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Development Management
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2413-9610 - ISSN (Online) 2663-2365
Published by Business Perspectives Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Optimization of a service it company’s business processes functional
           structure

    • Abstract: The paper proposes an approach to optimizing the functional structure of the business processes of a service IT company based on the business process management system as an active self-organized, viable system that takes into account the peculiarities of the information technology industry development. This allows to optimize the structure of business processes through adequate positioning and formal description of the whole set of complex hierarchical interconnections with the aim of transition from hierarchical to functional structure of enterprise’s business processes taking into consideration the relationships between elements. The designed business process management system is considered as a set of strategic, tactical and operational business processes that are interrelated within a single strategic goal. The graph of the functional tasks of the investigated service IT company is formed, which reflects the incidence and closeness of the links between business processes. The model of optimization of the functional structure of business processes is proposed based on the algorithm, which involves minimizing the total connections of the subsets of the vertices of the functional graph, with the help of which the optimal restructured system of business processes was constructed, which increases the efficiency of management of the investigated service IT company. The advantages and disadvantages of the restructured functional structure of the service IT company’s business processes were analyzed. It is determined that the restructuring of the business process system will be effective only with changes in the enterprise processes management based on appropriate management strategies.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2019 12:52:09 +000
       
  • Neural network time series prediction based on multilayer perceptron

    • Abstract: Until recently, the statistical approach was the main technique in solving the prediction problem. In the framework of static models, the tasks of forecasting, the identification of hidden periodicity in data, analysis of dependencies, risk assessment in decision making, and others are solved. The general disadvantage of statistical models is the complexity of choosing the type of the model and selecting its parameters. Computing intelligence methods, among which artificial neural networks should be considered at first, can serve as alternative to statistical methods. The ability of the neural network to comprehensively process information follows from their ability to generalize and isolate hidden dependencies between input and output data. Significant advantage of neural networks is that they are capable of learning and generalizing the accumulated knowledge. The article proposes a method of neural networks training in solving the problem of prediction of the time series. Most of the predictive tasks of the time series are characterized by high levels of nonlinearity and non-stationary, noisiness, irregular trends, jumps, abnormal emissions. In these conditions, rigid statistical assumptions about the properties of the time series often limit the possibilities of classical forecasting methods. The alternative methods to statistical methods can be the methods of computational intelligence, which include artificial neural networks. The simulation results confirmed that the proposed method of training the neural network can significantly improve the prediction accuracy of the time series.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2019 12:22:57 +000
       
  • Strategies for socially responsible recruitment at Ukrainian enterprises
           under European integration

    • Abstract: The current situation at Ukrainian enterprises is characterized by fail to meet the requirements of socially responsible nature, which is one of the economic crisis factors (lack of trust between employer and employees, transparency in conducting business processes and low level of responsibility resulted in economic disequilibrium). Therefore, a company must apply the social responsibility principles in strategic planning. The success of any enterprise depends largely on the quality and quantity of human resources. A significant competitive advantage that the company has over its competitors is the quality of talented and qualified professionals, which the company was able to attract to work. In order for recruitment to be more effective, it is necessary to apply methods of evaluating candidates that will allow to give a comprehensive conclusion about the quality and compliance with the requirements for an employee in a particular position. The issue of hiring highly qualified personnel is more relevant than ever before in Ukraine, especially in the conditions of developing social responsibility of business. The article deals with the social responsibility of enterprises, the features of socially responsible hiring of personnel and the expediency of its practical use. The main elements of socially responsible recruitment of personnel are analyzed, social responsibility directions are developed in personnel management, and elements for developing the strategy for socially responsible hiring are proposed.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Apr 2019 10:31:29 +000
       
  • Investing assets of non-state pension funds in bonds

    • Abstract: Non-state pension funds play an important role in the development of the economy. The development of the system of non-state pension provision, which includes non-state pension funds, complies with the main aspects of the Ukraine – 2020 Sustainable Development Strategy. The importance of selecting investment areas for non-state pension funds results in the need to further explore and find ways to improve the investment process. The purpose of the article is to develop theoretical and methodological aspects of investing assets of non-state pension funds in bonds. The study object is the investment activity of non-state pension funds. The following methods are used: vertical and horizontal analysis, SWOT analysis, regression analysis, graphical and tabular methods. It is determined that effective investment of non-state pension funds’ assets provides an increase in the value of assets, which in turn enables participants of non-state pension funds to enhance the quality of life. Involving non-state pension funds in the stock market and their interaction with other entities in this market are illustrated by the investment in bonds example. The market of bonds in Ukraine for 2013-2017 has been analyzed and the tendency towards development has been determined. The possibilities and threats of investment of non-state pension funds’ assets in bonds are substantiated. The approach to determining the impact of factors on the government bond yields, in particular, bonds of domestic state loans and bonds of enterprises has been further developed. This approach, unlike the existing ones, provides for the use of regression analysis and takes into account changes in the environment according to factors (consumer price index and household income for government bonds, the number of enterprises and the discount rate of the National Bank of Ukraine for bonds of enterprises). That is of practical importance and will make it possible to improve the investment strategy of non-state pension fund assets in bonds.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Apr 2019 13:27:10 +000
       
