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Publisher: Hindawi   (Total: 338 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.539, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 94)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.661, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.315, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.48, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.922, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.179, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.51, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.838, CiteScore: 2)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 2)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 2)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.852, CiteScore: 2)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.805, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.786, CiteScore: 2)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.437, CiteScore: 2)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 2)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.935, CiteScore: 3)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.867, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.474, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 4)
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 2)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.842, CiteScore: 3)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.499, CiteScore: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 2)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 1)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.9, CiteScore: 2)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.683, CiteScore: 2)
Game Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.768, CiteScore: 2)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.61, CiteScore: 2)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.952, CiteScore: 2)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.389, CiteScore: 2)
Heteroatom Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.333, CiteScore: 1)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.824, CiteScore: 2)
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.27, CiteScore: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 75, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.787, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.025, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.887, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.287, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.373, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.868, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.874, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 1.264, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Partial Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.193, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.782, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 223)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.581, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Nanomaterials
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.36
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-4110 - ISSN (Online) 1687-4129
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [338 journals]
  • Comprehensive Study of Kinetics of Processes Competing during PECVD
           Ultrathin Silicon Layer High-Temperature Annealing

    • Abstract: Application of low-temperature PECVD is a very tempting option for formation of ultrathin silicon layers for nanoelectronic and nanophotonic applications, as followed by annealing of this layer, regardless if executed as individual process performed in controlled ambient or during following high-temperature processes, allows for phase and content changes in the silicon layer. Understanding complex changes that can take place during such process, which depend on its temperature, conditions (e.g., oxygen availability), and timeframe, is a fundamental requirement for conscious application of such technology. It is worth realizing that nanodevices with their unprecedented variety of structures and devices require many different fabrication technologies. Hence, depending on the application in mind, different results of ultrathin silicon layer annealing may appear advantageous. During high-temperature processing (e.g., annealing) of PECVD ultrathin silicon layer, three competing effects have to be taken into account. These are amorphous silicon recrystallization and oxidation of amorphous and crystalline (as-deposited or just recrystallized from as-deposited amorphous phase) silicon (both of which by nature exhibit different kinetics). So far, most of attention has been paid to silicon recrystallization, which was justified by the fact that under experimental conditions studied (silicon multilayers) oxidation was certainly of less importance. In certain applications, the required device structure consists of single (and not multiple) ultrathin silicon layer, and thus, oxidation effects certainly have to be included into considerations. Understanding dynamics and very complex relations between these individual effects is thus mandatory for using consciously this technique and achieving needed properties of the layer. It has to be stated clearly that although the achieved results, presented in this study, refer to the silicon layers fabricated under certain conditions (particular type of PECVD reactor and process parameters), they can, however, be easily extrapolated for similar cases too. The presented below results are, to our knowledge, the first successful attempt to address these issues.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Dec 2019 08:05:01 +000
  • Impact of AgNPs on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth: A Focus Study on
           Its Antibacterial Potential against Clavibacter michiganensis subsp.
           michiganensis Infection in Solanum lycopersicum

    • Abstract: This study investigated the effect of biogenic AgNPs on seed germination and seedling growth of Solanum lycopersicum. Treatment with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) showed a significantly high germination rate and seedling growth compared to untreated seeds. Furthermore, its bactericidal effect against bacterial pathogen Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (cmm) infection in Solanum lycopersicum was also determined. Bacterial canker of tomato (BCT) caused by cmm results in reduced plant growth and production leading to considerable economic losses. Herein, fungal extracts of T. harzianum and A. fumigatus were used separately as a reducing agent to synthesize AgNPs of varying concentrations (0.088 mg/L, 0.176 mg/L, and 0.44 mg/L). Results suggested that the biosynthesized AgNPs not only worked as bactericide but also completely inhibited the incidence of cmm infection even at the lowest concentration of 0.088 mg/L under greenhouse conditions. Plants treated with AgNPs showed significantly enhanced growth parameters including plant height (cm), tomato yield/plant (g), fresh biomass (g), number of shoots/plant, root weight (g), and dry biomass (g). So, in order to reduce the toxic effects of chemical-based bactericides, biobased AgNPs are recommended, not only to control but also to prevent the bacterial infection in agriculture.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Dec 2019 03:05:02 +000
  • Gram-Scale Synthesis of Pt-Cu Nanowires with Enhanced Electrocatalytic
           Activity towards Methanol Oxidation Reaction

