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Publisher: Hogrefe and Huber Publishing Group   (Total: 32 journals)

Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crisis: The J. of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 27)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.373, h-index: 27)
European J. of Psychological Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.755, h-index: 30)
European Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, h-index: 22)
Experimental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.134, h-index: 33)
Forum Psychotherapeutische Praxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frühe Bildung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GeroPsych: The J. of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, h-index: 9)
J. of Individual Differences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 14)
J. of Media Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.927, h-index: 7)
J. of Personnel Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.823, h-index: 5)
J. of Psychophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kindheit und Entwicklung     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.799, h-index: 25)
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Methodology: European J. of Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.334, h-index: 13)
Musik- Tanz und Kunsttherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Psychologische Rundschau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.236, h-index: 13)
Rorschachiana     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.144, h-index: 3)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 14)
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / J. of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.164, h-index: 10)
Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.261, h-index: 13)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.231, h-index: 19)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.173, h-index: 4)
Journal Cover European Journal of Psychological Assessment
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [4 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1015-5759 - ISSN (Online) 2151-2426
     Published by Hogrefe and Huber Publishing Group Homepage  [32 journals]   [SJR: 0.755]   [H-I: 30]
  • Substance and Artifact in Interest Self-Reports
    • Abstract: Although self-reports are often distorted by response biases, nearly all knowledge about interests rely on self-reports. This multiple-rater twin study investigated the degree to which interest self-reports reflect substance. Specifically, we examined whether genetic variance in interest self-reports reflect substance in terms of genetically based motivational attributes or artifact in terms of genetically influenced self-rater biases. We compared normative and ipsatized self- and peer reports on interests from 844 individuals (incl. 225 monozygotic and 113 dizygotic twin pairs) regarding psychometric qualities and further regarding the estimates of genetic and environmental components in self-other agreement and self-rater specificity. Ipsatized interest scores showed lower internal consistency but higher consensus and self-other agreement. Self-other agreement showed a large genetic component, whereas variance specific to self-reports was not significantly attributable to genetic influences. The results provide strong support that genetic variance in interest self-reports reflect substance rather than artifact.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-8

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000222

      Authors
      Annika Nelling, Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Germany
      Christian Kandler, Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Germany
      Rainer Riemann, Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Germany
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:24 GMT
       
  • Hungarian Validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ)
    • Abstract: The Hungarian version of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) was validated in two studies, using five different samples. Study 1 tested the factor structure and internal consistency of the PSWQ in two undergraduate student samples, comparing the psychometric properties of the paper-pencil and the online versions of the scale. Study 2 assessed construct validity in two undergraduate student samples and in a sample of patients diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and matched control participants. Our results suggest that the Hungarian PSWQ demonstrates good psychometric properties. We found no difference between the online and the paper-pencil versions of the scale. A factor structure with one general worry factor and two method factors representing wording effects showed the best fit to the data.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-7

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000221

      Authors
      Péter Pajkossy, Department of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
      Péter Simor, Department of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
      István Szendi, Department of Psychiatry, University of Szeged, Hungary
      Mihály Racsmány, Department of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:24 GMT
       
  • Extending the Assessment of Complex Problem Solving to Finite State
           Automata
    • Abstract: Recent advancements in the assessment of Complex Problem Solving (CPS) build on the use of homogeneous tasks that enable the reliable estimation of CPS skills. The range of problems featured in established instruments such as MicroDYN is consequently limited to a specific subset of homogeneous complex problems. This restriction is problematic when looking at domain-specific examples of complex problems, which feature characteristics absent from current assessment instruments (e.g., threshold states). We propose to utilize the formal framework of Finite State Automata (FSA) to extend the range of problems included in CPS assessment. An approach based on FSA, called MicroFIN, is presented, translated into specific tasks, and empirically investigated. We conducted an empirical study (N = 576), (1) inspecting the psychometric features of MicroFIN, (2) relating it to MicroDYN, and (3) investigating the relations to a measure of reasoning (i.e., CogAT). MicroFIN (1) exhibited adequate measurement characteristics and multitrait-multimethod models indicated (2) the convergence of latent dimensions measured with MicroDYN. Relations to reasoning (3) were moderate and comparable to the ones previously found for MicroDYN. Empirical results and corresponding explanations are discussed. More importantly, MicroFIN highlights the feasibility of expanding CPS assessment to a larger spectrum of complex problems.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-14

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000224

      Authors
      Jonas C. Neubert, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
      André Kretzschmar, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
      Sascha Wüstenberg, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
      Samuel Greiff, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:23 GMT
       