  • Determining factors to ensure the effective formation of the information
           process in the industrial enterprise management

    • Abstract: The article presents comprehensive approach to ensuring the effective formation of the information process of industrial enterprise management. It is proposed to use scenario planning technology, which will allow considering the activity of an enterprise and its information processes in the context of several development scenarios. The paper substantiates the theoretical and methodological provisions for determining the factors ensuring the effectiveness of the formation of the information process of managing an industrial enterprise. The factors determining the effectiveness of the formation of the information process of managing an industrial enterprise are determined on the basis of the principal component method, which allows to determine the most informative indicators for further analysis and formation of the information array of the management process. It has been proved that regardless of the scenario of the development of an enterprise, the list of factors ensuring the effectiveness of the formation of information processes for managing an industrial enterprise (using the engineering industry as an example) remains unchanged, but depending on the development scenario, the priorities of the company’s management change.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Apr 2019 08:38:47 +000
       
  • Cognitive modeling of factors of influence on the processes of formation
           and reproduction of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises

    • Abstract: The features of financial support for reproduction of fixed assets of agrarian enterprises are considered in the article. These include quantitative and qualitative differences in the basic assets of agrarian enterprises, seasonal production, long payback period of capital investments, the reproduction in agricultural enterprises of a significant part of fixed assets in kind, unsustainable financial condition of enterprises and lack of collateral for obtaining long-term loans, undervalued value of fixed assets, no accrual of depreciation on land. For the agricultural enterprises of Ukraine, a cognitive model of the situation "Fixed Assets" was developed, which allows us to investigate factors that determine the possibilities of expanding their reproduction in the light of unstable conditions of functioning. On the basis of cognitive modeling, studies of a possible scenario for the transformation of this system in accordance with the purpose of management have been carried out and modeling the dynamics of the levers of directing the management influences depending on the chosen behavior. It is established that the most significant factors influencing changes in the system of fixed assets are: net profit received by enterprises of the agrarian sector of Ukraine, state support of agricultural producers, foreign investments in agriculture and financing of fixed assets on the basis of leasing. Based on a correlation-regression analysis based on the estimation of stable cause-and-effect relationships, establishing quantitative relations between random variables of the investigated process, conditional forecasts of changes in the size of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises are constructed.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Apr 2019 13:43:43 +000
       
  • Technological aspects of the mechanism of formation of local budgets in
           Ukraine for 2018-2020 years

    • Abstract: The article deals with the technological aspects of the mechanism of formation of local budgets in Ukraine, which is an important tool for state policy, the development of administrative and territorial units, and ensuring an adequate level of living standards. On the basis of the analysis carried out by the authors, it was revealed that the mechanism of formation of local budgets does not correspond to the current trends, therefore the components of legislative and regulatory support are systematized and the potential of their use for the changes of the existing mechanism is revealed. The technological aspects of the formation of local budgets are considered, namely, the composition of local budgets is determined, and at the expense of which the local budget is formed by the legislative base. The features of the mechanism of formation of local budgets and the main organizational and technological procedures for its development are determined. The authors highlighted the main shortcomings of the existing mechanism for the formation of local budgets, namely, the absence of a procedure for forming the income and expenditure part of local budgets. It is determined that local budgets of Ukraine are more dependent on intergovernmental transfers than local budgets of EU countries, the volume of transfers and their share in the organization of local budget revenues is constantly increasing. In this work, the authors proposed measures to eliminate the problems of the formation of local budgets.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Apr 2019 09:02:07 +000
       
  • Synthesis of information control devices which are transferred to
           diagnostic network with package composition