    • Abstract: A facile method to prepare Pt-Cu nanowires (NWs) was introduced. Structural characterization such as high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM), selected-area electron diffraction (SAED), EDS element mapping, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) showed the formation of Pt-Cu alloy, with a width of 4.5 nm on average. The formation process of Pt-Cu NWs was studied; it was found that bromine ion, who has preferential adsorption on Pt (100) face, served as a growth-directing agent; Brij58 not only served as a protector but also played an important role in forming Pt-Cu NWs; the mechanism was proposed. Their electrocatalytic activity towards methanol oxidation was investigated; we found that the current density of Pt-Cu NWs was 295 mA·mg-1 when the ratio of Pt/Cu is 1 : 1, which is 11.5 and 2.35 times higher than that of pure Pt (26 mA·mg-1) and commercial Pt/C (126 mA·mg-1). The high electrocatalytic activity is attributed to the presence of abundant structural defects and surface active sites on the synthesized Pt-Cu NWs.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Dec 2019 07:05:04 +000
  • Theoretical Modelling Analysis on Tensile Properties of Bioepoxy/Clay
           Nanocomposites Using Epoxidised Soybean Oils

    • Abstract: A theoretical modelling framework was proposed to predict tensile moduli and tensile strengths of bioepoxy/clay nanocomposites in terms of clay content and epoxidised soybean oil (ESO) content, which could be influenced by properties of blended matrices in nanocomposites, clay filler type, orientation and dispersion status, clay morphological structures, and filler-matrix interfacial bonding. The random orientation of dispersed clay fillers played a significant role in predicting elastic moduli of bioepoxy/clay nanocomposites at clay contents of 1-8 wt% (ESO content: 20 wt%) according to Hui-Shia (H-S) laminate model and Halpin-Tsai (H-T) laminate model. In addition, when clay content was fixed at 5 wt%, H-S laminate model coincided well with the experimental data of bioepoxy/clay nanocomposites at the ESO contents of 0-40 wt%. Whereas, Hirsch model showed closer estimated values with experimental data at the ESO content of 60 wt%. Finally, Turcsányi-Pukànszky-Tüdõs (T-P-T) model predicted better tensile strengths of bioepoxy/clay nanocomposites at clay contents of 1-5 wt% (ESO content: 20 wt%) and at an ESO content of 20-60 wt% (clay content: 5 wt%).
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Dec 2019 05:05:02 +000
  • Antimicrobial and Substantivity Properties of Silver Nanoparticles against
           Oral Microbiomes Clinically Isolated from Young and Young-Adult Patients

    • Abstract: The dental plaque is an oral microbiome hardly associated to be the etiological agent of dental caries and periodontal disease which are still considered serious health public problems. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have demonstrated to have good antimicrobial properties affecting a wide variety of microorganisms, including oral bacteria; however, there is no scientific information that has evaluated the antimicrobial effect of AgNPs against clinical oral biofilms associated with dental caries and periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial and substantivity effects of AgNPs in oral biofilms isolated clinically from patients with dental caries and periodontal disease. Sixty-seven young and young-adult subjects with dental caries and periodontal disease were clinically sampled through the collection of subgingival dental plaque. The inhibitory effect of AgNPs was performed with standard microbiological assays by triplicate using two sizes of particle. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was used to identify the presence of specific bacterial species. All AgNPs showed an inhibitory effect for all oral biofilms for any age and, generally, any gender (); however, the effectiveness of the antimicrobial and substantivity effects was related to particle size, time, and gender (). The identified microorganisms were S. mutans, S. sobrinus, S. sanguinis, S. gordonii, S. oralis, P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, and P. intermedia. The AgNPs could be considered as a potential antimicrobial agent for the control and prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Nov 2019 16:05:06 +000
  • Development of New Carbon-Based Electrode Material from Oil Palm
           Waste-Derived Reduced Graphene Oxide and Its Capacitive Performance

    • Abstract: This paper is an expansion of our previous work on the synthesis of graphene oxides and reduced graphene oxides from different kinds of oil palm waste-based feedstocks, namely, OPL (oil palm leaf), PKS (palm kernel shell), and EFB (empty fruit bunch). Here, the electrochemical measurements of the resulting reduced graphene oxides derived via mild-temperature annealing reduction of the graphene oxides were accomplished using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge processes. The findings put forward their promising features for supercapacitor applications. For instance, the reduced graphene oxide derived using EFB precursor (rGOEFB) which has a BET surface area of 117 m2 g-1 exhibits a specific capacitance of 688 F g−1 at an applied current density of 0.8 A g-1. This is higher than that observed for reduced graphene oxides derived from oil palm leaf (rGOOPL), palm kernel shell (rGOPKS), and the commercially acquired graphite (rGOCG), which possessed specific capacitance values of 632, 424, and 220 F g−1, respectively. It can be deduced that the specific capacitance of the reduced graphene oxide samples increases in the following order: (rGOCG) 
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:05:00 +000
  • Mechanistic Understanding of the Engineered Nanomaterial-Induced Toxicity
           on Kidney

