International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
[SJR: 0.385] [H-I: 15] [9 followers] Follow
Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5869 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5877
Published by Hindawi [333 journals]
- Extraction of Weak Scatterer Features Based on Multipath Exploitation in
Abstract: We proposed an improved solution to two problems. The first problem is caused by the sidelobe of the dominant scatterer masking a weak scatterer. The proposed solution is to suppress the dominant scatterer by modeling its electromagnetic effects as a secondary source or “extra dependent transmitter” in the measurement domain. The suppression of the domain scatterer reveals the presence of the weak scatterer based on exploitation of multipath effects. The second problem is linearizing the mathematical forward model in the measurement domain. Improving the quantity of the prediction, including multipath scattering effects (neglected under the Born approximation), allows us to solve the inverse problem. The multiple bounce (multipath) scattering effect is the interaction of more than one target in the scene. Modeling reflections from one target towards another as a transmitting dipole will add the multiple scattering effects to the scattering field and permit us to solve a linear inverse problem without sophisticated solutions of a nonlinear matrix in the forward model. Simulation results are presented to validate the concept.
PubDate: Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Multiband Split-Ring Resonator Based Planar Inverted-F Antenna for 5G
Abstract: 5G, the fifth generation of wireless communications, is focusing on multiple frequency bands, such as 6 GHz, 10 GHz, 15 GHz, 28 GHz, and 38 GHz, to achieve high data rates up to 10 Gbps or more. The industry demands multiband antennas to cover these distant frequency bands, which is a task much more challenging. In this paper, we have designed a novel multiband split-ring resonator (SRR) based planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) for 5G applications. It is composed of a PIFA, an inverted-L parasitic element, a rectangular shaped parasitic element, and a split-ring resonator (SRR) etched on the top plate of the PIFA. The basic PIFA structure resonates at 6 GHz. An addition of a rectangular shaped parasitic element produces a resonance at 15 GHz. The introduction of a split-ring resonator produces a band notch at 8 GHz, and a resonance at 10 GHz, while the insertion of an inverted-L shaped parasitic element further enhances the impedance bandwidth in the 10 GHz band. The frequency bands covered, each with more than 1 GHz impedance bandwidth, are 6 GHz (5–7 GHz), 10 GHz (9–10.8 GHz), and 15 GHz (14-15 GHz), expected for inclusion in next-generation wireless communications, that is, 5G. The design is simulated using Ansys Electromagnetic Suite 17 simulation software package. The simulated and the measured results are compared and analyzed which are generally in good agreement.
PubDate: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 06:39:14 +000
- Multiband Planar Inverted-F Antenna with Independent Operating Bands
Control for Mobile Handset Applications
Abstract: A new compact multiband PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) for mobile handset is proposed in this article. The proposed PIFA has a simple geometry with four slots integrated in the radiating patch and ground plane. The PIFA occupies a small volume of 51 × 14 × 7.2 mm3 and is placed on the top portion of mobile phone. The optimized PIFA is worked in the 790 MHz band (737–831 MHz), the 1870 MHz band (1794–1977 MHz), the 2550 MHz band (2507–2615 MHz), and the 3400 MHz band (3341–3545 MHz), to cover LTE700, LTE800, DCS1800, PCS1900, LTE1800, LTE1900, LTE2500, and WIMAX3400 bands. Each of the four operating bands can be controlled independently by the variation of a single parameter of the proposed design, with a wide control range. An omnidirectional radiation pattern to each resonant frequency is obtained with a maximum gain of 2.15 dBi at 790 MHz, 3.99 dBi at 1870 MHz, 4.57 dBi at 2550 MHz, and 6.43 dBi at 3400 MHz. The proposed PIFA is studied in the free space and in the presence of other mobile phone components such as the battery, LCD (liquid crystal display), camera, microphone, speaker, buttons, and a plastic housing. The distribution of specific absorption rate for both European and American standards for each operating band and at various distances between the antenna and the human head is also studied.
PubDate: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 07:24:59 +000
- Technologies for Near-Field Focused Microwave Antennas
Abstract: This paper provides a review spanning different technologies used to implement near-field focused antennas at the microwave frequency band up to a few tens of GHz: arrays of microstrip patches and printed dipoles, arrays of dielectric resonator antennas, reflectarrays, transmitarrays, Fresnel zone plate lenses, leaky-wave antennas, and waveguide arrays.
