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Economics of Development
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1683-1942 - ISSN (Online) 2304-6155
Published by Business Perspectives Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Trends in the development of marketing technologies in the tourism market

    • Abstract: This article deals with trends in the development of marketing activities in the tourism market. In the field of tourist marketing should be considered in two aspects: the first aspect is a system focused on the strategy and tactics of active adaptation to the changing requirements of the tourist market; and the second aspect is the interaction of the main market elements: consumer, product, price, advertising, sales, etc. One of the types of services in tourism, which is expanding is marketing. In facts it affects the interests of every person and every organization in any given market. Marketing of tourism in the international sphere in comparison with other areas where all methods and approaches of marketing activities are actively used, remains at a lower level, of use in the promotion of tourist destination despite the fact that tourism seems to be a popular way of recreation for more than a decade. The aim of the article is to analyze the in the main tendencies in the development of the use of marketing technologies in the tourism industry services on the basis of the modern market conditions as well as the study of integrated methods of promotion of tourist destinations.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Apr 2019 06:55:35 +000
       
  • Evaluation of personnel readiness to implementing of electronic business
           technologies

    • Abstract: The technology for evaluating the personnel readiness for the implementing of e-business technologies is developed, which includes the following steps: development of a list of competencies reflecting staff readiness for the introduction of e-business technologies; building a questionnaire to assess the level of development of staff competencies for each e-business technology; formation of a matrix of pairwise comparisons to determine the relative importance of competencies; personnel questioning; survey of experts; verification of the degree of consistency of expert opinions; definition of integral assessment of personnel readiness. The value of the developed technology is in determining the most important personnel competencies required to interact with the selected e-business technologies in business processes. The developed technology is tested at the enterprises of the machine-building industry of Ukraine. The selection of the most competent personnel for interaction with the e-business technologies in specific business processes is based on the developed technology. The competencies that are specific and necessary for the use of specific e-business technology are identified and evaluated. The technology has been tested at the machine-building enterprises of Ukraine. Assessment of personnel according to the requirements is implemented. The obtained results of the personnel competence before the introduction of e-business technologies in the business processes for enterprises are from 46.77% to 86.58%. Received results indicate a rather high level of competence of the personnel at the enterprises under study.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Apr 2019 08:02:27 +000
       
  • Technological innovativeness and growth: a study of small scale
           manufacturing firms in Lagos State

    • Abstract: The study has the general objective to determine the extent of the relationship between technological innovativeness and firm growth using small scale manufacturing firms in Lagos State. The independent variable of technological innovativeness was operationalized into product-oriented innovativeness and process-oriented innovativeness, while the dependent variables of firm growth were operationalized into sales growth, employment growth, growth in firm size and market shares growth. This study employs exploration correlational research design. The sample population of a small scale enterprise in Lagos State accounts for eleven thousand and forty-four (11,044). Yamane’s formula was used to get the sample size of three hundred and eighty-six (386), this was approximated to the nearest hundred to have 400 for equal distribution. Data gathered for this study was analyzed using the Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation analysis in order to determine the relationship between them and a simple linear regression analysis to establish the extent of relationship between them using statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 2.3. The correlation statistic shows that the linkage between the independent and dependent variables was low to moderate that product-oriented innovativeness shows a moderate positive relationship with sales and employment growth, while the process-oriented innovativeness shows low positive relationship with firm size thus allowing for regression analysis.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Mar 2019 12:34:26 +000
       
  • Expenditure structure formation in the process of crop production
           intensification