    • Abstract: With the rapid development of nanotechnology, engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have been applied in many fields, such as food industry, biomedicine, and so on. However, the study on the health and safety implications of ENMs is still insufficient. Previous studies have shown that nanoparticles under acute or chronic exposure could be transported and accumulated in various organs and tissues, resulting in adverse effects or systemic toxicity. Among these, the kidney is one of the main organs that exposed ENMs will target through different routes. One of the important functions of the kidney is to discharge metabolic wastes and exogenous substances from the blood circulation of the whole body. During ENM exposure, the kidney may become vulnerable to toxicity. Studies have suggested that nanoparticles exposed to the kidney could provoke glomerular swelling, basilar membrane thickening, degeneration, and necrosis of renal tubular cells. These adverse effects of nanoparticles on the kidney may be related to their induced oxidative stress, inflammation, autophagy, DNA damage, and ER stress. This review aims to examine current studies on ENM-induced nephrotoxicity, with the focus on elucidating the potential molecular mechanisms of nanoparticle-induced toxicity on the kidney, which will further facilitate the safer design of ENMs and their applications.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Nov 2019 15:05:06 +000
  • Fabrication and Characterization of Submicron Scale Spherical RDX, HMX,
           and CL-20 without Soft Agglomeration

    • Abstract: In this study, a novel spray drying-assisted self-assembly (SDAS) technology was proposed to prepare submicron elemental explosives with good morphology, uniform dispersion, and low sensitivity and spherical submicron RDX, HMX, and CL-20 particles without soft agglomeration were fabricated via such a method. Structural characterizations and thermal stability of the composites were systematically studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Moreover, safety performance was analyzed by qualitative testing of impact sensitivity and friction sensitivity. The XRD analysis demonstrated that HMX and CL-20 refined by SDAS maintained the crystal structure of β-HMX and ε-CL-20 before and after refinement, whereas the HMX crystal structure after spray recrystallization refinement was transformed from β-HMX to α-HMX. The DSC results indicated that the thermal decomposition peak temperature of the three particles refined by the SDAS technology had a minimum advancement, and the thermal stability of the particles was relatively superior. More importantly, the of the RDX, HMX, and CL-20 refined by this novel method was increased to 48.3 cm, 44.6 cm, and 31.1 cm, and the probability of friction explosion was decreased to 62%, 62%, and 80%, respectively, thus significantly improving the safety performance as compared with the sample refined by spray recrystallization.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Nov 2019 15:05:04 +000
  • Nickel Nanoparticle-Modified Electrode for the Electrochemical Sensory
           Detection of Penicillin G in Bovine Milk Samples

    • Abstract: The monitoring of chemical and antibiotic residues like amoxicillin, penicillin, tetracycline, and vancomycin in the food originating from the animal and plant sources can prevent the humans from getting exposed to the antibiotic-induced allergic reactions and also decreased immunity towards the microbial population. By taking into consideration the necessity of developing effective and sensitive techniques for milk containing Penicillin G antibiotics in an easy and cost-effective mode, the present work deals with the electrochemical sensor made up of nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs). In order to enhance the chemical stability and biocompatibility, the NiNPs were crosslinked with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) and the formed composite was thoroughly characterized using the physical characterization techniques. In addition, the qualitative analysis results confirmed the nanocomposite’s synergetic effect towards the oxidation of Penicillin G. Further, the quantitative analysis towards the use of a nanocomposite electrode due to the changes in pH, scan rate, accumulation time and potential, nanoparticle (NP) amount, etc. was optimized. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation of Penicillin G with this composite were detected to be 0.00031 μM and 0.00100 μM, respectively. Overall, from the results, it can be indicated that the fabricated NiNP sensor can find its applications as a potential electrode material for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of Penicillin G in liquid samples.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Nov 2019 14:05:06 +000
  • Toward the Synthesis of Highly Processable Long-Chain Carbyne Using
           Multilevel Pulse Injection

    • Abstract: Carbon nanomaterials receive much attention due to enhanced mechanical and electrical properties that arise from nanoconfinement. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (3-dimensional) and graphene sheets (2-dimensional) have seen applications as sensors, high-strength fiber reinforcements, and adhesives. Carbyne, a 1-dimensional purely carbon structure consisting of alternating single and triple bonds, is projected to be the strongest material in the known world, with specific strength several times that of CNTs and graphene. Despite its desirable properties, carbyne’s extreme instability under standard conditions has inhibited its commercial development. Recent advancements in carbyne synthesis using CNTs as molecular scaffolds show that carbyne may finally be able to progress from theory to reality. Here, an approach for the preparation and stabilization of long-chain carbyne without the use of CNTs is proposed. Using multilevel pulse-voltage injection (MLPI) to create uniform, subnanometer diameter pores in silicon nitride as thermally stable nanoreactors, initial theoretical calculations suggest that carbyne may be synthesized under high temperature and vacuum. Carbyne chains may then be extracted from the pores and subsequently stabilized by immersion into a solution of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA). The long-chain carbyne is then free to be used for a multiplicity of applications, including low-threshold sensors and the realization of high-strength carbyne fibers.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Nov 2019 07:05:10 +000
  • Multifunctional Epoxy/Nanocomposites Based on Natural Moroccan Clays with
           High Antimicrobial Activity: Morphological, Thermal and Mechanical