PubDate: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 08:08:24 +000
- Corrigendum to “Cylindrical Three-Dimensional Millimeter-Wave Imaging
via Compressive Sensing”
PubDate: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 09:23:51 +000
- Frequency Reconfigurable Circular Patch Antenna with an Arc-Shaped Slot
Ground Controlled by PIN Diodes
Abstract: In this paper, a compact frequency reconfigurable circular patch antenna with an arc-shaped slot loaded in the ground layer is proposed for multiband wireless communication applications. By controlling the ON/OFF states of the five PIN diodes mounted on the arc-shaped slot, the effective length of the arc-shaped slot and the effective length of antennas current are changed, and accordingly six-frequency band reconfiguration can be achieved. The simulated and measured results show that the antenna can operate from 1.82 GHz to 2.46 GHz, which is located in DCS1800 (1.71–1.88 GHz), UMTS (2.11–2.20 GHz), WiBro (2.3–2.4 GHz), and Bluetooth (2.4–2.48 GHz) frequency bands and so forth. Compared to the common rectangular slot circular patch antenna, the proposed arc-shaped slot circular patch antenna not only has a better rotational symmetry with the circular patch and substrate but also has more compact size. For the given operating frequency at 1.82 GHz, over 55% area reduction is achieved in this design with respect to the common design with rectangular slot. Since the promising frequency reconfiguration, this antenna may have potential applications in modern multiband and multifunctional mobile communication systems.
PubDate: Tue, 14 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Novel Method for Optimal Synthesis of 5G Millimeter Wave Linear Antenna
Abstract: We will propose a useful method for 5G mm wave antenna array synthesis, based on Genetic Algorithm for the synthesis of linear array with nonuniform interelement spacing. Our design method was used to obtain the optimal position of the elements in order to get the minimum side lobe level and nulls in desired directions. The simulation results verify that proposed method outperforms the previously published methods in terms of suppression side lobe level while maintaining nulls in specified directions. The flexibility of proposed algorithm shows good potential for the antenna array synthesis.
PubDate: Mon, 13 Mar 2017 08:45:07 +000
- A Robust Method to Suppress Jamming for GNSS Array Antenna Based on
Reconstruction of Sample Covariance Matrix
Abstract: The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver is vulnerable to active jamming, which results in imprecise positioning. Therefore, antijamming performance of the receiver is always the key to studies of satellite navigation system. In antijamming application of satellite navigation system, if active jamming is received from array antenna main-lobe, main-lobe distortion happens when the adaptive filtering algorithm forms main-lobe nulling. A robust method to suppress jamming for satellite navigation by reconstructing sample covariance matrix without main-lobe nulling is proposed in this paper. No nulling is formed while suppressing the main-lobe jamming, which avoids main-lobe direction distortion. Meanwhile, along with adaptive pattern control (APC), the adaptive pattern of array antenna approaches the pattern without jamming so as to receive the matching navigation signal. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulation prove that this method suppresses jamming without main-beam distortion. Furthermore, the output SINR will not decrease with the main-lobe distortion by this method, which improves the antijamming performance.
PubDate: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:09:31 +000
- Time-Domain Characterization of Dual Band Spiral Antenna with WMTS/UWB
Abstract: A coplanar waveguide- (CPW-) fed spiral antenna with dual band application is presented. The antenna is designed to operate over the UWB (3.1–10.6 GHz) band as well as in a lower band suitable for WMTS (1.395–1.4 GHz). Frequency domain characterization shows that the antenna is well matched with appreciable gain in both bands. Time-domain studies are carried out to check the suitability of the antenna in pulsed communication. A prototype of the antenna is fabricated and measured results show low group delay variation in the UWB. FWHM and ringing of antenna impulse response, fidelity factor, and radiated power spectral density are also presented.