  • Impact of Verb Tense on Response to the Four-Dimensional Symptom
           Questionnaire (4DSQ)
    • Abstract: The verb tense of a questionnaire hypothetically might influence the way people respond to its items. We examined the effects of the verb tense on the response to the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) in a population-based sample (N = 4,959; present tense N = 605; past tense N = 4,354). We determined whether the verb tense impacted the overall response rate, the scale structure, differential item functioning, reliability, proportions of respondents scoring above a range of cut-offs, and mean scale scores. The verb tense did not influence response rate, scale structure, item functioning, and reliability. The present tense increased the number of respondents scoring above very low cut-offs for distress and somatization. The effect on mean scale scores was limited and of little clinical importance.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-9

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000226

      Authors
      Berend Terluin, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
      Miquelle A. G. Marchand, CentERdata Institute for Data Collection and Research, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
      Henrica C. W. de Vet, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
      Evelien P. M. Brouwers, Scientific Center for Care and Welfare (Tranzo), Tilburg University, The Netherlands
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:21 GMT
       
  • Exploring Outcome and Validity of the GAF in Psychiatric Inpatient Care
    • Abstract: A small number of studies have investigated predictive factors in relation to the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale. This study aimed to explore the influence of clinical and socio-demographic factors in a psychiatric inpatient setting in relation to treatment outcome measured by the GAF. The studied psychiatric inpatient sample consisted of 816 episodes of care, with GAF ratings made at both admission and discharge. Multiple linear regressions were performed to analyze what variables predicted GAF scores at admission and at discharge. Significant predictors of GAF scores at admission were age, schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, and no registered diagnosis. GAF scores at admission, patients’ diagnoses, and ward affiliation were able to significantly predict GAF at discharge. Specialized wards did not necessarily deliver the best treatment results in spite of their diagnostic specialization. This study provides support to the construct validity of the GAF when used as a measure of outcome.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-7

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000225

      Authors
      Ove Sonesson, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
      Hans Arvidsson, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
      Tomas Tjus, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:21 GMT
       
  • The Digit Span Backwards Task
    • Abstract: The “digit span backwards” (DSB) is the most commonly used test in clinical neuropsychology to assess working memory capacity. Yet, it remains unclear how the task is solved cognitively. The present study was conducted to examine the use of visual and verbal cognitive strategies in the DSB. Further, the relationship between the DSB and a complex span task, based on the Simultaneous Storage and Processing task (Oberauer et al., 2003), was investigated. Visualizers performed better than verbalizers in the dual task condition (rPB = .23) only when the relevant digits were presented optically. Performance in the DSB correlated only weakly with the complex span task in all conditions (all τ ≤ .21). The results indicate that the processing modality is determined by the preference for a cognitive strategy rather than the presentation modality and suggest that the DSB measures different working aspects than commonly used experimental working memory tasks.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-7

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000223

      Authors
      Sven Hilbert, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
      Tristan T. Nakagawa, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
      Patricia Puci, University of Graz, Austria
      Alexandra Zech, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
      Markus Bühner, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:20 GMT
       
  • Item Response Model Investigation of the (German) Interpersonal Reactivity
           Index Empathy Questionnaire
    • Abstract: The interpersonal reactivity index (IRI) is a widely used personality questionnaire for measuring empathy. We investigated the psychometric properties of the German version using the partial credit model. If this model fits the data, the raw-scores are fair measures of the latent construct. Only in such a case, further analyses based on the raw-scores are accurate and valid. The results showed model fit only for the subscale empathic concern. The subscales perspective taking and fantasy consisted of two theoretically explainable sub-dimensions. For the subscale personal distress, no model fit could be achieved. Our study provides important information on the psychometric qualities of the IRI that has been repeatedly used to assess, for example, group differences. It demonstrates that these analyses were not warranted by the psychometric quality of the questionnaire. Our results provide direct suggestions (e.g., theoretically explainable sub-dimensions) for further developments of the IRI to overcome this limitation.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-11

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000227

      Authors
      Ingrid Koller, Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna, Austria
      Claus Lamm, Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna, Austria
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 17:56:14 GMT
       
  • Factorial Invariance of the DASS-21 Among Adolescents in Four Countries
    • Abstract: The use of scales to measure constructs in populations or contexts other than that in which they were established is highly controversial. Despite this, the use of scales without reference to “local” psychometric data is still widespread. In this study we examined the factor structure of the short 21-item form of the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21), when it was applied to adolescent samples recruited from high schools in Australia (N = 371), Chile (N = 448), China (N = 558), and Malaysia (N = 388). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the purported three-factor structure of the DASS-21 was supported in each location with structural invariance across locations. While convergent and divergent validity studies are required to support this finding, the DASS-21 appears to be suitable for use with adolescents in these locations.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-5