    • Abstract: In the context of growing requirements for the reliability of information and a reduction in the time of data delivery, the urgent task is the development of simple and effective means of control as a process of transmission of information and equipment in distributed systems. The problem of diagnosing the efficiency of distributed systems in data exchange networks with packet switching is considered in the paper. The proposed approach to the synthesis of data control devices is most effective in verifying the transmission of a multitude of packet messages over a datagram channel in time division mode and can be used in digital test device diagnostic systems as an initialization analyzer. The practical implementation of the proposed approach allows you to create devices that have achieved a significant reduction in hardware costs and simplify the technical implementation of signature analyzers. In this case, it is not necessary to store the input information, which provides the possibility of using different characteristic of polynomials, by automatically generating this information in the device. Parallel processing of message packets or diagnostic information allows to increase the speed of analyzers, with reception of signatures that equal the signature of a single-channel analyzer. Examples of synthesis of multichannel signature analyzers that are capable of high-speed data reliably process information, localize errors in the information input sequence and determine the number of the false packet in the message or the device from the group of verifiable devices are given.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 11:18:18 +000
       
  • Research of crypto-code designs construction for using in post quantum
           cryptography

    • Abstract: The article analyzes construction of crypto-code designs (CCDs) on the basis of asymmetric Mac-Alice and Niederreiter crypto-code systems on elliptical (EC) and modified elliptic codes (MEC), which, in the conditions of post-quantum cryptography, allow to provide a guaranteed level of crypto stability, to counteract the modern Attacks and attack by V. Sidelnikov on the theoretical code schemes of McAlias and Niederreiter. Schemes of hybrid crypto-code designs constraction the lossy codes are addressed. Methods of constructing mechanisms of confidentiality and integrity of banking information resources under hybrid threats to security components (information security, cybersecurity, information security) are proposed. Using of a lossy code is suggested to this end. Lossy Code allow you to increase the speed of code changes by reducing the power of the field when causing damage to open text and reducing the amount of data transferred by causing harm to the cipher text. The methods of constructing unprofitable codes and approaches for use in hybrid KKK of McAlias and Niederreiter on modified elliptic codes are considered. Practical algorithms for the use of the MV2 mechanism in McAlias’ CCD and Niederreiter’s modified elliptic codes are proposed, which allows the implementation of the CCD hybrid scheme. The comparative results of the study of stability and power capacity with respect to their practical use in automated banking systems are presented.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jan 2019 14:19:43 +000
       
  • Introduction of electronic test tools with the aim of increasing the
           effectiveness of the knowledge test

    • Abstract: In article as the direction of improvement of educational process, increase of efficiency of use of perspective forms of check and an assessment of knowledge introduction in educational process of electronic means of computer testing is defined.The study is based on the analysis of existing forms of verification and evaluation of knowledge and the main types of control measures in the study of the discipline, the allocation of advantages and disadvantages of the main forms of knowledge testing, the rationale for the choice of testing as the most effective means of testing and evaluation of students' knowledge, the allocation of the main types of tests, the prospects of the use of electronic tests conducted using computer technology, the definition of the function of computer testing, comparative analysis of software products, providing the implementation of computer testing and selection of the most promising of them, capable, on the one hand, to simplify the testing process, and on the other hand, significantly improve the efficiency of testing and evaluation of students' knowledge. The study suggests: first, analysis, generalization and understanding In article as the direction of improvement of educational process, increase of efficiency of use of perspective forms of check and an assessment of knowledge introduction in educational process of electronic means of computer testing is defined. The study is based on the analysis of existing forms of verification and evaluation of knowledge and the main types of control measures in the study of the discipline, the allocation of advantages and disadvantages of the main forms of knowledge testing, the rationale for the choice of testing as the most effective means of testing and evaluation of students' knowledge, the allocation of the main types of tests, the prospects of the use of electronic tests conducted using computer technology, the definition of the function of computer testing, comparative analysis of software products, providing the implementation of computer testing and selection of the most promising of them, capable, on the one hand, to simplify the testing process, and on the other hand, significantly improve the efficiency of testing and evaluation of students' knowledge.The study suggests:first, analysis, generalization and understanding of the experience of using modern methods of knowledge control, analysis of existing forms of knowledge assessment and the main types of control measures, identification of advantages and disadvantages of the main forms of knowledge testing; secondly, the rationale for the choice of testing as the most effective means of testing and evaluation of knowledge, the allocation of the main types of tests, the rationale for the prospects of the use of electronic tests conducted using computer technology;third, the analysis of the conditions for the effective use of test control, the definition of the function of computer testing, comparative analysis of software products that provide the implementation of computer testing, the selection of the most promising of them that can improve the efficiency of testing and evaluation of students' knowledge.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Jan 2019 07:33:15 +000
       
