Botia dario (Hamilton, 1822)
    • Authors: S. Gogoi; S.C. Mandal, A.B. Patel
      Abstract: The present Present experiment was conducted for 75 days in triplicates groups in 18 aquaria of 50 L each to study the effect of Wolffia arrhiza and Spirulina platensis on growth and pigmentation of Botia dario. Six isonitrogenous diets were prepared with 350 g/kg crude protein (CP) level. Diet 1 (T1) was prepared without fortification of spirulina and wolffia. T2 diet was prepared with spirulina as supplement of carotenoids. Similarly, T3, T4, T5 and T6 diets were prepared by substituting 25, 50, 75 and 100 g/kg of CP from spirulina with wolffia, respectively. Significant differences (p  .05). Thus, it can be concluded that diet containing 100 g/kg spirulina can be effective for better growth while diet containing 25 g/kg spirulina and 150 g/kg wolffia can be effective for higher survival and pigmentation in Botia dario.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:35:22.060789-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12558
       
  • Effect of dietary Wolffia arrhiza and Spirulina platensis on growth
           performance and pigmentation of Queen loach Botia dario (Hamilton, 1822)
    • Authors: S. Gogoi; S.C. Mandal, A.B. Patel
      Abstract: The present Present experiment was conducted for 75 days in triplicates groups in 18 aquaria of 50 L each to study the effect of Wolffia arrhiza and Spirulina platensis on growth and pigmentation of Botia dario. Six isonitrogenous diets were prepared with 350 g/kg crude protein (CP) level. Diet 1 (T1) was prepared without fortification of spirulina and wolffia. T2 diet was prepared with spirulina as supplement of carotenoids. Similarly, T3, T4, T5 and T6 diets were prepared by substituting 25, 50, 75 and 100 g/kg of CP from spirulina with wolffia, respectively. Significant differences (p  .05). Thus, it can be concluded that diet containing 100 g/kg spirulina can be effective for better growth while diet containing 25 g/kg spirulina and 150 g/kg wolffia can be effective for higher survival and pigmentation in Botia dario.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:35:22.060789-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12558
       
  • Combined effects of dietary malic acid and Bacillus subtilis on growth,
           gut microbiota and blood parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis
           niloticus)
    • Authors: M.S. Hassaan; M.A. Soltan, S. Jarmołowicz, H.S. Abdo
      Abstract: The study investigated effect of dietary supplementation with malic acid, Bacillus subtilis and a mixture of the two (3 × 2 factorial trial) on Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) health. Treatment groups (T1–T6) were fed diets containing three levels of malic acid (0.0, 5.0 and 10.0 g/kg), each of which was supplemented with 0 and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis, respectively. Each treatment group was assigned randomly to triplicate groups of 35 fish (5.26 ± 0.06 g) in 18 tanks for 84 days. The results indicated that survival was higher in all dietary treatments as compared to the control fed fish. The highest values of FBW, WG and SGR (%), PER, PPV and ER were recorded in groups T4 and T6, which were fed diets supplemented with 5 g malic acid/kg and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis and 10 g malic acid/kg and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis, respectively. The best value of FCR was obtained in groups T4 and T6. The lowest total bacterial count in the gut and faeces was detected in fish from group T6. The values of haematocrit, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, total protein, albumin and globulin were significantly higher (p 
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:25:30.882616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12536
       
  • Combined effects of dietary malic acid and Bacillus subtilis on growth,
           gut microbiota and blood parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis
           niloticus)
    • Authors: M.S. Hassaan; M.A. Soltan, S. Jarmołowicz, H.S. Abdo
      Abstract: The study investigated effect of dietary supplementation with malic acid, Bacillus subtilis and a mixture of the two (3 × 2 factorial trial) on Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) health. Treatment groups (T1–T6) were fed diets containing three levels of malic acid (0.0, 5.0 and 10.0 g/kg), each of which was supplemented with 0 and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis, respectively. Each treatment group was assigned randomly to triplicate groups of 35 fish (5.26 ± 0.06 g) in 18 tanks for 84 days. The results indicated that survival was higher in all dietary treatments as compared to the control fed fish. The highest values of FBW, WG and SGR (%), PER, PPV and ER were recorded in groups T4 and T6, which were fed diets supplemented with 5 g malic acid/kg and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis and 10 g malic acid/kg and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis, respectively. The best value of FCR was obtained in groups T4 and T6. The lowest total bacterial count in the gut and faeces was detected in fish from group T6. The values of haematocrit, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, total protein, albumin and globulin were significantly higher (p 
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:25:30.882616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12536
       