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000218

      Authors
      David Mellor, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
      Eugenia V. Vinet, University de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
      Xiaoyan Xu, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu, PR China
      Norul Hidayah Bt Mamat, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
      Ben Richardson, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
      Francisca Román, University de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jul 2014 13:18:52 GMT
       
  • Measuring Decision-Making Regret Among French Populations
    • Abstract: Most studies examining decision-making processes are conducted in English. As a result, the majority of scales that are used to measure relevant constructs are unavailable in other languages. The Regret Scale (Schwartz, Ward, Monterosso, Lyubomirsky, White, & Lehman, 2002) consists of five items that assess an individual’s tendency to experience regret. The purpose of this study was to translate and validate this scale into French. Psychometric properties of the newly created Échelle de Regret were verified with a sample of native French-speaking participants. The properties of the translated scale were then compared to those of the original scale derived from a sample of native English-speaking participants. Results of measurement invariance analyses indicate that the measure functions similarly across both linguistic groups. Thus, the Échelle de Regret can be used with confidence to assess regret proneness in French-speaking populations.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-7

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000219

      Authors
      Silvia Bonaccio, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
      Annie J. Girard, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jul 2014 13:18:50 GMT
       
  • Alternative Models of the Outcome Questionnaire-45
    • Abstract: The Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ) reliably quantifies level of psychological functioning and change during treatment. The three subscales, however, are not well validated. Could alternative scales, based on personality dimensions or other groupings of psychological problems better explain patterns of response? In Study 1, the intended structure and four alternative models were compared using EFA and CFA in random thirds of a community clinic intake sample (N = 1,822). Oblique and bi-level models were compared. Preferred models were tested for stability in samples from later time points. In Study 2, the models were compared in a nonclinical sample (N = 589). Most bi-level models provided adequate fit per standards previously established for the Outcome Questionnaire-45. A seven-factor model of psychological problems provided better fit than any yet reported for this inventory.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-11

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000216

      Authors
      Amber Gayle Thalmayer, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jul 2014 13:18:49 GMT
       
  • Psychometric Properties of a Revised Version of the Ten Item Personality
           Inventory
    • Abstract: Gosling, Rentfrow, and Swann (2003) developed the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) to meet the need of very short measures of the Big Five for time-limited contexts or large survey questionnaires. In this paper we show the inadequacy of the Italian version downloadable from Gosling’s website and we report the results of four studies in which the psychometric properties of a revised version (I-TIPI-R) were investigated in student and general population samples. This new version showed adequate factor structure, test-retest reliability, self-observer agreement and convergent and discriminant validity with the Big Five Inventory (BFI). Moreover, I-TIPI-R and BFI scores did not differ in their correlations with measures of affect, self-esteem, optimism, emotion regulation, and social desirability. Overall, the results suggest that the I-TIPI-R can be considered a valid and reliable alternative to the BFI for the assessment of basic personality traits when very short measures are needed.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-11

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000215

      Authors
      Carlo Chiorri, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology Unit, University of Genova, Italy
      Fabrizio Bracco, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology Unit, University of Genova, Italy
      Tommaso Piccinno, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology Unit, University of Genova, Italy
      Cinzia Modafferi, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology Unit, University of Genova, Italy
      Valeria Battini, Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology Unit, University of Genova, Italy
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jul 2014 13:18:46 GMT
       
  • Italian Validation of Montreal Cognitive Assessment
    • Abstract: Neuropsychological testing is a milestone of good practice to document cognitive deficits in a rapidly aging population. The aim of this paper is to validate the Italian version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). We compared subjects performance at the Italian version of MoCA with performance at standard Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). The whole sample is composed of 287 subjects. All participants were administered three MoCA and a standard MMSE within 4 weeks. Through ROC analysis the optimal MoCA cut-off point was identified, showing high levels of sensitivity and specificity and an accuracy of .96, with 95% confidence interval. Intra rater reliability and intra rater reliability are highly significant with respect to the MMSE. Results highlight that MoCA is a valid instrument in clinical and research screening and monitoring of subjects affected by cognitive disorders. Further studies may be directed to the deepening of the reliability and validity of the test.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-7

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000217

      Authors
      Fabio Pirrotta, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Francesca Timpano, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Lilla Bonanno, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Domenica Nunnari, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Silvia Marino, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Placido Bramanti, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Pietro Lanzafame, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”, Messina, Italy
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jul 2014 13:18:43 GMT
       