  • The mechanism of synergetically controlled self-organization of actors in
           social networking services

    • Abstract: Today social networking services are one of the most popular virtual platforms for implementing social communication in the information space. In this case, social networking services provide the basic needs of actors in communication, belonging to virtual communities, new knowledge, self-realization, security, etc. At the same time, social networking services can be used by the world leading countries to achieve one-sided advantages in the national information space and influence on social and political processes in the state, public opinion, social exacerbation, interethnic and interreligious conflicts, etc. That’s why providing the state’s information security in social networking services is one of the most acute problems in Ukraine and around the world. It is established that the most promising direction of counteracting the threats to state information security in social networking services and managing the dynamics of interaction between the actors is the use of the concept of synergetic management. However, currently there are no practical recommendations for the implementation of synergistic management with the use of social control for self-organization in social networking services. The article systematizes the basic components of social control in social networking services. It is established that they are divided into social norms and social sanctions. The structure of each component of social control in social networking services and the peculiarities of their implementation are revealed. The synergetic model of interaction between the actors in social networking services is synthesized, which will ensure the formation of a stable virtual community. Such a virtual community is capable of counteracting the threats to the state’s information security in the information space of services through the implementation of social control over the members of the virtual community and the dissemination of a strategic narrative to counteract the content of destructive nature. The experimental research of the proposed model of synergetic control for a hidden artificially controlled transition of the virtual community of actors in social networking services to the state of state information security is performed. It is proved that the effectiveness of such a management compared to the unmanaged processes of the formation of stable virtual communities increases 3.3 times and allows to attract a greater number of actors of social networking services.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Jan 2019 14:20:10 +000
       
  • Money laundering risk management tools based on determining the level of
           co-ordination of financial companies and credit unions

    • Abstract: The article proposes a tool for managing money laundering risk based on the definition of the level of coherence of financial companies and credit unions, the application of which will contribute to introduction of a risk-based approach to anti-money laundering, terrorist financing and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. It was revealed that among the investigated during 2010-2017 financial corporations and credit unions there are financial conglomerates. This confirms the existence of close ties between them. Associated financial companies and credit unions may form or join networks that can be used for possible money laundering. It was established that the share of connected credit unions and financial companies corresponds to the principle of Pareto – 20:80. The proposed methodological support allowed selecting a large number of independent credit unions and financial companies. This will help to prevent the impact of the risk of connected individuals on the high ability of the borrower to fulfill their loan obligations and not to be involved in processes for money laundering using networks. Meanwhile, dedicated joint financial institutions belong to a high-risk group for controlling their financial operations to prevent the legalization of proceeds from crime.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 Dec 2018 08:58:13 +000
       
  • Bases of public financial regulation of human development

    • Abstract: In conditions of modern economic transformations, an in-depth understanding of the essence of the state financial regulation of human potential in the system of ensuring socio-economic development of the country is important. It is important to use a holistic architecture of financial regulation of the economy, further development of provisions on institutional mechanisms of financial provision of human potential, which purposefully applied by state institutions. The proper level of validity of the priority directions of the state financial policy for the development of human potential will contribute to the effectiveness of structural changes in the economy and social sphere. It is proved that the system of state financial regulation of human development needs constant improvement taking into account progressive methods, adaptation to internal and external economic factors in conditions of institutional transformations of the economy. Based on the study of the theoretical foundations of the state financial regulation of human development, its essence is disclosed as an integral part of social development, which involves the use of a set of norms, rules, methods, forms, mechanisms and instruments of financial architecture, in order to provide conditions for improving the quality of the institutional environment of the model of economic growth and an increase in the level of human development in the conditions of strengthening the influence of integration processes on macroeconomic dynamics that will promote the increase of the effective structural changes in the economy and social sphere.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Dec 2018 07:35:49 +000
       
  • Creditworthiness assessment of municipalities in Ukraine

    • Abstract: In the article modern methodological approaches to the assessment of the creditworthiness of local authorities was analyzed, group of indicators used by rating to assessing the creditworthiness of local governments was presented. The author was proposed a methodological approach to assessing the creditworthiness of local authorities based on the using of factor analysis and took into account indicators that characterize the financial and debt sustainability of the local budget. The application of the proposed methodological approach will allow potential investors of local authorities to assess the level of risk of comparable city with a view to making a decision on investing in their local bonds; local authorities-borrowers - to conduct a diagnosis of their creditworthiness in any reporting period.
      PubDate: Sat, 08 Dec 2018 07:05:36 +000
       
