Abstract: We present a relation between Tsallis’s entropy and generalized Kerridge inaccuracy which is called generalized Shannon inequality and is well-known generalization in information theory and then give its application in coding theory. The objective of the paper is to establish a result on noiseless coding theorem for the proposed mean code length in terms of generalized information measure of order . PubDate: Tue, 03 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The problem of obtaining the smallest possible region containing all the zeros of a polynomial has been attracting more and more attention recently, and in this paper, we obtain several results providing the annular regions that contain all the zeros of a complex polynomial. Using MATLAB, we construct specific examples of polynomials and show that for these polynomials our results give sharper regions than those obtainable from some of the known results. PubDate: Mon, 02 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The partial fraction decomposition technique is very useful in many areas including mathematics and engineering. In this paper we present a new and simple method on the partial fraction decomposition of proper rational functions which have completely factored denominators over or . The method is based on a recursive computation of the -adic polynomial in commutative algebra which is a generalization of the Taylor polynomial. Since its computation requires only simple algebraic operations, it does not require a computer algebra system to be programmed. PubDate: Mon, 02 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The study examined the effect of exchange rate and inflation on stock market returns in Ghana using monthly inflation and exchange rate data obtained from the Bank of Ghana and monthly market returns computed from the GSE all-share index from January 2000 to December 2013. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) cointegration technique and the error correction parametization of the ARDL model were used for examining this effect. The ARDL and its corresponding error correction model were used in establishing the long- and short-run relationship between the Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE) market returns, inflation, and exchange rate. The result of the study showed that there exists a significant long-run relationship between GSE market returns and inflation. However, no significant short-run relationship between them existed. The result also showed a significant long- and short-run relationship between GSE market returns and exchange rate. The variables were tested for long memory and it was observed that such property did exist in these variables, making it a desirable feature of which investors can take advantage of. This is due to the establishment of long-run effect of inflation and exchange rate on stock market returns. PubDate: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Consider Krein spaces and and let and be regular subspaces of and , respectively, such that and . For each , let be a contraction. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a contraction such that . Some interesting results are proved along the way. PubDate: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The polar derivative of a polynomial of degree with respect to a complex number is a polynomial , denoted by . Let . For a polynomial of degree having all its zeros in , we investigate a lower bound of modulus of on . Furthermore, we present an upper bound of modulus of on for a polynomial of degree having no zero in . In particular, our results in case generalize some well-known inequalities. PubDate: Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Numerical experiments with smooth surface extension and image inpainting using harmonic and biharmonic functions are carried out. The boundary data used for constructing biharmonic functions are the values of the Laplacian and normal derivatives of the functions on the boundary. Finite difference schemes for solving these harmonic functions are discussed in detail. PubDate: Tue, 27 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We extend the result of Kirk-Saliga and we generalize Alfuraidan and Khamsi theorem for reflexive graphs. As a consequence, we obtain the ordered version of Caristi’s fixed point theorem. Some concrete examples are given to support the obtained results. PubDate: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We present a new class of fuzzy aggregation operators that we call fuzzy triangular aggregation operators. To do so, we focus on the situation where the available information cannot be assessed with exact numbers and it is necessary to use another approach to assess uncertain or imprecise information such as fuzzy numbers. We also use the concept of triangular norms (t-norms and t-conorms) as pseudo-arithmetic operations. As a result, we get notably the fuzzy triangular weighted arithmetic (FTWA), the fuzzy triangular ordered weighted arithmetic (FTOWA), the fuzzy generalized triangular weighted arithmetic (FGTWA), the fuzzy generalized triangular ordered weighted arithmetic (FGTOWA), the fuzzy triangular weighted quasi-arithmetic (Quasi-FTWA), and the fuzzy triangular ordered weighted quasi-arithmetic (Quasi-FTOWA) operators. Main properties of these operators are discussed as well as their comparison with other existing ones. The fuzzy triangular aggregation operators not only cover a wide range of useful existing fuzzy aggregation operators but also provide new interesting cases. Finally, an illustrative example is also developed regarding the selection of strategies. PubDate: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We study the compactness of some classes of bounded operators on the Bergman space with variable exponent. We show that via extrapolation, some results on boundedness of the Toeplitz operators with general symbols and compactness of bounded operators on the Bergman spaces with constant exponents can readily be extended to the variable exponent setting. In particular, if is a finite sum of finite products of Toeplitz operators with symbols from class , then is compact if and only if the Berezin transform of vanishes on the boundary of the unit disc. PubDate: Tue, 30 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A new SEIRS epidemic model with nonlinear incidence rate and nonpermanent immunity is presented in the present paper. The fact that the incidence rate per infective individual is given by a nonlinear function and product of rational powers of two state variables, as well as the introduction of an epidemic-induced death rate, leads to a more realistic modeling of the physical problem itself. A stability analysis is performed and the features of Hopf bifurcation are investigated. Both the corresponding critical regions in the parameter space and their stability characteristics are presented. Furthermore, by using algorithms based on a new symbolic form as regards the restriction of an -dimensional nonlinear parametric system to the center manifold and the normal forms of the corresponding Hopf bifurcation, as well, the associated bifurcation diagram is derived, and finally various emerging limit cycles are numerically obtained by appropriate implemented methods. PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The results of three papers, in which the author inadvertently overlooks certain deficiencies in the descriptions of the Carleman classes of vectors, in particular the Gevrey classes, of a scalar type spectral operator in a complex Banach space established in “On the Carleman Classes of Vectors of a Scalar Type Spectral Operator,” Int. J. Math. Math. Sci. 2004 (2004), no. 60, 3219–3235, are observed to remain true due to more recent findings. PubDate: Mon, 01 Jan 2018 10:29:41 +000

