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Showing 1 - 200 of 298 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.512, h-index: 32)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.157, h-index: 15)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.259, h-index: 6)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 17)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 8)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 8)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 10)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 6)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.258, h-index: 7)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.892, h-index: 18)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.892, h-index: 19)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.439, h-index: 9)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 11)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.332, h-index: 10)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.498, h-index: 10)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 10)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.343, h-index: 7)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 16)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 16)
Advances in Orthopedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 13)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 7)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.26, h-index: 6)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 6)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.629, h-index: 16)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.04, h-index: 12)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.125, h-index: 14)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.334, h-index: 12)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.991, h-index: 11)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 12)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 9)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 13)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.248, h-index: 27)
Arthritis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, h-index: 17)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.696, h-index: 34)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.085, h-index: 17)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 19)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 59)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.856, h-index: 53)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.409, h-index: 25)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, h-index: 42)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.941, h-index: 17)
Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 14)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.326, h-index: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemotherapy Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 12)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.526, h-index: 27)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 22)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 30)
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.932, h-index: 34)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.916, h-index: 14)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.8, h-index: 12)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.77, h-index: 11)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.576, h-index: 15)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.651, h-index: 18)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 24)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 49)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 18)
Epilepsy Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.615, h-index: 50)
Experimental Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.591, h-index: 30)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 21)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.693, h-index: 38)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.798, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Materials Science     Open Access  
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.976, h-index: 34)
Influenza Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 6)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.193, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.157, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.385, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Bacteriology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.485, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 23)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.658, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.363, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.961, h-index: 24)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Evolutionary Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.721, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.823, h-index: 20)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 0.876, h-index: 14)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.346, h-index: 27)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Molecular Imaging     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.926, h-index: 14)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.262, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.73, h-index: 16)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 28)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.578, h-index: 20)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.265, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Proteomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.182, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.015, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.753, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.757, h-index: 14)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.865, h-index: 16)
Intl. J. of Vehicular Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.169, h-index: 6)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 8)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 207)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.911, h-index: 24)
J. of Aging Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.259, h-index: 23)
J. of Allergy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Amino Acids     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Analytical Methods in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 13)
J. of Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
J. of Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.341, h-index: 22)
J. of Biomarkers     Open Access  
J. of Biomedical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.22, h-index: 5)
J. of Blood Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 2)
J. of Cancer Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.427, h-index: 12)
J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.225, h-index: 11)
J. of Combustion     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.27, h-index: 8)
J. of Complex Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Computational Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
  [SJR: 0.385]   [H-I: 15]   [11 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1687-5869 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5877
   Published by Hindawi Homepage  [298 journals]
  • A Compact Triple-Band Negative Permittivity Metamaterial for C, X-Band

    • Abstract: We report a new design of triple-band electric metamaterial resonator (TBEMR) based on integration of open delta loops within square ring resonator. This metamaterial resonator has three distinct -negative regions (ENG) over C, X frequency bands. The transmission and reflection response of the proposed subwavelength resonator is analyzed using full-wave electromagnetic solver Ansys HFSS to demonstrate the presence of electrical resonances within frequencies 4–12 GHz. Effective medium parameters permittivity and permeability are extracted from simulated complex scattering parameters to verify existence of ENG regions. The investigations are also carried out regarding dependence of resonant frequencies on design parameters of the TBEMR unit cell. The effective medium ratio for proposed subwavelength resonator is compared with various other metamaterial resonators to indicate its compact nature.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Oct 2017 09:08:45 +000
  • A Design of Vertical Polarized Conformal Antenna and Its Array Based on
           UAV Structure

    • Abstract: The designs of conformal antenna and its array usually need to combine with different carrier structures. As for cone or cylindrical carrier, through using of invasive weed optimization (IWO), the conformal array should be the optimized design as the antenna installation space requirements of cylindrical carrier; through adopting the antenna unit miniaturization method, it designs out a conformal antenna and makes it easier to be installed and the omnidirectional circular polarized beam is also realized. As for unmanned aircraft carrier, it designs out the low profile of conformal vertical polarization antenna unit; through using the electric field integral equation (EFIE) and electric/magnetic current combined-field integral equation (JMCFIE) and multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA), it analyzes the two different characteristics of unmanned aircraft carrier on the influence of antenna performance. The results obtained through experiments and JMCFIE analysis are in good agreement; according to unmanned aircraft carrier, it also designed out the antenna in X/K-band spectrum; through IWO, the antenna array is optimized; the test results show that the array scanning angle can reach the corresponding beam direction.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Scattering of Electric Field from Leaky Coaxial Cable in Confined Area

