Publisher: Allameh Tabataba'i University (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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New Approaches in Sport Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2588-6614
Published by Allameh Tabataba'i University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The relationship between environmental knowledge and sport event
           organizers' support for ...

    • Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between environmental knowledge and sport event organizers' support for sustainable management in sport. The present study is a descriptive-survey and field study. In order to collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire with 40 questions was used. The face and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a survey of professors related to the research topic,The construct validity was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis of more than 0.3 and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha of 0.83. The statistical population of the study consisted of managers and organizers of sport events in ten provinces of the country with approximately 1000 people . The sample size was 278 according to Morgan table, Due to the size, number and difficulty of access, the available sampling method was used to collect the samples and finally 254 questionnaires were returned. Data analysis was performed using SPSS-19 software. The results showed that the level of environmental awareness in the sample was in the range of 0 to 8 and the mean of the total sample was 3.55 with a standard deviation of 1.61. These results indicate a low level of awareness of environmental issues in the sample under study. In the present study, it seems that there is little awareness of environmental issues that may be effective in shaping people's attitudes toward the intention to support environmental issues in sporting events. Since human attitudes are driven by consciousness, it is therefore necessary to change attitudes by providing a context for raising awareness and enabling appropriate behavior. Therefore, determining the level of knowledge and attitude of individuals is the first step in determining and delivering educational programs.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Analyze the status of public relations of the Department of Sports and
           Youth of Kohgiluyeh ...

    • Abstract: The purpose of the present study is to analyze the public relations status of Department of Sports and Youth in Kohgilouyeh and Boyer ahmad province. The present study is applied and in terms of path of implementation includes both qualitative content analysis and quantitative survey of questionnaire. Statistical population in qualitative section consisted of ten people in the Department according to the criterion of expertise in sport management and public relations and in the quantitative part, the people working in the main Department and 46 active provincial departments (including Chief, Deputy Chief and Secretary) and the province's sports reporters which were totaled 150people. Data collection tools, face-to-face interviews, and a researcher-made questionnaire were developed.Based on the findings of the qualitative section, a questionnaire was designed and its face and content validity was evaluated by several experts in the field of public relations and sport management and its construct validity was done by confirmatory factor analysis and its reliability was confirmed 94 % by Cronbach's alpha.The qualitative data were analyzed by qualitative data encoding method and in quantitative part of descriptive statistics, frequency table was included and in the inferential part Friedman test was used The results showed that the public relations status of Department of Sports and Youth in this province was below average, and Friedman's test showed that the importance, rank, and status of public relations were totally different. (p<001, df=4, chi- square=86.768)
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Developing a model of the impact of service quality, brand’s social
           identity and attachment ...

    • Abstract: The purpose of this research is to develop a model of the impact of service quality, brand’s social identity and the attachment to the team on the loyalty of Iranian Premier League football team's fans. This is an applied research of descriptive-correlation type. The statistical population of the research consisted of all the fans of the Iranian Premiere Football League. A probability clustering method was used for sampling. Azadi football stadium of Tehran, Imam Reza football stadium of Mashhad, Yadegar Imam Football stadium of Tabriz and Naghsh Jahan football stadium of Isfahan were selected and the questionnaires were distributed in the 12th week of the tournament (2018-2019 season) between fans in these stadiums. 400 questionnaires were distributed equally in four stadiums and finally, 387 full questionnaires were received and this number was considered as a statistical sample of the research. A researcher-made service quality questionnaire, brand’s social identity questionnaire of Boyle & Magnusson (2007), fans attachment questionnaire of Yoon et al. (2017) and fans loyalty questionnaire of Tachis & Tzetzis (2015) was used for gathering information. Structural equation model and LISREL software were used to review and test the hypotheses. The result of research showed brand’s social identity has a positive effect on the attachment and loyalty of fans. The attachment of fans also has a positive effect on their loyalty.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The importance of eccentric training in corrective exercises continuum:
           Hints for corrective ...