  • General and Specific Avoidance
    • Abstract: Research on coping has been hampered by psychometric shortcomings in coping scales, which have typically relied on items based on face-value, extracted too many factors or lacked the evidence for the obtained structure from confirmatory factor analysis. The present paper describes the development and concurrent validation of a new three-factor avoidance coping scale, the General and Specific Avoidance Questionnaire (GSAQ), which comprises General Avoidance, Emotional Avoidance, and Conflict Avoidance. In contrast to earlier scales the items were derived from a scenario technique which elicits items from participants’ experience, and the three-factor structure was endorsed by two confirmatory factor analyses on independent samples and a further exploratory factor analysis based on the total pooled sample of participants from all three analyses. Factor correlations indicate that the scales measure discrete facets of the avoidance coping domain, and while concurrent validation showed that General and Conflict Avoidance were related in predictable ways to criterion measures, the pattern for Emotional Avoidance was unexpected.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Multistudy Report
      Pages 1-9

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000220

      Authors
      Lehan Stemmet, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
      Derek Roger, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
      Joana Kuntz, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
      Jo Borrill, University of Westminster, United Kingdom
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Jul 2014 13:18:43 GMT
       
  • Evaluating the Construct Validity of Objective Personality Tests Using a
           Multitrait-Multimethod-Multioccasion-(MTMM-MO)-Approach
    • Abstract: Although Objective Personality Tests (OPTs) have a long history in psychology and the field of psychological assessment, their validity, and reliability have not yet been sufficiently studied. In this study, we examined the convergent and discriminant validity of objective (personality) tests, Implicit Association Tests (IATs), and self-report measures for the assessment of conscientiousness and intelligence. Moreover, the convergent and discriminant validity of these measures was assessed on the trait (stable) and occasion specific (momentary) level by using the multimethod latent state-trait (MM-LST) model proposed by Courvoisier, Nussbeck, Eid, and Cole (2008) which allows for the decomposition of different sources of variance. Data from 367 students assessed on three different measurement occasions was incorporated. Results indicate generally low convergence of OPTs with data gained by other approaches. Additional analyses revealed that the OPTs used assess stable rather than momentary components of the constructs. Reliabilities of different tests ranged from .54 to .95. Furthermore, a substantial amount of trait method specificity revealed that different methods assess trait components that are not shared between OPTs and other measures. Data on the criterion validity of the objective conscientiousness test revealed that it is related to the punctuality of test takers in the laboratory.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 208-230

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000212

      Authors
      Tobias Koch, Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
      T. M. Ortner, Department of Psychology, Universität Salzburg, Austria
      M. Eid, Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
      J. Caspers, Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
      M. Schmitt, Department of Psychology, Universität Koblenz-Landau, Germany
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment

      Online ISSN 1015-5759
      Journal Volume Volume 30
      Journal Issue Volume 30, Number 3 / 2014
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jul 2014 20:20:53 GMT
       
  • The Tendency to Fall for Distracting Information While Making Judgments
    • Abstract: Despite much research on thinking biases such as the representativeness, availability, and anchoring heuristics, a psychometrically sound measurement instrument for assessing the degree of heuristic thinking is still missing. Therefore, it was the goal of this study to develop and validate a new test to assess the degree of heuristic thinking associated with three particular thinking heuristics (i.e., the representativeness, availability, and anchoring heuristics). The resulting Objective Heuristic Thinking Test (OHTT) was evaluated with regard to its internal consistency, factor structure, construct validity, and stability in an internet sample (N = 300) and an independent laboratory sample (N = 55). Exploratory factor analyses resulted in three latent factors that represented the three OHTT subscales (i.e., representativeness, availability, and anchoring factors). Results revealed a low to sufficient internal consistency for each of the three scales. Further analyses indicated convergent correlations of the OHTT scales with related constructs such as field-independency. Furthermore, good stability of the test scores was shown. Conclusions are drawn regarding possible future applications of the OHTT as a promising tool for studying the origins of heuristic thinking processes.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 193-207

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000214

      Authors
      Fabian Jasper, Division of Psychological Assessment, Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
      Tuulia M. Ortner, Division of Psychological Assessment, Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      Journal Volume Volume 30
      Journal Issue Volume 30, Number 3 / 2014
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jul 2014 20:20:52 GMT
       
  • Advances and Continuing Challenges in Objective Personality Testing
    • Abstract: Advances and Continuing Challenges in Objective Personality Testing
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Editorial
      Pages 163-168