    • Abstract: The new radiation model for the electric field scattering of single leaky coaxial cable (LCX) being a transmitting antenna in the rectangular blind zone at 1.8 GHz is reported. The effect of varying the receiving antenna distance from the LCX on the fluctuation of radiated field using Ray-Tracing Method is examined. The line of sight and reflected paths between the LCX and receiving antenna for both horizontal and vertical polarizations are considered. Furthermore, it is inferred that the selection of appropriate period of slots and distance of the receiver reduce the fluctuations of electric field. The theory and procedures used in this paper can be extrapolated in different slot patterns of the LCX and zones which have many valuable applications for mobile communication in underground mines, tunnels, and railways.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Recent Advances in RF Propagation Modeling for 5G Systems

    • PubDate: Sun, 15 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Transmission Control of Electromagnetic Waves by Using Quarter-Wave Plate
           and Half-Wave Plate All-Dielectric Metasurfaces Based on Elliptic
           Dielectric Resonators

    • Abstract: We present the design of all-dielectric Quarter-Wave Plate (QWP) and Half-Wave Plate (HWP) metasurfaces based on elliptic dielectric resonators (EDRs) for the transmission control of electromagnetic waves over the frequency band 20–30 GHz. First, an extensive numerical analysis was realized by studying the effect of the resonators geometry (thickness and ellipticity) on the transmission of both - and -polarized waves. Then, based on the numerical analysis, we have realized and characterized experimentally both QWP and HWP all-dielectric metasurfaces.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Study on Selfish Node Incentive Mechanism with a Forward Game Node in
           Wireless Sensor Networks

    • Abstract: In a wireless sensor network, some nodes may act selfishly and noncooperatively, such as not forwarding packets, in response to their own limited resources. If most of the nodes in a network exhibit this selfish behavior, the entire network will be paralyzed, and it will not be able to provide normal service. This paper considers implementing the idea of evolutionary game theory into the nodes of wireless sensor networks to effectively improve the reliability and stability of the networks. We present a new model for the selfish node incentive mechanism with a forward game node for wireless sensor networks, and we discuss applications of the replicator dynamics mechanism to analyze evolutionary trends of trust relationships among nodes. We analyzed our approach theoretically and conducted simulations based on the idea of evolutionary game theory. The results of the simulation indicated that a wireless sensor network that uses the incentive mechanism can forward packets well while resisting any slight variations. Thus, the stability and reliability of wireless sensor networks are improved. We conducted numerical experiments, and the results verified our conclusions based on the theoretical analysis.
      PubDate: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • DOA Estimation of Noncircular Signals Using Quaternions

    • Abstract: The two-dimensional (2D) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation problem for noncircular signals using quaternions is considered in this paper. In the framework of quaternions, we reconstruct the conjugate augmented output vector which reduces the dimension of covariance matrix. Compared with existing methods, the proposed one has two main advantages. Firstly, the estimation accuracy is higher since quaternions have stronger orthogonality. Secondly, the dimension of covariance matrix is reduced by half which decreases the computational complexity. Simulation results are presented verifying the efficacy of the algorithm.
      PubDate: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Adaptive Antenna Null Broadening Beamforming against Array Calibration
           Error Based on Adaptive Variable Diagonal Loading

    • Abstract: An approach for null broadening beamforming is proposed based on adaptive variable diagonal loading (VDL) and combined with the covariance matrix taper (CMT) approach, aiming at improving the robustness of adaptive antenna null broadening beamforming when array calibration error exists. Hence, it is named VDL-CMT. In this novel approach, the signal-to-noise ratio in the tapered sample covariance matrix is estimated and the VDL factor can be obtained adaptively. Then, the covariance matrix of the CMT approach is loaded with the obtained VDL factor. According to simulation results, in the case of array calibration error, robustness of the VDL-CMT is significantly improved and its performance is better than that of the existing adaptive antenna null broadening beamforming approaches.
      PubDate: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • A Printed LPDA Antenna Fed by a Microstrip Line to Double Sided Parallel
           Strip Line from Backside