    • Abstract: Eccentric training (ET) is used for performance enhancement, injury prevention and rehabilitation, but the importance of ET in corrective exercises and correction of postural abnormalities is not clear, thus this study purpose was to identify the position and importance of ET in corrective exercises. Eccentric muscle activations include active elongating of musculature against an external resistance (Suchomel et al., 2019). ET increases strength (Kaminski, Wabbersen, Murphy,1998; Roig et al.,2009), cross – sectional area (Schoenfeld, Ogborn, Vigotsky, Franchi, Krieger, 2017) and power (Elmer, Hahn, McAllister, Leong, Martin ,2012) of the muscles. ET improves the flexibility of muscle, too (Nelson & Bandy,2004; O'Sullivan, McAuliffe, DeBurca, 2012; Ruslan, Norman, Muhamad, Madzlan, 2014). National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) described four phases in corrective exercises continuum (CEC) including: inhibit, lengthen, activate and integrate (Clark & Lucett ,2010). In the second phase of this continuum it has been mentioned that stretching training can be used in order to increase muscle length in shortened muscles (Clark & Lucett ,2010). However, in previous studies it has been reported that ET can increase muscle length. This action accomplished by sarcomerogenesis that associated with ET (O'Sullivan et al., 2012; Brughelli & Cronin, 2007). By sarcomerogenesis and increment in muscle length, maybe stretching exercise is not a necessity anymore. It has been shown that ET has an equal (Nelson & Bandy, 2004; Ferreira et al.,2007), or more (Aijaz, Hameed, Quddus, 2011; Jang, Kim, Jang, 2014; Nelson, 2006) capacity to increase flexibility compared to stretching exercise.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Investigation of Brand Management Dimensions on Sport Brand Management
           (Case Study of Zagros ...

    • Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate and compare dimensions and their effects on the brand or the brand experts, managers and sports and economic experts in the province of Kermanshah. This is a descriptive study. The population of 120 people, professionals, managers and sports and economic experts in Kermanshah province who were selected using random sampling method. In this study, 87 tons of experts, including specialists, managers and experts in the field of sports and economy of a questionnaire completed a comprehensive study on the impact of sport brand. Measuring instruments, built a questionnaire brand management exercise. The reliability and validity were examined for this study. Cronbach's alpha values obtained for all of the high value of 7 indicates the suitability of the above questions to assess any impact on brand management aspects of sports. In analyzing and processing the collected data was used SPSS version 20 software. The results of the effectiveness of all four sectors (management, economics, cultural and social) on the sports brand management. Sum total test samples confirms that from the perspective of brand social management agent with an average rating of 09/3 and 82/1 of cultural management brand with the highest average rating and the lowest priority to the impact on the sports brand.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • an assessment Task–based Language Needs of sport management students
           Case study: University ...

    • Abstract: The purpose of this research was to identify specialized language needs of MA students in Mazandaran University. Method: This study was mix method instruments which would deeply explore the perspectives of ESP teachers and students about TBL needs of teaching ESP. Semi-structured interview was carried out with a number of teachers and students in the field of sport management. The statistical population of the stage includes some teachers and students in the field of sport management. The sampling method was Purposive sampling and Sampling continue until theoretical saturation. Three ESP teachers who have been teaching ESP to the students for at least four years participated in this study. They were all selected through purposive sampling. Also, MA and Ph.D. (twelve persons) students who had passed this course were selected in qualitative stage. In quatitative stage and based on the results of the first stage, the questionnaire was designed. This questionnaire was broadly distributed amongst students and teachers(33 persons )in the field of sport management. Descriptive and Inferential statistics, were used to analyze the demographic information of the participants and their responses. Results: The results of the study showed that the main real tasks which were most frequently used in the English sport management classes include Participating in daily conversations, giving lectures at conferences, Conversation with foreign experts, Understanding daily conversations. The method of working with and using English to English dictionary to take advantage of all the capabilities contained in it. Conclusions: The information obtained about the target tasks and their frequency can be employed when taking decisions about which tasks should be part of a curriculum.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The Relationship between Body Composition with Blood Pressure and Sleep
           Quality in Male ...

    • Abstract: Background and Pupose: Hypertension and poor sleep quality can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, stroke, etc. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between body compositions with hypertension and sleep quality in male students living in Allameh Tabataba'i University dormitory. Material and Method: The present study was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population consisted of 170 male dormitory students of Allameh Tabataba'i University who were randomly selected. First, body composition indices and blood pressure of subjects were measured and recorded. Then, the Pittsburgh Questionnaire were completed by students (PSQI) to assess their sleep quality. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software at a significant level (P
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Effects of Lace up brace on the ankle muscles activity in different foot
           position during drop ...