PubDate: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- A Microstrip Second-Iteration Square Koch Dipole Antenna for TT&C Downlink
Applications in Small Satellites
Abstract: A microstrip second-iteration square Koch dipole fractal antenna is presented. This meandered antenna has a total length of 56.56 cm including its feed gap and was printed on the diagonal of a 100 mm × 100 mm PCB card that acts as CubeSat face. The antenna that was designed to optimize space shows acceptable performance at its resonance frequency of 455 MHz within the 70-centimeter band, a band that is commonly used for TTC CubeSat subsystems. The designed fractal antenna shows a reflection coefficient below −20 dB, a VSWR below 1.2, a −10 dB bandwidth of 50 MHz, and impedance magnitude of 56 , while the average maximum gain around its resonance frequency is 2.14 dBi. All these parameters make this designed antenna suitable for small satellite applications at a band where a linear λ/2 dipolar antenna working at 455 MHz would be about 32.97 cm long, which does not fit within the largest dimension of a CubeSat face corresponding to 14.14 cm.
PubDate: Thu, 09 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- A Fast Finite-Difference Time Domain Simulation Method for the
Source-Stirring Reverberation Chamber
Abstract: Numerical analysis methods are often employed to improve the efficiency of the design and application of the source-stirring reverberation chamber. However, the state of equilibrium of the field inside the chamber is hard to reach. In this paper, we present a fast simulation method, which is able to significantly decrease the simulation time of the source-stirring reverberation chamber. The mathematical model of this method is given in detail and home-made FDTD code is employed to conduct the simulations and optimizations as well. The results show that the implementation of the method can give us the accurate frequency response of the source-stirring chamber and make the simulation of source-stirring chamber more efficient.
PubDate: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 09:18:25 +000
- Three-Dimensional Target Localization and Cramér-Rao Bound for
Two-Dimensional OFDM-MIMO Radar
Abstract: Target localization using a frequency diversity multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system is one of the hottest research directions in the radar society. In this paper, three-dimensional (3D) target localization is considered for two-dimensional MIMO radar with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing linear frequency modulated (OFDM-LFM) waveforms. To realize joint estimation for range and angle in azimuth and elevation, the range-angle-dependent beam pattern with high range resolution is produced by the OFDM-LFM waveform. Then, the 3D target localization proposal is presented and the corresponding closed-form expressions of Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) are derived. Furthermore, for mitigating the coupling of angle and range and further improving the estimation precision, a CRB optimization method is proposed. Different from the existing methods of FDA-based radar, the proposed method can provide higher range estimation because of multiple transmitted frequency bands. Numerical simulation results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach and its improved performance of target localization.
PubDate: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- W-Band Hybrid Unequal Feeding Network of Waveguide and Substrate
Integrated Waveguide for High Efficiency and Low Sidelobe Level Slot Array
Abstract: A W-band hybrid unequal feeding network of waveguide and substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) is presented in this paper. It comprises a two-way hybrid waveguide-SIW E-plane divider and an unequal SIW dividing network. Firstly, the two-way hybrid divider is developed to realize the waveguide-to-SIW vertical transition and power division at the same time. Besides, it has a wider bandwidth and more compact configuration compared with those of conventional structures including a transition and a cascading divider. Secondly, an SIW 1-to-16-way unequal dividing network is developed with the phase self-compensation ability. This W-band dividing network is able to generate the desired amplitude and phase distribution. Finally, two back-to-back SIW 16 × 16 antenna arrays are grouped and fed by the proposed feeding network. The low sidelobe levels (SLLs) can be achieved at E- and H-plane of the antenna. The total aperture size of the antenna is 15% less than that of a conventional antenna with a separated divider and a transition. With such a multifunctional feeding network, the antenna is able to achieve low loss and high efficiency as well.
PubDate: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- High Precise Scattering Centers Models for Cone-Shaped Targets Based on
Abstract: Based on induced currents of cone-shaped targets, the high precise scattering center model is derived in this paper. The distribution characteristics of the induced currents and their relationships with the attributes of scattering centers are investigated in detail; the high precise scattering center model is obtained. In order to validate the scattering center model, numerical simulations of two cone-shaped targets are presented, and the accuracies of the models are validated through comparing the range profiles simulated by the models with those by a full-wave numerical method. The validation results demonstrate that this model is superior to the existing model in precisely characterizing the scattering centers induced by creeping waves.