    • Abstract: A novel planar printed log-periodic dipole array (LPDA) antenna fed by tapered microstrip line (MSL) to double sided parallel strip line (DSPSL) is proposed in this paper. The proposed antenna adopts MSL feeding approach from backside. Using this feeding technique makes the printed LPDA antenna easier to be integrated into radio frequency (RF) circuits. In this paper, four layers are used to construct the antenna. The four layers of the printed LPDA antenna are printed on three thin dielectric substrates which are integrated together. To validate this approach, a printed LPDA antenna is simulated and fabricated for operating in the S and C bands (2.5–6 GHz). The antenna showed a good result over the whole frequency range with 2 : 1 VSWR, an average gain of 6.5 dB, and stable radiation patterns. The measured results are in very good agreement with simulations.
      PubDate: Sun, 08 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Calculation Algorithm for Diffraction Losses of Multiple Obstacles Based
           on Epstein–Peterson Approach

    • Abstract: Applying propagation models with good accuracy is an essential issue for increasing the capacity and improving the coverage of cellular communication systems. This work presents an algorithm to calculate total diffraction losses for multiple obstacles objects using Epstein–Peterson approach. The proposed algorithmic procedure to model the diffracting can be integrated with other propagation mechanisms in ray-tracing for the prediction of received signal level in non-line-of-sight environments. This algorithm can be interpreted into software application to scan large areas with a reasonable simulation time.
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • A Novel Scheme with FG-FFT for Analysis of Electromagnetic Scattering from
           Large Objects

    • Abstract: The replacement values to the singularity of fitting Green’s function are intensively researched in Fitting Green’s function Fast Fourier Transformation (FG-FFT). As is shown in the research, the accuracy of fitting Green’s function of near element is affected by different replacement values. The experiments show that an appropriate replacement value can improve the accuracy of fitting Green’s function of near element, and it is called the optimal replacement value in this paper. In the case of application of the proposed scheme to FG-FFT, the number of the near correction elements is significantly reduced. Therefore, the optimal replacement scheme can dramatically reduce the memory requirement and computing time in FG-FFT. The experiments show that, compared with traditional random replacement schemes, the optimal replacement scheme can reduce the number of the near correction elements by about 55%60% and greatly improve the computational efficiency of FG-FFT.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 12:30:59 +000
  • Combination of the Improved Diffraction Nonlocal Boundary Condition and
           Three-Dimensional Wide-Angle Parabolic Equation Decomposition Model for
           Predicting Radio Wave Propagation

    • Abstract: Diffraction nonlocal boundary condition (BC) is one kind of the transparent boundary condition which is used in the finite-difference (FD) parabolic equation (PE). The greatest advantage of the diffraction nonlocal boundary condition is that it can absorb the wave completely by using one layer of grid. However, the speed of computation is low because of the time-consuming spatial convolution integrals. To solve this problem, we introduce the recursive convolution (RC) with vector fitting (VF) method to accelerate the computational speed. Through combining the diffraction nonlocal boundary with RC, we achieve the improved diffraction nonlocal BC. Then we propose a wide-angle three-dimensional parabolic equation (WA-3DPE) decomposition algorithm in which the improved diffraction nonlocal BC is applied and we utilize it to predict the wave propagation problems in the complex environment. Numeric computation and measurement results demonstrate the computational accuracy and speed of the WA-3DPE decomposition model with the improved diffraction nonlocal BC.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Anisotropic Scattering Characteristics of a Radially Multilayered
           Gyrotropic Sphere

    • Abstract: We present a new closed-form solution to the scattering of a monochromatic plane wave by a radially multilayered gyrotropic sphere using the -matrix method. This approach can be utilized to investigate the interactions of a plane wave and a gyrotropic spherical scatterer of multiple layers with each layer characterized by both permittivity and permeability tensors. Based on the completeness and noncoplanar properties of vector spherical wave functions (VSWFs), analytical expressions of the electromagnetic fields in each gyrotropic layer are first derived. The boundary conditions are then applied on each discontinuous interface to obtain the scattering coefficients. Validations are made by first comparing the radar cross section (RCS) values of a 2-layered gyrotropic sphere with that computed from the full-wave finite element method (FEM) simulation and then reducing the general case to uniaxial case to compare the RCS values with the published results computed by Fourier transform combined with VSWFs method; in both cases good agreements are observed. Several specific cases are fully explored to investigate how the RCS are influenced by the parameters of the multilayered spherical structure. The results show that when both electric and magnetic gyrotropy tensors are considered, the RCS of the multilayered spherical scatterer can be suppressed or enhanced, depending on proper configurations of the material parameters.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • A Compact Frequency Reconfigurable Hybrid DRA for LTE/Wimax Applications