  • Combined effects of dietary malic acid and Bacillus subtilis on growth,
           gut microbiota and blood parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis
           niloticus)
    • Authors: M.S. Hassaan; M.A. Soltan, S. Jarmołowicz, H.S. Abdo
      Abstract: The study investigated effect of dietary supplementation with malic acid, Bacillus subtilis and a mixture of the two (3 × 2 factorial trial) on Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) health. Treatment groups (T1–T6) were fed diets containing three levels of malic acid (0.0, 5.0 and 10.0 g/kg), each of which was supplemented with 0 and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis, respectively. Each treatment group was assigned randomly to triplicate groups of 35 fish (5.26 ± 0.06 g) in 18 tanks for 84 days. The results indicated that survival was higher in all dietary treatments as compared to the control fed fish. The highest values of FBW, WG and SGR (%), PER, PPV and ER were recorded in groups T4 and T6, which were fed diets supplemented with 5 g malic acid/kg and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis and 10 g malic acid/kg and 1.1 × 105 cfu/g B. subtilis, respectively. The best value of FCR was obtained in groups T4 and T6. The lowest total bacterial count in the gut and faeces was detected in fish from group T6. The values of haematocrit, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, total protein, albumin and globulin were significantly higher (p 
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T06:25:30.882616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12536
       
  • Different preference is modulated by the feeding stimulants
           supplementation in different Chinese soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus
           sinensis) basic diets
    • Authors: C.-X. Sun; W.-N. Xu, D.-D. Zhang, X.-F. Li, P.-F. Li, G.-Z. Jiang, W.-B. Liu
      Abstract: Five 2-week feeding trials were conducted to investigate five stimulants on P. sinensis. Two isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated, one contained 600 g kg–1 fishmeal (FM diet) and the other contained 420 g kg–1 fishmeal and 225 g kg–1 animal protein blend (APB diet), and each tested one stimulant with four levels. The feeding stimulant candidates were betaine, 2-carboxy-ethyl dimethyl sulphonium bromide (DMPT), inosine-5′-monophosphate (IMP), taurine and squid extract. In the experiment on each stimulant, turtles (10.85 ± 0.10 g) were equally divided into FM and APB groups and fed with an equal mixture of corresponding diets containing four levels of stimulants, respectively. Each diet contained a unique rare earth oxide as inert marker. Turtles were fed twice daily (8:00 and 17:00), and faeces were collected. Preference for each diet was estimated based on the relative concentration of each marker in the faeces. In the FM group, only IMP showed the enhanced attraction. But in APB groups, all the stimulants, except IMP, showed higher preference than basal diets for at least one inclusion level, and the optimum level was 10 g kg–1 for betaine, 0.1 g kg–1 for DMPT, 0.1 g kg–1 for IMP, 5 g kg–1 for taurine and 10 g kg–1 for squid extract, and the squid extract had the strongest stimulating effect among the stimulants.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27T05:41:30.363156-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12547
       
  • Dietary manganese requirement of juvenile hybrid grouper, Epinephelus
           lanceolatus × E. fuscoguttatus
    • Authors: Y. Liu; J.Y. Wang, B.S. Li, H.J. Qiao, X.D. Liu, T.T. Hao, X.Y. Wang
      Abstract: An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to estimate the optimum dietary manganese (Mn) requirement for juvenile hybrid grouper, Epinephelus lanceolatus × E. fuscoguttatus. The basal diet was formulated to contain 520 g/kg crude protein from casein and fishmeal. Manganese methionine was added to the basal diet at 0 (control group), 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg Mn/kg diet providing 7.48, 10.34, 13.76, 19.72, 31.00 and 53.91 mg Mn/kg diet, respectively. Each diet was randomly fed to triplicate groups of juveniles, and each tank was stocked with 20 fish (initial weight, 60.06 ± 0.68 g). The manganese content in rearing water was monitored and kept below 0.01 mg/L. Results showed that the weight gain ratio (WGR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), specific growth rate (SGR), Mn contents in whole body, liver and vertebra, and activities of hepatic Mn superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), total SOD (T-SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) were significantly improved by dietary Mn supplementation (p 
      PubDate: 2017-03-27T05:16:50.470314-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12549
       
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 649 - 650
      PubDate: 2017-07-12T23:52:26.81086-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/anu.12495
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.81.59.211
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016