    • Abstract: Methodological and practical aspects of expenditure division into permanent and variable in crop production have been considered in the paper. A graphical method was used to determine the value of constant expenditure in the production of wheat and maize for grain on the example of agricultural enterprises of Kharkiv region. This analysis was carried out as a whole for all costs, as well as for individual articles. It has been found that the value of constant expenditure varies depending on the level of production intensity. Changes in the proportion of constant expenditure in their general value were nonlinear, characterized by a decrease in the relative magnitude of constant expenditure of enterprises with the most intensive level of production. This allows the given group of companies to have a higher level of competitiveness and a lower level of production risk. The author’s approach to determination of constant expenditure proportion has been proposed by calculation of the constant expenditure structure coefficient. This coefficient allows you to determine the proportion of constant expenditure more precisely by taking into account its value by individual articles. On the example of enterprises engaged in the production of wheat and corn for grain we have calculated coefficients of the constant expenditure structure. The obtained results have confirmed nonlinear dependence of changes in the value of constant expenditure, depending on the level of production intensity.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Feb 2019 12:08:29 +000
       
  • Analysis of the approaches to evaluate environmental security of
           enterprises

    • Abstract: Proved that to achieve socio-economic development of state it is necessary to ensure not only invarionmental security of state, but also of enterprise. There are a sufficiently large number of methods to evaluate the economic and ecological security of enterprise and, at the same time, there aren’t any practical methods to evaluate its environmental security. This confirms the necessity to analyse this issue in a more detailed way. The aim of the article is to analyse and identify the drawbacks of existing methods to evaluate the environmental security of enterprise and develop a system of indicators for environmental security of industrial enterprises. The following research methods were used in the article: method of analysis and synthesis to determine the drawbacks of existing methods to establish the level of environmental security, the graph analytic method to build a scheme of the process to develop the system of indicators for environmental security of industrial enterprise. It is determined that the process to develop the system of indicators for environmental security of industrial enterprise is a process of successive stages of determining the purpose and tasks to diagnose the state of environmental security of industrial enterprise, to select and process the necessary information and, directly, to develop a system of indicators of environmental security of industrial enterprise. The practical significance of this study is to determine the level of environmental security of industrial enterprise as an integral indicator. Its core is a set of social and economic, technical and technological, scientific and innovative, managerial and organizational indicators which have to account the criteria related to the external and internal environment of the enterprise activity. The proposed process to develop the system of indicators for environmental security of industrial enterprise allows determining the level of environmental security.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:59:53 +000
       
  • Methodical approach to assessing the level of the households` livelihoods

    • Abstract: In modern conditions households play an important role in the country's economy. Improving their effective functioning and quality of life of the population is one of the priority tasks of socio-economic development of the country. The set of subjective and objective indicators for determining the level of vital activity of households using an expert method, which based on a collective notebook, is substantiated. The expert group involved leading experts in the field of studying the population’s quality of life, the development of socio-economic and innovative processes; the method of "Snowball" is used for this study. It is proved that peculiarities of activity of households in the conditions of a new economy require the allocation of three system-forming groups of indicators: social, economic, innovation and educational life, the use of which provides a deeper and more comprehensive assessment of households' livelihoods. It is substantiated that in the group of indicators of economic life it is expedient to use two new indicators for households, such as household profitability index and household saving index, which provides a deeper assessment of the index of economic activity of households by expanding their economic opportunities. The distribution of the studied regions of Ukraine according to the level of vital activity of households was carried out using the Harrington scale. To visualize the results of the distribution, the means of “Front-end development” were used and the Illustrative map of Ukraine was built. Recommendations for improving the living standards of households in Ukraine aimed at, first of all, increasing the attention of the state authorities to the socio-economic activity of households are proposed. The methodical approach to the assessment of household living standards is based on the use of the proposed system of indicators consisting of three system-forming groups (social, economic and innovation-educational activities) that are integrated into the integral index (household living standards index) by the taxonomy method.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 12:13:39 +000
       