    • Abstract: A compact hybrid antenna structure with frequency reconfiguration capabilities is presented in this article. The proposed design employs a combination of a rectangular DR element and a coupling slot on the structure’s ground plane (GP). The slot shifts the fundamental DRA mode by introducing a slow wave effect and its resonant behavior helps to achieve an omnidirectional pattern at low frequencies. The slot is loaded with a series of PIN diode switches whose ON/OFF combinations alter the effective slot length. Slot loading with PIN diodes results in frequency reconfiguration of the proposed structure with a large tuning range of 76.2% (between 1.73 and 3.86 GHz). A parametric analysis was performed to investigate the effects of slot length, width, and position on the reflection coefficients of the proposed structure. A prototype of the proposed design was fabricated and results were measured. The measured results show a close agreement with the simulated ones. The proposed design is suitable for DCS 1800 MHz, PCS 1900 MHZ, UMTS, LTE 2500–2700 MHz, and Wimax 3.5 GHz.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Sep 2017 09:43:21 +000
  • Minimized Low-Profile Wideband Antennas Using High Impedance Surface

    • Abstract: This paper proposes minimized low-profile wideband antenna by employing high impedance surface (HIS), for wireless application scenarios at radio frequency, microwave, and even terahertz. To validate this concept with low cost and easy measurement, two prototypes at radio frequency are fabricated and tested. Firstly, antenna with dielectric-substrate reflector is proposed and analyzed and 4 × 6 HIS array is employed to minimize the antenna size to , while maintaining antenna performances such as bandwidth, gain, and directive radiation. Secondly, a substrate-less HIS is proposed to improve the antenna bandwidth from 36% to 52% and also reduces the antenna weight by 72%.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Assessment Method of Multipath Mitigation Performance for GNSS Antenna
           with Receiver Algorithms

    • Abstract: Multipath is one of the most important sources of positioning error in GNSS. Well-designed antennas can mitigate multipath signals and enhance the performance of GNSS receivers. This paper concentrates on methods to assess multipath mitigation performance for GNSS antennas. We propose a model to describe multipath environment in GNSS ground stations. The model analyzes effects caused by inclined reflective surfaces and multipath mitigating algorithms in receivers. A method to assess multipath mitigation performance is put forward by analyzing pseudorange code phase errors caused by multipath signals after signal processing. Based on the model and method, principles in site selection for GNSS antenna are introduced to minimize effects caused by multipath.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Metamaterials, Metasurfaces, and Artificial Dielectrics: Theory and
           Applications to the Next-Generation Telecommunication Platforms

    • PubDate: Mon, 11 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Robust Centered Element Concentric Circular Antenna Array with Low Side
           Lobe Using Variable Loading and Tapering Windows in the Presence of Array

    • Abstract: This paper presents centered element concentric circular antenna array (CECCAA) using variable diagonal loading (VDL) technique and different filtering windows. The different filtering windows are modified to apply in the CECCAA system. The modified novel technique not only is able to reduce the side lobe level (SLL) but also has the ability to detect and highly attenuate the directional interferences. However, the performance of CECCAA system is degraded in the presence of array imperfections. This performance degradation problem due to array imperfections can be improved by using robust techniques. The proposed technique is also robust against array imperfections and improves the performance. Moreover, the performance of the proposed structure is better than a concentric circular antenna array (CCAA). Several examples are presented to analyze the performance of proposed beamformer by using different tapering windows.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Millimeter-Wave Single-Layer Dual-Frequency Reflectarray Antenna

    • Abstract: To fulfill the dual-frequency requirements, elements are needed to resonate at two different, independently adjustably frequencies. A low weight, low cost, and easy to fabricate single-layer dual-frequency reflectarray is designed, fabricated, and measured, with gain values of 27 and 29.2 dBi at 20 and 30 GHz, respectively.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Sep 2017 08:07:40 +000
  • An Efficient Hybrid Method for 3D Scattering from Inhomogeneous Object
           Buried beneath a Dielectric Randomly Rough Surface

    • Abstract: An efficient iterative analytical-numerical method is proposed for three-dimensional (3D) electromagnetic scattering from an inhomogeneous object buried beneath a two-dimensional (2D) randomly dielectric rough surface. In the hybrid method, the electric and magnetic currents on the dielectric rough surface are obtained by current-based Kirchhoff approximation (KA), while the scattering from the inhomogeneous object is rigorously studied by finite element method (FEM) combined with the boundary integral method (BIM). The multiple interactions between the buried object and rough surface are taken into account by updating the electric and magnetic current densities on them. Several numerical simulations are considered to demonstrate the algorithm’s ability to deal with the scattering from the inhomogeneous target buried beneath a dielectric rough surface, and the effectiveness of our proposed method is also illustrated.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Aug 2017 10:02:06 +000
  • Radio Frequency Fingerprint Extraction Based on Multidimension Permutation