Abstract: The performance of the numerical computation based on the diagonally implicit multistep block method for solving Volterra integrodifferential equations (VIDE) of the second kind has been analyzed. The numerical solutions of VIDE will be computed at two points concurrently using the proposed numerical method and executed in the predictor-corrector (PECE) mode. The strategy to obtain the numerical solution of an integral part is discussed and the stability analysis of the diagonally implicit multistep block method was investigated. Numerical results showed the competence of diagonally implicit multistep block method when solving Volterra integrodifferential equations compared to the existing methods. PubDate: Mon, 01 Jan 2018 06:38:26 +000

Abstract: An optimal control framework is designed in which the use of clean planting materials, debudding, disinfection of tools, and roguing are considered as control measures of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW) within a plantation of multiple cultivars. A model for a special case of two cultivars (AAA- and ABB-genome cultivars) was analyzed. By Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle, we characterized and discussed possible control strategies that substantially reduce the infection levels of BXW within a plantation of ABB- and AAA-genome cultivars. A combination of both prevention and containment controls yielded the greatest decline in the infection levels in both cultivars. Additionally, for effective BXW management, it is important to assess the endemic level of the plantation before application of controls, and once implemented, this should be maintained even when the disease is undetectable to eliminate possible resurgence. PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2017 08:25:40 +000

Abstract: For the tuple set of commuting invertible matrices with coefficients in a given field, the joint determinants are defined as generalizations of the determinant map for the square matrices. We introduce a natural topology on Milnor’s -groups of a topological field as the quotient topology induced by the joint determinant map and investigate the existence of a nontrivial continuous joint determinant by utilizing this topology, generalizing the author’s previous results on the continuous joint determinants for the commuting invertible matrices over and . PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 09:55:47 +000

Abstract: The convolution of harmonic functions, unlike the analytic case, proved to be very challenging. In this paper, we introduce dilatation conditions that guarantee the convolution of two harmonic functions to be locally one-to-one, sense-preserving, and close-to-convex harmonic in the unit disk. PubDate: Wed, 29 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Recently, the volatility of financial markets has contributed a necessary part to risk management. Volatility risk is characterized as the standard deviation of the constantly compound return per day. This paper presents forecasting of volatility for the Jordanian industry sector after the crisis in 2009. ARIMA and ARIMA-Wavelet Transform (WT) have been conducted in order to select the best forecasting model in the content of industry stock market data collected from Amman Stock Exchange (ASE). As a result, the researcher found that ARIMA-WT has more accuracy than ARIMA directly. The results have been introduced using MATLAB 2010a and R programming. PubDate: Tue, 07 Nov 2017 09:21:19 +000

