Abstract: We introduce a quantity which is called Rényi’s-Tsalli’s entropy of order and discussed some of its major properties with Shannon and other entropies in the literature. Further, we give its application in coding theory and a coding theorem analogous to the ordinary coding theorem for a noiseless channel is proved. The theorem states that the proposed entropy is the lower bound of mean code word length. PubDate: Sun, 15 Oct 2017 07:01:18 +000

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to define the hyperideal expansion. Hyperideal expansion is associated with prime hyperideals and primary hyperideals. Then, we define some of their properties. Prime and primary hyperideals’ numerous results can be extended into expansions. PubDate: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A sudden jump in the value of the state variable in a certain dynamical system can be studied through a catastrophe model. This paper presents an application of catastrophe model to solve psychological problems. Since we will have three psychological aspects or parameters, intelligence (I), emotion (E), and adversity (A), a Swallowtail catastrophe model is considered to be an appropriate one. Our methodology consists of three steps: solving the Swallowtail potential function, finding the critical points up to and including threefold degenerates, and fitting the model into our measured data. Using a polynomial curve fitting derived from the potential function of Swallowtail catastrophe model, relations among three parameters combinations are analyzed. Results show that there are catastrophe phenomena for each relation, meaning that a small change in one psychological aspect may cause a dramatic change in another aspect. PubDate: Tue, 26 Sep 2017 08:51:30 +000

Abstract: The Irwin-Hall distribution is the distribution of the sum of a finite number of independent identically distributed uniform random variables on the unit interval. Many applications arise since round-off errors have a transformed Irwin-Hall distribution and the distribution supplies spline approximations to normal distributions. We review some of the distribution’s history. The present derivation is very transparent, since it is geometric and explicitly uses the inclusion-exclusion principle. In certain special cases, the derivation can be extended to linear combinations of independent uniform random variables on other intervals of finite length. The derivation adds to the literature about methodologies for finding distributions of sums of random variables, especially distributions that have domains with boundaries so that the inclusion-exclusion principle might be employed. PubDate: Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A trapezoidal number, a sum of at least two consecutive positive integers, is a figurate number that can be represented by points rearranged in the plane as a trapezoid. Such numbers have been of interest and extensively studied. In this paper, a generalization of trapezoidal numbers has been introduced. For each positive integer , a positive integer is called an -trapezoidal number if can be written as an arithmetic series of at least terms with common difference . Properties of -trapezoidal numbers have been studied together with their trapezoidal representations. In the special case where , the characterization and enumeration of such numbers have been given as well as illustrative examples. Precisely, for a fixed -trapezoidal number , the ways and the number of ways to write as an arithmetic series with common difference have been determined. Some remarks on -trapezoidal numbers have been provided as well. PubDate: Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Tungiasis is a permanent penetration of female sand flea “Tunga penetrans” into the epidermis of its host. It affects human beings and domestic and sylvatic animals. In this paper, we apply optimal control techniques to a Tungiasis controlled mathematical model to determine the optimal control strategy in order to minimize the number of infested humans, infested animals, and sand flea populations. In an attempt to reduce Tungiasis infestation in human population, the control strategies based on personal protection, personal treatment, educational campaign, environmental sanitation, and insecticidal treatments on the affected parts as well as on animal fur are considered. We prove the existence of optimal control problem, determine the necessary conditions for optimality, and then perform numerical simulations. The numerical results showed that the control strategy comprises all five control measures and that which involves the three control measures of insecticide control, insecticidal dusting on animal furs, and environmental hygiene has the significant impact on Tungiasis transmission. Therefore, fighting against Tungiasis infestation in endemic settings, multidimensional control process should be employed in order to achieve the maximum benefits. PubDate: Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Plague is a historic disease which is also known to be the most devastating disease that ever occurred in human history, caused by gram-negative bacteria known as Yersinia pestis. The disease is mostly affected by variations of weather conditions as it disturbs the normal behavior of main plague disease transmission agents, namely, human beings, rodents, fleas, and pathogens, in the environment. This in turn changes the way they interact with each other and ultimately leads to a periodic transmission of plague disease. In this paper, we formulate a periodic epidemic model system by incorporating seasonal transmission rate in order to study the effect of seasonal weather variation on the dynamics of plague disease. We compute the basic reproduction number of a proposed model. We then use numerical simulation to illustrate the effect of different weather dependent parameters on the basic reproduction number. We are able to deduce that infection rate, progression rates from primary forms of plague disease to more severe forms of plague disease, and the infectious flea abundance affect, to a large extent, the number of bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic plague infective agents. We recommend that it is more reasonable to consider these factors that have been shown to have a significant effect on for effective control strategies. PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Let be a graph of order and size . An edge-magic labeling of is a bijection such that is a constant for every edge . An edge-magic labeling of with is called a super edge-magic labeling. Furthermore, the edge-magic deficiency of a graph , , is defined as the smallest nonnegative integer such that has an edge-magic labeling. Similarly, the super edge-magic deficiency of a graph , , is either the smallest nonnegative integer such that has a super edge-magic labeling or if there exists no such integer . In this paper, we investigate the (super) edge-magic deficiency of chain graphs. Referring to these, we propose some open problems. PubDate: Wed, 12 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We apply new modified recursion schemes obtained by the Adomian decomposition method (ADM) to analytically solve specific types of two-point boundary value problems for nonlinear fractional order ordinary and partial differential equations. The new modified recursion schemes, which sometimes utilize the technique of Duan’s convergence parameter, are derived using the Duan-Rach modified ADM. The Duan-Rach modified ADM employs all of the given boundary conditions to compute the remaining unknown constants of integration, which are then embedded in the integral solution form before constructing recursion schemes for the solution components. New modified recursion schemes obtained by the method are generated in order to analytically solve nonlinear fractional order boundary value problems with a variety of two-point boundary conditions such as Robin and separated boundary conditions. Some numerical examples of such problems are demonstrated graphically. In addition, the maximal errors or the error remainder functions of each problem are calculated. PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Let be a graph and let be a subgraph of . Assume that has an -decomposition such that for all . An -supermagic decomposition of is a bijection such that is a constant for each in the decomposition and . If admits an -supermagic decomposition, then is called -supermagic decomposable. In this paper, we give necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of -supermagic decomposition of the complete bipartite graph minus a one-factor. PubDate: Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:08:42 +000