    • Abstract: Radio frequency fingerprint (RF fingerprint) extraction is a technology that can identify the unique radio transmitter at the physical level, using only external feature measurements to match the feature library. RF fingerprint is the reflection of differences between hardware components of transmitters, and it contains rich nonlinear characteristics of internal components within transmitter. RF fingerprint technique has been widely applied to enhance the security of radio frequency communication. In this paper, we propose a new RF fingerprint method based on multidimension permutation entropy. We analyze the generation mechanism of RF fingerprint according to physical structure of radio transmitter. A signal acquisition system is designed to capture the signals to evaluate our method, where signals are generated from the same three Anykey AKDS700 radios. The proposed method can achieve higher classification accuracy than that of the other two steady-state methods, and its performance under different SNR is evaluated from experimental data. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposal.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Aug 2017 06:56:36 +000
  • Advances in DOA Estimation and Source Localization

    • PubDate: Sun, 27 Aug 2017 10:30:47 +000
  • Application of Genetic Algorithm to Estimation of Function Parameters in
           Lightning Currents Approximations

    • Abstract: Genetic algorithm (GA) is applied for the estimation of two-peaked analytically extended function (2P-AEF) parameters in this paper. 2P-AEF is used for approximation of measured and typical lightning discharge currents. Lightning discharge channel is often modeled as thin-wire vertical antenna at perfectly conducting ground. Engineering lightning stroke models assume that the current along that channel is related to the channel-base current which may be measured at the instrumented tall towers and in triggered lightning experiments. Mathematical modeling of lightning currents is important in verification of lightning strokes models based on simultaneously measured electromagnetic fields at various distances, so as in lightning protection studies, computation of lightning induced effects and simulation of overvoltages in power systems. Typical lightning discharge currents of the first positive, first negative, and subsequent negative strokes are defined by IEC 62305 Standard based on comprehensive measurements. Parameters of 2P-AEF’s approximation of the typical negative first stroke current are determined by GA and compared to approximations obtained by other functions. Measured currents at Monte San Salvatore in Switzerland, at Morro de Cachimbo Station in Brazil, and in rocket-triggered lightning experiments at Camp Blanding in Florida are approximated by 2P-AEFs, and good agreement with experimentally measured waveshapes is obtained.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • An X-Band Dual-Polarized Vivaldi Antenna with High Isolation

    • Abstract: An X-band dual-polarized Vivaldi antenna with high isolation is proposed. The procedure of this antenna design includes the conventional Vivaldi antenna with regular slot edge (RSE), the dual-polarized Vivaldi antenna with two Vivaldi antennas which have different feeding point positions in a cross-shaped form, and the two Vivaldi antennas with a galvanic contact in soldering point. By applying the RSE, it reduced the dimensions of the Vivaldi antenna and improved its radiation performance. The modified antenna is fabricated and measured. The measured results show that  dB at the entire X-band for the two Vivaldi antennas. The isolation () between the two feeding ports, which has been improved by applying the different feeding point positions and the galvanic contact in soldering point, is better than 34 dB at X-band. In addition, the cross-polarized discrimination is better than 21 dB for the two Vivaldi antennas, and the measured results also include the gain of two Vivaldi antennas.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Aug 2017 08:22:41 +000
  • Analysis on Human Blockage Path Loss and Shadow Fading in Millimeter-Wave

    • Abstract: Millimeter-wave (Mm-w) is the trend of communication development in the future; users who carry mobile communication equipment could be blocked by others in a crowded population environment. Based on Shooting and Bouncing Ray (SBR) method and setting up different orientation receivers (RX), population density, and people fabric property at 28 GHz and 38 GHz, simulating experimental scene similar to station square by Wireless Insite software, we use least square method to do linear-regression analysis for path loss and build path loss model. The result shows that the path loss index has a certain change in the different frequency, orientation receivers, population density, and people fabric. The path loss index of RouteC1 and RouteA2 has an obvious change in the central transmitter (TX). Each route shadow fading obeys Gaussian distribution whose mean is 0. This paper’s result has a theoretical guiding for designing the communication system in a crowded population environment.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Aug 2017 07:55:56 +000
  • The Complex α-μ Fading Channel with OFDM Application

