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Showing 1 - 200 of 333 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.512, h-index: 32)
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.157, h-index: 15)
Advances in Acoustics and Vibration     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.259, h-index: 6)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 17)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.421, h-index: 8)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 8)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 10)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 6)
Advances in Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.258, h-index: 7)
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.892, h-index: 18)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.892, h-index: 19)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.439, h-index: 9)
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 11)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.332, h-index: 10)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.498, h-index: 10)
Advances in Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.191, h-index: 10)
Advances in Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Nonlinear Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.343, h-index: 7)
Advances in Optical Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 16)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, h-index: 16)
Advances in Orthopedic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 13)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 7)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.26, h-index: 6)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 6)
Advances in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.629, h-index: 16)
Advances in Virology     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.04, h-index: 12)
AIDS Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.125, h-index: 14)
Analytical Cellular Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.334, h-index: 12)
Anatomy Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.991, h-index: 11)
Anesthesiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.513, h-index: 12)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 9)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.23, h-index: 13)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.248, h-index: 27)
Arthritis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autoimmune Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, h-index: 17)
Behavioural Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.696, h-index: 34)
Biochemistry Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.085, h-index: 17)
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.286, h-index: 19)
BioMed Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 59)
Biotechnology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bone Marrow Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.856, h-index: 53)
Canadian J. of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.409, h-index: 25)
Canadian Respiratory J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.503, h-index: 42)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.941, h-index: 17)
Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.091, h-index: 14)
Case Reports in Anesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Reports in Endocrinology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.326, h-index: 1)
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Orthopedics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Reports in Pulmonology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Transplantation     Open Access  
Case Reports in Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine     Open Access  
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemotherapy Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Chinese J. of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese J. of Mathematics     Open Access  
Cholesterol     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.906, h-index: 12)
Chromatography Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.415, h-index: 22)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 30)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.916, h-index: 14)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.8, h-index: 12)
Dataset Papers in Science     Open Access  
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.77, h-index: 11)
Dermatology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.576, h-index: 15)
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.651, h-index: 18)
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 24)
Disease Markers     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 49)
Economics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Education Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Emergency Medicine Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.457, h-index: 18)
Epidemiology Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Epilepsy Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.615, h-index: 50)
Experimental Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.591, h-index: 30)
Gastroenterology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 21)
Genetics Research Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hepatitis Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
HPB Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.798, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Materials Science     Open Access  
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.976, h-index: 34)
Influenza Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 64, SJR: 0.241, h-index: 6)
Intl. J. of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.193, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Analysis     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.157, h-index: 2)
Intl. J. of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.385, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Intl. J. of Bacteriology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Biomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.485, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Biomedical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 23)
Intl. J. of Breast Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Carbohydrate Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.658, h-index: 25)
Intl. J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Chronic Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Combinatorics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Computer Games Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 12)
Intl. J. of Corrosion     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Differential Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.363, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.8, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Electrochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.961, h-index: 24)
Intl. J. of Engineering Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Evolutionary Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Intl. J. of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.721, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Hepatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.823, h-index: 20)
Intl. J. of Inflammation     Open Access   (SJR: 0.876, h-index: 14)
Intl. J. of Inorganic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.346, h-index: 27)
Intl. J. of Medicinal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Metals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 5)
Intl. J. of Molecular Imaging     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Navigation and Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.926, h-index: 14)
Intl. J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Optics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.262, h-index: 7)
Intl. J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Peptides     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.73, h-index: 16)
Intl. J. of Photoenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 28)
Intl. J. of Plant Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.578, h-index: 20)
Intl. J. of Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.265, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Population Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Proteomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Reconfigurable Computing     Open Access   (SJR: 0.182, h-index: 8)
Intl. J. of Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.015, h-index: 18)
Intl. J. of Rotating Machinery     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Intl. J. of Stochastic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.234, h-index: 19)
Intl. J. of Surgical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.753, h-index: 11)
Intl. J. of Telemedicine and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.757, h-index: 14)
Intl. J. of Vascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.865, h-index: 16)
Intl. J. of Vehicular Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.169, h-index: 6)
Intl. J. of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 8)
Intl. Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 189)
ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Addiction     Open Access   (Followers: 9)