    • Abstract: Background and aim: Increasing participation in sports activities with their direct impact has increased the incidence of sports injuries. Considering the short and long term complications of sports injuries, the need to prevent them is one of the most important goals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of ankle bracing on the ankle plantar flexor muscles activity in different foot position during drop landing with and without fatigue. Methods: Fourteen female college athletes participated in this study. Five models of 5 and 10 degrees medial, lateral and normal wedged insoles were used to simulate the position of the feet on the ground at the wrong landing technique. The Medial Gastrocnemius (MG) and Peroneus Longus (PL) muscles activity in different foot position during drop landing before and after muscles fatigue with and without ankle bracing was recorded with surface electromyography. Repeated measures ANOVA was used for statistical analysis (p≤0.05). Results: The results showed that MG muscle 100ms before landing and PL 100ms after landing had more activities (p≤0.001). Using of lace-up brace had no effect on muscle activity under different landing positions (p˃0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, lace-up brace can help to increase muscles activity when they were fatigue, while the using of brace does not affect muscle activity when landing perform in different positions. According to the results, In the case of a suggestion to use brace for athletes, all aspects of using this equipment should be considered.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jan 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Importance of Eccentric Training in Corrective Exercises Continuum: Hints
           for Corrective ...

    • PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Effects of Lace up Brace on the Ankle Muscles Activity in Different Foot
           Position during Drop ...

    • Abstract: Background and Purpose: Increasing participation in sports activities has increased the incidence of sports injuries. Considering the short and long term complications of sports injuries, the need to prevent them is one of the most important goals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of ankle bracing on the ankle plantar flexor muscles activity in different foot position during drop landing with and without fatigue. Method: Fourteen female college athletes participated in this study. Five models of 5 and 10 degrees medial, lateral and normal wedged insoles were used to simulate the position of the feet on the ground at the wrong landing technique. The Medial Gastrocnemius (MG) and Peroneus Longus (PL) muscles activity 100 ms before and 100ms after landing in different foot position before and after muscles fatigue with and without ankle bracing was recorded with surface electromyography. Repeated measures ANOVA was used for statistical analysis (p≤0.05). Results: The results showed that the effect of time on the activity of MG and PL muscles in landing with brace was significant, so that the MG muscle before landing and PL muscle after landing had a higher activity in both times before and after fatigue (p≤0.001). The activity of this muscles was not significant when using the ankle brace during landing in different positions (p˃0.05). Conclusions: According to the results of this study, lace-up brace can help to increase muscles activity when they were fatigue, while the using of brace does not affect muscle activity when landing perform in different positions without fatigue. According to the results, In the case of a suggestion to use brace for athletes, all aspects of using this equipment should be considered.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Developing a Model of the Impact of Service Quality, Brand’s Social
           Identity and Attachment ...

    • Abstract: The purpose of this research is to develop a model of the impact of service quality, brand’s social identity and the attachment to the team on the loyalty of Iranian Premier League football team’s fans. This is an applied study of descriptive-correlation type. The statistical population of this study consisted of the fans of the selected Iranian Premiere Football League. A probability clustering method was used for sampling. Azadi football stadium of Tehran, Imam Reza football stadium of Mashhad, Yadegar Imam Football stadium of Tabriz and Naghsh Jahan football stadium of Isfahan were selected and the questionnaires were distributed in the 12th week of the tournament (2018-2019 season) between fans in above named stadiums. 400 questionnaires were distributed equally in four stadiums and finally, 387 full questionnaires were received and this number was considered as a statistical sample of the research. A researcher-made service quality questionnaire, brand’s social identity questionnaire of Boyle and Magnusson (2007), fans attachment questionnaire of Yoon, Petrick, & Backman (2017) and fans loyalty questionnaire of Tachis and Tzetzis (2015) were used for gathering information. Structural equation model and LISREL software were used to review and test the hypotheses. The result showed that brand’s social identity has a significant positive effect on the attachment and loyalty of fans (P˂ 0.05). The attachment of fans also has a significant positive effect on their loyalty (P˂ 0.05).
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Assessment Task–Based Language Needs of Sport Management Students (Case
           study: University of ...

    • Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this research was to identify specialized language needs of MA students in University of Mazandaran. Method: This study was mix method instruments which would deeply explore the perspectives of English for specific purpose teachers and students about task–based language needs of teaching ESP. Semi-structured interview was carried out with a number of teachers and students in the field of sport management. The statistical population of the stage includes some teachers and students in the field of sport management. The sampling method was Purposive sampling and Sampling continue until theoretical saturation. Three ESP teachers who have been teaching ESP to the students for at least four years participated in this study. They were all selected through purposive sampling. Also, MA and Ph.D. (twelve persons) students who had passed this course were selected in qualitative stage. In quantitative stage and based on the results of the first stage, the questionnaire was designed. This questionnaire was broadly distributed amongst students and teachers (33 persons) in the field of sport management. Descriptive and Inferential statistics, were used to analyze the demographic information of the participants and their responses. Results: The results of the study showed that the main real tasks which were most frequently used in the English sport management classes include Participating in daily conversations, giving lectures at conferences, Conversation with foreign experts, Understanding daily conversations. The method of working with and using English to English dictionary to take advantage of all the capabilities contained in it. Conclusions: The information obtained about the target tasks and their frequency can be employed when taking decisions about which tasks should be part of a curriculum.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The Studying of Brand Management Dimensions on Sport Brand Management
           (Case Study of Zagros ...

    • Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensions of brand impact on sports, economic and professional experts, managers and experts in Kermanshah province. Method: This is a descriptive-survey research. The statistical population consisted of 120 experts, managers and experts in sport and economic in Kermanshah province who were selected by random sampling. In this study, 87 experts including experts, managers and experts in two fields of sport and economics completed a researcher-made questionnaire assessing the dimensions of sport brand effectiveness. The measurement tool was a questionnaire of sport brand management whose reliability and validity were tested for this research. The Cronbach's alpha value for all factors is 7 or higher, indicating the appropriateness of the questions posed to assess each of the dimensions affecting sport brand management. SPSS software version 20 was used for data analysis. The results of the tests showed that all four sectors (managerial, economic, cultural and social) influenced sport brand management. Results: Finally, the overall summary of the tests shows that social media management brand with a mean of 3.09 and cultural management factor with a mean of 1.82 have the highest and lowest priority in influencing sport brand, respectively. Conclusions: The research results show that the social sector of the brand has a higher priority and microeconomic and macroeconomic indicators should be recognized.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Analyze the Status of Public Relations of Sports and Youth Organization of
           Kohgiluyeh & ...

    • Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the public relations status of Sports and Youth Organization in Kohgilouyeh and Boyer Ahmad province. The present research was applied and study was a consecutive hybrid exploratory strategy and is implemented by qualitative content analysis and questionnaire quantitative survey. Method: Statistical society in qualitative section, ten people in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad provincial authority of sports and youth, and in quantitative personnel in public relations department and 46 provincial active board and sports reporters in the province in total there were 150 people. Data collection tool was a face-to-face interview and a researcher-made questionnaire. Based on the findings of the qualitative section, a questionnaire was designed and its face and content validity was evaluated by several experts in the field of public relations and sport management and its construct validity was done by confirmatory factor analysis and its reliability was Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0/94. Results: The qualitative data were analyzed by qualitative data encoding method and in quantitative part of descriptive statistics, frequency table was included and in the inferential part Friedman test was used. Conclusions: The results showed that the public relations status of Sports and Youth Organization in this province was below average, and Friedman's test showed that the importance, rank, and status of public relations were totally different.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The Relationship between Environmental Knowledge and Sport Event
           Organizers' Support for ...

    • Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between environmental knowledge and sport event organizers' support for sustainable management in sport. The present study is a descriptive-survey and field study. In order to collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire with 40 questions was used. The face and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a survey of professors related to the research subject and its reliability was reported using Cronbach's alpha of 0.83. The statistical population of the study consisted of managers and organizers of sport events in ten provinces of the country. Due to the size, number, and difficulty of access, the available sampling method was used to collect the samples and finally 254 questionnaires were returned. Data analysis was performed using SPSS-19 software. The results showed that the level of environmental awareness in the sample was in the range of 0 to 8 and the mean of the total sample was 3.55 with a standard deviation of 1.61. These results indicate a low level of awareness of environmental issues in the sample under study. In the present study, it seems that there is little awareness of environmental issues that may be effective in shaping people's attitudes toward the intention to support environmental issues in sporting events. Since human attitudes are driven by consciousness, it is therefore necessary to change attitudes by providing a context for raising awareness and enabling appropriate behavior. Therefore, determining the level of knowledge and attitude of individuals is the first step in determining and delivering educational programs.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 20:30:00 +010
       
 
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