    • Abstract: In this study, a series of new epoxy/clay nanocomposites (ECN) has been prepared and characterized in order to investigate the properties and compare the effect of the unmodified Moroccan clay on the structure and properties of the composite materials. Five natural clays have been used to reinforce the neat epoxy resin with 1% wt and 5% wt achieving the clay dispersion only through strong milling and mechanical stirring without previous organic modifications of the clays. The quality of clay dispersion in the epoxy matrix and the morphology of nanocomposites have been studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical and thermal properties have also been investigated. The antimicrobial activity of the nanocomposites has been tested against E. coli and S. aureus in order to evaluate their applicability as advanced antimicrobial materials. The results showed that the epoxy/crude clay nanocomposites exhibited a high inhibition action attending 99% against both bacteria in the case of the clay labeled A5.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Nov 2019 07:05:08 +000
  • Synthesis and Characterization of a New Collagen-Alginate Aerogel for
           Tissue Engineering

    • Abstract: Scaffolds have been used as extracellular matrix analogs to promote cell migration, cell attachment, and cell proliferation. The use of aerogels and carbon-based nanomaterials has recently been proposed for tissue engineering due to their properties. The aim of this study is to develop a highly porous collagen-alginate(-graphene oxide) aerogel-based scaffold. The GO synthesis was performed by Hummers method; a collagen-alginate and collagen-alginate-GO hydrogel were synthetized; then, they were treated by a supercritical drying process. The aerogels obtained were evaluated by SEM and FTIR. Osteoblasts were seeded over the scaffolds and evaluated by SEM. According to the characterization, the aerogels showed a highly porous interconnected network covered by a nonporous external wall. According to the FTIR, the chemical functional groups of collagen and GO were maintained after the supercritical process. The SEM images after cell culture showed that a collagen-alginate scaffold promotes cell attachment and proliferation. The alginate-collagen aerogel-based scaffold could be a platform for tissue engineering since it shows adequate properties. Further studies are needed to determine the cell interactions with GO.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 05:05:02 +000
  • Monitoring of Superparamagnetic Particle Sizes in the Langevin Law Regime

    • Abstract: In this work, aqueous solutions of magnetite nanoparticles (NPs) are studied. Magnetite NPs are very useful in biomedicine for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), for drug delivery therapy, and also for hyperthermia. In order to predict the NP efficiency in these applications, it is crucial to accurately characterize their size distribution and their magnetization. Magnetometry, through the dependence of NP magnetization on the magnetic induction (MB curve), can provide interesting information on these physical properties. In this work, the extraction of the NP size distribution and magnetization from experimental MB curves of aqueous solutions of magnetite NPs is discussed. The results are compared to TEM and XRD characterizations. It is shown that an expression taking into account the size distribution better fits the results than the commonly used simple Langevin function. The size distributions obtained by magnetometry seem comparable to those obtained by TEM measurements. However, a closer look at the results shows some nonnegligible discrepancies: the size distributions obtained by magnetometry vary with the temperature and are closer to the TEM ones at room temperature. Our study suggests that it could be explained by the nonnegligible anisotropy energy of the NPs at low temperature and the lack of NP Brownian rotation below the freezing point of water. This demonstrates that care must be taken when interpreting the results obtained by magnetometry of magnetite NPs: only the size and size distribution obtained at room temperature should be used.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Nov 2019 09:05:01 +000
  • Biological Characteristics and Carrier Functions of Pegylated Manganese
           Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles

    • Abstract: This study was performed to investigate the biocompatibility (BC), magnetothermal effect, and DNA binding biological characteristics of manganese zinc ferrite nanoparticles (Mn0.6Zn0.4Fe2O4-NPs (MZF-NPs)) coated with pegylated manganese (PEG-MZF-NPs). Their functions as gene transfer carrier for gene therapy and magnetic medium for tumor hyperthermia were also explored. The manganese zinc ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized through high temperature cracking, and their characterizations were discovered. Hemolysis test and MTT assay were performed to evaluate biocompatibility, and their self-heating effects in the alternating magnetic field were investigated. PEG-MZF-NPs with different concentrations were measured by using 7.0 T Micro-MR scanner (MRI) to calculate the T2 value and r2 relaxation rate of each sample. The CD44-shRNA plasmids were constructed, and their ability to bind PEG-MZF-NPs were examined. The DNA release from PEG-MZF-NP/DNA complex and protection of DNA from nuclease digestion were also detected. After CD44-shRNA-EGFP were transfected into the ovarian cancer SK-OV-3 cells by using PEG-MZF-NPs as carriers, the transfection efficiency was detected by a flow cytometer and expression of CD44 mRNA and protein in cells was detected using RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. We successfully prepared PEG-MZF-NPs with favorable dispersity, magnetic responsiveness, and BC. Typically, the excellent magnetothermal effect can be used for a tumor magnetothermal therapeutic study. In vitro MRI showed the application potential for being magnetic resonance T2 relaxation contrast agents and the possibility to achieve goal of integration of targeting diagnosis and treatment. The CD44-shRNA plasmids have been successfully constructed and concluded that PEG-MZF-NPs may serve as gene transfer carriers for gene therapy.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Nov 2019 06:05:00 +000
  • Nanophosphorus Fertilizer Stimulates Growth and Photosynthetic Activity
           and Improves P Status in Rice

    • Abstract: The efficiency of nanoparticles covered with type A gel and loaded with KH2PO4, as a source of P, was evaluated on growth, phosphorus concentration and accumulation, and photosynthesis-related parameters in rice plants (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica) cv. Morelos A-2010, under greenhouse conditions. Plants were treated for 14 days with P concentrations equivalent to 50 and 100% of those established in the Yoshida nutrient solution. Sources of P were KH2PO4, nano-KH2PO4, and nano-KH2PO4 with trypsin; control treatments were distilled water and nanoparticles with type A gel. The solutions were renewed every 7 d. Rice plants exhibited differential P absorption in function of the P source tested. P supplied by KH2PO4 had a higher uptake rate than P supplied by nano-KH2PO4, alone or with trypsin. Nevertheless, nano-KH2PO4 promoted higher physiological efficiency for P in both roots and shoots, which consequently induced higher biomass accumulation in these organs. P concentration in shoots, as well as P accumulation in shoots and roots, were positively correlated with the photosynthetic rate. Also, nano-KH2PO4 increased instant water use efficiency in rice plants.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Nov 2019 05:05:06 +000
  • In Situ Synthesis of Structural Hierarchy Flowerlike Zeolite and Its
           Application for Fluoride Removal in Aqueous Solution

    • Abstract: A three-dimensional hierarchically structured flowerlike zeolite was synthesized using naturally occurring nanohalloysite (HNT) by hydrothermal methods. Halloysite a hydrated aluminum silicate with nanohollow morphology, microporosity, and environmentally friendly properties was chosen to be the sole precursor. The morphology and structure of the composite that was prepared was characterized using XRD, FT-IR, BET, TG, SEM, HRTEM, and NMR. SEM and HRTEM images indicated that the synthesized zeolite has a flowerlike hierarchical structure, with well-defined edges and uniform pore channels. FT-IR and NMR spectra indicated that different species of silicon and aluminum were present in the synthesized zeolite. The zeolite was applied in fluoride (F-) removal from aqueous solutions. Single-factor studies, including the initial concentration of F-, initial adsorbent concentration, and the effect of pH value on the adsorption properties, were investigated to evaluate the removal behavior of F- by the zeolite. The zeolite exhibited strong adsorption properties for fluoride ions (F-), with an adsorption capacity up to 161 mg g-1. The pseudo-second-order kinetics and Freundlich models were the best fit to the kinetics and isotherm experimental data, respectively.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Nov 2019 04:05:06 +000
  • Fabrication of Reduced Graphene Oxide-Ag Nanocomposites and Analysis on
           the Interaction with BSA

    • Abstract: Graphene is an excellent platform to support and stabilize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The reduced graphene oxide-silver nanoparticles (rGO-AgNPs) were synthesized by the chemical reduction method and characterized by using ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and scanning probe microscopy (SPM). The binding reaction of rGO-AgNPs with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated by using fluorescence spectrometry and SPM. As the concentration of AgNPs increased, the fluorescence spectrum was quenched, and the quenching process of rGO-AgNPs and BSA was static quenching. Thermodynamic parameters of the absorption process were evaluated at different temperatures, and the negative values of Gibbs free energy () showed that this process was spontaneous. The main type of interaction was hydrophobic interaction according to the values of changes in standard enthalpy () and entropy (). In addition, the morphology changes of proteins interacting with nanomaterials were detected by SPM.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Nov 2019 03:05:06 +000
  • Development of a Hybrid Chitosan- and Niacinamide-Coupled ZnO Nanoparticle
           Composite for Sun Protection Application