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Journal Cover International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
  [SJR: 0.385]   [H-I: 15]   [9 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1687-5869 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5877
   Published by Hindawi Homepage  [333 journals]
  • Extraction of Weak Scatterer Features Based on Multipath Exploitation in
           Radar Imagery

    • Abstract: We proposed an improved solution to two problems. The first problem is caused by the sidelobe of the dominant scatterer masking a weak scatterer. The proposed solution is to suppress the dominant scatterer by modeling its electromagnetic effects as a secondary source or “extra dependent transmitter” in the measurement domain. The suppression of the domain scatterer reveals the presence of the weak scatterer based on exploitation of multipath effects. The second problem is linearizing the mathematical forward model in the measurement domain. Improving the quantity of the prediction, including multipath scattering effects (neglected under the Born approximation), allows us to solve the inverse problem. The multiple bounce (multipath) scattering effect is the interaction of more than one target in the scene. Modeling reflections from one target towards another as a transmitting dipole will add the multiple scattering effects to the scattering field and permit us to solve a linear inverse problem without sophisticated solutions of a nonlinear matrix in the forward model. Simulation results are presented to validate the concept.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Multiband Split-Ring Resonator Based Planar Inverted-F Antenna for 5G

    • Abstract: 5G, the fifth generation of wireless communications, is focusing on multiple frequency bands, such as 6 GHz, 10 GHz, 15 GHz, 28 GHz, and 38 GHz, to achieve high data rates up to 10 Gbps or more. The industry demands multiband antennas to cover these distant frequency bands, which is a task much more challenging. In this paper, we have designed a novel multiband split-ring resonator (SRR) based planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) for 5G applications. It is composed of a PIFA, an inverted-L parasitic element, a rectangular shaped parasitic element, and a split-ring resonator (SRR) etched on the top plate of the PIFA. The basic PIFA structure resonates at 6 GHz. An addition of a rectangular shaped parasitic element produces a resonance at 15 GHz. The introduction of a split-ring resonator produces a band notch at 8 GHz, and a resonance at 10 GHz, while the insertion of an inverted-L shaped parasitic element further enhances the impedance bandwidth in the 10 GHz band. The frequency bands covered, each with more than 1 GHz impedance bandwidth, are 6 GHz (5–7 GHz), 10 GHz (9–10.8 GHz), and 15 GHz (14-15 GHz), expected for inclusion in next-generation wireless communications, that is, 5G. The design is simulated using Ansys Electromagnetic Suite 17 simulation software package. The simulated and the measured results are compared and analyzed which are generally in good agreement.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 06:39:14 +000
  • Multiband Planar Inverted-F Antenna with Independent Operating Bands
           Control for Mobile Handset Applications

    • Abstract: A new compact multiband PIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna) for mobile handset is proposed in this article. The proposed PIFA has a simple geometry with four slots integrated in the radiating patch and ground plane. The PIFA occupies a small volume of 51 × 14 × 7.2 mm3 and is placed on the top portion of mobile phone. The optimized PIFA is worked in the 790 MHz band (737–831 MHz), the 1870 MHz band (1794–1977 MHz), the 2550 MHz band (2507–2615 MHz), and the 3400 MHz band (3341–3545 MHz), to cover LTE700, LTE800, DCS1800, PCS1900, LTE1800, LTE1900, LTE2500, and WIMAX3400 bands. Each of the four operating bands can be controlled independently by the variation of a single parameter of the proposed design, with a wide control range. An omnidirectional radiation pattern to each resonant frequency is obtained with a maximum gain of 2.15 dBi at 790 MHz, 3.99 dBi at 1870 MHz, 4.57 dBi at 2550 MHz, and 6.43 dBi at 3400 MHz. The proposed PIFA is studied in the free space and in the presence of other mobile phone components such as the battery, LCD (liquid crystal display), camera, microphone, speaker, buttons, and a plastic housing. The distribution of specific absorption rate for both European and American standards for each operating band and at various distances between the antenna and the human head is also studied.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 07:24:59 +000
  • Technologies for Near-Field Focused Microwave Antennas