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000213

      Authors
      Tuulia M. Ortner, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
      Manfred Schmitt, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      Journal Volume Volume 30
      Journal Issue Volume 30, Number 3 / 2014
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jul 2014 20:20:51 GMT
       
  • Development of the Factors Related to Forgiveness Inventory (FRFI)
    • Abstract: This research aimed to develop a brief, multifactorial Factors Related to Forgiveness Inventory (FRFI), assessing social-cognitive factors that facilitate or inhibit forgiveness. In total, 512 participants completed a questionnaire, reporting trait forgivingness, and describing a specific transgression, characteristics of the offence or offender, beliefs about forgiving the offender, overall forgiveness and revenge, avoidance, and benevolence motivations toward the offender. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggested seven factors including positive post-transgression offender responses, perceived likelihood of the offender repeating offences, valuing the relationship with the offender, social influences to not forgive, believing forgiveness would be condoning or excusing the offence, intent of the offender, and spiritual beliefs about forgiveness. Construct, criterion, and incremental validity were assessed and supported validity of scores of the seven FRFI subscales for 415 adults. All subscales explained unique variance in overall forgiveness. Furthermore, FRFI subscales accounted for between 21% and 59% of variance in forgiveness-related constructs, after trait forgivingness was accounted for. One-week test-retest reliability suggested scores were temporally stable. The FRFI has potential for use in future research into factors facilitating and inhibiting forgiveness and in therapeutic contexts.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-9

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000211

      Authors
      Linda J. Blatt, School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
      Eleanor H. Wertheim, School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:39:22 GMT
       
  • The Hierarchical Structure of Work-Related Maladaptive Personality Traits
    • Abstract: A brief pathological personality measure, the G-50, was designed to study substantive developments from clinical psychology in occupational settings. Responses to item-pools assessing DSM-5 domain traits were collected from 696 working adults in England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. Exploratory factor analyses supported a structure comprised of Antagonism, Compulsivity, Detachment, Negative Affect, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism. Gender differences were observed following invariance analyses while five-factor indicators projected into latent space defined by pathological indicators revealed each big five construct related to multiple pathological traits. Latent profile analyses revealed a maladaptive class that experienced worse outcomes on a range of job performance and health indicators. Support for a hierarchical structure was observed where domain traits are lower order indicators of internalizing and externalizing factors. Mixed evidence for a generalized psychopathology factor was observed. Because lower-level maladaptive traits are described in the organizational sciences as “Dark,” we describe this generalized psychopathology factor as “Black.”
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-8

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000209

      Authors
      Nigel Guenole, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:39:16 GMT
       
  • The Assessment of Fatigue in Children With Chronic Pain
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to review the options that are available for assessing fatigue in children and adolescents with chronic pain problems, analyze the psychometric properties of all the instruments and provide health professionals with key information on which to base decisions about their use. A literature search was conducted using PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, ERIC, and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library between 1934 and January 2013 in order to identify all the studies that have evaluated fatigue in these populations. A total of 936 articles were retrieved, of which 24 were relevant. Of these 10 fatigue-related questionnaires were subject to specific content analysis. Only five of them evaluated fatigue in children with chronic pain, and just two had made a specific analysis of their psychometric characteristics. Most measures have been developed with a multidimensional approach of fatigue in mind. Psychometric information is missing for many questionnaires. On the basis of evidence-based assessment (EBA) criteria none of the questionnaires retrieved can be considered to be well-established measures that can be used in children with chronic pain.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-8

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000208

      Authors
      Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain – ALGOS
      Jordi Miró, Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain – ALGOS
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:39:11 GMT
       
  • The Cue Is the Key
    • Abstract: In contrast to former tests, the Magdeburg Test of Social Intelligence measures social understanding with a scenario approach. Each scenario is based on one real target person and includes both social cues and contextual information about this person in different realistic situations. The subjects’ task is to understand the given social cues and to judge the target persons’ cognitions, emotions, and relationships to other people. However, subjects can potentially use only contextual information instead of social cues or base their judgments equally on both. The present study was aimed at examining the relative contribution of social cues and contextual information. In an experiment (N = 126), we manipulated the following conditions: Participants were given (a) only social cues, (b) only contextual information, or (c) both components. Results showed that social cues played a more important role in this social understanding task than the contextual information.
      Content Type Journal Article
      Category Original Article
      Pages 1-7

      DOI 10.1027/1015-5759/a000204

      Authors
      Melanie Baumgarten, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany
      Heinz-Martin Süß, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany
      Susanne Weis, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany
      Journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment
      Online ISSN 2151-2426
      Print ISSN 1015-5759
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:39:06 GMT
       
 
 
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