PubDate: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 10:05:35 +000
- Broadband Circular Polarizer Based on Plasmon Hybridizations
Abstract: This paper presents a broadband circular polarizer with a ring/disk cavity structure, which is a broadband application of plasmon hybridizations. The proposed design can convert a linearly polarized wave to a circularly polarized wave from 12.66 GHz to 17.43 GHz within a bandwidth of 30%. The broadband polarization conversion characterization results from the different plasmon hybridization modes induced in the ring/disk cavity. The proposed broadband circular polarizer is demonstrated by both full-wave simulation and measurement.
PubDate: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Broadband Vertically/Horizontally Dual-Polarized Antenna for Base Stations
Abstract: A broadband vertically/horizontally (V/H) dual-polarized antenna is proposed for mobile communication base stations. The antenna consists of two perpendicularly placed broadband planar antenna elements. By shaping the reflector for V/H dual-polarized antenna, a half-power beam width of ° is achieved for both vertical and horizontal polarization. The V/H dual-polarized antenna has a bandwidth of 48% (1.7–2.75 GHz) for return loss >15 dB, an isolation of 30 dB, and an antenna gain of 9 dBi. An 8-element V/H dual-polarized antenna array is developed, which achieves a bandwidth of 45% (1.7–2.7 GHz) and an antenna gain of 16 dBi, suitable for GSM/UMTS/LTE base stations.
PubDate: Mon, 06 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Wideband, Multiband, Tunable, and Smart Antenna Systems for Mobile and UWB
Wireless Applications 2016
PubDate: Sun, 05 Mar 2017 06:22:45 +000
- Cardiorespiratory Frequency Monitoring Using the Principal Component
Analysis Technique on UWB Radar Signal
Abstract: In this paper, Principal Component Analysis technique is applied on the signal measured by an ultra wide-band radar to compute the breath and heart rate of volunteers. The measurement set-up is based on an indirect time domain reflectometry technique, using an ultra wide-band antenna in contact with the subject’s thorax, at the heart height, and a vector network analyzer. The Principal Component Analysis is applied on the signal reflected by the thorax and the obtained breath frequencies are compared against measures acquired by a piezoelectric belt, a widely used commercial system for respiratory activity monitoring. Breath frequency results show that the proposed approach is suitable for breath activity monitoring. Moreover, the wearable ultra wide-band radar gives also promising results for heart activity frequency detection.
PubDate: Thu, 02 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Advances in Coastal HF and Microwave (S- or X-Band) Radars
PubDate: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 13:47:38 +000
- Broadband Dipole-Loop Combined Nanoantenna Fed by Two-Wire Optical
Abstract: This paper presents a broadband nanoantenna fed by a two-wire optical transmission line (OTL). The antenna is defined by a combination of a dipole and a loop, where only the dipole element is connected to the OTL. The analysis is fulfilled by the linear method of moments with equivalent surface impedance to model the conductors. Firstly, the nanoantenna alone is investigated, where the input impedance, current distribution, reflection coefficient, fractional bandwidth, radiation efficiency, and radiation pattern are analyzed. Then, the input impedance matching of this antenna with the OTL is considered. In this case the current, near field distribution, radiation pattern, and reflection coefficient are calculated for different geometrical parameters. The results show that the loop inserted in the circuit can increase the bandwidth up to 42% and decreases the reflection coefficient in the OTL to −25 dB.
PubDate: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 11:36:19 +000
- An Efficient GPU-Based Out-of-Core LU Solver of Parallel Higher-Order
Method of Moments for Solving Airborne Array Problems
Abstract: The parallel higher-order method of moments (HoMoM) with a GPU accelerated out-of-core LU solver is presented for analysis of radiation characteristics of a 1000-element antenna array over a full-size airplane. A parallel framework involving MPI and CUDA is adopted to ensure that the procedures run on a hybrid CPU/GPU cluster. An efficient two-level out-of-core scheme is designed to break the bottleneck of both GPU memory and physical memory when solving electrically large and complex problems. To hide communication time between CPU and GPU, asynchronous communications are chosen to enable overlapping between communication and computation. For large problems that cannot fit in GPU memory or physical memory, the two-level out-of-core LU solver is able to achieve a speedup of about 1.6x over the traditional out-of-core LU solver based on a highly optimized math library.
PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 12:52:31 +000
- A High-Efficiency Compact Planar Antenna for ISM Wireless Systems
Abstract: A novel high-efficiency compact planar antenna at 433 MHz with minimized size and low-cost and easy to integrate into the ISM wireless applications is designed, fabricated, and measured. Capacitive strips that are formed by cutting inter-digital slots and the meander lines on both sides are introduced to greatly reduce the antenna size yet maintain the high efficiency. The proposed antenna has a simple planar structure and occupies a small area (i.e., 45 × 30 mm2). This novel electrically small antenna can be operated well without any lumped elements for impedance matching. Details of the antenna design and experimental results are presented and discussed.
PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 09:30:11 +000
- On the Design of Conical Antennas for Broadband Impedance Matching
Abstract: In the scope of broadband radiators, the biconical antenna, or its monopole conical counterpart, is long known to be a proper choice. One common form of such radiator, the spherically capped conical antenna (SCCA), has closed-form solution to its input impedance, from which the broadband performance potential is easily verified. Nonetheless, from the design perspective, apart from a few clues inferred from existing solutions, little is found to accurately guide the choice of the main geometrical parameters of the antenna that will enable it to comply with a set of imposed bandwidth requirements. This paper proposes a simple 10-step sequence to derive conical or biconical antenna design charts. These charts provide straightforward information on the geometrical limits within which the required antenna impedance matching broadband performance is achieved. The method is assessed for the SCCA and the open conical antenna (OCA) using theoretical and simulated estimates of the input impedance. A discussion on the impact of the cap and the feed gap is included.
PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Cross Spectral Analysis of CODAR-SeaSonde Echoes from Sea Surface and
Ionosphere at Taiwan
Abstract: It is well known that the primary targets responsible for first-order sea echoes observed by a High-Frequency (HF) radar are the advancing and receding ocean waves with the wavelengths at Bragg scales. However, in light of the fact that the ionospheric sporadic E (Es) and F layers may be present in the viewing range of the HF radar for ocean wave detection, the radar returns reflected from the F and Es layers may significantly contaminate the ocean wave power spectrum. The characteristics of the first-order sea echoes and ionospheric interferences measured by the CODAR-SeaSonde in Taiwan area are analyzed and presented in this article. The coherences and phases of the normalized cross spectra of the sea and ionospheric echoes between different pairs of the receiving channels are calculated, respectively. One of the striking features presented in this report is that the ionospheric echo heights scaled from the ionogram observed by the Chung-Li ionosonde are about 30 km lower than those observed by the DATAN CODAR-SeaSonde. It is also found that the coherences of the sea echoes are generally smaller than those of the ionospheric echoes by about 15% on average, and the phase fluctuations (standard deviations) of the sea echoes are substantially larger than those of the ionospheric layer reflection echoes. In addition, statistics show that the sum of the mean phases of the ionospheric echoes between the three receiving channel pairs is approximately zero, while it is not for the sea echoes. These results seem to suggest that the use of the discrepancies in the characteristics of the coherences and phases between the sea and ionospheric echoes may provide a potential means to be helpful to distinguish the sea and ionospheric echoes in the CODAR-SeaSonde observed cross power spectrum.
PubDate: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:08:41 +000
- Integrated Filtering Microstrip Duplex Antenna Array with High Isolation
Abstract: This paper presents a 2 × 1 integrated filtering microstrip duplex antenna array with high isolation and same polarization. The antenna consists of two radiating patches fed by two T-shaped probes and a power distributing duplex network (PDDN). The PDDN is composed of two bandstop filters and a 180-degree phase shift power divider. And the PDDN is designed to achieve the functions of power division, frequency selectivity, and port isolation. A Transmission Line (TL) model is adopted to design the PDDN, and the detailed synthesis procedure is presented. For demonstration, the proposed antenna is designed and fabricated. The implemented antenna achieves an average gain of 10 dBi, a cross-polarization ratio of 20 dB, and an isolation of 35 dB within the operation band.