    • Abstract: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO) have long been utilized as UV-protective sunscreen components due to their high durability and lower skin irritation while maintaining capability for blocking UV rays. However, the dispersal and transparency properties of ZnO need to be enhanced in order to improve the capacity for creating effective sunscreen through control of the physiochemical properties of ZnO. In this study, chitosan or niacinamide, which are suitable functional cosmetic compounds and effective skin lightening agents, are combined with ZnO for the development of better UV-protective products. Each biocompatible coating material is individually attached on its surface after the synthesis of ZnO. The size is 70 nm using the sol-gel method. Their morphology and chemical structure are characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM, TEM, TGA, and zeta potential. The results indicate that approximately 50% of chitosan and 5% niacinamide were coated on the ZnO. To confirm the capacity of each surface-coated ZnO with chitosan and niacinamide as a sunscreen, we measured their transmission, reflectance, and sun protection factor (SPF) using a UV spectrophotometer and SPF. As a result, the niacinamide-coated ZnO shows remarkably lower transmission and high reflectance against UV rays than that of bare ZnO and chitosan-coated ZnO. Furthermore, niacinamide-coated ZnO exhibits great lightening effects. Consequently, these results demonstrate that niacinamide coating is highly effective for the production of sunscreen emulsions.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Nov 2019 13:30:04 +000
  • Facile Preparation and Enhanced Visible-Light Photocatalysis of ZnO
           Arrays@BiOI Nanosheets Heterostructures

    • Abstract: A simple two-step method of growing ZnO nanorod arrays on the surface of BiOI nanosheets was developed under mild environment. The hierarchical structure of ZnO arrays@BiOI nanosheets was characterized by various measurements like X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray detector. The optical absorption of the ZnO arrays@BiOI nanosheets composite was investigated by UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra. The photocatalytic degradation of methanol orange under visible light shows that the obtained ZnO arrays@BiOI nanosheets heterostructures exhibit enhanced photocatalytic activity, contrasting to the sum of BiOI nanosheets and ZnO nanorods. The mechanism of the photocatalytic process was discussed. This method of growing ZnO nanorod arrays on other nanosheets also provides a potential method to fabricating other complex structures.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Nov 2019 14:05:01 +000
  • Tensile Behavior of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites
           Incorporating Nanomaterials after Exposure to Elevated Temperature

    • Abstract: This study experimentally examined the effect of nanomaterial on the tensile behavior of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), graphene nanoplatelets (GnPs), and short multiwalled carbon nanotubes functionalized COOH (S-MWCNT-COOH) with 1% by weight were used as the primary test parameters. In the present test, S-MWCNT-COOH was more effective than the others in improving the maximum tensile strength, ultimate strain, and toughness of the CFRP composites. The use of S-MWCNT-COOH increased the maximum tensile strength, ultimate strain, and toughness of the CFRP composites by 20.7, 45.7, and 73.8%, respectively. In addition, tensile tests were carried out for CFRP composites with S-MWCNT-COOH after subjection to elevated temperatures ranging from 50 to 200°C. The test results showed that the tensile strength, ultimate strain, and toughness were significantly reduced with increasing temperature. At a temperature level of 100°C, the reduction of the maximum tensile strength, ultimate strain, and toughness was 36.5, 37.1, and 60.0%, respectively. However, for the specimens subjected to the elevated temperatures ranging from 100 to 200°C, the tensile behavioral properties were constantly maintained. Finally, various analytical models were applied to predict the tensile strength of the CFRP composites with S-MWCNT-COOH. By using the calibrated parameters, the tensile strengths predicted by the models showed good agreement with the experimental results.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Nov 2019 13:05:04 +000
  • Numerical Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Microstructure of
           Magnetorheological Fluid

    • Abstract: Magnetorheological fluid is a new type of smart material that is sensitive to magnetic fields and has controllable performance. It is widely regarded for its unique magnetorheological effect and good rheological properties. For materials, the microstructure determines its macroscopic properties. In order to better study its macroscopic properties, it is necessary to have a more comprehensive understanding and deep understanding of its microstructure. In this paper, the magnetization process of magnetorheological fluid is analyzed from a microscopic point of view. Based on Newton’s second law, the dynamic model of particle motion is established. The magnetic force, repulsive force, and viscous resistance of magnetic particles are analyzed. The finite difference numerical calculation method is used. The velocity-Verlet algorithm simulates the static microstructure chaining process of the magnetorheological fluid and the dynamic chaining process under shear force under different influencing factors. At the same time, a static observation device and a shear observation device were developed to observe the microstructure chaining morphology of magnetorheological fluid under different influencing factors, and to study the dynamic chaining law of magnetorheological fluid under the action of a shear force. Therefore, a reasonable contrast index is established, and the numerical simulation results are compared with the experimental observation results.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Nov 2019 14:05:10 +000
  • A Simple and Reliable Synthesis of Superparamagnetic Magnetite
           Nanoparticles by Thermal Decomposition of Fe(acac)3