    • Abstract: This paper provides a review spanning different technologies used to implement near-field focused antennas at the microwave frequency band up to a few tens of GHz: arrays of microstrip patches and printed dipoles, arrays of dielectric resonator antennas, reflectarrays, transmitarrays, Fresnel zone plate lenses, leaky-wave antennas, and waveguide arrays.
      PubDate: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 08:08:24 +000
  • Corrigendum to “Cylindrical Three-Dimensional Millimeter-Wave Imaging
           via Compressive Sensing”

    • PubDate: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 09:23:51 +000
  • Frequency Reconfigurable Circular Patch Antenna with an Arc-Shaped Slot
           Ground Controlled by PIN Diodes

    • Abstract: In this paper, a compact frequency reconfigurable circular patch antenna with an arc-shaped slot loaded in the ground layer is proposed for multiband wireless communication applications. By controlling the ON/OFF states of the five PIN diodes mounted on the arc-shaped slot, the effective length of the arc-shaped slot and the effective length of antennas current are changed, and accordingly six-frequency band reconfiguration can be achieved. The simulated and measured results show that the antenna can operate from 1.82 GHz to 2.46 GHz, which is located in DCS1800 (1.71–1.88 GHz), UMTS (2.11–2.20 GHz), WiBro (2.3–2.4 GHz), and Bluetooth (2.4–2.48 GHz) frequency bands and so forth. Compared to the common rectangular slot circular patch antenna, the proposed arc-shaped slot circular patch antenna not only has a better rotational symmetry with the circular patch and substrate but also has more compact size. For the given operating frequency at 1.82 GHz, over 55% area reduction is achieved in this design with respect to the common design with rectangular slot. Since the promising frequency reconfiguration, this antenna may have potential applications in modern multiband and multifunctional mobile communication systems.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Novel Method for Optimal Synthesis of 5G Millimeter Wave Linear Antenna

    • Abstract: We will propose a useful method for 5G mm wave antenna array synthesis, based on Genetic Algorithm for the synthesis of linear array with nonuniform interelement spacing. Our design method was used to obtain the optimal position of the elements in order to get the minimum side lobe level and nulls in desired directions. The simulation results verify that proposed method outperforms the previously published methods in terms of suppression side lobe level while maintaining nulls in specified directions. The flexibility of proposed algorithm shows good potential for the antenna array synthesis.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Mar 2017 08:45:07 +000
  • A Robust Method to Suppress Jamming for GNSS Array Antenna Based on
           Reconstruction of Sample Covariance Matrix

    • Abstract: The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver is vulnerable to active jamming, which results in imprecise positioning. Therefore, antijamming performance of the receiver is always the key to studies of satellite navigation system. In antijamming application of satellite navigation system, if active jamming is received from array antenna main-lobe, main-lobe distortion happens when the adaptive filtering algorithm forms main-lobe nulling. A robust method to suppress jamming for satellite navigation by reconstructing sample covariance matrix without main-lobe nulling is proposed in this paper. No nulling is formed while suppressing the main-lobe jamming, which avoids main-lobe direction distortion. Meanwhile, along with adaptive pattern control (APC), the adaptive pattern of array antenna approaches the pattern without jamming so as to receive the matching navigation signal. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulation prove that this method suppresses jamming without main-beam distortion. Furthermore, the output SINR will not decrease with the main-lobe distortion by this method, which improves the antijamming performance.
      PubDate: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:09:31 +000
  • Time-Domain Characterization of Dual Band Spiral Antenna with WMTS/UWB

    • Abstract: A coplanar waveguide- (CPW-) fed spiral antenna with dual band application is presented. The antenna is designed to operate over the UWB (3.1–10.6 GHz) band as well as in a lower band suitable for WMTS (1.395–1.4 GHz). Frequency domain characterization shows that the antenna is well matched with appreciable gain in both bands. Time-domain studies are carried out to check the suitability of the antenna in pulsed communication. A prototype of the antenna is fabricated and measured results show low group delay variation in the UWB. FWHM and ringing of antenna impulse response, fidelity factor, and radiated power spectral density are also presented.
      PubDate: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • A Microstrip Second-Iteration Square Koch Dipole Antenna for TT&C Downlink
           Applications in Small Satellites