PubDate: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 09:55:15 +000
- A Model to Determine the Propagation Losses Based on the Integration of
Hata-Okumura and Wavelet Neural Models
Abstract: Radioelectric spectrum occupancy forecast has proven useful for the design of wireless systems able to harness spectrum opportunities like cognitive radio. This paper proposes the development of a model that identifies propagation losses and spectrum opportunities in a channel of a mobile cellular network for an urban environment using received signal power forecast. The proposed model integrates the Hata-Okumura (H-O) large-scale propagation model with a wavelet neural model. The model results, obtained through simulations, show that the wavelet neural model forecasts with a high degree of precision, which is consistent with the observed behavior in experiments carried out in wireless systems of this type.
PubDate: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 06:30:08 +000
- Outage Analysis of Multihop Wireless Backhaul Using Millimeter Wave under
Abstract: We consider multihop millimeter-wave (mm-Wave) wireless backhaul communications, by which small cell base station (SBS) clusters can connect to a macrocell base station (MBS). Assuming the mm-Wave wireless backhaul links suffer from outage caused by obstacles that block the line-of-sight (LoS) paths, we derive the statistics of a perhop distance based on the blockage model using stochastic geometry and random shape theory and analyze the multihop outage probability using the statistics of a perhop distance. We also provide an optimal number of hops to minimize the end-to-end outage performance between the MBS and the destination SBS cluster when the end-to-end distance is given.
PubDate: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 09:24:38 +000
- Maximum Likelihood Time Delay Estimation Based on Monte Carlo Importance
Sampling in Multipath Environment
Abstract: In multipath environment, the computation complexity of single snapshot maximum likelihood for time delay estimation is huge. In particular, the computational complexity of grid search method increases exponentially with the increase of dimension. For this reason, this paper presents a maximum likelihood estimation algorithm based on Monte Carlo importance sampling technique. Firstly, the algorithm takes advantage of the channel frequency response in order to build the likelihood function of time delay in multipath environment. The pseudoprobability density function is constructed by using exponential likelihood function. Then, it is crucial to choose the importance function. According to the characteristic of the Vandermonde matrix in likelihood function, the product of the conjugate transpose Vandermonde matrix and itself is approximated by the product of a constant and an identity matrix. The pseudoprobability density function can be decomposed into product of many probability density functions of single path time delay. The importance function is constructed. Finally, according to probability density function of multipath time delay decomposed by importance function, the time delay of the multipath is sampled by Monte Carlo method. The time delay is estimated via calculating weighted mean of sample. Simulation results show that the performance of proposed algorithm approaches the Cramér-Rao bound with reduced complexity.
PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 08:20:10 +000
- Pattern Synthesis of Linear Antenna Arrays Using Enhanced Flower
Abstract: In this paper, a new variant of flower pollination algorithm (FPA), namely, enhanced flower pollination algorithm (EFPA), has been proposed for the pattern synthesis of nonuniform linear antenna arrays (LAA). The proposed algorithm uses the concept of Cauchy mutation in global pollination and enhanced local search to improve the exploration and exploitation tendencies of FPA. It also uses dynamic switching to control the rate of exploration and exploitation. The algorithm is tested on standard benchmark problems and has been compared statistically with state of the art to prove its worthiness. LAA design is a tricky and difficult electromagnetic problem. Hence to check the efficacy of the proposed algorithm it has been used for synthesis of four different LAA with different sizes. Experimental results show that EFPA algorithm provides enhanced performance in terms of side lobe suppression and null control compared to FPA and other popular algorithms.
PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
- Wideband and UWB Antennas for Wireless Applications: A Comprehensive
Abstract: A comprehensive review concerning the geometry, the manufacturing technologies, the materials, and the numerical techniques, adopted for the analysis and design of wideband and ultrawideband (UWB) antennas for wireless applications, is presented. Planar, printed, dielectric, and wearable antennas, achievable on laminate (rigid and flexible), and textile dielectric substrates are taken into account. The performances of small, low-profile, and dielectric resonator antennas are illustrated paying particular attention to the application areas concerning portable devices (mobile phones, tablets, glasses, laptops, wearable computers, etc.) and radio base stations. This information provides a guidance to the selection of the different antenna geometries in terms of bandwidth, gain, field polarization, time-domain response, dimensions, and materials useful for their realization and integration in modern communication systems.
PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000