  • Research of macroeconomic disables of Ukraine

    • Abstract: The crisis in the political and economic spheres in Ukraine has led to an aggravation of macroeconomic imbalances, which in turn worsen the socio-economic situation, complicate the moments of doing business, manifestation of violations and instability in the public administration sector and social tension in society. As the result is the accumulation of macroeconomic imbalances to a critical point that threatens the normal, gradual development of economic processes that should take place in the economic space of Ukraine. The article deals with the main imbalances indicators of the country's economy and their applicability under modern Ukrainian economic policy conditions. The interconnection of the main macro-instability factors in Ukraine economy and other countries of the world is considered, which allows to identity a number of endogenous (external) and exogenous (internal) factors that create imbalances. The mechanism of imbalances detection is proposed, which combines certain categories, methods, principles and methods of their research. The simulation model for identifying macroeconomic imbalances in the Ukrainian economy was developed, based on which the dynamic properties of the macroeconomic imbalances system were investigated, a short-term indicators forecast was constructed, and assessment of the imbalances probability in the future was implemented. Forecast macroeconomic indicators were estimated that fall into critical areas also the gross external debt, changes in the real effective exchange rate, changes in the share of the export market show that external imbalances and disproportion exist. Other macro indicators that form the imbalances table, according to projected calculations, show trends that are close to the ultimate limits and instability risks which confirms the vulnerability of the country's financial and economic system. The obtained forecasting results will allow to prevent new imbalances through the timely and appropriate rapid response management action.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:21:04 +000
       
  • Features and principles of monitoring of industrial enterprise
           competitiveness

    • Abstract: Specific features of the enterprise competitiveness management (like real-time management) set up the need of replace of the occasional analytical work by the competitiveness monitoring system.When forming an information base for monitoring the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise, its sectoral features should be taken into account, therefore, the purpose of the article is to identify and justify industry specific features and principles for monitoring of the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise.The research is based on a dialectical approach to the study of the parameters of the enterprise's competitiveness, which are usually combined into an information base for monitoring with the selection of parameters: the market level of the competitiveness of the enterprise; production and economic level of the competitiveness of the enterprise; product level of the competitiveness of the enterprise.The industry-specific features that determine the specifics of the monitoring competitiveness of an enterprise are identified, namely: the features of the products (its science-consuming complexity, the complexity of the design, etc.); features of operational characteristics of the products; features of the main production processes; features of the technological base of the main production; features of the professional and qualification composition of employees; features of the organization of management processes in the enterprise.Disclosure of the main features of monitoring of the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise were related to establish and implement the principles for such monitoring.Therefore, the article formulates the principles of monitoring of the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise as the fundamental rules which establish a constant correlation of its elements and procedures that make up its essence.The principles of monitoring of the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise, supplemented by specific features, allow us to justify a set of investigated parameters of an industrial enterprise, to make a quantitative assessment of the current state of the object in comparison with past trends and to predict the future state of the object.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Nov 2018 12:33:44 +000
       
  • Innovative character of modernization of managerial information system of
           the enterprise

    • Abstract: Important scientific and practical task concerning identifying the trends of innovation development of the managerial information system of the enterprise is solved and presenting of new concept modernization of managerial information system of the enterprise is done. The development of the managerial information system of the enterprise is described by the influence of innovative changes on processes with managerial information. This is carried out in accordance with the conditions and factors of the enterprise development with the organization of parameters of influence and the development of necessary measures to avoid disintegration of information processing processes, thus increasing the efficiency of information to exercise a guiding influence on processes of management. The concept of achieving information equilibrium in the process of making managerial decisions is substantiated that characterizes a more qualitative level of information provision of decision-making. The methodical principles of organization of the informational basis for the formation of variants of managerial decisions are developed, the effectiveness of which is determined by qualitative and quantitative parameters of managerial information. Information provision of managing an enterprise is formed through the architecture, which includes processes and schemes of organization, structuring, formalization, maintenance and information movement in the managerial system and beyond.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Nov 2018 12:23:03 +000
       