    • Abstract: A microstrip second-iteration square Koch dipole fractal antenna is presented. This meandered antenna has a total length of 56.56 cm including its feed gap and was printed on the diagonal of a 100 mm × 100 mm PCB card that acts as CubeSat face. The antenna that was designed to optimize space shows acceptable performance at its resonance frequency of 455 MHz within the 70-centimeter band, a band that is commonly used for TTC CubeSat subsystems. The designed fractal antenna shows a reflection coefficient below −20 dB, a VSWR below 1.2, a −10 dB bandwidth of 50 MHz, and impedance magnitude of 56 , while the average maximum gain around its resonance frequency is 2.14 dBi. All these parameters make this designed antenna suitable for small satellite applications at a band where a linear λ/2 dipolar antenna working at 455 MHz would be about 32.97 cm long, which does not fit within the largest dimension of a CubeSat face corresponding to 14.14 cm.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • A Fast Finite-Difference Time Domain Simulation Method for the
           Source-Stirring Reverberation Chamber

    • Abstract: Numerical analysis methods are often employed to improve the efficiency of the design and application of the source-stirring reverberation chamber. However, the state of equilibrium of the field inside the chamber is hard to reach. In this paper, we present a fast simulation method, which is able to significantly decrease the simulation time of the source-stirring reverberation chamber. The mathematical model of this method is given in detail and home-made FDTD code is employed to conduct the simulations and optimizations as well. The results show that the implementation of the method can give us the accurate frequency response of the source-stirring chamber and make the simulation of source-stirring chamber more efficient.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 09:18:25 +000
  • Three-Dimensional Target Localization and Cramér-Rao Bound for
           Two-Dimensional OFDM-MIMO Radar

    • Abstract: Target localization using a frequency diversity multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system is one of the hottest research directions in the radar society. In this paper, three-dimensional (3D) target localization is considered for two-dimensional MIMO radar with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing linear frequency modulated (OFDM-LFM) waveforms. To realize joint estimation for range and angle in azimuth and elevation, the range-angle-dependent beam pattern with high range resolution is produced by the OFDM-LFM waveform. Then, the 3D target localization proposal is presented and the corresponding closed-form expressions of Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) are derived. Furthermore, for mitigating the coupling of angle and range and further improving the estimation precision, a CRB optimization method is proposed. Different from the existing methods of FDA-based radar, the proposed method can provide higher range estimation because of multiple transmitted frequency bands. Numerical simulation results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach and its improved performance of target localization.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • W-Band Hybrid Unequal Feeding Network of Waveguide and Substrate
           Integrated Waveguide for High Efficiency and Low Sidelobe Level Slot Array
           Antenna Application

    • Abstract: A W-band hybrid unequal feeding network of waveguide and substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) is presented in this paper. It comprises a two-way hybrid waveguide-SIW E-plane divider and an unequal SIW dividing network. Firstly, the two-way hybrid divider is developed to realize the waveguide-to-SIW vertical transition and power division at the same time. Besides, it has a wider bandwidth and more compact configuration compared with those of conventional structures including a transition and a cascading divider. Secondly, an SIW 1-to-16-way unequal dividing network is developed with the phase self-compensation ability. This W-band dividing network is able to generate the desired amplitude and phase distribution. Finally, two back-to-back SIW 16 × 16 antenna arrays are grouped and fed by the proposed feeding network. The low sidelobe levels (SLLs) can be achieved at E- and H-plane of the antenna. The total aperture size of the antenna is 15% less than that of a conventional antenna with a separated divider and a transition. With such a multifunctional feeding network, the antenna is able to achieve low loss and high efficiency as well.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • High Precise Scattering Centers Models for Cone-Shaped Targets Based on
           Induced Currents

    • Abstract: Based on induced currents of cone-shaped targets, the high precise scattering center model is derived in this paper. The distribution characteristics of the induced currents and their relationships with the attributes of scattering centers are investigated in detail; the high precise scattering center model is obtained. In order to validate the scattering center model, numerical simulations of two cone-shaped targets are presented, and the accuracies of the models are validated through comparing the range profiles simulated by the models with those by a full-wave numerical method. The validation results demonstrate that this model is superior to the existing model in precisely characterizing the scattering centers induced by creeping waves.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 10:05:35 +000
  • Broadband Circular Polarizer Based on Plasmon Hybridizations