  • Methodical approach to monitoring socio-economic activities of households

    • Abstract: In the modern conditions, households play a rather important role in the country's economy. Therefore, it is necessary to have reliable information about trends and changes in their activities. The information basis for the development of socio-economic activity of households is monitoring research, by which it is possible to develop a better strategy for improving their activities. The article substantiates the difference between the monitoring process and the assessment of the socio-economic activity of households. An analysis of foreign experience in the use of panel research of households’ activity was carried out. The passport of the monitoring of households’ socio-economic activity is presented, and it shows two subsystems: organizational, technological and providing. We propose the organizational and technological scheme of monitoring. The stages and time frames of monitoring of socio-economic activities of households were clearly structured in the scheme. The form of the report of the monitoring process is developed.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Nov 2018 07:37:24 +000
       
  • Analysis of the current state and prospects of development of the
           Ukrainian credit market

    • Abstract: In the conditions of intensification of bank lending, the issues of the need to overcome the consequences of the global financial crisis and the formation of a well-developed and effectively functioning credit market are of particular relevance. The dynamics of assets, credits of Ukrainian banks and the share of credits in assets during the last five years is researched. The structure of credits provided by type of borrower and by currency is considered. The classification of credits by categories of quality, distribution by classes of the borrower are analyzed and amounts of overdue debts are determined. The influence of credit operations parameters on the coefficient of return rate on assets of banks is justified and this influence is quantified by means of correlation and regression analysis. The model of the dependence of the coefficient of return rate on assets on the coefficients of the share of credits in assets and the net interest margin is developed. The prospects of development of the Ukrainian credit market are identified and ways of increasing the efficiency of banking credit activity are proposed.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:20:06 +000
       
  • Methodical approach to the construction of cube strategies of financial
           implementation of sustainable development of subjects of agribusiness
           entities

    • Abstract: The study developed a methodical approach to the choice of a strategy for financial implementation for sustainable development (FISD) of the agribusiness entity, which combines five stages, their content is disclosed and justified. It was proposed on the basis of a combination of three parameters: the level of sustainable development of the agribusiness entity, the form of financing used by him and the direction of influence from the external environment, the construction of a cube of FISD strategies, and the characteristics of the selected parameters. The list is presented and the main content of the rules for the selection of the FISD strategy is revealed, depending on the results of positioning the agribusiness entity in the existing cube.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:05:04 +000
       
  • Process of management of environmental security of the enterprise

    • Abstract: Proved that at the present stage of economic development of state, environmental and socio-economic security plays an important role. The achievement of which is possible through the process of managing of invarionmental safety of the enterprise. It is considered that the purpose of the article is to study the implementation details of the environmental security of an enterprise. It will solve the problems of ecological-economic interaction and will allow building a sustainable development economy, that is, an environmentally and socially balanced economy. The purpose of the article is to study the process of management of enterprise security. The existing processes of enterprise safety management are investigated. The stages of the process of management of enterprise security of the enterprise are offered.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 14:07:57 +000
       
  • Assessment of the competitiveness of tourist insurance in insurance
           companies

    • Abstract: The essence of travel insurance is analyzed in the article. Key indicators of the competitiveness of travel insurance in insurance companies have been identified with using the method of multivariate factor analysis. A new method of calculation of integral indicator of competitiveness and a methodical approach to the definition of the insurance company's competitiveness class is proposed with using of cluster and discriminatory analysis. In the first stage, cluster analysis was used which allow to divide insurance companies into the classes of competitiveness. Classification functions were developed based on discriminant analysis. These functions can be used to assess the competitiveness of insurance companies that are not included in the sample, but required analysis and development of measures to improve the competitiveness of travel insurance.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 13:48:10 +000
       
  • Problems of forming social responsibility of health care institutions

    • Abstract: The article presents the content and the meaning of “social responsibility” of Health care institutions. Also, it is given the author’s definition of this phenomenon and it is defined the components of social responsibility of Health care institutions. There are basic international standards documentation in the field of social responsibility of Health care institutions researched and directions of their usage and further development for modern Health care institutions justified. The problems of forming practice of social behavior, medical ethics, deontology and human rights in conditions of stable development and realization relevant professional skills and competences which support the formation of social behavior are defined.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 13:38:45 +000
       
 
 
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