Abstract: The asymptotic behavior of the effective mass of the so-called Nelson model in quantum field theory is considered, where is an ultraviolet cutoff parameter of the model. Let be the bare mass of the model. It is shown that for sufficiently small coupling constant of the model, can be expanded as . A physical folklore is that as . It is rigorously shown that , with some constants , , and . PubDate: Tue, 06 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We analyze the dynamics of a fractional order modified Leslie-Gower model with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response and additive Allee effect by means of local stability. In this respect, all possible equilibria and their existence conditions are determined and their stability properties are established. We also construct nonstandard numerical schemes based on Grünwald-Letnikov approximation. The constructed scheme is explicit and maintains the positivity of solutions. Using this scheme, we perform some numerical simulations to illustrate the dynamical behavior of the model. It is noticed that the nonstandard Grünwald-Letnikov scheme preserves the dynamical properties of the continuous model, while the classical scheme may fail to maintain those dynamical properties. PubDate: Sun, 28 May 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Let be a full set of outcomes (symbols) and let positive , , be their probabilities . Let us treat as a stop symbol; it can occur in sequences of symbols (we call them words) only once, at the very end. The probability of a word is defined as the product of probabilities of its symbols. We consider the list of all possible words sorted in the nonincreasing order of their probabilities. Let be the probability of the th word in this list. We prove that if at least one of the ratios , , is irrational, then the limit exists and differs from zero; here is the root of the equation . The limit constant can be expressed (rather easily) in terms of the entropy of the distribution . PubDate: Sun, 07 May 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: It is a well-established fact in regression analysis that multicollinearity and autocorrelated errors have adverse effects on the properties of the least squares estimator. Huang and Yang (2015) and Chandra and Tyagi (2016) studied the PCTP estimator and the class estimator, respectively, to deal with both problems simultaneously and compared their performances with the estimators obtained as their special cases. However, to the best of our knowledge, the performance of both estimators has not been compared so far. Hence, this paper is intended to compare the performance of these two estimators under mean squared error (MSE) matrix criterion. Further, a simulation study is conducted to evaluate superiority of the class estimator over the PCTP estimator by means of percentage relative efficiency. Furthermore, two numerical examples have been given to illustrate the performance of the estimators. PubDate: Mon, 30 Jan 2017 06:34:57 +000

Abstract: The notions of the Killing form and invariant form in Lie algebras are extended to the ones in Lie-Yamaguti superalgebras and some of their properties are investigated. These notions are also -graded generalizations of the ones in Lie-Yamaguti algebras. PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2017 09:34:48 +000