    • Abstract: This paper presents a broadband circular polarizer with a ring/disk cavity structure, which is a broadband application of plasmon hybridizations. The proposed design can convert a linearly polarized wave to a circularly polarized wave from 12.66 GHz to 17.43 GHz within a bandwidth of 30%. The broadband polarization conversion characterization results from the different plasmon hybridization modes induced in the ring/disk cavity. The proposed broadband circular polarizer is demonstrated by both full-wave simulation and measurement.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Broadband Vertically/Horizontally Dual-Polarized Antenna for Base Stations

    • Abstract: A broadband vertically/horizontally (V/H) dual-polarized antenna is proposed for mobile communication base stations. The antenna consists of two perpendicularly placed broadband planar antenna elements. By shaping the reflector for V/H dual-polarized antenna, a half-power beam width of ° is achieved for both vertical and horizontal polarization. The V/H dual-polarized antenna has a bandwidth of 48% (1.7–2.75 GHz) for return loss >15 dB, an isolation of 30 dB, and an antenna gain of 9 dBi. An 8-element V/H dual-polarized antenna array is developed, which achieves a bandwidth of 45% (1.7–2.7 GHz) and an antenna gain of 16 dBi, suitable for GSM/UMTS/LTE base stations.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Wideband, Multiband, Tunable, and Smart Antenna Systems for Mobile and UWB
           Wireless Applications 2016

    • PubDate: Sun, 05 Mar 2017 06:22:45 +000
  • Cardiorespiratory Frequency Monitoring Using the Principal Component
           Analysis Technique on UWB Radar Signal

    • Abstract: In this paper, Principal Component Analysis technique is applied on the signal measured by an ultra wide-band radar to compute the breath and heart rate of volunteers. The measurement set-up is based on an indirect time domain reflectometry technique, using an ultra wide-band antenna in contact with the subject’s thorax, at the heart height, and a vector network analyzer. The Principal Component Analysis is applied on the signal reflected by the thorax and the obtained breath frequencies are compared against measures acquired by a piezoelectric belt, a widely used commercial system for respiratory activity monitoring. Breath frequency results show that the proposed approach is suitable for breath activity monitoring. Moreover, the wearable ultra wide-band radar gives also promising results for heart activity frequency detection.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Advances in Coastal HF and Microwave (S- or X-Band) Radars

    • PubDate: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 13:47:38 +000
  • Broadband Dipole-Loop Combined Nanoantenna Fed by Two-Wire Optical
           Transmission Line

    • Abstract: This paper presents a broadband nanoantenna fed by a two-wire optical transmission line (OTL). The antenna is defined by a combination of a dipole and a loop, where only the dipole element is connected to the OTL. The analysis is fulfilled by the linear method of moments with equivalent surface impedance to model the conductors. Firstly, the nanoantenna alone is investigated, where the input impedance, current distribution, reflection coefficient, fractional bandwidth, radiation efficiency, and radiation pattern are analyzed. Then, the input impedance matching of this antenna with the OTL is considered. In this case the current, near field distribution, radiation pattern, and reflection coefficient are calculated for different geometrical parameters. The results show that the loop inserted in the circuit can increase the bandwidth up to 42% and decreases the reflection coefficient in the OTL to −25 dB.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 11:36:19 +000
  • An Efficient GPU-Based Out-of-Core LU Solver of Parallel Higher-Order
           Method of Moments for Solving Airborne Array Problems

    • Abstract: The parallel higher-order method of moments (HoMoM) with a GPU accelerated out-of-core LU solver is presented for analysis of radiation characteristics of a 1000-element antenna array over a full-size airplane. A parallel framework involving MPI and CUDA is adopted to ensure that the procedures run on a hybrid CPU/GPU cluster. An efficient two-level out-of-core scheme is designed to break the bottleneck of both GPU memory and physical memory when solving electrically large and complex problems. To hide communication time between CPU and GPU, asynchronous communications are chosen to enable overlapping between communication and computation. For large problems that cannot fit in GPU memory or physical memory, the two-level out-of-core LU solver is able to achieve a speedup of about 1.6x over the traditional out-of-core LU solver based on a highly optimized math library.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 12:52:31 +000
  • A High-Efficiency Compact Planar Antenna for ISM Wireless Systems