Abstract: Let be a graph and be a -total coloring. Let denote the sum of color on a vertex and colors assigned to edges incident to . If whenever , then is called a neighbor sum distinguishing total coloring. The smallest integer such that has a neighbor sum distinguishing -total coloring is denoted by . In 2014, Dong and Wang obtained the results about depending on the value of maximum average degree. A -assignment of is a list assignment of integers to vertices and edges with for each vertex and for each edge . A total--coloring is a total coloring of such that whenever and whenever . We state that has a neighbor sum distinguishing total--coloring if has a total--coloring such that for all . The smallest integer such that has a neighbor sum distinguishing total--coloring for every -assignment is denoted by . In this paper, we strengthen results by Dong and Wang by giving analogous results for . PubDate: Tue, 07 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We introduce a quantity which is called Rényi’s-Tsalli’s entropy of order and discussed some of its major properties with Shannon and other entropies in the literature. Further, we give its application in coding theory and a coding theorem analogous to the ordinary coding theorem for a noiseless channel is proved. The theorem states that the proposed entropy is the lower bound of mean code word length. PubDate: Sun, 15 Oct 2017 07:01:18 +000

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to define the hyperideal expansion. Hyperideal expansion is associated with prime hyperideals and primary hyperideals. Then, we define some of their properties. Prime and primary hyperideals’ numerous results can be extended into expansions. PubDate: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A sudden jump in the value of the state variable in a certain dynamical system can be studied through a catastrophe model. This paper presents an application of catastrophe model to solve psychological problems. Since we will have three psychological aspects or parameters, intelligence (I), emotion (E), and adversity (A), a Swallowtail catastrophe model is considered to be an appropriate one. Our methodology consists of three steps: solving the Swallowtail potential function, finding the critical points up to and including threefold degenerates, and fitting the model into our measured data. Using a polynomial curve fitting derived from the potential function of Swallowtail catastrophe model, relations among three parameters combinations are analyzed. Results show that there are catastrophe phenomena for each relation, meaning that a small change in one psychological aspect may cause a dramatic change in another aspect. PubDate: Tue, 26 Sep 2017 08:51:30 +000