  • National strategic development of the state: concept and meaning

    • Abstract: Strategic planning of socio-economic state development in Ukraine is at the stage of forming. After independence, Ukraine refused the state long-term planning. State development took place in tactical and operational regimes. There were attempts to develop development programs for a longer period, but these programs remained largely unrealized. Thus, the problem of ensuring the national strategic development of Ukraine that allows overcoming the crisis and increasing the competitiveness of its economy on the world market, has occurred as important issue. The purpose of the article is to determine the essence of the concept of national strategic development To achieve this the evolution of the concept of "strategy" and modern scientific classification approach to its definition, the meaning of the concept of "development" and the concept of "national strategy" was created, which is strengthening the position on the world stage. If the opposite happens, then such a strategy should be considered as anti-national. The author's classification of types of national strategic development of the state is developed. The meaning of the national strategic development of the state with the help of such a category as its potential is revealed. The system of potentialities of the economic system is considered and it is proved that the core of the national strategic development in a post-industrial society is the state scientific and technical potential. Strategic development, which is in creating the state's economy on the strong scientific and technical potential, when science moves from the scope of the nonprofit sector, or how it is positioned in the state strategy 2015 - as the "pride" of Ukraine, in the category of important productive force of economy, the achievement of its integration into production is able to provide a high level of productivity, and therefore a high standard of living, significant GDP per capita GDP ratios and standard of living, quality of life, etc.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Nov 2018 11:36:34 +000
       
  • Trends of structural dynamic changes in retail trade

    • Abstract: The article is devoted to the presentation of structural shifts, factors and trends of dynamic changes in retail trade, taking into account, above all, institutional changes. The main theories explaining changes in retail trade are analyzed. The shift in the balance of power in the distribution channels from the manufacturer to the retailer is shown, and the tendency of increasing the number of supermarkets and hypermarkets is presented. It was found that there is a gradual takeover by large retail chains of small retail operators and the growth of the role of supermarkets and hypermarkets, as evidenced by the increase in the trading floor area of the stores of the indicated trade formats. The main features of different types of stores are systematized and the advantages and disadvantages of strategies for the development of retail objects - small operators and large chain stores. It is established that small independent retail operators lose a significant market share. Constant consolidation of retail operators, as well as increased competition in retail markets, force retailers to look for new ways to grow their business. The positions of retail operators in the rating of the largest enterprises of Ukraine for 2016 are analyzed and it is established that among operators of retail trade the operators that sell food products are the most dynamically developing. Generalized tendencies of structural shifts in retail trade according to theories of institutional changes and certain stages on which the largest retail operators of Ukraine are located. It is determined that the market of goods and services becomes more consolidated and concentrated and requires the formation of an adequate dynamic organizational structure of management, transformation of marketing functions, adaptation to a complex modern environment.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 13:49:12 +000
       
  • Some models of demand for benefits, offered by an enterprise

    • Abstract: The activities of an enterprise are based on constant exchanges of material and nonmaterial goods with its stakeholders. According to the stakeholder concept, there are common features in the processes of enterprise’s interaction with different groups of stakeholders. For example, common patterns can be found in the behavior of two primary stakeholders groups – buyers and employees. Each actor of these stakeholder groups makes a choice between enterprises on the bases of characteristics of goods (products or working conditions), which are provided by these enterprises, and their own preferences for these characteristics. And yet the preferences of different actors from one stakeholders group are generally different. For example, different buyers have different preferences about products characteristics, and employees have different preferences about working conditions. Thus, in the market of certain good (products or vacancies), on the one hand, there is a variety of variants of the good which differ in their characteristics and, on the other hand, there is a variety of subgroups of stakeholders (buyers or jobseekers), which differ in their preferences about the characteristics of the analyzed good. Therefore, the demand for the good offered by the analyzed enterprise depends on the ratio between the supply of the analyzed good variants and the demand for them from stakeholders subgroups with different preferences. This fact should be taken into account in the process of analyzing and forecasting demand for products and vacancies of enterprises, but existing demand models do not take it into account. The purpose of the study is to construct mathematical models that will allow to assess the demand for products and vacancies of an enterprise, depending on: а) characteristics of the analyzed products and working conditions; b) the preferences of the stakeholders for these characteristics values; c) the available supply volumes from competing enterprises. The paper proposes to assess the demand for an enterprise products by means of an optimization “transportation” model, in which the variables are the volumes of the distribution of variants of products, which differ in consumer characteristics, between groups of buyers, which differ in preferences for products characteristics. Similarly, the demand for vacancies of an enterprise is proposed to be evaluated using the system of optimization "transportation" models, in which the variables are the volumes of the distribution of vacancies in different enterprises, which differ in working conditions, between groups of jobseekers, which differ in the level of competence and preferences for the characteristics of working conditions. The constructed models are designed to meet the challenges of analysis and modeling enterprises activity, taking into account the existence of different variants of buyers’ and employees’ preferences. The novelty of the proposed models resulted from taking into account the set of variants of stakeholders' preferences for the characteristics of goods, as well as using the criterion that evaluates variants of goods distribution among stakeholders in the context of its matching for the preferences of different sub-groups of stakeholders.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Oct 2018 10:54:16 +000
       