    • Abstract: The aims of this paper are threefold: (i) to present a model for the complex - fading channel; (ii) to propose an efficient, simple, and general method to generate complex - samples; (iii) to make use of this channel in order to assess the bit error rate performance of an OFDM system. An analytical framework is then used, whose output is validated through Monte Carlo simulation. Several important conclusions concerning the system performance as a function of the channel parameters, namely, nonlinearity, clustering, and power imbalance of in-phase and quadrature components, are drawn.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Aug 2017 08:54:02 +000
  • A Low Profile Ultrawide Band Monopole Antenna for Wearable Applications

    • Abstract: A low profile pentagonal shaped monopole antenna is designed and presented for wearable applications. The main objective of this paper is to design a miniaturized ultrawide band monopole planar antenna which can work efficiently in free space but also on the surface of the human body. The impact of human tissues on antenna performance is explained using the proposed pentagonal monopole antenna. The antenna is designed with a pentagonal radiator and a matched feed line of 50 ohm and square slots are integrated on defected ground of FR4 substrate with a size of 15 mm × 25 mm to achieve ultrawide band (UWB) performance in free space and human proximity. This overall design will enhance the antenna performance with wide bandwidth ranging from 2.9 GHz to 11 GHz. Specific absorption rate (SAR) of the proposed antenna on dispersive phantom model is also measured to observe the exposure of electromagnetic energy on human tissues. The simulated and measured results of the proposed antenna exhibit wide bandwidth and radiation characteristics in both free space and human proximity.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Aug 2017 06:18:37 +000
  • Reconstructed Target Range Profile via Unitary ESPRIT Superresolution

    • Abstract: We propose an efficient technique for target classification using one-dimensional high resolution range profile (HRRP). The proposed technique utilizes the unitary estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques (ESPRIT) algorithm to extract scattering centers and then reconstruct superresolution range profiles. Moreover, we employ the central moments to provide translation invariant and scale invariant feature vectors. Finally, the proposed unitary ESPRIT (U-ESPRIT) based range profile reconstruction method is applied to the simulated annealing resilient backpropagation (SARPROP) classification algorithm to evaluate the recognition performances. Recognition results using four different aircraft models are presented to assess the effectiveness of the proposed technique, and they are compared with those of the conventional range profiles obtained by fast Fourier transform (FFT). Comparison results on simulated data show that the HRRP reconstruction method is better than directly using HRRP in targets classification.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Aug 2017 09:47:57 +000
  • High-Resolution ISAR Imaging with Wideband V-FM Waveforms

    • Abstract: V-FM waveforms, composed of two chirp signals with the opposite slopes, can also achieve high range resolution with wide bandwidth via intrapulse frequency modulation. In this paper, a framework for inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging of moving targets with V-FM waveforms is investigated, where the range compression of the received signals is achieved by the dual-channel dechirping and the azimuth compression is done via the traditional Fourier transform (FT). The two corresponding reconstructed temporary high-resolution range profiles (HRRPs) from the double channels are synthesized for the HRRPs of the target, in which one is flipped from left to right and added to the other. Then the final HRRPs are arranged into a two-dimensional (2D) array and the azimuth compression is done via FT to achieve the ISAR imaging after the motion compensation. Simulated trials, adopting the scattering center modeling of the Yak-42 plane, are used to validate the correctness of the analyses and the finally well-focused images greatly support the effectiveness of V-FM waveforms in ISAR imaging.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Aug 2017 09:34:44 +000
  • MIMO High Frequency Surface Wave Radar Using Sparse Frequency FMCW Signals

    • Abstract: The heavily congested radio frequency environment severely limits the signal bandwidth of the high frequency surface wave radar (HFSWR). Based on the concept of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar, we propose a MIMO sparse frequency HFSWR system to synthesize an equivalent large bandwidth waveform in the congested HF band. The utilized spectrum of the proposed system is discontinuous and irregularly distributed between different transmitting sensors. We investigate the sparse frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) signal and the corresponding deramping based receiver and signal processor specially. A general processing framework is presented for the proposed system. The crucial step is the range-azimuth processing and the sparsity of the carrier frequency causes the two-dimensional periodogram to fail when applied here. Therefore, we introduce the iterative adaptive approach (IAA) in the range-azimuth imaging. Based on the initial 1D IAA algorithm, we propose a modified 2D IAA which particularly fits the deramping processing based range-azimuth model. The proposed processing framework for MIMO sparse frequency FMCW HFSWR with the modified 2D IAA applied is shown to have a high resolution and be able to provide an accurate and clear range-azimuth image which benefits the following detection process.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Aug 2017 06:38:29 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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