    • Abstract: Magnetic nanoparticles have been largely proposed as means of technological tools due to its value in different fields, especially in biomedicine. Herein, we present a robust, highly reproducible and low-cost method to obtain superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles (MNP-II) of about diameter by thermal decomposition of [Fe(acac)3] in a one-pot, two-step method. In the first step, magnetite nanoparticles (MNP-I) of lower size, , with a saturation magnetization () of 65 emu/g and a coercive field () of 1 Oe are obtained. In the second step, those particles MNP-I act as seeds for the final MNP-II which present a saturation magnetization of 70 emu/g and a coercive field of 12 Oe.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Nov 2019 13:05:03 +000
  • Preparation and Properties of Nanocellulose from Miscanthus x giganteus

    • Abstract: Miscanthus x giganteus stalks were used to make organosolvent pulp and nanocellulose. The organosolvent miscanthus pulp (OMP) was obtained through thermal treatment in the mixture of glacial acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide at the first stage and the alkaline treatment at the second stage. Hydrolysis of the never-dried OМP was carried out by a solution of sulfuric acid with concentrations of 43% and 50% and followed by ultrasound treatment. Structural changes and the crystallinity index of OMP and nanocellulose were studied by SEM and FTIR methods. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed an increase in the crystallinity of OMP and nanocellulose as a result of thermochemical treatment. We show that nanocellulose has a density of up to 1.6 g/cm3, transparency up to 82%, and a crystallinity index of 76.5%. The AFM method showed that the particles of nanocellulose have a diameter in the range from 10 to 20 nm. A thermogravimetric analysis confirmed that nanocellulose films have a denser structure and lower mass loss in the temperature range of 320–440°C compared to OMP. The obtained nanocellulose films have high tensile strength up to 195 MPa. The nanocellulose obtained from OMP exhibits the improved properties for the preparation of new nanocomposite materials.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Nov 2019 11:05:06 +000
  • Facile Hydrothermal Synthesis of Two-Dimensional Porous ZnO Nanosheets for
           Highly Sensitive Ethanol Sensor

    • Abstract: Two-dimensional porous ZnO nanosheets were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method for ethanol gas-sensing application. The morphology, composition, and structure of the synthesized materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and high-resolution transmission electron microcopy. Results showed that the synthesized ZnO materials were porous nanosheets with a smooth surface and a thickness of 100 nm and a large pore size of approximately 80 nm. The as-prepared nanosheets, which had high purity, high crystallinity, and good dispersion, were used to fabricate a gas sensor for ethanol gas detection at different operating temperatures. The porous ZnO nanosheet gas sensor exhibited a high response value of 21 toward 500 ppm ethanol at a working temperature of 400°C with a reversible and fast response to ethanol gas (12 s/231 s), indicating its potential application. We also discussed the plausible sensing mechanism of the porous ZnO nanosheets on the basis of the adopted ethanol sensor.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Nov 2019 16:05:02 +000
  • Fabrication of Ni-Doped PbTiO3-Coated TiO2 Nanorod Arrays for Improved
           Photoelectrochemical Performance

    • Abstract: The performance of bare TiO2 photoanodes in photoelectrochemical devices and other applications is suboptimal due to the narrow light absorption range and poor electron-hole separation. Here, heterostructured films of Ni-doped lead titanate (PbTiNiO3, PTN)-coated titania (TiO2) nanorod arrays were fabricated via a two-step process comprising hydrothermal and sol-gel methods. In the PTN/TiO2 composite films, the PTN component served as a visible light-responsive photosensitizer and the TiO2 nanorod was the electron transport layer. When applied as photoanodes, the PTN/TiO2 films achieved the maximum photoconversion efficiency of ~2.6% and a photocurrent intensity of about 4 times higher than that of the PbTiO3/TiO2 film. These results demonstrate that the ferroelectric material-coated TiO2 heterostructured films have high potential for application in photoelectric and optical devices.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Nov 2019 14:05:00 +000
  • Barbituric Derivative Nanoaggregates with Aggregation-Induced Emission and

    • Abstract: Three new nonplanar barbituric derivatives, named as TTB, TTTB, and TOB, were synthesized. The D-π-A type conjugated compounds showed obvious intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) property, which was evidenced by theoretical calculations and spectral analyses. All of them exhibited aggregation induced emission (AIE) when formed nanoaggregates. These nanoaggregates also showed reversible mechanofluorochromism (MFC). Their red light emission became deep red after grinding and then recovered with dichloromethane fuming. Hence, a strategy to fabricate mechanofluorochromic nanoaggregate phosphors via nonplanar π-skeleton and steric effect was demonstrated, and these nanophosphors possess potentials for mechanosensors and anticounterfeiting technology.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Nov 2019 12:05:06 +000
  • Boehmite and Akaganeite 1D and 2D Mesostructures: Synthesis, Growth
           Mechanism, Ageing Characteristics and Surface Nanoscale Roughness Effect
           on Water Purification