  • Research of market development of intelligent transport systems in the
           world

    • Abstract: The issues of the development of intelligent transport systems (ITS) in the world as an instrument for ensuring social and economic growth of the state have been investigated. The essence and role of the structure of management of intellectual systems in different countries has been described and common features of their implementation have been determined. To solve the research problems, the following methods have been applied: systematic, dialectic, synthesis and generalization and scientific abstraction. To achieve the goal in the research methods have been applied on the systems approach, management theory and decision theory. System analysis has been used to identify the scientific problem. The results of the investigation have allowed the author to determine that there are problems with increasing traffic in large cities, high accident rates, high traffic growth, poor quality of traffic management, transport services, and how ITS helps to solve these problems. The results of the analysis have proved that mechanisms of ITS implementation in different countries is differ, but the key elements can be watch common: public private partnership; presence in the developed countries of the world of priority programs for the development of ITS; mandatory formation of uniform unified standards; the creation of a state coordinating body whose main function is to protect and promote the interests of the country and beyond its borders; the creation of independent groups or organizations (the majority on the basis of scientific institutions) such as “ITS America”, “ERTICO” in Europe, “ITS Japan”; industrial base in the field of development as a technical and information component, as well as cooperation in developing or participating in the field of geoinformation support. It is important to conduct an analysis of the ITS market volume in the world in 2008 – 2017 years in mln. dol. USA and a detailed analysis of the geography distribution in 2017. The implementation of the ITS begins with institutional changes, so giving them the status of a national project and developing the appropriate state program for the creation of multi-year development plans that have the goal of developing science and technology in the country can form the basis for a recommendation when implementing ITS in Ukraine.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Oct 2018 10:35:45 +000
       
  • Justification of the list of indicators financial stability of the banking
           system

    • Abstract: The generalization of scientific approaches to the assessment of the financial stability of the banking system has demonstrated the multivariance of views on structuring and listing of financial stability indicators and has made it possible to distinguish three main ones: on the basis of macroeconomic and macro financial indicators; on the basis of separate indicators; based on synthetic indicators. It is proved that the latter is most effective since the large number and variability of financial ratios used by different authors to assess the level of financial stability of banking systems does not allow for unambiguous results. A hierarchic structure of indicators of the stability of the banking system is proposed, which is characterized by the simultaneous existence of a certain number, not ordered in a heterarchic manner. In accordance with it, the integral index of financial stability of the banking system includes subindices: stability of the NBU, stability of system banks, banks with foreign capital, banks with private capital, financial vulnerability of the banking system. The expediency of accounting for the indicators of financial risk assessment: credit, liquidity risk, interest rate, investment risk, unstable resource base risk, which are characterized by such financial ratios as part of provisions for depreciation of loans in the loan portfolio, is justified in the composition of such a synthetic indicator of the financial stability of the banking system; the norm of instant liquidity; net interest margin; part of the provision for depreciation of securities in the securities portfolio; coefficient of instability of the resource base. Also, indicators for assessing the stability of the central bank were proposed: indicators of the adequacy of reserves; indicators of the effectiveness of monetary policy; indicators of the effectiveness of foreign exchange regulation; indicators of compliance of banking supervision with the main principles of efficiency. This approach will allow taking into account all the structural components of the banking system in the process of assessing financial stability, on the one hand, and in time to identify potential threats to the loss of stability, on the other.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Oct 2018 08:49:48 +000
       
 
 
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