    • Abstract: A novel high-efficiency compact planar antenna at 433 MHz with minimized size and low-cost and easy to integrate into the ISM wireless applications is designed, fabricated, and measured. Capacitive strips that are formed by cutting inter-digital slots and the meander lines on both sides are introduced to greatly reduce the antenna size yet maintain the high efficiency. The proposed antenna has a simple planar structure and occupies a small area (i.e., 45 × 30 mm2). This novel electrically small antenna can be operated well without any lumped elements for impedance matching. Details of the antenna design and experimental results are presented and discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 09:30:11 +000
  • On the Design of Conical Antennas for Broadband Impedance Matching

    • Abstract: In the scope of broadband radiators, the biconical antenna, or its monopole conical counterpart, is long known to be a proper choice. One common form of such radiator, the spherically capped conical antenna (SCCA), has closed-form solution to its input impedance, from which the broadband performance potential is easily verified. Nonetheless, from the design perspective, apart from a few clues inferred from existing solutions, little is found to accurately guide the choice of the main geometrical parameters of the antenna that will enable it to comply with a set of imposed bandwidth requirements. This paper proposes a simple 10-step sequence to derive conical or biconical antenna design charts. These charts provide straightforward information on the geometrical limits within which the required antenna impedance matching broadband performance is achieved. The method is assessed for the SCCA and the open conical antenna (OCA) using theoretical and simulated estimates of the input impedance. A discussion on the impact of the cap and the feed gap is included.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Cross Spectral Analysis of CODAR-SeaSonde Echoes from Sea Surface and
           Ionosphere at Taiwan

    • Abstract: It is well known that the primary targets responsible for first-order sea echoes observed by a High-Frequency (HF) radar are the advancing and receding ocean waves with the wavelengths at Bragg scales. However, in light of the fact that the ionospheric sporadic E (Es) and F layers may be present in the viewing range of the HF radar for ocean wave detection, the radar returns reflected from the F and Es layers may significantly contaminate the ocean wave power spectrum. The characteristics of the first-order sea echoes and ionospheric interferences measured by the CODAR-SeaSonde in Taiwan area are analyzed and presented in this article. The coherences and phases of the normalized cross spectra of the sea and ionospheric echoes between different pairs of the receiving channels are calculated, respectively. One of the striking features presented in this report is that the ionospheric echo heights scaled from the ionogram observed by the Chung-Li ionosonde are about 30 km lower than those observed by the DATAN CODAR-SeaSonde. It is also found that the coherences of the sea echoes are generally smaller than those of the ionospheric echoes by about 15% on average, and the phase fluctuations (standard deviations) of the sea echoes are substantially larger than those of the ionospheric layer reflection echoes. In addition, statistics show that the sum of the mean phases of the ionospheric echoes between the three receiving channel pairs is approximately zero, while it is not for the sea echoes. These results seem to suggest that the use of the discrepancies in the characteristics of the coherences and phases between the sea and ionospheric echoes may provide a potential means to be helpful to distinguish the sea and ionospheric echoes in the CODAR-SeaSonde observed cross power spectrum.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:08:41 +000
  • Integrated Filtering Microstrip Duplex Antenna Array with High Isolation

    • Abstract: This paper presents a 2 × 1 integrated filtering microstrip duplex antenna array with high isolation and same polarization. The antenna consists of two radiating patches fed by two T-shaped probes and a power distributing duplex network (PDDN). The PDDN is composed of two bandstop filters and a 180-degree phase shift power divider. And the PDDN is designed to achieve the functions of power division, frequency selectivity, and port isolation. A Transmission Line (TL) model is adopted to design the PDDN, and the detailed synthesis procedure is presented. For demonstration, the proposed antenna is designed and fabricated. The implemented antenna achieves an average gain of 10 dBi, a cross-polarization ratio of 20 dB, and an isolation of 35 dB within the operation band.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 09:55:15 +000
  • A Model to Determine the Propagation Losses Based on the Integration of
           Hata-Okumura and Wavelet Neural Models