    • Abstract: The role of surface nanoscale roughness on the charging behavior of nanostructured γ-AlOOH (Boehmite) and β-FeOOH (Akaganeite)/γ-AlOOH (Boehmite) mesostructures deposited onto siliceous substrates has been investigated. Two-dimensional (2D) quantum-sized and one-dimensional (1D) nanometer size γ-AlOOH (Boehmite) structures and 2D atomically-thin β-FeOOH (Akaganeite) nanobelts with a mean width of approximately 10 nm were deposited onto siliceous substrates in aqueous processes at moderate temperatures. Low cost and large scale manufacturing of siliceous substrates coated with 2D and 1D γ-AlOOH (Boehmite) crystallites of 2.7 ± 0.5 nm in diameter, with an average length of 2.9 ± 0.9 nm and 250 ± 50 nm, respectively, that were further functionalized with atomically thin 2D β-FeOOH (Akaganeite) nanobelts was demonstrated. Zeta potentials of surfaces have been characterized by direct measurement of streaming potentials in NaCl aqueous electrolyte. A model explaining the pH dependent behavior of the zeta potential was proposed. The isoelectric point values of rough nanostructured surfaces are three pH units higher as compare to the flat crystalline γ-AlOOH (Boehmite) and β-FeOOH (Akaganeite) surfaces, resulting in a high removal efficacy of submicron particles from aqueous suspension by the surfaces with combined microscale and nanoscale structures. This suggests the existence of a coupling electrokinetic effect of the local electrical double layer (EDL) fields with the local flow fields.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Nov 2019 02:05:09 +000
  • Synthesis of MnO2 Hollow Nanospheres through Selective Etching Method as
           an Effective Absorbent to Remove Methyl Orange from Aqueous Solution

    • Abstract: The discharge of dye wastewater has become an unavoidable problem for human health and the environment. Developing an economical and rapid method to prepare effective adsorbents for selective removal of dyes is extremely urgent. In this work, MnO2 hollow nanospheres (MHNSs) were prepared through the selective etching method with the MnCO3 as the sacrificial template. The effect of the pH value, contact time, and initial concentration on the adsorption of methyl orange (MO) onto the MHNSs was systematically investigated. The unique mesoporous hollow structure and large BET surface area (43.74 m2/g) of MHNSs lead to an excellent adsorption capacity (1677.14 mg/g) at the optimal condition. Furthermore, the prepared MHNSs also showed great stability (90% removal rate after four cycles). The adsorption kinetics data fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model (). The overall process was jointly controlled by external mass transfer and intraparticle diffusion, and intraparticle diffusion was the dominant factor. The adsorption isotherm results showed that the Freundlich model was more accurate to describe the experimental data than the Langmuir model. The thermodynamic analysis showed that the adsorption of MO on MHNSs was spontaneous and exothermic. Moreover, the calculated and the XPS spectra showed that the process was mainly a physical process. It is expected that MHNS has a potential application for purifying dye wastewater due to its great adsorption performance and excellent stability.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Nov 2019 02:05:08 +000
  • Recent Progress on Mg- and Zn-Based Alloys for Biodegradable Vascular
           Stent Applications

    • Abstract: Currently, biodegradable metals for implantation applications are widely investigated to replace biodegradable polymeric implantations, which may cause inflammatory or adverse local tissue reactions. Amongst these metals, magnesium (Mg) and zinc (Zn) alloys with good biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance are being widely investigated. In this review, the criteria for biodegradable vascular stents, and the advantages and limitations of biodegradable Mg and Zn vascular stents, are summarized and evaluated. By summarizing and discussing recent research on Mg- and Zn-based alloys used as biodegradable vascular stents, this review considered many alloys that can potentially serve as biodegradable vascular stents and suggests future research directions for the development of Mg- and Zn-based alloys as biodegradable metal stents.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Nov 2019 06:05:11 +000
  • Precise Control of Gold Nanoparticles on DNA Origami for Logic Operation

    • Abstract: Owing to their capacity for accurate structural control and complex programmability, DNA molecules have been extensively studied in relation to the construction of nanodevices. However, the existing logic gate sections based on DNA self-assembly were independent of each other, which hampered the development of large-scale integrated DNA circuits. Herein, we have explored a logic operation device with excellent scalability based on assembling and selectively releasing AuNPs on DNA origami, and have performed YES gate, OR gate, AND gate, and three-input composite gate. In the experiment, the logic operation result is detected by gel analysis and TEM image. The resolution of the output signals was greatly improved by determining the releasing of AuNPs from two-layer honeycomb origami. Our study provides a promising approach for building more complex large-scale DNA logic circuits.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Nov 2019 00:07:18 +000
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