Abstract: The Irwin-Hall distribution is the distribution of the sum of a finite number of independent identically distributed uniform random variables on the unit interval. Many applications arise since round-off errors have a transformed Irwin-Hall distribution and the distribution supplies spline approximations to normal distributions. We review some of the distribution’s history. The present derivation is very transparent, since it is geometric and explicitly uses the inclusion-exclusion principle. In certain special cases, the derivation can be extended to linear combinations of independent uniform random variables on other intervals of finite length. The derivation adds to the literature about methodologies for finding distributions of sums of random variables, especially distributions that have domains with boundaries so that the inclusion-exclusion principle might be employed. PubDate: Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A trapezoidal number, a sum of at least two consecutive positive integers, is a figurate number that can be represented by points rearranged in the plane as a trapezoid. Such numbers have been of interest and extensively studied. In this paper, a generalization of trapezoidal numbers has been introduced. For each positive integer , a positive integer is called an -trapezoidal number if can be written as an arithmetic series of at least terms with common difference . Properties of -trapezoidal numbers have been studied together with their trapezoidal representations. In the special case where , the characterization and enumeration of such numbers have been given as well as illustrative examples. Precisely, for a fixed -trapezoidal number , the ways and the number of ways to write as an arithmetic series with common difference have been determined. Some remarks on -trapezoidal numbers have been provided as well. PubDate: Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Tungiasis is a permanent penetration of female sand flea “Tunga penetrans” into the epidermis of its host. It affects human beings and domestic and sylvatic animals. In this paper, we apply optimal control techniques to a Tungiasis controlled mathematical model to determine the optimal control strategy in order to minimize the number of infested humans, infested animals, and sand flea populations. In an attempt to reduce Tungiasis infestation in human population, the control strategies based on personal protection, personal treatment, educational campaign, environmental sanitation, and insecticidal treatments on the affected parts as well as on animal fur are considered. We prove the existence of optimal control problem, determine the necessary conditions for optimality, and then perform numerical simulations. The numerical results showed that the control strategy comprises all five control measures and that which involves the three control measures of insecticide control, insecticidal dusting on animal furs, and environmental hygiene has the significant impact on Tungiasis transmission. Therefore, fighting against Tungiasis infestation in endemic settings, multidimensional control process should be employed in order to achieve the maximum benefits. PubDate: Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Plague is a historic disease which is also known to be the most devastating disease that ever occurred in human history, caused by gram-negative bacteria known as Yersinia pestis. The disease is mostly affected by variations of weather conditions as it disturbs the normal behavior of main plague disease transmission agents, namely, human beings, rodents, fleas, and pathogens, in the environment. This in turn changes the way they interact with each other and ultimately leads to a periodic transmission of plague disease. In this paper, we formulate a periodic epidemic model system by incorporating seasonal transmission rate in order to study the effect of seasonal weather variation on the dynamics of plague disease. We compute the basic reproduction number of a proposed model. We then use numerical simulation to illustrate the effect of different weather dependent parameters on the basic reproduction number. We are able to deduce that infection rate, progression rates from primary forms of plague disease to more severe forms of plague disease, and the infectious flea abundance affect, to a large extent, the number of bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic plague infective agents. We recommend that it is more reasonable to consider these factors that have been shown to have a significant effect on for effective control strategies. PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Let be a graph of order and size . An edge-magic labeling of is a bijection such that is a constant for every edge . An edge-magic labeling of with is called a super edge-magic labeling. Furthermore, the edge-magic deficiency of a graph , , is defined as the smallest nonnegative integer such that has an edge-magic labeling. Similarly, the super edge-magic deficiency of a graph , , is either the smallest nonnegative integer such that has a super edge-magic labeling or if there exists no such integer . In this paper, we investigate the (super) edge-magic deficiency of chain graphs. Referring to these, we propose some open problems. PubDate: Wed, 12 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We apply new modified recursion schemes obtained by the Adomian decomposition method (ADM) to analytically solve specific types of two-point boundary value problems for nonlinear fractional order ordinary and partial differential equations. The new modified recursion schemes, which sometimes utilize the technique of Duan’s convergence parameter, are derived using the Duan-Rach modified ADM. The Duan-Rach modified ADM employs all of the given boundary conditions to compute the remaining unknown constants of integration, which are then embedded in the integral solution form before constructing recursion schemes for the solution components. New modified recursion schemes obtained by the method are generated in order to analytically solve nonlinear fractional order boundary value problems with a variety of two-point boundary conditions such as Robin and separated boundary conditions. Some numerical examples of such problems are demonstrated graphically. In addition, the maximal errors or the error remainder functions of each problem are calculated. PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Let be a graph and let be a subgraph of . Assume that has an -decomposition such that for all . An -supermagic decomposition of is a bijection such that is a constant for each in the decomposition and . If admits an -supermagic decomposition, then is called -supermagic decomposable. In this paper, we give necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of -supermagic decomposition of the complete bipartite graph minus a one-factor. PubDate: Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:08:42 +000

Abstract: The asymptotic behavior of the effective mass of the so-called Nelson model in quantum field theory is considered, where is an ultraviolet cutoff parameter of the model. Let be the bare mass of the model. It is shown that for sufficiently small coupling constant of the model, can be expanded as . A physical folklore is that as . It is rigorously shown that , with some constants , , and . PubDate: Tue, 06 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We analyze the dynamics of a fractional order modified Leslie-Gower model with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response and additive Allee effect by means of local stability. In this respect, all possible equilibria and their existence conditions are determined and their stability properties are established. We also construct nonstandard numerical schemes based on Grünwald-Letnikov approximation. The constructed scheme is explicit and maintains the positivity of solutions. Using this scheme, we perform some numerical simulations to illustrate the dynamical behavior of the model. It is noticed that the nonstandard Grünwald-Letnikov scheme preserves the dynamical properties of the continuous model, while the classical scheme may fail to maintain those dynamical properties. PubDate: Sun, 28 May 2017 00:00:00 +000