    • Abstract: Radioelectric spectrum occupancy forecast has proven useful for the design of wireless systems able to harness spectrum opportunities like cognitive radio. This paper proposes the development of a model that identifies propagation losses and spectrum opportunities in a channel of a mobile cellular network for an urban environment using received signal power forecast. The proposed model integrates the Hata-Okumura (H-O) large-scale propagation model with a wavelet neural model. The model results, obtained through simulations, show that the wavelet neural model forecasts with a high degree of precision, which is consistent with the observed behavior in experiments carried out in wireless systems of this type.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 06:30:08 +000
  • Outage Analysis of Multihop Wireless Backhaul Using Millimeter Wave under
           Blockage Effects

    • Abstract: We consider multihop millimeter-wave (mm-Wave) wireless backhaul communications, by which small cell base station (SBS) clusters can connect to a macrocell base station (MBS). Assuming the mm-Wave wireless backhaul links suffer from outage caused by obstacles that block the line-of-sight (LoS) paths, we derive the statistics of a perhop distance based on the blockage model using stochastic geometry and random shape theory and analyze the multihop outage probability using the statistics of a perhop distance. We also provide an optimal number of hops to minimize the end-to-end outage performance between the MBS and the destination SBS cluster when the end-to-end distance is given.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 09:24:38 +000
  • Maximum Likelihood Time Delay Estimation Based on Monte Carlo Importance
           Sampling in Multipath Environment

    • Abstract: In multipath environment, the computation complexity of single snapshot maximum likelihood for time delay estimation is huge. In particular, the computational complexity of grid search method increases exponentially with the increase of dimension. For this reason, this paper presents a maximum likelihood estimation algorithm based on Monte Carlo importance sampling technique. Firstly, the algorithm takes advantage of the channel frequency response in order to build the likelihood function of time delay in multipath environment. The pseudoprobability density function is constructed by using exponential likelihood function. Then, it is crucial to choose the importance function. According to the characteristic of the Vandermonde matrix in likelihood function, the product of the conjugate transpose Vandermonde matrix and itself is approximated by the product of a constant and an identity matrix. The pseudoprobability density function can be decomposed into product of many probability density functions of single path time delay. The importance function is constructed. Finally, according to probability density function of multipath time delay decomposed by importance function, the time delay of the multipath is sampled by Monte Carlo method. The time delay is estimated via calculating weighted mean of sample. Simulation results show that the performance of proposed algorithm approaches the Cramér-Rao bound with reduced complexity.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 08:20:10 +000
  • Pattern Synthesis of Linear Antenna Arrays Using Enhanced Flower
           Pollination Algorithm

    • Abstract: In this paper, a new variant of flower pollination algorithm (FPA), namely, enhanced flower pollination algorithm (EFPA), has been proposed for the pattern synthesis of nonuniform linear antenna arrays (LAA). The proposed algorithm uses the concept of Cauchy mutation in global pollination and enhanced local search to improve the exploration and exploitation tendencies of FPA. It also uses dynamic switching to control the rate of exploration and exploitation. The algorithm is tested on standard benchmark problems and has been compared statistically with state of the art to prove its worthiness. LAA design is a tricky and difficult electromagnetic problem. Hence to check the efficacy of the proposed algorithm it has been used for synthesis of four different LAA with different sizes. Experimental results show that EFPA algorithm provides enhanced performance in terms of side lobe suppression and null control compared to FPA and other popular algorithms.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
  • Wideband and UWB Antennas for Wireless Applications: A Comprehensive

    • Abstract: A comprehensive review concerning the geometry, the manufacturing technologies, the materials, and the numerical techniques, adopted for the analysis and design of wideband and ultrawideband (UWB) antennas for wireless applications, is presented. Planar, printed, dielectric, and wearable antennas, achievable on laminate (rigid and flexible), and textile dielectric substrates are taken into account. The performances of small, low-profile, and dielectric resonator antennas are illustrated paying particular attention to the application areas concerning portable devices (mobile phones, tablets, glasses, laptops, wearable computers, etc.) and radio base stations. This information provides a guidance to the selection of the different antenna geometries in terms of bandwidth, gain, field polarization, time-domain response, dimensions, and materials useful for their realization and integration in modern communication systems.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +000
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